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CE 442 By Dr.

Ghazi Al-Khateeb

Spring 2010

CE 442 Pavement aterial! an" De!ign # E$am %1 Spring 2010 Department &' Civil Engineering (&r"an )niver!ity &' S*ien*e an" +e*hn&l&gy
March 28, 2010 Good Luck Student Name Section # #. Student ID SN

An!,er ea*h &' the '&ll&,ing ,ith either +r-e &r .al!e (15 grades): 1. Prime *&at i! a light treatment &' a!phalt &n the pavement !-r'a*e that !erve! a! a ,aterpr&&' &r pr&vi"e! a g&&" !/i" re!i!tan*e. 2. 012100-penetrati&n gra"e a!phalt *ement ha! higher vi!*&!ity than 30240penetrati&n gra"e a!phalt *ement. K2 5. 6 7 K18) i! the re!ilient m&"-l-! m&"el '&r 'ine-graine" material!. 4. CB6 !tan"! '&r the Cali'&rnia Bearing 6ate. 1. 6api"-*-ring 86C9 *-tba*/ a!phalt! are pr&"-*e" by a""ing a heavy !&lvent &' l&, v&latility: !-*h a! "ie!el: t& a!phalt *ement. 3. +he S-perpave r&tati&nal vi!*&!ity te!t !im-late! the a!phalt bin"er ,&r/ability at mi$ing an" lay"&,n temperat-re!. 4. +he !tan"ar" r&tati&nal !pee" in the S-perpave r&tati&nal vi!*&!ity te!t &' a!phalt *ement! i! 2.1 ra"2!e*. 0. +he *riti*al pavement re!p&n!e '&r 'atig-e *ra*/ing i! the ten!ile !train at the b&tt&m &' the h&t-mi$ a!phalt 8; A9 layer. <. C&nventi&nal 'le$ible pavement! are layere" !y!tem! ,ith higher =-ality material! &n t&p an" p&&rer material! at the b&tt&m. 10. Seal *&at i! a light treatment &' a!phalt &n the pavement !-r'a*e that !erve! a! a ,aterpr&&' &r pr&vi"e! a g&&" !/i" re!i!tan*e. 11. >ne a"vantage &' C6A pavement! i! that the re!i!tan*e t& 'atig-e *ra*/ing i! impr&ve". 12. +he rein'&r*ement in a (6CP "&e! n&t in*rea!e the !tr-*t-ral l&a" *apa*ity &' the pavement. 15. (&int !pa*ing &' 200 't i! typi*ally re*&mmen"e" '&r ?&inte" rein'&r*e" *&n*rete pavement! 8(6CP9. 14. +he -nre*&verable part &' the material !train i! *&n!i"ere" in *al*-lating the re!ilient m&"-l-! &' the material. 11. Em-l!i'ie" a!phalt! are pre'erre" &ver an" in*rea!ingly being -!e" in!tea" &' *-tba*/ a!phalt! '&r many rea!&n! in*l-"ing their envir&nmentally 'rien"ly nat-re. 1

CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb

Spring 2010

+r-e @% 1 2 5 4 1
##.

.al!e

+r-e @% 3 4 0 < 10

.al!e +r-e 11 12 15 14 11

.al!e

#n a tria$ial te!t &' a gran-lar ba!e material t& "etermine the re!ilient m&"-l-!: the re!-lt! pl&tte" in .ig-re 1 ,ere &btaine". Ba!e" &n the!e re!-lt!: an!,er the '&ll&,ing =-e!ti&n! (20 grades): 1. +he n&nlinear *&e''i*ient K1 &' the material i! e=-al t&AAAAA.. 2. +he e$p&nent K2 &' the material e=-al! t& AAAAAA 5. #' the a$ial l&a" applie" &n the !pe*imen i! 210 lb an" the !pe*imen "iameter i! 4 in*he!: then the *&n'ining pre!!-re at a !tre!! invariant &' 10 p!i e=-al! t&AAAA..: an" the "eviat&r !tre!! at the !ame !tre!! invariant i! AAAAAA

#tem% 1 2 5

An!,er

CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb

Spring 2010

25

Resilient Modulus (10 psi)

20

15

10

0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Stress Invariant (psi) Figure 1 ###. S/et*h the relati&n!hip bet,een the variable !h&,n &n the $-a$i! an" the material pr&perty !h&,n &n the y-a$i! in the '&ll&,ing "iagram! (2 grades):

.atig-e 6e!i!tan*e

Penetrati&n

+en!ile Strain at the B&tt&m &' ; A Bayer

+emperat-re

CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb

Spring 2010

Ci!*&!ity

6e!ilient &"-l-! '&r .ine-Graine" aterial!

Penetrati&n

Deviat&r Stre!!

Ci!*&!ity '&r De,t&nian aterial!

Shear Strain 6ate

Shear Strain 6ate

6&tati&nal Spee"

6&tati&nal Ci!*&!ity

6-tting 6e!i!tan*e

Spin"le 6a"i-! #C.

6e!ilient &"-l-!

.&r ea*h &' the a!phalt bin"er te!t! !h&,n in the table bel&,: i' the !tan"ar" te!t temperat-re ,a! in*rea!e": in"i*ate ,hether the given te!t *&n"iti&n !h&-l" be in*rea!e" &r "e*rea!e" ba!e" &n the in*rea!e in the !tan"ar" te!t temperat-re in

CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb

Spring 2010

&r"er t& /eep the te!t re!-lt! ,ithin a rea!&nable &r rea"able mea!-rement range (1! grades):

+e!t Penetrati&n +e!t Penetrati&n +e!t D-*tility +e!t 6&tati&nal Ci!*&!ity 86C9 +e!t
C.

+e!t C&n"iti&n Applie" B&a" B&a"ing +ime B&a"ing 6ate Spin"le Diameter

Increase in Stan"ar" +e!t +emperat-re #n*rea!e De*rea!e

.ill in the blan/ '&r ea*h &' the '&ll&,ing !tatement! (25 grades): 1. #n a re!ilient m&"-l-! te!t &' a !-bgra"e !&il material: the *&n'ining pre!!-re i! 12 p!i: the a$ial !tre!! i! 50 p!i: an" the re!ilient !train i! 411 mi*r&!train!: then the re!ilient m&"-l-! &' the material in p!i i! AAA 2. #' the 6-val-e &' a !&il material i! 20: then the CB6 val-e &' the material i! AAAAAAAAA 5. #' the relati&n!hip bet,een the "ry "en!ity an" m&i!t-re *&ntent &' a !&il material in a !tan"ar" AAS;+> *&mpa*ti&n te!t ta/e! the '&rm d = 0.1( MC ) 2 + 0( MC ) + 100 : ,here " i! the "ry "en!ity in p*' an" C i! the m&i!t-re *&ntent 8E9: then the &ptim-m m&i!t-re *&ntent 8> C9 e=-al! t& AAAAAAA. an" the ma$im-m "ry "en!ity 8ma$ "9 i!AAAAAAA. 4. #' the nee"le in a penetrati&n te!t penetrate! 3.1 mm int& the a!phalt bin"er !ample: then the penetrati&n &' the !ample i! re*&r"e" a!AAAA 1. An a!phalt bin"er gra"e" a! AC-40 ,&-l" have AAAA.. penetrati&n than an a!phalt bin"er gra"e" a! AC-1. 3. #n a tria$ial te!t &' a gran-lar material !pe*imen &' 4-in*h "iameter t& "etermine the re!ilient m&"-l-!: the relati&n!hip bet,een 6 an" the b-l/ !tre!! 89 i! given a! l&g 6 7 4.00 F 0.1 l&g. #' the a$ial l&a" applie" &n the !pe*imen i! 200 lb: then the a$ial *&mpre!!ive !tre!! i! e=-al t& AAAAAA.: the *&n'ining pre!!-re at a !tre!! invariant &' 51 p!i i! AAAAA: an" the re!ilient m&"-l-! at the !ame !tre!! invariant i! AAAAAA. 4. An a!phalt bin"er having a 30240-penetrati&n gra"e ,&-l" have AAAAA vi!*&!ity than an a!phalt bin"er &' 012100-penetrati&n gra"e. 1

CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb

Spring 2010

#tem% 1 2 5 4 1 3 4

An!,er

Formu"as #ou ma# need in the e$am:

M R = K1 K 2
MR =

d r

CE 442 By Dr. Ghazi Al-Khateeb

Spring 2010

d = 1 5 = 1 + 2 5
M R = 1100 ( CBR ) M R = 1111 + 111 R

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