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Contents

Lion ..................................................................................................................................... 2 Elephant .............................................................................................................................. 3 Tiger .................................................................................................................................... 4 Dog...................................................................................................................................... 5 Hippopotamus ..................................................................................................................... 6 Deer ..................................................................................................................................... 7 Giraffe ................................................................................................................................. 8

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Animals

Lion

he lion (Panthera leo) is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera, and a member of the family Felidae. With some males exceeding 250 kg (550 lb) in weight, it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in Sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia with a critically endangered remnant population in Gir Forest National Park in India, having disappeared from North Africa and Southwest Asia in historic times. Lions live for ten to fourteen years in the wild, while in captivity they can live longer than twenty years. In the wild, males seldom live longer than ten years, as injuries sustained from continual fighting with rival males greatly reduce their longevity. They typically inhabit savanna and grassland, although they may take to bush and forest. Lions are unusually social compared to other cats. A pride of lions consists of related females and offspring and a small number of adult males. Lions are carnivores and usually hunt in groups. Though lions are ferocious animals, they are endangered due to the influence of humans. Thus it is our duty to save these animals from extinction.

Male

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Animals

Elephant

lephants are land mammals. The three types of elephants living today are the African Bush Elephant, the African Forest Elephant and the Asian Elephant (also known as the Indian Elephant). Elephants are the largest land animals now living. At birth it is common for an elephant calf to weigh 120 kilograms (260 lb). They typically live for 50 to 70 years, but the oldest recorded elephant lived for 82 years. The largest elephant ever recorded was shot in Angola in 1956. This male weighed about 11,000 kg, with a shoulder height of 3.96 meters (13.0 ft), a meter (yard) taller than the average male African elephant. The elephant has appeared in cultures across the world. They are a symbol of wisdom in Asian cultures and are famed for their memory and intelligence.

Asian Elephant and African Elephant

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Animals

Tiger

he tiger is the largest of the four "big cats". Native to much of eastern and southern Asia, the tiger is an apex predator and an obligate carnivore. The most numerous tiger subspecies is the Bengal tiger while the largest subspecies is the Siberian tiger. Highly adaptable, tigers range from the Siberian taiga, to open grasslands, to tropical mangrove swamps. They are territorial and generally solitary animals, often requiring large contiguous areas of habitat that support their prey demands. Tigers appear on many flags and coats of arms, as mascots for sporting teams, and as the national animal of several Asian nations, including India. Today, their range is fragmented, and extends from India in the west to China and Southeast Asia in the east. The northern limit is close to the Amur River in south eastern Siberia. The only large island inhabited by tigers today is Sumatra. Despite tigers being carnivores and ferocious animals, they are endangered. So we have to save our national animal from extinction.

Siberian Tiger

Bengal Tiger

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Animals

Dog

he dog is the domesticated form of a wolf. The domestic dog has been one of the most widely kept working and companion animals in human history. For instance, it is believed that the successful emigration across the Bering Strait might not have been possible without sled dogs. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, protection, assisting police and military, companionship, and, more recently, aiding handicapped individuals. This versatility, more than almost any other known animal, has given them the nickname "Man's best friend" in the western world. Currently, there are estimated to be 400 million dogs in the world. The domestic dog has a predisposition to exhibit a social intelligence that is uncommon in the animal world. Dogs are capable of learning in a number of ways, such as through simple reinforcement and by observation. Thus, the dog is a very good friend of man and is very good to be kept as a pet.

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Animals

Hippopotamus

he hippopotamus or hippo, from the ancient Greek for "river horse" is a large, mostly herbivorous mammal in sub-Saharan Africa. The hippopotamus is the third largest land animal (after the elephant and the white rhinoceros). The hippopotamus is semi-aquatic, inhabiting rivers and lakes. The hippopotamus is recognizable by its barrel-shaped torso, enormous mouth and teeth, nearly-hairless body, stubby legs and tremendous size. The hippopotamus is one of the most aggressive creatures in the world and is often regarded as the most ferocious animal in Africa. There are an estimated 125,000 to 150,000 hippos throughout Sub-Saharan Africa; Zambia (40,000) and Tanzania (20,00030,000) possess the largest populations. They are still threatened by habitat loss and poaching for their meat and ivory canine teeth.

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Animals

Deer

eer are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. They include for example Moose, Red Deer, Reindeer, Roe and Chital. Male (and a few female) deer of all species (except the Chinese Water deer who only have short tusks instead) grow and shed new antlers each year in this they differ from permanently horned animals such as antelope these are in the same order as deer and may bear a superficial resemblance. Deer weights generally range from 40 to 200 kilograms. They are usually herbivores and feed on grass and pastures.

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Animals

Giraffe

he giraffe is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species, and the largest ruminant. It is covered in large, irregular patches of yellow to black fur separated by white, off-white, or dark yellowish brown background. The average mass for an adult male giraffe is 1,200 kilograms (2,600 lb) while the average mass for an adult female is 830 kilograms (1,800 lb). It is approximately 4.3 meters (14 ft) to 5.2 meters (17 ft) tall, although the tallest male recorded stood almost 6 meters (20 ft). Its range extends from Chad in Central Africa to South Africa. Giraffes usually inhabit savannas, grasslands, or open woodlands. However, when food is scarce they will venture into areas with denser vegetation. They prefer areas with plenty of acacia growth. They will drink large quantities of water when available, which enables them to live for extended periods in dry, arid areas.

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Animals

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