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Power plant Tutorial Sheet

1. Explain generally available energy resources in India for power generation along with their utility level. 2. Draw a net line diagram of in plant coal handling and indicate the name of equipments used at different stages? 3. Differentiate between over feed and under feed coal beds used in steam boilers. 4. Why water in the power plant needs to be purified? Explain the methods of water treatment systems used in steam power plants. 5. Explain with the help of a block diagram the fuel storage and supply system of diesel power plant. 6. Draw the layout diagram along with the auxiliary components of gas turbine power plant and explain the salient features. 7. What is supercharging of diesel power plant? Explain methods of supercharging. 8. Draw the schematic layout of Hydro electric power plant? And explain the working principle. 9. How the location for hydro electric power plant is selected? Explain the regions where the hydro plants can be installed. 10. What is Boiling Water Reactor? How does it differ from Pressurized Water Reactor? 11. How to disposed the radioactive waste from the Nuclear power plants? Explain them. 12. What are different fertile materials for Nuclear reactors? Discuss the possible chemical reaction for different materials. 13. Write short notes on: a) Environmental pollution due to power plants b) Different costs involved in power plant industries. c) Methods to achieve peak load demands. 14. Explain Bottom process of ash collection and briefly explain the utilization of ash. 15. Explain the working of coal handling system in power palnt. 16. Draw feed water heating system in thermal power plant. Give the two advantages of feed water heating system.

17. List the four factors to be considered while selecting the site for thermal power plant. Give details of any two factors. 18. Draw open cycle for gas turbine power plant. Write the purpose of combustion chamber in it. 19. How the waste heat from nuclear power plant can be used for agriculture and animal shelter? 20. Describe with neat sketch the working principle of Magneto Hydrodynamic System (MHD). 21. List four advantages of gas turbine power plant over steam turbine power plant. 22. State four advantages of wind power plant over other non-convectional power plants. 23. List the four components of nuclear reactor. State the working of any two of them. 24. What are the requirements of fuel used in gas turbine? State the important feature of them. 25. Explain how unit energy cost is calculated? 26. List the major electrical equipment used in power plant. Give the function of generator. 27. Describe with neat sketch of Brayton cycle used in gas turbine power plant. 28. Draw neat sketch of flat plate collector. State its two limitations. 29. List the basic resources in India for power generation. Which one is used as a major resource of power generation? State reason. 30. What are the different types of power plants where electricity is produced in bulk quantities? Why electricity is the most convenient form of energy. 31. What are the factors you will consider for locating the conventional base load thermal power plants? 32. What do you understand by radioactive decay? What are radioisotopes? 33. What do you mean by half life? Why are half lives regarded as fingerprints of radioisotopes? 34. Explain the characteristic features of a BWR. Explain with a neat sketch with advantages and disadvantages of BWR. 35. Write short notes on: a) b) Mechanical stokers used in thermal power-plants. Explain any one with sketch. Fluidized Bed Combustion boilers.

c)

Ash handling system. 36. What is a coal-oil mixture? How is it prepared? What are merits of COM as a boiler fuel? 37. What is boiler dranght? Which are its types? How they are Produced? Explain what is balanced dranght. 38. Why are centrifugal fans with backward-curved blading normally used for FD fans. 39. What are the main features of high pressure boilers? With neat sketch explain any one of these. 40. What are the advantages of High Pressure boilers. Explain. 41. What is erosion of turbine blades? Explain how it is prevented? 42. Explain ideal regenerative feed heating. Why it is not used in practice? Explain how the practical regeneration is achieved? 43. Discuss the phenomenon of a supersaturated flow through a nozzle. 44. xplain condenser efficiency and vacuum efficiency. 45. Draw a neat sketch of a modern surface condenser and list its advantages and disadvantages. 46. What are the sources of air leakage in a condenser? How it affects the condenser performance? 47. Explain : i) ii) Nozzle control governing. Stage efficiency and reheat factor.

48. Define the terms :- degree of reaction and 50% reaction turbines. 49. Derive an expression for maximum diagram efficiency for blading of a reaction turbine stage. List the assumptions made. 50. Discuss in detail how energy cost is calculated
51. Draw feed water heating system in thermal power plant. Give the two advantages of feed water heating system. 52. List the four factors to be considered while selecting the site for thermal power plant. Give details of any two factors. 53. Draw open cycle for gas turbine power plant. Write the purpose of combustion chamber in it.

54. How the waste heat from nuclear power plant can be used for agriculture and animal shelter? 55. Describe waste heat recovery boiler. State two advantages over conventional boiler. 56. Describe with neat sketch the working principle of Magneto Hydrodynamic System (MHD) 57. Describe construction and working of Benson boiler with labeled diagram. State two advantages. 58. Describe the construction and working of Bag filter with labeled diagram. 59. List four advantages of gas turbine power plant over steam turbine power plant. 60. State four advantages of wind power plant over other non-convectional power plants. 61. State four system used for generating the power using geothermal energy. Draw labeled diagram of any one system. 62. Draw P-V and T-S diagram of Carnot cycle. 63. Compare fusion and fission process (any four points). 64. List the four components of nuclear reactor. State the working of any two of them. 65. Describe the impact of gas turbine power plant on environment. 66. Name four impurities present in feed water. State the procedure to remove any one of them. 67. Describe the working of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) in nuclear power plant. 68. List four components of nuclear reactor. Describe the function of moderator and control rod in nuclear reactor. 69. Describe with neat sketch the working of closed cycle gas turbine power plant. State four advantages of closed cycle over open cycle gas turbine power plant. 70. What are the requirements of fuel used in gas turbine? State the important feature of them. 71. Explain how unit energy cost is calculated? 72. List the major electrical equipment used in power plant. Give the function of generator. 73. Describe with neat sketch of Brayton cycle used in gas turbine power plant. 74. Draw neat sketch of flat plate collector. State its two limitations.