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Classified Chemistry Edexcel

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

Topic 2

2 Methods of separation

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)

Classified Chemistry Edexcel

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

1) Sample Assessment Materials 2011 Q (2)


2. The diagrams show some pieces of apparatus you can find in a chemistry
laboratory.

(a) Name the pieces of apparatus, B and E. Use only names from the box.
Funnel

Measuring cylinder

Pipette

Stop clock

Thermometer

stop clock
B ........................................................................................................................
funnel
E .........................................................................................................................
(2)
(b) Two of the pieces shown can be used to measure the volume of a liquid.
State the letters of these two pieces.

C
D
........................................................
and ............................................................
(2)

2 Methods of separation

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)

Classified Chemistry Edexcel

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

(c) One of the pieces shown cannot be used to make a measurement. State
the letter of this piece.

E
............................................................................................................................
(1)

2) June 2011 Q (4)


4 Four separate food dyes (C, D, E and F) and a mixture of food dyes (X)
were investigated using paper chromatography. The diagram shows the
apparatus used.

(a) Why should the water level be below the food dyes?

to stop the dyes from dissolving into water


............................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) During the experiment the water rises up the paper. The experiment is
stopped just before the water reaches the top of the paper.
The diagram shows the paper after it has been removed from the beaker and
dried.

2 Methods of separation

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)

Classified Chemistry Edexcel

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

(i) Which of the food dyes C, D, E and F does X contain?

C and D
............................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Suggest why food dye F did not move up the paper during the experiment.

because it is insoluble in water


............................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) Each food dye has an Rf value that can be calculated using this
expression:

Record the distances for food dye D in the table below and calculate its Rf value.

Distance moved by food dye D from base line in mm

52-55

Distance moved by solvent from base line in mm

67-68

Rf value

0.76-0.82
(3)

2 Methods of separation

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)

Classified Chemistry Edexcel

10

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

3) Jan 2012 Q (1)


1 Salt is soluble in water, but sand is insoluble in water. This difference allows
a mixture of salt and sand to be separated using this apparatus.

(a) Use words from the box to complete the sentences. Each word may be
used once, more than once or not at all.
Beaker

Bunsen burner

Burette

Conical flask

Funnel

Glass rod

Thermometer

Water

beaker
In Step 1, the mixture of salt and sand is placed in a ........................................
water
glass rod
containing ........................................
and stirred with a .....................................
funnel
In Step 2, the mixture from Step 1 is poured through a ..................................
conical flask
into a ...............................................
water
In Step 3, the liquid is transferred to a basin to allow the..........................
to be
removed.
(6)
(b) (i) What should be placed in A before the mixture from Step 1 is poured
through it?

filter paper
............................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) What is the solid removed in Step 2?

sand
............................................................................................................................
(1)
2 Methods of separation

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)

Classified Chemistry Edexcel

11

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

(c) Place crosses ( ) in two boxes to show the names of two processes
used in this separation.
Chromatography
Condensation
Distillation
Evaporation
Filtration
Sublimation

4) June 2012 Q (1_a, b)


1 A student was asked to find the mass of salt dissolved in 100 cm 3 of sea
water.
She was given the following instructions.
Step A Weigh an empty evaporating basin
Step B Transfer 50 cm3 of sea water into the basin
Step C Heat the sea water in the basin until all the water has evaporated
Step D Allow the basin and residue to cool
Step E Weigh the basin and residue of salt
(a) During the experiment, the student used several pieces of apparatus.
Some of them are shown in the table.
Complete the table.
Image of apparatus

......................................

2 Methods of separation

Name of apparatus

One step in which the


apparatus was used

evaporating basin

measuring cylinder
....................................

B
.....................................

Tripod

C
......................................

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)

Classified Chemistry Edexcel

12

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

balance
A or E
......................................
......................................
(b) State, with a reason, one safety precaution that the student should take
when doing this experiment.
Precaution

wear safety glasses


............................................................................................................................
Reason

because salt solution may spit out when evaporating the salty water
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
(2)

5) June 2013 Q (9_a)


9 The diagram shows some pieces of apparatus used to measure volumes.

A student was given a large bottle containing sodium hydroxide solution and a
supply of dilute sulfuric acid of known concentration.
He was allowed to use normal laboratory apparatus, including the pieces of
apparatus shown in the diagram.
He was told to plan an experiment to find the concentration of the sodium
hydroxide solution.

2 Methods of separation

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)

Classified Chemistry Edexcel

13

4CHO/1C_Topic_2

This is his plan.


Step 1 Obtain about 150 cm3 of each solution.
Step 2 Use a measuring cylinder to add exactly 25.0 cm 3 of sodium hydroxide
solution to a conical flask.
Step 3 Add a few drops of universal indicator to the conical flask.
Step 4 Use a burette to add the sulfuric acid to the conical flask until the
indicator changes colour.
(a) (i) Give the name of the most suitable piece of apparatus in the diagram
that should be used in Step 1.
(1)

beaker
............................................................................................................................
(ii) Give the name of the piece of apparatus in the diagram that should be
used instead of a measuring cylinder in Step 2.
(1)

Pipette
............................................................................................................................

(iii) State why universal indicator is not a good choice for this experiment and
suggest an indicator that would be more suitable.
(2)
............................................................................................................................

because colour change is gradual not which can not defined easily
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
(iv) Why is a pipette not suitable for adding the acid in Step 4?
(1)
3
because pipette measures only one volume 25 cm
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................

2 Methods of separation

Mostafa Barakat (0100 165 44 62)