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The

ODINIST RELIGION
OVERCOMING JEWISH CHRISTIANITY

by

ALEXANDER RUD MILLS. LL.B.


(Tasman Forth)

PUBLISHED BY A. R. MILLS 17. Qu n Str t M !"ourn .... Austra!#a

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B% th sam Author& 'A(D FEAR SHALL BE I( THE )AY' (Pu"!#sh * #n En+!an*, 1-... Trans!at * an* /u"!#sh * #n S0an*#na1#a, t0.) 'HAEL2 3DI(2' 'THE FIRST 4UIDE B335 T3 THE A(4LE6Y( 6HUR6H 3F 3DI('

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Introduction

To7*a%, #n a!! 6hr#st n*om, th r #s a / r1a*#n+ #nst#n0t#1 8 ar. That 8 ar #s +ro9#n+, an* #n som / o/! #s a!r a*% a:#n to * s/a#r. ; r% !#tt! #s *on to *#s/ rs th 0aus o8 th 8 ar. ; r% !#tt! 0an " *on , 8or 1 r% 8 9 0an % t s th 0aus . Som 9ho *o s #t, *o not :no9 ho9 to 0om"at #t or ar too t#m#* to 0om"at #t. (o or*#nar% m ans ar a1a#!a"! to o//os th /r s nt / r#!. (o A0t o8 Par!#am nt or man#/u!at#on o8 8#nan0 9#!! m t th /os#t#on. ( 1 rth ! ss, th r #s a m ans o8 * a!#n+ 9#th to7*a%<s thr at a+a#nst us, an* that #s to =am#n an* am n* th "as#s o8 our so0# t%. 3ur + n ra! att#tu* to 4o* an* H#s r a!#t% (or our R !#+#on) #s that "as#s. Th natur o8 our att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t% #s =/r ss * #n > sus76hr#st#an#t%, an* 9#th that 9 sha!! * a! #n th 8o!!o9#n+ /a+ s. Th t#m 8or m n*#n+ our 9a%s #s short, an* / r#!s a//roa0h us *a#!% 9#th 1 r7#n0r as#n+ ra/#*#t%. Som / o/! sa% r +ar*#n+ our 88orts&? 'Too !at 2' an* 'Austra!#ans 9#!! not !#st n to an%th#n+ =0 /t s/ort#n+ r su!ts?ra0 s an* th !#: ,' an* ') :no9 that to7*a%<s t%/ o8 D mo0ra0% #s a!! a !# . But 9 0annot a!t r #t,' an* 'I 0annot a88or* to 8#+ht th 1 st * #nt r sts "as * on our !on+7a00 /t * 0u!tur . It m#+ht /a% #n th !on+ run. I th#n: #t m#+ht. But I must + t m% 0h#!*r n th #r 8oo* th#s 9 :. I am 0om/ !! * to !oo: to th Imm *#at ,' an* Man% ar * t rr * 8rom =am#n#n+ th "as#s o8 our so0# t% "% th su"t! or "u!!%#n+ thr ats #n our > 979orsh#//#n+ r !#+#on, som ar #ntr#+u * "% #ts #ntr#0a0# s, an* som "% #ts 0on8us#on an* 0haot#0 *#r 0t#on. Man% ar * t rr * "% th /aras#t <s 0ont m/t 8or th m, an* "% th " 8% thr at o8 h#s h#r !#n+s.

Th *#88 r n0 " t9 n 3*#n#sts an* th / o/! a"o1 r 8 rr * to #s th#s?th 3*#n#sts ar +o#n+ to tr%. 3th rs ma% s#t an* 9a#!, or *r#n: 9h#s:%, ta!: an* ta!:, 9h#s/ r, or *o 9hat th % !#: . ) must 9#n, 8or our o9n an* our 0h#!*r n<s sa: s, 9#n 8or th honour o8 our Br#t#sh / o/! #n Austra!#a an* " %on* th s as, an* " 0aus #t #s our h#+h *ut% to 9#n. To h !/ to th un* rstan*#n+ o8 th 3*#n#st mo1 m nt, 9 no9 #n0!u* h r #n thr o8 our /am/h! ts as *#str#"ut *. Th % 9#!! s r1 as an #ntro*u0t#on to th ! 0tur s 8o!!o9#n+ th m. Th % ar ? PAMPHLET ONE THE ODINIST MOVEMENT

To.................................... I.A group has formed for the commenc ng of an Od n st Soc et!. An Od n st s not a "hr st an. II."hr st an t! #the $as s of our cu%ture& has fa %ed. See Anc ent 'ome( Spa n( )n ted States of Amer ca and other nat ons. It fa %s( too( n other than nat ona% aspects. III.Od n sm sho*s the +reat One as ,ust and good( not as mean and $%oodth rst!. IV."hr st an t! see-s to su$st tute an Eastern out%oo- n p%ace of our o*n nat .e out%oo-. V.Od n sts re.erence the r o*n race and ts father/sp r t. VI.If race 0A(0 untrue to ts o*n sp r t( *orsh ps #* th or * thout Se%f/ renunc at on as ts dea%& another race 01(0 then race 0A0 * %% deca!( and $efore ts death * %% $e ru%ed $! the mem$ers of race 01.0 VII.D fferences of race e. dent%! e2 st for d . ne purpose or e2press on. There are( n d fferent degree( d . s ons and d fferences n the an ma% and p%ant *or%ds. VIII."hr st an t! see-s to destro! race. Ma! not th s $e as ser ous as the - %% ng of an nd . dua%3 I4.The m nds and out%oo-s of d fferent men are n %arge degree e2pressed n the r ph!s ca% appearance and that of the r forefathers. 4.Our o*n rac a% dea%s and trad t ons #not those of another& are our $est gu de to hea%th and nat ona% strength. 4I.The causes of the threatened e2t nct on of our race( the econom c unsoundness( the nst nct .e fear of to/da!( can $e traced to the r or g n. The rea% remed! s a sp r tua% one. 4IIA$out Od n sm #a& Od n #put $r ef%!& s the part of the +reat One of 5hom man can $e a*are n some degree. #$& Od n sts recogn se race as an nescapa$%e truth of 'ea% t! #or of 5hat Is&. #c& Od n sm *as the out%oo- of the founders of our 1r t sh race. #d& Our Od n sts re.erence 1r t sh heroes( 1r t sh ho%! p%aces( 1r t sh

trad t ons( 1r t sh dea%s( $efore those of an! other race. #e& The Od n st $e% e.es n the e2 stence of h s % fe( $e!ond the mmed ate ph!s ca% e2press on of t. #f& Od n sts see- to $e true to themse%.es and *hat s of them( and thus $ecome $etter men for a%% the *or%d. #g& The Od n st sees h mse%f as a part( and h s race as a greater part of the % fe of Od n and the +reat One. #h& Od n sm teaches men the r h gh dut es to each other( to the r race and to Od n. If !ou are nterested n the Od n st Mo.ement and s!mpath se * th t( and f !ou *ou%d % -e to attend an Od n st meet ng( !ou ma! *r te to6 The Secretar!( etc.

PAMPHLET T5O THE ODINIST MOVEMENT To.................................... I.Our 1r t sh nat on s dr ft ng a%arm ng%!. An2 et! and nst nct .e fear are a$road. 5e are dr ft ng so $ecause *e are untrue to the sp r t of our o*n race( and untrue to Truth and to +od. Our re% g on has $as ca%%! m s/d rected us. II."hr st an t! has made us a nat on of 7e*/*orsh ppers. III."hr st an t! s 7e*/*orsh p p%us Se%f/renunc at on. Nat ons * th a race/preser. ng re% g on #% -e 7e*s and 7apanese& % .e. Nat ons * th a se%f/effac ng re% g on #% -e "hr st an nat ons& $ecome unhea%th!( deca!( and d e. IV.7esus *as not +od( nor the on%! $egotten Son of +od. Od n sts regard t as $%asphem! to proc%a m an! man( *oman( or do% as +od. V."hr st an t! *as $u %t up dur ng se.era% centur es upon .ar ous $ases( ch ef%! on part of Socrates8 teach ng.

VI.)nder "hr st an t!usur!( paras t sm( mater a% sm( mongre% sm( 7e* sh contro%( confus on( and fa%se .a%ues f%our sh. Loo- around !ou. The resu%ts are c%ear( e.en f t s harder( perhaps( to see that t must $e so( under "hr st an t!. VII.#a& "hr st an t! has 9(:::(::: fu%%/t me pa d *or-ers. O.er ;;(:::(::: 1 $%es *ere so%d %ast !ear a%one. "hr st an t!8s *ea%th n propert!( co%%eges( mone!/ ncome( etc.( s co%ossa%. <or the resu%tsee the trou$%ed "hr st an *or%d to/da!. Th n-( $efore t s too %ate. VIII.The "hr st an cu%ture * %% do for !ou *hat t has done for Spa n( Anc ent 'ome( ).S.A.( etc. E.en f !ou are comforta$%e under "hr st an t! to/da!( %oo- a % tt%e ahead. I4.1e act .e for truth. And $e act .e soon. An untruth s a $ad foundat on for c . % =at on. 4.Our Od n sts8 Ho%! Land and Ho%! P%aces are p%aces sanct f ed $! the $%ood and %a$our of 1r t sh heroes> not a Le.ant ne p ece of As a( or a str p of the Afr can ,ung%e( the home%and of 7e* sh 7aco$( or of Negro <ather D . ne. 4I.1e an Od n st( true to !our 1r t sh se%f( to !our 1r t sh race and ts trad t ons. 1e true f rst to that *h ch s of !ou. The )n .ersa% t! dea ma! come n for e2am nat on %ater. A man s not the *orse f he %o.es and fee%s h s dut! to h s o*n fam %!he s( n fact( the $etter c t =en. So t s n the * der nat ona% sphere. 4II.To he%p the Od n st re% g on( to strengthen !our 1r t sh nat on( to strengthen !ourse%f( !ou ha.e on%! to $e truthfu%( and $e( to/da!( a % tt%e $ra.e. These an2 ous da!s demand t of !ou. The need s great. ?our response s !our measure of !our se%f. 4III.Our Od n st re% g on( nat .e and true to our 1r t sh se%.es( s com ng. It * %% rep%ace * th *ho%esomeness the rott ng and a% en nf%uence *h ch to/da! permeates a%% the . ta% t es of our nat on. It * %% gro* $ecause t s $u %t( not on an untruth( $ut n accord * th the

man festat ons of +od to man. 4IV.No one n our mo.ement ma-es an! mone! out of t. An! mone! or stamps rece .ed are used for the Soc et!.

PAMPHLET TH'EE THE ODINIST MOVEMENT To.................................... I."hr st an t! has had a c%ear f e%d. Its supporters #not the poor +od/see-ers *ho ca%% themse%.es 0"hr st ans0& ha.e * th the r terror sm seen to that. <or the resu%tsee the "hr st an *or%d to/da!. II.A 7e* #the Secretar! of State( Morgenthau or other& from Amer ca. A 7e* #M n ster for 5ar( Mr. Hore 1e% sha( Han-e!( Sassoon or other& from Eng%and. A 7e* #M. 1%um or other& from <rance. A 7e* #M. L t. noff or other& from 'uss a. And so on and so on Such 7e*s meet and dec de the dest n! of 0the r0 respect .e 0nat ons(0 nat ons n *h ch the! are rac a% a% ens. @ueerA 5h! s t thus3 Ho* s t done3 5h! shou%d t $e that the! are 7e*s3 5h! not "h namen or H ndus3 #The 7e*s genera%%! -no* the ans*er Bu te *e%%.& Ans*er6 1ecause the re% g on of the nat ons concerned has $een "hr st an( .e.( 7e*/*orsh ppers #not "h nese or H ndu/*orsh ppers& and Se%f/'enunc at on sts. III.5h! # nstead of the 1r t sh& are 7e*s and the r h re% ngs contro%% ng our f nance( our ne*s ser. ces( and our 1r t sh po% t ca% part es3

5h! not "h namen or H ndus3 Ans*er6 1ecause "hr st an t! has made us a nat on of 7e*/*orsh ppers. IV.5h! s the 1r t sh Emp re $e ng r s-ed and *h! s 1r t sh $%ood f%o* ng to/da! n Pa%est ne( the "hr st an/7e* sh 0Ho%! Land03 Ans*er6 1ecause "hr st an t! has made us a nat on of 7e*/*orsh ppers. V.5h! are *e deter orat ng3 1ecause *e 1r t sh are not true to ourse%.es( to *hat s of us( to our <ather/Sp r t n +od( 5e ha.e $een seduced $! "hr st an t! ts effronter! and su$t%et!. )nder "hr st an t! *e are 7e*/*orsh ppers> or e%se( n despa r or confus on( *e *orsh p noth ng at a%% $e!ond the Immed atemone! .a%ues( or s m %ar depra. t!. In e ther case *e %ose touch * th our source of % fe and strengthour <ather/Sp r t n +od. A%% our ach e.ements( a%% our . ta% t! spr ng from that sp r t. 1% ndness to t( d .orce from t #under "hr st an t!& s our nat ona% traged!$ad hea%th and the d! ng out of our race. VII.Stud! 0The < rst +u de 1oo- of The Ang%ec!n "hurch of Od n.0 It * %% he%p !ou. VIII."hr st an t! e2p%o ts( d storts( and n t me destro!s the "hr st an +od/see-er #nat on or person& for the $enef t of the %east *orth!. "ons der6 01%essed are the mee-( for the! sha%% nher t the earth(0 and s m %ar 0d . ne0 d rect ons .... "hr st an t! a%so %eads to Mongre% sm and chaos. It s shoc- ng( $ut some *ho understand ha.e $een s %ent $ecause of fear( some $ecause of mater a% prof t> most ha.e not understood. I4.1e an Od n st and %earn ho* t fee%s to $e $e!ond the confus on of the great untruth. +od spea-s H s message n each one of us( and n a%% around us. A%% ma! read ts $eaut! and ts *onders. The 1 $%e s not 0+od8s 5ord.0 It s a 7e* sh d storted confus on of anc ent #%arge%! Ar!an& *r t ngs. A%% educated men -no* t. #The Ne* Testament s a 7e* sh Socrat an

de.e%opment.& 4.Our re% g on # .e.( our att tude to +od8s truth& does matter. It s the $as s. "hurch/go ng or not. Its truth or ts fa%s t! dec des at %ast our % fe or death. The t me of that dec d ng s com ng. ?ou can a%most hear t somet mes. Soon 0the runn ng h ther and th ther0 * %% $eg n un%ess ... And !ou( reader( * %% $e 0runn ng(0 too( un%ess ... Our re% g on # .e.( our pre.a % ng att tude to +od8s truth& s at %ast e2pressed n our f nance( our const tut on( our soc a% structure( e.en n our art( our mus c( and our current Ph %osoph!. Loo- at the tendenc! n each of these aspects to/da!. The rot s o$. ous. 5ee- $! *ee- t $ecomes more o$. ous. Our re% g on s the $as s. E.en gnorant peop%e nst nct .e%! -no* that re% g on s the $as s. See *hat the! frant ca%%! d d to "hr st an %eaders n Spa n( Anc ent 'ome( 'uss a( etc.( at the t me of do*nfa%%. See *hat the! * %% do n <rance to/morro*. Ma! *e 1r t sh get a foundat on that s true n p%ace of that *h ch s untrue $efore the mpend ng chaos descends. Ma! *e $e menta%%! strong enough( and $ra.e enough. "an *e* %% *e change3 It sE ther 6 Or. 4I.A structure $u %t upon a % e * %% madden the $u %ders at ts fa%% ng. 4II.Those nd . dua%s*ho can see further than does the *orth! mone!/reform enthus ast( the const tut on/amender( and s m %ar*ho -no* that the Terror % es deeper. On them s a dut!a dut! that ma! not $e % ght%! d sregarded. In truth( our fate to/da! hangs upon *hat those *ho -no*( * %%( or * %% not( do. Stud! 0THE <I'ST +)IDE 1OOC TO THE AN+LE"?N "H)'"H O< ODIN0

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r!"#c!
Th 0ont nts o8 th#s "oo: ar ta: n 0h# 8!% 8rom th ! 0tur s +#1 n "% m " 8or th 3*#n#st So0# t% #n M !"ourn . Th 9or* > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s som t#m s us * h r #n to m/has#s th natur o8 th 6hr#st#an#t% r 8 rr * to. Th ! 0tur s ar , #n th ma#n, *#r 0t#ona! on!% an* *o not /r s nt an a* @uat or #n a!! r s/ 0ts a 0on0!us#1 =/os#t#on o8 th su"A 0t7matt r. Th ! 0tur s ar +ra* * to som =t ntB 8or #nstan0 , th ! 0tur s 'To Stu* nts' an* 'To Fun*am nta!#sts' ar /!a0 * to9ar* th n* o8 th "oo:.

A. R. MILLS.
1-.-.

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C$#%t!r&
To7*a% Th Br#t#sh (at#on an* Em/#r M rr# En+!an* To Farm rs To 3ur Br#t#sh P o/! 3ur Br#t#sh M%thus Th 6hr#st#an Att#tu* to 3ur Br#t#sh M%thus To th Bus#n ss Man an* 3th rs To M n an* )om n To th Bus#n ss Man A+a#n To Br#t#sh So!*# rs an* Sa#!ors To M n an* )om n Marr%#n+

To th Man #n th Str

To 6hr#st#an 6! r+% an* 3th rs To Eu+ n#sts A P#0tur To a Roman 6atho!#0 Fr# n* Mr. Sm#th<s Dr am Th Mass or Ho!% 6ommun#on To Ps%0ho!o+#sts To So0#o!o+#sts To th )or: r To Stu* nts o8 Po!#t#0s Br 1#t# s To Su//ort rs o8 To7*a%<s D mo0ra0% To Thos To7*a% 6ont m/!at#n+ )ar To Thos )ho Ar S#0: To H#stor% Stu* nts To Thos )hos Fr# n*s an* Lo1 * 3n s Ha1 D# * To 3*#n#sts 6on0 rn#n+ F st Da%s P rsona! I* nt#t% To L a* rs o8 Po!#t#0a! Bo*# s To )r#t rs an* Art#sts To th )or:#n+7)oman Th Ba!*ur It ms A St / 3n To Stu* nts To Fun*am nta!#sts To (atur Stu* nts To 6ont m/!ators o8 th L ss7Imm *#at

Mo1#n+ E=/ r# n0 s To th Hous 7Fath r Short Fun*am nta!#sms Som As/ 0ts o8 )hat Man Is A Da% ) Str#1 For (ot s From L 0tur s 4#1 n #n P rth

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R +#st r * at th 4 n ra! Post 388#0 , M !"ourn , 8or transm#ss#on throu+h th /ost as a "oo:. )ho!!% s t u/ an* /r#nt * #n Austra!#a "% Th Rus:#n Pr ss Pt%. Lt*., 1C. Latro" Str t, M !"ourn . 1-.-.

T$! Odini&t R!'i(ion O)!rco*in( J!+i&$ C$ri&ti#nit,


TO-DAY
1.?(a) An=# t% / rm at s our Br#t#sh / o/! . Th 0aus o8 that an=# t% 0an " r mo1 *. But a +r at 88ort #s 0a!! * 8or. (") (o A0t o8 Par!#am nt, no am n*m nt o8 th 6onst#tut#on, no man#/u!at#on o8 8#nan0 or oth r so0#a! /has 9#!! *o #t. Th *a% o8 man#/u!at#on, ho9 1 r 0! 1 r #t ma% " , #s /ast. Th nat#on an* so0# t% #s s#0: an* 9 ar%. Too s#0: an* 9 ar% to r s/on* to man#/u!at#on. Too * 1#ta!#D *, too s/#r#tua!!% "!#n* *, to r 0o1 r #ts !8 "% or*#nar% m ans. (0) Th sour0 o8 our trou"! #s * /.

(*) 6om#n+ to th /o#nt at on0 , th 8a0t #s that our '#* a!s' (or /r 1a#!#n+ att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t%, #. ., our r !#+#on) ar 8a!!a0#ous an* * a*!%. ( ) > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s 9ron+. Pr t n0 a"out #t #s no +oo*. 3ur 1 st * #nt r sts, 8#nan0#a! or oth r, ho9 1 r +r at, "u#!t u/ on untru 8oun*at#ons 9#!! not sa1

us. 3n th 0ontrar% th % 9#!! #n th 1#s#"!% +o#n+ on no9.

n*, ru#n us an* th ms !1 s, an* th /ro0 ss o8 that ru#n #s

(8) L t us th n !oo: at our /r 1a#!#n+ r !#+#on. L t us !oo: a !#tt! " !o9 th o"1#ous ana0hron#sms, an* o//os#t s, 9h#0h 6hr#st#an#t% /r s nts to th 4o*7s : r, nat#ona! or #n*#1#*ua!. (+) Into th "as#s o8 our 0u!tur 9 must +o, an* s : th r 8or our n m%. H #s 0 rta#n!% th r , " 0aus 8or on th#n+, a!! oth r mor #mm *#at /!a0 s o8 h#*#n+ ha1 " n =am#n *. To *o th#s th m#n* must " 0! ar, th / r0 /t#on must " : n. An* th 9#!! must " stron+, an* "ra1 r#+ht on to th u!t#mat , to * a! 9#th th#s * / !a#* n m%. (h) Th /r s nt7*a% /#on rs o8 th s ar0h ma% r m m" r Br#t#sh B o9u!8. H , * s rt * "% h#s 8r# n*s 9ho 8 ar * not th s9or* or #mm *#at th#n+s, 9as ! 8t a!on to 8a0 th E1#! 3n ?th 3n 9ho F! 97#n7Dar:n ss. B o9u!8 m t h#m. H 8ou+ht h#m. Fou+ht h#m on to h#s o9n 0 rta#n * ath. B o9u!8 9as :#!! * an* *%#n+ sa#* to h#s / o/! . 'Ta: % th )orm<s tr asur . It #s 8or %ou.' 3ur "ra1 r% ma% not n * " , 8or our /r s nt /ur/os , so +r at as B o9u!8<s 9as. But som * t rm#nat#on #s n * *. ) 9#!! not su"m#t to th 0r /#n+ rot, 9hat 1 r th #mm *#at "r#" or th #mm *#at *an+ r " . ) sha!! not sh#1 r an* h#* ours !1 s #n a 0a1 . 3n us 9ho un* rstan* th natur o8 th :#!! r, on us #s a *ut% 9 s#m/!% *ar not * n% or 8or+ t. For th 9 a: an* th 0on8us * th r ma% " an =0us "ut th r #s non 8or us. An* on!% at our u!t#mat / r#! 0an 9 *ra9 "a0: or /a!t r. Th nat#ona! rot has to " sto// *. )hat #s %our /art to " E ... An* %ou ma% r m m" r that 9#th us %ou 9#!! " 8#+ht#n+, not 8or th a//!aus o8 a mon %7+ru""#n+ n 9s/a/ r or 8or a "#+ "an: a00ount, "ut 8or som th#n+ that #s o8 th For 1 r?%our o9n an* %our nat#on<s !#8 .

THE BRITISH NATION AND EM IRE


1.?To7*a% th r #s a 8 ar that th 8a!! o8 th Br#t#sh Em/#r #s 0om#n+ n ar. That 8 ar #s Aust#8# *, 8or th s#+ns ar 0! ar. Br a:s h r , an* 0ra0:!#n+s th r , an*, most a!arm#n+ o8 a!!?rot 9#th#n. C.?Sta+ % /o!#t#0#ans ru! us. Pr t n0 an* untruth8u!n ss / rm at our !#1 s?8rom our #* a!o+#0a! "as#s to th to/ o8 our so0#a! stru0tur . ..?Th /o!#t#0#ans an* oth rs 0r at * "% our 0on*#t#on, 0annot " =/ 0t * to am n* #t. For th % ar th /ro*u0ts o8 th s%st m "as * on our r !#+#on, or 0u!tur . Th %, 9h th r th % 9#!! a*m#t #t or not, r /r s nt #t. F.?Som on oth r than our /r s nt /o!#t#0#ans an* ! a* rs must *o th Ao" o8 sa1#n+ us. 3ur h#+h *ut% to our 4o* as 9 !! as to ours !1 s, 0a!!s 1 r% * 0 nt man to n* a1our. G.?At th a//roa0h o8 *an+ r, th > 979orsh#// rs !ou* r than 1 r 0a!! th / o/! to > 979orsh#/ an* a*orat#on o8 th #r 4o*, > sus. Th % /un#sh an* thr at n th non7> 979orsh#// rs. H.?Un* r th 3*#n#st r !#+#on 9 sha!! r turn to th r 1 r n0 o8 our o9n Fath r7s/#r#t #n Thor o8 4o*, th sour0 o8 our str n+th an* " #n+.

7.?Br#t#sh / o/! a!! o1 r th 9or!* sha!! " "oun* to+ th r #n th #r 3*#n#st r !#+#on "% a s/#r#tua! "on*, * / an* tru . Th "on* sha!! " th #r 0ons0#ousn ss o8 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t, th #r 0ommon *ut% to H#m, th #r 0ommon sour0 o8 str n+th an* " #n+. Su0h a "on* sha!! " mor "#n*#n+ amon+ th m than an% ! +a! 0ontra0t or a+r m nt 1 r ma* . Mor "#n*#n+ than a 5#n+ or a 6ro9n. That "on* th 3*#n#st str#1 s to ma: /!a#n to h#s / o/! . Th n *#s#nt +rat#on an* * 0a% sha!! " a n#+htmar to us Br#t#sh no mor . H a!th an* 1#ta!#t% sha!! " ours. ) sha!! " tru to ours !1 s, tru to th #nst#n0t nat#1 9#th#n us. ) sha!! not 9orsh#/ th > 9 an* h#s out!oo: an% mor , "ut th 6hr#stos or Thor, an* mor /art#0u!ar!% that /art or B #n+ #n th 6hr#stos or Thor 9hos r /r s ntat#1 s 9 Br#t#sh ar . (o mor sha!! our 0ommon "!oo* an* nat#ona! s/#r#t " * m * a noth#n+, or som th#n+ o8 no a00ount. (o mor sha!! > sus79orsh#// rs t !! us th !# that ra0 an* tra*#t#on ar snar s an* * !us#ons. (o mor sha!! our > 9#sh 6hr#st#an 0u!tur * stro% that 0ommon "!oo* t# , an* th :no9! *+ o8 #t, an* han* us o1 r to 0haos. I.?Th Br#t#sh / o/! , "u#!*#n+ on th 8oun*at#on o8 th #r 8ath rs, sha!! 8#n* th #r #* nt#t% an* 9#th th #r str n+th r n 9 * sha!! ! a1 th /r s nt 0haos. -.?Th n 8rom our nat#on<s 1#ta!#t% 9#th#n, an* 8rom th *#s0har+#n+ o8 #ts 4o*7+#1 n *ut% " %on* #ts !8 a00or*#n+ to #ts /o9 rs, our nat#on sha!! !#1 #n* *. 1J.?(o mor sha!! our nat#ona! un#t% " * / n* nt so! !% on a 1#s#"! 5#n+ or a 0onst#tut#on. ) an* our nat#ona! *#8#0 sha!! " "as * * / #n 4o* an* /arta: o8 H#s @ua!#t# s. ;a!u s sha!! " r 7a//ra#s *B an* * s/#t th su"t! t% o8 th +r at n m%, 9 sha!! :no9 h#m 8or 9hat h #s, an* ma: our :no9! *+ o8 h#m our h#+h 8oot7stoo! 8or our /!a0 #n th 5#n+*om o8 4o*. 11.?)h n th 3*#n#st r !#+#on 0om s, a "on* 9#!! "#n* s 1 nt% m#!!#on / o/! to+ th r, s 1 nt% m#!!#on Br#t#sh / o/! , 9ho to7*a%, un* r > sus79orsh#/ ar 8a0#n+ sham an* =t#n0t#on.

MERRIE ENGLAND
1.?Man% h#+h7m#n* * En+!#shm n % arn 8or 'M rr# En+!an*,' th An+!o7Sa=on En+!#sh an* Br#t#sh s/#r#t, most 1#* n0 * / rha/s #n th / r#o* 8rom E*9ar* I., o8 "! ss * m mor%, on to th t#m o8 th * !u* * +r at 3!#1 r 6rom9 !! 9ho 8oun* out th truth too !at . For to7*a% th % ha1 a > 97 r#** n, >u*a#D * En+!an*. 'St. 4 or+ an* M rr# En+!an*2' 4o*7s/ *a%. * to thos En+!#shm n. An En+!#sh En+!an*2 4o* s n* th

C.?Thos h#+h7m#n* * %oun+ (an* o!*) En+!#shm n, * 4o*. Un9#tt#n+ th % +o to a > sus76hr#st#an 6hur0h.

/!% r !#+#ous as o8 h art th % ar , s

: th #r

Th r , to th atmos/h r o8 mus#0, 4oth#0 ar0h#t 0tur ?th /ro*u0t o8 th #r Br#t#sh 8ath rs< + n#us an* s9 at?th % r 1 r nt!% 9a#t. Th / a!s o8 th or+an *# a9a%. Th n, > rusa! m, > 9s, Isra !, Pa! st#n , th > 9<s Ho!% Lan* an* S !87r nun0#at#on #s th th m /our * #nto th #r ars. To a > 9 o8 1-.- % ars a+o, 9ho #t #s sa#*, * 0!ar * h 9as 4o* A!m#+ht% or th 6hr#stos, or 4o*<s on!% " +ott n son, th % ar /o#nt *. Th % ar /o#nt * to a > 9 ss as Moth r o8 4o*, or Qu n o8 H a1 n. Th % ar su"A 0t * to man% mor * "au0h#n+ "!as/h m# s, an* #nno0 nt!% ta: /art #n th o00as#ona! s *u0t#1 0 r mon# s. ..?F#!! * 9#th th !o1 o8 th #r o9n Br#t#sh tra*#t#ons, 8#!! * 9#th r 1 r n0 8or th #r ra0 , an* #ts

9on* r8u! stor%, 8#!! * 9#th th ur+ o8 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*, th %, #nno0 nt an* 4o*7s ! * to 9a#! 8or '> rusa! m, m% ha//% hom ,' an* to /ra% to > ho1ah 8or 'Isra !.'

:#n+ ar

But th #r o9n Br#t#sh h ro s, Br#t#sh Ho!% /!a0 s, an* th #r o9n Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* ar "!ott * 8rom th #r m mor# s, an* th a!# n > 9 #s su"st#tut *. In th Mason#0 !o*+ s th % 9#!! ha1 , #nt r!ar* * 9#th mora!#D#n+ ta+s, mor o8 th sam a!# n ata1#st#0 > 979orsh#//#n+ 0u!t. F.?Som *a% th % 9#!! / r0 #1 #n th#s > 979orsh#/ an =t ns#on o8 an o!*, o!* tr#0:?4a#n a man<s 0on8#* n0 , *ru+ h#m, th n /#0: h#s /o0: ts, * "au0h an* ns!a1 h#m. G.?M rr# En+!an* an* St. 4 or+ 2 St. 4 or+ an* M rr# En+!an*. Ma% our Br#t#sh / o/! soon :no9 th or#+#n an* m an#n+ o8 th s sa0r * 9or*s, an* 9#th h arts =a!t * s#n+ th son+s o8 M rr# En+!an*, an* h%mns o8 th nat#ona! s/#r#t.

TO .ARMERS
1.?Your 8arm ... Your 8!o0: o8 sh /. I8 an%on sa#* to %ou& 'A!! sh / ar @ua!. Br ram #s Aust th sam as "r *#n+ 8rom anoth rE' )hat 9ou!* %ou th#n: o8 h#mE *#n+ 8rom on

C.?But that #s Aust 9hat 6hr#st#an#t% *o s sa% to %ou a"out man:#n*. 'Br * th m a!! to+ th r. A!! ar @ua!, a!! th sam . 6o!our, /h%s#@u , t0., ar noth#n+. (o su0h th#n+ as ra0 an* "r * ...' )hat *o %ou th#n: o8 th#s 6hr#st#an t a0h#n+ as a +u#* 8or human#t%E ..?(a) 6hr#st#an#t% sa%s a!! m n ar th sam . L t th m a!! "r * to+ th r.

6hr#st#ans #n0!u* that #* a un* r th Broth rhoo*7o87man #* a ... )hat *o %ou th#n: o8 #tE (") Austra!#ans 9#!! " 0om , un* r 6hr#st#an#t%, a mon+r ! human 8!o0:. You :no9 som th#n+ o8 mon+r ! 9#!* hors s, an* th #r 1a!u . You :no9 som th#n+ o8 mon+r !#D * 8!o0:s o8 sh /. You *o not % t :no9 mu0h o8 mon+r !#D * human " #n+s. F.?6hr#st#an#t% * n# s H r *#t% an* a88#rms En1#ronm nt. (a) D#* th hors " 0om a :an+aroo 9h n h 9as "rou+ht h r ?to Austra!#aE )hat a s#!!% @u st#on?o8 0ours h *#* not. Is th hors sho9#n+ an% s#+n o8 " 0om#n+ a :an+aroo s#n0 h 9as "rou+ht to th#s !an* o8 :an+aroosE Do s th a//! tr (ot at a!!. (*) Do s th 1 + ta"! + nus o8 9h at sho9 an% s#+n o8 " 0om#n+ mu!+a s0ru". 38 0ours not, G.?Th most that has ha// n *, #8 an%th#n+, #n r s/ 0t o8 an% o8 th s /!ants or an#ma!s #s an , "rou+ht to Austra!#a sho9 an% s#+n o8 " 0om#n+ a +um tr E

a*a/t#n+ o8 th #r ha"#ts (#n a 1 r% s!#+ht * +r ) to an% 0han+ #n =t rna! 0on*#t#ons?th % r ma#n hors s, a//! tr s, an* 9h at, as tru!% as 1 r. Br * r ma#ns Br *. Br#t#sh "!oo* r ma#ns Br#t#sh "!oo* #8 #t +o s to 6h#na, A8r#0a or Pa/ua. (a) 6hr#st#an#t% to " !o+#0a! 9ou!* * n% th truth o8 th#s. For 6hr#st#an#t%, as =/r ss * throu+h our 0onst#tut#ons an* our !a9s, sa%s that "r * #s noth#n+. It sa%s that #8 an%th#n+, on!% th /!a0 o8 "#rth matt rs. It " !# 1 s on!% #n En1#ronm nt, not H r *#t%, as * t rm#n#n+ th t%/ o8 man. But %ou :no9 9h#0h #s th mor #m/ortant, an* %ou :no9 that #n th#s t a0h#n+ at ! ast 6hr#st#an#t% #s sh r !# s an* hum"u+. (") Thus str#0t!% 8o!!o9#n+ 6hr#st#an r ason#n+ an* "% our Austra!#an !a9, an a//! tr #n a +um 8or st 9ou!* " a +um tr . Pr#ma 8a0# an En+!#shman "orn #n 6h#na #s a 6h#n s B #8 #n Pa! st#n h #s Pa! st#n#anB #8 #n Ho!!an* a Dut0hmanB #8 #n Po!an* a Po! . An* a > 9 #s * m * "% our 6hr#st#an #ns/#r * !a9 to " o8 th nat#ona!#t% o8 th / o/! amon+ 9hom h #s "orn. It ma% " 1 r% 8unn%, "ut #t #s 1 r% > sus76hr#st#an. (0) It 9ou!* " Aust as 9#s to * 0!ar that a hors "orn #n Austra!#a #s a :an+arooB "orn #n A8r#0an Aun+! th hors #s a !#onB #n th Sahara th hors #s a 0am !B #n th Ar0t#0 r +#ons, th hors #s a Po!ar " ar. Su0h #s th !o+#0 o8 6hr#st#an#t%. 6ran:% as #t #s, #t #s our 6hr#st#an #ns/#r * !a9 #n r s/ 0t to human " #n+s. (*) 6hr#st#an#t%, /r ss * to th /o#nt, must * n% that th r #s an% su0h th#n+ as Ra0 amon+ m n. It a*m#ts %ou 0an s #t, But sa%s #t #s not th r . > sus76hr#st#an#t% #m/!# *!% * 0!ar s that %our % s, nos an* =/ r# n0 s ar !%#n+ to %ou, #8 th % t !! %ou th r ar *#88 r nt ra0 s o8 m n. Ar th r *#88 r n0 s amon+ 0att! E '3h, % s2' It 9#!! a*m#t %our s ns s t !! %ou th truth a"out 0att! , "ut not a"out m n. )hat a Ao: 2 Ho9 0on8us * th 6hr#st#an #s. (o 9on* r 6hr#st#an nat#ons * t r#orat an* " 0om #*#ot#0 an* * + n rat un* r su0h a *#r 0t#on. Ho9 9 ar hoo*79#n: *2 6hr#st#an#t% sa%s Ra0 *o s not matt r, that mon+r !#sm *o s not matt r, that th s th#n+s ar m r 8#+m nts an* * !us#ons. ( ) Ho9 th > 9s * s/#s th 6hr#st#ans2 Ho9 th >a/an s 9on* r at th m2 I8 a M r#no ram 9 r /ut #n a Shro/sh#r sh / /a**o0: 8or s#= months an* an A0t o8 Par!#am nt r a* o1 r h#m, 9ou!* th M r#no " 0om a tru Shro/sh#r sh /E 6hr#st#an#t% ans9 rs 'Y s.' )hat *o %ou sa%E 7.?6hr#st#an#t% ha1#n+ " n "rou+ht 8a0 to 8a0 9#th #ts !u*#0rous 0on0!us#ons no9 sa%s #n su0h 0as ?'Ah, "ut m n ar *#88 r nt to an#ma!s. An#ma!s ar m r automatons?th % ar ma0h#n s.' (P rha/s that #s 9h% th r #s no s/ 0#8#0 *#r 0t#on 8or :#n*n ss to an#ma!s #n 6hr#st#an#t%. > sus, o8 0ours , 0am to sa1 man. Th an#ma!s ha1 , 6hr#st#an#t% sa%s, no 6hr#stos7s/#r#t #n th m.) Th 6hr#st#an #n th#s /ro/os#t#on s0a/ s * 8 at on!% "% * a8n ss or "% shout#n+ * n#a!s. A man o8 !o+#0 0an sho9 9h% 6hr#st#an#t% *ar not sa%, 'B :#n* to an#ma!s,' " 0aus #t 9ou!* u!t#mat !% * stro% #ts 0 ntra! th m . Th 3*#n#st sa%s th r #s a s/#r#t =/r ss * #n a!! 0r atur s an* th#n+s. Th s/#r#t #s #n a!! th#n+s. D#88 r nt =/r ss#ons o8 th s/#r#t #n *#88 r nt :#n*s o8 /h nom na. I.?Put %our han* on %our hors as %ou ar hom 9ar* "oun* on a moon!#+ht n#+ht throu+h th "ush, an* r m m" r that 6hr#st#an#t% sa%s %our hors #s an automaton or a ma0h#n B r m m" r #t 9h n %ou ar 0a!!#n+ #n th 0o9sB r m m" r 6hr#st#an#t%<s #* a 9h n %our *o+ ra0 s o1 r th /a**o0: to m t %ou.

An 3*#n#st !oo:s on an#ma!s, an* /!ants, too, as /arts o8 th !#8 o8 4o*<s un#1 rs , 9#th /o9 rs an* !#8 a00or*#n+ to th s/#r#t =/r ss * #n th m. Th 3*#n#st r +ar*s th m as 0o7#nha"#t rs o8 th un#1 rs 9#th h#m an* r +ar*s man as " ar#n+ a h#+h r s/ons#"#!#t% to9ar* th s 0r atur s ! ss r than h#ms !8 an* #n 1ar%#n+ m asur *#88 r nt an* su"s r1# nt to h#ms !8. Th /os#t#on o8 an#ma!s un* r 6hr#st#an#t% #s a9:9ar* an* o"s0ur an*, #n 8a0t, unso!1a"! "% #t. Th % as oth r s ns 7/ r0 #1 *7!#8 0annot " a00ount * 8or. Th r so!ut att m/t o8 D s0art s as a 6hr#st#an to *o so #s /#t#8u!!% humourous. Th %, un!#: man, *#* not ha1 a sa1#our 8rom 4o*<s 9rath, or an% /ro1#s#on 8or =#st n0 9hat 1 r, * s/#t th 8a0t that %ou 0an s th m. An* s th m #n som m asur un* rstan*#n+ %ou an* th#n+s " %on* %ou. -.?)h n %ou !oo: on th an#ma!s on %our 8arm as automatons or ma0h#n s, th n %ou ar 8 !#: a +oo* 6hr#st#an. )h n %ou !oo: on th an#ma!s as 0r atur s 9#th 8 3*#n#st, as %our 8ath rs 9 r !on+ a+o. !#n+s an* a * +r !#n+

o8 s ns#"#!#t%, th n %ou ar an

TO OUR BRITISH

EO LE

!.?I8 1 r th >a/an s , 6h#n s , In*#ans or an% oth r ra0 o1 r9h !m us, th n&? Th 3*#n#sts, An* th 3*#n#sts on!%, 9#!! sa1 our nat#on. Th 3*#n#st, 8or on th#n+, 9#!! not marr% an a!# n. Th 6hr#st#an 9#!!. 6hr#st#an#t% a//ro1 s mon+r !#sm, 1 n n0oura+ s #t (;#* a!!7ar 7 @ua!, Broth rhoo*7o87man, t0.). 'Marr%7%our7o//os#t ' an* s#m#!ar ata1#st#0 *#r 0t#ons ar "as#0a!!% 6hr#st#an. C.?) 0an /o/u!at our 0ont#n nt 9#th our o9n ra0#a! sto0:. ) ha1 /! nt% o8 8#n %oun+ m n an* 9om n ...

To7*a% th #r * st#n% #s th9art *, th #r h#+h +#8ts * +ra* *. Th % ar sa0r#8#0 * 8or th usur r. ..?Un* r 6hr#st#an#t% 9#th #ts 0!oa: o8 san0t#t%, th > 9s an* th usur r ha1 th #r 8 n 0:. t u/on our

3ur /ro7> 9#sh 4o1 rnm nt #m/orts a!# ns to #nha"#t th !an* o8 our 8ath rs an* our moth rs?th !an* han* * to us as our sa0r * trust. Thus th usur r 0an th " tt r + t h#s mon %. But our %oun+ / o/! 9ho ar our nat#on<s !#8 , ar sa0r#8#0 * 8or that mon %, an* our Br#t#sh ra0

*# s out. F.?Th +r at usur rs an* th #r s%0o/hants ar th r a! su//ort rs o8 6hr#st#an#t%, 9#th #ts > 97 9orsh#/ an* #ts s/ur#ous /# t%. G.?3ur nat#on, #s " #n+ thrott! * an* * stro% * " 8or our % s. Th /oor 4o*7s :#n+ 6hr#st#ans an=#ous!% 9on* r at #t a!!, "ut 0annot s 9h%.

6hr#st#an#t% (9#th #ts S !87R nun0#at#on, 6on8us#on, usur% an* > 979orsh#/) has *on #ts 9or: o8 "!#n*#n+ an* *#stort#n+ on!% too 9 !!. H.?P rha/s %ou 9#!! t !! th / o/! 9h%. ) 9ou!* r m#n* %ou that th 0omatos 0on*#t#on o8 to7*a% #s =t n*#n+, =t n*#n+ 9h#! th Br#t#sh7Austra!#an #s stu*%#n+ h#s Ra0 70ar*, an* th Foot"a!! r su!ts.

OUR BRITISH MYTHUS


1.?Lon+ a+o our 8or 8ath rs !#1 * #n th south o8 S0an*#na1#a an* n #+h"our#n+ 4 rman#0 !an*s. C.?Th % " !# 1 * that th #r or#+#n ha* " n th Sun. That th #r "o*# s 9 r th S/#r#t7For0 9h#0h 9as T#m ! ss an* 9h#0h a!so :n 9 th Sun. ..?Lat r, th r 9as an =o*us o8 man% o8 th m South7East9ar*. Th % s tt! * #n As#a M#nor. H r "% th #r n r+% an* +oo* +o1 rnm nt, r su!tant 8rom th #r att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t%, th % +r 9 /o9 r8u! an* mu!t#/!# *. Th % 9 r 0a!! * Ar%ans. F.?Lat r, a00or*#n+ to 0 rta#n 1#* n0 , a %oun+ man nam * 4 or+ or S#++ #n th hom !an* * 0#* * to 8#n* out h#s ra0#a! "r thr n #n th South7East. H s t out an* 9a!: * a0ross th !an* no9 :no9n as Russ#a, an* at !ast 9#th th Aourn %<s / r#!s " h#n* h#m, arr#1 * amon+ h#s / o/! . H ! arn * h#s "r thr n<s 9a%s an* / r0 #1 * th #r n *s. H " 0am th #r ! a* r. D 1ot *!% h stro1 8or h#s / o/! <s 9 !8ar . H #s :no9n to us no9 "% 1ar#ous nam s& 4 or+ , In*ra (#n S0ot!an*), Da+7*a (#n Ir !an*), S#++ , Dar*anus (1#* A n #* ;III., ;#r+#!), Ka+7Dar, Da7*a, Son o8 3*#n, an* oth rs. Th sha*o9 o8 h#s +r atn ss !ooms u/ #n th =tant 9r#t#n+s o8 that +r at /ast *a%. G.?>ust#0 , th s0# n0 o8 a+r#0u!tur , "u#!*#n+, #rr#+at#on, s0u!/tur an*, too, th art o8 9r#t#n+ too: sha/ an* 8!our#sh * *ur#n+ th t#m o8 th#s +r at man, 4 or+ , Dar*anus or Da7*a. H.?Th /o/u!at#on +r 9. Som o8 th / o/! !at r m#+rat * East9ar* to P rs#a an* on9ar* to In*#a an* 1 n to >a/an. E1#* n0 o8 th m#+rat#on #s 0! ar to7*a%. Th Sans0r#t !an+ua+ , an Ar%an *#a! 0t, #s =tant #n In*#a. Th In*#an ; *a #s 1#* n0 o8 th #r #n8!u n0 . Th r !#+#on o8 Koroastra an* #n /art th r !#+#on o8 th Pars s (8#r 79orsh#/) sho9 th #n8!u n0 o8 our 8or 8ath rs. E1 n #n th Sh#nto#sm (th Fath r7s/#r#t 9orsh#/) o8 >a/an, an* #n th Sumara# #* a #s a r 8! 0t#on o8 our an0# nt Ar%an 8ath rs< out!oo:. 7.?Som o8 th Ar%ans 9 nt south79ar*, an* 0am to E+%/t. Th r th % 9 r "u#!* rs o8 0u!tur as 9 !! as o8 "u#!*#n+s. Th ar0h#t 0t an* th 0h# 8 ass#stant ar0h#t 0t o8 4r at 5arna: ha1 ! 8t th #r o9n m mor#a! #ns0r#/t#ons 0omm n*#n+ th #r sou!s a8t r * ath to 3*#n an* Thor () #+a!!<s Short H#stor%). Tra0 s o8 th Ar%an 9h#t s:#ns, an* h a*7sha/ s ma% st#!! " 8oun* #n E+%/t, as 9 !! as =/r ss#on o8 a

In*#a. I.?Som o8 th Ar%ans 9 nt to 4r 0 . Th r th % ma* tr m n*ous 0ontr#"ut#ons to th 1#ta!#t% o8 th 9or!*?0ontr#"ut#ons too 9 !! :no9n to r @u#r m nt#on h r ?Hom r, H s#o*, Parm n#* s, H ra:! #tos, Ar#stot! , Ph#*#as, P%tha+oras, A! =an* r th 4r at, ar a 8 9 o8 th #r num" r. -.?Som o8 th Ar%ans 9 nt on 8urth r, to Rom . Th r th % "u#!t u/ Roman 0#1#!#Dat#on an* ma* th #r 0ontr#"ut#on to th 9or!*. E1 r% 0h#!* :no9s at ! ast som th#n+ o8 #t. Its #n8!u n0 #s u/on a0h on o8 us. Th 8a!! o8 Rom +#1 s us as a Br#t#sh nat#on an* Em/#r , our 0! ar st ! sson an* +u#* r s/ 0t#n+ our *an+ rs o8 to7*a%. 1J.?Th /h#!o!o+#st a!on 0an +#1 us #n*#s/uta"! /roo8s o8 th Ar%an 0onn 0t#ons r 8 rr * to. Thou+h som /h#!o!o+#sts ha1 " n m#s! * "% r !%#n+ on /h#!o!o+% on!%, .+., 9h r th % ha1 8oun* that su"A 0t an* a!# n7"!oo* * / o/! s us 9or*s o8 Ar%an or#+#n, th % ha1 * m * su0h / o/! Ar%an, Aust as #8 / r0 #1#n+ that Am r#0an n +ro s s/o: En+!#sh th % 9 r to 0on0!u* that th n +ro s 9 r o8 En+!#sh ra0 . 11.?Som o8 th Ar%ans Aourn % * 8urth r st#!!?throu+h th Stra#ts o8 4#"ra!tar to Br#ta#n. (;#* Pho n#0#an 3r#+#ns "% L. A. )a** !! an* oth r 9or:s.) Th % s tt! * th r . Th r 9as a sma!! s/r#n:!#n+ o8 Ham#t#0 / o/! amon+ th s ar!% s tt! rs. It #s /ro1 * th r #s som th#n+ o8 truth #n 4 o88r% o8 Monmouth<s "oo:, an* that Brut 9as 8ar 8rom " #n+ a /ur !% ! + n*ar% 8#+ur . Th ru! r o8 5 nt #n GG B.6. /rot st * to 6a sar that Romans, / o/! o8 th #r o9n "!oo*, ou+ht n 1 r to 9ar on th m, an* sa#* "roth rs shou!* not 8#+ht "roth rs. Th #r "!oo* 9as th sam . Th statu s an* /a#nt#n+s o8 an0# nt Romans, as 9 !! as a sur1 % o8 th #r =/r ss#ons #n !#t ratur , out!oo: an* 0ustoms sho9 0! ar 0onn 0t#ons 9#th th Br#t#sh. 1C.?Som o8 th Ar%ans #n As#a M#nor turn * th #r 8a0 s (orth7) st9ar*, an* s t out 8or th #r o!* ra0#a! hom s. 31 r th 6au0asus an* a0ross Russ#a th % 0am . E1#* n0 o8 th#s m#+rat#on, som t#m s #na* @uat !% 0a!! * 6au0as#an, =#sts " %on* a!! *ou"t. Th %, a8t r th #r 9an* r#n+s, s tt! * amon+ th #r "!oo* "r thr n #n th #r 8ath rs< hom !an*, 9h r som o8 th #r * s0 n*ants !#1 to7*a%. Th #r #nst#n0t#1 att#tu* s 9 r Ar%an as 9 r th #r 8ath rs. An* amon+ us Br#t#sh, th sam #nst#n0t#1 Ar%an att#tu* , ho9 1 r n0um" r *, an* * s/#t th > 9#sh 0on8us#on u/on us, !#1 s as #t !#1 * #n our 8ath rs. 1..?3n ! + n* sa%s that !on+ " 8or th#s +r at m#+rat#on (orth7) st9ar*, 4 or+ or S#++ +ro9#n+ o!* r, o8t n thou+ht o8 th !an* o8 h#s "#rth an* h#s / o/! th r . H 9#sh * to +#1 th m +u#*an0 , to *o som th#n+ 8or th m too, " 8or h *# *. L a1#n+ a su00 ssor " h#n*, 4 or+ 9#th a 8 9 oth rs (t9 !1 sons, #t #s sa#*) s t out on h#s Aourn % to th an0# nt hom !an*. At !ast h arr#1 * hom an* 0omm n0 * h#s 9or:. Th / rsons #n /o9 r r +ar* * h#m 9#th sus/#0#on. Som 8 ar * h#m " 0aus o8 h#s a"#!#t%, th % 1 n 8 ar * h#m 8or h#s hon st% an* +oo*n ss. H , 9ho ha* " n a :#n+, su88 r * mo0: r% an* 1 n star1at#on. St#!! h / rs#st *. Truth8u!, /at# nt an* 8#!! * 9#th h#+h /ur/os h *#* not 8a!t r or !os 8a#th. A s r# s o8 m#s8ortun s #n th !an* +a1 h#m o//ortun#t%. H#s a*1#0 9as th n sou+ht. H 8r !% +a1 #t.

H 9rot /o ms that 9 r r 0#t * roun* th 8#r on th !on+ 1 n#n+s. H tau+ht oth rs to 9r#t . P rha/s h tau+ht th m son+s. H tau+ht th m o8 I+*ras#!, th tr o8 !#8 . H /r s nt * an att#tu* to 4o* 9h#0h " 0am a00 /t * #n th 0ommun#t%, an* " 0aus o8 #ts san#t% 9as a00 /t * "% th n #+h"our#n+ / o/! s. Th / o/! ! arn * th th m o8 A s#r+ar*, th 9#s st att#tu* to R a!#t% 1 r / r0 #1 *. 4 or+ (or S#++ ) +r 9 too o!* to 0arr% on h#s 9or:. H :n 9 h#s n* on arth 9as n ar. H 0ou!* 9or: no mor . Tru to h#s *ut% to th !ast o8 h#s /o9 r, h *# *. H#s "o*% 9as "urnt on a 8#r 7"oat. To7*a%, a0ross th 1a!! % o8 th % ars, on0 mor 4 or+ <s s/#r#t 0om s. Th #*o!s o"s0ur#n+ h#m an* h#s !#8 ar r so!1#n+ #nto noth#n+n ss. ) ar h#s 1 r% 0h#!*r n. H r#s s, a +u#* , a s#m/! 8r# n*, a 8ath r an* a h ro. 4 or+ <s / o/! "u#!t as 9 !! as th % 0ou!* on th 8oun*at#ons h ha* !a#*. 3ur H n+#st an* Horsa 9 r h#s *#r 0t * s0 n*ants. Th % r m m" r * th stor% o8 4 or+ <s 8#+ht 9#th th Dra+on o8 1#!. H " 0am our nat#ona! sa#nt. Th 5#n+ o8 En+!an* #s a !#n a! * s0 n*ant o8 H n+#st an* Horsa, as #n 8a0t ar man% o8 us. A8t r 4 or+ <s * ath, th 1#ta!#t% h a9a: n * #n h#s hom !an* "or 8ru#t. Th 0ountr% " 0am stron+, 8or #t ha* h a!th 9#th#n. Th sh#/s o8 4 or+ <s 0ountr%m n r !on+ ro* th#0: u/on th s a. 6onstant#no/! sa9 th m, E+%/t sa9 th m. Th % *#s0o1 r * Am r#0a. Th % s tt! * #n (orman*%. Som mar0h * *o9n to th south o8 4 rman%. An* most #m/ortant o8 a!!, th % #n th #r s 1 ra! 0!ans, Dan s, >ut s, Sa=ons an* An+!o7 Sa=ons, 0am a!so to Br#ta#n an* Ir !an* to " th 8or 8ath rs o8 th 1ast maAor#t% o8 us, 9ho !#1 #n Austra!#a an* ( 9 K a!an* th#s *a%.

THE CHRISTIAN ATTITUDE TO OUR BRITISH MYTHUS


1.?Man% o8 our an0# nt Ar%an 9r#t#n+s ha1 " n ta: n an* t9#st *7u/ "% > 9s an* /r s nt * to us #n th B#"! as th #r o9n. Th B#"! 9#th #ts *#stort * > 9#sh h#stor% #s thus ma* a "a" ! o8 m#s7 stat m nts, h#+h7th#n:#n+, /o tr%, /orno+ra/h%, mur* rs, #+noran0 , su/ rst#t#on an* hum"u+, th !#: o8 9h#0h *o s not =#st 8or th 0on8us#n+ an* nu!!#8%#n+ o8 4o*7s :#n+ man:#n*. Th#s 0on8us#on #s 0a!! * "% th 6hr#st#an?'th Un rr#n+ )or* o8 4o*.' (o 9on* r 0haos #s u/on us. Th 3*#n#st #* a o8 4o* an* H#s 9or* #s 1 r% *#88 r nt. E1 n th > 9#sh nam > ho1ah #s not nat#1 to th > 9s. It #s a /ur!o#n * 9or*. Th stor% o8 th > 9s< =o*us 8rom E+%/t #s 8#0t#on #n* *. Thou+h ar0h o!o+#sts ha1 !at !% *#s0o1 r * that som > 9s 9 r =/ !! * 8rom E+%/t "% a Pharaoh. > 979orsh#//#n+ 6hr#st#ans st#!! as: us to *#s0ar* an* 8or+ t th 9on* r8u! stor% o8 our o9n Ar%an / o/! an* ta: th so70a!! * stor% o8 th > 9s #n /!a0 o8 #t. Th % 9ant to saturat us 9#th th h#stor% an* #* o!o+% o8 th > 97?A"raham, >a0o", R " 00a, >u*ah, an* so on. Th % 9ou!* thus *#s/!a0 our o9n h ro#0 8ath rs. An* th % as: us to ta: o1 r th rst9h#! hom o8 th > 9s? Pa! st#n ?as our o9n Ho!% Lan*.

C.?Th Br#t#sh Ar%an stor%, ho9 1 r !#tt! :no9n to7*a%, 9#!! at !ast, 9 3*#n#sts ho/ , su/ rs * an* =t#n+u#sh th > 9#sh 0on8us#on no9 u/on us. ) str#1 that our o9n h ro s sha!! r /!a0 > 9s. 3ur o9n Hom !an* sha!! r /!a0 Pa! st#n . 3ur o9n ra0#a! s/#r#t, not th > 9#sh, sha!! " our r 1 r * Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*. It #s 8or a0h on o8 us to 0hoos h#s s#* ?3*#n#st or > 979orsh#// r. 3ur > sus79orsh#//#n+ 0u!t has tau+ht us to 8or+ t, an* 1 n to * s/#s our o9n honoura"! 8or 8ath rs an* th #r tr m n*ous stor%. In 8a0t, #t has ma* us a nat#on o8 > 979orsh#// rs. 3n!% #n th#s !at *a%, 9h n *an+ rs #mm *#at !% thr at n us, has th t rr#"! " n / r0 #1 * an* "% us 0ons0#ous!% 0om"at *. rror o8 > 979orsh#/

) r / at?th 3*#n#sts ar not > 979orsh#// rs. 3ur o9n ra0 , th Br#t#sh #n #ts s 1 ra! 8 atur s7 En+!#sh, S0ot0h, ) !sh an* Ir#sh7#s our sa0r * ra0 .

TO THE BUSINESS MAN AND OTHERS


1.?A ! arn * An+!#0an Ar0h"#sho/, 9#thout a//ar nt!% / r0 #1#n+ th !unat#0 natur o8 Dua!#sm, has r 0 nt!% 9r#tt n a tr at#s , #n or* r to sho9 that 6hr#st#an#t% #s th most mat r#a!#st#0 o8 r !#+#ons. ) a+r . 6hr#st#an#t%, as h sa%s, *o s r so!1 #ts !8 #nto #mm *#at mat r#a!#sm, #. ., * ath. But th Ar0h"#sho/ stran+ !%, st#!! r +ar*s > sus76hr#st#an#t% as th ho/ o8 th 9or!*. Som *a% h ma% !oo: out o8 h#s /a!a0 9#n*o9 9#th mor than a sha* o8 *ou"t a"out th#s #n h#s m#n*. Th 3*#n#st, * s/#t th !at n ss o8 th hour, su++ sts that th Ar0h"#sho/ shou!* !a"our on, an* th#n: on9ar* to9ar* th 8urth r !o+#0a! 0on0!us#ons o8 h#s th m an* h 9#!! 8#n* ho9 th Mat r#a!#sm r so!1 s #nto D ath. C.?3*#n#sts ar t#r * o8 h ar#n+& 'You ar r#+ht,' ') n * a 8un*am nta! 0han+ , tru nou+h,' 'Th#s > 979orsh#/ #s a!! "a*,' 'But th Ao" #s too "#+,' 'Ah2 th 1 st * #nt r sts2' 'Th#n: o8 th +r at / rsona+ s *#r 0t!% an* #n*#r 0t!% 0on0 rn * #n ma#nta#n#n+ > sus76hr#st#an#t%. (o, #t 0an<t " *on .' ) ar t#r * o8 s #n+ ra""#t7!#: t#m#*#t%. T#r * o8 / o/! 9ho 9#!! '+ t som on I :no9 to h !/ %ou.' T#r * o8 mon %7+ra"" rs. T#r * o8 s #n+ / o/! +ras/#n+ at th #mm *#at 9#th as !#tt! an* / rha/s ! ss 8or s#+ht than a mon: %. ..?Th > 976hr#st#an#D * ; n t#ans, !#: oth rs #n th #r * 0a* n0 , ha* " 0om usur rs, 0!os 78#st * an* m an, utt r!% * mo0rat#0. Mat r#a!#st#0 as th Ar0h"#sho/ / r0 #1 s. '4o*<s 0hos n / o/! ' sho9 * th m th 9a%. Th /o/u!at#on *9#n*! *. Th 9or:m n 0ou!* not, 9ou!* not 8#+ht. Patr#ot#sm 9as * "au0h *. Patr#ot#sm ha* " 0om on!% a rust% 9 a/on 8or th mon %7s/#nn rs to ma: us o8. S/% hunts, 8!a+79a1#n+, 8#n s/ 0h s 9 r th or* r o8 th *a%. Bona/art mar0h * #n on th ; n t#an mon %7s/#nn rs an* too: th #r a!!. H an* h#s so!*# rs ha* som th#n+ stron+ r than mon %?som #* a!s, r#+ht or 9ron+, an* a s9or*. H sa#* '3ut,' an* th % 9 r out. Th #r 0r *#t ntr# s #n th #r ! *+ rs an* th #r t#t! * m r s/!ash s o8 #n: on /a/ r. *s, " 0am

Th L#on o8 St. Mar: !oo: * on, an* th 0! r+% an* th / o/! !oo: * 8or a m#ra0! to sa1 th m. It *#* not. 6rum"!#n+, ; n#0 8 !!.

F.?In 6hr#st#an Rom 8#8t

n 0 ntur# s a+o, th mon %7s/#nn rs 9 r #n 0har+ .

'Pros/ r#t%' r #+n *, th % 9 r 'roun*#n+ th 0orn r.' D#1#* n*s o8 "#+ 8#rms 9 nt h#+h r an* h#+h r. E1 n th "#+ 8#rms " 0am 8 9 r. Th % " 0am a"sor" * #n % t "#++ r 8#rms. 'Sa1#n+s' an* oth r 0r *#t ntr# s mount * u/. (Poss ss#on o8 1ast mon % th % s m * to 8or+ t r a!!% m ant 1ast "ur* ns o8 * "t on th *9#n*!#n+ /o/u!a0 .) R 0or*s 8or Sa1#n+s 9 r "ro: n, "ut th /o/u!at#on *9#n*! *. Th / o/! r ma#n#n+ 9 r *#s/#r#t * an* mat r#a!#D * an* 9ou!* not 8#+ht. F#+ht#n+ m ant 8#+ht#n+ 8or th usur rs an* th mon %7s/#nn rs. Th / o/! ha* 8or+ott n th S/#r#t o8 th #r / o/! , an* th % 0ou!* not r 0o1 r #t. Th usur rs at th to/ at !ast +ot a!! th mon %. Ita!#a 9as /!ast r * 9#th mort+a+ s, #nt r sts, rat s, * " ntur s, * "ts, #nt r st7" ar#n+ 0a/#ta!#D * 0r *#t, an* s#m#!ar /aras#t#sm. Th > 9s ! * th 9a%B o8 0ours , th % 9ou!*. For th r !#+#on 9as 6hr#st#an > 979orsh#/. (S 4#""on.) Th 6hr#st#an /r# sts an* / o/! /ra% * 8or Isra !, ta!: * a"out > sus an* > rusa! m, th S 0on* 6om#n+, an* san+ h%mns to > ho1ah th tr#"a! '4o*' o8 th > 9s ... Th tra+#0 n* o8 Rom #s 9 !! :no9n. Th ! a* r o8 th non7> 979orsh#//#n+ 4oths mar0h * #n on th mon %7s/#nn rs an* too: th #r a!!. '3ut' sa#* th 4oth#0 ! a* r an* th % 9 r out. Th r ma#n#n+ * 0a* nt 6hr#st#an Romans #n a+on#D * hum#!#at#on 9 r s0att r *. Th ma*n ss an* "!oo* o8 0haos "roo* * #n Rom . Th Po/ r ma#n *. G.?In Austra!#a, +r at Austra!#a, 9#th #ts Br#t#sh /o/u!a0 , 9 8#n* that 6hr#st#an#t%, > 979orsh#/, mat r#a!#sm, an* mon %7s/#nn#n+, *9#n*!#n+ /o/u!at#on an* * 0a* n0 ar on an* #n*#1#s#"! . Th 1#* n0 #s " 8or %our % s. 3ur 4o1 rnm nt, "oth #n Br#ta#n an* Austra!#a, an* our *an+ rs2 Ar th % 1 r% *#88 r nt 8rom thos o8 ar!# r ; n#0 or Rom E Ar our nat#ona! 0on*#t#ons mu0h *#88 r ntE Ar our so0#a! 0on*#t#ons mu0h *#88 r ntE )#!! th r su!t " *#88 r ntE ) 3*#n#sts ho/ to ma: #t *#88 r nt, an* so 9 str#1 . H.?) su++ st to th "us#n ss man, 8or 9hat #t #s 9orth, that h ta: a !oo: at h#s 0h#!*r n. L t h#m th#n: o8 S/a#n to7*a%, ; n#0 , Rom . L t h#m not#0 th *#r 0t#on o8 our Br#t#sh / o/! h r an* #n th hom 7!an*, an* th n th#n: o1 r th natur o8 our mo1 m nt. R a!!%, #t 9#!! /a% th "us#n ss man to th#n: #t o1 r, 1 n at so !at a t#m as to7*a%. I8 h su//orts us, h 9#!! at ! ast *# str#1#n+ 8or !#8 , #nst a* o8 moan#n+ an* h#*#n+ h#s Br#t#sh h a* #n a ho! .

TO MEN AND WOMEN


1.?S = #s on o8 th +r at st 8a0ts o8 !#1#n+.

C.?6hr#st#an#t% r +ar*s s =7 mot#on as 1#! #n ss n0 . A su"A 0t that shou!* " m nt#on * 8urt#1 !%, " h#n* th han* or #n 9h#s/ rs. ..?As a r su!t, #+noran0 #s #n*u0 * an* human su88 r#n+ an* * ath ar#s #n s%/h#!#s or oth r a1o#*a"! num rous s = *#s as s, an* #n * /ra1#t# s. Un* r 6hr#st#an#t%, 0h#!*r n +ro9 u/ #+norant o8 th #!!s o8 r /r ss#on or =/r ss#on o8 s = mot#on. S =, a /ro8oun* attr#"ut o8 L#8 , must " r +ar* * 8or 9hat #t r a!!% #s. 3ur 9#s st m n ha1 stat * that th most " n 8#t 0om s 8rom 9#thho!*#n+ 8rom s = #n*u!+ n0 . Th %outh8u! r s#stan0 to s =ua! #m/u!s #s o8 th h#+h st +oo*B #t #s o8 th natur o8 th 0on8!#0t " t9 n th E1 r!ast#n+ a+a#nst th T m/ora!. F.?> sus76hr#st#an#t% has +#1 n to s = a 0!an* st#n , sham 8u!, sn a:#n+ 0hara0t r#st#0. Th#s 0om s 8rom th "as#s o8 th 3r#+#na!7S#n7/r#n0#/! #nh r nt #n > sus76hr#st#an#t%, an* #t #s a n 0 ssar% 0ons @u n0 o8 #ts / 0u!#ar out!oo: to 4o* an* o8 #ts #nt r/r tat#on o8 man<s r !at#on to 4o*. R 1o!t a+a#nst th untruth8u! 6hr#st#an att#tu* an* 0ons @u nt !a0: o8 r 1 r n0 to s = #s sho9n "% th * /ra1#t# s o8 to7*a%. 3ur an0 stor S#++ 0! ar!% sa9 that s =7!#0 nt#ousn ss #n a 0ommun#t% 9as a s#+n o8 a 0on*#t#on "r#n+#n+ *o9n8a!! an* * ath. (S 0on0!u*#n+ !#n s o8 th Br#t#sh E**a.) G.?S = mot#on #s #n 8a0t th ur+ o8 th Fath r7s/#r#t to /ro0r at , to 0r at , to "u#!*B an* =#sts " %on* th / rson<s 0ons0#ousn ss. )#th#n h#s +ar*, man #s r s/ons#"! r +ar*#n+ #ts =/r ss#on. E=0 ss s =7 mot#on ar#s s 8rom a 0on8us * or 0haot#0 m#n*. Pro0r at#on ma% " o8 th #mm *#at !% /h%s#0a! or s ns#"!% human, or m nta!, or s/#r#tua!, or o8 oth r /has o8 " #n+. H.?S = !#8 #n th /h%s#0a! s ns , #s th m ans "% 9h#0h th Fath r7s/#r#t us#n+ oth r /o9 rs, =/r ss s H#ms !8 throu+h h#s 0h#!*r n #n oth r human "o*# s. As su0h #t #s 9orth% o8 h#+h st r s/ 0t an* r 1 r n0 . An% / rson 9ho uns/#r#tua!!% #n*u!+ s #n s =ua! #nt r0ours #s a 8oo! an* a tra#tor to h#s Fath r #n th E1 r!ast#n+ an* 0annot s0a/ th 0ons @u n0 s. 7.?Th /h%s#0a! as/ 0t o8 s = ma% " as n 0 ssar% to 8u!! !#1#n+ as #n anoth r s/h r , /h%s#0a! 0onta0t 9#th #mm *#at th#n+s #s n 0 ssar% as a "as#s 8or san#t% #n ! ss #mm *#at th#n+s. Som =/ r# n0 o8 th s ns#"!%7human as/ 0t o8 s = ma% " 8or most m n an* 9om n ss nt#a! to !#1#n+ san !% an* h a!th#!%. For som / o/! , /h%s#0a! s =7#n*u!+ n0 ma% " ! ss n *8u! an* 8or som / o/! @u#t unn 0 ssar% an* ma% 1 n " * ro+ator% to th 8u!! st !#8 an* s r1#0 o8 9h#0h th % ar 0a/a"! . I.?Th man an* th 9oman must r +ar* th #r s = 0a/a0#t# s 9#th th 0ons0#ousn ss o8 th #r r s/ons#"#!#t% to th ms !1 s, to th #r asso0#at s, to th #r nat#on, to th #r Fath r7s/#r#t an* to 3*#n. (or shou!* an #mm *#at s !8#sh mot#1 /r *om#nat ?8or that 9a% #s * ath, un! ss th oth r as/ 0ts o8 !#8 " 0ons#* r *. -.?Marr#a+ #s sa0r *. Its t# s an* r s/ons#"#!#t# s =t n* 8ar " %on* th #mm *#at !% s =ua!. It #s th 8o0a! /o#nt 8or th =/r ss#on o8 th Fath r7s/#r#t #n T#m , an* 8or th 1#ta!#t% o8 th nat#on. It #s a

"on* " t9

n t9o / o/! 9#th 4o*.

1J. R a* throu+h th Marr#a+ s r1#0 #n our 'F#rst 4u#* Boo: to th An+! 0%n 6hur0h o8 3*#n.'

TO THE BUSINESS MAN-AGAIN


1.?It #s " 0om#n+ mor an* mor *#88#0u!t 8or %ou to 0arr% on "us#n ss. You ar ra0#n+ 8ast r an* 1 r 8ast r a8t r th !us#1 so70a!! * 'Pro8#t.' Th 1a!u o8 a 'Pro8#t,' #8 %ou + t #t, * / n*s on th s/#r#tua! h a!th o8 th nat#onB an* to7*a% our nat#on #s s#0: an* #n *an+ r. C.?You ha1 mor , narro9 s0a/ s 8rom *#sast r #n a0h su00 *#n+ % ar. Un* r our > 97 9orsh#//#n+ 0u!tur th *an+ rs ar a!9a%s #n0r as#n+. Th % 9#!! +o on #n0r as#n+. ..?Th 1#!!% 0on0 #1 * Sa! s Ta=, Mort+a+ s an* th !#: ar /!ast r * a!! o1 r th s#0: n#n+ 0ommun#t%. Mort+a+ s, * " ntur s, usur#ous "onus s an* 0a/#ta!#D * 0r *#t ar stran+!#n+ %ou. Th % ar 1#t#at#n+ 1 r% a1 nu o8 th nat#on<s !#8 . Trams, tra#ns, hous s, sho/s, 8oot/aths, 8a0tor# s, n ar!% 1 r%th#n+, a!! sta++ r un* r th +ro9#n+ 9 #+ht o8 usur%. F.?Thos "ur* ns 9#!! * mora!#D th nat#on an* #n th n*, "r a: %ou. E1 n th most su00 ss8u! mon %7man#a0 9#!! at !ast " "ro: n. H#s 8oun*at#on, that #s, th nat#on 9#!! " ru#n *. 4 t %our / n an* /a/ r an* * 1ot on 7ha!8 hour to th 0a!0u!at#on o8 th #n 1#ta"! #n#@u#tous * 1#0 s o8 th /aras#t 7* stro% r. Th % 9#!! "r a: %ou. G.?You ar #n /a9n. Your nat#on #s #n /a9n. 'In /a9n to 9homE' P rha/s %ou as:. In /a9n to a s%st m o8 8#nan0 that 8#n*s no san0t#on #n th 1#ta!#t% o8 4o*, "ut on th oth r han* #s 0on* mn * "% #t. 3ur > 979orsh#//#n+ r !#+#on #s #ts 8un*am nta! san0t#on. It #s th /ar nt o8 #t. H.?3ur 8#nan0#a! s%st m?usur% an* 0a/#ta!#D * 0r *#t?#s a /ro*u0t o8 short7s#+ht * +r ma*n ss. A tru r !#+#on 9ou!* 8#+ht su0h mon: %7m#n* * +r 3*#n#st r !#+#on. *% 88 0t o8 th s

* to th * ath. It 0ou!* not !#1 un* r th

7.?3ur 8#nan0#a! s%st m #n #ts "as#s ta: s no a00ount o8 4o*. It #s a m r /aras#t on L#8 . In 4o*<s ar#thm t#0, #n th !o+#0 o8 th#n+s, #t #s /!a#n!% 0on* mn *. Th 0h# 8 8#nan0# rs :no9 #t. An* th % :no9 that our > 979orsh#//#n+ r !#+#on #s th #r ma#n su//ort. Th %, #n num" rs +ro9#n+ 1 r 8 9 r, 9#!! man#/u!at to * 0!ar '#n0r as * /ro8#ts' unt#! ... 9 an* th %, too, *# .

I.?3ur T#m 7/a%m nt s%st ms an* :#n*r * +ro9ths ar /has s o8 th ma*n ss #nh r nt #n #ts /ar nt, our > sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur . -.?Th t a0h#n+ o8 4o*, 0! ar to us #n a!! H#s man#8 stat#ons, sho9s 9hat #s h a!th% an* unh a!th%. 6hr#st#an#t% 8un*am nta!!% su//orts th 1#0 s o8 our s%st m. It #s th s%st m<s "as#0 'Aust#8#0at#on.' 1J.?I8 %our +ro9#n+ 8#nan0#a! *#88#0u!t# s 9orr% %ou, 9hat a"out %our 0h#!*r nE Th #r trou"! s o8 to7 morro9 9#!! " +r at r than %ours o8 to7*a%. (o a0t o8 Par!#am nt 9#!! h !/ %ou. Pra% rs to > sus 9#!! not h !/. I8 %ou th#n: oth r9#s , tr% #t. Th n !oo: * / r #nto th matt r. 11.?Th nat#on #n 9h#0h a!! mon %, or rath r 0r *#t, *r#8ts #nto th /o0: ts (or ! *+ rs) o8 a 8 9 / rsons, * 0a%s an* *# s. Th mass o8 th / o/! " 0om * st#tut , ! thar+#0, 0on8us *, una"! to 0han+ an* h !/! ss. Su0h #s th 0as /art#0u!ar!% #n U.S.A. an* Fran0 to7*a%. So #t #s #n Austra!#a an* #n En+!an*, too. (o nat#ona! /r#* , no s !87+!or#8#0at#on or no 8!a+79a1#n+ 0an * 8 at th ru! s o8 ar#thm t#0. 3ur nat#ona! 8a!! un* r 6hr#st#an#t% #s a matt r not o8 s/ 0u!at#on, "ut 0 rta#nt%. 1C.?Th "us#n ss man 0ou!* h !/ our mo1 m nt. H#s /atr#ot#sm, ho9 1 r, #s o8t n not 9hat 9 0a!! /atr#ot#sm. In th m ant#m , "us#n ss +ro9s 9ors . > 9s an* 8or #+n rs ar sa//#n+ %our "us#n ss. Bus#n ss mora!#t% s#n:s !o9 r. T#!! on!% th most * 1#ous an* tr#0:% m tho*s 0an su00 *. Th "us#n ss man shou!* !oo: 8urth r 8rom th Imm *#at ?#8 h 0an *o so. It 9#!! un*ou"t *!% /a% h#m. 1..?Sur !% th "us#n ss man !o1 s h#s o88s/r#n+, #8 not h#s /r 0#ous s !8. It sur !% matt rs to h#m 9hat ha// ns to h#s nat#on, 8or #8 th nat#on 8a!!s, th n a!! h#s /ro8#ts ar 1a!u ! ss. Th 1a!u o8 a!! /ro/ rt% an* mon % #s * / n* nt on th str n+th an* 1#ta!#t% o8 th nat#on. 1F.?Som "us#n ss m n 9#th % s sh#n#n+, an* sha:#n+ mot#on, ha1 #n 8a0t =/r ss * stron+ s%m/ath% 9#th our 88orts. But th #r a0@u#s#t#1 tra#n#n+ an* t#m#*#t%, ha1 9on th *a%. ) ha1 o/ n * our h arts to th m an* th n th % ha1 'sat t#+ht' an* som t#m s s 0ur * som o8 our s! n* r r sour0 s. 1G.?Som t#m s th "us#n ss man has sa#* to us, h 9ou!* s som on !s 9ho 9as #n stron+ s%m/ath% 9#th us. Th 'oth r man' has not mat r#a!#D *. H n 1 r 9#!!. Th r #s no 'oth r' man. Th r #s on!% %ou. 1H.?I8 th "us#n ss man o8 to7*a% 0an th#n: " %on* th ! *+ r an* '/ro8#ts,' th n h ma% / rha/s !#1 . I8 h 0annot s so 8ar, th n 8or h#m th r #s th /!a0 to 9h#0h : n "us#n ss m n +o 9h n th % *# .

TO BRITISH SOLDIERS AND SAILORS


1.?Ho9 *o %ou 8 (a) ! 9h n s#n+#n+ th s > 9#sh76hr#st#an h%mns&?

'> rusa! m, m% ha//% hom 2' (") '> rusa! m, th 4o!* n2' (0) 1. 'H#* m , 8rom th storm o8 !#8 C. 'Fou! an* 8u!! o8 s#n I am .. 'M% "!a0: n * sou! an* 9 #+ht * 9o F. 'It<s *ar:, I<m !ost, m% +roan#n+ moan ...' t s#m#!#a. (*) 'Th r #s a 8ounta#n 8#!! * 9#th "!oo* Dra9n 8rom Emmanu !<s 1 #ns. An* s#nn rs /!un+ * " n ath that 8!oo* Los a!! th #r +u#!t% sta#ns.' ( ) '3h Lam" that sa0r#8#0 * 8or m , (8) 'Th L#on o8 >u*ah sha!! "r a: 1<r% 0ha#n An* +#1 us th 1#0t<r% a+a#n an* a+a#n.' (+) '> ho1ah, 3h > ho1ah.' (Th > 9#sh nat#ona! 4o*.) (h) 'Th !am", th !am", th "! *#n+ !am", Th !am" o8 6a!1ar%, Th !am" that 9as s!a#n no9 !#1 th a+a#n To #nt r0 * 8or m .' Th s h%mns ar 0orr 0t > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Th 6hr#st#ans o8t n 0hoos /r tt% or st#rr#n+ tun s 8or th m. It #s a mo1#n+ s#+ht to s an* h ar a Br#t#sh man 9a#!#n+ 8or > rusa! m !#: an Arm no#*.

C.?Th =0ru0#at#n+ 1 rs , th ma9:#sh +!u"!umm r% o8 th h%mns ar not m r !% !au+ha"! . Th % 0annot " *#sm#ss * "% a shru+ o8 th shou!* r. Th r #s mor #n th m than that. Mu0h mor . Th s h%mns /o#nt to an att#tu* to 4o* that #s untru , su"t!% untru , an* * a*!%. ..?Th Br#t#sh 3*#n#st s#n+s #n anoth r th m , nam !%& th " aut#8u! truths 4o* has /!a0 * #n an* a"out h#m. H *o s not s#n+ o8 > 9#sh A"raham, > rusa! m, >a0o", Isra !, > ho1ah or th !#: . H s#n+s o8 h#s o9n h ro s, o8 h#s o9n 8or 8ath rs. H #s #ns/#r * "% th #r * 1ot#on an* 1a!our. Th %

/o#nt h#m th 9a% to th Fath r7s/#r#t #n Thor o8 4o* 9ho +a1 h#m an* th m " #n+. Th % /o#nt to th Fath r7s/#r#t that #s h#s o9n. F.?Th 88orts o8 H n+#st an* Horsa, Brut, Da1#*, An*r 9 (In*ra) an* Br%an (or 'Br n,' m an#n+ 5#n+), an* !at r Br#t#sh h ro s, a0h o8 th m m an mor to th 3*#n#st than a!! th *ou"! 7* a!#n+ Pa! st#n#an tr#0:st rs /ut to+ th r? tr#0:st rs, an* nam 70han+ rs 9hom 6hr#st#an#t% ho!*s u/ 8or our r 1 r n0 an* 0a!!s th '8a1our#t s o8 4o*,' or '4o*<s 6hos n.' G.?H n+#st, Ath !stan , H r 9ar*, )#!!#am, E*9ar* I., B!a: , Fro"#sh r, Dra: , Mar!"orou+h, ( !son, (#+ht#n+a! , ) !!#n+ton, 6oo:, an* a thousan* oth rs, ar , a0h on o8 th m, mor to th 3*#n#st than a!! o8 > 9r%. H.?)h n %our 6hr#st#an t a0h r ho!*s u/ som > 9 or th > 9#sh s/#r#t 8or %our r 1 r n0 ? r m m" r %our o9n Br#t#sh h ro s 9hos +r atn ss an* * 1ot#on ma* /oss#"! %our 1 r% =#st n0 . R m m" r th S/#r#t o8 %our o9n Br#t#sh ra0 an* 9hat #t has *on #n th 9or!*. 7.?Do %ou 9ant to " a > 979orsh#// rE 38 0ours not. Th 1 r% #* a #s r / !! nt. But that #s 9hat > sus76hr#st#an#t% has ma* our nat#on?a nat#on o8 > 979orsh#// rs. ) ha1 n 1 r h ar* o8 a > 9#sh sa#!or. ) ha1 s0ar0 !% h ar* o8 a > 9#sh h ro #n th or*#nar% Br#t#sh s ns o8 th 9or* h ro. I.?From a B#"! stor%&?4o!#ath o88 r * to a1o#* th s!au+ht r o8 a "att! an* s tt! a *#s/ut "% a "out o8 arms " t9 n on man 8rom a0h s#* . Th > 9s 0hos a man nam * 'Da1#*' to 8#+ht th *u ! 9#th 4o!#athB "ut #nst a* o8 8#+ht#n+ "% th ru! s o8 0om"at, as th oth r s#* =/ 0t *, 'Da1#*' tr a0h rous!% 9#th a s!#n+ thr 9 a har* ston (#ron /ro"a"!%) an* :#!! * 4o!#ath. Th n th > 9s ha* an a*1anta+ 8or th % 9 r r a*% an* th #r trust#n+ n m# s 9 r not r a*%, an* th s!au+ht r start *. > 979orsh#//#n+ 6hr#st#ans ha1 ma* 'Da1#*' a +r at h ro 8or th#s. For #t #s so /r s nt * #n th > 97#n8 st * B#"! , that !#t rar% 0on8us#on th % ha1 " n tau+ht to 0a!! '4o*<s Ho!% )or*.' In0#* nta!!%, 6hr#st#an#t% t !!s us that th#s sam , mu0h a00!a#m * mur* r r an* s =7man#a0 9as th /o t o8 th Psa!ms. E=tant 1#* n0 sho9s * 8#n#t !% that th stat m nt #s not tru . It #s *ou"t8u! 9h th r th r 1 r 9as a > 9 nam * 'Da1#*.' But th r #s no *ut% on us to *#s/ut 6hr#st#an#t%<s 0!a#m that th#s / rson, 9hat 1 r h#s tru nam , 9as an an0 stor o8 > sus. A 8utur > 9#sh B#"! ma% #* nt#8% )#!!#am Sha: s/ ar , th *ramat#st, 9#th th notor#ous > 9 sto0:"ro: r 9ho to7*a% 0a!!s h#ms !8 )#!!#am Sha: s/ ar . >a0o", th 8oun* r o8 th > 9#sh ra0 , 0a!m!% nam * h#ms !8 a8t r th 4o*s o8 E+%/t?Is, Ra, E!, an* +ot h#s hum"u+ a00 /t * as /art o8 '4o*<s Ho!% )or*.' )hat /oss#"#!#t# s th 8utur ho!*s 8or th > 9 #n th r a!m o8 8o#st#n+ a r !#+#on an* mor o8 su0h 'h ro s' on a nat#on. But th so!*# rs s#n+ at th #r 6hr#st#an 0hur0h s r1#0 s?'B! ss Th% / o/! Isra !,' 'an* ma: Th% 6hos n / o/! Ao%8u!.' I.?Tr a0h r% an* !%#n+ #s 0hara0t r#st#0 o8 th B#"!#0a!?> 9#sh t%/ o8 h ro s an* h ro#n s. Th 0hara0t r#st#0s o8 Br#t#sh h ro s an* h ro#n s #s Aust th o//os#t . But 6hr#st#an#t% ho!*s u/ th s > 9s 8or %our r 1 r n0 .

3n!% throu+h th m *#um o8 a r !#+#on 0ou!* su0h a /a!/a"! #m/os#t#on " / r/ trat *. -.?Th un"r#*! * an* m r0#! ss 0ru !t% o8 th s '6hos n / o/! o8 4o*' 9h n th % ha1 th /o9 r, 0ou!* " a//!au* * on!% "% a 8# n*. ) ha1 s n #t #n Russ#a an* !s 9h r . Y t th > sus76hr#st#an *o s not "! n0h at #t. H +o s on t a0h#n+ th '6hos n P o/! ' hum"u+ as th B! ss * 9or* o8 4o* to Sun*a%7s0hoo! 0h#!*r n. H ma: s u/ son+s a"out th m, an* s ts th son+s to /r tt% tun s. 1J.?Som *a% th so!*# rs, +uar*#ans o8 our nat#on, sha!! s#n+ oth r h%mns an* ha1 oth r 0 r mon# s?Br#t#sh. Th % th n sha!! not " 0au+ht #nto s#n+#n+ "ana! an* !u*#0rous 9or*s 9#th th "a#t o8 a /r tt% tun . Th n our so!*# rs ma% s#n+ an* th#n: on th 9or*s o8 th son+s, not 9#th s@u#rm#n+ an* * r#s#on, "ut 9#th =a!tat#on an* s#m/! 7h art *n ss.

TO MEN AND WOMEN MARRYING


1.?I8 %ou s C. ? I8 %ou s a *#s as * / rson marr%#n+ anoth r?th n, that 9#!! " a > sus76hr#st#an 9 **#n+. a ma* / rson marr%#n+ anoth r?th n that 9#!! " a > sus76hr#st#an 9 **#n+.

..?I8 %ou s an a"or#+#n marr%#n+ a Br#t#sh / rson?th n that 9#!! " a > sus76hr#st#an 9 **#n+. (> sus76hr#st#an#t% t !!s th !# that a!! / o/! ar th sam , that a// aran0 #s o8 no 0ons @u n0 7 noth#n+.) F.?I8 %ou s a man an* a 9oman " #n+ marr# * #n th nam s o8 A"raham, Isaa0 an* >a0o"?th n that #s a > sus76hr#st#an or > 9#sh 9 **#n+. G.?3*#n#sts 9h n th % marr%, must /r s nt a 0 rt#8#0at o8 h a!th. H.?3*#n#sts *o not marr% / rsons ra0#a!!% *#stant 8rom th m. Th % un* rstan* th *an+ rs o8 mon+r !#sm an* th mat#n+ o8 o//os#t s. 7.?3*#n#sts *o not marr% #n th nam o8 A"raham, Isaa0 or >a0o". Th % marr% r m m" r#n+ th h ro s o8 th #r o9n ra0#a! 8or 8ath rs, th = m/!ars o8 th #r o9n Fath r7S/#r#t, an* r m m" r#n+ th #r *ut% to th #r nat#on. (o > 9#sh or oth r a!# n s/#r#t #s #n an 3*#n#st 9 **#n+. I.?I8 th >a/an s , 6h#n s , In*#ans or oth r ra0 1 r o1 r9h !m us, th n th 3*#n#sts, an* th 3*#n#sts on!%, 9#!! /r s r1 our ra0 , an* som *a% r 1#1 our nat#on.

TO THE MAN IN THE STREET


/.0Ar! ,ou # J!+-+or&$i%%!r1 Th > 9 + ts h#s /!a0 #n th 9or!* throu+h > sus76hr#st#an#t% an* Fr 6hr#st#an#t% #s > 979orsh#/ /!us S !87R nun0#at#on. Fr masonr% #s #nh r nt!% > 979orsh#/, /!us, ta+s o8 'mora!#t%.' th 0ons @u n0 s o8 > 979orsh#/, ho!*s %ou #n 0ont m/t. masonr%.

Th > 9, " 0aus o8 %our #na"#!#t% to s

I8 %ou 9orsh#/ anoth r ra0 (sa% > 9s) th n that oth r ra0 , an* th / o/! amon+ %ou most !#: th a!# n ra0 , 9#!! ru! %ou an* %ou 9#!! *# . Ha1 %ou 1 r not#0 * ho9 th > 9s us our +#r!s, th moth rs o8 our nat#onE (ot#0 . 2.0I& u&ur, &ound "in#nci#' %o'ic,1 It #s not. A usur%7r#** n stat 9#!! / r#sh. A s#m/! sum #n ar#thm t#0 9#!! /ro1 #t 8or %ou. Do %ou !#: usur rsE 6hr#st#an#t% t a0h s?'Turn th oth r 0h :.' '4#1 to 1 r% man that as: th.' 'I8 a man st a!s %our 0oat, +#1 %our 0!oa: a!so.' 'B! ss * ar th m :, 8or th % sha!! #nh r#t th arth.' 'La% u/ tr asur #n H a1 n.' 'R s#st not 1#!.' '4#1 a9a% %our mon %'? t s#m#!#a. Th usur r 9ants %ou to " a 6hr#st#an. H 9ants th /ro*u0 rs o8 9 a!th to ha1 that att#tu* or r !#+#on. '6hr#st#an#t% 8or th oth r 8 !!o9' #s h#s r !#+#on. 3.0Wou'd ,ou !nt!r # *on(r!' $or&! to +in t$! M!'4ourn! Cu%1 )hat a 0han0 th o88s/r#n+ o8 o//os#t "r *s o8 hors s 9ou!* ha1 2

6hr#st#an#t% 9ou!* mon+r !#D a!! th / o/! #n th 9or!*. 6hr#st#an#t% t a0h s that a!! m n an* a!! 9om n ar @ua! an* th sam . 'A// aran0 #s noth#n+,' #t sa%s. Th 6hr#st#an 6hur0h has 1 n tau+ht?'Marr% %our o//os#t .' 5.-0Wou'd ,ou 'i6! to $#)! # c'!#r id!# o" t$! R!#'it, o" t$in(&1 6hr#st#an#t% 9#!! /r 1 nt %ou. It /r s nts a 4o*, a!oo8, hat#n+ th 9or!*, '/ro/#t#at *' on!% "% th s0r am#n+ * ath a+on% o8 h#s on!% " +ott n sonB an* at th sam t#m , #t sa%s '4o* #s Lo1 .' Th t9o o//os#t #* as 0an0 ! out a0h oth r, an* so th 6hr#st#an has no #* a o8 4o*?on!% a 0on8us#on 1 ntua!!% n0om/ass#n+ h#s o9n * stru0t#on. G.?Su//ort rs o8 6hr#st#an#t% 8or 'th oth r 8 !!o9' ha1 0omm#tt * num" r! ss 0r#m s o8 utt r 8r#+ht8u!n ss. A 8 9 ar &? C$ri&to%$!r M#r'o+!, th E!#Da" than *ramat#st, 9as sta"" * to th "ra#n 8or h#s =/osur s o8 th /r#n0#/! s o8 6hr#st#an#t%. (P o/! 9 r , an* ar to!*, h 9as a * /ra1 * *run:ar*, :#!! * #n a "ra9!, t0. You r a* th *ramas 9r#tt n "% th#s %oun+ man an* Au*+ h#s 0hara0t r 8or %ours !8.) D#ni!' d! .o!8or most En+!#sh 9r#t r, author o8 th 9 !!7:no9n 'Ro"#nson 6ruso ,' a!so =/os * th /r#n0#/! s o8 6hr#st#an#t%?h 9as /ut #n th sto0:s 8or #t. H#s ars 9 r 0ut o88 an* h#s s =ua! or+ans ha0: * a9a%. T$! Gr!#t!&t En('i&$ $i'o&o%$!r& ha1 " n #m/r#son * or ha* to 8! 8or th #r !#1 s 8or th #r 0r#t#0#sms o8 6hr#st#an#t%. 4a!#! o an* Bruno, too, /a#* th su/r m / na!t% 8or th #r att m/ts to ma: man 8r . H.?) *o not as: %ou to *o mor than !oo: #nto th a"o1 matt rs 8or %ours !8.

) 9ou!* su++ st %ou stu*% th 3*#n#st r !#+#on. It #s san an* h a!th% an* str n+th n#n+. It 9#!! sa1 our Br#t#sh / o/! 8rom th 0haos an* * ath to 9h#0h 9 ar no9 * s0 n*#n+. 7.?As #n*#0at * !s 9h r , th ; n t#ans !#: oth rs #n th #r * 0a* n0 " 0am s nsua!, usurous, 0!os 78#st * an* *u!! s/#r#tua!!%. Bona/art mar0h * #n on th ; n t#an mon %7s/#nn rs?an* too: th #r a!!. ( #th r h r +r at tra*#t#ons nor a!! h r /r t n0 0ou!* sa1 ; n#0 . Man% 9ou!* sa%& '38 0ours , "ut no on 9ou!* 1 r *o that to us #n Austra!#a, US ...E' In ans9 r to that 9 9ou!* sa%& 'Y s, #t ma% " *on to us.' It m#+ht " 9 !! to r m m" r that #n 0as o8 *o9n8a!!, th !a9 0 as s to 8un0t#on. Th n mur* r, ro"" r%, !#0 n0 an* ra/ ru! . 6haos, /ro!on+ * star1at#on, an* *#s as n1 !o/ th 8a!! n. ) su++ st to th "us#n ss7"!#n* * man, 8or 9hat th su++ st#on #s 9orth, that h ta: a !oo: at h#s 0h#!*r n an* th#n:& th#n: u/on our /r 1a#!#n+ 0on*#t#ons?an* th#n: o1 r th natur o8 our mo1 m nt. I.?3ur mo1 m nt, #8 #t #s not too !at , ma% sa1 h#s 0h#!*r n an* h#s nat#on. Entr# s #n a ! *+ r, 0r *#ts #n a "an: or oth r Au++!#n+ 9#!! not *o #t. Th "as#s o8 our 0u!tur must " 0orr 0t * an* /ut #n a00or* 9#th th truth o8 4o* man#8 st * to us?or 9 sha!! sur !% *# .

TO CHRISTIAN CLERGY AND OTHERS


1.?You ar 0au+ht #n th n t. You ha1 " n 8or0 * to r ma#n #n #t or star1 . n 0a/tur * "% a *#stort * 6hr#st#an#t%.

C.?Your 9#!!7to7*o7+oo* has "

..?Th > 9s an* oth r usur rs 9ou!* not + t th #r /o9 r an* th #r usur% 9#thout %ou. Th % :no9 #t, #8 %ou *o not. F.?Th r #s no +r at r tra+ *% than a +oo* man s *u0 * #nto *o#n+ 9ron+ an* 0om/ !! * to a 0ont#nuan0 o8 #t. G.?A 0ru0#8#=#on at > rusa! m or !s 9h r , #s noth#n+ to #t. Th +oo* /arsons an* /r# sts ar th 0ru0#8# * on s o8 to7*a%. An*, 9hat a 0ross2 G.?Stu*% our 3*#n#st r !#+#on. 6om o1 r an* h !/ us. Th 0r#s#s a//roa0h s. Th 1#ta!#t% an* " aut#8u! man#8 st * truth o8 4o* 9a#ts our a00 /tan0 . H !/ us to "r#n+ #t #nto th !#1 s o8 our / o/! , #nto th !#8 o8 our nat#on. H !/ us to h !/ th m on to h a!th an* 1#ta!#t%. To7*a%<s + n ra! att#tu* to 4o* must " 0han+ *. You ar n ar!% a!! a9ar o8 #t. Th t#m #s short.

H.?Ma% not %ou, too, h ar that 3n , ')hos 1o#0 , 8am#!#ar, * ar, 0a!!s throu+h th n#+ht. )a:#n+ s9 t 0hor*s, I<* n ar 8or+ot 9 r m#n , ...E' 7.?'Ha !, 3*#n' #s an =/r ss#on o8 r 1 r n0 , a88 0t#on an* a9 to a!! o8 4o* 9#th#n man<s /o9 r to un* rstan*. 'Ha ! 3*#n'?!#8t %our han* an* sa% #t. Sa% #t 9h n %ou s th stars. Sa% #t 9h n %ou s th sun or th 9on* rs o8 s ns 7man#8 st * !#8 . Sa% #t 9h n %ou s th * /ths. Sa% #t 9h n %our sou! #s *#str ss *. Sa% #t7?an* / r0 #1 9hat #t *o s 8or %our sou!, m#n* an* "o*%. Th n#+ht sha!! 8! , an* th s!ou+h sha!! " 0om 8#rm +roun*.

'Ha ! Thor'?'Ha ! Thor, son an* 1#0ar o8 3*#n2 Th s/#r#t o8 !#+ht an* str n+th, th M#+ht% 3n that * ath! ss 8#+hts th * stro% r o8 !#+ht an* !#8 . Thor, )hos s/#r#t Ao#n * 9#th th#n+s o8 s ns +#1 s H#s 1#ta!#t% to a!! th#n+s, an* #s th ho/ an* 9a% to !#8 7 1 r!ast#n+ #n 4o*. Th Thor 9hos 6hr#stos s/#r#t #s #n /art =/r ss * #n m , th s/#r#t 9h#0h 9#th#n m n0um" r * #n 8! sh, s :s #ts h#+h hom . Thor<s s/#r#t 9arm an* sh#n#n+ #n m 2 It #s m% !#+ht, m% "on* o8 :#nsh#/ 9#th th an+ !s. Thor, our str n+th, our /rom#s , our 9a% to +r at r !#8 .' 'Ha ! Thor.' 'Ha ! Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*.'?'Ha !, Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* 9hos #mm *#at 0h#!*r n #n 8! sh 9 ar . Str n+th n us 9ho ar th% 0h#!*r n. 3ut o8 th%s !8, th% =haust! ss, t#m ! ss /o9 r, +#1 us mor o8 th% !#8 .' 'Ha !, 8ath rs an* !o1 * on s.'?'From out %our /!a0 s #n our Fath r, !oo: to9ar* an* h !/ us. A00 /t our !o1 , unt#! 9 , too, 9#th 8#r r n 9 *, sha!! 0om amon+ %ou #n our Fath r s hom . ')uotan.' I.?) ar not unm#n*8u! that man% 0! r+% ar : n!% a!#1 to th #mm *#at , "ut n 1 rth ! ss th % o8t n s : th !on+ 1# 9 a!so, an* stru++! at th 8 tt rs 9h#0h "#n* th m. A!most a!! o8 th m ha1 4oo*79#!!, an* 9 ar ho/ 8u!. Th *a9n #s a//roa0h#n+. -.?E1 n th s#m/! r / o/! amon+ us ar !oo:#n+ at th > 9s an* th n at %ou. Th % h ar %ou s/ a:#n+ o8 > 9s an* a00!a#m#n+ th > 9s an* th > 9#sh Ho!% Lan*, an* th % ar 9on* r#n+. Th % 1 n ma% !au+h at th 0onn 0t#ons at 8#rst "!ush, as at a Ao: . Th n th % 9on* r a+a#n, an* !oo: a"out, an* th % *o not !au+h. (3TE.7Th '6hr#stos' o8 th an0# nt 4r :s ha* a!most th sam m an#n+ as th 'Thor' #n An+!o7 Sa=on*om?th a!!7mo1#n+ 8#at#0 8or0 o8 th un#1 rs , th a!!71#ta!#D#n+ 8 atur o8 4o*, th a!!7/o9 r sour0 or s#m#!ar. Som an0# nt Br#tons som t#m s 0a!! * #t Hu. Th an0# nt Ir#sh ha* #n 1ar#ous /arts o8 th 0ountr% *#88 r nt nam s 8or #t. Th #r #* a! man 9as 0a!! * Da+*a or Ka+*a or oth r. Th Ir#sh 0a!! * th s/#r#t o8 th #r Fath rs Daanan.

TO EUGENISTS

1.?I8 %ou s t9o *#s as * / rsons marr%#n+, th % 9#!! " 6hr#st#ans. 3*#n#sts must ha1 a 6! an "#!! o8 h a!th to marr%. 3*#n#sts r a!#D th #r *ut% to /ost r#t%, to th #r ra0 , an* to 4o*. C.?6hr#st#an#t% " !# 1 s #n Br * 8or hors s an* *o+s, "ut not 8or human " #n+s.

..?3*#n#sts ar not > 979orsh#// rs. Th #r o9n h ro s an* ho!% /!a0 s an* ra0#a! s/#r#t 0om s 8#rst. H a!th 0om s 8rom ha1#n+ a tru att#tu* to 4o*, a natura! att#tu* , an att#tu* that r a!#D s som th#n+ o8 th natur o8 th s !8 an* #ts tru /!a0 #n 3*#n. At !ast our + n ra! h a!th an* str n+th ar#s 8rom our 0ons0#ousn ss o8 our Fath r7s/#r#t an* Truth. 3*#n#sts str#1 to #m/ro1 th 0a!#"r o8 th ra0 . It #s th #r h#+h *ut% #n*#1#*ua!!% an* nat#ona!!%. 6hr#st#ans (an* Fr masons) ar > 979orsh#// rs, ho9 1 r mu0h som o8 th m 9ou!* !#: to * n% #t. Th % s no harm #n th #r > sus79orsh#//#n+ 0a/a0#t# s, #n m#=#n+ "r *s, an* #n * !#" rat !% "r *#n+ * + n rat s. F.?3*#n#sts : / a00ount o8 th #r an0 str%.

G.?Th 3*#n#st r !#+#ous out!oo: #s natura!, 9ho! som an* 4o*7r 1 r n0#n+, an* not un7natura!, un7 9ho! som an* 4o*7*#stort#n+. Th *#stort * m#n* "r#n+s 9#th #t *#stort * /h%s#0a! h a!th. Th > 979orsh#// rs, to7*a%, !ou*!% 0a!! us /a@ans. 6hr#st#an#t% o8t n 0!a#ms that #t 9ants us to 0ar 8or th sou!, an* not th 1#! "o*%, an* sa%s th r #s no r !at#on " t9 n th m. That th "o*% an* th sou! ar morta! n m# s. Thus #t * stro%s "oth. In th m ant#m , ho9 th > 9s ma: us o8 th 6hr#st#ans (#n0!u*#n+ th +#r!s, 8utur moth rs o8 th Br#t#sh / o/! ). Ho9 th > 9s * s/#s th 6hr#st#ans. (> 979orsh#// rs an* S !87r nun0#at#on#sts) an* th #r @u#""! s an* th #r * 0a%. H.73ur /o/u!at#on /ro"! m, our /ro"! m o8 th *#s as * an* su"norma! as 9 !! as our 8#nan0#a! morass o8 hum"u+, 9#!! /ass a9a% !#: m#sts " 8or th sun!#+ht, 9h n th "as#s o8 our 0u!tur , > sus76hr#st#an#t%, #s 0orr 0t *. An* not " 8or . Truth to9ar* 4o* an* H#s 9a%s #s th on!% roa* to !#8 . Th !# that n0oura+ s *#s as an* 9orth! ssn ss at th 0ost o8 h a!th an* 9orth #s * ath, an* must " r mo1 * 8rom #ts 0!oa: o8 san0t#t%. 7.7Th /ro0r at#on o8 0h#!*r n h a!th% an* 1a!ua"! to th 0ommun#t%, #s /r#mar#!% a s/#r#tua! 8un0t#on, ho9 1 r #m/ortant th 0ons @u nt#a! mat r#a! 0on*#t#on ma% " . I.7)h% shou!* not th Eu+ n#sts 0om out stron+ on th s#* o8 th r !#+#ous mo1 m nt 9h#0h 9#!! h !/ th m, #nst a* o8 /r a0h#n+ H a!th an* Br *, an* at th sam t#m /r a0h#n+ th > sus7 6hr#st#an r !#+#on 9h#0h 9ars a+a#nst a!! th #r "as#0 +oo* a#msE -.?H !/ us an* %ou h !/ th 0aus o8 h a!th an* 0ommon7s ns . You, =0 /t #n rar #n*#1#*ua! 0as s, 0annot su00 * 9h#! th 9ho! 9 #+ht o8 > sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur #s a+a#nst %ou. B an 3*#n#st an* %our 9orth% a#ms 9#!! th n, an* on!% th n, su00 *.

ICTURE

To9ar* 1 n#n+ a sma!! s@ua* o8 Roman so!*# rs stoo* " !o9 thr m n 9ho 9 r " #n+ 0ru0#8# *. 3n so!*# r sa#* to a 8r# n*, 'That on #s a h#+h9a%man?ro"" r% an* mur* r. Th n =t #s a > 9#sh a+#tator. A 9 a:!%, #!!78a1our * !oo:#n+ s/ 0#m n, #sn<t h E H 9as not stron+ nou+h to 0arr% h#s 0ross. I th#n: h #s * a* ... A no#s% ra0 ... Th n =t on ...' Th #r o88#0 r<s 0omman*, 'Att nt#on2' "ro: #n on th 0on1 rsat#on, an* th so!*# rs stra#+ht n * th ms !1 s at th 9or* o8 0omman*. 'To %our *ut# s,' sa#* th #r ! a* r, an* th = 0ut#on rs too: u/ th too!s o8 th #r 9or:?9or: *#stast 8u! 1 n to th ! ast s ns#t#1 . Th so!*# rs /ush * as#* th 8r# n*s o8 th 1#0t#ms an* th mor"#* s#+hts rs. Th % "ro: th ! +s o8 th stur*% h#+h9a%man as th #r r +u!at#ons * man* *, 8or =/ r# n0 ha* sho9n that som t#m s a 0ru0#8# * / rson 9ou!* r 0o1 r an* s0a/ . Th > 9 #n th 0 ntr th % 0ons#* r * 9as too 9 a:!% an* /#t#a"! to n 0 ss#tat th "r a:#n+ o8 h#s ! +s. Som th#n+, /ro"a"!% a s9 !!#n+, on th > 9<s "o*% attra0t * th % o8 on so!*# r, an* 9#th a r#"a!* r mar:, h +a1 th s9 !!#n+ a !#tt! Aa" 9#th th /o#nt o8 h#s s/ ar. )at r 9#th un0on+ a! * "!oo* 8!o9 * out o8 th 9oun*. > sus, th > 9, 9as th n ta: n *o9n, 9ra// * #n a "ur#a! 0!oth an* /ut, not #n a +ra1 , "ut #n a tom". Th ta//#n+ o8 th 9at r 8rom h#s "o*% sa1 * h#s !#8 . H r 1#1 *. Th #n0#* nt 9as r m m" r * amon+ som o8 th 9on* r7s :#n+ East rn / o/! .

)hat a / + on 9h#0h at a !at r *at to han+ a r !#+#on2 )hat a / + /r s nt#n+ #ts !8 to a So0rat#on#D * so0# t%2 )hat a / + 8or m#ra0! s, stor# s, sa%#n+s, /h#!oso/h# s2 )hat a / + 8or a r !#+#on 9#th 9h#0h to *#s m"o9 ! th (or*#0 Roman / o/! . Th stor% +r 9 #nto th (#0 n 6r * #n th Fth 0 ntur%, an* * 1 !o/ * "% +ro9th an* a00r t#ons 8rom t#m to t#m , u/ to an* 1 n " %on* th 6oun0#! o8 Tr nt #n th 1Hth 0 ntur%. I8 th ! +s o8 th > 9 ha* " n "ro: nE I8 th = 0ut#on r ha* *on h#s *ut%E )hat th nE

Th ans9 r to that @u st#on #s, that th *#r 0t#on o8 th / r1a*#n+ att#tu* to r a!#t% 9ou!* ha1 0om/ !! * a s#m#!ar #nstan0 to ar#s , #n or* r to =/r ss #n t m/ora! =#st n0 th 8or0 o8 that att#tu* .

TO A ROMAN CATHOLIC .RIEND


Th 6hr#st#an sa#nt, Sa#nt Pau!, 9r#t s& 'Th 9#s*om o8 man #s 8oo!#shn ss #n th s#+ht o8 4o*.' Ho9 su"t! , ho9 9#0: * #s th#s stat m nt. That sam th m runs throu+h a!! > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Pau! ma: s man% stat m nts o8 s#m#!ar #m/ort an* 0onnotat#on. > sus76hr#st#an#t% stat s that th att#tu* #n*#0at * #n th sa%#n+ #s th a//ro/r#at att#tu* o8 man to 4o*, to 4o*<s r a!#t% an* to h#ms !8.

But ! t us =am#n th#s stat m nt& 'Th 9#s*om o8 man #s 8oo!#shn ss #n th s#+ht o8 4o*.' In th#s stat m nt, man an* th 9#s*om o8 man ar 0on* mn *. 6on* mn *, " 0aus man an* h#s 9#s*om #s sa#* to " 8oo!#shn ss, "% th t st o8 4o*<s 9#s*om. )h r *#* Pau! 8#n* th t st, an* ho9 0ou!* h , " #n+ a man, :no9 4o*<s 9#s*om s#n0 "% h#s o9n ar+um nt man ha* no 9#s*omE Th m an#n+ o8 th sa%#n+ 8rom th#s or an% as/ 0t r so!1 s #nto a noth#n+ #n R a!#t%. Ho9 1 r, Pau! 9as as !#tt! * t rr * "% su0h @u st#on#n+s a"out 1a!#*#t% as So0rat s som t#m s 9as. Man a00or*#n+ to Pau!<s sa%#n+ #s 0on* mn * #n 4o*<s s#+ht. For #8 "% Pau!<s stat m nt man an* h#s 9#s*om #s not 0on* mn *, th n 4o* an* H#s 9#s*om #s 0on* mn *. But " 0aus Pau! +o s on to r 8 r to 4o* #n a*u!ator% t rms, #t must " assum * that Pau! *o s not #nt n* to 0on* mn 4o* #mm *#at !%, 9hat 1 r ma% " th !o+#0a! 0ons @u n0 s o8 h#s stat m nt r +ar*#n+ man. In th stat m nt th r #s * /#0t * th stran+ m nt o8 man 8rom 4o*. An untruth8u! Dua!#sm #s #nh r nt #n #t. Inh r nt #n #t, too, a 0on* mnat#on o8 an% 88ort "% man to #m/ro1 h#ms !8. )hat an utt r 0on* mnat#on o8 man2 )hat a 0on* mnat#on o8 a 9or: o8 4o*2 )hat a 0on* mnat#on o8 th #n*9 !!#n+ s/#r#t #n man2 )hat a 0on* mnat#on o8 a /art o8 4o*<s un#1 rs 2 )hat a 0on* mnat#on o8 4o*2 But 6hr#st#an#t%<s 8or most sa#nt /r a0h * that 0on* mnat#on as a su/ rnatura!!% r 1 a! * truth. )hat a sa#nt #s St. Pau!2 But man% a 6hr#st#an s : r ma% not as#!% s that #nh r nt #n th stat m nts o8 h#s Sa#nt, #s th 0on* mnat#on o8 4o* A!m#+ht%. (ot #mm *#at !% / rha/s *o s h s #t, thou+h h ma% s som hon st m n? rst9h#! 6hr#st#ans?turn#n+ a9a% 8rom 6hr#st#an#t%. H 0an s 0ha+r#n, *#sa//o#ntm nt an* s0 /t#0#sm, an* 1 n * s/a#r u/on th m, th r a0t#ons o8 outra+ * #nst#n0ts. Th % ha1 " n /rom#s * str n+th an* truth an* ha1 r 0 #1 * 9 a:n ss an* untruth. Thos hon st m n ma% " too uns:#!! * to 0ross *#a! 0t#0 s9or*s 9#th th /ro8 ss#ona! 6hr#st#an, "ut th #r #nst#n0ts t !! th m that som th#n+ a"out 6hr#st#an#t% #s * stru0t#1 an* 8un*am nta!!% 9ron+, an*, th % at ! ast ha1 s n th r su!t o8 #t. As th % turn a9a% 8rom #t th % murmur or shout& 'Th r #s no 4o*, ! t us 9orsh#/ Mat r#a!#sm.' You 0an h ar th m. You 0an h ar m n, m n 9ho ar hon st, th9art * o8 th #r * s#r * 0onta0t 9#th 4o*, shout#n+ th #r 0ont m/t o8 6hr#st#an#t%. Th % ha1 " n tr#0: *. Tr#0: * out o8 th #r r#+hts, tr#0: * out o8 th #r 1 r% !#1 s, tr#0: * "% 6hr#st#an#t% an* St. Pau!. Hon st m n. Do s #t not ma: %ou 9on* rE Do s #t not ma: %ou 9on* r 9hat #t #s #n 6hr#st#an#t% 9h#0h #n t#m * stro%s m n, 9hat #t #s that #s so /ro8oun*!% 9ron+E It #s 8or man% / o/! *#88#0u!t to s th 0onn 0t#on " t9 n > sus76hr#st#an#t% an* 4o*! ssn ss. Th 1#* n0 o8 th 8a0t #s o8t n 0! ar to th m, 1 n #8 th r ason 8or th 8a0t #s o"s0ur . 4o*! ssn ss 8o!!o9s a8t r > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Th truth #s that > sus76hr#st#an#t% an* 4o*! ssn ss ar "oth o8 th m sta+ s #n th sam *#r 0t#on, an* man#8 stat#ons o8 th sam att#tu* to 4o*. Un* r Pau!<s 6hr#st#an /os#t#on, man #s 0on* mn * an* stran+ * ho/ ! ss!% 8rom 4o* an* h#s #n st#ma"! @ua!#t# s.

Man " 0om s m r 8o** r 8or 4o*<s 9rath an* hat . Lo+#0a!!% man must " 0om 1 n ! ss than su0h 8o** r, nam !%, noth#n+, an* a!! m n?+oo*, "a* an* #n*#88 r nt?a!! @ua!!% noth#n+. Th r #s no 1#rtu #n man. Pau! #s 1 r!ast#n+!% sa%#n+ th#s #n som =/r ss#on or 8orm. Pau!<s !u0#*at#on o8 th > sus att#tu* 9as !o+#0a!!% tru , an* " 0am th a00 /t * 6hr#st#an r !#+#on. It #s our > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Man 9as 0on* mn *, *amn * "% #t. H#s nat#1 s !8 9as 1#!. H #th r ha* no s/#r#t 9#th#n h#m or #8 h ha*, #t 9as 9ho!!% "a*. H !!<s +at s 8!am * " 8or h#m. Horrors, an* r ! nt! ss ma!#+nan0% o8 a :#n* =t n*#n+ " %on* a!! h#s #ma+#nat#on 9as h#s * s r1 * /ort#on. H#s hon st% or +oo* #nt nt a1a#! * h#m noth#n+, th % 9 r 1 n stum"!#n+ "!o0:s. H 9as 1#! 8rom h#s 1 r% " +#nn#n+. Th#s 9as th *r a*8u! stat o8 man:#n*. Som th#n+ ha* to " *on to r tr# 1 th utt r ho/ ! ssn ss an* #m/oss#"#!#t% o8 th#s *r a*8u! /os#t#on +#1 n us "% > sus7Pau!. Man 0ou!* not thus !#1 . Th /os#t#on 9as ma*n ss. Man #s 0om/ !! * to 8#n* a r ason 8or =#st n0 #n or* r to : / san , #n or* r to !#1 . H n *s som sort o8 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o*. For 4o* #s h#s Fath r. 4o* #s h#s sour0 o8 str n+th an* !#8 . 4o* #s h#s sta: #n t rn#t%. Man :no9s #t. H#s #nst#n0t n 1 r 0 as s to :no9 th#s. Th starr% s:%, th sm !! o8 th 8!o9 r, a!! !#8 a"out h#m to!* o8 an unr !#a"! /o9 r?3*#n (or 4o*). Inst#n0t * man* * a 0onn 0t#on an* a r 0on0#!#at#on 9#th 4o* ho9 1 r horr#"! an* m an!% a!oo8 > sus7Pau! sho9 * H#m to " . Man * man* * #t at 9hat 1 r 0ost. H must ha1 4o* 9#th h#m 9hat 1 r H#s natur . San#t% * man* * #t, * man* * #t an* no * n#a! 0ou!* 8rustrat th * man*. Man ha* to " sa1 * ... So th#s @u st#on aros , nam !%& ho9 9as h to " sa1 * 8rom th#s ata1#st#0, So0rat#an7> sus7Pau!#an * athE Ho9 0ou!* h 8#n* 4o*E Ho9 + t #n tou0h 9#th 4o*E H must *o so, 9hat 1 r th 0hara0t r o8 4o* m#+ht " . )ho 0ou!* * a! 9#th th hat#n+ 4o*E )ho 0ou!* ma: a 0ontra0t "#n*#n+ man to 4o*E )ho 0ou!* a//roa0h H#mE )ho 0ou!* a// as H#mE 4o* 9as #n H a1 n, not 1 n #n th 9or!* 9h#0h h hat *. Man 0ou!* not s H#m, 1 n #8 H *#* 0om to th 9or!*, 8or man 9as * /ra1 * an* 1 n h#s % 7 s#+ht !# * to h#m. H 9as utt r!% !ost. )ho 0ou!* /ut #t r#+ht 9#th 4o*E H#m so su"!#m , so +r at, so ho!%, an* a98u!E )ho or 9h r 9as th / rson +oo* nou+h, su"!#m nou+h, to "ar+a#n 9#th or #n an% 9a% * a! 9#th 4o*. (o man 9as. (o man 0ou!* *o #t. (o arm% o8 m n 0ou!* *o #t. (o an+ ! 0ou!* *o #t. (o arm% o8 an+ !s 0ou!* *o #t. )hat a "arr# r man ha* to surmount to + t to 4o*, h#s ma: r, h#s !#8 , an* h#s on!% ho/ . (o on 0ou!* "r#*+ th +u!8 " t9 n man an* 4o* 9ho 9as not th @ua! o8 4o*. But th r 9as on!% on 4o*. A n 9 0on0 /t#on o8 4o* ha* to " 8ormu!at *?or rath r an o!* 0on0 /t#on 9as r 1#1 * an* +#1 n a n 9 m an#n+. 4o* ha* to " 0on0 #1 * #n /arts, th In*#1#s#"! ha* to " s ns#"!% *#1#* *. 4o* h#ms !8, or 4o*<s on!% " +ott n Son, or on o8 th so70a!! * Tr#n#t% ha* to " 0on0 #1 * as #n th 8! sh, as a man, to 88 0t th r 0on0#!#at#on o8 man 9#th 4o*. )hat a mounta#n o8 ru""#sh ha* to " "u#!t u/ to =/!a#n #t2 )hat !a"our, t ars, /a#n an* m nta! stru++! s man 9as 8or0 * to un* r+o?a!! " 0aus h#s "as#0 0on0 /t#on o8 an* att#tu* to 4o*<s R a!#t% 9as untru 2 )hat * 1#ous /assa+ s h ha* to +o throu+h to s0a/ h#s 8 arsom 0on* mnat#on?m#ra0u!ous "#rth, s#+ns an* 9on* rs, m#ra0! s, > 9s, aton m nt, t02 A!! sorts o8 =tra1a+an0 s an* t9#st#n+ o8 !o+#0 ha* to " #n1 nt * an* "% Fa#th a00 /t * as truth, a00 /t * ho9 1 r !u*#0rous th % a// ar * to h#s #nst#n0t an* =/ r# n0 . It a!! 0am to th#s&? Man<s /os#t#on un* r Pau!<s att#tu* to R a!#t% 0ou!* on!% " r * m * "% th a// aran0 amon+ m n o8 4o* H#ms !8 #n human 8orm, an* at th sam t#m #n a 8orm 0om/ara"! 9#th th !o9 st o8

human :#n*. So a > 9 9ho ha* sur1#1 * 0ru0#8#=#on 9as r m m" r *. H , #t 9as sa#*, "% th /ro/oun* rs o8 th#s Att#tu* to R a!#t%, 9as 4o* H#ms !8. Thus a man an* at th sam t#m , 4o* H#ms !8 (or 4o*<s on!% " +ott n Son or th 6hr#stos o8 th 9or!*) 9as /#0tur * as, % !!#n+ an* s0r am#n+ on th 6ross, 0a!!#n+ on H#ms !8 (or to h#s Fath r #n H a1 n) to sa1 H#m 8rom h#ms !8. 4o* 9as th n so mo1 * at s #n+ H#s on!% " +ott n son su88 r#n+ so, as to /#t% man:#n*. 4o* 9as th n /r /ar * to " r 0on0#! * 9#th man, "ut on!% on 0on*#t#on that man " !# 1 * a!! that > sus tau+ht an* 0!a#m * r +ar*#n+ h#ms !8, 8or #nstan0 that h 9as th 6hr#stos, R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , t0. That stor% #s th !o+#0a! an* n 0 ssar% 0on0!us#on o8 th /h#!oso/h% or att#tu* to 4o* an* h#s R a!#t% as =/r ss * "% > sus an* =t n* * "% Pau!. It 9as a /h#!oso/h% an* out!oo: 9h#0h " 0am 8ast n *, / rha/s a//ro/r#at !%, to th / rson o8 a > 9. Th > sus76hr#st#an St. Pau!<s mor or ! ss *ou"! 7ton+u * *#0tum, an* att#tu* to 4o* an* man " 0am =/r ss * #n ortho*o= 6hr#st#an#t%. It 9as "u#!t u/ #n 8a#r!% !o+#0a! s @u n0 o1 r a / r#o* o8 s 1 ra! 0 ntur# s, as h r #n" 8or m nt#on *. Th /ara*o= s, th 0an0 !!#n+ *#0ta, th !o+#0a! nu!!#t# s, " 0am =/an* * an* 1ar#ous!% =/r ss * as 8 atur s o8 th "as#0 nu!!#t%. So0rat s, > sus an* Pau! 9 r #n th #r 1ar#ous m asur s th " st :no9n /rota+on#sts o8 that For0 o8 ma*n ss an* m nta! 0on8us#on, 9h#0h has " n throu+h th a+ s, man<s su"t! n m%. 3ur An+!o7 Sa=on an0 stors / rson#8# * t9o /has s o8 #t, th on 8o!!o9 * "% th oth r?#n Lo:# th su"t! * stro% r an* Lo:#<s * 1 !o/m nt #nto F nr#s, th 9o!8, th mor /h%s#0a!!% *#s0 rn#"! :#!! r. D s0art s, 6omt , Lo0: , Hum , an* th #r :#n*r * =am#n * an* 0om"at * that 8or0 #n th #r o9n 9a%s. Man<s a#m must " to stan* a"o1 th +ra1 " s tt#n+ *an+ r o8 that For0 . H 0an on!% *o so "% / r0 #1#n+ #ts *an+ r an* #ts natur . 3n!% thus ma% h r#* th storm. An* h r on r m m" rs 9hat a h a1% r s/ons#"#!#t% to th 9 a: r amon+ us, #s on an% man 9ho *o s #n an% m asur un* rstan* #t. I8 St. Pau! ha* #n*#0at * that man ha* an% 9#s*om, ho9 1 r sma!!? .+., 9#s*om nou+h to 8 * h#ms !8, or r 8ra#n 8rom at#n+ or 9#s*om nou+h to r 0o+n#D that t9o t9os ma* 8our, ! tt#n+ a!on a 0a/a0#t% #n a"stra0t math mat#0s, or 9#s*om nou+h to / r0 #1 T#m #n an% * +r B or 1 n #8 Pau! ha* a!!o9 * that man ha* s ns / r0 /t#ons #n som * +r 1 n #8 on!% r !at#1 !% tru , or an% oth r 0a/a0#t%, th n th /os#t#on 9ou!* ha1 " n sa1 *. For #n that 0as man 8rom h#s sma!! #nh r nt 9#s*om 9ou!* ha1 ha* ho/ o8 + tt#n+ mor 9#s*om an* " 0om#n+ mor !#: 4o*. Man 9ou!* th n ha1 ha* a!!o9 * to h#m a s/ar: o8 D#1#n#t% 9#th#n h#ms !8, "% 1#rtu o8 h#ms !8. H 9ou!* ha1 ha* som o8 4o* #n h#m an* a ho/ o8 ha1#n+ mor ... But no, not at a!!. > sus an* Pau! #n8 r nt#a!!% an* =/!#0#t!% sa#* '(o.' Th th m 9as that man 9as !ost, that th r 9as no h a!th #n h#m, that h 9as *amn * un! ss h " !# 1 * #n > sus an* a!! that > sus79orsh#/ m ant. But th n #8 Pau! ha* a*m#tt * an% 1#rtu #n man<s natur , h 9ou!* not ha1 " n a tru > sus76hr#st#an, mu0h ! ss > sus76hr#st#an#t%<s 8or most Sa#nt. Pau!, as a /ro/oun* r o8 > sus79orsh#/ ha* to sa%, an* *#* sa%, that man 9as 9ho!!% *#stort * an* * /ra1 * an* at h art an #n1 rt. P rha/s h s/o: tru to h#ms !8. Ho9 1 r that ma% " , h#s ma#n th m #s #n tru !o+#0a! s @u n0 9#th th att#tu* o8 > sus 9ho 6hr#st#an#t% sa%s * 0!ar * h 9as 4o*, th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 (6hr#stos), t0. Pau!<s 9r#t#n+s *o, o8 0ours , 0onta#n som /at0h s o8 0ommon s ns , "ut th s ar on!% atta0h * as ta+s to h#s ata1#st#0 + n ra! th m . Th stat m nt 'Th 9#s*om o8 man #s 8oo!#shn ss #n th s#+ht o8 4o*' 0onnot s man% oth r #nh r nt 8 atur s o8 "!as/h m%. L#: > sus an* So0rat s, Pau! *o s not not#0 an%th#n+ 8un*am nta!!% * 8 0t#1 #n r !%#n+ on 9hat h

has 0a!! * a !# to su//ort 9hat h 0!a#ms #s a truth. ) ha1 o"s r1 * m n 9ho ar som 9hat ma* *o th sam sort o8 th#n+?su0h m n o8t n ha1 a0t#1 m#n*s an* mu0h n r+%. Most o8 th m ar m#s8#ts #n th 9or!*. Th % su88 r, an* " n ath th sur8a0 th % ar 8u!! o8 8 ar an* 8 ar<s 0on0om#tants. A 8 9 o8 th m ha1 attra0t * mu0h att nt#on #n th 9or!*. A!! o8 th "!as/h m# s #n Pau!<s att#tu* 0annot " * a!t 9#th h r , "ut 9 sha!! #n*#0at som . Th out!oo: o8 th stat m nt un* r our not#0 #m/!# *!% * n# s that man #s a s r1ant or 1 n a 0r atur o8 4o*, * s/#t 0 rta#n o"s0ur an* rath r 0haot#0 th#n:#n+ #n oth r /arts o8 Pau!<s 9r#t#n+s. Pau!<s stat m nt, too, * n# * that 1 r% man "% " #n+ a man #s an =/r ss#on o8 4o*, or o8 som /o9 r #n 4o*. Inh r nt #n Pau!<s stat m nt, #s not on!% a 0on* mnat#on o8 man, "ut a 0on* mnat#on o8 4o* H#ms !8, an* a 0on* mnat#on o8 H#s man#8 stat#ons to man. D s0art s, a 6hr#st#an, 8 !t #n 6hr#st#an#t% a * n#a! o8 h#s " #n+, an* * 8 ns#1 !% +ro/#n+, 9rot r +ar*#n+ h#s m nta! an* oth r =/ r# n0 s, that h ho/ * an* " !# 1 * 4o* 9as +oo* an* 9ou!* not * 0 #1 h#m. P rha/s noth#n+ sa** r has 1 r " n 9r#tt n than that. In* * 8rom Pau!<s att#tu* , 4o* #s /r s nt * as a 8# n*, 9#th #mm asura"! hat an* * ta0hm nt 8rom H#s 9or!*?H#s hat s/ 0#a!!% *#r 0t * a+a#nst man. D stru0t#on #s th : %not o8 su0h an out!oo:. Th !o1 9h#0h Pau! as0r#" s to 4o* #s th !o1 9h#0h a > 9 m#+ht " ar to an a!!7/o9 r8u! /ot ntat . D stru0t#on #s #nh r nt #n Pau!<s th m , a th m 9h#0h at 8#rst s#+ht ma% ha1 s m r harm! ss an* 1 n r 1 r nt a*u!at#on o8 th +r atn ss o8 4o*. m * to som a

D#* Pau! th > 9 :no9 9hat h 9as *o#n+ 9h n h /r a0h * h#s *o0tr#n o8 > sus79orsh#/ #n th to! rant Roman 9or!*E )as h anoth r Ehu*E Th sam att#tu* to 4o* #s +#1 n #n man% as/ 0ts an* 8orms #n Pau!<s 9r#t#n+s. It #s /r s nt * #n *#88 r nt 9or*s, "ut a!9a%s, or n ar!% a!9a%s, 0onsonant 9#th > sus< /r s ntat#on. Th th m , un* r *#88 r nt an* 0on0r t =am/! s, #s so 1 r7/r s nt #n Pau!<s /r s ntat#on, that #t #s har* to " !# 1 that h (or 9ho 1 r 9rot , or 9ho 1 r 8#na!#D * th E/#st! s o8 Pau!) 9as not som t#m s a9ar o8 #ts "a! 8u! natur . (o 9on* r som / o/! to7*a% " !# 1 that Pau! an* th oth r 6hr#st#an sa#nt, >ohn o8 R 1 !at#on, /!ann * an* 9rot an* tau+ht #n or* r to * stro% th (or*#0 Roman / o/! . (o 9on* r #th r that som / o/! ha1 s/ 0u!at * as to 9h th r th s 6hr#st#an Sa#nts an* s#m#!ar / rsons /oss ss #n th ms !1 s an% 0! ar!% * 8#n#t #n*9 !!#n+ s/#r#t. Pau!<s 9r#t#n+s, ho9 1 r, 9 r a//ro1 * "% /o9 r8u! / o/! as r 1 !at#ons o8 4o* A!m#+ht%, an* man% un/ r0 #1#n+ "ut 9orth% / rsons a00 /t * th m !#: 9#s . > sus76hr#st#an#t% " 0am s/onsor * "% th thun* r o8 th Im/ r#a! *#0t an* th +!#tt r o8 th s9or*. Th#s Pau!, 9#th h#s > 9#sh 88ront r% an* h#s notor#ous * !#n at#on o8 man, an* h#s s m#70on0 a! * "!as/h m% r +ar*#n+ th natur o8 4o*, has ha* h#s nam "!aDon * on th 0h# 8 0hur0h s o8 6hr#st n*om as #ts ! a*#n+ sa#nt. Furth r, out o8 su0h a Pau!7> sus att#tu* to 4o*, ar#s s th /os#t#on o8 th 8or+#1 n ss o8 s#ns "% /r# st!% 0!a#mants to a s/ 0#a! r !at#on to > sus, th 6hr#st#an 4o*. Thus a > sus * 1ot /h%s#0a!!% #n0a/a"! o8 s #n+ a /r# st, #s #n som *#88#0u!t% r +ar*#n+ a"so!ut#on o8 h#s s#ns. In %our =tr m Un0t#on, #n %our "ur#a! s r1#0 , #n %our 0hur0h 0 r mon# s, an* #n a!! %our > sus7

Pau!#an r !#+#on #s th ta#nt#n+ "!as/h m% o8 th tota! 0on* mnat#on o8 man an* #ts #nh r nt 0on* mnat#on o8 4o*. Th > sus76hr#st#an Roman 6hur0h #s 8a#r!% !o+#0a! as 8ar as #t *ar s to +o. B% ha!t#n+ #n #ts !o+#0, #t *o s not a!9a%s "r#n+ #nstant * ath. But #t non th ! ss "r#n+s * ath #nto th L ss7#mm *#at , 9h#0h #n #ts turn "r#n+s, #n T#m , * ath #nto th Imm *#at . Th Lo:# " 0om s th F nr#s. In Pau!<s *#r 0t#ons ar#s thos m nta! #nh#"#t#ons, +r at r an* mor * a*!% than s ns#"! #nh#"#t#ons, 9h#0h *#stort an* at ! n+th * a* n (as th % ar untru ) th 1#r#!#t% an* th sou! o8 man:#n*. To an un0!ou* * % th sa* 1#* n0 o8 th s #nh#"#t#ons to h a!th% thou+ht an* a0t#on #s 0! ar #n our nat#on to7*a%. 3ur m n ar +ro9#n+ 8 "! an* too un1#ta! 1 n to r s nt #nAust#0 . E1 n thou+h man% m n n 1 r +o to 0hur0h, or 0ons0#ous!% th#n: on th s > sus7Pau! > 9#sh *#r 0t#ons, % t th 88 0t an* th * ath7mur: o8 th s *#r 0t#ons / r1a* our 0ommun#t% an* nat#on. Th % ar 9ar/ an* 9oo8 o8 our out!oo: 1 n #8 9 8or+ t th #r or#+#n. 6hr#st#an#t% has *on #ts 9or: 9 !!. Th 88 0t o8 thos *#r 0t#ons #s th #m/ !!#n+ 8or0 #n our unh a!th% *%#n+ so0# t%. D 1#ta!#D#n+ th m, th > sus7Pau! att#tu* 0uts m n o88 8rom th 0ons0#ousn ss o8 4o*. M n ha1 !ost tou0h 9#th th #r sour0 o8 str n+th. Th % ha1 !ost s#+ht o8 4o* #n th ms !1 s an* " %on* th m. An%on ma% s th 1#* n0 o8 Pau!#an7> sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur . It #s /r s nt * to us a!most 1 r%9h r & 8or #nstan0 , 9 s man " nt u/on mat r#a! /h m ra!s. ) s th so0#a! ma*n ss ar#s#n+ 8rom 6hr#st#an#t%<s 8ata!!% untru att#tu* . ) 8#n* that man<s /o9 r to s s/#r#tua!!% has " n sto! n 8rom h#m. ) s man<s ma0h#n 7!#: su"s r1# n0 to man#/u!ators. ) s h#s * s/a#r. ) h ar h#s ma** n * 0r% 1 r #n0r as#n+ #n 1o!um ?'Th r #s no 4o*.' A!! %ou, m% > sus79orsh#//#n+ 8r# n*, 0an *o 8or * s/a#r#n+ man #s to sa%, 'Ha1 8a#th. B as a !#tt! 0h#!*. B m :.' 'Th 9#s*om o8 th 9or!* #s 8oo!#shn ss #n th s#+ht o8 4o*.' '6om to th Mass an* + t 4o*7> sus 9#th#n %our 0on* mn * s !8.' '4 t E=tr m Un0t#on 9h n %ou ar *%#n+ to nsur a h a1 n 9#th Mar%, > sus an* >os /h, Pau! an* th #r :#n*.' M% Prot stant 6hr#st#an 8r# n*s u!t#mat !% +#1 to /oor man:#n* th sam m ssa+ as %ou *o. To th an=#ous, to th trou"! *, th % sa%, '> sus76hr#st#an#t% #s th 9a%.' 'Trust #n > sus76hr#st.' '> sus 9#!! sa1 %ou.' A!m#+ht% 4o* has 0omm#tt * %our 8 !!o9 man to %our 0ar . Ha1 %ou no mor than > 979orsh#/, s !870on* mnat#on an* S !87r nun0#at#on to +#1 h#mE (o, %ou, 9h#! %ou ar a > sus76hr#st#an ha1 no mor than that. An* so our > sus76hr#st#an#D * nat#on, our o9n, our trust to A!m#+ht% 4o*, s!#* s to9ar*s th /#t 9h#0h our #nst#n0ts an* our m#n*s un rr#n+!% / r0 #1 %a9n#n+ ah a* o8 us. Th > sus79orsh#// rs ha1 sur !% ha* th #r 0han0 #n th 9or!*. Th s /r a0h rs o8 m :n ss, !o1 an* > 979orsh#/ ha1 9 a!th, 0o!! + s, /ro/ rt%, ! arn * a*1o0at s an* /o9 r a!most " %on* r 0:on#n+. Th % ha1 " at n *o9n or 8roD n an% 9ho 0r#t#0#D th #r 4o*. Th % ha1 ha* th /o9 r. )hat #s %our > sus76hr#st#an har1 stE )hat ha1 %ou *on E Th ans9 r #s #n star1#n+ " !!# s, > 978#nan0# rs, an* th #r s%0o/hants, * /ra1#t# s, an* 0#1#! 9ar. Th ans9 r #s #n th +ra1 s o8 +r at nat#ons an* #n th h 0t#0 an=# t% an* * ath o8 to7*a%. Thos ar %our har1 sts, m% 6hr#st#an 8r# n*. So mu0h an* no mor 0an %ou 0!a#m 8rom %our > sus7 6hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o*. So mu0h 8or %our > sus74o*. (o 9on* r th * s/a#r#n+ on s 0r%& 'Th r #s no 4o*.' You an* %our 0o7r !#+#on#sts ar r s/ons#"! 8or that t rr#"! +ro9#n+ 0r%& 'Th r #s no 4o*.'

I as: %ou to 0ons#* r #t a!!. It sur !% #s ur+ nt nou+h. )h n0 *o th s P!aton#07> sus7Pau! *#r 0t#ons ar#s 8un*am nta!!%E )hat #s th For0 9h#0h has +#1 n th m as a +u#* 8or manE Th ans9 r #s?#t #s #nh r nt #n 0 rta#n @ua!#t# s o8 man an* #n a!! an#ma! an* oth r !#8 . It #s a 8or0 or @ua!#t% not a"s nt 1 n 8rom mot#ons, humour, an* th !#: . That 8or0 #s a :#!! r 9hom man has to 8#+ht. It ar#s s #n a!! th#n+s. Th Lo:# #s a!9a%s n ar th Ba!*ur 9#th a!! th /oss#"#!#t# s o8 " 0om#n+ a 1 r#ta"! F nr#s, a ra1 n#n+ tan+#"! 9o!8. )h n 9 s th * ath 9 0an th " tt r 8#+ht #t, an* 0on@u r #n th #nt r sts o8 our h#+h * st#n%. ) 0an 1 n us th For0 to " our m ans to +r at r !#8 . That n m% 8or0 #s not unr !at * to T#m . Th > 9, "% th 1#* n0 no9 " 8or us, #s th 0h# 8 1#* n0 o8 that 8or0 #n th +ar* o8 man:#n*. Th 8or0 /arta: s o8, or #s that 0on*#t#on *r a* * "% th 1#ta! sou!. It, #n th !ast ana!%s#s, #s a 0on*#t#on 9h#0h 8or 9ant o8 a " tt r t rm ma% " 0a!! * (oth#n+n ss, an* 0a!! * "% our an0 stors (aa7stran*, or (o7/!a0 . A!! th =/r ss#ons o8 th > sus7 6hr#st#an *#r 0t#on?s n #n our mo* s o8 4o1 rnm nt or so0#a! 1a!u s, ar s#m#!ar!% ta#nt * "% th (oth#n+n ss 0on*#t#on, an* th % #n turn ta#nt a!! th #r 0onta0ts 9#th th sam * a*!% @ua!#t%. An* so #ts #n8!u n0 " ars a!! 9#th#n #ts /o9 r on to (oth#n+n ss. Th =/r ss#on o8 #t 0a!! * > sus7 6hr#st#an#t% #s on o8 #ts ! ss su/ r8#0#a! man#8 stat#ons. Soon / rha/s th * stro% r 9#!! " + n ra!!% / r0 #1 *. Past stru++! s o8 th > sus79orsh#//#n+ a+ ma% th n " 0om a ! sson stor * u/ #n th m#n* an* #nst#n0t o8 man:#n*. Thus man, an* h#s !#8 , ma% " th mor 8ru#t8u! #n th 0om#n+ *a%, #n that 0om#n+ *a% 9h n 9#th % s un"!#n* * "% > sus, Pau! an* th #r 8o!!o9 rs an* > 979orsh#/, 1 r% man sha!! 8#n* th truth at h#s han*s, an* 9r#tt n too #n h#s arth!% +ar* 9h r #n #s h#s 9a% throu+h th Thor (or 6hr#stos) on to th E1 r!ast#n+. >ust as th /ro/os#t#ons o8 Eu0!#* 0an " r so!1 * #nto th a=#oms 9#th 9h#0h th % 0omm n0 , so #n anoth r an* mor 1#ta! s/h r 0an th 0on*#t#ons o8 to7*a% " r so!1 * #nto th "as#0 stat m nts o8 our att#tu* to 4o*. An* 0ontra79#s , Aust as th a=#oms o8 Eu0!#* (9h#0h #n0#* nta!!% r !% 8or th #r Aust#8#0at#on on an a// a! to =/ r# n0 an* #nst#n0t an* s ns#"! o"s r1at#on) ho!* 9#th#n th m, th #r 8ru#t8u! an* str#:#n+ r su!ts on " #n+ a//!# * 9#th th st#mu!us o8 R a!#t%, so #n anoth r an* 9#* r s/h r *o s th atta#nm nt o8 a tru an* + n ra! att#tu* to 4o* ho!* 8or us a1 nu s o8 " aut%, truth an* !#8 9h#0h ar #n0a!0u!a"! . Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on #s h a!th%, #t #s san an* *o s not * / n* on 8a#th. It !oo:s on9ar* to th E1 r!ast#n+ 9#thout 8 ar. It !oo:s on9ar* not on!% 9#th ho/ "ut 9#th 0 rta#nt%, 0 rta#nt% 9h#0h +ro9s stron+ r an* ha//# r th mor #t #s =am#n *. Loo: #nto our 3*#n#st r !#+#on. It 9#!! *o %ou +oo*.

MR. SMITH7S DREAM


Mr. )#!!#am Sm#th 0!os * h#s "oo: on th '(atur o8 T#m .' Th n?to " *. H *r am *. A9a% o< r th s a, a9a% o< r th !an* h s/ *. 'T#m #s nou+ht,' h sa#*, '#ts 9 #+ht has ! 8t m .' Mr. Sm#th a//roa0h * a 1#!!a+ . 'Sm !!% /!a0 ,' h mutt r *, sn#88#n+ th a#r. H 0am to th 1#!!a+ ?8o9!s, *#rt% 0h#!*r n. A 9oman thr 9 a "u0: t o8 som th#n+ #nto th str t n ar h#m. Sm !!s2 A8t r a 8 9 st /s h 1om#t * 1#o! nt!% at th s#+hts. H 0am to th 0 ntr o8 th 1#!!a+ . Som tra* rs s@uatt * at th #r sta!!s an* sor 7 % * / o/! /ass * a"out. T n 9 !!7:n#t

Roman so!*# rs mar0h * a0ross to th #r "arra0:s un* r th ar0h9a%. Mr. Sm#th /ass * #nto a %ar*. A :not o8 > 9s 9 r !#st n#n+ th r to an unattra0t#1 !oo:#n+ on o8 th #r num" r, nam * > sus. H 9as ma:#n+ a 0!a#m, not unusua! #n that 0ountr%, to " a /ro/h t. Mr. Sm#th r m m" r * Isa#ah<s '/ro/h 0%' o8 > sus (Isa#ah, 6ha/t r G.). 'H sha!! +ro9 u/ as a root out o8 *r% +roun*. H hath no 8orm, nor 0om !#n ssB an* 9h n 9 sha!! s h#m th r #s no " aut% that 9 shou!* * s#r h#mB ... h 9as a88!#0t * ...' Mr. Sm#th (!oo:#n+ on) sa#* 'that /art o8 th B#"! #s tru .' 'T#m 2' thou+ht Mr. Sm#th a+a#n, an* h st // * 8or9ar* thr 0 ntur# s an* a ha!8. H sa9 /r# sts ha#!#n+ th > 9 > susB an* m n, 9om n, 0h#!*r n /ra%#n+ to h#m as 4o*. Mr. Sm#th sa9 a +r at *#8#0 "u#!t on th#s " !# 8, h sa9 #t su//ort#n+ a m#!!#on /r# sts, hun*r *s o8 thousan*s o8 /o!#t#0#ans, an*?h sa9 #t a!! 8ast n * on to th "a0: o8 sta++ r#n+ man:#n*. H sa9 m#!!#ons o8 > sus7 9orsh#// rsB th n h sa9 h#ms !8. H sa9 h#ms !8 s#n+#n+ o8 th#s *#s8#+ur * > 9 as o8 4o*, s#n+#n+ o8 th#s sm !!%, *#s as 7str#0: n !an* as h#s Ho!% !an*. Mr. Sm#th +r 9 * /r ss *. H sa9 h#ms !8 un* r th sha*o9 o8 a +r at 8 ar, h#ms !8 an* h#s nat#on. H 8 !t th horror o8 th a"%ss. In an+u#sh Mr. Sm#th !oo: * a8ar, an* stra#n#n+ #n h#s n *, h *#m!% sa9 som on , som on " 0:on#n+, som on 8am#!#ar !oo:#n+, som on 9ho 9as not a > 9 "ut on o8 h#s o9n :#n*. Mr. Sm#th h ar* a 0a!! 8rom th 8#+ur a8ar. '6om ,' 0r# * th 1o#0 . '6om .' Mr. Sm#th h s#tant!% 9 nt 8or9ar* an* th n h sa9 th 8#+ur , 8r# n*!% an* " aut#8u!, hast n#n+ to9ar* h#m. Mr. Sm#th 9as soon runn#n+ 8or9ar*, "ut h#s 8r# n* ran 8ast r st#!! to9ar* h#m ... Th % m t an* 0ommun * ... Mr. Sm#th 8 !t stron+ r an* h :n 9 9h r h 9ant * to +o. H#s 0om/an#on an* h th n 0am to anoth r 0ountr%. In th +r % *a9n Mr. Sm#th sa9 th 9ho! som !an*. It 9as 0! an, #ts 1#!!a+ s an* m n. It *#* h#m +oo*. It 9as h#s / o/! <s o9n !an* an*?ho!%, h#s Ho!%7!an*. Th n h an* h#s 0om/an#on 9 nt on *o9n a 8or st +!a* . Th "!u " !!s #n th haD an* th tr s 9 r as o!* 8r# n*s. Th n th sun aros . Sha8ts o8 !#+ht "an* * th 8or st. Mr. Sm#th<s 0om/an#on sto// *, h !* u/ h#s han*, an* sa#*, 'Ha !, 3*#n an* th% r#s#n+ sun'?an* Mr. Sm#th *#* th sam . Th 8or st 0horus o8 son+ 9as a"out th m. An* a8ar th tra1 !! rs h ar* anoth r 0horus h#+h r an* su"!#m 9h#0h a//roa0h * th m 8ast r than th % a//roa0h * #t. Mr. Sm#th a9o: . Th 8r sh morn#n+ a#r "! 9 a0ross h#s 8a0 an* h aros 8or h#s *a#!% 9or:.

THE MASS OR HOLY COMMUNION


1.?Th Mass or Ho!% 6ommun#on #n Roman 6atho!#0 an* oth r 6hr#st#an 0hur0h s, #s 8oun* * an* #nst#tut * 0h# 8!% to sat#s8% th * s#r o8 man to ha1 4o* 9#th#n h#m. Man 0on* mn * to * ath "% 6hr#st#an#t%, * 0!ar * to " "% natur 4o*! ss an* utt r!% 8ou! an* * /ra1 *, str#1 s 8or th on!% 8u!! !#8 , #. ., 4o*B an* to s0a/ th 6hr#st#an 0on* mnat#on, h , "% s/ 0#ous r ason#n+, 0onsum s a /# 0 o8 "r a* an* som 9#n , not /r#mar#!% as an a0t o8 r 1 r n0 or as a m mor#a!, "ut h 0onsum s #t #n or* r to + t 4o* #ns#* h#s 4o*! ss an* 0on* mn * s !!. Th sa0r#8#0#a! #* a #n th Mass #s su"s#*#ar% an* not unr !at * to th#s. C.?At thos s r1#0 s o8 th Mass, th 6hr#st#an man, 8 ar8u! o8 *#1or0 8rom 4o*, 8 ar8u! o8 utt r

* ath or H !!, ats "r a* an* *r#n:s 9#n #n th #n*u0 * " !# 8 or ho/ that #t #s th a0tua! (or S%m"o!#0) "o*% an* "!oo* o8 a / rson h 0a!!s 6hr#stos or 4o*?a > 9 9ho !#1 * 1-JJ7o** % ars a+o #n Pa! st#n . In h#s h art th /oor 6hr#st#an 4o*7s : r *o s not " !# 1 #t, an* h a"us s an* 0on* mns th #nst#n0t 4o* +a1 h#m, #n or* r to st#!! #ts /rot st. ..?Th n * o8 man, th tru n ss o8 h#s #nst#n0t, * man*s as assuran0 am#* a!! h#s *amn#n+ 6hr#st#an#t%, that 4o* #s #n h#mB h n *s som 0 rta#nt% o8 !#8 " %on* th #mm *#at 8! t#n+ !#8 o8 th s ns . Th 6hr#st#an, ho9 1 r *amn * h " !# 1 * h#ms !8 to " , ho9 1 r hum"! * or 0on8us *, * man*s h#s 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o*. D / #n h#s natur , " %on* th tou0h o8 r ason, " %on* th tou0h o8 r#*#0u! , h 9ants an* 9#!! not " * n# * h#s 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o*, an* th @ua!#t# s o8 4o*. An* h un* r 6hr#st#an#t%, + ts that 0onn 0t#on at a /r#0 , nam !%, "% /r t n*#n+ that a /# 0 o8 "r a* an* a s#/ o8 9#n ha1 " n transu"stant#at * a0tua!!% (or s%m"o!#0a!!%) #nto th 8! sh an* "!oo* o8 > sus th 6hr#st#an 4o*, or 3n!% B +ott n Son o8 4o*. F.?So th 6hr#st#an, " #n+ assur * o8 h#s !ost natura! 0on*#t#on, s !87* !u* * "% /r t nt#ous 0 r mon% an* ma+#0, /r t n*s to 0han+ th natur or 0ont nt o8 a s ns#"! 8oo* #nto som th#n+ *#88 r nt to 9hat #t #s?#nto 8! sh an* "!oo* o8 a man 9ho !#1 * an* *# * 1-JJ o** % ars a+o. H :no9s #t #s not tru . But h *o s #t, 8or th r ma% " som truth #n h#s " #n+ * /ra1 * #n a * /ra1 * 9or!*, an* an%ho9 #t + ts o1 r a *#88#0u!t%B 9h#! h#s r !#+#ous t a0h r, a!most a!9a%s a +oo* man, assur s h#m #t #s a!r#+ht an* that #t #s a r mar:a"! m%st r% a"out 9h#0h h n * not = r0#s h#s "ra#n, "ut must ha1 Fa#th. (In0#* nta!!%, 9hat m nta! a+on% an* @u#0: * ath ha1 " n a1o#* * "% Fa#th2 Th /arsons an* /r# sts 9 r :#n* an* sur !% #n th#s, 9#!! ha1 th #r r 9ar*. B% 0#r0um!o0ut#on, "% ho0us7/o0us, "% s9 at#n+ an* "% !una0# s, th % mana+ to 0u*+ ! or * !u* th 4o*7s : r #nto a /ath that at ! ast a// ar * to th m 4o*!% an* r#+ht ous. But 9hat a ma*man<s *r am #t a!! #s. An* 9 ma% r 8! 0t that th sou!7*#stort#n+ att m/t to r a0h 4o* #s ma* n 0 ssar% "% a /r#or m#s0on0 /t#on o8 th tru att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t%.) G.?6an an%th#n+ " tt r sho9 ho9 th a//ar nt!% harm! ss 0omm n0#n+ /o#nt o8 a 8a!s r !#+#on or att#tu* to 4o*, 9#!! at !ast 0om/ ! th a00 /tan0 o8 a s ns#"! * monstra"! untruth an* nta#! * a*!% 0ons @u n0 sE 6an an%th#n+ " mor /ath t#0 than to s us#n+ a /r t n0 , a sham an* a !# E a 4o*7s : r, tr%#n+ to " at on 9#th 4r at 4o* "%

)hat som *a% 9#!! " th Au*+m nt on th 0ons0#ous * !u* rs o8 th 4o*7s : rsE Sur !%, on!% "% th 8a0t that th % ar un0ons0#ous or 9ho!!% " 9#!* r *, 0an su0h * !u* rs s0a/ /un#shm nt. 3n th oth r han*, ma% #t not " that as a 9ho! , th 6hr#st#an 6hur0h has " !# 1 * th > 9#sh7 So0rat#an76hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o* to " tru 9#th a!! #ts 0on* mnat#on an* ana0hron#sms, an* th n to sa1 man, has " n 8or0 * to t !! a 8urth r !# as an a//ar nt!% ! ss r or mor *#stant 1#!, an* as a 9 a:, "ut " st /oss#"! 0orr 0t#1 an* /a!!#at#1 to th #n#t#a! !# B that #n#t#a! !# so har* 8or som to / r0 #1 2 So har* to * 8 at 1 n 9h n #n som m asur / r0 #1 *2 H.?Th 3*#n#st 8#n*s th s/#r#t an* th s ns#"! 8! sh o8 4o* #n 1 r% man. 4o* #s #n h#m a!r a*%, h #s "% " #n+ h#ms !8 som th#n+ o8 4o*, an* a /art an* r /r s ntat#1 o8 h#s /art#0u!ar S/#r#t78ath r #n 4o*. Th 3*#n#st<s *ut% #s to " 0om 1 r mor 0ons0#ous o8 #t. H n0 h#s 6ommun#on s r1#0 . 7.?E1 r% 0r atur , 1 r%th#n+, a!! mo1 m nt (s asona! or oth r) #s 8or th 3*#n#st an =/r ss#on o8

th (An+!o7Sa=on) Thor or th (4r

:) 6hr#stos #n som /has .

I.?Th 3*#n#st 8r 8rom th 8un*am nta! rror o8 6hr#st#an#t%, #s #n no n * o8 !%#n+ or /r t n*#n+. H #s un* r no n * o8 ha1#n+ to a00 /t "% Fa#th, som stat m nt 0on8!#0t#n+ 9#th a!! 0ommon s ns , r ason an* Aust#0 . H#s "as#0 n * #s sat#s8# * a!most r h #s 0ons0#ous o8 #t. Th 3*#n#st *o s not n * Fa#th. As >ohn Lo0: / r0 #1 * th r #s nou+h, an* mor than nou+h, 9#th#n man<s s/h r to 8#!! h#s 9ho! n * an* to a"sor" a!! h#s 0a/a0#t# s 9#thout "u#!*#n+ on #ma+#nar% th#n+s " %on* h#s 0a/a0#t# s to o"s r1 or :no9. Th 3*#n#st #s a 1#0ar o8 4o*, an* mor #mm *#at !% a 1#0ar o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*, an* #s 8or th s/an o8 h#s !#8 , h#s Fath r7s/#r#t<s r /r s ntat#1 on arth. Th 3*#n#st atta#ns mor o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t an* o8 h#s @ua!#t# s "% h#s s :#n+ H#m. H r m m" rs h#s 8ath rs #n th s ns . H s :s th 9a%s o8 3*#n a!! h#s !#8 an* h#s 6ommun#on s r1#0 #s h#s 0h# 8 m ans #n th#s = r0#s . -.?Th 3*#n#sts :no9 th n * o8 m t#n+ to+ th r to 9orsh#/. Ea0h 3*#n#st :no9s that m t#n+ 9#th oth rs s ar0h#n+ 8or * / r :no9! *+ o8 h#s Fath r, #s +oo* 8or h#m. H r a!#D s, too, that h *o s +oo* to oth rs "% m t#n+ 9#th th m #n Ho!% = r0#s . H#s s/#r#t h !/s h#s "r thr n an* th #r s/#r#ts h !/ h#m. H thus #n /art *o s h#s *ut% to h#s 4o*, h#s "r thr n an* h#ms !8. H #m/!# *!% thus /ro0!a#ms h#s / o/! <s on 7n ss to+ th r an* th #r on 7n ss 9#th 4o*. H an* h#s "r thr n so m t#n+ +#1 1#ta!#t% to a0h oth r. H has a h#+h *ut% to h#s "r thr n #n th#s, an* h thus #n +r at r m asur r 0 #1 s th Thor #n h#ms !8 / rsona!!% an* as on o8 h#s 0ommun#t%. At 6ommun#on s r1#0 , th 3*#n#st th#n:s o8 h#s Fath rs an* h#s !o1 s, h s s som th#n+ o8 th #r 9or:B h 0ommun s 9#th 3*#n?a!! o8 4o* that h 0an :no9?h *9 !!s u/on th @ua!#t# s o8 4o* an* ma: s th m h#s o9n #n * / r m asur . R 8r sh * an* str n+th n *, h#s "o*#!% !#8 r n 9 *, h#s m#n* an* sou!, an* h#s 0ommun#t%<s m#n* an* sou! r 1#ta!#D * "% 0onta0t 9#th * / truth, h an* h#s "r thr n #n*#1#*ua!!% an* 0or/orat !% 0an th n th " tt r / r8orm th #r trusts #n th #r 4ar*s #n 4o*. Thus *ut%, /r#1#! + an* =a!tat#on a!! ar 0om"#n * #n on "! ss#n+ at Th 3*#n#st 6ommun#on S r1#0 .

TO

SYCHOLOGISTS

1.?An untru att#tu* to9ar* th man#8 stat#ons o8 3*#n *#storts th m#n*, an* "r#n+s #ts o9n /un#shm nt to th /o#nt o8 ma*n ss an* * ath. C.?An untru att#tu* a!most #mm *#at !% *#storts th s = #m/u!s , 9h#0h #s so 0!os to th s !8. (In 6hr#st#an#t% a 9ho!!% 0on* mn * s !8.) An untru att#tu* *#storts th '0ommon s ns ' (or th tru an* natura! / r0 /t#on o8 th#n+s). In su0h 0as s = #m/u!s (or / rha/s oth r /r#ma! #m/u!s ) 9#!! 0ontro! th / rson an* h#s " ha1#our a00or*#n+ to th m asur o8 h#s untru att#tu* . )h n th m#n*<s att#tu* to R a!#t% #s untru #t 0annot o1 r7s or +a#n /o9 r an* 1#ta!#t% 8rom th s =7#m/u!s or oth r natura! #m/u!s . For th untru m#n* #s th n 9 ** * 9#th a tru /r#ma! #nst#n0t. Th Truth 9 ** * to Untruth. Th truth o8 th on 9 ** * to th Untruth o8 th oth r r su!ts #n 0haos, an* 1 ntua! * stru0t#on o8 th nt#t%. ..?3n!% 9h n th m#n* #s tru 9#th 3*#n, 0an s = an* oth r /r#ma! #m/u!s s " un* rstoo* an* " #n su"A 0t#on, an* " harmon#ous 9#th an* a*Aun0t#1 to th m#n*. 3n!% th n 0an a man !#1 . 3n!% th n 0an a man *o h#s *ut%.

3n!% 9h n th / rson<s att#tu* to 4o* " 0om s tru , 9#!! a!! th 8 atur s o8 th s !8 r sum th /os#t#ons 0on*u0#1 to 8u!! !#1#n+ an* h a!th% 1#ta!#t%. F.?)h n th 3*#n#st r !#+#on #s /r 1a#!#n+ th n th /r s nt7*a% stu*% o8 /s%0ho!o+% 9#!! " 0om #n !ar+ * +r m an#n+! ss. G.?For un* r th > sus76hr#st#an att#tu* or r !#+#on, th *#stort#ons 0r at * "% #t 0om/ ! mu0h o8 th " ha1#our 9h#0h th /s%0ho!o+#sts =am#n . Th @u r a*Austm nts no9 ma* "% man un* r > sus76hr#st#an#t% #n or* r to !#1 , 9ou!* un* r 3*#n#sm not " n 0 ssar%. H.?)h#! man 8o!!o9s th *#r 0t#on o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%, su0h @u r a*Austm nts, 1 n thou+h th % 1 ntua!!% " 8ut#! , must " ma* , "ut 9h n h#s out!oo: #s tru th % 9#!! not " h ar* o8, =0 /t #n as%!ums 8or th #nsan . Th 0a!! 8or th stu*% o8 Ps%0ho!o+% un* r our *#stort#n+ 0u!tur +ro9s 1 r !ou* r. For " ha1#our r @u#r s 1 r mor =/!anat#on as 8o!!o9#n+ th 0ours s t "% th > sus76hr#st#an *#r 0t#on, m n *r#8t 8urth r 8rom th man#8 st * truths o8 4o*. Un* r 6hr#st#an#t% th *#stort#on +ro9s 1 r +r at r an* mor 0om/!#0at *, on to th 0haos that /r sa+ s * ath, an* th =am#n#n+ /s%0ho!o+#st 8#n*s th 1 r% 0ount rs h has " n us#n+, an* 1 n th " ha1#n+ / rsons th ms !1 s, *#sa// ar#n+. 7.?3*#n#sm sa%s& Th tru att#tu* to 4o* shou!* " man<s a#m. Th #m/u!s s o8 th s !8 th n harmon#D * " 0om a#*s to !#8 , not n m# s to " 8ou+ht an* 0urs *. Th s = #s not 1#!. It #s not a th#n+ o8 sham or *#s+ra0 . It #s a /art o8 man<s =#st n0 on arth, an* =#sts 8or th /ro0r at#on o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n th s ns#"! 8! sh an* #n th s/#r#t. B% #ts 0!os 0onn 0t#on 9#th an* as an #nstrum nt o8 man<s Fath r7s/#r#t, s = #s to " tr at * r 1 r nt!%, an* 9#th a 9#s*om as 0! ar7 % * as /oss#"! . Th /o9 r o8 s = 8or +oo* or #!! #s tr m n*ous, an* #s on o8 man<s +r at st r s/ons#"#!#t# s to h#ms !8 an* to h#s +ar* an* to 3*#n. I.?Th stu*% o8 Ps%0ho!o+% mor or ! ss #mm *#at !% " 0om s a stu*% o8 man<s r a0t#ons un* r th /r 1a#!#n+ att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t% (or un* r th /r 1a#!#n+ r !#+#on) an*, mor /ro8oun*!%, h#s r a0t#on to a!! 3*#n. -.?A /#t#8u! 8 atur o8 our > 979orsh#//#n+ r !#+#on #s that #t has !ar+ !% >u*a#D * our nat#on an* n +at#1 * or * stro% * 9hat 9 tru!% ar . Th > 9#sh out!oo:, !%#n+ an* untru , has !ar+ !% o1 r0om our o9n nat#1 Br#t#sh out!oo:, an* th most >u*a#D * m nta!#t# s amon+ us 0om to th 8or 8ront un* r our nat#on<s > 9#sh 6hr#st#an *#r 0t#on. 3ur nat#1 #m/u!s s " 0om n +at#1 *, an* *#stort * #n th #r =/r ss#ons, *#stort * to th /o#nt o8 our / rsona! an* nat#ona! tra+ *# s. Un* r our > sus *#r 0t#on 9 s : to r /r ss thos #* as 9h#0h ar our " st an* 9h#0h ar most tru an* 1#ta! #n us, an* tr% to =/r ss som th#n+ 9h#0h #s a!# n an* untru . An% stu* nt :no9s th #n 1#ta"! r su!t o8 that * /ra1#t% or #8 h *o s not h #s m nta!!% a +ramo/hon r 0or* an* has #n h#m th /oss#"#!#t% o8 " 0om#n+ #n som sa* #nstan0 s a Un#1 rs#t% /ro8 ssor.

TO SOCIOLOGISTS
1.?6onstant#n #nau+urat * th (#0 a 0on8 r n0 #n .CG A.D. Th (#0 n 0r * 9as th r su!t. S !87 r nun0#at#on an* > 979orsh#/ " 0am a r !#+#on. 6onstant#n <s P!aton#D * m/#r 9as sha:%B an* noth#n+, #t 9as " !# 1 *, "ut th n 9 0r *, 0ou!* * 8 at th th n num rous /o!#t#0a! ru/t#ons.

C.?A!! o88#0 rs an* /r# sts o8 'th 4o*s' 9 r or* r * "% th Em/ ror to r 0ant an* * 0!ar th #r a*h r n0 to th (#0 n 0r * an* #ts #m/!#0at#ons. P na!t% 8or r 8usa! 9as * ath. P rs 0ut#ons an* t rror#sm on " ha!8 o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t% " 0am ram/ant an* sho0:#n+. 4ra*ua!!% > sus76hr#st#an#t%, "a0: * "% th Stat , 9on. Most stor# s o8 th / rs 0ut#ons o8 ar!% 6hr#st#ans ar * monstra"!% 8a"r#0at#ons. Fa"r#0at#ons 8or > sus76hr#st#an /ro/a+an*a /ur/os s. P#t%, t0. .... ..7?In th Y ar HJJ, th Athanas#an 0r * (#m/!# * #n th (#0 n 0r *, as #t #n turn #s #m/!# * #n th 6hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o*) 9as /ro0!a#m * "% th 6hr#st#an 6hur0h as an =/os#t#on o8 #ts *o0tr#n , an* 9as 0om/u!sor#!% r 0#t * "% 9orsh#// rs. F.?6hr#st#an#t%, 9#th #ts > 979orsh#/, S !87r nun0#at#on an* Int rnat#ona!#sm, #ts * n#a! o8 an% *#88 r n0 s amon+ ra0 s, 9as #n 8u!! 8or0 , "a0: * "% a!! th /o9 rs an* mon % o8 th Em/#r , 9h n Rom 8 !!. Th most '"on 7h a* *' 6hr#st#an must a*m#t that > sus76hr#st#an#t% *#* not sa1 Rom , to sa% th ! ast o8 #t. G.?Th *o0tr#n o8 th *#1#s#on o8 th #n*#1#s#"! an* th =/!anat#on #n #mm *#at !% s ns#"! t rms o8 matt rs =t n*#n+ " %on* th #mm *#at s ns s, tau+ht un* r th P!ato7So0rat#an #m/u!s , ha* / r0o!at * #nto an* rott * th 1#ta! 0onn 0t#on o8 th /arts o8 th Roman Im/ r#a! nt#t%. 6#0 ro sa9 th *an+ r.L ;#r+#! sa9 #t. 6#0 ro =/ n* * +r at orator#0a! an* !#t rar% n r+% 8#+ht#n+ #t, an* ;#r+#! 9rot th A n #* an* th 4 or+#0s?/o#nt#n+ to /#ous A n as an* th Roman 8ath rs an* to th 9a%s o8 (atur as +u#* s 8or h#s / o/! . ML (3TE.?From 6#0 ro<s L tt rs& '6ato o/t#m s nt#t, s * no0 t #nt r*um R #/u"!#0a B !o@u#tur n#m tan@uam #n R /u"!#0a P!aton#s, non tan@uam #n 8a 0 Romu!#.' (6ato th#n:s * /!%, "ut #n th m ant#m h ru#ns th Stat B 8or h s/ a:s as #n th 6ommon9 a!th o8 P!ato, not as #n th nat#on that #ssu * 8rom Romu!us.)N H.?Th r #s on!% on 9a% to * a! 9#th an* 0on1 rt /o!#t#0a! ru/t#ons #nto r a! 1a!u sB an* that #s to ha1 th man#8 st * truth o8 4o* as th r !#+#ous "as#s o8 so0# t%. That truth o8 4o* #s /r ss * u/on our s ns s, our m#n*s an* s/#r#ts "% a!! th =/r ss#ons o8 4o* (3*#n) / r0 #1a"! "% th /o9 rs o8 man. That truth #s #n th #nst#n0t (th /art o8 our Fath r7s/#r#t a!#1 9#th#n us), mo*#8# * an* r 8#n * "% our =/ r# n0 #n 8o!!o9#n+ our s/#r#t<s % arn#n+ to9ar*s our h#+h * st#n%. 7.?Th 6hr#st#an 0on* mnat#on o8 man:#n* an* o8 th 9or!*, #s a "!as/h m% a+a#nst th /o9 rs an* @ua!#t# s o8 4o*. I.?)h n th 8a!!a0# s o8 Dua!#sm, Tr#n#tar#an#sm an* *#1#s#ons ar a//ar nt an* th truth o8 th Imm *#at 7an*7L ss7Imm *#at #s s n, th n 9#th that !#+ht 9#th#n us, th > sus76hr#st#an 0!ou* 9#!! /ass a9a%. Th "as#s o8 !#1#n+ 9#!! ha1 " n / r0 #1 *. ;ar#at#on #n *ut# s, an* 1ar#at#ons #n +ar*s, / rsona!, nat#ona! an* =tra7nat#ona!, 9#!! " / r0 #1 * 1#ta! #n 4o*<s !#8 . H a1 n an* arth 9#!! to a0h oth r. 3ur 8orm o8 4o1 rnm nt 9#!! 0han+ #ts tast s, our #n*#1#*ua! an* nat#ona! 1#ta!#t% " #n+ 9ho!!% r n 9 * an* to7*a%<s 0on8us#on an* #m/ot n0 " ! 8t " h#n* us. -.?Th 8a0ts o8 th#s 9or!* at ! ast, 0annot " sort * out as nt#t# s s /arat an* *#1#s#"! #n an* a9a% 8rom a0h oth r. Th % ar * / n* nt on an* /arta: o8 a0h oth r. In th Imm *#at th#s h#nt #s 0! ar nou+h. An* th 8urth r a9a% 8rom th t m/ora! Imm *#at our =am#n#n+ =t n*s, th mor th 3n 7n ss an* 0oh r n0 #s / r0 #1a"! , an* th mor untru ar th Dua!#sm an* stat#0 *#1#s#ons s n to " . Th 3n #s th Man% #n 3n . Th Man% ma% a!t r, th 3n ma% a!t r, .+., #n th s ns#"! #mm *#at , "ut " %on* th a!t rat#on th r #s 0om/! t 1#ta! / rman n0 . An* th t rms,

'* +r s' or 'st /s,' " 0om #na* @uat an* #na//!#0a"! to * s0r#/t#on, an* !an+ua+ (ma* 0h# 8!% 8or /r s r1#n+ !#8 #n th s ns , an* * s0r#"#n+ th Imm *#at ) 0omm n0 s to 8a#! an* th n 8a#!s. Am#* th =haust#n+ +r atn ss an* 1#ta!#t% 9h#0h man ma% #n som m asur / r0 #1 , our hom !% +ar* r ma#ns. In #t 9 ma% 8#n* our r 8u+ as 9 !! as th 9a% to L#8 #mm asura"! . B% th s#m/! +u#* s 0! ar to our #nst#n0ts to our s ns s an* our m#n*s, so0# t% an* man #n so0# t% ma% 8#n* th #r /!a0 s an* tru !#1#n+. B% th 0on* mnat#on o8 a /art o8 4o*<s *oma#n ( .+., th s !8, #nst#n0t, s ns s, t0.) as un* r > sus76hr#st#an#t% 9#th #ts *#1#s#ons o8 R a!#t% #nto Earth an* H a1 n an* th !#: , #ts * n#a! o8 arth!% *#88 r n0 s an* th !#: , th r ar#s s man<s 0on8us#on, h#s sorro9s, h#s mat r#a!#sm, an* h#s * s/a#r.

TO THE WOR8ER
1.?6hr#st#an#t% t !!s %ou to !a% u/ tr asur #n th n =t 9or!*. That th#s 9or!* #s 1#! an* utt r!% * /!ora"! . It sa%s %ou must s/urn th th#n+s o8 th#s 9or!*. 3n!% thus 0an %ou " sa1 * 8rom th h !! %ou natura!!% * s r1 . C.?6hr#st#an#t% t !!s %ou not to r s#st th th# 8, an* not to r s#st 1#!. To r !% on > sus. That H a!on 0an sa1 %ou 8rom 0 rta#n h !!. That #8 %ou " !# 1 h #s th 6hr#stos an* su"m#t a"so!ut !% to h#s t a0h#n+ %ou 9#!! " sa1 * 8rom th 9rath o8 A!m#+ht% 4o*. 6hr#st#an#t% sa%s that > sus 9#!! su//!% a!! %ou n *.

Th 3*#n#st sa%s on th#s, to a / rs#st nt > sus76hr#st#an, 'As: > sus an* 8#n* out.' ..?6hr#st#an#t% 9#!! marr% %our son or *au+ht r or %our "roth r or s#st r to a ra0#a! o//os#t . It 9#!! mon+r !#D %our o88s/r#n+. It 9#!! * stro% %our ra0 . It 9#!! * stro% 0oh s#on amon+ %ou an* ma: %ou a 1#0t#m 8or th * s/o#! r. 6hr#st#an#t% * stro%s th nat#ona! nt#t% that nsur s %our =#st n0 an* !#8 . I8 an% 6hr#st#an t !!s %ou 6hr#st#an#t% *o s not m an 9hat #t sa%s, h #s t !!#n+ %ou that h#s r !#+#on #s a !# . It #s /oss#"! that h , h#s m#n* t9#st * "% > 979orsh#/, 0annot #n an% 0as / r0 #1 a !# . F.?6hr#st#an#t% 9#!! t !! %ou to " m :, 8or th n #t n0oura+#n+!% assur s %ou %ou 9#!! #nh r#t th arth. Th s 9or*s 9 r s/o: n, sa%s 6hr#st#an#t%, '"% 4o* H#ms !8.' In on 1o#0 6hr#st#an#t% thus t a0h s a man to * s/#s th arth (#n0!u*#n+ h#s #nst#n0t) an* #n anoth r "r ath #t *an+! s th arth " 8or h#m as a r 9ar* 8or h#s m :n ss an* su"m#ss#on?"ut that #s > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Dou"! 7m an#n+s ar 0hara0t r#st#0 o8 man% 6hr#st#an sa%#n+s& !#st n to a 6hr#st#an t a0h r. > sus, or an% oth r / rson, #n truth 9as not th Thor or 6hr#stos. (ot on ! arn * 0! r+%man or /r# st " !# 1 s #t. G.?> sus76hr#st#an#t% 9#!! ma: %ou a > 979orsh#// r, or !s #t 9#!! *r#1 %ou #n *#s+ust to "arr n Ath #sm an* 'Mat r#a!#sm.' S #t #n an% 0ountr% !on+ 6hr#st#an#D *. Loo: aroun* %ou an* *ra9 %our o9n 0on0!us#ons. H.?> sus76hr#st#an#t% sto! 8rom th r !#+#on o8 %our 8ath rs?th Sun*a%, th Yu! or 6hr#stmas 8 st#1a!, East r7t#* , th Sun 6ross, an* our 8ath rs< " st !o1 * 8 ast *a%s. Th n #t 9#th "raD n 88ront r%, 0!oa: * "% hum#!#t%, /#t%, an* th u/9ar* +aD , /r s nt * th m to %ou as #ts o9n.

7.?6hr#st#an#t% tau+ht that a > 9 nam * > sus 9as 4o* A!m#+ht%, that h #n th / rson o8 a man, 9as, #n 8a0t, th 6hr#stos or An+,L th h a1 n!% F#r . That > sus 9as th 1#ta! s/#r#t mo1#n+ an* / rm at#n+ a!! th#n+s. It has ma* us a nat#on o8 > 979orsh#// rs. That #s th r a! r ason 8or %our nat#on " #n+ #n th han*s o8 th > 9 an* > 9#sh m tho*s. ML (3TE.?Th 9or* 'An+' m ans 'L#+ht' or '8#r ,' an* #s 8oun* #n th 9or*s& An+!o7Sa=on, An+ ! (m ss n+ r o8 !#+ht), En+!an*, an+ r, an+u#sh, En+!#sh, #n+! , t0.N I.?Su0h 88ront r% has #n a mat r#a! 9a% /a#* th /rota+on#sts o8 6hr#st#an#t% =0 *#n+!% 9 !!. It 9#!! 0ont#nu to /a% th m t#!! th 0r ators o8 1a!u , th 9or: rs an* th #r 0h#!*r n, " 9ho!!% * "au0h * an* *# out, an* 0an " /r % * u/on no mor . 3r !s th L# 9#!! " =/os * an* / r0 #1 *.

-.?Th 9or* 6hr#st#an#t% to7*a% #s, #n 8a0t, a tra1 st% o8 th 9or* 6hr#st#an#t% as un* rstoo* " 8or th 0!a#m o8 > sus th > 9 to " th #n0arnat an* th =0!us#1 sour0 o8 th 6hr#stos, th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , t0. Th 6hr#stos (4r : 9or*) 9as th 1#ta! 8or0 or th 8#at#0 /o9 r o8 th un#1 rs . Th 9or* 6hr#st 0on1 % * th #* a o8 Po9 r7sour0 . Th 6hr#st#ans o8 to7*a% sa% > sus 9as It. 3*#n#sts sa% that su0h a stat m nt #s ru""#sh an* B!as/h m%. Lat r 6hr#stos 9as sa#* to m an 'ano#nt *.' That a!so #s hum"u+, an* a t9#st#n+ o8 truth. 1J.?Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on r +ar*s th 9or: r as a 1#0ar o8 4o*. 11.?Th 9or: r #s an =/r ss#on o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n 3*#n, an* #s a 0ontr#"utor to th 1#ta!#t% o8 4o*<s un#1 rs . 1C.?Th 3*#n#st r +ar*s #nAust#0 to th 9or: r as an #nAust#0 to 3*#n an* to 4o*. 1..?Th 9or: r shou!* ha1 a hom an* a +ar* n o8 h#s o9n, an* th !a9 shou!* /rot 0t h#m 8rom usur rs, mon %7s/#nn rs an* an% oth r 9ho 9ou!* * stro% h#s su/r m 1a!u to so0# t%, to h#s nat#on an* to 3*#n. Th 9or: r shou!* ha1 an o//ortun#t% to 0onta0t a!! thos #mm *#at truths o8 4o*<s natur n 0 ssar% 8or a san !#8 . Th#s /o#nts th 9or: r<s "roth r #n th +o1 rnm nta! s/h r to a +r at r s/ons#"#!#t%. 1F.?E1 r% a"! 7"o*# * man shou!* " a 9or: r an* 0ontr#"ut to th 1#ta!#t% o8 th nat#onB #8 h *o s not, h shou!* a* @uat !% /a% 8or h#s #*! n ss an* h#s /rot 0t#on. Un* r 6hr#st#an#t% th r 1 rs #s th 0as ?usur rs an* /aras#t s 8!our#sh, 1 n o"ta#n 'Honours' an* * 0orat#ons 9h#! th 9or: r sta++ rs un* r th +ro9#n+ !oa* o8 th m u/on h#m. 1G.?) a// a! to th 9or: r to stu*% th 3*#n#st r !#+#on. It #s hon st an* Aust. It #s not su/ rst#t#on or hum"u+. Its "as#s #s #n th !#8 h 0an / r0 #1 . It #s !o+#0a! an* r asona"! . Its 0on0!us#ons *o not 0on8!#0t 9#th o"s r1 * Truth. It *o s not 0a!! on man<s 'Fa#th' to ma: h#m " !# 1 som +rot s@u hum"u+. > sus79orsh#/ *o s. Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on 9#!! /rot 0t th 9or: r an* 8ost r h#m, not on!% 8or h#s o9n "ut 8or th nat#on<s sa: .

Th 3*#n#st r +ar*s th hum"! st 0ontr#"utor to th !#8 o8 th 9or!* as a s r1ant an* as an =/r ss#on o8 4o*, 9#th an unassa#!a"! 0!a#m to Aust#0 an* honour. 1H.?7A!! th #n1 nt#ons, a!! th !a"ours o8 man:#n* ha1 un* r 6hr#st#an#t% ma* th 9or: r a +r at r s!a1 than 1 r h 9as. Usur rs an* mon %7s/#nn rs ha1 " n th on!% / rsons to " n 8#t.

Som 9or: rs 8#!! * 9#th * s/a#r 8or Aust#0 ha1 1 n * 0#* * to +o to * s rt #s!an*s to s0a/ th h%*ra. (Som t#m s th % ma% not r a!#D that #8 th % 0arr% 9#th th m to th #s!an* th sam att#tu* to R a!#t%, th % 0arr% 9#th th m th sour0 o8 th trou"! s th % s : to s0a/ .) But th > 9s an* th usur rs 9#!! r#* on %our "a0: no mor 9h n th 3*#n#st r !#+#on 0om s. Th n our %oun+ m n an* 9om n 0an marr% an* 8u!8#! th #r * st#n%. 17.?)h n th 3*#n#st out!oo: 0om s, 9 sha!! 8 ar n #th r >a/an s , In*#an or an% oth r nat#on. ) sha!! " tru to ours !1 s, an* " stron+ / rsona!!% an* nat#ona!!% #n th 0ons0#ousn ss o8 our Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*. Th n our 1#ta!#t% sha!! r#s an* a n 9 *a% "r a:. Th n 9 sha!! 8 ar no mur* rous 8#nan0#a! o0to/us stran+!#n+ an* su0:#n+ th !#8 out o8 us, as #t *o s so 88#0# nt!% un* r th san0t#mon#ous m#asma o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%. 1I.?Th 3*#n#st out!oo: #s th 9or: r<s on!% ho/ o8 u!t#mat s 0ur#t% an* 9 !!7" #n+.

TO STUDENTS O.

OLITICS

1.?E@ua!#t% #s a !# . It #s untru #n a!! /has s o8 !#8 , /h%s#0a!, m nta! or oth r9#s . (o /o!#t#0a! s%st m "u#!t on #t 0an !#1 !on+?on!% unt#! th 1a!u s a!r a*% "u#!t u/ "% natura! !#1#n+ ar =haust * or at n u/. Th @ua!#t% /r#n0#/! #n /o!#t#0s " n 8#ts an* #n*u0 s t9o 0!ass s o8 /aras#t s?th 9ast r an* th mon %7s/#nn r or usur r?th /#t#8u! " ++ar an* th 9 a!th% * s/o#! r. Th % a0h 9ar on th 1 r *#m#n#sh#n+ 0r ators o8 1a!u s. Th /r#n0#/! o8 E@ua!#t% #s at 9ar 9#th a!! 4o*<s natur , an* #n that 9ar a!! that #s atta0h * to or * / n* nt u/on th untru /r#n0#/! 9#!! *# . Th n8or0 m nt o8 th /r#n0#/! #s a 9ar on a!! 1#ta!#t% an* h a!th. E@ua!#t% a//!# * to m n an* 9om n * stro%s th *#88 r nt#at#on o8 th natura! 1#ta! 8un0t#ons o8 a0h, 8un0t#ons *#88 r nt an* 0om/! m ntar%, an* 8un0t#ons 9h#0h #n a h a!th% /o!#t#0a! nt#t% ar not 0om/ t#t#1 . Th !#8 o8 th nat#on #s * / n* nt on th 9oman!#n ss o8 #ts 9om n an* th man!#n ss o8 #ts m n. C.?Usur% ... A s0hoo!"o% 0an sho9 "% ar#thm t#0 that usur% 9#!! 0rush a nat#on. B% usur% ( .+., O1JJ at H / r 0 nt, / r annum 8or t9 !1 % ars) mon % soon *ou"! s #ts !8. Th n #t *ou"! s #ts !8 a+a#n an* so on. Th a00umu!at#n+ * "t #s ma* a 0har+ a+a#nst th n r+# s o8 th /u"!#0. Th#s 0har+ a+a#nst th / o/! #s to7*a% 0a!! *, "% our 8#nan0#a! 9#s 7a0r s, an ass t, a /art o8 th 9 a!th o8 a nat#onB "ut that #s a !# . For #t #s a * "t, a * "t +ro9#n+ "% Pro+r ss#on #nto a +r at r +ro9#n+ * "t 9h#0h 0annot " "orn . 3n!% 8#0t#ons 0an str t0h out a !#tt! , th !#8 o8 th nat#on that a00 /ts usur% #n /r#n0#/! .

It 9#!! :#!! th nat#on sur !% nou+h. A s0hoo!"o% 0an sho9 that usur% #s on 8orm o8 * athB an* % t un#1 rs#t%7nurtur * m n, s !87 #m/ortant /ro8 ss#ona! mon %7! n* rs, #n0!u*#n+ > sus76hr#st#an 0hur0h s, ar 8or most #n th +arrot#n+ an* * "au0h#n+ o8 th nat#on "% usur%. Th 9ho! > sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur not on!% a!!o9s usur%, "ut 8ost rs #t. Th#n: o8 #ts a*mon#t#ons?B m :, r s#st not 1#!, +#1 a9a% th% 0!oa: a!so, as 9 !! as #ts *#r 0t s/ 0#8#0 t a0h#n+ on th matt r o8 '#nt r st.' Un* r usur%, 1a!u s " 0om *#stort *. F#nan0#a! ma*n ss, an* 0a/#ta!#Dat#on o8 0r *#t ta: 0har+ an* r a! 1a!u s ar r *u0 * to mon % 1a!u s an* stran+! *. Th 9ho! *#r 0t#on #s to9ar*s #mm *#at n ss an* % t mor #mm *#at n ss. D 0r as #n th "#rth7rat , on to ra0#a! =t#n0t#on, must r su!t 8rom usur%. 3n /r#0 o8 usur% #s th human "a"% an* 6hr#st#an nat#ons /a% that /r#0 ?* ath to th nat#on. Th a00umu!at#n+ "ur* n o8 usur% not on!% *#s0oura+ s th /ro0r at#on o8 0h#!*r n "ut /romot s + n ra! #mmora!#t% 0ou/! * 9#th a 0ons0#ous or su"70ons0#ous 0on1#0t#on o8 nat#ona! an* so0#a! #nsta"#!#t%. ..?Fran0#s Ba0on start * 8orth 9#th a 8!our#sh to =/oun* usur%. But th +r at man som t#m s stoo* u/ 1#+orous!% on!% to s#t *o9n a+a#n. It 9ou!* s m that h 9as not a!#1 to th Imm *#at 7an*7th 7 L ss7Imm *#at m tho* o8 !oo:#n+ at /ro"! ms o8 th#s :#n*, .+., that usur% #n 1ar%#n+ m asur m#+ht " 0orr 0t " %on* a 0 rta#n 8 atur , .+., " %on* th am"#t o8 Sa8 #n1 stm nt. F.?P o/! 9hos mon % #s h !* sa8 !% shou!* not r 0 #1 #nt r st or usur%. 3n!% r#s:% !oans shou!* " a!!o9 * to " ar #nt r st or usur%, an* a *u!% 0onst#tut * 0ourt 0ou!* * t rm#n 9hat !oan #s r#s:% an* a//ro/r#at 8or /a%#n+ #nt r st #n th 0#r0umstan0 s, an* 9#th *u r +ar* to th 9 !8ar o8 th nat#on. A "o*% o8 @u#ta"! 0as 7!a9 9ou!* soon ar#s to +u#* so0# t%, #8 /r#n0#/! s, o//os#n+ usur% 9 r 0onn 0t * 9#th th r !#+#on o8 so0# t%. Th > sus76hr#st#an 'R s#st7not7 1#!' att#tu* o8 to7*a%, su//ort * on #ts 0on1 rs s#* "% th /o9 r o8 th !a9, "as * on /art o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t% n8or0#n+ usur% u/on us, n0om/ass s a nat#ona! mur* r. G.?A +o1 rnm nt shou!* a#m at /r s r1#n+ or atta#n#n+ th +r at st 1#ta!#t% o8 #ts / o/! #n*#1#*ua!!% an* nat#ona!!%. (o / rson an* no +rou/ o8 / rsons shou!* " a!!o9 * to =/!o#t th nat#on. Th nat#on #s th sa0r * 1#ta!#t% 0om"#n#n+ a!! th ! ss r 1#ta!#t# s 9#th#n #t. Th *ut% o8 th 4o1 rnm nt #s th +uar*#n+ an* 8ost r#n+ th nat#on. )#th no nat#on or 9#th a 9 a: or 0on8us * nat#on, th r #s no s 0ur#t% o8 !#8 8or th #n*#1#*ua! an* h#s =/r ss#ons, #n*#1#*ua! or 0or/orat , an* 8urth r, th r #s no a//ro/r#at r s r1o#r o8 +r at r 1#ta!#t% to *ra9 u/on, no 8#rm "as#s 8or a 0or/orat =/r ss#on to stan* u/on. Th mor 1#ta! that th =/r ss#ons 9#th#n a nat#on ar , th mor 1#ta! #s th nat#on an* th =/r ss#ons 0an on!% " 1#ta! "% r 0o+n#D#n+ a0h oth r an* r 0o+n#D#n+ an* honour#n+ th nat#on 9h#0h #n th#s as/ 0t #s th sour0 an* su//ort o8 th #r =#st n0 . Th nat#on an* #ts :#n #s th r /r s ntat#1 o8 th sa0r * Fath r7s/#r#t. That 9h#0h ma: s 8or !#8 #n th 9#* st7s ns 7that7man70an70om/r h n* shou!* " th +o1 rnm nt<s a#m 9#th#n #ts s/h r , an* #ts 1#s#on shou!* a!9a%s " +u#* * "% 0ont m/!at#on o8 3*#n an* H#s man#8 stat#ons, an* a//r 0#at#on o8 th s/ 0#a! s/h r #n 3*#n #n 9h#0h #t, th 4o1 rnm nt, 8un0t#ons. H.?Th a"o1 s/ 0#a! r 8 r n0 0on0 rn#n+ Usur% an* E@ua!#t% ar ma* m r !% #n r s/ 0t o8 t9o /has s o8 our /r s nt *#str ss un* r 6hr#st#an#t%. Th s t9o 8orms o8 *#str ss #n th !ast ana!%s#s

ar#s 8rom our "!#n*n ss to th truth o8 4o*<s man#8 stat#ons to man. Tr atm nt #n * ta#! o8 th s /has s o8 a * ath7/ro*u0#n+ att#tu* to r a!#t%, or th m tho* o8 * a!#n+ 9#th th m #s not h r att m/t *. 7.?A 4o1 rnm nt shou!* not " a > 97or7oth r7a!# n79orsh#//#n+ #nst#tut#on, r !#+#ous!% or #n an% oth r 9a%. To : / th nat#on 0oh s#1 or to /r s r1 th nat#on as an nt#t%, #t must " nat#ona!!% 0ons0#ous. B!oo* an* tra*#t#on must " #ts 9at0h9or*s, an* th Fath r7s/#r#t #n Thor 1 r " 8or #t. A 4o1 rnm nt shou!* " 0ons0#ous o8 #ts o9n s/ 0#a! 8un0t#on #n th nat#on<s an* #n 3*#n<s !#8 , an* 0ons0#ous o8 #ts *ut%, not on!% to #ts !8 an* #ts / o/! , "ut to nat#ons a:#n to #t, =t n*#n+ out9ar*s to th !#m#ts o8 #ts /o9 rs o8 un* rstan*#n+ an* 0a/a0#t%. Unt#! #t #s 9ho! som #n #ts !8 #t 0annot " 1 r% h !/8u! to #ts o9n / o/! or to nat#ons a:#n to #t, an* mu0h ! ss so to th 9or!* at !ar+ . I.?A +o1 rnm nt 9hos =#st n0 * / n*s on man#/u!at#on o8 #ts / o/! , or 9h#0h !oo:s u/on #ts / o/! as m r su"A 0ts 8or man#/u!at#on, #s *oom *. It :#!!s th 1#ta!#t% an* th *#+n#t% o8 th #n*#1#*ua! an* o8 th nat#on 9h#0h #s th on!% / rman nt "as#s o8 th 4o1 rnm nt<s =#st n0 . Su0h an att#tu* , too, #s untru 9#th th 1#ta!#t% o8 4o*<s man#8 st * 9or*. 4o* an* h#s /o9 rs ar #n th 9or!* an* th a88a#rs o8 man. H #s not on!% our Fath r ')ho art #n H a1 n.' H #s not on!% a man#/u!ator o8 us as > sus76hr#st#an#t% #n*#0at s. H #s h r on th Earth 9#th#n us an* at han*. 3ur nat#on #s an =/r ss#on o8 4o*<s 8#at#0 /o9 r =/r ss * throu+h th Thor. > sus76hr#st#an#t% #n #ts r !at#on 9#th R a!#t% r so!1 s th nat#ona! s/#r#t #nto 'mat r#a!#sm.' L#: So0rat s7P!ato #t #+nor s, or 0annot s or 0on* mns th #n*9 !!#n+ s/#r#t. It * stro%s th nat#on, 9h#0h #s th "u!9ar: o8 #n*#1#*ua! an* 0ommuna! 1#ta!#t%. It "r#n+s th #n*#1#*ua! an* th * 1#ta!#D * na: * nat#on un* r th *om#nat#on o8 non7> sus76hr#st#ans. It * !#1 rs th / o/! to th man#/u!ator an* th * stro% r?un*#!ut * Bo!sh 1#sm, an* 0ontro! "% > 9#sh /o9 r. Thus th * 1ot s o8 > sus7 6hr#st#an#t% ar 0arr# * on9ar* #n th 8ata! 0ours . A +o1 rnm nt un* r 6hr#st#an#t% *o s at !ast " 0om a m r man#/u!ator, a /oor, *r#""!#n+ 1 n #8 0unn#n+, th#n+ / rm#tt#n+ an* 1 n #n1#t#n+ 0orru/t#on an* #nAust#0 . Un* r #t th / o/! " 0om * 1#ta!#D * s!a1 s, s !8! ss an* mat r#a!#D * on to * ath. -.?An #n*#1#*ua! m#+ht 9#th a*1anta+ 0ons#* r th att#tu* #n*#0at * "% th 8o!!o9#n+ !#n s&? 'M% 8o!: ar +r at r than I, M% Ra0 #s +r at r than I, Truth #s +r at r than I, ( 1 rth ! ss, I am o8 a!! o8 th m.' 1J.?As soon as a nat#on 0omm n0 s to " untru to #ts !8, untru to #ts nat#ona! #nst#n0t, untru to #ts tra*#t#ons, untru to or 8or+ t8u! o8 #ts o9n s/#r#t, #t 0omm n0 s to *# , #t !os s 0ons0#ousn ss o8 #ts o9n sour0 o8 " #n+. In su0h 0as , #t 9#!! *# , no matt r ho9 +r at #ts mat r#a! /oss ss#ons, armam nts or oth r, ma% " 0om . A nat#on must "u#!* on th 8oun*at#on o8 #ts o9n tra*#t#ons, on #ts o9n s/#r#t, an* not on th tra*#t#ons an* s/#r#t o8 anoth r nat#on, .+., > 9#sh. An #n*#1#*ua! a!so r ason, "as * on =tra7s ns#"! . H 0on* mn#n+ h#ms #n or* r to atta#n to h#s " st /oss#"! h #+hts must " tru to h#s o9n #nst#n0t an* =/ r# n0 o8 h#ms !8 an* h#s o9n, an* on h#s 0onta0ts 9#th 3*#n, s ns#"! an* 0an on!% "u#!* 9 !! on 9hat #s 9#th#n h#m, or / rson#8# * #n h#m, not "% !8 an* tr%#n+ to " som on !s . So #t #s 9#th a nat#on.

11.?> sus76hr#st#an#t% 0on* mns th s/#r#t o8 a nat#on (as #t 0on* mns th s/#r#t o8 a man) an* /o#nts to th 9orsh#/ o8 an a!# n (> 9#sh) s/#r#t an* an a!# n 'Ho!% Lan*' an* th !#: .

Th mor tru!% a man<s or a nat#on<s "r *#n+ #s #n a00or* 9#th an* #s r /r s ntat#1 o8 h#s #mm *#at Fath r7s/#r#t, th mor tru!% an* 1#ta!!% 9#!! h an* #t !#1 #n th#s T#m 7s/h r o8 =#st n0 an* " %on* #t. From 0! ar r 0ons0#ousn ss o8 th Fath r7s/#r#t #n Thor (or 6hr#stos) #n th m, a man or a nat#on, #s th mor 0a/a"! o8 " #n+ a 1 h#0! 8or th =/r ss#on o8 h#s Fath r an* o8 oth r /o9 rs #n 4o*, a!! 9h#0h :no9 an* ar :no9n "% h#s Fath r. I8 a nat#on #s *u/ * an* ! * a9a% 8rom :no9! *+ o8 #ts Fath r7s/#r#t, #t 9#!! *# , 8or #t " 0om s us ! ss as an =/r ss#on o8 th For0 9hos t m/ora! r /r s ntat#1 #t #s. I8 a man or a nat#on #s "a*!% "r *, or #8 #t #s o1 r7 n0um" r * "% oth r "r *s, #t " 0om s #n0a/a"! o8 =/r ss#n+ 0! ar!% #ts Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*, or an%th#n+ o8 th s/#r#tua! / rman nt. Mon+r !#sm an* "a* "r *#n+ ma: s a nat#on ! ss a"! to =/r ss th s/#r#tua!?#t ma: s #t '0oars ' an* a!so #n* t rm#nat an* #t *r#8ts to9ar*s 0haos an* * ath. Th mon+r !#sm o8 4r 0 an* Rom an* o8 oth r nat#ons 9as 0ont m/oran ous 9#th th #r * 0a%. 6 rta#n +r at m n #n thos 0ountr# s to7*a% ar * s/ rat !% str#1#n+ to r m *% th tra+#0 rrors o8 th /ast. As our 0u!tur has tau+ht us to 8or+ t our tra*#t#ons an* our Fath r7s/#r#t, an* to " > 97 9orsh#// rs, so has s/#r#tua! an* 0ons @u nt#a! oth r * 0a% s t #n, 0ont m/oran ous 9#th th !o+#0a!!% #n 1#ta"! +ro9#n+ 0ontro! o8 our * st#n% "% > 9s. > 9#sh 0ontro! #s a n 0 ssar% r su!t o8 our nat#ona! r !#+#on, > sus76hr#st#an#t% 9#th #ts > 979orsh#/ an* S !87r nun0#at#on. Un* r to7*a%<s t%/ o8 4o1 rnm nt, #t #s / rha/s not sur/r#s#n+ that th #n*#1#*ua!s 0om/r#s#n+ #t, harr% an* 1 n mur* r thos 9ho 9ou!* =/os #ts "as s. 1C.?A +o1 rnm nt 0an on!% " a +oo* on 9h n #t #s "as * on th truths o8 4o* 0! ar!% man#8 st * to th /o9 rs o8 man as 0on*u0#1 to th 1#ta!#t% o8 man. An% oth r 8orm o8 +o1 rnm nt 0onnot s a *#sr +ar* an* an #+noran0 o8 4o*, an* 1 n a "!as/h m% a+a#nst H#m.

BREVITIES
3n o8 th 0h# 8 sour0 s o8 man<s trou"! s ar#s 8rom h#s att m/t to =/r ss #n 8#= * t rms som th#n+ 9h#0h ma% not " so =/r ss *. LLLL 6ons#* r& 'R n* r unto 6a sar th th#n+s that ar 6a sar<s an* unto 4o* th th#n+s that ar 4o*<s.' '3ur Fath r 9h#0h art #n h a1 n ...' t s#m#!#a. )hat a 0on8us#on th r #s #n th s t9o stat m nts o8 out!oo:2 Ar not 6a sar<s th#n+s 4o*<s th#n+sE Do s not 4o* 0ar 8or th 9or!*E Is th 9or!* not H#sE Is H not 0onn 0t * 9#th #tE 3r #n #tE

Is 4o*<s s/h r *#88 r nt an* un0onn 0t * 9#th 6a sar<s s/h r E Th > sus76hr#st#an 9ou!* sa% that #t #s. )hat "!as/h m% #s #nh r nt #n that sa%#n+2 )hat a 0on* mnat#on o8 th on s/h r o8 4o* an* th n, !o+#0a!!% a!so, o8 th oth rE '3ur Fath r 9h#0h ar #n H a1 n2' ... Is not 4o* h r #n th 9or!*E 'Th% 9#!! " *on #n arth as #t #s #n H a1 n,' t0. ... Is arth " %on* 4o*<s 9#!! =0 /t as a man#/u!atorE > sus76hr#st#an#t% sa%s so. Is 4o* m r !% man#/u!at#n+ or #s h m r !% 0a/a"! o8 man#/u!at#n+ th th#n+s o8 th 9or!*E )hat a !#m#tat#on on H#s /o9 r an* " #n+2 ( 1 rth ! ss th #* as o8 man#/u!at#on an* !#m#tat#on ar #n 1#ta"!% 0onnot * "% th > sus76hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o*. Th 1#0#ous man#/u!at#on #* a #s at !ast #n a!! =/r ss#ons, '+o1 rnm nta! an* oth r,' o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Th 'Lor*<s Pra% r' 9h n ana!%s * /r s nts th#s "!as/h m%?nam !%, a 0on* mnat#on o8 4o*<s 9or!* an* a !o+#0a! 0on* mnat#on o8 4o*, 0!oa: * 9#th a /s u*o san0t#t% o8 1 r"a! =/r ss#on. It /r s nts a 0on* mnat#on o8 man, an* so #nh r nt!% #n th#s a!so #s a 0on* mnat#on o8 h#s Fath r70r ator #n 4o*, an* a 0on* mnat#on at !ast o8 4o* A!m#+ht%, th 4r at 3n h r an* " %on* th * /s. Th#n: #t o1 r an* s to 9hat > sus76hr#st#an#t% has ! * us. (o 9on* r our t#r * an=#ous 9or!* s :s a n 9 or# ntat#on to 4o*. > sus76hr#st#an#t% not on!% *o s not m t th n * o8 manB "ut #t 9ars on our 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o*, #t 9ars on 1#ta!#t% an* !#8 . LLLL I8 th r #s no > sus to sa1 th m, #t 9#!! " 1 r% un8ortunat 8or som o8 h#s 8o!!o9 rs. Th % 9#!! n * mu0h sa!1at#on an* 8or+#1 n ss 8or th #r 1#!, +r *% an* * stru0t#1 ha"#ts. > sus #s th #r on!% ho/ . Th % *o not 9ant >ust#0 , th % *o not 9ant to /a% "a0:. 3h no, th % 9ant For+#1 n ss. Th % 9ant to " sa1 * 8rom s#ns. Th % 9#!! "! ss h#s7to7th m Ho!% nam an* ho/ to " r 0 #1 * #nto th /r s n0 o8 4o* th Fath r throu+h a0:no9! *+#n+ that a > 9 #n Pa! st#n 1-JJ o** % ars a+o 9as th 6hr#stos or 4o*<s on!% " +ott n son. Fa#th2 )hat a s#m/! s0h m . An* 9hat an st#mat o8 4o* A!m#+ht% #s 0onnot * "% su0h an #* a. But #t ma% " 1 r% a9:9ar* 8or thos amon+ h#s 8o!!o9 rs to 8#n* that > sus, as 4o* or 6hr#stos, #s m r !% a t m/ora!!% * 1#s * s0a/ 8rom a 8a!s /h#!oso/h#0a! out!oo:B an #n1 nt#on an* @u#t 1a!u ! ss as a 0!oa: 8or 1#!. LLLL Th hon st man, so th > sus76hr#st#an t a0h s, 9ho * s/#s s th > sus76hr#st#an * /ra1#t# s an* r !#+#on, 9#!! s#DD! #n h !! an* su88 r 8or 1 r th tortur s o8 th *amn *. H 9#!! " harr# * too, "% n1% an* 0ha+r#n (n 9 mot#ons 8or h#m) as h s s a8ar th *#shon st, th mur* r rs an* th hat rs o8 man:#n* 9ho at * ath a0:no9! *+ * > sus as 4o*, 9a!:#n+ a"out #n H a1 n 9#th Fath r 4o*, H#s 3n!% Son, > sus, an* th h a1 n!% host. A > sus76hr#st#an /#0tur . LLLL Th ur+ u/on som / o/! to /r s nt th 6hr#stos (or Thor) as a man, > sus or oth r, #s th ur+ o8 #*o!atr%. It #s o8 th sam * /ra1#t% as th s tt#n+ u/ o8 #*o!s. It #s a /ur "!as/h m% 0arr%#n+ 9#th #t th r su!t o8 "!as/h m%? 1 ntua! * ath. Th 9orsh#/ o8 > sus, as th 6hr#stos, has o"s0ur * th r a! 6hr#stos 8rom m n<s 0ons0#ousn ss.

LLLL Th att#tu* o8 Fata!#sm #s on!% Aust#8# * #n r s/ 0t o8 matt rs " %on* man<s 0a/a0#t%, .+., th mo1 m nt o8 th sun or th t#* . Th +r at /o9 rs " %on* ma% ha1 th #r #n8!u n0 #n th#n+s most #mm *#at to man, "ut % t th r r ma#ns 8or man h#s s/h r #n 3*#n, th n +! 0t o8 9h#0h "% h#m #s a s#n, #. ., #t "r#n+s * ath. To that o8 R a!#t% most 1#ta!!% / r0 #1a"! "% h#m h o9 s h#s h#+h st *ut%. Th /r#n0#/! o8 th Imm *#at 7an*7L ssPImm *#at h r a//!# s. )#th#n th am"#t o8 man<s +ar* an* 9#th#n th 1ar#a"! =t nt o8 man<s 0a/a0#t% #n #t, Fata!#sm " 0om s a s#n. LLLL )h n 9ar 9as a1o#* * !at !%, man% o8 our Br#t#sh m m" rs o8 Par!#am nt =/r ss * th #r r !# 8 "% "urst#n+ #nto h%st r#0a! 9 /#n+. Su0h ! a* rs ar as t%/#0a! /ro*u0ts o8 our * mo0ra0% an* our 0u!tura! *#r 0t#on as thos m m" rs 9ho rush * o88 to "u% u/ * /r 0#at * Shar s on th Sto0: mar: t. So0rat s< att#tu* to R a!#t% man#8 st * #ts !8 amon+ h#s 8o!!o9 rs #n as man% 9arr#n+ r !#+#ous s 0ts as *o s #ts o88s/r#n+ an* r !at#1 , > sus76hr#st#an#t%. LLLL Th t 0hn#@u o8 th 6hr#st#an atta0: #s&? 1. P rsua* a / rson (or 0ommun#t%) h #s *amn *. C. Th n o88 r a r m *% or s0a/ . .. Th n @uot th /r#0 ?S !87R nun0#at#on an* Su"m#ss#on, /!us > 979orsh#/. (Th Ir#shman, 3#s#n<s 0omm ntar% on 'Sa#nt' Patr#0: #s #nt r st#n+ on th#s /o#nt.) LLLL Man un* r+o s a /ro0 ss o8 "#rth *ur#n+ a!! h#s !#8 . LLLL T#m ta: s on a *#88 r nt m an#n+ 8or a nat#on than #t has 8or a man, a un#t o8 that nat#on. A 0om/r h ns#on o8 th !#8 o8 a man m r !% /o#nts to9ar*s, "ut *o s not #n0!u* , a 0om/r h ns#on o8 th !#8 o8 a nat#on. Furth r, a man 0an *o !#tt! mor than 0om/r h n* a /o#nt #n h#s o9n !#8 . Usua!!% 1 n th n h o8t n 0om/r h n*s #t on!% #n #mm *#at t rms, .+., h #+ht, 9 #+ht, n ar7t#m , 0o!our or th !#: . H r" rt S/ n0 r<s 0om/ar#son o8 a man 9#th a nat#on #n th#s, ho9 1 r 1a!ua"! , #s #n som m asur m#s! a*#n+. Th @ua!#t# s o8 a man ar =t n* * #n h#s nat#on an* ma* mor 0om/! = an* 1#ta!. A nat#on, 8or #nstan0 , #n r s/ 0t o8 th ! n+th o8 #ts !#8 #s not su"A 0t to th sam !a9s #n T#m as a man #s, .+., #n th natur o8 th r n 9a! o8 th /arts o8 th nt#t%. LLLL In th ( ar as 9 !! as #n th Far, ar , 8or 1 r% man, /ath9a%s "% 9h#0h h ma% tra1 ! to9ar* th hom h#s * / st #nst#n0t s :s, th hom 0on0 rn#n+ 9h#0h h#s most 0ons0#ous #mm *#at :no9s th ! ast. Th stru++! 8or truth8u!n ss #s #ts !8 a : % to 1#ta!#t%.

LLLL Bo'&$!)i&*90 1.?6hr#st#an#t% r so!1 s #n #ts 0onta0ts 9#th th 1#ta!#t% o8 R a!#t%, #nto > 979orsh#/, S !87 R nun0#at#on, mat r#a!#sm an* Bo!sh 1#sm?an* a!! th 0ons @u n0 s o8 an a00 /t * !# . It 0arr# s #ts 8o!!o9 rs 9#th #t on #ts 0ours . It #s on!% /ath t#0 to s man s :#n+ to o//os th o"1#ous 0haos o8 Bo!sh 1#sm "% m/has#D#n+ > sus76hr#st#an#t%. For th on #s #nh r nt #n th oth r. S%iritu#'i&*90 1.?6on8us * an* n ar!% ma** n * "% th 0ons @u n0 s o8 th 4r at L# #n th 9or!* n ar st th m, som / o/! s/ n* th #r t#m #n s ar0h#n+ an* tr%#n+ to !#1 #n th S/#r#t 9or!*, a s/h r outs#* th #r 0a/a0#t# s an* th #r *ut# s. Thus th % 9 a: n th #r str n+th, a"us th #r m#n*s an* n +! 0t th #r 4o*7+#1 n +ar*s #n th#s 9or!*. C$ri&ti#n Sci!nti&t&90 1.?Th '6hr#st#an S0# nt#st' has to r 8us to " !# 1 #n a r s#st#n+ 8or0 . H 0annot h !/ s #n+ E1#!, "ut must r 8us to " !# 1 that th 1#! or r s#st#n+ a0t#1 or /ass#1 8or0 =#sts, 1 n #8 su0h a 0ours *r#1 s h#m 0ran:% or :#!!s h#m? Th tru st 8o!!o9 rs o8 '6hr#st#an S0# n0 ' ar thos o8 th m 9ho =0!u* s ns 7/ r0 /t#on an* s ns 7 =/ r# n0 th most. In oth r 9or*s?Th % 0on* mn a!! th s ns s 9h#0h 4o* has +#1 n to man, an* 0on* mn th man#8 stat#ons o8 4o* to man, an* so "% !o+#0a! n 0 ss#t%, un/ r0 #1 * "% man% o8 th m, #m/!#0#t!% 0on* mn A!m#+ht% 4o*. LLLL In th > sus76hr#st#ans< Ho!% B#"! , amon+ mu0h s#m#!ar, #s (#n >u*+ s III., 1G7C1) th 8o!!o9#n+ su00#n0t r 0or* o8 a sa#nt&? 'An* Ehu* sa#*, I ha1 a s 0r t rran* unto th an* Ehu* thrust th *a++ r #nto h#s " !!%.' , 3 5#n+B I ha1 a m ssa+ 8rom 4o* unto th ,

It ma% " not * that r 1 r * 6hr#st#an ! a* rs !#: 6ar*#na! ( 9man, 6har! s 5#n+s! %, an* S0ott 0an s9a!!o9 a mors ! !#: that @u#t as#!% an* 8 ! hum"!% +rat 8u!. Ho9 that s nt#m nt has " a9 2 n =t n* * an* /oor 4o*7s : rs tau+ht to h ar #t 9#th o" #san0 an*

LLLL It #s +oo* to s/ n* t#m on th#n+s * / r #n 4o* than th #mm *#at , 8or th #mm *#at an* ! ss7 #mm *#at #nt r/r t a0h oth r, an* th 8#rst *o s not =#st 9#thout th oth r. Th ! arn#n+ 8rom th#n+s n ar #s mor h a!th%, than ! arn#n+ 8rom th#n+s 8ar, 9h#0h 8rom our !a0: o8 0! ar :no9! *+ o8 th m, ar th mor unr !#a"! . Furth r, th 0on0 ntrat#on "% s/#r#tua!#sts on th s/#r#t 9or!* ma% as#!% " * ro+ator% to th #r / r8orm#n+ th #r 4o*7+#1 n trust #n T#m , an* th !os#n+ o8 th #r o//ortun#t% to r a/ 8rom th har1 st /!a0 * #mm *#at !% " 8or th m. LLLL

Ha1 %ou r ason * 9#th a 6hr#st#anE Ha1 %ou ann#h#!at * h#s ar+um ntE Ha1 %ou th n h ar* h#m turn as#* to a *#88 r nt matt rE Ha1 %ou h ar* h#m t !! a !# to 0!ou* th #ssu E Ha1 %ou h ar* h#m sa%& '3h, "ut #t *o s not m an that'B 'You shou!* r a* th or#+#na! 4r :'B t0. Has h ta: n r 8u+ 9#th& '3h, %ou *o not un* rstan*' or s#m#!arE Ha1 %ou to!* h#m to turn th oth r 0h :E Ha1 %ou s n h#m s#+h an* ' % th "!u 'E Ha1 %ou h ar* h#m 9#th 8!am#n+ % an* /ass#onat + stur , 9h#s/ r an* shout h#s 0r *E Ha1 %ou / r0 #1 * th utt r 0on8us#on o8 h#s m#n*E I8 so, %ou ha1 ha* a mo1#n+ =/ r# n0 8or %ou /ro"a"!% ha1 s th on!% 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o* that h :no9s. n a man * s/ rat !% 0!#n+#n+ to

You 9#!! ha1 ! arn * a!so som th#n+ o8 human natur , an* / rha/s a *ut% 9#!! " r 1 a! * to %ou. LLLL Th ;#:#n+s ma% a+a#n #n1a* En+!an*, or a / o/! , 8r 8rom th > 976hr#st#an#t%, ma% som *a% a+a#n 0om an* 8#+ht an* * 8 at th En+!#sh. Th on0 +r at En+!#sh, >u*a#D *, mat r#a!#st#0 an* /aras#t#0a! on th on han*, an* /aras#t 7"#tt n on th oth r, out o8 tou0h 9#th r a!#t%, not :no9#n+ that 9h#0h #s tru , 0annot stan*. 3ur nat#on to7*a% on!% /r t n*s to ha1 thos @ua!#t# s #t ou+ht to ha1 ... Pr t n0 / rm at s an* stu!t#8# s our !#1 s, ho9 1 r su00 ss8u! #t a// ars un* r > sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur . Pr t n0 #s no su"st#tut 8or th r a!. Th "as#s o8 our > 979orsh#//#n+ so0# t% has " 0om /a#nt * rott nn ss. 3n!% "% 0han+#n+ that "as#s 0an th En+!#sh !#1 . To7*a% th % ar *r#8t#n+ to th sam 0on*#t#ons un* r 6hr#st#an#t% 9h#0h #n1#t * #n1as#on #n th Gth 0 ntur%, th Ith 0 ntur% an* th !!th 0 ntur%, an* 9h#0h ma* n 0 ssar% th R na#ssan0 h !/ * 8or9ar* "% th 8ar7s #n+ Thomas 6rom9 !!. LLLL I8 an* 9h n 9 ar o1 r9h !m * "% th >a/an s , 6h#n s or In*#ans, or oth rs, th 3*#n#sts 9#!! /r s r1 our Br#t#sh ra0 . Th Br#t#sh 6hr#st#ans 9#!! #nt r7marr% 9#th th 0on@u r#n+ a!# n an* " tra#tors to th #r ra0 , 8or " #n+ > sus76hr#st#ans, ra0 #s noth#n+ to th m. Th Br#t#sh 6hr#st#an 9#!! th n tr% to s *u0 th Br#t#sh 3*#n#sts 8rom !o%a!t% to th #r ra0 ?th 3*#n#st 9om n 8#rst. Th 3*#n#sts amon+ our / o/! , #n su0h *#s+ra0 8u! 1 nt, 9#!! #n t#m r stor our ra0 so that #t ma% 8u!8#! #ts 4o*7+#1 n * st#n% #n th 9or!*. LLLL Th 0u!tur 9 ar un* r, or rath r th For0 =/r ss#n+ that 0u!tur , *o s "% #ts * 0! ns#1 #m/u!s t n* to t m/ora!#D #n t rms o8 #mm *#a0% an* * ath man an* a!! h 0an :no9? 1 n on to a 't9#!#+ht o8 th 4o*s,' a t9#!#+ht 9h#0h our #nst#n0ts an* r asons n 1 rth ! ss 8#n* to " th /r 0ursor o8 a n 9 *a%. E1 n #8 th :no9#n+ o8 th For0 9 r our on!% 8orm o8 mast r% o1 r #t, th n that :no9#n+ +#1 s us 0ons0#ousn ss o8 :#nsh#/ 9#th th an+ !s, 0ons0#ousn ss o8 /art#0#/at#on #n /r s nt, /ast an* 8utur . LLLL Th 3*#n#st a!9a%s has 4o* 9#th h#m, 9#th#n h#m an* 9#thout h#m, a00or*#n+ to h#s / r0 /t#on an*

h#s n *. H 0an :no9 th 1#* n0 o8 H#m #n th *a%7t#m an* 1 n #n th *ar:n ss. H#s s/#r#t r s/on*s to that :no9! *+ . An* 9h n h #s #n =tr m#s, 9h n h 0an s , h ar an* 8 ! noth#n+, h :no9s h#s 8ath r #s #n an* 9#th h#m, an* 1 n 9h n h 0an :no9 noth#n+, th s/#r#t r ma#ns @u# s0 nt or stunn * #n h#s "o*% as h#s !#8 , r a*% to =/r ss #ts !8 a+a#n. LLLL L t us 8or a 9h#! /ass o1 r th a00ount or '/ro/h 0%' #ns rt * #n Isa#ah (6.G.) that th a// aran0 o8 > sus 9as !#: a root #n *r% +roun*, that h ha* no 8orm, an* no " aut% an* 9as r /u!s#1 !oo:#n+ ... L t us /ass o1 r th h%mns to > sus as th Pr#n0 o8 P a0 , th 5#n+ o8 Lo1 ... L t us /ass o1 r th / a!#n+ o8 th or+an, th 1 stm nts an* th r +a!#a ... L t us /ass o1 r th h%st r#a o8 th9art * sou!s ... L t us h ar th su00#n0t stat m nt o8 > sus h#ms !8 on h#s a#ms (Matth 9 6. 1J, ;. .F). > sus sa#*& 'Th#n: not that I am 0om to s n* / a0 on arth, I 0am not to s n* / a0 , "ut a s9or*. For I am 0om to s t a man at 1ar#an0 a+a#nst h#s 8ath r, an* th *au+ht r a+a#nst h r moth r, an* th *au+ht r7#n7!a9 a+a#nst h r moth r7#n7!a9. An* a man<s 8o s sha!! " th % o8 h#s o9n hous ho!*.' An* (Lu: 6. 1C, ;. G17G.)& 'Su//os % that I am 0om to +#1 / a0 on arthE I t !! %ou, (a%B "ut rath r *#1#s#onB 8or 8rom h n0 8orth th r sha!! " 8#1 #n on hous *#1#* *, thr a+a#nst t9o, an* t9o a+a#nst thr . Th 8ath r sha!! " *#1#* * a+a#nst th son, an* th son a+a#nst th 8ath rB th moth r a+a#nst th *au+ht r, an* th *au+ht r a+a#nst th moth rB th moth r7#n7!a9 a+a#nst h r *au+ht r7#n7!a9, an* th *au+ht r7#n7!a9 a+a#nst h r moth r7#n7!a9.' An* (Lu: 6. 1F, ;. CH)& 'I8 an% man 0om to m , an* hat not h#s 8ath r, an* moth r, an* 9#8 , an* 0h#!*r n, an* "r thr n, an* s#st rs, % a, an* h#s o9n7!#8 a!so, h 0annot " m% *#s0#/! .' Thos ar th 9or*s o8 > sus, th B! ss * Sa1#our o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%, th 6om8ort r, th P a0 7 ma: r, th /att rn 8or man:#n*. 6ou!* 0%n#0#sm " mor na: *E ... Has an% > sus79orsh#// r th 88ront r% to tr% to 9r#++! "% sa%#n+& 'Ah, "ut %ou shou!* s or#+#na! 4r :,' or 'Ah, %ou *o not un* rstan*,' or s#m#!ar. Ans9 r& Y s, h has. th

Th 3*#n#st /r 8 rs to 9orsh#/ 3*#n (that o8 th 4r at 3n 9h#0h man 0an :no9) an* to r 1 r Ba!*ur th B aut#8u! as th / r8 0t man ... But th n 9 *a% #s a//roa0h#n+. LLLL 6ons#* r th#s mors ! amon+ man% u!t#mat !% s#m#!ar ... > sus sa#* (Lu: 6. 1H, ;. -)& 'An* I sa% unto %ou, Ma: %ours !1 s 8r# n*s o8 th mammon o8 unr#+ht ousn ssB that 9h n % 8a#!, th % ma% r 0 #1 %ou #nto 1 r!ast#n+ ha"#tat#ons.' LLLL 6ons#* r 0on0 rn#n+ > sus76hr#st#an#t%& Broth rhoo* o8 Man, E@ua!#t%, A!! th Sam , A// aran0 , #s I!!us#on, an* oth r 6hr#st#an *#0ta? M n* !, th s0# nt#8#0 mon:, not * th /rot st o8 (atur a+a#nst mon+r !#sm. H sho9s ho9 th o88s/r#n+ o8 *#88 r nt ra0#a! "r *s t n* * to *#1#* out #nto th or#+#na! /ar nta! t%/ s.

6ommon =/ r# n0 a!so sho9s (atur <s /rot st a+a#nst 0 rta#n mat#n+, #n that th o88s/r#n+ o8 unnatura!!% mat * an#ma!s ar + n ra!!% st r#! . (atur /rot sts #n oth r 9a%s a+a#nst unnatura! s =ua! mat#n+. Th o88s/r#n+ o8 human ra0#a! o//os#t s ar o8t n 0hara0t r! ss, *#r 0t#on! ss, an* #n 1ar%#n+ * +r su88 r an* ar !#: !% to * tra0t 8rom th h a!th an* 1#ta!#t% o8 #th r nat#on to 9h#0h th % 0!#n+. Anoth r /rot st o8 (atur #s sho9n #n th a// aran0 o8 *#s as 9h n ra0#a! o//os#t s ha1 s =7 r !at#ons. Su0h *#s as 0an " transm#tt * s =ua!!%, rar !% oth r9#s , to 0onta0ts. To7*a% un* r So0rat#an7> sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur , s0# nt#sts an* *o0tors *o not :no9, an* 0an s0ar0 !% 8#n* out ho9 or 9h% th s *#s as s o00ur. Som *a% #t 9#!! " mor r a!#D * amon+ s0# nt#sts that ana!%s#s, #. ., th D#1#s#ona! m tho*, #s not a* @uat 8or 8#n*#n+ truth " %on* a 0 rta#n am"#t, an* #s o8 r 0 *#n+ 1a!u as #t mo1 s 8rom th Imm *#at . Th a//roa0h to :no9! *+ , must " a!so 8rom th s/#r#tua!. Th r #s an manat#n+ s/#r#t78or0 9h#0h 0r at s or =/r ss s s ns#"! 7#n*#0at#ons o8 a//ro1a! or *#sa//ro1a! 8or 8#* !#t% or #n8#* !#t% to th Fath r7s/#r#t. Th #n*#0at#ons o8 *#sa//ro1a! + n ra!!% ar 1a+u !% 0a!! * *#s as s. S = 0onnot s h#+h r s/ons#"#!#t%. S = 9ron+!% us * "r#n+s h a1% / na!t%. 3ur Fath r7#n74o* 0annot " * "as * "% an% o8 h#s 0h#!*r nB th / na!t% #n th s o88 n0 s, as #n oth r #nst#n0t#1 o88 n0 s, #s s0our+#n+ or * ath (#n*#1#*ua! or nat#ona!). In a!! th matt rs o8 6hr#st#an *#0ta a"o1 r 8 rr * to, th *#r 0t#on #s to9ar*s =t#n0t#on. Som *a% th 0onn 0t#on " t9 n an untru r !#+#on an* 0 rta#n *#s as s 9#!! " / r0 #1 * "% m n + n ra!!% an* ... /rot sts 9#!! " !ou*.

TO SU

ORTERS O. TO-DAY7S DEMOCRACY

1.?Un* r 6hr#st#an#t% 9 ha1 as on o8 #ts u+!% 0h#!*r n?to7*a%<s D mo0ra0%?'a!! m n an* 9om n ar @ua! a"o1 th a+ o8 t9 nt%7on % ars.' 'A!! ar @ua!, a!! th sam .' 6an an% nat#on "as * on su0h a /a!/a"! !# " 0om or " stron+ an* 1#r#! E But 6hr#st#an D mo0ra0% * 0!ar s that a!! a*u!ts ar a!! @ua!!% 9#s 0on0 rn#n+ !a97ma:#n+, a!! @ua!!% 9#s #n matt rs /o!#t#0a!. An* #t /ro0 *s a00or*#n+!%. C.?E1 r% th#n:#n+ / rson :no9s that h r at ! ast, D mo0ra0% t !!s a !# . Th 'Aust#8#0at#on' o8 th#s !# r sts on an* #n > sus76hr#st#an#t%. ..?A!! / rsons ho9 1 r 1a!ua"! #n th #r o9n s/h r s, ar not @ua!!% 9#s #n th#n+s /o!#t#0a!. F.?3n r su!t o8 6hr#st#an#t%?9 ha1 a man or 9oman ! 0t * to a /os#t#on o8 4o1 rnm nta! /o9 r h 0annot 8#!!. To7*a%, 8or #nstan0 , a man utt r!% #n0om/ t nt an* untra#n * to th o88#0 8#n*s h#ms !8 a m#n#st r o8 th 6ro9n, a*m#n#st r#n+ th a88a#rs o8 a +r at +o1 rnm nt * /artm nt on 9h#0h * / n*s our #mm *#at nat#ona! =#st n0 . ) 0annot so mu0h "!am th man 8or h#s /os#t#on as th untru /r#n0#/! s that su//ort su0h ana0hron#sms. Thos /r#n0#/! s ar #n > sus76hr#st#an#t%.

3r a /aras#t , un *u0at * or *u0at *, ma% "% hum"u+ an* a*1 rt#s#n+ h#ms !8 amon+ /o!#t#0a!!% s#m/! 1ot rs " 0om th H a* o8 th )ar D /artm nt, an* so on an* so on. G.?Ho9 1 r 6hr#st#an a man ma% " , h shou!* / r0 #1 an #n0on+ru#t% #n su0h 0on*#t#ons. I8 h 0annot, th n h #s tru!% #m"u * 9#th 6hr#st#an /r#n0#/! s. Ho9 0an su0h 8!a+rant !una0% " to a nat#on<s a*1anta+ E An* 9hat o8 th m n 9ho 9or: 8or a 0ont#nuan0 o8 su0h a stat o8 a88a#rsE Th ho!* rs o8 su0h /os#t#ons shou!* ha1 #n a**#t#on to a !o8t% /atr#ot#sm, a :no9! *+ o8 #mm *#at th#n+s an* :no9 som th#n+ o8 /h#!oso/h% an* th 0!ass#0s. H.?To7*a%<s D mo0rat#0 /o!#t#0#an<s 0h# 8 ho/ #s #n h#s / o/! <s a00 /tan0 o8 th L# . 7.?A!! th mon %7s/#nn rs, > 9s an* usur rs, ar +r at * mo0rats. Th % ar stron+ 8or th E@ua!#t% !# . For un* r th#s !# , / rha/s mor than an% oth r !# , th % ar th " tt r a"! to =/!o#t an* ra1a+ th 0on8us * 0ommun#t%. Un* r th#s * a* han* o8 D mo0ra0%, th r #s no on to ta: a ! a* a+a#nst th m. )hat #s 1 r%on <s "us#n ss #s no"o*%<s "us#n ss, or rath r #t #s th "us#n ss o8 som on !s , 9ho 0annot " 8oun*. To7*a%<s D mo0ra0% #s "u#!t u/on th sort o8 "as#s that #n R a!#t% #s 1 r r 0 *#n+ on to noth#n+n ss. That #s to sa%, to7*a%<s D mo0ra0% has no san0t#on #n R a!#t%. To7*a%<s D mo0ra0% #s th #mm *#at /r 0ursor to 0haos an* Bo!sh 1#sm an* +o1 rnm nt "% > 9s or #n 8a0t "% an% s 0t#on o8 th 0ommun#t% 0ons0#ous o8 an% 8 atur o8 R a!#t%. Th sam / o/! , 1#D., > 9s, usur rs an* mon %7s/#nn rs ar stron+ 8or u/: /#n+ 'r !#+#on,' #. ., th 6hr#st#an r !#+#on. A +r at #nst#tut#on 8or th m. It #s th r !#+#ous san0t#on an* a!!% 8or a!! th #r a"om#nat#ons. An% 0r#t#0a! =am#nat#on o8 th 'r !#+#on' an* th 0r#t#0 #s * a!t 9#th as *rast#0a!!% as /u"!#0 o/#n#on or o//ortun#t% 9#!! / rm#t. I.?Un* r to7*a%<s D mo0ra0% (#ts +o1 rnm nts "as * on num" r) th / o/! #n th most th#0:!% /o/u!at * *#str#0ts ru! as a+a#nst thos #n th ! ss /o/u!at *. Th 0#t# s +ro9 at th =/ ns o8 th 0ountr%. For th 0#t% #s mor th#0:!% /o/u!at *, an* 'maAor#t% ru! s.' Th +r at st 0#t% +ro9s at th =/ ns o8 oth r 0#t# sB #t +ro9s at an 1 r #n0r as#n+ rat " 0aus #t has th +r at st num" r o8 1ot s, an* ha1#n+ th most 1ot s, #t + ts most o8 th " n 8#ts an* mon %. Th ! ss /o/u!ous /arts, ho9 1 r n 0 ssar% to th nat#on<s 1#ta!#t%, +ro9 /oor r an* th / o/! th r ar 8or0 * to th 0#t%? th /!a0 o8 ta!! "u#!*#n+s an* "a* a#r?8o!!o9#n+ th 8!o9 o8 th nat#on<s 9 a!th an* m ans o8 !#1#n+. -.7?P rsons "oun* "% a 0ommon 8#nan0#a! #nt r st 8orm 0!#@u s an* 0om/ t 8or th 0ontro! o8 th su/#n * mo0rat#0 +o1 rnm nt, #n or* r th " tt r to =/!o#t th 0ommun#t% an* th nat#on. Th ! a* rs o8 th D mo0ra0% ar 0om/!a#sant r +ar*#n+ th#s +an+st r#sm or !s sa8 !% stu/#*. Th % ha1 to " so, oth r9#s th 0!#@u s (0h# 8!% 8#nan0#a!) 0an an* 9#!! oust th m. 3n th 0on1 rs s#* o8 to7*a%<s D mo0ra0%, 9 ha1 mass "r#" r%. Th#s #s +#1 n "% Par!#am nt to th 1ar%#n+ 0!#@u s that 0an thr at n #t or that 0an " n 8#t #t. At !ast th#s #* a o8 =/!o#tat#on =t n*s to a!! m m" rs o8 th stat . It " 0om s th 0r * o8 1 r%on . Thus / o/! 9ar on th 1 r% th#n+?th (at#ona! stat ?9h#0h nsur s th #r =#st n0 . Thus th % 9ar on th #r o9n =#st n0 . Thus th % 9ar on th 1#* n0 o8 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t #n th#s 9or!*, th % 9ar on th 9#* r =/r ss#on o8 th #r #n*#1#*ua! s !1 s an* so at !ast on th #r #mm *#at

s !1 s. Th nat#ona! stat *# s, #th r 8rom * 0a% or *# s "% " #n+ o1 r0om "% a mor h a!th% nat#ona! nt#t%. Th nat#on an* th / o/! ar !ost. Su0h #s our *#r 0t#on an* our 0 rta#n 8at #n Austra!#a an* En+!an*, un* r th att#tu* 7to74o* o8 9h#0h > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s th most 1#s#"! =/on nt. 1J.?Th 9orst 8 atur , / rha/s o8 a!! th "a* 8 atur s o8 to7*a%<s D mo0ra0% #s that th *r#8t to 0#t# s, #n 1#ta"! un* r our D mo0rat#0 t%rann%, ta: s th / o/! a9a% 8rom #mm *#at 0onta0t 9#th th as#!% *#s0 rn#"! 9a%s o8 4o* #n (atur . Thus th #r *#r 0t#on " 0om s ! ss 0 rta#n 8or th % !os tou0h 9#th th s#m/! as#!% ! arn * ! ssons o8 4o*<s Truth, *#s0o1 ra"! #n rura! !#8 . (o oth r ! ssons 0an r /!a0 th s . Th % 8orm a "as#s a!most ss nt#a! 8or a!! soun* #nt !! 0tua! a0h# 1 m nt. Th / o/! *o not ! arn th s ! ssons #n th 0#t%. Th 8r sh a#r, th sm !! o8 th arth, th s asons, th /h%s#0a! tra#n#n+, th an#ma! !#8 an* th 9a%s o8 natur 0an +#1 "! ss#n+s a!most 9ho!!% !ost to m n #n th 0#t%. ;#ta!#t% * 0!#n s #n th 0#t% !#8 o8 to7*a%. Th / o/! " 0om ana m#0 /h%s#0a!!% an* m nta!!% an* th n *# out. Th ta!! "u#!*#n+s 0an, an* *o to7*a%, " 0om th tom"7ston s o8 th / o/! . So #t #s un* r our to7*a%<s D mo0ra0%, th o88s/r#n+ o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Su0h a r su!t o8 D mo0ra0% #s Aust anoth r as/ 0t, or manat#on o8 th * ath7*o0tr#n ma* s ns#"!% 1#s#"! . 11.?Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on #s th on!% ho/ 8or us. Un* r #t m n !#1 mor natura!!%. Th arth #s not 1#! "ut +oo*, nor #s har* !a"our a 0urs to man, #t 0an " a "! ss#n+. Man<s out!oo: " 0om s san r an* h a!th# r 8rom h#s a0tua! 0onta0t 9#th th o"s r1a"! !a9s o8 4o*. Th stran+! ho!* o8 th mon % 0ha#n 8a!!s o88 un* r 3*#n#st 0u!tur . Ea0h man un* r 3*#n#sm #s a 1#0ar o8 4o* / r8orm#n+ th h#+h *ut% that #s h#s. Th nat#on honours h#m a00or*#n+!%. Ea0h 8un0t#on o8 a stat #s a 1#ta!#t% " %on* 1a!uat#on #n t rms o8 mon %. But D mo0ra0%, "% #ts natur an* #ts sour0 , at !ast, 9#th #ts "a0: turn * to th Et rna!, 1a!u s a!! nat#ona! 1#ta!#t# s #n t rms o8 #mm *#at mat r#a!#sm?+ n ra!!% mon %. It 0an " s n #n Austra!#a an* En+!an* to7*a%, #n ; n#0 % st r*a%, an* #n Rom #n a 8orm r *a%. 1C. ? It #s not /oss#"! to ass ss 9h#0h man #s th most 1a!ua"! or th most honoura"! #n a 0ommun#t%, =0 /t "% r 8 r n0 to th * +r o8 h#s / r8orman0 o8 h#s *ut% #n h#s +ar* #n 4o*. H 9ho " st *o s h#s *ut% #n h#s +ar*, h #s th " st an* most honoura"! , " h a str t7s9 / r, a "r a*7ma: r, a /o!#t#0#an, a 8arm !a"our r, an art#st or so!*# r or oth r 0ontr#"utor to th !#8 o8 so0# t%. H#s 9or: an* h#s !#8 #s o8 th Et rna!. H #s an a+ nt o8 4o* A!m#+ht%. Th mon %7s/#nn r an* th usur r #s not th most honour * un* r th 3*#n#st out!oo:. But h #s so un* r to7*a%<s 6hr#st#an s0a! o8 1a!u s an* un* r to7*a%<s D mo0ra0%. Th * mo0rat#0 /ar!#am nt 9#!! 1 n +#1 a / ra+ to a 0r#m#na! mon %7s/#nn r. 1..?Th n* a1our un* r 3*#n#sm #s to ha1 1 r% man #n that /!a0 9h#0h #s " st 8or h#m an* h#s +ar* #n 4o*, an* " st 8or that 9#* r 0ommun#t% o8 9h#0h h #s a /art. 3*#n#sm h r o//os s to7*a%<s D mo0ra0% #n #ts /r#n0#/! s an* =/r ss#ons. It r 0o+n#D s *#88 r n0 s, *#88 r n0 s #n 0a/a0#t% an* #n =/r ss#on. 1F.?Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on, san an* h a!th%, /o#nts th 9a% out o8 th 0haos o8 to7*a%<s D mo0ra0% to th "as#s to Truth. 3n!% on Truth ma% " "u#!t a h a!th%, san , /o!#t#0a! "o*%, a "o*% 9h#0h as #t s r1 s, 9#!! " 0ont#nua!!% r 8r sh * an* 9h#0h #n #ts /ro+r ss throu+h T#m 9#!! 0ast 8rom #ts mat r#a! 8orm 1ar#ous 8 atur s o8 #ts !8 an* 8un0t#ons 9#th#n #t 9h#0h ha1 s r1 * th #r turn #n th +o1 rnm nt<s mor t m/ora! =/r ss#on #n 3*#n. 1G.?Th 4o1 rnm nt o8 Br#ta#n has /r s r1 * un* r a!! th ! +a! * 0#s#ons, /r 0 * ru""#sh 9h#0h n0um" r #t, a : rn ! o8 1#ta!#t%?nam !%, a tra*#t#ona! natura! #m/u!s /r 7So0rat#an /r 7> sus76hr#st#an 0or 9h#0h 1 n #n th#s !at hour ma% " 0om th sa!1at#on. That #m/u!s , our /ot nt#a! sa1#our, #s th S/#r#t o8 th Ra0 an* 0 rta#n r 0hara0t r#st#0s o8 th Ear!% En+!#sh out!oo:. nts, 8orms an* , an un9r#tt n m ans o8 #ts ma#n#n+

1H.?In Austra!#a an* ( 9 K a!an* that tra*#t#ona!, natura! #m/u!s has " n so mas0u!at * an* stran+! * #n our #!!70on0 #1 * F * ra! an* Stat 0onst#tut#ons that on!% th stron+ st sur+ o8 nat#ona! #n8orm * o/#n#on 0an r s0u us. 17.?Th /r#n0#/! s o8 to7*a%<s D mo0ra0% ar#s 8rom th sam For0 as th > sus76hr#st#an#t% 9h#0h su//orts an* 'Aust#8# s' #t. )h th r / o/! un* r th #n8!u n0 o8 that For0 +o to a > sus76hr#st#an 6hur0h or not, or 9h th r or not th % " !# 1 > sus 9as 4o* *o s not mu0h matt r #n th#s as/ 0t. Th #r *#r 0t#on 9h#! un* r that For0 0ont#nu s n 1 rth ! ss. > sus76hr#st#an#t% 9h#0h 9 ha1 so mu0h 0r#t#0#D *, #s a m r 1#* n0 o8 that For0 , an* that r !#+#on #s tr at * h r #n som 9hat 8u!!%, " 0aus #t #s mor *#s0 rn#"!% an* 1#ta!!% " 8or our 0ons0#ousn ss than th For0 , 9h#0h #t /ro0!a#ms. It #s #n #ts turn th /ar nt o8 to7*a%<s D mo0ra0% 9#th #ts *#r 0t#on to #mmo"#!#t%, Bo!sh 1#sm an* * ath. To7*a% that For0 un* r 0o1 r o8 D mo0ra0% /r s nts us, #8 9 ar not o1 r9h !m * "% anoth r nat#on #n th m ant#m , 9#th t9o a!t rnat#1 s?su"m#ss#on to > 9#sh Bo!sh 1#sm an* * ath on th on han*, or a 8#+ht on th oth r.

TO THOSE TO-DAY CONTEM LATING WAR


1.?)ar an* 8 ar o8 9ar ar usua!!% th r su!ts o8 #!!7h a!th #n at ! ast on o8 th nat#ons 0on0 rn *. A h a!th% nat#on 0an s0ar0 !% " * stro% *. C.?(a) 3ur %oun+ m n to7*a%, + n ra!!% 9#!! not 8#+ht. ')hat #s th us E' th % sa%. (") For on th#n+, 8#+ht#n+ #s a+a#nst th /r 1a#!#n+ (turn7th 7oth r70h :) #* o!o+% (6hr#st#an#t%). 3ur / o/! ar 0on8us * an* * /r ss *. T9o 0on*#t#ons?smu+ /aras#t#sm an* * s/a#r#n+ m#s r% aroun* th m?ma: th #r h r#ta+ , an* !#8 #ts !8 s m /oor. 3ur / o/! 9ou!* *r#1 out th /aras#t , "ut /aras#t#sm has th mon % an* 8oo* an* sh !t r, th #mm *#at n 0 ss#t# s 8or !#1#n+. So th /aras#t has h#s m asur o8 sa8 t%. Th r !#+#ous "as#s o8 our so0# t%, too, 0on8ronts th m 9#th #ts su"t! m#+ht. Thus our / o/! ar #n "on*a+ to th /aras#t s an* to s/#r#tua! * ath. (0) E1 n #8 our %oun+ m n ha1 n 1 r 9or: * out th matt r, th % :no9 that #n 9ar to7*a%, th % 9ou!* " 8#+ht#n+ 8or th > 9s, an* th usur rs. F#+ht#n+ 8or a 0on*#t#on o8 !#8 9h#0h #s a sham an* a !# , 8#+ht#n+ to /r s r1 a 0on*#t#on 9h#0h a8t r th "!oo* sa0r#8#0 , 9ou!* st#!! +o on stran+!#n+ our nat#on, stran+!#n+ 9#th 1 n mor 1#+our. (*) So!*# rs 9#!! not 8#+ht "o!*!% an* * 1ot *!% 8or a nat#on, 1 n th #r o9n, 9hos #* o!o+% m asur s a!! 1a!u s #n t rms o8 mon %. 3ur sa0r * Br#t#sh 8!a+ to7*a% #s " #n+ 9a1 * "% a > 9#sh /a9n7"ro: r. ( ) Th ! a* rs an* man#/u!ators o8 our nat#on, 9#th 8 9 =0 /t#ons, ar m n 9ho ha1 n 1 r h ar* th 9h#n o8 a "u!! t. Th % n 1 r #nt n* to h ar #t. Th % 9ant our %oun+ s#m/! 7m#n* * m n 9ho st#!! :no9 th 0a!! th #r Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*, th 0a!! o8 our nat#on<s honour, to *o th 8#+ht#n+ an* sh * th "!oo*. Th atta#nm nt o8 0ash, as , !u=ur% an* '!#m 7!#+ht' #s + n ra!!% th m asur o8 our /r s nt ! a* rs< !o1 o8 0ountr%.

Th#s m an 0r * has " sm#r0h * th sou!s o8 man%, too man%, Br#t#sh m n an* 9om n, 8or th % ha1 s n to7*a%<s ! a* rs. To7*a%<s ! a* rs ar 9 !!7*r ss *, 9 !!78 *, "u%#n+ !u=ur# s 8or th #r 9om n, an* "att n#n+ on th /ast a0h# 1 m nts o8 our / o/! . Un* r our 6hr#st#an 0u!tur th r #s noth#n+ sham 8u! #n !#1#n+ thus. ) ha1 s n that a /ro1 n tra#tor an* a !#ar 0an " 0om our ! a*#n+ 0#t#D n. (8) 3ur / o/! (%oun+ an* o!*) to7*a% ar n8 "! *. Th % ar a!9a%s 9ant#n+ som on to h !/ th m. Th % 9ant to 0ast th #r "ur* ns on anoth r. Th % r +ar* "ur* ns as a "a* th#n+, n 1 r as a "! ss#n+ or as som th#n+ to " o1 r0om 8or th #r o9n +oo*. It #s a /ro*u0t o8 our 6hr#st#an 0u!tur . It #s th m nta! an* s/#r#tua! att#tu* o88 r * to th m, tau+ht to th m, tau+ht to th m #n or* r to ma: th m 9 a: an* su"s r1# nt. Th % 0annot no9 an* ar too s/#r#tua!!% * /r ss * to h !/ th ms !1 s. I8 th % ha1 an #m/u!s o8 /atr#ot#sm #t #s at on0 r m m" r * that th /aras#t 9#!! ma: us o8 #t. (o * 0 nt h a!th% man 8 ars Aust#0 , "ut #nAust#0 0an ma: h#m ma*. To7*a% most o8 our / o/! *o not att m/t to r m *% an #nAust#0 , #t #s a!most 8ut#! an%ho9, th % m r !% tr% to s0a/ #t. (Th s#!!% mon %7s/#nn r an* th s !870 ntr * usur r an* th m#n*7*#stort r " 0om "!#n* to th 8a0t that th 0on8us *, "ro: n s/#r#t * 1#0t#m, #n*#1#*ua! an* nat#ona!, o8 th #r > 979orsh#//#n+ s0h m , #s at !ast th on!% m asur an* su//ort o8 th 1a!u o8 th #r mon % an* /o9 r. Th % must * / n* on h#m to 8#+ht 8or th mB th %, th ms !1 s, 9 !!, o8 0ours , '/ rha/s %ou 9ou!* not un* rstan*,' th % th ms !1 s *o not +o to 9ar, =0 /t ma%" to or+an#D 0om8orts 8or an* to so!a0 th 8#+ht rs.) ..?(a) 3n!% 9h n m n ar 8#!! * 9#th s/#r#tua! ar*our, on!% 9h n th % :no9 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t, on!% 9h n th #r #nst#n0ts ar su//ort#n+ th #r arms, 9#!! th % " a"! to 8#+ht?or " a"! to !#1 as m n. (") )h n / r0 #1 * s/#r#tua! 1a!u s ar at sta: , th n m n 9#!! 8#+ht #8 n * " . (o mat r#a! 0on0 rn 9#!! * t r th m. For th n th % s th ms !1 s, s 9hat #n truth th % ar . That th % ar th arth!% n1o%s o8 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* an* th ha//% s r1ants o8 4o*<s Aust#0 an* truth. (0) 3ur Br#t#sh #n th /ast ha1 8ou+ht, too o8t n 9#th on!% a *#m not#on o8 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t. Th % !att r!% 0a!! * #t 'En+!an*,' 8orm r!% #t 9as 'our En+!#sh "!oo*' or 'Br#t#sh #* a!s' an* tra*#t#on. (*) Th 3*#n#st #s r a*% to su88 r an* 8#+ht 8or h#s h#+h #* a!s an* 8or th Fath r7s/#r#t o8 h#s ra0 . It #s th sour0 o8 h#s " #n+, #t /r s r1 s h#m, #t #s h#s Lon+ Hom . H #s a r /r s ntat#1 o8 #t. Th :no9! *+ o8 that S/#r#t o8 9h#0h h #s th r /r s ntat#1 , an* th :no9! *+ o8 th Br#t#sh h ro s 9ho a!so =/r ss * that Fath r7s/#r#t #n a0t#on, 9#!! " our 3*#n#st<s sur sour0 o8 str n+th an* h#s #ns/#rat#on. F.?(o oth r #* a! than th#s 9#!! "#n* to+ th r our to//!#n+ 6hr#st#an#D * Br#t#sh nat#on. Th > 97 9orsh#//#n+ 6hr#st#an, th usur r, th "roth rhoo*7o87man 0ran: or 0r#m#na!, 9#!! " a sour0 o8 9 a:n ss, an* a *#s#nt +rat#n+ 8or0 . B 0om 0ons0#ous o8 %our Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*. L t us a!! " so. L t us r a!#D that to7*a% un* r > 9 9orsh#/, our #n*9 !!#n+ Br#t#sh S/#r#t has " 0om num" * or has * /art *?our "o*# s s/#r#t! ss, r a*% or n ar7r a*% 8o** r 8or th )o!8, r a*% or n ar7r a*% to +#1 9a% " 8or th #n1a* r. )h n 9 ar 3*#n#sts, an% 9ars that 0om 9#!! " stra#+ht78rom7th 7shou!* r, a+a#nst an n m% 9 0an s . ) sha!! not " ham7strun+ "% a ho/ ! ss 9ar a+a#nst #ns#*#ous rott nn ss 9#th#n. (o on 0an 8#+ht 9 !! 9ho #s not h a!th% #n m#n* an* "o*%. (o on 0an 8#+ht 9 !! 9ho has not a : n 8 !#n+ 8or Aust#0 . Th 8#+ht r must ha1 som th#n+ * ar to 8#+ht 8orB that som th#n+ ma% " th sa8 t% o8 h#s s:#n, or #t ma% 1 n " , / rha/s, h#s mon %, #t ma% " th !o1 o8 h#s 8am#!%, or #t ma% " h#s 8o!:, #t ma% " h#s nat#on or #t ma% " 8or som th#n+ +r at r than th s th#n+s, a +r at r som th#n+

9h#0h #n *#88 r#n+ m asur #n0!u* s thos th#n+s #n #t, that #s, h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*, that Fath r7 s/#r#t, h#s tru s !8, h#s hom h r an* #n Et rn#t%. G.?Un* r th 3*#n#st *#r 0t#on tru!% 0on0 #1 *, th r 9ou!* " no 9ar as 9ar #s 0ont m/!at * to7 *a%. Th 1ar#ous nt#t# s, nat#ona! an* 0ommuna!, 9ou!* str#1 9#th a0h oth r, th r 9ou!* " th 8r#0t#on an* that 0onta0t 9h#0h #s a 0on0om#tant o8 !#8 . Th r 9ou!* " 0han+ s 9#th#n th nat#on or 0ommun#t% n 0 ssar% to 1#ta!#t%. But th tra+ *% o8 th most 1#ta! ! m nts o8 on nat#on " #n+ n+a+ * #n s!a%#n+ th most 1#ta! #n anoth r nat#on, a 8a0t so 1#* nt amon+ 6hr#st#an nat#ons to7 *a%, 9ou!* " +on . Th +r at st 9ar o8 a!!?th 9ar on 1#ta!#t%, as a /r#n0#/! ?9ou!* " s0ot0h * #n* *. Thor<s hamm r a+a#nst th Sna: 9ou!* " 88 0t#1 a+a#n.

TO THOSE WHO ARE SIC8


1.?S#0:n ss + n ra!!% ar#s s as a r su!t o8 #na* @uat att nt#on to th 9arn#n+s o8 (atur , an* a "!#n*n ss to th man#8 stat#ons o8 3*#n. H a!th ar#s s 8rom a 0ons0#ousn ss o8 th truth o8 th#n+s an* a* @uat 0onta0t 9#th that truth. In0#* nta!!%, +am s + n ra!!% *o not /ro1#* su88#0# nt 0onta0t 9#th that truth, th #r s/#r#tua! 1a!u #s too 0#r0ums0r#" *. )or: nta#!#n+ o"s r1at#on o8 th a0t#1#t# s o8 natur #s " tt r. C.?To / rsons o8 r asona"!% 0! ar m#n*, s#0:n ss s !*om or n 1 r 0om s. A *#stort * att#tu* to 4o* an* h#s man#8 st * r a!#t% #s th u!t#mat 0aus o8 9hat #s 0a!! * 'S#0:n ss.' ..?S#0:n ss + n ra!!% #s (atur <s =/r ss#on to9ar* a *#sr +ar* o8 4o*<s Truth /!a#n!% man#8 st * to man. F.?Th 3*#n#st th n #s s !*om s#0:. G.?Th s#0:n ss o8 a nat#on a!so ar#s s 8rom *#sr +ar* o8 4o*<s /!a#n!% man#8 st * truth. Its att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t% must " tru #8 #t #s to " 1#ta! an* h a!th%. A nat#on<s !#8 #s not su"A 0t to T#m #n th sam 9a% as a / rson<s !#8 . Its r !at#on to T#m #s o8 a mor =t n* * natur . At most, th / r0 #1a"! 8 atur s o8 th !#8 o8 a man m r !% /o#nt #n th *#r 0t#on o8 th 8 atur s o8 th !#8 o8 a nat#on. H.? S#0:n ss #s a @u#t *#88 r nt 0on*#t#on to th natura! 9#th*ra9a! o8 th !#8 8rom a 9orn out 1#s#"! "o*% or at a :#!!#n+ "% 9 a/on or s#m#!ar. 7.?An #nh r#t * s#0:n ss, su0h as s%/h#!#s or oth r "!oo* or "on 7ta#nt must " tr at * a00or*#n+ to #ts natur "% as0 rta#n * m *#0a! r m *% (8oun* "% r 8 r n0 to 4o*<s s ns#"!% as0 rta#n * 9a%s) an* a!so "% s/#r#tua! 0orr 0t#on. Th 6hr#st#an #* a (/r *om#nant #n th 6hr#st#an7S0# n0 s 0t o8 6hr#st#an#t%) that s#0:n ss *o s not =#st, an* that #t #s on!% #ma+#nat#on ha1#n+ no r a!#t%, #s a > sus7 6hr#st#an7#n*u0 * !una0% (as sho9n !s 9h r ) n*#n+ #n * ath. I.7?A / rson 9ho has " 0om s#0: ma% " n 8#t h#ms !8 "% a0h# 1#n+ a san 1# 9 o8 r a!#t%?h must r !% on h#ms !8. H must = r0#s h#s 0ommons ns . H #s ss nt#a!!% an =/r ss#on o8 4o*, an* o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*. H has a h#+h *ut% to " 0om h a!th%. I8, #n h#s /!a0 , h has a 0! ar :no9! *+ o8 4o*<s 3*#n an* h#s /!a0 as a /art th r #n, th n a!! th /o9 rs #n 3*#n 9#!! 0ontr#"ut to h#s r 0o1 r% to h a!th. -.?3n th oth r han*, #8 h #s un* r th " !# 8 that h #s *amn * an* that on!% " !# 8 #n S !87 r nun0#at#on an* > 979orsh#/ 0an sa1 h#m, or #8 h " !# 1 s that h #s not s#0: at a!!, th n #8 h

r 0o1 rs, h *o s so #n s/#t o8 h#s 6hr#st#an#t%. 1J.?> sus76hr#st#an#t% on th 'A!!7 @ua!' /r#n0#/! , n0oura+ s *#s as * / o/! , ha!879#tt * an* ! ss than ha!879#tt * / o/! to "r *?an* so #n0r as th "ur* n on th h a!th% an* th san / o/! o8 th 9or!*. 11.?3n a s#0: " *, as #n th most *#r 0on*#t#ons, th r ar st#!! to " 8oun* s9 man ma% 8o!!o9 on9ar* to9ar*s 4o*. t /aths 9h#0h a

1C.?6hr#st#an#t% "% *#stort#n+ th m#n*, r +ar*#n+ #ts att#tu* to 4o*, !a%s th "as#s 8or 0ons @u nt s#0:n ss #n a / rson as #n a nat#on. A 6hr#st#an#D * man *o s not s h#ms !8 tru!%. H 9#!! n +! 0t h#s +ar* #n th 1#ta!#t% o8 3*#n. H t n*s to 9a#t on som on !s to *o som th#n+ 8or h#m. H '0asts h#s "ur* n on th Lor*.' H 9ants to " h a! * "% 8a#th. H 9ants to " a s/ 0tator, a !#st n r. H 9ants +#8ts to 0om to h#m. H #s tau+ht to r +ar* th#s 9or!*, #n0!u*#n+ h#ms !8, as 1#!. H#s #n*9 !!#n+ s/#r#t " 0om s num" * an* * /arts 8rom h#m. So a 6hr#st#an#D * / rson 9#!! " 0om * "#!#tat *. H 9#!! " 0om unr !#a"! . H 9#!! * 0 #1 h#ms !8 an* oth rs. H , !#: th 6hr#st#an#D * nat#on, 9#!! * 0a% #n str n+th an* 9#!!7/o9 r. (Paras#t s ma: mat r#a! 0a/#ta! o8 th#s 8a0t. Th % 9#!! 1 n r 0t hos/#ta!s an* 8oun* 0har#ta"! or+an#Dat#ons to nt#0 a0@u# s0 n0 #n an unh a!th% 0on*#t#on.) Th > sus76hr#st#an #m/u!s 0arr# s th 6hr#st#an#D * man an* th 6hr#st#an#D * nat#on on9ar* to *#s as an* * ath. I8 th !o+#0a! n 0 ss#t% o8 th#s #s not #mm *#at !% a//ar nt to an%on , th s ns#"! 1#* n0 o8 #t #s 0! ar nou+h to h#m 9ho 9#!! o"s r1 th t n* n0# s to7*a%, or, th 8at o8 > sus79orsh#//#n+ nat#ons #n th /ast.

TO HISTORY STUDENTS
1.?P rs 0ut#on o8 ar!% 6hr#st#ans at Rom has " n !u*#0rous!% =a++ rat * to 1o: s%m/ath%? s an% r !#a"! h#stor% o8 Rom . It 9as th 6hr#st#ans th ms !1 s 9ho us * th :n#8 , th "!u*+ on, th thum"7s0r 9 an* oth r t rrors. But 9 ha1 " n nurs * to th ta! o8 th / rs 0ut#on o8 th > sus76hr#st#an Bo!sh 1#:s. P#t%2 Ho9 #t has " n =/!o#t * amon+ th 0h#1a!rous (or*#0 / o/! . )hat a 9 a/on P#t% has " n 8or > 9 an* 6hr#st#an. In0#* nta!!%, th s * stro% rs o8 or* r *#* not at 8#rst 0a!! th ms !1 s 6hr#st#ans. C.?A 0r *?th (#0 n 0r * (.CG A.D.) 9as 1o!1 * an* *ra9n u/. Th#s 9as a su00#n0t 8orm o8 > sus76hr#st#an '" !# 8.' 6onstant#n 9as Em/ ror an* *#* not " !# 1 a 9or* o8 #t. But h /ut 8orth an E*#0t?'B !# 1 that (#0 n 0r * an* t a0h #t, or *# .' Man% /rot st * an* 9 r :#!! * 8or #t. 6hr#st#an#t% " 0am th Stat r !#+#on. ..?Th > sus76hr#st#an 6hur0h 9on. > 9s 9 r no#s#!% /rom#n nt #n #ts 8ormu!at#on. )hat /ro*#+#ous r su!ts2 F.?Th n th Athanas#an 6r * 9as *ra9n u/ #n th Gth 0 ntur%, an* a"out HJJ A.D. 9as 0om/u!sor#!% a88#rm * #n a!! th 6hur0h s. Its out!oo: 9as #nh r nt #n th /r#n0#/! s o8 th (#0 n 0r *. G.?As !at as 1GFC A.D., 9#th #nt rm#tt nt s ss#ons t#!! 1GHH A.D., th 6oun0#! o8 Tr nt sat an* * 1 !o/ * #ts th m , as 9 !! as #t 0ou!* 8rom th or#+#na! > sus out!oo:, * 8#n * th matt rs o8 th

Imma0u!at 6on0 /t#on, 3r#+#na! S#n an* so on. Th 6oun0#! #n 8a0t * 8#n * 6hr#st#an#t% 8or th 6hr#st#an 9or!* o8 to7*a%. Som 'Boo:s' o8 th ( 9 T stam nt 9 r 'harmon#D *' "% th #ns rt#on o8 mor than IJ,JJJ am n*#n+ 9or*s. H.?Th#n: o8 th a"o1 9h n %ou h ar th /r# sts, /arsons, an* 1an+ !#sts thun* r#n+ #n th #r /u!/#ts at th /oor u/7!oo:#n+ 4o*7s : rs. Th#n: o8 th a"o1 as0 rta#na"! 8a0ts 9h n %ou h ar th m #n a98u! ton s /ro0!a#m#n+ th m%st r% o8 th Imma0u!at 6on0 /t#on. (An* "% #m/!#0at#on *amn#n+ a!! oth r 0on0 /t#ons.) Th#n: o8 An0# nt Rom , an* th an=#ous 8 ar#n+ 9or!* o8 to7*a%. 7.?6an a nat#on 0ont#nu to !#1 9#th #ts r !#+#on or att#tu* to 4o* "as * on a !# E (o, #t 0annot. E1 n *ur#n+ th !#8 7t#m o8 an #n*#1#*ua!, !%#n+ an* /r t n0 9#!! "r#n+ #ts / na!t% o8 0on8us#on an* #nsan#t%, I.?Th 0on8us * mass o8 h#stor#0a! #na00ura0# s #n th B#"! , .+., th *at o8 th 0r at#on o8 th 9or!*, th t9o stor# s o8 th 0r at#on o8 th 9or!*, th =/u!s#on o8 > 9s 8rom amon+ th E+%/t#ans, th *ou"t 9h th r th r 1 r 9as su0h a Mos s as th B#"! * /#0ts, @u#t a/art 8rom 8a"! s * / n*#n+ on h#m, an* so on, 0annot " r m *# * "% an u/9ar* !oo: an* a r 1 r nt =0!amat#on. An* th B#"! <s h#stor#0a! "ana!#t% r ma#ns, * s/#t #ts mor or ! ss sha*o9% 0onsonan0 9#th a 8 9 as0 rta#na"! h#stor#0a! 8a0ts. In #ts 0!a#m to " th un rr#n+ 9or* o8 A!m#+ht% 4o*, th B#"! #s a most /#t#8u! an* +r +#ous tra1 st%. )hat a not#on o8 th Truth o8 4o*2 )hat a 9 a/on 8or ma:#n+ som m n ath #sts2 -.?Th 3*#n#st #n an% 0as *o s not s : a r 1 !at#on o8 h#s 9a% to 4o* "% a"sor"#n+ th h#stor% o8 an a!# n ra0 , or "% r 1 r#n+ an a!# n out!oo: #n /r 8 r n0 to on 9h#0h #s nat#1 to h#ms !8 as on o8 h#s o9n ra0 . 6 rta#n!% no s !87r s/ 0t#n+ o/ n7 % * Br#t#sh s : r 9ou!* so 8o!!o9 th > 9#sh h#stor#0a! "a" !, 8or #n that 0as th stu* nt 9ou!* t n* to :#!! th nat#1 s/#r#t #n h#ms !8. An% " !# 8 that h 0an su"st#tut th a!# n s/#r#t 8or h#s o9n s/#r#t 9ou!* /ro1 to " @u#t as 1a#n as #t #s #m/#ous. 1J.?An 3*#n#st :no9s th 1a!u o8 h#stor%, an* that th h#stor% o8 h#s o9n / o/! an* h ro s #s th most 1a!ua"! to h#m. For on th#n+, h un* rstan*s #t " st. An 3*#n#st #s tru to h#ms !8 an* 9hat #s o8 h#m. Th#th r #s h#s 9a% to 4o*. H#s r !#+#on th n, #n th#s as/ 0t a!so, n * n 1 r " * 8 n* * "% a !# , 1as#on or @u#1o0at#on. 6ons0#ousn ss o8 th Thor an* h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n th Thor #s a 8 atur o8 our 3*#n#st r !#+#on.

TO THOSE WHOSE .RIENDS AND LOVED ONES HAVE DIED


1.?Th 6hr#st#an "ur#a! s r1#0 0omm n0 s 9#th th s so70a!! * '0om8orta"! 9or*s' o8 > sus?'I am th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 .' '(o man 0om th unto th Fath r "ut "% M .' 'H that " !# 1 th #n M sha!! n 1 r *# , an* h that " !# 1 th #n M , thou+h h 9 r * a*, % t sha!! h !#1 .' An* 'I am th )a% th Truth an* th !#8 ,' an* s#m#!ar. Th '0om8ort' has anoth r as/ 0t, nam !%, an uns/o: n m na0 8or an%on 9ho *o s not " !# 1 , or *ou"ts, that > sus, th > 9 o8 1-JJ o** % ars a+o, 9as th 6hr#stos, th m"o*# * r /os#tor% an* 8#at#0 sour0 o8 th 0 ! st#a! 8#r / rm at#n+ th un#1 rs 2 6ou!* #t " /oss#"! 8or an% san / rson to * 0!ar & 'I am th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 'E

As: %ours !8, 'Do s > sus mo1 th Sun, *o s H r surr 0t th 9or!* to !#8 #n th S/r#n+7t#m , *o s h s n* th sa/ u/ th tr or r#/ n th 0orn #n th ar o8 9h atE' For that #s m r !% a mo* st /art o8 th man#8 stat#on o8 th /o9 r o8 th 6hr#stos. )h r 9as th 6hr#stos (th 8#at#0 9or!*7mo1 r) 9h n > sus 9as at#n+ sou/, or 9h n h 9as as! /, snor#n+ / rha/s, or 9h n h 9as runn#n+ a9a% 8rom th /o!#0 , or 9h n h 9as on th 0ross 0a!!#n+ on h#ms !8 to sa1 h#ms !8 8rom h#ms !8E 'Ah,' sa%s th 6hr#st#an, '%ou shou!* ha1 8a#th,' or anoth r 8a1our#t o8 th * 0 #1 r, 'You *o not un* rstan*.' 3*#n#sts / rha/s th#n:, 1 n #8 th % *o not sa% #t, o8 th 6hr#st#an #n su0h 1 nt& 'You ar a /oor * !u* * man, or %ou ar a 8oo!, or %ou ma% " an #nst#n0t#1 * stro% r, or %ou ma% " a!! th s th#n+s.' C.? 3*#n#sts " !# 1 that th 6hr#st#an<s * 0!arat#on that a man nam * > sus 9as th 6hr#stos or 4o* or th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , #s a "!as/h m%. Som 6hr#st#ans "rou+ht 8a0 to 8a0 9#th th#s /os#t#on tr% to s#* 7st / #t "% sa%#n+& '3h, th 6hr#stos s/#r#t ma% #n som * +r " anoth r / rson, "ut > sus 9as th sour0 o8 #t.' Su0h a r /!% r a!!% * stro%s th 9ho! > sus76hr#st#an th m , an* th Mass an* th R * m/t#on an* so on, 8or th n man 9ou!* not " utt r!% s#n8u! an* * /ra1 * "% h#s natur . A!! th ma#n stru0tur o8 > sus7 6hr#st#an#t% 9ou!* 0rum"! . Man<s 0h# 8 * s#r must 1 r " to ha1 mor o8 th 6hr#stos or Thor #n h#m, 8or #n that #s h#s !#8 an* str n+th, h#s 0ont#nua! R surr 0t#on an* H#s T#m ! ssn ss. But to t a0h that > sus 9as It m r !% "!#n*s th 4o*7s : r to th tru 6hr#stos or Thor. Man, "% su0h t a0h#n+ #s shut o88 8rom h#s sour0 o8 str n+th an* " #n+. H#s s/#r#tua! 0ons0#ousn ss #s num" * "% #t. Th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 #s, an* =/r ss s #ts 9on* r8u! ho!% /o9 r not on!% #n th #mm *#at !% / r0 #1a"! , as 8or #nstan0 #n th S/r#n+ or th Tha9 o8 th % ar, "ut a!so #n th +ar* o8 man an* a!! h #s, #n T#m an* " %on* #t. A 9#!!7to9ar*74oo* #n a so70a!! * 6hr#st#an 9#!! " th on!% 0ount r7a0t#n+ #n8!u n0 , #n som * +r nu!!#8%#n+ th / na!t% 8or th "!as/h m% o8 h#s stat m nt o8 th natur o8 4o*<s 6hr#stos. Th :no9#n+ or 0ons0#ousn ss o8 th 6hr#stos (4r :) or th Thor (An+!o7Sa=on) #s 1#ta! 8or man, an* 9 8#n*, throu+h our #mm *#at S/#r#t78ath r, th 9a% to H#m. ..?Th 6hr#st#an "ur#a! s r1#0 usua!!% #th r =/!#0#t!% or #m/!#0#t!% assum s a r turn o8 th sou! o8 th 6hr#st#an * /art * to > 9#sh 'A"raham<s "osom,' or to a '( 9 > rusa! m.' F.?But th 3*#n#st +o s to thos o8 th * /art * most n ar to h#m, to h#s !o1 * on s, to h#s o9n / o/! #n h#s Fath r7s/#r#t. H *o s not % arn to " amon+ th S m#t s. H#s hom #s ;a!ha!!a, th Lon+ Hom o8 h#s Fath rs, th +ar* o8 th h ro s, th /!a0 +oo* an* " aut#8u!. Th r h #s 0om8ort * an* /r /ar * an* r a*% 8or 8urth r s r1#0 #n 4o*<s +r at !#8 . Th 6hr#st#an "ur#a! s r1#0 0ont m/!at s a!! sorts o8 #rrat#ona! 0on*#t#ons 8or th * /art *?that th "o*% s! /s unt#! a R surr 0t#on morn#n+ o8 #n* 8#n#t *at or oth r mor or ! ss !o+#0a! * *u0t#ons 8rom th ma#n > sus76hr#st#an th s#s. Th 6hr#st#an, too, ma% " !# 1 that th a0tua! "o*% /ut #nto th +ra1 9#!! r#s a+a#n. For > sus76hr#st#an#t% " #n+ #nh r nt!% mat r#a!#st#0, th 6hr#st#an =/ 0ts to + t "a0: to h#s o!* "o*% som *a%. )h th r #t #s h#s "o*% as a "o%, a %outh, a s n#or or a * 0r /#t o!* man h *o s not :no9. But h#s m#n* #s turn * to9ar*s t m/ora!#t%.

G.?Th 3*#n#st as h *# s *o#n+ +oo* or " #n+ 1a!ourous, #s ta: n stra#+ht to h#s hom "% +oo* an+ !s (;a!:%r# ) 9ho 9a#t 8or h#s 0om#n+. For th an+ !s o8 !#+ht 0om n ar th #r o9n. H.?Th 3*#n#st +o s 9h r Aust#0 an* !o1 o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* sa%s h natura!!% 9ou!* " . H r turns to h#s Fath r7s/#r#t 9h#th r h#s 8ath rs an* h#s !o1 s ha1 +on . H#s "o*% =/r ss s h#m no mor . )hat a man #s, h #s. H#s har1 sts +o 9#th h#m. H#s /!a0 #s 9h r h ou+ht to " #n th h a!#n+ 1#ta!#t% o8 4o* 9h r #mm *#at T#m has !#tt! , #8 an%, /o9 r to #nAur h#m or 0ontro! h#m. )h th r h#s s/#r#t 9#!! =/r ss #ts !8 #n a s ns#"! "o*% at som t#m or at som /!a0 #n 3*#n<s 1ast 1#ta!#t%, #s * 0#* * "% th !o1#n+7>ust#0 o8 4o*. H 0an =#st 9#thout 9hat man 0a!!s "o*% #n som m asur 1 n as h#s Fath r7s/#r#t 0an so =#st. 3ur /!a0 s sha!! " 8oun* "% a0h o8 us&? 'B% th#rst, "% n *, "% * *, "% 9hat 9 <1 " n. 3ur /!a0 #n 3*#n<s !#8 "% >ust#0 4ra0 *. '

TO ODINISTS CONCERNING .EST DAYS


1.?Th Sun, th 0 ntr o8 our /!an tar% s%st m, #s 8or man th most /ot nt s ns#"! 8a0t #n 3*#n. Its s ns#"!% o"s r1 * @ua!#t# s?L#+ht, 9armth, /o9 r, " aut% 8orm a "as#s 8or s/#r#tua! +ro9th. C.?3*#n#sts s th s asons an* 0han+ s o8 th % ar. Th % 0 ! "rat th m. Th % ar a0t#1#t# s o8 4o* most 0ommon!% man#8 st to th s ns s. Th C1st D 0 m" r (th "#rth o8 th % ar #n th (orth rn H m#s/h r ), th C1st o8 Mar0h, th C1st o8 >un , ('3*#n<s *a%' #n th (orth, th *a% 9h r #n #s most !#+ht), an* th C1st o8 S /t m" r ar 3*#n#st ho!%7*a%s. ..?In our South rn h m#s/h r th natur o8 th s 8 st#1a!s ar s#m/!% r 1 rs *, "ut 9 r m m" r thos #n th (orth. F.?> sus76hr#st#an#t% sto! our 8ath rs< F st *a%s an* th n 9#th sou!8u! + stur /r s nt * th m to us as #ts o9n. G.?) to7*a% usua!!% ho!* our 8 sts on th Sun*a% n ar st th *at o8 th F st *a%. Sun*a%, th 8#rst *a% o8 th 9 :, #s #ts !8 th ho!% *a% o8 our 3*#n#st 8ath rs. It 9as ta: n o1 r "% th 6hr#st#ans. H.?Th m a! or "an@u t (a0tua! or s%m"o!#0) on F st *a%s #s /arta: n o8&? (a) A8t r r m m" r#n+ that th 8oo* #s th /h%s#0a! =/r ss#on o8 th 1ar#ous 1#0ars o8 3*#nB (") an* a8t r r m m" r#n+ th Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* 9hos 0h#!*r n 9 ar B (0) an* a8t r r m m" r#n+ our 8ath rs no9 /ass * to th #r /!a0 sB (*) an* a8t r r m m" r#n+ th s/ 0#a! r ason o8 th /art#0u!ar 8 st. 7.?3n 0 rta#n F st#1a! *a%s, th 0h#!*r n /!a% th +am s an* s#n+ th son+s o8 th #r / o/! B an* th %oun+ m n /!a% th honour * +am s that th h ro s /!a% *B an* th %oun+ 9om n *#r 0t th 0h#!*r n an* *an0 an* a!so s#n+ th " aut#8u! son+s o8 our Br#t#sh / o/! .

ERSONAL IDENTITY
In or* r mor 0! ar!% to 0on0 #1 th natur o8 / rsona! #* nt#t% #t ma% " a h !/ to 0ons#* r th 8o!!o9#n+&? !.?)hat 9 0a!! th "#rth o8 an nt#t% #nto 9or!* !#8 #s th Fath r7s/#r#t o8 th nt#t% =/r ss#n+ H#ms !8 #n 'T#m '. )h n 0on*#t#ons ar su#ta"! th Fath r7s/#r#t =/r ss s H#ms !8. Th /h%s#0a! or s ns#"!% o"s r1a"! 0omm n0 m nt o8 th o8 4o* ar ma* man#8 st #n #ts +ro9th. nt#t% #s o8 a + rma! natur . Th n /o9 rs

C.?A / rson #s an nt#t% un#8# * "% a Ao#n#n+ to+ th r o8 th =/r ss#ons an* /arts o8 1ar#ous For0 s or S/#r#t7Fath rs "% th S/#r#t7Fath r o8 th / rson )ho a!so 9#th oth r an* 9#* r /o9 rs #n th Thor, #n*#1#*ua!#D s an* 1#1#8# s th / rson. Ea0h / rson #s, mor or ! ss a* @uat !% an =/r ss#on o8 th Fath r7s/#r#t or o8 a 8 atur o8 that Fath r7s/#r#t )hom h #n th ma#n r /r s nts. ..?(a) )hat 9 0a!! 'L#1#n+' 8or th / rson #s h#s " #n+ an =/r ss#on o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t an* h#s " #n+ a :no9#n+, r a!#D#n+ an* a0t#1 nt#t%, an* h#s " #n+ a su88 r r th r 8rom an* a su88 r r or *on 8rom th a0t#ons o8 oth r /o9 rs or Fath r7s/#r#ts o8 +r at r an* ! ss 0om/r h ns#1 n ss than h#s o9n an* o8 oth r 1#ta! as/ 0ts o8 th Thor. In th 8#na! =am#nat#on th su88 r#n+ r so!1 s #nto * / r 1#ta!#t% 8or th / rson. (") 'L#1#n+' #s th m ans o8 m/has#s#n+ th #* nt#t% o8 th / rson (or nat#on), o8 ! arn#n+ o8 th Man% an* th 3n an* th #r 1ar# * #nt r7* / n* n0 . Th r #s 0! ar 1#* n0 o8 /ur/os an* #n0a!0u!a"! 0ar an* 9#s*om = r0#s * #n an* to9ar* us, a0h on o8 us, on th /art o8 our Fath r7 s/#r#t an* o8 9#* r /o9 rs than H , an* #n 9hom an* o8 9hom H #s. (0) 'L#1#n+' #s 8or th ! arn#n+ "% th / rson o8 L#8 an* D ath an* 8or th h#+h *ut% o8 =/r ss#n+ th 1#ta!#t% o8 th / rson<s Fath r7s/#r#t #n 3*#n, an* 8or th str n+th n#n+ o8 th / rson 8or an #nst#n0t#1 !% / r0 #1 * h#+h /ur/os . (Inst#n0t#1 !% a!! 0r atur s str#1 to " tru to th ms !1 s an* th #r nat#1 s/#r#t. A!! m n at h art a//ro1 #t, 1 n #8 th % *o not :no9 9h%.) Som o8 our Br#t#sh an0 stors 0a!! * th #r Fath r7s/#r#t Thor, thou+h Thor + n ra!!% ha* a mu0h 9#* r m an#n+ an* s#+n#8#0an0 . F.?'D%#n+' #s th 9#th*ra9a! o8 th s/#r#t 8rom #ts =/r ss#on #n 'T#m '. Th s/#r#t, "% #ts natur , r turns to #ts Fath r7s/#r#t an* to that /art or 0on*#t#on o8 #ts Fath r7s/#r#t most /ro/ r 8or #t to " . It #s a human!% r asona"! 0on0!us#on that th s/#r#t on ! a1#n+ th "o*% +o s to #ts :#n*r * an* most !o1 * on s, " 0aus , 8or on th#n+, #t 0am #n th s ns amon+ th m an* #s !#: th m. G.?Th Fath r7s/#r#t 0ons#sts o8 a Man% an* #s a 3n amon+ a Man% #n a st#!! +r at r 3n . 'Th r 0om th anoth r +r at r than 3*#n, "ut H#m I *ar not nam . F 9 0an s 9h r 3*#n to m t th )o!8 +o s'?(Th Br#t#sh E**a.) 8urth r than to

TO LEADERS O.

OLITICAL BODIES

1.?A00or*#n+ to th nat#on<s att#tu* to 4o*<s R a!#t%, so #s th " ha1#our an* th a0t#ons o8 #ts 4o1 rnm nt an* o8 #ts /o!#t#0#ans. (Th 9or* /o!#t#0#an un* r > sus76hr#st#an#t% has " 0om a t#t! o8 *ou"t8u! honour. But #t #s o8t n not r a!#s * that th /o!#t#0#an an* th /o!#t#0a! s%st m ar on!%

r /r s ntat#1 s o8 th 0u!tura! 8or0 , r !#+#on, or att#tu* ta: n to9ar* 4o*<s R a!#t%.) C.?Un* r > sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur th #* a o8 th S/#r#t o8 a Ra0 " 0om s @u#t * stro% *, th #* a o8 Ra0 #ts !8 " 0om s * stro% *, th #* a o8 a nat#on as =/r ss#n+ a ra0 " 0om s * stro% *, th #* a o8 /art#0u!ar @ua!#t# s " #n+ =/r ss * #n an #n*#1#*ua! or nat#on " 0om s * stro% *. Un* r th Bas#0 L# , a!! th s 1#ta! truths an* th 1a!u s #nh r nt #n th m, ar su//r ss * an* t n* to " =/r ss * #n t rms o8 a"so!ut T#m 7+#rt mat r#a!#sm, an* sou!7! ss o"A 0t#1 1a!u s, an* so th nat#on !os s 0onn 0t#on 9#th #ts s/#r#tua! "as#0 sour0 o8 1#ta!#t%. Th n * ath s!o9!% or @u#0:!% 9#!! arr#1 . ..?Un* r #ts 6hr#st#an #m/u!s , th /o!#t#0a! 9or!* to7*a% /r s nts as man% ana0hron#sms an* a88ronts to #nst#n0t an* =/ r# n0 an* 9ars a+a#nst nat#ona! h a!th an* 1#ta!#t% as *o s an% oth r as/ 0t o8 our so0#a! or 0ommuna! !#8 un* r th > sus76hr#st#an *#r 0t#on. For #nstan0 ? (a) Un* r 6hr#st#an#t% our 4o1 rnm nt #n th 8a0 o8 a!! #nst#n0t an* =/ r# n0 ho!*s that a!! m n an* 9om n ar @ua!. (") A!! ra0 s ar h !* @ua!. D#88 r n0 s ar #+nor * or a0t#1 !% 0om"at *. Th +o1 rnm nt n0oura+ s an* 1 n n8or0 s a!# ns to '(atura!#D ', an* m#= th #r "!oo* 9#th ours. (0) Th r #s no su0h th#n+ as "r *#n+?#t, un* r > sus76hr#st#an#t%, #s on!% 'a// aran0 ,' not a 'r a!#t%'. > sus76hr#st#an#t% 8un*am nta!!% * n# s th 1a!u o8 s ns 7/ r0 /t#ons an* th n 9#th !unat#0 88ront r%, ma: s us o8 th m as a "as#s o8 an* 8or th /r s ntat#on o8 a th or% 9h#0h * stro%s th m. (*) A > 9 "orn #n En+!an* #s an En+!#shman, or #8 "orn #n Rouman#a h #s a Rouman#an, #8 "orn #n Russ#a h #s a Russ#an. Pr suma"!% a *on: % "orn on a ra0#n+7stu* 8arm #s a ra0 7hors or 9#!! * 1 !o/ #nto a ra0 7hors . 5a88#rs a8t r r s#* n0 #n Austra!#a " 0om o8 th sam "!oo* as Br#t#sh Austra!#ans. > 9#sh or oth r a!# n "!oo* 0an " 0om En+!#sh "% an A0t o8 Par!#am nt. ( ) I8 human mon+r !#sm /ro1#* s a *#s/ro/ort#onat num" r o8 our 0r#m#na!s, #t must not " 0omm nt * on, 8or th t9o7ton+u * Broth r7hoo*7o87man7/r#n0#/! #n > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s at sta: . (8) I8 > 9s ho!* a ! a*#n+ /!a0 #n th 0ommun#t% an* !au+h at our su"s r1# n0 to th m?r !#+#ous!%, 0u!tura!!%, an* 8#nan0#a!!%, th n 9 ar to /#t% th /oor > 9, to turn th oth r 0h : an* to /ra% to shar 9#th that '6hos n P o/! ' an t rna! hom #n A"raham<s "osom. ((ot #n th hom o8 our Br#t#sh 8ath rs.) (+) Th 0u!t /r s nts a!! sorts o8 th#n+s an* 0on*#t#onsB an* th n 0an0 !s th m out, an* so th r 1o!1 s a /o!#t#0a! (aa7stran*. It #s th sam sort o8 (aa7stran* as 4 or+ (or S#++ ) / r0 #1 *. A (oth#n+7stat , 0on0om#tant o8 th !o9 st human#t% 0on0 #1a"! an* th n ! ss than that?a (oth#n+n ss. 3ur /o!#t#0a! *#r 0t#on un* r 6hr#st#an 0u!tur #s th#s. I8 %ou 0annot th#n: out th !o+#0 o8 th#s matt r, !oo: at th 1#* n0 " 8or %ou. S 9h r 9 ar +o#n+. Your % 7s#+ht an* / rha/s a ! a* / n0#! an* a "#t o8 /a/ r 8or a !#tt! ar#thm t#0 ar us 8u! a#*s m th#s 0onn 0t#on. G7A 0ommun#t% "% #ts natur 0annot /ro/ r!% an* =/ *# nt!% " *#1#* * u/ #nto 9at r7t#+ht s 0t#ons ?th ru!#n+ 0!ass, th so!*# r 0!ass, th art#san 0!ass, an* th !#: , th F * ra! s/h r , th Stat

s/h r , an* so on. Su0h an #* a #s untru an* !u*#0rous an* on o8 th most * /!ora"! as/ 0ts o8 a mu0h7tau+ht /art o8 P!aton#0 Ph#!oso/h%. For on th#n+, th r #s no 0omm n0#n+ /o#nt 8or su0h a s%st m #n T#m or #n th natur o8 man. Th #mm *#at #s 0on8oun* * 9#th or *#1#* * 8rom th ! ss7 #mm *#at , an* a!so th ! ss7#mm *#at #s o8t n 0on0 #1 * as ha1#n+ no *#88 r n0 s #n #ts !8. Th a//ar nt /os#t#on arr#1 * at "% th +a!!ant Parm m* s?Most #mm *#at 7T#m an* (o7T#m #n th#s as/ 0t?has not " n * 1 !o/ * on 9h#t. 6#0 ro / r0 #1 * as sho9n !s 9h r , th P!aton#0 *an+ r, "ut #t 9ou!* a// ar *#* not s/ n* mu0h t#m #n*#0at#n+ #ts natur . H?Un* r to7*a%<s 0u!tura! #m/u!s , nat#ons as 9 !! as m n su88 r 8rom !a0: o8 a tru 0on0 /t#on o8 R a!#t% an* th #r a0t#ons ma% " 0om as 0haot#0 as th /r#n0#/! s o8 th so0# t% th % tr% to s r1 . (o 9on* r our Br#t#sh > sus76hr#st#an nat#on #s o8t n 0har+ * 9#th *u/!#0#t% an* / r8#*%. Th har*79or:#n+ man, th thou+ht8u! man, th /o t, th /o!#t#0#an, th s ns#t#1 man 0an s0ar0 !% " ar th "ur* n o8 !#8 9#thout a 0ons0#ousn ss o8 h#s nat#1 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o*, or 9#thout a 0ons0#ousn ss o8 th Ba!*ur, th 4o*7+#1 n 8 atur s o8 h#s =#st n0 9#th#n h#m. > sus76hr#st#an#t% * n# s h#m th#s, an* 9#!! on!% /r t n* to +#1 h#m som sort o8 a 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o* at a /r#0 , th /r#0 " #n+ h#s su"m#ss#on to #t. A +o1 rnm nt shou!* " a9ar o8 th 1a!u o8 th :no9! *+ o8 th#s #n a!! #ts / o/! . D t r#orat#on #n 1#ta!#t% amon+ our / o/! #s o"1#ous un* r our /r s nt 0u!tur . Th r #s a +ro9#n+ !#st! ssn ss, an o1 r71a!u#n+ o8 8! t#n+ t m/ora!#t# s, Th s ar0h#n+ 8or so!a0 8or th sou! #s m t "% t m/ora! "ana!#t# s. 3ur / o/! ar *%#n+ 8rom th 6hr#st#an #n*u0 * !a0: o8 5no9! *+ o8 th s/#r#t #n th m. 6onta0t 9#th, an* =/ r# n0 o8 th man#8 stat#ons o8 4o* to man ar th on!% 8#rm "as s o8 san an* 8ru#t8u! !#1#n+, an* a 4o1 rnm nt shou!* n0oura+ that 0onta0t an* =/ r# n0 amon+ #n*#1#*ua!s an* so0#a! "o*# s. An*, ha//#!% #t ma% " / r0 #1 * that th 4r at 3n has /ro1#* * 8or our +u#*an0 a!! th man#8 stat#ons o8 H#ms !8 that 9 n *, u/ to an* " %on* th 8u!! =t nt o8 our 0a/a0#t# s to un* rstan*?#n*#1#*ua!!% an* oth r9#s . Fu!! m asur an* runn#n+ o1 r. 7.?Th t n* n0% o8 som /o!#t#0#ans to sa0r#8#0 th Imm *#at 8or th L ss7#mm *#at or th #n*#1#*ua! 8or th stat , an* 1#0 1 rsa ar#s s 8rom a m#sa//r h ns#on o8 th truth o8 R a!#t%. It #s anoth r #nstan0 o8 th * ath 8or0 , #n th So0rat#an7> sus76hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o*. Th stat #s +r at r than th / rson, "ut th stat #s 0om/os * o8 th / rsons. Th 9 !8ar s o8 a0h ar #ns /ara"! . Th % a0t an* r 7a0t on a0h oth r. Th % !#1 "% a0h oth r. 3n #s th Imm *#at an* th oth r #s th L ss7#mm *#at 1ar%#n+ #n /os#t#on at *#88 r nt t#m s an* #n *#88 r nt 0#r0umstan0 s. But a!9a%s th stat or nat#on #s su/ r#or. Un* r th So0rat#an7> sus76hr#st#an *#r 0t#on th % t n* to " s /arat nt#t# s, nt#t# s 9h#0h at !ast 9ar on a0h oth r to th * stru0t#on o8 "oth. I.?A!! m n #n 9hat 1 r s/h r th % ar "orn, shou!* ha1 a1 nu s "% 9h#0h th % ma% atta#n th +ar* #n !#8 most su#ta"! to th ms !1 s an* th 0ommun#t%, an* most /ro*u0t#1 o8 san 1#ta!#t%. -.?Un* r a nat#ona! *#r 0t#on 9h#0h #s untru , m n o8 ! ss r 9orth an* r /r s ntat#1 o8 th untru *#r 0t#on " 0om , or t n* to " 0om , th ! a* rs o8 th nat#on. Th o//os#t 0on*#t#on ar#s s 9h n th *#r 0t#on #s tru . 1J.?It #s a!most #m/oss#"! to 8#n* 9hat man #s th most #m/ortant man #n th 0ommun#t%. H ma% " th most o"s0ur man, "ut on h#m th 8at o8 th 0ommun#t% ma% turn. Th most #m/ortant man #s h 9ho " st *o s h#s *ut% #n h#s /art#0u!ar +ar* #n 4o*. H#s 1a!u #s o8 su0h a 9#* natur as to " @u#t #n0om/uta"! .

11.?'Do unto oth rs as %ou 9ou!* ha1 th m *o unto %ou,' #s th 6hr#st#an '4o!* n ru! .' It #s a *ou"! 7ton+u * /!at#tu* 0a!0u!at * on!% to "am"ooD! a 8oo!. Th 8o!!o9#n+ #nstan0 o8 #ts *#r 0t#on #s +#1 n&? Th > sus76hr#st#an * mo0ra0% o8 En+!an* has #ts E@ua!#t% D mo0ra0%. Un* r th#s 4o!* n7ru! #m/u!s our /r s nt !u*#0rous +o1 rnm nt, #n th /o9 r +a#n * "% th m r#t o8 our 8ath rs, +#1 s E@ua!#t%7D mo0ra0% to In*#a. In*#a 8r 8rom th#s /art#0u!ar !# , :no9s that a !# #s " #n+ +#1 n an* 8or0 * on #t an* !oo:s on th En+!#sh 9#th +ro9#n+ *#strust an* 0ont m/t. I8 th En+!#sh ha* an a!# n ru! r, th % / rha/s 9ou!* !#: h#m to +#1 th m a /art#0u!ar 8orm o8 +o1 rnm nt, "ut #t *o s not 8o!!o9 that In*#a n *s th sam t%/ o8 +o1 rnm nt as th En+!#sh. Th m asur o8 ours !1 s ma% not " th m asur o8 oth rs. Th 0#r0umstan0 s o8 ours !1 s ma% not " th 0#r0umstan0 s o8 oth rs. Th 4o!* n7ru! #s ta#nt * 9#th th E@ua!#t% !# . 1C.?Im/ r#a!!% as 9 !! as *om st#0a!!%, our untruth8u! > sus76hr#st#an "as#0 '#* a!' #s ! a*#n+ us #n In*#a on9ar* to th #n 1#ta"! *#sast r. 3ur / r1a*#n+ out!oo: on R a!#t% #s s#m/!% untru , an* so 9 ha1 a0t * untru!%. 1..?A nat#on un* r D mo0ra0% mo1 s on9ar* to Bo!sh 1#sm an* 0om s un* r th man#/u!at#on o8 sou!7* stro% rs?that #s, o8 0ours , #8 no 1#ta! a!# n /o9 r o1 r9h !ms #t " 8or han*. 1F.?Mon %7t# s, tra* 7tr at# s, an* mat r#a! "on*s o8 th ms !1 s m r !% t n* to * stro% th r a! nat#ona! "on*. 3n!% a +o1 rnm nt "u#!t on a r 0o+n#t#on o8 th "!oo* an* "on an* s/#r#t o8 a nat#on 0an " soun* an* 1#ta!.

TO WRITERS AND ARTISTS


1.?Th #mm *#at !% su00 ss8u! 9r#t rs o8 a / r#o* ar thos #n th 1an+uar* o8 th *#r 0t#on?*o9n9ar* *#r 0t#on or oth r. =#st#n+ 0u!tura!

C.?3ur !#t ratur an* art un* r 6hr#st#an 0u!tur " 0om s #n0r as#n+!% 0haot#0 an* *#r 0t#on! ss. ;a!u s " 0om *#stort * as th 0ommun#t% * /arts 8rom th 1#ta!#t% o8 4o*<s r a!#t%. S = *#stort#n+ no1 !s an* th ! ast 1#ta!#D#n+ 8 atur s o8 !#8 ar m/has#s *. Th rot " 0om s #n0r as#n+!% o"1#ous. ..?3ur ! +a! s%st m " 0om s !u*#0rous!% 1o!um#nous #n a 1a#n n* a1our to 9r#t ru! s 0o1 r#n+ a!! 0#r0umstan0 s. But a!! th ru! s an* r +u!at#ons #n th 9or!* ar no su"st#tut 8or th #nst#n0t#1 mora!#t% an* Aust#0 a0h# 1 * "% a / o/! #n th #r #mm *#at 0onta0t 9#th th 9a%s o8 4o* #n (atur an* 0ons0#ous o8 th #r s/#r#tua! "as#s. > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s th :#!! r o8 that r#0h a0h# 1 m nt?an a0h# 1 m nt +r at r or sma!! r a00or*#n+ to th /art#0u!ar Fath r7s/#r#t a nat#on r /r s nts. Th most 1#ta! 8 atur s o8 0on*u0t ar " %on* th am"#t o8 / n an* #n:. 6hr#st#an#t% 0on* mn#n+ man<s #nst#n0t, h#s /o9 rs an* h#ms !8, *r#1 s man "% 1ar#ous m ans to /#n h#s 8a#th to th 0om/#!#n+ o8 a mu!t#tu* o8 ru! s an* r +u!at#ons as an ans9 r to h#s "as#0 ur+ ?th 79#!!7to7!#1 . Ru! s an* r +u!at#ons ho9 1 r 1o!um#nous 0annot * !#n at th am"#t o8 a 1#ta! nt#t%. Y t un* r th #m/u!s o8 mat r#a!#st#0 6hr#st#an#t% man #s *r#1 n to tr% to *o #t, 9h n on!% th mor #mm *#at o8 h#s 8 atur s o8 !#1#n+ 0an " * !#n at * thus. Th * s0r#"#n+ or 1 r"a! * !#n at#on o8 san#t%, an* #ts /has , Mora!#t%, th s#n @ua non o8 !#1#n+, #s " %on* th 0! 1 r st Par!#am ntar% *rau+htsman<s art. Th 9r#t r<s h#+h st 9or: 0ons#sts 0h# 8!% #n "r#n+#n+ th * / r truths o8 r a!#t% #nto 9or*s, #nto 9or*s 9h#0h "% th 1#ta!#t% o8 th #r arran+ m nt an* matt r " ar th m#n* o8 man on9ar* to a

+r at r 9or!*. F.?3ur /r 1a#!#n+ son+s to7*a%?A#0: tt%, r#0: tt%, an* m an#n+! ss?ar at !ast an #n* = o8 th /r 1a#!#n+ m nta! 0haos or st r#!#t%. Th #r @ua!#t% #n*#0at s our 0u!tura! *#r 0t#on. It #s not th #r s#m/!#0#t% 9h#0h o88 n*s, "ut th *#r 0t#on th % /o#nt. )ho o8 us has not shu** r * at h ar#n+ Br#t#sh s#n+ rs, a/#n+ th a!# n, an* s#n+#n+ as thou+h th % m#+ht "urst #nto torr nts o8 9 /#n+ at an% mom ntE It #s sa#* that %oun+ m n 9h#! r 0#t#n+ Hom r<s 1 rs us * to " 0om so mo1 * that th % 0ut th ms !1 s 9#th :n#1 s. I8 %ou 9#sh to !au+h or 0r% 0om/ar th#s 9#th som o8 to7*a%<s /r#D 79#nn#n+ 1 rs . G.?Th 9r#t r<s *ut% #s to t a0h, to 9ho! som !% amus B an* ! a* th m#n* to a 0ons0#ousn ss o8 th 1#ta!#t% o8 R a!#t%. To *o th s th#n+s th 9r#t r h#ms !8 must " #n tou0h 9#th an* 0om/r h n* th 1#ta!#t% o8 th Truth. > 979orsh#/, s !87r nun0#at#on, an* 8a!s 1a!u s ar th m s that ! a* r a* rs to !o9 r ! 1 !s o8 1#ta!#t%. H.?Th Sa+as o8 th Br#t#sh E**a, th son+s o8 our 8or 8ath rs, th #r stru++! s, a0h# 1 m nts, th #r s#m/! truth8u!n ss, th #r n r+% an* th An+ or S/#r#t7o87th 7An+! 0%n7#n74o*, /ro1#* th m s o8 #n =haust#"! 1#+our an* most /ro8oun* 1#ta!#t%. Th 3*#n#st out!oo: that our 8ath rs h !* #s s#m/! an* /ro8oun* " %on* that o8 an% / o/! at an% t#m . An* 9#th stran+ st#rr#n+ o8 s/#r#t 9 r m m" r #t #s th out!oo: o8 our o9n 8or 8ath rs, 8oun* rs o8 our o9n nat#on an* 0r ators o8 our o9n Br#t#sh h r#ta+ . T$o*#& C#r','! &#,&9 Th th m s o8 3*#n stan* 8orth as hu+ mounta#n mass s, o1 r7to//#n+ th +ra0 s an* su"t! t# s o8 4r 0 , an* th s/#r#tua! h #+hts o8 a!! oth r nat#ons. 7.?>ohn M#!ton 9as attra0t * "% th !#tt! h :n 9 o8 our 8or 8ath rs. H a!most * 0#* * to ma: #t th th m o8 h#s ma+num o/us. Th > 9 /r 1a#! *, ho9 1 r, an* M#!ton * 1ot * h#s h#+h +#8ts to !%#n+ a"out Lu0#8 r (th !#+ht7" ar r) an* +!or#8%#n+ >u*ah. Th man#/u!at#1 an* #ts 0oro!!ar%, th su"m#ss#1 stra#n /r 1a#! * as a//ro/r#at to th o1 r7r#*#n+ s ! 0t * /h#!oso/h#0 att#tu* . 'L t th / a!#n+ or+an "!o9 ... D#sso!1 m% sou! #n 0stas% ...Q '6arr% m ...' 'La% m ... Fo!* m #n *o9n% so8t H#* m , 0o1 r, h#* m ... ' ar a!! *#r 0t#ona!!% mur:% an* som 9hat 8 m#n#st#0 (not 9oman!%) an* t#n+ * 9#th an untru att#tu* to r a!#t%. Su0h an att#tu* #n th +ar* o8 man #s s#n8u!, an* un! ss h #s 9oun* * or s#0: or t#r *, 9ars a+a#nst h#s !#8 an* *ut% #n h#s +ar* #n 4o*. I.?Po ts, art#sts, 0om/os rs an* /h#!oso/h rs ha1 " n "!u*+ on * or nt#0 * #nto +!or#8%#n+ th

> 9 "% th su"t! m#+ht o8 th 6hr#st#an r !#+#onB su"t! m#+ht that o8t n " 0am 8an+ an* 0!a9. Too o8t n, a!so, th % ha1 9ors than n +! 0t * th #r o9n tru h ro s. In a!! th#s?#ts /h#!oso/h%, att#tu* an* /r s ntat#on?th r su!t #n Pro8#t to th > 9 #s =0 +r at, 9h#! th r su!t #n Loss to th > sus76hr#st#an #s /ro8oun*!% +r at r. *#n+!%

( 1 rth ! ss, /a#nt rs #m/ !! * "% Br#t#sh #nst#n0ts ha1 o8t n /#0tur * th #r > sus76hr#st as " #n+ 1 r% !#: th /ortra#ts o8 +r at Br#t#sh m n, .+., E*9ar* I., an* 8or+ot th * s0r#/t#on o8 > sus #n Isa#ah 6.G., an* s#m#!ar. An* Ba0h, Brahms, Han* ! an* E!+ar s#m#!ar!% 8or+ot, an* /r s nt * to us h ro s an* #* as o8 th #r nat#1 o9n, ho9 1 r "ran* * an* 9 #+ht * th % " 9#th th nam s an* mar:s o8 > 9#sh76hr#st#an#t% an* #ts * a*!% 6on* mnat#on #m/!#0at#ons. Anoth r *a9n #s a//roa0h#n+B th m n* * rror o8 th % st r*a% to " a st //#n+ ston o8 th n 9 *a%, -.?)hat a 8# !* 8or our 9r#t rs #s 9a#t#n+ #n th 3*#n#st th m 2 An un =/!or * 9or!* o8 " aut% an* 1#ta!#t%, !#: an a//roa0h#n+ h a1 n!% *a%2 A n 9 Hom r, a n 9 H s#o*, a n 9 B o9u!8, a +r at r than )a+n r or Sha: s/ ar sha!! ar#s .

TO THE WOR8ING-WOMAN
1.?Th most 4o*7s :#n+ / o/! o8 a 6hr#st#an 0ommun#t% ar th /oor st. Th % ar h !* nm sh * un* r th 0on8us#on o8 th 6hr#st#an n t. Th % *# out. Thus th most 1#ta!?that #s, th 4o*7s : rs ?*# , an* so #n t#m th 8oun*at#on o8 th nat#on #s * stro% *, an* th 9ho! stat 8a!!s. C.?Th r#0h st / o/! #n th 0ommun#t% ar > 9s or that t%/ o8 6hr#st#an 9ho #s a usur r or mon %7 s/#nn r, an* 9ho 9ant th #r 8 !!o9s to " 6hr#st#an S !87r nun0#at#on#sts. ..?Th +r at st su//ort rs o8 6hr#st#an#t% *o not 's !! a!! th #r +oo*s an* +#1 to th /oor.' Th % 9ant th oth r / rson to ha1 that att#tu* o8 m#n*. Th % t !! h#m to !a% u/ tr asur #n h a1 n. B 0aus th % 9ant h#m to " a 0o+ o8 th #r ma0h#n #n th#s 9or!*. Thos 0ont m/t#"! su//ort rs o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t% #n th #r #mm *#at 9a%, :no9 9hat th % ar *o#n+. () *o not h r #n0!u* th 4o*7s : rs an* *o rs7o87+oo* amon+ thos su//ort rs o8 6hr#st#an#t%. Som o8 th most honoura"! / o/! 9 ha1 :no9n, 0a!! * th ms !1 s 6hr#st#ans.) F.?I8 %ou as: a 6hr#st#an th m an#n+ o8 's !! an* +#1 to th /oor' 'turn th oth r 0h :,' '"! ss * ar th m :,' an* s#m#!ar, an* sho9 h#m th !o+#0a! 0on0!us#ons #n !#8 o8 th s sa%#n+s, an* h sa%s 'Ah, %ou *o not un* rstan*,' or 'It m ans som th#n+ !s ,' or 'You ou+ht to s th or#+#na! 4r :' or us s som oth r 8a1our * 1as#on o8 th #ssu , th n %ou 9#!! :no9 %ou ar ta!:#n+ to a *an+ rous 0on8us r 0ons0#ous or un0ons0#ous. G.?A!! 0a/#ta!#st#0 /aras#t s 9ant 6hr#st#an#t% tau+ht. Th % 9ant su0h th#n+s to " tau+ht, as?'R s#st not 1#!,' 'A!! m n ar @ua!,' an* 'Do unto oth rs as %ou 9ou!* ha1 th m *o unto %ou,' an* oth r *ou"! 7ton+u * /!at#tu* s. Th s sa%#n+s ar tru on!% #n on as/ 0t, an* #n a0tua! !#8 9#!! 0on8us %ou an* n utra!#s %our out!oo:. Th n as %ou ar 0on8us *, th % th mor as#!% 0an ro" %ou. S ho9 th 0a/#ta!#st, 9#thout 0ontr#"ut#n+ to r a! 9 a!th +ro9s 1 r r#0h r #n a 6hr#st#an 0ommun#t%. S th r su!t o8 th 6hr#st#an 0!an* st#n att#tu* to s =. S #t #n th h#** n s/r a* o8 s =7*#s as an* th / r1 rs#ons * stro%#n+ th h a!th an* san#t% o8 th nat#on?!unat#0 as%!ums, +ao!s an*

hos/#ta!s. For 8rom s =7*#s as ar#s man% o8 th *#s as s harr%#n+ th !#8 o8 man:#n*. H.?Th 9oman #s not th sam as man. Sh 0annot *o som o8 th th#n+s that man 0an *o 9#thout *an+ r to h rs !8 an* th nat#on. Sh #s *#88 r nt. Sh must " r 1 r * an* honour * an* /rot 0t *. Sh #s th moth r o8 our nat#on. 6hr#st#an#t% 9#th #ts #nh r nt E@ua!#t% #* a sa%s man an* 9oman ar th sam an* ma% /ro/ r!% *o th sam th#n+s. A 0on8us#on ar#s s 9#th r su!ts that ar * a*!%. For on th#n+, m n " 0om 8 m#n#n an* th 9oman " 0om s mas0u!#n to th * stru0t#on o8 th #r tru natur s an* th !#8 o8 th nat#on. An un0on8us * m#n* 0an as#!% / r0 #1 th * stro%#n+ !# . 3ur Ar%an an0 stors honour * th 9oman. Th > 9s an* ( ar7East rn 0u!tur n 1 r *#*. Sh 9as a m r a// n*a+ o8 th ma! , a /oss ss#on !#: an o=. It 9as * n# * sh ha* a sou!. Th 3*#n#st sa%s 9oman #s o8 su/r m an* 1#ta! #m/ortan0 . It #s a man<s h#+h *ut% to /rot 0t h r. A man<s n +! 0t to *o so #s a n +! 0t o8 h#s r s/ons#"#!#t% to 4o* an* h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*. 3ur 9om n ar th moth rs o8 our nat#on. A 9oman<s s/h r 9as 9 !! un* rstoo* "% our 3*#n#st an0 stors. Th 9oman #n th hom 9as su/r m , th + n ra! *#r 0t#on on!% o8 th hous ho!* 9as th s/h r o8 th hous 78ath r. (S H arn7Ar%an Hous ho!*.) 7.?You, th 9or:#n+ 9oman, marr# * or unmarr# *, ma% 9#th sat#s8a0t#on r m m" r that %ou ar "% th 8a0t o8 %our 9or:, #n 0onstant tou0h 9#th th "as#0 r a!#t# s o8 !#8 , 9#th th 9a%s o8 4o* #n th #r most as#!% *#s0 rn * 8orm. 3n!% on th s "as s 0an tru 9#s*om " a0h# 1 *. You #n* * sha!! #nh r#t th arth an* 9#th 0h#!*r n, 9 !!7"r * an* truth8u!, sha!! " th sa!t o8 th arth. Your mar: u/on 4o*<s arth sha!! /arta: o8 #mmorta!#t%, 9h n th /aras#t <s man#/u!at#ons, A#++#n+s an* /r t n0 s ar r so!1 * #nto noth#n+n ss. I.?Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on #s th on!% 0om8ort. It *o s not *ru+ %ou or hum"u+ %ou. Th 3*#n#st 9or:#n+79oman ma% 0! ar7 % * !oo: on9ar* to th !#8 " %on* th s ns . Sh s s h r !#8 h r , an* th 9a% on9ar* to h r !o1 * on s #n th Lon+ Hom 9h r >ust#0 , Truth, an* Lo1 r #+ns 8or 1 r " %on* th tou0h o8 T#m & h r Lon+ Hom 9h r m#sun* rstan*#n+s, A a!ous%, an* #+noran0 ar 0han+ * to un* rstan*#n+s, :#n*n ss an* :no9! *+ . Th r#+ht to !#1 an* /arta: a* @uat !% o8 th 8ru#ts o8 th arth #s a r#+ht #nh r nt #n a!! * 0 nt m n an* 9om n. An* a s%st m 9h#0h * n# s th#s r#+ht #s not a +oo* on , an* /art#0u!ar!% #s th#s 0! ar #n th "ount ous 9or!* o8 to7*a%. Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on #s not a > 979orsh#//#n+ or oth r a!# n79orsh#//#n+ r !#+#on. It /o#nts th 0h#!*r n to honour th #r o9n nat#on an* #ts " st tra*#t#ons. It :no9s that a / o/! untru to #ts o9n Fath r7s/#r#t an* #ts tra*#t#ons 9#!! *# . (or *o s #t t a0h that th#s arth7!#8 #s a noth#n+, a som th#n+ to " 0on* mn * an* 88a0 *. 3n th 0ontrar% th#s !#8 #s o8 su/r m #m/ortan0 . It #s our t m/ora! +ar* #n A!m#+ht% 4o*. From #t, 9 a0h sha!! som *a% " ar h#s har1 st to ;a!ha!!a, a har1 st not o8 mon %, or +oo*s or t m/ora! th#n+s, "ut a har1 st o8 th#n+s that ar o8 4o* an* o8 t rna! 1a!u . -.?)h n %ou s +r at n 9s/a/ rs an* 8#nan0#a! #nst#tut#ons t !!#n+ th mu!t#tu* o8 th / o/! that 1 r% man an* 9oman :no9s as mu0h a"out /o!#t#0s, 8#nan0 an* 8or #+n /o!#0% as an% oth r man or 9oman, as: %ours !8 9hat #t a!! m ans. )h n %ou s th s mon %7s/#nn rs ur+#n+ %ou to * 8 n* %our '* mo0rat#0 !#" rt% o8 E@ua!#t%' s %ou 0an 8#n* out 9h% th % ar so !o1#n+ an* an=#ous a"out %ou an* %our 9or:#n+ 8am#!%. #8

)h n %ou ar #n *#str ss r m m" r %our Fath r7s/#r#t an* r m m" r that h ro s ha1 tro* th /aths %ou ar tr a*#n+. Th % ar not 8ar a9a%. Th 6hr#stos or, as th 8ath rs o8 our Br#t#sh nat#on sa#*, Th Thor #s 1 r r a*% to nt r mor #nto %our !#8 an* str n+th n %ou, H#s /o9 r #s man#8 st #n a!! %ou 0an s . H =#sts too 8or %ou. H #s 1 r!ast#n+. You ar o8 H#m an* ma% 1 r /oss ss mor

o8 H#m. B 0om as 0ons0#ous o8 that 4r at 3n #n 4o* as %ou 0an. H #s not a man, > 9, ( +ro, or Ara", "ut th 8#at#0 /o9 r #n 4o*, a!!7/o9 r8u!, 9hos m#+ht% 9or:s %ou ma% / r0 #1 at an% m#nut o8 th *a% or n#+ht. R m m" r too, that #n 1 r% s#tuat#on #n 9h#0h %ou ma% " , th r ar /aths o8 !#8 an* " aut% ! a*#n+ on9ar* to th E1 r!ast#n+. For #t #s o8 th natur o8 %our 4o*, that #t #s so.

THE BALDUR
1.?A /o t T +n r (!at r a 6hr#st#an B#sho/) *ra9#n+ u/on an ar!% /r 76hr#st#an (or*#0, /ro"a"!% An+!o7Sa=on sour0 , 9rot som 9hat as 8o!!o9s& 'A Ba!*ur !#1 s #n th South!an* a /ur 1#r+#n<s son, )hom +r at A!!7Fath r s nt #n !o1 u/on th arth, To r a* 9#th 0! arn ss unto m n th (orn n<s 9or*s, That D st#n% u/on th +r at "!a0: sh# !* ha* 9r#t, P a0 9as h#s 9ar70r%, !o1 9as h#s /ur 9h#t s9or*, An* /ur#t% sat on h#m, *o1 7!#: 8or h#s h !m. In / a0 an* !o1 h !#1 *, an* tau+htB *# * an* 8or+a1 B An* un* r *#stant /a!ms th r stan*s h#s +ra1 #n !#+ht.'

8rom Fr#th#o8 th ;#:#n+.


C.?But, th th m +o s on, Ba!*ur n 1 r r a!!% *# *. H !#1 s on. H 9as th !o1 * o8 a!!. Th s:a!* o8 th Fr#th#o8 /#0 8urth r sa%s&? 'Ba!*ur !#1 s a+a#n 9h n< r a 0h#!* #s "ornB 8or 1 r% human h art has #ts Ba!*ur. But a!so n ar #t, th "!#n* "roth r Ho%*#r, that "us% Lo:#, ! a*s to s!a% th Ba!*ur.' ..?A!! 0h#!*r n "orn u/on th arth ar 0h#!*r n o8 th A!!7Fath r, an* th Ba!*ur #s #n a0h o8 us. Ea0h o8 us #s 3*#n<s 1 r% son. For 9ho "ut th 1 r% /o9 rs o8 4o* a#* * our /h%s#0a! +ro9th an* /r s nt * us 9#th th m ans o8 5no9! *+ an* L#8 E Ea0h on o8 us ma% r a* unto m n th (orn n<s?/ast, /r s nt an* 8utur or T#m ! ss?9or*s, "% a0t, "% * *, or oth r +oo* a00or*#n+ to h#s 0a/a0#t# s. Th n 8rom arth, man, h#s !#8 #n T#m *on , ma% r turn as Ba!*ur *#*, to h#s Fath r<s hom . F.?) 8#n* a /o t nam * Lon+8 !!o9 #n /art 0o/%#n+ 8rom T +n r, 9ho 0o/# * 8rom th an0# nt (or*#0 sa+aman, 9r#t#n+ th 8o!!o9#n+&? 'I h ar* a 1o#0 , that 0r# *, <Ba!*ur th B aut#8u! Is * a*, #s * a*.< An* throu+h th m#st% a#r Pass * !#: th mourn8u! 0r% 38 sun9ar* sa#!#n+ 0ran s.' 'An* th 1o#0 8or 1 r 0r# *, <Ba!*ur th B aut#8u! Is * a*, #s * a*.< An* *# * a9a% Throu+h th *r ar% n#+ht In a00 nts o8 * s/a#r.' 'Th % !aun0h * th "urn#n+ sh#/.

It 8!oat * 8ar a9a% 31 r th m#st% s a ....' Th n #n h#s som 9hat 8 "! r thou+ht h r , Lon+8 !!o9, mor 1 n than T +n r, t9#sts th th m #nto a u!o+% o8 th 0on1 nt#ona! > 979orsh#/ an* 6on* mnat#on att#tu* . G.?Un* r > sus76hr#st#an#t% th Lo:# has 0unn#n+!%, +ra*ua!!%, 0han+ * our Ba!*ur, th / r8 0t man, #nto th 8orm an* natur o8 an Arm no#*, as 9 ha1 !oo: * on. So #nst a* o8 our Ba!*ur, 9 8#n* our / o/! "o9#n+ to > 979orsh#/, 0on* mnat#on o8 ours !1 s #n0!u*#n+ 4o*<s Ba!*ur #n us an* th u!t#mat !o+#0a! 0on* mnat#on o8 A!m#+ht% 4o*& su0h as th#s, #s ?> sus76hr#st#an#t%. H.?Th Ba!*ur #s "orn o8 th A!!7Fath r #n a 9oman, throu+h human a+ n0%. Th "#rth 0ont#nu s #n an* throu+h man<s !#8 mo*#8# * /art!% "% man<s 9#!!. Th Ba!*ur ma% " #mma0u!at !% 0on0 #1 *. Th A!!7Fath r<s s/#r#t too / r1a* s 1 r% 0h#!* "orn, 9ho #s H#s son. Man #s 3*#n<s o9n an* to th Fath r som *a% h sha!! r turn 9#th h#s "r thr n, an* nam * a8t r th > sus76hr#st#an sa#nt, Pau!. 7.?3*#n#st 0hur0h s 9 r "u#!t an* nam * a8t r Ba!*ur. >ust as > sus76hr#st#an 0hur0h s ar "u#!t. Marr#a+ s 9 r usua!!% 0 ! "rat * #n th 6hur0h (or T m/! ) o8 Ba!*ur. 6h#!*r n 9 r 0hr#st n * an* nam *. I.?Som *a% a r a! Br#t#sh /o t ma% ar#s 9ho 9#!! " un9#!!#n+ to "! at a8t r 'Isra !', an* 9ho 9#!! a* @uat !% trans!at th Fr#th#o8, an* oth r !#t rar% 1#* n0 o8 our 8or 8ath rs< + n#us. ( #th r T +n r nor Lon+8 !!o9 amon+ oth r 8a#!#n+s, 0ou!* o1 r0om th #r 6hr#st#an 0on* mnat#on7 o87man "#as or th 0on* mnat#on7o87s = "#as. -.?Th Ba!*ur "#rth #s th Imma0u!at 6on0 /t#on, th #mma0u!at 0on0 /t#on o8 1 r% man. Th Moth r #s a!9a%s th ;#r+#n /ur , th "r#* #n th !ast ana!%s#s #s th "r#* o8 th ho!% A!!7Fath r. 1J.?> sus76hr#st#an#t% sto! 8rom us, mor than th *at s o8 our 8ath rs< 8 st (or Ho!%) *a%s. Th Ba!*ur th m 9as t9#st *, * +ra* *, an* "% m#n*s o8 a * 0! ns#1 t%/ , us * as a * 8a0 * "uttr ss 8or th h#stor#0a! 8ram 9or: o8 th > sus /r s ntat#on. 11.?) ar r m#n* * o8 a t m/! or 0hur0h o8 Ba!*ur. S 1 ra! h#+h an* "roa* st /s ! * to #ts ntran0 . Ea0h st / 9as s%m"o!#0 o8 a /#t8a!! o8 arth7!#8 ?4r *, > a!ous%, Lo1 o8 8am amon+ m n, Untruth to 4o* 9#th#n us, Fa!s /r#* , F ar an* oth rs. Ha1#n+ s%m"o!#0a!!% st // * a"o1 th #r s#ns th / o/! sat or stoo* #n th t m/! . Th r at th 8ar n* m#+ht " a statu r /r s nt#n+ th Ba!*ur. H , a m ss n+ r o8 h#s Fath r 3*#n, 9as th !o1 * o8 4o*s an* m n, th / r8 0t man, 8or h , th 9#s an* " aut#8u!, !o1 * th m. Th % 9 r at ! ast #n som * +r o8 h#m, th / r8 0t man o8 4o*, 8! sh o8 h#s 8! sh, m#n* o8 h#s m#n*, an* sou! o8 h#s sou!, an* th mor so, as th % 9 r th r an* sou+ht h#m, th Ba!*ur. 'L#+ht 8rom h#s 8or h a* " am *, Run s 9 r u/on h#s ton+u , As on th 9arr#or<s s9or*.' Th / o/! sta% * a9h#! an* th n th % san+ to+ th r. Th % r m m" r * th s!a% r o8 th Ba!*ur #n th 9or!*. Th % r m m" r * h#s t rna! hom #n L#+ht.

Th % r m m" r * th #r o9n s#m#!ar h#+h 0a!!#n+. Th % sa!ut * th Ba!*ur an* * /art * "% anoth r =#t, on th #r s 1 ra! 9a%s #nto th 9or!*.

ITEMS
Th 9or* Isra ! #s * r#1 * 8rom th nam s o8 th o!* E+%/t#an 4o*s?Is, Ra, E!. >a0o" th > 9, Ao#n * th nam s to+ th r an* 0a!! * h#ms !8 Isra !. LLLL Man% +oo* Br#t#sh / o/! 0a!! th ms !1 s Br#t#sh7Isra !#t s. Th % s : to /ro1 th #r * s0 nt 8rom th nam 70han+#n+ > 97>a0o". E=traor*#nar%2 Th B#"! 0a!!s th > 9s th 6hos n Ra0 o8 4o*, 4o*<s 39n P 0u!#ar P o/! . Th r 8or , th Br#t#sh7Isra !#t , #+norant o8 th o"s0ur * stor% o8 h#s o9n ra0#a! or#+#ns, s :s to " on o8 4o*<s 6hos n ra0 ? 1 n thou+h th % " > 9s. It #s on!% 8urth r 1#* n0 sho9#n+ ho9 8ar man 9#!! +o #n or* r to " 0!os to an* 0onn 0t * 9#th 4o*. Th Psa!ms o8 Da1#* 9 r n 1 r 9r#tt n "% a 5#n+ o8 th > 9s nam * Da1#* (#8 th r 1 r 9as a > 9#sh Da1#*). Som , at ! ast, o8 th Psa!ms ha1 " n 8oun* 9r#tt n #n th tom"s #n An0# nt E+%/t ?" 8or 'Da1#*<s' t#m . An* som , at ! ast, o8 th Psa!ms 9 r 0om/os * "% Ar%ans. An* th /o t#0 0a/a0#t# s o8 th En+!#sh trans!ators #n th E!#Da" than a+ a"out 1H11, r a!!% +a1 th Psa!ms th #r sonorous an* h#+h @ua!#t%. LLLL Th Boo: o8 >o" 9as an an0# nt (or*#0 4r : /!a%. LLLL Th ( 9 T stam nt tra0 s > sus< + n a!o+%. Pr 0#s#on #s 8!un+ to th 9#n*s. As usua! too 9#th th 6hr#st#an r !#+#on #t +#1 s t9o a00ounts /art#a!!% at ! ast 0ontra*#0tor%. LLLL 3n 8 atur o8 th > sus76hr#st#an h#stor% #s that #t #s ta: n 8rom a *ramat#st<s /!a%. Th th m #s th har*sh#/s o8 a r 8orm r an* h#s 1 ntua! " tra%a! an* * ath at th han*s o8 thos h sou+ht to sa1 . A th m a!9a%s o!*, a!9a%s n 9. LLLL Th B#"! 0onta#ns 9r#t#n+s 8rom man% sour0 s. In #t man% o!* Ar%an 9r#t#n+s ar t9#st * u/ an* /r s nt * to us "% > 9s as th #r o9n. Th T n 6omman*m nts 9 r 9r#tt n *o9n an* tau+ht thousan*s o8 % ars " 8or Mos s 9as "orn. Th 1#* n0 #s a1a#!a"! an* /ast *ou"t#n+. E1 r% nat#on an* 0ommun#t% ha* #ts !#st o8 /o/u!ar 8un*am nta! ru! s o8 r !#+#ous 0on*u0t. It has to ha1 #t. Rom , 8or #nstan0 , ha* #ts T9 !1 Ta"! s. LLLL )h n man m r+ s 8rom th m#asma o8 th > sus76hr#st#an r !#+#on h#s 1#s#on #n Imm *#at th#n+s

as 9 !! as #n th L ss7#mm *#at 9#!! " 0! ar r. H 9#!! s that Imm *#at th#n+s ar not 0on* mn * an* 0urs * "% A!m#+ht% 4o*. H#s 1# 9 o8 s ns#"! th#n+s #n0!u*#n+ h#ms !8, 9#!! " 0orr 0t *. Man 9#!! s h#ms !8 as a s r1ant an* a!so as a Lor* on a h#+h m#ss#on. H 9#!! / r0 #1 h#s h#+h 0a!!#n+ #n 4o*<s 9or!*. H 9#!! / r0 #1 th 9#* an* 9on* r8u! *oma#n +#1 n to h#m 8or th = r0#s o8 h#s + n#us. H#s san an* tru att#tu* to 4o* 9#!! "r#n+ 9#th #t, san#t% #n th Imm *#at an* #n th L ss7 #mm *#at . Th#n+s n ar as 9 !! as th#n+s a8ar sha!! " 0om mor 0! ar, an* h#s *#r 0t#ona! 0on8us#on *#s/ rs *. LLLL Th An+!o7Sa=ons ar as num rous or n ar!% as num rous as an% o8 th (or*#0 / o/! s. Som *a%, 8r 8rom > sus7an*7> 979orsh#/ th % 9#!! r a!#s #t. Th #r #n8!u n0 9#!! th n " +r at r than 1 r. As 3*#n#sts, 0ons0#ous o8 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t th % sha!! th n " "oun* to+ th r #n "on*s o8 th s/#r#t. Throu+hout th 9or!* th % sha!! stan* 1#ta! an* unassa#!a"! . Boun* to+ th r "% a "on* stron+ r than an% 0onst#tut#on, stron+ r than th "on* o8 a 0ommon 5#n+sh#/, an* stron+ r than th "on* o8 a 0ommon 6ro9nB th % sha!! 8 ar *#s#nt +rat#on an* * 0a% no mor , "ut stan*#n+ 8#rm on th Truth 8u!8#! th #r h#+h * st#n%. LLLL A tru th oso/h#st 9#sh s to " a Un#1 rsa! 8or+ tt#n+ that h , th th oso/h#st #rr 1o0a"!% #s an* =#sts as a /art#0u!ar #n th 9ho! . 3th r9#s h 0ou!* not !#1 . B% * stro%#n+ th /art#0u!ar, h * stro%s h#s /!a0 #n th un#1 rsa!. As th th oso/h#st * stro%s th /art#0u!ar, h " 0om s *#r 0t#on! ss an* * t r#orat s on to9ar*s * ath. Th 8or0 or S/#r#t7Fath r 9ho 0r at s th /art#0u!ar th oso/h#st, !#1 s on, 1 n thou+h h#s r /r s ntat#1 n +! 0ts h#s trust an* :#!!s h#ms !8, that #s, as 8ar as h 0an *o so. Th th oso/h#st, #n 8a0t, #n so 8ar as h * n# s /art#0u!ar#t% 9#th#n #ts as0 rta#na"! s/h r , nu!!#8# s h#ms !8B an* h#s Th oso/h#st Asso0#at#on nu!!#8# s a 9#* r s/h r o8 r a!#t%. LLLL As th "as#s o8 our * mo0ra0% r so!1 s #n R a!#t% #nto untruth or (oth#n+n ss, #t #s *#88#0u!t to * 8#n 9hat * mo0ra0% #s, " %on* sa%#n+ that #t #s an =/r ss#on o8 a human7!#8 7*#stort#n+ 0haot#0 #m/u!s . Som /h#!oso/h rs ha1 0a!! * th L ss7Imm *#at th R a! or th Tru , an* 0a!! * th Imm *#at th 6on1 nt#ona!. But th s t rms ar #n*u0 * "% th sam 8a!!a0% as #n*u0 * m n to *#1#* r a!#t% #nto Earth an* H a1 n as *#st#n0t an* s /arat /!a0 s. Th *#1#s#on #s untru an* *an+ rous an* th t rms ar us * "% / rsons una9ar o8 an* o"!#1#ous to th tru natur o8 R a!#t%?that #s th Imm *#at an* th L ss7Imm *#at r !at#1 to th s !8. LLLL > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s a m *#um (to7*a%<s most #nt#mat m *#um) o8 =0han+ 8or th transmutat#on o8 s/#r#tua!#t% an* 1#ta!#t% #nto T#m 74#rt Mat r#a!#sm. Un* r #ts #n8!u n0 th nat#1 9orth, s/#r#t an* 1#ta!#t% o8 an nt#t% #s 0onsum *. Th o"A 0t o8 that r !#+#on #s th * stru0t#on o8 th / rson as an =/r ss#on o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t, or th /o9 r #n th Thor that 0r at * h#m?th "as#0 r a!#t% o8 th / rson. LLLL

6hr#st#an m#ss#onar# s +o to 6h#na an* >a/an an* In*#a an* t a0h > 979orsh#/, S !87R nun0#at#on, mon+r !#sm an* th !#: . Th #r a// a! #s to thos 9ho 9ou!* " n 8#t s ns#"!% "% #t 8or a t#m . 9orsh#// rs. Thus *#1or0 * 8rom th #r o9n Fath r7s/#r#t as =/r ss 0ustoms th % mor or ! ss @u#0:!% *# . Th % *# * s/#t a!! th mat th m. Th /roo8 o8 th#s *%#n+ #s most as#!% o"s r1a"! , on th mor LLLL )hat r 0 /t#on 9ou!* " +#1 n #n th#s 6hr#st#an !an* to 6on8u0#an, Sh#nto or H#n*oo m#ss#onar# s 0om#n+ h r E )ou!* th > 979orsh#// rs turn th oth r 0h ) a!! :no9 .... But som *a% th "om" rs, /o#son +as, an* st 9orsh#// rs o8 > sus. )hat th nE LLLL '6om unto m a!! % that !a"our an* ar h a1% !a* n an* I 9#!! +#1 %ou r st' ... )h n thos 9ho h ar th 0a!! 0om an* 8#n* no r st, th > sus76hr#st#an sa%s& 'I 0om to "r#n+ a s9or*,' 'I 0om to s t *au+ht rs a+a#nst th #r moth rs, sons a+a#nst th #r 8ath rs, t0.' So th r 9 ar . LLLL 'I am th )a%, th Truth an* th L#8 , (o man 0om th unto th Fath r "ut "% m . I am th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , t0.' 'H 9ho " !# 1 th not #n m sha!! " *amn *.' Th s 0!a#ms to 4o*sh#/ 0ons#* r#n+ a!! th 0#r0umstan0 s 0annot " *#sm#ss * as th ra1#n+s o8 a ma*man. Th r #s, ta:#n+ th m a!! to+ th r, a * / an* t rr#8#0 /ur/os #n th m. Pro"a"!% > sus th > 9, n 1 r sa#* an% o8 th s th#n+s. Th % 9 r not 9r#tt n *o9n 8or som hun*r *s o8 % ars a8t r h#s su//os * * ath. Som on 9rot th m, ho9 1 r, an* 9rot th m 9#th a /ur/os . Th % 9 r 9r#tt n an* *#t * "% m n #m/ !! * "% a 0 rta#n 8or0 . Som o8 th 9r#t rs 9 r 8u!! o8 *ou"t, som 8 ar8u!, som 0ou!* s no " tt r 9a% an* som !o1 * th #r 8 !!o97man. P rha/s #t ma% " 0om + n ra!!% 0! ar som *a% that th / rsons 9ho 9rot thos 9or*s 9 r #m/ !! * to *o so as th " st 9a% out o8 th most *#88#0u!t /os#t#on to 9h#0h th % ha* " n *r#1 n "% a /o9 r8u! n m%. LLLL I8 an%on 9#sh s to r a* /orno+ra/h#0 !#t ratur , h ma% r a* a"out th s = !#8 o8 >a0o" (Isra !) #n th B#"! . LLLL ! "att! sh#/s ma% not " mono/o!# s o8 th :E Th #r 0on1 rts " 0om > 97 * #n th #r tra*#t#ons, h ro s an* r#a! th#n+s that 0an " +#1 n s#m/! o8 th ra0 s o8 man:#n*.

I8 an%on 9#sh s to r a* a"out 8ou! tr a0h r%, h ma% r a* #n th B#"! a"out thos > 9s (or Isra !#t s) 9hom #t sa%s, 4o* ma* H#s 6hos n P o/! , an* 9hom +oo* 6hr#st#ans " !# 1 ar h#s sa#nts. LLLL 'Lo1 %our n m# s' as a *#r 0t#on 8or un#1 rsa!#t%, #s * ath. LLLL (am s #n som m asur shou!* " * s0r#/t#1 o8 th / rson. Un* r 6hr#st#an 0u!tur a nam #s ma* a noth#n+. 'M n' #t sa%s 'ar a!! th sam ?(am s *o not matt r at a!!.' Man% / o/! 0han+ th #r nam s to h#* th #r #* nt#t%. 3ur > 9#sh7#ns/#r * !a9 9#n: * at #t. To7*a% #t "raD n!% /ro1#* s 8a0#!#t# s 8or th#s 8rau* on th * 0 nt / o/! o8 th 0ommun#t%. Som un* s#ra"! a!# ns amon+ us ha1 0hos n an* assum * nam s r 1 r * an* honour * "% our / o/! . Th !a9 shou!* /un#sh a man 9ho *o s not " ar th ra0#a! nam o8, at !at st, h#s /at rna! +ran*8ath r. LLLL 3ur > 979orsh#//#n+ nat#on #s 8#+ht#n+ th Ara"s #n Pa! st#n to r #nstat th > 9s th r , th #r t m/orar% hom o8 a"out 17JJ % ars a+o. A 0 rta#n Br#t#sh 3*#n#st, 9hos moth r<s an0 stors 0am 8rom Hano1 r a"out 1JJJ % ars a+o, an* 9hos 8ath r<s an0 stors 0am 8rom 8urth r north at a"out th sam *at 9ants h#s an0# nt hom "a0:E Th > 9s ha1 *on noth#n+ to h !/ h#m a"out #t % t. P rha/s #t has not o00urr * to th m. ) ho/ th#s #nno0 nt thou+ht *o s not 0aus an m/#r 7shatt r#n+ 9ar. LLLL Th Br#t#sh 3*#n#st *o s not 9#sh to '!or* #t o1 r' oth r ra0 s. H *o s not * s/#s or hat oth r ra0 s. H !oo:s u/on th m as ha1#n+ a /!a0 #n 4o*<s 9or!* as h#s o9n ra0 has. H has a *ut% 8#rst to h#s o9n ra0 , th n out9ar* a00or*#n+ to h#s /o9 r, h#s un* rstan*#n+ an* h#s :no9#n+ o8 oth r ra0 s. LLLL It has " n as: * ho9 En+!an* " 0am a +r at an* /o9 r8u! nat#on un* r th > sus76hr#st#an r !#+#on. Th r ar s 1 ra! a* @uat r /!# s. ) m nt#on th 8o!!o9#n+&? En+!an* *#* not " 0om +r at "% th s !870on* mnat#on an* > 979orsh#/ o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%. It " 0am +r at " 0aus o8 th nat#1 Br#t#sh + n#us. In 8a0t, > 9s 9 r 8or"#** n #n th 0ountr% 8rom E*9ar* I. to 3!#1 r 6rom9 !!. H r 0ustoms, h r 'En+!#sh "!oo*' 9as th En+!#shman<s 9at0h9or*. (ot unt#! 1H11 9as th 6hr#st#an B#"! /ro/ r!% trans!at * #nto En+!#sh or *#* #t " 0om a1a#!a"! to th /u"!#0, #n0!u*#n+ th /arsons. F#+ht rs at F!o** n F# !* #n 1G1. san+, 'Thor u/ho!* us, "oth Thor an* 3*#n.' as#!%

Th 6hur0h 9as !ar+ !% a s m#7+o1 rnm nta! #nst#tut#on =#st#n+ 8or th /ur/os o8 *u0at#on, /ro"at s, a+r#0u!tur an* th !#: . Th r !#+#ous s#* o8 #ts a0t#1#t% 9as not /ronoun0 * unt#! th t#m o8 th !at r 4 or+ s. ) s! % +r at!% s/r a* 6hr#st#an#t%<s #n8!u n0 . En+!an* " 0am +r at "% th 1a!our an* + n#us o8 En+!#shm n not "% th #r S !870on* mnat#on an*

> sus79orsh#/. Th % *#* not 0on* mn th #r nat#1 ur+ s. Th #r 0hara0t rs 9 r #nh r#t * 8rom th #r /r 76hr#st#an an0 stors an* " 0am on!% +ra*ua!!% 1#t#at *. Furth r, En+!an* #s not + tt#n+ mu0h r a! /ro8#t to7*a% out o8 h r a*orat#on o8 > 9#sh m tho*s, h r '0om8ort#n+ o8 Isra !' or h r 9ar #n Pa! st#n an* !s 9h r on " ha!8 o8 th > 9s. Th s#+ns #n En+!an* ar !#: thos o8 8a!!#n+ 6hr#st#an Rom #n th Fth 0 ntur%?s 4#""on. En+!an* has 6hr#st#an 0hur0h s "% th thousan*, /r# sts "% th t ns o8 thousan*s, 0o!! + s an* /ro/ rt%B #t #s a 1#rtua! stron+ho!* o8 > 979orsh#/ an*?D 0a%. Th sou! o8 th Br#t#sh un* r th 6hr#st#an #m/u!s has " as% to s #t. n so!* 8or a h a/ o8 + 7+a9s. It #s @u#t

En+!an* has not +ro9n +r at "% > sus76hr#st#an#t%, "ut #n s/#t o8 #t. Th Br#t#sh ar to7*a% 8a!!#n+ *o9n un* r th 1 r7#n0r as#n+ 0ons @u n0 s o8 that > sus76hr#st#an #m/u!s u/on #t. Th * 0a%, th mat r#a!#sm, th #mmora!#t% an* 0haos #s " %on* * n#a!. Th +r at > sus76hr#st#an /o9 r, #n 9 a!th, 0hur0h s, s0hoo!s, t0., a!so #s " %on* * n#a!. LLLL Th mon+r !#sm o8 ra0 s #s a matt r o8 * +r . Som ar mon+r !#s * mor than oth rs. Th Br#t#sh nat#on #s ma* u/ 0h# 8!% o8 Dan s, ;#:#n+s, An+!o7Sa=ons an* 6 !ts. Th s / o/! s 9 r o8 th sam ra0 . Thus th Br#t#sh / o/! ar amon+ th ! ast mon+r !#s * o8 a!! nat#ons. It #s on /o#son 8an+ o8 th > 976hr#st#an #m/u!s to t a0h our 0h#!*r n that th #r ra0 #s @u#t ho/ ! ss!% mon+r !#s *. LLLL A*u!t r% an* s = 0r#m s amon+ our An+!o7Sa=on an0 stors 9 r a!most un:no9n #n /r 76hr#st#an t#m s. Th r #s on!% on r 0or* * 0as , an* that stor% has a ( ar7East rn > sus76hr#st#an 8!a1our. LLLL Th > sus76hr#st#an Sa#nt 0a!! * "% 6hr#st#ans?St. >ohn, th / rson 9ho 9rot th /ham/h! t 0a!! * R 1 !at#on, #s h !* u/ as an =am/! o8 6hr#st#an ho!#n ss. R a* h#m. H#s hat #s #n8#n#t . H hat * th (or*#0 Roman / o/! . Fan0#8u!!% h 0a!!s Rom , Ba"%!on. H s/!utt rs 1 nom. Roman art, mus#0, h r m#!* ru! , h r ma+n#8#0 nt ! +a! s%st ms, h r %outh8u! roman0 s, a!! st#r h#m to 0urs s. (o am n*m nts or *#t#n+ o8 !at r *at 0an o"s0ur th 8a0t. 'B!oo*, *ar:n ss, rott#n+ * ath an* * so!at#on,' shouts th 6hr#st#an ho!% man. 'Ba"%!on th +r at #s 8a!! n, #s 8a!! n,' =u!t#n+ 9r#t s th#s > 9, th > sus76hr#st#an Sa#nt. Th u/9ar* !oo: an* th r 1 r nt#a! s#+h #s /art#0u!ar!% n on to th 4o*7s : r. LLLL U/on th truth o8 our att#tu* to man#8 st * R a!#t% * / n*s not on!% our h a!th so0#a!!%, 8#nan0#a!!% an* th !#: , "ut a!so our /h%s#0a! h a!th. Furth r, 8or =am/! , th 0ons @u n0 s o8 an untru att#tu* to R a!#t% 9#!! r a0h so 8ar as 1 n to a88 0t * ! t r#ous!% th /o9 rs o8 th s ns s, .+., th % 7s#+ht. LLLL * * to /ass th#s /ort#on o8 th Ho!% B#"!

Pau!, > sus, S/#noDa an* Mar=, a!! o8 th m > 9s, ha1 m nta! 0hara0t r#st#0s #n 0ommon. Th % a0h /o#nt *#88 r nt *#r 0t#ons. Soun*#n+ =hortat#ons. 6on8!#0t#n+ thou+hts. Int rLnat#ona!#sm. (at#on7* stro%#n+. Ea0h o8 th m #n *#88 r nt * +r s o8 Imm *#at n ss, #s mat r#a!#st#0. Ea0h o8 th m /o#nt to u!t#mat 4o*! ssn ss. Ea0h 0!a#m omn#s0# n0 , thou+h tru!% on!% on o8 th m 0!a#m * to " th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , t s#m#!#a. Th % ar not sh%. Th % a0h 0on* mn an* * stro% th /art#0u!ars o8 human r a!#t%. Ea0h o8 th m /o#nts th 9a% to * ath. An* th % a0h, #n *#88 r nt * +r Th #r =/r ss * out!oo:s ar th th > 9. , r /r s nt th sam 8or0 #n R a!#t%. manat#ons an* =/r ss#ons o8 th s / rsons. Th % ar t%/#0a! o8

Th 8o!!o9#n+ 0on0!us#ons 8rom th #r 1# 9s 0! ar!% ar#s &? (1) Th #n*#1#*ua!, as su0h, " 0om s !o+#0a!!% a noth#n+. (C) A 0ons @u nt#a! ana0hron#sm ar#s s, 1#D., That 4o* #s a noth#n+ thou+h th % ma% /ro0!a#m H#m as 1 r%th#n+. Ath #sm r su!ts. )hat a s#m#!ar#t% #n th s m n o8 th sam ra0 2 )hat a h#+h79a% ! a*#n+ to th * ath #n th #r so7 0a!! * *#r 0t#on?a 0an0 !!at#on an* a !o+#0a! noth#n+n ss. B% 8o!!o9#n+, or "% tr%#n+ to 8o!!o9 th *#r 0t#on o8 th s > 9s, a nat#on 0an0 !s out #ts 1#ta! @ua!#t# s an* " 0om s n1 !o/ * #n stat#0 mat r#a!#sm an* th n *# s. Th non76hr#st#an > 9, "as#0a!!% mat r#a!#st#0 an* t m/ora!, #s 0a!0u!at * to !#1 , at ! ast, 9h#! an% > sus76hr#st#an !#1 s to " ns!a1 *. In0#* nta!!% 0 rta#n > 9s #n th#s a+ ar 8#n*#n+ tan+#"! " n 8#t "% " 0om#n+ '6hr#st#an#s *'. LLLL I8 our / o/! ar o1 r9h !m * "% a!# n #n1a* rs, th n 6hr#st#an#t% 9#th #ts E@ua!#t% an* "roth r7 hoo*7o87man t9o7ton+u * !# , 9#!! mon+r !#s an* ma: our ra0#a! + n#us =t#n0t #n 4o*<s 9or!*. LLLL 3n!% th man o8 Br#t#sh "!oo* ma% / r0 #1 th 0ons @u n0 s o8 > 9#sh 6hr#st#an#t% u/on h#s o9n nat#on. A > 9 0 rta#n!% 9#!! not. H 0annot. An* a >u*a#s * Br#t#sh man 0annot s #t, 9h#! h #s >u*a#s *. LLLL Th > 9 n0oura+ s th Br#t#sh to m#= th #r "r * 9#th a!# ns. H 0a!!s #t Lo1 .... LLLL I+*ras#! #s an a!! +or% 0om/os * "% on o8 th 9r#t rs o8 th E**a, I+*ras#! 9as th Tr o8 L#8 ?th Tr 9h#0h #n s#m/! % t /ro8oun* t rms r /r s nt * "% #ts /arts a!! s ns#"! !#8 . 6ar!%! a00or* * #t /ro8oun* a*m#rat#on #n h#s 'H ro s an* H ro79orsh#/'.

(o a!! +or% 1 r 9r#tt n on th#s th m #s so +r at an* tru #n #ts #m/!#0at#ons as th a!! +or% o8 I+*ras#!. LLLL It 9ou!* a// ar that som o8 our 8ath rs sa9 a *an+ r #n 1 n nam#n+ th S/#r#t78ath rs #n th mann r that th 4r :s an* Romans *#*. 3n!% th +r at st #n 3*#n 9 r + n ra!!% nam *. Thor, th M#+ht# st o8 an* #n 3*#n, 0om/r h n*#n+ a!! ! ss r /o9 rs #n H#m, 9as th 0h# 8. Th +#1#n+ o8 nam s to th ! ss r /o9 rs 1 n thou+h ! ss *an+ rous than "u#!*#n+ m mor#a!s to or su//os#t#ous #ma+ s o8 th m, 9as *an+ rous to !#8 . Th +r at 4 or+ (or S#++ ) s ms to ha1 " n a9ar o8 th#s *an+ r. Th nam#n+ o8 th /o9 rs " ars 9#th #t a su++ st#on o8 th D#1#s#ona! an* F#= *n ss m na0 9h#0h a#* * an* a" tt * th *ra+ or t n* n0% #n man:#n* to9ar*s t m/ora!#t% an* D ath. LLLL 3n mora!!% /o9 r8u! 8 atur o8 to7*a%<s !#8 #s P#0tur Sho9s. Th s ar most!% > 970ontro!! *. Th au*# n0 , 0om/os * most!% o8 s#m/! 7m#n* * / o/! , s s " aut#8u! (or*#0 +#r!s a"as#n+ th #r 9omanhoo*, s s th m *r#n:#n+ a!0oho!, smo:#n+ 0#+ar tt s, s s th m su"m#tt#n+ an* 1 n /ra%#n+ to " han*! * "% > 9#sh star a0tors. Th moth rs o8 th nat#on ar " #n+ s *u0 *. Mora!s an* marr#a+ r !at#ons ar not#0 a"!% a88 0t *. As 9#th th Sna: #n th 4ar* n o8 E* n /o m, #t #s? )om n F#rst. LLLL It #s #nt r st#n+ to not th as 9#th 9h#0h th Imm *#at 7m#n* * / rsons 0an assum a /s u*o7 s/#r#tua! a// aran0 , an* ho9 a0tor#sh an* h#str#on#0 th % 0an " . P rha/s #t #s so, as a su"st#tut 8or th #r !a0: o8 #n9ar* " #n+. Su0h / rsons r 0o+n#s som th#n+ o8 s/#r#tua!#t% on!% "% #ts s ns 7 / r0 #1a"! 1#* n0 . > sus ha* no 9#8 . H ha* no 0h#!*. Th#s 0on*#t#on #s a !o+#0a! t m/ora! as/ 0t o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%. 6hr#st#ans ar as: * to /att rn th #r !#1 s on > sus. Th r su!t to human:#n* #n th#s as/ 0t sur !% n *s no 0omm nt. Th 8a0t #s, that #n th#s an* 1 r% oth r as/ 0t, > sus 0onnot s D ath. LLLL As a r @u#s#t 8or th a0h# 1#n+ o8 :no9! *+ o8 th s !8 an* r a!#s#n+ on <s #* nt#t%, a / rson shou!* :no9 h#s /ar nts an* at ! ast h#s ra0#a! 8or" ars. Su0h :no9! *+ o8 s !8 #s o8 su/r m 1a!u an* s0ar0 !%, 1 n #n th s 0haot#0 *a%s, #s th o!* 4r : a*mon#t#on, '5no9 th%s !8,' 8or+ott n. Th /ro0 ss o8 th 6hr#st#an attr#t#on a+a#nst #* nt#t% #s 1#s#"! 1 r%9h r ?nam 70han+#n+ #s 8a0#!#tat *, Broth r7hoo*7o87Man mon+r !#sm an* so on #s n0oura+ *. An #nt#mat Hom s. =am/! o8 th 6hr#st#an attr#t#on on #* nt#t% #s 8oun* #n our ( +! 0t * 6h#!*r n<s

Th un9ant * 0h#!* #s * !#" rat !% ma* #+norant o8 #ts moth r an* 8ath r. It +ro9s u/ 9#th an #m/ortant 8 atur o8 #* nt#t% h#** n 8rom #t. Ur+ * "% th 1#ta! #nst#n0t th th9art * 0h#!* or man 9#!! 0a!! to th S#! n0 ?')ho am IE' An* h#** n F nr#s 9#th "ar * 8an+s an* s!a1 r#n+ ton+u 9a#ts an* 9at0h s. LLLL A"ram (or s#m#!ar) 0han+ * h#s nam to A"raham (4 n s#s RRII, G).

LLLL Br#t#sh Pur#tan#sm 9as #n !ar+ m asur th r 1o!t o8 s#m/! 7m#n* * / o/! a+a#nst /r t n0 an* hum"u+. Th % #nst#n0t#1 !% / r0 #1 * th * ath #n th +ro9#n+ h#str#on#0 atmos/h r an* th art#8#0#a!#t# s o8 th t#m . Th % atta0: * th * ath, "ut un9#tt#n+!% th % atta0: * #t 9#th Th L# that ha* 0r at * th s 0on*#t#onsB th % +a1 , thou+h #n anoth r 8orm, th sam m *#0#n that 0aus * th *#s as , an* o8 0ours 8a#! *. To7*a%, "arr n Sho9mansh#/ an* sou!7! ss man#/u!at#on #s th : %not o8 su00 ss o8 D mo0ra0%<s ! a* rs. Sho9mansh#/ 0%n#0a! or "!atant or "oth. Th /r 1a! n0 o8 'Fortun 7t !!#n+' stu*%#n+ astro!o+%, 0utt#n+ 0ar*s, 0onsu!t#n+ sooth7sa% rs an* th !#: , #n or* r to + t +u#*an0 #n !#8 an* #ts * ta#!s, #s 0ont m/oran ous 9#th th * /artur o8 th #n*9 !!#n+ s/#r#t. That * /artur #s hast n * "% th 6on* mnat#on t a0h#n+ o8 th For0 o8 9h#0h > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s a 8 atur . It #s a s#+n o8 0om#n+ * ath. Th :#!! r, a F nr#s, /h%s#0a!!% 9#!! a// ar to * 1our th sou!7! ss or n ar sou!7! ss "o*%. LLLL F nr#s h !* "% a thr a*, an #n1#s#"! thr a*?a tam , s r1#! th#n+2 )hat mann r o8 man 9as th#s 4 or+ (S#++ , Da+*a, Ka+*a, Dar*anus, In*ra) 9ho 8#rst 0on0 #1 * thatE ... 3ur an0 stor, our 1 r% 8ath r2 A Son o8 3*#n. A+a#n, h sa9 Lo:#, as at !ast a s r1ant o8 th +r at 3*#n2 H tau+ht th a!! +or% o8 I+*ras#! ... H sa9 th sur+ an* th s/an ... An* 1#ta! t#m ! ssn ss ... 4 or+ 9ho too: an a= an* 9or: * as a 9oo*0utt r, 4 or+ 9ho t n* r!% a#* * th * so!at , 4 or+ 9hos * 1ot#on to 3*#n 9as " !# 1 * to " a"so!ut . Ha !2 4 or+ 2

A STE

ON

Th#s 0ha/t r #s "% 9a% o8 a short #ntro*u0t#on to a 8 9 o8 th n =t 8o!!o9#n+ 0ha/t rs. Som 0r#t#0s o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t% ma% th#n: th % ha1 a* @uat !% r 8ut * th 9ho! 6hr#st#an r !#+#on #8 th % /ro1 &? (a) that > sus76hr#st#an#t% as /r s nt * #n th ( 9 T stam nt, 9as "u#!t u/on a /!a%, or, (") that 5#n+ H ro* *# * F B.6., or (0) that 6ru0#8#=#on 9as not a Roman m tho* o8 = 0ut#on, or

(*) that th 4os/ !s 9 r 9r#tt n .JJ anno *om#n#, or, ( ) that th ( 9 T stam nt 9as "u#!t u/ *ur#n+ s 1 ra! 0 ntur# s, or (8) that th ( 9 T stam nt *#s/!a%s 0ontra*#0t#ons, ana0hron#sms an* #+noran0 , or (+) that #t has /r s nt * /#t%, /# t% an* s !87sa0r#8#0 an* has /ra0t#s * ruth! ssn ss, #m/# t% an* 9 a!th7+ tt#n+, or (h) that #t #s a!most 9ho!!% a 0o/% o8 oth r /r 1#ous r !#+#ons, or (#) that > sus as /r s nt * n 1 r =#st *, or (A) that th " st :no9n sa%#n+s o8 > sus 9 r 0u!! * 8rom th 9or:s o8 ar!# r 9r#t rs, an* so on an* so onB Th s 0r#t#0#sms ar *ou"t! ss a!! Aust an* tru . But th % *o not m t th 0as . At " st th % m r !% sho9 "% #m/!#0at#on that th "as#s o8 th 6hr#st#an r !#+#on #s 9ron+, a "as#s 9h#0h #s ! 8t un#n*#0at * an* un* 8#n *. Th % ma% sho9 a mu!t#tu* o8 r#*#0u!ous an* 0on8!#0t#n+ stat m nts "ut not sho9 9h% man has ha* to a00 /t th m. Su0h 0r#t#0#sms *o not 0om"at th r a! #ssu . An* th % ha1 s0ar0 !% sta% * th 0ours o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t% on 9h#t. Th r #s a r ason 8or man<s / rs#st n0 9#th a 0r 8or #ts 0ont#nu * /r ssur #n r s/ 0t o8 man. * !#: > sus76hr#st#an#t%. Th r #s, too, a r ason

In som o8 th 8o!!o9#n+ 0ha/t rs, #t #s #nt n* * to #n*#0at som 9hat mor 0!os !% th "as#s o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%, an* th r ason 8or #ts =#st n0 .

TO STUDENTS
1. ?Th natur o8 a For0 #n R a!#t% #s 1 r% o8t n not / r0 #1 * "% man:#n*. C.?M n ma% / r0 #1 0 rta#n r su!tants o8 a For0 , 9#thout ha1#n+ /o9 r to / r0 #1 that th % ar m r !% r su!tants. ..?3ur 0onst#tut#ons an* so0#a! 0on*#t#ons an* th !#: , ar r su!tants o8 an att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t% (or )hat Is). F.?An att#tu* o8 man to 4o*<s r a!#t% or th 0aus o8 an% su0h +#1 n att#tu* , ma% " 0om or " a For0 #n r s/ 0t o8 Man. Amon+ th most /r +nant o8 su0h att#tu* s (9#th#n 9r#tt n r 0or*) #s that 9h#0h has " / rha/s " st "% So0rat s. n =/r ss *

So0rat s #n*#0at * an att#tu* o8 that natur 9h n h tau+ht m n to *#s0ount or * n% th 1a!u o8 th s ns s as +u#* s to Truth, an* 9h n h +a1 h#s r ason 8or that t a0h#n+. H 0on* mn * th s ns#"! 88 0t o8 T#m an* o8 6han+ , as o"s0ur#n+ Truth. H tau+ht that th s ns s an* T#m an* 6han+ , m r !% "!#n* * an* ma* th sou! o8 man '*run: n'. Truth 9as outs#* an* " %on* s ns 7 / r0 /t#ons. S ns 7/ r0 /t#ons 9 r * !u*#n+ an* *an+ rous. H tau+ht, too, that th #nst#n0t 9as a *an+ r an* * 0 #1 * man.

I8 th#s /art o8 So0rat s< t a0h#n+ o8 th 1a!u o8 th s ns s, o8 T#m , an* o8 6han+ , " a00 /t * "% man, th n th m an#n+ to man o8 s ns 7man#8 st * th#n+s #s n 0 ssar#!% 1#!. Thus man h#ms !8 #s or " 0om s ss nt#a!!% 1#!. From th#s att#tu* , *#stort#on o8 man<s 1#s#on a00or*#n+ to th =t nt that h has an%, an* #n 1#ta"! 0haos ar#s , * s/#t So0rat s< att m/t at am n*m nt o8 th #m/oss#"! /os#t#on. For man<s ! arn#n+ throu+h th s ns s 9#!! " th n m% o8 a tru 0on0 /t#on o8 R a!#t%. H , th r 8or , ha* to ! arn a 9a% to truth #n som oth r 9a%. Th s ns s " #n+ 0on* mn *, 0 as to " a m ans o8 ! arn#n+ a"out 4o* an* s !8, an* must " !oo: * on as a "ur* n an* 1 n a m na0 . Man#8 stat#ons o8 4o* " 0om 1#!, * !u*#n+ an* m na0#n+. Th m#n* an* /o9 rs 9h#0h sa9 th s ns 7/ r0 /t#on " 0om untruth8u! an* 0on* mn *. Man thus " 0om s 0on* mn * an* *#r 0t#on! ss, an* n 0 ssar#!% 9#thout ho/ . Furth r, un* r th#s att#tu* , man<s *ut% #s h#** n 8rom h#m an* h#s !#8 #n h#s +ar* #s 1#!B thus !o+#0a!!% a!! " 0om s 1#!. Th 1#! o8 th /art =t n*s to th 9ho! . Th 1#! o8 th @ua!#t# s o8 th /art =t n*s to th @ua!#t# s o8 th 9ho! . (So0rat s< an* th ( o7P!aton#sts< #* as r +ar*#n+ th natur an* 1a!u s o8 r su!tants " %on* 4oo* an* E1#! 9 r mor or ! ss haD%. But our an0 stor 4 or+ (or S#++ ) / r0 #1 * #t as#!%, as *#* som o8 h#s 8o!!o9 rs.) (ot on!% man<s +ar* #n 4o* "ut a!so 4o* #s o"s0ur * to man "% th#s att#tu* . Man " 0om s *#1or0 * 8or 4o* an* a!! h#s @ua!#t# s, th on!% !#8 . An unAust#8#a"! *ua!#t% ar#s s, too, that #s, th #n 1#ta"! *#1#s#on o8 r a!#t% #nto t9o /arts, on 4oo* an* on E1#!, at !ast r so!1#n+ a!! R a!#t% #nto a nu!!#t%. Furth r, un* r su0h *#stort#on o8 th P!aton#sts, th maA st% o8 4o* *o s not an* 0ou!* not s0a/ 0on* mnat#on. Thus th att#tu* #n*#0at * #s at !ast r so!1 * "% 4o*<s r a!#t% #nto D ath or (oth#n+n ss? 1 n #8 su0h 0on0!us#on " not #mm *#at !% / r0 #1 *. In0#* nta!!%, th r 9as not n 0 ssar#!% an% mora! m r#t #n So0rat s< 0ont#nua! s ar0h 8or th 4oo*. Th#s s ar0h#n+ has " n 0ons#* r * "% 0 rta#n 0on8us * / o/! as #n*#0at#1 o8 h#s +oo*n ss. Th 4oo*, ho9 1 r, 9h#0h So0rat s sou+ht 9as B #n+ not 4oo*n ss as /o/u!ar!% un* rstoo*. Th 4oo* 9as som th#n+ th n, 9h#0h So0rat s ha* to 8#n*. H , "% h#s out!oo: un9#tt#n+!% ha* s t 8or h#ms !8 a s ar0h 8or som th#n+ 9h#0h 8rom h#s /r m#s s #t 9as !o+#0a!!% #m/oss#"! to 8#n*. H ha* to 8#n* #t ho9 1 r to Aust#8% h#ms !8, ha* to 8#n* #t 8#na!!% to " sur o8 h#s 1 r% =#st n0 . So0rat s ha* to !oo: 8or #t 9h th r h 9#sh * to or not, an* 9h th r h :n 9 9h% h ha* to 8#n* #t or not. Th tota! r su!t #s th#s?man:#n* un* r su0h a 0u!tur #s stu!t#8# *, ma** n * an* 0an0 !! * out an* #n 1#ta"!% :#!! * "% #t. 3n0 th 0omm n0#n+ /o#nt o8 su0h a t a0h#n+ or att#tu* as #n*#0at *, " a*o/t *, th n #t /arta: s o8 th natur o8 a For0 an* th !o+#0a! #n0ons#st n0# s an* * /ra1#t# s #nh r nt #n, an* 8o!!o9#n+ #t #n T#m , must " a00 /t * a!so. An* 4o*7+#1 n #nst#n0t an* =/ r# n0 must " 0on* mn * 9h r #t 0!ash s 9#th th For0 or #ts 0ons @u nt#a! #m/!#0at#ons. Th a88a#rs o8 man:#n* ar "orn a!on+ on th 8!oo* o8 su0h a 0u!tura! For0 on9ar* to (oth#n+n ss. As on 9 !!7:no9n man o8 th s t#m s has *ramat#0a!!% stat * o8 'Bo!sh 1#sm' (9h#0h #n 8a0t #s on!% on o8 th man#8 stat#ons o8 th att#tu* or on man#8 stat#on o8 th For0 ) that un* r #t, #n T#m , th '9or!* 9ou!* ro!! throu+h s/a0 un#nha"#t * "% man.' G.?Anoth r 8 atur o8 th#s att#tu* ? So0rat s< % arn#n+ 8or 8#= *n ss, 8or th !#m#nat#on o8 th #mm *#at #n R a!#t%, 8or th 0on* mnat#on o8 th #mm *#at !% s ns#"! , #s at !ast a % arn#n+ 8or * ath or =t#n0t#on, a % arn#n+ 8or th !#m#nat#on o8 th =tra7s ns#"! s/#r#t, a % arn#n+ at ! ast /art!% #m/ !! * "% th 1#ta!#t% o8 >ust#0 #n r s/ 0t o8 h#m an* o8 / o/! 9hos out!oo:s 8or 9hat 1 r r ason, #s, or " 0om s as h#s. It #s a % arn#n+ 8or th * stru0t#on o8 an =/r ss#on o8 4o*, a

* stru0t#on not m r !% #n r s/ 0t o8 0 rta#n 0#r0umstan0 s "ut a % arn#n+ to9ar* * stru0t#on as a /r#n0#/! , 4o*! ssn ss an* * ath. So0rat s *#* not s or r a!!% :no9 o8 th s/#r#t #n a!! th#n+s. Thus th most 1#ta! an* 8un*am nta! 8 atur o8 " #n+ 9as o"s0ur * to h#m. (Thos m n ! ast #n 0onta0t 9#th, an* 9#th ! ast a//r 0#at#on o8 #mm *#at natura! !#8 , ar thos most #n0!#n * or most as#!% s *u0 * to 8o!!o9 th a"o1 t a0h#n+.) H.?Th #n*#0at * att#tu* o8 So0rat s an* ( o7P!aton#sm 8ru0t#8# * #n th + n ra! att#tu* o8 > sus7 6hr#st#an#t%. Th sam #m/u!s #s sho9n #n "oth out!oo:s. Th t9o att#tu* s #ns/#r a0h oth r. Th r #s th sam 0on* mnat#on, th sam !ost an* 9orth! ss 0on*#t#on #n man an* so on. Th 0onn 0t#on " t9 n th m #s #mm *#at !% 1#s#"! . Th % ar =/r ss#ons o8 th sam For0 . Th % ar on!% a//ar nt!% *#88 r nt as th % ar n ar r to or 8arth r 8rom th s ns#"!% #mm *#at . 7.?Th a// aran0 o8 So0rat s 9as +au0h . H#s /rotru*#n+ % s, h#s m#s7sha/ n "o*%, h#s 9a**!#n+ +a#t, h#s * /ra1 * s =ua!#t% (1#* R no/hon), h#s a" rrat#ons, h#s non7r s/ons to th 88 0t o8 a!0oho!#0 *r#n:, an* a"o1 a!!, th 8a0t o8 h#s " #n+ 0on* mn * to * ath "% h#s / rs #n a 6ourt o8 La9 0om/os * o8 a +rou/ o8 m n, th a"! st #n 4r 0 , ha1 ma* th#s man an o"A 0t o8 8as0#nat#on an* /s u*o7a88 0t#on 8or som / o/! B an* th *ramat#0 s:#!! o8 P!ato has nhan0 * h#s a// a! an* =t n* * #t to a 9#* r 0#r0! . Un* r h#s att#tu* , 1a!u s / r0 #1a"! "% th s ns s 9 r not to " r +ar* * as 1a!u s at a!!. S ns 7 / r0 #1 * *#88 r n0 s 9 r not r a! *#88 r n0 s, an* #n th Imm *#at o8 !#8 as 9 !! as #n th sta+ s o8 th ! ss7Imm *#at , th u!t#mat r !#an0 on su0h / r0 /t#ons m ant that man<s !#8 9as n*an+ r * an* h#s 1#s#on *#stort * "% th m. So0rat s #n on 1o#0 9ou!* sa% that man ha* no 1#s#on, an* sa% #n anoth r that man<s s ns s o"s0ur * h#s 1#s#on. So0rat s an* h#s 8o!!o9 rs ha1 / r0 #1 * no #n0on+ru#t% #n su0h !o+#0. In0#* nta!!%, So0rat s :n 9 noth#n+ o8 th /r#n0#/! o8 th m asur o8 th#n+s " #n+ #n an% 9a% r !at#1 to man<s 1#ta!#t%. Th 6u!t o8 th U+!% Man * 1 !o/ * natura!!% 8rom th *#s0!osur o8 So0rat s< m nta! att#tu* s, attra0t#1 as th % 9 r "oun* to " to a /art o8 so0# t%. 3ur Un#1 rs#t# s, our /ro8 ssors * a!#n+ rath r 9#th /#0tur s o8 th#n+s than 9#th th#n+s, + n ra!!% saturat our stu* nts 9#th th P!ato7So0rat#an att#tu* r 8 rr * to, an* su//os * /#0tur s o8 su//os * th#n+s. Th %, 8o!!o9#n+ th out!oo: o8 So0rat s as #n*#0at *, 9ou!* r A 0t th #mm *#at an* ha1 th #r 0on0 /t#on o8 Truth "as * #n 'som th#n+ " %on*,' a so70a!! * 'I* a!,' a som th#n+ th % *o not :no9, a som th#n+, too, 9hos on!% 1a!u #s an% sha*o9% 0onsonan0 #t ma% ha1 9#th that 9h#0h #s #mm *#at !% an* 1 n s ns#"!% :no9n, that #s 9#th 9hat th % 0on* mn. B% t a0h#n+ th So0rat#an att#tu* r 8 rr * to, th % st r#!#D or mas0u!at th m#n*s o8 truth7s :#n+ stu* nts 9ho ou+ht to " 0om th ! a* rs o8 th nat#on, "ut 9ho a8t r Un#1 rs#t% !#8 s !*om or 1 r " 0om a"! to 0ontr#"ut an%th#n+ o8 ! a* rsh#/, an* 9ho + n ra!!% " 0om /ro8 ss#ona! ha0:79or: rs, an* o8t n m r T#m 7s r1#n+ =/!o#t rs o8 th #r 8 !!o9s. I.?Ar#sto/han s / r0 #1 * #n So0rat s< /u/#!s t n* n0# s an* a 0on*#t#on 0ommon to mu0h o8 our P!ato7a88 0t * stu* nt !#8 to7*a%?@u#""!#n+, !a0: o8 *#r 0t#on an* #n0#/# nt /aras#t#sm, m nta! an* oth r9#s . Th sam 0on*#t#on an* t n* n0# s ar 1#* nt #n our So0rat#an76hr#st#an#D * nat#on, #ts +o1 rnm nta! =/r ss#ons an* #ts 0onst#tu nt 1#ta!#t# s. Qu#""!#n+, !a0: o8 *#r 0t#on an* /aras#t#sm #s th r , too. Th nat#on as 9 !! as #ts #n*#1#*ua!s + t out o8 tou0h 9#th R a!#t% at th 0ost o8 th #r !#1 s. To7*a%<s st#8!#n+ #nh#"#t#on r +ar*#n+ truth #n an%on 9ho has rat#ona! m nta! an* mot#ona! #m/u!s , #s a 0oro!!ar% o8 th sam o1 r7r#*#n+ So0rat#an '#* a!#sm.'

) ha1 an auth nt#0 /#0tur o8 So0rat s. 38 > sus 9 ha1 not. ) 0an on!% " +u#* * "% #n8 r n0 8rom h#s #na"#!#t% to 0arr% a 0ross, 9at r runn#n+ 8rom a 9oun* #n h#s s#* ?rou+h sur+ r% that /ro"a"!% 0ur * h#m som 9hat?an* th *#sr s/ 0t 8or h#s /h%s#@u sho9n "% th Roman "ur%#n+ s@ua*, an* ! + n*s o8 *ou"t8u! 1a!u stat#n+ h 9as #!!78a1our * an* r /u!s#1 !oo:#n+. (;#* Roman 6atho!#0 n0%0!o/ *#as.) -.?> sus, th 4o* +#1 n us "% our So0rat#an76hr#st#an#t%, 'I!!78a1our * #n a// aran0 ' an* unh a!th%, a00or*#n+ to th =tant 1#* n0 o8 h#m, #s th s ns#"! human man#8 stat#on o8 th out!oo: =/r ss * "% So0rat s. 'St. Pau!' 9as a!so unh a!th%. Th s t9o > 9s, on o8 th m 4o*7A!m#+ht% or th sour0 o8 th 6hr#stos (th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , t0.) an* th oth r h#s su//os * m#ss#onar%, ar th 8orma! sour0 s o8 th > sus76hr#st#an#t% 9h#0h /r 1a#! * #n *%#n+ 8#8th70 ntur% Rom an* /r 1a#!s #n th *#stra0t * 6hr#st#an#D * nat#ons o8 to7 *a%. Th att#tu* to R a!#t% an* th Dua!#t% tau+ht an* #m/!# * "% So0rat s an* =t n* * #n 6hr#st#an#t% #s r A 0t * "% th 3*#n#st as untru an* #m/#ous. '3ur Fath r 9ho art #n H a1 n' #s th 6hr#st#an<s '/ r8 0t' or 'Lor*<s' /ra% r. It #m/!# s that 4o* or th Fath r #s #n H a1 n an* not h r on arth. That h #s #n a / r8 0t /!a0 som 9h r a9a% 8rom th#s 9#0: * 9or!*. That untru *#r 0t#on #s m/has#D * #n 'Th% 9#!! " *on on arth as #t #s #n H a1 n' an* #n th 9ho! att#tu* o8 th Pra% r. It #m/!# s that 4o* #s at most a m r man#/u!ator o8 th#n+s o8 Earth. In th#s /ra% r, too, #s #m/!# * a 0on* mnat#on o8 th#s 9or!* o8 4o*<s, a s /arat#on 8rom H a1 n?a * ath70arr%#n+ *ua!#sm an* a r so!1#n+ o8 4o* #nto s ns#"! mat r#a!#sm, an u!t#mat 0on* mnat#on o8 4o*?a *#r 0t#on 9h#0h at !ast "r#n+s man to (oth#n+n ss, th r su!tant o8 su"A 0t#on to a !# a+a#nst th maA st% o8 4o*. Th 3*#n#st r +ar*s a0h 0r atur an* 1 r% th#n+ as an =/r ss#on #n T#m o8 som S/#r#t7Fath r #n 4o* or #n 3*#n th A!!7Fath r. Th r #s an #n*9 !!#n+ 1#ta! s/#r#t #n a!!. Ea0h has som th#n+ o8 th Thor or 6hr#stos s/#r#t #n h#m or #t. H#s h a1 n!% Fath r #s #n 1 r% man. Man<s "o*% #s an =/r ss#on o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t, 9ho #s that /has or For0 o8 th Thor or 6hr#stos most h#s o9n. Th "o*%, a!9a%s 0han+#n+, #s o8 th s/#r#t. 'R n* r unto 6a sar th th#n+s that ar 6a sar<s, an* unto 4o* th th#n+s that ar 4o*<s' m ans !#tt! to th 3*#n#st, 9ho r A 0ts th Dua!#t% #n th #* a, " 0aus 8or h#m, '6a sar' #s or shou!* " a 1#0ar o8 4o*, an* r /r s nts on 8 atur o8 4o*<s 1#ta!#t% 9h#0h #s or shou!* " #n tun 9#th a!! man#8 stat#ons o8 3*#n, an* ma: 0ontr#"ut#on 9#th a!! th oth r 8 atur s to 3*#n<s 1#ta!#t%. H#stor% ( .+., th * 0a% #n Fran0 an* oth r 6hr#st#an nat#ons to7*a% an* #n th Fr n0h r 1o!ut#on o8 17I-) sho9s man% tra+ *# s r su!t#n+ 8rom th#s So0rat#an76hr#st#an 8a!!a0% o8 u!t#mat *ua!#sm an* oth r 0ons @u nt#a! > 9#sh76hr#st#an att#tu* s. Th *ua!#st#0 att#tu* #n Fran0 #n 17I- ha* 8a!s !% 0r at * th t9o o//os#n+ =tr m s o8 Fr n0h so0# t%. Th sam #m/u!s #s sho9n #n th 6!ass79ar #* a o8 th > 9, 5ar! Mar=?th 0an0 !!#n+ out /ro0 ss an* th o1 r7r#*#n+ *#r 0t#on to * ath. Th Po!ar#t% 0on0 /t, #t 9ou!* s th truth o8 R a!#t%. m, *o s not a* @uat !% m t th m na0 thou+h #t mo1 s to9ar*

In0#* nta!!%, #t #s no matt r o8 sur/r#s that th > 9s ha1 " n 1#* nt as th human a+ n0# s o8 th For0 ar#s#n+ 8rom th att#tu* an* ar so 0!os !% 0onn 0t * 9#th th tra+ *# s " 8a!!#n+ 6hr#st#an nat#ons. Dua!#sm #s on!% on as/ 0t o8 th untruth8u!n ss o8 th > sus76hr#st#an att#tu* .

1J.?6hr#st#an#t%, or mor 0orr 0t!%, > sus76hr#st#an#t%, #s our /r 1a#!#n+ r !#+#on. That #s, #ts *#r 0t#on #s /r s nt * to us as th #* a! 8or th 1ar# * /has s o8 our nat#ona! an* human a0t#1#t# s. An* th#s #s so 9h th r 9 +o to 0hur0h or not. Th *#r 0t#on #s 9#th us #n som 8 atur or oth r. L t us 0ons#* r?'4#1 to 1 r% man that as: th,' 'R s#st not 1#!,' 'For+#1 s 1 nt% t#m s s 1 n,' 'Turn th oth r 0h :,' 'Th !ast sha!! " 8#rst,' E@ua!#t% an* s#m#!ar o8 th mor 8un*am nta! #n*#0ators o8 th 6hr#st#an *#r 0t#on. Th a"o1 *#r 0t#on7#n*#0ators stan* out a"o1 th *#r 0t#on * stro%#n+ o//os#t s ( .+., 'I 0om to * stro%' 1 rsus 'Su88 r a!!,' t s#m#!#a) o8 6hr#st#an#t%, o//os#t s 9h#0h 0an0 ! a0h oth r, ! a*#n+ th 4o*7s :#n+ 6hr#st#an to 0on8us#on, #m/ot n0 an* * s/o#!m nt. (Tr%#n+ to r 0on0#! o//os#t s to a s#n+! *#r 0t#on #n T#m , or th t9#st#n+ o8 th m an#n+s o8 untru *#r 0t#ons to ma: th m 0o#n0#* 9#th =/ r# n0 , has #ts o9n *#stort#n+ an* * 1#ta!#D#n+ 88 0t on th m#n*s o8 6hr#st#an m n an* nat#ons.) Th s t a0h#n+s, or *#r 0t#on7#n*#0ators o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t% (#nh r nt #n So0rat s) us#n+ 1ar#ous s ns#"! "as s, /o#nt to M"N3(E DIRE6TI3(MS#N?th % /o#nt to 0on* mnat#on o8 th s ns s, 0on* mnat#on o8 9hat #s o8 us, 0on* mnat#on o8 ours !1 s, an* 1 ntua! 0on* mnat#on o8 9hat #s " %on* ours !1 s. That #s, that th 9or!* #s 1#! or at ! ast, man:#n* #s 1#!. H#s h art, h#s #nst#n0t an* a!! / rta#n#n+ to h#m #s 1#!. H #s '"orn #n s#n' an* so on. A!! m n ar @ua!!% *amn *. 4o* 9ho #!!o+#0a!!% #s * 0!ar * #n th#s 0haot#0 "as ! ssn ss to " ho!% an* '+oo*,' hat * su0h a 9or!* an* 9ou!* 0ast #t a"horr nt!% 8rom H#m ( 1 n thou+h #t 9as a*m#tt * that H ma* #t an* 9as r s/ons#"! 8or #ts natur an* 9as a!! /o9 r8u! an* un!#m#ta"! ). From a!! th#s 9 !t r o8 0on* mnat#on an* 1#!, man must " sa1 *. Man n * * a Sa1#our. Man must " sa1 * 8rom th /os#t#on #n 9h#0h th So0rat#an7> sus7Pau!7out!oo: ha* /ut h#m. Th r 9as on!% on 9a% out. That 9as "% th R * m/t#on or th '/ro/#t#at#on' o8 th hat#n+, r#+ht ous, 9rath8u!, 9or!*7a"horr#n+ 4o*, #n th 0ru0#8#=#on o8 H#ms !8, or n =t " st, on 0o7 @ua! 9#th h#m, nam !%, H#s on!% " +ott n Son 1-JJ o** % ars a+o, 9h n th att#tu* 9 ha1 0a!! * So0rat#an " 0am /r 1a! nt, an* ha* nm sh * th sou!s o8 m n. So 9 ha1 /r s nt * to us 4o* A!m#+ht%, or Th 6hr#stos, #n th / rson o8 a man 9a!:#n+ a"out #n Pa! st#n 1-JJ o** % ars a+o. H 9a!: * a"out, s! /t, at an* ta!: *. H tau+ht S !87R nun0#at#on. H #s * /#0t * as S !87R nun0#at#on / rson#8# * (9#th th r s r1at#ons n 0 ssar% to a 0ont#nuan0 o8 =#st n0 ), no 9#8 , no 0h#!*r n, r s#st#n+ not 1#!, an* 9 /#n+ or an+r% 9#th th arth?th u!t#mat > sus76hr#st#an #* a! o8 / r8 0t manhoo*. > sus, as th n 0 ssar% R * m r or Sa1#our 0ons @u nt on th #n*#0at * att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t%, #n th ma#n =/!#0#t!% an* #m/!#0#t!% 0on* mn * th !#8 o8 th#s 9or!*. Man 8or h#m 9as no =/r ss#on o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t. Man *#* not "% h#s natur ha1 4o* #n h#m. Th stat m nts attr#"ut * to > sus 9 r so o8t n 8un*am nta!!% 0ontra*#0tor% that no r 0on0#!#at#on o8 th m #s /oss#"! . ( 1 rth ! ss o1 rr#*#n+ h#s 9ho! att#tu* , th r "roo*s th 0on* mnat#on o8 man, 0on* mnat#on o8 h#s #nst#n0t an* h#s 9orth, an* 0on* mnat#on .... Pau! 0orr 0t!% =t n* * th ma#n > sus th m #n h#s =/os#t#on o8 R * m/t#on. Th 'E1#!' o8 th 0on* mnat#on #n th#s att#tu* !o+#0a!!% r so!1 s Matt r an* s ns 7/ r0 /t#ons an* man an* a!! h #s or ma% " an* h#s @ua!#t# s to (oth#n+n ss. B r: ! %<s th m an* #ts * 1 !o/m nt #n th '6hr#st#an S0# n0 ' o8 to7*a% #s #nt r st#n+ #n th#s r +ar*. )hat a// ars to hurt us, .+., s#0:n ss, /h%s#0a! #nAur% an* th !#: ar * m * noth#n+. '3n!% Thou+ht =#sts' "r#+ht!% /ro0!a#m th su//ort rs o8 th#s 0hur0h an* *o not :no9 9hat Thou+ht or #ts #m/!#0at#ons ar . Un* r th #n8!u n0 o8 th For0 9 ha1 not#0 * sho9#n+ #ts !8 0! ar!% throu+h /art o8 So0rat s<

t a0h#n+, 9 s B r: ! % /ro1#n+ th r #s no Matt r an* s Hum !o+#0a!!% /ro0 *#n+ th r 8rom to sho9 th r #s no M#n*. ) s 6omt /rot st#n+ 9#th h#s Pos#t#1#t% an* / r0 #1#n+ th n * o8 a non7> sus76hr#st#an Pos#t#1#st 0hur0h to * 8 at th * ath7/ro*u0#n+ n +at#on #n > sus76hr#st#an#t%, an* to #m/! m nt h#s /rot st. ) s D s0art s 9a*#n+ #n th#s /hantasma+or#a o8 0on* mnat#on an* #ts !o+#0a!!% 0ons @u nt (oth#n+n ss or (aa7stran*, tr%#n+ un as#!% to /ro1 that h #s a!#1 an* Is?9#th h#s '0o+#to r+o Sum,' an* at !ast r !%#n+ on th 4oo*n ss o8 4o* #n h a1 n or som 9h r , not to * 0 #1 h#m. ) s 5ant ana!%s#n+, 9#th r 8 r n0 (som t#m s un0ons0#ous) to a 9#* r #nst#n0t7/ r0 #1 * r a!#t%, th 0a/a0#t# s o8 th human m#n*, an*, " %on* h#s #m/ortant = r0#s s 8or th 0on0 #1#n+ an* r a!#D#n+ o8 #* nt#t%, h st /s a!on+ *#*a0t#0a!!%, not + tt#n+ 1 r% 8ar. Ho9 1 r, h *#* not 8un*am nta!!% " !# 1 a 9or* o8 th 6on* mnat#on th s#s o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%, thou+h h *#* not / r0 #1 nor 0om"at th m na0 o8 D#1#s#on. But 9 s >ohn Lo0: * /!% 0ons0#ous o8 4o*, r 1o!t#n+ an* " 0om#n+ a"sor" * #n th E=/ r# n0 an*, #n a ! ss r * +r , #n th Inst#n0t, an* 1 r% *#m!% s ns#n+ th /r#n0#/! o8 th 4ar* o8 Man an* so h !/#n+ us a!on+ our 9a%. Th Dua!#t% #* a / rha/s aros 8rom th a//ar nt *#st#n0t#on " t9 n n#+ht an* *a%, " t9 n /ast an* 8utur t#m , " t9 n h r an* th r , or " t9 n th 4oo* an* E1#!. But o"1#ous!% th s/h r o8 Dua!#t% 0an =t n* on!% to th r !at#1 an* th #mm *#at . 3"1#ous!% too th 4oo* an* th E1#! " 0om 1ar#a"! an* r !at#1 as th % s r1 1#ta!#t%, an* ar u!t#mat !% r so!1 * #nto an* us * 8or th /ur/os s o8 4o*. Th *ua! or an% oth r *#1#s#on #s a//!#0a"! on!% #n t m/ora!#t% an* #n that /has on!%, an* * 0r as s th mor #n #ts a//!#0a"#!#t% or 1a!u as #t =t n*s " %on* th most #mm *#at . Th *#1#s#ons o8 So0rat s, th num" rs o8 P%tha+oras, 1 n th 0at +or# s o8 5ant 8a!! short an* ar 0a/a"! o8 * stro%#n+ th *#8#0 outs#* th #r s/h r . It #s r mar:a"! to s ho9 th T#m 70ontra7(o7T#m o8 th Du#'it, #* a has / rs#st * #n man<s #nt r/r tat#on o8 th ! ss #mm *#at , ho9 stron+!% #t 9as =/r ss * #n th /art o8 So0rat s< out!oo: un* r our not#0 , ho9 stron+!% #t has a88 0t * s :#n+ m n. Ho9 th % ha* to 8#+ht #t, not :no9#n+ 9hat th % 8ou+ht, not :no9#n+ that #n that 8#+ht th % ha* to 8#+ht a /art o8 th ms !1 s, th #r =t ns#on #n T#m , or #n th #mm *#at . B% a non7/ r0 /t#on o8 #ts natur , th % s t u/ a 8# r0 0an0 !!#n+ stru++! #n th ms !1 s. Th#s /os#t#on #s a//!#0a"! to th a88a#rs o8 nat#ons a!so. Un* r th 9 #+ht o8 th Dua!#t% rror 9 ma% s ho9 man, un9#tt#n+!% #m/#ous, has sou+ht to s0a/ 8rom h#s h#+h *ut# s as an n1o% o8 h#s Fath r7s/#r#t #n th T#m 9or!*. ) s ho9 h 9as "!#n* * to th 8a0t o8 h#s " #n+ an =/r ss#on o8 th ! ss?#mm *#at . ) s ho9 man m r !% tr# * to + t throu+h th#s 9#0: * 9or!* 8or+ tt#n+ or not :no9#n+ h#s *ut% #n #t, h#s h#+h 0a!!#n+ or h#s o//ortun#t%. 4o*7s :#n+ m n ha1 " n st%!#t s, som ha1 9orn ha#r sh#rts an* som ha1 mut#!at * th #r "o*# s. Ho9 m n ha1 % arn * 8or 4o* an* th 4oo*n ss 9h#0h #s L#8 2 Ho9 ha1 th % " n hurt, ho9 0on8us *, ho9 "ro: n2 Ho9 th % ha1 su88 r *2 ) 0an s ho9 amon+ > sus76hr#st#an * 1ot s, tru " !# 1 rs ha1 s/urn *, hat * an* 8 ar * th 9or!*, an* 9#thout :no9#n+ th r a! r ason o8 #t 0arr# * a"out 9#th th m a *r a* o8 * ath. An* a!! th#s has " n an #n 1#ta"! 0ons @u nt o8 th #r r !#+#on, or att#tu* to 4o*. )hat a han*! 8or th /aras#t , too, 9as that 8 ar, an* ho9 #t 9as n0oura+ *. Un* r th #m/u!s o8 th#s Dua!#t% #* a, 9 s ho9 m n a!most un9#tt#n+!% stro1 8or th 1 r!ast#n+, 8or th #r !on+ hom , to s0a/ th ra1a+#n+ 8#+ht an* 1#! o8 th 9or!*, or !s /ra% * 8or a snor#n+ / a0 . ) ha1 s n, too, ho9 #n +r at !#t ratur th Dua!#t% #* a 0r /t #n, 8or #nstan0 , !at r 1 rs#ons o8

th I!#a* an* 3*%ss %. ) s ! ast.

ho9 #t has "oun* man:#n* to th 9h

! o8 * ath, to * ath #n T#m at

In 1# 9 o8 th #n8!u n0 o8 th#s rror an* man<s 9 a:n ss " 8or #t, on #s *r#1 n to 9on* r at ho9 !#tt! /o9 r an% man has o1 r h#s "o*% or h#s thou+hts, as a+a#nst th M#+ht% 3n s " %on*, th mast rs o8 9hat man 0a!!s th L#8 an* th D ath?th 3*#n an* th )o!8?th n#+ht an* th *a%? sn* as a+a#nst that 3th r 3n that #s an* 0om th +r at r 1 n than th %, o8 9hom 4 or+ (or S#++ ), our an0 stor, "% som 0a!! * Son7o873*#n, sa#* h *ar * not s/ a:. Thor atta0:s 4 ronth #m. L#8 atta0:s D ath. B %on* th 0on8!#0t th r su!t#n+ !#8 str ams a9a% " %on* th am"#t o8 our s#+ht. So #t #s #n an #n*#1#*ua!<s an* #n a nat#on<s !#8 . But 3*#n r ma#ns, H#s m#+ht% on s r ma#n. An* 9 s " %on* th r a!ms o8 num" rs or 0ur1 , on9ar* to 9h r a!! ar r 0on0#! * #n L#8 . For us?on!% our *ut% #n our !#m#t * +ar* #n 4o* r ma#ns, on!% our nat#on<s an* our #n*#1#*ua! +ar*s? our +#1 n /arts #n th m#+ht% sur+#n+ or0h stra o8 3*#n. 3n!% our /arts r ma#n, /arts 9#th#n our /o9 rs an* our 9#!!s, /arts /o#nt * to "% our #nst#n0ts an* "% th 0#r0umstan0 s n ar us, /arts 8oun* #n our +ar* #n 4o* 9hat 1 r or 9h n 1 r #t " & that #s man<s /!a0 an* h#s s/h r , an* th r #n #s h#s 9a% on9ar* to 9hat h ma% " 0om . But o8 H#m 9ho 9rot an* 9r#t s th s0or , o8 H#m 9ho / r8orms #n an* " %on* us, an* o8 that 3th r M#+ht# r H#m " str#*#n+ th ( ar an* Far, an* th (o9 an* Th n, an* th Sur+ an* th S/an ... 3n!% our +ar* #n 3*#n r ma#ns. In #t, so #nt#mat to us, ar a!! th#n+s 9 tru!% n *, an* #n #t #s th 9a% to a!! th#n+s, r#+ht on, an* u/ to th 8u!! 0a/a0#t% that #s ours #n*#1#*ua!!% an* oth r9#s . An* 9ho :no9s th !#m#t o8 thos 0a/a0#t# s?thos #nnat % arn#n+s, thos 0a!!s 9#th#n th h art 9h#0h 0annot " 9r#tt n *o9n 8or % s to r a*E 4ra0#ousn ss, an* 0om8ort an* 9#s*om, an* /r#1#! + " %on* m asur ar th +#8ts 9 ma% 8#n* #n a0h o8 our +ar*s #n 4o*, 9h r 1 n 8rom *#sast r man ma% s 0ur a r#0h A 9 !. 11.?In our +ar*s th Dua!#t% o8 So0rat s an* > sus an* Pau! /ass a9a%, th *ua!#t% an* th Tr#n#tar#an#sm. ) us our s ns s an* our m#n*s an* our =/ r# n0 , 8or th % ar +#8ts o8 4o* to us to +u#* us to truth su#ta"! to us. Th % ar not to " 0on* mn *, "ut ar +#8ts o8 a 4o* 9ho :no9s us, +#8ts #n8#n#t !% su#ta"! to us an* " 0:on#n+ us on to " aut% an* !#8 . Th /arts, th *#1#s#ons /ass a9a%. ) 8#n* that on as/ 0t o8 4o* #s #n th oth r. Earth #s not *#1#* * 8rom h a1 n. An* man #s #n T#m an* " %on* #t a /art o8 4o*. Man #s a 1#ta! /art #n 4o*. H#s !a"our an* a!! that man #s, 9#!! at !ast " r so!1 *, as an #n*#1#*ua! an* as a /art o8 h#s nat#on, an* as a /art o8 man:#n*, #nto th !#8 an* /ur/os o8 4o*. T#m #s an as/ 0t or =/r ss#on o8 T#m ! ssn ss. 3n!% "% r 8 r n0 to som th#n+ +r at r #s th r T#m at a!!. 3ur /arts ar 8or us to /!a% #n that 4r at 3n <s " #n+ #n an* o8 )hom 9 ar . ) , as 9 s : H#m, " 0om th mor !#: H#m, an* ma% /art#0#/at #n 8u!! r m asur #n th (o9 an* th Th n ?/has s o8 th For 1 r?an* th L#8 . 1C.?(a) Th 3*#n#st r !#+#on #s th on!% on that n 1 r :#!!s th a*1 ntur#n+ o8 th sou!. It #s th on!% out!oo: that 0h r#sh s th s/#r#tua! Hom !an* #n th % s o8 th U!%ss s #n an* " %on* th tou0h o8 T#m . (") A stu* nt n * s0ar0 !% " r m#n* * o8 th :#n* o8 so70a!! * a*1 ntur#n+ that > sus79orsh#/ an* S !87r nun0#at#on o88 rs h#m.?D stro%#n+ th #nst#n0t, hat#n+ 4o*<s 9or!*, * s/#s#n+ h#ms !8 an =/r ss#on o8 4o*, * n%#n+ h#s o9n Fath r7s/#r#t #n th Thor, S !87* stru0t#on an* th !#: . H n * s0ar0 !% " r m#n* * ho9 1 r. For h has s n > sus76hr#st#an#t%<s 1 ntua! r 9ar* to #ts 8o!!o9 rs. H has s n th #n 1#ta"! har1 st o8 #ts !s 9h r 7* s0r#" * #nnat "!as/h m%. 1..?Th /#0tur o8 4o* " #n+ outs#* th#s a00urs * 9or!*, an* 'In H a1 n' an* " #n+ '/ro/#t#at *'

"% th s0r am#n+ * ath a+on% o8 H#s on!% " +ott n Son #s 0orr 0t 6hr#st#an#t%, an* #s @u#t !o+#0a! an* n 0 ssar% 8rom 6hr#st#an /r m#s s. Pau!<s 0on0!us#on #n th Aton m nt or R * m/t#on, o8 th "!oo*% '/ro/#t#at#on' o8 4o* "% th "!ast#n+ o8 H#s on!% " +ott n Son, 9as a !o+#0a! 0on0!us#on #n R a!#t% 8rom 6hr#st#an /r m#s s, as 9 !! as /ro"a"!% #nst#n0t#1 #n h#m (or #n th m n 9ho 9rot th 'E/#st! s o8 St. Pau!'). )hat a /#0tur o8 4o* A!m#+ht%2 But > sus76hr#st#an#t% +#1 s that /#0tur to m n ... H r #t m#+ht " not * that, 8or #nstan0 , Th Un#tar#an 6hr#st#an 6hur0h, or an% oth r 'L#" ra!' 6hr#st#an 6hur0h 9h#0h * n# s or r A 0ts th ';#r+#n B#rth,' 'M#ra0! s,' an* th 'Pro/#t#at#on' o8 4o* "% th tortur o8 H#s on!% B +ott n Son, an* 1ar#ous oth r o8 th #mm *#at !% a"horr nt an* truth7 assau!t#n+ r su!tants o8 th /r#n0#/! s o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%, #s m r !% "!#n* to th n 0 ssar% 0on0!us#on #n R a!#t% o8 th > sus76hr#st#an *#r 0t#on. Th Roman 6atho!#0 6hur0h, th 6hur0h o8 En+!an*, th 6a!1#n#sts an* oth rs ar not "!#n* to th !o+#0a! 0ons @u n0 s, or #n 1ar%#n+ * +r an* as/ 0ts, ar not so "!#n* as th 'L#" ra!' > sus7 6hr#st#an 6hur0h s. But th *#r 0t#on o8 th Un#tar#an or 'L#" ra!' 6hr#st#an 6hur0h s #s th sam an* as * a*!% #n #ts ss n0 as that o8 th oth r 6hr#st#an 0hur0h s m nt#on *. Th % m r !% *o not * 1 !o/ th 6hr#st#an /r#n0#/! s so 8ar #n R a!#t% as *o th Roman an* th oth r 0hur0h s m nt#on * 9#th #t, "ut "% th #r *#r 0t#on th % #n t#m ! a* th #r s 1 ra! 0ommun#t# s to th sam 0haos an* * ath. Som 0hur0h s as th % ar mor !o+#0a!!% 6hr#st#an, * "#!#tat an* * stro% th #r 0ommun#t# s mor @u#0:!% than oth rs, "ut th r su!t #s th sam an* @ua!!% #n 1#ta"! #n th 0as o8 an% * +r o8 > sus76hr#st#an 0u!tur . Som ra0 s as th % ar mor s#m/! than oth rs *# out un* r > sus76hr#st#an#t% mor @u#0:!% than oth rs 9ho ar ! ss s#m/! . In 8a0t th on!% 9a% to s0a/ th * ath #n > sus76hr#st#an#t% #s to un* rstan* #ts natur . 4 ronth #m #s a!9a%s 9#th us #n som 8orm, "ut Thor #s h r , too, an* 9#!! +#1 us h#s str n+th #8 9 s : an* as: an* r a!#D #t. 1F.?E1 n th s ! 0t#on o8 a / o/! o8 th 0hara0t r o8 th > 9s, / o/! 9#th a *ou"t8u! 0!a#m to ra0 , 9#th a *ou"t8u! 0!a#m to an% Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*, an* a !a0: o8 s/#r#tua! #nst#n0t, "ut 9#th an #mm *#at , * stro%#n+, mat r#a!#st#0 #nst#n0t, #s a !o+#0a! an* 1 n n 0 ssar% attr#"ut o8 th mat r#a!#st#0 > sus76hr#st#an *#r 0t#on. 1G.?7Th 6hr#st#an 9ho " !# 1 s that > sus 9#th ar0han+ !s an* trum/ t#n+ hosts an* oth r tra//#n+s, 9#!! som *a% a// ar #n th s:% an* th n ta: o1 r th 4o1 rnm nta! an* 8#nan0#a! an* oth r *#r 0t#on o8 th 0ountr% #s not #!!o+#0a!. Th 6hr#st#an arr#1 s at su0h 0on0!us#on "% #nst#n0t#1 an* mor or ! ss su"0ons0#ous tru * *u0t#on 8rom th 6hr#st#an /r m#s s an* *#r 0t#on. Th r #s too th #nst#n0t#1 8 !#n+ that > sus shou!* r turn an* /ut r#+ht at som t#m or oth r, 9hat > sus76hr#st#an#t% has ma* 9ron+. Th 8a0t that > sus an* th 0 ! st#a! 0om/an% *#* not a// ar an* sa1 6hr#st#an " !# 1 rs, .+., #n th horrors o8 Russ#a, S/a#n, an* An0# nt Rom , an* !s 9h r , *o s not an* 0annot * 8 at a " !# 1 r<s su"0ons0#ous!%7arr#1 *7at 1# 9, #n*u0 * "% h#s " !# 8, haD% or not so haD%, o8 th natur o8 6hr#st#an#t%. H#s /r m#s s ha1 " n ta: n. Th r 8or , h#s 0ons @u nt 0on0!us#on #s n 0 ssar%, 1 n #8 #t " ma*n ss, an* " a 8!a+rant a88ront to a!! h#s #nst#n0ts an* =/ r# n0 . 1H.?Th ar+um nt #s th n, that ha1#n+ a00 /t * an att#tu* to 4o* an* H#s r a!#t%, th n 0 ssar% 0on0!us#on o8 that att#tu* 8o!!o9s, that #s?!#8 or * ath #n T#m , #mm *#at T#m at ! ast. Th att#tu* to 4o* an* H#s r a!#t% ha1#n+ " n ta: n u/, th n that att#tu* " 0om s a For0 #n th a88a#rs o8 m n. It 9#!! ru! man:#n*. It 9#!! *#r 0t h#m. It 9#!! * 0#* h#s !#8 an* h#s * st#n% on arth.

I8 #t #s an untru att#tu* , #t 9#!! :#!! h#m, :#!! h#m utt r!% #n a short or !on+ r t#m a00or*#n+ to th #nt ns#t% 9#th 9h#0h h 8o!!o9s or #s a88 0t * "% th untru att#tu* . Th tru att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t% #s that 9h#0h r 0o+n#D s th s !8 an* th th#n+s o8 th s !8, out9ar* to th !#m#t o8 man<s /o9 r an* 0om/r h ns#on o8 4o*, that #s?3*#n, a th m mor 8u!!% * a!t 9#th !s 9h r h r #n. In that att#tu* #s h a!th. In #t man ma% 8#n* 0ommun#on 9#th an* +a#n /oss ss#on o8 th 1#ta!#t% an* @ua!#t# s o8 4o*. 17.?Man% a"! an* 8amous 9r#t rs, Tom Pa#n , Dra/ r, ;o!ta#r , R nan an* man% oth rs, ha1 *#ss 0t * th r su!tants, sho9n th ana0hron#sms, !una0# s an* "!as/h m# s o8 6hr#st#an#t%, "ut ha1 not o8t n, #8 at a!!, tr at * th m as r su!tants. Th s m n ha1 s0ant#!%, #8 at a!!, tr at * o8 th or#+#na! sour0 o8 th For0 9hos man#8 stat#ons #n > sus76hr#st#an#t% outra+ a!! th =/ r# n0 an* san#t% o8 man:#n*. An* so th !una0# s, ana0hron#sms an* "!as/h m# s ha1 0ont#nu * to harr% man:#n* a!most as #8 thos m n ha* not 9r#tt n at a!!. For #t #s on!% "% som #n*#0at#on o8 th or#+#n o8 th For0 that 0r at s thos !una0# s that man 0an 88 0t#1 !% * a! 9#th h#s /os#t#on an* 8#n* th !#+ht, on9ar* to 4o*<s *a%. In0#s#1 an* *ramat#0 =/osur o8 #ts r su!tants *#* not r a!!% #nAur 6hr#st#an#t%, #t usua!!% m r !% ma* an=#ous s :#n+ m n sa% #t 9as 'not tru 6hr#st#an#t%' or that '> sus 9as not un* rstoo*' or that th 'trans!at#on o8 h#s 9or*s 9as 9ron+.' Man ha* to ha1 h#s 0onn 0t#on 9#th 4o* 9hat 1 r ma*n ss #t nta#! *. Th 6hr#st#an r !#+#on (or 6hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t%) r ma#n *B an* th r su!ts?th ana0hron#sms, th !una0# s an* th "!as/h m# s 0ont#nu *, to 9ar as " 8or a+a#nst th 1#ta!#t% o8 man:#n*. Th 9r#t rs r 8 rr * to *#* not tr at o8 an att#tu* 7to74o*<s7r a!#t% as " #n+, or /oss#"!% " 0om#n+ o8 th natur o8 a For0 #n R a!#t%, an* at !ast =/r ss#n+ #ts !8, #n t rms o8 L#8 or (as #n th > sus7 6hr#st#an r !#+#on) D ath 8or man:#n*. 1I.?Th #r 9#!!7to7*o7+oo* has ma* m#!!#ons, 0! r+% an* oth rs, m r !% as# r 1#0t#ms an* a+ nts o8 that For0 . For 0o1 r * 9#th th r +a!#a o8 /# t% an* "r ath#n+ su"t! *#r thr ats, 6hr#st#an#t% 9as /ro0!a#m * to th m to " th )a%, th Truth, an* th L#8 . Th *#r 0t#on o8 th mu0h #!!ustrat * 6hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o*<s r a!#t%, "% #ts natur /o#nts to9ar*s #mm *#at mat r#a!#sm, 0haos an* * ath, an* to (oth#n+n ss 9h#0h #t #nh r nt!% #s ... An* thos 9ho 0!os st 8o!!o9 #t, soon st *# . 1-.?Th > sus79orsh#//#n+ att#tu* 9as 8#rst /romu!+at * amon+ th P!ato7a88 0t * Romans "% > 9s. Th att#tu* s #D * u/on an* " 0am atta0h * to, an* mor or ! ss / rson#8# * #n a > 9 h r #n" 8or r 8 rr * to. (To7*a% #n th East on ma% as#!% 8#n* m n * 0!ar#n+ an* / rha/s #n som m asur " !# 1#n+ th ms !1 s to " A!m#+ht% 4o*, 6hr#stos or s#m#!ar.) CJ.?Th So0rat#an7> sus 6hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o* #s th "as#0 an* mo1#n+ #* a!#sm o8 our * 0a%#n+ 0#1#!#Dat#on, th +u#*#n+ * stru0t#1 s/#r#t o8 our s#0: an=#ous nat#on. To7*a% an* #n /ast h#stor% th tra+#0 r su!ts o8 th 6hr#st#an att#tu* ar o"1#ous an* as0 rta#na"! . Th % ar 0! ar 1 n to a so! !% o"A 0t#1 t%/ o8 m#n*. C1.?Th 3*#n#st *#r 0t#on, nun0#at * "% 4 or+ (or S#++ ), on o8 our Br#t#sh an0 stors, 0a!! * o8 o!*, 'Son o8 3*#n', #s @u#t *#88 r nt. H sa9 th Man% #n th 3n , an* h , !#: at ! ast som o8 th Au*+ s o8 So0rat s, / r0 #1 * th natur o8 For0 s an* o8 th S/#r#t7Fath rs. Ar#stot! an* 6#0 ro 0a!! * th S/#r#t7Fath rs, 'Th 4o*s', 9or*s o8 @u#t *#88 r nt m an#n+ to th

0urr nt > sus76hr#st#an #n*u0 * 0on8us#on o8 th m an#n+ o8 4o*, a 9or* 9hos m an#n+ *#88 rs, 1 n mor 8rom th m an#n+ o8 th S/#r#t7Fath rs o8 our 3*#n#st an0 stors. Th s m n / r0 #1 * that man<s s ns s an* th man#8 stat#ons o8 S/#r#t78or0 s 9 r +u#* s to Truth, an* shou!* " a00 /t * "% man as su0h, #8 h , an =/r ss#on #n T#m , o8 h#s Fath r, 9ou!* !#1 . CC.?Th P!ato7So0rat#an (an* 8un*am nta!!% 6hr#st#an) att#tu* #s as * a*!% to man<s !#8 #n h#s #nt r7 * / n* nt so0#a!, /o!#t#0a! an* 8#nan0#a! s/h r s as #t #s #n th a!!7mo1#n+, a!! / r1a*#n+ s/h r s o8 h#s r !#+#on (or h#s 8un*am nta! att#tu* to 4o* an* H#s R a!#t%). C..?Th 3*#n#st att#tu* to 4o*<s R a!#t% #s #n*#0at * mor 8u!!% !s 9h r . H r #t ma% " sa#* that th 3*#n#st *o s not r +ar* man:#n* as *amn *, h r +ar*s th #nst#n0t, th s ns s an* s ns#"! man#8 stat#ons o8 4o*, as m ans 8or h#m "% 9h#0h h ma% 8#n* !#8 & that th s ns s an* /o9 rs o8 / r0 /t#on 9h#0h a man has, ar m ans "% 9h#0h h ma% an* shou!* /art#0#/at #n th 1#ta!#t% o8 4o*, an* 8urth r, that thos m ans ar th " st 8or th 0a/a0#t% o8 man, +#1 n h#m "% an unth#n:a"!% 1#ta! 4o*, 9hos 1#0ar h , th 3*#n#st 0ons0#ous!% #s or shou!* " . Th /o9 rs o8 man ar 8or h#s +oo*, an* th 0! ar r th % ar th " tt r th % ar . H #s not r s/ons#"! 8or th mo1 m nts o8 th sun or o8 1#ta!#t% outs#* h#s /o9 rs, "ut h #s r s/ons#"! 8or h#s +ar* #n 4o*, an* #8 h *ou"ts that h has su0h r s/ons#"#!#t% th n 1 nts 9#!! so!1 h#s *ou"ts shar/!% nou+h 8or h#m. Th 3*#n#st !oo:s to9ar* 4o* 8rom h#ms !8, throu+h n ar st th#n+s, out9ar*. )h r h#s 0a/a0#t% =t n*s, th r #s h#s *ut% #n th +r at 1#ta!#t% o8 4o* or 3*#n. H#s n ar st *ut% #s #n that 9h#0h h 0! ar st un* rstan*s, an* 9h#0h #s most 9#th#n h#s 0a/a0#t%, an* 9h#0h at an% t#m #s /r s nt * most 1#ta!!% to h#m. CF.?I8 an%on 0an un* rstan* an* / r0 #1 ho9 #m/ortant nat#ona!!% an* oth r9#s , #s th a"o1 som 9hat #na* @uat !% =/r ss * #* a, h shou!* *#s0uss #t 9#th an% a0@ua#ntan0 9ho a!so has th 0a/a0#t% to un* rstan* #tE Th t#m #s short. ;#* an0# nt Rom , t0. Th r #s on!% on 9a% out o8 th > sus76hr#st#an m#asma an* that #s, to un* rstan* #t, an* un"!#n* *, to /ro0 * #n th 9a% 9h#0h 4o* H#ms !8 #n h#s m%r#a* ton+u * m ssa+ sho9s 0! ar!% to 1 r% man a00or*#n+ to h#s 0a/a0#t%?th 3*#n#st 9a%. R a* 0ar 8u!!% our 'F#rst 4u#* Boo: to th An+! 0%n 6hur0h o8 3*#n.' CG.?4 t to :no9 th 8un*am nta! 0aus o8 th a//roa0h#n+ 0haos, thus %ou 0an " tt r h !/ to * 8 at #t. Do not su00um" to th *#r 0t#on! ss a/ath% 9h#0h th > sus76hr#st#an 0u!t #n*u0 s. Do not 9a#t 8or som on !s to *o %our /art 8or %ouB h ma% 8a#! %ou, or not " a"! to *o 1 n h#s o9n /art. Your *ut% 0annot " sh#8t * on to th shou!* rs o8 anoth r. That #s on o8 th D ath "r#" s o8 > sus76hr#st#an#t%, 9#th #ts?'6ast th% "ur* n on th Lor*', 'La% %our s#ns on > sus', an* 1ar# * s#m#!ar a*mon#t#ons. An* *o not =/ 0t th ! a* rs un* r our /r s nt 0u!tur an* #ts r su!tant =/r ss#ons to h !/ %ou. Th % 9#!! not. LLLL Th 9r#t rs o8 th Br#t#sh E**a, as s n #n th Thor7marr%#n+7th 7+#ant ss a!! +or% an* oth rs, ha* a 9on* r8u! 0on0 /t#on o8 th natur o8 For0 s an* o8 th natur o8 th#n+s #n0!u*#n+ man. Th % not * man<s /art #n th !#8 o8 3*#n =/!#0#t!% an* "% #m/!#0at#on, thou+h th % *#* not =haust#1 !% tr at o8 th sam . Th 0h# 8 9r#t r<s (4 or+ or S#++ ) 1# 9/o#nt o8 R a!#t% 9as o8 a mor 1#ta! natur than that o8 th #n0#s#1 7m#n* * Ar#stot! B /h#!oso/h% an* a"stra0t#on *#* not 8or h#m a* @uat !% * s0r#" man. 6#r0umstan0 s /ro"a"!% *#* not a!!o9 th +r at so70a!! * Son7o873*#n, or ma: #t at th t#m /ra0t#0a"! , 8or h#m to n!ar+ u/on h#s #* a. H ha* to str ss most that 9h#0h 9ou!* " most as#!%

un* rstoo*, an* so " #n+ truth8u!, !a#* th "as#s 8or * 1 !o/m nt 8rom th s#m/! /r#n0#/! s an* "r# 8 % t /ro8oun* *#r 0t#ons h #n*#0at *. Th /ass#on o8 th#s 9on* r8u! / rsona+ #s / r0 #1a"! throu+hout th E**a. )as h n ar to th / r8 0t Ba!*urE An a!most 9ho!!% 0om/! t man s nt to H#s 0h#!*r n "% th m#+ht% ThorE H#s m mor% #s 9#th us #n th stor% o8 St. 4 or+ 8#+ht#n+ th Dra+on o8 E1#!. )h n0 , 9 9on* r, 9as that " !# 8 9h#0h m n o8 th E**a h !* a"out th #r " #n+ Sons o8 th Sun, or Sons o8 Manu an* or Sons o8 ManE Ho9 9as #t our +r at an0 stor :n 9 a"out matt rs 9h#0h s0# nt#sts ar on!% no9 0omm n0#n+ !a"or#ous!% to *#s0o1 r or to 9on* r a"outE )hat 9as th Moth r7o874o*s7an*7M n #* aE )as #t that th 4o*s an* M n 9 r , #n a 9#* r r a!#t%, a!! sons o8 th sam Fath rE 3r 9as #t som th#n+ oth rE )ho an* 9hat an* 9h n 9 r th s /h#!oso/h rs an* 0a/ta#nsE )hat an =/ r# n0 #t 9ou!* ha1 " n to m t som o8 th s m n or to m t th #r t a0h r 4 or+ (or S#++ ), that man o8 a!most #mm asura"! s%m/ath%, a 0a/ta#n, a /o t, a 1 r% 8ath r an* a s#m/! 8r# n*2 Thos m n 9 r our o9n 1 r% 8or 8ath rs2 An* 9hat a 0om8ort a8t r a!! th a*1 ntur#n+ an 3*#n#st ma% *o, to 8#n* at !ast, #n our s#m/! hom !% +ar*s, our r 8u+ , our 0om8ort an* our sur 8oun*at#on to 4o* an* H#s t rn#t%.

TO .UNDAMENTALISTS
( #th r o8 th #* as '!#+ht an* *ar:' or 'tan+#"! an* #ntan+#"! ', or 't#m an* t#m ! ssn ss' or 'n ar an* 8ar' or 'H a1 n an* Earth' or '+oo* an* "a*', or 1 n m nta! an* s ns#"! +ra*at#ons #n th ar a o8 r a!#t% " t9 n an% o8 th s t9o r !at#1 !% o//os#n+ #* as ar a* @uat 8or un#1 rsa!#t%. At " st th o//os#t 0on0 /t#ons ar m r !% th 0ons0#ous!% as0 rta#na"! =tr m s o8 our human m nta!#t# s #n r +ar* to 0 rta#n as/ 0ts o8 r a!#t%. (or ar th t rms * not#n+ su0h o//os#t 0on0 /t#ons #n th ms !1 s 0a/a"! o8 " #n+ a* @uat 8or un#1 rsa!#t%, ho9 1 r n 0 ssar% an* 1 n 1#ta! 8or man<s =#st n0 an* +ro9th su0h t rms ma% " #n th #mm *#at . r Dua!#t%?For a 0ru* #nstan0 /o#nt#n+, an* on!% /o#nt#n+ th *#r 0t#on, 0ons#* r a / nn%. It has t9o s#* s. H r at 8#rst s#+ht #t m#+ht " #ma+#n * #s a /roo8 o8 th /r#n0#/! o8 *ua!#t%. But no, #t #s not so. For a / nn% 0annot =#st 9#thout #ts t9o s#* s. You ma% 0on* mn on s#* o8 a / nn% as 1#! an* * 0#* to * stro% that s#* . Th n +ra*ua!!% %ou 0omm n0 to 8#! a9a% th ' 1#!' s#* . St#!! %ou 0annot * stro% th / nn%<s t9o s#* *n ss. I8 %ou / rs#st 9#th th 8#!#n+, th oth r s#* o8 th / nn% 9#!! a!so *#sa// ar. (ot on!% on s#* "ut th 9ho! o8 th / nn% 9#!!, #n t#m , " * stro% *. So %our 0on* mnat#on o8 on s#* ha* n* * #n a (oth#n+ 9h n %our 0on* mnat#on 9as a//!# * to r a!#t%. An* th n* 9as th sam , 9h th r %ou 8#! * th / nn% t n* r!% or 9#th 1#+our, not on!% #n r s/ 0t o8 on s#* o8 th / nn% "ut th 9ho! o8 #t. (oth#n+ o8 th / nn% 9#!! r ma#n. Th 8a0t #s, that th truth o8 th / nn% m"ra0 s "oth s#* s o8 th / nn% an* th 0onn 0t#on " t9 n th t9o s#* s, as 9 !! as a 9#* n ss o8 m an#n+ th r #n human!% #n0a!0u!a"! . Th ( ar an* Far ma% " s#m#!ar!% 0ons#* r *. An* a!so * / r 8 atur s o8 r a!#t%, 1 n a!!o9#n+ 8or a s ns 7/ r0 #1 * #n0r as #n th #r 0onst#tu nt 8a0tors, ma% " so =am#n *. Th *#1#s#on o8 r a!#t% #nto a tr#n#t% or a 6hr#st#an B! ss * Tr#n#t% #s not a* @uat #n a s/#r#tua! or #n an% s ns . In su0h a 0on0 /t#on th *ra+ o8 t m/ora! #mm *#at n ss at on0 man#8 sts #ts !8. D#1#s#on / rs#sts #n that 0on0 /t#on, / rs#sts on9ar* to #ts !o+#0a! 0on0!us#on o8 *#stort#on o8 th #n*#1#s#"! truth an* 1 ntua! * stru0t#on o8 man<s m#n* an* "o*%, a00or*#n+ as h #s /oss ss * o8 th #* a. It 88 0ts a r so!ut#on o8 th#n+s mor or ! ss t#m ! ss #nto t rms o8 #mm *#at t#m an* th n non7 =#st n0 . Th truth o8 on n* o8 th /ot nt#a! human s0a! ma% not " /r s nt * a* @uat !% to man<s 0ons0#ous m#n* #n th t rms o8 th oth r n*.

(A!! m n 0an *o 8or 8#n*#n+ truth #s th " st th % 0an 9#th r 8 r n0 to th t st, 1#D., 8u!! st !#1#n+ that man 0an :no9 or 0an #n som m asur " 0om 0ons0#ous o8.) For =am/! , Ar#thm t#0 9#* as #ts ran+ ma% " , #s #na* @uat to * s0r#" #n t rms o8 man<s #mm *#at , an mot#on or a 0on1#0t#on. Th L#n a! m tho* o8 * s0r#/t#on a!so 9#!! on!% " a* @uat to th as/ 0t o8 su0h o8 r a!#t% to 9h#0h th !#n a! m tho* #s a//!#0a"! , r !at#1 to th t st a"o1 not *. Th " st that 0an " sa#* o8 th s m tho*s o8 * s0r#/t#on " %on* th #r s/h r #n r a!#t%, #s that th #r * s0r#/t#on o8 a ! ss 0om/! = s/h r (thou+h n 0 ssar#!% !#m#t * an* #na* @uat ) ma% " a*1anta+ ous!% us * 8or th /ur/os o8 /o#nt#n+ to9ar*s or "r#n+#n+ " 8or th mor 0ons0#ous o"s r1at#on o8 man a 0omm n0#n+ /o#nt 8or h#s *#s0o1 r% o8 a truth 0on0 rn#n+ a mor 0om/! = or ! ss7#mm *#at s/h r . To +#1 a rou+h #nstan0 o8 th D#1#s#on /r#n0#/! 9#th#n th s/h r o8 man<s s ns#"! =#st n0 &?

An a//! ma% " *#1#* * #nto ha!1 s an* th n " mor /ro*u0t#1 o8 1#ta!#t% 8or man, or th 1a!u o8 th a//! to man ma% " not a!t r * "% th *#1#s#on, 9hat 1 r th r su!t to th a//! an* th r su!t to #t #n =t ns#on. But anoth r th#n+, 8or #nstan0 , a hors 0ou!* not, #n th !#+ht o8 =/ r# n0 an* as0 rta#na"! :no9! *+ , " so us 8u!!% ha!1 * as th a//! "% r 8 r n0 to th t st 1a!u ?1#D., man<s 1#ta!#t%, or "% r 8 r n0 to th as0 rta#na"! 1a!u o8 th su"A 0t matt r to #ts !8 or to an% =t ns#on o8 #ts !8. So, th natur o8 *#1#s#ons " 0om *#88 r nt an* th 0ons @u n0 s o8 *#1#s#ons " 0om *#88 r nt an* mor #na* @uat "% th on!% t st :no9a"! "% man as th % ar *#stant 8rom th ! ast 0om/! = #mm *#at . In 8a0t th 1 r% #* a o8 *#1#s#on #s #ts !8 su"A 0t to th Imm *#at 7to7th 7L ss7Imm *#at att#tu* . An% #* o!o+% =/!a#n#n+ or /r t n*#n+ to "r#n+ #nto Imm *#at t rms that 9h#0h #s not #mm *#at as > sus76hr#st#an#t% 9#th #ts *#1#s#ons *o s, thus * stro%s 8or man, th L ss7#mm *#at an* th n 1 ntua!!% #n n ar7t#m (or at !ast) * stro%s th Imm *#at a!so, #n0!u*#n+ man<s "o*%. A!9a%s, 9h#! 1 r man #s =/r ss * #n som m asur #n th Imm *#at o8 s ns#"! 8! sh, an* un* r th #mm *#at ur+ to 0ons r1 that 8! sh, 9#!! th r " a t m/tat#on to * s0r#" a!! th#n+s h :no9s o8 #n an% m asur , #n t rms mor or ! ss #mm *#at !% a//ro/r#at to that 8! sh. Th un9ar% an* th 9 a: 9#!! a!9a%s " #n *an+ r o8 " #n+ s *u0 * "% th#s. Th =0han+ o8 th / rman nt 8or th t m/ora! 9#!! " a t m/tat#on. Th 8or"#** n 8ru#t 9#!! a// ar +oo*. Thus *o 9 s ar#s#n+ th t n* n0% to r +ar* R a!#t% as o8 t9o /arts, on o8 th /arts as " #n+ #n t rms o8 th#n+s #mm *#at !% / r0 #1a"! "% th s ns s, an* th oth r as " #n+ #n th#n+s not so / r0 #1a"! an* th t n* n0% to " !# 1 that th :#n* o8 *#1#s#ons ma* #n th most #mm *#at ma% /ro/ r!% " ma* #n th ! ss #mm *#at . Th t n* n0% /ro0 *s unt#! th t9o /arts ar /r s nt * s /arat an* a!# n to a0h oth rB th n th % ar /r s nt * as anta+on#st#0, .+., a 'ho!%' 4o* an* *amn * man, 'Earth an* H a1 n,' unt#! th untruth " 0om s an #mm *#at thr at to !#8 . For to ta: on o8 th =am/! s&? H a1 n, as !s 9h r sho9n, must un* r su0h #* o!o+% at !ast " 0on0 #1 * #n t rms o8 Earth, that #s th L ss7#mm *#at #n t rms o8 Imm *#at , #n t rms o8 T#m an* D ath, an* so #t #s& 4o* #s /r s nt * as a s ns 7/ r0 #1 * man an* so on. Man, #n s/#t o8 h#s s ns#"! #mm *#at n *s, #s st#!! mo1 * "% a 8un*am nta! n 0 ss#t% 9h#0h h#s #nst#n0t r 0o+n#s s, an* 0ra1 s o8t n un0ons0#ous!%?an #nt r/r tat#on o8 R a!#t% as a 3n 7n ss. But !o+#0a!!% /ursu#n+ th t n* n0% r 8 rr * to, h #s 0om/ !! * to #nt r/r t a!! r a!#t% #n t rms o8 th Imm *#at an* % t mor #mm *#at n ss on to a * +r o8 Mat r#a!#t% 9h#0h r so!1 s #ts !8 #nto /ass#n+ T#m an* o"!#1#on. Thus "oth 8 atur s o8 th#s a//!#0at#on o8 Dua!#t% *ra9 man on9ar* to * ath, .+., th arth7a"horr#n+, *#stant h a1 n 8! #n+ 8rom th s ns / r0 #1a"! 9or!*, an*, th s ns 79or!* #n 9h#0h man #rr 1o0a"!% #s, mo1#n+ #n =ora"!% a9a% 8rom H a1 n, an* a!so "oth th s 8 atur s r so!1 #n th 1#ta!#t% o8 R a!#t% #nto th #mm *#at , or, #n anoth r as/ 0t, 0an0 ! a0h oth r out or * stro% a!! th#s 9or!* or, #8 not, th n th r #s a!r a*% no =#st n0 at a!!B #th r an* a!! o8 9h#0h 0on*#t#ons ar #nh r nt #n an* n 0 ssar% to th So0rat#an7> sus76hr#st#an att#tu* to R a!#t%.

Th *ua!#sm, th tr#n#tar#an#sm or oth r num r#0a! #* as ar m r !% /oss#"!% tru 8or * s0r#"#n+ 8a0ts o8 th human as/ 0t o8 4o*<s r a!#t% 9#th#n a !#m#t * ran+ , .+., S n an* Uns n "% r 8 r n0 to man<s 0a/a0#t# s #n th s ns an* th !#: s#m/! 0on0 /ts. B %on* that 0#r0ums0r#" * ran+ th % " 0om #na* @uat an* 8a!! short o8 * s0r#"#n+ 9#* r truth. Su0h *#1#s#ona! #* as 0 as to " an* ar not tru o8 4o*<s 9#* r r a!#t%, an* 9h n a//!# * to s/h r s o8 r a!#t% " %on* th Imm *#at s ns s, " 0om !#8 7* stru0t#1 , un*#!ut * "!as/h m% an* th /ro*u0 ma*n ss, th ma*n ss that h#* s an* * stro%s th s/#r#t, th ma*n ss that /r 0 * s * stru0t#on o8 m n<s m#n*s an* th !#1 s o8 nat#ons. Un* r su0h +u#* , man, at th 0ost o8 san#t%, must #n1 nt #*#ot#0 #nst#n0t7a"us#n+ 0on0 /t#ons o8 r a!#t% #n or* r to ma: th #ma+#n * R a!#t% 8#t #nto th narro9 #na* @uat #mm *#at t rms o8 a num r#0a!!% !#m#t * *#1#s#on o8 #t. 4 n ra!!% s/ a:#n+ th tra+#0 rror ar#s s throu+h #na"#!#t% to s man an* th#n+s, as r 8 rr * to !s 9h r h r #n. or :no9 o8 th #n*9 !!#n+ s/#r#t #n

3n *ramat#0 r su!t o8 th *ua! *#1#s#on #s that "% #t, #n th > sus76hr#st#an /r s ntat#on, man o"ta#n * a /#0tur an* 0on0 /t#on o8 4o* an* 3*#n 9h#0h #s ma** n#n+ an* :#!!#n+. For #nstan0 , 0ons#* r th 6hr#st#an /#0tur o8 a 9rath8u!, hat#n+, man? =0!u*#n+ 4o* #n H a1 n, 8u!! o8 0ont m/t 8or man<s 9 a:n ss an* 0on8us#on, an* % t 8u!! o8 !o1 , "ut mo!!#8# * "% th s0r am#n+ * ath a+on% o8 H#s 3n!% " +ott n Son. Su0h, un* r 6hr#st#an#t%, has " n man<s 88ort to "r#*+ th +a/, to 0onn 0t arth an* h a1 n, to ass rt h#s #nst#n0t#1 !% assur * t rn#t%, an* to +ro9 #n th 1#ta!#t% o8 4o*. To 9hat ma*n ss an* s#* 7to7s#* A r:#n+ an* 0on8us#on #s th m#n* o8 man su"A 0t * #n th#s, th m#n* o8 man 9h#0h 0ou!* !#1 #n +!o9#n+ 1#ta!#t%2 An 3*#n#st sa%s that a tru 0on0 /t#on o8 4o*<s r a!#t% #s on o8 #n8#n#t 1#ta!#t% =t n*#n+ to 8 atur s o8 " #n+ that ran+ " %on* an* o1 r7to/ "oth th num" rs an* th 0ur1 . )h n man to th !#m#t o8 a!! h#s 0a/a0#t# s ! arns o8 th 9ho! , h 9#!! 8#n* 9hat #s tru , tru at ! ast 8or man an* h#s !#8 , tru 8or h#m an* h#s +ar* an* th 8#n*#n+ o8 h#s *ut% #n 4o*<s !#8 . Man 0annot un* rstan* or :no9 an%th#n+ o8 th 9ho! 9#thout 0ons0#ous or un0ons0#ous r 8 r n0 to h#ms !8 an* h#s !#1#n+, an*, to 9hat h 0an or *o s :no9 o8 th 9ho! #n th 1ar#ous as/ 0ts an* man#8 stat#ons o8 3*#n<s !#8 . (Th ! ast 0om/! = o8 1#ta!#t# s ma% ha1 " 8or #t th /ath to th most 0om/! =!%71#ta! #n 4o*, "ut #t ma% notB an* th =am#nat#on o8 su0h #* a *o s not #mm *#at !% 0on0 rn man 1 n #8 #t ma% /oss#"!% " 9#th#n h#s 0a/a0#t# s to *#s0o1 r.) Th truth o8 man<s st#mat o8 h#ms !8 th n " 0om s o8 #m/ortan0 an* an% on , Lo0: , 5ant or oth r, 9ho h !/s man #n th#s, r n* rs +r at s r1#0 . Som 4r :s h !* that th /ath 9as "% 5no9#n+. Th#s 9or* 5no9#n+ to " tru to th 8a0t, must " 9#* !% 0on0 #1 *. It must " o8 9#* r m an#n+ than that +#1 n "% So0rat s 9#th h#s 5no9#n+ an* I+noran0 *#1#s#on an* "% P!ato 9#th h#s 5no9! *+ an* I+noran0 an* R#+ht 3/#n#on *#1#s#on. 5no9#n+ h r #s not 0o#n0#* nt 9#th So0rat s< M mor% th m #th r, 8or m mor%, as So0rat s 0on0 #1 * #t, #s on!% a 8un0t#on o8 a 1#ta! nt#t%. But 9hat #s #m/ortant #s th 9a% to :no9, or th m tho* o8 a0h# 1#n+ th 5no9#n+?that must " :no9n, too. Th tru /ath to Truth 0an " 8oun*& /ut "r# 8!% an* som 9hat #na* @uat !%, #t #s& 8rom th Imm *#at to9ar* th L ss7#mm *#at . Th 9a% o8 5no9#n+ or 8#n*#n+ th Truth 0ons#sts not on!% #n th ana!%s#n+ o8 th #nst#n0t (or 'm mor%') an* r !at#n+ *#s0o1 r# s 0on0 rn#n+ #t to a 9or!* o8 so70a!! * '#* a!s,' or s ns =/ r# n0 #th r, "ut #s atta#n * "% an #nt !!#+ nt us#n+ o8 that #nst#n0t (or 'm mor%') an* a us#n+ o8 a!! our 0a/a0#t# s an* /o9 rs #n som m asur #n our +ar* #n 4o*. Th 9a% ma% " 8oun* "% us#n+ a man<s o9n /o9 rs an* o"s r1at#ons 9#th r 8 r n0 to a!! thos

8a0ts o8 3*#n<s !#8 9#th 9h#0h h , a /art o8 3*#n<s !#8 , 0om s #n 0onta0t #n an% 9a%, #n0!u*#n+ 0onta0t 9#th th Imm *#at 8a0ts o8 Earth7 =#st n0 an* not s/urn#n+ or n +! 0t#n+ th m as > sus7 6hr#st#an#t% #n*#0at s "% #m/!#0#t!% (an* =/!#0#t!%) 0on* mn#n+ th#s arth #n 8a1our o8 anoth r *#st#n0t /!a0 #t 0a!!s 'H a1 n'. Th m tho* o8 8#n*#n+ th 9a% #s 8or a ha! / rson as% nou+h. It #s /r ss * #nto h#s han*s. It #s /r s nt * to h#s s ns s. It #s th *#r 0t#on /o#nt * to "% th un0!ou* * m#n*, an* #nst#n0t. Man *o s not tra1 !, ho9 1 r, 1 r% 8ar a!on+ th 9a% " 8or human !an+ua+ or t#m 78#+ur s " 0om #na* @uat to * s0r#" #ts 1ar# * 1#ta!#t%B "% 9or*s or 8#+ur s th 9a% 0an on!% " /o#nt * to. Th thou+ht o8 man #s #na* @uat 8or a *#stant /art o8 th 9a%?h#s /o9 rs to 0on0 #1 8a!t r an* " 0om =haust *. But st#!! a /art o8 4o* #s 9 !! 9#th#n th am"#t o8 man<s /o9 rs to 0on0 #1 or 8 ! an* 9or: u/on, an* th r #n #s h#s +ar* #n 3*#n, th r #n #s h#s tr#a!, h#s r 8u+ , h#s r 9ar* an* h#s sur ho/ . )#th#n T#m , our 0a/a0#t# s to un* rstan* 4o*<s r a!#t% ar #n a 1ar%#n+ m asur a* @uat 8or our !#1#n+ an* 8or *o#n+ our *ut% #n 3*#n, 8or 9 ha1 nou+h o8 /o9 r an* / r0 /t#on to mo*#8% an* #n som m asur to +uar* an* ma: +r at r our !#1 s, an* at th sam t#m , as our m#n*s ar h a!th%, 9 ha1 an* +a#n a m asur o8 1ar#a"! #nst#n0t#1 an* 0ons0#ous :no9! *+ na"!#n+ us to r !at our Imm *#at a0t#1#t# s 9#th a 0on*#t#on or 9#th th truth o8 a /o9 r " %on* th Imm *#at . That 0on*#t#on or truth " %on* th Imm *#at #s 8or 1 r /r s nt#n+ a0h on o8 us 9#th :no9#n+71#ta!#t% an* th m ans o8 + tt#n+ :no9#n+71#ta!#t%, 9h#0h mor or ! ss, an* 0ons0#ous!% an* un0ons0#ous!%, " 0om s ours an* us. 3ur "#rth #s 1 r #n /ro0 ss an* ma% 1 r " 0ont#nua!!% ! a1#n+ * ath " h#n*. That :no9#n+71#ta!#t% " %on* man<s t m/ora! am"#t #s som 1#ta! th#n+ or " #n+ " %on* our human 0om/r h ns#on, "ut :no9n to th Fath r7s/#r#t o8 us outs#* us an* #n us. It #s our +r at +#8t, #t /ro1#* s 8or us, #t /!a0 s " 8or us th /ot nt#a! har1 st o8 our +ar* #n 4o*, 9h#0h #s 8or us to r a/?8or th #n*#1#*ua! an* nat#on to r a/, an* 8rom our s 1 ra! +ar*s to " ar to our Lon+ Hom . That +#8t #s not ma* u/ o8 a *ua!#t% or tr#n#t% o8 th#n+s, "ut o8 on +r at th#n+ o8 #n8#n#t 1ar# t%, o8 #nnum ra"! 1#ta!#t# s 9h#0h Ao#n, an* ar a!! o8 th m #mm *#at !% an* t#m ! ss!% o8 th 9ho! . It #s a 9ho! 9h#0h *#1#s#ons 9ou!* * stro% 8or us, an* 9 too 9ou!* " * stro% *, 8or 9 un* r su"A 0t#on to th D#1#s#on #* a 9ou!* !os our tru an* 0ons0#ous 0onn 0t#on 9#th #t an* #ts 1#ta!#t%. Man :no9s a /art o8 that 9ho! #n 1ar%#n+ =t nt an* #n 1ar%#n+ #nt ns#t%B on to9ar*s th 1ar%#n+ hor#Don o8 h#s :no9! *+ . It #s that that 0a!!s h#m to h#s *ut%?an* h#s r 9ar*. Th 9ho! #s n 1 rth ! ss o8 a!! #ma+#na"! an* mor , a0h /art " #n+ s /arat #n #ts !8 thou+h Ao#n * #n th 9ho! , 9h#0h #s #ts !8 #ns /ara"!% o8 th /art, a!thou+h 1# 9 * as #t ma% tru!% " , a/art 8rom th #mm *#at , #t ma% =#st not * / n* nt on th /art or an% /art#0u!ar o8 th /arts. Furth r, #t ma% " as#!% / r0 #1 * that as th /art#0u!ar#t% #s +r at r, so #s th un#on 9#th th 9ho! mor r a! an* 1#ta!, an* th @ua!#t# s o8 th 3*#n mor #n /oss ss#on, 8or #nstan0 , th mor / r8 0t th #n*#1#*ua!, th mor h :no9s h #s o8 th 9ho! , an* o8 4o*. Man 0annot an* ma% not :no9 3*#n or 4o* throu+h som untru 0on0 /t, !#: *ua!#t%. Th m ans 8or 8#n*#n+ 4o* ar #n man<s 1 r% han*s an* " 8or h#s % s. Man<s Fath r7s/#r#t #s #n h#m. Thor sho9s h#s /o9 r #n h#m an* aroun* h#m a!9a%s. Man n * on!% !oo: 9h r h 9#!!, as h n *s, an* s an* /arta: . Th ! sson o8 4o* #s 9r#tt n #n th s:%. It #s 9r#tt n #n (atur . It #s #n ours !1 s. It #s #n th mar1 !!ous 1ar# t% o8 th s/#r#tua! s%m/hon%. It #s #n a /ur h art. It #s #n sa0r#8#0#a! !o1 . It #s #n a!! our +ar*. 6oura+ , mora! an* oth r, an* 1a!our ar outstan*#n+ r @u#s#t s 8or #ts *#s0o1 r%. Thor #s at han* to +u#* us, H#s s/#r#t #s at han* to h !/.

TO NATURE STUDENTS
1.?A!! natur ?a!! th#n+s o"s r1a"! "% th s ns s ar r su!tants o8 a 0om"#nat#on o8 For0 s. Th 0om"#nat#on #s 88 0t * "% a Fath r7s/#r#t an* #s =/r ss * #n a 1#ta! nt#t%. Th nt#t% #s a r /r s ntat#1 o8 #ts Fath r7s/#r#t 8or0 , 9ho or 9h#0h #s mor s nt# nt than an% o8 th 8or0 s #t has 0om"#n * to 8orm th nt#t%. C.?Th 8or0 s so 0om"#n * ar o8 th sam u!t#mat or#+#n an* natur , ho9 1 r mu0h th % *#88 r #n :#n*, 0om/! =#t% an* 1#ta!#t%. ..?)#th#n a0h th#n+ an* /ro/ !!#n+ a0h th#n+ #n #ts =/r ss#on #n T#m , #s an =tra7s ns#"! 1#ta!#t% 0ommon to a!! th#n+s. In som th#n+s th#s 1#ta!#t% #s 8or man ! ss s ns#"!% o"s r1a"! than #n oth rs. F.?Th ;#ta!#t% m nt#on * #n /ara+ra/h (.) a!so =/r ss s #ts !8 #n *#88 r n0 s o8 @ua!#t%, th *#88 r n0 s o8 9h#0h ar n 1 rth ! ss r !at *. G.?8 atur s o8 th#s 0om"#nat#on an* / rmutat#on /ro0 ss #n th o"s r1a"! throu+hout 3*#n. =/r ss#ons o8 R a!#t% ar

Th a!!7/ r1a*#n+ ;#ta!#t% 9as o"s r1 * "% our an0 stors an* 9as 0a!! * Thor. H.?> sus76hr#st#ans sa% that a > 9 9ho !#1 * 1-JJ o** % ars a+o 9as th a!!7/ r1a*#n+ ;#ta!#t%, or th sour0 or 0ontro!! r o8 #t. As sho9n !s 9h r th#s #s an 0ho o8 th * /ra1#t% =/r ss * #n /art o8 So0rat s< t a0h#n+s 9#th #ts *#1#s#ons, 0on* mnat#ons, an* #ts 9ar a+a#nst th 1#ta! s/#r#t *9 !!#n+ #n man an* /h nom na. 7.?Th > sus76hr#st#an must an* *o s * n% th =#st n0 o8 th =tra7t m/ora! ;#ta!#t% #n s ns 7 / r0 #1a"! (atura! th#n+s, .+., #n tr s. H * n# s #ts =#st n0 1 n #n 0r atur s o8 th an#ma! :#n+*om, 1#* , th t a0h#n+ that 'an#ma!s ha1 no sou!s'. Th o!o+#ans ha1 !o+#0a!!% nou+h * n# * #ts =#st n0 #n 9om n, som ha1 * n# * #t #n r s/ 0t o8 n +ro s (s!a1 tra* ar+um nts, t0.). I8 su0h th o!o+#ans an* oth rs 9 r tru!% !o+#0a! th % 9ou!* * n% #t to man, th n to 4o* a!so an* so on to (oth#n+n ss. Th 8#na! r su!t o8 th#s ata1#sm #s #n0r as#n+!% a//ar nt 9#th us to7*a%. I.?In th stu*% o8 (atur ma% " 8oun* th mor as#!% / r0 #1a"! 9a%s o8 4o*. Su0h stu*% /o#nts th 9a% a!on+ /aths o8 " aut% to9ar* th 1#ta!7 1 r!ast#n+. -.?Th r so!1#n+ o8 th s ns#"!% / r0 #1 * 8or0 s #nto th #r =tra7s ns#"! natur s #n 9hat #s 0a!! * * ath, *o s not * stro% th t#m ! ss 6hr#stos or Thor =/r ss * s ns#"!% #n th m. That =tra7 s ns#"! 8or0 must "% #ts natur 0ont#nu . 1J.?Th r #s, #n t rms 0on0 #1a"! "% man, no =#st n0 9#thout /arts, no a0t#on 9#thout 8or0 , an* no s/#r#t Thor or Fath r S/#r#t?9#thout #ts /art#0u!ars. But n 1 rth ! ss no /arts, no 8or0 , no s/#r#t an* no /art#0u!ar ar 0on0 #1a"! 9#thout =#st n0 #n an* 0onta0t 9#th 3*#n. 11.?An* #n0#* nta!!%. E1 n 1 r% thou+ht ( =/r ss * #n 9or*s or oth r) #n or* r to " !#8 7+#1#n+ an* 1#ta!, must " an =/r ss#on o8 th Thor or 6hr#stos s/#r#t (or An+) an* an =/r ss#on o8 th /has , or #mm *#at Fath r7s/#r#t, #n th Thor n ar st to an* o8 th th#n: r. Th thou+ht<s =#st n0 or =/r ss#on * / n*s 8or #ts 1a!u #n som * +r , on th 0on*#t#on or h a!th o8 th m *#um 9h#0h hous s #ts /ass#n+ #nto human!% as0 rta#na"! t#m . Th thou+ht ma% #n

#ts "#rth " tru , "ut *#stort * "% #ts /h%s#0a! n0um"ran0 . 1C.?Th Thor or 6hr#stos #s 1#ta!#s * or =/r ss s h#ms !8 "% th out9ar* an* #n9ar* an* oth r a0t#ons o8 th 1ar#ous 8or0 s #n an* o8 #ts !8 an* th r s#st#n+ 8 atur o8 3*#n. Ar#stot! /art#0u!ar!% not * th !att r. Th#s r s#st#n+ 8 atur #s o8 th Thor an* * / n* nt on 3*#n an* r !at#1 . An* th n a8t r 3*#n& 'Th r 0om th anoth r 9hos nam ' as our +r at 4 or+ sa#*, 'I *o not *ar to tr% to 8ormu!at .' It a// ars that 8or man, 'Matt r' (#8 #t has a * 8#na"! m an#n+) #s th 8orm o8 s/#r#tua! man#8 stat#on most as#!% / r0 #1a"! "% h#m throu+h h#s #mm *#at 0a/a0#t# s, #. ., h#s s ns s. Th /oss#"! an* /ro"a"! =/r ss#ons #n oth r stars than th arth, a0h o8 1ar%#n+ @ua!#t%, /os#t#on an* s#D , 9h#0h Thor th M#+ht% 3n has, an*Sor *o s th r , an* has or *o s #n =tra7s ns#"! R a!#t%, ar o1 r9h !m#n+ an* too sta++ r#n+ 8or man to 0ont m/!at . Th =/r ss#ons o8 Thor on th#s arth?H#s =/r ss#on #n a s * o8 9h at or #n a +ra#n o8 san*, ho!*s mor o8 9on* r an* " aut% than a man 0an +ras/ #n a !#8 t#m . But man #s not 0a!! * u/on to =haust h#s m#n* on 9hat #s " %on* h#m. B% th #n8#n#tu* o8 4o*, h has h#s +ar* 0!os at han*, an* 9#th#n h#s /o9 r. In #t h 0an 8#n* h#s sat#s8a0t#on, h#s s#m/! 0om8ort, an* 8#n* a!so s9 t /aths th r #n that ! a* h#m on to 4o*. (E1 n th most nthus#ast#0 > sus79orsh#// r m#+ht som t#m s 9#th som =0us , nt rta#n *ou"ts a"out a > 9 9ho sa#*, or #s r /ort * to ha1 sa#*, h 9as It, th 6hr#stos, th Thor, th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , th 3n an* 3n!% 9a% to th A!m#+ht% Fath r.) A tru (atur stu* nt 8#n*s, as soon as an% stu* nt, that th / rson 9ho ! arns th s#m/!% *#s0 rn#"! 9a%s o8 3*#n, an* att n*s to th *ut# s an* th h a!th o8 h#s o9n +ar* 8#n*s Ao%, 8or h #s #n 0onta0t 9#th th 9a%s an* @ua!#t# s o8 3*#n, h#s +r at Fath r. Thos 9a%s an* @ua!#t# s " 0om h#s o9n 9a%s an* @ua!#t# s. H +ro9s to 4o*. Th @ua!#t# s o8 4o*7 1#ta!#t%?/ rman n0 an* san#t%?" 0om h#s attr#"ut s a!so. H 8#n*s h#s +ar*, ho9 1 r #t ma% " 0#r0ums0r#" * #n t m/ora! m asur , %# !*#n+ to h#m a s9 t an* sur /ath to9ar* th A"so!ut .

TO CONTEM LATORS O. THE LESS IMMEDIATE


1.?Man% thou+ht8u! m n ha1 sou+ht to 8#n* th 0!os st s ns#"!% * s0r#"a"! /o#nt o8 0onta0t o8 th s ns#"! 9#th th =tra7s ns#"! as/ 0t o8 man. Th % ha1 sou+ht to 8#n* #n 9hat /!a0 #n man<s "o*% th 'sou!' has #ts ha"#tat. C.?D s0art s thou+ht th sou! o8 man 9as !o0at * #n th /#n a! +!an*. An#ma!s an* /!ants 8or h#m, " #n+ a > sus76hr#st#an, ha* #n th m no sou! or /has o8 th 6hr#stos, so h =0!u* * th m 8rom #n1 st#+at#on an* * 1ot * h#ms !8 to th on!% 0r atur 9ho a00or*#n+ to th 6hr#st#an att#tu* to r a!#t% ha* a sou!, nam !%, man. Som m n th#n: that th "!oo* #s 0!os st to th s/#r#t or =tra7s ns#"! . Som th#n: #t #s th h art, som th#n: #t #s th so!ar /! =us, an* som th#n: #t #s th "ra#n. A!! o8 th s th#n: rs s m to n +! 0t th 8a0t that a0h o8 th s /arts o8 th "o*% #s o8 a!! th oth r /arts, an* a!so #s non7 =#st nt an* unth#n:a"! 9#thout r 8 r n0 to th m. Un* r th 6hr#st#an 0u!tur 9h#0h #s on!% sham7s/#r#tua! an* #s at "as#s mat r#a!#st#0 an* =/r ss#"! #n num" rs an* *#1#s#ons, th % s m to 8or+ t that on /art o8 th "o*% (as not * "% our +r at an0 stors an* som o8 th E! at#0s) #s o8 th natur o8 an* #n anoth r /art .... Th 7For0 7o879hom79 7ar , or our Fath r7

S/#r#t, 1o!1#n+ an* =/r ss#n+ h#ms !8 #n us an* !#1#n+ outs#* as 9 !! as #n us, #s #m/ !!#n+ a0h an* a!! o8 us to 1ar#a"! s ns#"! man#8 stat#ons o8 H#ms !8 an* th oth r 8or0 s #n 3*#n to 9hom h #s #n som 9a% su/ r#or. H , throu+h us an* oth r9#s , #s #n 0onta0t 9#th oth r /o9 rs #n 3*#n than H #s. ..?It m#+ht " as: * o8 th s +r at m n?')hat ar %ou s :#n+ to 8#n*E Is #t th =tra7s ns#"! o8 th "on #n %our armB or #s #t th =tra7s ns#"! o8 %our 8! shB or th =tra7s ns#"! o8 %our "!oo* or o8 %our h art, or o8 %our "ra#n or o8 %our n r+%, or #s #t a !o0a!#D * ha"#tat #n %our "o*% o8 %our =tra7s ns#"! 9#!!, or %our mot#onE But ar %ou not,' #t ma% " as: *, 'm r !% 8 !#n+ an ur+ to 8#n* som th#n+ 9h#0h %ou 8 ! ou+ht to " 8oun* #n or* r to Aust#8% th att#tu* to R a!#t% %ou ha1 a*o/t *E Ar %ou not 0on8us *!% th#n:#n+ that #8 %ou 8oun* th /art o8 %our "o*% 9h#0h #s 0h# 8!% un* r th 0ontro! o8 th at7on0 70ons0#ous7an*7un0ons0#ous7 +o %ou 9ou!* un* rstan* ho9 th s/#r#t man#/u!at s #ts so70a!! * o//os#t , #. ., th s ns#"! "o*%E Ar %ou not !a"our#n+ un* r th Dua!#t% rrorE Ar %ou not *#1#*#n+ th nt#t% #nto =0!us#1 sou! an* "o*%. In an% 0as %ou 0 rta#n!% ha1 not 8oun* 9hat %ou sou+ht, 9hat 1 r #t ma% " .' 'Ar not %our n@u#r# s utt r!% /o#nt! ssE Ar th % not n@u#r# s ma* un* r th So0rat#an7> sus7 Pau!#an * !us#on that th r ar t9o s /arat 9or!*s?"o*% an* s/#r#t, or that R a!#t% 0an " =/!a#n * #n *#1#s#ons or #n num" rsE' F.?Th 8a0t #s that a0h o8 th s as/ 0ts o8 th "o*%, "on , arm, "ra#n, h art, t0., 0an " an* #s =t n* * #nto =tra7s ns#"! r a!#t%. 6ontra79#s #8 #ts natur #s su88#0# nt!% #mm *#at a s ns#"! th#n+ ma% " 0ontra0t * #nto an 1 n +r at r m asur o8 #ntra7s ns#"! r a!#t%. Th most 0om/! = o8 th s ns#"! #s / rha/s th "!oo* or th "ra#n or th n r1 0 ntr n ar th h art, 8or #nAur% to #th r o8 th s ma: s th !#8 * /art @u#0: st, "ut th#s 8a0t *o s not * n% th s/#r#t to th oth r /arts, rath r *o s #t m/has#s th #r 0onsonan0 an* r !at#onsh#/ 9#th th s/#r#t. So that #n th#s as/ 0t a!so th s ar0h 8or th /ort#on o8 th "o*% hous#n+ th sou! #s o"1#ous!% ma* as a r su!t o8 an #n#t#a! 0on8us#on. Furth r, a0h as/ 0t o8 th "o*% has #ts o9n 8 atur #n th =tra7 s ns#"! . E1 n Ar#stot! *#* not a!9a%s / r0 #1 th#s * monstra"! 8a0t. Th s ar0h a"o1 #n*#0at * has #ts san0t#on on!% on th assum/t#on that th > sus76hr#st#an att#tu* to 4o* #s th tru on . G.?E1 r% man o8 r asona"!% +oo* "ra#n an* "r *#n+ #s, #n som m asur , s ns#t#1 to th truth o8 =tra7s ns#"! 8a0ts. H / r0 #1 s th m 0ons0#ous!% an* un0ons0#ous!%. Su0h / r0 /t#ons ar not #n a!! 0as s r !#a"! an*, " %on* a /o#nt not 8ar 8rom th #mm *#at , ou+ht not to " a0t * u/on. Man #s most / r0 #1#n+ o8 thos =tra7s ns#"! 8a0ts n ar st to h#s s ns s, an* #n thos 9h#0h ar th ! ast 0om/! =, #. ., #n that 9h#0h #s most #n T#m an* 9h#0h #s ! ast (as 8ar as man<s / r0 /t#on +o s an* r !at#1 to h#s !#8 or * ath) * stro% * "% D#1#s#on. ) s th s ns#"! 1#* n0 o8 /o9 rs =#st#n+ " %on* th s ns . Som 1#* n0 mor than oth r ?th #mm *#at mor than th ! ss7#mm *#at .... ) 0an / r0 #1 th 1ar# t# s an* th r !at#ons " t9 n th 1ar# t# s +ath r * #n a 0 ntra! 0om/r h ns#1 /o9 r (or nt#t%) an* 9 0an s su0h 0 ntra! /o9 r *9 !!#n+ #n a % t +r at r /o9 r, an* so on. In th /o t#0 !an+ua+ o8 our an0 stors, 3*#n, th s/#r#t78ath r o8 a!! 8orms o8 s ns#"! /h nom na (our An+!o7Sa=on 8or 78ath rs 0a!! H#m th A!!7Fath r) 9ho thou+h 0om/r h n*#n+ th Earth marr# s 9#th th Earth th moth r o8 a!!, 9ho =/r ss s 3*#n<s s/#r#t #n a!! s ns#"! /h nom na. 3r a+a#n, th s/#r#t Thor, son o8 3*#n, marr# s 9#th th +#ant ss (#. ., th 8#at#0 /o9 r " 0om s Ao#n * 9#th an* " 0om s =/r ss * #n /art, #n s ns#"! matt r or #n #mm *#at T#m ... An*, at * ath, a0h 3*#n an* th Earth, r 0 #1 that o8 th nt#t% 9h#0h #s H#s or #ts o9n.) Th s/#r#t o8 Thor #s #n /art =/r ss * #n 1 r% /art o8 th s ns#"! man, an* 1 r% man #s an #n*#1#*ua!#D * un#t or nt#t% #n 3*#n. B %on* an* =/r ss#n+ H#ms !8 #n an* throu+h th 73*#n7an*7 th 7Earth 0om s Anoth r 9ho #s that oth r o8 )hom th % "oth ar , an* o8 9hom too 1 r% man #s.

Th /o9 r o8 th stron+ st man #s too !#m#t * to *o mu0h mor than s#m/!% " a9ar o8 H#s =#st n0 . 'F 9 m n ma% 8urth r +o than to 9h r 3*#n (+oo*) m ts th )o!8 ( 1#!).'?(Br#t#sh E**a.) H.?At th#s !att r as/ 0ta! /o#nt, man<s 0a/a0#t# s 8or o"s r1at#on 0omm n0 to 8a!t r, h#s *#r 0t#on 0omm n0 s to 9a1 r. Th !#m#ts o8 th +ar* o8 man:#n* #s at han*. Man must r turn to 8# !*s o8 mor #mm *#a0% #n or* r to stan* 8#rm an* / r8orm h#s #nst#n0t78oun* *ut% to that 9#* r 1#ta!#t% out %on* r 1 n #8 h 0annot % t 0om/r h n* an* :no9 H#m. 7.?Th r ar !#m#ts to man<s /o9 rs 8or th /ur/os o8 h#s arth7!#1#n+. ... Th 'sou!' #s not th n m% o8 th '"o*%' or 1#0 1 rsa. Th *#1#s#on #s on!% / rm#ss#"! #n th most Imm *#at 9a%, #n th L ss7#mm *#at th #* a " 0om s untru an* * a*!%. E1 n #n th Imm *#at th % ar o8 a0h oth r an* s r1 a0h oth r. I.?It s ms that man<s o"s r1a"! 0a/a0#t% =t n*s on!% to /romot#n+ 0 rta#n 8orms o8 !#8 an* to * 8 at#n+ 0 rta#n 8orms o8 * ath. 6on8!#0t #s /r ss * u/on us. Th "us% Lo:# #n som 8orm #s 1 r%9h r . A 8#nan0#a! s%st m, a nat#ona! s%st m, a ! +a! s%st m, a man<s "o*% a!! ha1 th #r Ho%*#r. At som t#m or oth r th Ho%*#r 9#!! turn u/on man an* r n* h#m un! ss h #s a"! to r 7 a*Aust h#s att#tu* to 4o*<s 1#ta!#t%. Th Lo:# or Ho%*#r #s a!9a%s th r . E1 n attr#"ut s to a !on+ !#8 ha1 th #r m na0 a+a#nst !#8 . Ea0h, 0 !! an* th 9ho! nt#t% 0om/r h n*#n+ #t, a0h " ars #ts o9n n m% 9#th #t, an n m% that 9#!! r *u0 th nt#t% to #mm *#at t#m an* * ath, a * ath 9h#0h a00or*#n+ to th s/h r 0on0 rn *, ma% 0arr% 9#th #t th a88a#rs o8 m n. Th r #s on!% on 9a% o8 !#8 , an* that #s "% : /#n+ as 0!os a*h r n0 an* r !at#onsh#/ as /oss#"! to th as0 rta#na"! 9a%s o8 4o*. I8 man *o s h#s /art #n th#s, h 9#!! ha1 *on a!! h ma% *o. H 9#!! ha1 thus 8oun* h#s +ar* #n 4o*, an* h 0an sa8 !% ! a1 th r st to H#m. Th s ns 7/ r0 #1 * man #s m r !% th s ns#"! 1#* n0 o8 a s/#r#t 0om/r h n*#n+ ! ss r s/#r#ts an* =/r ss#n+ #ts !8 #n man, ma:#n+ h#m an nt#t% #n T#m 0har+ * 9#th a h#+h /ur/os an* th *on o8 a 9on*rous /r#1#! + .

MOVING EX ERIENCES
Th 8o!!o9#n+ ar mo1#n+ =/ r# n0 s&? (a) H ar#n+ an% 6hr#st#an so! mn!% * 0!ar that a!! +r at an* +oo* / o/! 9 r th o887s/r#n+ o8 0on+ n#ta! 0r#m#na!s or / r1 rts. 4#1#n+ "oo:s /ur/ort#n+ to /ro1 th s th#n+s as /r#D s #n th #r Sun*a% s0hoo!s. (Thus #n8 r nt#a!!%, #n1#t#n+ / o/! to 0r#m#na!#t% an* *#s as .) (") H ar#n+ that 4o* A!m#+ht% 9as 9a!:#n+ a"out #n Pa! st#n 1-JJ o** % ars a+o, #+norant o8 san#tat#on !a9s, #+norant o8 astronom%, #+norant o8 0 rta#n 8un*am nta!s o8 !o+#0, 9 /#n+ at t#m s, runn#n+ a9a% 8rom th /o!#0 , an* r s nt8u! o8 >u*as Is0ar#ot 8or 0arr%#n+ out th " tra%a! a!!ott * to h#m "% th / rsona+ ?4o*?9hom h " tra% * an* so on. (0) H ar#n+ So0rat#an /ro8 ssors (> sus79orsh#// rs an* oth rs) /ro1#n+ "% us#n+ 9or*s that 9or*s ar noth#n+, /ro1#n+ "% r 8 r n0 to th s ns s that th s ns s ar !#ars (or noth#n+), /ro1#n+ "% r 8 r n0 to T#m that T#m #s noth#n+ an* /ro1#n+ "% r 8 r n0 to 4o* that 4o*<s =/r ss#ons ar noth#n+. (*) S ( )S #n+ man str#1#n+ to s@uar th Truth 9#th an untruth. #n+ th 'I7*o7not7:no9' o8 a trou"! * sou!, turn * #nto a m ans o8 /ro8#t "% a 9o!8.

(8) S #n+ th > 9#sh n 9s/a/ r "oss s an* th #r s%0o/hants t !!#n+ !# s an* st#rr#n+ > sus76hr#st#an nat#ons to hatr * amon+ th ms !1 s an* a+a#nst non7> 979orsh#//#n+ nat#ons. (+) L arn#n+ 8rom > sus76hr#st#ans that a > 9 ss #s th Qu n o8 H a1 n2 ()hat o8 our o9n Fr %+aE)

(h) F#n*#n+ 6omt not @u#t / r0 #1#n+ th n +at#on o8 th / r1a*#n+ > sus79orsh#/ "ut n 1 rth ! ss !a"our#n+ to 8oun* a Pos#t#1#st 6hur0h #n 8un*am nta! 0on8!#0t 9#th > sus76hr#st#an#t%. (#) S #n+ D s0art s un* r > sus76hr#st#an#t% stru++!#n+ to /ro1 h 9as a!#1 an*?8a#!#n+.

(A) S #n+ an% man 0on* mn#n+ th Thor or 6hr#stos * monstra"!% #n h#m, #n or* r to 8o!!o9 a no#s% !unat#0. (:) S #n+ th /r#son r o8 B *8or* Aa#! (Bun%an) 0om"at#n+ th m#asma 9#th h#s o9n '*r am'.

(!) S #n+ an% man ! * to m#sta: > sus 8or Ba!*ur th B aut#8u!, th son o8 th !o1 o8 a!! th /o9 rs o8 3*#n. (m) S (n) S (o) S #n+ Ar#stot! <s :n s +o 9at r% " 8or th h#str#on#0 hum"u+ o8 P!ato.

#n+ B#sho/ B r: ! % 9or:#n+ #t a!! out to (oth#n+. #n+ an% on 9a#t#n+, ho/#n+. n C an* .

(/) H ar#n+ th B#sho/ o8 3=8or*, D.D., /ro0!a#m#n+ that 4o* 0r at * th 9or!* " t9 o<0!o0: /.m. on th 8#rst Sun*a% #n 30to" r, HCIJ % ars a+o or s#m#!ar.

(@) F#n*#n+ out that I am +ro9#n+ a9a% 8rom (aa7stran*, an* 8#n*#n+ th Thor an* th Ba!*ur #n % t too sma!! m asur 9#th#n m . E1 r%on has h#s o9n mo1#n+ =/ r# n0 s, "ut thos not * a"o1 ar som that 0om to m#n* #n th s *a%s. E1 r% man 9ho #s tru!% a!#1 :no9s 9#th A s0h%!us o8 on th#n+ or a 9ho! +amut o8 th#n+s 9h#0h t ar at th h art. )hat 1 r our *#str ss 9 ha1 th#sB that 4o* r ma#ns& an* 9 too r ma#n. An* 9 8#n* that 9 ar not 1#0t#ms 8or 1 r "!#n* to th 0ar o8 th Fath r o8 9hom 9 ar .

TO THE HOUSE.ATHER
Som 3*#n#sts sa% th 8o!!o9#n+ or oth r 9or*sB " 8or ta:#n+ th #r m a!s? 'To Th 'To Th , our Fath r h r an* %on* r2' or our Fath r h r an* %on* r, 9 +#1 our than:s an* as: Th% str n+th u/on our 9a%.' )uotan #n th morn#n+? 'Ha ! 3*#n an* Th% r#s#n+ sun, an* ma% 9 " ar us 9 !! th#s *a%.'

)uotan #n th 1 n#n+?

'R st to th 9or!* an* ma% 9 r st, 3ur /arts #n H#s +r at !#8 9 !! *on , H#s 1<n#n+ th m #n 1<r% "r ast, A /rom#s an* a +#8t #n on .' or oth r sa!utat#on. at th Yu! 7t#* ? 'To7*a% th % ar #s "orn, an* 3*#n<s Sun has turn *. H#s 4o*!% 0ours #s s t to us on0 mor . 4r at Thor sha!! sho9 h#s str n+th <+a#nst 9#nt r<s +r#/ an* s n* th sho9 rs s9 t. Th sa/ sha!! r#s an* a!! Thor<s +#8ts to man sha!! 8 * h#s h art an* sou!. Ha ! Thou A!!7Fath r an* Th% m#+ht% Thor 9hos 0h#!*r n 9 , +#1 Th our h%mn o8 /ra#s . )uotan' An* at D 1ot#ona! = r0#s th % sa%? 'I am. )hat I 0an s an* :no9 #s tru & 8or m #n 3*#n<s !#8 & I am a /art o8 4o*& 9ho #s th Truth& An* I am 9h#t & I am (or*#0& I am Br#t#sh& I r 1 r th Po9 r #n 4o* o8 )hom I am& )ho ma* m & M% trust I /a%& m% har1 st r a/& an* so I str#1 & unto th E1 r!ast#n+. )uotan' An*Sor th % sa%? 'I am& an* 8#n* "% 8 !#n+, s ns an* thou+htB m% +ar* #n 3*#n<s !#8 & I 8#n* H#s Thor #n a!!& th L#8 0om"at#n+ D ath. 4r at 3*#n #s m% 8ath r an* 9#th H#m& I ran+ 8rom th For 1 r to th#s (o9. H#s +#8ts ar roun* m /r ss *& an* as I h * H#s ho!% 0a!!& th )o!8 o8 D ath sha!! 0om not n#+h m% +ar*& =0 /t to s r1 & t#!! I m% 9or: 9 !! *on , /ass h n0 to H#m an* th mB 9ho h !/ m no9B unto m% Lon+ Hom . )uotan'

SHORT .UNDAMENTALISMS
1.?Th 9ho! #s " %on* th 0a/a0#t% o8 man<s 0ons0#ous 0om/r h ns#on. Th 0a/a0#t% o8 man ma% " ma* mor 0om/r h n*a"! to h#m "% #n*#0at#n+ 0 rta#n 8 atur s (0at +or# s) o8 #t, 8 atur s 9h#0h o8 n 0 ss#t%, /o#nt to9ar* th s ns#"! #mm *#at o8 man, "ut u!t#mat !% n #th r on or mor o8 th 8 atur s 0an a* @uat !% * s0r#" man<s 0om/! t 0a/a0#t% 9#th#n r a!#t%, mu0h ! ss h#s " #n+. Th 0at +or# s, ho9 1 r 9 !! *ra9n ar not 9#thout th sam #na* @ua0% an* *an+ rs as th D#1#s#ons m nt#on * !s 9h r h r #n. C.7?Som 8 atur s o8 " #n+ ar mor 9#th#n our :no9#n+ 0a/a0#t% than ar oth rs, an* th r ar sta+ s o8 :no9! *+ . ..?Th 9or!* 0annot " s /arat /arts. st#mat * tru!% "% *#1#*#n+ #t #nto s ns#"!% or 1 n m nta!!% o"s r1 *

Parts o8 r a!#t% r !at#1 to man ma% " *#1#* * as th r a!#t% #s o8 su0h a * +r o8 t m/ora! s#m/!#0#t% as to / rm#t o8 #t, "ut th /oss#"#!#t% o8 an* th natur o8 *#1#s#on *#m#n#sh s as th r a!#t% r 0 * s " %on* man<s #mm *#at . F.?Th ! ss7#mm *#at #s th Fath r o8 th Imm *#at . Th#s #s /ro"a"!% 9hat our ar!% An+!o7Sa=on 8ath rs m ant "% sa%#n+ that th Earth 9as an =/r ss#on o8 As+ar* (or A s#r+ar*). G.?Man has a *om#n#on an* a trust !#m#t * "% h#s o9n 1ar#a"! s/h r #n 3*#n o1 r thos t m/ora! =/r ss#ons o8 s/#r#t78ath rs o8 ! ss 0om/r h ns#1 n ss than h#s o9n S/#r#t78ath r, an* 9h#0h =/r ss#ons ar #n /art an* #n som m asur r s#* nt #n h#m. H.?Man<s most 1#ta! #* a o8 th 9or!* #s o8 th /ort#on o8 #t #n h#s 0ons0#ousn ss. That #* a #s 0! ar st at on 1ar#a"! /o#nt. B %on* that /o#nt h#s #* a o8 th 9or!* " 0om s ! ss 0! ar as h#s 0a/a0#t# s #n r s/ 0t o8 th th#n+, th su"A 0t matt r o8 th #* a, +ro9s ! ssB an* at th sam t#m h#s /o9 r (an* h#s *ut%) 9#th r +ar* to #t 9 a: ns an* th n *#sa// ars 8rom 0ons0#ous :no9! *+ . Man<s *ut% to 3*#n #s #n that s/h r 9#th#n h#s 0a/a0#t%. An* h#s h#+h st *ut% #s #n r s/ 0t o8 that o8 r a!#t% /r s nt * most 1#ta!!% at an% +#1 n t#m to h#s un0!ou* * m#n*. It #s h#s +ar* #n 4o*. An* that 9h#0h #s most 1#1#*!% " 8or h#s 0ons0#ousn ss at an% +#1 n t#m or oth r9#s , #s th 0 ntr o8 h#s +ar*, th ma#n su"A 0t 8or th = r0#s o8 h#s *ut% #n 4o*. 7.?Th sma!! st / r0 #1 * :no9! *+ has 9#th#n #t /aths to th 9ho! . Parts?or num" rs or 1 n s%m"o!s, "% th #r natur (P%tha+oras< #* a #s #na* @uat ) 0annot 0om/r h n* th 9ho! , thou+h th num" rs an* th /arts *o =#st as 8 atur s o8 an* r a!#t# s #n th 9ho! . Th % ar r !at#1 on!% an* #n th !ast ana!%s#s, ar 8 atur s o8 T#m an* 0annot 0om/r h n* th 9ho! . To su"s0r#" to a " !# 8 #n th a* @ua0% o8 /arts or num" rs to * s0r#" th 9ho! #s th r "% to turn th sou! #n th *#r 0t#on o8 * ath. I.7?Inst#n0t an* =/ r# n0 +#1 th "as#s o8 tru th#n:#n+. -.?4r at *#88#0u!t# s ha1 ar#s n 8or man, " 0aus o8 h#s att m/t to =/!a#n 8or h#ms !8 th m an#n+ o8 on as/ 0t o8 r a!#t% #n t rms o8 anoth r. Un* r 6hr#st#an#t%, 9#th #ts *ua!#t% an* mat r#a!#sm, h #s *r#1 n to /!a0 a!! 8 atur s o8 th #mm *#at on th sam /!an , 1#D., E@ua!#t% an* u!t#mat !% to * 8#n A!m#+ht% 4o* #n t rms o8 mat r#a!#sm, t#m an* noth#n+n ss. 1J.?'Th r #s no 4o*' sa%s th Bo!sh 1#:. An* #n th#s rror h , to th sur/r#s o8 man% +oo* / o/! , + ts th s%m/ath% o8 man% ! arn * > sus76hr#st#ans. But th#s n * not sur/r#s an%on , 8or th ! arn * or 8a#r!%7! arn * 6hr#st#an, #n som m asur / r0 #1 s th 0onn 0t#on " t9 n th Bo!sh 1#: mat r#a!#sts an* h#ms !8 as a > sus76hr#st#an. Th 6hr#st#an / r0 #1 s #t, 1 n #8 h !#: th Bo!sh 7 6ommun#st, *o s not / r0 #1 8urth r, nam !%, that th #r *#r 0t#on #s to (oth#n+n ss. 11.?Th Truth o8 a 0#r0ums0r#" * /art o8 R a!#t% ma% r s#* #n an* " /art o8 th Truth o8 a ! ss 0#r0ums0r#" * /art, "ut th Truth o8 th 8#rst *o s not =haust th truth o8 th s 0on*.

SOME AS ECTS O. WHAT MAN IS


1.?Man #s an nt#t%, th r su!tant o8 a un#on or un#t% o8 8or0 s 0om"#n * "% th /o9 r o8 a 8or0 h#+h r than an% o8 th For0 s so un#8# *, an* h #s an nt#t% r s#*#n+ #n an* !#1#n+ "% 0onta0t 9#th an* 0onn 0t#on 9#th oth r Po9 rs (or For0 s), 9ho #n th #r turn ha1 th #r 0onta0t an* 0onn 0t#on 9#th % t oth r Po9 rs?on9ar* to th !#m#t o8 th *oma#n o8 human 0on0 /t#on, an* a!! o8 th Po9 rs #n 1ar%#n+ * +r ar =/r ss * #n an* /arta: n o8 "% man. As th man #s a /art, so mutat#s mutan*#s #s h#s t%/ an* h#s ra0 , /art o8 th u!t#mat 9ho! . Part o8 th most t m/ora! o8 R a!#t% #s

#n a s ns 7/ r0 #1 * man an* /art o8 th T#m ! ssn ss a!so. Th man an* th ra0 too, 0an =#st 9#thout " #n+ s ns#"!% or t m/ora!!% =/r ss *, "ut th /os#t#on #s not 0a/a"! o8 " #n+ r 1 rs *& #n oth r 9or*s, man 0annot =#st an* *o s not =#st a9a% 8rom or *#1or0 * 8rom th s/#r#t o8 Thor #n 3*#n. A man "% h#s 9#!! has 9#th#n h#s s/h r #n 3*#n, a /o9 r to " 0om som th#n+ oth r than h #s, a /o9 r to 0han+ h#ms !8 #n som m asur . But #n a**#t#on to th#s, +r at r /o9 rs than man or, a 0om"#nat#on o8 th m #s 0ont#nua!!% #n som m asur 0han+#n+ h#m. C.?Th man o8 to7*a%, #n a s ns 7as/ 0t an* =tra7s ns 7as/ 0t #s som 9hat *#88 r nt 8rom an* #s a r su!tant o8 th man o8 % st r*a% an* a!! th % st r*a%s, "ut th 8or0 7that7#s7h#s78ath r7#n7Thor :no9s h#m an* a88 0ts h#m a!9a%s, /art#0u!ar!% #8 man #s 0ons0#ous o8 h#s Fath r #n 4o*. Man% % st r*a%s as % st r*a%s ar +r at r an* * 0#* 9hat a man #s mor than on % st r*a%. ..?Th 6hr#st#an r !#+#on has * 1 !o/ * to9ar* 0 rta#n 0haot#0 0on0!us#ons as to th natur o8 man. Un* r 6hr#st#an#t% man *o s not :no9 9hat h #s, or !s unt#! h 'a00 /ts' > sus h #s noth#n+ #n th 5#n+*om o8 4o*. I8 h #s th o//os#t o8 4o*, o8 0ours , h #s noth#n+. A8t r r 0 #1#n+ a 0on1#0t#on r +ar*#n+ th truth o8 > sus, man, sa%s 6hr#st#an#t%, #s sa1 *, an* out o8 th noth#n+ 9h#0h h must !o+#0a!!% " , h " 0om s a som th#n+. Th n th s/#r#t o8 th 6hr#stos nt rs #nto h#m. T#!! th n h has no 6hr#stos. But ! a1#n+ su0h un9ho! som ru""#sh, #t #s 0! ar that 1 n th 8a0t o8 man<s =#st n0 +#1 s h#m th @ua!#t% 9h#0h #s a su/r m @ua!#t% o8 4o*7 =#st n0 . Th !o+#0a! r su!t o8 that #s #n0a!0u!a"! . D s0art s sa#* 1 n mor than h thou+ht h *#*, 9h n h sa#*, '6o+#to r+o Sum'. (I th#n: th r 8or , I am.) Man<s sou! r 1o!ts at a!! th > sus76hr#st#an n +at#on an*, th9art * an* 0on8us * "% #t an* :no9#n+ no oth r att#tu* h must o8 !o+#0a! n 0 ss#t% sa% to h#s r " !!#ous #nst#n0t& 'Th r #s no 4o*', an* "% so sa%#n+ 1 r"a!!% at ! ast * n% h#s o9n =#st n0 a!so. Th #!!#t rat man 9ho 0om s to th#s 0on0!us#on un* r th 6hr#st#an out!oo: #s mor /ro8oun* an* 8ar7s#+ht * than th "!#n* * man o8 ! arn#n+ 9ho has +u#* * h#m. Th 3*#n#st out!oo: *o s +#1 man an =/!anat#on o8 h#ms !8 an* an #n*#0at#on o8 th att#tu* "% 9h#0h h 0an !#1 , !#1 san !% an* h a!th#!%, th 8#na! t st o8 #ts tru n ss. F.?To thos o8 us 9ho ha1 " n tra#n * #n th th m o8 6hr#st#an #nh#"#t#on, an* 9ho ha1 " n "!#n* * to 3*#n<s th m . H#s Da% an* (#+ht, th r 1o!1#n+ % ar, a0h *a% an* % ar *#88 r nt to 1 r% oth r *a% an* % ar, on #nto t#m ! ssn ss, #t #s start!#n@ to 8#n* that our Ear!% Fath rs / r0 #1 * man as th r /r s ntat#1 o8 h#s Fath r7S/#r#t an* as th t m/! o8 an #n7*9 !!#n+ s/#r#t. It #s an En+!#sh #* a that 5#n+ P n*a :n 9. G.76on8!#0t / rs#sts. Th r su!tant o8 th 0on8!#0t #t #s that s ms outs#* T#m to matt r most. To 0ons#* r an #nt#mat s ns 7/ r0 #1 * 8 atur & Th s a a mor /r#ma! nt#t% than man, #s o"1#ous!% r su!tantB #ts 1#ta!#t% #s a r su!tant o8 as#!% / r0 #1 * ant 0 * nts an* o8 a For0 0om/r h n*#n+ an* us#n+ thos ant 0 * nts. H.?Ho9 +r at #s th #* a o8 th An+, that " %on*74oo*7an*7E1#! th m our Fath r An+! s / r0 #1 *2 Th An+ #t s ms #s r su!tant o8 th 0onta0t or n ar!% @ua! 0on8!#0t o8 th#n+s #n on as/ 0t o//os#n+ a0h oth r. Th r s#*u #s that 9h#0h #s " %on* th so70a!! * 4oo* an* E1#!. Y ar "% % ar, 9 : "% 9 :, *a% "% *a%, 9 a0h o8 us " 0om mor an* mor th r su!tants o8 th str#8 " t9 n so7 0a!! * 4oo* an* E1#!?9 " 0om An+! s, 1 n thou+h most o8 thos 9ho 0a!! th ms !1 s An+! s or En+!#sh, ha1 n 1 r *r am * o8 th * / r !#+#ous s#+n#8#0an0 o8 th 9or*. Th An+ " 0am asso0#at * 9#th th #* a o8 8#r , s ns#"! an* =tra7s ns#"! , an* /o#nt * man " %on* t#m to9ar* a t#m ! ss *a%. 7.?Man<s natur #s su0h that, #8 tru to h#s +ar*, a For0 tota!!% " %on* h#s /o9 r an* " #n+, *o s

not o//os or #nAur h#m. 3!*7t#m > sus79orsh#// rs an* oth r /a+ans / r0 #1 * su0h 8or0 s. Th % #n1 nt * a * 1#! or s#m#!ar #n or* r to 8r#+ht n man an* th n so!* h#m 'ho!% 9at r' an* '0harms'. But #n 8a0t man, 9#th h#s o9n 4o*7+#1 n /o9 rs, 0an #8 h :no9s th 9a%, or has th tru att#tu* to R a!#t%, mo1 to9ar* / r8 0t#on 8or th 0arr%#n+ on o8 h#s *ut% #n h#s +ar* #n 4o*. Th ru!#n+ o8 th Sun, th *a%, th stars an* T#m an* so on, h ! a1 s to anoth r, a +r at r /o9 r than h . Th 3*#n#st *o s so 0ons0#ous!%, th 6hr#st#an ! a1 s #t to > sus, Mar% or 0on8us *!% to som on or oth r, an* / r8or0 a1o#*s th#n:#n+ a"out #t at a!!. I.?3ur ar!% Fath rs n 1 r 0r at * #*o!s or 9orsh#// * th m. Th % *#* * /#0t Ba!*ur, th #* a! man, an* r 1 r n0 * th 0on0 /t#on o8 h#m. But th % n 1 r tr# * nor 1 r n * * to * /#0t #n s ns#"! 8orm Thor or Lo:# or 4 ronth #m. Th % :n 9 that #t 0ou!* not " *on , that #t 9ou!* " untruth8u! to att m/t #t. Th #r + n ra! out!oo: @u#t /r 0!u* * an% thou+ht o8 "u#!*#n+ #*o!s. D 0a* nt 4r 0 an* Rom *#* ma: #ma+ s an* 8or+ot th S/#r#t7Fath rs. Th r su!t "!#n* * th / o/! to th truth. It ns!a1 * th m to T#m an* * ath. Th th#n+s o8 th s/#r#t 9 r r so!1 * #nto t m/ora! mat r#a!#sm. Th #r 0onn 0t#on 9#th th #r sour0 o8 !#8 an* str n+th 9as o"s0ur *, an* 9as s 1 r *. Th #r att#tu* to 4o* " 0am *#stort *. 3utra+#n+ nat#1 #nst#n0t, #t ma* th m 0r% out 'Th r #s no 4o*.' Th % th n * 1ot * th ms !1 s to mat r#a!#sm, to th#n+s o8 th s ns . Th % us * u/ th #r s/#r#tua! 8#r . Th % *# *. Un* r a s#m#!ar #m/u!s th > sus76hr#st#ans * 0!ar * that A!m#+ht% 4o*, ; r% 4o* o8 ; r% 4o*, or th 6hr#stos 9as =0!us#1 !% / rson#8# * #n an* /ro0 * * 8rom a man, a > 9 9ho /oss#"!% !#1 * 1-JJ o** % ars a+o. Thus th > sus70u!t an* th !u*#0rous ana0hron#sms o8 th > sus att#tu* to 4o*, to7*a% ha1 ! * 6hr#st#an#s * / o/! on9ar* to9ar* 'Bo!sh 1#:' an* a+a#n to 0r% out?'Th r #s no 4o*'. Th *r#8t #s sa*!% 1#* nt #n a!! 6hr#st#an 0ountr# s. -.?It #s a//ro/r#at to 0ons#* r h r 0 rta#n as/ 0ts o8 marr# * !#8 . In on as/ 0t man #s th 8 rt#!#s r an* th /rot 0tor o8 th 9oman. Th #r s/h r s ar #n norma! 0#r0umstan0 s, *#88 r nt? 1 n #8 to7*a%<s *#stort * att#tu* to 4o*<s R a!#t% * 0!ar th #r s/h r s to " @ua! an* th sam . Man an* 9oman, 8o!!o9#n+ th +u#* o8 1#ta!#t%, ou+ht to * 1 !o/ on th "as#s o8 th #r nat#1 #n*#1#*ua! 0a/a0#t# s. Th r #n !a% th #r s 1 ra! 9a%s /o#nt#n+ th m on9ar* to mor a"un*ant !#8 #n 4o*. 6ons#* r#n+ 9oman #n h r s/ 0#a! s/h r ?sh #s th r o8 su/r m #m/ortan0 . 4 n ra!!% s/ a:#n+ #t #s throu+h th 9oman that man / r0 #1 s mor 0! ar!% th #mm *#at , an* #t #s throu+h man that th 9oman / r0 #1 s th mor *#stant. Th #r r s/ 0t#1 s/h r s 9 r r a!#s * "% th 8oun* rs o8 our nat#on. (S H arn<s Ar%an Hous ho!*.) Th 9oman r 0 #1 * honour an* /rot 0t#on an* *#r 0t * th hous ho!* a88a#rs. Th + n ra! *#r 0t#on o8 th hous ho!* 9as th 8un0t#on o8 th hous 78ath r.

A DAY WE STRIVE .OR


Th En+!#sh sha!! stan* #n th #r 6ath *ra!s?ston m mor#a!s o8 th #r 8ath rs< + n#us an* s9 at. Th n sha!! th % :no9 th ms !1 s an* :no9 th #r Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4r at 4o*. ( 9 son+s sha!! s/r#n+ u/ #n th #r h arts. For+ott n sha!! " th n#+ht. (o mor sha!! th % " s!a1 s o8 a!# n +u#* s, "ut tru unto th ms !1 s, sha!! :no9 th % ar th #r Fath r<s n1o%s on th arth. (o mor to s#n+ th son+s o8 0on* mnat#on an* * s/a#r. (o mor untru to th #r o9n "!oo* an* so#!, to 9orsh#/ at anoth r. Th #r Br#t#sh h ro s an* !o1 * on s 0om#n+ n ar, sha!! h ar th m, an* r 0 #1 th #r son+s an* /ra% rs, #n th #r Fath r7s/#r#t. From stor# * /#! an* hum"! 0hur0h sha!! r#s a stron+ r s/#r#t7"on* Ao#n#n+ th m to th #r sour0 o8

str n+th?th #r Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4r at 4o* 9ho !o1 s h#s o9n, an* 9hos /o9 r =t n*s to th 31 r7 Lor* o8 T#m . LLLL Th n too sha!! th % stan* to+ th r #n th o/ n 8# !*. A"o1 , sha!! " 4r at 3*#n<s sun, an* th#n+s o8 natur a!! aroun*. Th % sha!! s th s/#r#t7!or*s #n 3*#n, an* h ar th 9or!*<s h%mns to h#+h h a1 n. In m n<s m#n*s sha!! +ro9 a :no9! *+ o8 4r at 4o*. An* as th % :no9 H#m mor , th n mor o8 !#8 an* 9#s*om sha!! " th #rs. Th morn#n+ an* th 1 n#n+, th s asons an* th % ars sha!! +u#* th m. Th Fath r7s/#r#t /ast7n ar7t#m sha!! " th #r "as#s 8#rm 8or san#t% an* L#8 . Th r , #n th m t#n+s #n th 8# !*s, man sha!! / r0 #1 9#th h#s % s an* h#s tou0h h #s r !at * to a!! (atur . Th r sha!! h 8#n* 9#th h#s s ns s th Man% #n 3n , th 3n #n th Man%. H sha!! 8#n* th " aut# s, th 0han+ an* th 0ont#nuan0 s. H sha!! s h#ms !8 a 0ont#nuan0 o8 h#s 8ath rs #n th s ns , as 9 !! as #n th s/#r#t. H sha!! s 9#th#n man a * / r an* mor 1#ta! m asur o8 !#8 than #n a!! th r st o8 s ns 7man#8 st * !#8 , an* " +!a* #n h#s *ut%. H sha!! " +rat 8u! 8or h#s /o9 rs. H sha!! r m m" r th /o9 rs o8 4o* 9h#0h 0r at * h#m an* 9h#0h 1 r 0r at h#m, an* s #n h#s 0ont#nua! "#rth h#s 0ours to9ar* a +r at r !#8 . At n#+ht, man 9#!! s th moon an* th stars th s ns 7man#8 st * 9on* rs o8 3*#n, 1ast an* s0ar0 to " thou+ht on "% h#s arth7mou!* * m#n*. But th r th % sha!! " . Th #r *#stan0 , s#D an* m asur m nt an* mot#on sta++ r#n+ to h#m, 1 n #n th t rms that man " st :no9s. But th r th % tru!% ar th +r at st !#m#ts o8 3*#n #n r s/ 0t o8 man<s s ns s an* /o9 rs. An* out " %on* 3*#n, mans sou! sha!! / r0 #1 Anoth r to ar#s , o8 9hom our 8ath r 4 or+ , so !on+, !on+ a+o sa#*& A8t r 3*#n ar#s s anoth r, an* a +r at r, o8 )hom I *o not *ar to s/ a:.' 'F 9 ma% 8urth r +o than 9h r 3*#n to m s ns , s#m/!% m an#n+ 4oo* an* E1#!.) t th )o!8 +o s.' (3*#n an* )o!8, h r #n th#s !att r

So #n th 6 r mon#a! 8# !* th % sha!! s#n+ th #r son+s o8 /ra#s an* r 1 r n0 . An* th #r th m s sha!! !#8t th m to r a!ms o8 0!ar#t% an* str n+thB an* !#+ht that #s o8 th Et rna! sha!! " th #r o9n. An* th 0 r mon# s sha!! " thos that h !/ m n on th #r 9a% to >ust#0 , Truth, an* L#8 an* sho9 th man% th#n+s o8 L#8 an* B aut%?L#8 an* B aut% at !ast tr m n*ous #n #ts a98u!n ss, an* /ass#n+ thou+ht #n #ts * !#0a0%. In that *a%, m n sha!! " "!#n* * no mor to th 4r at 3n an* h#s m#+ht% 3n s "% th 8#+ur o8 a man, or "% an art#8#0 , or "% th 9 a:n ss o8 a s ns#"! "o*%, "ut sha!! ! arn 9hat man #s, 9hat h ma% " 0om , an* h#s 9on* r8u! h r#ta+ . H#s 0ho#r#n+ sha!! " #ns/#r * 0ons0#ous!% an* " atun * 9#th th 0 ! st#a! 0horus 9#th 9hom h #s a s#n+ r, #n an* " %on* th tou0h o8 T#m , 8or 1 r. LLLL As th #r Fath rs *#* #n th *a%s o8 o!*, th ha! an* th %oun+ sha!! +o to th #r ho!% h#!!s on Sun*a%s an* on F st *a%s. Th 8#r sha!! " !#t an* th % sha!! s th 1#1#* m"! m, !on+ s#n0 "! n* * 9#th our An+!o7Sa=on nam an* th 0ustoms o8 our Fath rs. Th 8#r 9as !on+ a+o r +ar* * as th h#+h st s ns#"! man#8 stat#on o8 3*#n an* th s ns#"! th#n+ most #n*#0at#1 o8 th An+ o8 th s/#r#t. Th 8#r 9as r +ar* * as th most #nt#mat /has o8 th

4r at 3n #n th r a!m o8 s ns#"! T#m . Th % sha!! stan* on th h#!!7to/s an* #n th 8# !* an* 0ommun 9#th Thor o8 3*#n, 9#th Thor th M#+ht% 3n 9ho mo1 s a!! th#n+s, 9#th Thor 9ho +#1 s th m !#8 , 9#th Thor 9ho 9#!! +#1 mor !#8 as th % :no9 H#m an* as: H#m. L#+ht an* str n+th 8or m#n* an* h art sha!! th % s :. At th #r r !#+#ous m t#n+s th % sha!! 0! ans th #r sou!s an* ha1 th #r s#ns 8or+#1 n an* 9#/ * a9a% as th % 9#th /ur h arts 9orsh#/ H#m?Ha ! 3*#n, Ha ! Thor, Ha ! Ho!% An+, Ha ! Fath r7s/#r#t, Ha ! Lo1 *7on s2 An* as th % 9orsh#/ an* ar tru , th #r *#str ss s sha!! /ass a9a% an* " ras * 8rom th #r h arts an* th #r 4o*!% +ar*s, an* th #r m mor% o8 th m sha!! hurt th m no mor " 0aus o8 th 0onsum#n+ 8#r o8 th /o9 r o8 4o* 9#th#n an* " %on* th m. Th 3*#n#st s/#r#t sha!! /ur+ th #r sou!s to 8r sha!! " o/ n to +r at r !#8 . 0ommun#on 9#th th +r at on s o8 4o*. Th *oors

Th 9#n*o9s sha!! " *ar: n * no mor . Th > sus76hr#st#an sha*o9 sha!! no !on+ r stan* " t9 th m an* 4o*.

3ur / o/! sha!! a0h# 1 +r atn ss an* n arn ss to 4o*, #n th o/ n a#r, " n ath th s:%, 1 n as mu0h as #n th #r 0hur0h s, an* th % sha!! n 1 r 8or+ t th " aut#8u! /o9 rs that ar th #rs, th #rs #n*#1#*ua!!% an* 0or/orat !% 8or th 0om8ort#n+ o8 #n*#1#*ua! an* nat#ona! !#8 an* 8or th +!or% o8 th #r +r at Fath r7#n74o*. Th n th Br#t#sh sha!! " 8r 8rom to7*a%<s ata1#st#0 1#s#on. En+!#sh, S0ott#sh, ) !sh an* Ir#sh?sha!! "u#!* an 9 on th s/#r#tua! "as#s that 9as th #r 8ath rs< " 8or th ata1#st#0 B!#+ht. Th % sha!! 8#n* th #r s/#r#tua! hom , an* " mo1 * "% that #ns/#rat#on 0ommon to th nat#1 #nst#n0t o8 a0h o8 th s Br#t#sh / o/! s. Soon th B!#+ht sha!! " o1 r70om , an* 9 sha!! turn 8rom thos 9ho +u#* * us astra% #n a!# n 9a%s o8 untruth, an* "u#!* an 9 our *#8#0 on th "as#s our Fath rs +a1 us, on to9ar* th E1 r!ast#n+. LLLL In th #r hom s th En+!#sh at a 0hos n t#m , sha!! stan* r 1 r nt!% an* th r th h a* o8 a0h hous ho!* as h sha!! * m " st, 9#!! r m m" r th #r 8ath rs an* th #r !o1 s, th h ro s an* th #r Lon+ Hom . 3n a0h *a% at on o8 th #r m a!s or at a!! o8 th m, th#s sha!! " *on . H arth an* hom sha!! r n 9 th #r sa0r * m an#n+s. It sha!! " th m +ath r#n+s. LLLL )hat a 8ar 0r% 8rom th > 979orsh#//#n+ 0on*#t#ons o8 to7*a%E P rha/s our sons as th % 9orsh#/ #n th 8# !* or 0hur0h or at hom , ma% 9on* r an* a!most *ou"t that 1 r th #r / o/! 0ou!* ha1 " n s *u0 * to th 9#0: *n ss o8 S !870on* mnat#on an* > 97 9orsh#/ or that an% man 0ou!* ha1 " n harr# * an* / rs 0ut * 1 n 8or o//os#t#on to #t. But th % must not " "!#n* or 8or+ t that 4 ronth #m #s st a!th% an* r mors ! ss nor must th % 8or+ t th s/#r#t o8 Thor "% 9hom 4 ronth #m #s * 8 at *. t#n+ /!a0 8or sa0r * 8am#!%

NOTES

'So0rat s "% r +ar*#n+ 1#rtu as " #n+ o8 th sam natur an* ! arna"! as a s0# n0 *#* a9a% 9#th th Unr ason#n+ /art o8 th sou!', sa#* Ar#stot! . Ar#stot! <s 'Unr ason#n+ /art o8 th sou!', ho9 1 r, m r !% r 0o+n#s * t9o *#st#n0t /arts o8 th sou!. H *#* not sa% 9hat h m ant "% 'Unr ason#n+' an* a//ar nt!% *#* not :no9. H n 1 r " stro* th 8a0t that an nt#t% #s on!% an nt#t% "% " #n+ a /art#0u!ar an* a!so "% " #n+ a un#1 rsa!. H #s a 1#0t#m o8 th Dua!#t% or *#1#s#ona! #* a a!most as mu0h as So0rat s 9#th h#s /#t#8u! 5no9! *+ 7an*7I+noran0 *#1#s#on. H *#* not / r0 #1 that th 4o* 9as =/r ss * #n, an* that a /art#0u!ar 8 atur o8 4o* 9as #nh r#n+ #n 1 r% man?th n ar Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* an* th 4o* Imm asura"! an* Uns/ a:a"! h r an* " %on* th * /s. Imm *#at 8 atur s o8 1#rtu ma% #n truth " ta"u!at *& #n 8a0t, th natur an* !#m#ts o8 man ha1 sho9n that th#s #s a n 0 ss#t% to nsur th #mm *#at 8 atur s o8 h#s !#1#n+. Th r soon ar#s , ho9 1 r, 8 atur s o8 1#rtu 9h#0h " 0om ! ss an* ! ss 0a/a"! o8 " #n+ ta"u!at *, th s 8 atur s 9 0a!! L ss7Imm *#at . Th s L ss7Imm *#at ar as 1#ta! an* mor 0om/r h ns#1 than th Imm *#at , an*, #n th T#m s/h r , * t rm#n th Imm *#at . F atur s o8 th L ss7Imm *#at o8 1#rtu s9 !! " %on* our /o9 rs o8 * s0r#/t#on an* / r0 /t#on, "ut *o s so not " 8or #t atta#ns a * +r o8 1#ta!#t% 0onsonant 9#th an* 9h#0h #s th uns/ a:a"! 1#ta!#t% o8 4o*. It #s th#s o8 1#rtu 9h#0h P!ato7So0rat s " !# 1 * 0ou!* " =/r ss * #n t rms o8 th Imm *#at !#: th s0# n0 s o8 ma:#n+ "oots an* ma:#n+ "o= s, an* #t #s th#s att#tu* to R a!#t% that #s on o8 th r asons 8or th mo1 m nt to mat r#a!#sm an* * ath to7*a%. In0#* nta!!% #t ma% " not * h r that th M mor% #* a o8 P!ato7So0rat s 9as not a m r r 1 !at#on o8 th h#** n s !8<s :no9! *+ t m/ora!!% a0@u#r * som 9h r or #n som 9a%, as h + n ra!!% thou+ht, "ut a "r#n+#n+ o8 /art o8 th 4o*7:no9! *+ #n man #nto t rms o8 th s ns#"! #mm *#at B that #s, "rou+ht #nto a /os#t#on 9h r th th#n+ so "rou+ht m#+ht " 1# 9 * o"A 0t#1 !% as 9 !! as " #n+ :no9n =tra70ons0#ous!%. Thomas A@u#nas, 6hr#st#an sa#nt, " !# 1 * a!most as mu0h as So0rat s that 1#rtu 0ou!* " s t out #n t rms o8 th Imm *#at !#: a s0# n0 , an* h " !# 1 * #t 8or th sam r ason, that #s, * s/#t a 0 rta#n 0on8us#on #n 1#ta"! 8rom h#s + n ra! att#tu* , h *#* not / r0 #1 th 8a0t o8 th #n7*9 !!#n+ 4o*. In th#s an=#ous *a% on #s stran+ !% mo1 * #n r 8! 0t#n+ that our Br#t#sh an0 stors / r0 #1 * as o8 0ours , th 8un*am nta! 8a0t o8 th #n7*9 !!#n+ t m/ora! an* =tra7t m/ora! 4o*, 9h#! our un#1 rs#t# s ha1 tau+ht us to 8or+ t thos +r at m n an* #n th #r st a* to r 1 r n0 m n 9ho s#m/!% 0ou!* not s , an* 9ho ha1 m r !% !aun0h * man:#n* on a 8!oo* " ar#n+ th m on9ar* to mat r#a!#sm, 0haos an* * ath. LLLL In th +ar* o8 man:#n* th > 9s an* #n a ! ss * +r 0 rta#n ra0 ! ss East rn7M *#t rran ans ar th human 1an7+uar* o8 th mo1 m nt to =/r ss#on o8 a!! 1a!u s #n t#m 7+#rt mat r#a!#sm. LLLL Th 8a0t o8 A0t#1#t% an* Str#8 su"m#ts to 0!ar#8#0at#on un* r th /r#n0#/! o8 th Imm *#at 7an*7L ss7 Imm *#at .... )ar an* P a0 0an " thus 1# 9 * #n th #r tru natur , that #s #n th o"A 0t#1 s/h r #n 9h#0h th s 8 atur s o8 " #n+ n+ross th m#n* o8 man. Th % ar utt r @u# s0 n0 on th on han*, an* on th oth r, str#8 to th !#m#t o8 human 0a/a0#t%. Ea0h 0on*#t#on #s at ! ast a:#n to * ath. Ea0h #s #n #ts s/h r th !#m#t mar: o8 man<s !#1#n+. Th 1ar#a"! 0 ntr o8 man<s +ar* !# s " t9 n th t9o 0on*#t#ons. Man<s +ar*, ho9 1 r, #s not th M an " t9 n th t9o as / rha/s Ar#stot! 9ou!* sa% #t 9as, " 0aus 8or on th#n+ su0h a 1# 9 9ou!* 0onnot 8#= *n ss. Man<s +ar* 0annot " thus 8#= *, 8or #t #s #n 8a0t 0h# 8!% 0r at * 8or h#m "% a0t#1 , 1ar%#n+ For0 s #n 4o* 9hom h 0annot 9ho!!% :no9 as th % ran+ " %on* h#s 0ons0#ous 0a/a0#t% .... An #* a #n7so78ar as #t r !# s on th #* as o8 t ns#on an* 0on8!#0t " t9 n th t9o =tr m s o8 th 8a0t, 0annot a* @uat !% "r#n+ th

natur o8 th t9o 1ar#a"! !#m#ts to man<s 0ons0#ousn ss. Th natur o8 )ar #s not st#!! * "% P a0 #n #ts a0t#1 0ram/#n+ an* 0rush#n+ o8 th 1#ta! nt#t% an* #ts #m/u!s s, an* th natur o8 P a0 #s not n 0 ssar#!% "ro: n "% th :#!!#n+ #n )ar. Utt r @u# s0 n0 (or P a0 ) #s a :#!!#n+ "% #n9ar*7mo1#n+ attr#t#on on th s !8, th oth r (or )ar) #s a :#!!#n+ "% an out9ar*7mo1#n+ =haust#on o8 th 0a/a0#t# s. Th /os#t#on o8 th +ar* o8 th / rson or nat#on 1ar# s #n r +ar* to a0h P a0 an* )ar. P a0 an* )ar =tr m s ar 0r at * "% th =/r ss#on o8 /o9 rs #n 4o*, an* th / rson or nat#on #s " n 8#0#a!!% or #nAur#ous!% a88 0t * "% #th r 0on*#t#on #n th m asur o8 th 0orr 0tn ss or #n0orr 0tn ss o8 h#s att#tu* to 3*#n. LLLL 6has#n+ a8t r P a0 #s as 8ata! an rran* as @uarr !!#n+ 9#th a 1# 9 to )ar. LLLL It 9#!! " r +r tta"! #8 0 rta#n / rsons o8 a +r at nat#on r !at * to our o9n, to7*a% * 1 !o/#n+ a 0 rta#n out!oo:, om#t / r0 #1#n+ that th t ns#on " t9 n th o//os#t s #s 8or man a!most non7 =#st nt, 8or #nstan0 , th =tr m s o8 4r at an* Sma!! or Hot or 6o!* t n* to " nu!!#t# s #n so 8ar as th % ar at th !#m#t o8 th am"#t o8 man<s 0om/r h n*#n+ /o9 rs, 8or at that /o#nt, th % =haust h#s m#n*, th % ar at th !#m#ts o8 h#s +ar* #n 4o*, th % *o not 9ar on h#s =#st n0 , th % 0annot " m asur * "% man<s t st, #. ., h#s 1#ta!#t%, 8or th % ar 8or h#m mor or ! ss s#m#!ar, nam !%, a!most * ath or (aa7stran*, an* an% *#8#0 "u#!t on su0h 8oun*at#ons t n*s to 8a!!. Th #m/u!s o8 th #* a #s not unr !at * to So0rat s< *o0tr#n o8 I* a!s an* th #m/!#0at#ons o8 th sam . Th /os#t#on sou+ht to " 0!ar#8# * s ms to ha1 " n a* @uat !% 0on0 #1 * 8un*am nta!!% "% our 8or 8ath rs, nam !%, #n th #* a o8 th Ba!*ur as a+a#nst th Ho%*#r, 9ho 'n ar th Ba!*ur ! a*s to s!a% th Ba!*ur.'

.ROM LECTURES GIVEN IN

ERTH

!.?6hr#stos #s a 4r : 9or*, 6hr#stus #s a Lat#n 9or*, a0h m an#n+ th 9ho! s/#r#t78or0 an* mo1#n+ #m/u!s or 8#at#0 /o9 r #n an* " h#n* a!! th#n+s #n0!u*#n+ sun, moon an* stars, an* #n0!u*#n+ man an* a!! h #s or ma% " . > sus, a > 9, 1-JJ o** % ars a+o, sa#* h 9as th manat#n+ an* 0ontro!!#n+ sour0 o8 It. H sa#* h 9as th R surr 0t#on an* th L#8 , an* s#m#!ar. H n0 aros th t rm '> sus76hr#st'. C.?Th r ar man% 1#ta! /has s o8 th 6hr#stos or 6hr#stus or as our An+!o7Sa=on 8ath rs 0a!! * #t, Thor. Som o8 our 8ath rs sa9 Thor th M#+ht% " %on* th sma!! r 4oo*7an*7E1#!, " %on* th :#!! r an* th :#!! *, " %on* th *a%s an* th % ars, sa9 th tr m n*ous un!#m#t * 8#at#0 /o9 r an* % t 9#tha! th 8r# n* o8 man, on to th T#m ! ss u!t#mat . Som sa9 on!% that o8 Thor 9h#0h +a1 s ns#"! L#8 , an* som sa9 th s/#r#t Thor, th #r Fath r )ho +a1 to a!! that n * * an* sou+ht H#m. H s nt H#s m#n#st r#n+ an+ !s a00or*#n+ to man<s s :#n+ an* h#s n *. ..?Th 1#ta! /has s or as/ 0ts o8 th Thor ar =/r ss * #n *#88 r nt 9a%s, 8or =am/! #n *#88 r nt t%/ s o8 8!o9 rs, *#88 r nt t%/ s o8 man, *#88 r nt oth r s/ 0# s, su"7s/ 0# s *o9n to #n*#1#*ua! *#88 r n0 s. 3ur 8ath rs 8oun* Thor #n th hush o8 1 nt#* as #n th !#+htn#n+. F.?Ea0h an* a!! :no9a"! /o9 rs ar o8 Thor or 6hr#stos. G.?A /!ant #s th H.?An #ns 0t #s th =/r ss#on or r su!tant o8 a /o9 r o8 Thor. =/r ss#on o8 anoth r /o9 r o8 Thor.

7.?Man:#n* #s th

=/r ss#on o8 anoth r /o9 r #n H#m.

I.?D#88 r nt ra0 s o8 man:#n* ar *#88 r nt /has s o8 th /o9 r #n Thor 9h#0h =/r ss s man:#n*. Th *#88 r nt /has s h r , as !s 9h r , t n* to ma: on un#8# * / r8 0t#on o8 1ar# t% an* 1#ta!#t%. -.?31 r an* a"o1 an* 0om/r h n*#n+ th 8or0 9h#0h #s =/r ss * an* !#1 s #n th + rm o8 an% s *, #ns 0t, tr or man, th r #s anoth r /o9 r. 1J.?Th /o9 r 9h#0h #s =/r ss * #n an% 8 atur o8 s ns#"! R a!#t% o/ rat s on an* +#1 s #n*#1#*ua!#t% an* * 1 !o/m nt to th !#1#n+ nt#t% r /r s nt#n+ #t #n T#m , unt#! th nt#t% *# s. A 0ont#nua! "#rth #s #n /ro0 ss a!! our !#1 s. At * ath 9 r turn to our Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*. 11.?Th 6hr#stos 9as =t n* * #n su"s#*#ar% /o9 rs, a!! * / n* nt on an* =#st#n+ "% th 6hr#stos "ut th 6hr#stos 9as not * / n* nt on an% or a!! o8 #ts su"s#*#ar% /o9 rs. 3*#n#sts o8 0ours , * n% that an% man or 9oman 9as Thor or 6hr#stos. Thou+h 3*#n#sts " !# 1 that 1 r% "a"% "orn #s a 0r atur an* a son o8 a /o9 r #n 4o* an* /arta: s #n som m asur o8 th u!t#mat o8 4o*. In 8a0t #n #ts 1 r% +ro9th 8rom + rma! stat to "a"% stat th /o9 rs o8 4o* ar s ns#"!% 1#* nt #n th 0h#!*. It #s o8 4o*. It #s not 1#! an* *amn * unt#! '6hr#st n *' as th > sus7 9orsh#// rs t a0h. Th 8a0t that th + rma! stat #s * / n* nt on th a0t#on o8 man *o s not 9ho!!% * stro% th =tra7s ns#"! or#+#n o8 #ts =#st n0 . 1C.?3ur #mm *#at sour0 o8 " #n+, an* sour0 o8 str n+th #s our Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o*. (ot th Fath r7s/#r#t o8 th > 9s. It #s a n 0 ss#t% 8or san an* h a!th% !#1#n+ that 9 shou!* " 0om 0ons0#ous o8 our o9n Fath r7s/#r#t. 1..?I8 an% nat#on 9orsh#/ th s/#r#t o8 anoth r ra0 , #t 9#!! * t r#orat an* * 0a% an* 0om un* r th *om#nat#on o8 that ra0 . ) ar tau+ht "% > sus76hr#st#an#t% to r 1 r n0 th s/#r#t o8 th > 9#sh ra0 , not our o9n. Thus > sus76hr#st#an#t% * !#1 rs us #nto th han*s o8 th > 9s. Th #n*o! nt an* th #+norant ma% sa%, 'It *o s not matt r'. But #t *o s matt r. It #s o8 su/r m #m/ortan0 . It #s a matt r o8 !#8 an* * ath. B% #+noran0 o8 or n +! 0t o8 our Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* 9 *# . 1F.7?In 0hur0h s 9h r th 6hr#st#an r !#+#on #s tau+ht our (or*#0 Br#t#sh ar tau+ht to r 1 r n0 th > 9s. In Fr masonr% a!so 9 ar /o#nt * to th > 9s.

6#0 ro at th t#m o8 Rom <s h #+ht, sa9 th #nh r nt mat r#a!#sm an* 0haos o8 P!aton#sm. 4#""on #n h#s D 0!#n an* Fa!! o8 th Roman Em/#r sho9s us 9hat ha// n * to +r at Rom ?> 9#sh *om#nat#on an* * 0a% un* r P!ato7#ns/#r * 6hr#st#an#t%. Th >a/an s to7*a% :no9 th *an+ r o8 9orsh#//#n+ th > 9. 1G.?Th sam /r#n0#/! s or att#tu* to 4o*<s R a!#t%, " th % /ra0t#s * "% A:naton o8 E+%/t, or "% /ost7P!aton#0 4r 0 , or "% 6hr#st#an#s * Rom , or "% 6hr#st#an#s * > 979orsh#//#n+ En+!an* ha1 th sam r su!t, nam !%, * 0a% an* *o9n8a!!. 1H.?> 9s ar at th to/ o8 th 9or!* #n a0h 6hr#st#an nat#on. (ot 6h#naman or H#n*oos. )h%E B 0aus 6hr#st#ans ar > 979orsh#// rs an* S !87R nun0#at#on#sts, not 6h#nam n79orsh#// rs or

H#n*oo79orsh#// rs an* S !87r nun0#at#on#sts. Th > 9 :no9s #t. T#!! our / o/! s +ot us ns!a1 *, s/#r#tua!!% an* oth r9#s , t#!! 9 , * 1#ta!#s *, * 0a% an* *# .

#t, th > 9s ha1

17.?6hr#st#an#t% has ma* us a nat#on o8 > 979orsh#// rs. As: an% /s%0ho!o+#st 9hat that m ans. As: h#m th #n 1#ta"! 0ons @u n0 s o8 #t. 1I.?A"sta#n#n+ 8rom att n*an0 at 6hr#st#an > 979orsh#//#n+ 0hur0h s *o s not sa1 us. B 0aus , th 8a0t that th > sus76hr#st#an att#tu* to R a!#t% #s th /r 1a#!#n+ 0u!tur amon+ us, #s nou+h to ru#n us. Th 8a0t, too, that 9 n +! 0t th S/#r#t o8 our o9n ra0 , #n 8a1our o8 that o8 th > 9s #s nou+h to ru#n us, an* th 8a0t that 9 , #n our r !#+#on an* Fr masonr%, r 1 r > 9s an* > 9#sh ho!% /!a0 s " 8or our o9n, #s nou+h to ru#n us. 1-.?A r turn to our o9n Fath r7s/#r#t #n 4o* #s th on!% )a% 3ut. It #s our on!% roa* to str n+th. 3ur o9n m%thus, our o9n h ro s an* our o9n ho!% /!a0 s /o#nt th 9a%. Som m n 8#n* #t *#88#0u!t to 0on0 #1 a Fath r7s/#r#t. For th m #n our r !#+#on, th n, th r #s th 1#* n0 o8 th Fath r7s/#r#t, nam !%, our nat#ona! h#stor%, our Br#t#sh ho!% /!a0 s, an* our Br#t#sh h ro s an* th tan+#"! 1#* n0 o8 th #r !#1 s. That #n on as/ 0t #s th 3DI(IST RELI4I3(. Som *a% th *#r 0ons @u n0 s o8 th > 979orsh#/ #m/os#t#on sha!! stan* r 1 a! * to a!!. Th n, an* on!% th n, sha!! th *an+ rous > 9#sh #n8!u n0 u/on us /ass a9a%. Th n on!% sha!! our nat#1 Br#t#sh h a!th " r stor * an* truth " stron+ amon+ us.