Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

PHYSI CS

Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems


Target IIT JEE 2011
PAGE # 1
Class:XIII(X) Discussion: 11-12/08/2010 Time: 40 Min. M.M.: 34 DPP. NO.-15
Q.1 A block of mass 10 kg is released on a fixed wedge inside a cart which is
moved with constant velocity 10 m/s towards right. Take initial velocity of
block with respect to cart zero. Then work done by normal
reaction on block in two second mground frame will be: ( g =10 m/s
2
) [3]
(A) zero (B) 960 J (C) 1200 J (D) none of these
Q.2 A force F

= ) j

5 i

t 3 ( + N acts on a body due to which its displacement varies as


) j

5 i

t 2 ( s
2
=

. Work ork
done by this force in t =0 to 2 sec is: [3]
(A) 23 J (B) 32 J (C) zero (D) cant be obtained.
Q.3 A constant force produces maximumvelocity V on the block connected to the
spring of force constant K as shown in the fig. When the force constant of spring
becomes 4K, the maximumvelocity of the block is [3]
(A)
V
4
(B) 2V (C)
V
2
(D) V
Paragraph for question nos. 4 to 6
The kinetic energy of any body depends on the frame of reference of the observer. The kinetic energy
is given by 1/2 mv
2
rel
. Similarly the displacement of the object fromdifferent frames of reference will
be different. But the forces acting on the body remain unchanged. So work done by the forces as
seen from different frames will be different. But work energy theorem will still be hold in every inertial
reference frame.
For example, if a block of mass 2 kg is moving with velocity of 1 m/s towards east on a rough surface,
its K.E. =
2
1
2 1
2
=1J
If it comes to rest, its K.E. =0.
Work done by friction =K
f
K
i
= 1 J
If we observe it from a frame 2 moving with 1 m/s toward east, its initial velocity will appear to be
11=0.
Initial K.E. =
2
1
2 0
2
=0
Final velocity =0 1 =1
Final K.E. =
2
1
2 1
2
=1J
Work done by friction =1 0 =1 J
Q.4 According to passage. [3]
(A) In 2
nd
frame, force of friction was opposite to displacement.
(B) In 2
nd
frame, force of friction was in same direction as displacement.
(C) In ground frame, force of friction is in same direction as the displacement.
(D) None of these
Q.5 What should be the velocity of an observer so that he will report the work done by friction on the
block to be 0. [3]
(A)
2
1
m/s W (B)
2
1
m/s E (C) 1 m/s W (D) 1 m/s E
Q.6 Choose correct statement. [3]
(A) In ground frame, work done by friction on ground is positive.
(B) In ground frame, work done by friction on ground is negative.
(C) In frame 2, work done by friction on ground is negative.
(D) In frame 2, work done by friction on ground is positive.
Q.7 Column-I shows certain situations and column-2 shows information about forces. [6]
Column - I Column - II
(A)
Situation
Front view of a car
rounding a curve with
constant speed.
F
1
F
3
F
2
(P)
3 2 1
F F F

+ + is centripetal force.
(B)

F
1

F
2

F
3

Passengers in a rotor not


sliding relative to rotor wall
cylindrical rotor is rotating with
constant angular velocity about
its symmetry axis.
(Q)
1
F

is static friction.
(C)
F
1
F
2
F
3
Particle kept on rough surface
of a bowl, no relative motion
of particle in bowl, bowl has
constant angular velocity

e
(R)
1
F

can be in direction opposite to that shown in figure.


(D)
Car moving on a banked road
with constant speed, no
sideways skidding
F
1 F
2
u
F
3
(S)
0 F F
2 1

= +
(T) 0 F F F
3 2 1

= + +
Q.8 A block of mass M is suspended froma massless ideal spring of spring constant k. The coordinate system
is defined so that y is directed vertically upwards and y =0 when the spring is at its natural (i.e., unstretched)
length. The mass is first positioned at y =0, and then lowered gently until it is hanging freely fromthe spring.
(a) What is the value of y
eq
, the coordinate of the point at which the block comes to rest? [10]
(b) When the block comes to rest, what is its gravitational potential energy U
g
,
compared to its value when the block was at y =0?
(c) When the block comes to rest, what is the potential energy U
s
stored in the
spring, compared to its value when the block was at y =0?
(d) As the block was lowered fromy =0 to its equilibrium position,
(i) What was the total work done on the block?
(ii) What was the work done by gravity?
(iii) What was the work done by the spring force?
(iv) Was there any other agent that did work on the block? If so, what was it,
and how much work did it do?
(e) If instead of being lowered gently the mass had simply been released from rest at y =0 and allowed to
fall under the combined effects of gravity and the spring force, at what speed would it be moving when
it crosses y =y
eq
? PAGE # 2
PHYSI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2011
Class:XIII(X) Discussion: 13-14/08/2010 Time: 35 Min. M.M.: 29 DPP. NO.-16
Question No. 1 to 2 (2 questions)
Figure gives the velocity v versus time t graph of a
carriage of constant mass being moved along an axis
by applying force. The time axis shows four time periods,
with At
1
=At
2
=At
3
and At
4
=2At
1
Q.1 The work done by the force is maxmum during which time period [3]
(A) At
3
and At
4
(B) At
1
, At
3
and At
4
(C) Only At
3
(D) Only At
4
Q.2 The rate at which work done is maximum [3]
(A) Only At
1
(B) At
1
and At
3
(C) Only At
3
(D) Only At
4
Q.3 A man pulls a bucket of water froma well of depth h. If the mass of the uniform rope and bucket full of
water are m and M respectively. The value of work done by the man is [3]
(A) (m+M) gh (B)
|
.
|

\
|
+ M
2
m
gh (C)
|
.
|

\
| +
2
M m
gh (D) None of the above
Q.4 Choose the correct alternative(s): [4]
(A) When a conservative force does positive work, the potential energy of the systemdecreases.
(B) Work done by friction on a body always results in a loss of its kinetic energy.
(C) Work done in the motion of a body over a closed loop is zero for every force in nature.
(D) Work done by friction on a body may increase its kinetic energy.
Q.5 A spring having a relaxed length L
o
=25cm has a block attached to one
end, while the other end is attached to a ceiling as shown. A person slowly
lowers the block a distance d until the block just hangs without moving, as
shown in the second diagram. Which statements below
are true? (Mark ALL that apply. Use k =2N/cm and m =600g.)
k, L
0
d
m
(A) The distance d is 6cm. [4]
(B) The potential energy stored in the spring when the block is simply hanging fromit is 0.09J.
(C) The change in gravitational potential energy of the Earth-block systemis 0.18J.
(D) The decrease in gravitational potential energy is equal (in magnitude) to the increase in potential
energy stored in the spring.
Q.6 A block suspended froma spring is released from rest when spring is unstretched. x represents stretch
in spring. Select the appropriate graph taking quantities in column-I as y-axis. [6]
Column-I Column-II
4
1
2
3
x
x
max
(A) The KE of block (P) 1
(B) The work done on the block by gravity (Q) 2
(C) The magnitude of work done on the block by spring (R) 3
(D) The total mechanical energy of block-earth-spring system (S) 4
Q.7 A block of mass m rests on an incline which makes an angle u with the horizontal plane (see figure).
There is friction between the block and the surface. The static friction coefficient
s
is larger than the
kinetic friction coefficient
k
. The block is attached to a "massless" spring of spring constant k. In the
absence of any forces on the spring, its (relaxed) length would be l. [6]
(a) We pull on the block and extend the spring till its length is l +x. What is the
maximumextension, x
max
, of the spring for which the block will remain stationary
when released?
In the following (b) & (c) parts, use the symbol x
max
(b) In this position the block is then gently touched at time t =0. It starts moving. For what value of x will the
block reach its maximumspeed?
(c) As the block moves, the spring will get shorter. At some point in time, t
1
, the extension is x. How
much work was done by (i) gravity, (ii) the spring force and (iii) by friction between t =0 and t
1
.
(d) As the block moves uphill, the spring gets shorter. What is a necessary requirement for the spring to
become at least as short as its relaxed length l?
PAGE # 3
PHYSI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2011
Class:XIII(X) Discussion: 16-17/08/2010 Time: 35 Min. M.M.: 30 DPP. NO.-17
Q.1 In figure, a block of mass mis released fromrest when spring was in its
natural length. The pulley also has mass mbut it is frictionless. Suppose
the value of mis such that finally it is just able to lift the block M up after
releasing it. [4]
m
M
Rod
String
(A) The weight of mrequired to just lift M is
g
2
M
(B) The tension in the rod, when mis in has zero acceleration
g
2
M
(C) The normal force acting on M when m has zero acceleration
g
2
M
(D) The tension in the string when displacement of mis maximumpossible is Mg
Q.2 A conservative force has the potential energy function U(x) as shown by the graph. A particle moving in
one dimension under the influence of this force has kinetic energy 1.0J when it is at position x
1
. Which of
the following is/are correct statement(s) about the motion of the particle ?
(A) It oscillates
(B) It moves to the right of x
3
and never returns [4]
(C) It comes to rest at either x
0
or x
2
(D) It cannot reach either x
0
or x
2
Q.3 Choose the correct option(s) [4]
(A) If only conservative forces act on a particle, the kinetic energy remains constant.
(B) If the net force acting on an object is zero, then the object is at rest
(C) If net mechanical work is done on a body, the body must accelerate
(D) If net mechanical work is done on a body, the speed of body must change
Q.4 The spring is compressed by distance a and the systemis released. The block again comes to rest when
the spring is elongated by a distance b. During this process [3]
(A) work done by the spring on the block =
2
) b a ( k
2
1

(B) work done by the spring on the block =


) b a ( k
2
1
2 2
+
(C) coefficient of friction =
mg 2
) b a ( k
(D) coefficient of friction =
mg 2
) b a ( k +
PAGE # 4
PAGE # 5
Q.5 An endless inextensible string passes over two small smooth pegs A and B, AB being horizontal, two
particles of mass M and m(M >m) are attached to the string. The particle of mass mis released when
it is in level with the pegs. As it comes down M rises up vertically. If and when they cross each other [3]
(A) the speed of M >the speed of m (B) the speed of M =the speed of m
(C) the speed of M <the speed of m (D) the ratio of their speeds is
m
M
Q.6 Systemshown in the figure is released fromrest when spring is unstretched. Pulley and
spring is massless and friction is absent everywhere. The speed of 5 kg block when 2 kg
block leaves the contact with ground is (Take force constant of spring k =40 N/m and
g =10 m/s
2
) [3]
(A) 2m/s (B) 2 2 m/s (C) 2 m/s (D) 2 4 m/s
Q.7 In the figure shown the spring constant is K. The mass of the upper disc is m and that of
the lower disc is 3m. The upper block is depressed down fromits equilibriumposition
by a distance o =5mg/K and released at t=0. Find the velocity of m when normal
reaction on 3mis mg. [3]
(A) zero (B) g[m/K]
1/2
(C) 2g[m/K]
1/2
(D) 4g[m/K]
1/2
Q.8 Assume that in space potential energy U-depends on x-coordinate only by : [6]
U =(x 3)
2
(2 x)
A mass mcan be kept on x-axis. In each position indicated in column-I, comment on the situation from
column-II.
Column I Column II
(A) x =7/3 (P) Stable equilibrium
(B) x =2 (Q) Unstable equilibrium
(C) x =3 (R) Neutral equilibrium
(S) Not in equilibrium