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Hotspot 2.

0: Bringing Cellular-like Roaming to Wi-Fi Hotspots


John Lombardi
Regional Carrier Sales Director, Caribbean and Latin America

The challenge
Make connecting to Wi-Fi services as easy, seamless and secure as todays 3G cellular experience

Today

Tomorrow

Connecting to a Wi-Fi hotspot is completely manual Login process tedious, error prone No consistent roaming between networks Many steps to gain Internet access Difficult to connect to Web portal with phones Carriers lose opportunity for their roaming polices to affect network selection

Device and network negotiate capabilities Device auto selects best Wi-Fi network Users do nothing Policies pushed to phone New revenue source for carriers Carriers gain opportunity for their roaming polices to affect network selection

The solution
802.11u, HotSpot 2.0 and Next Gen HotSpots The industry has come together on a plan called Hotspot 2.0 (WI-FI CERTIFIED PasspointTM) Release 1
Allows an AP to advertise capabilities pre-association Capabilities include roaming arrangements amongst other things Supports seamless authentication via 802.1x Standard complete

Release 2
Automate the process of configuring EAP on the device Download an operator policy Introduce support for non SIM-based devices

Standard will emerge in mid 2013


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Whos doing what


ORGANIZATION INITIATIVE DETAILS

IEEE standard published in Feb. 2011

IEEE

802.11U

Used to enable faster (automated) discovery and selection of Wi-Fi APs Required on APs and mobile devices

Capabilities including enhanced discovery and automated device provisioning that enables a 3G type experience for Wi-Fi users

Wi-Fi Alliance

HotSpot 2.0

Certification program driven by the Wi-Fi Alliance Leverages 802.11u and adds extensions

Covers SIM and non-SIM devices (e.g. laptops), utilizes 802.1X as the core authentication protocol

Wireless Broadband Alliance (WBA)

Next commercial technical framework for interoperability Generation across networks, technologies and devices. Hotspot Leverages HotSpot 2.0, 802.11u and adds (NGH) extensions
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WBA operator trials to develop a common

How it works
1. 802.11u-capable AP beacons with HS2.0 support 2. Device probes with HS2.0 support 3. Device selects AP and performs ANQP request to determine what providers are supported, capabilities of the AP, etc. 4. AP responds to ANQP query with requested information 5. Device compares provisioned profile information against HS2.0 data from APs and associates to the best BSSID
802.11u HS2.0 capable device 802.11u HS2.0 capable AP

Provider SSIDs

RADIUS Proxy

Roaming Hubs
HLRs (Subscriber Info)

SP Network

How it works
1. 802.11u-capable AP beacons with HS2.0 support 2. Device probes with HS2.0 support 3. Device selects AP and performs ANQP request to determine what providers are supported, capabilities of the AP, etc. 4. AP responds to ANQP query with requested information 5. Device compares provisioned profile information against HS2.0 data from APs and associates to the best BSSID
802.11u HS2.0 capable device

Provider SSIDs

802.11u HS2.0 capable AP

RADIUS Proxy

Roaming Hubs
HLRs (Subscriber Info)

SP Network

How it works
1. 802.11u-capable AP beacons with HS2.0 support
2. Device probes with HS2.0 support
Provider SSIDs

3. Device selects AP and performs ANQP (Access Network Query Protocol) request to determine what providers are supported, capabilities of the AP, etc.
4. AP responds to ANQP query with requested information

3
802.11u HS2.0 capable device 802.11u HS2.0 capable AP

RADIUS Proxy

Roaming Hubs
HLRs (Subscriber Info)

SP Network

5. Device compares provisioned profile information against HS2.0 data from APs and associates to the best BSSID

How it works
1. 802.11u-capable AP beacons with HS2.0 support 2. Device probes with HS2.0 support 3. Device selects AP and performs ANQP request to determine what providers are supported, capabilities of the AP, etc. 4. AP responds to ANQP query with requested information 5. Device compares provisioned profile information against HS2.0 data from APs and associates to the best BSSID
802.11u HS2.0 capable device

Provider SSIDs

802.11u HS2.0 capable AP

RADIUS Proxy

Roaming Hubs
HLRs (Subscriber Info)

SP Network

How it works
1. 802.11u-capable AP beacons with HS2.0 support

2. Device probes with HS2.0 support


3. Device selects AP and performs ANQP request to determine what providers are supported, capabilities of the AP, etc. 4. AP responds to ANQP query with requested information 5. Device compares provisioned profile information against HS2.0 data from APs and associates to the best BSSID (Basic Service Set Identifier)

Provider SSIDs

802.11u HS2.0 capable device

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Association and authentication

802.11u HS2.0 capable AP

RADIUS Proxy

Roaming Hubs
HLRs (Subscriber Info)

SP Network

Real world example


Visited Hotspot Network with Authentication to Home Service Provider
HOME SERVICE PROVIDER NETWORK: Network A SP Core Network AAA
VISITED SERVICE PROVIDER NETWORK: Network B AAA SP Core Network
Roaming Hubs

Web Services Access Router

OPERATOR B HOTSPOT Network A Subscriber

COFFEE SHOP HOTSPOT


Network B Subscriber Network A Subscriber

Edge Router

INTERNET

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Hotspot 2.0 summary


Enables a greatly improved user experience when connecting to Wi-Fi networks Will enable new revenue opportunities for carriers Ruckus is WFA Hotspot 2.0 certified partner

The Hotspot 2.0 initiative is gaining momentum


Hotspot 2.0 enabled devices automatically detect roaming relationships Client devices automatically associates with AP

IEEE 802.11u is required on APs and on end devices Device support will start to arrive in the second half of this year, 2012 Carrier-Grade WIFI Network deployed in mass, ubiquitous coverage

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Questions?
For more information and whitepapers, Email to john.lombardi@ruckuswireless.com