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LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN JAKARTA

JAKARTAS SPATIAL PLAN 2030

JAKARTA BACKGROUND
Transportation Problems: High travel demand from Jabotabek : commuter 700.000 in 2002 to 1.1 million in 2010; Low road ratio (6.28%), a road network hierarchy has not been well developed, and pedestrian facilities are in poor conditions and not well maintained. Low level of service public transport (low frequency, lack of punctuality, poor station/terminal facilities, insufficient station/terminal plazas and access roads, unexpected cease of operation, long waiting time, insecurity on board, etc), and lack of Integration between different modes of transport Increasing private mode of transport which is dominated by motorcycle (41%)

1992

2005

Peta Jabotabek

Capital city of Indonesia, with population of + 9.5 and area of + 650 KM2 With its surrounding cities form Metropolitan area, Jabodetabek, population: + 20 million (est. + 30 million in 2030) National Activity Centre for Economic, Business and Service General account budget for FY 2013 + USD 4.5 Billion Economic growth 2011 6.5 6.7%

URBAN STRUCTURE AND LAND USE

Increasing urban sprawl to surrounding area (Bodetabek) Concentration of work place in CBD of Jakarta Sporadis development along road that create ribbon development Orientation Land use develop along road rather than along public transport corridors or on public transportation facilities land use development faster than transportation infrastructure development

INTEGRATION BETWEEN LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM: STRATEGY ON JAKARTAS SPATIAL PLAN 2030
Urban Land Use Development Scenario

Transportation Infrastructure Development

Institutional Development

Public Transport Development

Developing more Urban Centers Developing TOD along Transportation Corridor Developing vertical and compact city Urban Renewal on Kampung Area Implementing IncentiveDisinsentive

INCREASING PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND LIMITNESS PRIVATE MODE OF TRANSPORTATION

DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PRIME URBAN CENTER

Port Development

Industrial area & Logistic center development

Developing Special Industrial Zone Marunda: Capturing opportunity of port development and Integrating it with development of industrial and affordable housing Government purchase land actively for land banking Provide integrated infrastructure: transportation, waste, clean water, etc

Affordable Housing Development

DEVELOPMENT OF TOD

DEVELOPMENT TOD ALONG MRT CORIDOR (on going): Formulating urban design guideline for each location of TOD Area of TOD is divided into 3 sub area: 1) Station area development; 2) Core area transit; 3) buffer zone Each TOD has specific typology such as R (Regional Urban Core), U1 (Urban Center), U2 (Urban Neighborhood) Intensity each percil is calculated based on contribution of percil ownet in developing of MRT such as land for MRTs facilities and utilities, pedestrian, and access to MRTs station

LAND CONSOLIDATION AND OPTIMALIZATION GOVERNMENT/STATE OWN COMPANIES ASSET


On-going Plan of Redeveloping Slum Area in Pademangan Barat, North Jakarta: People are not resettled to another area far from their work place, instead the same area is redeveloped by land consolidation On-going Plan of combining Subsidized Apartment and Traditional Market: It adopts the efficiency of land usage by placing mixed facilities in one building
Reduce unnecessary trip by automobile! -Reduce unnecessary trip

Floor 1 - 2 : Traditional Market Foor 3 4 : Public Facilities Floor 5 19 : Subsidized Apartment


- More Green open space - Mixed Land Use

NEW CONCEPT OF KAMPUNG IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM: KAMPUNG DERET AND KAMPUNG THEMATIC DEVELOPMENT

KIP with Integrated Approach (TRIBINA): - Economic - Social - Phisical

Thematic Kampung & Vertical Kampung (Kampung Deret)

LAND USE DEVELOPMENT CONTROL

IMPLEMENTATION OF ZONING TECHNIQUE a. Incentive/bonus zone b. TDR (Transfer of Development Right) Zone; c. Fiscal zone; d. Special zone; e. Growth control zone; f. Urban Heritage Zone; g. Overlay zone; h. Floating zone.

Give incentive (tax Elimination, ease access of permit procedure, floor area ratio adjustment ) to Land Owners who: permit their green open space (park, plaza, etc) accessed by public permit their land used for the installation of MRT supporting facility (exhaust tower, cooling tower building pedestrian way connection (to/from) the MRT station

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES


Challenges:
Land acqusition Land speculation Capacity in implementing plan Coordination among different sectors and administrative areas New regulation of spatial planning Increasing awareness and commitment to develop public transport New Instrument to synchronize spatial plan and development plan Involvement of National Government in managing megapolitan areas such as Jabotabek

Opportunities:

TERIMA KASIH