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COMPARISON OF

A 32W
FLUORESCENT
BASED SYSTEM
AND A 150W HPS
WITH A SYSTEM
BASED ON THE
X-35W HID NEW
GENERATION
LIGHT BULB

The Lighting
Group
JUAN J. RIGAU, PH.D.
ARGOS PRODUCTIVITY
SOLUTIONS, INC.
June, 2006.
Document description
1. A comparison of a 32w PV fluorescent system with
an X-35 HID lamp system is provided
2. The project required by the customer consists of a
public lighting system consisting of a lamp
encapsulated in a housing envelope of the Cobra
type with a gel-cell maintenance free battery, a
photovoltaic panel to generate solar energy and an
electronic controller that automatically regulates
the operation of the system.
Objectives
To provide a public lighting system
based on its capacity to provide
lighting when the electrical energy grid
remains inoperative.
To provide an efficient and cost
effective system for public and
strategic security areas.
Benefits
Immune to blackouts
High durability
Excellent cost effectiveness
Installation in a few hours
Structurally robust and corrosion
resistant
Elegant design for a better public
image
Benefits (cont.)
Resistant to vandalism and to theft
Lighting capacity for more than 12 hours
per day
Resistant to outdoors, earthquakes
and/or hurricanes
Free of routine maintenance
Efficient and silent
Benefits (cont.)
No costs of operation and independent
from the electrical network
It saves energy (e.g., 35 watts vs. 150
watts)
White light of top color rendition
(4,700 Kelvin)
High light yield
It does not contaminate the
environment
Excellent tool to increase the public
image
Vies of a 32 watts fluorescent
lamp system with the X-35
HID PV system provided by
Argos Productivity Solutions.
TO OUR KNOWLEDGE NO OTHER BRAND OF
PV LI GHTI NG PRODUCT OFFERS, FOR
COMPARI SON PURPOSES, DI RECT PHOTOS
OF THE I LLUMI NATED AREA. NOTE THAT
LI GHTI NG I N THE BACK ROAD I S A 150 W
HPS SYSTEM.
X-35w
Fl 32w
Comparison of photometric data at 20 ft
X-35x
Fl 32w
Comparison of photometric data at 20 ft (cont.)
Technical remarks on the photometric data
1. The lighting pattern of the X-35 system offers, not only higher intensity of light on
the floor area, but also the enhanced color rendering index helps the eye see more
clearly.
2. Notice that the photometric results in the table provided shows that the X-35
system have a maximum illumination of 1.44 Cd/sqM vs. 0.77Cd/sqM of the
competing product. This means that the X-35 is capable of delivering 2 times more
light in the brighter spots than the current installation at a selected location.
3. Also, at the minimum levels the X-35 is almost 25% brighter at the darkest spots,
providing more security to the selected location.
4. The breakthrough design characteristics of the X-35 are found only in the proposed
system and include:
High-output white light (the color closest to natural sun light)
Instant on with time to full brightness of less than two seconds
Maximum area illumination up to 100 x 25 feet . Simply put you will need
few systems for your project @ .5 foot candle minimum. Multiple solar panel
mounting orientations maximizes solar absorption and run times for dusk
to dawn lighting
Dark Sky Compliant- No up lighting, no light trespass
Conclusion: Both the horizontal illuminance uniformity and the luminaire downward efficiency of
the X-35 have been independently verified to be superior to other lighting systems
in the market. Those factors mean that fewer X-35 lights are needed to illuminate
the same target area, resulting in a lower total project cost.
Lighting professionals must create the best night
time visibility possible within the limits of
practical design. One important step in this
process is to identify the factors that affect
visibility.
Recent research shows that the color output of
the light sources used for roadway lighting has a
significant effect on how well we see at night.
Lumens are the standard measure of light output. Lamp
manufacturers and lighting professionals generally assume that
all lumens are equal in terms of the visibility they create. This
assumption can be proven incorrect.
A high-pressure sodium lighting system needs to produce a
light level 3.9 times higher than metal halide, to be equivalent
to a metal halide system, under the test conditions evaluated.
For low-pressure sodium, 4.8 times more light is required to be
equivalent to the metal halide level.
As a simple rule of thumb, two 250 watt HPS fixtures on a 28
ft. pole should be spaced about 60 ft. apart to achieve the
desired target. The height of the pole can affect readings.
Another approach is to place pole bases at twice the length
intervals of the pole height. So, a 25 ft light on a pole would be
spaced about 50 ft apart from the next pole." Walter O.
Mauldin, Director of University security, the University of
Rochester (NY).
There should not be a variance of more than 4:1 between the
brightest spot and the least illuminated spot nearby.
Color Rendering Index - The CRI is a relative scale (ranging
from 0 - 100). indicating how perceived colors match actual
colors. Two different light sources may have identical CRI
values, but colors may appear quite different under these two
sources
Source: Dr. Alan Lewis, Dean of the Michigan
School of Optometry, and his colleagues.
Lighting fundamentals
Some definitions: LUX (LX): The metric unit of measure for illuminance of a surface. One lux is equal to one lumen per square meter.
One lux equals 0.093 footcandles. One footcandle is equal to one lumen per square foot.
Luminance is referred to as brightness and is measured in footlamberts (fL) or candelas/m2 (cd/m2).
Layout #1 (X-35w)
Layout #2 (Fl 32w)
Comparison of photometric data at 25 ft
X-35w
Fl 32w
Layout #1 (150w HPS)
Layout #1 (X-35w)
X-35w
150 HDS 100ft
X-35
150w
HPSX-35
25'-0" Height y 80'-0" pole spacing
Road (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.48 0.85 5.80
Min: 0.58 0.52 3.38
Pro 0.92 0.68 4.53
Horizontal (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.76 1.70 5.95
Min: 0.92 0.95 4.14
Pro 1.25 1.26 4.99
Visibility
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.91 1.09 1.56
Min: 1.08 1.07 1.41
Pro 1.49 1.08 1.48
25'-0" Height 100'-0" pole spacing
Road (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.44 0.70 4.94
Min: 0.36 0.41 2.78
Pro 0.74 0.55 3.64
Horizontal (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.80 1.48 4.97
Min: 0.56 0.68 3.20
Pro 1.02 1.02 4.02
Visibility
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.39 1.29 1.92
Min: 0.97 1.15 1.77
Pro 1.18 1.22 1.92
Comparison of lighting systems analyzed
30'-0" Height y 80'-0" pole separation
Road (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.08 0.72 4.57
Min: 0.63 0.49 2.90
Pro 0.51 0.60 3.86
Horizontal (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.30 1.34 4.77
Min: 0.88 0.88 3.70
Pro 1.08 1.08 4.17
Visibility
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 0.95 0.78 1.54
Min: 0.84 0.74 1.42
Pro 0.89 0.76 1.48
30'-0" height 100'-0" pole separation
Road (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.03 0.59 3.79
Min: 0.43 0.38 2.36
Pro 0.66 0.48 3.12
Horizontal (floor)
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.23 1.15 3.98
Min: 0.62 0.65 2.73
Pro 0.88 0.86 3.34
Visibility
X35 32CCF 150HPS
Max: 1.74 0.96 1.36
Min: 1.19 0.85 1.25
Pro 1.47 0.91 1.31
Comparison of lighting systems (cont.)
Table of Recommended Illuminance Levels
The following illuminance levels for outdoor lighting are recommended target values for lighting design goals.
Illuminance levels are given in foot-candles (fc). Eavg is Average Maintained Illuminance. EminEmax is
Minimum to Maximum Maintained Illuminance.
Location Lighting Zone Eavg EminEmax Minimum
` (fc) (fc) CRI
Roadways in commercial areas 3 0.6 0.21.2 65
Roadways in residential areas 2 0.2 0.10.3 65
Roadways in rural areas* 1 0.1 00.3 65
Pedestrian crossings in commercial areas 3 1.0 0.51.5 65
Sidewalks in commercial areas 3 0.6 0.21.0 65
Parking lots 3 0.5 0.11.0 65
Floodlit buildings, monuments 3 6.0 2.010.0 65
(measured vertically)
Historic Area A 3 0.6 0.21.2 80
Historic Area B 3 0.6 0.21.0 80
Historic Area C 1,2 0.1 0.00.5 65
* I ntersections may require the maximum illumination in the given range.
Source: Town of Concord APP # 38
Municipal Outdoor Lighting Policy and Guidelines
The lighting quality of the X-35 light bulb (4,700 Kelvin) is
what allows the X-35 HID system (35 watts) to successfully
compete with higher wattage systems (e.g., 150 w High
Pressure Sodium) whose color rendition is poor.
System components
Cobra Head
Solar panel
Battery envelope with
electronic controller
Luminary arm
Steel pole
Solar panel support frame
X-35 Luminary
X-35 Luminary specification
Envelop Roadway Cobra type (identical to that
used by the Puerto Rico Electric Power
Authority)
35 W (Absorb power)
4,700 Kelvin (Color Temperature correlation)
Type II or Type III distribution with adjustable
photometry
Transparent glass lens
Anodized aluminum reflector with 94%
reflectivity
Battery specification
13.4 Volts DC
90+ Amp-Hrs
Deep Cycle
Life expectancy 5 - 8 yrs
Maintenance free
Gel-Cell type
Battery specification (cont.)
Solar panel specification
Controller
Our warrantee
Photovoltaic panel = 20 years
Gel battery = 5 years
Controller = 5 years
Luminarie = 3 years
Housing = 15 years
Supports = 5 years
Electronic components = 5 years
Parts and labor = 3 years
Typical required warrantee
Photovoltaic panel = 15 years
Gel battery = 4 years
Controller = 5 years
Luminarie = 3 years
Photo-sensor = 5 years
Housing = 15 years
Supports = 5 years
Electronic components = 5 years
Parts and labor = 2 years
END OF DOCUMENT