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RESOURCE LIST

SYNONYMS & ANTONYMS


A B C Easiest Intermediate Most difficult Used in oral language; concrete concepts Harder words; more likely used in writing Advanced vocabulary and concepts

CODING SYSTEM:

Often a range of levels is given since the difficulty will vary according to the word selection. Most students find antonyms easier than synonyms since opposites tend to be more concrete concepts than similarities. However, since synonym substitution is a key strategy for improving written communication, study of synonyms is more beneficial. WORD abandon abbreviate ability able above abundant accurate achieve active adamant add adequate adjourn adult advocate after afraid aggressive aid always amateur ambitious antagonize apparent approve arrive arrogant artificial SYNONYMS desert, forsake shorten, condense skill, aptitude capable, qualified overhead ample, sufficient correct, right accomplish, attain energetic, animated, lively firm, unyielding increase, total sufficient, enough, ample postpone, recess grown-up support, recommend following, next frightened, scared assertive, pushy, militant help, assist forever beginner, novice aspiring, driven provoke, embitter obvious, evident accept, ratify, endorse reach, come haughty, stuck-up fake, synthetic ANTONYMS keep lengthen, increase incompetence, inability incapable below scanty, insufficient wrong fail lethargic, idle, sluggish maneuverable, yielding subtract insufficient, sparse recommence, continue child oppose before courageous, brave passive, peaceful hinder never professional lazy, indifferent soothe, tranquilize hidden, obscure disapprove, censure depart, leave humble, modest real, authentic LEVEL B B-C B B A B-C B B B-C C A-B B-C C A B-C A A-B B-C B A B B-C C C B-C B B-C B-C
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WORD ask atrocious authentic average awful awkward ban barren bashful beautiful before beginning believe below beneficial best birth blend bottom brave break brief broad busy buy calm capture care careful cease certain charming chilly chubby clarify close close

SYNONYMS question, inquire dreadful, contemptible, vile genuine, real, factual ordinary, fair dreadful, atrocious clumsy, uncoordinated prohibit, forbid, outlaw unproductive, infertile shy, timid pretty, attractive, lovely prior, earlier start, initiate trust, accept under, lower helpful, useful, advantageous finest, choice beginning combine, mix base, foundation courageous, bold, heroic fracture, burst short, concise wide, expansive active, occupied, working purchase quiet, tranquil, still apprehend, seize, arrest concern, protection cautious, watchful stop, discontinue positive, sure, definite delightful, appealing, enchanting cool, nippy plump, pudgy explain, simplify shut, fasten near, imminent

ANTONYMS answer kind, wonderful false, artificial unusual, exceptional pleasant graceful allow, permit fertile, productive outgoing, assured ugly after, behind finish, end doubt, distrust above harmful, adverse worst death, end separate top cowardly, timid repair, heal long narrow idle, inactive sell excited, turbulent free, release neglect careless, reckless continue, recommence uncertain, unsure obnoxious, gross, vulgar warm thin, skinny confuse open far

LEVEL A-B C C B-C B-C B B C B A A-B A-B A-B A B-C A-B A-B B A-B B A-B B B B A-B B B B B B-C B B-C A A-B B A B
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WORD coarse colossal combine comical complex competent comprehend complete complex compress concrete concur condemn condense confess confine conflict conflict conform confuse congested connect conscientious conscious consecutive conservative considerate constantly contaminate contented continue convalesce convenient conventional correct courage courteous

SYNONYMS bumpy, rough enormous, immense, mammoth blend, unite, join amusing, funny, humorous complicated, intricate capable, qualified understand, grasp conclude, finish complicated, intricate crush, condense, squeeze real, tangible, solid agree, cooperate censure, denounce compress, concentrate admit, acknowledge contain, enclose, restrain oppose, differ, clash fight, battle, struggle comply, submit complicate, muddle, jumble overcrowded, stuffed join, link, attach scrupulous, virtuous aware, cognizant successive, continuous cautious, restrained thoughtful, sympathetic, mindful always, continually pollute, defile, infect satisfied, pleased persist, persevere recuperate, recover, heal handy, accessible customary, traditional accurate, right, proper bravery, valor polite, civil

ANTONYMS fine, smooth tiny, insignificant, trivial separate tragic, sorrowful simple incompetent, inept confuse, misinterpret incomplete simple expand abstract, flimsy disagree approve expand, enlarge deny free, release agree peace, harmony dissent, dispute clarify empty, unfilled separate, disconnect neglectful, careless unaware, unconscious interrupted radical, extreme thoughtless, selfish scarcely, seldom purify dissatisfied, unhappy discontinue, stop relapse inconvenient unusual wrong, incorrect cowardice rude

LEVEL B B-C B B B-C B-C B-C B B-C B-C C B B-C C B B-C B B-C B-C B B-C B C C C C C B B-C B-C B-C C B B-C A-B B B
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WORD cover cozy cranky crazy cruel cry dally damage dangerous daring dark dawn dead decay deduct defend defy delicate demolish denounce dense depart deposit desolate despise destitute destroy detach deter determined die different difficult dilute diminish dirty disagree

SYNONYMS conceal, hide comfortable, snug, homey cross, irritable insane, daft, mad mean, heartless, ruthless sob, weep loiter, linger hurt, impair, harm unsafe, hazardous, perilous bold, audacious dismal, black daybreak, sunrise lifeless, deceased rot, spoil subtract, remove protect, shield resist, challenge fragile, dainty destroy, wreck blame, censure, indict thick, heavy, compressed leave, exit store, place barren, forsaken hate, detest, loathe poor, penniless ruin, wreck, devastate separate, unfasten, remove hinder, prevent sure, convinced, resolute expire, perish distinct, unlike hard, challenging weaken, thin curtail, lessen, decrease soiled, messy differ, dispute

ANTONYMS expose uncomfortable good-humored sane kind, humane laugh rush remedy, repair safe cautious light evening alive, active bloom, flourish add attack, assault obey, comply sturdy restore commend sparse, empty arrive withdraw dense, verdant love wealthy restore attach encourage doubtful live same, alike easy strengthen increase, amplify clean agree

LEVEL B B B B B A B-C B B B-C A-B B A-B B B B B B B C B-C B B C B C B B B B-C A-B B A-B B C A B


Synonyms & Antonyms p. 4

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WORD dispute diverse divide docile dormant doubt drab drastic dreadful dry dubious dull dumb early easy eccentric ecstasy empty encourage enemy enjoy enlarge enormous enough entirely eternal evident evil exceptional excite exhilarated explicit exquisite exterior extravagant fabulous face

SYNONYMS debate, oppose different, distinct separate, split tame, gentle sleeping, inactive mistrust, dispute dull, lifeless severe, extreme, tough terrible, unpleasant arid, parched doubtful, questionable blunt, dreary stupid, dense premature, beforetime simple peculiar, unusual joy, rapture, elation drain, unload promote, support, urge opponent, foe like, appreciate expand, magnify vast, immense, colossal sufficient, ample, plenty wholly, completely, solely always, perpetual, everlasting apparent, obvious, clear bad, wrong, wicked remarkable, outstanding arouse, provoke, incite overjoyed, ecstatic, elated exact, distinct, unmistakable delightful, charming, lovely outside, outer extreme, excessive, luxurious marvelous, amazing confront, meet

ANTONYMS agree same, similar unite wild, stubborn awake, active believe bright mild, moderate splendid, super wet certain sharp, bright smart late hard normal sadness, depression fill discourage ally, friend dislike, hate reduce, shrink tiny, microscopic insufficient partly temporary, passing doubtful, vague good ordinary, commonplace compose, calm depressed, dejected, sad indefinite, unclear revolting, repulsive interior meager unexciting avoid

LEVEL B C B B-C B B B B-C B A-B B-C B A-B A-B A C C A-B B B B B B B B B B-C A C B-C C C C B C B B
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WORD fair fake false fancy fantastic fast fat fatal fatigue feasible feeble ferocious fertile few fiction fill fix flaw flimsy flippant fluid foe follow forbid forgive former fraction frank frenzy fresh friend frigid frivolous front full furious future

SYNONYMS honest, just, impartial imitation, phony, artificial incorrect, untrue elaborate, ornate, fussy incredible, outrageous rapid, quick, swift chubby, plump, stout deadly, mortal, killing tire, exhaust possible, attainable, practical weak, frail fierce, savage, brutal, savage fruitful, productive fantasy, untruth, myth load, pack mend, repair defect, fault, blemish frail, fragile, delicate impudent, sassy liquid enemy, adversary, opponent succeed, trail prohibit, ban, bar pardon, excuse, absolve previous, earlier part, portion, segment candid, straightforward, blunt fury, rage unused, new comrade, buddy freezing, frosty trivial, unimportant, silly fore packed, stuffed angry, enraged, infuriated coming, tomorrow

ANTONYMS unjust, unfair real, genuine true simple, plain ordinary, usual slow thin

LEVEL B B B B-C B A-B A-B B B

impossible strong tame, gentle unproductive, barren many truth empty break perfection sturdy, strong polite, respectful solid friend lead, precede encourage latter whole evasive serenity, calmness old, stale enemy warm, hot important, serious back empty calm, placid past

B-C B B-C C A B A A B B C B B-C A-B B B B B B B-C B A-B B B-C A A B A-B


Synonyms & Antonyms p. 6

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WORD gain gallant gather gaudy gaunt generous gentle genuine gigantic give glad gloomy glorious good gorgeous gratitude great handy hard hate help high hold honest hospitable hostile huge humble humiliate identical idle ignorant immaculate immature immune impartial impatient

SYNONYMS acquire, obtain, receive chivalrous, stately collect, accumulate, compile showy, garish, vulgar scrawny, skinny, thin giving, selfless, big-hearted tender, mild real, authentic, sincere immense, colossal, enormous donate, present, offer happy, pleased, delighted dark, dismal, depressing splendid, magnificent, superb nice, fine, well-behaved ravishing, dazzling, stunning thankfulness, appreciation outstanding, remarkable useful, convenient, skillful firm, solid, difficult loathe, detest aid, assist elevated, lofty grasp, grip, retain truthful, sincere, frank welcoming, cordial, gracious antagonistic, aggressive, militant vast, immense, great modest, unpretentious embarrass, disgrace, dishonor alike, duplicate inactive, lazy uninformed, unaware spotless, pure childish, inexperienced resistant, exempt neutral, unbiased, fair eager, anxious, intolerant

ANTONYMS lose ungentlemanly scatter, disperse tasteful, refined overweight, plump selfish, stingy rough, harsh fake, phony tiny, minute take, receive sad, unhappy cheery, bright terrible, awful bad, awful hideous, unattractive ungratefulness insignificant, unimportant inconvenient, inept soft, easy love hinder, thwart low release, discharge untruthful, insincere rude, unfriendly friendly, cordial small, tiny vain, showy honor, dignify different, varied busy, ambitious knowledgeable dirty, filthy mature, adult susceptible prejudiced patient

LEVEL B C B B-C B-C B A-B B B A-B A-B B B-C A B-C B-C B B A-B A-B B A-B B B B-C C A-B B B-C B B B B B-C C C C
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WORD imperative imperfect impetuous important independent inferior infuriate ingenious innocent insane insufficient intelligent interesting intermittent internal intolerant intriguing irrelevant irritate join jolly jubilant keep kind lament large last least legible lenient listless logical long loose lure luxurious magnify

SYNONYMS compulsory, crucial, mandatory marred, defective, faulty impulsive, rash, reckless significant, meaningful self-reliant, autonomous lesser, substandard enrage, agitate, provoke clever, creative, original guiltless, blameless crazy, deranged, mad inadequate, deficient bright, sensible, rational provocative, engrossing sporadic, periodic inner, inside bigoted, prejudiced fascinating, enthralling inappropriate, unrelated annoy, agitate, provoke connect, unite, link merry, jovial, joyful overjoyed, delighted, elated save, protect, guard considerate, tender, thoughtful mourn, grieve big, massive, huge final, end fewest, minimum, smallest readable, clear lax, unrestrained, easy lethargic, tired sensible, sane, rational lengthy slack, limp attract, seduce, entice extravagant, elegant expand, enlarge, exaggerate

ANTONYMS unnecessary, optional perfect, flawless restrained, careful unimportant, meaningless dependent, unsure superior soothe, clam unoriginal, dull guilty sane adequate, enough ignorant, dense dull, boring regular, continual external, outer understanding, accepting uninteresting, dull relevant, pertinent, applicable soothe, calm separate, disconnect, detach sad, grim, glum dejected, depressed discard, lose mean, cruel, inconsiderate rejoice, celebrate small, little first, beginning most, maximum illegible, unreadable harsh, strict active, energetic illogical, unreasonable short tight repel meager, scanty reduce, minimize

LEVEL C B C B B B C C B B B-C B-C B-C C B C C C B B B C B B B-C A A B B-C B-C B-C B-C A A B-C C B

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Synonyms & Antonyms p. 8

WORD mandatory maneuver maximum meager mean mediocre mend migrant militant minor mirth mischievous misfortune mobile moderate momentous monotonous moral morbid morose mourn mysterious naughty neat negligent nervous neutral new nice nonchalant normal numerous obey oblivious obnoxious observe obsolete

SYNONYMS required, compulsory manipulate, handle, scheme greatest, uppermost, highest scanty, sparse, poor unkind, malicious, nasty fair, moderate, so-so repair, fix drifting, traveling, transient combative, aggressive, warlike lesser, inferior, secondary merriment, fun, laughter naughty, impish hardship, catastrophe, mishap moveable, changeable temperate, lenient, medium important, powerful, outstanding boring, tedious dreary, humdrum ethical, virtuous, righteous appalling, awful, ghastly gloomy, sullen, moody, glum grieve, lament, bemoan elusive, occult, secret bad, disobedient, wrong clean, orderly, tidy careless, derelict, inattentive ruffled, flustered, perturbed impartial, unprejudiced unused, fresh, modern pleasing, desirable, fine indifferent, lackadaisical, blase ordinary, typical, usual several, abundant, considerable mind, heed, comply unconscious, preoccupied, dazed offensive, abominable, repulsive examine, study, scrutinize extinct, dated, antiquated

ANTONYMS optional minimum, least abundant, generous pleasant, nice outstanding break stationary, immovable peaceful major gloom, sadness well-behaved, angelic good luck, fortune immobile, stationary extreme, harsh unimportant, insignificant interesting immoral, unethical pleasant cheerful, optimistic rejoice obvious, known good, appropriate sloppy, disorderly conscientious, careful composed, calm prejudiced, partial old, antique unpleasant, naughty concerned, apprehensive abnormal, unusual few, scanty disobey, resist mindful, aware pleasant, pleasing ignore, disregard stylish, vogue, current

LEVEL C C B C A-B B B C C B B B-C B-C B B-C C B-C B-C B-C C B B-C B B C B B-C A-B A-B C B B-C B C C B-C B-C

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Synonyms & Antonyms p. 9

WORD obstinate odd offend ominous opaque open opponent optimistic optional ordinary outrageous outstanding painstaking passive past patience peculiar perfect permanent perpetual persuade plausible plentiful pliable polite poor portion possible precarious precious prejudiced premature premeditated preserve pretty prevalent prevent

SYNONYMS stubborn, bullheaded, adamant peculiar, weird, strange displease, affront, disgust threatening, menacing obscure, murky, unclear begin, unfold, originate enemy, rival, foe hopeful, confident voluntary, elective usual, average preposterous, shocking extraordinary, distinguished meticulous, precise, fastidious compliant, submissive, yielding former, previous, preceding tolerance, perseverance weird, bizarre flawless, accurate enduring, lasting eternal, endless, incessant convince, influence believable, reasonable, logical ample, enough, abundant supple, flexible, compliant gracious, refined, courteous destitute, needy, impoverished part, segment, piece conceivable, feasible, plausible dangerous, uncertain, shaky cherished, valuable, prized biased, opinionated, influenced early, hasty planned, intended, calculated uphold, guard, save lovely, beautiful, attractive customary, widespread thwart, prohibit, hinder

ANTONYMS maneuverable, flexible usual, ordinary please, delight transparent, clear close ally, friend pessimistic required unusual, remarkable warranted, acceptable insignificant, inconsequential careless, negligent forceful future impatience normal, conventional imperfect, faulty temporary, changing short-lived, fleeting dissuade, deter unbelievable scarce, insufficient rigid, closed-minded rude, discourteous rich, wealthy whole, total impossible, unachievable sure, safe cheap, worthless impartial late, delayed spontaneous, accidental destroy, neglect homely, unattractive uncommon, unusual permit, allow

LEVEL C B B C B-C A-B B B-C B-C B C B-C B-C B-C B B-C B-C B B C B-C C B-C C B-C B-C B B-C C B-C B-C B C B A-B B-C B-C
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WORD probable proficient profit prohibit prominent prompt prosperous proud push qualified question quiet quit racket radiant raise ratify rational ravage raze recreation reduce refute regular regulate relentless relevant reliable reluctant remote repulsive reputable resist retaliate reveal ridiculous risky

SYNONYMS likely, apt, liable skilled, adept, competent gain, earnings, benefit forbid, bar, restrict distinguished, eminent punctual, timely thriving, successful, flourishing arrogant, elated shove, propel competent, suited, capable interrogate, inquire, ask silent, hushed, tranquil cease, stop, withdraw noise, commotion, disturbance luminous, shining, lustrous hoist, elevate approve, confirm, endorse logical, level-headed, sensible devastate, ruin, damage destroy, demolish amusement, pleasure, pastime lessen, decrease, diminish contradict, dispute routine, customary, steady control, oversee, handle persistent, merciless, unyielding pertinent, suitable, apropos trustworthy, steadfast, stable unwilling, hesitant secluded, isolated, distant hideous, offensive, gruesome honorable, upstanding, honest oppose, withstand, defy avenge, revenge, reciprocate show, disclose, divulge nonsensical, foolish, preposterous hazardous, perilous, chancy

ANTONYMS improbable, doubtful inefficient, inept loss allow, permit unknown, not renowned late, slow unsuccessful, fruitless modest, ashamed pull unfit, unsuited answer noisy, rowdy continue, remain peace, quiet dim, not illuminated lower veto, refuse irrational, crazy restore, revitalize build, construct work, labor increase, enlarge, amplify agree, concur irregular, abnormal decontrol lenient, sympathetic irrelevant, insignificant undependable, unreliable willing, accommodating close, accessible pleasing, alluring dishonest, untrustworthy comply, conform hide, conceal sensible, believable safe, sound

LEVEL B-C C B B C B B-C B A B B A-B B B C B B-C C C B-C B-C B-C C B-C C C C B-C C B-C C C B-C C B-C B-C B-C
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WORD rowdy rude sad same savage save scarce scrawny scrupulous seize separate serene serious shrewd shy sick slim sluggish small smooth sociable sorrow special spontaneous stable stationary stimulate stop strenuous strict strong stupid subsequent successful sufficient superb suppress

SYNONYMS boisterous, rambunctious impolite, discourteous unhappy, dejected, gloomy identical, alike, equivalent uncivilized, barbarous preserve, conserve, keep scanty, rare, sparse skinny, gaunt, spindly meticulous, ethical, fastidious apprehend, grab, snatch divide, segregate, partition peaceful, tranquil, calm grave, solemn, pensive clever, cunning, crafty bashful, timid ill, ailing slender, thin, svelte listless, lethargic, inactive little, insignificant, trivial slick, glossy, level friendly, cordial, gregarious woe, anguish, grief exceptional, notable, particular instinctive, automatic, natural steady, unchanging, settled fixed, immobile, firm rouse, stir, motivate quit, cease, terminate vigorous, laborious stringent, severe, stern powerful, mighty, potent unintelligent, dense, foolish following, succeeding, latter thriving, prosperous, triumphant ample, enough, adequate magnificent, exquisite restrain, inhibit, squelch

ANTONYMS well-mannered, genteel polite, mannerly happy, glad different, diverse civilized, gentle, tame spend, discard plentiful, abundant husky, chubby unethical, careless release, free unite, join disturbed, upset flighty, fickle unthinking, careless bold, aggressive well, healthy stout, stocky quick, speedy large, important rough unfriendly, aloof joy, ecstasy ordinary, usual planned, rehearsed unsettled movable, portable stifle, suppress start, begin effortless, easy lenient weak knowledgeable, smart preceding, previous failing, unsuccessful lacking, insufficient inferior, mediocre foster, encourage

LEVEL C B-C A-B B C B B-C B-C C B-C B-C B-C B-C B-C B A B B-C B B B-C B-C B C B C C A-B C B-C A-B B C B-C B B-C B-C

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Synonyms & Antonyms p. 12

WORD surplus swift synthetic tall tangible taut tender terrible thaw thrifty thrive total trivial turbulent turmoil unbiased upset urgent vacant vague valiant vibrate vicious victory virtuous vulgar wealth weary wholehearted wild win wise wonderful worn wrong yield zenith

SYNONYMS excess, additional, extra fast, speedy, hasty man-made, artificial high, lofty concrete, definite tense, tight, stiff delicate, gentle, affectionate dreadful, horrible, vile melt, defrost economical, frugal, prudent prosper, flourish, develop whole, entire, complete insignificant, worthless tumultuous, blustering, violent commotion, disturbance, fracas impartial, unprejudiced, fair perturb, ruffle, agitate crucial, important, imperative unoccupied, empty unclear, obscure, indistinct courageous, brave, heroic shake, quiver, tremble malicious, spiteful, ferocious triumph, win, success moral, righteous, angelic offensive, uncouth, coarse riches, prosperity, assets tired, fatigued, lethargic earnest, sincere uncivilized, savage, reckless triumph, succeed, prevail knowing, scholarly, smart marvelous, incredible, splendid used, impaired, old incorrect, untrue, mistaken produce, bear, provide peak, pinnacle, apex

ANTONYMS lack, deficit slow, sluggish natural short vague, ambiguous relaxed harsh, rough wonderful, superb freeze wasteful, extravagant fail, fade, shrivel partial important, crucial clam, peaceful quiet, tranquility prejudiced, partial soothe, calm unimportant, trivial filled, occupied clear, definite cowardly, fearful firm, steady kind, humane defeat sinful, wicked refined, tasteful poverty energetic, lively insincere tame, calm lose dull, uneducated ordinary, blah new, fresh correct, right keep, retain bottom, base

LEVEL B-C B B A C B-C B B B B-C B-C B C C C C B B-C B B-C C B C B C B-C B-C B-C B B A-B B B B B B-C B-C
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