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Reasonable Velocities for Fluid Flow through Pipes:

FLUID Saturated Stea( Saturated Stea( Superheated Stea( PRESSURE PSI ( ! E" ) * +, ,) * up 2)) * up SERVI#E -eating (ains 'iscellaneous %urbine and 3oiler Leads VEL$#I%IES & FP' ./))) * 0/))) 0/))) * 1/))) +)/))) * +,/)))

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Pipe Sizing Tables


The following table is expressed as imperial values. To view this page in SI metric units, click here. Steam Pipe Capacity at ! psig " Schedule #! Pipe

Pipe Si$e

Pressure drop per %!! ft of pipe length

&I'(
+42 54. + + +4. + +42 2 2 +42 5 5 +42 . , 0 1 +) +2

1/8
6 +0 52 6) ++) 225 501 06, 77) +/.2) 2/02, ./5+, 7/))) +0/.)) 20/5,)

1/4
+) 22 ., 77 +,0 5+0 ,2) 7,5 +/.), 2/)2) 5/62) 0/+)) +2/6)) 25/2)) 56/2,)

1/2
+. 52 0. +.2 22) ..0 65, +/5.) 2/)+) 2/1,) ,/20) 1/0,) +1/))) 55/5)) ,2/,))

3/4
+6 57 67 +6. 26) ,.0 7)) +/0,2 2/.6) 5/.7) 0/.,) +)/0)) 22/))) .)/2,) 0./,))

1
+7 ., 7+ 2)2 5+2 05) +/).) +/7), 2/1,) ./)2, 6/.,) +2/2)) 2,/.2) .0/,)) 6./,))

2
21 0. +27 215 ..) 172 +/.62 2/07) ./)2) ,/6)) +)/,,) +6/5)) 50/))) 0,/6,) +),/,))

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*elocities +ess Tha n


0/))) fp( 1/))) fp( +)/))) fp( +2/))) fp( +,/))) fp(

,ach of these tables lists pipe capacity at specific supply pressures. The flow rate is read at the intersection of the si$e and pressure drop. The color coding on the chart provides information on the flow velocity within the pipe at the rated flow. )ll velocities in any colored area are less than the maximum listed for the color. The pressure drop per %!! ft of pipe length is listed across the top row. *arious pipe diameters &for schedule #! pipe( are listed down the left column. The pressure drop per %!! ft of pipe length is listed across the top row.
http://www.armstron international.com/armstron ! steam!"ni#ersity!pipe! si$in !ta%les

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Steam Piping -ow do I si$e pipe for Saturated Steam . fa/ 01"%23 Posted: +. =o: )+ (Edited +, Feb )5" %i(e after ti(e/ the >uestion see(s to co(e up9999 -ow does so(eone select pipe si<es for deli:er; of saturated stea( ?

@ell/ the (ost widel; used (ethod is that contained in the #rane %echnical Paper =o9 .+)A BFlow of Fluids through Val:es/ Fittings and PipeB Under the section titled BVelocit; of #o(pressible Fluids in PipeB (page 5&+." %here is a criteria for reasonable superheated and saturated stea( :elocities in piping9 %hese are: Saturated Stea( ) & 2, psig999999.)))&0))) fp( Saturated stea( 2, psig and up9990)))&+)))) fp( Superheated Stea( 2)) psig and up996)))&2)))) fp( %he e>uation used to deter(ine :elocit; is: V C (59)0"@(sp9 :ol"4 IDD2 where V is :elocit; in fp( @ is (assflow in lbs4hr sp9 :ol is the specific :olu(e of the stea( ID is the internal dia(eter of the pipe #rane also gi:e a couple of no(ographs that allow the no:ice to Bgraph his wa;B to a solution9 (I ha:e alwa;s hated no(ographs9999 %he; are an instru(ent of the de:il" EEa(ple: @hat si<e pipe do I need for 2)/))) lbs4hr of +)) psig saturated stea( ? Using a sp9 :ol of 5916, and tr;ing :arious pipe si<es we find out that a 0 inch/ sch .) pipe (IDC09)0," gi:es us a :elocit; of aproE 0.,6 fp( and is the appropriate si<e for this ser:ice9 (It should be also pointed out/ that selected stea( piping s;ste(s (a; re>uire si<ing b; another criteria9 %he s;ste(s that t;picall; re>uires a close e:aluation are the B'ain Stea(B and B-ot Reheat Stea(B to and fro( stea( turbines9" (%hese s;ste(s t;picall; transport superheated stea( and are si<ed based on the econo(ic :alue of the pressure drop9 $ther criteria i(posed on the design of the s;ste( is 2&,F (aEi(u( pressure drop between the boier stea( dru( and the turbine inlet :al:e9" %he superb #rane (anual can be purchased for about GUS5) bucHs9999 !n; engineering booH in a twent; siEth printing is wise in:est(ent

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Pipe Si$ing Use these pages to calculate pipe si<es and pressure drops due to friction in the pipes/ for the following products: @ater Stea(

Factor; Sugar Solution

%he pressure drop is calculated fro( the following for(ula hf = 4fle / d v2/ 2g where hf C head loss due to friction f C friction factor calculated fro( the for(ula below le C e>ui:alent pipe lenth taHing into account :al:es and fittings d C bore of pipe : C a:erage flow flow :elocit; g C acceleration due to gra:it; 791+(4s2 f = 0.001375 (1 + (20000 k / d + 106 / Re)1/3) where H C relati:e roughnessof the bore of the pipe Re C Re;nolds =u(ber C IJ:Jd 4 K I C densit; K C d;na(ic :iscosit;

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