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Depth of Field

Choose your camera format by touching the Camera Format button. You can jump to a particular type of Camera Format by touching one of the buttons: Film, Video, Still or Custom. The format you choose will automatically be entered in Splits Aperture Finder, Field of View and Macro. Touch the camera icon to jump directly to Field of View. Circle of Confusion is automatically entered with each format. The CoC readout under the camera icon will change color from red to blue and italicize when a custom CoC is enabled. You can also create a custom CoC by touching Enabled and entering a new value. Enter the Subject Distance, Focal Length and Aperture, and your DoF is automatically calculated along with percentages of focus depth in front of and behind the subject. Feet and Inches are entered by selecting the single quote symbol after feet and then your inch i.e. 4' 6. No need to enter double quote symbol for inches. (Feet & Inches must be set in Settings.).
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Meters are entered by entering your number with a decimal point i.e. 4.5. (Metric must be set in Settings). Swipe the screen up or down with your finger (any area of the screen) for incremental changes to Distance. You can change which unit and increment is used to nudge Distance in Settings. Units are either Inches or Feet; Centimeters, Decimeters or Meters. Increments are 1, 2, 3, etc. Swipe the screen left or right with your finger (any area of the screen) for incremental changes to Aperture. You can change which stop increment is used to nudge Aperture in Settings. Increments are: All stops; 1/4 stops; 1/3 stops; 1/2 stops; or Full stops. The calculated Total Depth and Hyperfocal distance are also displayed. Touch Apply button to enter the Hyperfocal distance automatically in Distance box to calculate your maximum DoF to infinity. You can also create a custom format by touching the Manage button at the top right. Touch the Add button at the top right. Enter Format Name; either Film, Video or Still; Horizontal and Vertical dimensions; the Circle of Confusion; and then Save. A Delete button will appear afterwards for later deletion of this custom format.

Focal Length entries in Depth of Field, Splits Aperture Finder and Field of View are linked. You have the option to unlink them in Settings if preferred. Distance entries in Depth of Field and Field of View are also linked. You have the option to unlink them in Settings if preferred. NOTE: As with all DoF calculators and charts these results are an approximation based on mathematical formulas. DoF is influenced by many factors, including: lens sharpness, object's distance from camera, film or video resolution, lighting, filtration, color, circle of confusion, lens' nodal point, final projection, degree of sharpness of the scene, and distance from the viewing screen. Film tests or eyefocus should be used to verify results.

Splits Aperture Finder


Choose your camera format by touching the Camera Format button. You can jump to a particular type of Camera Format by touching one of the buttons: Film, Video, Still or Custom. The format you choose will automatically be entered in Depth of Field, Field of View and Macro. Circle of Confusion is automatically entered with each format. The CoC readout under the camera icon will change color from red to blue and italicize when a custom CoC is enabled. You can also create a custom CoC by touching Enabled and entering a new value. Enter the Focal Length, Far and Near Subject Distances and the calculated result will be the Needed Aperture to keep both subjects in focus and where to Set Lens Focus on your lens barrel. It also shows you your Total Depth. Feet and Inches are entered by selecting the single quote symbol after feet and then your inch i.e. 4' 6. No need to enter double quote symbol for inches. (Feet & Inches must be set in Settings.).

Meters are entered by entering your number with a decimal point i.e. 4.5. (Metric must be set in Settings). You can also create a custom format by touching the Manage button at the top right. Touch the Add button at the top right. Enter Format Name; either Film, Video or Still; Horizontal and Vertical dimensions; the Circle of Confusion; and then Save. A Delete button will appear afterwards for later deletion of this custom format. Focal Length entries in Depth of Field, Splits Aperture Finder and Field of View are linked. You have the option to unlink them in Settings if preferred. Distance entries in Depth of Field and Field of View are also linked. You have the option to unlink them in Settings if preferred. NOTES: It will display "below f/1" when it calculates below 1 f-stop, which means effectively that any aperture will work. It will display "Impossible aperture value" when the needed aperture is over 32 3/4. Film tests or eye-focus should be used to verify results.

Field of View (Object size)


Choose your camera format by touching the Camera Format Button. You can jump to a particular type of Camera Format by touching one of the buttons: Film, Video, Still or Custom. Format sets your Camera's Image size (Aperture or sensor). The format you choose will automatically be entered in Depth of Field, Splits - Aperture Finder and Macro. Touch the camera icon to jump directly to Depth of Field. You can also create a custom format by touching the Manage button at the top right. Touch the Add button at the top right. Enter Format Name; either Film, Video or Still; Horizontal and Vertical dimensions; the Circle of Confusion; and then Save. A Delete button will appear afterwards for later deletion of this custom format. Touch lock icon (Unlock) to unlock Distance and Focal Length; then enter your values in Focal Length and Distance.

Feet and Inches are entered by selecting the single quote symbol after feet and then your inch i.e. 4' 6. No need to enter double quote symbol for inches. (Feet & Inches must be set in Settings.). Meters are entered by entering your number with a decimal point i.e. 4.5. (Metric must be set in Settings). Then lock one of the three buttons. Most often its the FoV button which is used for finding matching lenses at different distances and keeping the same FoV. Locking the FoV button (most common and useful): Changes to Distance will calculate the new Focal Length needed to keep the same FoV (Object size). Changes to Focal Length will calculate the new Distance needed to keep the same FoV (Object size). Locking the Distance button: Changes to Focal Length will calculate the new FoV needed to keep the same Distance. Changes to FoV will calculate the new Focal Length needed to keep the same Distance. NOTE: Choose this if you want to pick comparable lenses in the various formats. Lock Distance and change formats, it gives you the lens equivalent (for Horizontal dimension) in each format while keeping the same FoV (Object Size). For horizontal and vertical dimensions use the Focal Length Match calculator. Locking the Focal Length button: Changes to Distance will calculate the new FoV needed to keep the same Focal Length.
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Changes to FoV will calculate the new Distance needed to keep the same Focal Length. Focal Length entries in Depth of Field, Splits Aperture Finder and Field of View are linked. You have the option to unlink them in Settings if preferred. Distance entries in Depth of Field and Field of View are also linked. You have the option to unlink them in Settings if preferred. Angle is automatically calculated and displayed in upper left corner. Touch Preview button for an illustration of your Picture (Object size); which you can change (re-frame) to pick a different Focal Length, Distance or FoV.

Preview of Field of View (Object Size)


Enter by rotating your device counter-clockwise to Landscape mode or by touching the Preview button. Your Format, FoV, Distance and Focal Length chosen in FoV will carry over to Preview and changes to each will affect the other. To resize the image (Object Size) by changing the Distance, activate the Distance button at the top left and pinch the image to dolly in or out (change Distance). To resize the image (Object Size) by changing Focal Length, activate the Focal Length button at the top right and pinch the image to zoom in or out (change Focal Length). Your new Distance or Focal Length is displayed on the top buttons and they change real time as you pinch the image. Your new FoV dimensions are displayed underneath and they change real time as you pinch the image. The Center button repositions and centers the illustration. Toggle the 100% - 95% - 90% button to see your image either full frame or the frame reduced by 5% or 10%. Toggle the 1-shot - 2-shot - Car button to see either one person (1-shot), two people (2-shot) or an automobile (car) for sizing your shot. Touch the Hide Controls button to clear all buttons. You can still pinch the images to change Object size with the controls hidden.
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Tap the "i" button to see controls again. You can exit Preview by rotating back clockwise or by touching the Exit Preview button.

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Focal Length Match


Calculates matching lenses from one Camera Format to another. Particularly useful for times when you take photos or videos at a tech scout and want to translate their lens sizes to your shooting camera. Choose your Original Format by touching the Format 1 button and choosing a Camera Format. Then choose the format you want to find a matching lens for by touching the Format 2 button and choosing its Camera Format. You can jump to a particular type of Camera Format by touching one of the buttons: Film, Video, Still or Custom. Enter your Original Focal Length in Format 1's Focal Length box and the result with be the matching lens on Format 2. The result gives two focal lengths, one for a match to Format 1's Vertical dimension and another to match Format 1's Horizontal dimension. The most common is the Vertical match. In addition, you can also enter a new Vertical or Horizontal Focal Length in Format 2 and either will change the original Focal Length in Format 1.

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Triangulate
Calculate focus Distance when you know the camera height, and either the length or angle. Useful for determining focus Distance when subject is over water or over a cliff. When the cameras on a crane: enter the crane arm height, and distance of your subject from crane pedestal, to determine focus Distance. Can also be used to calculate the Image Circle (diagonal, hypotenuse) of a camera format when you enter its vertical and horizontal dimensions. Touch the appropriate button and enter its value. Enter any 2 entries and the other 3 will be automatically calculated. Your 2 entered values will be in blue, and the results in black.

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Exposure
Calculates for changes in Camera Speed (fps), Shutter Angle, Film Speed (EI or ASA), Light (footcandles or lux) or Filters. Set your preferred default Film Rating via Settings and choosing either EI or ASA in the Units Settings (EI is the most common). Set your preferred default Camera Speed, Shutter Angle and Film Speed in the Exposure Settings. When you change any of these settings your Light default (footcandles or Lux) will automatically change as it is based on your chosen Camera Speed, Shutter Angle or Film Speed. Touch Reset button to clear previous entry and restore to the Defaults that were selected in Settings (see above). Reset disables Filters (open Filter screen and enable again if desired. This is a "feature" so you don't have to re-select filters each time. Touch the lock icon to unlock all elements, pick your Starting Aperture by touching Starting Aperture button, then lock it again.

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When you change your Starting Aperture the Light setting (footcandles or Lux) will automatically change as it is based on your chosen f-stop and Film Speed (EI or ASA). Enable the element you want to calculate by touching its button (fstop, fps, Shutter, Film EI (or ASA) or Light). Changes to any of the other boxes will recalculate that chosen element. The most common use is for f-stop compensation when changing camera speed, shutter angle, film speed, light or filters. Example: With f-stop set at 5.6 and its top button activated, changing from 180 shutter to 90 shutter will result in a Calculated Aperture of f/4.0 with a -1 stop Change. You can change more than one element at a time. This total stop change will also display in Calculated Aperture and Change and is rounded to the closest 1/4 stop. To the right of Change, in parenthesis, is the exact stop change in decimals. Filters: Touch the filters button and activate your various filters (a check will appear next to each). When done the number of filters chosen is displayed beside Filters. Deselect button on the top bar of the filters screen un-check's all of your previously selected filters. You can also enable/disable filters via the on/off button if you want to remove all filters from the calculations, but keep them checked for later use. "Off" appears next to Filters. Create Custom filters: Enter filters screen and touch Manage Custom Filters. Touch the Add button. Enter filter name, pick its stop-change and save. A
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delete button will appear afterwards for later deletion of this custom filter. Note: Default Polarizers have a 2-stop or 1-stop light loss. If you prefer a 1 1/2 or 1 2/3 stop loss, then create another polarizer in Manage Custom Filters screen. Note: The ND filters we customarily refer to as whole numbers are really decimals. For example, an ND 3 is really an ND 0.3. Exposure time is displayed at the bottom of the screen in fraction plus decimal. It shows the length of time of each exposed frame of film. Note: To prevent errors always hit the Reset button before starting a new calculation.

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Running Time to Length


Touch Reset button to clear previous entries. Reset does not reset camera speed or film format, these must be done manually. Select the Film Format by touching the Format button. Frames per foot or meter appears at the bottom. Enter your Camera Speed into the FPS box. Enable the element you want to calculate by touching its button (Time-Length or Length-Time) underneath Calculate. Changes to the other box will recalculate that chosen element. Length also gives Total Frames. After calculating you can also change the FPS or Format and it will recalculate your result. Each entry box must be entered separately.

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Shooting Time/Screen Time


Touch Reset button to clear previous entries. Reset does not reset camera or projector speeds, these must be done manually. Enter your Camera Speed. (Usually Projector speed remains at 24 fps and Camera Speed is set for lower or higher than 24 fps). Choose Screen Time underneath Calculate to calculate the Screen Time based on your entered Shooting Time, usually at a higher or lower camera frame rate than the projector. Choose Shooting Time underneath Calculate to calculate how long your Shooting Time should be for your entered Screen Time. Choose Camera Speed underneath Calculate to calculate how fast or slow your Camera Speed should be at an entered Shooting Time and Screen Time. Each entry box must be entered separately.

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HMI Flicker-free
Important Note: These flicker-free FPS rates and Shutter Angles are theoretical and to be absolutely sure of flicker-free results you should shoot tests to verify accuracy. This is also true for the "Flicker-free" frame-rate cards that have been widely published and circulated. In Addition: Make sure to change between 50hz or 60hz depending on your Power Frequency. Touch the Flicker-free Speed Table button at the bottom for a list of theoretical flicker-free speeds at any shutter angle. This should be enough for most users. In addition to these flicker-free speeds you can also find various Shutter Angles that are theoretically flicker-free at odd Camera Speeds not found on the Flicker-free Speed Table. Choose Shutter Angle button underneath Calculate to calculate which Camera Speeds are flicker-free. Enter a new FPS in the box and the flicker-free Shutter Angle result will be automatically calculated.

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The peaks represent the number of light peaks for every AC power cycle. First 4 are presented, scroll down to see more. Whenever you enter a Camera FPS that is on the Flicker-free Speed Table it will display Flicker-free at any Shutter" in the Shutter Angle's window. "No Possible Shutter" is displayed when the result is an impossible shutter angle over 360 degrees. Choose Camera Speed button underneath Calculate to calculate which Camera Speeds are flicker-free at various Shutter Angles. Enter a new Shutter Angle in the entry box and the theoretical flicker-free Camera Speeds will be automatically calculated.

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Color Correction
Shows you which filters are required to "correct" light sources for either Tungsten or Daylight. Select your type, either 3200K - Tungsten or 5500K Daylight buttons. Select your Light Source by either entering an exact Kelvin Temperature in the box or choosing a Generic one from the picker button. The result will be the Stop Loss, Correction Filters Required and the Total required Mired. As a visual aid a tinted filter icon or icons will pop up showing you which filters are needed. Entering an exact Kelvin Temperature in the box overrides what is picked on the generic picker as the picker sometimes has ranges of temperatures. Notes: The filter icons are an approximation of the actual filter's color.

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Since filters, light sources and color-temperature meters vary; film tests should be used to verify results.

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Diopter
Used mainly to calculate the near and far focus distances of selected Diopter Powers. In diopter calculations traditionally the Object Distance is measured from the diopter and not from the film plane. Enter your Lens Limit (minimum focus of lens you are using). This Lens Limit is what will determine the nearest possible focus of any of your Diopter Powers. Measure from your Film Plane to the Diopter and enter it in Film plane to Diopter. Film Plane to Diopter only takes entries in inches (not feet and inches) or Meters (if Metric selected in Settings). Inches are entered using the double quotation marks. Choose Lens Focus underneath Calculate to calculate where to set the barrel of the lens with a picked Diopter Power, Film plane to Diopter, and Object Distance. The result also gives you the Focus Range (Near and Far distances).
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Choose Diopter Power underneath Calculate to calculate which diopter power to use for a picked Lens Focus, Film plane to Diopter, and Object Distance. Diopter Power is entered in decimals i.e. .5, 1, 2, 3.... Lens Focus infinity is entered by touching the infinity symbol at the top of the keypad or by choosing any distance further than 1000 meters or 3281 feet. The result also gives you the Focus Range (Near and Far distances). Choose Object Distance underneath Calculate to calculate what the object distance should be with a picked Lens Focus, Diopter Power, and Film plane to Diopter. The result also gives you the Focus Range (Near and Far distances).

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Macro
Choose your camera format by touching the Camera Format button. You can jump to a particular type of Camera Format by touching one of the buttons: Film, Video, Still or Custom. The format you choose will automatically be entered in Depth of Field, Splits - Aperture Finder and Field of View. You can also create a custom format by touching the Edit button at the top right. Touch the Add button at the top right. Enter Format Name; either Film, Video or Still; Horizontal and Vertical dimensions; the Circle of Confusion; and then Save. A Delete button will appear afterwards for later deletion of this custom format. Your Image Size and Circle of Confusion is determined by your Camera Format. The CoC readout under the camera icon will change color from red to blue and italicize when a custom CoC is enabled. You can also create a custom CoC by touching Enabled and entering a new value. Enter your Fill.
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It sets what percentage of the frame you want the object to "fill" horizontally. You will not see the image size entry change when you select a fillpercentage. It changes it internally and gives you different calculated results. Enter your lens Focal Length. Enter your Object Size. With feet & inches selected in "Settings," the Object Size entry is only in inches so it is not necessary to enter a single or double quotation after your entry. Pick your Starting Aperture. Object Distance, Extension Length, Magnification, DoF and Corrected Stop and are the calculated results.

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Time Lapse
Touch Reset button to clear previous entries. Reset does not reset projector speed - must be done manually. The most common use of Time Lapse will be determining the Shooting Interval for a particular Event Duration and Screen Time. Enter Projection Speed (or Transfer Speed), usually 24 fps. Choose Shooting Interval underneath Calculate to calculate Shooting Interval for picked Event Duration and Screen Time. The Shooting Interval is the amount of time the camera waits BETWEEN exposing each frame. Choose Event Duration underneath Calculate to calculate Event Duration for picked Shooting Interval and Screen Time. Choose Screen Time underneath Calculate to calculate Screen Time for picked Shooting Interval and Event Duration. Exposure Time:
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This is the amount of time the shutter stays open. It can be in fractions such as 1/30 or 1/60 of a second and also longer exposures such as 1, 2, 3... seconds). Enter fractions by first typing a "1," then the "/" symbol, then the number i.e. 1/50. Each entry box must be entered separately. NOTE: Whatever is entered in Exposure time is invisibly added to the interval entry. So, if you entered interval as a frame every 2 seconds and entered Exposure Time as 3 seconds (shutter stays open for 3 seconds), the entire interval would be actually be 5 seconds (2+3). It doesn't show as 5 seconds, but the program calculates it.

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Underwater Distance (for Flat Ports)


To exit tap on the screen twice. For underwater filming it is usually best to use a dome port, especially for wider lenses. However, if you need to film both in and out of the water during the same shot or need to use longer lenses then you should choose a flat port. Using a flat port underwater requires that you compensate for focus distances due to light refraction of 25 percent. Enter your measured distance in the Measured Distance box and the compensated Underwater Distance (Flat Port) will be automatically calculated. For longer lenses it is best to check your calibration with eye focus. Do not use this calculation if you are using a dome port. You must calibrate the lens underwater (eye focus) for use with a dome port, as it should be focused on the optical virtual image and not the
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subject. Above water, however, the dome port functions much like clear glass. NOTE: Film tests should be used to verify results.

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Scene Illumination
If the Candelas (Peak Beam Intensity) of a lamp is known at a certain distance, then the illumination at other distances can be calculated. Set your Light in Settings to either Footcandles or Lux. Enable the element you want to calculate by touching its button, Peak Beam, Distance or Illumination. Changes to any of the other two boxes will recalculate that chosen element. Example: Measure your lamp at a certain distance, say 5 ft, and note the Footcandles (or Lux) on your light meter). Activate the Peak Beam button underneath Calculate. Enter 5 ft. in the Distance box and your Footcandles or Lux reading in the Illumination box. To determine your light levels for this particular lamp at various distances, activate the Illumination button underneath Calculate and change the Distance. The new Footcandles or Lux calculation will appear in its box.
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You can also activate the Distance button underneath Calculate and change the Illumination entry. It will tell you how far to move the lamp for this light level.

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Light Coverage
Used to determine the light spread of a particular lamp in angles, distance and beam width. Enable the element you want to calculate by touching its button (Beam Width, Distance or Beam Angle) underneath Calculate. Changes to any of the other boxes will recalculate that chosen element.

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Mired Shift
Calculates the Mired Shift of two Kelvin temperature values. Enter your Original source Kelvin temperature in its box and your Desired Kelvin temperature in its box. The resulting Mired Shift Result is automatically calculated. In addition, it shows you which gels are suggested to "correct" the light sources from your Original source Kelvin value to your Desired Kelvin value. Select your gel manufacturer by touching either Rosco, Lee, GAM, or Formatt at the top. The result will be the manufacturer's gel number, its name and mired value, Color Temperature Orange or Blue. You are given choices of various gels or combination of gels to match your Mired Shift. To the right of each suggested gel is its Mired Value or Total Mired Value if it's 2 gels combined. Underneath the suggested gel box is a switch for Include Straw or No Straw depending on your preference. Notes: The gel icons are just an approximation of the actual gel's color.
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Since gels, light sources and color-temperature meters vary, film tests should be used to verify results.

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Conversions
Choose the type of conversion by touching one of the buttons at the top. Choices are Length (for length and distance), Kelvin/Mireds or Footcandles/Lux. Enter the first value in the entry box and hit done. The result is automatically calculated and each subsequent change on the picker wheel recalculates.

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Siemens Star
To exit tap on the screen twice. Use to check your "eye-focus" at night or in low-light situations. Rack the focus in and out until the star pattern appears sharpest. Also useful for tabletop photography or setting "back-focus".

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Insert Slate
To exit tap on the screen twice (anywhere other than on an entry box area. Tapping on the word Director is a good spot). Choose your font color in Settings. Choices are black, red, blue or gold. Tap to the right of Prod." to enter the Production company and title. Tap underneath "Roll," "Scene" and "Take" to enter those numbers. Tap to the right of "Director" to enter the name. Tap to the right of "Camera" to enter the name. Tap to the right of "Date" to enter the date. Tip: You can enter into more than one box while the keyboard is open. Scroll through the lower button choices by tapping. Choices are: "Filter:," "FPS:, "Unit:," "Notes:," or blank. Tap to the right of the lower button to enter its description.
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Tap on the 3 buttons on the right side to scroll through. Choices are: "Dawn," "Day" "Dusk'" "Nite," or blank. "Ext," "Int" or blank. "Sync," "MOS" or blank. !

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