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Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System (SDFA-DC)

Scalable high-speed feeder automation solution for unattended service restoration

Type SDR Recloser Features n Rapid FLISR for minimal outage time n Scalable for maximum cost effectiveness n Decentralized peer-to-peer architecture, no master required n Easily integrates into SCADA networks Type Vector Switch n Standardized IEC 61850 & DNP3 protocols n Multiple control points n Advanced monitoring functions n Load balancing and monitoring n Critical-load transfer schemes n Failsafe remote and manual operation Type 7SJ80 Protective Relay n Simulation mode for offline testing and configuration n Sequential logic programming for precise operation n One software package programs logic n Turnkey solution from primary switch to automation n Each system thoroughly tested before shipping The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System (SDFA-DC) restores service to unfaulted sections of distribution feeder lineswith or without operator intervention. In the event of a line fault, the system rapidly identifies the fault location and attempts to reestablish service over the line. If the fault condition has cleared, the distribution feeder returns to normal operation. If the fault condition does not clear within a utility-specified amount of time or number of restoration attempts, the system isolates the faulted section and restores service to operable sections of the line. The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System minimizes feeder down time by quickly and automatically restoring operation to serviceable feeder sections, while isolating those requiring repair. This results in minimal outfewer service calls, and reduced monitoring and management demands. How it works In the traditional approach, a utility typically receives a fault notification fromcustomer experiencing an outage. The trouble desk would then dispatch personnel to locate and isolate the fault, restore service to unaffected sectionsline, and repair any damage prior to returning the feeder to normal opThe Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System automates the fault detection, location, and isolation tasks automatically restores service to viable sections of line, thus minimizing outage time and dispatch expenses.

Siemens distribution feeder automation system

To accomplish these tasks, pole-mounted intelligent protective relays control automated sectionalizing switches, circuit breakers, and reclosers located along the feeder (Fig. 5). Each feeder section contains a relay with a powerful programmable logic controller (PLC) that can be easily configured by the utility to operate the switching devices in response to local or network conditions. Because the relays communicate with each other in a peer-to-peer fashion, the system operates autonomously with no need for a master controller. Rapid fault detection Fault detection is accomplished using high speed differential equations residing within each PLC. Each sectionalizing switch or recloser contains a current sensor that continuously supplies line current data to the relay in each adjacent feeder section. When a current spike, or jump, occurs along the feeder, the relay in each affected section receives information about the jump and compares it to the line current conditions in the adjacent sections. If a comparison yields a current differential exceeding utility-defined parameters, the affected relay issues a fault notification to all other devices in the system. Fault detection occurs quicklyin a system with WiMAXconnected relays, problems are detected in less than 100 ms. Fault isolation and service restoration When a fault is detected, the system will cycle the circuit breaker or recloser located immediately upstream of the fault in an attempt to maintain full distribution feeder service. If service cannot be restored within a predetermined number of reclose attempts, the system will lock out the affected breaker or recloser and open the switching device (if not already open as the feeder open point) located immediately downstream of the fault to isolate the affected section. Once the faulted section is isolated, the system will close unaffected switching devices as necessary to maintain service on all serviceable sections of line. Simple switching logic The fault isolation and service restoration tasks are performed according to simple sequential switching logic programmed into every PLC (Fig. 2). Each PLC contains multiple AND gates that perform switching steps, which when combined, create logical sequences that control the isolation and restoration processes. Sequences for load balancing and load transfer can also be programmed. Thus, the system has complete flexibility to execute desired sequences based on operating mode, fault information, and system status as combined

Fig. 1. Control center PC-based HMI

P2 P1 Circuit Breaker Recloser State 0 - Normal State 1 - Fault P4-P5 Open P5 State 2 - Fault P4-P5 Open P4 State 3 - Fault P4-P5 Close P3 State 4 - Fault P4-P5 Fault Isolated State 1 - Restoration Open P3 State 2 - Restoration Close P1 State 3 - Restoration Close P4 State 4 - Restoration Service Restored

P3 P4 P5 Circuit Recloser Recloser Breaker

Fault Isolation

< 0.4 sec

Service Restoration

< 0.3 sec

Fig. 2. Sequential switching logic

simply at a single AND gate. PLC programming is easily accomplished using the Siemens DIGSI software package and a graphical tool supplied as part of the system. Event storage and recall To facilitate evaluation of distribution feeder operation, each relay stores recent system status and operational data for recall by a laptop or PC. Specific events and conditions can be reviewed using eight oscillographic screens that each log up to 200 events, thus permitting in-depth analysis of feeder performance. Flexible configurations Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation Systems can be configured to include circuit breakers, reclosers, and automated sectionalizing switches, alone or in combination (Fig. 3). The system works with an unlimited number of switchgroups containing up to 20 devices. As part of a turnkey solution, Siemens can provide a full range of automated primary switches, including SDV7 outdoor circuit breakers, SDR reclosers, and Bridges Electric Vector overhead switches.

SDR Recloser Vector Switch

7SR22 Relay

SDV7 Circuit Breaker

Siemens Provides SDFA Components

7SJ64 Relay/HMI

7SJ80 Relay

SCADA DIGSI Configuration Software


Fig. 3. Siemens SDFA components Versatile communications The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System employs the IEC 61850 communication standard for all operational and non-operational data exchange among devices (Fig. 5). Through high speed, peer-to-peer Ethernet communications, the system is capable of providing extensive decentralized automation. Ethernet backbones can be established over a variety of media including direct fiber, or Ethernet over fiber, copper, and WiMAX. The PLC and an IEC 61850 communication port in each relay provide the logic required to meet most operational requirements. The communication port can be connected to an Ethernet-to-fiber switch or wireless subscriber unit. In fiber systems, all Ethernet switches form a private Ethernet network. In wireless systems, the wireless subscribers connect to controllers that communicate with a wireless base station to create a private Ethernet network. This configuration creates an independent FLISR automation system that can be linked to a distribution control network through a simple wire connection between the controller and a substation RTU. A DNP3 data link can be provided through a standard protocol converter to interface with the IEC 61850 system. An entire distribution network can be configured using multiple FLISR setups to create a system of independent, intelligent cells. These cells contain most of the intelligence required to simplify the operation of large distributed automation networks. For distribution control network applications, systems can be configured with an optional substation PC to provide a SCADA gateway with IEC 61850 protocol translation and a powerful control HMI using Siemens SICAM PAS and PAS CC software. User-friendly programming The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System functionality is programmed into the controllers using the easy-to-use DIGSI software tool. This single software package provides the complete means to program individual controllers, including IEC 61850 peer-to-peer GOOSE messaging for the dissemination of fault, status, and mode information among all devices. Each relay can be programmed to operate in different modes to satisfy system and environmental require- ments as directed by a remote control point or SCADA system. Operating modes include auto (FLISR), remote, manual, restoration, load control, load balancing, storm, and more.

Fig. 4. 7SJ64 control panel Each switch is equipped with a Siemens 7SJ80 controller that can be hard wired to current and voltage sensors and transformers, and status and alarm contacts on the switches. The 7SJ80 controller is also used in conjunction with reclosers, along with a recloser protection relay. The controller is hard wired to the relay to provide status information and control capabilities, and can be integrated with the circuit breakers supplying the feeder. A Siemens 7SJ64 controller may be used in place of the 7SJ80 to provide added HMI and control capability (Fig. 4).

Tasley Control Center

Kellam Substation

Exmore Office/ Base Station

WiN7237-5 Base Stations (BS1, BS2) with one each MT-404067/ND Antenna Critical Load Hospital P2 3.34 Mi. 0.53 Mi. P3

WiN7237-5 Base Station (BS3) with one MT-404067/ND Antenna Machipongo Recloser 37803/58190 5.14 Mi. 8.95 Mi. P4 9.73 Mi.

Bayview Substation/ Base Station

Control Center HMI

P1 Breaker 21 Ckt 2201

4.54 Mi. 1.26 Mi.

Rogers Dr. Recloser 39141/60791 P2 Subscriber Unit (SS2) WiN5237-5

3.83 Mi.

Franktown Rd. Recloser 39052/60647 P3 Subscriber Unit (SS3) WiN5237-5

9.95 Mi. N.C. Manual Sect. Switch P4 Subscriber Unit (SS5) WiN5237-5

P5 Breaker 2240-30 Ckt 2240

P1 Subscriber Unit (SS1) WiN5237-5

P4 Subscriber Unit (SS4) WiN5237-5

RS910-HI Switch


7SJ64 Automation Controller/ HMI


PoE PoE RS910-48 Switch PoE RS910-48 Switch




RS900G-48 Switch RS900G-HI Switch

RMC40-48 Switch RS910-48 Switch 7SJ64 Automation Controller/HMI 7SR22 7SJ80 Recloser Automation Controller Controller

Existing Switch Network Data Bus Metallic Ethernet Broadband

Existing Switch 7SJ80 7SR22 7SJ80 7SR22 Recloser Automation Recloser Automation Controller Controller Controller Controller

Fig. 5. System interconnections

Wireless Ethernet Serial DNP3 Distribution Feeder

Real-life simulation The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System includes a realistic simulation mode that models the operation of switch devices by effectively disconnecting the protective relays from the system. Operator HMIs receive simulated system status information as if the system were actually online and operating. Simulated faults can be applied to line sections to test operational sequences without changing the physical status of any primary switch device. The performance and functionality of an entire FLISR system, including the related communication network, can be tested and evaluated. Scalable turnkey implementation Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation Systems are supplied with all required hardware and software for immediate

implementation. However, systems can be custom-engineered to integrate with existing equipment or to satisfy special requirements, depending on product availability, requested functionality, and the condition of installed equipment. All systems are designed and built using a scalable, building block approach that enables utilities to invest only in systems that best fit their cost and performance requirements. For example, with a relatively small initial investment in a handful of relays and switches, a utility can realize substantial operating economies when automating feeders supplying critical loads, such as hospitals and emergency facilities. Any resultant savings could then be reinvested by automating additional feeders, or by adding performanceenhancing features such as remote monitoring and control. In this way, a utility can maximize the cost effectiveness of its feeder automation improvements.

To help ensure a successful deployment, all turnkey systems are completely configured and tested in the Siemens Smart Grid Laboratory in Wendell, N.C. Testing includes analysis of the communication network deployed as part of the system. Furthermore, Siemens offers a full range of system support products and services including on-site and factory support, product documentation, accessories, and training programs for all equipment used in the installation. Find out more today To discover how the Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System can help maximize your distribution feeder availability, please contact your nearest Siemens representative. Well be pleased to discuss your specific needs and offer a solution that maximizes customer satisfaction while reducing service expenses.

Siemens Energy, Inc. 7000 Siemens Road Wendell, North Carolina 27591 USA +1 (877) 217-4943

Subject to change without prior notice Order No.: E50001-E720-A156-X-4AUS Printed in USA 2012 Siemens Energy, Inc.

The information provided in this flyer contains merely general descriptions or characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do not always apply as described or which may change as a result of further development of the products. An obligation to provide the respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed in the terms of contract. All product designations may be trademarks or product names of Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owners.