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Comparatives and Superlatives 1

Adjective
1. One syllable adjective ending in silent e monosillabico che termina con e muta, wise, large, cute . One syllable adjective ending in one consonant preceded by one vowel monosillabico che termina con una consonante preceduta da una vocale thin, big, fat $. One syllable adjective ending in either more than one consonant or one consonant preceded by more than one vowel monosillabico che termina con pi% di una consonante o con una consonante preceduta da pi% di una vocale old, long, poor &. 'wo syllables adjectives ending in -y bisillabico che termina con -y happy, silly, dirty

Comparative of Superiority
Add -er Aggiungere -er wiser, larger, cuter

Superlative
Add -est Aggiungere -est wisest, largest, cutest

!efore adding "er, you have to double the consonant #addoppiare la consonante e aggiungere -er thinner, bigger, fatter Add -er Aggiungere -er older, longer, poorer

!efore adding "est, you have to double the consonant #addoppiare la consonante e aggiungere -est thinnest, biggest, fattest Add -est Aggiungere -est oldest, longest, poorest

Change the y in i and then add er Cambiare la y in i e poi aggiungere -er happier, sillier, dirtier

Change the y in i and then add est Cambiare la y in i e poi aggiungere -est happiest, silliest, dirti est

(. 'wo syllables and more than two syllables adjectives !isillabico e plurisillabico common, interesting, polite

)ut more in front of the adjective *sare more davanti all+aggettivo more common, more interesting, more polite

)ut the most in front of the adjective *sare the most davanti all+aggettivo most common, most interesting, most polite

* In English the silent vowels are not taken into consideration when forming the syllable. In inglese le vocali non pronunciate non formano la sillaba

1. One syllable adjective ending in silent e,

Ted is wiser than his brother. Max is the wisest in my family. Mary's car is larger than Bobs car. Lucys car is the largest in the town.

. One syllable adjective ending in one consonant preceded by one vowel,

My cat is bigger than your cat. My cat is the biggest of all the cats in the neighbourhood. Max is thinner than Steven. Of all the students in the class, Max is the thinnest. My mother is fatter than your mother. Lucy is the fattest in my classroom.

$. One syllable adjective ending in either more than one consonant or one consonant preceded by more than one vowel,

Mary is taller than her sister. Mary is the tallest of all the students. Max is older than Ted. Mar is the oldest of the three students. My hair is longer than your hair. Mar 's story is the longest one !'ve ever heard.

&. 'wo syllables adjectives ending in -y,

"oan is happier than yesterday. "oan is the happiest girl in the classroom. Mar is angrier than Max. Mar is the angriest boy ! have nown. Ted is busier than "ohn. Ted is the busiest #erson !'ve ever met.

(. 'wo syllables and more than two syllables adjectives,

Ted is more generous than "ohn. Ted is the most generous of all my friends. This date is the most important in my life. $ats are more intelligent than rabbits. Mary is the most intelligent friend ! have. Some #eo#le thin that %ussian is the most difficult language. &lbert 'instein was the most intelligent #erson in history. My most enjoyable class is 'nglish. (ou are the most irritating #erson ! have ever met) *ealth is more important than money.

-rregular comparatives and superlatives +ood ,buonoBetter ,miglioreThe best ,il migliore.ell ,beneBetter ,meglioThe best ,il meglioBad ,cattivo.orse ,#eggioreThe worst ,il #eggioreBadly ,male.orse ,#eggioThe worst ,il #eggioMuch ,molto-, Many ,molti- More ,#i/The most ,il #i/Little ,#ocoLess ,menoThe least ,il meno0ar ,lontano0arther ,#i/ lontanoThe farthest Late ,tardi3ear ,vicino4ld ,vecchio0urther ,ulterioreLater ,#i/ tardi3earer ,#i/ vicino4lder ,#i/ vecchio'lder ,maggiore 5fra due2The latest ,lultimo1il #i/ recenteThe last ,lultimo 2di una serie2The nearest ,il #i/ vicinoThe next ,il #rossimo1il successivoThe oldest ,il #i/ vecchioThe eldest ,il maggiore 5fra #i/ di due2-

This material is better than that one. !n fact its the best one we have. 6uesta stoffa 7 migliore di 8uella. !nfatti 7 la migliore che abbiamo. The weather today is worse than yesterday. !talian food is better than &merican food. My dog is the best dog in the world.

Use.
9. We use comparatives to compare two things. !l com#arativo si usa #er fare un #aragone fra due cose o #ersone: Ted is thinner than Mary. !t's more expensive to travel by #lane than by bus. My house is smaller than your house. ;. We use superlatives to compare one thing with the rest of the group it belongs to. !l su#erlativo relativo si usa #er fare un #aragone fra una cosa1#ersona e molte altre: Ted is the tallest in the class. She's the best #layer in the team. This is the most expensive restaurant !'ve ever stayed in. <. .e do not use the with the su#erlative if there is a #ossessive. !l su#erlativo relativo non usa larticolo the se vi 7 un #ossessivo. His best friend is Mar . =. .e can modify com#aratives with much, a lot, far, a little, a bit, slightly. >ossiamo raffor?are il com#arativo con much, a lot, far, a little, a bit, slightly Max is much richer than ! am. My mother's hair is slightly longer than mine. @. .e can modify su#erlative with by far, easily and nearly. >ossiamo raffor?are il su#erlativo relativo con by far, easily and nearly. Mario's is by far the best restaurant in town. !'m nearly the oldest in the class.

.-nteractive /0ercises
http,11www.ego&u.com1en1cram-up1grammar1adjectivesadverbs1adjectives1e0ercises http,11www.usingenglish.com12ui33es1&(.html http,11web .uvcs.uvic.ca1elc1Study4one1$$51grammar1regcom1.htm http,11www.better-english.com1grammar1comp .htm http,11perso.wanadoo.es1autoenglish1gr.comp.i.htm http,11web .uvcs.uvic.ca1elc1study3one1$$51grammar1regcom .htm http,11a&esl.org121h1vm1compsup .html http,11www.learnenglish.de16ames1Adjectives1CompSup.htm

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