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Example:UseofResponse2000(R2K)toCalculateSectionalResponseCharacteristics

ProblemstobeSolvedUsingR2K:Forthe300600mmsection,obtainthefollowingusingprogramR2K(Searchfor Response2000onGoogle.comtodownload) 1. Mcrandcrofthegrosssection(easiertodothisbyhandusinggeometricpropertiescalculatedbyR2K) 2. Mcrandcrofthetransformedsectionwiththree20mmdiameterbarsat65mmfrombottomofsection 3. Myandyofthissectionwiththesethree20mmdiameterbars 4. Mnandnofthissectionwiththesethree20mmdiameterbars 5. TheEffectofAxialCompressiononMomentCurvatureResponse 6. As,minofthissectionsothatthesectionsothatMy>Mcr 7. Myandyofthissectionbutwithfive32mmdiameter(Area=804mm )bars 8. DetermineAs,max(AmountofReinforcementforwhichfirstyieldoccurswhentopstrain=0.003) 9. EffectofAddingCompressionReinforcementonMomentCurvatureResponse 10. AxialLoadMomentInteractionDiagram 11. EffectofAddingaTopFlange Problem1:DetermineMcrandcrofthegrosssection (i) (ii) (iii) OptionsPreferencesSIMetric Todefinetheconcretesection: DefineConcreteSectionRectangleSection(inputb=300,&h=600)SelectOK Todefinetheconcreteandreinforcementmaterialproperties DefineMaterialPropertiesConcreteDetailedfc(inputcylinderstrength=35MPa,tension strength=3.5MPa,makeTensionStiffeningFactor=0,SelectBaseCurve=ParabolaorPopovics,Peak Strain=0.002SelectModifyorAddandthenOK) DefineMaterialPropertiesNonPrestressedReinforcementDetailedfy,setyield&ultimatestrength to400MPa Selectthecrosssectionicon(beneaththewordloadsattopofscreen)toreviewinput&calculatedvalues SolveFullorSectionalResponsetosolveProblem1. Whenaskedaboutleavingofftensionstiffening,selectYes MaywishtoSelectMoreDetailaFewTimes,Revieweffectofthisonpredictedresponse
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(iv) (v)

Problem2:DetermineMcrandcroftheTransformedSectionwiththree20mmdiameterbars(workfrom#1) (i) Define Longitudinal Reinforcement Individual Layers (Name = bottom; Number of Bars = 3, Select (ii) (iii) (iv) barbyarea,BarArea=314mm ,Dist.Frombottom=65mm,SelectAddandthenOK To define material properties of steel: Define Material Properties Reinforcement Detailed fy (inputYieldStrength=400,UltimateStrength=400) Selectthecrosssectionicontoreviewinputandcalculatedvalues SolveFullorSectionalResponsetosolveProblem2. Whenaskedaboutleavingofftensionstiffening,selectYes MaywishtoSelectMoreDetailaFewTimes,Revieweffectofthisonthepredictedresponse
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Problem3:TheMyandyofthissectionwiththree20mmdiameterbars Usefromproblem#2,runthesectionalanalysisafewtimes(usingthemoredetailfeature),scrollalongLoad Deformationresponsetofindlocationwherethereinforcementhasyielded(thisiswherethesteelfirstturnsred).The yieldpointissomewherebetweenthispointandthepreviousvalue. Alternatively,selectthe1StrainfeaturefromtheSolvemenuandthenentertheyieldstrain(inmillistrain)andits distancefromthebottomofthesection(2,65)inthiscase.Comparethesolutionwiththefirstmethod. Problem4:SolveforMnandnofthissection(withthethree20mmdiameter(Area=314mm )bars) Usesectionfromproblem#2or#3;Aftersolvingseveraltimes,obtainthemomentandcurvaturewhenthetopstrain= 0.003.ThesevaluesintheACIcodewouldbetheirnominalstrengthandassociatedcurvature(Mnandn).Theycould alsobefoundusingthe1Strainsolutionmethodusingtheinputsof3,600.Comparewiththefirstmethod. Problem5:TheEffectofAxialCompressiononMomentCurvatureResponse Usesectionfromproblem#2,#3or#4;GotoLoadsLoadsEnteraConstantAxialLoadof1000kN. ConductSectionalAnalysis;ReviewInfluenceofAxialCompressiveonMomentCurvatureResponse Problem6:DetermineAs,minoftheSectionsothatMy>Mcr Use section from problem #2, #3 or #4; To define the longitudinal reinforcement: Define Longitudinal Reinforcement Individual Layers (input Number of bars = 1; Select bar by area, Bar designation/area = trials; Distance from Bottom = 65 mm). To calculate the As,min of the section, the procedure is iterative. First, input an initial guess (trial) of the bar area; then obtain the sectional response and observe the Control MPhi graph, and follow the iterative procedureshownbelow: If(CrackingMoment)>(Yielding/UltimateMoment)increasethereinforcingbararea If(CrackingMoment)<(Yielding/UltimateMoment)decreasethereinforcingbararea If(CrackingMoment)(Yielding/UltimateMoment)OK.(~EndofIterations).SolutiontoProblem3. Comparewithhandcalculations Problem7:MyandyofMoreHeavilyReinforcedSection(withfive32mmdiameter(Area=804mm )bars) Repeatproblem3withfivebarseachwithanareaof804mm Problem8:DetermineAs,max Usesimilarapproachtothatinproblem#6butwiththegoaloffindingtheamountofreinforcementforwhichforwhich firstyieldoccurswhentopstrain=0.003 Problem9:EffectofAddingCompressionReinforcementonMomentCurvatureResponse UsingsectionfromProblem#8,addfour32mmdiameterbarsat535mmfrombottomofsection.Reviewbeneficial effectontheMomentCurvatureResponsedevelopedinproblem#8. Problem10:CalculatingtheAxialLoadMomentInteractionDiagram GotoLoadsLoadsEnteraConstantAxialLoadof1000kN.ConductSectionalAnalysistoInvestigateinfluenceof AxialCompressiveonMomentCurvatureResponse Problem11:EffectofAddingaTopFlange DefineConcreteSectionTBeamSectioninput(btop,h,bweb,ttop).Obtainthesectionalresponseand observetheeffectofaddingatopflange. Note:ToplotMomentCurvaturepredictionfromProgramR2K;clickrightmousebuttonfrombottomleftfigureandput intoExcelspreadsheetorothertoolforplotting
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