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Honors Chemistry

Name Mari Tsunoda Period 8

U n i t 2 : M o l e C o n c e p t

Hydrated Compound Lab

Pre-lab Problem Cobalt (II) Chloride is a hydrated crystal in its solid form. In the lab, you want to determine the formula of this hydrated compound (ie. How many water molecules attach to a formula unit of CoCl2? CoCl2 X H2O?) In the lab, you find the mass of the test-tube to be 12.443g, and the mass of the compound and the test-tube to be 17.122g. After heating and mixing multiple times to drive off the water, you find the mass of the ionic compound (also known as the anhydrous compound) and the test-tube to be 14.992g. The hydrated compounds is always a 1: X ratio. Write a balanced equation: CoCl2 X H2O = CoCl2 6 H2O Create a data table to organize the data: Object Test Tube Hydrated Salt with Test Tube Dehydrated Salt with Test Tube Mass of Hydrated Salt Mass of Dehydrated Salt Mass of H2O Mass 12.433g 17.122g 14.922g 4.679g 2.549g 2.130g

Calculations: Mass of (Hydrated Salt with Test Tube)- Mass of (Test Tube)= Mass of (Hydrated Salt) 4.679g Mass of (Dehydrated Salt with Test Tube)- Mass of (Test Tube)= Mass of (Dehydrated Salt) 2.549g Mass of (Hydrated Salt)- Mass of Dehydrated Salt= Mass of (H2O) 2.130g What is the mass of the ionic compound without water (also called the anhydrous compound)? How many moles is this? Using the Dehydrated Salt Mass (already calculated), 2.549gCoCl2 x 1molCoCl2 =0.0196x10-2molCoCl2 58.93+(35.45x2)gCoCl2 What is the mass of the water heated away? How many moles is this? Using the H2O Mass (already calculated) 2.130gH2O x 1mol H2O =1.182x10-1molH2O (2x1.01)+16.00gH2O What is the mole ratio of the ionic compound to the water? 0.0196x10-2molCoCl2 /0.0196x10-2molCoCl2 =1 1.182x10-1molH2O /0.0196x10-2molCoCl2 6 1:6 What is the formula of the reactant hydrate compound? CoCl2 6 H2O What is the name of this compound? Cobalt (II) Chloride Hexahydrate

Part 2: Hydrate Lab You will be given a hydrated compound by your teacher, however the number of water molecules in the hydrated compound is missing from the label. Your job is to determine the formula of the hydrated compound by determining the number of water molecules that attach to a formula unit. Then state the formula of the hydrated compound and name this compound. Materials: -Crucible -Tongs -Bunsen Burner -Clay Triangle -Heating Stand -Scale -Copper (II) Sulfate Procedure: 1. Mass the empty crucible. 2. Add the Copper (II) Sulfate and mass the crucible again. 3. Place the Crucible with the Hydrated Salt on the clay triangle which is put onto the heating stand over the bunsen burner. 4. Turn the bunsen burner on with a lighter. 5. Heat the Hydrated Salt until the salt turns into an ash white color. 6. Heat once more in order to make sure you have evaporated all the water. (Optional) 7. Use tongs to remove the Crucible from the heating stand and place on a flat surface. 8. After cooled, mass the Crucible with Dehydrated Salt again. 9. Record the masses on a table. 1. Insert your data and calculations as a group. (this can be an image of your lab data and calculations done in class) Object Mass 17.892g 19.273g 1.381g 18.749g 0.857g 0.524g

Before Heating
Crucible Crucible + Hydrated CuSO4 Hydrated CuSO4 After Heating Crucible with Dehydrated CuSO4 Dehydrated CuSO4 Water H2O

Calculations: Mass of (Crucible + Hydrated CuSO4)- Mass of (Crucible)= Mass of (Hydrated CuSO4) 1.381g Mass of (Crucible + Dehydrated CuSO4)- Mass of (Crucible)= Mass of (Dehydrated CuSO4) 0.857g Mass of (Hydrated CuSO4)- Mass of (Dehydrated CuSO4)= Mass of (Water/H2O) 0.524g Molar mass of H2O: 2(1.01 g) + 16.00 g = 18.02 g Moles of water dehydrated: 0.524 g H2O x 1 mol H2O/18.02 g H2O = 0.029 molH2O Molar mass of CuSO4: 63.56 g + 32.06 g + 4(16.00 g) = 159.62 g Moles of CuSO4: 0.857 g CuSO4 x 1 mol CuSO4/ 159.62 g CuSO4 = 0.005