You are on page 1of 5


Anup Kumar DeyCaesar II,code,equipment modelling, piping stress, piping stress

analysis,Staorage Tank piping, static analysis,STORAGE TANK PIPING STRESS
ANALYSIS,Stress analysis of storage tank piping,tank,WRCNo comments
Tanks are one of the most important equipment for storing large amount of fluids
which might be highly toxic, flammable or injurious toenvironment and failure at
any point could result into highly hazardous or fatal accident. So proper analysis of
tankconnected piping system is required for accurate functioning and safety. In this
article I will emphasis on modeling of tank, load cases for tank piping analysis in
Caesar II, tank nozzle loadchecking as per API-650.

Documents required for Stress Analysis:

Tank G.A. drawing indicating nozzle elevation, nozzle projection.
Allowable load for tank nozzle as per As per Vendor, if available.
Piping isometric, Line list, P&ID etc
. Soil settlement data of that region as per civil department.

Modelling Procedure in Caesar II:

> Model the nozzle flange (10-20) as per tank flange pressure rating.> Model the
projection as pipe element (20-30) with same pipe diameter & schedule given in
thedrawing for the nozzle up to pipe and Tank intersection.

> Following steps to be taken when doing the stress analysis for the lines connected
to tank having diameter more than 36 meter:
>> Engineering/Process data sheet to be obtained from
Process team to evaluate parameter (Radial Growth, unrestrained rotation,allowable
forces and moments) as per Appendix API 650 as shown in the following figure:

Here, Tank Coefficient of thermal expansion and modulus of elasticity can be

obtained from API 650 (2007 Edition) Appendix P, ANSI B 31.3, or alternatively from
any engineering handbooks.>> Temperature change shall be based on the
temperature at which nozzle to be checked. If required both can be entered
insuccessive single run to obtain nozzle movement.)
>> Start run option to be executed to get the API 650 flexibility
calculation and parameter as shown in the following figure

>> Radial Growth, unrestrained longitudinal rotation (as calculated from API 650
spreadsheet) to be inserted in the displacement vector as shownbelow with correct
orientation and direction. (See the sample attached here with)

> In addition to normal load cases, following cases, in general, shall be included for
tank piping analysis
,L1 W+P1+T1+D1+D3.OPE
L2 W+P1+T2+D2+D3.OPE
L4 L1-L3.EXP
L5 L2-L3.EXP,
Where, D1 & D2 represent displacement vector as per API 650 for operating and
design condition respectively and D3 represents tanksettlement, if any.
Nozzle Loading Checking:
To be checked as per APPENDIX P OF API 650 (as shown in Caesar API 650
spreadsheet) for Tanks
having diameter larger than 36 M(120 ft).
For Tanks smaller than 36 m (120 ft) in diameter :
Vendor has to provide allowable load for the connected nozzles
To be checked with Nozzle-Pro / WRC 107/ FEA/ WRC 297/ for Tanks