Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 38

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein.

Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.
Copyright 2003 ABB

Type des. Part no.
Prep. PTUSM / Ivo Mueller 2003-07-22 Doc. kind Technical Specification
No. of p.
Appr. PTUSE-Q/ Robert Dhler Approved
Resp. dept PTUSM
Title Ref. design. for secondary equipment
and functions in substations
38

Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 1
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV












R Re ef fe er re en nc ce e d de es si ig gn na at ti io on ns s f fo or r s se ec co on nd da ar ry y
e eq qu ui ip pm me en nt t a an nd d f fu un nc ct ti io on ns s i in n s su ub bs st ta at ti io on ns s


Guidance for engineering, reading and understanding of reference designation
used in MSS (according to the normative standard IEC 61346)




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 2
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV

Contents Page
1. Purpose .................................................................................................................... 3
2. Referring documents and normative references................................................... 3
3. General ..................................................................................................................... 4
3.1 Definitions .................................................................................................... 4
3.2 List of abbreviations in alphabetical order..................................................... 4
4. Purpose of reference designations ........................................................................ 5
5. Aspects..................................................................................................................... 5
6. General designation principles............................................................................... 6
6.1 Aspect designation and separation............................................................... 6
6.2 Single- and multi-level designation............................................................... 7
6.3 Double structures ......................................................................................... 7
6.4 Transition from one aspect structure to an other .......................................... 8
6.5 Absolute designations .................................................................................. 9
7. Structuring principles............................................................................................ 10
7.1 General ...................................................................................................... 10
7.2 Main structures........................................................................................... 10
7.3 Structuring object levels ............................................................................. 11
8. Codes for structuring ............................................................................................ 12
8.1 Format of reference designations............................................................... 12
8.2 Reference designation set.......................................................................... 12
8.3 Designation of level 1................................................................................. 13
8.4 Designation of level 2................................................................................. 13
8.5 Designation of level 3 or lower.................................................................... 13
8.6 Designation of protection functions and functions running on IEDs ............ 13
9. Reference designation rules for secondary equipment in substations ............. 14
9.1 Functional designations.............................................................................. 14
9.2 Product designations.................................................................................. 15
9.3 Location designations................................................................................. 15
9.3.1 Location designation for terminal groups and mounting rails......... 16
9.3.2 Location designations for objects in swing frame.......................... 17
9.3.3 Location (and product) designations within a combiflex-rack ........ 17
9.3.4 Location designation example ...................................................... 17
10. Reference designation examples for secondary equipment in substations...... 18
10.1 Example for relays placed in cubicles with different function allocation....... 18
10.2 Structuring example for one BCS in one cubicle......................................... 19
10.3 Structuring example for two BCS in one cubicle......................................... 19
10.4 Structuring example for an SAS ................................................................. 20
10.5 Function designation examples for HV equipment...................................... 21
10.6 Function designation example for a function block diagram........................ 23
11. Code tables ............................................................................................................ 24
11.1 Letter codes for infrastructure objects......................................................... 24
11.2 Letter codes for objects according to their purpose or task......................... 26
11.3 Letter codes for functions running on IEDs and protection functions .......... 29
11.4 Ddesignations for primary equipment in substations................................... 37



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 3
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV

1. Purpose
The purpose of this document is a tool to understand the MSS application and the interpretation of
the international standard IEC 61346.
The document contains chosen reference designations and structuring of objects in substations for
the distribution of electrical energy. The goal is a clearly structured documentation with reference to
the structures of the station. The designation of neutral documents is also made possible.
2. Referring documents and normative references
At the time of writing, the following standards were applicable or were to be published
shortl y. Standards can change with time. Users must always be familiar with the current
standards.
IEC 61082-1: 1991 Preparation of documents used in electrotechnology -
Part 1: General requirements
IEC 61082-2: 1993 Preparation of documents used in electrotechnology -
Part 2: Function-oriented diagrams
IEC 61082-3: 1993 Preparation of documents used in electrotechnology -
Part 3: Connection diagrams, tables and lists
IEC 61082-4: 1996 Preparation of documents used in electrotechnology -
Part 4: Location and installation documents
IEC 61175:1993 Designations for signals and connections
IEC 61346-1 : 1996, Structuring principles and reference designations
Part 1: Basic rules
IEC 61346-2 : 2000 Structuring principles and reference designations
Part 2: Classification of objects and codes for classes
IEC 61346-3 : 2000 Structuring principles and reference designations
Part 3: Application guidelines
IEC 61346-4 : 1998 Structuring principles and reference designations
Part 4: Discussion of concepts
IEC 61355: 1997 Classification and designation of documents for plants, systems and
equipment
IEC 61850-5 :2003 Communication networks and systems in substations
Part 5: Communication requirements for functions and device models
IEC 61850-6 :2003 Communication networks and systems in substations
Part 6: Configuration description language for communication in electrical
substations related to IEDs
IEC 61850-7-4: 2003 Communication networks and systems in substations
Part 7-4: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder
equipment Compatible logical node classes and data classes
1HVE 000036: 2001 Reference designations in Substations Electrical engineering guidance,
for designating substations (ABB Transmission and Distribution
Engineering Guideline)
1HVE 000071: 2001 Reference designations in Substations A general overview (ABB
Transmission and Distribution Engineering Guideline)



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 4
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
3. General
3.1 Definitions
For the purpose of this paper, the following terms apply. Note: Definitions from other sources are
not always quoted exactly.
Object Entity treated in the process of design, engineering, realisation, operation,
maintenance and demolition. This entity may refer to a physical or non-
physical thing, or to a set of information associated with it. Depending on
its purpose, an object may be viewed in different ways called "aspects."
Aspect Specific way of selecting information to an object, describing or influence an
object or a system. Such ways according IEC61346 may be:
- What the system or object is doing (functional viewpoint);
- How the system or the object is constructed (product viewpoint)
- Where the system or object is located (location viewpoint).
Structure Organization of relations among objects of a system, describing
constituency-relationships.
Function Purpose related to an object. I.e. what the object does
Location Location of product of function
Product Intended or accomplished result of labour, or of a natural artificial process.
A technical system or plant can be considered as a product.
Reference
designation
Identifier of a specific object with respect to the system, of which the
specific object is a constituent of, based on one ore more aspects of that
system.
Single-level ref.
designation
Reference designation assigned with respect to the object of which the
specific object is a direct constituent.
Multi-level ref.
designation
Reference designation derived from a structural path through an overall
system.
Reference
designation set
Set of reference designations of which at least one unambiguously identifies
the object of interest. A multi-level reference designation or several
designations of one object, where at least one designation clearly identifies
the object.
System Set of interrelated objects. When a system is part of an other system, it may
be considered as an object.
3.2 List of abbreviations in alphabetical order
BCS Bay Control Solution
BPS Bay Protection Solution
GIS Gas Insulated Switchgear
IED Intelligent Electronic Device
LN Logical Node
MCB Miniature Circuit Breaker
MSS Modular Scalable Solution
SAS Substation Automation System
TCS Trip Circuit Supervision




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 5
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
4. Purpose of reference designations
Each object (component or functional unit) in a substation is given an object reference
designation. This document explains the use of object reference designations out of the
perspective of electrical designers of MSS solutions. The designations are according to the
standard IEC 61346 and relevant sections in IEC 61082, IEC61175 and IEC61666.
The reference designation is the main basis for different designation tasks. By this, it establishes a
recognizable link between information in a database an its appearance in different documents an
objects in reality. The reference designation plays an important role, especially in the case of
document designation according to IEC 61355. With this, it is possible to relate documents and
information directly to an object in the engineering process. It also enables the user to define
selection criteria with the purpose of finding the right documents for a specific purpose i.e.
components, documents, signals, plug connector pins, objects (information sets) in a data base,
etc.

IEC 61346

Objects in a database =, +, - Reference designation
Components =, +, - Reference designation
Terminals (IEC 61666) =, +, - Reference designation : Terminal designation
Documents (IEC 61355) =, +, - Reference designation & DCC and counting number
Signals (IEC 61175) =, +, - Reference designation ; Signal name
I/O channels # I/O signal names

5. Aspects
When looking at an object in a substation, it can view in many ways called aspects, such as:.
- what purpose it has (functional aspect)
- what it is (product aspect)
- where it is located (location aspect)


The normative standard IEC 61346 makes it possible to view a system under certain aspects and
to designate objects occurring in these aspects of the system. The standard says that within an
aspect of a system an object may be subdivided into its constituent objects. The successive use of
such subdivision (structuring) will give a tree-like structure.



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 6
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
6. General designation principles
6.1 Aspect designation and separation
Each object (component or functional unit) in a substation is given an object reference
designation. The following prefixes are used in order to distinguish the kind of aspect of
designation, i.e. which structure the designation refers to:
= Function (ex. =E1)
- Product (ex. E1)
+ Location (ex. +E1)
Structure designations can be created for each of these aspects in such way that each object in a
substation will get its unique designation when concatenating (add the structure) the designations.
For separation between designations when using multi-level reference designations in the same
aspect, use
. (dot) (ex. =E1.Q1, dot is preferably used in MSS), or

(nothing) (ex. =E1Q1, whereas =E1 and =Q1 are separate
levels)
= (aspect prefixes) (ex. =E1=Q1 or C1-FP1, depending on the aspect)
For separation between designations when transition from one structure aspect to another, use
(more about transition in chapter 6.5):
1

=- (function to product) (ex. =-QA1 as in =E1.Q1-QA1)
=- (product to function) (ex. -=QA1 as in -E1.Q1=QA1)
-+ (product to location) (ex. -+QA1 as in -E1.Q1+QA1)
+- (location to product) (ex. +-QA1 as in +E1.Q1-QA1)
When having an absolute reference designation; when the reference designation of the object is
not part of the higher-level object in which the objects is shown (e.g. when the reference
designation of the object is else then the sheet common reference designation), then use:
> (absolute, not part of) (ex. >=E1.Q1)
Terminals of an apparatus are designated according to IEC 61666. Terminals are separated by:
: (colon) (ex. C1.CP1.X1:12)
The signals are coded based on IEC 61175. Signals are depending on the reference designation
(function aspect) and are separated by:
; (semi-colon) (ex. = E1.Q1;CB_OPEN)
The I/O channels include designations (addresses) within the control structure. These
designations have the prefix:
# (bracket) (ex. #AI8)
Document kinds are coded based on IEC 61355. The document kinds are related to the reference
designation of the object and then it is separated by:
2

& (and) (ex. = E1.Q1&EFS)


1
This notation is used in diagrams for identification of transition objects. However this identification method is not defined in IEC
61346.
2
The separator and code may be added to the object reference designation regardless of aspect (=, -, +)



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 7
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
6.2 Single- and multi-level designation
An object in a substation can be identified by the reference designation that is given. The reference
can be of single-level type or multi-level type. The single-level reference designation is the
designation of an object regardless of where it is placed in any structure (independent of the
structure):
= Q1 (ex. a switchgear bay)
A multi-level designation of an object is obtained by using the designations of the complete
structure. This kind of designation will indicate of what the object is a part of:
=E1.Q1 (ex. a switchgear bay at voltage level 123kV)
6.3 Double structures
At some occasions, there can be an advantage to use several reference designations for an object.
It can be used when the different kinds of aspects of an object are not the same or when there are
different purposes of the item designation. When manufacturing a relay or control cubicle in a
workshop it is an advantage to have product or location oriented reference designations. But out of
a customer perspective it would be better to see the functions included for each bay and therefore
it is an advantage to also be able to view the cubicles out of a function perspective. It is of course
not necessary to see all types of reference designations on all drawings, but the drawings for a
certain purpose should contain the reference designations that are used.
An example could be a protective relay. The protection is designated, out of a functional aspect,
with the following multi-level reference:
=D1.Q1.FP1 whereas:
=D1 identifies a voltage level function
=Q1 identifies a bay function
=FP1 identifies a protection function
Out of a product aspect, the same protection
unit is designated:
-C1.CP1.FP1 whereas:
-C1 identifies a cubicle row
-CP1 identifies a protective relay panel
-FP1 identifies a protection unit



This means that the protection unit has at least two multilevel designations: =E1.Q1.FP1 and
-C1.CP1.FP1. Further, the product -FP1 will also contain terminals, slots, I/O cards, software etc.
Those will belong to the product structure, but could as well belong to the functional structure. In
order to know how to connect between terminals and apparatuses, a product designation is
needed. Physical connections between functions are impossible if the physical objects carrying the
functions are not defined.



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 8
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
6.4 Transition from one aspect structure to an other
It is not always possible, nor suitable, to identify an object in the considered system by one aspect
only. Therefore the object can have multiple multi-level reference designations, identifying the
position of the object of interest within the different structures. A reason to use different structure
may be that different departments or organisations make different parts of a substation, where
some parts are handled and produced as products and other parts are documented as co-
operating functions. In a typical project management process is the higher level design work
function oriented but the detailed engineering is documented in a product oriented way.
Transitions have nothing to do with structuring. It is only a method for achieving unambiguous
reference designations utilizing given structures. Transitions are only to be used if necessary
and should be omitted if possible.
For example, the integration of predefined solutions into given structures (e.g. primary equipment
structure) without the possibility of changing the given structures or of introducing new structures.
If e.g. a product-oriented unit (object) will be arranged as a sub-object to an object in a function
oriented structure a transition is required from the function-oriented structure to the product
oriented structure used in the actual unit. A transition object must be defined in which the transition
between the structures (aspects) will be possible.
A method of identification of transition objects in documents is to show both the prefix of the
structure (aspect) from which the transition is
made and the structure is goes to. The both
prefixes are written before the reference
designation of the transition object
3
.
Example:
=E1.Q1-QA1, whereas:
=E1 identifies a voltage level function
=Q1 identifies a bay function
=-QA1 identifies the product circuit breaker
and its function referring to the
function structure
Both types of prefix are used, e.g. =-QA1, in order
to indicate that the object QA1 is a product
belonging to a functional structure.
Since the product designation for levels higher
then the apparatus itself is of less interest, the
product -QA1 will in this case be identified as a
sub-object in the functional structure.
The requirement of a transition object is that the object is completely defined as one object in both
the structures involved in the transition. E.g. if a transition from function structure to product
structure is required then the transition object must be a product that includes the full function of
the object in the function structure. The product must not include any other functions, which can be
found in other paths of the function structure. It is obvious by this description that the transition
object is one and the same object with a function oriented and a product oriented reference
designation. The parts of the product (transition object) will be unambiguously designated by the
"internal" product structure even if the object itself is identified in the substation by a function
oriented reference designation.
In circuit diagram and other documents it could be necessary to specific identify such transition
object. A method of identification is to show both the prefix of the structure (aspect) from which the
transition is made and the structure is goes to. The both prefixes are written before the reference
designation of the transition object
4
.

3
. The method of using double prefixes to identify a transition object has been established because the feature has not been
defined in any IEC standard so far.
4
Transition from structure to structure may be possible even if the object is not defined with double prefixes.



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 9
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
6.5 Absolute designations
The absolute designation is used in a document if the actual designated object is not part of the
object in which it seems to be according to the drawing rules.
When the reference designation of an object is not part of the higher-level object in which the
objects is shown (e.g. when the reference designation of the object is else then the sheet common
reference designation), then an absolute designation has to be used. An absolute designation
should be indicated by an > (greater than) sign before the designation.
For instance can an object with designation =D1.Q2-QA1 (circuit breaker) be located on a sheet
which has the common reference designation =D1.Q1. According to the common reference all
objects should then automatically be added into the structure of =D1.Q1, which is not desirable in
this case (since there is already a circuit breaker with this reference designation). In order to avoid
this, an absolute designation is given to the circuit breaker >=D1.Q2-QA1. Indicated as it will not be
added to the =D1.Q1 structure (of the sheet), see figure below.



Not part of the
Common reference
Common sheet
reference
Part of the Common
reference
Not part of the
Common reference



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 10
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
7. Structuring principles
7.1 General
In order for a system to be efficiently designed, manufactured, serviced or operated, the system
and the information about the system are normally divided into parts. Each of these parts can be
further divided. This successive subdivision into parts and the organization of those parts is called
structuring.
Plant
Sub plant Sub plant Sub plant
Apparatus Apparatus
Component Component Component Component Component Component

7.2 Main structures
Function-oriented Structure
A function-oriented structure is based on the purpose of a system. A function-oriented structure
shows the subdivision of the system into constituent objects with respect to the function aspect,
without necessarily taking into account the location and/ or products implemented the functions.
The function-oriented structure will be used in substations to designate functions and
signals of the secondary equipment.
Product-oriented Structure
A product-oriented structure is based on the way a system is implemented, constructed or
delivered using intermediate or final product. A product-oriented structure shows the subdivision of
the system into constituent objects with respect to the product aspect without necessarily taking
into account functions and/or locations. A product can implement one or more independent
functions. A product can reside, alone or together with others in one location. One product can also
reside in more than one location.
The product-oriented structure will be used in substations to designate primary- and
secondary equipment.
Location-oriented Structure
A location-oriented structure is based on the topographical layout of the system, and/or the
environment in which the system is situated. A location-oriented structure shows the subdivision of
the system into constituent objects with respect to the location aspect without necessarily taking
into account products and/or functions. A location can contain any number of products.
In substations the location-oriented structure will be mainly used for primary equipment and
within cubicles.




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 11
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
7.3 Structuring object levels
The structure levels used in substations usually are shown in the figure below.
Plant or station level
(no designation)
Sub-plant level
Code letter designation acc. table 1,
if necessary consider sub-class
(only applicable for structure level 2)
Code letter acc. table 2,
if necessary consider sub-class
(applicable for all following
structure levels)
Structure
level
2
3
4
1


The levels defined above are not related to a specific structure (aspect) but valid in all aspects of
the plant. There can be one or more designation levels in a structure related to one of these levels.
The shown levels are not binding.
The first level is the plant itself and it is normally not designated in a delivery. However the higher
level parts (level 1 and 2) of the substation are normally functionally structured, i.e. the prefix (=) is
used.
Levels Object types (examples)
1 - Plant level The substation
(Function aspect)
2 - Sub plant level Voltage level plant section, Substation
automation systems, auxiliary power systems
incl. Sub-systems as switchgear bays.
(Function aspects)
3 - Apparatus and
4 - Component
5 - levels
etc.
Circuit breaker, Disconnectors, Measuring
transformers, bay controllers or pure products
such as cubicles, Relays, pushbuttons, fuses,
coils, terminals, bushings, clamps





Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 12
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
8. Codes for structuring
8.1 Format of reference designations
A reference designation assigned to an object shall consist of a prefix sign followed either by:
- a letter code, or
- a letter code followed by a number code, or
- a number code

Prefix = / + / - AAAnn . AAAnn

Prefix: The following prefixes are used in order to distinguish the kind of aspect of designation
= Function aspect
- Product aspect
+ Location aspect
AAA Letter code. The letter code may indicate the object or indicate the class of object. Each
object can be classified according to table 1 and table 2 and be coded with the associated
letter codes. A letter code may consist of any number of letters. In a letter code consisting
of multiple letters, the second (third, etc.) letter shall indicate a subclass of the class
indicated by the first (second, etc.) letter. Letter codes shall be formed using capital letters
A to Z (excluding special national letters). Letters I and O shall not be used if confusion
with digits 1 (one) and o (zero) is likely.
nn: Number code. Counting number or predefined number. Numbers may contain leading
zeros. If both a letter code and a number are used, then the number shall follow the letter
code.
. (dot). For separation between designations when using multi-level reference designations
in the same aspect
In order to aid readability it is recommended that numbers and letter codes are kept as short as
practicable.
8.2 Reference designation set
It is not always possible, nor suitable, to identify an object in the considered system by one aspect
only. Therefore the object can have multiple multi-level reference designations, identifying the
position of the object of interest within the different aspect structures.
If these multi-level reference designations need to be indicated for a certain purpose, for example
to indicate both the position of the object of interest within the product oriented structure, and
where the object if interest is located, a reference designation set shall be provided. For a
reference designation set, the following apply:
At least one reference designation in a set needs to be unambiguous.
Each reference designation shall be clearly separated from the others.
Example for a reference designation set of a bay control unit (IED):
=D1.Q2
-C1.CC1.A1
+C1.CC1.U.30
The function-oriented reference designation is not unambiguous for the bay control unit because it
is assumed that also other equipment (i.e. switchgear) adds to the realization of the task power
feeding on 220kV. The location oriented reference designation is not unambiguous because the
bay control unit is not (or may not) the only assembly in this place. In this case the only
unambiguous identifier is the product-oriented reference designation.



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 13
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
8.3 Designation of level 1
The first level is the plant itself and it is normally not designated in a delivery.
8.4 Designation of level 2
The normative standard IEC 61346-2 provides a frame for the classification of infrastructure
objects.
The classification according to the table 1 (classification of infrastructure objects) will
exclusively be used for structure level 2 within a substation.
8.5 Designation of level 3 or lower
The normative standard IEC 61346-2 provides the letter codes for the classification of objects
according their purpose or task.
The classification of objects according to table 2 (classification of objects according their
purpose or task) will be used for objects of all levels except level 2.
Note: A separate code is used for functions running on IEDs and protection functions
(table 3).
8.6 Designation of protection functions and functions running on IEDs
The detailed functions running on an intelligent electronic device (including a communication
interface) are designated according to IEC 61850-5 and IEC 61850-7-4 (Normative standard for
communication networks and systems in substations). All other protection functions are designated
by numbers, with appropriate suffix letters (when necessary) according to extract from IEEE C37.2-
1996(R2001).
According to IEC61850 functions are tasks, which are performed by the substation automation
system. A logical node (LN) is the smallest part of a function that exchanges data. A LN represents
the function within a physical device; it performs some operations for that function. A LN is an
object defined by its data and methods. Logical nodes related to primary equipment are not the
primary equipment itself but its intelligent part or image in the secondary system, i.e. local or
remote I/Os, intelligent sensors and actuators, etc.



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 14
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
9. Reference designation rules for secondary equipment in substations
Object reference designations are mainly used for apparatus or units with electrical functions. The
reference designations are function, product or location oriented. All types are built up of levels in a
structural way. One or several of the three types of designations may be used to identify an item.
The planning of a substation starts with a functional design.
The function-oriented reference designation allows a systematic storage of information on
a process task without knowing how the task described will be achieved. It will be decided
in a later stage of the engineering process which equipment is to be used for the
implementation. Information on this equipment may be referenced with the help of product-
oriented reference designations.
The relationship between the product-oriented reference designation and the function-
oriented reference designation is kept in the database and supplemented with a location-
oriented reference designation. Later, it will be easy to obtain which products are involved
in the realisation of a specific process task and where they are located from the database.
It is also possible to evaluate which different tasks are realized by a specific product.
The user has to decide which type of aspect is relevant:
The base design will probably start with the definition of the objects that are based on
process tasks. It is necessary to at least provide information on the process task itself and
on the constituent tasks. In addition, information may be provided on equipment intended
to realize the process task and also on the foreseen location.
An experienced planning engineer will probably start with the definition of the objects
based on equipment, as he already knows the technical solution.
9.1 Functional designations
The functional structure is useful to describe the purpose or tasks to be performed in a substation,
without necessarily taking in account the location and/or the products implementing the function. It
is used in an early planning phase of the substation. Functional references designations for
substations are mainly used for the primary process objects.
The substation is normally broken down into a functional structure based on transmission and/or
distribution systems with different voltage levels. The transmission and distribution switchgear
assemblies are divided into busbars and bays (feeders).The first level in the structure is the plant
itself, which is not designated. The objects in the second level can be voltage level units, common
plant systems, transforming bays, switchgear bays and busbars. The bay function can consist of
one or several switching devices and are then defined as power switching functions. Those without
switching devices, but still are carrying energy, are defined as busbars. Usually are only the
function designations used at this level, although products and locations also do exist as aspects.
But the later ones are not used.
For the secondary equipment the functional designation is used to designate functions and signals
unambiguous.
Functional reference designation example for a 150kV busbar 2 disconnector of power feeder 3:
=E1.Q3.QB2





Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 15
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
9.2 Product designations
A product-oriented structure is based on the way a system is implemented, constructed or
delivered using intermediate or final products. Products usually are the things that can be seen, like
apparatuses and components, but also software.
The product reference designation needs to be unambiguous in a reference designation set for
designating a product. A product can implement one or more independent functions. A product can
reside, alone or together with others in one location. One product can also reside in more than one
location. A product does often have an article number or serial number and can be an individual.
For the secondary equipment a cubicle shall be designated as an independent product. The
equipment built in the cubicle are designated as sub products of the cubicle.
If a cubicle holds equipment for controlling (or protecting) for more than only one power feeder then
the product cubicle implements more than one independent function. The equipment used for
controlling (or protecting) of each power feeder will be treated as modules within the cubicle. The
modules are treated as sub-products of the product cubicle. This modules can be identified either
by a counting number or by the power feeder name to which the module it belongs to.
For the secondary equipment the product designation is used to designate the products
unambiguous.
Product reference designation example for a main 1 protection relay as part of the 2nd protection
panel of the 1st cubicle row:
-C1.CP2.FP1



9.3 Location designations
Location reference designations should be seen as a positioning system by using a co-ordinate
system or similar. The switchyard area can be defined in co-ordinates as well as the houses
included in plant and further on the rooms. The location designation can also be a reference to
another product, which has a pre-defined location.
For the secondary equipment in a substation, the location structure is mostly used in the relay and
control cubicles, where the control devices, relays and protective relays can be located by the
means of their reference designation. I.e. the reference designation will be a guide to the objects
position.



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 16
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
The following letter code, which is not part of IEC 61346-2, is used for designating the co-ordinates
within a cubicle:
Single apparatus cubicle: Mounting plane Description
+
U
+
V
+
E
+
D
+K
+H
+B
+A +C

Apparatus cubicle with cable compartment:
+U
+
V
+
E
+
D
+K
+H
+B
+A +C
+
S
+Q
+J
+F
+W

Double apparatus cubicle:
+
U
+
V
+
E
+
D
+K
+H
+B
+A +C +L
+M
+U
2
+
V
2
+D
2
+A
+F
+W
*)
Triple apparatus cubicle:
+
U
+
V
+
E
+
D
+K
+H
+B
+A +N
+S
+C
+
T
+L
+M +O
+F
+W


*) If a partition- or a side- panel separates the double
or triple apparatus cubicle then the designation for
each cubicle partition should follow the rules given for
single apparatus cubicle.
+A


+B


+C


+D

+E

+F

+H


+L


+M


+N


+O


+J


+Q




+S


+T

+U

+V

+W

+X

+Y

Installation surface (and cubicle side plane) on the
left side of the cubicle

Installation surface (and rear plane or rear hinged
frame) on the back part of the cubicle

Installation surface (and cubicle side plane) on the
right side of the cubicle

Outside of door

Inside of door

Side of door

Installation surface (and extra plane) from the rear
side of B

Installation surface on the right side of the first
cubicle (for multiple cubicles only)

Installation surface on the left side of the second
cubicle

Installation surface on the right side of the second
cubicle (for triple cubicles only)

Installation surface on the left side of the third
cubicle.

Installation surface (and cubicle side plane) on the
right side of cable compartment

Installation surface (and rear plane) on the back
part of the cable compartment
or second installation surface (and rear plane) on
the back part of the cubicle

Outside of door in cable compartment or second
cubicle

Outside of door of the third cubicle

Outside of hinged frame

Inside of hinged frame

Side of hinged frame

Inside of second hinged frame

Non-defined plane

Special cases such as mounting on roof has to be
defined supplementary according to the needs.
9.3.1 Location designation for terminal groups and mounting rails
Terminal groups are normally mounted on the installation surface +A, +B and +C. Dependant on
the amount of mounting rows, the installation location for terminal rows are designated as +A.10,
+A.20, +A.30, +A.40, or +B.20, +B.30, +B.40,



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 17
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
9.3.2 Location designations for objects in swing frame
The hinged frame is subdivided in to height units. The example below shows an equipped swing
frame. The swing frame is subdivided in to 40 height units for installation. The designation +U is
used for the swing frame-mounting from the front.


+U.01
+U.03
+U.06 Size 7U Module is designated +U.06
+U.09
+U.13 Size 3,5U Module is designated +U.13
+U.16 Size 3,5U Module is designated +U.16
+U.18 (Module-fixing starts in +U.16 range)
+U.21
+U.24
+U.27
+U.30
+U.33
+U.36
+U.38
+U.40

9.3.3 Location (and product) designations within a combiflex-rack


101

301
4

h
e
i
g
h
t

m
o
d
u
l
e
s



9.3.4 Location designation example
For the secondary equipment the location designation is used as a guide to the objects position.
Location reference designation example for a main 1 protection relay as part of the 2nd protection
panel of the 1st cubicle row. The protection relay is mounted on the swing-frame:
+C1.CP2.U.06

+U
+
V
+
E
+
D
+K
+H
+B
+A +C

1 7 13 19 25 31 37 43 49 55 60
60 width modules
1
2
3
4
+C1.CP2.U.30.131.301
(Relay 301 in functional unit 131)



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 18
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
10. Reference designation examples for secondary equipment in substations
10.1 Example for relays placed in cubicles with different function allocation
Function structure & designation Description
=E1 Distribution on 110kV level
=E1.Q1 110kV power feeder 1
=E1.Q2 110kV power feeder 2
=E1.Q3 110kV power feeder 3
=E1.Q4 110kV power feeder 4
=E1.Q5 110kV power feeder 5
Product structure & designation Description
-C1 Enclosure group 1
-C1.CC1 Control enclosure 1 of -C1
-C1.CC1.A1 Control relay 1 in -C1.CC1
-C1.CC2 Control enclosure 2 of -C1
-C1.CC2.A1 Control relay 1 in -C1.CC2
-C1.CC3 Control enclosure 3 of -C1
-C1.CC3.1 Control module 1 (for Q3) in -C1.CC3
-C1.CC3.1.A1 Control relay 1 of control module 1 in -C1.CC3
-C1.CC3.2 Control module 2 (for Q4) in -C1.CC3
-C1.CC3.2.A1 Control relay 1 of control module 2 in -C1.CC3
-C1.CC4 Control enclosure 4 of -C1
-C1.CC4.A1 Control relay 1 in -C1.CC4
-C1.CC4.FP1 Protection relay 1 in -C1.CC4
-C1.CP5 Protection enclosure 5 of -C1
-C1.CP5.FP2 Protection relay 2 in -C1.CC5













The figure above shows that only the control relays are also associated to a function structure. This
means they are part of the concerning power feeding function.
The other products are not directly associated to a specific function, they are called pure
products. Such pure products can be enclosure groups, cubicles, cubicle lamps, cubicle heater,
etc.
In the figure above it can be retrieved from the location designation, that the control relays are
mounted on the front side of the swing frame.
The control modules -1 and -2 are used for holding the controlling equipment for the power feeders
=Q3 and =Q4. For such modules it would also be possible to define the product identification based
on the power feeder name to which the modules belong to function wise. In this case it could also
be chosen as -Q3 and -Q4 instead of -1 and -2.
=E1.Q2 =E1.Q1
-CC1
-A1
-CC2 -CC3
-1
-2
-A1
-A1
-CC4 -CP5
-C1
=E1.Q1
-C1.CC1.A1
=E1.Q5
-C1.CC4.Q5.A1
=E1.Q5
-C1.CP5.Q5.FP2
Product designation
Product that
implements a
function aspect
Pure product
(no relation to
any function)
+C1.CC1.U.10
=E1.Q2
-C1.CC2.A1
+C1.CC2.U.10
=E1.Q4
-C1.CC3.2.A1
+C1.CC3.U.20 +C1.CC4.U.10 +C1.CP5.U.10
Function designation
Location designation
-A1
=E1.Q5
-FP2
=E1.Q3
=E1.Q4
-A1
-FP1
=E1.Q5



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 19
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
10.2 Structuring example for one BCS in one cubicle
The following table shows a structuring example for a bay control solutions which is built in one
cubicle.
Note: Wavy line indicates that the function structure is not applicable for the shown product.
Function structure Product structure Location structure
=E1 Voltage level function 110kV
=Q2 Power feeder function
-C1 Enclosure group (cubicle row 1) +C1
-CC2 Control cubicle no.2 +CC2
-F11 DC1 MCB 1 +U0
-X11 DC1 distribution terminal group 1 +V0
-A1 Bay control unit (IED) +U21
-A2 Bay control mimic +U09
-S10 Control mode switch
-S20 Interlock by-pass switch
-P1 Measuring device
-QA1 Circuit breaker control module
-K1 SF6 block trip 1 relay +B20
-K2 SF6 block trip 2 relay +B20
-1 Phase L1 control
-X1 Process interface 1 +B40
-X2 Process interface 2 +B40
-QB1 Busbar 1 disconnector control module
-X1 Process interface 1 +B60
-X2 Process interface 2 +B50
10.3 Structuring example for two BCS in one cubicle
The following table shows a structuring example for two bay control solutions that are built in one
cubicle.
The product structure in the table below is structured as similar as possible according to the
function structure. The reason is that the product is built on modules that are designed to serve or
to support a primary process function. An advantage is that unique designations are only needed
within the modules. If it is not convenient for the cubicle designer to use the modules (functional
split) within the product structure then the modules can be omitted from the product structure.
Note: Wavy line indicates that the function structure is not applicable for the shown product.
Function structure Product structure Location structure
=E1 Voltage level function 110kV

-C1 Enclosure group (cubicle row 1) +C1
-CC3 Control cubicle no.2 +CC3
-F11 DC1 MCB 1 +U0
-X11 DC1 distribution terminal group 1 +V0
=Q3 Power feeder function 3 -1 Power feeder control module 1
-A1 Bay control unit (IED) +U11
-QA1 Circuit breaker control module
-K1 SF6 block trip 1 relay +B10
-K2 SF6 block trip 2 relay +B10
-1
-X1 Process interface 1 +B20
-X2 Process interface 2 +B20
-QB1 Busbar 1 disconnector control module
-X1 Process interface 1 +B20
-X2 Process interface 2 +B20
=Q4 Power feeder function 4 -2 Power feeder control module 2
-A1 Bay control unit (IED) +U22
-QA1 Circuit breaker control module
-K1 SF6 block trip 1 relay +B30
-K2 SF6 block trip 2 relay +B30
-1
-X1 Process interface 1 +B40
-X2 Process interface 2 +B40
-QB1 Busbar 1 disconnector control module
-X1 Process interface 1 +B40
-X2 Process interface 2 +B40

The reference designation set of this selected product is:
=E1.Q4
-C1.CC3.2.QA1.K2
+C1.CC3.B.30



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 20
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
10.4 Structuring example for an SAS
The following table shows a structuring example for a substation automation that is built in one
cubicle and one container. Monitors and Printers are freely placed on tables.
Note: Wavy line indicates that the structure is not applicable for the shown product.
Function structure Product structure Location structure
=AA1 Central control system -AA1 Central control system +AA1 Control room
-P1 Station alarm device 1
-P2 Station alarm device 2
-P11 Event printer 1
-P12 Event printer 2
-P21 Hardcopy printer 1
-P22 Hardcopy printer 2
-TB1 DC/AC Inverter
-TB2 On-line UPS
-G1 Additional battery for UPS
=KD1 Time Sync System 1 -TH1 GPS Antenna
-FA1 Overvoltage protection for GPS antenna
-KH2 Router remote access
=A3 Operators console -KA3 Workstation 1
-P1 Monitor 1
-P2 Monitor 2
-S1 Keyboard
-S2 Mouse
-CE1 Station container 1 +CE1
-F91 AC MCB 1 +U0
-F92 AC MCB 2 +U0
-X91 AC power plug socket strip 1
-X92 AC power plug socket strip 2
-X811 Alarm interface terminal group +A10
=WA1 Station LAN 1 -KS1 Ethernet switch 1 +U5
-TK1 Service modem 1 +V.4
-KC1 Printer server 1 +V.4
=A1 Station HMI 1 -KA1 Station computer 1 +U8
-TH1 Dual LAN card
-TH2 COM-port card
-TH3 Dual VGA card
-TH5 LON card 1 (PCLTA20)
-TH6 LON card 2 (PCLTA20)
-P31 Monitor 1
-P32 Monitor 2
-S1 Keyboard
-S11 Mouse
-CX1 Communication cubicle 1 +CX1
-F91 AC main MCB +U0
-X9 AC main input interface +A40
-X91 AC main distribution +V0
-E91 Cubicle lamp
-E92 Cubicle heating +C10
-S91 Door switch 1
-B91 Hygrostat 1 +C20
-B92 Thermostat 1 +C20
=TH1 Remote communication -KH1 Protocol converter 1 +U12
-TK1 Remote connection modem 1 +U22
=KD1 Time synC System 1 -KD1 Time synchronisation (GPS receiver) +U29
=WA5 LON interbay bus 1 -WL1 LON star coupler 1 +B10
-WL2 LON star coupler 2 +B20
-1 Fiber optic option card 1 +1
-2 Fiber optic option card 2 +2



The reference designation set of this selected product is:
-AA1.CX1.X9
+AA1.CX1.A.40




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 21
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
10.5 Function designation examples for HV equipment
The following figures show the functional item designations for some typical bays. The used designations
are based on table 4 of this document.

Example for typical double busbar bays:
=QB1 =QB2
=QA1
=QB9
=QC1
=QC2
=QC9
Line feeder
=BI1
=BI2
=BU1
=Q1
=WA1
=WA2
Busbar 1
Busbar 2
=QB1 =QB2
=QA1
=QC1
=QC2
Transformer feeder
=BI1
=Q1
=WA1
=WA2
Busbar 1
Busbar 2
=T1
=BI1
=BI2
=T1
=N1
=BI3
=QB1 =QB2
Bus coupler
=Q1
=WA1
=WA2
Busbar 1
Busbar 2
=QA1
=QC1 =QC2
=BI1
Bus section
=QB1
=QB2
=Q2
=WA2.1
=QA1
=QC1
=QC2
=BI1
=QC22
=BU22
=QC21
=BU21
=QC11
=BU11
=QC12
=BU12
=QB1
=WA1.1
=WA2.2
=WA1.2
=Q1





Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 22
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV

Example for 1 - breaker system

=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB1
=QC1
=QB6
=QB9
=QC9
=QC3
=QC2
=QB61
=QB62
=QC1
=QC2
=QB9
=QC9
=QC3
=QC2
=QC1
=QB6
=QB2
1 1/2 - Breaker system
=Q3
=Q2
=Q1
Busbar 1
Busbar 2





Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 23
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
10.6 Function designation example for a function block diagram

comm. equipment comm. equipment
-C1.CP1
R
e
m
o
te
T
rip
-bu -bu -bu -bu
2/!|\ / t.|\ / t.|\
3t\A 3|/t.2
3t\A 3|/t.2
|
-0|9 -0|9 -0|9 -0|9
| -0b9 -0b9 -0b9 -0b9
|
-0|2 -0|2 -0|2 -0|2
|
-b|. -b|. -b|. -b|.
2tt / A , 3t\A , t.!|
-0A -0A -0A -0A
|
-0b -0b -0b -0b
|
-0b2 -0b2 -0b2 -0b2
|
-0| -0| -0| -0|
-b|.2 -b|.2 -b|.2 -b|.2
2tt / A , 3t\A , !|2t
-b|.3 -b|.3 -b|.3 -b|.3
2tt / A , 3t\A , !|2t
|2
-b|./ -b|./ -b|./ -b|./
2tt / A , 3t\A , !|2t
TC1
TC2
CC
Busbar 1
Busbar 2
=PBDF
U1 87B
=RBRF
U1 51BF
=PTRC
TRIP
=PTOC
U1 51EFP
TCTR
N CT
TCTR
L3 CT
TCTR
L2 CT
=TCTR
L1 CT
=RPSB
1 68
=PPBV
1 47VTS
=PDEF
1 67N
=RDRE
1 95DR
=TVTR
U1 VT
=TVTR
U2 VT
=PSCH
Z< 21
=RFLO
1 21FL
=PTOV
1 59
=PTOC
1 51
=PSCH
EF 67N
=PTRC
TRIP
TCTR
L3 CT
TCTR
L2 CT
=TCTR
L1 CT
TVTR
L3 VT
TVTR
L2 VT
=TVTR
L1 VT
PDIS
Z5 21
PDIS
Z4 21
PDIS
Z3 21
PDIS
Z2 21
=PDIS
Z1 21
=RPSB
1 68
=PPBV
1 47VTS
=PDEF
1 67N
=RDRE
1 95DR
=PSCH
Z< 21
=RFLO
1 21FL
=PTOV
1 59
=PTOC
1 51
=PSCH
EF 67N
=PTRC
TRIP
PDIS
Z5 21
PDIS
Z4 21
PDIS
Z3 21
PDIS
Z2 21
=PDIS
Z1 21
TCTR
N CT
TCTR
L3 CT
TCTR
L2 CT
=TCTR
L1 CT
TVTR
L3 VT
TVTR
L2 VT
=TVTR
L1 VT
=RDRE
1 95DR
=27
TCS 27
=27
TCS 27
O
p
tic
a
l In
te
fa
c
e
-C1.CP1.FP1
-C1.CP1.FP3
LD1 / LON Main 1 protection unit
LD1 / LON Station bay protection unit
-C1.CP1.FP2
LD1 / LON Main 2 protection unit





The functions shown in the function block diagram are designated according to table 3 of this
document. Functions running on a IED are designated according to IEC 61850 (e.g. =PTOC).
Others are designated according to IEEE Std C37.2-1996 (e.g. =27).




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 24
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
11. Code tables
11.1 Letter codes for infrastructure objects
The classification according the following table will exclusively be used for structure level 2 within a
substation.
Table 1- Letter codes for infrastructure objects
Code Object Examples Sub class
A Objects for overall control Substation control system,
telecontrol, PLC system
See table 1.1
B Switchgear =/> 420 kV
C Switchgear 380 - < 420 kV
D Switchgear 220 - < 380 kV
E Switchgear 110 - < 220 kV
F Switchgear 60 - < 110 kV
G Switchgear 45 - < 60 kV
H Switchgear 30 - < 45 kV
I do not use
J Switchgear 20 - < 30 kV
K Switchgear 10 - < 20 kV
L Switchgear 6 - < 10 kV
M Switchgear 1 - < 6 kV
N Switchgear < 1 kV Auxiliary power system See table 1.2
P Installation for equipotential bonding earthing protection, lightning protection
T Transformer, converter
U Objects for storage of material or goods
V Objects for fulfilling auxiliary purposes
besides the process. Objects for storing
material and goods.
Water tank
W Objects for administrative or social
purposes
Garage, office, lounge, sanitary facilities
X Objects for or related to transportation of
material or goods (besides the main
process)
Air condition, fire fighting system, lightning
system, sewage system
See table 1.3
Y Objects for communication and
information tasks
Computer network, telephone network,
telecontrol, closed circuit TV
See table 1.4
Z Objects for housing or enclosing
technical systems or installations like
areas and buildings
Building, track system

The following sub classes and tables may only be used together with the classification according to
table 1.



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 25
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
Table 1.1 Sub classes for letter code A (Switchgear < 1kV)
Code Object
AA Substation control system, time system
AB Building services, central protection system
AC Parallel switching system
AD Fault location or emergency alarm system
AE System for operation and monitoring
AF Wide band transmission system
AH PLC-system, TRA (audio frequency remote control
system), telephone system
AJ Metering system
AK Telecontrol system
AL Auxiliary power supply systems
AZ Combined systems
Table 1.2 Sub classes for letter code N (Objects for overall control)
Code Object
NA 750 1000 V AC
NB 500 - < 750 V AC
NC 400 - < 500 V AC
NE 300 - < 400 V AC
NF 200 - < 300 V AC
NG 101 - < 200 V AC
NH 100 V AC
NK 221 V DC
NL 111 - < 220 V DC
NM 81 - < 110 V DC
NN 61 - < 80 V DC
NQ 49 - < 60 V DC
NR 31 - < 48 V DC
NS 25 - < 30 V DC
NU 13 - < 24 V DC
NV 7 - < 12 V DC
NW 6 V DC
NZ Installation distribution
Table 1.3 Sub classes for letter code X (Objects for transportation of material)
Code Object
XA Air conditioning system
XB Fire fighting system
XC Electrical installation (light an power)
XF Ventilation system, smoke-extraction system
XG Oil sump, rain water sump system
XZ Combined systems
Table 1.4 Sub classes for letter code Y (Objects for communication & information)
Code Object
YA Analogue transmission
YB Digital transmission
YC Operating radio system
YD Person calling system, paging system
YE Object security system, i.g. video monitoring
YF Clock system
YG Point-to-point radio system
YH Telecommunication system
YJ Computer network
YK Cable distribution system
XZ Combined systems



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 26
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
11.2 Letter codes for objects according to their purpose or task
The normative standard IEC 61346-2 provides the letter codes for the classification of objects
according their purpose or task.
The classification of objects according to their purpose or task will be used for objects of all levels
except level 1 and 2. A separate code is used for protection function- and location- designation.
Table 2 - Letter codes for objects according to their purpose or task
Code Purpose or task Examples Sub class
A
two or more purposes
This class is only for objects for which no
main purpose can be identified
Touch screen, intelligent electronic device
that servers several purposes or tasks

B
converting an input variable (physical
property, condition or event) into a signal
for further processing. Transducing e.g.
from non-electrical to electrical quantity
Detector, measuring element, measuring
transformer photo cell, pilot switch,
position switch/indicator, sensor, video
camera
See table 2.1
C
storing of material, energy or information Capacitor, buffer, recorder*, hard disk,
memory, RAM, enclosures
*mainly storing purpose
See table 2.2
E
providing radiant or thermal energy Lighting device, heating device, cooling
devices boiler, laser

F
protecting directly (selfacting) a flow of
energy, signals, personel or equipment
from dangerous or unwanted conditions.
Including:systems and equipment for
protective purposes.
Fuse, protective relay, miniature circuit
breaker, cathodic protection, anode, fuse,
surge arrester, thermal overload relay,
over voltage discharge device
See table 2.3
G
initiating a flow of energy or material;
generating signals used as information
carriers or reference source;
producing a kind of material or product
battery, power supplies, dynamo, fuel cell,
generator, hand inductor, signal
generator, solar cell, wave generator,
rotating frequency converter

K
processing (receiving, treating and
providing) signals or information
(excluding objects for protective
purposes, see class F):
processing (treating) of material or
products (including preparatory and post-
treatment)
all-or-nothing relay, integrated circuit,
automatic paralleling device , integrated
circuit, contactor relay, delay element,
electronic valve, electronic tube,
measuring relay, synchronizing device,
time relay, transistor, CPU, programmable
controller, microprocessor, process
computer

N
Zero point equipment Neutral point equipment

M
providing mechanical energy (rotational
or linear mech. motion) for driving
purposes
Actuator; electric motor, linear motor,
turbine

P
presenting information Acoustical signal device, meter, video
monitor, continuous line recorder, display
unit, counter, LED, indicator, printer,
optical signal device, signal lamp, bell,
clock, synchronoscope meters

Q
controlled switching or varying a flow of
energy of signals* or of material
*for signals in control circuits see class K
and S
circuit breaker, contactor (for power),
disconnector, switch, power transistor,
thyristor
See table 2.4
R
restricting or stabilizing motion or a flow
of energy, information or material
Resistor, limiter, diode, reactor, shunt,
thermistor, inductor

S
converting a manual operation into a
signal for further processing
keyboard, light pen, mouse, push button,
selector switch, control switch, set point
adjuster

T
converting of energy maintaining the kind
of energy;
converting of an established signal
maintaining the content of information;
converting form or shape of material
Transformer, AC/DC converter, amplifier,
demodulator, frequency changer,
transducer, instrument transformer,
modulator, power transformer, rectifier,
signal converter, signal transformer,
antenna, telephone set
See table 2.5
U
keeping objects in a defined position Insulator, foundation, cable ladder,
mounting rack/plate

V
Processing (treating) of material or
products (including preparatory and post-
treatment)
Filter

W
guiding or transporting energy, signals or
material from one place to another
Busbar, cable, conductor, information bus,
optical fibre, waveguide, through bushing
See table 2.6
X
connecting objects connector, plug connector, terminal,
terminal block/strip
See table 2.7




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 27
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
The following sub classes and tables may only be used together with the classification according to
table 2.
Table 2.1 Sub classes for letter code B (converting to signal)
Code Purpose or task Examples
BI (*) Current transformer CTs
BU (*) Voltage transformer VTs
BZ Combined tasks Combination of measuring transformers
Table 2.2 Sub classes for letter code C (storing)
Code Purpose or task Examples
C (Without sub-class) Capacitor, enclosure group, buffer,
computer storage
CA AC-distribution enclosure
CD DC-distribution enclosure
CC Control panel
CE Event recorder panel
CF Fault recorder panel
CK Synchronizing panel
CM Metering panel
CP Protective relay panel
CX Remote interface panel
Table 2.3 Sub classes for letter code F (protecting)
Code Purpose or task Examples
F (without sub-class) Fuse, MCB
FA Surge arrester
FE Portable earthing
FP Protections, Protective relay Main protection relay
Table 2.3 Sub classes for letter code K (processing)
Code Purpose or task Examples
K (without sub-class) Aux. relays
KA Process computing Station computer, workstation
KC Processing and intermediate storage of information Printer server
KD Time synchronisation GPS receiver, DCF77 receiver
KH Convert communication protocols Protocol converter, LON/SPA gateway
KS Process and intermediate forwarding of information Ethernet switch, bridges
Table 2.4 Sub classes for letter code Q (controlled switching)
Code Purpose or task Examples
Q (without sub-class) Power feeder (bay)
QA (*) Switching energy circuit Circuit breaker
QB (*) Disconnecting energy circuit Disconnector
QC (*) Earthing energy circuit Earthing switch
QD By-pass energy circuit Bypass switch
QF Combined switching tasks (QAQE) Circuit breaker combined with
disconnector
QG

QL
Reserved for objects associated with a flow of
information and signals

QM Varying flow of energy Tap changer
QN

QT
Reserved for objects associated with mechanical and
thermal energy, as well as radiation and nuclear
energy.

QU

QY
Reserved for objects associated with a flow of material
QZ Combined switching tasks (QAQY)
(*) See table 4 for Recommended designations for primary equipment in substations



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 28
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
Table 2.5 Sub classes for letter code T (converting)
Code Purpose or task Examples
T Transform power Power transformer
TA Transform power for distribution Distribution (auxiliary) transformer
TB Convert power AC/DC converter, DC/AC inverter,
rectifier
TH Convert information / signals Signal converter, Antenna
TJ Boost information / signals Amplifier, repeater,
TK Modulate information / signals Modem, modulator
TN

TT
Reserved for objects associated with mechanical and
thermal energy, as well as radiation and nuclear
energy.

TU

TY
Reserved for objects associated with a flow of material
TZ Combined tasks
Table 2.6 Sub classes for letter code W (transporting)
Code Purpose or task Examples
WA Distribute, collect Busbar system, rope, pipe
WB Transporting 1kV Power cable and lines 1kV
WC Transporting < 1kV Power cable and lines <1kV
WE Control of ground potential or reference potential Earth bar, earthing bus, potential tap,
screen bus
WF Combined tasks (WA WE)
WG Transporting (electrically) of signals or information Signal and control cable, data bus
(electrical)
WH Transporting (optically) of signals or information Signal and control cable, data bus
(optical)
WL Combined tasks (WG WH) Star coupler (containing electrical data
bus and optical connections),
Ethernet hub (containing electrical data
bus and optical connections)
WN

WT
Reserved for objects associated with mechanical and
thermal energy, as well as radiation and nuclear
energy.
Drive shaft
WU

WY
Reserved for objects associated with a flow of material Pipe
WZ Combined tasks
Table 2.7 Sub classes for letter code X (connecting)
Code Purpose or task Examples
X (without sub-class) Terminal, connection (i.e. terminal
group)
XB Connecting of transporting 1kV Cable sealing end, cable terminators,
clamp 1kV
XC Connecting of transporting < 1kV Cable sealing end, cable terminators,
clamp < 1kV
XE Connecting ground potential Earth terminal
XF Combined tasks (XB XE)




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 29
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
11.3 Letter codes for functions running on IEDs and protection functions
The detailed functions running on an intelligent electronic device (including a communication
interface) are designated according to IEC 61850-5 and IEC 61850-7-4 (Normative standard for
communication networks and systems in substations). All other protection functions are designated
by numbers, with appropriate suffix letters (when necessary) according to extract from IEEE C37.2.
61850 means abbreviation/acronyms with a systematic syntax used by IEC 61850
IEEE means device function numbers and contact designations used in IEEE Std C37.2-1996
Electric Power System Device Function Numbers and Contact Designation, if applicable
Functions shown in brackets and light grey are functions that are only defined in IEC 61850-5. This
part is not used for communication and therefore these functions have to modeled according to IEC
61850-7-4.
Table 3 - Letter codes for functions running on IEDs and protection functions
61850 IEEE Description or comments


PROTECTION FUNCTIONS
PTEF Transient earthfault protection
Transient earth faults happen if there is a fault to ground (isolation breakdown) in compensated networks.
The fault disappears very fast since there is not sufficient current to feed it. No trip happens but the fault
direction/location has to be detected to repair the faulted part. At least the degradation of the impacted
line/cable is reported.
12 Overspeed device
Usually a direct-connected speed switch that functions on machine overspeed.
PZSU 14 Zero speed and underspeed protection
Underspeed device is a device that functions when the speed of a machine falls below a pre-determined
value
PDIS 21 Distance protection
Distance relay is a relay that functions when the circuit admittance, impedance, or reactance increases or
decreases beyond a predetermined value.
The change of the impedance seen by PDIS is caused by a fault. The impedance characteristic is a closed
line set in the complex impedance plane. - The reach of the distance protection is normally split into
different zones (e.g. 14 forward and 1 backward) represented by dedicated characteristics.
PDIS has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with one instance of PDIS per zone and with PSCH
(Protection scheme).
PVPH 24 Volt per Hz protection
Voltage per Hertz relay is a relay that functions when the ratio of voltage to frequency exceeds a preset
value. The relay may have an instantaneous or a time characteristic.
PTUV 27 (Time) Undervoltage protection
Undervoltage relay is a relay that operates when its input voltage is less than a predetermined value.
(PDPR)

32, 32R Directional power (32) /reverse power protection (32R)
Directional power relay is a relay which operates on a predetermined value of power flow in a given
direction, or upon reverse power flow such as that resulting from the motoring of a generator upon loss of its
prime mover.
PDPR has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with either PDOP (Dir. over power) or PDUP
(Dir. under power).
PDOP 32, 32R Directional over power
This function shall be used for the overpower part of PDPR. Additionally PDOP is used to model a reverse
overpower function (32R).
PDUP 32 Directional under power
This function shall be used for the underpower part of PDPR, PUCP and PUEX.
(PWDE) 32 Directional earth fault protection for compensated networks based on wattmetric principle
This directional power relay is a relay, which operates on a predetermined value of earth fault power flow in
a given direction in compensated networks.
Depending on protection philosophy and quality of current transducers it is used as fault indication only or
for tripping also.
PWDE has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PSDE (Sensitive earth fault protection).
PSDE 32 Sensitive earth fault protection
This function is used for directional earthfault handling in compensated and isolated networks. For
compensated networks, this function is often called wattmetric directional earthfault. The very high accuracy
needed for fault current measurement in compensated networks may require phase angle compensation.
This shall be realised by the related TCTR.
(PUCP) 37 Undercurrent/underpower protection
Undercurrent or underpower relay is a relay that functions when the current or power flow decreases below
a predetermined value.
PUCP has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTUC (Undercurrent) and PDUP (Under
power).



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 30
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
61850 IEEE Description or comments
PTUC 37 Undercurrent
This function shall be used for the undercurrent part of PUCP. Different instances shall be used for phase
and ground.
38 Bearing protective device
A device that functions on excessive bearing temperature, or on other abnormal mechanical conditions
associated with the bearing, such as undue wear, which may eventually result in excessive bearing
temperature or failure.
39 Mechanical condition monitor
A device that functions upon the occurrence of an abnormal mechanical condition (except that associated
with bearings as covered under device function 38), such as excessive vibration, eccentricity, expansion,
shock, tilting or seal failure.
(PUEX) 40 Loss of field/Underexcitation protection
Field relay is a relay that functions on a given or abnormal low value or failure of machine field current, or
on an excessive value of reactive component of armature current in an ac machine indicating abnormal low
field excitation. Underexcitation results in under power.
PUEX has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PDUP (Dir. under power).
(PPBR) 46 Reverse phase or phase balance current protection
Reverse-phase or phase-balance current relay is a relay that functions when the polyphase currents are of
reverse-phase sequence, or when the polyphase currents are unbalanced or contain negative phase-
sequence components above a given amount.
PPBR has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOC (Time overcurrent).
(PPBV) 47 Phase sequence or phase-balance voltage protection
Phase-sequence or phase-balance voltage relay is a relay that functions upon a pre-determined value of
polyphase voltage in the desired phase sequence or when the polyphase voltages are unbalanced, or when
the negative phase-sequence voltage exceeds a given amount.
PPBV has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOV (Overvoltage).
(PMSU) 48, 49R,
51LR, 66
Motor start-up protection
By supervising the motor start-up, these protection prevents any overload of the motor.
PMSU has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PMRI (Motor restart inhibition) and PMSS
(Motor starting time supervision).
PMRI 49 Motor restart inhibition
This function shall be used to model from PMSU the part which protects a motor against thermal overload
during start-up in a dedicated function.
PMSS 48 Motor starting time supervision
This function shall be used to model from PMSU the part which protects a motor against excessive starting
time/locked rotor during start-up in a dedicated function.
PTTR 49 Thermal overload protection
Machine or transformer thermal relay is a relay that functions when the temperature of a machine armature
winding or other load-carrying winding or element of a machine or power transformer exceeds a
predetermined value .
(PROL) 49R Rotor thermal overload protection
See above (49).
PROL has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTTR (Thermal Overload).
(PSOL) 49S Stator thermal overload protection
See above (49).
PSOL has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTTR (Thermal Overload).
PIOC 50 Instantaneous overcurrent or rate of rise protection
Instantaneous overcurrent or rate-of-rise relay is a relay that functions instantaneously on an excessive
value of current or on an excessive rate of current rise.
PTOC 51 AC time overcurrent protection
Ac time overcurrent relay is a relay when the ac input current exceeds a predetermined value, and in which
the input current and operating time are inversely related through a substantial portion of the performance
range.
PVOC 51V Voltage controlled/dependent time overcurrent protection
See above (PTOC/51) with voltage control/dependency.
(PPFR) 55 Power factor protection
Power factor relay is a relay that operates when the power factor in an ac circuit rises above or falls below a
predetermined value.
PPFR has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with POPF (Over power factor) and PUPF
(Under power factor).
POPF 55 Over power factor
This function shall be used for the over power factor part of PPFR.
PUPF 55 Under power factor
This function shall be used for the under power factor part of PPFR.
PTOV 59 (Time) Overvoltage protection
Overvoltage relay is a relay which operates when its input voltage is more than a predetermined value.
(PDOV) 59DC DC-overvoltage protection
See above (PTOV/59).
PDOV has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOV (Overvoltage).



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 31
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
61850 IEEE Description or comments
(PVCB) 60 Voltage or current balance protection
Voltage or current balance relay is a relay that operates on a given difference on voltage, or current input or
output, of two circuits.
PVCB has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with either PTOV (Overvoltage) or PTOC (Time
overcurrent) regarding the magnitude of the difference.
PHIZ 64 Earth fault protection/Ground detection
Ground detector relay is a relay that operates on failure of machine or other apparatus insulation to ground.
(PREF) 64R Rotor earth fault protection
See above (PHIZ/64).
PREF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOC (Time overcurrent).
(PSEF) 64S Stator earth fault protection
See above (PHIZ/64).
PSEF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOC (Time overcurrent).
(PITF) 64W Interturn fault protection
See above (PHIZ/64)
PITF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOC (Time overcurrent).
(PDOC) 67 AC directional overcurrent protection
Ac directional overcurrent relay is a relay that functions on a desired value of ac overcurrent flowing in a
predetermined direction
PDOC has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOC (Time overcurrent).
(PDEF) 67N Directional earth fault protection
See above (PDOC/67)
PDEF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOC (Time overcurrent).
(PDCO) 76 DC time overcurrent protection
Dc overcurrent relay is a relay that functions when the current in a dc circuit exceeds a given value.
PDCO has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOC (Time overcurrent).
PPAM 78 Phase angle or out-of-step protection
Phase-angle measuring or out-of-step protective relay is a relay that functions at a predetermined phase
angle between two voltages or between two currents or between voltage and current
(PFRQ) 81 Frequency protection
Frequency relay is a relay that responds to the frequency of an electric quantity, operating when the
frequency or change of frequency exceeds or is less than a predetermined value.
PFRQ has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PTOF (Over frequency) and PTUF (Under
frequency) and PFRC (Rate of change of frequency).
PTOF 81 Overfrequency
This function shall be used for the overfrequency factor part of PPFR.
PTUF 81 Underfrequency
This function shall be used for the underfrequency factor part of PPFR.
PFRC 81 Rate of change of frequency
This function shall be used for the rate of change of frequendy factor part of PPFR.
PDIF 87 Differential protection
Differential protective relay is a protective relay that functions on a percentage or phase angle or other
quantitative difference of two currents or some other electrical quantities.
(PPDF) 87P Phase comparison protection
See above (PDIF/87)
PPDF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PDIF (Differential).
(PLDF) 87L Differential line protection
See above (PDIF/87)
LPDF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PDIF (Differential).
(PNDF) 87N Restricted earth fault protection
See above (PDIF/87).
PNDF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PDIF (Differential).
(PTDF) 87T Differential transformer protection
See above (PDIF/87) Special for transformers are inrush currents with dedicated harmonics, which have
to be considered by the transformer protection.
PTDF has to be modeled acc. to IEC61850-7-4 with PDIF (Differential) and PHAR (Harmonic
restraint).
PHAR Harmonic restraint
This function shall be used to represent the harmonic restraint data of the transformer differential protection
(PTDF) in a dedicated node. There may be multiple instantiations of this function with different settings.
(PMDF) 87M Motor differential protection
See above (PDIF/87).
PMDF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PDIF (Differential).
(PGDF) 87G Generator differential protection
See above (PDIF/87).
PGDF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PDIF (Differential).
(PBDF) 87B Busbar protection
See above (PPDF/87) The complexity of the busbar node with changing topology up to a split into two or
more nodes needs special means like a dynamic busbar image.- It has to be considered that at least a



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 32
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
61850 IEEE Description or comments
second busbar protection algorithm exists which is based on the direction comparison of the fault direction
in all feeders.
The decentralized busbar protection consists in addition to the central decision making instance of the
PBDF also of an instance per bay with appropriate preprocessing and trip output. PBDF has to be
modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PDIF (Differential) or PDIR (Direction comparison).
PDIR Direction comparison
The operate decision is based on an agreement of the fault direction signals from all directional fault
sensors (for example directional relays) surrounding the fault. The directional comparison for lines is made
with PSCH.
PSCH Protection scheme
This function shall be used to model the logic scheme for line protection function co-ordination. The
protection scheme allows the exchange of the operate outputs of different protection functions and
conditions for line protection schemes. It includes data for teleprotection if applicable. In this case, all
appropriate data shall be subscribed.
PTRC 94 Tripping or protection free-relay / Protection trip conditioning
This function shall be used to connect the operate outputs of one or more protection functions to a
common trip to be transmitted to XCBR. In addition or alternatively, any combination of operate outputs
of the protection functions may be combined to a new operate of PTRC.
PROTECTION RELATED FUNCTIONS
RDRE Disturbance recording (bay/process level : acquisition)
Acquisition functions for voltage and current waveforms from the power process (CTs, VTs), and for position
indications of binary inputs. Also calculated values like power and calculated binary signals may be
recorded by this function if applicable.
RDRS Disturbance recording (station level : evaluation)
The disturbance recording evaluation is needed as a server for HMI on station level (or even on a higher
level) or for calculation of combined disturbance records.
RADR Disturbance recorder channel analogue
In addition to the channel number, all attributes needed for the COMTRADE file are provided either by data
from the TVTR or TCTR or by attributes of the measured value (samples subscribed from TVTR or TCTR)
itself. The circuit component and phase identification is provided by the instance identification of RADR.
Channels 1 to n are created by 1 to n instances.
RBDR Disturbance recorder channel binary
In addition to the channel number, all attributes needed for the COMTRADE file are provided by attributes
of the binary input (subscribed from another LN). The circuit component and phase identification is
provided by the instance identification of the LN RBDR. Channels 1 to n are created by 1 to n
instances.
RDIR Directional element
This function shall be used to represent all directional data in a dedicated function used for directional relay
settings. The protection function itself is modelled by the dedicated protection function. RDIR may be used
with functions 21, 32 or 67.
RFLO 21FL Fault locator
The fault locator calculates out of the protection information (e.g. the fault impedance of the function
distance function) the location of the fault in km.
RSYN 25 Synchrocheck / Synchronizing or Synchronism-Check
Synchronizing or synchronism-check device is a device that operates when two ac circuits are within the
desired limits of frequency, phase-angle and voltage, to permit or to cause the paralleling of these two
circuits.
To avoid stress for the switching device and the network, closing of circuit breaker is allowed by the
synchrocheck only, if the differences of voltage, frequency and phase angle are within certain limits.
30 Annunciator relay
A non-automatically reset device that gives a number of separate visual indications upon the functioning of
protective devices, and that may also be arranged to perform a lockout function.
RBRF 50BF Breaker failure
Instantaneous overcurrent or rate-of-rise relay is a relay that functions instantaneously on an excessive
value of current or on an excessive rate of current rise. In case of a breaker failure the fault is not cleared.
Therefore, neighboring breakers have to be tripped.
68 Blocking relay
A relay that initiates a pilot signal for blocking of tripping on external faults in a transmission line or in other
apparatus under predetermined conditions, or that co-operates with other devices to block tripping or to
block reclosing on an out-of-step condition or on power swings.
77 Tele metering device
A transmitter used to generate and transmit to a remote location an electrical signal representing a
measured quantity, or a receiver used to receive the electrical signal from a remote transmitter and convert
the signal to present the original measured quantity.
RPSB 78 Power swing blocking
Phase-angle measuring or out-of-step protective relay is a relay that functions at a predetermined phase
angle between two voltages or between two currents or between voltage and current
RREC 79 Automatic reclosing
Ac closing relay is a relay that controls the automatic reclosing and locking out of an ac circuit interrupter.
After any successful protection trip the automatic reclosing tries 1 to 3 times to reclose the open breaker



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 33
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
61850 IEEE Description or comments
again with different time delays assuming a transient fault.
(RCPW) 85 Carrier or pilot wire protection
Carrier or pilot-wire receiver relay is a relay that is operated or restrained by a signal used in connection
with carrier-current or dc pilot-wire fault relaying.
PDEF has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with PSCH (Protection scheme). PSCH is used
for line protection schemes instead of RCPW.
86 Lockout relay
A hand or electrical reset auxiliary relay that is operated upon the occurrence of abnormal conditions to
maintain associated equipment or devices inoperative unit it is reset..
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
CALH Alarm handling (Creation of group alarms and group events)
For the communication, there is no difference between alarms and events, if a time tag is added to any data
transmitted. If several events or alarms have to be combined to group alarms, a separate, configurable
function is needed. The related function may be used to calculate new data out of individual data from
different functions. Remote acknowledgement with different priority and authority shall be possible. The
definition and handling of alarms is an engineering issue.
CSWI Switch controller
Controls any switchgear, i.e. the devices described by XCBR and XSWI. The switch control function
handles all switchgear operations from the operators and from related automatics. It checks the
authorization of the commands. It supervises the command execution and gives an alarm in case if
improper ending of the command. It asks for releases from interlocking, synchrocheck, autoreclosure, etc. if
applicable.
CPOW Point-on-wave breaker controller.
Controls a circuit breaker with point-on-wave switching capability. The point-on-wave breaker controller
function provides all functionality to close or open a circuit breaker at a certain instant of time, i.e. a certain
point of the voltage or current wave. It is started by request either from CSWI or RREC. For closing it
compares similar as RSYN the voltages on both sides of the breaker to get the minimum stress. This holds
also if one of the voltages is zero. For opening the point of minimum stress is calculated referring to the
current wave. The selection command activates the voltage selection. It calculates the point of minimum
stress and issues a closing or opening (depending on the intended command) execute command with an
absolute time referring to the requested point-on-wave. For these calculations the conditions in all three
phases are considered. If switching per phase is applicable three execution times are provided.
CILO 3 Interlocking function at station and/or bay level
Interlocking may be totally centralized or totally decentralized. Since the interlocking rules are basically the
same on bay and station level and based on all related position indications the different interlocking logical
nodes may be seen as instances of the same logical node interlocking.
1) Interlocking of switchgear at bay level: All interlocking rules referring to a bay are included in this LN.
Releases or blockings of requested commands are issued. In case of status changes affecting interlocking
blocking commands are issued.
2) Interlocking of switchgear at station level: All interlocking rules referring to the station are included in this
LN. Releases or blockings of requested commands are issued. Information with the LN bay interlocking is
exchanged
CCGR Cooling group control
This function shall be used to control the cooling equipment. One instance per cooling group shall be used.
INTERFACING AND ARCHIVING FUNCTIONS
74 Alarm relay
A relay other than an annunciator, as covered under device function 30, that is used to operate, or to
operate in connection with a visual or audible alarm.
IHMI Operator interface
Front-panel operator interface at bay level to be used for configuration, etc. and local control. Local operator
interface at station level to be used as work place for the station operator. The role of the different HMI is
not fixed for most of the functions and is defined in the engineering phase
ITCI Remote control interface or Telecontrol interface
Telecontrol interface to be used for remote control from higher control level. Basically, the TCI will
communicate the same data as the station level HMI or a subset of these data. The role of the different
interfaces is not fixed for most of the functions and defined in the engineering phase
ITMI Remote monitoring interface / Telemonitoring interface
Telemonitoring interface to be used for remote monitoring and maintenance using a subset of all
information available in the substation and allows no control. The role of the different interfaces is not fixed
for most of the functions and def. in the engineering phase
IARC Archiving
Archiving to be used as sink and source for long-term historical data, normally used globally for the
complete substation on station level.
AUTOMATIC PROCESS CONTROL FUNCTIONS
84 Operating mechanism
The complete electrical mechanism or servomechanism, including the operating motor, solenoids, position
switches, etc, for a tap changer, including regulator, or any similar piece of apparatus which otherwise has
no device function number.
ATCC 84 Automatic tap changer control
Automatics to maintain the voltage of a busbar within a specific range using tap changers. This node



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 34
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
61850 IEEE Description or comments
operates the tap changer automatically according to given setpoints or by direct operator commands
(manual mode).
90 Regulating device
A device that functions to regulate a quantity or quantities, such as voltage, current, power, speed,
frequency, temperature and load at a certain value or between certain (generally close) limits for machines,
tie lines or other apparatus.
AVCO 90 Automatic voltage control
Automatics to control the voltage of a busbar within a specific range independent of the means used.
ARCO 90 Reactive control
Automatics to control the reactive power flow in a substation within a specific range using capacitors and/or
reactances.
ANCR 90 Earth fault neutralizer control (control of Petersen coil)
The grounding of the transformer star point influences the short circuit in a network. This grounding is
dynamically determined by a Petersen coil controlled by ENFC.
GAPC Automatic process control (Means a generic, programmable function for sequences, unknown functions,
etc. )
Several functions are sequences. They are collected in the LN type Generic automatic process control
(GAPC). This is a generic node for all undefined functions. These sequences may be implemented with
standard PLC languages. The data access and exchange is completely the same as for all other LNs.
Examples are
1) Load shedding
to shed in overload situations in a very selective way parts of the consumers to avoid the collapse of the
network. This load-shedding function may not be restricted on frequency criteria only like PFRQ but include
actual power balance etc.
2) Infeed transfer switching
to detect a weak infeed e.g. to an industrial plant and to switch over to another feeding line. Boundary
conditions have to be considered like the synchron. of motors if applicable
3) Transformer change
to switchover in case of overload to another transformer or to distribute the load more evenly to all related
transformers on the busbar.
4) Busbar change
To start by one single operator command a sequence of switching operations resulting in a busbar change
of a dedicated line or transformer if applicable.
5) Automatic clearing & voltage restoration
To trip all circuits connected to a busbar after detecting zero-voltage conditions (black-out) and to close the
same breakers following certain pre-defined rules
METERING AND MEASUREMENT FUNCTIONS
MMXU Measuring(for operative purpose)
to acquire values from CTs and VTs and calculate measurands like rms values for current and voltage or
power flows out of the acquired voltage and current samples. These values are normally used for
operational purposes like power flow supervision and management, screen displays, state estimation, etc.
The requested accuracy for these functions has to be provided. Note: The measuring procedures in the
protection devices are part of the dedicated protection algorithm represented by the protection function.
MMXU has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with MMXU for the three phase version and with
MMXN (Non-phase related measurement) for the single phase version.
MMXN
Non-phase related measurement.
This function shall be used for calculation of currents, voltages, powers and impedances in a single phase
system, i.e. in a system where voltages and currents are not phase-related.
MMTR Metering (for commercial purpose)
to acquire values from CTs and VTs and calculate the energy (integrated values) out of the acquired
voltage and current samples. Metering is normally used also for billing and has to provide the requested
accuracy. A dedicated instance of this function may take the energy values from external meters e.g. by
pulses instead directly from CTs and VTs. MMTR has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with
MMTR for metering values and with MSTA (Metering statistics) for statistics.
MSQI Sequences and imbalances (e.g. for stability purpose)
to acquire values from CTs and VTs and to calculate the sequences and imbalances in a three/multi-phase
power system.
MSTA Metering statistics
The metered values are not always used directly, but as average values, minima and maxima over a given
evaluation period. The reporting may be started after the end of this period.
MHAI Harmonics and interharmonics (e.g. for power quality purpose)
to acquire values from CTs and VTs and to calculate harmonics, interharmonics and related values in the
power system mainly used for determining power quality.
MHAI has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with MHAI for the three phase version and with MHAN
(Non-phase related measurement) for the single phase version.
MHAN Non phase related harmonics or interharmonics
This LN shall be used for calculation of harmonics or interharmonics in a single-phase system, i.e. a single
line with no phase relations. Instances either for harmonics (including subharmonics and multiples) or
interharmonics are possible depending on the value of the basic settings. The frequency may either be
given or calculated by means such as a phase-locked loop (only possible for a dominant frequency like the
basic power frequency). The settings for Harmonics and Interharmonics instances, see MHAI.
MDIF
Calculated data for differential protection



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 35
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
61850 IEEE Description or comments
This function shall be used to provide calculated process values representing the other side of the line (or of
another object) as used for differential protection (PDIF).
SWITCHING DEVICES AND SUBSTATION PARTS (RELATED TO PRIMARY EQUIP.)
XCBR
52
Circuit breaker
AC circuit breaker is a device that is used to close and interrupt an ac power circuit under normal conditions
or to interrupt this circuit under fault or emergency conditions. If there is a single-phase breaker this function
has an instance per phase. These three instances may be allocated to three physical devices mounted in
the switchgear.
XCSWI
89, 52
Switch (load breakers, disconnectors, earthing switches, etc.)
Line switch is a switch used as a disconnecting, load-interrupter, or isolating switch on an ac or dc power
circuit. If there is a single-phase switch this function has an instance per phase. These three instances may
be allocated to three physical devices mounted in the switchgear.

MONITORING BY SENSORS (RELATED TO PRIMARY EQUIPMENT)

63
Pressure switch
A switch which operates on given values or on a given rate of change of pressure.
SIMS
63
Insulation Medium supervision
Function to supervise the insulation medium e.g. the gas volumes of GIS (Gas Insulated Switchgear)
regarding density, pressure, temperature, etc.). SIMS has to be modeled according to IEC61850-7-4 with
SIMG (gas insulation) or SIML (liquid insulation).
SIMG
63
Gas insulation medium supervision
The insulation medium is a gas, for example SF6 in gas isolated devices.
SIML
63
Liquid insulation medium supervision
The insulation medium is a liquid such as oil like that used for example for some transformers and tap
changers..
SARC

Monitoring and Diagnostics for Arcs
to supervise the gas volumes of GIS (Gas Insulated Switchgear) regarding arcs switching or fault arcs
SPDC

Monitoring and Diagnostics for Partial Discharge
to supervise the gas volumes of GIS (Gas Insulated Switchgear) regarding signatures of partial discharges

80
Flow switch
A switch which operates on given values or on a given rate of change of flow.

INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS (RELATED TO PRIMARY EQUIPMENT)
TCTR

Current transformer
There is one instance per phase. These three/four instances may be allocated to different physical devices
mounted in the instrument transformer per phase.
TVTR

Voltage transformer
There is one instance per phase. These three/four instances may be allocated to different physical devices
mounted in the instrument transformer per phase.

POWER TRANSFORMERS (RELATED TO PRIMARY EQUIPMENT)
YPTR

Power transformer
Connects in different configurations (, Y, two/three windings) the voltage levels of the power system
YLTC

Tap changer
Device allocated to YPRT allowing changing taps of the winding for voltage regulation
YEFN

Earth fault neutralizer (Petersen coil)
Variable inductance (plunge core coil) allowing adaptive grounding of transformer star point to minimize
the ground fault current
YPSH

Power shunt
To bypass the resistor of a resistive grounded transformer star point for fault handling

FURTHER POWER SYSTEM EQUIPMENT
ZAXN

Auxiliary network
Generic node for information exchange with auxiliary networks (power supplies)
ZBAT

Battery
Provides data about battery status and for control of the charging/de-charging cycles
ZBSH

Bushing
Provides properties and supervision of bushings as used for transformers or GIS-line connections
ZCAB

Power Cable
Supervised power system element
ZCAP

Capacitor bank
Controls reactive power flow
ZCON

Converter
Frequency conversion incl. AC/DC conversion
ZGEN

Generator
Generic node for information exchange with generators
ZGIL

Gas isolated Line (GIL)
Mixture of data from SIMS, SARC and SPDC
ZLIN

Power overhead line



Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 36
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
61850 IEEE Description or comments
Supervised overhead line
ZMOT
Motor
Generic node for information exchange with motors
ZREA

Reactor
Controls reactive power flow
ZRRC

Rotating reactive component
Controls reactive power flow
ZSAR

Surge arrestor
Generic node for information exchange with surge arrestors
ZTCF

(Thyristor controlled) frequency converter
Frequency conversion incl. AC/DC conversion
ZTCR

Thyristor controlled reactive component
Controls reactive power flow

PHYSICAL DEVICE / LOGICAL DEVICE
LLN0

Logical node device
This LN is containing the data related to the IED of Physical Device (PD) independent from all included
functions. This LN may be used also for actions common to all included functions (mode setting, settings,
etc.) if applicable. This LN doesnt restrict the dedicated access to any single function by definition. Possible
restrictions are a matter of implementation and engineering.
LPHD
Physical device information
Used to model common issues for physical devices
LD
Logical Device
Represents a group of functions; each function is defined as logical node.

GENERIC PROCESS I/O
GGIO

Generic I/O
Outputs like analog outputs, auxiliary relays, etc. not covered by the above-mentioned switchgear related
LNs are sometimes needed. On the other side, there are additional I/O's representing not predefined
devices like horn, bell, target value etc. There are input and outputs from non-defined auxiliary devices also.
For all these I/O's, the generic logical node GIO is used to represent a generic primary or auxiliary device
(type X, Y, Z).




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 37
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV
11.4 Designations for primary equipment in substations
Table 4 Recommended designations for primary equipment (comparison of DIN and IEC designation)
Device type Designation
( IEC 61346 )
Old designation
( DIN 40719-2 )
Circuit breaker
1. Circuit breaker
2. Circuit breaker

QA1
QA2
Q0
Q01
Q02
Disconnector
Disconnectors to busbar 14
Free usage
2nd disconnectors to busbar 14
Free usage
Disconnector to transfer- or bypass busbar
Free usage
Feeder disconnector
Several feeder disconnectors
Section disconnector (sectionalizer) for busbar 1
Section disconnector (sectionalizer) for busbar 2
Section disconnector (sectionalizer) for busbar 3
Section disconnector (sectionalizer) for busbar 4
Free usage
Free usage
Section disconnector for transfer busbar 1
Section disconnector for transfer busbar 2

QB14
QB5
QB1040
QB6
QB7
QB8
QB9
QB9199
QB1119
QB2129
QB3139
QB4149
QB5159
QB6169
QB7179
QB8189

Q14
Q5
Q1040
Q6
Q7

Q9
Q9199
Q1114
Q2124
Q3134
Q4144


Q7174
Earthing switch
Earthing switch
Free usage
Feeder earthing switch
Several feeder earthing switches
Earthing switch for busbar 1
Earthing switch for busbar 2
Earthing switch for busbar 3
Earthing switch for busbar 4
Free usage
Free usage
Earthing switch for transfer busbar 1
Earthing switch for transfer busbar 2

QC1, QC2, QC3
QC4QC8
QC9
QC9199
QC1119
QC2129
QC3139
QC4149
QC5159
QC6169
QC7179
QC8189
Q5
Q51, Q52

Q8
Q81, Q82
Q1519
Q2529
Q3539
Q4549


Q7579
Current transformer
1. Current transformer
2. Current transformer
3. Current transformer
4. Current transformer
Free usage
Busbar n current transformer 1..9

BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
BI5, 6, 7,
BIn1n9
T1
Voltage transformer
1. Voltage transformer
2. Voltage transformer
Free usage
Busbar n voltage transformer 1...9

BU1
BU2
BU3, 4, 5
BUn1n9
T5
Surge arrester FA1 F1
Power transformer 1 T1 T1




Doc. no. Lang. Rev. ind. Page

ABB Switzerland Ltd 1KHF305297 en F 38
FlLE: 1KlF30529Z-gu|de-lEC131-F.doc; TEVPLATE: Tecrr_0oc_3lard_P.dol A; 3KELET0N: ; 3AvE0ATE: 12/13/2005 11:03:00 AV

REVISION
Rev. ind. Page (P)
Chapt. (C)
Description Date
Dept./Init.
E 9.3 Location designation concept extended up to three cubicles 17.05.2005
PTUSM / MI
F C 9.3-10.4 Location designation concept, e.g old +A10 new +A.10 13.12.2005
PTUSE /DKl