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1999-2012 " , , WWW.MIRIPRAVO.RU


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(~). / .
*

.
:
. ; . ; . . ; . . - ; .
; pl. plural; smb. somebody; smth.
something.

Adobe
Acrobat (BOOKMARKS) .
.

abandon; abandonment.

to abandon.

paragraph;
to begin a new paragraph.

abolitionism.

subscription.

subscriber.

to subscribe (to); to book.

abortion; miscarriage.

abrogation.

absenteeism.

guarantor of a bill; surety on a bill.


/
aval; guarantee, security; surety for a
bill; ~ to sign a bank
guarantee; ~ to
present a bank guarantee; ~
period (term) of a bank guarantee.

advance, payment in advance, advance


payment, prepayment; deposit, part
payment; ~ payment
on account; advance against
payments; ~a advance
WWW.MIRIPRAVO.RU

payment; ~a payment of an
advance; ~ cash advance;
~ to advance; ~ to
pay off an advance.

advance, advancing.

to advance, to pay an advance; to pay


on account.

as an advance; by way of an advance.


/
( ) accident;
() breakdown; (
) crash; ( )
derailment; () damage;
( ) shipwreck; (,
, ) average;
~ compensable
average; ~ general/gross
average; ~ particular/partial
average; ~ general
average deposit; ~
average clause; ~
general average expenses;
~ general average losses;
~ free of all
average;
~ with average;
~ with
particular average; ~
insurance against average.

emergency; average.

airline, air carrier; air-route, airway; ~


all-cargo airline;

-
~ passenger airline;
~ scheduled airline.

carriage by air, air transportation.

airfreight.

transport by road, road transport;


transport by truck, trucking.

author; ~ author of
invention, inventor.
/
author's, inventor's; ~
author's fee; ~ author's
contract; ~oe copyright; ~oe
certificate of
authorship; ~
copyright law; ~ to
violate a copyright; ~
infringement of a copyright;
piracy; ~
assignment/cession of a copyright.

motor transport; motor-vehicle


transport.

assets; holdings; deposits;


~ frozen/blocked
assets; ~ liquid/quick
assets; ~ current assets;
~ to freeze assets;
~ to unfreeze assets.

agent; broker; ~
lessor's agent; ~ general
agent; ~ commercial
agent; ~
monopoly/exclusive agent; ~
marine agent; ~ o
purchasing agent; ~
forwarding/shipping

agent; ~ sales/distributing
agent; ~
real estate broker; ~
distributor; ~ dealer;
~ commission/fee;
/ ~
to conclude a contract/an agreement
with an agent; ~a agent's
authority; ~a rights of an agent;
~
cooperation through agents.
/
agency service; ~

agency service as per
contractual obligations; ~
agency service
of a passenger ship; ~
agency service of a dry-cargo ship; ~
agency service of a tanker;
~ agency service for ships;
~ conditions/terms of ship's
agency service.

agency, agent's.

agency, branch; local office;


distributorship; ~
government agency; ~
estate agency; ~
sole agency; ~
copyright agency;
~ advertising/publicity
agency; ~
exclusive agency; ~
insurance agency; ~
ship's agency; ~
trade agency; ~
transport agency; ~
shipping agents/forwarding agents.

agents; secret service.

agrement; ~ to give an
agrement; ~a to
refuse to give an agrement;
~ to receive an agrement.
/
aggression; ~ to be
subjected to aggression;
~ to fall victim to smb's
aggression; ~ indirect
aggression; ~ direct
aggression.

attorney, counsel, lawyer; ~


counsel for the defence; ~
counsel for the plaintiff; ~
counsel for the prosecution; ~ o
civil practice
lawyer; ~
succession lawyer; ~
labour lawyer; ~a to
summon a counsel;
~a to defend oneself by a counsel;
~ the Bar;
~ to take the
counsel's opinion; ~a to hire
a counsel/a lawyer.
/
advocacy; legal practice; practice of
law; ~ to practice law;
~ to admit to the Bar.

() addendum.

adequate, sufficient, equal to.


/
administrative; managerial; ~
administrative
responsibility; ~
administrative legal capacity; ~
administrative sanction; ~oe
administrative law; ~oe
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administrative
infraction/violation; ~
administrative measures.
-/
administrative and territorial; ~oe
administrative and
territorial division of a country.
-
administrative.

administrator; ~
administrator ad litem.
/
administration, operating
management, authorities; ~
management report;
~
administration/office/management
expenses.

address; ~
business/office address; ~
current/temporary address;
~ incorrect address;
~ postal address;
~ proper/correct address;
~ legal address;
~y to dispatch/send at
the address.

sender; () consignor.

addressee; ()
consignee; ( )
offeree.

to address.

adultery; , ~
adulterer; adulteress.

agio, exchange premium.

/: ~
gamble; gambling; ~ gambler.

area of water.

acquirer.
/
accreditation; ~ to obtain
accreditation; ~ to
prolong creditation.

letter of credit, bill of credit;


~ unlimited letter of
credit; ~ valid letter
of credit; ~ nonconfirmed/unconfirmed letter of credit;
~ unpaid letter of credit;
~ confirmed letter of
credit; ~ paid letter of
credit; ~ overdue letter
of credit; ~
guaranteed letter of credit;
~a holder of a letter of credit;
~a issue/issuance of a letter of credit;
~a failure to open a letter
of credit; ~ to cancel a
letter of credit; ~ to revoke a
letter of credit.
/
accredited; ~ to be
temporarily accredited;
~ to be permanently
accredited.

to accredit.

1. () certificate, statement;
deed; instrument; note; record; 2.
() act, action;
~ administrator's
deed; ~ act
of state; ~ act of purchase; ~

seizure
note; ~ statement of
shortage; ~
deed of conveyance; ~


abandonment; ~

deed of trust; ~
-. deed of
settlement; ~ certificate of
audit; ~ judicial act;
~ acts of a
civil status; ~
legislative act; ~ mortgage
deed; () ~
international (legal) act;
~ standard/normative act;
~ transfer deed/deed of
assignment; ~ legal act;
~ claim/certificate of
damage ; ~ draw up a
protocol.

assets, holdings, resources; ~,



trust assets;
~ rented assets; ~
government assets
abroad; ~ hypothecated
assets; ~
frozen/blocked assets; ~
current/liquid assets; ~
non-liquid/high-risk assets;
~ available assets.

acceptance; ~ acceptance of a
bill; ~ acceptance of a
draft/draft acceptance; ~
acceptance for honour; ~
credit acceptance; ~ general
acceptance; ~a refusal of
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acceptance/non-acceptance;
~e to refuse acceptance;
~ to complete/draw up an acceptance;
~ payment by acceptance;
~ to pay an acceptance;
~ sign acceptance;
~ obtain acceptance;
~y present
documents for acceptance; ~a
discount of an acceptance.

acceptor.

acceptance; ~ acceptance
credit.

acceptance; ~
acceptance for
honour; ~ consumer
acceptance; ~ .
/
accepted, honoured; protected;
sighted; ~ to be accepted.

accept, honour, provide with an


acceptance; ~ to
accept a patent application; ~
to dishonour a bill.

excise, excise duty, indirect tax;


~
excisable; ~ excise.

shareholder, stock holder, stockowner, holder of stocks; ~,



majority shareholder;
~ registered
shareholder.

joint-stock; corporate; ~
joint-stock company; corporation; ~
joint-stock bank.
/
1. () action;
~ demarche;
~ act of terrorism;
2. ( ) share, stock; ~
bearer share/shares to
bearer; ~ registered stock;
~ ordinary share;
~ founders' share;
~
shareholder/stockholder/stock-owner;
~ redemption of shares;
~ share
dividend/dividend yield;
~ controlling parcel of shares;
~ transfer of shares/stock
transfer; ~ to hold shares;
~ to issue shares;
~ to pay off shares;
~ to subscribe/to
apply for shares; ~ to
acquire shares.

alibi; ~ to alibi; ~
to have an alibi; ~ to
establish alibi.
/
alimony; maintenance;
~ to sue for alimony; ~
to award alimony;
~ alimony in
general.

dipsomaniac; drunkard;
~ chronic alcoholic.

allonge; ~ to annul/ to
cancel an allonge; ~ to

sign an allonge;
~ term of guarantee on an allonge.
/
alternative; ~
alternative judgement.

alternative.

alliance; ~ to conclude an
alliance.

to amnesty; to give an amnesty/a


pardon.
/
amnesty; pardon; ~ to
declare an amnesty; ~ to
be given an amnesty.

amoral; immoral; ~ immoral


deed.

amortization, depreciation.
/
amortization, depreciation; ~
depreciation of
equipment; ~ allowance
for depreciation; ~ amortization
fund; ~ to write off for
depreciation.

to amortize, to depreciate; to charge


off.

analysis; ~ data analysis; ~


incomeexpenditure analysis; ~
() cost analysis; ~

budget analysis; ~ loss
analysis; ~
statement analysis; ~
financial analysis; ~
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operating business analysis;
~ to make analysis/to
analyze.

to analyze.

analytical.

analogue; ~
international standards.
/
analogy; ~ on the analogy (of).

analogous, similar.

to annex.

annexation.

annuity; ~ life annuity;


~ terminable
annuity.
/
(, ) cancellation,
abrogation, termination, annulment,
nullification, rescission; (
) abolition; (
) nullification,
invalidation, annulment; revocation;
withdrawal; ( )
reversal; ~
revocation of an
inventor's certificate; ~
cancellation/termination/nullification of
a contract; ~ revocation of a
licence; ~ lawsuit for
cancellation.

(, ) to annul, to
cancel; to abrogate; ()
to denounce; (

) to invalidate; to
nullify; to revoke; to withdraw.

anonym.

anonymous.

anti-state.

antidumping.

antiinflationary.

anti-constitutional; unconstitutional.

anti-social; ~ anti-social
deed.

stateless person.

appeal; appealing.

to appeal; ~ to
appeal to a higher instance.

appellant.
/
appellate; ~ an appeal; ~
appellate court.
/
appeal; ~ appellant;
~ appellee; ,
~ decision on appeal;
~ period allowed for
appealing; ~ to dismiss an
appeal; ~ to appeal;
~ to consider an
appeal; ~ to satisfy
an appeal; ~ on appeal;
~ appeal case.

apparatus; () staff,
personnel; ~
administrative managerial machinery;
~ state machinery,
machinery of the state.
/
approbation, approval; ~
receive practical approval.

approbate, approve.

arbitrator, arbiter;
~a disqualification of an arbitrator;
~a functions/duties of an
arbitrator; ~a challenge to an
arbitrator.

arbitrage; arbitration; ~
appeal to arbitration;
~ international commercial
arbitration; ~ to turn to
arbitration; ~ to
refer/submit a dispute to arbitration;
~a award/decision;
~
settlement of a dispute through
arbitration.
/
arbitrage; arbitration; arbitrate; ~
arbitration procedure; ~oe
recovery through
arbitration; ~ arbitration court;
~
to arbitrate disputes.

argument; reason; ~ to
refute arguments; ~
merit of the defence; ~ to
present arguments.

to advance arguments/reasons.
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/
lease, leasing, rent, renting; demise;
tenancy; ~y to lease/to
tenant; ~y to renew a
lease; ~ lease agreement;
( ) contract of
tenancy; ~ transfer of
tenancy; ~y to extend a
lease; ~ to lease/to give on
lease.

( ) tenant;
() leaseholder, lessee,
leaver; ~ tenant at will;
~ long-lease tenant;
~ life tenant;
~a lessee's
responsibility.
/
rental, lease, leasing; ~ rent.

leased; tenanted.

( ) to rent;
() to lease, to take on
lease; () to charter.

lessor.

arrest; (, , ) arrest;
(, )
attachment; ()
confiscation, seizure; ()
sequestration; ~ arrest of
cargo; ~ seizure of
property: attachment; (
)
garnishment; ~
arrest of a vessel under legal
process; ~a
seizure of property/award of
sequestration; ~ warrant of

arrest; ~a withdrawal of an
attachment; ~ to levy an
attachment order/to order the seizure;
~ to withdraw an attachment;
~ to keep under
arrest; ~
authorized arrest.

rrestee; arrested person.

to arrest; to seize, to confiscate;


( ) to attach; ()
to lay embargo.
/
assembly; ~ UN
General Assembly; ~ ~ to
call/to summon the assembly.
/ 1. () allocation;
appropriation; assignment; earmarking; 2.
() allocations; appropriations; ~
military allocations; ~
allocations for social
needs; ~ budgetary
appropriations/appropriations of funds;
~ undrawn allocations;
~ consolidated appropriations;
~ non-recurring provisions;
~ reimbursement of
expenditures; ~ funding level;
~ apportionment of
appropriations.

to appropriate, to allocate, to assign.

assortment; choice; line; range;


selection range; ~ range of
production; ~ range
produced; ~ commercial
range of goods;
~e delivery in the
agreed assortment; ~e
difference in assortment; ~

to change the assortment;


~ ( ) to
specify the range; ~
discuss the assortment.

association; ~ the Bar


Association; ~
corporate
association; ~ arbitration
association; ~ trade
association.

associated.

attache; ~ military attache;


~ commercial attache.

certificate; ~ quality
certificate.
/
attestation; ~ certification
of output; ~ be attested.

audit; auditing.

auditor; ~a
auditor's report.

auction; public sale;


~ international auction; ~
open auction; ~a regulations
of an auction; ~a to sell
at (by) auction.

auctioneer.

auction.

autopsy; post-mortem examination.

cheat; confidence trick; fraud;


speculation.
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cheat; double-dealer; speculator.

affect; passion; ~a in the


heat of passion.

affidavit; ~ to make an
affidavit.

airport; ~ airport of
destination; ~ alternate
airport; ~ commercial
airport; ~
international airport; ~
customs airport.

basis; ~ military base;


~ plant storage facilities;
~ resource base;
- ~ material
and technical basis;
~ production facilities; ~
repair base; ~ source of raw
materials; ~ customs
ware house; ~ supply depot;
~ financial base.
/
base; ~ basis gains; ~
basis losses.

bachelor; holder of a Bachelor's


degree; ~ Bachelor
of Law.

balance; () balance
sheet; ~ balance
of income and expenditure; ~
cost-effectiveness balance;

~ cash flow
balance; ~ fixed
assets balance; ~
balance of consumer goods; ~
balance of goods and
services; ~ budget of labour;
~ active/positive balance;
~ bank balance sheet;
~ budgetary sheet;
~ balance of foreign
trade; ~ liquidation
balance sheet; ~
unfavourable balance; ~
balance of payments; ~ to
balance; strike a balance;
~ to make up a balance.

bulk carrier.

to run; to stand for election.

band; gang.

bandit; gangster; outlaw;


~ armed robber.

banditry.

bank; ~ borrowing bank; ~


lending bank; ~
paying bank; ~
bank for international
settlements; ~ acceptance
bank; ~ deposit bank;
~ investment bank;
~ mortgage bank;
~ clearing bank;
~ commercial bank;
~ savings bank;
~ loan bank; ~
central bank; ~ private bank;
~ emitting bank;

~ to deposit money
in (with) a bank;
~e to draw money from a bank.
-
acceptance bank; merchant banker.
-
collecting bank.

banker.
-
corresponding bank.
-
creditor bank.
/
banknote; ~ circulating
banknotes; issue of
banknotes;
withdrawal of banknotes;
issue of banknotes.
/
banking; ~ banking
operations; ~ banking
services; ~ bank credit; ~
bank interest.
-
paying bank.
-
remitting bank.

bankrupt, defaulter, insolvent;


~ to declare oneself
bankrupt; ~ to become
bankrupt; ~
adjudication in bankruptcy.
/
bankruptcy; failure; insolvency;
~ bankruptcy case; ~
bankruptcy of a bank; ~a
make bankrupt.
-
parent bank.
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/
barratry; barratrous conduct;
~ barrator.

barrister; counsel;
~ chamber barrister.

barter; ~ indirect barter;


~ direct barter.
/
barter; ~ barter transaction;
~ barter agreement.

barrier, obstacle;
~ discriminatory barriers;
~ non-tariff barriers;
~ protectionist
barriers; ~ customs
barriers; ~ tariff barrier;
~ trade barrier;
~ to sidestep barriers;
~ to overcome barriers;
~ to raise barriers; ~ to
remove barriers.

to strike; to go on strike.

vigilance; watchfulness.

vigilant; watchful.

escape; flight; ~
-
hit-and-run driving.
/
misery; poverty; need; indigence;
~ below the poverty line.

calamity; disaster; ~ act of


God; natural calamity.

refugee.

accident-free, faultless.

celibacy; single state.

free of charge, gratuitously; gratis;


~ to hand over without
compensation.
/
uncompensated, free (of charge),
gratuitous, gratis; unpaid; ~
free/gratis use; ~
on a gratis basis.

statelessness.

inaction; inactivity; omission/failure to


act; ~ wanton
failure/omission; ~
involuntary failure/omission;
~ criminal
failure/omission; ~
deliberate/wilful failure.

childless.

without defects; faultless.

unprovedness.

unprovable; unproved.

homeless.
/
lawlessness; ~ act of lawlessness.

illegal; lawless, unlawful.

unprotected.

license-free.

neglected; unsupervised; ~
neglected child.

impunity.
/
unpunishable; unpunished;
~ to go unpunished.

non-cash.

amorality; immorality.
/
amoral; immoral; ~oe
immoral conduct, moral turpitude.
/
unconditional, unqualified, without
reservation; ~
unconditional surrender.
/
safety, security; ~
traffic safety; ~
personal safety; ~
international security;
~ national security; ~ fire
safety; ~ process
safety; ~
safety instructions; ~ safety
measures;
~ violation of safety
regulations; ~ safety
standards;
~ state security bodies; ~
accident prevention, safety
precautions; ~ to ensure
safety; ~ to endanger/to
threaten security.

safe; secure.

unarmed.
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irresponsibility.
/
irresponsible; wanton; ~oe
irresponsible conduct.

irrevocable, beyond recall; ~


irrevocable letter of credit.

immediate, pressing.
/
unemployment; ~
involuntary unemployment;
~ chronic
unemployment; ~ partial
unemployment; ~e
unemployment relief; ~ increase
in unemployment; ~
unemployment rate.

unemployed; ~
registered unemployed; ~
wholly unemployed; ~
partially unemployed.

without any loss.

unconditional.

beneficiary; ~
beneficiary under the will; ~
second beneficiary; ~
name of beneficiary.

unchecked; uncontrolled;
unsupervised.

unpatented.

free of cost, free of charge; at no cost,


without charge; gratuitously; gratis.

free, free of charge, free of cost;


gratuitous; without charge; at no cost;
unpaid; ~ free pass.

helpless; powerless.
/
confusion; disorder; disturbance;
unrest; ~ civil unrest
and disorders; ~ mass
riots; ~ ethnic unrest;
~ rioting.
/
customs-free, duty-free; exempt of
duty; free of duty; exempt from duty;
~ free trade; ~
duty-free goods.

lawlessness; disfranchisement;
disqualification; deprivation of rights.

deprived of rights.

non-profit; profitless; unprofitable;


uneconomical.

homeless; stray; neglected.

unprejudiced; fair; impartial; ~


unprejudiced judge.

interest-free; non-interest bearing;


yielding no interest; without interest.
/
indisputable; incontrovertible;
indubitable; undisputed;
unquestionable; ~oe
() collection without recourse
to the court.

/ indefinite; perpetual; ~
tenancy at will; ~ demand
deposit.
/
ownerless; unowned; ~
ownerless land; ~oe
unclaimed/unowned property.

ownerlessness.

inhuman, brutal.

outrage; rowdiness.

to commit outrages.

bigamy; bigamous marriage.

business; ~ big business;


~ gambling business;
~ small business; ~ drug
business; ~ illegal
business; ~ profitable
business; ~ private business.

businessman; entrepreneur.

bilateral.

ticket, card; ~ banknote.

bill; ~ to adopt/to approve a


bill; ~ to draft/to
elaborate a bill.

double standard, bimetallism.

bimetallic.

biography; life history.

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/
exchange, market; ~
employment agency; labour exchange;
~ stock exchange;
~ exchange market;
~ corn market;
~
international commodity exchange;
~ commodity exchange;
~ stock market;
~ to speculate; to gamble in stocks.

dealer; exchange broker; speculator.


/
exchange; ~ exchange
quotation; ~ exchange deal;
~ exchange
speculation; ~ exchange
business transactions; ~
gambler; speculator.
/
tag, label, tally, tag, ticket; ~
price ticket;
~ luggage tag; ~
cargo label; ~e
marking on a tag.
/
benefit; good; prosperity;
~ material values;
~ common/public wealth.
/
preference, favoured treatment;
~ most
favoured nation clause;
~ to grant most
favoured nation treatment.

to favour, to be favourable.

welfare; well-being; wealth;


~ general welfare (well-being).

/
benevolent; charitable; philanthropical;
~ charitable
foundation; ~oe
charitable/philanthropic society; ~
gifts to charity; ~
welfare fund.

benevolence; charity; philanthropy.

form, slip, blank; ~


declaration form; ~
application form; ~

documentary bill lodgment form; ~
contract form; ~
proposal form;
~ bank form;
~ draft slip; ~ form of a
company; ~ to fill in a form.
/
blank; ~ blank/general
endorsement; ~ blank
credit; ~ acceptance in blank;
~ to endorse in
blank.

blank endorser.

bloc; ~ currency bloc;


~ military bloc; ~
to enter (into) a bloc; ~ to
secede from a block; ~ to
form a bloc; ~ to disband a
bloc.
/
blockade; embargo; ban;
~ diplomatic
blockade; ~ credit
blockade; ~ customs
blockade; ~ trade blockade,
embargo; ~ financial

blockade; ~ economic
blockade, embargo; ~y to
impose a blockade; ~y to
announce a blockade; ~y to
raise a blockade; ~y
establish a blockade.

blocked, blockaded; frozen.

to block, to blockade; to freeze.


/
wealth; fortune; ~,
ill-gotten wealth;
~a natural resources;
~a material tangible
wealth; ~ national
wealth; ~ to accumulate
wealth.

blasphemous words; blasphemy.

letter of bottomry.

bottomry.

boycott; ~ financial
boycott; ~ economic
boycott; ~ to declare a
boycott; ~ to lift the boycott;
~y to join a boycott.

to boycott; ~ to boycott
the negotiations.
/
illness; disease; sickness;
~ sickness benefit.
:
~ sick-leave certificate, sick-list.

sick person; patient; ~


insane.
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high capacity, supersize.

rogue; tramp; street bum; vagabond.



bona fide; ~ bona fide
holder.

bond; ~ general average


bond.

bonded.

credit solvency.
/
bonification, bonus allowance;
~ price
bonification stipulated by the contract;
~ export bonification;
~ amount of price
bonification; ~ to pay
price bonification; ~
to grant price bonification.

bonus.

board; ~ to load on
board; ~ to accept
cargo on board; ~ free
on board a ship (FOB); ~
free on board a
truck.

board, overside; ~ on
board bill of lading.
/
struggle, fight; drive; ~
struggle for markets; ~
combating crime;
~ competitive struggle.

II

( ) rejects,
wastage, waste, spoilage; defect, flaw;
~ reject;
~ to discover defective
goods.

() marriage; matrimony;
wedlock; ~
intermarriage; ~
marriage by a contract;
~ civil marriage;
common law marriage; ~
lawful wedlock; marriage at law;
~ invalid marriage;
~ irregular marriage;
~ unregistered
marriage; ~ de facto
marriage; ~ sham
marriage; ~ religious
marriage; ~ de jure
marriage; ~a
avoidance of a
marriage; ~a divorce;
~e marriage
certificate; ~e married;
~ to enter into a marriage;
to marry; ~ to
remarry; ~ to divorce;
~ to register a
marriage.

inspection, sorting; grading;


~ selective inspection.

defective; faulty; rejected; discarded.

reject.

rejection; repudiation; bracking;


sorting.

poacher.

poaching; ~ to poach.
/
divorce; ~oe case; ~
divorce proceeding.

marriage; wedding ceremony.

brother; ~ cousin;
~ half-brother;
~ half-brother;
~ stepbrother.
/
marital; marriageable; conjugal;
matrimonial; ~
marriageability; ~ law of
marriage; marriage law; ~-
marriage and family law; ~
marital relations; ~
marriageable age; ~
marriage contract; ~
to contract a marriage.

burden; load; ~ burden


of evidence/of proof; ~
tax burden; ~
burden of
responsibility; ~ financial
burden; ~
to bear the burden of a contract.

team, crew; ~ emergency


team.

bum; rogue; tramp; vagabond.

to rogue; to tramp; to vagabondize.

roguery; vagabondism; vagabondage.


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broker; ~
real estate broker; ~

securities broker; ~
buying broker; ~ selling
broker; ~
shipping/chartering broker;
~ broker; ~
stockbroker/exchange broker;
~ loan broker;
~ insurance broker.

brokerage, broker's commission.


-
commission broker.
/
broker's; ~
brokerage/broker's commission; ~
brokerage office.

booking, reservation.

to book, to reserve.

gross; ~ rough balance; ~


gross tonnage; ~ gross
freight; ~ gross/packed weight;
~
allowance.
-
gross premium.

to book.
/
booking; ~ booking of cargo;
~y booking commission.
/
lowing; tugging, tuggage; haulage;
~ lowing contract;
~y to pay tugging.

boom; ~ stock market boom;


~ speculative boom;
~ economic boom.
/
paper, securities, stock;
~ noninterest-bearing securities; ~
stamped paper; ~
registered securities;
~ commercial papers; ~
securities.

accountant, bookkeeper; ~
chief accountant/head book-keeper.

1. accounting; book-keeping; 2.
() accounting department;
~ double-entry book-keeping.
/
book-keeping; accounting; ~
ordinary debts.
/
quick selling; ~e quick assets.

budget; finances; ~ annual


budget; ~ additional
budget; ~ revenue;
~ local budget;
~ national budget;
~ budget of
expenditure; ~ operating
budget; ~ to implement a
budget; ~ to
transfer amounts to the budget;
~ to cut a budget;
~ to make a budget;
~ to increase a budget.
/
budgetary; ~
budgetary provisions; ~
budgetary funds; ~ business/fiscal
year.

bulletin; report; circular; list; ~


stock exchange list; ~
stock
exchange list; ~
material handling bulletin; ~ o
medical bulletin;
~ exchange
report/exchange list;
~ ballot/voting paper;
~ commercial bulletin; ~
patent bulletin; ~
price list bulletin; ~ trade
report; ~
information bulletin;
~ classification
bulletin; ~ patent bulletin;
~ trade report.

bureau, office, desk; agency; ~


average adjusters'
bureau; ~
registry office; ~
lost and found office; ~
service bureau; ~
passport and visa
office; ~
employment agency; ~ rental
service; ~
copyright office; ~
technical inspection bureau;
~ design
department; ~ patent
office; ~ register
office/registrar; ~
advertising agency/publicity bureau;
~ information bureau;
~
inspection bureau; ~ shipping agency.

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1. car; van; wagon; coach; 2.


(/ ) carload, wagonload; ~ luggage van/car;
~ goods van/goods car;
~ refrigerator car;
~ sleeping car/sleeper;
~ goods wagon/freight car.
/
vacancy; vacant position;
~ to fill a vacancy; ~
vacancy in office.
/
vacant; ~ vacancy in
office.

vacations; ~ judicial
vacations.
/
gross; ~ gross profit; ~
gross product; ~
gross domestic
product (GDP); ~
gross national product (GNP).

valorization.
/
currency; exchange; ~
currency of a bill; ~
currency in circulation; ~
devalued currency;
~ scarce currency; ~
currency of a contract; ~
common currency; ~,

cheap curren; ~
currency of a credit; ~
currency of payment; ~
clearing currency; ~ bargain

currency; ~
overvalued currency; ~y
to exchange currency;
~ currency depreciation;
~ currency value; ~
exchange; ~ clearing
currency; ~
convertible currency;
~ international currency;
~ national currency;
~ inconvertible
currency; ~ depreciated
currency; ~ exchange
business; ~ falling
currency; ~ parity of
exchange; ~ inflow of
foreign currency;
~ settlement in foreign
currency; ~y demand for
currency.
/
currency, exchange, monetary; ~
currency area; ~
currency quotation; ~
currency clause; ~ currency
transaction; ~ monetary
system; ~oe monetary
agreement; ~ exchange
business; ~ currency
proceeds; ~ exchange
payments; ~ currency
speculations ; ~ currency
account; ~ to
impose currency restrictions;
~ to lift currency
restrictions.

sculator in foreign currency.

vandal.

vandalism; ~ act of vandalism.

warrant; ~ warehouse
warrant; ~ customs
warrant; ~ to pay
warranty credits.

voucher.

1. ( )
introduction; preamble; 2. (;
)
enactment; ~ vesting; ~
putting into
operation; ~ ~
enactment of a law; ~
introduction of quotas; ~
imposition of a tax; ~
imposition of a tax/duty.

to confide; to entrust.

commissioning; putting into operation;


~ commissioning;
~a commissioning
period.

to introduce, to impose; ~
to put into effect; to enforce; to bring
into service; ~ to impose a
blockade; ~ to put into
possession; ~ to bring into
operation; ~ to
enact a law; ~ to
introduce restrictions; ~ to
impose sanctions.

import; importation; ~
duty-free import; ~
ban/embargo on imports;
~a easing of imports; ~a
import surplus/surplus of
imports; excess of imports over
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-
exports; ~a import articles;
~ ( ) import
license/permit for import; ~a
imports/articles of importation;

~
temporary customs certificate;
~ to ban/to prohibit
imports; ~
to obtain customs release;
~ to admit
goods free of duty; ~ imports
and exports; ~a free for
import.

to import; to smuggle (
).

import; entrance.

widow.

widower.

widowhood.

I (, ) management;
conduct; ~ conduct of
negotiations/talks; ~
conduct of judicial
proceedings; ~
financial management.
/
II () authority;
competence; charge; ()
jurisdiction; ~ to be in
charge/under the authority.

list, sheet, register; ~


account bill; ~ cargo
sheet; ~ list of damaged
goods; ~ inventory

sheet; ~ cost sheet;


~ tax roll; ~
balance sheet; ~
transmission list; ~
payroll/pay-sheet; ~
price break down;
~ to place on a payroll;
~ to meet a
payroll; ~ to make up a
list.

department, office, administration;


agency; ~
copyright agency;
~ foreign office;
~ state department;
~ tax administration;
~ branch department;
~ patent office;
~ customs office.
H/
departmental; ~
departmental interests.

drawer; giver of a bill; promisor.

bearer of a bill; billholder; drawee;


promisee.

bill debtor.

drawee of a bill.

bearer of a bill, holder for value.


/
bill of exchange, bill, paper, note,
promissory note; ~ payment
bill; ~ bill for collection; ~
bearer bill; ~
term bill; ~

noted bill; ~

demand note/bill at
sight; ~
after sight bill; ~
,
bill after date; ~
endorsed bill;
~,
upcoming bill; ~,

expired bill; ~,
unexpired bill;
~ bill of acceptance;
~ trade
acceptance; ~ bank
bill/banker's bill; ~
non-interest bearing note;
~ usance bill of
exchange; ~ returned
bill; ~ counter bill;

~ bill drawn on non-existent
person;
~ single bill;
~ guaranteed bill;
~ collateral bill;
~ time bill;
~ addressed bill;
~ pawned bill;
~ inscribed bill; ~
endorsed bill; ~ shortterm note; ~
clean bill of exchange;
~ unsecured bill;
~ outstanding/unpaid
bill; ~ bill with recourse;
~ redraft/cross
bill; ~ paid/honoured bill;
~ protested bill;
~ draft/transfer note;
~ paid/honoured bill;
~ forged bill;
~ demand bill;
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-
~
extended/prolonged bill;
~ overdue bill;
~ promissory note; ~
interest bearing note; ~ term
bill;
~ bank bill/bank draft;
~ discounted bill;
~ fictitious bill; ~
bank guarantee of a bill; ~
acceptance of a bill; ~
currency of a bill;
~ collection of a bill; ~
guarantor of a bill;
~ stamp duty on a bill;
~ date of issue of a bill;
~ bill debtor; ~ copy of a
bill/duplicate of exchange;
~ debt on a bill;
~
expenses for protesting a bill;
~ backer;
~ collection of a bill;
~ action on a bill;
~ bill creditor;
~ liabilities on bill; ~
settlement of a bill;
~ protestation of a bill;
~ refusal of acceptance;
~ negotiation of a
bill/transfer of a bill; ~
payment of a bill/meeting a bill;
~ settlement of a bill;
~ guarantor of a bill;
~ surety for a
bill; ~ prolongation of a
bill; ~ protest of a bill;
~ term of a bill; ~ amount of
a bill; ~ bank
discounting; ~ to advise a
bill; ~ to accept a bill/to
meet a bill with due protection;

~ to cancel a bill;
~ to draw/to issue a bill;
~ to pay/to meet a bill;
~ to draw/to write out a
bill; ~ to draw/ issue a
bill; ~ to
guarantee a bill; ~
to invalidate a bill;
~
to note
bill; ~ to domicile
bill; ~ to endorse a
bill; ~ to dishonour a
bill; ~ to pay a bill;
~ to protest a bill;
~ to withdraw a bill;
~ to dishonour a bill;
~ to endorse a bill to;
~ to negotiate a bill;
~ to pay/to honour a bill;
~ to forge a bill;
~ to cash a
bill/to get a bill cashed;
~ to present a bill for
acceptance; ~
to present a bill for payment;
~ to discount a bill;
~ to renew/to prolong
a bill; ~ to discount a bill;
~ acceptance of a bill;
~
discharge for a bill;
~ notice of
dishonour.
/
bill; ~oe aval/bank
guarantee.

belief; confidence; credit; trust.

to enlist; to recruit; to draft.

nlistment, recruitment; draft; ~


enlistment/recruitment into the
army.

verdict; ~ verdict of the


jury; ~ to issue a verdict;
~ to contest a verdict;
~ to reverse a verdict;
~ verdict of guilty;
~ verdict of acquittal.
/:
~ credentials;
~ to present credentials.

to believe; to confide (in), to trust.

1. () accuracy;
correctness; 2. ()
commitment; loyalty.

1. () accurate; correct; 2.
() faithful; loyal; ~
true copy.

belief; creed.
/
creed; religion; ~ freedom of
religion.
/
probability; chance; possibility; ~
probability of a guilt.
/
probable; possible; ~
probable presumption.
/
version; case; lead; ~ defence
story; ~ prosecution story;
~,
contradictory story; ~,

consistent story; ~ to
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-
advance a lead; ~ to
disprove a case.

rule; supremacy; ~ rule-oflaw; supremacy of law.


/
supreme; ~ supreme
authority/power; ~ Supreme
Court.
weight; ~ luggage weight; ~
gross weight; ~ weight of
load/cargo weight; ~ net weight;
~ missing
weight/underweight; ~ gross
weight; ~ estimated
weight; ~a excess
weight/overweight; ~e
shortage in weight/underweight;
~y discrepancy in
weight; ~a certificate of
weight. to conduct, to keep; ~
to conduct the affairs; ~
to conduct a case; ~
to conduct negotiations/talks; ~
to keep the minutes; ~
to conduct/to plead a
case; ~ to
preside over a court.

veterinary; ~ veterinary
check.

veto; ~ to have veto


power; ~ to impose a veto/to
veto; ~ right of veto.
/
proprietary; ~oe real
obligation; ~ interest in
estate.
/
article; thing; item; object; ~
things to

be declared; ~ movables;
~ insured things;
~ immovable/real
estate, realty;
~ things liable to a duty; ~
valuables.
/
mutuality; reciprocity; ~ in
the spirit of reciprocity;
~ to reciprocate;
~ reciprocal
treaty; ~ on th basis of
reciprocity; ~
reciprocal agreement.
/
mutual, reciprocal; ~
mutual security; ~ mutual
advantage/benefit; ~oe
mutual commitment; ~oe
mutual cooperation;
~ clearing; ~
mutual concessions; ~
to be of mutual interest.
/
mutually
advantageous/profitable/beneficial; of
mutual benefit/advantage; ~
mutually advantageous
trade; ~ on a mutually
advantageous basis.
/
interaction, operation; ~
cooperation between
nations; ~ close cooperation;
~ in concert.

to interact, to cooperate.
/
interrelation; interrelationship;
relation; relationship; ~
contract relations;
~ interstate

relations; ~ trade relations;


~ legal relations.

mutual assistance, mutual aid/help.


/
mutual understanding; ~
to arrive mutual understanding;
~ on the basis of mutual
understanding.
/
mutually acceptable; ~
on a mutually acceptable basis.

mutually agreed.
:
~ to borrow; ~ to
loan/to lend.

collection, levy; charge; exaction; ~


rental charge; ~ tax
collection/taxation; ~ collection;
charge; ~ collection of duties;
~ collection
(levy) of customs duty.

to collect, to levy; to charge; ~


to excise a duty; ~
to collect taxes.

break-in; house-breaking;
~ burglary.

burglar; house-breaker.

() contribution; deposit; share;


installment; () due; fee;
() donation; ~
installment to repay
a debt; ~ general
average deposit; ~
arbitration fee; ~
admission/entrance fee; ~
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annual installment; ~ cash


deposit; ~ contribution;
~ minimum payment;
~ outstanding/unpaid
dues; ~ mandatory
contribution; ~ due
installment; ~ share;
~ initial deposit;
~ first
installment/payment on account;
~ registration fee;
~ insurance premium;
~
annuity; ~ installment;
~ membership fee;
~
exemption from payment; ~a
amount of a deposit;
~a payment of an
insurance premium; ~ to
collect dues; ~ to make a
contribution; ~
to apportion the contributions;
~ to pay a fee.

explosion.

to blast; to explode.
/
1. () collection; exaction;
levy; recovery; 2. ()
enforcement; penalty; punishment; ~
exaction in
favour of a third party; ~
recovery of money/charge; ~
collection of a bill; ~
collection of debts; ~
claim to property; ~ tax
collection; ~ collection of
duties; ~ recovery of
damages; ~ exaction of a
penalty; ~ action for a

penalty; ~ imposition of a
penalty; ~ charge;
~ object of recovery;
~ amount of recovery; ~
remission of a penalty; ~ sum
of recovery; ~ to impose a
penalty;
~ to be
disciplined; ~ to incur a
penalty; ~
irrecoverable/unrecoverable;
~ callable.
/
collected; exacted; recovered;
enforced.
1. to recover, to collect, to charge; 2.
to exact; to enforce (
); ~ to recover debts; ~
to collect taxes; ~
to levy
execution; ~ to recover
damages.

giver of a bribe; suborner.

exactor; taker of a bribe; grafter.

bribery; corruption; graft.


/
visa, vise; permit; ~ import
permit; ~ export permit;
~ entry visa; ~
exit visa; ~
diplomatic visa; ~
immigration visa; ~
multiple visa; ~
exempt visa; ~ transit
visa; ~ tourist visa;
~ issue of a visa; ~
date of a visa; visa bureau;
~ refusal of a visa;
~ receipt of a visa;

~ extension of a visa;
~ validity of a visa;
~y to give/to issue a visa;
~ to refuse a
visa; ~y to obtain/ to get a
visa.

to authenticate; to visa; to back; to


endorse; ( ) to affix
one's signature.

visit, call; ~ business visit;


~ goodwill visit;
~ planned visit;
~ fact finding visit;
~ return visit;
~ official visit; ~ private visit;
~a time of a visit;
~a end of a visit; ~a
postponement of a visit; ~a
program/schedule of a visit;
~a length of a
visit; ~a duration of a visit;
~a purpose of a visit;
~ to agree on the date of a visit;
~ to visit/to pay a visit;
~ to postpone/to defer a
visit; ~ to cancel a visit;
~ to come on a visit.
/
blame; fault; guilt; ~ to
assign a guilt; ~ to
expiate one's fault;
~ to admit/to confess one's fault;
- ~ to
determine smb's guilt;
~ imputable/incriminating; ~e through smb's fault;
~ contributory guilt;
~ personal fault; ~
negligence; ~ nonintentional fault.
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-
/
compulsory; vindicatory; ~
replevin.

recovery; vindication.

to recover; to vindicate.

party at (in) fault; culprit; responsible


party.
/
culpability; guilt; ~ to determine smb's guilt;
~ verdict of guilty.
/
culpable; guilty; defaulter; ~
defaulter/guilty party;
- ~ to
adjudge/to return guilty;
~ to admit one's guilt.

1. ( ) deposit;
holdings; 2. () investment;
3. (, )
contribution; endowment; 4. ()
assets; ~ cash in
bank/bank deposit; ~
returnable deposit; ~
long-time deposit; ~
short-term deposit; ~
interest bearing deposit;
~ savings deposit;
~ time deposit; ~
depositor; ~a withdrawal of a
deposit; ~
deposit rate; ~ length of
deposit; ~ amount of a
deposit; ~ to hold a deposit;
~ to receive/to take a
deposit.

depositor; investor.

() to deposit, to invest.
/
owner, proprietor, holder; keeper;
possessor; tenant; ~
copyright owner; ~
holder of a letter of
credit; ~
shareholder/stockholder; ~
depositor; ~ proprietor of
goods/cargo owner; ~
debenture holder; ~
owner of real
estate/tenant; ~ patent
holder/patentee; ~ legal
owner/holder in due course;
~ subsequent holder;
~ co-owner/joint owner;
~ private owner;
~ to establish
ownership.
/
1. () proprietorship,
ownership, possession;
() tenancy; 2.
() property; ~
holding/leasehold; ~
seisin/tenement;
~ to accede to an
estate/to enter into possession;
- ~ to be in
smb's possession; ~ to
pass into possession; ~ to
obtain possession; ~
to retain one's possession; ~
livery; , ~
occupant; occupier; ~
trespasser; ~
livery/surrender of possession;
~ occupancy/tenancy; ~
joint tenancy; ~estate
for life; ~ unity of

possession; ~ actual
occupation.

to have; to be in possession, to hold;


to possess; to own; to occupy have; ~
to hold
adversely to the owner; ~
to hold
in trust; ~
to hold as pledge; ~
to own jointly.
/
1. () authority, power,
control, command; 2.
() authorities,
administration; ~
state power; ~ civil
authorities; ~ lawful
authority; ~
legislative power; ~
executive power; ~
appropriate authorities;
~ official powers; ~ judicial
power; ~ customs
authorities; ~
abuse of power; ~
authorities;
~ within power;
~ separation of powers;
~ to delegate power;
~ to drive from power.

( ) to entail; ~
to entail a punishment; ~
to entail
liability responsibility.
/
influence; impact;
~ to be influenced; ~
pernicious influence.

to affect; to influence.
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-
/
1. () investments;
~ capital investments;
2. ( ) investment,
investing.

imputation; incrimination; ~
imposition as a duty.

imputed; incriminated; inculpated.

sanity; mental capacity; liability;


responsibility; ~ full sanity;
~ partial responsibility.

sane; able; capable; liable;


responsible; ~ imputable;
incriminating; ~ partially
sane.

to impute; to incriminate; to inculpate;


~ to impute; incriminate; ~
to impose as a duty.

interference; intervention; ~
interference in
domestic affairs; ~ indirect
interference; ~ direct
interference.

to interfere, to intervene; ~
to interfere in the
domestic affairs.
, :
~ to hire, to lease, to take on
lease; ~ to lease, to hire out,
to let.

illegitimate; out of wedlock.

non-contractual, extra-contractual.

/
implementation, introduction; ~
use of an invention;
~ industrial
introduction.

to introduce.

introduction; ~ introduction
of changes.

extrajudicial; non-judicial; out-ofcourt.


/
foreign-policy; - foreignpolicy relations.
/
foreign/external trade; ~
foreign trade transaction; ~o
foreign trade agreement;
~ foreign trade arbitration.

foreign/external economic, relating to


external economy; ~
foreign economic contract.
/
() foreign, external; ~
foreign trade.

non-staff.

1. () to pay; 2. () to
bring forward; to introduce; 3.
() to insert; to include; ~
to introduce a bill; ~
to amend/to introduce an
amendment.
/
1. ( ) inner,
interior, inside; 2. ()
inherent, intrinsic; 3. (
) home, inland,

domestic, internal; ~
internal jurisdiction;
~ to interfere in the domestic
affairs.
/
domestic; internal; home; national.
/ 1. water; 2. () waters;
~ internal waters;
~ neutral waters;
~ port waters;
~ coastal waters;
~ territorial waters
; ~ water damage.

( ) taking into
custody.
/
driver; trucker; chauffeur; ~,


drunken driver; ~,

drugimpaired driver; ~
-
hit-and-run driver.

military man; serviceman.


/
military; war; ~oe
to impose martial law; ~
military base; ~
war industry; ~ military
service; ~ military justice;
~oe military crime; ~
war expenditures; ~
court-martial/military
tribunal; ~
military allocations; ~oo
war-time laws.

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to commence; to initiate; to institute;


~ to commence/to initiate an
action, to institute a case before the
court; ~ to prosecute a claim; ~
to apply.

( ) institution; ~
institution of legal proceedings; ~
application.

1. return, call-back; 2. ()
repayment, refund; ~ return of
an advance; ~
return of rejected goods; ~
return of documents; ~
repayment of a debt; ~
loan repayment; ~ repayment
of a credit; ~ repayment of a
loan; ~ return of goods;
~ delay in returning;
~a right of return; ~
period of repayment;
~y to be returnable; ~a
to require to refund an amount.

to return, to give back; (


) to send back; ( ) to
repay, to pay back; ( ) to
refund, to reimburse; () to
restore (property); (, )
to regain confidence (freedom); ~
()
to relegate
(remand) a case (to a lower court); ~
()
to revert a case; ~ ()
(
) to remit (recommit) a
case for further inquiry.

to come back; to return.

return; redemption; refund;


repayment; ~
() regress; ~
rcommitment of a
case.

to be at the head, to be in charge; to


lead; ~ to lead for the
defence; ~ to lead for the
prosecution.
/
influence; impact; ~ to
affect/to exert an influence.

to affect; to exert an influence; ~


to affect adversely.

to refrain; to withhold; to abstain; ~


to refrain
from nuclear tests; ~
to
refrain from any form of armed
intervention.

vengeance; retribution; reprisal;


requital; retaliation; ~ for
fear of retaliation.

to compensate, to give/ to make


compensation, to recompense, to
recover, to remunerate; (,
) to indemnify to
reimbursement, to refund, to repay; ~
to compensate for
the incurred damages; ~
to recoup suffered expenses.
/
recompense, compensation, recovery,
offset; indemnity, restitution;
reimbursement, refund, repayment; ~
reimbursement of

expenditures; ~ repayment of a
debt/quittance; ~
reimbursement of expenses; ~
reimbursement of
expenditures/costs; ~
compensation for shortage; ~
recovery for losses; ~
reimbursement for expenses
outlay/compensation for expenses; ~
indemnification of value; ~
reimbursement of payment; ~
compensation for
damages/reimbursement of damages;
~ compensation for losses;
~ damages/cash indemnity;
~ compensation in full;
~ insurance
indemnity/insurance money;
~ partial compensation;
~ payment of compensation;
~ payment of
insurance indemnity;
~ insurance
claim/claim for indemnification;
~ notification of
claim; ~ claim/action for
damages; ~
liability to compensate for
damage; ~ compensation
clause; ~ ,

negligence clause;
~ loss assessment;
~ refusal to compensate;
~ right to
contribution in general average;
~ amount of
compensation; ~
award of damages; ~
damages; ~
application for compensation;
~ to
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-
guarantee against loss;
~ to insist on compensation;
~ to
assess damages; ~ to pay off
compensation; ~
to receive damages/indemnity;
~ to offer compensation;
~ to reimburse;
~ to claim
compensation; ~
uncompensated/without
compensation; ~
by way of damages; ~
liable to compensation/repayable.

to remunerate; to reward.
/
1. reward, payment, remuneration,
bonus; 2. () fee; 3.
() commission; 4.
() consideration,
compensation; ~ author's
royalties; ~ agent's fee;
~ brokerage/broker's
charges; ~ remuneration in
money/pecuniary reward;
~ commission;
~ license fee/royalty;
~ bonus/premium pay;
~ appropriate
remuneration; ~ amount/size
of commission; ~ amount of
remuneration; ~ to pay
remuneration; ~ to be
entitled to a remuneration;
~ to estimate commission;
~ to refuse remuneration;
~ to be remunerated with a
fee in the amount of; ~ to
reduce remuneration.

renewal, resumption, revival,


reopening; recommencement; ~
renewal of a letter of
credit; ~ renewal of a lease; ~
renewal of an agreement; ~
resumption of legal action; ~
renewal of a contract; ~
resumption of
negotiations; ~ resumption
of deliveries; ~
renewal of an insurance policy.
/
to renew, to resume, to reopen, to
revive; to recommence; ~ to
renew the validity of a treaty; ~
to resume payments; ~
to revive a case; ~
to proceed fully with;
, ~
renewal period.

to object; to be against; to disagree;


to oppose; to retort; ~
to traverse a claim.
/
objection; disagreement, exception;
retort; opposition; plea; ~ to
disagree/to file an objection; ~
common traverse; ~
plea in
discharge; ~
rejoinder; ~
general exception/plea
to the merits; ~ countercase/defensive pleading; ~
to overrule an objection; ~
to maintain an objection; ~ to
waive an objection; ~
to meet an objection; ~
counter-case/counter-plea.

age; ~a
marriageable/nubile;
~a unmarriageable; ~
marriage
age/nubility; ~ age
of discretion; ~ age
of incapacity; ~ retiring
age; ~ advanced
age/declining years; ~
draft age; ~
legal age; ~ school-going
age.

age; ~ age limit; ~ age


qualification.
/
military; ~ military rank;
~o military offence; ~
army rules/military regulations.
/
war; ~ fratricidal
war; ~ civil war;
~ predatory war;
~ credit war; ~
tariff war; ~ price war; ~y
to wage a war; ~y to drag
into a war; ~y to start a war;
~y to declare a war;
~e to incite to a war;
~e to lead to a war;
~ laws and
customs of a war; ~
belligerency/state of a war; ~
, life and death war.
/
will, declaration of intention;
~ by a will of a
person.
/E
excitement; agitation; emotion; ~
disorders/unrest;
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~ in the state of
strong mental agitation.

bureaucracy.

1. will; intention; 2. () liberty;


~ testator's will;
- ~ to express
smb's will; ~ of one's own
free will.
/
arms; weapons; armaments;
~ to reduce
military expenses;
~
limitation of strategic offensive
weapons; ~
reduction of
medium-range nuclear weapons.
/
armed; ~ armed guard; ~oe
armed intervention;
~oe armed invasion.

1. question, point; 2. () matter; 3.


(, )
problem, issue; ~ matter of
defence; ~
substantive matter; ~ matter at
law; ~
regulatory matter; ~
law enforcement
matter; ~ litigated
matter; ~,
issue of common
interest; ~
relevant question; ~
question of principle;
~ matter under
consideration/case in point;
~a consideration of a
matter problem; ~y

decision on a matter; ~ to
decide a question;
~ on legal matters.

thief; stealer; ~-
burglar/housebreaker; ~
pickpocket.

to steal, to rob.

theft; larceny; stealing.

upbringing; education;
~ improper upbringing;
~ moral education.
/
educational; educative; ~
educational measure.
/
1. () hindrance; hampering;
impediment; 2. ()
prevention; 3. (); ~
obstruction
of justice; ~
preventing witness's attendance.

reunion; reunification; ~ family


reunion.

to reunify; to reunite.

to rebel; to revolt.

1. to restore, to reconstruct, to rebuild,


to renovate; to recover; 2.
() to renew, to revive; 3.
( ) to rehabilitate, to restore;
~ to discharge a
bankrupt; ~ to reinstate
in office; ~
to restore diplomatic

relations; ~ to reinstate in a
job.

insurrection; mutiny; rebellion; revolt;


riot; uprising.

1. restoration, reconstruction,
rebuilding, renovation; 2. ()
rehabilitation; restoration; 3.
() renewal, revival; ~
reinstatement in office; ~
repossession; ~
restoration to one's
rights/rehabilitation; ~

restoration of diplomatic relations; ~

; lawful discharge; ~ ,

restoration of a lapsed patent.
/
claiming; call; demand; ~
claiming the goods; ~ poste
restante.

to call; to claim.

vote; ~ vote of confidence; ~


vote of no confidence.
/
hostility; animosity; enmity;
~y to incite
national hostility.

doctor; physician; ~
medical practitioner; ~
sanitary inspector.
/
medic1; ~ medical
examination; ~ medical
checkup/examination.
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damage; harm; injury; prejudice;


wrong; ~ to damage/to
inflict harm;
~a malicious damage;
~a
personal injury/wrong against an
individual; ~a
public wrong/wrong against the public;
~ civil wrong;
~ permanent injury.

to damage; to do damage/harm; to
injure.

time; period; date; ~


date of entering into
force/effective date; ~
license period; ~
delivery time; ~ working
hours/ () office hours;
~ overtime;
~ at the appointed time.

provisionally; temporarily.
/
temporary, interim; ( )
provisional; ( )
acting; ~
temporary incapacity for work; ~
interim guardianship; ~
temporary employment; ~ oe
provisional
government; ~ temporary
damages; ( )
provisional; ( )
acting.

to hand in; to deliver; to serve; ~


to hand in one's
credentials; ~ to

serve subpoena; ~
to serve a writ.

delivery; handing in; ~


presentation of one's
credentials; ~ delivery of
documents; ~
service of subpoena.
/
general; universal; overall; ~
general military
duty; ~
Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
~ee universal
suffrage; ~ general
elections.

1. () to open, to unseal,
to tear; 2. () to reveal, to
disclose, to bring to light.

auxiliary, ancillary; ()
accessory. gathering;
meeting; ~ summit
meeting; ~
ministerial meeting; ~
bilateral meeting; ~
consultative meeting;
~ multilateral meeting.
/
counter-, cross-; ~ crossappeal; ~ counter-claim; ~
counter-charge.

to enter, to join; ~ to marry; ~


to come into office; ~
to come into possession; ~
to enter into negotiations;
to come into force ; ~
to enter into an
agreement.

entrance; introductory, opening.


/
1. () beginning; start; entry; 2.
() entry; joining 3.
( , )
introduction; opening; preamble;
~ prior to the entry into force;
~ on the entry into
force; ~ assumption of
office; ~ entry into force.

to invade; to trespass; to intrude; to


encroach; ~
to intrude into the air
space; ~ to
invade the territorial waters.

incursion, invasion; intrusion; ~


invasion of the
other state's territory.

1. secondary; 2. (
) minor.

entrance, entry; ~a right of


entry; ~ ( )
entry visa/permit; ~ to ban
the entry; ~ to permit the
entry.

entrance.
EM
seizure; ~ seizure of
documents; ~
seizure of correspondence;
~y to seize.

to select; to choose; to pick; to elect.

1. choice, pick, () selection; 2.


() alternative; 3. (
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) option; 4. ()
assortment; ~ drawing of
samples; ~ choice of a
supplier; ~ assortment/range
of goods; ~
consumer choice; ~ free
choice; ~ wide choice;
~a absence of choice;
~a right of option; ~ to
make a choice/to choose;
~a to provide
options; ~ at choice.

selectivity; ~ selectivity of
judges.
/
elective; electoral; ~
elective post.
/
elections; ~ off-year
elections; ~ general
elections; ~ early
elections; ~ regular
elections; ,
~ direct, equal and universal
elections; ~ to call the
elections; ~
to declare the
elections null and void;
~ election procedure.

to reject.

1. () removal, pull-out;
withdrawal; 2. ()
conclusion; ~
adverse inference; ~
findings; ~ false
conclusion; ~
unfounded/groundless conclusion;
~ well
founded/grounded conclusion;

~ to draw a conclusion;
~ to jump to a conclusion;
~y to come to the conclusion, arrive at
(reach) a conclusion.

1. to remove, to take out; to withdraw;


2. ( ) to conclude; ~
to
withdraw troops from other countries'
territories.

1. taking out, pick-up, removal; 2.


() export, exportation; ~
export of gold; ~
export of capital; ~
food export; ~ dutyfree exportation; ~
dumping; ~a ban on
the export of foreign exchange;
~ export prohibition/prohibition of
export; ~a export
restrictions; ~a
surplus of exports;
~a export articles; ~a point of
exit; ~ permit for
exportation; ~
bond note;
~ to ban/to prohibit export;
~ to arrange for
exportation;
~ to obtain an export permit;
~ to increase exports;
~ imports and exports.

rebuke; reproof; reprimand;


~ to administer a rebuke.
/
1. () advantage, benefit;
2. () profit, gains;
~ mutual advantage; ~ selfprofit, self-advantage; ~
benefits; ~ lost profit;

~ financial advantage;
~ principle of equal
advantage;
~ loss of profit insurance;
~ losses for
lost profit; ~ to benefit/to
get profit; ~ to use
to advantage;
~ to be of mutual benefit;
~ to profit; ~e to the
mutual benefit;
~ on the basis of mutual advantage.

advantageous; profitable; beneficial;


gainful; remunerative; lucrative.
T
beneficiary.

1. (, ) to give, to grant,
to issue, to deliver, to supply; 2. (
) to impersonate; 3.
() to extradite; ~ to
grant a visa; ~ to grant a
license; ~ to grant a patent; ~
to issue a certificate.
/
1. delivery, grant, issue, issuance; 2.
() payment; ~
payment of an advance; ~
issue of an author's
certificate; ~ issue of shares; ~
issue of a bill; ~
granting of a visa ; ~
cash payment; ~
issue of a document; ~
issue of a writ
of execution; ~ granting of a
credit; ~ license grant; ~
patent issue; ~
issue of a certificate; ~
crediting; ~e
refusal of a patent application;
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~
procedure for granting export licenses;
~ application
for grant of a patent; ~y
to delay issuing; ~y
to contest the issue of a
patent; ~e to
refuse a visa; ~e
to refuse credit.

1. () to advance, to put
forward; to bring up; 2. ( ) to
promote; 3. ( ) to
nominate; ~ to lay an
accusation.

1. () nomination; 2. (
) promotion.

( ) deportation; banishment.

( ) to deport; to banish.
/
1. () appropriation, allocation,
allotment; assignment; 2.
() separation; severance;
~ allocation of funds; ~

separation/severance of cases;~
allocation of funds;
~ assignment of space.

1. () to allocate, to
appropriate, to assign; 2. ()
to choose, to single out; 3. ()
to mark out; 4. () to
separate; to sever.

departure; ( ) exit; ~
date of departure; ~ day of
departure; ~
exit visa;

~ simplification of exit
formalities.
/
exit; ~ assizes/circuit
session; ~ circuit court.

call; () subpoena; summons;


~
subpoena/summons to appear as a
witness; ~y
contumacious; ~
resummons.

1. to call, to send for, to summon; 2.


() to cause, to occasion; 3.
() to provoke; ~
to summon a counsel; ~
to subpoena/to summon as
a witness.

to win, to gain; to benefit from; ~


(
) to secure judgement; ~
to win the dispute.

1. () repayment,
redemption; 2. ()
reacquisition; 3. (
) retirement; ~
redemption of shares; ~
redemption of a mortgage; ~
retirement of bonds; ~
redemption of an
insurance policy; ~ prior
redemption; ~
foreclosure; ~ right
of redemption; ~y
callable/repayable.

to buy out, to repay, to redeem; ~


to redeem a
pledge/to take out of a pledge.

1. () exactor; extortionist; 2.
() racketeer; 3. ()
blackmailer.

1. () exaction; extortion; 2.
() racket; racketeering; 3.
() blackmail; ~ to
exact/to extort; ~
exaction by blackmail.

1. () to exact; to extort; 2.
( ) to racketeer; 3.
( ) to blackmail.

passing; pronouncement; delivery;


rendering; ~
pronouncement of a
sentence/sentencing; ~
passing of a judgement.

to put; to submit; ~ to issue a


verdict; ~ to put for
discussion; ~ to put
for consideration; ~ to
adjudge/to adjudicate a sentence.

to force; to coerce; to compel.


/
forced; coerced; compelled; obliged;
exacted; ~oe
coerced/exacted confession.
/
1. ( . .) making out, drawing,
issue; 2. () ordering; 3. (
) abstract; excerpt; extract;
~ discharge from a
hospital; ~
abstract of a title; ~
contract extract; ~
extract from the protocol; ~
extract from a decision; ~
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making out a receipt; ~
drawing of a draft;
~ certified account;
~ notarially certified
copy; ~ drawing
authorization; ~y
to take an excerpt from the minutes.

1. ( . .) to make out, to draw,


to issue; 2. (
) to abstract; to copy out; to
extract; 3. () to order; 4.
( -) to
subscribe; 5. ( ) to
discharge.
/
payment; discharge, disbursement; ~
prepayment/payment in
advance; ~ payment of
compensation; ~ payment
by installments; ~
payment of a guarantee amount; ~
repayment of a debt; ~
payroll payment; ~
repayment of a loan; ~
compensation payment; ~
negotiation of a bill; ~
payment of a deposit; ~
payments for credits; ~
patent license
payments; ~
social security
payments; ~
social insurance benefits;
~ payment of a
premium; ~ subsidy
payment; ~
additional/supplementary payment;
~ lump sum
payment; ~ back pay;
~
insurance claim;

~ royalty
obligations; ~
overtime rate;
~y to have
the right to payment of interest;
~ to be payable;
~y to suspend
payment; ~y to make
payment; ~
to claim for insurance
indemnity.
/
1. execution, implementation,
fulfillment; 2. ()
performance; 3. ()
realization, accomplishment; ~
fulfillment/performance of a
contract; ~ fulfillment of an
order; ~ discharge of
duties; ~
fulfillment/performance of obligations;
~
meeting commitments in
mutual trade; ~
adherence to the provisions of a
contract; ~ execution of an
order; ~
discharge (exercise) of one's duties; ~
execution of an
agreement; ~
attendance to customs
formalities; ~ fulfillment of
requirements; ~ delay in
the execution of work; ~
supervision of the execution of
work; ~ procedure; ~
period of execution; ~
ordering cost; ~
course of execution of a
contract; ~ to
complete contractual obligations;
~ to delay the

accomplishment; ~
to insist on the observance of
conditions; ~ to ensure
the fulfillment; ~
to waive obligations;
~ to prevent fulfilment.

1. () to do; to carry out; to


execute; 2. () to
discharge; to fulfil; 3. () to
perform; ~ to
adhere to the provisions of a contract;
~ to execute/to
perform obligations; ~
to execute a judgement.

1. ( )
issue, emission; 2. ()
output; 3. ()
publication; ~ issue of
banknotes, note issue (issuing); ~
issue of a loan; ~
publication, release; ~
commercial manufacture;
~a () date of manufacture,
release date; ~a
date of issue; ~
to guarantee the output;
~ to increase
manufacture; ~ to
launch a product; ~
to limit output;
~ to expand the output;
~y
sanction quantity.

1. () to emit, to issue; 2.
() to manufacture, to
produce, to make.

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1. () to gain, to clear; 2.
( ) to come to
smb's help.
/
1. () gain; returns, proceeds;
2. help, aid, assistance; ~
returns in roubles; ~ annual
receipts; ~ receipts;
~ daily receipts; ~
total compiled receipts; ~
sales proceeds/proceeds
of sales; ~ receipts from
trade; ~ net
avails; ~ export proceeds;
~ estimated
proceeds; ~ export
proceeds; ~y to
receive the proceeds of sale;
~y to expend the
proceeds.

eviction; dispossession; ejection;


ouster; () deportation;
expulsion; ~
dispossession proceedings;
~ forced ejection.

to dispossess; to eject; to evict;


() to banish; to deport;
to expel.
/
high; ~
the High Contracting Parties;
~ high court.

highly profitable, highly remunerative.

highly qualified/skilled/trained.

/
highly placed; high-ranking; of high
standing; ~oe high
ranking official.

highly profitable.

1. () to put forward; 2.
() to display, to exhibit.
AT
1. ( ) to address; to speak; 2.
() to act; 3. (
) to make a statement.

1. () action; campaign; 2.
() statement; 3. (
) support; ~
standing in court.
/
superior; () supreme; ~
court of the last
resort; ~ee higher
education; ~ee
higher educational establishment; ~
high ranking
officials; ~
supreme body of state power;
~ superior court.

() to banish; to deport;
to expel; (, ) to
dispatch; to send.

() banishment;
deportation; expulsion; () exile;
~ renvoi; ~
deportation of foreigners.

exit; ( ) withdrawal; (
..) secession;
( ) issue;
publication; ~ resignation;

~ abandonment of
nationality; ~ withdrawal
from a treaty; ~
retirement.

to go out; to leave; to withdraw; (


..) to secede;
( ) to come
out.

deduction, check-off; ~
deduction from wages; ~
income deduction; ~
deduction of tax; ~
compulsory deduction; ~
deduction of interest; ~
payment without deductions;
~ after tax profit;
~ to deduct;
~ to increase deduction;
~ net.

to deduct from, to take from; to


recoup.

above-mentioned; foregoing; the


above.
/
superior; ~
next higher court.

to clear out; to elucidate; to find out.

gangster; mobster.

guarantor, ( ,
) surety,
sponsor, warrantor; ~ sponsor
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for a loan; ~ guarantor of
a bill; ~
guarantor of a debt; ~
underwriter; ~ to
act as a guarantor.
/
guarantee; ~ letter of
guarantee; ~
guarantee obligation; ~
guarantee period/warranty period;
~ expiration of a
guarantee period; ~
calculation of a guarantee
period; ~
extension of a guarantee term;
~ to extend the
warranty period; ~
upon expiration of a guarantee
period.

to guarantee; to warrant; to
safeguard; to secure.
/
guarantee, surety; warranty;
indemnity; safeguard, protection;
~ bank guarantee;
~ irrevocable guarantee;
~ mutual guarantees; ~

performance bond; ~
contractual guarantees; ~
performance guarantee;~
guarantee of quality
of work; ~
constitutional protection; ~
guarantee of credit;~
guarantee of payment of a debt; ~
guarantee of
solvency;~
guarantee of credit repayment;~
guarantee of a debt; ~
loan guarantee; ~

credit guarantee; ~
guarantee for
obligations; ~ loan security;
~ guarantee of delivery; ~
warranty of a title;
~ advance payment
guarantee; ~ joint
guarantee; ~ insurance
guarantee; ~
guarantee of confidentiality of a
bank account; ~ financial
guarantee; ~
expiration of the guarantee period;
~ warranty
responsibility; ~ conditions
of a guarantee; ~ to
annul a guarantee;
~ to maintain a
guarantee; ~ to guarantee;
~ to obtain a guarantee;
~ to grant a
guarantee; ~ as a safeguard;
~ against security; ~
asset-backed
arrangements; ~ with guarantee.
/
general; ~ directorgeneral/general director; ~
turnkey; ~ general
contractor; ~
to act in the role of a
general contractor; ~ general
policy/open cover;
~ insurance under a
general policy.

genocide.

coat of arms; ~
national emblem/state coat of arms.

/
bearing a coat of arms; heraldic;
stamped; ~ duty stamp; ~
stamp tax.

destruction, ruin; loss; downfall; ~


loss of cargo; ~ loss
of property.

to perish; to be lost.

hyperinflation, runaway inflation.


/
1. () chief; head; 2.
( ) chapter;~
head of a department; ~
head of state; ~
head of a delegation; ~
head of a
diplomatic mission.

Ringleader.

globalization; ~
globalization of money markets; ~
globalization of the
economy.

to deride; to gibe; to mock; to bring


smb into derision; to desecrate.

derision; outrage; desecration; ~


desecration of the graves.

year; ~ budget year;


~ calendar year;
~ tax year; ~
accounting year; ~ current
year; ~ financial year;
~ business year.

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/
suitability, feasibility; ~
period of suitability of goods.

vote; ~ to ballot vote/to cast


a vote; e ~ to
count votes; ~a
without the right to vote;
~a with the right to vote;
~ by a majority;
~ number of votes;
~ deliberative vote.
/
ballot; vote; voting; ~
majority voting; ~
voting by ballot; ~ absentee
vote/vote by correspondence;
~ open vote; ~
roll-call vote/voting by roll-call;
~ vote article by article;
~ secret vote/voting by ballot;
~ ballot papers,
voting ballots; ~
power of attorney to vote; ~
results of voting; ~
procedure for voting; ~
results of voting;
~ to abstain from voting; ~
to declare a vote
invalid; ~
to rescind a vote;
~ to vote by secret
ballot.

to ballot, to cast a vote , to put to the


vote; ~ to vote
unanimously; ~ to vote
by a show of hands; ~
to vote by proxy.

fee, royalty; honorarium; ~


author's fee; ( ) royalty;

~ agency fee;
~ attorney's fee/solicitor's costs;
~ to pay fees.
/
domination; supremacy; rule;
predominance;
~ striving for world
supremacy.

state system; statehood.


/
state; state-owned; ()
public; () national;
() governmental;
~ state security; ~
state power; ~
state duty; ~
state registration
of a contract of lease of an enterprise;
~
state
registration of a gift of immovable
property; ~
state
registration of a contract for sale of an
enterprise; ~

state
registration of transfer of immovable
property into trust management; ~

state
registration of transfer of the right of
ownership to immovable property; ~
public service; ~
public domain/state
ownership; ~

state ownership of the
property of a state enterprise; ~o
state-owned enterprise ;
~ public revenues; ~

state machinery; ~
state budget; ~ state debt; ~
~ state control service; ~
state sector; ~ civil
servant/government employee.
/
state; country; nation;
~ governmentowned/state-owned; ~-

UN member countries/states members
of the United Nations; ~-
member states of the
Council of Europe; ~- debtor
state; ~- creditor state; ~,
defaulting state;
~, nonsignatory state; ~,
nuclear state/state
in possession of nuclear weapons; ~,
()
signatory state; ~-
state of
international law; ~ nonnuclear state ; ~ nuclearweapon state.

plunder; ( )
robbery.

plunderer; robber.

to plunder; to rob.
/
citizen; subject;
~e naturalized citizens.
/
civil; civic; civilian; ~
legal capacity; ~
civil responsibility;
~ legal
capacity/civil law capacity; ~
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civil jurisdiction; ~
civil rights; ~ civil
liberties; ~ civil marriage; ~
civil tort; ~ civil
action/claim; ~ civil claimant; ~
civil code; ~ civil
procedure; ~
code of civil procedure; ~ civil
court; ~oe civil case; ~oe
civil law; ~oe
relationship of civil law; ~oe
civil demand; ~oe
civil justice;
~
civil registration.
-B
civil law.
-/
civil procedure; ~oe civil
procedure law; ~ civil
procedure code.
/
citizenship; nationality;
~e to restore one's
citizenship; ~ to change
one's citizenship; ~a to
denaturalize/to deprive of citizenship;
~
to apply for citizenship;
~a to be granted citizenship;
~a to naturalize;
~ to forfeit citizenship;
~ double citizenship.
/
charter; credentials; letters;
~ to present one's
credentials;
~ exchange of
instruments of ratifications.
/
border, frontier; ~ poverty
line; ~ state border;

~ sea border; ~
land border; ~ customs
boundary; ~y to assault/to
violate the border;
~ safeguarding the
state borders.

(, ) schedule; ~
debt repayment
schedule; ~ duty chart; ~
payment schedule; ~
schedule of work;
~ debt service
schedule; ~ schedule of
payments; ~
repayment schedule; ~
schedule of deliveries;
~ sliding chart;
~ to disrupt a schedule; ~
to be ahead of schedule;
~a to be behind schedule;
~y to work on schedule;
~a breach of a schedule;
~a departure from a schedule.

graphologist; handwriting analyst.

graphology.
/
graphological; ~
handwriting expertise.
/
coarse; rude; gross; ~oe
gross violation of a contract.

cargo, goods, freight; consignment;


shipment; ~ duty-free
cargo; ~ insured
cargo; ~ spoiled cargo;
~ commercial cargo;
~ contract cargo;
~ goods

under arrest; ~
unclaimed cargo; ~
missing cargo; ~
uninsured cargo; ~
undeclared cargo; ~
damaged cargo; ~ lost
cargo; ~ valuable cargo;
~ export cargo;
~a owner of cargo; ~a
inspection of cargo; ~a
detention of cargo; ~a
seizure of cargo;
~a shortage of cargo; ~a
safety of cargo; ~
transportation of cargo; ~ to
take in cargo; ~ to
discharge cargo (freight);
~ to deliver cargo; ~ to
transport cargo; ~ to
insure cargo.

owner of cargo; cargo/freight owner.

cargo consignor, shipper.

consignee, receiver of cargo/of freight.

group; team; () bracket;


category; () class; ()
set; ~
administration group; ~
banking group; ~ age
bracket/group; ~ group
of deputies; ~ action
group; ~ social group;
~ task group;
~ search party; ~ working
group; - ~
finance-industrial group;
~ economic group;
~ group of experts.
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P/
grouping; alignment;
~ to refrain from
joining a grouping; ~ to
join a grouping.

governor; ~a gubernatorial
elections.
/
humanitarian; ~
humanitarian aid.

humanity.

humanitarian.

ABAT
to give; ~ to lend/to loan; ~
to give rise to an
action; ~ to
give evidence.
/
pressure; ~ pressure
on witnesses; ~ to exert
pressure; ~ under the pressure.
/
limitation; prescription; long standing;
~ period of limitation/time
limitation;
~ expiration of the limitation period;
~ limitation of action;
~ extinctive limitation;
~ acquisitive
prescription.

to dactylograph.

dactylography; identification of
fingerprints.

/
data; information; ~ income
records; ~
credit report; ~ cost data;
~ financial
information; ~
restricted data;
~ bookkeeping data;
~ input data; ~
output data; ~
documentary data; ~
valid data; ~ distorted
data; ~ original/preliminary
data; ~ check data;
~ official data;
~ passport details;
~ conflicting data;
~ secret data; ~
to get/to receive data;
~ to distribute data; ~ to
collect data; ~ to
establish data; ~x
accuracy of information.
AP
donation; gift; ()
endowment.
/
donation; gift, grant; ~
gift in view of death;
~ absolute gift;
~ contract of gift;
~ prohibition of gift;
~ limitation of gift;
~ withdrawal of a gift.

donor; grantor.

deed of gift.
/
date; ~ cancellation
date; ~ date of
entry into force; ~

date of issue of a
certificate; ~
date of judgement; ~
date of manufacture; ~
date of
performance; ~
expiry date; ~
date of a
trial; ~ closing date; ~
date of patenting; ~
date of payment; ~
redemption date; ~
date of application; ~
date of a
contract; ~ date of delivery,
delivery date; ~
date of bringing an action; ~
date of registration; ~

copyright date; ~ date of
appearance; ~ to put a date;
~ without date.

to date; ~ to
postdate, to afterdate; ~
to antedate.
/
movable estate/property; movables;
personalty; personal assets; ~
pledge of movable property;
~ right of ownership
to movable property;
~
provision of movable
property for temporary possession and
use.

bigamy.

bigamist.

bigamy.
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bigamy.
/:
~ double taxation.

1. () reciprocal, bilateral; 2.
() two-way.

debit; ~ debit and credit; ~


debit of an account; ~
to debit; ~ to
charge an amount to the debit of an
account.

to debit, to charge.
/
debit; ~ debit entry; ~
debit card; ~
debtor balance.

debtor; ~ (
, )
accounts (debt) receivable;
outstandings; receivables.
/
debit; ~ debit
indebtedness/accounts receivable;
~
to collect accounts
receivable.
/
devaluation; depreciation; ~
devaluation of currency;
~ to devalue/to devaluate.

brother-in-law.
/
legal capacity; legal competence; legal
ability; ~ marriage
ability/capacity to marry;
~ legal capacity; ~
testability/testamentary capacity;

~ international
capacity to act; ~ general legal
capacity; ~ limited legal
capacity/limited competence;
~ full capacity; ~
ability/capacity to sue;
- ~ competence of a witness;
~ deprivation of legal
capacity; ~ restriction
of legal capacity; ~
religious
disqualification; ~
age
disqualification; ~

sex disqualification; ~

race disqualification;
~ acquisition of legal
capacity;
~ court decision
restricting legal capacity;
~ to incapacitate.

legally capable, competent;


~ to acquire discretion.

deserter.

desertion.
/
act, action; () effect; ~

action performed without authorization
of the interested party; ~
force of a treaty; ~
operation of civil
legislation; ~ operation of a
law; ~, prejudicial
action; ~,
infringing act; ~
act of God/force-majeure effect; ~,

act endangering
life; ~ culpable
actions/acts of fault;
~ fraudulent act (action);
~ illegal act; ~ illegal
action; ~
unauthorized actions; ~
notarial act; ~
enforcement action;
~ illegal act; ~ illegal
act; ~ investigative
action; ~
deliberate/intended act;
~ legal action/juristic act;
~ liability for
acts; ~ to put into
operation; ~ to come into
effect; ~ to relate
back; ~ to
invalidate; ~ to
come within the purview of law;
~ to have a free
hand; ~ to
give a carte blanche;
~ to take
preventive action; ~ to
terminate; ~ to
suspend; ~ to perform an
act.
/
reality; ( ) force;
validity; ~ formal validity;
~ validity in law;
~ to challenge
the validity of a contract.
/
1. ( ) real;
actual; true; 2. (
) effective; valid; ~
active military service.

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1. to act; to operate; to function; 2.


( ) to be
effective; to be in force; to be valid.
/
acting; current; (
) effective; valid; ~
treaty in force; ~
current/effective law; ~e
active
legislation/legislation in force; ~ee
good law.

declarant.
/
declaration; ~
declaration
of trust; ~ income
statement; ~ bank
declaration; ~ cargo
declaration; ~ tax
declaration; ~ customs
declaration; ~ to fill in a
declaration; ~ to produce a
declaration; ~ to sign a
declaration.

decree; ~ to decree/to issue a


decree.

delegate.

delegating, delegation; ~
delegation of powers.

to delegate.

delict, tort, illegal action; ~


personal tort; ~
alleged tort; ~ civil tort;
~ property tort;
- ~

international delict/internationally
wrongful act; - ~
public tort; ~ private
tort.

delinquent; trespasser;
~ juvenile
delinquent.

delisting.
/
1. affair, matter; 2. (,
) business, work;
undertaking; job; 3. () case,
action; 4. () record of the
proceeding; file; ~,
case for the defence; ~,
case for the
prosecution; ~,
matter of
public concern; ~
case at bar; ~,
case in charge; ~
matter of bankruptcy; ~a,

consolidated cases; ~
action for
reinstatement in office; ~
tax case; ~
case of
infringement of rules; ~
divorce case; ~,
case for a
trial; ~
action against administration; ~,

matter accepted for processing; ~,
case in
dispute; ~ arbitration
case; ~ unprofitable
business; ~ profitable
business; ~ civil case;

~ matter for the


court/cognizable case; ~
risky business; ~ contentious
case; ~ legal case/legal
cause; ~ private affair;
~ to conduct a case; ~
() to bring/to initiate an action
(against); ~
to
relegate a case; ~ to
reopen a case; ~ to win a
case; ~ to plead a
case in court; ~

to evoke a case;
~a to appoint a hearing; ~
to submit a case to
arbitration; ~ to remit a
case; ~ to
start one's own business;
~ to reconsider a
case; ~ to dismiss a case;
~ to
accept a matter for processing;
~ to lose a case;
~ to consider a case;
~ - to
decide a case in smb's favour;
~a materials of a case;
~a circumstances of a
case; ~a reconsideration of
a case;
~y dismissal of a case;
~a motion for a new
trial.
/
business; ~ business
practice; ~ business
reputation; ~
protection of business reputation;
,
~
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-
dissemination of information
discrediting business reputation;
~ to defame
business reputation.

filing clerk.

record keeping; ()
proceedings of a court.

del credere; ~ del


credere remuneration; ~
del credere commission.

demarcation; ~ demarcation of
frontiers.

demarche; ~ to make
a demarche.

demilitarization.

demobilization; discharge;
dishonorable discharge ~
.

demonopolization; ~
property demonopolization.

to demonopolize.

demonstration; presentation.

dumping; ~ currency
dumping; ~ hidden dumping;
~ commodity dumping;
~ price dumping;
~ to dump/to practise dumping.

denaturalization; deprivation of
citizenship.

/
money; monetary; pecuniary; ~
monetary unit; ~
cash assets; ~
money loan; ~oe money
circulation; ~ money
obligation; ~ monetary
claim; ~ funds/resources;
~ cash remittance/money
order; ~ in monetary
terms/in monetary expression;

~ liability for nonperformance a monetary obligation;
~
satisfaction of a monetary claim;
~ conventional
monetary unit.
-/
monetary; ~ oe
monetary accommodation.

denomination; ~
denomination of national
currency.

to denominate.

denunciation.

day; date; ~
date of a judgement; ~
pay day; ~
actual day;
~ termination date;
~ day of payment; ~
day of delivery; ~
date of appearance in court;
~ banking day;
~ trading day; ~ day
off/free day; ~ fixed
date; ~ calendar day;

non-working day;
reception day; ~
business/working day;
up to this date; from
this day forth.
/
money, cash, currency; ~
money on deposit; budget
finances; ~ cheap money;
~ expensive money; ~
cash/money in hand; ~
earned money; ~ credit
money; ~ cash/money in
hand; ~ black
money; ~ uncovered
money; ~ depreciated
money; ~ laundered money;
~ smart money;
~ forged money;
~ forged
money/counterfeit money; ~
to borrow money; ~
to draw money from one's
account; ~ to place
money on deposit; ~ to
pay money; ~ to issue
money; ~ to
redeem money from circulation;
~ to exchange currency;
~ issue of
money/emission; ~
withdrawal of money from
circulation; ~
depreciation of money;
~ money laundering;
~ transfer of money;
~ spending of money;
~ safekeeping of money;
~ issue of money, emission.

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-
/
dispatch;
~ to deliver a
diplomatic dispatch.

deposit; ~ demand
deposit; ~ bank deposit;
~ short deposit;
- general deposit;
~ savings deposit;
~ fixed deposit;
~ to place money on deposit;
~ to transfer
money on deposit.
/
1. (
) depositary, bailee; 2.
( ) depositary; ~
stakeholder;
~ authorized
depositary; ~ to appoint
depositary; ~
to place in the custody of a depositary.
/
deposit; ~ depositary
receipt/deposit receipt; ~
deposit certificate/certificate of deposit.
depositor.
/
depositing, deposition; ~
depositing of an amount;
~ conditions of
depositing funds.

power; ~ maritime power;


~ non-nuclear power;
~ nuclear power.

holder, bearer; ~ holder


of a letter of credit; ~
shareholder/stockholder; ~
bearer of a bill; ~ holder of a

pledge/owner of a mortgage; ~
bondholder; ~
policy holder;
~ bona fide holder; ~ holder
in due course; ~
mala fide holder; ~
nominee shareholder;
~ prior holder.

impudence.

destabilization; ~
destabilization of economy/economic
destabilization.

detective; ~ private
detective.

filicide; infanticide.

defect; flaw; deficiency; fault; ~


- defect of the
manufacturing works;
~ manufacturing
defect; ~ hidden
defect/inherent vice; ~
to detect/to discover a defect;
~ to eliminate a defect.

deficit, scarcity, shortage; ~


deficit of the
balance of payments; ~
deficit of the balance of trade;
~ budget deficit;
~ acute deficit; ~
food shortage; ~ rising
deficit; ~ chronic deficit;
~ to have a deficit;
~ to cover/to compensate
for a deficit; ~ to reduce a
deficit; ~ to increase a
deficit.

deflation.

default; ~a on the verge of


default.
-
de jure; ~ to recognize de
jure.
/
act, action, act of commission; deed;
~,
act done by an official; ~,

malicious act; ~
prohibited act; ~
punishable act;
~ socially dangerous act;
~ act of crime; ~
wrongful act.
/
activity, activities, work; occupation;
enterprise; ~
foreign economic activity;
~ public activities;
~ trust activities/trust
business; ~ lawful activities;
~ legislation;
~ activity
prohibited by a law;
~ indivudual labour activity;
~ intellectual
activity; ~ business
activity; ~ unlawful
activity; ~ agency
business; ~
entrepreneurial activity; ~
criminal activities; ~,
~ professional
activity; ~
independent activity; ~
joint activity; ~ trade
activity; ~ economic
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-
activity; ~ to
involve in criminal activity;
~ to be involved in
illicit activity;
~ to exercise
professional activity.

subversive activities; subversion.

dividend; ~ share
dividend; ~
cash dividend;
~ annual dividend;
~ quarterly dividend;
~ accumulated dividend;
~ accrued dividend;
~ unclaimed
dividend; ~ unpaid
dividend; ~
taxable dividend; ~
interim dividend; ~
regular dividend; ~ to
pay dividends; ~ to
distribute dividends; ~
payment of dividends; ~a
dividend size.

dealer; ~
dealer in securities;
~ exchange dealer;
~ investment dealer;
~ authorized dealer;
~ dealer in commodities.

diplomat.
/
diplomatic; ~ diplomatic visa;
~ diplomatic
correspondence; ~
diplomatic mission; ~
diplomatic
immunity; ~ diplomatic note;

~ diplomatic documents;
~ diplomatic relations; ~
diplomatic immunity; ~
diplomatic corps; ~
diplomatic passport; ~
diplomatic protocol; ~
diplomatic status; ~ diplomatic
etiquette; ~oe diplomatic law;
~oe diplomatic
representation; ~oe
diplomatic asylum.

diplomacy; ~ open
diplomacy; ~ secret diplomacy.

director; ~ general
director; ~ managing
director; ~ business
director; ~ finance
director.

directorate, management.

disbalance; ~ disbalance in
trade.
/
disqualification; ~ to
incur disqualification.

to disqualify.

disclaimer.

discount; ~ bill discount;


~ bank discount;
~ commercial discount.

discredit; discrediting; ~

impeachment of testimony.

to bring discredit; to discredit.

defamatory.
/
discrimination; ~
discrimination in trade; ~
employment discrimination;
~ credit discrimination;
~ tax discrimination;
~ racial discrimination;
~ religious
discrimination; ~ tariff
discrimination; ~ price
discrimination; ~
economic discrimination;
~ to be subjected to discrimination.
/
average adjustment; ~ to
adjust the average.

average adjuster.
/
discipline; ~ budgetary
discipline; ~ monetary
discipline; ~ agreement
discipline; ~ credit
discipline; ~ payment
discipline; ~
production discipline; ~
labour discipline; ~
financial discipline; ~ to
breach discipline; ~ to
maintain discipline.
/
disciplinary; ~
disciplinary responsibility; ~oe
disciplinable action.

defamation; defamatory imputation;


~ malicious
defamation.

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to seek; to secure; ~
to secure a
judgement.

prenaptial agreement, antenaptial
agreement.

voluntarily.
/
voluntary; ~ voluntary
appearance; ~oe voluntary
confession.

bona fide; in good faith.


/
good faith; conscientiousness;
honesty; ~ good faith of
claims; ~
violation of the principle of good faith.
/
conscientious; bona fide; ~oe
possession bona fide; ~
possessor in good faith; ~
bona fide purchaser; ~
innocent party.
/
letter of attorney, power of attorney,
letter of trust, letter of authority,
proxy, commission; ~ ... power
of attorney in the name of...; ~

power of attorney for the
general management of the grantor's
affairs; ~
power of attorney for the receipt
of deposit in bank; ~
dividend warrant; ~
power
of attorney for the receipt of wages; ~
power of
attorney for the receipt of pensions; ~

power of
attorney for the receipt of payment; ~
signatory power; ~

power of attorney to
operate transport means; ~
power of attorney
to conclude transactions; ~

power of attorney for performing legal
actions; ~
power of attorney in the name of
a legal person; ~
power of attorney and
substitution; ~ assignment
in blank; ~ general
power of attorney/general proxy;
~
notarially authenticated power of
attorney; ~ general power of
attorney; ~ letter of
procuration; ~ full power;
~ single proxy;
~ to cancel a power of attorney;
~ to give a power of
attorney; ~ to draw up a
power of attorney;
~ to draw money by warrant;
~ to present a power of
attorney; ~
procuration; ~ date of a power
of attorney; ~ revocation of a
power of attorney; ~
termination of a power of attorney;
~ time period of a power of
attorney.
BEPEHH/
attorney; agent;
~ to stand proxy.
/
faith, trust, credence; confidence; ~
depositors' confidence; ~

investor confidence; ~
consumer confidence;
~e to abuse
confidence; ~ to betray
confidence; ~ to give
credence; ~ to refuse
credence; ~ to enjoy
confidence; ~ to lose
confidence; ~ vote of
confidence; ~
abuse of confidence.
/
proxy giver; principal; ~
principal and agent;
~ to act in the
name of the principal.
/
confidential; fiduciary; ~
trust; ~

constructive trust/implied trust; ~
trusteeship/beneficial
ownership; ~
entrusted management of
property; ~ trustee/trust
owner; ~
trustee/beneficial owner; ~
trust; ~
transfer of property to
trusteeship; ~
termination
of a contract for trust management of
property; ~
founder of trust;
~
to hand over property to
trusteeship.

to credit; to trust.

argument; reason; submission; ~


adversary's
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-
argument; ~ to refute
arguments; ~ to advance
arguments.

to arrange; to negotiate.

agreement, contract; treaty; ~


contract of tenancy/leasing agreement;
~ bank deposit
agreement; ~
agreement on bank accounts; ~
contract
of uncompensated use; ~
contract of
compensated provision of services; ~
contract for the
benefit of a third party; ~
state loan
agreement; ~ contract of gift;
~
agreement on trusteeship
of property; ~ -
contract of purchase; ~
contract of employment; ~
contract for
hire of property; ~
boundary treaty; ~
treaty of mutual
security; ~ mutual
assistance treaty; ~
treaty on
general and complete disarmament; ~
treaty of
extradition; ~ treaty of
friendship; ~
personal insurance contract; ~
treaty of neutrality; ~
non-aggression treaty; ~

non-proliferation treaty; ~
contract of exchange
and barter; ~ treaty of

cession; ~ turnkey contract;


~ contract of
record; ~ contract of
guarantee;~ contract of sale;
~ mixed contract; ~
contract of insurance;
~ agency agreement;
- ~ civil law
contract; ~ bilateral
agreement; ~ loan
agreement; ~
international agreement;
~ void contract;
~
notarially authenticated agreement;
~ written agreement;
~ subagency
agreement; ~ employment
agreement; ~
founding agreement;
~ economic agreement; ~
to enter into a treaty; ~a
to withdraw from a treaty;
~ to denounce a
treaty; ~ to conclude a
treaty; ~ to execute/to
perform a treaty; ~
to invalidate a treaty;
~ to commit a breach of a treaty;
~ to initial a treaty;
~ to sign a treaty;
~y to accede to a
treaty; ~a to
extend/to prolong the validity of a
treaty; ~ to ratify a
treaty; ~ to observe a
treaty; ~ to draw up a
treaty; ~a termination
of an agreement; ~a
renewal of an agreement;
~ entry of a treaty into force;
~a

performance/execution of a contract;
~a effect of an agreement;
~a conclusion of an
agreement; ~a
breach/violation of an agreement;
~a invalidity of
an agreement; ~y
obligations under a contract;
~ refusal to perform a
contract; ~a subject of an
agreement; ~a
termination of a contract;
~a recognition of a
contract as invalid; ~a
termination/cancellation of a contract;
~a term of an agreement;
~a party to a contract;
~a contractual
requirements; ~a contractual
conditions.
/
agreement, arrangement,
engagement; understanding;
() covenant; accord; ~
agreement on the
level of ministers; ~
profit-sharing arrangement;
~
procedural agreement;
~ informal
understanding; ~ lawful
agreement;
preliminary agreement;
~ agreement in
principle; ~ unlawful
agreement; ~ verbal
arrangement; ~ financial
arrangement; ~ to
achieve/to reach agreement;
~ to break/to violate agreement;
~ in
compliance with the achieved
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-
agreement; ~ by agreement/as
agreed.
/
contractual; conventional; ~
conventional rule; ~
contractual jurisdiction; ~
treaty practice; ~
negotiated/agreed price; ~e
contractual obligation;
~oe contract law; ~oe
contractual legal
relations; ~ treaty rules;
~ contractual
relations/privity of a contract; ~
treaty rights; ~
contract sequestration; ~
on contractual basis.
/E
inquisition; inquest; inquiry;
investigation; ~ upon
completion of an inquiry;
~ during an inquiry;
~ to conduct/to hold an
inquiry;
~ to participate in an inquiry.

proof; ~ proof of a criminal


charge; ~ proof of
confession; ~ proof
of admission; ~
proof by evidence.

evidential; probative.
/
evidential; probative; ~
presumptive evidence; ~ law
of evidence.
/
evidence; proof; ~ evidence
of ownership; ~
evidence for the defendant; ~,

internal evidence; ~,
evidence by affidavit; ~,

prima facie evidence; ~
evidence for the defence; ~
probate; ~,

illegally obtained evidence; ~
evidence of priority; ~
evidence of a fact;
~ undubitable evidence;
~ physical evidence;
~ documentary
evidence; ~ reliable
evidence; ~ indirect
evidence; ~
incontrovertible proof; ~
conclusive evidence; ~
written evidence; ~ direct
evidence; ~ evidence at law;
~ convincing evidence;
~a to acquire/to procure
evidence; ~a to negate
evidence; ~a to challenge
evidence; ~a to
corroborate evidence; ~a
to afford/to present evidence;
~a to accept as
evidence; ~o to serve as
evidence; ~a to
gather the necessary proof.
/
of; evidence; ~
probate; ~
proof by affidavit; ~
proof by
testimony; ~ proof
of admission; ~
proof by circumstantial
evidence; ~
direct proof.

AT
to prove; to establish; to show; ~
to establish to the satisfaction of
the court.

document, paper, instrument; deed; ~


sealed document; ~
deliverywarrant; ~
document to a bearer; ~

deed of release; ~

deed of trust; ~
vesting document; ~,

demand document; ~,
document attached to the case; ~

document due and payable; ~,

document of a title; ~,
document
establishing one's identity;
~ bank document; ~
accounting document; ~
financial document; ~
directive document; ~
evidence of debt; ~
testamentary document; ~
mortgage document;
~ attested
document; ~
executive document;
~ invalid
document; ~ regulatory
document; ~ negotiable
document; ~
substantiating document;
~ official document;
~ payment document;
~ forged document;
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~ original document;
~ legal document;
~ order document;
~ classified document;
~ warehouse document;
~ in-house document;
~ accompanying
document; ~ insurance
certificate; ~ customs
document;
~ document passing title to goods;
~ transport document;
~ accounting documents;
~ foundation
documents; ~ financial
document; ~ legal
document; ~ to deliver/to
issue a document; ~ to
certify a document; ~ to
suppress a document; ~ to
announce a document; ~
to process a document; ~
to surrender a document;
~ to sign a document;
~ to furnish/to present a
document; ~ to file
a document; ~
to execute a deed; ~ to
draw up a document; ~a issue
of a document; ~a
extract; ~a replacement of a
document; ~a original
document; ~a recall of a
document; ~ issuance
of documents; ~a original
document; ~a drawing up
of a document.
debt; duty; liabilities; arrears;
indebtedness; ~
budget debts; ~
debt to the federal

government; ~ debts on
loans; ~ arrears of
wages; ~ tax arrears; ~
pension arrears; ~
debts on payments
to funds; ~
fines and penalties arrears;
~ non-recoverable
debt; ~ irrevocable
debt; ~ budget debt;
~ external debt;
~ domestic debt; ~
state debt; ~ long-term
debt; ~
consolidated debt; ~
short-term debt; ~
accumulated debt; ~
unsecured debt; ~
unpaid debt; ~
undischarged (unpaid) debt;
~ secured debt;
~ deferred debt;
~ paid debt;
~ stale debt;
~ debt at
law; ~ to borrow;
~ to recover a debt;
~a to acquit from a debt;
~ to defer a debt; ~ to clear
off/to extinguish; ~a
recovery of a debt; ~a
repayment of a debt; ~a
replacement of
a debt with a loan obligation;
~ liability for
debts; ~a
transfer of a debt to another person;
~a repayment;
~a cover for a debt; ~
write-off of debts;
~ burdened with debts.

/
shared; ~ shared
property/shared ownership; ~
shared obligation; ~

shared participation in a joint-stock
company; ~
shared financing; ~ contribution.

debtor; obligator; ~,
defaulting debtor; ~
bill debtor; ~
mortgager; ~ claim debtor; ~
execution
debtor; ~ loan holder; ~
customs
payments debtors; ~
bad debtor; ~
bankrupt; ~ principal
debtor; ~ joint and
several debtors ;
~ joint and several
obligation of debtors.
/
post, position, appointment; office;
~ administrative
post/administrative capacity;
~ vacancy; ~
elective office; ~ work
capacity; ~ major post;
~ official position;
~ judgeship; ~
permanent appointment/permanent
position; ~ to install;
~ to reinstate in
office; ~ to come into
office/to take office;
~ to fill a vacancy;
~ to be in office;
~ to appoint to the post; o
~ to downgrade; ~
installation; ~ in the capacity of;
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~ appointment to a
post; ~ discharge
from office; ~ tenure
of office.

part, portion; participation; share;


interest; () contribution; ~

equity; ~ share in business; ~
share in
the right of common ownership; ~
share in profits; ~
share in property/in
ownership; ~ share
in the authorized fund;
~ proportional
share; ~ total share;
~ to contribute;
~ to alienate a share;
~ to transfer a share;
~ to be due to the share;
~ to comprise
a share in the capital; ~ to
assign a share;
~ to
participate in business commensurate
with one's share; ~
alienation of a share; ~
transfer of a share; ~
passing of a
share in the capital to another person;
~e in an equal share.
,
domicile; ~ domicile by
operation of law; ~
domicile by birth/native domicile;
~ bank domicile;
~ civil domicile;
~ foreign domicile;
~ commercial domicile.

householder; houseowner.

importunity; harassment; solicitation.

denunciation; report to the police;


~ false denunciation.

to denounc.
/
additional payment, afterpayment; ~
overtime
pay; ~ payment of
additional insurance premium; ~
without extra charge.
/
addition; () amendment; ~
supplement to a contract; ~
additions to the charter;
~ to introduce
amendments and additions; ~ ... in
addition to ...

additional; complementary;
supplementary.

to examine; to interrogate; to
question; ~ to examine/to
interrogate a witness.

examination; interrogation;
questioning; ~
hearing/examination of witnesses; ~
judicial questioning; ~ to
conduct an examination/interrogation;
~y to examine/to
interrogate; ~ r ecord of
the interrogation.

access; ~
to be given a security
clearance.

additional investigation.

to examine; to inspect.

inspection, examination; ~
luggage examination; ~
inspection of cargo; ~
customs examination;
~ to exempt from examination;
~ to carry out examination;
~ to pass
through the customs.
/
delivery, carriage, conveyance;
haulage; ~ delivery of
luggage; ~ delivery of cargo; ~
delivery by installments; ~
late delivery; ~
home-delivery service;
~ free delivery;
~ immediate delivery;
~ punctual delivery;
~ safe delivery; ~
express delivery; ~y to
delay delivery; ~y to
make delivery; ~y charge for
delivery.

to deliver; ~
to deliver safely.
/
achievement, accomplishment; ~
reaching
retirement; ~
economic achievements.
/ authenticity; accuracy;
faithfulness, credibility; ~ accuracy of
data; ~ credibility
of testimony.
/
1. dignity; 2. () value; worth;
denomination.
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access; ~ access to
information; ~
access to a computer network;
~ free access;
~ legal access; ~
equal access; ~ free
access; ~ to block up access;
~ to limit access;
~ to obtain access;
~a restricted to access.
/
rtrial.

file; record; history; ~ court


file.
/
subsidy, dotation, grant; ~
budgetary subsidy; ~
government subsidy; ~ direct
subsidy; ~ to subsidize/to
grant a subsidy.

income, revenue, return, yield;


proceeds, earnings, receipts; ~
budget revenues; ~
dividend yield; ~
income of the population;
~, nontaxable income; ~,
taxable income; ~
income from property; ~

income from commercial activities; ~
operating
income; ~
income received from
entrepreneurial activity; ~
proceeds from
privatization; ~ sales
revenue; ~ income
from sales; ~ advertising

profit; ~ tax
revenues; ~
trading income; ~
income
from financial operation; ~
commodity export
earnings; ~
after-tax income; ~
yield on securities; ~,

income concealed from taxation;
~ gross income; ~
foreign exchange earnings;
~ imputed income; ~ annual
income/revenue; ~
national revenues; ~ legal
income; ~ monthly receipts;
~ taxable
revenues; ~ national
income; ~ illegal income;
~ unearned income;
~ real income;
~ total income; ~
average annual income;
~ monthly income;
~ earned income; ~
after-tax income/ earnings; ~
to bring an income; ~
conceal income
from taxation; ~ax
income statement; ~
taxation of income.

fight; affray; ~y to come/to


get to blows.

to fight.

split, segmentation; ~ splitting


of shares; ~ dissociation of
capital.

mentally ill; lunatic; insane; mad.

executor.

to suffocate; to strangulate.

unit; ~ taxation
unit; ~ unit of account;
~ administrative
unit/administrative area;
- ~
administrative-territorial unit;
~ monetary unit;
~ production unit;
unit of account;
~ local unit;
~ economic unit;
~ legal entity.

monogamy.

monogamous.
/
consanguineous; ~ blood
sister/half-sister; ~ blood
brother/half-brother.

individual; () sole.

/
appeal, complaint; ~
customer's complaint;
~ appeal; ~ legitimate
appeal; ~ cassation/writ
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-
of appeal; ~ official
complaint;
~y to serve an appeal;
~ to address a complaint;
~y to deny a complaint; ~y
to file/to make a complaint;
~y to consider a
complaint; ~y to
grant/to satisfy a complaint;

~ to petition for the
appeal to be considered;
complaints
procedure; ~
consideration/examination of a
complaint.

() salary; ~ to
pay a salary; ~ to raise a
salary; ~ to get a salary;
~ to reduce a salary.

to complain, to make a complaint.

uxoricide.

uxoricide.

ballot, casting lots; lot; sortition;


drawing lots; ~
ballot.

() victim; ~
victim of assault; ~
victim of a crime.
/
cruel; brutal; savage; ~ cruel
design; ~oe cruel
treatment.

cruelty; brutality; savageness.

/
life; ~ married life;
~ business life; ~ personal life;
~ family life; ~
married life; ~ private life;
~ to earn one's
living; ~ life insurance.

dwelling; house; home; ~,


dwelling unfit
for habitation; ~ rented
dwelling; ~
comfortable dwelling; ~ right
to housing.
/
housing; ~
housing legislation; ~
Housing Code
of the Russian Federation; ~
housing cooperative.
/
housing; ~ housing
premises/residential premises; ~
dwelling house/housing premises; ~
living-space fund/housing space;
~
use of the housing
premises of the residence for other
than intended purpose; ~
subrental of housing
premises; ~
right of ownership to
housing premises; ~
sale of housing premises.

endorser.

endorsee.

1. () giro; 2. (
) endorsement.

dweller; inhabitant; ~
native; ~ local;
~ permanent resident.
/
habitation; residence; ~
residence permit; ~ residence.

magazine; journal; ( )
register; ~ minutes/minutebook; ~
execution docket; ~
appearance
docket; ~ to enter in the
register.

judges; ~ grand jury;


~ petty jury; ~ jury of
inquiry.

/
strike; walkout; stoppage; ~
protest strike; ~
solidarity strike; ~ general
strike; ~ hunger strike;
~ protracted strike;
~ short-term strike;
~ unofficial strike;
~ national strike;
~ warning strike;
~ unauthorized/wildcat
strike; ~ economic
strike; ~y to call a strike;
~y to call off a strike;
~y to stage a strike/to
strike; ~y right to strike.

striker.
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-
/
delusion; ignorance; error; mistake; ~
mistake of law; ~
negligent ignorance; ~
ignorance of a fact;
~ bona fide
ignorance; ~ false
representation/misrepresentation;
~ deceptive;
~
fraudulent misrepresentation;
~ innocent ignorance;
~ to deceive
intentionally;
~ to act under the
influence of an error;
~ to conclude a
transaction under the influence of an
error; ~ under the
influence of an error.

disease; illness; sickness; ~


lunacy/mental disease;
~ infectious disease;
~ occupational
disease.

authenticated, certified; ~
probate.

testifier; witness.

to authenticate, to attest, to certify; ~


to attest a copy; ~ to
authenticate a signature.
/
will, testament; (
) bequest; (
) devise;
~ probate;
~ notarial will;
~ to change a will; ~ to

administer/to execute a will;


~ to challenge a will;
~ to fabricate a will;
~ under an intestacy;
~ testament guardian;
~ ( )
revocation of a probate;
~
transfer/passing of the right of
ownership in accordance with a will;

~ right
of a participant in shared ownership to
give his share by a will; ~ under a
will.

bequeathed; devised; given by a will.

testator, legator; settlor;


( ) deviser.
/
testamentary; ~ -
testamentary
capacity; ~
testamentary disposition; ~
testamentary gift/gift by a will; ~

legacy/testamentary bequest; ~
devise.

to leave by will; to give by testament,


to testate; ( ) to
bequeath; ( )
to devise.
/
dependence; ~
dependence on foreign
capital; ~ material
dependence; ~ financial
dependence; ~
economic dependence.

to take possession, to seize; to


capture.

() seizure; ()
occupancy; occupation; taking;
( ) takeover; ~

constructive taking;
~ forcible seizure;
~ criminal occupation;
~ actual
seizure/actual occupancy.

1. () overestimate,
overvaluation; overestimation; 2.
() overpricing; ~
appreciation; ~
overstatement of profit; ~
increased insurance sum.

conspiracy; plot; ~
conspiracy
to overthrow the government;
~ military conspiracy;
~ to conspire; ~ to
foil/to frustrate a conspiracy;
~ to conspire/to organize a
conspiracy.

conspirator; plotter.
/
advance money, earnest money,
deposit; ~ payment of
earnest money; ~ return of
the earnest money; ~
amount of the earnest; ~
amount of the earnest money;
~ demand
for payment of a deposit; ~ to
provide earnest money; ~
to return earnest money; ~ to
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give an earnest; ~ to receive
an earnest.
/
1. () arrest, detention;
apprehension; 2. ()
detention; 3. () attachment,
impoundment; seizure; sequestration;
~ arrest/detention of cargo; ~
arrest of a ship; ~
detention of goods; ~
temporary detention; ~
recapture; ~ legal detention;
~ unlawful arrest;
~ unfounded
detention; ~ arbitrary
detention; ~ to make an
arrest; ~ arrest report;
~ warrant to apprehend;
~ from the time of
detention; ~ conditions of
detention.

detainee; detained person.

1. to delay, to detain; to hold up; to


impede; 2. () to arrest,
to detain; ~
to hold up legislation.
/
1. delay, detention; hold-up;
impediment; 2. () arrest,
detention; ~
delay in execution of work; ~
delay in the
execution of a contract; ~
delay in shipment; ~ delay
in delivery; ~ detention of cargo;
~ delay in fulfillment; ~
delay in
transfer of funds; ~ delay in
payment, default in payment; ~
... delay through the fault of...;

~ unjustified delay;
~y penalty for delay.
/
debt, arrears, indebtedness, liability; ~
bank debt/bank overdraft; ~
budget indebtedness; ~
accrued tax; ~
dividends in arrears,
dividend arrears; ~
arrears of wages; ~
mortgage arrears; ~
indebtedness under credits; ~
tax liability; ~
pension arrears; ~
arrears in deliveries; ~
external debt/foreign indebtedness;
~ internal debt/internal
indebtedness; ~
national debt; ~ debit
indebtedness/accounts receivable;
~ mortgage debt;
~ capital liabilities;
~ floating debt;
~ credit indebtedness;
~ accumulated debt;
~ unsecured debt;
~ outstanding debt;
~ total debt; ~ current
debt/current indebtedness;
~ financial indebtedness;
~ to be in arrears; ~
to clear off/to extinguish a debt;
~ discharge of debts;
~ writing off a debt;
~ notification of
indebtedness.

loan, borrowing; ~ loan on


pawn ; ~ lowinterest loan; ~ bank
loan; ~ free loan;
~ interest-free loan;

~ foreign loan;
~ domestic loan; ~
national loan; ~ longterm loan; ~ mortgage
loan; ~ commercial
loan; ~ short-term
loan; ~ international
borrowing; ~
outstanding loan; ~
unsecured loan; ~
secured loan; ~
government loan; ~
forced loan; ~ interestbearing loan; ~ specialpurpose loan; ~ to issue a
loan; ~ to make a loan;
~ to redeem a loan;
~ to subscribe to a
loan; ~ to grant a loan;
~ to float a loan;
~ to call in a loan;
loan repayment;
loan issue; loan
agreement;
security for a loan; ~
subscription to a loan; ~
loan subscriber;
obtaining of a loan;
granting of a loan;
interest on loans;
size of a loan; term
of a loan; sum of a loan.

borrower, loan debtor;


~a obligations of the borrower;
~a debtor's receipt;
~a without the concurrence
of a borrower; ~a with the
concurrence of a borrower.

creditor, lender, loaner; ~


mortgage lender.
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/
borrowing; ~
unsecured borrowing ; ~
cash drawings; ~
mortgage borrowing.

interest; ~
interest in conclusion of a transaction;
~ mutual interest;
~ material
interest/financial incentive;
~ economic interest.

order; ~ prepaid order;


~ state order;
~ outstanding order;
~ priority order;
~ government
order; ~ pressing/urgent
order; ~ to cancel/to
revoke an order; ~ to
execute an order; ~ to make
an order; ~ to obtain an
order; ~ to
accept an order; ~ to place
an order; ~a placement
of an order; ~ to order; o ~y
under order.

customer, client; ~
state contractor; ~
regular customer; ~
potential customer; ~a
assignment of the customer; ~a
rights of the customer
under the agreement.

to make an order; to order; to place an


order; to book; to reserve.

pledge; ( )
mortgage; ( )

pawning; ~ pawning of
property; ~a to take out
of pledge; ~ to pledge/
( ) to
hypothecate, to mortgage; ~e in
pawn; in pledge.
/
mortgage, encumbrance; (
) bond; instrument of pledge;
mortgage deed, pledge; ~
mortgage on
movable property; ~
mortgage on land; ~
mortgage on property; ~
mortgage on
immovable property; ~
pledge on goods;
~ bank mortgage; ~
legal mortgage; ~
mortgage bond; ~
amortization
mortgage; ~ customs
bond; ~ to discharge
a mortgage; ~ to clear/to
redeem a mortgage; ~
to execute a mortgage; ~
to raise a mortgage; ~
redemption of a mortgage;
~ mortgagee; ~
mortgager; ~
mortgage creditor/mortgagee;
~ mortgage interest.

mortgagor, pawner.

mortgagee, pawnee.

to pledge; ( )
to mortgage, to hypothecate; to
encumber; ( ) to
pawn; ( ) to bond;

( ) to pledge securities;
put securities in pledge.

1. ( ) to come
to a conclusion; to conclude; to draw a
conclusion; 2. ( ) to
imprison; to confine; ~ to
conclude a contract; ~ to
take into custody; ~ to
conclude a transaction.
/
1. () conclusion; concluding;
implication; inference; 2. ()
resolution; 3. () conclusion;
4. ( ) imprisonment,
confinement; ~ audit report;
~ imprisonment; ~
conclusion of a contract; ~
contraction of a loan; ~
resolution of a committee; ~
conclusion of a contract; ~
confinement under
guard/taking into custody; ~
audit certificate; ~ conclusion
of a transaction; ~ expert's
report; ~ medical report;
~ bill of indictment;
~ preliminary
conclusion; ~ to arrive at a
conclusion; ~ place
of conclusion of a contract.

prisoner; detainee; inmate; ~,



untried prisoner; ~,

short-term prisoner.

law; act; legislation; statute; ~,


retroactive
law; ~ copyright
law; ~
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-
statute on joint-stock companies; ~
bankruptcy statute/law on
bankruptcy; ~
arbitration act; ~

statute on the immunity of the state
and its property; ~

statute on intellectual property; ~
law on mortgage; ~
statute of
limitations; ~
employment protection act;
~ law on discoveries; ~

statute law on
limited liability companies; ~
statute on
the protection of the environment/law
on environmental protection; ~

appropriation act; ~
statute law on mutual
insurance; ~

statute on state registration of legal
entities; ~ citizenship
law/law on citizenship; ~
strike law; ~
statute
on land and other natural resources; ~
company law; ~
taxation law; ~
statute on
bankruptcy; ~ patent code;
~
law on consumer cooperatives; ~
law on privatization; ~
registration law; ~
statute
on registration of legal persons; ~
statute on insurance; ~

statute on commercial
paper/law on securities;
~ civil statute; ~
effective law/law in force;
~ prohibitive law;
~ agrarian law;
~ election law;
~ constitutional law;
~ fiscal law;
~ dormant law;
~ restraining
statute; ~ basic law;
~ customs law;
~ tariff law; ~
criminal law; ~ federal
law; ~ to abrogate/to
annul a law; ~ to
enact a law;
~ to get into difficulty with a law;
~a to keep within
a law; ~ to issue laws;
~a to have the validity of
law; ~a to
carry out the requirements of a law;
~ to abuse/to violate a law;
~ to promulgate a law;
~ to circumvent a law;
~a to outlaw;
~ to repeal/to revoke a law;
~ to trample on a law;
~a to defeat/to
oppose a law; ~y to
prosecute at law; ~ to
adopt/to pass a law;
~y to conflict with a law; ~
to comply with a law/to observe a law;
~ to plead a statute;
~ to interpret a law ;
~a
implementation of a law; ~
legal protection; ~a
violation of a law; ~a provisions

of law; ~a retroactive
force of a law; ~a
publication of a law; ~a
provisions of a law; ~a
preamble to a law; ~a
legal provision; ~a
application of a law; ~a
adoption of a law; ~ compiled
laws; ~ compliance
with laws; ~a
requirements of a law;
~a in violation of the law;
~a in pursuance of the
law; ~a within the law;
~ by force of law;
~ under the law;
~ in a
manner provided by a statute.

lawyer; legalist.

lawfully; legally; legitimately.

legitimate; ~ legitimate child.


/
lawfulness; legitimacy; legality;
validity; lgalism; ~ lawful
possession; ~ lawfulness
of detention; ~ lawfulness of a
claim; ~ lawful nature of a
transaction; ~ lawful
character of demands; ~
to restore law and
order; ~ to violate a law;
~ to acknowledge the
lawfulness; ~ to comply
with a law; ~ offence
against law/illegality; ~
due course of law.
/
lawful; legal; juridical; legitimate;
rightful; valid; ~oe
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lawful exercise of a right; ~oe
legal tender; ~oe
legitimate use of
force; ~ legitimate
interests; ~ legal rights; ~
lawful demands; ~
lawful marriage; ~ legal
holder/owner; ~ lawful
heir; ~ lawful
predecessor.

legislator, lawmaker; lawgiver.


/
legislative; lawgiving; lawmaking; ~
constituent power; ~
lawmaking; legislature;
~ legislative initiative;
~oe legislative proposal;
~oe legislative assembly; ~
legislative act; ~ lawmaking body.
/
legislation; laws; lawmaking; ~
bankruptcy laws; ~

consumer legislation; ~
conservation laws; ~
traffic law; ~

consumer protection legislation; ~
health law; ~
welfare
laws; ~
administrative legislation;
~ antimonopoly
legislation; ~ banking
legislation; ~ currency
legislation; ~ internal
legislation; ~ civil
legislation; ~ current
legislation; ~ housing
legislation; ~ land

legislation; ~ licensing
law; ~ international
legislation; ~ domestic
legislation; ~ tax
legislation; ~ patent
legislation; ~ legal
legislation; ~
environmental legislation;
~ procedural
legislation; ~ social
legislation; ~ customs
laws; ~ commercial
legislation; ~ labour
legislation; ~ criminal
legislation; ~ federal
legislation; ~ economy
legislation; ~ to
promulgate legislation; ~ to
annul/to revoke legislation;
~ to offer legislation;
~ to adopt legislation;
~ acts of civil
legislation; ~ violation of
legislation; ~a fundamentals of
legislation; ~ provisions
of legislation;
~ application of civil
legislation.

legal provision; enactment.


bill; draft law;
proposed statute; legislative draft;
draft of legislation; ~
budget bill; ~ finance bill;
~ to bring in/to initiate a bill;
~ to veto a bill;
~ to debate a bill;
~ to shelve/to table a
bill; ~ to reject a bill;
~ to reconsider a bill;
~ to adopt/to approve/to pass
a bill; ~ to defeat a bill;

~ to draft/to elaborate
a bill; ~ to consider a
bill; ~ to enact a bill.

closing; closure; ~
closure/withdrawal of a letter of credit;
~ closing of a bank
account; ~ withdrawal of
credit; ~ closing of an
enterprise.
/
closed; ~
closed joint-stock company; ~
closed auction; ~
closed conditional auction/closed
competition.

( ) mortgage;
pledge; ( )
pawn; ( ) bond;
() bail; ()
deposit; () guarantee;
warrant; ~
pledge
without transfer of pledged property to
the pledgee; ~,
pledge originating out of a
contract; ~,
pledge originating
on the basis of a law; ~
pledge of buildings and
structures; ~
pledge of a land plot; ~
pledge of property; ~ bill
guarantee; ~
pledge of things in a pawnshop; ~
pledge of
movable property; ~
pledge of immovable
property/mortgage of real estate; ~
floating charge;
~ pledge of structures; ~
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pledge with transfer
of pledged property to the pledgee; ~
pledge of securities;
~ registered
mortgage; ~
hypothecation/hypothecary pledge;
~ chattel mortgage;
~
bonded; ~
subsequent pledge; ~ firm
pledge; ~ to deposit a bail;
~ to take
goods in pledge; ~a to
take out of a pledge; ~
to be in pledge; ~ to
let out on bail; ~ to pledge;
~a to accept as
a pledge; ~a holder of a
pledge, owner of a mortgage;
~e contract of pledge; ~
loan against a pledge;
,
~ a levy of
execution against pledged property;
~a valuation of a pledge;

~ right of the owner to
give property in pledge; ~a
object of a pledge; ~a
termination of a pledge;
~ acceptance
of movable property by way of a
pledge; ~a sum of a deposit;
~
assignment of rights under a contract
of pledge; ,
~a loss of
the object of pledge; ~ in pledge;
~ on the security.

/
pledge; ~ mortgage
certificate/certificate of pledge; ~
shares-for-the-loan
auction/loans-for-shares deal; ~
pledge ticket.

mortgager, mortgagor, pledger,


pawner; depositor; person providing a
bail.
/
encumbrancer; mortgagee, pledgee,
holder of a pledge; pawnee;
~ subsequent pledgee;
~ preceding
pledgee.
/
pledged; mortgaged; ~
pledged property.

hostage; ~ to take hostages;


~ to free hostages.
/
replacement; substitution; change; ~

replacement of a debt with a loan
bond; ~
substitution of property with other
property; ~ warranty
replacement; ~
substitution of the object of pledge; ~

commutation of the
death penalty to life; ~
replacement of goods; ~
to be liable to replacement.

to change; to replace, to substitute, to


supersede; ~ to commute a
sentence.

/
deputy; assistant; vice; substitute; ~
deputy
director general; ~
deputy head of a delegation; ~
deputy manager; ~
vice-manager;
~ to select an assistant;
~ to name
an assistant in an agreement.

freeze; freezing; ~
wage freeze; ~ freeze on
loans; ~ freezing of prices, freeze.

marriage.

intent; intention; premeditation;


~ criminal intent.

to deliberate; to design; to contrive; to


premeditate; ~ to
contrive a crime.

understatement; ~
underdeclaration of income; ~
understatement of
capital; ~
understatement of customs value.

1. () to occupy; 2. (
) to borrow; ~ to
hold a post.

1. () work, business,
employment; 2. ()
profession, occupation, trade.

employment; ~
industrial employment;
~ employment
security; ~ part
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employment; ~ total
employment; ~ full
employment; ~ seasonal
employment; ~ actual
employment; ~ part-time
employment; ~ to
secure employment.

stock; store; reserve; resources; ~


cash balance; ~
reserves of
minerals; ~ currency
reserve; ~
emergency stock; ~
remnant stock; ~
to rebuild the stock; ~ to
exhaust stocks; ~ to
renew stocks; ~ to
estimate stocks; ~ to
clear the stock; ~ to
draw on stocks.
/A
note; report; brief; ~ ,
defendant's
brief; ~ ,

appeal brief/court brief; ~,

reply brief;
~ contract note;
~ report; ~
memorandum/pro memoria;
~ office memorandum.
/
record; register; entry; registration;
() posting; statement;
~ marriage statement; ~
divorce statement; ~
birth statement; ~
death statement; ~
civil
registration; ~

entry on the
termination of activity of a company; ~
record of
the evidence; ~ entry;
~ business entry;
~
record of a judgement;
~ registration entry;
~ to cancel an entry;
~ to keep a record;
~ making an entry; ~
register of entries.

reservation, wild life reserve.

to make an inquiry; to request; to


inquire; ~ to request
information.

ban; prohibition; inhibition; veto;


embargo; interdiction; ()
injunction; ~ prohibition of
import/embargo on import; ~
prohibition of export/embargo on
export; ~ prohibition of
trade; ~ prohibition against
tortures; ~ temporary
embargo; ~
government ban; ~
injunction/injunctive relief; ~
to put under a ban;
~ to be under a ban; ~ to
lift a ban; ~a imposition
of a ban. /
prohibitive; prohibitory; ~
prohibitive duty.
/
forbidden; ~ forbidden area.

to ban; to prohibit; to forbid; to veto;


to interdict; ~ interdict by

law; ~ to suppress the


publication.

ban, prohibition; inhibition;


interdiction; ~ prohibition of
import/embargo on import; ~
limitation of gift; ~
prohibition of activity; ~
banning nuclear
tests; ~ injunction.
/
1. forbidden; banned; prohibited; 2.
() unlawful; illicit;
illegal; ~o forbidden
publication.

inquiry; request; query; ~


inquiry for delivery; ~
credit inquiry; ~
status
inquiry; ~ deputy's
inquiry; ~ official
inquiry; ~ written
questionnaire; ~
preliminary query; ~ to make
an inquiry; ~ to forward
an inquiry; ~ to answer
an inquiry; ~ response to a
query; ~y a at the request of
judges.

to intimidate; to terrorize.

to earn; ~ to earn one's


living.

gains; earnings; pay; ~


annual earnings; ~ monthly
earnings; ~ gross earnings;
~ incidental earnings;
~ average earnings.
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/
earnings; pay; () wages;
() salary; ~
labour wage in one's work capacity; ~
takehome income; ~ paid
wages; ~
guaranteed wages; ~ annual
wages; ~ monthly
wages/salary; ~ weekly
wages; ~ back pay;
~ indexed wages;
~ minimum wage;
~ gross payroll;
~ hourly earnings;
~ real earnings; ~
piece-work earnings;
~ average monthly wages;
~ base pay; ~ fixed
wages/salary;
~ statutory wages; ~ to
pay wages; ~y to
increase/to raise wages; ~y
to cut/to lower wages;
~ power of attorney
for the receipt of wages;
~ wage freeze;
~ wage indexation;
~y wage tax.

to register; to record.
/
ambush; ~y to lay an
ambush.

( )
attestation, certification; authorization,
verification; ~ notarial
attestation.

/
certified; attested; authenticated; ~
certified copy; ~
authenticated signature.

to attest; to authenticate; to certify; to


notarize; ~ to attest
notarially/to notarize.
/
session; sitting; meeting, conference;
~ court session/court in session;
~
emergency/extraordinary meeting;
~ closing session;
~ closed meeting;
~ proceedings in open
court/public hearing; ~
inauguration meeting; ~ to
close a meeting; ~
to adjourn the court; ~ to
open a meeting;
~ record of judicial proceedings.

assessor; lay judge.

to be in session; to sit; ~
to sit as a judge; ~ to sit
in judgement.

to hear; ~ o to hear a case; ~


to hear witnesses.
/
insured; ~oe insured
property.

to insure.
/
expense; expenditure; costs; charges;
~ capital costs;
~ operating
costs; ~ all charges
including.

seizure; occupation; ~ seizure


of power; ~ forcible
seizure of foreign territories.

to seize; to occupy; ( ) to
capture.

setting off; set-off; discounting;


settlement; ~ setting
off the amount of the earnest; ~
set-off of claims; ~

set-off of claims for indemnification of
damages; ~ to perform
discounting; ~y
to present in
set-off monetary claims;
~ to make a set-off; ~a by
means of set-off.

crediting; ~
crediting monetary
means to the bank account.
/
defence; protection; safeguard;
security; ~ copyright
protection; ~ protection of
depositors; ~
protection of the market
against imports; ~
defence of state interests;
~ protection of civil
rights; ~
protection of business reputation; ~
protection of
human life and health; ~
protection of lawful
interests; ~
defence of property
interests; ~
protection of
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intellectual property; ~
consumer protection; ~
capital investment
protection; ~
protection of the foundations of
the constitutional system; ~

protection of home industries; ~
consumer protection; ~
protection of property;
~
defence of the
sovereignty and territorial integrity of a
country; ~
protection of honour and dignity;
~ diplomatic
protection; ~ good
faith defence; ~
international protection of
human rights; ~ legal
protection; ~ social
protection; ~ judicial
protection; ~ legal
defence; ~ to take
under one's protection;
~ to lead for the defence in
the court; ~ to
advocate/to stand in defence;
~ to seek protection;
~ to maintain the defence in
the court; ~
to serve one's own counsel;
~ to prepare the
defence; ~ to support
the defence;
~ to remedy;
~ to raise the
defence; ~
agencies of social defence
of the population; ~e
refusal of protection of a right;
~y right to defence;

~ witness for the defence;


~ relief at law.

defender; protector, advocate; counsel


for the defence; ~
consumer rights
campaigner; ~ defender
of the accused; ~
public defender; ~a
to serve one's own counsel.

to defend; to protect; to advocate; ~


to protect
democratic liberties; ~
to protect the rights
and freedoms of citizens.

to defend oneself; to protect oneself; ~


to defend a case.

defended; protected; ~
actionable/enforceable.
/
applicant; declarant; claimant; bidder,
tenderer; ~ applicant of
an invention; ~
applicant of a trademark;
~ single applicant;
~ joint applicants;
~ applicant's attorney.
/
application, request; claim; bid,
tender; order; ~ request for
credit; ~ loan
application; ~
application for a grant; ~
application for
the registration of a company; ~
application for
participation in tenders;
~ application on
file; ~ competitive tender;

~ application for a patent;


~y to make an application;
~y to fill in an application;
~y to receive an application;
~y to receive an
application; ~y to
consider an application; ~
application form; ~
drawing up of an application;
~ submission of an application.
/
1. () application; 2.
() statement; 3.
() declaration; ~
written
declaration; ~ press
release; ~ notice of
appeal; ~ resignation; ~
notice of of losses; ~
notification of a
claim; ~
insurance claim; ~o
petition for
dissolution; ~
declaration of intent; ~o
plea of nullity; ~o
declaration of
insolvency; ~
petition for bankruptcy; ~o
rollover
announcement; ~
application for review of a case; ~
declaration of damage;
~ application for a
job; ~ respondent's plea; ~
statement of claim; ~
motion of a party to a
dispute; ~
submitting claims by creditors;
~ statement of claim;
~ written application;
~ verbal statement;
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~ to issue a public
statement; ~ to make a
declaration/a statement; ~
to apply an application;
~ on the basis of a statement; ~
on the application of the
parties.

to state, to assert, to proclaim, to


claim; ( ) to plead; to declare, to
announce; ~ to report to
the police; ~ to
protest insanity; ~
to plead not guilty; ~
to say in dissent; ~
to challenge a judge; ~
to lay a claim; ~
to declare a protest.
/
rank; ~ academic rank;
~ to deprive of one's rank;
~ to award a rank.
/
building, construction; premises;
~ administrative
building; ~ leased
building; ~ apartment house;
~ non-residential building;
~ building
encumbered with rent; ~
lease of a building; ~
mortgage of a building.

landowner.

landownership.
/
land; ~ to lease land;
~ to
draw land into business turnover;
~ to put land in
pledge; ~ to buy land;

~ to sell land;
~ to lease land.

atrocity; evil deed; misdeed;


~ to commit an atrocity.
/
malicious; ~ malicious
agreement.
/
malign; malicious; ~oe
fraudulent bankruptcy.

evil mind; malicious intent.

ill-minded person.
/
ill-intentioned; malicious; ~oe
malicious damage.

abuse; misuse; misapplication;


() embezzlement;
malfeasance; ~ abuse of
alcohol; ~ abuse of authority,
abuse of power;~ abuse of
confidence, ~ abuse of
credit; ~
monopoly abuse; ~
abuse of authority; ~
abuse of
office/malfeasance in office;
~ judicial abuse; ~
financial irregularities.

to abuse, to misuse; ~ to
misuse alcohol; ~ to abuse
authority; ~ to abuse
confidence; ~
to abuse one's office.

mark; sign; token; () brand


name; ~ guarantee mark; ~
quality mark; ~

bank notes; ~
unregistered mark; ~
trademark/brand name of a product;
~ trademark/brand name;
~ mark of a
firm/trademark;
~ax trademark law;
~ protection of trademarks;
~a registration
of a trademark.

sister-in-law.

area; zone; region; ~


security zone; ~
zone of free
enterprise; ~ free
trade area; ~
zone of
economic preferences; ~
nuclear-free zone; ~
duty-free area; ~ currency
zone; ~
demilitarized zone; ~
exclusive zone/restricted area;
~ prohibited zone;
~ special economic
zone; ~ offshore zone;
~ frontier zone;
~ fishing zone;
~ unbonded
area; ~
free economic zone; ~
customs area; ~
economic area.

maturity.

1. ( ) son-in-law; 2. (
) brother-in-law.

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game; speculation; gambling; jobbing;


~ stock-exchange
speculation; ~
speculation for a rise/bull speculation;
~ speculation for a
fall/bear speculation; ~
gamble.
to play; ~ to speculate on
the stock-exchange; ~
to bull/to operate for a rise; ~
to bear/to operate for a
decline.

1. ( ) gambler; 2. (
) speculator; stock-exchange
operator; ~
bull/speculator for a rise; ~
bear/speculator for a
decline.

identification; ~ visual
identification.

dependant.
/
dependence; ~ to be
dependent/to live in dependence.
/
elector, voter; constituent;
~ electoral support; ~
electoral register;
~ to enter in the voting list;
~ to compile an
electoral register.
/
elective; electoral; ~
electoral campaign; ~

election commission; ~
electoral system; ~oe electoral
right; ~ ballot; ~
electoral law; ~ the
electorate/electoral district; ~
polling station; ~ electoral
qualification; ,
~oe
universal, equal and
direct suffrage by secret ballot;
~oe limited
suffrage; ~ to
disfranchise; ~
to enfranchise; ~
disfranchisement;
~
enfranchisement.

to vote; to choose; to elect; ~



to elect on a widely representative
basis; ~ to
elect by secret ballot; ~
right to vote and to be
elected.
/
election; ~
election of governing bodies;
~ to be eligible for
election.

to notify; to advise.
/
advice; notification; notice; ~
bank's advice; ~
notification of acceptance; ~
notice of appeal; ~
notice of an auction; ~
notification
of performance of an obligation; ~
notice of application
to the court; ~ advice of

shipment; ~ notice
of revocation of acceptance; ~
notice of revocation of
an offer; ~
notification of refusal to accept; ~
advice of dispatch; ~
() notice of delivery; ~
() notice of grant; ~

letter of dismissory; ~
notification of non-payment of a
cheque; ~
notification of change in
the place of residence; ~
notification of payment; ~
notification of delivery; ~
notice of prepayment; ~
notice of claim; ~
() arrival notice; ~
notice of
suspension of payment; ~
() notice of filing;
~
summons; ~ advice of
collection; ~ formal
notice; ~ written
notification; ~ service
of process; ~ to serve a
notice; ~ to receive a
notification; ~ to send a
notification; ~ service of a
notice.

apology; excuse; ~ public


apology; ~ to offer
apologies.

to excuse oneself (for); to apologize.

1. withdrawal; extract; 2. ()
gaining; deriving; ~ gaining
profits.
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AT
to misinterpret; to distort; to wrest; ~
to distort the facts.

1. perversion; 2. ()
distortion; misinterpretation;
~ sexual perversion.

perverse; perverted.

( ) banishment; expulsion;
() deportation; ()
exile.

to manufacture; to produce.

producer, manufacturer; maker;


~ large manufacturer.

1. () to issue; to
publish; 2. () to
promulgate; ~ to issue a law.

1. () publication;
publishing; 2. edition; 3. ()
issue; promulgation; ~
illegal matter;
~ revised and corrected
edition; ~ periodical;
~ printed matter.

mockery; scoffing; insult.

to mock; to scoff.

product, manufacture, article; item;


~ rejected product;
~ defective product;
~ substandard
product; ~ proprietary
article.

/
expenses, costs, charges;
disbursement; expenditures; ~,
costs caused by
work stoppage; ~
additional expenditures;
~ estimated costs; ~
standard costs; ~
marginal costs; ~
production costs; ~ judicial
costs/legal expenses; ~
current costs; ~ costs
of transportation; ~
finance charges/finance burden;
~ to recover costs;
~ to recoup costs; ~
to bear costs; ~
to award costs; ~ to reduce
costs; ~ compensation
for costs.
/
surplus, excess; ~ surplus
of currency; ~ overweight; ~
cash surplus;
~ surplus of goods;
~ to accumulate
surpluses.

precis; synopsis; statement; ~


statement of
facts; ~ statement of
the cause of action.
/
betrayal; treason; ~
high treason; ~ breach
of faith;
~ to charge with high treason;
~ on
impeachment for high treason.
/
change, alteration, modification;
amending; transformation; ~

change in the
exchange rate; ~
social change; ~
amendment of a contract; ~
change of the
legislation; ~
change of a measure of restraint; ~
change of
residence; ~
procedure for amendment of a
contract; ~ to introduce
alterations/amendments; ~
to amend and
supplement the law; ~ to
be subject to change.

betrayer; traitor.

1. () to change; to alter; to
modify; ( ) to
amend; 2. () to betray.

invention; fabrication.

to fabricate; to invent.

rape; violence.

to rape.

wear; wear and tear; depreciation;


~ natural wear;
~ service wear.

1. () to expose; to
uncover; 2. () to accuse, to
blame.

exposure.

inventor; ~
individual inventor; ~
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joint inventor; ~
domestic inventor. to
devise; to invent.

invention.

isolation ward; solitary confinement


cell; ~ investigatory
isolation ward; ~ penal
isolation ward.

use, consumption; utilization.

maim; mayhem.

to maim; to mayhem; to mutilate.

defect; flaw.

1. () confiscation,
impoundment; seizure; 2. (
) redemption, retirement,
withdrawal; 3. ( )
exemption; 4. ()
exception; deletion; ~
withdrawal of bank notes;
~ withdrawal of a deposit; ~
withdrawal from
circulation; ~

seizure of
insured property by order of a state
agency; ~ taking
of a land plot; ~
exemption from legislation; ~
withdrawal from use; ~
confiscation of property; ~
withdrawal of capital; ~
seizure of contraband; ~
withdrawal/revocation of a
licence; ~
exclusion of illegally

obtained evidence; ~
withdrawal of profits; ~
confiscation of property; ~
confiscation of the goods; ~
withdrawal of funds; ~
unlawful taking; ~
compulsory taking; ~
unlawful taking.

to confiscate; to seize; to impound; (


) to exempt; ~
to recall/to withdraw
money from circulation; ~ to
suppress a document; ~
to exempt from
jurisdiction; ~ to confiscate
property; ~
to exclude illegally
obtained evidence.

mentally defective.

estate; tenement; holding; ~


life estate; ~

estate in a fee simple; ~

estate in a fee tail.

immigrant.
/
immigration; ~ immigration
quota; ~ immigration law.
/
immigration; ~ to
restrict immigration; ~
illegal immigration.

immunity; exemption; ~
immunity of assets; ~
immunity of the
state and its property; ~


administrative immunity; ~
exemption from
punishment; ~
exemption from
criminal liability; ~
immunity from jurisdiction; ~
legal exemption;
~ immunity from suit;
~ diplomatic
immunity; ~ consular
immunity; ~ personal
immunity; ~ immunity
from taxes; ~
parliamentary immunity;
~ fiscal immunity;
~ to misuse immunity;
~ to enjoy immunity;
~a to renounce immunity;
~ to grant immunity;
~a withdrawal of immunity;
~ right to immunity.

impeachment; ~
presidential impeachment;
~ parliamentary
impeachment.
import.

to import.
/
property; ~
property responsibility; ~
property status; ~e
property relations; ~
property rights; ~
property disputes; ~ property
interest; ~ property lease; ~
property damage;
~ insurance of property
interests; ~
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taking into consideration the property
status.
/
assets; property; tenement; ~
property of a
joint-stock company; ~
debtor's property; ~,
property attached to an
organization; ~,
confiscated debtor's property;
~, property acquired
during marriage; ~,
tail female;
~,
tail male; ~,
trust
property; ~,
property in share
ownership; ~,
property in
joint ownership; ~,
disputed property; ~

bankrupt's estate; ~,
servient tenement; ~,

succession; ~ property of
spouses; ~
corporate property; ~
leased property; ~
property under arrest; ~
bankrupt's property; ~
vacant succession; ~
state property; ~ movable
property/movables;
~ property lodged with a bank;
~ pledged property;
~ insured property;
~ state property;
~ contraband
property; ~,
property taken to the

state; ~ personal property;


~ municipal property;
~ immovable
property/real assets; ~
common property; ~
contested property; ~
stolen property;
~ to levy execution; ~
to withhold property; ~ to
administer property;
~ deed of
settlement; ~ arrest of
property; ~a
burden of maintaining property;
~a purchase of property
by the state; ~a loss of
property;
~ trust management of property;
~ confiscation of
property; ~
execution upon property;
~ burdening of property with
a pledge; ~ inventory of
property; ~ alienation of
property; ~
transfer of
property into trust management;
~ damage to property;
~ use of property;
~
privatization of state property;
~ acquirer of
property; ~ acquisition
of property; ~
appropriation of property; ~
sale of property; ~ division of
property; ~ size of property;
~ disposition of
property; ~ lease of
property; ~
uncompensated use of
property; ~ pledge of

property; ~ renting of
property; ~ value of
property; ~ loss of property.

name; ~ false name;


~ full name;
~ to act on behalf of;
~ to act in one's
own name; - ~
to address (to); ~ to give a
name; ~ change of
name; ~ under the name;
~ on behalf of/in the name of.

dissent; dissidence.

dissenter; dissident.

cripple; disabled person; invalid; ~


war cripple; ~ disabled
worker.

disability.
/
inventory, stocktaking; ~

inventory of state property; ~
land inventory; ~ inventory
of property; ~ complete
inventory; ~ rules for
inventory.

to invest.
/
investments, capital outlay, capital
expenditures; ~
residential investment;
~ investment in
equipment; ~
fixed investment; ~
industrial
investment; ~
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agricultural investment; ~
economic investment;
~ budgetary investment;
~ state investment;
~ long-range
investments; ~ foreign
investments; ~ shortterm investment; ~ direct
investment; ~ private
investments.

investor; ~ foreign
investor; ~ large investor;
~ to attract investors.
/
indexation, index-linking; ~
income indexation; ~
backward indexation of
wages; ~
indexation of wages; ~ tax
indexation; ~ indexation of
pensions; ~ price indexation.

endorsement; ~
endorsement to the bearer;
~ accommodation
endorsement; ~ blank
endorsement; ~
endorsement of a bill; ~
special endorsement; ~
endorsement for collection;
~ limited endorsement;
~ order endorsement;
~ endorsement in full;
~ conditional endorsement;
~a invalidity of
an endorsement.

endorser.

transferee.

to endorse; ~ to endorse a
bill.
/
initiative; ~ initiation
of laws; ~ peaceful initiative;
~ to
initiate a law; ~y to initiate;
~e on one's own
initiative.

collection, encashment; ~
bill collection; ~ collection of
debts; ~ collection
of insurance premiums.

to collect, to encash.
/
innovation; ~
implement innovations.

collection of payments; encashment;


~ collection charges;
~ to pay for collection;
~ to send
documents for collection;
~ to present for
collection.

to incriminate; ~
to incriminate a crime.
/
alien; foreigner; ~,
alien visitor;
~,
legal alien; ~,

illegal alien; ~
alien born;
~
denizen/naturalized alien;

~ to naturalize an
alien.
/
alien; foreign; ~ foreign
currency.

insinuation.
/E
inspection; ~
government inspection;
~ lawful inspection; ~
financial inspection; ~ to
carry out an inspection; ~
object of inspection; ~ order
of inspection; ~ terms of
inspection.

inspector; ~
traffic policeman; ~ chief
inspector; ~ assessor;
~ health officer;
~ insurance inspector;
~ customs examiner.
/
1. () inspection; 2. ()
inspectorate, inspection board;
~ state inspection;
~ tax inspectorate;
~ sanitary inspection;
~ customs inspection;
~ trade inspection;
~ financial inspection;
~ to set up
an independent inspectorate; ~
inspection report.
/
instance; authority; ~
court of appeal; ~
court of last resort; ~ first
instance; ~ final instance;
~ degree of jurisdiction;
~
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to refer a case to a higher authority;
~ higher court;
~ lower court;
~ court of the first instance;
~ court of the last resort;
~ at the highest level;
~ at a lower level.

institute; institution; ~
institution of bankruptcy;
- ~ legal
institution; - ~
pecuniary institution; ~ legal
institution; ~ law
institute.
/
description, directive; order;
instructions, regulations, directions; ~
operating
instructions;
~ internal instructions;
~ standing instruction; ~
duty regulations; ~ office
circular; ~ customs
regulations; ~ to direct;
~ to act in
accordance with instructions;
~ to follow instructions.

integration; ~ regional
integration; ~
economic integration.
/
intellectual; ~
intellectual activity; ~
intellectual property; ~
intellectual labour.

intervention; ~ currency
intervention; ~ armed
intervention; ~ market
intervention.

interest; ~
interests of a legal person;
~ departmental
interests; ~ mutual interest;
~ public interests;
~ property
interests; ~
commercial interests; ~
selfish interest; ~
social interests;
~ interests protected by a law;
~ insurable interest;
~ economic
interests; - ~ to
express smb's interests;
- ~ to affect smb's interests;
- ~ to defend
smb's interests; -
~ to accord with smb's interests;
- ~ to betray
smb's interests; ~ to represent smb's interests;
- ~ to run
counter to smb's interests;
- ~ to consider smb's
interests; - ~ to
infringe upon smb's interests;
~ defence of interests;
~ax for private gain.

interned.

to intern.

to interpellate.

interpellation.

interpolation.

intoxication.

/
inflation; ~ paper
money inflation; ~,
demand
inflation; ~ uncontrolled
inflation; ~ credit inflation;
~ runaway inflation;
~ creeping inflation;
~ hidden/latent inflation;
~ chronic inflation;
~ to contain inflation.
/
information; ~
internal information; ~
credit
information; ~
information on the
state of funds on the account; ~
information on the goods; ~,

information
constituting a service or commercial
secret; ~ business
information; o ~
additional information; ~
reliable information; ~
secret information;
~ confidential
information; ~ false
information; ~
unreliable information;
~ information relevant to the
case; ~ official
information; ~ useful
information; ~ classified
information; ~ technical
information; ~ valuable
information; ~ legal
information; ~e to
exchange information; ~ to
obtain information; ~
to provide information; ~
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distortion of information;
~ collection and
dissemination of information.

to inform.

incident.
/
mortgage; hypothecation; ~
mortgage of a building; ~
mortgage of a land plot; ~
mortgage of an
enterprise; ~e contract of
mortgage; ~e statute on
mortgage; ~y
to establish mortgage on
property.

claim, action, lawsuit, suit; civil


complaint; plea; ~ libel
action; ~
action for assault and battery; ~
action
in tort; ~ action in
contract; ~ insurance
claim; ~
suit for satisfaction of
claims; ~ payment
claim; ~
suit for the establishment of a
servitude; ~ debt
claim; ~
lawsuit for the return of property; ~
claim for
damages; ~
claim for prohibition of
actions; ~
action against
violation of legislation; ~
default
claim; ~
action for

annulment; ~
action for declaration of rights; ~

suit on the declaration a transaction
invalid; ~ claim on a bill;
~ property suit; ~
counter-claim; ~ civil
action; ~ claim of
ownership; ~ legal action;
~a to contest a
claim; ~ to establish a
claim; ~y to defend a
suit; ~e to deny a case;
~a to give up an
action/a claim/a suit; ~
( ) to hold an action;
~ to
counterclaim; ~
~y to sue and to be sued;
~ to lose a suit;
~ to accept a claim;
~a plea in
bar; ~y prescription for a
suit; ~e refusal of a suit,
rejection of a petition; ~y under
legal proceedings.

to distort; to misrepresent; to wrench.


A
to except; to exclude; ( ) to
delete; ( ) to expel; ~
to strike off the list; ~
to expel from the
university.
/
exemption, exclusion; deletion,
elimination; ~
deprivation of citizenship; ~
exclusion from an
organisation; ~ without
exception; ~ as an exception.

/
exceptional; exclusive; ~ exclusive
sales agreement;~
exclusive licence; ~
exclusive jurisdiction; ~oe
exclusive possession; ~oe
exclusive right; ~oe
exclusive ownership.
/
actionable; ~ limitation of
action/period of limitation; ~oe
bill/complaint; ~oe
civil obligation; ~oe
adversary proceedings.
/
execution, fulfilment, performance,
implementation; discharge;
satisfaction; administration; ~
administration of a budget; ~
execution of a contract; ~
execution of an order; ~
observance of laws; ~
execution of a contract;~
fulfilment of obligations;
~
performance of an obligation in parts;
~ execution of a plan; ~
execution of an order; ~
performance on
commercial paper and securities; ~
execution of a decision; ~

fulfilment in
good faith of one's obligations under
international law; ~
fulfilment of official
obligations; ~
execution of a judicial decision; ~
fulfilment of instructions;
~ early performance;
~ proper execution;
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~ improper execution;
~ part performance;
~
to return to one's
duties; ~ to carry out/to
execute; ~ to
execute a law;
~ to execute a
court order;
~ to execute a judgement;
~
to enter upon one's duties;
~ delay in performance;
~
impossibility of execution of an
obligation; ~
exemption from
performance of obligations;
~ refusal to perform
an obligation; ~
postponement of
performance of an obligation;
~
termination of obligations; ~ in the
fulfilment of; ~
in discharge of duties.

performer, executor; ~
testamentary executor;
~ direct performer;
~ officer of justice/lawenforcement officer.
/
executive; ~ executive
authority; ~ endorsement
of execution/execution notation; ~
execution of
judgement/court enforcement action;
~ executive committee; ~
writ of execution; ~
executive board.

to perform; to carry out; to execute; to


fulfil; to implement; to enforce; to
administer; ~ to perform a
contract; ~ to execute an order;
~ to enforce a
court order; ~ to
carry out one's duties.
/
application; use, utilization; ~
use for self-serving
reasons;~ use of
business reputation; ~
application of funds; ~
use of a land plot;
~
use of
foreign currency for settling accounts;
~ use for
other than specified purpose; ~
use for the
specified purpose; ~
jobbery; ~ lawful
use; ~ personal application;
~ improper use;
~ wrongful use;
~ criminal use;
~ joint use; ~
special purpose application;
~ partial use;
~ exclusive right to the use.
-/
correctional labour; ~oe
correctional labour institution; ~oe
correctional labour
legislation; ~ correctional
labour code.
/
disciplinary; correctional; corrective;
~ penitentiary system; ~oe
correctional institution.

/
correction; adjustment; rectification;
amendment; improvement; ~
correction of a defect; ~
correction of shortcomings; ~
rectification of mistakes; ~ to
introduce amendments.

to amend; to correct; to rectify; to


amend; to improve; ~ to
rectify a mistake.
/
order, repair, soundness; ~
soundness of property; ~ to
be in good repair.
/
test; testing; trial; ()
probation; ~
certification tests;
~ state testing;
~ performance tests;
~ to place on probation; ~
to carry out tests; ~
( ) to pass the
probation.

probationary; ~ probation period.


/
examination, study; investigation,
research; ~
market investigation; ~
comprehensive research;
~ sampling; ~
laboratory research; ~
scientific research;
~ fundamental research;
~ to carry out investigations;
~ conduct of research.
/
plaintiff, claimant; complainant; suitor;
demandant; ~ civil
claimant; ~ to be a
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plaintiff in court;
~ to sue;
~ to represent the
plaintiff.
/
( ) expiry, expiration; lapse (of
time); termination; ~
expiry of a guarantee period; ~
expiration of the
term of validity of a licence; ~
lapse of time; ~
expiration of a
contract; ~
expiration of the period of limitation; ~
expiration of the
term of office.
/
truth; ~y to distort the
truth; ~y to establish
the truth.

source; ~ source of income; ~


source of accumulation; ~
source of
increased danger; ~
source of financing; ~
illegitimate source.
annihilation; extermination;
destruction.

to annihilate; to exterminate; to
destroy.

demand; vindication; rclaim;


evocation; ~
vindication of
property from the unlawful possession;
~ bill enforcement.

to demand; to reclaim; to evoke.

torture.

to disappear; to vanish.
/
calculation, assessment, estimation; ~
calculation of a
guarantee period; ~ calculation
of a tax; ~ calculation of
interest; ~
assessment of a claim; ~
procedure for tax calculation.

result; ~ results of
negotiations; ~ to
summarize; ~e as a result.

study; office; () the


Cabinet; ~ Cabinet of
Ministers; ~ Shadow Cabinet.

cadastre, register; ~ land


cadastre.
/
personnel, staff; cadres;
~ highlyqualified personnel; ~
scientific personnel; ~
managerial personnel; ~
personnel department;
~ training of personnel;
~ staff turnover.
/
treasury; ~ state
treasury; ~ federal
treasury; ~ at the expense of
the treasury.

treasurer.

exchequer; treasury; treasurer's office;


~ federal treasury.

to execute.
/
execution; ~ capital
punishment/death penalty;
~ to abolish a death
penalty; ~
to condemn to death.

casus; fortuitous event.

calculation; costing; ~
calculation of costs; ~ pricing,
price calculation.

chamber; () cell; ward; ~


death row; ~
detention cell; ~
(
) chamber of summary procedure;
~ check-room/storage
locker.

channel; ~ sales channels; ~


supply channels;
~ official channels.

candidate, nominee; ~
candidate for governor; ~
candidate for the
presidency; ~
independent candidate; ~
to nominate a candidate;
~ to register
candidates; ~
nomination of candidates;
~ right to challenge a
candidate.
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/
candidature, candidacy; candidate,
nominee; ~

candidate for the position of chairman
of the Constitutional Court; ~
candidacy for the
position of a judge; ~
proposed candidacy; ~y to
put up a candidate;
~y to nominate oneself for
election; ~y to reject a
candidate; ~y to
support candidacy.
/
chancery; chancellery; ~

diplomatic chancery; ~
registry of the
International Court of Justice; ~
office of the clerk.

capital, assets; equity; funds; stock;


~ share capital;
~ banking capital;
~ monetary capital;
~ borrowed capital;
~ legal capital;
~ frozen capital;
~ reserve capital;
~ invested capital;
~ foreign capital;
~ liquid capital;
~ idle capital; ~
monopoly capital; ~
accumulated capital; ~
available capital; ~ startup capital; ~ revolving
capital; ~ fixed (capital)
assets; ~ share capital;
~ original capital;
~ outside funds;

~ industrial capital;
~ real assets;
~ usury capital;
~ aggregate capital;
~ speculative capital;
~ loan capital; ~
commodity capital; ~ trading
capital; ~ registered capital;
~ fictitious capital;
~ private capital; ~
to withdraw capital; ~
to invest capital; ~ to
accumulate capital; ~a
concentration of capital; ~a
inflow of capital; ~a amount of
capital.

capitalization; ~ debt
capitalization; ~
capitalization of payments; ~
capitalization of earnings; ~
market capitalization.

investment, outlay;
~ public investment; ~
foreign investments;
~ tax-free investment;
~ remunerative
investment; ~ direct
investment; ~ overall
investment; ~ to attract
investment.
/
capitulation; surrender;
~ unconditional
capitulation; ~ instrument of
surrender.

punishment; penalty; retribution.

quarantine; ~ to raise a
quarantine.

/
penal; punitive; ~
retaliation tariff.

to punish, to retribute.

isolation ward; lock-up.

cash office, cash department;


( ) cash;
~ savings bank.
/
cassation, cassational; ~
appeal; ~ cassational
protest/prosecutor's appeal; ~
cassation court/court of cassation.
/
appeal, cassation; ~ to
dismiss an appeal; ~ to
enter an appeal; ~ to
consider an appeal; ~
to allow a cassation; ~
dismissal of an appeal; ~
submission of an appeal.

to appeal; to annul; to cancel; to


revoke; ~ to annul a
judgement.
/
catastrophe; crash; wreck;
~y to meet with a fatal accident.
/
qualification; ~ high
qualification; ~ to improve
one's skills.
H
qualified; skilled.

lodger; tenant.

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receipt; ticket; ~ baggage


ticket; ~ goods receipt;
~ warehouse receipt.

quorum; ~ to reach a
quorum; ~ to constitute a
quorum; ~a lack of a
quorum.
/A
quota; ~ immigration
quota; ~ import quota;
~ export quota;
~y to fix/to set a
quota.

calumny; defamation.

to calumniate; to defame.

calumniator.

calumniatory; calumnious; defamatory.

client; customer.

cover note; ~ to give a cover


note.

code; ~ code of
labour laws/labour code; ~

code of administrative violations;
~ civil code;
~ code
of civil procedure; ~
code of discipline/disciplinary code;
~ customs code;
- ~ code of
criminal procedure; ~
criminal code.

codification.

codicil.

collegial; collegiate; ~ collegiate


court.

jury, military jury ~;


board; collegium; college; ~
the Bar; ~ court
chamber/judicial assembly.

collective; ~ labour
collective.
/
collective; ~ collective
security; ~ collective
agreement.
/
conflict; ~ conflict rule; ~
conflict of laws.

conflict; collision; ~ conflict


of interests; ~ conflict
of laws; ~ conflict of
claims; ~ trademark
conflict; ~ jurisdictional
conflict.

colony; ~ colony with


a general regime; ~
colony with a special regime; ~
colony with a strict
regime; - ~
correctional labour colony.

commandant's; ~ curfew;
~ to introduce a curfew.

commission agent; broker.

/
commission; ~oe
commission fee/commission
remuneration; ~
commission delegated task/commission
authorization; ~ commission.
/ I
() commission, committee; ~
labour protection
commission; ~
human rights commission; ~
disarmament
commission; ~
commission of inquiry; ~
labour disputes commission;
~ arbitration
commission; ~
certifying commission; ~
banker's commission;
~ stock exchange
arbitration commission; ~
budget commission; ~
interim commission;
~ state commission;
~ legislative commission;
~ purchasing commission;
~ competition commission;
~ consultative
commission; ~ control
commission; ~ conflict of
interests committee;
~ liquidation commission;
~ credentials committee;
~ international
commission;
~ intergovernmental commission;
~ supervisory
committee; ~
parliamentary committee;
~ preparatory
commission; ~
mediation committee; ~
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permanent commission;
~ government
commission; ~ auditing
committee; ~ drafting
committee; ~
investigating committee; ~
mixed commission; ~
conciliation commission; ~
counting commission; ~
commission of experts;
~ to be included in a
commission; ~ to sit on a
commission; ~ to appoint
a commission; ~ to
establish a commission.
/ II
() commission; fee;
~ brokerage; ~
to take on commission; ~ to
charge a commission; ~
contract of commission
agency/commission agreement.

commission principal, consignor.

committee, commission; ~
peace committee; ~
budget committee; ~
human rights committee; ~
credentials
committee; ~
administrative committee;
~ antimonopoly
committee; ~ arbitration
committee; ~ budget
committee; ~ state
committee; ~ strike
committee; ~ land
committee; ~
executive committee;
~ advisory
committee; ~

coordinating committee; ~
tax commission; ~
joint committee; ~
organizing committee;
~ parliamentary committee;
~ preparatory
committee; ~
government committee; ~
standing committee; ~
trade-union committee;
~ selection
committee; ~ financial
committee; ~ committee
on legal questions;
~ to be included in a committee;
~ to dissolve a committee;
~ to set up a committee.
/
commercial; ~
franchise/commercial concession; ~
commercial organization;
~ commercial
subconcession/commercial
subfranchise; ~ commercial
secret; ~ commercial act; ~
commercial credit; ~
commercial intermediary; ~
commercial
representative; ~
commercial
representation.

commercial traveller; travelling agent.


/
communal; municipal; public.
/ company, firm, business;
~ inland
carrier; ~ air
carrier; ~
freight carrier; ~
cargo carrier; ~
railway company; ~

purchasing company; ~ vendor company; ~



limited liability company; ~
joint
liability company; ~-
parent company; ~
air carrier; ~ motor
carrier; ~ joint-stock
company; ~ leased
company; - ~
leasing company; ~
associated company;
~ public company; ~
subsidiary company;
~ investment company;
~ foreign company; ~
leasing company; ~
parent company;
~ multinational company;
~ monopoly
company; ~
nationalized company; ~
illegal company;
~ unregistered
company; ~
privatized company; ~
insurance company; ~
building company; ~
transport company; ~ forwarding
company; ~ bogus
company; ~ holding
company; ~ private company;
~ to register
company; ~ to found/to
establish a company; ~
set up a company.

associate; partner.

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/
compensation, reimbursement,
indemnification; refund; recompense;
~
compensation for unused leave; ~
compensation for expenditures;
~
compensation for
material and moral damages; ~
damages; ~
monetary compensation; ~
legal compensation; ~
to pay compensation;
~ to determine the
form and amount of compensation;
~ amount of compensation.

to compensate; to indemnify; to
reimburse; to recompense.
/
competence; authority, jurisdiction; ~
competence of arbitration;
~
appellate jurisdiction; ~
original
jurisdiction; ~
competence of executive
bodies; ~
competence of the general
shareholders' meeting; ~
competence of the
governing bodies; ~
parliamentary power; ~
competence of the
company's board of directors; ~
competence of court/court jurisdiction;
~
competence of the founding meeting;
~ domestic
jurisdiction of a state;
~ exclusive
competence; ~ to come

within the competence/jurisdiction;


~ to challenge the
competence; ~ limits of
competence; ~ with
competence; ~ within the
limits of one's competence.

competent; authoritative.

complex; ~ package of services;


~ agro-industrial
complex; - ~
military-industrial complex;
~ property complex.

to compromise.

compromise; ~a to arrive at
a compromise.

convention; ~
double taxation
convention; ~
Council of Europe
Convention on Money Laundering;
~
European Convention on Human
Rights; ~ customs
convention/convention on tariffs.

conversion; ~
conversion of public loans; ~
conversion of debts; ~
industrial
conversion. conversion;
~ currency conversion;
~ forced conversion.

to convoy.

convoy; guard.

ngress; ~
international congress.

condominium.

constructive; implied; ~
implied contract.

concordat.

competitor; rival; ~ major


competitor; ~
unfair competitor; ~
potential/would-be competitor;
~ to undercut
competitors.

competitive; ~ competitive list.


/
competitiveness, competitive capacity,
competitive ability; competitive power;
~ competitiveness
in the world market; ~ level
of competitiveness.
/
competitive; ~ competitive
trade.
/
competition; rivalry; ~ active
competition; ~ fair
competition; ~ severe
competition; ~
unfair competition; ~
cut-throat competition; ~
animated competition; ~
open competition; ~ keen
competition; ~ market
competition; ~ free
competition; ~ latent
competition; ~ commercial
competition; ~ price
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competition; ~ to enter a
competition; ~ to
sustain a competition;
~ restriction of competition.

to compete.

competition, contest; tender; ~


competition for
the placement of an order; ~
construction tender;
~ investment tender;
~ commercial tender;
~ privatization
competition; ~ public
competition; ~ to win a
competition; ~ to select
by competition; ~ to cancel a
competition; ~
to place an order by competition;
~a competition commission;
~ organizer of a
competition; ~
refusal to hold a tender;
~ winner of a competition;
~ conduct (holding) of a
competition; ~
conditions of the conduct of a
competition; ~ on
the results of a competition.
/
( ) bankrupt's; ~
bankrupt's assets/bankrupt's
estate; ~ bankruptcy
proceedings; ~
bankruptcy administration/commission
in bankruptcy; ~
bankruptcy claims administrator.

bill of lading; ~
bearer bill of lading; ~
inward bill of lading; ~

outward bill of
lading; ~ blank
endorsed bill of lading; ~
claused bill of lading; ~
option bill of lading; ~ board
bill of lading; ~
insured bill of lading; ~
straight bill of lading; ~ ocean
bill of lading; ~ negotiable
bill of lading; ~ order bill of
lading; ~ through bill of
lading; ~ ship's bill of lading;
~ waybill/consignment
note; ~ charter bill of
lading; ~ to issue a bill of
lading; ~ to negotiate a
bill of lading; ~ holder of a
bill of lading.

consignor.

consignee.

consignation; consignment.

consolidation; ~ consolidation
of debts; ~ consolidation of
loans.

consortium; syndicate; ~
consortium of banks;
~ international consortium;
~ finance syndicate.

constitutionality; ~ constitutional
basis of acts; ~
constitutionality of a law; ~
to examine the constitutionality
of a law.
/
constitutional; ~
constitutional procedure; ~

constitutional form of
government; ~oe constitutional
law; ~ constitutional
guarantees; ~
constitutional authority; ~
constitutional rights; ~
constitutional freedoms; ~
constitutional court;
~ Chairman of the
Constitutional Court.
/
constitution; ~
Constitution of the Russian Federation;
~ to act within
the framework of the constitution;
~ to abrogate/to annul the
constitution; ~ to adopt
the constitution;
~ to suspend the
constitution; ~ to
contradict the constitution;
~ to observe the constitution;
~ according to the
constitution.

consul; ~ consulgeneral; ~ career consul.


/
consular; ~ consular bag;
~ consular convention;
~ consular service; ~
consular jurisdiction; ~
consular privileges; ~
consular fees; ~
consular immunity; ~ consular
corps; ~ consular court; ~oe
consular law; ~oe
consular mission;
~oe consular
certificate; ~oe consular
office.
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/
consulate; ~ consulate
general; ~ to open a
consulate; ~ to establish a
consulate.

consultant, adviser; ~ c marriage


counselor; ~
taxation consultant;
~
management consultant; ~
-
engineering consultant; ~
business
consultant; ~
financial consultant; ~
legal adviser
consultant; ~
investment consultant.
/
consultative, advisory; ~e
consultative services; ~
consultative; ~oe
to provide advisory opinion.
/
1. ( ) advice; 2.
(, ) consultation,
advising; 3. () consultation
office; ~ comprehensive
advice; ~
qualified advice; ~ legal
consultation; ~ to give
advice; ~
to consult the law; ~ to
hold consultations.

to advise; ~ to
advise on legal matters.

to consult; ~ to consult a
lawyer.

contingent, quota; ~ foreign


exchange quota; ~ quota
of imports; ~ quota of
exports.

quantitative restriction; quantitative


regulation; ~ quantitative
regulation of imports; ~
quantitative regulation of exports.
/
contraband; smuggling;
~ absolute contraband; ~
contraband of war; ~ to
run contraband; ~ to
confiscate contraband.

smuggler.

counterparty, contracting party;


contractor; counteragent.

contract, agreement; ~ sale-and-purchase contract;


~
contract
for the performance of contractual
work for state needs; ~
contract for services; ~

hire-purchase agreement; ~
contract for supply; ~
construction contract;
~ marriage contract;
~ foreign trade
contract; ~
foreign economic contract;
~ profitable contract; ~
executed contract; ~
state contract; ~ longterm contract; ~
short-term contract;

~ international contract;
~ void contract;
~ illegal contract;
~ voidable contract;
~ open contract;
~ construction contract;
~ government
contract; ~ framework
contract; ~ futures contract;
~ trade agreement;
~ forward contract;
~ futures contract;
~ to annul/to cancel a
contract; ~ to execute/to
perform a contract; ~ to
conclude a contract; ~ to
violate a contract; ~
to revise a contract; ~ to
sign a contract.
/
contracting; ~ contracting
agreement.

rebuttal evidence.
/
contribution; ~ to lay under
contribution.

controller; inspector.

to control; to check.
/
control, check; inspection; ~
credit
control; ~
control over the observation of laws; ~
control over
the implementation of a decision; ~
output control;
~ budget
management; ~
control of disarmament; ~
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spending control; ~
control over
the adherence to the schedule; ~

control over the adherence to
times of completion; ~
control over
construction; ~ control
over financial and economic activities;
~
control over the course of work; ~
price control; ~
quality control; ~
administrative control; ~
budgetary control; ~
exchange control; ~ visa
inspection; ~ outside control;
~ internal control;
~
intradepartmental control;
~ random inspection;
~ government
control; ~ effective
control; ~ credit control;
~ international
control; ~ tax control;
~ immediate
control; ~ monitoring;
~ public control;
~ on-line monitoring;
~ passport control;
~ universal control;
~ border control;
~ complete control;
~ government
control; ~
manufacturing supervision;
~ sanitary control;
~ systematic
control; ~ strict control;
~ judicial review;

~ customs control;
~ technical control;
~ financial control;
~ to take under control;
- ~ to get out of control;
~ to seize control over;
~ to execute control;
~ inspection methods;
~ organs of control;
~ strengthening of
supervision.

control; controlling; ~
controlling block of shares.
/
confidentiality; ~
confidentiality of information;
~ to guarantee
confidentiality; ~ protection
of confidentiality.
H/
confidential; private; ~
confidential meeting; ~
confidential negotiations.
/
confiscation, expropriation; forfeiture;
( ) seizure;
sequestration; ~ forfeiture of
shares; ~
confiscation by administrative
order; ~ confiscation of
property/seizure of property; ~
seizure of contraband; ~
seizure of goods;
~ to conduct
confiscation; ~ seizure
note.

to confiscate; to seize, to expropriate.

conflict; dispute; ~ conflict


of interests; ~ armed

conflict; ~ border
conflict; ~
industrial dispute; ~ labour
conflict; ~ ethnic conflict;
~ to lead to a conflict;
~ to settle a conflict;
~a sharpening of a
conflict; ~a escalation of a
conflict.

confrontation.

concentration; ~
concentration of capital; ~
concentration
of financial resources.
/
concession; ~ concession
agreement;
~ obligations of the parties
under a concession agreement.
/
conjuncture; conditions; ~
market conditions/state of the market;
~ credit conditions;
~ international
situation; ~
general economic situation;
~ economic conditions;
~ to influence
the market; ~ marketing
research.

cooperative; ~ garage
cooperative; ~ vacation-home
cooperative; -
~ housing-construction cooperative;
~ consumer
cooperative; ~
production cooperative; ~
to enter in a cooperative;
~a to leave a cooperative.
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cooperation; ~
consumer cooperation;
~ production
cooperation.

copyhold estate.

copyhold tenant.
/
copy, duplicate; estreat; ~ true
copy; ~
authenticated/certified copy;
~ notarized
copy; ~ identical copy/replica;
~ to make a copy;
~ to certify a copy.

cordon; ~ sanitary
cordon.

corridor; ~ currency
corridor; () ~
green customs channel; ~
price limits.

breadwinner.

corporation; ~ stock
corporation; ~ public
corporation; ~ closed
corporation; ~
international corporation;
~ multinational
corporation; ~ nonprofit corporation; ~
industrial corporation; ~
commercial corporation;
~ transnational
corporation; ~
transportation corporation;
~ finance corporation.

/
corruption, corrupt practices; ~
official corruption;
~ anticorrupt practices law.
/
mercenary; ~
to act for mercenary
motives.
/
self-interest; avarice; ~
homicide for mercenary motives.
/
implicit; indirect; circumstantial; ~oe
circumstantial
evidence; ~ in- direct tax.

quotation, quote; ~ quotation of


shares; ~ price quotation;
~ exchange quotation;
~ marketing quotation.

theft; stealing; ( ) burglary;


larceny; ~
personal larceny; ~ largescale theft; ~
pickery/pilferage.

credit, loan; ~
unsecured credit; ~
sovereign
credit; ~ credit on
landed property; ~
credit on mortgage of securities;
~ credit on
mortgage; ~ acceptance
credit; ~ bank credit;
~ irrevocable credit;
~ broker's credit;
~ budgetary credit;
~ commercial paper
credit; ~

government credit; ~
documentary credit; ~
long-term credit; ~
housing credit; ~
frozen credit; ~ mortgage
credit, credit on mortgage;
~ exhausted credit;
~ commercial credit;
~ current account
credit; ~ short-term
credit; ~ lombard credit;
~ preferential credit;
~ tax credit;
~ secured credit;
~ revocable credit;
~ open credit;
~ revolving credit;
~ tied credit;
~ medium-term
credit; ~
stabilization credit; ~
technical credit; ~ goods
credit; ~ financial credit;
~ directed credit;
~ export credit; ~ to raise a
credit; ~e to refuse a
credit; ~ to open a
credit with a bank; ~ to
buy on credit; ~ to obtain a
credit; ~ to give a
credit; ~ to sell on
account; ~a on account of a
credit.
/
credit; ~ credit application;
~ credit card; ~
credit organization; ~
credit control; ~
lending institution; ~
debt financing.

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crediting, lending; ~
crediting of
small private business; ~
preferential crediting.

creditor; lender; debtee; ~


bankrupt's creditor; ~,
bill
creditor; ~,
bond
creditor; ~,
creditor by
endorsement; ~
mortgagee; ~
mortgagee/mortgage creditor; ~
submortgagee;
~ creditor on
obligations; ~
preferential
creditor; ~ general
creditor; ~ principal creditor;
~ creditor in bankruptcy;
~ joint creditor;
~ obligations
to creditors; ~
settlements with creditors;
~ claims of creditors.

creditability; credit capacity.

solvent; sound.

crisis, depression; ~ crisis of


confidence; ~
balance of payment crisis; ~
crisis of
overproduction; ~ bank
crisis; ~ budgetary crisis;
- ~ monetary and
financial crisis; ~ deep crisis;
~ monetary crisis;
~ protracted crisis;

~ international crisis;
~ global
financial crisis; ~ general crisis;
~ acute crisis;
~ food crisis;
~ industrial crisis;
~ crisis in raw materials;
~ fuel crisis;
~ financial crisis; ~
cyclical crisis; ~
economic crisis; ~
energy crisis.

criminalization; ~
criminalization of the economy.

criminalist.

criminalistics.
/
criminalistics; ~a
criminalistics examination.

criminal.
/
blood; ~oe blood
relation/consanguinity.

incest.
-
purchase and sale; contract of sale;
sale; ~ sale of
currency; ~
sale of immovable property;~
sale of securities;
- contract of purchase
and sale.

bill of sale, deed of conveyance.

rate; price quotation; ~ share


price; ~ rate of exchange; ~

gilt
prices; ~ exchange rate;
~
pegged exchange rate; ~
rate of exchange; ~
official exchange rate.

legalization; certification; ~
legalization of
fraudulent gains; ~
legalization of a bank; ~
consular legalization.

devisee; legatary; legatee.

legislature; legislative body;


~ one-chamber
legislature; ~ twochamber legislature.

legalization; legitimation;
legitimization.

legitimism.

false witness; perjurer.

perjurious.
/
false evidence; perjury;
~y subornation of perjury.

to perjure.

liberalization; ~ liberalization
of trade; ~ price liberalization;
~ financial liberalization.
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leasing; ~
leasing of movable property; ~
plant leasing;
~ financial leasing.

lessor.

lessee, leaseholder.

liquidator; receiver, referee; ~



receiver in bankruptcy; ~,

liquidator of the estate; ~
liquidator of a
legal person; ~ official
receiver in bankruptcy.
/
liquidation; ~ liquidation
commission; ~ liquidation
balance.
/
abolition; abrogation; annulment;
cancellation; elimination; liquidation;
nullification; repudiation; ~
elimination of an accident; ~
liquidation of
a joint-stock company; ~
liquidation of an association; ~
liquidation by
judicial procedure; ~ settlement
of a debt; ~
liquidating arrears of wages;
~ liquidation of a company;
~ liquidation of a
cooperative; ~

liquidation of a limited liability
company; ~ liquidation
of an enterprise; ~
dissolution of a partnership; ~

liquidation of a firm; ~
to go into liquidation; ~
procedure for liquidation.

to abolish; to eliminate; to liquidate; ~


to settle debts; ~
to settle an account.

liquidity; ~ liquidity of assets;


~ liquidity of shares; ~
bond liquidity; ~
liquidity of assets.

limit; ~ limit
of capital investment; ~ line
of credit; ~ limit of
expenses; ~ price limit;
~ currency limit; ~ to
exceed the limit; ~ to
set a limit.

to limit,

list; writ; ~ mortgage


bond; ~ writ of
execution; ~ check list;
~ pay sheet;
~ packing list.

licensor; grantor of a license.

licensee, grantee of a license;


~ potential licensee.

licensing; ~ licensing of
business activity; ~ import
licensing; ~ - know-how
licensing; ~ licensing of a
patent; ~ licensing of
a trademark; ~
contractual licensing; ~
package licensing; ~

cross-licensing; ~
industrial licensing.

to license.
/
licence, permit; ~ import
licence; ~

licence to engage in the respective
activity; ~
operating licence; ~ - knowhow licence; ~
licence for performing
insurance; ~ licence under a
patent; ~ selling
licence; ~
manufacturing licence; ~
selling licence ~
trademark licence; ~
export licence; ~ bank
licence; ~ currency licence;
~ general licence;
~ valid licence;
~ contractual licence;
~ exclusive licence;
~ package licence;
~ general licence;
~ limited licence;
~ package licence;
~ single licence; ~ free
licence; ~ customs
licence; ~ to
suspend a licence; ~ to
grant a licence; ~ holder
of a licence; ~ application
for a licence;
~ termination of a licence;
~ validity of a licence.
/
person, individual; official; party,
participant; ~ person
without citizenship/stateless person; ~
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-
person of
no definite occupation; ~,
bribetaker; exactor; ~,
loan debtor; ~

recognizee; ~,

surrenderee; ~,

encumbrancer; ~,
sojourner; ~,
occupant; ~,

conspirator; ~,
vouchee; ~,
expellee; ~,
counsel for the
defence; ~,
prosecutor; ~,
person who
has given a surety; ~,
evader; ~,

attorney-in-fact; ~,

eloigner; ~,
court-committed inmate; ~,

drug trafficker; ~,
subpurchaser; ~,
person
engaged in prostitution; ~,
person
worthy of trust; ~,
claimant/plaintiff; ~,
cheat;
~,
malfeasant in office; ~,
authorized
person; ~, person
who has violated a right; ~,
adjudged

bankrupt; ~,
outlaw; ~,
wanted person; ~,
relinquisher; ~,
ancestor; ~,
moneylaunderer; ~,
person working
under a labour contract; ~,

malfeasant; ~,
dependent;
~,
tax evader; ~ authorized
person; ~ official/office
holder; ~
interested person;
~ registered
person; ~ insured
person; ~ disabled
person; ~
unauthorized person; ~
official; ~ third person;
~ authorized person;
~ authorized person;
~ natural person;
~ private person; ~
legal person;
~ to act in one's
individual capacity;
~a to act in one's
private capacity;
~ to incorporate; ~e
in the person of.
/
individual; person; ()
identity; ~ identity of the
accused; ~ identity of the
defendant; ~
inviolability of the person;
~ personal description;
~ personal identity;

~ mistaken identity;
~ legal identity;
~ shady character;
~ identification card;
~ establishment of
smb's identity; ~ to
establish the identity.

personal; private; individual; ~


personal life of
citizens; ~
personal inviolability; ~
bodyguard; ~ private
correspondence; ~
personal property; ~oe
dossier/personal records; ~oe
personal insurance; ~
personnel/staff.

to deprive; ~ to dispossess
of property; ~ to deprive
of citizenship; ~
to deprive of electoral rights; ~
to disinherit; ~ to
deprive of a right; ~ to
deprive of liberty.

deprivation; ~ deprivation of
possession; ~
deprivation/forfeit of civil rights; ~
deprivation of citizenship;
~ disqualification
from driving; ~
disfranchisement; ~
disinheritance; ~ deprivation of
rights; ~
expropriation; ~ denial of
privileges; ~ deprivation of
liberty.

lobby; ~ agrarian lobby;


~ banking lobby;
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-
~ corporate lobby;
~ industrial lobby.

lobbying.

lobbyist.

logo, logotype; ~
company's type.
/
erroneous; false; ~ false
oath; ~ false accusation;
~oe false
evidence; ~ false denunciation.

falsehood; lie.

lockout.

pawnshop, lombard; ~e
pledge of things in a pawnshop;
~e storage in a pawnshop.

fidelity; loyalty.
/
benefit, privilege; ()
concession; () allowance;
() preference; ~
fringe benefits;
~ contract benefits;
~ fringe benefits;
~ tax privileges;
~ customs privileges;
~ trade concessions;
~ to enjoy benefits;
~ to grant privileges;
~ to establish
benefits.
/
preferential, favourable; privileged; ~
soft loan; ~
preferential tax treatment; ~

grace period; ~ preferential


tariff; ~oe
concessional financing; ~
favourable/preferential terms.

master; ~a Master's degree.

1. () magistrate; 2.
() municipality.

magistrature.

broker, dealer; ~
stockbroker/market operator;
~ insurance broker;
~ ship broker; ~
merchandise broker.

juvenile; young; ~
juvenile delinquent.

low-paid, poorly-paid.

mandate; credentials; warrant;


~ mandate of a deputy;
~ electoral mandate;
~ to issue a mandate;
~ to receive a mandate;
~ to present a mandate.

mandatary.
/
mandatory; ~ credentials
committee.

manipulation; ~ currency
manipulation; ~

manipulation of/tampering
with financial accounts.

to manipulate; to tamper; ~
to manipulate
public opinion.

marketing; ~
industrial marketing; ~
export marketing.

marking; ~ cargo marking; ~


price marking; ~
improper marking.

marauder; plunderer; pillager.

marauding, pillage, looting; plunder.

to maraud, to pillage, to loot; to


plunder.

material; facts; matter; data; ~


appeal
documents; ~
restricted matter; ~,
mterials sent to
the court; ~,
- defamatory
material; ~ case
materials; ~
consumed material; ~
material on hand; ~ printed
matter; ~ payment for
materials; ~a a
deposition.

mafia.
/
manipulation, machination; scheme;
swindle; fraud; ~
speculation in shares; ~
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-
currency frauds; ~
land fraud; ~ manipulation
on the stock exchange; ~
tax fraud; ~ criminal
dealing; ~ shady scheme;
~ financial fraud.

stepmother.
/
medical; ~ medical aid; ~oe
medical report; ~oe
medical certificate.
/
international; ~
international security; ~
international jurisdiction;
~ international trusteeship;
~ c international
jurisdiction; ~oe
international treaty
obligation; ~oe
international contract law; ~oe
international law; ~oe
international agreement; ~
international arbitration; ~
international treaty; ~
rules of international law.

memorandum; ~
memorandum under a seal; ~
memorandum of intent; ~
memorandum of
understanding; ~
official memorandum.
/
barter; ~ contract of
barter/barter agreement.

manager.

management; ~ bank
management; ~ financial
management.

minority; ~ dissenting
minority.
/
measure, step; arrangements;
sanction; ~ security
measure; ~ disciplinary
measures; ~ retaliatory
measure; ~ punitive
measure; ~ measure of
restraint; ~
measures of public
influence; ~
measures to combat
terrorism; ~
administrative measures;
~
antiinflationary measures;
~ urgent measures;
~ educational
measure; ~ temporary
measure; ~ coercive
measure; ~ effective
measures; ~
disciplinary measures; ~
legal measures; ~
remedial action; ~
urgent measures; ~
security measures;
~ preventive
measures; ~
illegal measures;
~ fire safety measures;
~ emergency
measures; ~ to
resort to drastic measures;
~ to take measures.

/
local; ~ local government;
~ local selfgovernment; ~ local taxes;
~
local administration.
MECT/O
place, point; ( ) site;
( ) venue; ~
place of arbitration; ~
meeting place; ~
place of
state residence; ~ place of
residence; ~
place of a contract; ~
place of manufacture; ~
place of performance of
an obligation; ~ place of
destination; ~ location; ~
accident scene; ~
public
facility; ~ recreation centre; ~
place of payment; ~
place of delivery; ~
residence; ~
place
of preliminary confinement; ~
place of origin; ~
place of work; ~
venue of proceedings; ~
place of registration; ~
place of birth/birthplace; ~
hearing locale; ~
crime
scene; ~ place of
making of a cheque; ~ place
of storage; ~
temporary residence; ~ case;
~ domicile;
~ former
residence; ~ ()
vacancy; ~ judgement
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-
seat; ~
to deliver to destination; ~
to change one's place of
residence; ~y at the
place of residence; ~y at
the place of work.

residence, locality.

location, seat, site; ~


location of a company.

location; seat; ~ seat


of government.
/
revenge; vengeance; ~
out of revenge; ~ blood
feud/vendetta.

month; ~ calendar
month; ~ month under
report; ~ current month.

method, way, system, procedure; ~


method of
reimbursement; ~
sample method; ~
taxation method; ~
method of payment;
~ arbitral procedure.

mechanism; ~
state regulation
machinery; ~ legal
mechanism.

migrant.
/
alms; ~ to beg alms;
~ to gather alms.

ministry, office; department; ~



Ministry for Foreign Economic
Relations; ~ Ministry
of Internal Affairs; ~
Foreign Ministry/Ministry of Foreign
Affairs; ~
Ministry of Social Protection; ~
Ministry of Finance; ~
Ministry of Economics; ~
Department of Justice.

minister, secretary; ~
minister without portfolio; ~
Minister for Internal
Affairs; ~ Foreign
Minister/Minister for Foreign Affairs; ~
Minister of Finance; ~
Minister of Economics; ~
Minister of Justice;
~ Minister
Plenipotentiary.
I
() peace; ~
universal peace; ~ stable
peace; ~ just peace;
~ to stand for peace;
~e to live in peace;
~ to conclude peace; ~ to
defend peace; ~ to commit
breach of the peace; ~ to
uphold peace; ~ to
maintain peace; ~ to
declare peace; ~ to
safeguard peace; ~ in
defence of peace; ~
restoration of peace; ~
attainment of peace; ~
breach of the peace; ~
preservation of peace; ~
advocate of peace.

II

() world; the universe.


/
peaceful; pacific; ~
peace initiative; ~
peace conference; ~
peaceful policy; ~oe
civilian/peaceful population; ~oe
pacific settlement
of disputes; ~oe
peaceful coexistence; ~
peace talks; ~ peaceful
means; ~ peace treaty.
/
universal; world; ~ world
war; ~ amicable transaction;
~oe world domination; ~oe
world public
opinion; ~oe amicable
agreement; ~ world court; ~
justice of the peace.

misdemeanour; ~
common law misdemeanour; ~
misdemeanour by
statute; ~
misdemeanour in office.

mission; ~
diplomatic mission.

junior.
E
opinion; view; ~ judicial
opinion; ~ ,
extrajudicial
opinion; ~ ,

concurring opinion; ~
public opinion; ~ ()
dissenting opinion/opinion in dissent.
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-
/:
~ mock transaction/fictitious
transaction; ~
to declare a mock
transaction invalid.

polygamy; polygamous marriage.


H/
multinational; ~
multinational corporation.
/
multilateral; ~
multilateral agreement.

mobilization; ~
mobilization of internal resources; ~
mobilization of reserves; ~
mobilization of
funds.

modernization; ~
modernization of production.
/:
~ tacit consent.

monitoring; ~
monitoring of tax revenues; ~
monitoring of
business solvency; ~
monitoring of economic
situation.

monogamy.

monopolist.
/
monopoly; ~ sales
monopoly; ~
monopoly in manufacture; ~

alcohol monopoly; ~
banking monopoly; ~

state monopoly; ~
natural monopoly; ~
artificial monopoly; ~ oil
monopoly; ~ commercial
monopoly; ~ insurance
monopoly; ~ financial
monopoly.
/:
~ sole right.

moral; ~ moral damage.

moratorium; ~
moratorium on debt; ~

moratorium on non-production
expenses; ~ to impose a
moratorium; ~ to declare a
moratorium; ~ to lift a
moratorium.

motive; ~ impulsive
cause; ~ ulterior motive.

motivation; ~ statement of
motivation.

cheat; double-dealer; rogue; swindler.

to double-deal; to rogue; to swindle.

fraud, swindle, cheat; ~


commercial fraud; ~ bank
fraud; ~ computer
fraud; ~ tax fraud.

to avenge; to revenge oneself.

sodomy.

municipality; city council; municipal


council.

/
municipal; ~
municipal ownership; ~
municipal formation; ~
municipal
unitary enterprise.
MP
mayor; ~ mayoral election.

insurrection; revolt, rebellion;


~ armed rebellion; ~ to suppress
a revolt; ~ to make a revolt.

/
observer; ~ military
observer; ~ permanent
observer; ~
to send as an observer.

() to supervise; to
spy; ~
to supervise the
observation of armistice conditions.

observation; supervision, surveillance;


control; monitoring; ~ field
supervision; ~ discreet
surveillance; ~ to keep under
observation; ~ to
maintain surveillance; ~
to
bug.
/
award, reward, decoration;
~ money award; ~ welldeserved reward;
~ government reward;
~e to write smb up for an award.
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increase, rise, bonus; ~


danger money; ~
night shift bonus; ~
overtime
premium; ~ bonus to the
pension; ~ gratuity;
~
official allowance; ~
premium bonus; ~ trade
allowance.

to provide; to authorize; to endue; ~


to endue with authority; ~
to authorize with a right; ~
to entitle.

reliability; credibility; ()
safety, security; ~ reliability of
data; ~
reliability of testimony; ~
credibility of evidence.

supervisor; warder.

control, inspection, oversight;


superintendence; supervision,
surveillance, monitoring; ~
supervision of activity;
~
supervision of adherence to laws;
~ designer's inspection;
~ administrative
supervision; ~ banking
supervision; ~ state
supervision; ~ public
prosecutor's supervision;
~ sanitary inspection; ~
judicial supervision;
~ to be under supervision;
~ to exercise
supervision; ~ to place

under supervision; ~a
supervisory authority; ~a in
the exercise of supervisory powers.
/
supervisory; ~
supervisory agency; ~
supervisory jurisdiction; ~
review services.
/
appropriate, proper, due, regular;
competent; ~ proper
agency; ~
proper precaution; ~
appropriate measures; ~
properly; ~ in good and
due form.

inscription, superscription;
~ endorsement without
recourse; ~
commemorative inscription;
~ special endorsement;
~ executive
endorsement; ~
endorsement; ~
authenticating inscription;
~ to endorse.

outrage; desecration.

to outrage.

() lease, renting; rent, renting,


tenancy; ( ) employment; ~
renting; ~
hiring of labour;
~ hiring at will;
to work by hire;
to hire out/let on hire.
/
gain, profit; ~ easy money;
~ for personal gain.

to gain profit.

pressure; ~
administrative pressure;
~ financial pressure; ~ to
put pressure.

to appoint; to nominate; ~ to
appoint an arbitrator; ~
to appoint a hearing; ~
to set a time limit.
/
appointment, nomination; fixing;
setting; ~ nomination of an
arbitrator; ~ setting
a date for a trial; ~
appointment of a
diplomatic representative; ~
appointment of a
trustee; ~
appointing official persons; ~
infliction of a penalty; ~
to seek a sanction;
~ to use according
to designation.

name, designation; ~
name of a maker; ~
description (name) of an article;
~ improper designation;
~ () brand name.

lessor, renter.
/
punishment, penalty; ()
sentence; ~,
summary
punishment; ~,

disproportionate punishment; ~,
punishment
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-
fixed by law; ~
discretional punishment; ~,
punishment
stipulated by law; ~,
extrajudicial
punishment; ~,
judicial
punishment; ~,
custodial
punishment; ~
additional punishment;
~ forfeiture penalty;
~ mixed punishment;
~
wrongful punishment; ~
conditional punishment; ~
to award a penalty; ~
to make a penalty conditional;
~ to admeasure the
penalty; ~ to do one's time;
~ to abolish punishment;
~ to suffer punishment;
~ to go unpunished; ~
punitive measure; ~ abolition
of punishment; ~
mitigation of punishment;
~ as punishment.

to penalize, to punish; ~ to
punish with a fine.

note, bill, invoice; consignment; bill of


lading waybill; ~ air
waybill/air bill of lading;
~ motor waybill; ~ bill of
lading/consignment note;
~ railway bill of
lading; ~ bill of
lading/consignment note.

to impose; to inflict; ~
to

discipline; ~ to inflict a
penalty; ~ to impose a fine.
/
availability; ~ availability of
money; ~ availability of funds;
~ availability of goods;
~ to have in stock; ~ in
case of fault.

cash; money in cash; ready money;


quick cash; ~ currency
holdings; ~ cash in a
bank; ~ cash/cash assets;
~ spare cash;
~ to convert into cash; ~
to inspect cash holdings.

tax; duty; charge; levy; ~,


Federal
budget tax; ~
social security tax; ~
imputed income
tax; ~ donor's tax; ~
value-added
tax; ~
real estate tax; ~
earnings tax; ~ land
tax; ~ personal
property tax; ~
inheritance tax; ~
real estate tax; ~
windfall-profits tax; ~
sales tax; ~
profits tax, tax on profits; ~
sales tax; ~
property tax; ~
tax on individuals;
~ excise tax; ~
double tax; ~
surcharge; ~ highway-user
tax; ~ single tax;
~ land tax, tax on land;

~ property tax;
~ indirect tax; ~
local tax; ~ income tax;
~ tax on land, land tax;
~ property tax;
~ direct tax; ~
regional tax; ~ social
security tax; ~ federal
tax; ~ special tax; ~
to collect a tax; ~ to
impose a tax;
~ to be liable to a tax; ~ to
cut down a tax; ~ liable
to a tax; ~ imposition of
a tax; ~a
bonification; ~a
tax evasion; ~ before
taxes.
/
fiscal; tax; ~a tax roll;
~ tax haven; ~
tax declaration; ~
tax inspectorate; ~
tax loophole; ~
tax police; ~oe tax burden; ~oe
taxation; ~oe fiscal
law; ~oe fiscal
regulation; ~ tax privileges;
~ capital allowance; ~
revenue inspector; ~
taxable period.
/
taxation, tax assessment; ~
taxation of income; ~ profits
taxation; ~ double taxation;
~ differential
taxation; ~
confiscatory taxation; ~
indirect taxation; ~
concessional taxation; ~
multiple taxation; ~
progressive taxation; ~ direct
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taxation; ~
federal income taxation; ~
overtaxation; ~ to avoid
taxation; ~ to
exempt from taxation;
~ exempt from a tax;
~ liable to a tax.

taxpayer; ~ mala
fide taxpayer;
~ rights and liabilities of taxpayers.

() imposition; infliction; ~
seizure of
property/attachment; ~

imposition of a disciplinary penalty; ~
imposition of a penalty/of
punishment; ~
imposition of an obligation; ~
sealing; ~ imposition of a
penalty/of a fine.

intention, intent; design; () aim,


purpose; ~ fraudulent
intent; ~
intent to appropriate; ~
testamentary
intent; ~
contractual intent; ~
aggressive intent; ~
probable intention; ~
real intention; ~ wrong intent;
~ legitimate intent;
~ deliberate intent;
~ first intent;
~ wrongful intent;
~ obvious intent;
~ aforethought/with
premeditated design.

deliberately; intentionally; purposely.

infliction; ~
infliction of a bodily injury; ~
infliction of damage.

1. () employer, hirer; 2.
(, ) lessee; hirer;
renter; tenant.

1. ( ) to employ; to hire; 2.
( ) to rent; to
tenant; 3. ( ) to
charter; to freight.

to inflict; ~ to cause harm; ~


to insult; ~ to
damage.

to attack; to assail; to assault.


/
attack; assailing; assault; ~
sudden (surprise) assault (attack);
~ armed attack;
~ assault in concert;
~ holdup; ~ to
commit an assault; ~
assailed; attacked.
/
direction, line, course; ()
tendency, trend; ~
() business priority.

(, ) to direct; to
refer; ~ to refer a case to
the court; ~ ( ) to direct
an appeal (to the court).
/
tension; ~
international tension;
~ relaxation of
international tension;

~ escalation of
international tension.

to give directions; ~ to
charge the jury.

drug trafficking, drug business.

drug dealer; drug trafficker.

drug addict; drug fiend.

drug abuse, drug habit.

narcomafia.

drug; narcotic; ~ illegal


drug; ~ authorized
drug; ~ hard
drug; ~ drug
pushing/sale.
/
people's; popular; national; ~oe
national economy.

handcuffs; manacles; ~ to
manacle.

( , ) to break,
to make default, to violate, to infringe;
~ to break a contract; ~
to break a law; ~
to infringe the
rules of international law; ~
to break one's
obligation; ~ to
violate human rights; ~
to infringe/to violate a
nation's sovereignty; ~ to
violate intentionally/wilfully.

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-
/
() breach; violation;
infringement; dereliction;
() offence; ~
infringement of
copyright; ~ excise
violation; ~
currency offence; ~
trespass; ~
breach of military duty; ~
breach of warranty; ~
violation of a border; ~
infringement of
current legislation; ~
monetary disorder; ~
breach of confidence; ~
breach of a
contract/contractual default; ~
dereliction of duty; ~ violation
of a law; ~ violation
of legislation; ~ violation
of a constitution; ~
breach of international law; ~

infringement of tax legislation; ~
breach of a
commitment; ~ infringement
of a patent; ~
traffic infringement/violation
of traffic safety rules; ~
violation of human rights; ~
violation of privacy; ~
breach of
justice; ~ breach of order;
~ family
disturbance; ~
misconduct in office; ~
violation of an agreement;
~ violation of
delivery time; ~
infringement/violation of a
nation's sovereignty; ~

violation of a secrecy of
correspondence; ~
violation of insurance confidence; ~
violation of the
customs law; ~
infringement of a trademark; ~
breach
of requirements for quality of goods; ~
breach of
labour discipline; ~
administrative offence; ~
committed violation; ~ tax
violation; ~ intended
violation; ~ repeated
violations; ~
premeditated infringement;
~ intended infringement;
~ severable breach/partial
infringement; ~ financial
fraud.

violator, infringer, breaker, disturber;


infractor; offender; ~
violator of a copyright; ~
trespasser; ~
frontier intruder; ~
violator of discipline; ~ lawbreaker/transgressor of laws; ~
infringer of a patent; ~
traffic
offender; ~ oath-breaker; ~
breaker of
labour discipline; ~
breaker of the peace.
/
force; violence; ()
coercion; duress; ~
personal violence; ~
violence against a person; ~
legal violence; ~ illegal
violence; ~ lawful
violence; ~ direct violence;

~ to resort to force;
~ to apply
physical violence; ~ to
commit an act of violence/
() to outrage; ~ act
of violence; ,
~ transaction made under
the influence of violence.

rapist.

t rape; to outrage.

violently; by force; forcibly.


/
forcible; violent; ~oe
forcible possession.

heritage; legacy.

heir; () successor, assign,


assignee; () descendant; ~
(no
) legatary/legatee; ~
(no )
devisee; ~
collateral heir; ~
conventional heir; ~ heir at
law/legal heir; ~
lawful heir; ~
lineal heir; ~ legitimate
heir; ~ presumptive
heir; ~ heir apparent/heir of
the blood.
/
inheritance, heirloom; succession;
descent; ~ several
inheritance; ~
collateral descent; ~
testamentary succession; ~
legal succession; ~ o
immediate descent; ~
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natural succession; ~
intestate succession;
~ ( )
coparceny; ~ order of
succession; ~ heirship;
~ by way of legal
succession.

to inherit; to succeed; ~ o
to inherit by a will; ~
to inherit by descent.

legator; testator.
/
hereditary; heritable; ~oe
inheritance law/law of succession.
/
heritage, inheritance, heirloom; ~,

residue;
~ vacant
succession; ~a to disinherit;
~y to bequeath a
legacy; ~y to inherit;
~ to administer upon a
will; ~y hereditably.

( ) to become due.
/
() maturity; (
. .) attachment; ~
occurrence
of the time for performance of
obligations; ~
occurrence of the insured event; ~
before maturity; ~
at maturity; ~
at maturity.

naturalization.

naturalized.

to naturalize.

extra charge; markup; ~


markup; ~ insurance
margin; ~ trade margin;
~ transportation margin.
/
nationalization; ~
nationalization of an
industry.

to nationalize.

nationality.
/
national; ~ nationalities
policy; ~
nationality; ~oe national
wealth; ~oe national
minority; ~ national waters;
~ national interests; ~
national sovereignty.

nation.
/
beginning, start, commencement,
inception; ~
inception of insurance;
~ax on a voluntary
basis; ~ax on a parity
basis.

chief; head; boss; superior.


/
charge; () calculation,
computation; ~ charge
of a penalty on an amount; ~
calculation of interest;
~ tax accruals.

to charge; () to
calculate, to compute.
/
carelessness, fault, inadvertence;
neglect, negligence; recklessness; ~,

actionable negligence; ~
contributory negligence; ~
imputed negligence; ~
neglect of official duty; ~
criminal negligence;
~ to commit gross negligence;

~ to be liable in
tort for negligence;
- ~ tort of negligence.
ignorance; lack of knowledge.
1. ( ) daughter-in-law; 2.
( ) sister-in-law.

outstanding, uncollected.

innocence, guiltlessness;
~ to prove one's innocence;
- ~ to adjudge
not guilty.
/
guiltless; innocent; ~
innocent party; ~ innocent
in law; ~ innocent in fact;
- ~ to adjudge
not guilty.

insanity; lunacy; madness;


unsoundness of mind; ~
temporary insanity; ~
evidenced insanity; ~
alleged insanity; ~ to
determine insanity.

irresponsible; insane; lunatic; mad.


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/
non-interference; non-intervention;
~a
principle of noninterference in the internal affairs of
other states.

default; ~ credit default.

uncompensability; irreparableness.

uncompensable; irreparable;
~ to cause an irreparable
damage.
/
uncompensated; unredressed.

() impossibility;
~ absolute
impossibility of performance;
~
impossibility of performance of the
contract in fact; ~
legal impossibility of
performance.

unclaimed, uncalled; unreclaimed.

non-payment; ~ arrears of
wages; ~ non-payment of
interest.
HEB/
unpaid; outstanding; undischarged;
() unextinguished;
unsettled.

non-compliance, failure to perform,


non-fulfilment, non-execution, default;
~ non-execution of a
contract; ~ non-performance of
an order; ~
non-compliance with the lawful order

of the court; ~ failure to


perform obligations/failure in duties; ~
non-compliance with an
obligation; ~ non-fulfilment
of a decision; ~ nonfulfilment of an agreement.

unguaranteed; unsecured;
unwarranted.
/
negotiation; ~ to effect
negotiation/to negotiate.

inhumanity.

inhumane.

undated.
/
immovables; real estate; immovable
property, realty; tenement; ~,
fee
simple; ~ vacant
possession; ~ state
property; ~ devise;
~ pledged assets;
~ tenure; ~
letter of hypothecation;
~ transfer of the
right of ownership to immovable
property; ~ transfer of
immovable property;
~ right of ownership
to immovable property.

disability, legal incapacity; ~


mental
disability; ~ civil
incapacity.
/
legally incapable, disqualified,
incompetent, disable; ~

to be
incompetent to contract;
~ to disable/to incapacitate;
- ~ declaration
of smb to be incompetent;
~
judgement of a court declaring a
citizen to be incompetent.

(, , )
invalidity; nullity; ~ invalidity
of an agreement; ~
invalidity of a credit
agreement; ~ invalidity
of an obligation; ~
invalidity of a trademark.
/
( ) invalid,
ineffective, void, null; ~ void
marriage; ~ void contract;
~ invalid; ~
to invalidate/to nullify; ~
to declare null and void.

bad quality, unsoundness.


H/
dishonest; unfair; unscrupulous.
/
distrust; mistrust; ~ vote of no
confidence.
/
arrears; ~ tax arrears;
~
arrears of compulsory payments;
~ to collect arrears;
~ to pay off arrears.

defaulter.

failure of evidence; ~
failure of a title; ~ not
proved.
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unproved; unproven.

short shipment.
/
short delivery; incomplete delivery;
underdelivery; ~ shortage in
the supply of goods; ~y
penalty for the shortage of
goods.

impermissibility, inadmissibility;
() illegality; ~

cause-of-action estoppel.

() impermissible; (
) inadmissible;
() illegal, illicit; ~
inadmissible evidence;
~oe impermissible
punishment.

oversight.
/
1. (, ) deficiency;
lack; deficit; shortage; 2. (,
) fault; defect; ()
infirmity; ~,
defects
discovered during the guarantee
period; ~ inherent defect;
~ design (structural)
defect; ~ defect that
cannot be eliminated; ~,
discovered defect;
~ hidden/latent defect;
~ obvious defect;
~ correction of defects;
~ correction of defects.

insufficiency; scarcity; shortage;


deficiency; ()
inadequacy; ~ shortage
of evidence; ~ insufficiency
of property.
/
shortage; deficiency; ~ shortage
of cargo; ~ shortage of
property; ~ shortage of goods;
~ declared shortage;
~e statement of shortage;
~ to make up for shortage.

unreliable; unauthentic; uncertain.

uncertified; unverified; unattested.

non-completion; ~ noncompletion of work.

undevised.
/
independence; ~ independence
of judges; ~ to declare
independence.
/
independent; ~
independent policy.

illegally; illegitimately; lawlessly;


wrongfully; ~
illegally obtained property.

illegality, unlawfulness, illegitimacy.


/
illegal; illicit; unlawful; ~
illegal strike; ~
legal malpractice;
~ illegal trade; ~oe
unlawful
invasion of privacy; ~oe

illegal action; ~oe


unlawful detention; ~oe
unlawful assembly; ~oe
unlawful custody; ~oe
illicit cohabitation; ~oe
unlawful dismissal; ~
illegal currency
exchange; ~ drugtrafficking; ~ by illegal
means.
H
unpatented.

unregistered; unrecorded.

unattested; uncertified; unverified;


unwitnessed.

uninsured.

unchartered.

ignorance; ~ voluntary
ignorance; ~ innocent
ignorance; ~ to
plead ignorance of law.

unendorsed.

unincorporated.
/
() default, nonfulfilment, non-execution; nonperformance; non-observance; ~
failure to implement a
budget; ~
default; ~ failure to perform
of a contract; ~ failure to
observe a law; ~ nonfulfilment of an obligation; ~
default on one's
commitments; ~
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wilful default;
~ on default.

( . .) unexecuted;
unperformed.

() non-use.

incorrigible.

fault, failure; ~ failure in


duties.

uncalled; unclaimed; unreclaimed.

neutrality; ~ armed
neutrality; ~ to maintain
neutrality.

neutral.
H
unqualified; unskilled.
/
non-commercial; ~
non-commercial organization.

incompetence.

incompetent; unqualified.

inconvertibility.
/
inconvertible, non-convertible, soft;
~ inconvertible/soft
currency.

substandard, non-standard.

unconstitutionality.
/
unconstitutional; ~ to
hold unconstitutional.

uncontrollable.

insolvency.

insolvent, not creditworthy.

unlegalized, uncertified.

illegal.

unmarketable products; non-liquid


assets.
/
non-material; ~ intangible
thing/thing incorporeal; ~
non-material values.

unreliability; ~
unreliability of evidence.

unreliable; untrustworthy.
/
improper; inappropriate; ~ee
improper execution.

unpunishability.

unpunishable.

accidentally; unintentionally;
inadvertently.

accidental; unintentional; inadvertent.

unheritable.

unnaturalized.

unprovided; unsecured.

unpromulgated.

non-negotiable.

groundlessness; unsoundness.
/
groundless; unsound; untenable; ~oe
groundless accusation.

() unencumbered; free and


clear; uncharged.
/
necessity, need, want; requirement;
~ exigency of war;
~ commercial
necessity; ~ objective
necessity; ~ economic
necessity; ~ for reasons of
necessity; ~ in case of
need.
/
indispensable; necessary; ~oe
indispensable
evidence.

non-obligatory; optional.
/
unlimited; unrestricted; ~
unlimited liability.
:
~ repeated crime.

non-payment; failure to pay.

active; unextinguished; outstanding;


undischarged; unpaid; unredeemed;
unsettled; ~ unpaid goods; ~
unpaid cheque.

unidentified.

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/
conclusive; incontrovertible;
irrefutable; ~oe
conclusive evidence.

() unprotested.
/
incontestable, undisputed,
indisputable, unchallengeable;
irrefutable; ~oe
conclusive evidence.
/
() negligence,
carelessness; imprudence; ~
gross carelessness/reckless act;
~ criminal/culpable
negligence; ~ by negligence.
/
() negligent; careless;
imprudent; incautious; ~oe
careless driving.

uncondemned; unconvicted.

imminence; inevitability; ~
inevitability of the punishment.
/
pressing; urgent; ~ first
aid.

( ..) unrevoked.

inalienability.
/
inalienable; ~e
inalienable rights and
freedoms of man.
/
inalienable; inherent; ~oe
inalienable/inherent right.

informal, unofficial.

non-patentable; unpatentable.

non-payment; default; failure to pay;


default in payment; ~
default on budgetary payments;
~a reason for non-payment;
~a in default of payment.

insolvency, bankruptcy; inability to


pay; ~ insolvency of
partners.
/
insolvent; bankrupt; unsound;
~ to declare bankrupt.

defaulter; ~ tax-evader/tax
defaulter.

disobedience; insubordination;
~ civil disobedience.

non-payment; ~ failure to
redeem bonds.

() unextinguished; undischarged;
unpaid; unredeemed; unsettled.

incorruptibility.

incorrupt; incorruptible.
/
immunity from jurisdiction;
~ challenge of jurisdiction.

immune from the jurisdiction.

insubordination; () contumacy.

failure to cover; ~
failure to cover financial
obligations.

deficiency; ~ deficiency
of intellect/imbecility.

defective; imbecile.

() irreparable.

non-delivery, failure to deliver.

faulty; incorrect; wrong; mistaken.

illegally; unlawfully; wrongfully; ~


misappropriated.

illegality, wrongfulness, unlawfulness;


~ illegality of actions.
/
illegal, unlawful, wrongful; ~oe
misappropriation; ~oe
wrongful dismissal; ~
judicial misconduct.

incompetence; ineligibility;
~ civil incapacity.
/
incompetent, without legal authority,
ineligible; unauthorized; ~oe
unauthorized use.

disability, incapacity, incompetence;


~ civil incapacity.
/
disabled, incapable, incompetent;
~ temporarily incompetent;
~ to disable/to
incapacitate.
/
illegal; unjust; ~oe
miscarriage of justice.

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/
uncontemplated; unforeseen; ~
extraordinary expenses.

failure to provide; ~
failure to provide documentation.
/
unavoidable; ~
unavoidable circumstances.

failure to submit; ~
failure to submit income tax
return.

unintended; unintentional;
unpurposed.
H
() unprovided.

failure to present, non-presentment; ~


non-claim.
/
insurmountable; irresistible; ~
force majeure/act of God.
H
( . .) unfranchised;
unprivileged.

unsuitability; ( ) incapacity.
/
() immunity;
() inviolability;
() integrity; ~
inviolability of residence; ~
inviolability of property; ~
personal privacy; ~
inviolability of the person; ~
immunity of
office; ~ inviolability of
ownership; ~
inviolability of private life;
~ diplomatic

immunity; ~ personal
inviolability; ~
parliamentary immunity;
~ territorial
integrity; ~
deprivation of parliamentary immunity;
~ to
enjoy parliamentary immunity.

non-application; non-use.
/
non-alignment; ~ policy of
non-alignment.
/
non-aligned; ~ non-aligned
countries.

indecency; obscenity.
/
indecent; obscene; ~ obscene
language; ~oe indecent
conduct.

inequality.

unequal; inequitable.

unequal.

non-disclosure.
/
undetected; undisclosed; ~
undetected crime.

uninvestigated.

indissoluble.

unratified; ~ unratified treaty.

unregulated.

unprofitability.

unprofitable, unremunerative.

inviolability; ~ inviolability of
borders.

unauthorized, unapproved.

imbalance, unbalance; ~
imbalance in external
payments; ~ economic
disequilibrium.

irremovability from office; ~


irremovability of judges.

irremovable.

non-observance, non-observing; noncompliance with; non-conformity;


omission to observe; ()
infringement, violation; ~ noncompliance with a statute; ~
non-compliance with
obligations; ~ infringement of
rules; ~ non-observance of the
date; ~ failure to observe
the requirements; ~
non-observance of conditions of the
contract; ~ nonobservance of formalities.

incompatibility; incongruity;
inconsistency.

incompatible, incongruous,
inconsistent; ~
incompatible
with the norms of international law.
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disagreement, non-consent;
~ to indicate one's
disagreement.

non-coordination, non-compliance.

inadequacy; non-conformity;
incompatibility, inconsistency; ~
non-fillfilment of specific
requirements; ~
non-conformity to the contract.

disparity.
/
inconsistency; untenability; insolvency,
failure, bankruptcy; ~
insolvency of a debtor; ~
insolvency of a
legal person; ~
bankruptcy; ~
bankruptcy petition; ~
bankruptcy law; ~
adjudication in bankruptcy.
/
insolvent, bankrupt; ~
insolvent; ~ to file a
bill of bankruptcy; ~ to
declare bankrupt.

unfair; unjust; ~ unjust


sentence.
H
unprovoked.

instability; ~ economic
instability.
/
drunkcn; ~
drunken driving.

/
disability, incapacity to work,
invalidity; ~, a
pensionable disability;
~ temporary inability to
work; ~ permanent
incapacity; ~ partial
invalidity; ~ disability
pension; ~ disability
insurance.

disabled; invalid.

disrespect; ~ contempt of
court.

unlegalized; illegitimate.

non-payment; default of payment;


failure to pay; ~ default on
debts; ~ non-payment of
taxes; ~ default in paying a
fine.
/
unsettled; unregulated; ~e
unregulated differences.
/
() forfeit; penalty, fine;
( )
damages; ~
penalty for nonperformance of an obligation; ~
penalty for late
delivery; ~ heavy penalty;
~ contractual penalty;
~ statutory penalty;
~ fiscal penalty;
~ penal damages; ~y to
pay a fine; ~y
to inflict a penalty; ~
recovery of a contractual sanction;
~ payment of a penalty;

~ amount of a penalty;
~e award about a
penalty; ~ agreement
on a penalty.

instability; ~
instability of the legislative base;
~ economic instability.

shortage, deficit, insufficiency; ~


cash shortage; ~
labour shortage; ~
fuel shortage; ~
energy shortage.
/
absence; ( ) non-attendance;
~ absence from court; ~
default at a trial;

~ judgement
by default.

inferior; lower.

() invalidity; ~
invalidity of a contract.
/
() null and void,
void; ~ void transaction;
~ to declare void.
/
revival; () novation; ~
revival of an agreement;
~ to novate.
HOPM/A
norm, standard; rule; ~
civil standards;
~ norms of civil
law; ~ rules
of international law; ~,
regulation
enforceable in court;
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- ~
administrative rule; ~
operative rule; ~
disciplinary standards;
~ legislative rule;
~ prohibitive rule;
~ imperative norm;
~ conflict rule;
~ legal norms;
~ rules of court;
~ to lay
down legal rules;
operation of
norms of civil law;
violation of norms.

normalization, standardization.

norm, normative, standard;


~ to lay down
standards.

normative, standard; ~ normative


act.

rationing; regulation.

note; ~ diplomatic
note.

notarially; ~ attested
and certified by a notary/authenticated
by a notary; ~ to
attest notarially.
/
notarial; ~ notarially
certified copy; ~ notarial
office; ~oe
notarial attestation/notarization; ~
notarial authentication;
~
authentication of a signature by a

notary; ~ notarial
charges; ~ notarial act.

state notary's office; notariate.

notary; notary public; ~


conveyancer;
~ public
notary/notary public; ~
private notary; ~a notarial
seal; ~ to
confirm by a notary/to notarize.

morality; virtue.

needs, demands;

for state and municipal needs.

to become bankrupt, to go out of


business; to become insolvent; to go
bust.

collapse; ~ price collapse.

false weighing.
/
accusation; charge; inculpation; (
) the prosecution; ~
drug-trafficking
charge; ~
charge of a criminal negligence;
~ countercharge; ~
false charge; ~
unfounded charge; ~
well-grounded charge; ~
formal charge; ~ to arraign
an accusation; ~

to countercharge; ~ to
search a charge; ~
to drop a charge; ~ to deny
a charge; ~ to appear
for the prosecution; ~ to
bring an accusation;
~ to probe a charge;
~ to concoct a charge;
~ to state a charge;
~ dropped charge;
~ witness for the
prosecution; ~ on a charge.
/
prosecutor; counsel for the
prosecution; ~
public prosecutor; ~ private
prosecutor; ~
accusatory pleading.

accusational; accusatory; prosecuting;


prosecutive; ~ indictment;
~ to find/to return
indictment; ~ judgement of
conviction/verdict of guilty.

accused, charged, defendant; ~


judicially charged;
~ charged on inquisition;
~ charged on
indictment.

to accuse of, to charge with, to


prosecute; ~
to accuse of a criminal
negligence; ~
to accuse of a criminal
omission; ~ to
accuse judicially; ~ to
accuse of neglect.

to be accused of; to be charged with;


to be prosecuted.
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/
1. () supply, provision,
procurement; 2. () support,
backing; 3. () pledge, security; ~
ensuring of
the state's security; ~
security in the form of bills;
~ security for a debt; ~
backing of a loan; ~
guaranteed employment; ~
provisional remedy; ~
securing of execution of
treaties; ~ security for a
credit; ~ security for
payment; ~ ensuring
of the right to defence; ~
security for a loan; ~
currency security; ~ cash
cover; ~ collateral
security; - ~
material support; ~
software; ~ real security;
~ social security/social
welfare; ~ insurance cover;
~ judicial security;
~ hardware;
~ financial security;
~ to lend on security;
~ to exercise security;
~ to provide security;
~ to serve as security;
~ without
security or warrant; ~ as
security; ~ on security.

to assure; to guarantee; to secure; ~


to secure
compliance with a commitment; ~
to provide with a defender.

depreciation; ()
devaluation; ~ depreciation of
currency.
/
appeal; ~

administrative appeal;
~,
statutory appeal; ~
without the right of appeal;
~ appealable;
~ procedure for appealing; ~
right of appeal.

to appeal; ~ to appeal
against a judge's decision.
/
raid; round up; ~y to carry
out a raid; ~y to be
rounded up.

() to assess; to impose; ~
to impose a duty; ~
to impose a fine.

possession.

possessor, owner, holder; ~


possessor of a
property right; ~ holder of a
right; ~ title holder.

to have in possession; to possess.

bond holder.
/
bond; debenture; ~
debenture bond; ~
irredeemable
bond; ~ internal
bond; ~ bearer

bond; ~,
debenture bond;
~ interest-free bond;
~ government bond;
~ long-term;
~ registered bond;
~ outstanding bond;
~ collateral bond;
~ negative bond;
~ government
bond; ~ interest-bearing
bond; ~ to issue bonds;
~ to retire
bonds; ~ to redeem bonds.
/
() taxation, assessment,
imposition, levy; ~ taxation of
income; ~ imposition of
taxes; ~ imposition of a
duty; ~ indirect taxation;
~ multiple taxation;
~ liable to a
tax; ~ graduated
taxation; ~
proportional taxation; ~
imposition of customs duties.

deceit, deception; ()
fraud; cheat; ~
consumer fraud; ~
contract fraud;
~ malicious fraud;
~ fraud in law;
~ fraud in fact;
~ to commit a fraud;
~e to catch in a deception;
~ fraudulent
intent; ~ under the
influence of fraud; ~ by
deceit.

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/
fraudulent; ~ by
fraud/fraudulently.

to deceive; to defraud.

exchange; barter; ()
conversion; swap; ~ exchange
of shares; ~ exchange of
currency; ~ exchange of
delegations; ~
e exchange of
diplomatic missions; ~
renewal of documents; ~
conversion of bonds into
stocks; ~ exchange of
patents; ~
exchange of instruments of
ratification; ~
pleadings; ~
exchange of goods; ~
barter; ~ by way of
exchange.

conversion into cash.

disclosure.

promulgate.

impoverishment.

enrichment; ~ illegal
enrichment; ~
unjust enrichment; ~ for
one's own enrichment.

defence; ~ justifiable
defence.

turnover; circulation; ~ stock


turnover; ~ capital turnover;

~ gross turnover;
~ foreign trade
turnover; ~ circulation of
money; ~ payment
transactions; ~ market
turnover; ~ shadow turnover;
~ turnover of commodities;
~ trade turnover; ~a
without recourse; ~ with recourse.
/
reverse; () negotiable;
() current, circulating, floating,
revolving; working; ~
current/working assets; ~
current/working capital.

transfer-ability; ~
transfer-ability of
objects of civil rights.
/
equipment, facilities; machinery;
outfit; ~ emergency
equipment; ~
automated equipment;
~ idle equipment;
~ operative equipment;
~ defective equipment;
~ stand-by equipment;
~ worn-out equipment;
~ short-shipped
equipment; ~
incomplete equipment; ~
outdated equipment; ~
leasing of equipment; ~
delivery of equipment; ~
purchase of equipment; ~ wear
of equipment;
~ improper quality of equipment;
~ short delivery of
equipment.

to equip, to fit out.

reason; foundation; substantiation;


argument; basis; ()
justification; ~
foundation of an appeal; ~
argument in support of
opposition ;~
foundation of evidence; ~
justification of a claim; ~
substantiation of a claim; ~
judgement rationale;
~ legal justification;
- ~ feasibility
study; ~ legal reasoning.

validity, sufficiency; reasonableness,


soundness; () justification;
() relevance; ~
justification of a claim for
damages; ~ validity of a
conclusion; ~ justification of a
complaint; ~ justification of a
claim; ~ constitutional
propriety; ~ validity of a
claim; ~ indirect relevance;
~ direct relevance;
~ ostensible
relevance; ~ causal
relevance; ~ sufficiency
in law.
/
just, justified, valid, reasonable;
sound; sufficient; founded; ~
justified appeal; ~
valid claim; ~oe
valid claim; ~
sound argument; ~
founded in fact; ~
lawfully sufficient;
~ to hold good in law.

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to convert, to turn; ~ to
levy execution; ~ to
appropriate.

to ask; to apply; ~ to go to the


law; ~ to ill-treat.
/
address; appeal; application; ~
execution
upon property; ~ judicial
recourse; ~ humane
treatment; ~ currency;
~ ill-treatment;
~ to recall from
circulation;
~ to be subjected to cruel treatment;
~ nonleviable.
/
() charge; ~ real
obligation; ~ to
exonerate.

() to charge, to encumber;
~ to grant a mortgage; ~
to encumber assets; ~
to grant a charge over
rights.

examination; ()
inspection, survey; ()
investigation, inquiry; ~
credit
investigation; ~
status survey;
~ test survey;
~ medical examination;
~ to do a survey.

to examine; () to
inspect; () to investigate,

to inquire; ~ to examine a
patient.
/
service; servicing; ~
external debt servicing; ~
banking service;
~ free health care;
~ warranty service;
~ municipal services;
~ medical service;
~ technical servicing;
~ transport service;
~ charter service;
~ services industry.

to serve; to service; ~ to
service a car.
/
circumstance; condition; ~a
circumstances of the case; ~
circumstances of a case under a
claim; ~a acts of
God/force majeure;
~a unforeseen circumstances;
~a aggravating
circumstances; ~a
mitigating circumstances;
~ attendant
circumstances; ~
factual circumstances;
~a extraordinary circumstances;
~a to find out the
circumstances;
~a to p lead
justification;
~a to consider attenuating
circumstances;
coincidence of
circumstances; ~ under the
circumstances of the case;
~ due to
circumstances not depending on smb;

by force of
circumstances.

filibustering; obstruction.

() cheat; ~
cheat of consumers.

() to cheat.

() evasion, circumvention; ~
evasion of law.

() to evade, to circumvent, to
bypass.
/
universally received; generally
accepted; ~
generally
accepted norms of international law.
-
injurious to the public; socially
dangerous.
-
socially useful; ~ socially useful
labour.
/
public, social; communal; ~
public safety; ~
communal property;
~oe public benefit; ~oe
public evil; ~oe public place;
~oe public opinion; ~oe
public conduct; ~oe
social position; ~
public peace; ~ social system;
~x on a voluntary basis.
/
society, institution; company; ~
company for
mutual insurance; ~

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unlimited company; ~
limited company;
~ joint-stock company;
~ closed
company; ~ insurance
company; ~ to wind
up a company; ~ to found/to
establish a company; ~
liquidation of a company;
~ founding of a joint-stock company;
~ reorganization of a
company.

common; general; ~
common ownership; ~
general meeting of
shareholders.

community; unanimity; ~
joint cause of action;
~ estate in
the entirety.

association, corporation, union; ~



combining property share
contributions; ~ merger; ~
corporate consolidation;
~ voluntary association;
~ integration;
~ industrial
association; ~ selfsupporting enterprise;
~ business association.

to unite; to unify; to merge.

to unite; to associate; to merge.

object; target; ~ object of


lease; ~
state

and public property; ~


objects of civil rights; ~
object of
trusteeship; ~ object of pledge;
~
object of intellectual property; ~
- object of purchase and
sale; ~ object of
taxation; ~ object of law; ~
target of a crime; ~
object of a transaction.
/
objective; fair; impartial.

volume; amount; size; ()


scope; ~ volume of business;
~ volume of gross
output; ~ volume
of foreign trade; ~
volume of air carriage; ~
volume of money
supply; ~ amount of
indebtedness; ~ amount of
loans; ~ volume of purchases;
~ volume of credit; ~
scope of a licence; ~
scope of
responsibility; ~ scope
of damage; ~ limits of
authority; ~ scope of a
concept; ~ scope of a right; ~
extent of legal aid;
~ scope of a claim; ~
size of a transaction; ~
insurance cover; ~
volume of trade; ~
amount of finance.

announcement; declaration;
() notice; ()
advertisement; ( )
adjudication; ~

announcement of an award;
~
adjudication of disappearance; ~
outlawing; ~ declaration
of war; ~
adjudication of incapacity; ~

adjudication of bankruptcy; ~o
declaring bankruptcy; ~
declaration of
dividends; ~ declaration
of intention; ~
declaration of
insolvency; ~
call for redemption; ~
invitation for
subscription; ~
declaration of
invalidity; ~ invitation for
bids, invitation to tender; ~
declaration
of the poll; ~
declaration of the value of cargo; ~
announcement of
a judgement; ~ declaration
of death.

to proclaim; to declare; to announce;


( ) to adjudge; to
adjudicate; () to
advertise; ~
to declare invalidity
of an award; ~
to adjudicate missing;
~ to outlaw; ~
to declare a meeting closed;
~ to declare a
meeting open; ~ to
declare invalid; ~
to adjudge bankrupt; ~
to declare
expired; ~
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to declare satisfaction of
a petition; ~
to declare a state of
emergency.
/
explanation; interpretation; ~
presentation of a case; ~
pleadings.

usage; ~ commercial
usage/usage of trade.

search; ~,
search based
on a voluntary consent; ~
lawful search; ~ unlawful
search; ~ to conduct a
search; ~ search
warrant/warrant of search.

to search.
O/
() custom, habit;
( ) practice,
convention; usage; ~
customs of trade;
~ banking practice;
~ international custom; ~
local custom; ~
national usage; ~
parliamentary law; ~
custom of a port; ~ trade
custom; ~ to
break local customs; ~ to
observe customs;
~ to respect local customs.
/
usual; customary; ordinary; ~
conventional arms.
/
duty, obligation, liability;
() responsibility; ~

duties of an arbitrator; ~
duties of the parties;
~ civil law duty;
~ contractual duty;
~ official duties;
~ property duties;
~ official duties;
~ to assume a duty;
~ to carry out one's duties;
~ to place under a duty;
~ to be in default;
~ to dispense from a
duty; ~ to
abandon one's duty);
~ to enter upon
one's duties; ~
fulfilment of obligations;
~ failure to perform a
duty.
/
bound; obliged; ~
to be bound by law/to be legally
bound.
/
compulsory; binding; obligatory; ~
statutory share; ~
compulsory jurisdiction;
~ compulsory appearance; ~oe
compulsory insurance;
~
compulsory insurance
of civil liability; ~
binding provisions of the
contract; ~ legally
binding.
/
obligation, liability, commitment; ~a,

commitments arising from contracts;
~a
commitments under international law;
~a commitments

of the parties under a contract; ~


liability of
indemnity; ~
deed of covenant;
~ secondary obligation;
~ alternative
obligation; ~a mutual
obligations; ~ counter
obligation; ~
bond of
indemnity; ~a contractual
obligations; ~ certificate of
indebtedness; ~ longterm obligation; ~
acknowledgement of debt;
~a property
obligations; ~ shortterm obligation; ~ tax
liability; ~a outstanding
liabilities; ~
obligation secured by a pledge;
~ deferred liability;
~ written obligation;
~ payment obligation;
~ legal obligation;
~ lawful commitment;
~ unlawful
commitment; ~ joint
liability; ~ joint and
several obligation; ~
insurance liability; ~
contingent liability; ~
financial obligation; ~ to
take upon oneself a commitment;
~ to lay a commitment;
~ to carry out one's
commitment; ~ to default
one's commitment; ~a
to release from a commitment;
~ to bind a commitment;
~y limitation of
action for an obligation;
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~a performance of an obligation;
~a breach of an obligation;
~a default;
~a
liability for breach of an obligation;
~a payment of an
obligation; ~a
termination of an obligation.

to obligate; to oblige.
/
binding; ~
binding nature of international
law.

overdraft; ~ bank
overdraft.

to announce; to proclaim; to
pronounce; ~ to pronounce a
verdict; ~ to read out a
judgement.

announcement; proclamation;
pronouncement.

1. () to defame; to slander;
2. ( a) to specify;
stipulate; 3. ( ) to
make proviso.

defamation; slander.
/
clause, provision, reserve, reservation;
proviso; qualification; stipulation; ~
average clause; ~

most-favoured-nation clause; ~

contracting-out clause; ~

escape clause; ~

secrecy clause; ~
lien clause; ~

reservation of title; ~
arbitration clause; ~
currency clause; ~ usual
reservation; ~ reciprocal
clause; ~ penalty clause;
~y to make a proviso;
without a reservation;
~ subject to reservations.

burglary; plundering; robbery; ~


safe burglary; ~
office burglary.

governmentalization; ~
governmentalization of economy.
/
restriction, limitation; ~
budget restraint; ~
limitation of rights; ~
legal incapacity; ~
restrictions of activities; ~
restrictions of the access to the
market; ~ restraint of import;
~ liability limitation;
~ circumscription of a right; ~
profit constraint; ~
restraint of liberty; ~ speed
limit; ~ restriction of trade;
~ jurisdictional
restriction; ~ budget
restriction; ~ exchange
restrictions; ~
quantitative restrictions;
~ constitutional
restraints; ~ legal
restraints; ~
specified restraints; ~
judicial restraints; ~
actual restraints; ~

legal restraints; c ~
liberalization of import;
~ liberalization of trade.
/
limited; restricted; restrained; ~
limited liability; ~oe
qualified right.

to limit; to restrict; to restrain.


/
restrictive; ~ restrictive
speed.
/
lonely; solitary; () single; ~
unmarried mother.
/
unilateral; ~ unilateral act; ~
unilateral transaction.
/
approval; ~
approval of an international
treaty; ~
approval by the general
meeting of shareholders; ~
approval by the court; ~ to
get approval.

to approve.

rendering; ~ rendering of
assistance; ~ rendering of
services; ~
giving financial support.

salary; ~,
pensionable
earnings; ~ official
salary; ~ personal
salary.

to calumniate; to defame; to malign;


to slander.
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district; region; ~
constituency/electoral district;
~ circuit.
/:
~ environment;
~ to cause harm to the
environment.

district; county; ~ circuit court; ~


district judge.

recoupment; ~
recoupment of capital investments.

to pay off.

call money; money at call.


/
on call.
/
danger; menace; threat; ()
hazard; ~ danger of
damage; ~ traffic risk;
~ increased danger;
~ potential danger;
~ to be out of danger;
~ to avert danger;
~ to endanger; ~
community danger;
~ source of
increased danger.
/
dangerous; hazardous; risky; ~oe
dangerous
driving.
/
custody, custodianship; guardianship,
trusteeship; tutorage; tutorship; ward;
~
tutorship by nature; ~
guardianship; ~

trusteeship
over minors; ~
tutorship by a will; ~
provisional custody; ~
joint trusteeship; ~y to
place in ward; ~ to
be in smb's custody;
~y to place the
territory under the trusteeship;
~ termination of guardianship;
~ termination of
guardianship; ~ removal of
guardianship; ~
establishment of guardianship.

guardian; custodian; tutor; caretaker;


( ) trustee; ~
custodian by will; ~
testamentary guardian; ~
guardian by appointment of
the court; ~ guardian by
nature; ~ tutor-at-law;
~ appointing a guardian;
~
releasing a guardian
from performance of obligations.

tutorial; ~ board of trustees.

guardianship; custodianship; custody;


trusteeship; ward.

operational; operative; ~
operative
management/administration.
/
operation; () transaction;
~ banking facilities;
~ barter operation;
~ exchange business;
~ currency transactions;
~ foreign trade

transactions; ~
collections operations; ~
mortgaging; ~
commercial transactions;
~ agency operation;
~ clearing transactions;
~ rescue operations;
~ financial facilities;
~ futures transactions;
~ performance of an
operation; ~ making of
an operation.

sealing.

to place under a seal; to seal up.


/
description; ~ technical
manual; ~ to
answer a description; ~ by
description.

inventory; distraint, distrainment,


distress; ~
inventory of attached property;
~ to draw up an inventory.
/
payment, pay; ( )
redemption; ()
reimbursement; ()
remuneration; ~ payment for
shares; ~
payment in foreign currency; ~
prompt payment; ~ repayment
of a debt; ~ payment of
costs; ~ payment of a
commission; ~
utilities payments; ~
overtime pay; ~
payment for labour; ~
payment by a letter of credit;
~ guaranteed
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payment; ~ full payment;
~ progress payment;
~ advance payment,
prepayment; ~ bonus
payment; ~ timely
payment; ~ payment by the
piece; ~ partial pay;
~y to withhold payment;
~ to be due;
~y to suspend
payment; ~ refusal of
payment; ~
procedure for payment for work;
~ form of payment; ~
payable in cash; ~
payable on delivery.

to pay; to remunerate.

false step; oversight; ()


negligence.

to identify.
/
identification; ~ personal
identification; ~ false identity;
~ legal identity;
~ mistaken identity;
~ to present for identification.
/
opposition.

adversary; opponent.

justification; absolution; rehabilitation;


vindication.

excusable; excusatory; exculpatory; ~


acquittal; judgement of
acquittal.

to justify; to acquit; to absolve; to


palliate; ~ to acquit the
innocent.

determination; () evaluation,
assessment; () decision,
ruling; ~ determination of
a guilt; ~ statutory definition;
~
cumulative punishment;
~ o
judgement of dismissal; ~
determination of
responsibility; ~
income tax assessment; ~
determination of
compensation; ~
determination of benefits; ~
loss
assessment; ~ judicial
determination; ~ bail
determination; ~
determination of damage; ~
intermediate judgement; ~
to issue a judicial determination;
~ to come within the
definition.

to define; to designate;
() to determine;
() to specify; ~
to determine a penalty; ~
to determine a penalty; ~
to assess
damages.

to confute; to disprove; () to
retort; ~ to disprove
the defence; ~ to
disprove the prosecution; ~
to disprove the

evidence; ~ to overcome
a presumption.
/
refutation, contradiction; disproof;
~ official contradiction;
~ procedure for refutation;
~ to issue a denial.

inquiry; poll; interrogation;


questioning; ~
field interview; ~
interrogation of witnesses;
~ interrogatories.

publication; ~ publication of a
law; ~
publication of periodic reports.

option; ~ option of
exchange; ~ double option.

experience; ~ collective
experience; ~
commercial experience;
~ accumulated experience;
~ practical experience;
~ previous
experience; ~
production experience;
~ administrative
experience; ~ to use
experience; ~ to
accumulate experience; ~
to share the experience;
~ to gain experience.
/
drunkenness; intoxication; ~
advanced state of
intoxication; ~
voluntary drunkenness;
~ involuntary
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drunkenness; ~ in a
state of alcoholic intoxication.

body, agency, organ; authority; ~


body of
legislative power; ~
body of executive power; ~
body of
local self-government; ~
supervisory body; ~
agency of
guardianship and tutelage; ~
tribunal; ~
social insurance agency;
~ law-enforcement agency;
~ bodies of
state power; ~
administrative body;
~ antimonopoly
agency; ~ court of
appeal; ~ budget
authority; ~ highest body;
~ highest judicial
body; ~ state
agency; ~ executive
body; ~ collegial
body; ~ competent
body; ~ advisory
body; ~ control body;
~ coordinating
body; ~ licensing
body; ~ municipal
bodies; ~
supervisory body; ~
taxation bodies; ~
governmental body;
~ lawenforcement body; ~
investigating authority; ~
judicial body; ~ federal
body; ~ financial body;

~ fiscal body;
~ economic body.

organizer, sponsor.
/
agency; organization; ~
unincorporated
organization; ~ auditing
organization; ~ statefinanced organization;
~ foreign trade
organization; ~ higher
authority; ~ lead agency;
~ commercial
organization; ~ credit
institution; ~
international organization;
~ municipal body;
~ non-commercial
organization; ~
non-governmental organization;
~ subordinate agency;
~ public organization;
~ agency;
~ construction
organization; ~ sales
organization; ~
transport organization;
~ sponsoring
agency; ~ self-sustained
organization.
/
organized; ~
organized crime.

to organize.

order, warrant; ~ warrant of


arrest; ~ warrant of
seizure; ~ warrant of search;
~ bearer warrant;
~ valid

order/warrant; ~
invalid order/warrant; a ~
irregular order/warrant; ~a
issue of a warrant; ~ to serve
a warrant.

instrument; tool; ~
criminal instrument.
/E
arms; weapons; ~ a
mass-destruction
weapons; a ~
bacteriological weapon;
~ firearm; ~ cold weapon;
~ nuclear weapon;
a
a ~ to charge with unlawful
possession of a firearm; a ~
arms supply; ~ trade in
arms.

informant; informer; a ~ secret


informer.

cognizance; knowledge; a ~
judicial cognizance.

examination; inspection; ~
to examine.

to release, to relieve, to acquit; to


discharge; to dismiss; ~
a to
discharge from duty; ~
a to redeem
property; ~ aa
to discharge from office; ~
to exonerate from an
accusation; ~ o to
uncharge; ~ aa to
acquit/to discharge from a
commitment; ~ a to
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exonerate from a surety; ~
a to exempt from taxes.

exemption, release, dismissal,


discharge; ~
discharge of officials; ~ debt
relief; ~ exemption from
taxes; ~ release from
obligations; ~
discharge from responsibility; ~
exemption from payment; ~

exemption from customs duties; ~
relief from a fine;
~ early discharge;
- ~ parole;
~ conditional discharge.

desecration; ~ desecration of
the graves.

to desecrate.

offensive.

insult; affront; ~ assault


and battery; ~ defamation;
~ affront; ~ great
insult; ~ slander;

to insult; to offend; to affront.

inspection, examination; ~

examination of material evidence; ~
damage survey; ~
inspection of premises;~
inspection of
the insured property; ~
sampling inspection; ~
external inspection;
~ preventive

inspection; ~ customs
inspection; ~ to
make an examination of the goods.
OCHOB/A
basis, foundation; ~
fundamental
principles of legislation; ~
basis of a contract; ~
bases of the legal order; ~
basis of an agreement;
~ contractual basis;
~ long-term basis;
~ legal foundation;
~ economic basis;
~y to lay the foundation;
~e to be the basis;
~e on a mutually
advantageous basis;
~e on a contractual basis;
~e on a reciprocal
basis; ~e on a
commission basis.
/
foundation; establishment; ()
ground; cause; reason; ~

reasoning of a judgement; ~
cause for an appeal; ~
cause for a complaint; ~
cause for disqualification; ~
basis of refusal; ~
cause for an
action; ~
cause for nullity; ~
cause for a divorce; ~
basis for
liquidation of a company;
~ sufficient ground; ~
statutory ground; ~ legal
ground; ~ legal ground;
~ to act with
the authority of law; ~

on the basis of a power


of attorney; ~ on the basis
of a law; ~ on
the basis of a judgement.
/O
basic; fundamental; underlying;
primary; principal; ~
operative part of a treaty; ~
principal contract; ~
principal debtor; ~ basic suit; ~
fundamental law; ~
fundamental
rights and duties of citizens; ~
fundamental freedoms; ~
fixed assets; ~
fundamental conditions of
delivery.
/
particular; peculiar; special; ~oe
special opinion; ~oe
special proceeding.

conscience; consciousness.

dispute; challenge; ~ dispute


of a contract; ~ dispute of a
patent.

to dispute; to challenge; ~
to challenge legally; ~ to
challenge a claim; ~ to contest
a patent right; ~ to contest a
right; ~ to impeach a
transaction.

challengeability, challenge; voidability;


~ challenge of
identification; ~ ,
invalidity
of a transaction concluded under the
influence of an error.
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challengeable; voidable.
OCTAT/OK
remainder; balance; ~
outstanding debt; ~ residue of
the term ; ~ to return the
remainder.

to adjudicate; to accuse; to charge; to


condemn; to convict; ~
to convict the wrong man.

() conviction; condemnation;
~ reconviction; ~
suspended sentence/probation.

convict; convicted criminal; ~,


convict at
large; ~
convicted of drug possession.

execution; fulfilment; implementation;


exercise; ( ) enforcement; ~
exercise of civil
rights; ~
c exercise of discipline; ~
fulfilment of a contract; ~
exercise of control; ~
administration of justice;
~
execution of
entrepreneurial activity.

to execute; to fulfil; to implement; to


realize; to exercise; ~
to exercise appellate
jurisdiction; ~ to exercise one's
right; ~ to exercise
justice.

to serve; ~ to serve a
sentence.

to reject; to repulse; to refuse; ~


to repudiate a charge.

answer, reply; response; ~


replication; ~
answer to a request;
~ official reply;
~e to be responsible; ~ to give
an answer; ~ to receive an
answer; ~y to call to
account.
/
responsibility; liability; accountability;
~ contractual liability;
~ statutory liability; ~
liability
of a guarantor to a beneficiary; ~

liability of a trustee; ~
responsibility of officials; ~
,
liability for harm caused by
a means of transport; ~
liability for actions; ~
liability of a pledger; ~
liability of a pledgee;
~ liability of
infringement; ~
liability for
violation of obligations for carriage; ~

liability for violation of times of
execution of work; ~

liability for
violation of requirements of the law on
environmental protection; ~

liability for nonperformance of a monetary obligation;
~

responsibility for
inadequate execution of an obligation;
~
liability for failure to protect property;
~ responsibility for
damage; ~
liability for overdue payment of
rent; ~ liability for
damages; ~ liability for
damage; ~
liabilities to creditors; ~
third party liability; ~
liability for debts; ~
amenability in respect of a suit; ~
liability for
obligations; ~
liability for
the obligations of a joint-stock
company; ~
liability for the
obligations of a legal person; ~
liability for carriage; ~
liability of a surety; ~
liability for transactions; ~
successor liability; ~
liability of the parties;
~ management
responsibility; ~
secondary liability; ~
outright liability; ~ civil
iability; - ~ civil
liability; ~ pecuniary
liability; ~
disciplinary responsibility;
~ property liability;
~ personal responsibility;
~ material
accountability; ~ limited
liability; ~ personal
responsibility; ~
increased responsibility;
~ professional
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responsibility; ~ joint
responsibility; ~ joint and
several liability; ~
subsidiary liability; ~
financial liability; ~ legal
liability; ~ to take upon
oneself responsibility;
~ to entail a liability; ~ to
lay responsibility; e ~ to bear
no responsibility; ~ to bear
responsibility; ~ to be
liable in damages; ~
to be liable on a contract;
~ to exempt from a
liability; ~ to shift
responsibility; ~ to call
to account; ~ to evade
responsibility; ~
exemption from a liability;
~ within personal responsibility;
~ distribution of
liability; ~

distributing liability in proportion to
contributions; ~
degree and character of responsibility;
~
insurance of the risk
of liability for obligations;
~ increase in liability;
~ conditions of
subsidiary liability;
~ with limited liability.

defendant; ~ defendant in
court; ~ appellee; ~
defendant in a law suit;
~ statement of the
defence; ~ acquitted
defendant; ~ to be a
defendant in court; ~a
to obligate

the defendant to terminate activity;


~a
to obligate the defendant
to suspend activity.

to answer; to reply; to be in charge; to


be liable/responsible; ~
to comply with law.

diversion; ~
diversion of circulating assets; ~

diversion of natural economic
resources.

challenge; objection; ~
challenge to an arbitrator; ~
peremptory
challenge; ~ objection to
a juror; ~
principle challenge; ~
challenge of a witness; ~
challenge to a judge;
~ challenge for cause; ~ to
file an objection;
~ to resolve a challenge;
~ to sustain a
challenge.

excuse; pretext.

to ship; to dispatch.
/
shipment; ~ shipment
under a contract; ~
shipment of a consignment of goods; ~
shipment of goods;
~ delayed shipment;
~ immediate shipment;
~ overdue shipment;
~ express shipment;
~ partial shipment;

~ to cancel shipment;
~ to suspend
shipment; ~ delay in
shipment; ~ port of shipment;
~ completion of shipping
documents; ~e
instructions on shipment.

( . .) return; (
) payoff.

department; division; office; bureau; ~


delivery department; ~

registry office; ~
criminal department; ~

economic crimes department; ~
sales department; ~ supply
department.

1. () division; section;
department; () branch; 2.
() separation; secession; ~
branch bank; ~ branch;
branch office.

() revocation; recall;
( )
countermand; () judgement;
opinion; ~ recall of a
letter of credit; ~ revocation
of an acceptance; ~
withdrawal of a bill; ~ recall
of a deputy; ~
withdrawal of a power of attorney; ~
recall of a document; ~
withdrawal of an application; ~
withdrawal of an action; ~
recall of a licence; ~
revocation of an offer; ~
withdrawal of authority; ~ recall
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of a judge; ~ revocation of a
cheque; ~y to be subject to
recall.

to recall; to revoke; to withdraw; ~


to
recall a diplomatic representative; ~
to revoke authority; ~
to recall a judge.

() rejection; declining;
refusal; () withdrawal;
(, ) denial;
dismissal; abandonment, waiver;
() denunciation; ~
dismissal of a
licence; ~ refusal of
a patent; ~
refusal to pay out monetary
funds; ~
refusal of state
registration; ~ dismissal of a
claim; ~ refusal of
payment of a cheque; ~
dismissal of
review; ~ refusal of
payment; ~
refusal of a loan; ~
refusal of registration; ~
dismissal
of appeal; ~
refusal to satisfy the
claims; ~ refusal to
compensate; ~
renunciation of
fulfilment of an obligation; ~
refusal to
give evidence; ~
repudiation of a contract; ~
waiver of immunity; ~
withdrawal of a suit; ~
renunciation of succession

by an heir; ~
conscientious objection; ~
denial of a liability; ~
~ renunciation of
a legal title; ~
non-acceptance; ~
relinquishment of property;
~ voluntary
abandonment; ~
testamentary refusal;
~ motivated refusal;
~ unfounded refusal;
~ justified refusal;
unilateral refusal;
~
statutory disclaimer; ~e
to declare one's refusal; ~a
grounds for refusal; ~a cause
for rejection; ~e
decision to dismiss an action.

to refuse; to reject; to withdraw; to


deny; ( ..) to abandon; to
disclaim; waive; () to
denounce; ~ to withdraw
from a contract; ~ to
waive immunity; ~ to
renounce succession as an heir; ~
to deny iability; ~
to deny a liability; ~
to waive one's
right of appeal; ~
to waive a jury trial;
~ to abandon a
case.

1. to defer; to adjourn; to delay; to


postpone; to suspend; 2. () to
save; to reserve; ~ to
adjourn the court; ~ e to defer
payments.

() refusal, rejection; denial;


dismissal; non-acceptance;
( ) deviation,
diversion; divergence; (
) digression; ~
dismissal of an appeal; ~
rejection of a bill; ~
dismissal of a claim; ~
rejection of a cassation; ~
rejection of an offer; ~
rejection of a claim; ~
refusal of a petition.

to dismiss; to refuse; to deny; to


reject; ~ to dismiss an
appeal; ~ to refuse an
application; ~ to dismiss a claim;
~ to vote down an
amendment; ~ to dismiss a
claim.

1. to open; to start; 2.
() to disclose; to reveal;
3. (, . .) to
establish; to set up.

1. opening; beginning;
commencement; 2. (,
) establishment; setting up;
starting;~ opening of a
letter of credit; ~ opening of
an auction; ~
opening of a bank account; ~
commencement of
inheritance; ~
opening of a business; ~
opening of a
representative office; ~
opening session; ~
opening of court
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-
proceedings; ~ opening of an
account; ~ opening of tenders.
/
open; overt; ~oe
open joint-stock company;
~oe open court;
~oe public
trial.

cancellation, annulment, revocation;


abolition, abrogation; waiver; ~
withdrawal of an
attachment; ~
abolition of currency restrictions; ~
cancellation of a penalty; ~
revocation of a power of
attorney; ~ revocation of a
will; ~ cancellation of an order;
~ abolition of a law; ~
suspension of privileges; ~
abolition of a tax; ~
cancellation of an order; ~
abolition of privileges; ~
cancellation of a sanction; ~
reversal of a judgement; ~
lifting of trade
barriers.

to quash; to cancel; to abolish; to


annul; to revoke; to withdraw; ~
to set aside an
award; ~ to revoke a
power of attorney; ~ to
revoke a will; ~ to
reverse a judgement.
OTMETK/A
notation; () mark; ~
notation on refusal of payment;
~ note of registration;
~ to make a notation.

/
laundering; ~ laundering of
money.

to launder; ~ to launder
money.
/
attitude; treatment; relation;
relationship; ~
administrative relations;
~ mutually
beneficial relations; ~
bilateral relations; ~
business relations; ~
fiduciary relations; ~
contractual relations;
~ property relations;
~ competitive relationship;
~ international
relations; ~ tax relations;
~ legal relations;
~ blood relations;
- ~ commodity
monetary relations; ~ trade
relations; ~ labour
relations; ~ financial
relations; - ~ to
enter into relations; ~
to maintain relations; ~ to
develop relations; ~ to
break off relations; ~
to regulate relations;
~x to be in contractual
relations; ~ as for/with regard to/in
relation to.

sender; (a) shipper, consigner;


( ) remitter.
/
sending, dispatch; forwarding;
shipment; shipping; ~
air freight shipment;

~ containerized
shipment; ~ shipment by sea;
~ shipment on
consignment; ~
dispatch by railway; ~
mailing; ~ prompt
shipment; ~y to ship/to
dispatch.

1. departure; 2. ()
exercise, performance; administration;
~
administration of arbitration; ~
exercise of duties; ~
administration of justice;
~
legal obstruction.

to dispatch; to send; to ship;


() to administer; ~
to perform
religious rites.

leave; holiday; vacation; ~


leave without
pay; ~
leave for pregnancy and childbirth;
~ administrative
leave; ~ maternity leave;
~ unused leave;
~ paid leave;
~ annual leave; ~ to
take a leave; ~ to
grant a leave.

holiday pay.

intoxication; poisoning; ~
alcoholic intoxication; ~ acute
poisoning.

to poison.
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denial; negation; ~
general denial.

to deny; to negate.

monitoring, tracking; ~
auditor trail.

() to postpone, to defer;
() to prolong, to extend.
/
postponement, delay; deferral;
deferment; ~ deferral of
payment; ~
postponement of performance of an
obligation; ~
suspension of execution; ~
respite of a penalty; ~
tax deferral; ~
tax deferral ; ~
deferment of
payment of arrears; ~

delay of the sale of pledged
property; ~ further delay;
~ rejournment;
~ to obtain a
stay of execution; ~y
to grant a deferred payment;
~e
to grant a stay
of execution.
/
resignation; dismissal; discharge;
~e to offer
one's resignation; ~y to
accept smb's resignation.

( ) dismissal, discharge,
removal; () suspension; ~


legal removal.
OTCTPAH
( ) to dismiss, to
discharge; to remove from office;
() to suspend.

1. ( -) recession;
abandonment; 2. ()
deviation; departure; ~
recession from a contract; ~
departure from instructions;
~ deviation from
the terms of a contract.
/,
compensation; cancellation penalty;
smart money; ~ amount of
smart money; ~ as a
cancellation penalty/as smart money.
/
1. absence; 2. () deficit; lack,
want; non-availability; shortage; ~

absence of a crime in the act; ~
lack of
funds; ~
unenforceability; ~
absence of breaches of a
contract; ~ lack of
authority; ~ in the absence;
~ in the absence of
instructions.

to send; to dispatch; to forward.

dispatch; forwarding; shipment.

outflow; ~ outflow of
currency; ~ flow of
capital abroad.

waste; ~ domestic waste;


~ harmful waste;
~ industrial waste;
~ radioactive waste;
~ toxic waste.

patricide.

patricide.

paternity; ~ to affiliate.

account, report; record; statement; ~


report on the activity;
~ audit report;
~ balance sheet;
~ accounting report;
~ annual report;
~ quarterly report;
~ interim report;
~ consolidated report;
~ verbatim record;
~ financial statement;
~ to give an account.
/
accounts; reporting; ~
financial statements;
~ annual financial
reporting; ~ tax reporting;
~ periodic reporting;
~ fraudulent
financial reporting; ~
financial reporting.

stepfather.
/
allocation, assignment; allotment; ~
payments to the budget; ~
transfer to the fund
of an enterprise; ~
provision for taxation.
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to account; to report.

alienability.

alienable; ( )
negotiable.

alienator; assignor.

to alienate; to estrange; to
expropriate.
/
() alienation; disposition;
estrangement; transfer;
() condemnation;
confiscation, expropriation; ~
foreclosure; ~
strict
foreclosure; ~
alienation of a land plot; ~
alienation of property; ~
alienation of immovable
property; ~ alienation for
compensation; ~ illicit
alienation; ~
compulsory p
urchase/condemnation/confiscation;
~ deed of conveyance; ,
~ alienee;
~ alienation clause.

aggravation; ~ aggravation of a
guilt.

offerer; offeror.
/
offer, offering; tender; ~
public offer; ~y to address
an offer; ~ to accept an
offer; ~ to reject an offer;
~ to revoke an offer;

~ to make an offer;
~ offeree; ~ acceptance of
an offer; ~
irrevocability of an offer;
~ lapse of an offer; ~
revocation of an offer; ~
terms and conditions of an offer.
/
formal; official; ~oe official
statement; ~oe formal
notice; ~ official
exchange rate; ~ official visit; ~
official representative.

execution, issuance; drawing up;


() registration; ~
execution; ~
making up of an order; ~
execution of an application; ~
formalization of
a collection operation; ~
notarization; ~ written
execution; ~ customs
clearance.

to execute; to registrate.
/
protection, security; safeguard;
safeguarding; () guard;
guarding; ~
protection of life and health; ~
health protection; ~
protection of property; ~
protection of interests; ~

protection of confidentiality of
information; ~ protection
of motherhood; ~
protection of
personal and property rights; ~
maintenance
of a public order; ~

protection of the environment;


~ protection of rights; ~
consumer protection; ~
protection of nature; ~
custody of property; ~
protection of labour.

security; guard.

to guard; to protect; to safeguard.


/
appraisal, evaluation, rating, valuation;
~ valuation of assets, asset
pricing; ~ evaluation of a
contribution; ~ assessment of
cargo; ~ evaluation of
evidence; ~ appraisal of
property; ~
evaluation of patentability; ~
evaluation of
solvency; ~ evaluation of
experts' findings; ~
accounting valuation; ~
monetary evaluation; ~
overestimation; ~
cadastral evaluation; ~
impartial assessment; ~
official estimate; ~ wrong
estimate; ~
preliminary estimate; ~
insurance valuation; ~ to
evaluate/to assess; ~ to
make a valuation; ~ appraisal
report.

appraiser; ~ evaluator
of immovable property; ~
general appraiser.

eyewitness.

apparent; obvious; evident.


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-
/
priority; order of priority; sequence,
ranking; ~
priority of debts; ~ order of
payments; ~
ranking of claims; ~
order of satisfaction of
claims; ~ in order of
priority.
/:
~ confrontation;
~ to confront.

to be at fault; to make an error.


/
error, mistake; blunder; ()
inaccuracy; () fault; ~
accounting
error; ~, culpable
error; ~ error of law; ~
error in rem; ~
error in calculation; ~
error in a judgement; ~
error in a fact; ~,

reversible error; ~
permissible error; ~
corrigible fault; ~
medical blunder; ~
irretrievable mistake; ~
error of law; ~ error of a
law; ~ substantial
error; ~ actual error;
~ formal error;
~ ignorance of law;
~ to make an error;
~ to admit;
~ to
consider a judicial error; ~
to correct an error.

mistaken; erroneous; faulty.

(~)
/

share, stake, interest; ~


interest in shares; ~
initial share; ~ transfer of a
share; ~ right to
receive a share; ~ to
pleadge interest in shares.
packet, parcel, () block;
~ controlling
block of shares; ~
financial package;
~ to have a
controlling interest.

covenant; pact; ~ nonaggression pact.

( ) house;
chamber; () house;
chamber; office;
~ banker's clearing house;
~ ward;
() ~ higher chamber;
~ lower chamber; ~
chamber of commerce; chamber of commerce
and industry.

executioner; hangman.

initialling; ~ initialling of a
contract.

to initial.

bet; wager; ~ to lay a bet;


to wager.

parity, par, par value; ~ to


upset parity; ~ to
maintain parity.

parliament; ~
bicameral parliament;
~ unicameral parliament;
~ federal parliament;
~a meeting (session) of
parliament; ~a member of
parliament; ~ to dissolve
parliament; ~ to convene
parliament.

parliamentarian.
/
parliamentary; ~
parliamentary commission; ~
parliamentary
immunity; ~ interpellation;
~oe parliamentary
majority.

1. () party; 2. ()
batch; consignment; parcel;
installment; lot; (
) shipment; ~
seized consignment; ~
ruling party.

partner; associate; companion; (no



) cotrustee; ~ c

limited partner; ~ business
partner; ~ equal
partners; ~ trading partner.

partnership; ~ limited
partnership; ~ trading
partnership.
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passport; () certificate;
~ foreign passport;
~ expired passport;
~ service passport;
~ technical certificate;
~a passport number; ~
to issue a passport.

stepchild; stepson.

patent; ~ letter of
denization; ~ patent
on an invention; ~
cancelled patent; ~ granted
patent; ~ valid
patent; ~ foreign patent;
~ invalid patent;
~ incontestable patent;
~ home patent;
~ contestable patent;
~ void patent;
~ax patent law; ~ patent
protection; ~ patent
application; ~
invalidity of a patent.

patentee; patent holder.

cartridge; () boss; ~
service cartridge.

patronage; ~ under patronage.

patrol; patrolling; ~ to
patrol.

to be on patrol; to patrol.

patrol; ~ police patrol.


/
patrolling; ~ patrol car.

penitentiary.

pensioner.

pension; ~ pension fund.


/
pension; ~ long service
pension; ~ disability
pension; ~ old age
pension; ~ individual
pension;
~ power of attorney for the receipt of
a pension; ~ to retire;
~ to index pensions;
~ to pension off.
/
fine, penalty; ~ to
charge a fine; ~ to write
off a fine.

1. () remittance; 2. (
) transfer; ~

transfer of funds by
forged cheques; ~
transfer of a debt to another
person; ~ transfer of rights; ~
transfer of rights
and obligations; ~
transfer of the rights of
the creditor to another person;
~ banker's transfer;
~ postal money
transfer; ~ cable
transfer; ~ in terms of
dollars.

() to transfer;
() to convert.

transferable; ~ transferable
bill of exchange; ~ transferable
cheque.

remitter.

payee; remittee.
/
carriage; transportation; conveyance;
haul; shipment; shipping; ~
carriage by road; ~
cargo carriage; ~
passenger transportation;
~ air transportation;
~ carriage of goods
by rail; ~
containerized shipping;
~ international
carriage; ~ carriage of goods
by sea; ~ mixed carriage;
~ carriage by land;
~ traffic in transit;
~ terms of carriage;
~ transportation services;
~ to pay carriage;
~ to handle
transportation; ~
to pay for carriage of cargo.

carrier; ~ contractual
carrier; ~ air carrier;
~ sea carrier; ~
overland carrier; ~
common carrier; ~
actual carrier; ~ private
carrier.

reequipment, retooling.

revolution; upheaval;
~ coup d'etat.
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re-elections; ~ to hold reelections.


/
negotiations; talks; ~
high-level negotiations/summit
talks; ~ disarmament
negotiations; ~
negotiations on a wide range
of issues; ~ bilateral
negotiations; ~
diplomatic negotiations; ~
backstage talks; ~ peace
talks; ~ multilateral
talks; ~ official
negotiations; ~ stage-bystage negotiations;
~ preliminaries; ~
forthcoming negotiations;
~ lengthy talks;
~ trade negotiations;
~ completion of
negotiations ; ~ outcome of
negotiations; ~ protocol of
negotiations; ~ to carry on
negotiations; ~ to enter
into negotiations; ~ to
complete negotiations; ~
to cancel negotiations.
AT
to pass; to hand over; (,
) to assign; to transfer; ~
to refer a case to the court; ~
to delegate one's
authority; ~ to assign
property; transfer ownership.
/
transfer; passing; handing over;
() assignment;
conveyance; ~ transfer of
assets; ~ transfer of shares (of
stocks); ~ transfer of

possession; ~
transfer of property to
a third party; ~
transfer of mortgage; ~
assignment of interest; ~
conveyance of title; ~
submission of a dispute to
arbitration; ~ transfer of
technology; ~
gratuitous assignment; ~
not transferable.
/
assignment; transfer; ,
~ power of
attorney issued by way of transfer of
powers; ~ procedure for
transfer of a power of attorney;
~ by way of transfer of
powers.

to transfer the trust; to delegate.

repawning; repledging;
rehypothecation.

to repawn, to repledge.

to re-elect.

re-election; ~ re-eligibility.
/
movement; () transfer,
transference; ~ capital
transfer; ~ shift
of the taxation burden;
~ limitations on the movement.

armistice; truce; ~ to
conclude an armistice.

transfer rental; transfer of lease.

transfer, transference; postponement;


~ postponement of time.

restructuring; prolongation; ~
debt restructuring; ~
prolongation of a loan; ~
conveyance of
property.

revaluation; reassessment;
( ) overestimate; ~
revaluation of deposits; ~

reappraisal of the insured property.
/
correspondence; ~ business
correspondence; ~
diplomatic correspondence; ~
private correspondence;
~
interdepartmental correspondence;
~ privacy of correspondence;
~y to conduct correspondence.

to resell.

sale; ~
factoring.

reapportionment; ~
redistribution of assets; ~
redistribution of income.

to reapportion.

overspending; overexpenditure; ~

overspending of the wages fund.

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recalculation; ()
reappraisal; ~ to perform
recalculation.

settler; emigrant; immigrant; migrant.

immigration; migration; resettlement.

to reconsider; to review; ~ to
reconsider a case; ~ to
reconsider a decision.

reconsideration; review; revision; ~


revision of an
arbitral award; ~ ( )
reconsideration of a case; ~
revision of
prohibitive duties; ~
debt
rescheduling; ~
reconsideration of a judgement.
/
reassurance; reinsurance; ~
property reinsurance;
~ contract of reinsurance.

to reassure; to reinsure.

recalculation; ()
conversion; rate; ~ conversion
of currency; ~e in terms
of dollars.

transfer; remittance; forwarding; ~


remittance of money
through a bank.

to assign; to cede.
/
() cession; assignment;
transfer; ~ assignment

clause; ~ assignment of a
contract; ~ transfer of
liabilities; ~ assignment of a
right; ~ absolute
assignment.

taking inventory; ()
rediscount; ~ rediscount of a
bill.

() devolution; transfer; ~


foreclosure; ~
transfer of ownership; ~
transfer of
rights of a creditor to another person;
~
transfer of a risk of damage or loss.

list; ~ list of debts; ~


order list; ~ list of expenses; ~
list of assets; ~
tax book; ~ list of
obligations; ~ list of services.

( ) transfer; remittance;
~ transfer of
monetary funds; ~ transfer
of payments; ~ cashless
transfer of funds.

period; term; time; ~


payment period; ~
period allowed for
appealing; ~ period of
guarantee; ~ contract
period; ~ trial period.

perusal; opening and inspection of


correspondence.

personnel; staff; ~
administrative personnel;
~ diplomatic
personnel; ~
auxiliary personnel; ~
operating personnel;
~ executive personnel.
/
petition; ~ to present a
petition.
/
seal; ~ departmental
stamp; ~ official stamp;
~ state seal;
~ seal of an office;
~ official seal;
~ forged seal;
~ placing of a seal; ~ under a
seal.

pedestrian.

destrian.

picket.

picketing.

picketer.

pirate.

piracy; ~ air piracy.

letter; ~ letter of
commitment; ~ business
letter; ~ acknowledgement of
debt; ~ registered letter;
~ letter of deposit;
~ confidential
letter; ~ official letter;
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-
~ letter of
introduction; ~
cover letter; ~ letter
of advice; ~ insured letter;
~ circular letter;
~ to send a letter.

plagiarism; plagiary.

plagiarist; plagiary.

plan; programme; ()
schedule; ~ budget
programme; ~ buy~ out plan;
~ state plan.

pay; payment; ~ charge


for delivery; ~ tuition fee;
~ fare; ~ hire; ~
reduced charge;
~ payment according to the
tariff; ~ lumpsum
payment; ~ rent;
~ pay.

payment; settlement; ~
payment in advance; ~
payment on a clearing basis;
~ additional
payment; ~ to defer
payment; ~ to obtain
payment; ~y to present
for payment; ~ to
default; ~ to make
payment.

ability to pay; paying capacity;


solvency; ~ capacity of a bank
to meet its liabilities.

able to pay; solvent.

/
payment; ~ pay-roll; ~oe
payment commitment;
~oe payment commission;
~oe means of payment; ~
payment document;
~ payment transactions.

payer; ~ taxpayer.

to pay; ~ to pay on time; ~


to pay in cash; ~
to meet one's
obligations; ~ to settle the
account; ~ to pay through
a bank.

plebiscite; ~ to hold a
plebiscite.

captivity; ~ captive.
/
seal; ~ customs seal;
~y to place a seal.

beating; ~ to take a beating.


/
behavior; conduct; ~,
disorderly
behaviour; ~ proper
behaviour; ~ indecent
behaviour; ~
unlawful behaviour.

agent; attorney, procurator, proxy,


solicitor; ~ charge d'affaires;
~ attorney at law.
/
notice; notification; subpoena;
summons; writ; ~ agenda; ~

subpoena/summons/writ;

~ interim
agenda; ~
revised agenda; ~y to serve a
notice; ~ to remove
from the agenda.

duty; obligation; service.

to obey.

obedience.

damage; harm; impairment; injury;


defect; failure; fault; ~ damage
to the cargo; ~ actual
bodily harm ; ~
grave bodily harm.

insurgent.

( ) promotion; rise,
increase; ~ increase in
earnings; ~
improvement of the standard of living;
~ increase in wages; ~
rise in the exchange
rate; ~ tax increase;
~ to be promoted; to get a
promotion.

repayment; paying off, discharge,


settlement, redemption; ~
repayment of a debt; ~
redemption of a loan; ~ credit
repayment; ~
settlement of liabilities.

frontier guard.
/
boundary; frontier; ~ frontier
zone; ~ boundary regime.
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/
loading; shipment; ~ early
of time loading; ~
loading in containers;
~y to load; ~y to
terminate loading.

( . .) to file; to make; to
present; ~ to file an
appeal; ~ to file a request; ~
to file an application; ~
to file a claim.

suppression; repression.

to suppress; to repress.
/
( . .) presentation, filing;
() supply, provision; ~
filing an
appeal; ~ lodgement of a
complaint; ~ a filing of a claim; ~
submission of a cassation; ~
submission of
a tax declaration; ~
submission of a proposal.
AT
to subject; to expose; to submit; ~
to impose a penalty; ~
to expose to danger.

to be subjected; to be exposed; to be
submitted; ~ ,
to be
subjected to a cruel and inhuman
treatment; ~ to be
subjected to a penalty; ~ to
be exposed to danger; ~

to be
subjected to arbitrary interference with

one's privacy or family; ~ to


be subject to a fine.

jurisdiction; ~ jurisdiction over


cases.

preparation; () training;
~ drafting of a bill; ~
report preparation; ~
preparation of a draft
contract; ~ legal and
regulatory preparation.

citizen; subject; ~
natural-born citizen.

citizenship; nationality.

forgery; counterfeit; falsification; fake;


~ forgery of bank notes; ~
forgery of bills; ~
forgery of documents; ~
counterfeiting of smb's
handwriting; ~ falsification of an
account; ~ false
marking; ~ forgery of
securities; ~ forgery of a cheque;
~y to discover a forgery.

to counterfeit; to fake; to forge; ~


to fabricate a will; ~
to counterfeit a signature.

counterfeit; fabricated; false.

to back up; to support; to maintain; ~


to keep discipline; ~
to sustain a claim.
/
backing; support; aid; promotion; ~
support of small
business; ~

support of small
enterprise; ~ budgetary
support; ~ state
backing; ~ credit backing;
~ material support;
~ to give support;
~ to enjoy support.

bylaw; ~ executive order.

defendant.

bribery; graft; (

) embracery; ~
bribery of officials;
~ judicial bribery.

to bribe; (
) to
embrace.

to be liable; to be subject; ~
to be repayable; ~
to be assessable; ~
to be dutiable;
~ to be subject
to judicial control.

liable; subject; ~
administratively
liable; ~ returnable; ~
liable to penalty; ~
civilly liable; ~
litigious;
~ liable to a fine; ~
unappealable; ~
non-transferable.

original; script.
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/
authenticity; genuineness; identity; ~
authenticity of a document;
~ genuineness of a signature;
~ authenticity of a cheque;
~ to attest a
signature; ceoe ~
legal identity.

authentic; genuine; original; ~


authentic document.

forgery; falsification; fake; sham;


~ to discover a
counterfeit; ~ to commit a
forgery.

false, forged, counterfeit, sham; ~


forged document.

subdemise; sublease; subrental;


subtenancy; underlease; ~
to sublease/to underlet.

supposed criminal; suspect; suspected


person.

to suspect; ~
to suspect of a crime.
E
suspicion; ~ reasonable
suspicion.

() ward;
() trust;

~ trust management
of the property of a ward.

accountability; ~ legal
accountability.

/
accountable; ~ - to
be accountable to.

to come, to fall; ~
to come within the purview/the
operation of law; ~
to come within the jurisdiction.
/
signature; signing; ~ signing of
an act; ~ signing of a
contract; ~ signing of a
protocol; ~ signing of an
agreement; ~ to
proceed to signature; ~
protocol of signature; ~
signing ceremony.
/
subscription; () bond;
( )
recognizance; ~ subscription
to shares; ~ subscription to a
loan; ~ recognizance not
to leave; ~ open
subscription; ~ public
offering; ~y to offer for
subscription.

subscriber; ~ subscriber for


shares; ~ subscriber to a loan.

to sign; to undersign.

( -) to subscribe; (
) to sign; to undersign;
( ) to
countersign; ~ to subscribe
to the shares; ~ -
to sign on behalf of smb.
/
signature; ~
authorized signature; ~

signature by proxy;
~ attested signature;
~
signature authenticated by a notary;
~ forged signature;
~ authentic signature;
~ own signature;
~ authenticated
signature; ~ facsimile
signature; ~ to attest a
signature; ~ to
counterfeit a signature;
~ to countersign; ~ signed.

to assume; to imply; to presume; to


suppose.
/
detail; particular; ~
bill of
particulars.

() to discredit; to
damage; ~ to damage
smb's reputation.

contract; ~ team contract;


~ general contract;
~ government
contract; ~ building
agreement; ~ to contract;
~ to win a contract;
~a on contract terms.

contractor; contract holder, builder;


~ associate contractor;
~ general contractor;
~ independent
contractor; ~a to select a
contractor;
~a act in the role of
general contractor.
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person under investigation.

eavesdropping; (
) bugging;
~ legal eavesdropping;
~ illegal eavesdropping.

false; ~ false witness.

inciter; incendiary; instigator.

incitement; instigation; ~
subornation of
perjury; ~
seduction from duty.

to incite; to induce; to instigate.


/
defendant; the accused; ~,
prisoner on
bail;
~ to appear for the
defendant;
~ to appear in the dock.

gnizance; judicial jurisdiction;


() suability; ~
condition of being
arbitrable; ~ -
matrimonial jurisdiction; ~
jurisdiction of the court of
domicile; ~
administrative jurisdiction;
~ concurrent
jurisdiction; ~ voluntary
jurisdiction; ~ contractual
jurisdiction; ~ jurisdiction
in rem; ~ territorial
jurisdiction.

subject to jurisdiction; amenable;


cognizable; triable; ~
under the jurisdiction of
the courts of general jurisdiction; ~
amenable to a tribunal.

counting; calculation; estimation; ~


counting of votes;
~y by estimate.

falsified, juggled.

falsification; manipulation; garbling; ~


ballotrigging.; abuse of figures ~
(, .. ).

to affirm; to confirm; to sustain; ~


to confirm the price.

affirmation; confirmation; ~
confirmation of a guarantee; ~
acknowledgement of an order;
~ bank confirmation;
~ documentary
confirmation; ~ formal
confirmation; ~ written
confirmation.

obedience; submission; subordinancy;


subordination.

subordination; ~
departmental affiliation.

subordinate; ()
subsidiary.

to obey; to submit; to be accountable;


to be subject; to comply with; ~
to surrender to custody; ~

to comply with the


requirements.

( ) erasure, rubbing out.

fire; ~,
incendiary fire.

donation; collection; endowment; gift;


~ gift to
charity; ~ collection.
/
life; ~ lifetime rent; ~
lifetime
support with maintenance; ~
life annuity.

permission.

to allow; to permit.
/
position; stand; ~
wait-and-see position; ~
civil stand; ~ key position;
~ official position;
~ financial position.

infamy; disgrace; shame.

defame; disgrace; dishonour.

defamatory; discrediting.

to name; ~ to name in the


contract.

catch; capture.

to capture; to catch.
/
evidence; testimony; witness; (
) affidavit; ~
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testimony of a victim;
~ evidence for
the defence; ~
evidence for the
prosecution; ~ expert
evidence; ~ to
bear evidence/to testify;
~ to hear evidence.

bailor.

bailee.

(a) settlement, discharge,


reimbursement; cover; ~
covering of a deficit; ~ cover for
a debt; ~
settlement of an account; ~
coverage of the short
supply; ~ covering of
expenditures; ~ insurance
cover; ~ assets backing.

buyer; purchaser; shopper; customer;


~ foreign buyer;
~ large purchaser; ~ light
buyer; ~ mala fide
purchaser; ~ wholesale
buyer; ~ solvent
purchaser; ~ regular
customer; ~ potential
buyer.

to buy; to purchase; ~ to buy


on credit; ~ to buy on an
installment plan; ~ to buy
retail; ~ to buy wholesale.
/
buying; purchase; ~
direct purchase; ~ buying on
credit; ~ installment
purchasing; ~ retail buying;

~ bargain; ~y
purchase tax; ~ value of a
purchase; ~ purchase sum.

to attempt; to encroach; ~
to attempt a suicide; ~
- to encroach on
smb's rights.

attempt; encroachment; ~
attempted extortion;
~ attempt to commit
a suicide.

polygamy.

policy; ~ life
insurance policy; ~
general policy; ~ open
cover; ~ named policy;
~ voyage policy;
~ mixed policy;
~ time policy;
~a cancellation of a policy;
~a giving of an insurance
policy; ~a
policy holder; ~a transfer of
a policy; ~a term of a
policy.

politician.
/
politics; policy; ~
antiinflationary policy;
~ antimonopoly
policy; ~ budgetary policy;
~ foreign
economic policy; ~
monetary policy;
~ discriminatory policy; ~
lending policy; ~ tax policy;
~ revenge-seeking

policy; ~ reformist
policy; ~ conciliating
policy; ~ financial policy;
~ expansionist
policy; ~y to pursue a
policy.

political.

policeman; police officer.


/
police; ~ traffic police;
~ military police;
~ urban police; ~
railroad police; ~ criminal
police; ~ private police;
~ police division; ~
police department. /
authority; power; terms of reference;
procuration; warrant; proxy; ~
power of an arbitrator; ~,
authority
conferred by law; ~
authority to issue a warrant;
~ authority to purchase;
~ administrative
authority; ~ arbitrary
authority; ~
constitutional authority;
~ apparent
authority; ~
emergency powers; ~
ample (large, wide) powers;
~ division of powers.

plenipotentiary; ~
plenipotentiary.

enjoying full rights.


/
sexual; ~e sexual
perversion.
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/
1. () conditions; 2. (
) location; position; 3.
() situation; ~ state of
affairs; ~ provisions of a
treaty; ~ statutory provisions;
~ distress; ~
martial law; ~ official
position; ~ statutory
provision; ~ property
position; ~ binding
provision; ~ official
standing; ~ legal position;
~ conjugal status;
~ official status;
~ social position;
~ financial position;
~ emergency state;
~ to improve the situation;
~ to aggravate the situation.
/
receiver; recipient; addressee;
consignee; ~
welfare
recipient; ~ consignee/receiver
of cargo; ~ recipient of funds; ~
credit recipient; ~
licensee;~ payee/remittee;
~ payee, recipient of
payment.

to get; to obtain; to receive; ~


to inherit; ~
to obtain a driver's licence; ~
to derive a profit.
/
receipt; acceptance; obtaining,
acquisition; ~ acceptance of a
bribe; ~ receipt of benefits; ~
receipt of cargo; ~ receipt
of money;~ receipt of a
contract; ~ receipt of

payment; ~ profit-making;
~ to pay on delivery;
~ to acknowledge
receipt.
/
use; usage; utilization; enjoyment;
possession; ~
use of monetary funds; ~

use of a land
plot by right of lifetime inheritable
possession; ~
use of land
and other natural resources; ~
leasehold;
~ free use;
~ temporary use; ~
exclusive use; ~
possession for life; ~
peaceful enjoyment of
possessions; ~
restricted.

user; ~
registered user; ~
corporate user.

to use; to exercise; to enjoy.


/
clemency; mercy; pardon; remission;
~ plea for mercy;
~ to appeal for clemency.

to pardon; to remit.

assistant; ~ associate
director; ~ commissioner's
assistant; ~ assistant
secretary; ~ presidential
aide; ~ assistant judge.

/
aid; support; help; assistance;
() relief; ~
disinterested aid; ~ mutual
aid; ~ public relief;
~ humanitarian aid;
~ medical aid;
~ legal aid; ~
food aid; ~ social aid;
~
ambulance and emergency medical
service; ~ financial aid;
~ legal aid;
~ to apply for legal
aid; ~ to give
financial assistance.

to suffer; to undergo; ~ to
suffer punishment; ~ to suffer
damages.

to defame; to discredit.

attesting witness.
/
care; charge; custody;
~ parental custody.
/
custodian; guardian; trustee; tutor;
~ appointment of a
trustee; ~

removal of a custodian from the
performance of his duties.
/
guardianship; trusteeship; tutelage;
tutorship; ward; ~a
termination of trusteeship;
~a establishment of
trusteeship.

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/
correction; amendment; ~
amendment to the budget
law; ~ amendment to a
contract; ~
constitutional amendment; ~
to introduce an amendment.
/
connivance; ~e with the
connivance.

to connive.

defeat; ~ to suffer a defeat.


/E
censure; ~ expression of
a censure.

pornographic.

pornography.

threshold; ~ low income


poverty threshold.

vice; defect; flaw; ~


defect in a title;
~ () inherent defect.

to defame; to discredit.

viciousness; depravity; moral


turpitude.

vicious; depraved; defective.

port; ~ port of discharge; ~


port of delivery; ~
port of registry; ~ free port.

outrage.

/
bail; pledge; ~ to bail;
~ bailable.

to charge; to order; to entrust; ~


- to
consign a child to smb's care.

to stand security; to answer (for), to


stand bail.
EH/
commission; mission; order; request;
~ banker's instructions;
~ collection order;
~ commission;
~ credit order;
~ payment order; ~ to
execute an order; ~ to assign a
mission.
/
bail; pledger; ~ guarantor
of a bill; ~ security for a
loan; ~ surety for an
obligation; ~ co-surety.
-
underwriter.
/O
guarantee; pledge; voucher; warranty;
bail; surety; ~ bank guarantee;
~ legal guarantee;
~ credit guarantee;
~ personal guarantee; ~
written guarantee; ~ to act as
security; ~a to
exonerate security.

damage; deterioration; spoilage; ~


damage to the goods; ~
spoilage of property.
/
order; () procedure;
~ public order;

~ to call to order;
~ to keep order;
~ law-enforcement
officers; ~ legally.

message.

envoy; minister; ~
envoy
extraordinary and minister
plenipotentiary.
/E
consequence; outcome; sequence;
~ probable consequences;
~ harmful consequences;
~ deleterious
consequences; ~
consequences in law; ~
financial implications; ~
legal consequences; ~
occurrence of consequences;
~ to entail legal
consequences.

following; follow-up; subsequent; ~


subsequent pledge.

posthumous; post-mortem.
/
allowance; gratuity; benefit; grant;
relief; ~ benefit in
cash; ~ family
allowance; ~
dependent's allowance; ~
education grant; ~
dole; ~ o
maternity allowance; ~
sick benefit; ~
disability benefit;
~ social
service benefit; ~
mentary benefit; ~
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allowance; ~ installation
grant; ~
payment of a severance allowance;
~ power
of attorney for the receipt of an
allowance; ~ to pay an
allowance; ~
to go on the dole; to be on grants;
~ to receive an allowance.

accessory; accomplice; abettor.

aiding and abetting; complicity.


/
ambassador; ~
ambassador at large;
~ ambassador
extraordinary and plenipotentiary;
~ at the ambassadorial
level.
/
ambassadorial; ~
ambassadorial law.

embassy.

agent, contact man; intermediary;


mediator; broker; dealer; middleman.

t act as an intermediary; to
intervene; to mediate.

intermediary; intermediate.
/O
agency; intermediation; mediation;
~e by the agency of.
/
supply; delivery; shipment; ~
delivery on credit; ~
delivery in settlement
of a debt; ~ delivery on time;
~ state supplies;

~ delayed delivery;
~ incomplete delivery;
~ immediate delivery;
~ incomplete delivery;
~y to resume a delivery;
~y to delay a delivery;
~y to secure a delivery;
~y to make a delivery;
~ against delivery.

to supply; to deliver; to ship.

provider; supplier.

resolution; decision; order;


~ to issue an order; ~ to
execute an order.

to decide; to resolve.

sufferer; victim.

to suffer; ( ) to bear
damages.
/
() incoming; entry; earnings;
returns; ~ cash
inflow; ~ revenue return; ~
receipt of orders; ~
inflow of applications ; ~
proceeds from loans; ~
return of duties; ~
currency earnings; ~
return of duties; ~
excess receipts; ~ total
revenue.
O
encroachment; infringement;
interference; offence; ~

offence to human dignity; ~
trespass to the person; ~

interference
with smb's correspondence; ~
attack on smb's
honour and reputation.

to encroach; to entrench; to trespass;


~ - to encroach on
smb's rights.

connivance.

to connive.
/
sufferer; injured; victim; (
) defrauded; ~
injured party; ~
civil
offence victim; ~
accident victim; ~
victim of a fire; ~
disaster victim.
/
loss; waste; ~ loss of
earnings; ~ loss of capital;
~ tax losses;
~ irrecoverable
losses; ~
extraordinary losses; ~ to bear
losses; ~ to prevent
losses.

descendant; offspring; ~
direct descendant.

descendants; posterity; ~
line of ancestry.

consumer; user; ~ drug


user; ~ large-scale
consumer; ~
solvent consumer; ~ retail
consumer.
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consumption; use; expenditure; ~


use of drugs; ~
electric power
consumption.

to consume; to use.
/
requirement; demand; necessity;
needs; want; ~ needs for
money/cash requirements; ~
borrowing
requirements; ~ credit
requirements; ~
personnel requirements; ~
labour requirement; ~
money requirement; ~
financial
requirements; ~
emergency needs; ~
social needs; ~ to
meet needs.

thief; () kidnapper.

t steal; () to kidnap.

stealing; theft; () kidnapping; ~


larceny; ~
common larceny; ~

statutory larceny.

handwriting; ~
handwriting identification.
/
tax; dues; duty; fee; toll; ~
excise; ~
antidumping duty; ~
arbitration fee; ~ import duty;
~ export duty; ~
stamp duty; ~

government duty;
~ discriminating
duty; ~ prohibitive
duty; ~ application fee;
~ retaliatory duty;
~ compensatory
duty; ~ licence fee;
~ preferential duty;
~ notarial fee;
~ protective
duty; ~ protective
duty; ~ registration
fee; ~ seasonal duty;
~ specific duty;
~ litigation fee;
~ customs duty; ~ transit
duty; ~ to impose a duty;
~ to exempt from a
duty; ~y to pay dues.

(~)

truth; verity.
/
rule; law; regulations; ~a
rules of
arbitration procedure; ~a
auction rules; ~a rules of
the exchange; ~a
accounting policies; ~a
currency regulations; ~a
provisional regulations;
~ working regulation; ~a
uniform rules; ~a credit
rules; ~a licence
regulations; ~a tax
regulations; ~a
obligatory rules; ~
to comply with the rules;
~ to defy the rules;

~
to lay down the rules of court
procedure; ~ a
subject to the rules of.

accuracy; correctness, validity;


soundness; ~
accuracy of tax calculations; ~
correctness of calculations.

ruler; ~ supreme ruler.


/
government; governmental; ~
civil service; ~
government bodies; ~ civil
servant.
/
government; administration; ~
majority government; ~
minority government;
~ provisional government;
~ democratic
government; ~
duly elected government; ~
lawful government; ~
transition government;
~ federal government;
~ to resign from the cabinet;
~ to reshuffle the
the government; ~ to
overthrow the government;
~ to form a new
government.

board, administration, the


management; ~
board of directors of a joint~
stock company; ~ bank
management; ~ board of
directors.

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/O

right; title; () law; ~


rights of a depositor; ~ right
of possession; ~
right of possession of
immovable property; ~
right of
redemption; ~ note
issuing power; ~
issue of securities right; ~
voting right; ~
right of protection of one's
citizens; ~
incorporeal right; ~
right of
personal ownership; ~
personal right; ~ supervisory
authority; ~
heirship/right of descent; ~
,
right to
security in the event of unemployment,
sickness or disability; ~
right
to appeal against court decisions; ~
right to education; ~
right to rest and leisure;
~ right to health
protection; ~
() right
to recovery; ~
right to legal
aid; ~
right to a counsel; ~
franchising right; ~
right to recognition
as a person before the law; ~

eminent domain; ~
right
to equal pay for equal work; ~

right to freedom of residence; ~


right to a
free choice of employment; ~

right to freedom of
peaceful assembly and association; ~
,
right to freedom of thought, conscience
and religion; ~
right to freedom of belief; ~
right to
social insurance; ~
right to a
fair trial; ~
benefit of a counsel; ~
right to existence; ~

right to territorial integrity; ~
right to work; ~
right to privacy; ~
right to juridical equality; ~
right of an appeal; ~
right of a recall; ~
right of substitution; ~
authority to sign; ~
share subscription right; ~
right of use;~
priority right, right of
priority; ~ right of sale; ~
right of passage; ~
right of a protest; ~
right of self-preservation; ~
right of free
access; ~ right of assembly;
~ right of ownership; ~
right in action; ~
privilege of sanctuary; ~
lien; right of
retention; ~ right of
membership; ~
corporate franchise; ~
right of jurisdiction; ~

copyright; ~ agency right;


~ administrative
law; ~ law of arbitral
procedure; ~ banking law;
~ indubitable right;
~ right in rem/property right;
~ constitutional law;
~ civil right;
~ law of
civil procedure; ~
judgement lien; ~
exclusive right; ~
codified law; ~ law of
conflict; ~ commercial
law, commercial right;
~ conversion right;
~ constitutional right; ~
contractual law; ~
licence law; ~ personal right;
~ personal
non-property right; ~
substantive right/substantive law;
~ international law;
~ monopoly right;
~ municipal right;
~ right of inheritance;
~ national law;
~
undivided interest;
~a non-property rights;
~ absolute power;
~ indubitable right;
~ inalienable right;
~ inalienable right;
~ security right;
~ customary law;
~ law of contracts;
~ franchise; ~
disputed right; ~ patent
law; ~ implicit right;
~ life interest; ~
priority
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-
right to purchase; ~
implicit right; ~
priority right, right of priority;
~ preferential
right; ~ case law;
~ law of procedure;
~ public law; ~a
equal rights; ~ market law;
- ~a socioeconomic rights; ~ statutory
law; ~ insurance law;
~ judicial law;
~ law of customs; ~
commercial law; ~ law of
employment; ~ criminal
law; ~ private law;
~ to be vested with a
right; ~ to avail
oneself of a right;
~a to restore one's rights;
~a to come
into a legacy; ~a to defend
one's rights; ~a to infringe
smb's rights; ~ to
challenge a right; ~a
to abandon a right; ~ to
assign a right; ~ to
entitle smb ; ~ to forfeit a
right; ~a to encroach on
smb's rights; ~a by right of.

jurist; lawyer.

jurisprudence; legal science.


/
legal; jural; juridical; juristic; ~
legal guarantee; ~
legal protection; ~ legal
science; ~ legal norm; ~
legal duty; ~
legal presumption; ~
ourse of law; ~

deterrent of law; ~ legal


system; ~oe legal
commitment; ~oe legal
restraint; ~ legal act; ~
legal document; ~
legislative framework; ~ legal
controversy; ~ title.

rightfully; lawfully; legally.

lawfulness, rightfulness; ()
legitimacy.
/
legal; legitimate; justifiable; justified;
lawful; ~oe lawful act; ~oe
lawful commitment;
~oe lawful demand.
/
authority; competence; power;
warrant; ~ right to
vote; ~ authority
conferred by office; ~
legislative authority; ~
powers for the
management of property;
~ administrative
powers; ~ real
authority; ~ current
powers; ~
delegated powers; ~
official powers; ~
constitutional authority;
~ competent authority;
~ formal power; ~
statutory authority;
~ apparent powers;
~ direct authority;
~ judicial powers; ~ to
deprive of authority;
~ to authorize/to entitle.

competence; ~
competence of a witness.
/ authorized; competent; ~oe
authorized use.
/
law violation; delict; delinquency; lawbreaking; malefaction; malfeasance:
misdeed; misdemeanour; offence; tort;
wrong; ~
administrative offence; ~
civil violation; ~
malfeasance in office; ~ tax
violation;
~ to be liable in tort;
~ to commit a delict;
~ tort action; ~ tort of negligence.

infringer of the law; delinquent; lawbreaker; malefactor; malfeasant;


tortfeasor; transgressor; tresspasser;
wrongdoer; offender.

holder of a right; franchiser;


~ secondary holder of a
right; secondary franchiser.

legal foundation.
/
jural relation, legal relationship; ~
legal relations between the
parties; ~ civil legal
relations; ~ contractual
relationship; ~ commercial
legal relationship; ~
modification of legal relations;
~ termination of legal
relations (relationship).
/
law-enforcement; law-enforcing; ~
law-enforcement authorities.
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deprivation of rights; disability;


disfranchisement; disqualification;
incapacity; ~
criminal incapacity.
/
law and order; legal order; rule of law;
~ violation of law and
order; ~ bases of the legal
order; ~ to ensure law
and order; ~ to
maintain law and order.
H
predecessor in a title; ~
legal predecessor.
successor; assignee;
subsequent proprietor; transferee; ~
legal successor of a legal
person; ~a obligations of a legal
successor; ~a successor's
liability; ~ to be the legal
successor.

legal succession; succession in a title;


~ hereditary
succession; ~
natural succession;
~ succession of
choses in action.
/E
law enforcement; ~ flexible
enforcement; ~
wrongful enforcement;
~ mandatory enforcement;
~ strict
enforcement; ~ judicial
enforcement; ~
enforcement proceedings; ~
domain of law.

assertion of a right; claim;


~ civil demand;

~ false claim; ~
fraudulent claim; ~
fictitious claim; ~ to file a
claim.

feeling for law and order; juridical


(legal) awareness (conscience); sense
of justice.
/
ability to act; legal ability; capacity for
rights; ~
administrative legal capacity;
~ civil legal capacity;
~ contractual capacity;
~ testamentary
capacity; ~ legal
capacity; ~ to be
marriageable; ~ to
incapacitate.

competent; legally able.


/
legal personality; person before the
law; ~ international
personality; ~
separate personality; ~
recognition as a person before the law.

corporate; personable.
/
justice; judicial power;
~ preventive justice; ~ equal
justice; ~ administered justice;
~ administration of
justice; ~ to escape justice;
~ to go to the law;
~ to administer justice.

assignor.

privacy; ~ violation of
privacy.

/
practice; practical experience;
() procedure;
~ arbitration practice; ~
banking practice; ~
public practice; ~ business
practice; ~
discriminatory practice;
~ fair practices;
~ contractual practice;
~ legislative
practice; ~ executive
practice; ~ commercial
practices; ~ licensing
practices; ~
international practice; ~ tax
practice; ~ common
practice; ~
restrictive practices; ~
practice of law; ~ judicial
practice; ~ practice of
law; ~ to
practise law.

preamble; ~ preamble to a
treaty.

stay; ( ) tenure; tenure of


office; ~ sojourn;
~ de-facto
tenure; ~
de-jure tenure.
/
preventive; ~oe
preventive custody.

to exceed; to be in excess; to surpass;


~ to exceed
the limits of self-defence; ~
to exceed
the speed-limit.
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excess; exceeding; () surplus;


~ excess of authority; ~
overdraft; ~
excess of powers; ~
exceeding the speed-limit; ~
judicial excess; ~
excess of jurisdiction.

to betray; to surrender; ~ to
bring before the court.

(-) committal; ~
committal for trial.
/
preliminary; provisional; tentative;
~ preliminary
agreement; ~
preliminary consultation; ~oe
preliminary conclusion;
~oe preliminary inquest;
~ preliminary
negotiations.

bias; preconception; prejudice;


prejudicial view.

biassed; preconceived; prejudged;


prejudiced.

limit; limitation; ceiling; ~


deficit margin; ~ debt
limit; ~ lending limit; ~,
limit
established by a statute;
~a exceeding the limit;
~ to go beyond
competence.
P
to propose; to suggest; to make an
offer.

excuse; pretence; pretext; ~ on


the ground.

proposal; proposition; suggestion;


offer; tender; ~
offer without obligation; ~,
legally enforceable
offer; ~ counter-offer;
~ profitable proposition;
~ valid offer;
~ business proposition; ~
excessive supply; ~
competitive offer; ~
initial offering; ~
preliminary proposal; ~
to annul an offer; ~ to
revoke an offer; ~ to adopt
a proposal.

object; article; subject; ~


import articles; ~ export
articles; ~ subject of a
contract; ~ subject/object of
mortgage; ~ subject in contest;
~ subject/object of a
contract; ~ object
of taxation; ~ subject/object
of delivery; ~ object
of legal protection; ~ subject in
a dispute; ~ subject of
litigation.

aforethought; premeditatio.

deliberately; intentionally; wilfully.

deliberate; intentional; premeditated.

ancestor; forefather; predecessor.

/
granting; furnishing; extending;
accommodation; ~
banking facilities; ~
furnishing a guarantee; ~
granting of credit; ~
vesting with authority; ~
rendering of aid; ~
entitlement; ~ granting of
a privilege; ~ provision of
employment; ~ c granting of a
discount; ~ provision of a loan;
~ provision of
financing; ~
provision of financial services.

to give; to grant; ~ to grant a


loan; ~ to grant a licence; ~
to give a respite; ~ to
entitle; ~ to allow a discount.
/
precaution; ~ ordinary
precaution; ~
mandatory precaution;
~ reasonable precaution.

to avert; to prevent; ~
to avert the threat of war.

averting; prevention; ~
prevention of an accident; ~
prevention of bankruptcy;
~ preventing harm; ~

prevention of damage to property.
/
precept, direction, prescription,
command; dictate; instruction; order;
prescription; regulation; rule; ~
administrative order;
~ prescription of law;
~ sanctions;
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~ regulations;
~ prescription of law;
~ writ; ~ to
comply with instructions.

to direct;to command; to dictate; to


order.
/
supposition; speculation; implication;
presumption; guess; ~ on
the assumption.

precondition; premise; prerequisite.

enterpriser; entrepreneur;
businessman; ~
private entrepreneur; ~ small
undertaker; ~ free
enterpriser.
/
entrepreneurial; ~
entrepreneurial activity/business
activities; ~ entrepreneurial risk.

business; enterprise;
entrepreneurship; ~
legitimate enterprise;
~ individual enterprise;
~ commercial business; ~
small enterprise; ~
criminal enterprise; ~ free
enterprise; ~ joint
enterprise.
/
establishment; business; enterprise;
undertaking; () plant; works;
factory; ~ joint-stock
company; ~ public
enterprise; ~ joint
venture; ~ lease of an
enterprise; ~
management buy-out; ~ pledge

of an enterprise; ~
mortgage
of an enterprise as a property complex.

chairman; president; ~ president


of the court.
B
to be chairman.

to appear; to present oneself; ~


to appear in the court/to go on
trial.
/
agent; representative; delegate;
spokesman; envoy; ~ public
officer; ~ customer's
representative; ~
general representative; ~
authorized representative;
~ commercial
representative; ~
official representative; ~
authorized representative;
~ permanent representative;
~ trade representative;
~ authorized
representative; ~ legal
representative; ~ to
appoint a representative; ~
to recall a representative.
B/
mission; agency; ~a head of a
mission; ~
diplomatic mission; ~
consulate.
/
() adduction;
presentation; production; submission;
(o . .) rendering; delivery;
surrender; ~
presentation of a statement for
signature; ~ submission of a

budget; ~ production of
evidence; ~ presentation
of documents; ~
presentation for payment; ~
submission for
consideration; ~ presentation
of a report; ~
to inherit by the right of
representation; ~ to make a
representation; ~ on the
proposal of the court.

to present; to exhibit; to produce; to


show; to submit; (o . .) to
deliver; to surrender; ~
to tender in payment; ~
to present an argument; ~
to exhibit evidence; ~
to submit for
consideration; ~ -
to represent smb's interests.
/
prejudice; bias; preconception; ~
without prejudice.

biassed; prejudged; prejudiced.

premeditation; aforethought; intent;


intention.
/
aforethought; deliberate; intentional;
premeditated; wilful; ~
malicious injury to
property.

to intend deliberately; to premeditate.


P
to give notice; to notify; to warn.
/
() notice; notification;
() caution;
admonition; warning;
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() averting;
prevention; ~ two-time
warning; ~ wellgrounded warning;
~ obligatory timely
warning; ~ formal
notice; ~ written warning;
~ advance notice;
~ timely warning;
~ to give a warning;
~ without further
notice; ~ without notification.

to contemplate; to foresee; (
. .) to make provisions;
to stipulate; ~ to provide for
by law.

( ..) provided;
stipulated.
/
precaution; foresight; prudence;
~ proper
precaution; ~ reasonable
prudence.

predecessor; forerunner.

to precede.

precedent; antecedent.
/
bearer; holder; ~ bearer of a
bill; ~ plaintiff, claimant; ~
bearer of a bond; ~
bearer of a security; ~
bearer of a cheque; ~
payable to a bearer; ~ to a bearer.
/
presentation; production; submission;
delivery; surrender; ~
presentation of a bill; ~

presentation of evidence; ~
presentation of
documents; ~ lodging a claim; ~
presentation for payment; ~
accusation; ~
assertion of a claim; ~
presentation of a claim; ~
submission of an invoice;
~ payment on demand; ~
period for presentation; ~
to pay on presentation.

to present; to adduce; to exhibit; to


submit; to deliver; to surrender; to
tender; ~ to file an action; ~
to present for payment; ~
to raise an accusation; ~
to produce a warrant; ~
to challenge; ~ to claim a right;
~ to place a demand.

successor; assignee; successor in a


title; transferee; ~
successor in interest.

president; ~
accession to the presidency.
/
assumption; implication; inference;
presumption; supposition; ~
presumption of guilt; ~
presumption of
capacity; ~ presumption
of innocence; ~
presumption of patentability; ~
presumption at
common law; ~
presumption in
equity; ~
presumption by statute;
~ irrefutable
presumption; ~ great

presumption; ~
rebuttable presumption; ~
disputable presumption; ~
legal presumption; ~ to
destroy a presumption; ~
to raise a presumption.

(, ) to
assume; to deem; to imply; to infer; to
presume; to suppose.
/
assumed; assumptive; constructive;
implicit; implied; inferred; presumed;
presumptive; suppositional; ~oe
implicit right; ~ implied
authority.
/
preferential; ~oe
preferential/priority right; ~
senior lien; ~
priorities and preferences.

() advantage; benefit;
superiority; () privilege;
advantage; preference;
~ competitive advantage; ~
tax advantage; ~
fraudulent preference; ~
basic advantage; ~
financial benefit; ~ fiscal
advantage; ~
economic advantage; ~ to
gain an advantage.

price-list; ~ advertising
price-list.

to cease; to end; to stop; to terminate;


~ to terminate a
contract; ~ ( ) to dismiss a
case; ~ to break off
negotiations; ~ to stop
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payments; ~ to terminate
one's powers.

stopping, cessation; dismissal;


stoppage; termination; ~
termination of an agency
agreement; ~ termination of
tenancy; ~ dissolution of
marriage; ~ termination of
tenancy; ~
discharge of a contract; ~ (
) dismissal of a case; ~
termination of
commitments; ~ suspension
of payment; ~ cessation of
delivery; ~ suspension of rights;
~ abatement of
a suit; ~ termination
of financing; ~ termination
of storage; ~
termination of a legal person.

to adulterate.
/
adultery; fornication; ~ to
adulterate.
/
premium; award; bonus; prize;
~ to pay a
premium; ~ cash bonus;
~ lump-sum bonus;
~ incentive bonus;
~ insurance premium;
~ export bonus;
~ to give a bonus;
~ to get a premium.

debate; discussion; ~
judicial pleadings.

to overcome; to surmount; ~
to overcome differences.

/
obstacle; bar; barrier; ~ to
create barriers; ~
overcoming of barriers; ~
bars to marriage.

to bar; to hamper; to hinder; ~


to obstruct
justice; ~ to hold up
legislation.

prerogative; ~
legislative prerogative.

to repress; to suppress; to check; to


contain; to prevent.
/
stopping, suppression, constraint,
restraint; ~ as a
measure of restriction;
~ selection of a measure of
restriction; ~ to
cancel a measure of restriction;
~ to apply a
measure of restriction;
~ grounds for
selecting a measure of restriction;
~
procedure for appealing a measure of
restriction; ~
application of a measure of restriction.
/
persecution; ( )
prosecution; ~
to bring an action;
~ to discontinue legal
proceedings.
/
crime; misdeed; offence; tort; felony;
~ state crime;
~ malfeasance in office;
~ crime against

property; ~ major offence;


~ crime of
dishonesty; ~ minor
offence; ~ intended
crime; ~ financial crime;
~ economic crime;
~ economic crime;
~ to prevent a crime;
~ to terminate a crime;
~ to detect a crime;
~ to investigate a crime;
~ to turn to crime;
~ to
deter from a crime; ~
pretended crime; ~
cumulative crime; ~ body of a
crime; ~ criminal
complicity; ~
gravity of a crime.

criminal; felon; offender; delinquent,


malefactor, malfeasant;
~ state criminal;
~ dangerous criminal;
~ experienced criminal;
~ dangerous special
criminal; ~ career
criminal; ~a
extradition agreement.

criminally; ~
to mislead criminally; ~
criminally inclined.
/
crime; criminality; delinquency; ~
white collar crime;
~ fight
against organized crime; ~
level of crime.
/
criminal; felonious; ~
criminal activity; ~
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criminal (culpable) negligence;
~ to
involve in criminal activity.
E/
claim; complaint; ~
claim under a contract; ~
monetary/money/pecuniary claim;
~ legal claim; ~
unlawful claim; ~
unjustified claim;
~ unsettled claim; ~
justified claim; ~ official
claim; ~ legal claim;
~ lawful claim;
~ stale claim;
~ settled claim;
~ to lodge a claim;
~ to enter a claim;
~ to establish a claim;
~ to contest a claim;
~ to sustain a claim;
~ to allow a claim.

preferential.
/
preference; ~ trade
preferences.

surplus; ~ external
surplus.

case, precedent; ~ judicial


precedent; ~ to constitute a
precedent; ~ to refer to
a precedent.

prejudicial; prejudicing.
/
prejudice; ~ to prejudice.

to have recourse; to resort.

PPEH/
coastal; littoral; ~e coastal
waters.
P/
profit; gain; earnings, income; return;
margin; ~ aftertax
profit; ~ taxable
profit; ~ incidental
profit; ~ retained
earnings; ~ to derive a
profit; ~ to bring a profit;
~ to sell at a profit;
~ to distribute a profit;
~ source of a
profit.
/
privatization; renationalization; ~

privatization of state and
municipal property; ~
privatization at undercharge;
~ cheque privatization;
~ to privatize.
/
privilege; prerogative; benefit;
~ tax privileges;
~ privileges of
parliament; ~ franchise;
~ judicial privilege;
~ customs privileges;
~ tariff advantages;
~ trade privilege;
~ fiscal privilege;
~ to abridge a
privilege; ~ to
renounce a privilege; ~ to
waive a privilege; ~
to grant a privilege.

to attract; to draw; to involve; ~


to bring an action/to take to
court.

attraction; drawing; utilization;


engagement; involvement; ~
utilization of
budgetary funds; ~
utilization of deposits
of natural persons; ~
attraction of
temporary free capital; ~
obtaining monetary funds; ~
debt financing ;~
attraction of
foreign investments; ~
attraction of capital; ~
calling to account; ~
bringing
to criminal responsibility.

to adjudge; to adjudicate; to sentence.

() judgement; sentence;
() verdict; ~
lawful sentence; ~ death
sentence; ~
judgement of guilty;
~ judgement of not guilty;
~ biassed sentence;
~ fair judgement;
~ conditional sentence;
~ to pass sentence, to award
a judgement;
~a to assure the
enforcement of a judgement;
~ to recall a judgement; ~
to carry out a
judgement.

marriage portion.

to follow; to abide; to adhere; ~


to follow the
provisions of a contract.
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1. ( ..) admission;
2. () reception; 3.
() device; manner; method; ~
reception of a deposit; ~
underwriting; ~
accepting members;
~ private reception; ~
official reception.
AT
to acknowledge; to recognize; ( )
to adjudicate; () to consider; to
regard; ~ to declare
bankrupt; ~ to adjudge
guilty; ~ to find not
guilty; ~ to declare
insolvent; ~ to confess an
error; ~ to
accord the right of ownership; ~
to allow a claim.

to avow oneself; to confess.


/
acknowledgement; recognition; ()
confession allowance; ( )
adjudication; ~ declaring
bankrupt; ~ acknowledgement
of a debt; ~
declaration as invalid; ~
adjudication in
bankruptcy; ~
admission of responsibility; ~
recognition of a right; ~
admission of a claim; ~
declaration of a
transaction as invalid; ~
declaration by a court; ~
validation; ~ to exact
a confession; ~ to avow
oneself.

() appeal; call; (
) conscription; callup; ~a
draft dodger.

( ) to appeal;
to call on; ( ) to call
up; to draft; to conscript.

conscript; draftee.

order; () warrant; writ; ~


banker's order; ~,
valid
warrant; ~,
void warrant; ~
warrant of
distress; ~
writ of execution; ~

writ of execution against property; ~
warrant of arrest;
~
warrant in bankruptcy;
~ confiscation order;
~
writ of attachment; ~ order of the
court; ~
receiving order;
~ writ of
assistance; ~
winding-up order;
~ to serve a warrant;
~ to execute an order;
~ to issue an order;
~ to disregard an order;
~ to cancel an order;
~ to follow an order;
~ by order.

to command; to direct; to order.

decency.

( ) schedule; appendix,
addendum, affixation; ~
addendum/supplement to a contract;
~ with attachment of
documents.

() primacy; supremacy; ~
supremacy of law.

application; exercise;
() enforcement;
employment; utilization; use; ~
exercise of power; ~
application in practice; ~
procedural
enforcement; ~
traffic law enforcement; ~
use of trade
customs; ~ practical
application; ~
enforcement.

to apply; to employ; to enforce.


/
conciliation; reconciliation; ~
conciliation of the parties; ~
conciliation of spouses;
~ to seek
national reconciliation;
~ to effect a conciliation.
/
compromising; conciliatory;
reconciliatory; ~
conciliation; conciliation procedure.

to conciliate; to reconcile.

to belong.
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-
/
accessories; implements;

~ transfer of property for lease
with all its accessories.

belonging.

1. ( . .) to admit; 2.
( ) to employ; to engage; 3.
() to assume; 4.
() to adopt; to pass; ~
to initiate proceedings;
~ to take evidence; ~
to accept succession; ~
to assume a
commitment; ~ to
take charge; ~ to accept the
terms.
/
compulsory; mandatory; forced; ~oe
enforcement; ~oe
compulsory medical
treatment; ~ enforcement
measures; ~oe
expropriation; ~ compulsory
process; ~ forced labour.

to coerce; to force;; to compel; to


enforce.
/
compulsion, constraint, coercion,
duress; ( ) enforcement;
~ law enforcement;
~ physical coercion;
~ economic
compulsion; ~ to do under
duress; ~ to
enforce legally; a ~ coercive
measure.

principle; concept; tenet; ~


principle of reciprocity; ~
principle of collective
leadership; ~ control
principle; ~
principle of
material incentives; ~
principle of most
favoured nation treatment; ~
principles of
taxation; ~ principles of law;
~ principle of equality; ~
principle of
separation of powers;
~ generally recognized principles;
~ underlying
principle; ~a to
adhere to a principle; ~
statement of principles;
~ application of a principle.

principal.

1. () acceptance; reception;
2. () approval; 3.
() assumption;
() acceptance, adoption;
() enactment; 4. ()
taking-over; ( )
admission; ( ) employment;
engagement; ~
taking administrative measures
(steps); ~
initiation of proceedings; ~
acceptance of documents;
~ acknowledgement of a debt; ~
acceptance of an order; ~
enactment of a law; ~
assumption of a
commitment; ~ assumption of a
risk; ~

acceptance of a dispute for


consideration; ~
acceptance of goods at the warehouse;
~ acceptance of conditions.

acquirer; buyer; grantee; purchaser;


transferee; ~ acquirer of
property; ~ bona fide
purchaser; ~ mala
fide purchaser.

to acquire; to obtain; ~
to acquire a title; ~
to acquire property.

acquisition; obtaining, procuration;


() purchase; ()
procurement; ( ) takeover;
~ purchase of shares; ~
acquisition of citizenship;
; ~ acquisition of property;
~ ~
buyout; ~
acquisition of fixed assets; ~
acquisition of a right; ~
acquisition of a title; ~
acquisition of property;
~
acquisition of legal personality.

to associate, to attach; to include; to


join; ~ to attach
documents to the case.

attaching; introduction; ~
attaching of documents to the
case.

priority; preference; precedence;


seniority; ~ precedence of law;
~ priority of a claim;
~ national priorities;
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~ to have priority;
~ to establish a priority.

to halt; to stop; () to
interrupt; () to check; to
contain; to hold up; ( ) to
suspend; ~ to
suspend a judgement; ~
to
suspend the exercise of rights and
privileges; ~ to suspend
powers; ~ to
suspend the proceedingis; ~
to interrupt a
prescription.

delay, stopping; ()
suspension; ~
suspension
of contractual obligations; ~

suspension of execution; ~
suspension of a
liability; ~ suspension of
payments; ~ suspension of
deliveries; ~ stay
of an action; ~ stay
of proceedings.

halt; stop; stoppage; stay;


() suspension; ~
suppression of civic
rights; ~ suspension
of a statute; ~
suspension of a statute; ~
suspension of a judgement;
stay of execution; ~
suspension of a commitment; ~
cesser of action; ~
suspension of the
proceedingis; ~
suspension of the

statute of limitations; ~
suspension of financial aid.

() distortion.

1. to appropriate; to convert; 2.
() to award; () to
misappropriate; to embezzle.

1. appropriation; conversion;
() embezzlement;
misappropriation; 2. () award;
~ embezzlement of
money; ~
appropriation of property; ~
fraudulent conversion.

() care; attendance;
~ to leave unattended.
/
( ) accession; (
) joining; affiliation; ()
merger; ~ instrument of
accession; ~ accession to a
treaty;
~ reorganization of a
legal person in the form of accession.

to join; to align; to affiliate; (


) to accede.
/
bias; partiality; ~ without bias.
/
biassed; prejudiced; partial; ~oe
bias; ~ biassed
sentence.

1. ( )
judgement, adjudication; 2. ()
award; ~ award of
compensation.

/
attendance; ~ judgement
seat.

to attend; to be present.
/
oath; ~ judicial oath;
~ civic oath;
~ oath of office; official
oath; ~ false oath;
~ solemn oath;
~
affidavit; ~ sworn
evidence; ~y to take an oath;
~ to declare on oath;
~ to dispense with
an oath; ~e to administer
an oath.

to adjure; to swear; ~ to
pledge allegiance.
/
assizer; juror; juryman; ~x the
jury; ~x jury list; ~x the
jury; ~ to charge the
jury; ~ to array;
~ with the
participation of jurors.

pretence; simulation.

to pretend; to simulate.

den; ~ gambling den.


/
claim; demand; assertion, challenge; ~
income claim; ~
inheritance claim; ~
claim of
ownership; ~ claim
of a title; ~ claim to
priority; ~
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claim of interest;
~ counter-claim;
~ statutory claim; ~ false
claim; ~ illegitimate claim;
~ legal claim;
~ lawful claim; ~ to
contest a claim; ~ to
give up a claim; ~ to
allow a claim.

participation; complicity; implication;


involvement; privity.

involved; participating; privy.


/
cause; ground; reason; ~
reason for complaint; ~
reason for delay; ~ cause
of infringement; ~ reason for
rejection; ~ valid
reason; ~ financial
reason; ~ without
a good cause.

causing; infliction; tort; trespass; ~



causing harm in a state of
necessary defence; ~
causing of harm to life
or health; ~ causing
damage to property/property tort; ~
personal injury; ~
infliction of damage (loss);
~ guilty infliction;
~ innocent infliction;
~ accidental injury;
~ liability
for infliction of harm.

to cause; to occasion; to inflict; to


injure; ~ to damage/to cause
damage; ~ to inflict by

omission; ~ e to inflict
innocently; ~ to inflict
involuntarily; ~ to cause
damages.

sample; specimen; trial; test.


P/
probation; ~
revocation of probation.
/
problem, question; ~
employment problem; ~
debt servicing
problem; ~ global
problem; ~ pressing
problem; ~
unforeseen problem;
~ unsolved
problem; ~ financial
problem; ~ economic
problem; ~ problem of
energy; ~y to investigate a
problem; ~y to resolve a
problem.

conducting; execution;
implementation; realization;
() adoption; ~
arbitration process; ~
auditing; ~
holding of an auction; ~
administration of
laws; ~ taking
inventory; ~ conduct of a
campaign; ~ conduct of a
competition; ~ conduct
of negotiations; ~ auditing; ~
holding a tender; ~
carrying out of an expert examination.
/
() control; check; checkout;
examination; inspection; verification;

survey; () examination;
test; testing; trial; () audit;
() review; ~
audit of an organization;
~ examination of
documents; ~ checking on
performance; ~
verification of the working
order of property; ~
verification of
credit standing; ~
auditing; ~ selective
inspection; ~ general
examination; ~ control
check; ~ tax audit;
~ official check;
~ periodic check;
~ routine check;
~ operational check;
~ current check;
~y to carry out a check.
BE
to control; to check; to examine; to
inspect; to verify; ~ to
verify powers.

() to realize; to carry
out; to implement; () to
hold; to conduct; ~ to hold an
election; ~ to conduct a
meeting; ~ to hold
negotiations.

to declare; to proclaim; to promulgate;


~ to declare
independence.

declaration; proclamation;
promulgation.

provocative.
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provocation.

to provoke.
/
program; plan; ~
antiinflationary program; ~
budget program; ~
public program;
~ long-term program;
~ investment
program; ~
comprehensive program;
~ government
program; ~
production program; ~
industrial program; ~
federal program; ~
financial program; ~ target
program; ~ execution of
a program; ~
completion of a program.

absenteeism; unjustified absence from


work; truancy; ~
enforced truancy.
absentee; shirker; slacker; truant.

to sell; to realize; (
) to vend; () to
dispose; ~ to sell on credit;
~ to retail; ~ to sell
wholesale; ~ to sell by
sample; ~ to sell by
description; ~ to sell by
auction; ~ to sell at a
discount.

seller; vendor; salesman.


/
sale; selling; vendition; marketing,
realization, distribution; ~ sale

of shares; ~ direct
selling; ~ sale on credit; ~
instalment sale; ~
retail sale; ~
sale of pledged property; ~
sale for cash; ~
sale of buildings and
structures; ~ sale
of a land plot; ~ sale of land; ~

execution
sale; ~
sale of property at a public
auction; ~ sale of
immovable property; ~
sale of
federal property; ~ wholesale;
~ sale by lot; ~
sale at reduced
prices; ~ sale by auction;
~ discount sale; ~
sale from a warehouse; ~
sale of securities; ~
sale by auction; ~
sale through
agents; ~y to offer for
sale; ~y
to hold a judicial sale.

corruptibility; corruption.
/
corrupt; corruptible.

to extend; to prolong; ~ to
extend a visa; ~ to
extend the validity of a treaty; ~
to extend the time of
payment.

extension; prolongation; renewal; ~


extension of a letter of
credit; ~ extension of a visa; ~

extension of a
guarantee period; ~
renewal of a concession; ~
extension of a credit; ~
extensionof the term; ~
extension of
the time of holding in custody.

duration; () continuity;
continuance; ~ duration
of a working day; ~ length of
service; ~ duration of
lease.
/
product, production; ~
defective products;
~ high-quality
products; ~ imported
products; ~
competitive products; ~
illegal output; ~
substandard products; ~
shadow production; ~
commercial products; ~
exported products; ~
producer of products/manufacturer of
goods; ~
right of ownership of products.

design; project; draft; plan; ~


draft budget; ~
draft of a contract; ~ draft law;
~ draft constitution; ~
draft resolution; ~
draft decision; ~
draft of an agreement;
~ investment
project; ~ capitalintensive project; ~
non-profit project; ~
sound project; ~ final
draft.
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residence; dwelling; habitation.

t dwell; to inhabit; to reside.


/
defeated; ~ defeated party.

to lose; ~ to lose a case.

manufacturer; producer; maker;


~ foreign manufacturer;
~ large manufacturer;
~ domestic producer.

to manufacture; to make; to produce.


/O
manufacture; manufacturing;
production; procedure; proceedings;
( ) industry;
~ making a search; ~
proceedings in appeal; ~

government contractual work; ~
bankruptcy
proceedings; ~
law infringement proceedings;
~ arbitration
proceedings; ~ action
proceedings; ~
proceedings in bankruptcy; ~
large-scale production;
~ industrial production; ~
seasonal production; ~
joint production; ~
commodity production; ~
wasteful production; ~
export production; ~
power-intensive production;
~ initiation of
proceedings; ~a
termination of the proceedings;
~ to resume the

proceedings; ~ to complete
the proceedings; ~
to carry out the proceedings;
~ to terminate the
proceedings; ~ to take
over a case.

arbitrariness, arbitrary rule, abuse of


power.
/
arbitrary; unwarranted; ~oe
arbitrary detention.

line; lineage; origin; ancestry;


descent; parentage; ~
social background.
/
event; incident; ( )
accident; - ~
road traffic accident; ~ street
collision.

hire, rent, rental; ~ to pay


a hire.

attorney; prosecuting attorney; public


prosecutor; public procurator;
~ public prosecutor;
~a with the sanction of a
public prosecutor.
/
delay; procrastination.

industry; ~ local industry;


~ domestic industry.
/
missing; ~ to be
missing.

registration of domicile.

() pass; permit.

prorogation.

to prorogue.

applicant; petitioner.

to ask; to request; to beg.


/
out of date; overdue; in arrears; past
due; ~e overdue payments.

to exceed the time limit; () to


be in default.

exceeding the time limit; delay,


expiration of the time; ()
arrears; ~
delay in payment of funds; ~
delay of
wages; ~ delay in
payment of rent;~ delay
in performance; ~
delay in
credit repayment; ~ delay in
delivery.

prostitute; whore.

rstitution.

( ) dead time; idleness;


downtime; () demurrage; ~
production hold-up; ~
work stoppage; ~
idle time of equipment;
~ waiting
time; ~ (, )
demurrage.

misdeed; fault; misconduct; offence;


~ administrative
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infraction; ~ breach
of discipline; ~
dereliction; official misconduct;
~ to commit a misconduct.
/
request; appeal; application; petition;
~ request for
postponement of payment; ~
application for
revision of a judgement;
~ official request; ~ to
comply with request;
~ to make a request.

protest; objection; deprecation; ~


protest of a bill;
~ prosecutor's appeal;
~ formal protest;
~a declaration of a protest;
~ making of
a protest by a notary; ~ to
enter a protest; ~ to reject
a protest.

to protest; to object.
enemy; opponent; adversary.

counteraction, opposition, resistance;


~ to meet with opposition.

to counteract; to oppose; to resist.

illegally; illegitimately; illicitly;


lawlessly; unlawfully; wrongfully.

illegality; illegitimacy.
/
illegal; illegitimate; illicit; unlawful;
~oe malpractice; ~oe
illegal intent; ~
illegal means.

illegally; illicitly; lawlessly; unlawfully.


/
illegal; illicit; unlawful; ~oe
trespass on the
premises; ~oe unlawful
engagement; ~ unlawful
means.
/
conflict; contradiction; ()
collision; ~
antinomy; ~
conflict of testimony; ~
conflict of law; ~ to
collide.

to conflict, to contradict; ~
to contradict the
constitution.

protocol; minutes; report; record; ~


protocol of intent; ~
protocol on the
results of the auction; ~o
protocol on
cooperation; ~
protocol on goods turnover; ~
protocol of negotiations;
~
protocol of disagreements with the
draft of the contract; ~
record of proceedings of the
court; ~ arbitration
protocol; ~ final
protocol; ~a excerpt from
the minutes; ~a drawing
up of a protocol; ~a
signing of a protocol; ~ to draw
up the minutes; ~ to enter
in the minutes; ~a to
abide by a protocol;
~y to accede to a protocol.

to place on record; to record.


/
professional; ~ professional
secrecy.

profession; career; occupation.


/
prophylactic; ~ preventive
measure.
/
practice, procedure; proceedings;
process; ~ bankruptcy
procedure; ~ forfeiture
proceedings; ~
liquidation proceedings; ~
appellate procedure; ~
procedure of payment; ~
procedure of repayment; ~
law enforcement
procedure; ~
administrative procedure;
~ procedure of
arbitration; ~ budget
procedure; ~ legal
procedure; ~
legislative proceedings; ~
tax procedure; ~
conciliation procedure;
~ procedure of
authorization; ~
conciliation procedure; ~
judicial procedure; ~
customs procedure;
~ to dispense with the
usual procedure;
~ to abide by the rules of
procedure;
~ to cut the red
tape.

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-
/
procedural; ~ rules of
procedure; procedural rules.

percent; percentage; rate, ratio;


( ) interest; ~
interest on
credit; ~
default interest; ~
interest on arrears; ~
interest on the
amount of a bank deposit; ~
interest on the amount of the
loan; ~ interest on
the amount of funds; ~
interest under a contract of
loan; ~ interest on
debts; ~ interest on loans;
~ mortgage interest; ~
interest on credit; ~
,
interest on the credit
issued against a letter of hypothecation
; ~ loan charge;
~ bank interest;
~ bank rate;
~ imputed interest;
~ high percentage;
~ borrowing rate; ~
percentage of commission; ~
concessionary interest rate;
~ computed interest;
~ unclaimed
interest; ~ unpaid
interest/arrearage; ~ low
percentage; ~
usurious interest; ~ loan
interest; ~
statutory interest; ~ rate of
discount; ~ fixed
interest; ~ penalty rate;
~ to collect interest;

~ to pay interest;
~ to bear interest;
~ at even/interest-free.

process; procedure; litigation;


proceedings; trial, suit;
~ appellate process;
~ arbitration
proceedings; ~ budgeting;
~ civil procedure;
~ lawmaking
process; ~ trial/legal
proceedings; ~
civil litigation;
~ criminal trial;
~ to conduct legal
proceedings; ~
to bring an action;
~ to gain one's cause;
~ to delay a
trial; ~ to bring an
action;
~e to be present at the trial;
~ to speed up judicial
proceedings.
/
procedural; ~ procedural
guarantee; ~ procedural
error; ~ adjective
legislation/procedural legislation; ~oe
defect in process; ~oe
adjective law; ~oe
procedural legal
succession; ~e pleadings;
~e procedural rules.

application; plea; petition;


supplication; request; appeal;
~ insufficient
petition; ~ appeal for
pardon; ~ sufficient
petition; ~ delayed

petition; ~ to forward a
petition.

to apologize; to forgive; to pardon;


() to acquit.

forgiveness; apology; ()
pardon; remission; ()
acquittal; ~ forgiveness of a
debt.

pseudonym.
/
psychiatric; psychiatrical; ~
lunatic asylum/mental
hospital.

psychiatry; ~ forensic
psychiatry.

psyche; psychology.
/
mental; ~ mental ill; ~
mental ill
offender; psychical; ~
mental ability; ~
mental disability;
~
mental disability; o
~oo by reason
of a mental disorder.

publication, release; ~
publication of a document; ~

notice in the press of liquidation of a
legal person; ~ official
publication.
/
public; ~ public
accountability; ~oe
public appearance; ~oe
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public hearing; ~oe public
apology; ~oe public
insult; ~oe public law; ~oe
public wrong; ~oe
public prosecution;
~ public auction/public
tenders; ~ public contract; ~
public competition.

bullet.
() clause; item; paragraph;
point; article, provision; (
) count; ~ clause
of an agreement; ~ clause
of a contract; ~
arbitration clause; ~
count of the indictment; ~
payment clause; ~
penalty clause;
~ item on the agenda.

torture; ~ to be
subjected to torture.

alcoholic; drunkard.

alcoholism; drunkenness;
intemperance.

to drink hard; ~
to drink in public.

drunk; drunken; intoxicated.

/
job, labour; work; service; ()
employment; () activity;
() operation;

working; functioning; ~
contractual work; ~ work by
hire; ~ work on a project;
~ professional job; ~
additional job;
~ administrative
work; ~ piece work;
~ team work; ~
unhealthy work; ~
temporary work; ~ work
done; ~ highclass work; ~
highly paid work; ~
defective work; ~ contract
job; ~ additional
work; ~ corrective
work; ~ research
work; ~ design work;
~ round-the-clock
work; ~ scientific work;
- research
work; ~ inferior
work; ~ work in
process; ~
substandard work;
~ unskilled
work; ~ casual work;
~ continuous work;
~ low-paid work;
~ organization
work; ~ paid work;
~ by-work; ~ day-today operation; ~ work by
contract; ~ subsidiary
work; ~ permanent work;
~ forced labour;
~ routine
maintenance; ~
overtime (work); ~
piecework; ~ seasonal work;
~y to carry out work;
~y to come to work;

~y to complete work;
~y to look for a job/to seek
employment; ~y to
employ; ~y to
suspend work; ~y to lose work;
~ to discharge.

to work; to perform; ( )
to be in operation; to function; to go;
to operate; to run; ~
to work part-time; ~
to hold a contract; ~
to work fulltime; ~ to work
overtime; ~ to be on
piecework.

worker; workman; ()
employee; () executive;
( ) official; officer;
~ workers
of budgetary organizations; ~
brain worker; ~
manual worker;
~ administrative
officer; ~ bank employee;
~ casual worker;
~ skilled worker;
~ research worker;
~ senior official;
~ full-time
worker; ~ seasonal worker;
~ technical worker;
~ part-time worker.
P
employer; hirer.

ability to work; capacity for work;


efficiency.
/
1. worker; workman; labourer; 2.
() working; labour;
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~a working week; ~a
labour force; ~ee working
hours; ~ee labour
legislation; ~ working day;
~ casual worker;
~ foreign worker;
~ regular worker;
~ skilled worker;
~ hired worker;
~ labourer;
~ low-paid
worker; ~ time worker;
~ day labourer;
~ auxiliary worker; ~
permanent worker; ~
pieceworker; ~ seasonal
worker.
/
equality; ~ equality of pay; ~

equality of all nations and nationalities;
~ equality in tax
treatment; ~ equality
before the law; ~ equality
before the court; ~
equality of nations large
and small; ~ equality of the
parties; ~
equality of participants in civil
intercourse; ~ real
equality; ~ complete equality;
~ social equality;
~ juridical equality.

balance; equilibrium; ~
unstable equilibrium; ~
balance of power; ~ market
equilibrium; ~ stable
equilibrium; ~
economic balance; ~ to
disturb the balance of forces.

equality; equal rights; ~


equality
in economic relations; ~
equality of citizens; ~
equality of men and women;
~ equality of the parties;
~ complete equality;
~ equality of races.
/
equal (in rights); ~ equal
treaty; ~ on the basis of
equality.
PABH/
equal; ~oe
equal suffrage.

radiation; ~ enhanced
radiation.
/O
examination, investigation; ()
action at law; hearing of a case;
judicial proceedings; lawsuit; trial; ~
examination of a case;
~ arbitration
proceedings; ~ examination
in camera; ~ public hearing;
~ retrial;
~
trial at common law; ~
trial at
equity; ~
trial at statutory
law; ~ to reopen the
proceedings; ~ to
postpone an examination of a case;
~ to terminate the
proceedings; ~ to
suspend an action; ~ to
examine a case.

release; ~ release of a blocked


account.

() to release.

plunder; robbery; ~
armed robbery.
/
intelligence; secret service;
~ intelligence agent.

intelligence agent; secret service


agent.
/
intelligence; ~ intelligence
data.
/
development; advance; ~
furtherance of
criminal enterprise; ~
uneven development; ~
even development;
~ balanced development; ~ socio-economic
development; ~ to
promote (further, facilitate)
development; ~ to hold
back development.

divorce; ~ case of a divorce.

debauchery; depravity; dissipation.

debaucher; libertine; profligate.

to indulge in debauchery.

libertine; profligate; wanton.

to debauch; to deprave;to corrupt.


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corruption; perversion.
PA
to disclose; to divulge.
/
disclosure; divulgence; divulging; ~
disclosure of a
state secret; ~
disclosure of a business secret;~
breach of
professional secrecy; ~
confidential.

denationalization, decentralization,
privatization; ~
restoration of property to private
ownership.

plunder, pillage.

delimitation; separation, partition; ~


delineation of powers.

to discharge; to unload; ~ to
discharge a vessel.

discharge; unloading; ~
discharge of a vessel.

division.
/
division; separation; (
) sharing; ~
separation of powers; ~
equality of votes; ~
cost sharing; ~
international division of labour;
~
legal succession in
the reorganization of a legal person.

to demerge, to break up.

irritation.
P/E
diversity; difference; distinction; ~
diversity of
practice; ~ external
distinctions; ~ internal
distinctions; ~ racial
distinctions; ~ socio-economic
distinctions.
/
() separation (of spouses);
~ () separation
order.

change; ~a
vending machine for making change.

quantity; size, extent; ()


dimensions; ~ rental
rate; ~ budget size; ~
amount of deposit; ~
amount of recovery; ~
size of investments; ~
amount of compensation;
~ amount of
remuneration; ~ payment
amount; ~ dividend size; ~
level of income; ~
amount of
indebtedness; ~ amount of a
loan; ~ rate of
wages; ~ amount of the
property; ~ extent of a claim; ~
amount of capital
investment; ~ amount of
compensation; ~ amount of
credit; ~ rate of taxes; ~
penalty rate; ~
degree of liability; ~
amount of smart money; ~

scale of pension; ~
extent of damage; ~
size of a benefit; ~
size of delivery; ~ extent of
loss; ~ size of duty; ~
rate of interest
on deposits; ~ amount of
expenses; ~ rate of royalty; ~
size of a loan; ~
size of insurance premium; ~
size of the insured
amount; ~ amount of losses;
~ amount of
charter capital; ~
volume of financing; ~
amount of a fine; ~
to estimate the damage;

~ to
correspond to five times the minimum
monthly wage; ~ at the rate of.

arrangement; placing; ( )
allocation; allotment; ~ placing
of a loan; ~ investment; ~
allocation of capital.
/
difference; ( ) margin; ~
income difference; ~
wage differential; ~
difference in the cost;
~ tax difference;
~ to return the
difference; ~y to
compensate for the difference.
/
disagreement; discord; difference;
dispute; variance; ~
disagreements on individual
terms of the contract;
~ unregulated
disagreements; ~
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-
settlement of differences; ~
to bring the
disagreements to the consideration of
a court; ~ to to
resolve/to settle the differences.

to disclose; to expose.

disclosure; exposure.

destruction; ruin; ()
bankruptcy; ~
bankruptcy of an enterprise.
/
disarmament; ~
general and complete disarmament.

drawing-up; planning;
() development,
mining; ~
drawing-up of legislative acts; ~
field development; ~
drawing-up of
normative acts; ~ joint
research and development.

() designer; ~ law
designers; ~
designers of a bill.

to allow; to permit; (,
) to resolve; to settle.
/
() allowance; permission;
consent; ()
authorization; licensing; sanction; ~
grant of lease; ~
import permit; ~ export
permit; ~ loan
authorization; ~
authorization for credit; ~
release for shipment; ~

exchange permit; ~
transit permit; ~
vesting
assent; ~
borrowing authorization; ~
building permit; ~
settlement of a dispute; ~
settlement of
a dispute in arbitration; ~ leave
of court; ~ customs permit;
~ credit licence;
~ official permission;
~ written permit;
~ government
authorization; ~
prior authorization; ~ to allow;
to authorize/to grant a permission;
~ to seek a permission;
~ to withhold a
permission; ~ to obtain a
permission.

to demolish; to destroy; to ruin.

demolition; destruction; ruin.

disparity; () breaking off;


rapture; severance; ~
breaking
off of diplomatic relations; ~
severance of trade
relations.

() to break off; to rapture;


to sever.

explanation; interpretation;
~ to consult
the law.

to explain; to clarify; to interpret.

to look; to search; to seek.

injury; wound.

wounded; wounded man.

to wound.

to repent.

penitence; penitential; repentance.

to detect;to disclose; ~
to detect a crime.

detection; disclosure.
/
receipt; voucher; ~
refusal to issue a receipt; ~y
to issue a receipt; ~y to
present a receipt; ~y to
append a receipt; ~y against a
receipt.

order; regulation; routine; ~ daily


routine.

to manage; () to dispose.
/
direction; order; prescription;
regulations; instruction; (
. .) disposal; disposition; ~

disposition of land and other natural
resources; ~ disposal of
property; ~ ,

disposition of state
property; ~ ,

disposition of property
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-
in shared ownership; ~ ,

disposition of municipal
property; ~ ,

disposition of property
in joint ownership; ~
payment instructions; ~
writ of arrest; ~
payment instructions;
~ administrative
order; ~ interim order;
~ testamentary
prescription; ~ order of
transfer; ~ warrant; ~
- deed
of settlement; - ~ to
be at smb's disposal;
~ to place at disposal.

violence; () lynching;
~ legal lynching.

to deal; to make short shrift.


/
apportionment; allocation; allotment;
distribution; ~ allotment of
shares; ~ allotment of
appropriations; ~
budgeting apportionment; ~
allocation of currency; ~
distribution of dividends; ~ cost
sharing; ~ cost sharing; ~
division of property; ~
investment allocation; ~
tax assessment; ~
distribution of
the national income; ~
allocation of duties; ~
burden sharing; ~
payoff distribution; ~
distribution of powers; ~

allotment of court
costs; ~ allocation of loss; ~
disposition of
funds; ~
payroll distribution.

to allocate; to allot; to distribute.

clearance; sale; ~
closing-down
sale; ~
sell-out of state
property; ~ tax
sale; ~ judicial sale;
~ sale of markeddown goods; ~ seasonal
sale.

distribution; circulation; extension; ~


distribution of information.

() to dissolve; to
disband.

debaucher; libertine.

debauched; dissolute; wanton.

detection; examination; inquiry;


investigation; ( )
inquest; ~ case investigation;
~ impartial inquiry;
~ prejudicial inquiry;
~ official inquiry;
~ parliamentary
investigation; ~
government investigation;
~ preliminary
inquiry; ~ biassed
inquiry; ~ judicial inquiry;
~ to renew an inquiry;
~ to close an inquiry;

~ to begin an inquiry;
~ to conduct an inquiry.
OA
to inquire; to investigate.

to consider; to examine; ~
to consider a case by a
jury trial.
/
consideration; examination;
investigation; ( ) trial; ~
civil investigation;
~ trial by a court; ~
consideration of a claim; ~
consideration of a claim; ~
consideration of a dispute;
~ arbitral proceedings;
~ reconsideration;
~ judicial examination;
~ to submit for
consideration; ~
examination procedure; ~
hearing of a case.
/
payment by instalments; extension of
time, instalment plan, deferred
payment plan; ~ instalment
payment; ~ instalment
purchase; ~
instalment transaction; ~y
to pay by instalments.

shooting.

to shoot.
O
derangement; disorder;
~ derangement/lunacy; ~
brain disorder.
OK
intellect; mind; reason.
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dispatch, distribution; ~
direct mail advertising.

customs clearance.
PACTOP
to abrogate; to cancel; to dissolve; ~
to dissolve a marriage; ~
to cancel a conrtact.
/
abrogation; cancellation; dissolution;
termination, rescission; ~
dissolution of a marriage; ~
cancellation of a contract; ~
rescission of a contract of
lease; ~ -
rescission of a contract of purchase
and sale; ~
rescission of a contractual agreement;
~ rescission of
a contract of insurance; ~
cancellation of a contract;
~ damages
caused by the termination of a
contract.
/
( . .) embezzlement;
defalcation; peculation;
() dissipation;
squandering; waste; (
) misapplication;
misappropriation; ~
misappropriation of funds; ~
wasting assets;
~y (/) to embezzle.

embezzler; defalcator; defaulter;


peculator.

to embezzle; to defalcate; to peculate;


(,
) to misapply; to

misappropriate; () to
dissipate; to squander; to waste.

consumption, use, expense; charges;


costs; penditures; ~
per capita expenses;
~ budgetary
expenditures; ~
extra-budgetary expenditures;
~ military expenditures;
~ government
expenditures; ~ cash
expenditures; ~
additional expenditures;
~ travelling
allowance; ~
commission expenses; ~
overhead expenses;
~ unbudgeted
expenditures; ~
unreasonable expenses;
~ urgent expenditures;
~ incidental
expenses; ~ deed
costs; ~
organizational expenses; ~
incidental expenses;
~ government
expenditures; ~
hospitality costs;
~ production costs; ~
budgeted expenses; ~
insurance costs; ~ legal
costs; ~ current expenses;
~ transport expenses;
~ financial expenses;
~ compensation for
expenditures; ~ to
defray the expenses; ~ to
indemnify for the expenses; ~
to bear the charges; ~ to
cut down the expenses.

() consumption; ()
spending, expenditure, expense; ~
use of resources.

difference; divergence; discrepancy,


imbalance, mismatch; () gap;
() contradiction; ~
mismatch; ~
price discrepancy; ~
disparity in rates.
/
pricing; rating; estimation; valuation;
~ unit prices for work;
~ fee schedule;
~ tariffication;
~ to raise the tariff;
~ to regulate rates;
~ to fix prices.

payment; settlement; ()
clearing; ~ barter;
~ clearing settlement;
~ payment by bills;
~ mutual settlements;
~ external payments;
~ internal payments;
~ bilateral payments;
~ cash payments;
~ interbank
settlements; ~
international settlements; ~
cash settlement; ~
final payment; ~ to make
payments.
/
ratification; ~ instrument of
ratification.
/
ratification; ~ ratification of
a treaty; ~ to be subject
to ratification.
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to ratify; ~ to ratify a treaty.

round; stage; ~
second round of negotiations; ~
another round of
negotiations.

rehabilitation; ~ social
rehabilitation.

to rehabilitate; to retrieve.

reactionary.

reaction.

realization; () sales, disposal,


marketing; ~
realization of pledged property; ~
disposal of assets; ~
disposal of property; ~
disposal of fixed
assets; ~
exercise of a pre-emptive right;
~ forced sale.

retribution; revenge; revanche.


/
inspection; audit; auditing; ~
certificate of audit.

auditor; () inspector;
~ external auditor;
~ internal auditor;
~ statutory auditor.
/
jealousy; ~ from jealousy.

record; register; ~
civil register;
~ land register.

/
record; recording; registration;
registry; ~
registration of acts of civil
status; ~

registration as an individual
entrepreneur; ~ registration
of an agreement; ~
registration of documents; ~
backdating of registration; ~
registration of a mortgage;
~ record of an application; ~

registration of a peasant
farm; ~ registration of a
licence; ~ registration
of the right of ownership to immovable
property; ~ invalid
registration; ~ improper
registration; ~
compulsory registration;
~ official registration;
~ unregistrable; ~ registry;
~ note of registration.

to record; to register.

to register; ( ) to
register one's marriage.

order; procedure; regulations; rules of


procedure; ~ service
regulations; ~ financial
regulations; ~a breach of
order; ~ to fix a timelimit.

regress; retrogression; setback;


( ) recourse; ~a
recourse on bill;
~a recourse loan;

~a recourse amount;
~a to have recourse;
~a to realize the
recourse; ~ with a recourse.
/
control; regulation; management;
( )
adjustment; ~
exchange adjustment; ~
traffic control; ~ price
adjustment/control;
~ antimonopoly regulation;
~ banking regulation;
~ budgetary control;
~ government
regulation; -
~ state legal regulation; ~
monetary control; ~ fiscal
regulation; ~ legal
regulation; ~ customs
regulation; ~ financial
control.

to control; to regulate; to govern.

list; register; registry; roll; record;


schedule; () docket; ~
register of
companies; ~
register of holders of
registered bonds; ~
register of mortgage holders;
~ single
state register; ~ register of
property; ~ register of
patents; ~ trade register.

regime; () regimen;
routine; () schedule; ~
proprietary
security regime; ~
regime of serving a
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sentence; ~
most-favoured
nation regime; ~
authoritarian regime; ~
favourable treatment; ~
boundary regime; ~ legal
order; ~ customs
regulations; ~ trade regime;
~ totalitarian regime;
~ medium security.

reserve; provision; ~ bank


reserve; ~
provision for losses; ~
exchange reserve;
~ untapped reserves;
~ legal reserve.
/
operative; substantive; ~
operative part.
/
resolution; ~ joint
resolution; ~ draft resolution;
~ to adopt a resolution.

result; outcome; ~ election


returns.

precis; resume; summary.

requisites; ~ requisite
elements of documents; ~
payment details; ~ account
details; ~ requisites of a cheque.

requisition; confiscation; ~
requisition of property; ~
confiscation of
property.

advertising; advertisement; ~
press advertising;~


media advertising; ~
fair advertising; ~
fraudulent advertising; ~
commodity advertising.
/
claim; complaint; reclamation;
~ to lodge a claim.
/
recommendation; reference;
~ written
recommendation; ~ to
provide recommendation.

payee; remittee.

repairs; () maintenance;
~ emergency repairs;
~ guarantee repairs.

rent; annuity; ~ land rent;


~ clear rent;
~ rent owing;
~ life rent;
~ fixed rent; ~
pure rent; ~ contract of
rent.

profitability; profitableness; return; ~


profitability of a deal.

cost-efficient; payable; profitable;


profit-making.
/
reparation; ~
to fix the amount of reparations.

repatriate.

rtriation; ~ repatriation
of capital; ~ repatriation of

profits; ~ repatriation of
funds.

to repatriate.

rejoinder; retort; ( )
replication.

repliant; replicant.

rprisals; requital; retaliation;


~ economic reprisal.

repressive.

to repress.

repression; ~ to subject
to repressions.
/
reputation; record; repute; ~
business reputation; ~
commercial reputation; ~ bad
reputation; ~ dubious
reputation; ~ financial
reputation; ~ good
reputation;
~ of good standing.

respondent.

rpublic; ~
democratic republic; ~
independent republic;
~ parliamentary republic;
~ federal republic.
/
re-establishment; restitution;
restoration; ~
restitution of property rights; ~
property restitution;
~ to make a restitution.
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/
retortion; ~ act of a retortion.

redraft; return draft.

retrocession.
/
refinancing, refunding; ~ debt
refunding; ~ debt
refunding; ~ credit
refinancing.

to refinance, to refund.
/
reform; ~ banking reform;
~ monetary reform;
~ land reform;
~ municipal reform;
~ tax reform; ~
law reform; ~ market
reform; ~ social reform;
~ fiscal reform;
~ economic reform;
~y to implement a
reform.

recidivism; relapse.

to decide, to determine; () to
settle, to resolve; ( ) to
adjudicate; ~ to
resolve a matter in smb's favour; ~
to decide against; ~
to decide for.
/
decision; () settlement;
solution; () determination;
adjudication; judgement; ~
decision of the
board of appeals; ~
decision of the arbitration
commission; ~

judgement for the plaintiff; ~


judgement for the
defendant; ~
to quash an award;
~ to award a judgement;
~ to carry out an
award; ~ to take a
review against a judgement;
~ to recall a decision;
~ to reconsider a decision;
~ to arrive at a decision; to decide;

~ to suspend a judgement.

risk; jeopardy; exposure; ()


hazard; peril; ~ failure
risk; ~
risk of civil liability; ~
insured risk; ~
property risk; ~
investment risk; ~
inflation risk; ~
commercial risk; ~ credit
risk; ~ uninsured
risk; ~ to accept a risk;
~y to put at risk;
~ to cover a risk;
~ to avert a risk;
~a to keep a risk
to a minimum.

risky.

to risk; to venture; ( )
to gamble.
/
parent; ~ adoptive
parents.
/
parental; ~ parental
duties; ~oe parent custody.

relation; kinsman; relative; ~


collateral relation; ~
ancestor; ~
agnate; ~
immediate relative; ~ remote
kinsman; ~ blood kin.
/ relationship; ancestry; kinship;
relation; ~a collateral line;
~a ascending line;
~a descending line.

birth.
/
retail; retail trade; ~y to
sell retail.
/
retail; ~ retail trade.

detection; retrieval; search; inquest;


tracing; () inquiry;
investigation; ~
search for stolen property;
~ search for
missing persons;
~ official retrieval.

moneylender; usurer; pawnbroker.

usurious; ~ usurious interest.

money-lending; usury.

rotation.

chief; boss; director; manager;


executive; head; leader; ~
head of a department; ~
head of a ministry; ~
head of an enterprise;
~ economic executive.
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to direct; to head; to manage; to be in


charge; to conduct; to lead.

direction; guidance; leadership;


management; administration;
~ administrative
management; ~ senior
management; ~
collective leadership; ~ general
management; ~
operational management;
~ practical guide;
~ current management;
~ economic
management.

guarantee; guaranty; pledge; security;


surety; warranty; ~
guarantee of the performance
of a transaction; ~ to
undertake a guarantee.

to guarantee; to warrant; to ensure; to


vouch; to answer (for).

market; ~ share market;


~ foreign exchange market;
~ bill market; ~
merchandise market; ~
foreign market; ~
domestic market; ~
government market; ~
money market; ~ closed
market; ~ mortgage
market; ~ credit market;
~ interbank market;
~ international
market; ~ local market;
~ world market;
~ national market;
~ illegal market;

~ unstable market;
~ wholesale market;
~ open market;
~ official market;
~ financial market;
~ black market.
racket; racketeering; ~a
anti-racketeering; ~ to be
engaged in racketeering.

racketeer.

sabotage; ~ to practise
sabotage.

to sabotage.

sadism.

sadist.

balance; surplus; ~
bank balance; ~
balance of mutual settlements; ~
export surplus;
~ active balance;
~ passive balance; ~ to
strike the balance.
/
self-willed; wilful; ~
absence without leave.
/
self-defence; self-protection; ~
protection of rights;
~ personal self-defence;
~ in one's own defence.

impostor; pretender.

self-control; ~ to lose one's


self-control.

composure; self-control; selfpossession. .

self-accusation; self-incrimination;
self-inculpation.

self-deception.
/
self-defence; self-protection;
~ in one's own defence.

false confession; inculpation; selfincrimination.


AM
self-recoupment; self-repayment.

self-supporting; break-even.

self-exculpation; self-justification.

self-determination.
HE
self-sacrifice.

self-immolation.

self-consciousness; ~
national self-consciousness.
/E
self-preservation; ~ instinct
of self-preservation.

independent.

gibbet law; mob law; lynching.

suicide; self-destruction; selfhomicide; self-killing; self-murder;


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~ to commit a
suicide.

suicide; self-killer; self-murderer.


/
self-government; ~
local authority.

arbitrariness; usurpation of power.

sanctioning.

to approve; to authorize; to sanction.

sanction; () penalty; penal;


~ administrative
sanction; ~
alternative penalty; ~
forced sanction; ~
contractual sanction; ~
punitive sanction; ~
mandatory sanction; ~
deterrent of law; ~ trade
sanction; ~ penalty;
~ economic sanction.
/
redress; satisfaction; ~ to
seek a redress.

( ) dues; duty; fee;


tax; charge; collection; ~
collection of taxes; ~ fundraising; ~ excise duty;
~ arbitration fee;
~ stamp duty;
~ commission;
~ consulage;
~ postage; ~ insurance
charge; ~ customs dues.

to market; to sell; ~
to utter counterfeit money.

/
information; data; knowledge;
~ passing
confidential information;
~ additional
information; ~ secret
information.

mother-in-law.

to overthrow; ( ) to
dethrone.

overthrow; (
) coup d'etat.
E
father-in-law.

testifier; witness; warrantor; ~


witness in attendance; ~,
credible
witness; ~ witness for the
defence; ~,
unreliable witness; ~
witness for the
prosecution; ~ sworn
witness; ~
adverse witness; ~ false
witness; ~ potential
witness; ~ partial
witness.
/
testimonial; ~ to
bear evidence; to testify; to witness.

evidence; testimony; ()
certificate; warrant; ~
marriage certificate; ~
certificate of
ownership; ~ birth
certificate; ~ death
certificate; ~ author's

certificate; ~ interim
certificate; ~ certificate
of acknowledgement; ~
certificate of protection; ~
sanitary certificate; ~
certificate of insurance; ~
certificate of registry; ~
customs clearance; ~ to
grant a certificate.

t affirm; to confirm; to certify; to


testify.
/
freedom; liberty; ~
freedom of belief; ~ free will; ~
carte blanche; ~
freedom of contracts; ~
freedom of a person; ~ freedom
of thought; ~ freedom of
association; ~
freedom from all
forms of slavery and servitude; ~
freedom of the press; ~
freedom of discussion; ~
freedom of speech and
belief; ~ freedom of
assembly;~ freedom of
conscience; ~ civil
liberties; ~ fundamental
freedoms.
/
free; vacant; ~ free will; ~
free access; ~
free of all average; ~
free of debts; ~
exempt from a tax.

code; collection; compilation; ~


code of laws; ~ set of
rules.

to pander; to procure.
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pandering; pimping; procuration.

self-interest.

self-interested; self-seeking.
/O
() affinity; relationship by
marriage; ~a degree of
affinity.

brother-in-law; relative by marriage.

sister-in-law.
/
connection; bond; link; tie;
~ mutually
advantageous ties; ~
extra-marital relations;
~ foreign
economic relations; ~
business connections.

sacrilege; ~ to commit
sacrilege.
/
sacred object; shrine; ~
to desecrate.

conspiracy; collusion; scheme; ~


conspiracy against
justice.

to give in; to surrender.


/
transaction; bargain; deal; ~
cash deal; ~ purchase and sale; ~
forward transaction; ~
barter deal; ~ exchange
deal; ~ foreign trade
contract; ~ reciprocal trade

transaction; ~ good bargain;


~ clearing transaction;
~ business deal;
~ amicable compromise;
~ bogus affair;
~ void contract;
~ unilateral contract;
~ voidable contract;
~ illegal contract;
~ real bargain;
~ market transaction;
~ speculation;
~ commercial deal;
~ fictitious contract;
~ export deal;
~ juridical act.
H/
piecework; ~ payment by
the piece; ~ piecework.

prime cost; self-cost; ~


cost per unit;
~ marginal cost.

safe; safe-deposit box.

sequester; sequestration; ~
to sequestrate.

secret; ~ knowhow.

clerk; secretary; ~ clerk of the


court.

in secret; secretly; () confidential;


~ top secret.

secretness.
/
confidential; secret; ~
to pass confidential

information; ~ classified
(secret) document.
/
family; marital; ~oe family
status; ~oe family law.

nepotism.

family; ~ lowincome family; ~ family


of dependent children.

senator.

senatorial.

sensational.

sensation.

separatism.

separatist.
/
serate; ~ separate
negotiations; ~ separate
treaty.

easement; servitude; ~
continuous easement;
~ negative servitude; ~
appurtenant easement; ~
easement in gross; ~
easement of necessity;
~ affirmative
easement; ~ private
servitude.

certificate; ~ quality
certificate; ~ share
certificate; - currency
certificate; ~ weight
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certificate; ~ interim
certificate; ~ registered
certificate; ~ tax
certificate; ~ official
certificate; ~ to grant a
certificate.

session; ~ assize
court; ~ special session;
~ emergency session.

sister; ~ cousin;
~ stepsister.
/
force; strength; () power; ~
force of law; ~
armed forces; ~
probative force; ~ validity in
law; ~ act of
God/force majeure; ~
() retrospective effect of a law;
~ binding force;
~ labour force;
~ legal effect; ~y to
become effective; ~y to
have the force of law;
~ to deprive of legal
effect; ~y to emerge
as law; ~y to
legalize; ~y by operation of
law.

to simulate; to feign; to pretend.

simulation; () malingering.

orphan.

system; ~
legislative system; ~
international trusteeship
system; ~ penal

system; ~ legal system;


~ judicial system.

situation.

bench; box; ~ prisoner's


box.

scandal; ~ to make a row.

to brawl; to make a row.


/A
discount; abatement; allowance;
reduction; ~
trade-in allowance;
~ commercial discount;
~ tax abatement;
~ tariff allowance;
~ trade discount; ~ discount
from the price; ~y to
abate; ~ to sell at a
discount; ~y to claim a
discount; ~ at a discount.

incitement, inducement; instigation; ~



interference with a witness.

disposition; inclination; tendency; ~


fraudulent propensity.

inclined; ~ aggressively
inclined.

to incite, to incline; to induce.


/
speed; ~ actual
speed; ~ permitted speed;
~ speed-limit;
~ excessive speed;
~ at a speed.

() to lie in hiding; ()
to flee; ~ to abscond.

to buy; to fence; to forestall.

( ) forestalling;
( ) cornering.

buyer-up; () fence dealer.

imbecility; feeble-mindedness;
retarded mentality; ~
idiocy; ~ dotage.

imbecile; mentally deficient.

to follow; to watch; ()
to look (after), to take care.

interrogator; examining official;


investigating officer; ~ case
investigator; ~
investigator of cases of
particular importance; ~,

investigator in charge;
~ government
investigator.
/
investigating; investigative;
investigatory; ~
commission of inquiry; ~
investigating authorities; ~
investigative isolation ward; ~
area of investigation; ~
investigative experiment.

consequence; ()
investigation; examination, inquest,
inquiry; inquisition;
~ preliminary examination;
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~ judicial examination;
~ to be on remand.
to collate (with), to compare (with).

collation; comparison. word;


~ last plea.
/
employee; official; ~
tax officer; ~
customs officer; ~ bank
clerk; ~ government
official;
~ civil officer.
/
() department; service; ()
career; employment; ~
security service; ~
intelligence service; ~
supply service; ~ military
service; ~
government service;
~ active service; ~
diplomatic service; ~
public utilities; ~ police
service; ~
intelligence service; ~ staff
service; ~ to
call out for military service/to draft;
~ to discharge
from military service.
/
official; ~ official secret; ~oe
official position; ~
official functions.
/
event; incident; occurrence;
(, ) chance;
occasion; opportunity; ~
accident/mishap;
~ to insure against
accidents; ~e in case of
violation; ~e in case

of need; ~ in default of
payment; ~,
in cases provided for by law.

coincidence; chance.

accidental; casual; incidental;


occasional.
/E
( ) hearing; trial; ~
hearing of a case in court; ~
hearing of cases
in closed sessions; ~
open hearing of a case;
~ preliminary
hearing of a case; ~ to
set for a hearing; ~ to begin
a hearing; ~ to conduct a
hearing.

( ) to conduct a hearing.
/
deadly; lethal; ~ lethal dose;
~
to
cause death by dangerous driving.

death-rate; mortality; ~
accidental deathrate.
/
mortal; ~ capital
punishment/death penalty.
/
deadly; lethal.
/
death; ~
accidental death;
~ violent death;
~ gift in view of
death; ~ death
certificate.

() to commute; to mitigate;
to reduce; ~ to commute a
punishment.

() commutation; mitigation;
~ commutation of a
punishment.

to remove; () to hire; to
lease; to rent; () to relieve,
( ) to withdraw; ~
to remit a penalty; ~
to withdraw the
money from an account; ~
to liberalize; ~
to take depositions; ~
to discharge; ~ to
clear smb of a criminal record.

photo; photograph; print.

leniency; tolerance.

lenient; tolerant. removal;


() hire; lease; rent; ( )
discharge; dismissal; ( )
withdrawal; () expunging.

co-author; ~ joint
inventor.
COABTOPCTB/O
-authorship; ~e in co-authorship.

co-lease; co-tenancy.

co-lessee; co-tenant.

to deprave; to seduce; () to
debauch.

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to follow; to observe; to adhere, to


comply; ~ to keep terms.

adherence, compliance, observance; ~


adherence
to contractual commitments; ~
due course of law; ~

observance of traffic laws; ~
observance of legal norms; ~
subject
to the following provisions.

meeting; gathering; rally; (


) assembly; ~
legislative assembly; ~
constituent assembly.

owner; proprietor; ~ owner


of property; ~
landowner; ~ trustee;
~ limited
owner; ~ individual
proprietor; ~ rightful owner
(proprietor); ~ private owner.
/
ownership; property; ~
ownership of land; ~
leasehold; ~ rented
property; ~ state
ownership; ~ trust;
~ ownership in common;
~ mortgaged property;
~ landed estate;
~ intellectual
property; ~ personal
ownership; ~ joint ownership;
~ communal property;
~ matrimonial property;
~ private ownership
(property).

own; private.
AT
to accomplish; to execute; to
implement; to perform; ~ to
perform an act; ~ to make a
contract; ~ to commit
a fraud; ~ to make a deal; ~
to commit a crime.

( ..) accomplishment;
execution; implementation;
performance; ~ execution
of a will; ~ commission
(perpetration) of a crime (of an
offence).
/
full age; lawful age; ~ to
be of full age; ~ on
coming of age.
/
of full age.
/
conscience; ~ freedom of
conscience.

advice; ( ) board; council;


~ board of directors; ~
council of ministers; ~
board of guardians;
~ governing body;
~ state council.

adviser; counsellor; ~
counsellor of the embassy; ~
military adviser; ~
commercial counsellor;
~ economic adviser.
/
conference; meeting; ~
meeting in camera; ~
panel meeting.

/
advisory; consultative; deliberative;
~ in advisory
capacity; ~ consultative body.
/
co-owner; co-proprietor.

co-proprietorship; joint ownership; cotenancy; ~ tenancy in


common.
B/O
combining jobs; ~y to
combine jobs.

jointly; ~ jointly
acquired property.
/
joint; ~ joint
ownership; ~oe unity of
possession; ~oe joint
session; ~oe joint
statement; ~oe joint
venture; ~oe joint
residence.
/
aggregate; totality; ~ in the
aggregate.

aggregate; total.

debaucher; seducer.

to debauch; () to deprave;
to seduce.

seduction.
/
assent; consent; ()
agreement; () consensus;
~ marital consent; ~
consent to
conclude a deal; ~
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consent to pay damages; ~
consent to deliver
goods; ~ consent of the
parties; ~ mutual
agreement; ~ tacit
agreement; ~ mutual
assent.
/
confirmed; conciliative; conciliatory;
~ commission of
conciliation.

in accord; in concord; (
) according (to).
/
agreeable (to), concordant (with);
~ if the parties
agree thereto.

cordance; agreement; concordance;


~ co-ordination of action.
/
agreed; concerted; ~e
concerted action.

compromise; conciliation;
() collaboration.

to agree, to consent.
/
agreement; arrangement; ()
contract; () bargain; deal; ~
deed of
arrangement; ~,
binding
agreement; ~
arbitration agreement; ~
lease agreement; ~
trusteeship agreement; ~

agreement on the
establishment of diplomatic relations;

~
economic cooperation agreement; ~
indemnity
agreement; ~ safeguards
agreement; ~ credit
agreement; ~ agreement
of intent; ~ partnership
agreement; ~ tariff
agreement; ~
trade and payments agreement; ~
inheritance
agreement; ~ agency
agreement; ~ arbitration
agreement; ~ barter
agreement; ~
concerted agreement;
~ foreign trade
agreement; ~
agreement in force; ~
monetary agreement;
~ short-term agreement;
~ licensing agreement;
~ interagency
agreement; ~
interstate agreement;
~ international agreement;
~
intergovernmental agreement;
~ amicable settlement;
~ multilateral
agreement; ~ written
agreement; ~ payments
agreement; ~
preliminary agreement; ~
working agreement; ~
commercial agreement; ~
labour agreement; ~ oral
agreement;
~ legally binding agreement.

assistance; contribution; promotion;


~ to render assistance.

to assist; to promote; to render


assistance (to).
/
1. content; 2. () payment;
salary; wages; () allowance; 3.
() maintenance; ~
detention; ~
interim custody; ~
continuous custody;
~ illegal
custody; ~
() permanent alimony;
~ to settle an alimony.

to maintain; to support; ~ to
maintain a family.

co-debtor; co-obligator; co-promisor.

joinder; joining; union; ~


joinder of claims.

to connect; to join; to link.

cohabitee.

cohabitation; extramarital relationship.

coapplicant.

to create; to make; () to
establish; to found; to set up; ~
to set up a commission.

to avow oneself; to confess; ~


to confess
to a crime.
/
consciousness; ()
awareness; realization; ()
acknowledgement; recognition;
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confession; ~
insensible/unconscious; ~
conscience of guilt; ~ sense of
duty.

consciously; deliberately.

convocation.

to convene; to convoke; to summon; ~


to call a meeting.

applicant; candidate; competitor.

co-claimant; co-litigant; co-plaintiff.

to shorten; to cut down; to reduce.

co-creditor; co-promisee.

concealment; ~
concealment of documents; ~
concealment of evidence.
/
joint; ~
joint contract.

solicitor.

doubtful; questionable; dubious.

-heir; fellow heir; ~ joint heirs.

co-heiress.

co-accused; co-defendant.

to communicate , to inform, to notify;


~ to
report any change of an address.

/
information; notification; message;
(, ) communication;
~ press report; ~
false information;
~ confidential
communication.

association; community; union;


~ world community.

abettor; accessory; accomplice.

co-guardian.
/
accordance; compliance; conformity;
correspondence; ~ according (to)/in
accordance (with).

to accord (with), to comply (with), to


correspond; ~
to accord with
international obligations.
/
appropriate; consistent; ~
consistent with the law.

co-defendant; co-litigant; corespondent.

rival; competitor.

to compete (with); to contend (with).


rivalry;
() competition.

co-accused; co-defendant.

-surety.

co-chairman.

/
opposition (to); resistance (to); ~
resistance to
an authority; ~ to offer
resistance (to);
~ to resist unlawfully.

to oppose; to resist.

composition; structure; ~
formal components
(elements) of a crime.
/
ndition; state; () fortune; ~
condition of culpability; ~
belligerency; ~ state of
affairs; ~ state of health; ~
insanity; ~
drunkenness; ~ emergency
condition; ~ mental
condition; ~ to make a
fortune; ~ to gather
wealth; ~ to inherit a
fortune; ~ acts of
a civil status.

( ) arguments of the
parties.

adversarial character; contentiousness;


~ adversarial
character of the judicial process.

to compete; to contend.

official; clerk; ~
security man; ~ secretservice agent; ~ bank
clerk; ~ research man;
~ staff man.

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/O
collaboration; cooperation;
~ mutually
advantageous cooperation;
~ all-round cooperation;
~ bilateral cooperation;
~ international
cooperation; ~
multilateral cooperation;
~ to cooperate (with);
~ to establish cooperation.

concussion; ~ brain concussion.


/
participation (in); complicity (in);
implication (in); ~
accompliceship.

associate; collaborator; co-worker; ~


accomplice to a crime.
/
safe custody; safety; ~
perfectly safe.

to keep; to preserve.
/
social; ~oe social
legislation; ~oe social
security; ~oe social
standing; ~oe social
insurance.

alliance; union; ~
defensive alliance.

ally.
/
allied.
/
allied; ~ treaty of alliance.

/
rescuing; life-saving; salvage;
~ salvage charges.
/
saver; salvor; ~ rescue
team.
/
life-saving; rescue.

to rescue; to save.

rescue; salvation.

to gamble; to speculate (in); (


) to play the market.

profiteer; speculator; (
) black marketeer.

profiteering; speculation; ~
currency speculation.

( ) Speaker.

list; register; record; roll; ~


register of shareholders;
~ , trial
docket; ~ electoral roll;
~ record of service;
~ to enter in a list;
~ to draw up a list.

contest; dispute; () conflict;


() litigation; ~
dispute over authorship; ~
dispute over the
jurisdiction of a case; ~ issue
in law; ~
international dispute; ~
patent conflict; ~ litigation;
~ labour dispute;
~ to refer a

dispute to arbitration; ~ to
adjudicate a dispute; ~ to
settle a litigation.

to argue (with); to contend (with).

debatable; disputable; contentious;


controversial; ~ disputable
issue; ~ fact in dispute.

method; way; mode; ()


means; ~ mode of
carriage; ~ method of
payment.
/
ability; capability; capacity;
~ purchasing power;
~ mental abilities; ~
capacity to pay a debt.

capable (of); () gifted; able.


/
fairness; justice; ()
impartiality; ~
principles of equity; ~ law of
equity; ~ equity court;
~ equity
jurisdiction; ~ social
justice.
/
fair; just; equitable; ~oe
fair trial.
/
comparative; ~oe
comparative law.
/A
environment; milieu; surrounding;
~
environmental protection;
~ social environment.

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/
average; middle; ~ee
secondary education; ~
average earnings; ~ to
average.
/
1. way; means; medium; 2. ()
assets; funds; ~a
mass media; ~
means of delivery; ~
public instrument; ~
means of payment; ~
remedy at law;
~ vehicle;
~a budgetary funds;
~a currency resources;
- ~ civil relief;
~a cash resources;
~ lawful tender;
~a fixed assets;
~ unlawful means;
~a means of
transportation; ~
relief.

term; time; period; ~ term of


lease; ~ maturity; ~
duration of
one's duties; ~ lapse of
actions; ~ duration; ~
duration of
arrangement; ~ time of
performance; ~
term for serving one's punishment; ~
term of payment; ~
maturity of a loan;
~ time of loading
and discharge; ~
term of an appeal; ~ term
of office; ~ time of delivery;
~ time of
prescription; ~ term of

probation; ~ tenure
of employment; ~
prison term;
~ period of probation;
~ unexpired term;
~ deadline;
~ statutory
period.

falling-out; quarrel; ~
domestic quarrel.

to fall out (with), to quarrel (with).


/
loan; grant; ~ time loan; ~,
uncovered
loan; ~ loan against a
guarantee; ~
loan on a collateral; ~
loan on a mortgage; ~
advance against
goods; ~ loan at
interest; ~
installment loan; ~ bank
loan; ~ gratuitous
loan; ~ gift loan;
~ loan for an indefinite
term; ~ guaranteed
loan; ~ public loan;
~ money loan;
~ fixed loan;
~ real estate loan; ~
commercial loan; ~
loan at short notice; ~
concessional loan; ~
unlawful loan; ~ bad
loan; ~ secured loan;
~ interest-bearing loan;
~ fixed loan; ~y to
borrow money; ~y to
collect a loan; ~y to pay off
a loan; ~y to contract a loan.

money lender.

borrower; receiver of a loan; bailee.

to lend; loan; ~ to lend on a


collateral.

to banish; to deport; to expel.

to quote; to refer; to invoke; ~


to plead the Constitution.
/
1. citation; plea; quotation; reference;
2. () exile; banishment;
deportation; ~ pleading a
statute; ~ citation of an
authority; ~ claim
of a right; ~ plea of
insanity; ~
unofficial citation.
T/
1. rate; 2. () headquarters; ~
discount rate; ~
tax rate; ~
rate of a duty; ~
high rate;
~ short-term rate of interest;
~ preferential rate; ~ tax
rate; ~ low rate;
~ official discount rate;
~ confrontation; ~ hourly
rate; ~ fixed rate;
~y to quote a rate;
~y to raise a rate.

record of service; labour experience;


length of service.

old age; senility.

gerontic; senile.
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precedence; seniority.

status; ~ diplomatic
status; ~
consultative status; ~
international status; ~ legal
status; ~ social status;
~ legal status.

statute; statutory instrument.


/
statutory; ~oe statute law.

article; () clause; item;


paragraph; section; ~ budget
item; ~ contract clause; ~,
saving clause.

degree; extent; margin; ~


degree of guilt; ~ degree of
kinship.

cost; value; ~ cargo value; ~


porterage; ~
cost of delivery; ~
cost of living; ~ cost of
transportation; ~ fare;
~ agreed cost;
~ hypothecation value; ~
market value; ~ exchange
value; ~ denomination
value; ~ sale value;
~ commercial value;
~ insurable value;
~ value of a commodity; ~ net
cost; ~ valueadded tax.

collision; conflict; clash; ~


conflict of interests.

guard; watchman.

to guard; to watch.
/
side; party; ~ party to a
dispute; ~, winning
party; ~,
party in default; ~,
non-breaching party;
~, defaulting
party; ~ party to a
contract; ~,
damaged party; ~,
defeated party; ~,
party to a contract;
~ party at fault;
~ contracting
party; ~ interested
party; ~
disinterested party;
~ party to a treaty;
~ damaged party;
~ adverse party;
~ conflicting parties.
/
guard; watch; ~ to
hold in custody.
/
country, state; nation; ~
country of temporary
residence; ~- debitor country;
~- debtor country; ~
borrower country; ~ creditor country; ~
country of destination; ~
host country; ~
agricultural country;
~ world's
leading industrial countries;
~ non-aligned
country; ~ host

country; ~
advanced country; ~
developing country;
~ economically
independent country; ~
nuclear-weapon state;
~ to leave a country;
~ to deport from a country;
~ to bar entry
into a country.

insurance; ( ) security; ~
aircraft insurance;
~ insurance of a cargo; ~
life insurance; ~ insurance
of property; ~ credit
insurance; ~ average
insurance; ~ theft insurance;
~ accident
insurance; ~
insurance against natural calamities; ~
insurance against loss or
damage; ~ passenger
insurance; ~
disability insurance; ~
aerial insurance; ~ mutual
insurance; ~ guaranty
insurance; ~
insurance of property; ~
insurance of a person; ~
marine insurance; ~
compulsory insurance; ~
perpetual insurance; ~
social insurance; property insurance.

insured (person); insurant.

to insure; ~ to
insure against accidents.
/
insurance; ~ insurance
premium; ~ insurance
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-
payment; ~oe insurance
compensation; ~oe
insurance cover; ~oe
insurance company; ~ insurance
agent; ~ insurance policy; ~
insured risk.

firing; shooting.

to fire; to shoot.
/
severe; rigorous; stern; strict; ~
strict supervision; ~
high security.

solicitor.

subagent.
/
sublease; subletting; subtenancy;
~y subletting; ~y
to sublease; ~y to sublease.

sublessee; subtenant.

sublessor.

subcontract; ~ to subcontract.

subcontractor.

sub-delivery.

subcontractor; subsupplier.

subrogation; ~
conventional subrogation.

subsidiary.
/
grant; subsidy; ~ to
give a grant (to), to grant a subsidy

(to); , ~ grantee;
~ training grant.

substitute.

subfreighter.

person; subject; entity; ~


copyright proprietor; ~
civil
offender; ~
party to a civil case; ~

property criminal; ~
entity of international law; ~
party to a commitment;
~ entity of law; ~
party to a legal
relationship; ~
party to a legal process.

subjectiveness; subjectivity.
/
subjective; ~e subjective right;
~oe subjective judgement.

sovereignty; ~ state
sovereignty; ~ to violate the
sovereignty; ~ to defend
sovereignty; ~ to
recognize sovereignty.
BEPEHH/
sovereign; ~oe sovereign right.

court; court of justice; law-court;


tribunal; ~
bench trial; ~
court of appeal; ~
industrial
relations court; ~
justice's court; ~
court of inferior jurisdiction; ~

common law court; ~


common
bench; ~ court of
the first appearance; ~
divorce court;
~ court of
common pleas; ~
juvenile court; ~

bankruptcy court; ~
court of equity; ~
court of honour;
~ administrative
court; ~ court of
appellate jurisdiction; ~
arbitration court; ~ military
tribunal; ~ civil court;
~ summary court;
~ land court;
~ correctional court;
~ cassational court;
~ constitutional
court; ~ magistrate's court;
~ independent court;
~ court of inferior
jurisdiction; ~ circuit court;
~ patent court;
~ court of
conciliation; ~ domestic
court; ~ transport
court; ~ arbitration court;
~ federal court.
-/
forensic medical; ~
act of forensic medical examination.
/
judicial; juridical; legal; ~
judicial authority; ~
judicial office; ~ degree
of jurisdiction; ~ judicial
board; ~ forensic
medicine; ~ judicial
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-
summons; ~ judicial
reform; ~ lawsuit; ~oe
judiciary establishment;
~oe judicial proceedings; ~oe
judicial session; ~oe
court order; ~oe
court decision; ~oe
judicial law; ~oe
prosecution; ~oe
judicial proceedings;
~oe judicial separation;
~oe examination in
court; ~oe examination in
court; ~ court judicial
expenses; ~ judicial
document; ~ injunction; ~
judicial immunity; ~
bailiff; ~ court
supervision; ~ judicial circuit; ~
judicial body; ~
court agent; ~ judicial
judgement; ~ injunction; ~
judicial process; ~
judicial distribution of
property; ~ sequestration of
property; ~ court fine; ~
judicial statute; ~ court
expert.
/
judicatory; judicial; legal; ~
judicial assembly; ~oe
officer of justice;
~oe judgement seat.
/
(previous) conviction; criminal record;
precondemnation; record of conviction;
~ first conviction;
~ subsequent
conviction; ~ to have a previous
conviction.

to judge; to try.

to have legal proceedings; to go to the


law.

boat; craft; ship; vessel; ~


foreign-going ship; ~
foreign-going
ship; ~,
ship
registered under a flag of convenience;
~,
national flag ship; ~,
shipwreck; ~,
missing ship;
~ injured ship;
~ passing ship; ~ cargo
boat; ~ chartered
ship; ~ linear ship;
~ pilot ship; ~
tanker; ~ passenger
ship; ~ liner; ~
fishing vessel; ~ rescue
boat; ~ dry cargo ship;
~ cargo boat; ~
merchant ship; ~ to hire a
ship; ~ to load a ship;
~ to unload a ship.

ship holder; shipowner.


/O
court procedure; the judicial system;
~ administrative
court proceedings; ~
arbitral justice; ~ civil
justice; ~ adversary justice;
~ constitutional
court proceedings; ~
accusatorial justice; ~
written procedure; ~
criminal court proceedings; ~
oral procedure; ~ to

embarrass a trial; ~ to
carry out court proceedings.

judicature; legal system; the judiciary.


/
judge; justice; magistrate; ~

administrative law judge; ~
appellate court
judge; ~ judge
in court; ~ circuit
judge; ~ trial
judge; ~ justice of the case; ~
justice of common
pleas; ~
chancellor; ~ justice of the
peace; ~ circuit judge;
~ chief judge;
~ arbitrator;
~ federal judge;
~ justiceship;
~ appointment of a
judge; ~ removal of a
judge; ~ judge's
powers.

judgement; opinion.

suicide.
/
amount; sum; ~ amount
of compensation; ~
outstanding amount; ~ amount in
controversy; ~ total value
of an estate; ~ arrears; ~
amount of expenditures; ~
amount of damages;
~ sum of money;
~ deficient amount;
~ fractional amount;
~ outstanding amount;
~ outstanding amount;
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-
~ amount of a
judgement; ~ amount
due; ~ fixed sum.
/
summary; ~
summary conviction;
~ summary
jurisdiction.

lunatic; mad.

lunacy; madness.

husband; spouse.

spouse; wife.
/
conjugal, marital, matrimonial; ~
breach of faith; ~
tenancy by the entirety;
~ to adulterize.

conjugal state; matrimony; wedlock.

trafficker in prostitutes; pimp; ponce;


procurator of women.

procuration of women; trafficking in


prostitutes.
/
important; substantial; ~
important amendment.
/
fabricated; framed.

to fabricate; to fake; to forge.

account; bill; ~ advance


account; ~ bank account;
~ blocked account;
~ deposit account;
~ closed account;

~ frozen account;
~ correspondent
account; ~ personal account;
~ outstanding bill;
~ paid bill; ~
current account; ~
transferable account;
~ preliminary
invoice; ~ savings
account; ~ current account;
~ to accept an invoice;
~ to withdraw
money from an account;
~a to charge off;
~ to tamper with accounts.

to consider; to deem; to regard.

crime detection; detection.

detective; investigative.

TH

secret; ~ privacy of
correspondence; ~
state secret; ~
commercial secret; ~
official secrecy.

taxation.

customs officer.
/
customs; ~ customs
declaration; ~ customs
duty; ~ customs
formalities; ~ customs
duties; ~ customs courts; ~

customs examination; ~
customs tariff.

custom-house; customs.

rate; tariff; ~ high rate;


~ freight rate; ~
preferential rate; ~ low rate.

bodyguard.

bidding; tender; ~a terms of


a tender.
/
territorial; ~ territorial
integrity; ~ territorial
jurisdiction.

territory; ~ selfgoverning territory; ~


customs area.

terror; ~a act of terrorism.

to terrorize,

terrorism; ~
international terrorism.

terrorist.

terrorist; ~ act of terrorism.

father-in-law.

mother-in-law.

title; ~ title of
ownership; ~ legal title;
~ to take a
title; ~a title
holder; ~ defect of a title.
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goods; commodity; merchandise; ~


durable
goods; ~ inferior
goods; ~
essential commodities; ~
consumer goods;
~ faulty goods;
~ goods in short
supply; ~ insured
goods; ~ unmarketable
goods; ~ consumer
commodities; ~ stolen
merchandise; ~ basic
goods; ~ fast-moving
commodities; ~ to pledge
goods; ~ to deliver goods;
~ to sell goods;
~ to dispose of
goods; ~ to insure goods.

society; association; ()
company; firm; ~ to enter
into partnership; ~
limited partnership.

commodity expert; goods manager.

toxicologist.

toxicology.
/
construction; interpretation; ~
construction of statutes; ~
interpretation of
a legal norm; ~
misconstruction; ~
limited interpretation;
~ broad
interpretation; ~ judicial
interpretation.

to construe; to interpret; ~
to interpret in the
accused's favour; ~ to
misconstrue; ~ to interpret
narrowly; ~ to interpret
broadly.

bargaining; bidding; tender;


~ closed tenders; ~
announced tenders; ~
open tenders; ~ to win a
tender; ~ to hold a
tender.

to deal; to trade.

dealer; merchandiser; merchant;


() seller; tradesman; vendor;
~ dope-pusher;
~ dealer; ~
distributor; ~ retail dealer;
~ marketeer; market
trader.
/
trade; traffic; commerce; ~
trafficking in
stolen goods; ~ drug
pushing; ~ barter; barter
trade; ~ free trade;
~ mutually
advantageous trade; ~
export trade; ~ illegal
trade; ~ world commerce;
~ illegal trade; ~
wholesale trade; ~
retailing; retail trade.
-/
commercial and economic; ~oe
commercial/trade and
economic agreement.

/
trade; commercial; mercantile; ~
chamber of commerce; ~
trade policy; ~
deal; ~oe trade
legislation; ~ law of merchant;
~oe commercial legal
relations; ~oe
trade mission; ~oe
commercial agreement; ~oe
merchant ship; ~ trade
relations; ~ trade
sanctions; ~ commercial agent;
~ commercial arbitration; ~
commercial attache; ~
commercial contract; ~
commercial broker; ~
trade representative; ~
mercantile marine.
/
trauma; injury; ~ off-the-job
injury; ~
employment accident; ~y to
receive an injury.

traumatism; injuries;
~ job-related
injuries.

transit; ~ in transit.

tranquilizer.

transport; ~ air
transport; ~ bus
transport; ~
automobile transport; ~ water
transport; ~ air transport;
~ cargo transport;
~ railway
transport; ~ passenger
transport.
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carriage; transportation.

transfer.

road; route.

drawer of a bill of exchange; issuer;


drawer of a cheque.

drawee.
/
bill of exchange; draft; ~
inland bill; ~
documentary bill; ~ term
draft; ~y to accept a
draft; ~ to draw a bill.
/
demand; requirement; () claim; ~
claim for
damages; ~,
statutory requirement; ~
demand for a relief;
~ claim for a penalty;
~ contractual requirements;
~ bank's requirement;
~ counterclaim;
~ monetary claim; ~
claim/lawsuit; ~ payment
request; ~ lawful
demand; ~ to advance a
demand; ~ to
comply with the requirements of the
law; ~ to admit a claim;
~ to meet a demand.
/
arbitral; ~ arbitration court; ~oe
arbitration; ~oe
arbitral award;
~ to settle a dispute by
arbitration.

trilateral; tripartite.

tribunal; ~
international tribunal; ~ court
martial.

labour; work; ~ hired labour;


~ unskilled
labour; ~ compulsory
labour.
/
labour; working; ~
labour discipline; ~
labour legal
capacity; ~oe
labour legislation; ~e labour
law; ~ employment contract;
~ labour conflict; ~
length of service.
/
ability to work; labour ability;
~ disability.
T/
able-bodied.

employment; job placement.

corpse.
/
prison; ~oe prison law.
/
jail; prison; penitentiary; ~
maximum security
prison; ~ high
security prison; ~y to put
to prison/to imprison;
~ jail delivery.

litigation; lawsuit; suit.

gravity; severity; ~
gravity of a crime.
/
heavy; ~oe
grave bodily harm.

/
refuge; harbour; shelter; asylum;
~ diplomatic
asylum; ~ political
asylum; ~ to give harbour;
~a to seek a shelter;
~a to violate a sanctuary;
~a right of asylum.

to kill; to murder; to slaughter.


/O
homicide; killing; manslaughter;
murder; assassination; ~
heat of passion homicide; ~
homicide for
revenge; ~
involuntary homicide; ~
assassination
for political reasons; ~
()
excusable homicide;
~ assassination; ~
massacre; ~

first-degree murder; ~

second-degree
murder; ~ to commit a
homicide; ~ attempted
murder.

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homicide; killer; assassin; ~


assassin/hired killer;
~ professional
killer.
/
losses; () damages;
~ speculative damages;
~ temporary damages;
~ financial losses; ~
consequential damages;
~ multiple damages;
~ irrecoverable
damages; ~ necessary
damages; ~ marginal
damages; ~ direct
damages; ~ added
damages; ~ to recover
damages; ~ to repair
damages; ~ to lay
damages; ~ to bear damages;
~ to pay damages;
~ to assess damages;
~ to cover damages.

to respect; ~
to respect the norms of
international law.

respect; ~ respect for law; ~



respect for
territorial integrity and inviolability of
frontiers.

information; notice; notification; ~


notice of a claim; ~
notice of dishonour; ~
advice of dispatch; ~
notice
of a trial; ~ notice of
intention; ~ notice of

application; ~
acknowledgement of receipt; ~
notice
of a general meeting; ~
formal notice; ~ statutory
notice.

to inform; to notify; ~
to notify of one's
intention.
/E
injury; mutilation; maim;
~ maiming.

dismissal; layoff; removal; ~


discharge from the army; ~

discharge for inaptitude; ~
redundancy.

to dismiss; to lay off; to remove ; ~


to transfer to the reserve.

criminal; felon.
-/
criminally liable; ~oe criminally
punishable act.
-
criminally responsible.
-/
of criminal procedure; ~oe law
of criminal procedure; ~ code
of criminal (penal) procedure.
/
criminal; penal; ~
criminal liability; ~
criminal jurisdiction; ~oe
criminal act; ~oe criminal law;
~oe prosecution; ~oe
criminal offence/felony;
~oe criminal
justice; ~ criminal/law; ~

criminal code; ~
criminal procedure.

hijacking; () auto
theft/carjacking; ()
skyjacking.

hijacker; carjacker; skyjacker.

to menace; to threaten.
/
menace; threat; danger; jeopardy; ~
menace
to international security; ~
menace of violence; ~
menace of an injury;
~ immediate
menace; ~ potential
menace; ~ justifiable
menace; , ~
threatening letter; ~
removal of a threat.

removal; sending away; ~


recess of the jury.

to leave; to move off; to retire; to


withdraw; ~ to retire for
deliberations.

blow; stroke;
~ intentional infliction of blows;
~ to deliver a blow.

to deliver a blow; to hit; to strike.


/
1. () detention; 2.
() deduction; 3. (
) distraint;
retention; ~ () lien;
~ retention of
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-
possession of property; ~
() detainer.

to detain; to retain; () to
deduct, to withhold, (
) to distrain.
/
satisfaction; recovery; redress; relief;
~ allowance of a claim;
~ money satisfaction;
~ legal redress;
~ adequate
consideration; ~ to give
satisfaction; ~ to satisfy a
claim.

to satisfy; to meet; to redress; ~


to allow an appeal; ~
to allow a claim; ~ to
meet the requirements.
/
1. () certificate; 2.
() acknowledgement;
authentication; certification;
verification; ~ certificate of
identity; ~ certificate of
registration; ~ driver's
licence.

to attest; to authenticate; to certify;


() to identify.

to adopt; to affiliate.

strangulation.

to choke; to strangle; to strangulate.

legalization; legitimation.

legitimized.

to legalize; to legitimatize.

inmate; prisoner.

usurper.

usurpation.

to usurp.
3
bonds; links; ties; ~ family
bonds.

edict; decree; ordinance; ~


to issue a decree.
/
indication; () direction;
directive; instruction.

( ) avoidance ; dodging;
evasion; ~ tax
avoidance.
O
( ) to avoid; to dodge;
to evade; to elude; ~
to evade one's
duty; ~ to dodge
responsibility; ~
to elude a treaty.

concealer; harbourer.

concealment; harbouring; ~
adoption of stolen goods.
AT
to shelter; to conceal; to harbour; ~
to harbour a criminal.
/
evidence; evidence of a guilt;
~ sufficient evidence;
~ circumstantial

evidence; ~
incontrovertible evidence; ~
direct evidence.

to prove smb guilty; ~ to catch


in a deception.

ultimatum.
mind; intellect; ~e
of sound mind and memory.

to decrease.

diminishing; decreasing; lessening;


reduction; ~ tax relief; ~

mitigation of damages; ~
reduction in a claim.

deceased; decedent.

to die.

non-disclosure; reticence.
/
mental; ~ mental
ability.
/
design; forethought; intent; malice;
~
intentional premeditated malice;
~ implied malice;
~ challenge-able malice.

designedly; intentionally; wilfully; ~


intentionally
committed act.
/
aforethought; deliberate; intentional;
wilful; ~ intentional fault; ~
wilful neglect; ~oe
intentional bankruptcy;
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-
~oe intentional crime;
~e malicious
damage.

to intend; ~ to intend
fraudulently.

to become heir; to inherit; ~


to inherit by a will; ~
to inherit by a descent.
/
humiliating; degrading; ~ee
degrading
treatment.

humiliation; abasement; degradation;


~ abasement of
human dignity.

unification.

to unify.

to annihilate; to destroy; to liquidate.


/
annihilation; destruction; elimination;
~ destruction of property;
~
intentional destruction of a document.
/
payment; ~ discharge of a debt;
~ payment of
costs; ~ to
evade a tax.

to pay.

authorized agent; plenipotentiary.


/
authorized; entitled; ~ to be
authorized.

to authorize; to empower; to entitle.

administration; management;
( ) board;
department; ~ driving;
~
administration of state affairs; ~
administration
of a bankrupt's estate; management of
the property of a debtor;
~ trust.

to administer; to conduct; to govern;


to manage; ~ to drive a
car; ~ to
administer state affairs; ~
to administer property.

manager; ~ business
manager; ~ personnel
manager.

authorized; empowered; ~
authorized by law.

to entitle; to authorize; to empower.

authorization; power.

annulment; cancellation; abolition.

to annul; to cancel; to abolish.

strengthening; consolidation.

to consolidate; to strengthen.

to simplify; to facilitate; ~
to simplify the
formalities.

failure; neglect; omission.

adjustment; settlement; ~
judicial settlement; ~
settlement of disputes; ~

settlement of territorial claims;
~ international
settlement; ~
peaceful settlement of differences;
~ political settlement.

to adjust; to regulate; to settle; ~


to settle a dispute.
/
level; rate; scale; ~
crime rate; ~ death rate;
~e meeting at
the top level/summit meeting.
/E
condition; ( . .)
provision; clause; term; ~
contractual terms; ~
terms of surrender; ~ terms of
employment; ~
conditions for release on bail; ~
terms of payment; ~
terms of delivery; ~
terms of sale; ~
terms of trade; ~ labour
conditions; ~ contractual
terms; ~ easy terms;
~ unacceptable
terms; ~ to
settle the terms; ~ to
violate the terms; ~
to revise the terms; ~ to
accept the terms; ~ to
observe the provisions; ~ to
make conditions; ~
on condition of reciprocity.
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conditionally; provisionally;
~ to discharge
conditionally.
/
conditional; provisional; ~oe
conditional discharge;
~oe probation; ~
conditional sentence.
/
service; favour; ~
banking services; ~
public services; ~
health service; ~ paid
services; ~
intermediary services;
~ transportation services;
~ legal services.
/
discretion; ~
sentencing discretion; ~
discretion of the court;
~ to release on
discretion.

statutes; charter; constitution;


covenant; regulations; ~
articles of
association; ~ rules of a bank;
~ judicial statute; ~
rules of procedure;
~ army rules;
~ customs regulations.

to put up; to set up; () to


establish; to institute; () to
ascertain; ~
to enact; ~ to ascertain
guilt; ~ to
establish business-like cooperation; ~
to
establish diplomatic relations; ~

to establish identity; ~
to provide for punishment;
~ to prescribe a rule; ~
to determine
patentability; ~
to prescribe the
rules of procedure; ~
to ascertain the extent of damage; ~
to establish the fact.

establishment; ascertainment; setting;


~
establishment of business- like
cooperation; ~
establishment of diplomatic
relations; ~ establishment of
identity; ~
affiliation/establishment of paternity; ~
ascertainment of
damage; ~ judicial
identity.
/
verbal; oral; parol; ~
verbal arrangement;
~oe verbal agreement;
~ oral
evidence; ~ verbal contract.

elimination; eradication; removal; ~


elimination of
contradictions.

to eliminate; to remove; ~
to settle differences.

to cede; to concede; to give way.


/
cession; compromise; concession;
() surrender; transfer;
~ to make mutual
concessions.

adoption; affiliation.

to adopt; to affiliate.

concealment; ~
fraudulent concealment.

to conceal; to disguise.

to confirm; to affirm; to assert;


() to adopt; to approve;
() to authorize; to
sanction; ~ to probate a
will; ~ to affirm a decision.

confirmation; affirmation; assertion;


(.) adoption; approval;
() authorization;
sanction; sanctioning; ~
approval of the budget; ~
probate of a will; ~
affirmation of a decision.

loss; forfeit; ~ loss of


legal capacity; ~ loss of
property; ~ forfeit of a right.

to lose; () to forfeit.

to participate; to take part; ~


to participate in the
session of the court.
E
participation; taking part; ~ with
the participation.

participant; partner; ~ party


to a contract; ~
negotiator/participant in the
negotiations; ~
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privy; ~ bargainer/participant
in a transaction.

part; area; section; () lot;


~ parcel of land;
~ electoral district;
~ personal plot of land.

destiny; fate; lot.

accounting; calculation; inventory;


registration; ~
accountancy/accounting; bookkeeping.

to discount; to consider; to note; ~


to discount a bill.

founder; promoter; ~
company promoter.
/
constituent; constitutive; ~oe
constituent assembly; ~
articles of association.

to establish; to found; to institute; to


set up; ~ to
float a company.
/
establishment; founding; setting up;
institution; ~
floating of a company;
~ administrative
agency; ~
institution; ~ penal
institution; ~ credit agency;
~ international
institution; ~
government agency.

infringement; interference, limitation;


restriction; ~

infringement of national
interests.

to infringe; to interfere, to limit; to


restrict; ~ to
infringe the sovereignty of a state.

harm; injury; lesion; loss; ~,


claimed damage;
~ actual damage;
~ damage to property;
~ moral damage;
~ irreparable damage;
~ incidental damage;
~ actual
damage; ~ to recover
damage; ~ to make
amends; ~ to damage;
~ to assess damage;
~ to cover damage;

~ to ascertain the extent of the
damage done; ~a
compensation for damage.

vulnerability.

vulnerable.

fabrication; manufacture; falsification;


simulation.

to fabricate; to manufacture; to falsify;


to simulate; ~
to fabricate false
evidence.

facsimile.

fact; matter; ~ fact of a


crime; ~ incontestable
fact; ~ ascertained fact;
~
matter of record;
~ unconfirmed fact; ~
contestable fact; ~
established fact;
~ fabricated
fact; ~ juridical fact;
~ to distort facts;
~ to juggle with
facts; ~ to suppress a fact.

actually; in fact.
/
factual; real; actual; ~ error
in fact; ~oe factual
possession.

() bill; invoice;
~ commercial invoice.
/
facultative; optional; ~
optional jurisdiction.

fabrication; falsification; fake; forgery;


~ forgery.

falsified; simulated; fabricated;


framed-up.

to fabricate; to falsify; to frame up; to


fake; to forge.

fake; forgery; counterfeit.

counterfeiter; coiner; forger of banknotes.

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/
counterfeit; fake; false; forged; ~
forged documents.

family.

fanaticism.

fanatic.

fanatic; fanatical.

federal; ~ federal judge.


/
federate; federated; federative; ~oe
federative state.

federation.
/
felony; ~ to commit a
felony.

fiduciary.
/
physical; ~ physical
defect; ~ manual labour; ~oe
physical oppression.
/
fake; fictitious; bogus; sham; ~
fictitious marriage.
/
financing; funding; ~
state financing.

to fund; to sponsor.

financier.
/
financial; ~ financial
inspectorate; ~ financial
operation; ~ financial
support; ~oe

financial legislation; ~oe


financial law.

firm; agency; company; ~


broker firm; ~
commercial firm; ~ law
firm.

fiscal.

fund; resources; stock; ~


currency fund; ~
payroll fund; ~
investment fund;
~ charitable
foundation; ~ currency
fund; ~ trust fund;
~ investment fund;
~
capital funds; ~ pension
fund; ~ trustee fund;
~ insurance fund;
~ private fund; ~ to
establish a fund; ~
withdrawal of funds.

form.
/
formality; technicality; ~
to comply with formalities.
/
formal; ~e adjective law.

to formulate; to state.

formulation; statement;
~ legal wording.

blank.
-
act of God; force majeure.

photocopy.
-
free into barge.
-
free on board a vessel.
-
free on car; free on wagon.
-
free on lorry.
-
free on truck.
-
free on board.

franchise; ~
unconditional franchise.

freight; freightage; ~ outand-home freight; ~


outgoing freight; ~
freight prepaid;
~ air freight; ~
additional freight; ~ sea
freight; ~ back freight;
~ prepaid freight;
~a to claim a
freight; ~a amount of a freight.
/
freightment; freight; freightage;
chartering; ~ contract of
affreightment.

charterer; freighter.

to affreight; to charter; to freight.

carrier.

freehold; free tenure.

freeholder.
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performance; functioning; operation.


/
function; ~
judicial functions; ~ penalty
function; ~ to exercise
one's functions.

negligence; neglect of a duty;


carelessness; ~ neglect
of an official duty.

reference; ~ reference
from one's place of work.

charter.

hedge.

to hedge.

stealing; theft; larceny; ~


stealing
of state property; ~ minor
larceny.
/
petition; motion; application; plea;
solicitation; ~,
motion in court; ~
motion for
rtiorari; ~
motion for a pretrial release; ~
motion
for a discharge; ~
- motion for a release
from custody; ~
motion for a dismissal; ~
motion for a new

trial; ~
appeal; ~
appeal for pardon; ~
plea of nullity; ~

petition for examining the case by a
jury trial; ~ written
motion; ~ verbal motion;
~ to enter a motion;
~e to defeat a motion;
~ to consider a motion;
~ to grant an
application.

to apply; to petition; to plead.


-
holding company.

bachelor; single man.


X/E
custody; storage; ~
possession of stolen goods;
~ safe custody; ~ to take
charge; ~ to deposit.

custodian; keeper; ~ bailee; ~


collector
of a decedent's estate.

to store; to preserve; to keep in store.

rowdyism; ruffianism; ~
malicious hooliganism.

alienator; assignor; grantor;


transferor.

integrity; ~
a territorial integrity of a
state.
/
aim; goal; object; purpose; ~
object of an action; ~
criminal intent;
~ for charitable purposes;
~ with a mercenary
motive.
/
price; cost; ~ amount of a claim;
~ discounted price;
~ auction price;
~ stock exchange price; ~
agreed price; ~ moderate
price; ~ overcharge;
~ purchase price;
~ undercharge;
~ commercial price;
~ competitive price;
~ contract price;
~ world prices;
~ face value;
~ starting price;
~ face value;
~ final price;
~ wholesale price; ~
approximate price; ~
lump sum; ~ purchase price;
~ retail price; ~
market price; ~ sliding
price; ~ reduced price;
~ speculative price;
~ fair price; ~ tariff
price; ~ export price;
~y to overestimate a price;
~y to fix a price;
~ at the agreed price;
~e at a discount.
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qualification; ~ age
qualification; ~
electoral qualification;
~ property qualification.
/
censorship; censure; ~e to
subject to censorship.
/
value; worth; ~ currency
values; ~ declared value;
~ material values;
~ declared value;
~ valuation.
/
expensive; ~ registered
matter; ~ capital
issues/securities;
~ government securities.
/
ceremony; rite; ~
official ceremony.

alienee; assignee; cessionary; grantee;


transferee.
/
assignment; cession; transfer; ~,


equitable assignment; ~
object of a cession.

circular letter.

-
charter-party.

partial.

ACTH/
private; ~ private
property; ~oe
special court ruling; ~oe private
law; ~oe private
business; ~ private
entrepreneur.

check; bill; () receipt; ~


flash cheque;
~ accepted cheque;
~ bank cheque;
~ cheque drawn to a named person;
~ unaccepted
cheque; ~ invalid
cheque; ~ dishonoured
cheque; ~ cancelled
cheque; ~ protested
cheque; ~ order cheque;
~ bearer cheque;
~ overdue cheque;
~ sale receipt;
~ to draw a cheque; ~ to
pay a cheque; ~
to present a cheque for
payment.

drawer of a cheque.

officer; official;
~ high-ranking official;
~ civil servant;
~ assessor; ~
officer of justice; ~
customs officer.

() member; ~
member of the commission; ~
director; ~
conspirator/member of the
conspiracy; ~ trade-union
member; ~ associate justice;

~ associated
member; ~ full
member.
/
emergency; extraordinary; ~oe
emergency laws;
~oe emergency state; ~
emergency powers.

blackmail; () racket;
~a extortion by
a blackmail.

to blackmail; to racketeer.

blackmailer; racketeer.

espionage; spying; ~
industrial espionage; ~
to be engaged in espionage.

( ) personnel;
staff; ~ to reduce the staff.

civilian.

fine; penalty; ~
administrative fine; ~
penalty
for a delay in the delivery of goods;
~ exacted penalty;
~ pecuniary penalty;
~ penalty
awarded by arbitration; ~
to exact a fine; ~ to fine;
~ to pay a fine;
~ to cover the amount of a fine;
~a action for a
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penalty; ~a forfeit;
~a penalty charging.
/
penal; vindicatory; ~
vindicatory sanction.

to fine; to penalize.

blackleg; strike-breaker.

blacklegging; strike-breaking.

evacuation.
/
exequatur; ~
to refuse to grant an exequatur;
~ to obtain an exequatur.

execution.

copy; specimen; ~ duplicate


copy; ~ single copy;
~ authenticated copy.

expatriate.

expatriation.

to expatriate.

forwarder; shipping agent.

experiment; ~
investigative experiment.

examiner; expert; surveyor; ~


law expert; ~
expert by the

defence; ~ commercial
expert; ~ independent
expert; ~ court expert;
~ expert's report.
/
expertise; expert appraisal; expert's
report; ~ novelty
examination; ~ fair
appraisal; ~ selective
appraisal; ~
handwriting expertise;
~ fingerprint
identification; ~
independent examination;
~ patent examination;
~ preliminary
examination; - ~
forensic medical examination;
~y to carry out an
examination; ~ expert
evidence.
/
expert; ~ commission of
experts; ~oe expert's
report.

export; ~ export of goods; ~


export of services.

exporter.

to export.
/
export; ~ export duty.

expropriation.

exterritoriality.
/
extradition; ~ extradition
treaty; ~ extradition law;
~ extraditable.

extremist.

excess.

emancipation.

to emancipate.

embargo; ~ to impose an
embargo; ~ to lift an
embargo.

emigrant; emigre; exile.

to emigrate.

emission.

emitter; issuer.

escalation; ~ escalation of
a conflict.

judically; legally; ~
founded in law; ~
legally binding.
/
juridical; juristic; legal; ~
validity in law; ~
relevance in law; ~
legal advice; ~
invalidity; ~
legal obligation; ~
legal liability; ~
ignorance of law; ~
judicial aid; ~ juridical act;
~ legal force; validity; ~
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legal wording; ~
legal restraints; ~
legal relations; ~
legal effect; ~
legal events; ~ legal sense; ~
legal status; ~ law
term; ~oe legal act; ~oe
incorporated person; ~oe
legal ground; ~oe
legal position.

jurisdictional.
/
jurisdiction; competence; judicature; ~
common law
jurisdiction; ~
original jurisdiction; ~
equity jurisdiction;
~ administrative
jurisdiction; ~
appellate jurisdiction;
~ state jurisdiction; ~
civil jurisdiction; ~
legislative jurisdiction; ~
foreign jurisdiction; ~
exclusive jurisdiction; ~
supervisory jurisdiction; ~
general jurisdiction; ~
protective jurisdiction; ~
court jurisdiction; ~
territorial jurisdiction.

jurisconsult; legal counsel.

jurisprudence.

jurist; lawyer; ~
qualified lawyer; ~a
legal advice.
/
justice; judicature; ~ lay
justice; ~ penal justice.

appearance; ~ giving
oneself up; ~y
to assure the appearance of
a witness.
/
nuclear; ~e nuclear arms.

poisonous.

language; ~
diplomatic language; ~
official language; ~ working
language; ~ native language.

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