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ABNT STANDARD EYE TERMINATION FOR STEEL WIRE ROPE SLINGS Specification 1.

Objective

NBR 11900

This standard establishes requirements for the acceptance and/or receipt of wire rope slings. 2. Complementary standard The following complementary documents shall be consulted: NBR 6327 Steel wire ropes for general purposes 3. Definitions The definitions on items 3.1 to 3.4 below will be applicable on this standard. 3.1 Eye Termination of the sling in form of a loop. 3.2 Spliced eye Eye made by splicing the wire rope in two halves, curving one half to make the loop and braiding the other half with the first one, fastening it with a ferrule. 3.3 Folded eye Termination where the wire rope is folded over itself making an eye, fastening the loose extremity with a ferrule. 3.4 Hand splice eye Termination made by folding the wire rope over itself making an eye, braiding the loose extremity to the rope using at least five lays. 4. General provisions 4.1 Classification The eye terminations are classified as follows: a) Type 1 Spliced eye with steel ferrule; b) Type 2 Spliced eye with aluminum ferrule; c) Type 3 Hand splice (without ferrule); d) Type 4 Folded with aluminum ferrule. 4.2 Use 4.2.1 Eye type 1 This type of eye is safer than the others for the strength of the eye is provided by splicing, not only by the ferrule.

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ABNT STANDARD 4.2.2 Eye type 2 It has the same characteristics of Type 1 with the following restrictions: a) high temperatures; b) sea water contact; c) abrasive surfaces contact. 4.2.3 Eye type 3

NBR 11900

It is less resistant than the others and shall not be used in cases where the eye is subject to rotation or cyclic loads. 4.2.4 Eye type 4 It is the less safe type of eye, despite having the same strength of types 1 and 2 (the resistance of the eye depends on the ferrule). It shall not be used in the following cases: a) when lifting loads that may bring risks to human life; b) in high temperatures; c) in contact with sea water; d) in contact with abrasive surfaces. 4.3 Quality control 4.3.1 4.3.2 The splicing shall be made by qualified personnel. Supplier shall be responsible for the training and qualification of personnel in charge of splicing. Tubes from where the ferrules will be cut shall be inspected by the sling manufacturer from its cut to the final application, to ensure that they are free of defects. Tube manufacturer shall supply one certificate for each lot. Ferrules shall also be inspected by the slings manufacturer from the cut from the tube to its final application to ensure they are free of defects, and that they have been pressed in accordance to Chapter 5 of this standard. Sling manufacturers shall guaranty and certify, whenever required by the purchaser, that the ferrules used on the manufacturing of the slings have the same characteristics, within the normal manufacturing tolerances of the ones approved on prototype tests according to 6.1.

4.3.3

4.3.4

5. Specific conditions 5.1 Workmanship 5.1.1 5.1.2 Wire ropes shall be cut in such a way that the extremities are not hardened or welded one to the other. In case of eyes type 1 and 2, the ferrules shall be of cylindrical format and conical finishing at the opposite end to the eye.

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ABNT STANDARD 5.1.3

NBR 11900

Eyes using ferrules on wire ropes with a nominal diameter greater than 38 mm shall be made of steel-cored rope. Steel ferrules shall be cut from seamless steel tubes. Ferrules shall not present any defect that could be a problem for their performance. After pressed the ferrule shall be free of cracks. Loose end of wire ropes shall be long enough to allow the cylindrical part of the ferrule to be placed onto it. The breaking load of the spliced eye with steel ferrule shall be at least 90% of the minimum breaking load of the respective wire rope. Aluminum ferrule shall be cut from seamless tubes. Ferrules shall not present any defect that could be a problem for their performance. After pressed the ferrule shall be free of cracks as verified by LP test. The total length of the ferrule in folded eyes shall be such that the loose end of the wire rope still is visible after pressing the ferrule. The breaking load of the spliced eye with aluminum ferrule shall be at least 90% of the minimum breaking load of the respective wire rope. The wire ends of the spliced strand shall be suitably protected to avoid personal injury. The breaking load of the hand-spliced eye shall be at least 70% of the minimum breaking load of the respective wire rope.

5.2 Spliced eye with steel ferrule Type 1 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4

5.3 Spliced eye with aluminum ferrule Types 2 and 4 5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4

5.4 Hand splice (no ferrule) Type 3 5.4.1 5.4.2

6. Inspection 6.1 Prototype certification (Type test) 6.1.1 General 6.1.1.1 Prototype tests are performed to demonstrate that the eye termination supplied by the manufacturer and certified according to this item is capable of sustaining the maximum working load expected during its normal use. The tests shall be made in two steps: a) Breaking load; b) Fatigue 6.1.1.2 Certification shall be performed by an independent agency.

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ABNT STANDARD 6.1.2 Breaking load test

NBR 11900

6.1.2.1 Each type of termination, size and wire rope type shall be submitted to two breaking load tests using wire ropes class 6 x 19 or 6 x 37 with wire breaking load from 1764 MPa to 1960 MPa. 6.1.2.2 Eye termination shall not have thimbles. The load shall be applied by a round device with minimum diameter of at least 3 times the wire rope diameter. 6.1.2.3 Sling for load test shall have a free length of wire rope between ferrules of at least 30 times its nominal diameter. 6.1.2.4 The test load may be applied quickly up to the following limits based on the minimum required breaking load: a) On hand spliced eye terminations: 60% b) On spliced eyes with steel or aluminum ferrule: 70% 6.1.2.5 After this, the test load shall be applied at a constant rate of 10 MPa/sec maximum up to the actual breaking of the sling. 6.1.2.6 Eye terminations shall be considered approved if both prototypes break with a load greater than or equal to the minimum breaking load defined on 5.2.4, 5.3.4 and 5.4.2. 6.1.3 Fatigue test 6.1.3.1 The fatigue test shall be performed on each type of termination using three sizes of wire ropes that shall represent respectively the smallest, medium and the largest recommended size for the application. 6.1.3.2 The wire rope used in this test shall have the following characteristics: a) classification: 6 x 19 or 6 x 37; b) grade: 1764 MPa to 1960 MPa; c) fiber core for nominal diameter up to 35 mm and steel core for nominal diameters greater than 38 mm. 6.1.3.3 Tests shall be made in two slings of each selected nominal diameter. Both eyes of each sling shall have solid thimbles installed. The free length between ferrules shall be the same used on the breaking load test. 6.1.3.4 Tests shall be performed using a fatigue test equipment capable of applying the same tension on both ends (fixed and mobile). 6.1.3.5 Each sling shall be subject to a cyclic tension of 15% to 30% of the minimum effective breaking load specified on NBR 6327. 6.1.3.6 Test equipment frequency shall not exceed 15 Hz.

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ABNT STANDARD

NBR 11900

6.1.3.7 The sling is approved if each prototype complies with the following conditions: a) eye termination types 1, 2 and 4: sustaining 75,000 cycles, followed by a breaking load test with at least 80% the minimum breaking load specified on NBR 6327.

b) eye termination type 3: - sustaining 20,000 cycles followed by a breaking load test with at least 70% the minimum breaking load specified on NBR 6327.

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