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Nature & technology in harmony

CROP CARE

Guide

Nature & technology in harmony

Crop Care Formulary Guide


The global crop protection market saw an increase of 18% in value terms during 2011, with estimates for 2012 and beyond showing continued growth. Future crop prices will remain strong due to the continuing increase in demand for food from a growing population, in a world where the amount of arable land is shrinking. In 2000 the global population was 6 billion and available arable land equated to 2000 sqm per person, however, it is estimated that by 2020 the global population will reach 7.5 billion and the amount of land per person will reduce to 1800 sqm. Optimum crop protection is delivered from optimised formulations. This guide demonstrates how todays formulator can utilise Croda ingredients to realise the full potential of their active ingredients, thereby enhancing the efficacy and safety of their formulations. The formulary also addresses the stability challenges that complex combinations of actives can bring and demonstrates how Crodas intelligent surfactant technology can be employed to overcome these challenges. To find out more about the different formulation types covered in this guide, visit our website www.croda.com/cropcare and look out for our Formulators Toolbox Watch out for the gold star logo which highlights Crodas Power Products, so called as they show outstanding performance in their recommended applications. Why not request a sample for your own evaluation? Where you see the Cold Process logo, this formulation can be prepared without the need for heating.
Contents Emulsifiable Concentrates (EC) Concentrated Aqueous Emulsions (EW) Page 2-3 4-5 6 7-13 14-15 16-17 19 20

formulations have been shown to perform well when subjected to at least a stability assessment of 28 days @ 5C, 25C and 54C, unless otherwise stated
n The type of mixing/shear used during the preparation of any formulation has a bearing on the end product. n n

n All

Low shear mixing refers to overhead mixing with a paddle stirrer at 500 rpm (unless otherwise stated) High shear mixing refers to the use of an Ultraturrax, 10000 rpm for 1 minute (unless otherwise stated)

All formulations are to be used as a guide only; none of these formulations have been made up to full scale manufacturing batches Samples and MSDS are available via our website at www.croda.com/cropcare, alternatively please contact your local sales representative

Microemulsions (ME) Suspension Concentrates (SC) Suspoemulsions (SE) Flowable concentrate for seed treatments (FS) Oil dispersions (OD) Extruded granules (WDG)

Emulsifiable Concentrates (EC)


Emulsifiable concentrate formulations are a blend of an active ingredient, an organic solvent, and surfactants. The water insoluble active is dissolved in a suitable solvent, oil is commonly used

2,4-D ethylhexyl ester 600 gae/L and 660 gae/L


Product Phase A 2,4-D ethylhexyl ester (95.4%) AtloxTM 4838B1 EtocasTM 351 Solvesso 200ND2 Active Emulsifier Emulsifier Solvent 85.6 3.61 3.61 7.18 948.93 41.94 41.94 83.41 91.58 4.21 4.21 1035.62 45.78 45.78 Functionality %w/w g/L %w/w g/L Appearance: Clear amber liquid Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): Remained clear (28 days at 5 C, room temp. & 54C) Dispersibility (CIPAC MT 36) 342 ppm: PASS Method 1. Combine all components with low shear mixing until a homogeneous solution is obtained.

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Exxon Mobil

D-Limonene 750 g/L


Product D-limonene (98%) AtlasTM G-10961 BrijTM L41 Suppliers: 1. Croda Functionality Insecticide Emulsifier (non-ionic) Emulsifier (non-ionic) %w/w 90 6 4 g/L 769.4 51.3 34.2 Appearance: Clear liquid Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3) : Remained clear (28 days, at 5C & room temp.)* Dispersibility (CIPAC MT 36) 342 ppm: PASS
*elevated temp not assessed due to the low flashpoint of d-limonene

Method 1. Combine all components with low shear mixing until a homogeneous solution is obtained.

Chlorpyrifos 430 g/L


Product Phase A Chlorpyrifos (95%) Atlox 4838B1 Etocas 10
1

Functionality Insecticide Emulsifier Emulsifier Emulsifier Solvent

%w/w 40.0 3.33 3.33 3.33 50.0

g/L 451.4 37.6 37.6 37.6 564.2

Appearance: Clear amber liquid Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Dispersibility (CIPAC MT 36) 342 ppm: PASS Method 1. Add all components to Solvesso 200ND and low shear mix until a homogeneous solution is obtained.

Etocas 351 Solvesso 200ND2

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Exxon Mobil

Concentrated Aqueous Emulsions (EW)


A concentrated aqueous emulsion is the dispersion of a water insoluble organic liquid into water. This can either be in the form of a liquid or solid active ingredient dissolved in solvent

Chlorpyrifos 430 g/L


Product Phase A Chlorpyrifos (95%) Atlas G-5002L1 Atlox 49121 Solvesso 200ND Phase B Kelzan RD 3 PricerineTM 90911 AtplusTM 2451 Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL4 Water (Aqua) Water structuring agent Antifreeze Wetting agent Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase 0.15 4 5 0.1 0.1 30.15 1.7 45.5 56.9 1.1 1.1 343.1 Insecticide Polymeric emulsifier (High HLB) Polymeric emulsifier (Low HLB) Solvent 40 2.25 2.25 16 455.2 25.6 25.6 182.0 Method 1. Heat the Chlorpyrifos (45C) to melt. 2. Add the remaining phase A components 3. Premix Kelzan RD in Pricerine 9091 adding a fraction of the water with low shear (to pre-disperse and pre-wet xanthan). Add the remainder of phase B components to the premix. 4. Add Phase A to Phase B with low shear then high shear mixing. Functionality %w/w g/L Appearance: White, free-flowing emulsion Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Particle Size: 0.7 m D(0.5), 1.3 m D(0.9) (28 days, 54C)

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Exxon mobil 3. CP Kelco 4. Arch Chemicals

Prochloraz 310 g/L


Product Phase A Prochloraz (97%) Atlas G-5002L1 Atlox 4913 Phase B Kelzan RD 2 Pricerine 9091 Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL3 Water (Aqua)
1 1

Functionality Fungicide Polymeric emulsifier (High HLB) Polymeric emulsifier (Low HLB) Solvent Water structuring agent Antifreeze Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase

%w/w 28.51 2.23 2.23 26.75 0.27 4.46 0.09 0.09 35.38

g/L 319.8 25.0 25.0 300.0 3.0 50.0 1.0 1.0 396.8

Appearance: White, free-flowing emulsion Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) pH (CIPAC MT 75): 6.6 (initial), 5.7 (28 days at 54C) Viscosity: 800 cP (24 h), 1030 cP (28 days at 54C), Brookfield 100 rpm, Spindle RV06 Particle Size: 2.6 m D(0.5) & 4.8 m D(0.9) (28 days at 54C) Dispersibility (CIPAC MT 36): PASS

Methylated Seed Oil

Method 1. Heat the Prochloraz (50C) to melt. 2. Add the remaining Phase A components. 3. Premix Kelzan RD in Pricerine 9091 adding a fraction of the water with low shear (to pre-disperse and pre-wet xanthan). Add the remainder of phase B components to the premix. 4. Add Phase A to Phase B with low shear then high shear mixing.

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. CP Kelco 3. Arch Chemicals

Microemulsions (ME)
A microemulsion is a system of oil, water and surfactants that form a single, clear and thermodynamically stable dispersion

2,4-D amine salt 320 gae/L - 2,4-D ethylhexyl ester 125 gae/L
Product Phase A 2,4-D ethylhexyl ester (87 %) Atplus 3101 Phase B 2,4-D amine salt (62 %) Water (Aqua) Suppliers: 1. Croda Herbicide Continuous phase 57 5 646.5 56.7 Method With low shear mixing (300 rpm), 1. Combine Phase A components. 2. Pre-mix Phase B components. 3. Add Phase A to Phase B. Herbicide Emulsifier 19 19 215.5 215.5 Functionality %w/w g/L Appearance: Clear amber liquid pH (CIPAC MT 75): 5.0 (initial) Stability: Remained clear (28 days, at 5C, room temp. & 54C) Dispersibility (CIPAC MT 36): PASS

Suspension Concentrates (SC)


Suspension concentrates are the dispersion of an insoluble solid into a liquid intended for dilution in water before use

Azoxystrobin 250 g/L


Product Phase A Azoxystrobin Atlox 49131 Atlox 48941 Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL3 Water (Aqua) Phase B ProcetylTM AWS 1 Atplus 2421 (50% active) Phase C Propylene glycol Kelzan RD
2

Functionality Fungicide Polymeric dispersant Wetter/ dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase Adjuvant Adjuvant

%w/w 23.51 1.57 0.83 0.09 0.19 58.39 9.4 -

g/L 250.0 16.67 8.83 1.0 2.0 621.0 100 -

%w/w 23.51 1.57 0.83 0.09 0.19 48.99 18.81

g/L 250.0 16.67 8.83 1.0 2.0 521.0 200

Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension pH (CIPAC MT 75): 6.60, 7.27 (initial) 6.34, 7.24 (28 days, 54C) Viscosity: 890 cP, 1110 cP (24 h), 660 cP, 880 cP (54C 28 days), Brookfield 100 rpm, Spindle RV06 Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161): 71% 74%

Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is then colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m.

Antifreeze

5.64

60 4.0

5.64 0.38

60 4.0

Water structuring 0.38 agent

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. CP Kelco 3. Arch Chemicals

3. Add Phase B to Phase A with low shear mixing at ambient temperature. 4. Heat Phase A + B (50C) to compatibilise the adjuvant then cool. 5. Premix Phase C (to pre-disperse and pre-wet xanthan) and add to Phase A+B at ambient temperature with low then high shear mixing to fully homogenise.

Suspension Concentrates (SC)


Azoxystrobin 120 g/L - Tebuconazole 240 g/L
Product Phase A Brij CS171 Water (Aqua) Phase B Azoxystrobin Tebuconazole Atlox 49131 Atlox 4894 Proxel GXL3 Water (Aqua) Phase C Propylene glycol Kelzan RD
2 1

Functionality Adjuvant Continuous phase Fungicide Fungicide Polymeric dispersant Wetter/dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase Antifreeze Water structuring agent

%w/w 4.64 40.0 11.13 22.25 2.32 2.32 0.09 0.19 11.27 5.56 0.23

g/L 50.0 400.0 120.0 24.0 25.0 25.0 1.0 2.0 152.9 60.0 2.5

Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Particle size: 18.2 m D(0.5) & 39.2 m D(0.9) (28 days at 54C). Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161): 64 %

Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients with low shear prolonged mixing at ambient temperature. 2. Add Phase B ingredients to Phase A in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 3. The suspension obtained is colloid milled (3500 rpm, 15 min.) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 4. Premix Phase C (to pre-disperse and pre-wet xanthan) and add to Phase A+B at ambient temperature with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise.

Atlox 37721

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. CP Kelco 3. Arch Chemicals

Chlorothalonil 500 g/L


Product Phase A Chlorothalonil (98.5%) Atlas G-5002L1 Atlox 4913 Proxel GXL Phase B Kelzan RD 3 Pricerine 90911 Water structuring agent Antifreeze 0.24 4.08 3.0 50.0 Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified (retaining a small portion of water) with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is then colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 3. Premix Phase B ingredients and the retained water (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add to Phase A with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise.
2 1

Functionality Fungicide Polymeric dispersant Polymeric dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase

%w/w 41.59 2.04 2.04 0.08 0.08 49.85

g/L 510.2 25.0 25.0 1.0 1.0 611.6

Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension pH (CIPAC MT 75): 6.5 (initial) 5.1 (28 days, 54C) Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Particle size: 7.5 m D(0.5) & 18.2 m D(0.9) (28 days, 54C) Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161): 78%

Atlas 37721 Water (Aqua)

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Arch Chemicals 3. CP Kelco

Suspension Concentrates (SC)


Chlorothalonil 250 g/L - Epoxiconazole 40 g/L
Product Phase A Chlorothalonil (98.5%) Epoxiconazole (95.7%) Atlox 48941 Atlox 49131 Atlox 3772 Proxel GXL2 Water (Aqua) Phase B Keltrol RD3 Propylene glycol Water structuring agent Antifreeze 0.27 5.34 3.0 60.0 Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is then colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 3. Premix Phase B ingredients (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add the slurry obtained to Phase A with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise.
1

Functionality Fungicide Fungicide Wetter/dispersant Polymeric dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase

%w/w 22.57 3.72 1.33 1.33 0.09 0.18 65.17

g/L 253.8 41.8 15.0 15.0 1.0 2.0 732.8

Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension pH (CIPAC MT 75): 4.1 (28 days, 54C) Viscosity: 690 cP (24 h) & 730 cP (28 days, 54C), Brookfield 100 rpm, Spindle RV06 Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Particle size: 9.5 m D(0.5) & 24.8 m (D 0.9) (28 days, 54C) Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161) : 86%

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Arch Chemicals 3. CP Kelco

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Imidacloprid 600 g/L or 700 g/L


Product Phase A Imidacloprid Atlas G-5002L1 Atlox 49131 Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL2 Water (Aqua) Phase B Kelzan RD3 Propylene glycol Water structuring agent Antifreeze 0.25 4.96 3 60 0.25 4.96 3 60 Insecticide Polymeric dispersant Polymeric dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase 49.56 0.99 4.96 0.08 0.83 38.37 600 12 60 1 10 464 56.2 0.99 4.96 0.08 0.83 32.0 700 12 60 1 10 400 Functionality w/w% g/L %w/w g/L Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension pH (CIPAC MT 75): 7.6, 7.7 (28 days, 54C) Particle size: 5.3 m D(0.5), 23.5 m D(0.9), 6.8 m D(0.5), 15.4 m D(0.9) (28 days 54C) Viscosity: 300 cP, 500 cP (28 days, 54C), Brookfield 100 rpm Spindle RV06 Stability (CIPAC 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161): 98 %, 87 %

Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is then colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 3. Premix Phase B ingredients (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add the slurry obtained to Phase A with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise.

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Arch Chemicals 3. CP Kelco

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Suspension Concentrates (SC)


Tebuconazole 500 g/L
Product Phase A Tebuconazole (95%) Atlox 48941 Atlox 49131 Atlox 3772
1

Functionality Fungicide Polymeric wetter/ dispersant Polymeric dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase Water structuring agent Antifreeze

%w/w 47.62 2.26 2.26 0.09 0.18 41.71 0.45 5.43

g/L 526.3 25.0 25.0 1.0 2.0 460.9 5.0 60.0

Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Particle size: 13.6 m D(0.5) & 29.6 m D(0.9) (28 days, 54C) Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161): 75 %

Proxel GXL2 Water (Aqua) Phase B Kelzan RD3 Propylene glycol

Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is then colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 3. Premix Phase B ingredients (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add the slurry obtained to Phase A with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise.

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Arch Chemicals 3. CP Kelco

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Suspoemulsions (SE)
A suspoemulsion is a combination of a suspension concentrate (SC) and a concentrated aqueous emulsion (EW), where two active ingredients, with different physical-chemical characteristics can be combined into one formulation

Imidacloprid 250 g/L - Vegetable oil 200 g/L


Product Phase A Imidacloprid (98%) Atlox 48941 Atlox 4913
1

Functionality Insecticide Polymeric wetter/dispersant Polymeric dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase Water structuring agent Antifreeze Polymeric emulsifier Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase Antifreeze Water structuring agent Adjuvant oil Polymeric emulsifier (low HLB)

%w/w 24.28 1.19 1.19 0.05 0.09 20.19 0.23 2.78 1.04 0.05 0.10 23.69 3.10 0.26 20.72 1.04

g/L 262.2 12.9 12.9 0.5 1.0 218.1 2.5 30.0 10.0 0.5 1.0 228.6 30.0 2.5 200.0 10.0

Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension Viscosity: 1720 cP (28 days, 54C) Brookfield 100 rpm Spindle RV06 Dispersibility (CIPAC MT 180): PASS Particle size: 1.8 m D(0.5) & 3.2 m D(0.9), (28 days, room temp.) Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C)

Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL 2 Water (Aqua) Phase B Kelzan RD 3 Propylene glycol Phase C Atlas G-5002L1 Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL
2

Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is then colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 3. Premix Phase B ingredients (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add the slurry obtained to Phase A with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise. 4. To prepare Phase C, combine the first four ingredients with low shear mixing. Premix the Kelzan RD and propylene glygol (to pre disperse and pre-wet xanthan) before addition to Phase C with low shear mixing. 5. Combine Phase D ingredients with low shear then add to Phase C. High shear mix to form a small droplet emulsion. 6. Combine Phases A+B with C+D using high shear mixing to fully homogenise.
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Water (Aqua) Propylene glycol Kelzan RD Phase D Sunflower oil Atlox 4914
1 3

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Arch Chemicals 3. CP Kelco

Suspoemulsions (SE)
Tebuconazole 250 g/L - Vegetable oil 250 g/L
Product Phase A Tebuconazole (95%) Atlox 48941 Atlox 4913
1

Functionality Fungicide Polymeric wetter/dispersant Polymeric dispersant Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase Water structuring agent Antifreeze

%w/w 23.81 0.56 0.56 0.05 0.09 21.99 0.23 2.71 2.61 3.14 0.05 0.10 17.96 26.14

g/L 263.15 6.25 6.25 1.0 2.0 242.95

Appearance: White, free-flowing suspension Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Dispersibility (CIPAC MT 180): PASS Particle size: 7.2 m D(0.5) & 21.1 m D(0.9), (24 days, 54 C)

Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL 2 Water (Aqua) Phase B Kelzan RD 3 Propylene glycol Phase C

Method 2.5 30.0 25.0 30.0 0.5 1.0 171.75 250.0 1. Combine phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 3. Premix Phase B ingredients (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add the slurry obtained to phase A with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise. 4. Combine Phase C ingredients with low shear mixing until the emulsifier is fully solubilised. 5. Add Phase D with low shear to Phase C and high shear mixing to form a small droplet emulsion. 6. Combine phases A+B with C+D using high shear mixing to fully homogenise.

SynperonicTM PE/F1271 Polymeric emulsifier Propylene glycol Atlox 3772


1

Antifreeze Antifoam Biocide Continuous phase Adjuvant oil

Proxel GXL2 Water (Aqua) Phase D Sunflower oil

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Arch Chemicals 3. CP Kelco

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Flowable Concentrate for Seed Treatments (FS)


A flowable concentrate is a stable suspension for application to the seed either directly or after dilution

Tebuconazole 60 g/L
Product Phase A Tebuconazole (95%) Atlox 48941 Atlox 49131 Crodasinic LS301 Atlox 3772 Proxel GXL PEG 4001 Bricofor CBP (Pigment Red 48:2)2 Water (Aqua) Phase B Propylene glycol1 Kelzan RD 3 Antifreeze Water structuring agent 0.30 5.97 3.0 60.0
1

Functionality Fungicide Polymeric Wetter/ dispersant Polymeric dispersant Anionic wetting agent Antifoam Preservative Film former Colourant Continuous phase

%w/w 6.29 0.50 2.99 1.99 0.10 0.20 19.91 2.99 58.76

g/L 632.0 5.0 30.0 20.0 1.0 2.0 200.0 30.0 590.5

Appearance: Red, free-flowing suspension. pH (CIPAC MT 75): 6.9 (28 days, 54C) Viscosity: 370 cP (28 days, 54C) Brookfield 100 rpm, Spindle RV 06 Stability (CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp. & 54C) Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161): 93%

Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. The suspension obtained is colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 3. Premix Phase B ingredients (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add the slurry obtained to Phase A with low shear then high shear mixing to fully homogenise.

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Brenntag 3. CP Kelco

For increased colouration of final treated seeds it may be necessary to include additional pigments and develop the formulation accordingly.

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Flowable Concentrate for Seed Treatments (FS)


Tebuconazole 6 g/L - Thiram 200 g/L
Product Phase A Tebuconazole Thiram Atlox 48941 Atlox 49131 Atlox 37721 Proxel GXL PEG 400 Bricofor CBP (Pigment Red 48:2)2 Water (Aqua) Phase B Triethanolamine Phase C Keltrol RD3 Propylene glycol Water structuring agent Antifreeze 0.29 5.77 3.0 60.0 Neutralising agent to pH 8.4 Fungicide Fungicide Wetter/dispersant Polymeric dispersant Antifoam Preservative Film former Colourant Continuous phase 0.61 19.64 0.24 1.68 0.10 0.19 19.24 2.89 49.25 6.3 204.1 2.5 17.5 1.0 2.0 200.0 30.0 511.9 Method 1. Combine Phase A ingredients in the order specified with low shear then high shear mixing. 2. Add Phase B to pH 8 - 9 3. The suspension obtained is colloid milled (Eiger mini-mill 3500 rpm, 15 minutes) until the mean particle size is < 10 m, preferably < 5 m. 4. Premix Phase B ingredients (to pre-disperse & pre-wet xanthan) and add the slurry obtained to Phase A with low shear then high shear mixing (to fully homogenise. Functionality %w/w g/L Appearance: Red, free-flowing liquid pH (CIPAC MT 75): 7.84 (28 days, 40C) Viscosity: 340 cP (24 h) & 640 cP (40C 3 weeks), Brookfield 100 rpm, Spindle RV06 Stability: No separation (28 days, room temp. & 40 C) Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 161): 84%

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Brenntag 3. CP Kelco

For increased colouration of final treated seeds it may be necessary to include additional pigments and develop the formulation accordingly.

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Oil Dispersions (OD)


An oil dispersion is formed when a solid active ingredient is dispersed in the oil phase, making it especially suitable for water-sensitive or non-soluble active ingredients

Nicosulfuron 40 g/L
Product Phase A Bentone 382 Propylene carbonate Sunflower oil Phase B Atlas G-10861 HypermerTM B2061 Atlox Metasperse 550S1 Nicosulfuron Oil emulsifier Oil phase dispersant Water phase dispersant Herbicide 15.76 0.42 0.42 4.2 150 4 4 40 Oil structurant Structurant activator Adjuvant oil 3.15 1.05 75 30 10 714 Functionality %w/w g/L Appearance: Light brown, free-flowing suspension pH: (20%aq.) 5.9 Stability (based CIPAC MT 46.1.3): No separation (28 days, room temp.) 2% Oil layer (28 days, 40C) Viscosity: 3100 cP (10rpm), 15000 cP (1rpm), 90000 cP (0.1 rpm), 28 days storage at 40 C, Brookfield Spindle 27 (Re)dispersibility - sedimentation and creaming (based CIPAC MT 180): PASS Chemical stability: No active degradation detected by HPLC (28 days, 40C) Method 1. Circulate the oil in the mill and add the oil structurant gradually. Mill for 5 minutes. Add the structurant activator and mill for a further 30 minutes. 2. Premix Phase B ingredients with low shear mixing. Add to mill base and circulate for 15 minutes.

Suppliers: 1. Croda 2. Elementis

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Extruded Granules (WDG)


Extruded granules are formulations consisting of an active ingredient mixed with an inert ingredient (a carrier) such as marble chips or clay, to form a granule. They provide a system of delivering both liquid and solid active ingredients to a specific organism
Product Atrazine 90% (Herbicide) w/w Active Atlox Metasperse 550S1 Multiwet MO-85P1 Kaolin Clay Suppliers: 1. Croda Method 1. Formulation components were weighed directly into a Waring Blender jar and mixed until uniform 2. The blended formulation was then passed through a Retsch ZM100 Centrifuge Mill equipped with a 0.12 mm screen, rotating at 18000 rpm 3. Water was uniformly added to the wettable powder using a Hobart mixer until the powder was of the consistency of bread dough 4. The powder was passed through a LCI KAR-75 benchtop granulator (basket extruder) equipped with a 1.0 mm screen opening 5. The extruded granules were dried overnight at 50 C The performance of water dispersible granules were evaluated for suspensibility (CIPAC MT 168) and dispersibilty (CIPAC MT 174) following standard procedures. The suspensibilty of the granule formulations was observed after initial preparation and following storage for at least 28 days at room temperature and at 54 C. The dispersibility evaluations were carried out after storage of the granules for 28 days at 54C. Atrazine Initial Suspensibility (CIPAC MT 168) Disintegration (CIPAC MT 174)
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Carbaryl 80% (Insecticide) w/w 82.50* 3.75 3.00 10.75

Chlorothalonil 75% (Fungicide) w/w 75.00 3.00 3.00 19.00

Iprodione 75% (Fungicide) w/w 75.00 3.00 9.00

90.00 5.00 3.00 2.00

13.00 *97% active

Carbaryl 54C 87 97 Initial 95 RT 94 54C 93 100 64

Chlorothalonil Initial RT 62 54C 63 80 Initial 86

Iprodione RT 86 54C 86 91

RT 91

92

Notes

19

Notes

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Nature & technology in harmony

Non-warranty The information in this publication is believed to be accurate and is given in good faith, but no representation or warranty as to its completeness or accuracy is made. Suggestions for uses or applications are only opinions. Users are responsible for determining the suitability of these products for their own particular purpose. No representation or warranty, expressed or implied, is made with respect to information or products including, without limitation, warranties of merchantability, tness for a particular purpose, non-infringement of any third party patent or other intellectual property rights including, without limit, copyright, trademark and designs. Any trademarks identied herein are trademarks of the Croda group of companies. 2012 Croda Europe Ltd 07/12 BCC002v1

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Further information is available via Crodas extensive sales network; please contact your nearest regional office. Europe, Middle East & Africa cropcare@croda.com North America marketing-usa@croda.com Latin America cropcare.latam@croda.com Asia Pacific cropcare.apac@croda.com www.croda.com/cropcare