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SULTAN QABOOS UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS FINAL EXAMINATIONS SPRING 2010 STAT1001: INTRODUCTION

ON TO STATISTICS Date: Thursday 27 May 2010 Time: 11:30 14:30 p.m.

SHOW ALL YOUR WORK CLEARLY


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Question 1-10 +'&.: The following table shows the relative frequency of age of a sample of people admitted in a hospital: Age "elative #requency (lass )oundaries *id point 0-4 54$5% 5-9 9$&% 0- 4 0% 5- 9 '$&% !0 - !4

a$ (omplete the above frequency table$ b$ +hat is the class width, c$ +hat interval contains the median, d$ +hat percentage of these people is at most 9 years old, e$ +hat fraction is at least 0 years, Question 2(8 pts): The scores obtained in a test are: 4 ' & 9 ' !4 !4 !4 !'$

The teacher computed all measures of central tendency and measures of variation. and then discovered that an error was made. and one of the !4/s is actually 0$ State if the va ue of any of fo o!in" !i #han"e or not$ a. *edian $$ *ode #$ *ean d. "ange e. 1tandard deviation f. #irst 2uartile ". Third 2uartile h$ (oefficient of 3ariation Question 3-/ +'&.: The "oyal 4man 5olice wish to install 4 speed radars made by 4 different companies on 1ultan 2aboos 1treet$ a$ 6n how many ways can they install the 4 radars, b$ 6f one of them can only be installed at the beginning of the street near the airport. in how many ways can all the radars be installed,

%&'())D T' Q*)ST+',S 4 to Question 4-10 +'&.: 6n a population % of the people have a serious disease$ A screening test is designed to screen for the disease$ 4f those people that have the disease. -% will test negative$ 4f the people who don7t have the disease !% will test positive$ #ind the probability that a randomly selected person will: a$ b$ c$ d$ e$ f$ not have the disease test positive and does not have the disease$ test positive and have the disease test negative and have the disease test positive not have the disease given that his test was positive$

Question .-11 +'&.: A football coach is recruiting students into his team$ #rom past e8perience a student that the coach tal9s to have a 00% chance of getting into the team$ a$ +hat is the minimum number of students that the coach should tal9 to so that the probability that he selects at least ' students is 90% or higher, b$ 6f he tal9ed to -0 students. how many would he e8pect to select, +hat is the standard deviation, c$ 6f he tal9ed to !5 students. what is the probability that between 5 and !0 :inclusive; will be selected, Question /-12 +'&.: The time that it ta9es to coo9 a pi<<a in Ahmed 5i<<a 5alace is distributed as a normal with mean !0 minutes and standard deviation 5 minutes: a$ +hat is the probability that a pi<<a ta9es between 5 and !5 minutes to ma9e$ b$ +hat is the probability that it ta9es less than a total of 05 minutes to ma9e 0 pi<<as. one after the other, c$ Ahmed will give away a 5i<<a for free if it too9 more than !0 minutes to ma9e$ +hat proportion of pi<<as will he have to give away, d$ 6f Ahmed does not want to give away for free more than 5% of his pi<<as. what time limit should he set,

%&'())D T' Q*)ST+',S 7 to -

Question 7(13 pts): The heights of a random sample of a particular species of horse were measured :in cms; as: 45$- 40$ 44$! 4'$& 4'$5 45$5 40$' Assuming that heights are normally distributed: a$ b$ c$ d$ #ind a point estimate for the mean height. and its standard error$ #ind the ma8imal margin of error of with 95% confidence level$ (ompute a 95% confidence interval for the mean and interpret your results$ 6s there evidence that the mean height is higher than 45 cms, :=se > ? 0$05;

Question 0-11 +'&.: 1uppose you want to estimate the proportion of students who participated in the end of semester survey$ A random sample of 00 students was ta9en and 05 of them were found as participants$ a$ #ind a point estimate for the proportion of participants$ b$ (ompute 9-% confidence interval for the proportion and interpret your results$ c$ +hat should be the required sample si<e if you want to be 95% certain that the ma8imum error will not e8ceed 0$0!, Question --11 +'&.: 6n an e8periment on a new drug for allergy. a sample of ten patients was selected and each given a dose :in milligrams; of the drug and the number of days of relief from allergy observed$ The data obtained is given below: @ose :8; @ays of relief :y; 9 A 8 ? 59 Ay? 5 4 5 ! ! A 8 ? -&9 5 9 ' ' 0 4 ' !! A y! ? !'5 & & & 9 !4 !! A 8y ? 00-

a$ #ind the equation of the least squares line$ b$ B8plain the meaning of the value of the slope you obtained in this problem, c$ (alculate and interpret the coefficient of determination$ d$ 5redict the number of days of relief for a patient who were given & milligrams of the drug$ e$ @oes the data indicate that the number of days of relief and the dose are positively correlated, :=se > ? 0$0 ;

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