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# PHYSICS DEFINITION1. Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity2.

Accuracy is the degree of a measuring instrument to record readings close to the actual value3. Apparent depth is the distance of image from the surface of the water4. Archimedes principle states that when an object is immersed fully or partially in a fluid, theweight of fluid displaced is equal to the buoyant force experienced by the object5. Atmospheric pressure is the pressure which results from the collision between the gasmolecules of the atmosphere with a body6. Base quantity is a physical quantity that cannot be defined in other terms of physicalquantities7. Bernoullis principle states that in a moving fluid, the points which have a higher velocity willexperience a lower pressure whereas points with a lower velocity will experience a higherpressure8. Boiling point is the temperature at which the substance changes from a liquid to a gaseousstate, where the change occurs throughout the liquid9. Boyles law states that for a fixed mass of gas at a fixed temperature, the pressure of gas isinversely proportional to its volume10. Buoyant force is an upward force acting on an object partially or fully immersed in a fluid11. Charles law

states that for a fixed mass of gas, the volume of gas is directly proportional tothe absolute temperature of the gas if the pressure is constant12. Consistency / Precision is the degree of a measuring instrument to record consistent readingsfor each measurement by the same way13. Critical angle is the angle of incidence in the optically denser medium for which the angle of refraction, r = 9014. Derived quantity is a physical quantity derived by combining base quantities15. Displacement is the distance in a specific direction16. Distance is the total path length travelled from one location to another17. Elastic potential energy is the energy stored in a spring when it is extended or compressed18. Elasticity is a property of an object to return to its original shape and dimensions after anapplied external force is removed19. Energy is the capacity to do work20. Focal length is the distance between the centre of the lens to its focal point21. Free fall occurs when an object is falling under the force of gravity only, without any obstacles22. Gas pressure occurs when the gas molecules collide with the wall of the container23. Gravitational acceleration

is the acceleration of an object due to the pull of gravitationalforce24. Heat capacity is the amount of heat required to change its temperature by 1C25. Hookes law states that the extension of a spring, x is directly proportional to the stretchingforce acting on it provided the elastic limit of the spring is not exceeded26. Elastic limit is the maximum stretching force27. Impulse is the change of momentum28. Impulsive force is the rate of change of momentum29. Inertia (Newtons First Law of Motion) is the tendency of an object to maintain its state of stationary or uniform motion in a straight line unless it is acted upon by an external force30. Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion31. Mass is the amount of matter in an object32. Melting point is the temperature at which a substance changes its state from solid to liquid

33. The momentum of an object is defined as the product of mass and velocity34. Pascals principle states that when pressure is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure willbe transferred uniformly throughout the liquid35. Power is the rate at which work is done36. Pressure is the force acting normally(perpendicularly) on a unit area37. Pressure law states that for a fixed mass of gas, the pressure of gas is directly proportional tothe absolute temperature of the gas at a constant volume38. Principle of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed. Itcan be transformed from one form to another but the total energy in a system is constant39. Real image is an image that can be displayed on a screen40. Refraction of light is the bending of light ray at the boundary as it travels from one mediumto another.41. Refractive index: When a ray of light travels from the air to a medium, the ratio of sinisinr

## isthe refractive index42. Resultant force

is a single force that represents the combined effect of two of more forces bytaking account both the magnitude and the direction of the forces43. Scalar quantity is a quantity that has magnitude only44. Sensitivity is the ability of a measuring instrument to detect small changes in the quantity thatis being measured.45. Specific heat capacity is the amount of heat required to increase the temperature of 1kgmass of the substance by 1C46. Specific latent heat of fusion is the amount of heat required to change 1kg of substancefrom solid to liquid without any change of temperature of the melting point47. Specific latent heat of vaporisation is the amount of heat required to change 1kg of substance from liquid to gas without any change of temperature of the melting point48. Speed is the rate of change of distance49. Temperature is the degree of hotness of a substance50. Total internal reflection is the total reflection of a beam of light at the boundary of twomediums when an angle of incidence, i exceeds the critical angle, c 51. Vector quantity is a physical quantity that has magnitude and directions52.

Velocity is the rate of change of displacement53. Virtual image is an image that can be seen by the observer but cannot be formed on thescreen54. Weight is the force of gravity acting on an object55. Work done is defined as the product of the force, F and the distance, s in the direction of theforce