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R10

Set No. 1

## II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2011

SURVEYING
(Common to Civil Engineering and Petroleum Engineering/Petroleum
Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Describe plane Table Radiation method with the help of a neat sketch. Under
what circumstances this method is resorted to.
(b) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of plane table Surveying over other
methods of Surveying.
[8+7]
2. (a) Explain compensating and cumulative errors in chain Surveying.
(b) What are the Survey stations. How will you select them.
(c) A Survey line CD intersects a high building. To prolong the line beyond this
obstacle, a perpendicular DE, 200m long is set out at D. From E, two lines EF
and EG are set out at angles of 450 and 600 with ED respectively. Determine
the length of EF and EG in order that the points F and G may lie on the
prolongation of CD, and also nd the obstructed length DF.
[4+4+7]

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3. What is the principle of the indirect methods of locating contours? Briey explain
any 3 methods giving their merits and demerits


4. The length of the tracing area between the tracing point and the hinge is 16.6cm.
The distance of the anchor point from the hinge is 22.6 cm. The dia. of the rim
of the wheel is 1.92 cm, the wheel being placed between the hinge and the tracing
point. The distance of the wheel from the hinge is 1.68 cm nd the area of one
recordation of the measuring wheel and the area of the zero circle.

5. (a) State what errors are eliminated by repetition method. How will you set out
a horizontal angle by method of repetition?
(b) Discuss the procedure of measuring horizontal angle with a theodolite? [8+7]
6. (a) Derive an expression for the horizontal distance of a vertical sta from a
tacheometer, if the line of sight is horizontal.
(b) The following readings were taken with a vernier theodolite on to a vertical
sta
Horizontal distance
46.20 m
0.780, 1.010, 1.240
61.20 m
1.860, 2.165, 2.470
Calculate the Tacheometric constants.
[8+7]
7. (a) What is a compound curve. If in a compound curve, the direction of the two
straights and one radius are known, deduce the formula for other radius.
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## Code No: R21015

R10

Set No. 1

(b) Tabulate the necessary data to set out a right handed simple circular curve of
600m radius to connect two straights intersecting at a chainage of 3605m by
Rankines method of deection angles. The angle of deection of the curve is
250 and the peg interval is 30m.
[7+8]
8. Explain about the segments of Global Positioning system?



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R10

Set No. 2

## II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2011

SURVEYING
(Common to Civil Engineering and Petroleum Engineering/Petroleum
Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks

## 1. (a) Dene Surveying. Explain its importance for civil Engineers.

(b) What is meant by Reconnaissance Survey.
(c) A Chain was tested before starting a survey and was found to be exactly 30m.
At the end of the Survey, it was tested again and found to measure 30.10m.
The area of the plan of the eld drawn to a sale of 1cm = 20m was 160 square
centimeters. Find the true area of the eld in square metres.
[5+3+7]
2. (a) Explain compensating and cumulative errors in chain Surveying.
(b) What are the Survey stations. How will you select them.
(c) A Survey line CD intersects a high building. To prolong the line beyond this
obstacle, a perpendicular DE, 200m long is set out at D. From E, two lines EF
and EG are set out at angles of 450 and 600 with ED respectively. Determine
the length of EF and EG in order that the points F and G may lie on the
prolongation of CD, and also nd the obstructed length DF.
[4+4+7]

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3. With the help of neat sketches explain the following terms:
(a) Mean sea level
(b) Bench mark
(c) Line of collimation
(d) Bubble line

[44=15]

4. The areas enclosed by various contours on the upstream side of a dam are given
below. Determination.
(a) the capacity of the reservoir if the full reservoir level (FRL) is 125m.
(b) the elevation of the water surface when the reservoir is half-full. Ignore the
volume below R.L. 100m.
[8+7]
Contour(m) 100 105 110 115 120 125
Area(ha)
3
8
10 15 20 25
5. The top Q of a chimney was viewed from two stations P and R at very dierent
levels, the stations P and R being in line with the top of the chimney. The angle of
elevation from P to the top of the chimney was 380 21 and that from R to the top
of the chimney was 210 18. The angle of elevation from R to a vane 2m above the
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## Code No: R21015

R10

Set No. 2

foot of the sta held at P was 150 11. The heights of instrument at P and R were
1.87 m and 1.64 m respectively. The horizontal distance between P and R was 127
m and the reduced level of R was 112.78 m. nd the R.L of the top of the chimney
and the horizontal distance from P to the chimney.

6. (a) Derive an expression for the horizontal distance of a vertical sta from a
tacheometer, if the line of sight is horizontal.
(b) The following readings were taken with a vernier theodolite on to a vertical
sta
Horizontal distance
46.20 m
0.780, 1.010, 1.240
61.20 m
1.860, 2.165, 2.470
Calculate the Tacheometric constants.
[8+7]
7. (a) Describe the method of setting out a simple circular curve using two Theodolites.
(b) Two roads meet at angle of 1270 30 . Calculate the necessary data for setting
out a curve of 450m radius to connect two straight portions of the road if a
Theodolite is available.
[8+7]

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8. (a) Describe the object and methodology of Geodetic Surveying.

(b) What impact did the creation of electronic angle measurement (like in Total
Stations) have on surveying procedures?
[8+7]

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R10

Set No. 3

## II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2011

SURVEYING
(Common to Civil Engineering and Petroleum Engineering/Petroleum
Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks

## 1. (a) What is local attraction. How is it detected and removed.

(b) What do you understand by closing error of a compass traverse. Show how
can it be adjusted by graphical method.
[8+7]
2. (a) What is a traverse. What are the dierent types of traverse. Briey explain
the methods of traversing.
(b) The fore and back hearings of the lines of a closed traverse are as follows
correct the bearings for local attraction.
F.B
B.B
Line
0
AB ............. 32 30 ........... ...2140 301
BC.............124o 30 .................303o 15
CD.............181o 00 ..... ..............1o 00
DA..............289o 30 .......... .....108o 45
[8+7]

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3. What is the principle of the indirect methods of locating contours? Briey explain
any 3 methods giving their merits and demerits


4. With the help of neat sketches, explain the use of a contour map for the calculation
of earthwork.

5. (a) Draw a neat sketch of a transit theodolite and explain the functions of its
various components.
(b) In a traverse survey, the angular measurements were made with an error of
20. What is the relative accuracy in the linear measurements?
[11+4]
6. (a) Dierentiate between the xed hair method and movable hair method. Discuss
(b) Determine the distance between the points P and Q from the following data:
R.L. of tacheometer axis at P= 185.300 m
Vertical angle at P= - 40 35
Sta readings at Q= 1.440, 0.900, 0.360
Also determine the R.L. of Q. The sta at Q was held vertical, and k=100
and c=0.00.
[8+7]
7. (a) List out dierent methods of setting out simple curves. Explain Rankines
method of deection angles for setting out a simple curve.

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## Code No: R21015

R10

Set No. 3

(b) Calculate the osets at 15m intervals along the tangents to set out a simple
[7+8]
8. (a) What is Geodetic Surveying? How it is dierent from Plane surveying.
(b) Explain the importance of electronic surveying in the eld of surveying.[8+7]

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R10

Set No. 4

## II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2011

SURVEYING
(Common to Civil Engineering and Petroleum Engineering/Petroleum
Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks

## 1. (a) Give a detailed classication of Surveys.

(b) A line 3.2 km long is measured with a steel tape which is 20m under no pull
at 30o C. The tape in section is 1/8 cm wide and 1/20 cm thick. If one half of
the line is measured at a temparature of 40o c and the other half at 50o C and
the tape is attached to a pull of 200N, nd the corrected total length of the
line given the coecient of expansion is 11.5 106 per degree C, weight of
tape per Cubic cm of steel = 0.77504N, and E = 2.1 105 N/mm2 .
[7+8]
2. (a) Explain the terms : Check Line, Base Line, Tie Line, and oblique oset.
(b) Find the maximum length of oset so that the displacement on paper from
both sources of error does not exceed 0.2 mm given that the oset is measured
with an accuracy of 1 in 25 and the scale is 1cm = 50m.
[7+8]

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3. During a construction work, the bottom of a sunshade A was taken as a temporary
B.M having R.L=63.120m. The following readings were taken:
at A = 2.232 m
Reading on peg P on ground = 1.034m
change of instrument
[Reading on peg P on ground = 1.328]
Invered sta reading on the bottom of cornice B=4.124m
Enter the readings in a level book page and calculate the R.L of cornice B. Use H.I
method.


4. A rectangular plot ABCD forms the plan of a pit excavated for road work. E is
point of intersection of diagonals. Calculate the volume of excavation from the
following data if length AB = 50m and BC = 80m:

Point
A
B
C
D
E
Original level 45.2 49.8 51.2 47.2 52.0
Final level
38.6 39.8 42.6 40.8 42.5
5. (a) Dierentiate between
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

## Transiting and swinging of the telescope.

Face left and face right readings.
Clamp screw and tangent screw.
Telescope normal and telescope inverted.
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R10

Set No. 4

## (b) In a theodolite traversing, the distances are to be measured to a precision of

1 in 15,000. Determine the accuracy measurements.
[11+4]
6. (a) Discuss the advantages of tacheometric surveying over other methods.
(b) The following observations were taken with a tacheometer at the station P to
a sta at Q held normal to the line of sight. If the sta readings are 1.71,
2.64, and 3.57m and the angle of inclination is 290 30 determine the horizontal
distance between P and Q
Also determine the elevation of Q, if the instrument axis is R.L. of 200.00.
Take k=100 and C=0.50
[8+7]
7. (a) What are the elements of a simple circular curve. Give their relationships.
(b) Two roads meet an angle of 1270 30 . Calculate the necessary data for setting
out a curve of 15 chains radius to connect two straight portions of the road if
it is intended to set out the curve by chain and osets only. Take length of
chain as 30m
[7+8]
8. What are the typical total station programs required to perform a variety of surveying functions explain them briey?


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