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# HW2

Please turn in a hard copy of your solution in class and upload an electronic copy through the Elearning site before the beginning of the class on the due date. One copy per group is required.

11.1 An experiment has a single factor with five groups and seven values in each group. a. How many degrees of freedom are there in determining the among-group variation? b. How many degrees of freedom are there in determining the within-group variation? c. How many degrees of freedom are there in determining the total variation? 11.2 You are working with the same experiment as in Problem 11.1. a. If SSA = 60 and SST = 210, what is SSW? b. What is MSA? c. What is MSW? d. What is the value of FSTAT? 11.3 You are working with the same experiment as in Problem 11.1 and 11.2. a. Construct the ANOVA summary table and fill in all values in the table. b. At the 0.05 level of significance, what is the upper-tail critical value from the F distribution? c. State the decision rule for testing the null hypothesis that all five groups have equal population means. d. What is your statistical decision? 11.7 The Computer Anxiety Rating Scale (CARS) measures an individuals level of computer anxiety, on a scale from 20 (no anxiety) to 100 (highest level of anxiety). Researchers at Miami University administered CARS to 172 business students. One of the objectives of the study was to determine whether there are differences in the amount of computer anxiety experienced by students with different majors. They found the following: Source Degrees Sum of Mean of Freedom Squares Squares __________ Among 5 3,172 majors Within 166 21,246 majors Total 171 24,418 F

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Major

## Mean________ 44.37 43.18 42.21 41.80 37.56 32.21

Source: Extracted from T. Broome and D. Havelka, Determinants of Computer Anxiety in Business Students, The Review of Business Information Systems, Spring 2002, 6(2), pp. 9-16.

a. Complete the ANOVA summary table. b. At the 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence of a difference in the mean computer anxiety experienced by different majors? c. If the results in (b) indicate that it is appropriate, use the Tukey-Kramer procedure to determine which majors differ in mean computer anxiety. Discuss your findings. 11.15Given a randomized block experiment with five groups and seven blocks, answer the following. a. How many degrees of freedom are there in determining the among-group variation? b. How many degrees of freedom are there in determining the among-block variation? c. How many degrees of freedom are there in determining the random variation? d. How many degrees of freedom are there in determining the total variation? 11.16 From Problem 11.15: a. If SSA = 60, SSBL = 75, and SST = 210, what is SSE? b. What are MSA, MSBL, and MSE? c. What is the value of theFSTAT test statistic for the factor effect? d. What is the value of the FSTAT test statistic for the block effect? 11.17 From Problem 11.15 and 11.16: a. Construct the ANOVA summary table and fill in all values in the body of the table. b. At the 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence if a difference in the group means? c. At the 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence if a difference due to blocks?

11.34 Given a two-factor factorial experiment and the ANOVA summary table that follows, fill in all the missing results: Source Degrees of Freedom Sum of Squares Mean Square (Variance)

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## FSTAT = ? FSTAT = 11.0 FSTAT = ?

11.35 From the results of Problem 11.34, a. At the 0.05 level significance, is there an effect due to factor A? b. At the 0.05 level significance, is there an effect due to factor B? c. At the 0.05 level significance, is there an interaction effect? 11.38 A student team in a business statistics course performed a factorial experiment to investigate the time required for pain-relief tablets to dissolve in a glass of water. The two factors of interest were brand name (Equate, Kroger, or Alka-Seltzer) and temperature of the water (hot or cold). The experiment consisted of four replicates for each of the six factor combinations. The following data (stored in the file Pain-Relief) show the time a table took to dissolve (in seconds) for the 24 tablets used in the experiment: ____BRAND OF PAIN-RELIEF TABLET_______ WATER Equate Kroger Alka-Seltzer Cold 85.87 75.98 100.11 78.69 87.66 99.65 76.42 85.71 100.83 74.43 86.31 94.16 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hot 21.53 24.10 23.80 26.26 25.83 21.29 24.95 26.32 20.82 21.52 22.91 23.21 At the 0.05 level of significance, a. Is there an interaction between brand of pain reliever and water temperature? b. Is there an effect due to brand? c. Is there an effect due to water temperature? d. Plot the mean dissolving time for each brand for the two water temperatures. e. Discuss the results of (a) through (d).

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