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165XB

Electrical Installation Tester


Users Manual

April 2008, Rev.1, 10/09


2008, 2009 Fluke Corporation. All rights reserved.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.

LIMITED WARRANTY AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY


Each Fluke product is warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship
under normal use and service. The warranty period is three years and begins on the date
of shipment. Parts, product repairs, and services are warranted for 90 days. This warranty
extends only to the original buyer or end-user customer of a Fluke authorized reseller,
and does not apply to fuses, disposable batteries, or to any product which, in Fluke's
opinion, has been misused, altered, neglected, contaminated, or damaged by accident or
abnormal conditions of operation or handling. Fluke warrants that software will operate
substantially in accordance with its functional specifications for 90 days and that it has
been properly recorded on non-defective media. Fluke does not warrant that software will
be error free or operate without interruption.
Fluke authorized resellers shall extend this warranty on new and unused products to enduser customers only but have no authority to extend a greater or different warranty on
behalf of Fluke. Warranty support is available only if product is purchased through a Fluke
authorized sales outlet or Buyer has paid the applicable international price. Fluke
reserves the right to invoice Buyer for importation costs of repair/replacement parts when
product purchased in one country is submitted for repair in another country.
Fluke's warranty obligation is limited, at Fluke's option, to refund of the purchase price,
free of charge repair, or replacement of a defective product which is returned to a Fluke
authorized service center within the warranty period.
To obtain warranty service, contact your nearest Fluke authorized service center to obtain
return authorization information, then send the product to that service center, with a
description of the difficulty, postage and insurance prepaid (FOB Destination). Fluke
assumes no risk for damage in transit. Following warranty repair, the product will be
returned to Buyer, transportation prepaid (FOB Destination). If Fluke determines that
failure was caused by neglect, misuse, contamination, alteration, accident, or abnormal
condition of operation or handling, including overvoltage failures caused by use outside
the products specified rating, or normal wear and tear of mechanical components, Fluke
will provide an estimate of repair costs and obtain authorization before commencing the
work. Following repair, the product will be returned to the Buyer transportation prepaid
and the Buyer will be billed for the repair and return transportation charges (FOB
Shipping Point).
THIS WARRANTY IS BUYER'S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AND IS IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. FLUKE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL,
INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES, INCLUDING
LOSS OF DATA, ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE OR THEORY.
Since some countries or states do not allow limitation of the term of an implied warranty,
or exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, the limitations and
exclusions of this warranty may not apply to every buyer. If any provision of this Warranty
is held invalid or unenforceable by a court or other decision-maker of competent
jurisdiction, such holding will not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision.
Fluke Corporation
P.O. Box 9090
Everett, WA 98206-9090
U.S.A.

11/99

Fluke Europe B.V.


P.O. Box 1186
5602 BD Eindhoven
The Netherlands

................................................................................ 1
Fluke ......................................................... 1
................................................. 2
.................. ................................................................. 4
() ............................................  
.................................... 5
.......................................................... 7
............................................................................. 12
( 1653B).................................... 12
............................................................. 13
. .................................................. 14
..................... .............................................................. 15
& . ............................................ 15
.......................................... 16
. ......................................... 17
/............... 18
. (L-PE) ........................................ 18
........... 21
.............................................. 21
RCD....................................... 24
RCD (Models 1652B
1653 ).................................................................... 27
RCD ............................................ 29
( Model 1653B) ....... 30
( Model 1653B) ................... 31
& ...................................... 32
................................................................... 32
................................................... 33
........ ....................................................... 33
............................................................... 34
( Model 1653B) ........... 34
................................................................. 35

165XB
Users Manual
............................................................................. 35
& ...................................... 35
......................................................... 36
.......................................................................... 37
........................................................ 37
......................................................... 38
...................... 39
(R iso) ......................................... 39
(R lo) ............................................ 40
(Z i).......... ................................................. 40
RCD & FI ( T, N)............................................. 41
( R ) ................................................. 42
AC (V)........................................................ 42
( R lo )
....................... 42
( R iso )
................. 43
& ( i ) .................. 44
& RCD/FI...... 44
(PSC/I k ) ......... 44
RCD............................................................................ 44
RCD ..................................................... 45
................................................................... 45
( ). .......................... 45
.......................................... 46
RCD/FI-Ramp Test....... 46
( R ) ............................. 47
. .................................................... 47
............................. 48
& EN 61557 ................. 48
EN 61557 .............................. 49

ii

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

...............
................................................................
.......................................
...................................................................................
......................................... .........................
.................................
...........................................
............................
........................................
.........................
.................................

iii

2
3
4
5
7
13
14

165XB
Users Manual

iv

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

.............................................
......................................... 4
........................................ ........................... 5
.......................................
.................................... 7
..................................... ............................... 12
...................................................................
.
13
...............................
..................... 15
- ...........................................
......................
.
15
- .................................. 16

9,
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

- ........................... 17
. / ....................
........... 18
......................................................
.
20
3 . 21
. ..........................
................... 22
3- .................................................. 23
RCD ............................ 24
RCD ......................... 27
RCD .............. ................. 29
............................... ............ 30
. ............................... 30
............................ ............ 31
.... ...................................... 31
..............
.......................... 34
................................................................ 36

165XB
Users Manual
XW !!

:
, ,

.
, .

. .
.

.
, .
. , ,
.

.
, . .
, .

MONON .

, , , , , .

, .

30 V ac rms, 42 V ac peak, or 60 V dc.


.

, ,
.


, ,

(M)
.

0 V.

I
X
T
J
W

6
CAT III / CAT IV

!
(Class II)

! . .

550 V.
CAT III
.
CAT IV
, , .

vi

Fluke 1651, 1652 1653


. .
1653.
165XB :


(EN61557-2)
(EN61557-4)
/ (EN61557-3)
RCD (Tripping Time) (EN61557-6)
RCD (Tripping Current) (EN61557-6)
(EN61557-5)
(EN61557-7)

Fluke

Fluke, :

Technical Support USA: 1-800-44-FLUKE (1-800-443-5853)


Calibration/Repair USA: 1-888-99-FLUKE (1-888-993-5853)
United Kingdom: +44 1603 256600
Germany, Austria, Switzerland: +49-69-222-220-204
Canada: 1-800-36-FLUKE (1-800-363-5853)
Europe: +31 402-675-200
Japan: +81-3-3434-0181
Singapore: +65-738-5655
Anywhere in the world: +1-425-446-5500

, Fluke's at www.fluke.com.
,

http://register.fluke.com.

To view, print, or download the latest manual supplement, visit


http://us.fluke.com/usen/support/manuals.

165XB
Users Manual

. 1.
, , .

1652B UK

1653B UK

2000757

See
Table 2

1653B EU

1652B EU

Part
Number

1651B EU

1651B UK

1.

165X-8008 Probe, Multifunctional

Country Specific Mains Test Cord

2044945

TL-L1, Test Lead, Red

TL-L2, Test Lead Green

2044950

TL-L3, Test Lead Blue

2044961

2099044

Probe, Test, Banana Jack, 4 mm


Tip, Red
Probe, Test, Banana Jack, 4 mm
Tip, Green

2065297

Probe, Test, Banana Jack, 4 mm


Tip, Blue

2068904

1942029

102-406-003, Probe cap,GS-38


Red
102-406-002, Probe cap,GS-38
Green

2065304

102-406-004, Probe cap,GS-38


Blue

2068919

2041727

AC285-5001,175-276-013 AC285
Large alligator clip, Red
AC285-5001-02,175-276-012
AC285 Large alligator clip, Green

2068133

AC285-5001-03,175-276-0114
AC285 Large alligator clip, Blue

2068265

Electrical Installation Tester


Unpacking the Tester

1652B UK

1653B UK

Test lead set, 600 V, Fused


Probe with alligator clips and
prods, set of spare GS38 tips Red, Blue, Green (Replacement
fuse is an F 10 A 600 V, 50 kA,
6.3 x 32 mm)

1651B UK

1653B EU

1652B EU

1651B EU

1. (.)

2491989

Part
Number

CD ROM, Users Manual

3209538

Quick Reference Guide

3278157

Case, Tool Box, Yellow

1664213

Hard Case Insert, Foam,


Polyurethane

2061011

Carrying Strap, Padded

2045406

2043365

3301338

Fluke-1653-2014, IR Adapter

Fluke Zero Adapter

2.

Cord Type

Part Number

British

BS1363

2061367

Schuko

CEE 7/7

2061332

Denmark

AFSNIT 107-2-DI

2061371

Australia/New Zealand

AS 3112

2061380

Switzerland

SEV 1011

2061359

Italy

CEI 23-16/VII

2061344

165XB
Users Manual



(.1 & 3).

3
4

6
10
>

7
9

1.

apx013f.eps

3.

.
.

Volts.

D
E

y
x

RCD.

RCD.


.
.

N/A

.
.

. - No trip mode.
. / - Hi current trip mode.

Electrical Installation Tester


Operating the Tester


(.2 & 4) , .

11

12
13

14

15

16

17

20

19

18

2.

apx012f.eps

4.
.

.
(L-N, L-PE).
(L-N, L-PE, N-PE).

RCD (10, 30, 100, 300, 500,


1000 mA or VAR).
.

.
/ (1, 2, 3, or 4).
RCD (x1/2, x1, x5, AUTO).
.

165XB
Users Manual
4. (.)
.

.
"Auto" .
"VAR".
.
RCD : AC (), S, or A ( DC).

.
.
R E / I K
RCD (0, 180 ).

(50, 100, 250, 500, 1000 V).


.

/ ,
10 .

.
.

T touch pad. PE
. 100 V
"touch pad".

Electrical Installation Tester


Operating the Tester


3 5 .
3. .
22

23

24

25

26

27

21

28
41

29

40
33
39

30
31
32

36
35

34

37

38
apx020f.eps

5. .
.

.
: (1), (2),
(3), (4).

.

, ..
RCD () 2

x1/2, x1, x5 AUTO
3 RCD
.

165XB
Users Manual
5. (.)
.

.
(e) ,
. :
L ()
PE ()
N ()

.
:
Volts
V

y
x

RCDW

no trip
hi current trip

RCD

RCD

&
, RCD,

. /
"Maximum Trip Time Table"
46.

Electrical Installation Tester


Operating the Tester

5. (.).
.

w=


50 V.

25 V, .
4 2 5 V & 50V


.

b
& .

& . 32

.

h
d

. & . 35

.

Recall

Memory

Test
.

. RCD
.

165XB
Users Manual
5. (.)
.

.

. 13.

Fluke PC
software.
.
UN
.
UF
.
.
PSC
.

/ .
PEFC
..

/ .
IK
PSC , ,
PEFC, .
RE
.

10

Electrical Installation Tester


Operating the Tester
5. (.)
.

& . .
:

Volts

.
.
.
. /.
PEFC
( /)
RE PSC (
).
RCD
UF
.
RCD.
UF
.

battery test

ZERO

. . 35
&
Z
.
,
.

.
.
, .

11

165XB
Users Manual


4 165XB.

43

42

44

apx021f.eps

L ()

PE ()

N ()
4. .

(IR) ( 1653B)
1653B ( . 22),
, PC,
"Fluke PC Software". &
, &
. " "
. 34 .

12

Electrical Installation Tester


Operating the Tester



W , Err, .
.
6.
.

Self-Test Fails

Fluke Service Center.

Over-Temp

Fault Voltage

, ,
.

Excessive Noise

(,
, RCD)
( ( ).

.
.
,
.

Excessive Probe
Resistance

5.

apx032f.eps

13

165XB
Users Manual


, O
O .
.
7.

O2

Loop/Line Impedance IK limit. Toggles the IK limit between 10 kA


and 50 kA. The default is 10 kA.
- L-n & L-n n-L . 6.

O3

L-n L N
( UK).
b L N
, .
.
L-n
"RCD x1/2" 2'' UK.
L-n n-L L N
.


(b) .
.

O4

. 25 V 50 V.
50 V.

OM

.
4 4 .

OA

. ""

14

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements

"UK"

"

"

6.

apx026f.eps

apx002f.eps

7. //
:
1.

"V" .

15

165XB
Users Manual
2. X (--) .
AC .

() AC. AC
500 V. 1 t
L-PE, L-N, N-PE.

() .

8. //

apx005f.eps

WX !

:
1.

RISO

2.

L PE ( & ) .

3.

4 .
500 V, , .

4.

T .

16

() .

() .

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements

, (UN)
.
, .


R LO

9. //

apx003f.eps

,
.
.

,
-- .

WX !

:
1.

2.
3.

RLO .
L PE (. & .)
, , "Zero adapter"
Z ZERO.
,

17

165XB
Users Manual
.
,
.

.
4. & T . , ,
2 2 .
, AC
() .

apx006f.eps

10. -- .

( ine to Protective arth -P )


/ , , (L)
(PE).
(PEFC), , , . PEFC,
. ,
. RCD , , .
, Z No Trip.
RCD , . RCD ,
i Hi Current .

18

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements

L N, ,
. UK,
.
(b).
(no trip mode):

WX
RCD :
y
RCD
RCD 10 mA .

. , RCD 10 mA,
" trip time RCD". ,
10 ma x .
I 25, , 50 V,
. . ,
10 mA (Loop impedance = fault voltage x 100).
1.

2.

(, , ) L, PE, N
.

3.

1 L-PE. L

4.

, "zero adapter",
, . Z
ZERO. , .
, ,
,
, , .

, .

19

165XB
Users Manual
5.

L-PE-N, ,
, .

11.
6.

apx033f.eps

T. .
() . .

7.

, 3 .
, ,
() .

8.

, Err 5.
.oise.) U
. U Err 5 .

. ,
, .

. Hi current trip ( ):
RCD ,
. (L-PE).

x .

1.

2.

(, , ), L, PE, N
.

3.

1 L-PE. o
.

4.

4 8 .

20

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements

WX
o ,
. RCD -
RCD.


,
. . , ,
. . 12 ,
. (
).
L
N

N ()

PE
PE ()

L ()

apx024f.eps

12. 3
. ( no trip mode):

1.

2.

1 L-PE.

3.

3 RE (resistance).

4.

& T. .

() .

() .


. , ,
, . :

, .

21

165XB
Users Manual

L-PE . 2 .
RCD .

(PSC). PSC
, , , , . PSC
.

13.

apx034f.eps

:
1.

x
o .

2.

L (.)
(), .

3.

1 L-N.

4.

"zero adapter" & .

5.

Z ZERO

,
.
, ,
,
, , .

, .

WX
' , L-PE
. RCD .

22

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements

, .
. , ,
.
6.

T. .

() .

() (PSC).

7.

, Err 5 .( ). U
. U Err 5.

500V, 14

L1
N (L3/)

L2
L3

L (L1/)

14. .

apx025f.eps

23

165XB
Users Manual

RCD (Tripping Time )

apx008f.eps

15. RCD. / &

, RCD
RCD.
, . .
, .
RCD ,
, 10, 30, 100, 300, 500, 1000 mA, VAR .

, RCD, -

(25 , , 50 V).
S (time delay) RCD,
30 . - & .
RCD RC
.

WX

24

()
.
, , .

RCD,
.


RCD.

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements

, .

(, ) RCD,
RCD.

L & N ,
.
UK, .

(b).
RCD '' 1000 mA.
RCD :
1.

2. 1 RCD (10-30-100-300-500-1000
mA).
3.

2 (x , x 1, x 5,
Auto). 1 .

1651B Auto.

4.

3 RCD.

E AC AC ( AC RCD) A
(pulse-DC sensitive RCD*)
F A (pulse-DC sensitive RCD*)
E G S-type AC (time delayed AC RCD)
F G S-type A (time delayed pulse-DC
sensitive RCD*)
* 1652B 1653B

5.

4 , 0 or 180. RCD

.

6.

T. .

() .

() (N PE)
.

25

165XB
Users Manual

RCD,
RCD W . Maximum Trip
Time Table 46.

RCD VAR:
1.

2.

1 VAR.
. U .

3.

2 . x 1/2, ,
x 1 .

4.

4 6

5.

U .

RCD 700 mA.

RCD Auto :
1.

2.

3.

1 RCD (10, 30, or 100 mA).

4.

2 Auto.

5.

3 RCD.

6.

T.
x RCD 310 510 ms (2
UK). RCD . ,
. RCD .
RCD ,
1x RCD. RCD
.

7.

RCD.

8.

1x . RCD
.

9.

RCD.

10. 5x RCD
50 ms. RCD
.

26

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements
11. RCD.
12. 5x. RCD
.
13. RCD.

U .
, 5x.
U x .

RCD,
RCD W . Maximum Trip
Time Table . 46.

14. .
M Storing and Recalling
Measurements .32 .
1653B.

RCD
( 1652B 1653B )

16. RCD - .

apx009f.eps

RCD
RCD.
, , .

WX

-
.
.

RCD,
.

27

165XB
Users Manual

,
RCD.

L N ,
. UK,
L .
, ,
(b).
RCD 1000 mA.
RCD:
1.

2.

1 RCD (10, 30, 100, 300, or 500 mA).


RCD ,
10, 30, 100, 300, 500 1000 mA, VAR .

3.

3 RCD

E AC AC (standard AC RCD) A
(pulse-DC sensitive RCD*)
F A (pulse-DC sensitive RCD*)
E G S-type AC (time delayed AC RCD)

4.

5.

F G S-type A (time delayed pulse-DC


sensitive RCD*)
* 1652B 1653B
4 , 0 or 180. RCD

.
T. .

() RCD.

RCD
RCD W " Maximum
Trip Time" . 46.

VAR- RCD .
1.

2.

1 VAR.
U .

28

() .

() (N PE)
.

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements
3.

3, 4, 5

4.

U .

RCD 700 mA.

RCD
RCD
, .
' .
17.

RCD

PE (L2/)
N (L3/)

L (L1/)

17. RCD .

apx023f.eps

RCD, L,
.

29

165XB
Users Manual

( 1653B)

18. - .

apx010f.eps

3 , 2
& .
19.

62% .
.

.
.

62% L
L
apx014f.eps

19. .

1.

s .

2.

T. .

30

Electrical Installation Tester


Making Measurements

() .

. 10 V, .

Err 5 .
.
(U) . (U)
Err 5 .

, Err 6.
, ,
.

( 1653B)

apx011f.eps

20. -
21.
L1
L2

N (L3/)

L3
PE (L2/)

L (L1/)

21. .

apx022f.eps

:
1.

Q .

31

165XB
Users Manual
2.

() :

123 .

321 .

(---) .


( 1653B)

444 .

.
,
.
,

(a)
, , .

(b) .

(c) .
.
, .

:
1.

M .
.. N .
(a)
(1-99) (b).
. (c)
(1-444). (a, b, c)
,
U.

2.

1.
. 1 .
. 1 .

32

Electrical Installation Tester


Storing and Recalling Measurements
3.

Press the down arrow key (U) to decrement the enabled number or press
the up arrow key (U) to increment the enabled number. For storing data,
the number can be set to any value, overwriting existing data is allowed.
For recalling data, the number can only be set to used values.

(U) , , ,
.
10
.


:
1.

M .

2.

1 (U) .

3.

2 .

, "FULL" . 1
, M .

, ,
.

, "STO?"
2 , 1 , M .


:
1.

M .

2.

3 .

3.

1 (U) . , .

4.

3 .
,, N
.

5.

3 , , , , .

6.

M .

33

165XB
Users Manual


:
1.

M .

2.

4. Clr? 4
.

3.

M .

.
, .
.

( 1653B)
IR Adapter

IR Device
IR Port

22. (IR).

apx031f.eps

:
1.

IR PC.

2.

IR ,
. 22. R .

3.
4.
5.

34

.
, .
"Fluke PC software"
O .

.

Electrical Installation Tester


Maintaining the Tester

& .
, , .
.
:
1.

2.

& .

3.


.
6.0 V (1.0 V/cell), B , . ,
.

WX

, , , (B) .
.
.
AA batteries. Alkaline,
1.2 V NiCd or NiMH batteries.
.

WX
,
. , ,
,
,
.
:
1.
2.

V .
3 .
2 .
.

( . 23)
1.

O .

35

165XB
Users Manual
2.
3.
4.
5.

.
,
. 1/4 .
.
& .


.( 1653B ).

6.

1/4 .

23.

apx028f.eps


. L PE . ,
, FUSE ,
.
.

36

Electrical Installation Tester


Specifications
:
1.

q ,, p .

2.

T.

3.

FUSE ,
& . Fluke Service
( Contacting Fluke).

- Specifications
- Features by Model
Measurement Function

1651B

1652B

1653B

Voltage & Frequency

Wiring polarity checker

Insulation Resistance

Continuity & Resistance

Loop & Line Resistance

Prospective Earth Fault Current (PEFC/IK)


Prospective Short-Circuit current (PSC/IK)

RCD switching time

ramp test

ramp test

RCD tripping level

Automatic RCD test sequence

Test pulse current sensitive RCDs (Type A)

RCD variable current

Earth Resistance

Phase Sequence Indicator


Other Features
Self-test
Illuminated Display

Memory, Interface
Memory

Computer Interface

Time and date


(When used with FlukeView software)
Software

Included Accessories

Remote control probe

Zero Adapter

Hard case
[1]

Note
[1] Included with all 165XB versions except 1651B UK Version.

37

165XB
Users Manual

- General Specifications
Specification

Characteristic

Size
Weight (with batteries)

10 cm (L) x 25 cm (W) x 12.5 cm (H)


1.5 kg

Battery size, quantity


Battery type

Type AA, 6 ea.


Alkaline supplied.
Usable with 1.2 V NiCd or NiMH batteries (not supplied)

Battery life (typical)


Fuse
Operating Temperature

200 hours idling


T3.15 A, 500 V, 1.5 kA 6.3 x 32 mm (PN 2030852)

Storage Temperature

-10 C to 60 C indefinitely (to -40 C for 100 hrs)

-10 C to 40 C

Noncondensing <10 C
95 % 10 to 30 C; 75 % 30 to 40 C
Operating Altitude
0 to 2000 meters
Shock, Vibration
Vibration to Class 3 per Mil-Prf-28800F
1 meter drop test, six sides, oak floor
Sealing
IP 40
EMC
Complies with EN61326-1: 2006
Safety
Complies with EN61010-1 Ed 2.0 (2001-02), UL61010,
ANSI/ISA -s82.02.01 2000 and CAN/CSA c22.2 No.1010
2nd edition
Overvoltage Category: 500 V/CAT III
300 V/CAT IV
Measurement Category III is for measurements performed
in the building installation. Examples are distribution
panels, circuit breakers, wiring and cabling.
Category IV equipment is designed to protect against
transients from the primary supply level, such as an
electrical meter or an overhead or underground utility
service.
Performance EN61557-1, EN61557-2, EN61557-3,
EN61557-4, EN61557-5, EN61557-6, EN61557-7 Second
edition. EN61557-10 First edition.
Maximum voltage between any 500 V
terminal and earth ground
Relative Humidity

Surge Protection

38

6 kV peak per EN 61010-1 Ed. 2.0 (2001-02)

Electrical Installation Tester


Specifications

Electrical Measurement Specifications


The accuracy specification is defined as (% reading +digit counts) at 23 C 5 C, 80 %
RH. Between -10 C and 18 C and between 28 C and 40 C, accuracy specifications
may degrade by 0,1 x (accuracy specification) per C. The following tables can be used
for the determination of maximum or minimum display values considering maximum
instrument operating uncertainty per EN61557-1, 5.2.4.

Insulation Resistance (RISO)


Limit Value

Maximum
Display Value

1000 V

Maximum
Display Value

Limit Value

Limit Value

500 V

Maximum
Display Value

250 V

Maximum
Display Value

100 V
Limit Value

Maximum
Display Value

Limit Value

50 V

1
2
3

1.12
2.22
3.32

1
2
3

1.12
2.22
3.32

1
2
3

1.3
2.4
3.5

1
2
3

1.3
2.4
3.5

1
2
3

1.3
2.4
3.5

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

4.42
5.52
6.62
7.72
8.82
9.92
11.02

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

4.42
5.52
6.62
7.72
8.82
9.92
11.02

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

4.6
5.7
6.8
7.9
9.0
10.1
11.2

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

4.6
5.7
6.8
7.9
9.0
10.1
11.2

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

4.6
5.7
6.8
7.9
9.0
10.1
11.2

20
30
40
50

22.02
33.02
44.02
55.02

20
30
40
50
60
70

22.02
33.2
44.2
55.2
66.2
77.2

20
30
40
50
60
70

22.2
33.2
44.2
55.2
66.2
77.2

20
30
40
50
60
70

22.2
33.2
44.2
55.2
66.2
77.2

20
30
40
50
60
70

22.2
33.2
44.2
55.2
66.2
77.2

80
90
100

88.2
99.2
110.2

80
90
100
200

88.2
99.2
110.2
220.2

80
90
100
200
300
400
500

88.2
99.2
110.2
220.2
347
462
577

80
90
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000

88.2
99.2
110.2
220.2
345
460
575
690
805
920
1035
1150

39

165XB
Users Manual

Continuity (RLO)
Limit Value

Maximum Display
Value

Limit Value

Maximum Display
Value

0.2

0.16

2.68

0.3

0.25

3.58

0.4

0.34

4.48

0.5

0.43

5.38

0.6

0.52

6.28

0.7

0.61

7.18

0.8

0.7

8.08

0.9

0.79

10

8.98

0.88

20

17.98

1.78

30

26.8

Loop Tests (ZI)


Loop ZI
Hi Current
Maximum
Limit
Display
Value
Value
0.20
0.14
0.30
0.23
0.40
0.32
0.50
0.41
0.60
0.50
0.70
0.59
0.80
0.68
0.90
0.77
1.00
0.86
1.10
0.95
1.20
1.04
1.30
1.13
1.40
1.22
1.50
1.31
1.60
1.40
1.70
1.49
1.80
1.58
1.90
1.67
2.00
1.76
-

40

Loop ZI
No Trip
Maximum
Limit
Display
Value
Value
0.40
0.28
0.50
0.37
0.60
0.45
0.70
0.54
0.80
0.62
0.90
0.71
1.00
0.79
1.10
0.88
1.20
0.96
1.30
1.05
1.40
1.13
1.50
1.22
1.60
1.30
1.70
1.39
1.80
1.47
1.90
1.56
2.00
1.64
-

Loop ZI
Limit
Value
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400

Maximum
Display
Value
2.53
3.38
4.23
5.08
5.93
6.78
7.63
8.48
16.98
25.3
33.8
42.3
50.8
59.3
67.8
76.3
84.8
169.8
253
338

Loop RE
Limit
Value
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400

Maximum
Display
Value
2.72
3.62
4.52
5.42
6.32
7.22
8.12
9.02
18.02
27.2
36.2
45.2
54.2
63.2
72.2
81.2
90.2
180.2
272
362

Electrical Installation Tester


Specifications
-

500
600
700
800
900
1000

423
508
593
678
763
848

500
600
700
800
900
1000

452
542
632
722
812
902

RCD/FI Tests (T, IN)


RCD/FI Time
Limit Value
Maximum Display
Value

RCD/FI Current
Limit Value

Maximum Display Value

20

18.1

0.5

0.43

30
40
50
60
70

27.1
36.1
45.1
54.1
63.1

0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1

0.52
0.61
0.7
0.79
0.88

80
90
100
200
300
400

72.1
81.1
90.1
180.1
271
361

2
3
4
5
6
7

1.78
2.68
3.58
4.48
5.38
6.28

500
600
700
800
900
1000
2000

451
541
631
721
811
901
1801

8
9
10
20
30
40
50

7.18
8.08
8.98
17.98
26.8
35.8
44.8

60
70
80
90
100
200

53.8
62.8
71.8
80.8
89.8
179.8

300
400
500

268
358
448

41

165XB
Users Manual

Earth Tests (RE)


Maximum Display
Value

Limit Value

Maximum Display
Value

Limit Value

10

8.8

200

179.8

20

17.8

300

268.0

30

26.8

400

358.0

40

35.8

500

448.0

50

44.8

600

538.0

60

53.8

700

628.0

70

62.8

800

718.0

80

71.8

900

808.0

90

80.8

1000

898.0

100

89.8

2000

1798.0

AC Voltage Measurement (V)


Range

Resolution

500 V

Accuracy
50 Hz 60 Hz

0.1 V

0.8 % + 3

Input Impedance

Overload Protection
660 V rms

3.3 M

Continuity Testing (RLO)


Range
(Autoranging)

Resolution

Open Circuit Voltage

Accuracy

20

0.01

>4 V

(1.5 % + 3 digits)

200

0.1

>4 V

(1.5 % + 3 digits)

2000

>4 V

(1.5 % + 3 digits)

Note
The number of possible continuity tests with a fresh set of batteries is 3000.

Range RLO

Test Current

7.5

210 mA

35
240
2000

100 mA
20 mA
2 mA

Test Probe Zeroing


Live Circuit Detection

42

Press the Z to zero the test probe.


Can subtract up to 2 of lead resistance.
Error message for >2 .
Inhibits test if terminal voltage >10 V ac detected prior to
initiation of test.

Electrical Installation Tester


Specifications

Insulation Resistance Measurement (RISO)


Test Voltages
Model 1651B
250-500-1000 V
Test
Voltage
50 V
100 V

Model 1652B

Model 1653B

250-500-1000 V

Insulation
Resistance Range

50-100-250-500-1000 V
Resolution

1000 V

1 mA @ 50 k

+10 %, -0 %
Accuracy
(3 % + 3 digits)

10 k to 50 M

0.01 M

100 k to 20 M

0.01 M

20 M to 100 M

0.1 M

10 k to 20 M

0.01 M

20 M to 200 M

0.1 M

(1.5 % + 3
digits)

10 k to 20 M

0.01 M

(1.5 % + 3
digits)

20 M to 200 M

0.1 M

200 M to 500 M

1 M

100 k to 200 M

0.1 M

200 M to 1000 M

1 M

250 V

500 V

Test Current

Accuracy of Test
Voltage
(at rated test
current)

1 mA @ 100 k

1 mA @ 250 k

1 mA @ 500 k

(3 % + 3 digits)
(3 % + 3 digits)
(1.5 % + 3
digits)

(1.5 % + 3
digits)
10 %

1 mA @ 1 M

(1.5 % + 3
digits)
10 %

Note
The number of possible insulation tests with a fresh set of batteries is 2000.

Auto Discharge
Live Circuit Detection
Maximum Capacitive Load:

Discharge time constant <0.5 second


for C = 1 F or less.
Inhibits test if terminal voltage >30 V prior to
initiation of test.
Operable with up the 5 F load.

43

165XB
Users Manual

Loop and Line Impedance (ZI)


No Trip and Hi Current Modes RCD/FI
Mains Input Voltage Range
Input Connection
(soft key selection)
Limit on Consecutive Tests

Maximum Test Current @ 400 V


Maximum Test Current @ 230 V

Range

100 - 500 V ac (50/60 Hz)


Loop Impedance: phase to earth
Line impedance: phase to neutral
Automatic shutdown when internal
components are too hot. There is also a
thermal shutdown for RCD tests.
20 A sinusoidal for 10 ms
12 A sinusoidal for 10 ms

Resolution

20

0.01

200

0.1

2000

Accuracy*
No Trip mode: (3 % + 6 digits)
Hi Current mode: (2 % + 4 digits)
No Trip mode: (3 %)
Hi Current mode: (2 %)
6 %**

Notes
* Valid for resistance of neutral circuit <20 and up to a system phase angle of 30. Test leads
must be zeroed before testing.
** Valid for mains voltage >200 V.

Prospective Earth Fault Current Test (PSC/IK)


Computation

Range
Resolution and Units

Accuracy

44

Prospective Earth Fault Current (PEFC/IK) or Prospective


Short Circuit Current (PSC/IK) determined by dividing
measured mains voltage by measured loop (L-PE)
resistance or line (L-N) resistance, respectively.
0 to 10 kA or 0 to 50 kA
(See Power-On Options earlier in this manual)
Resolution
Units
IK <1000 A

1A

IK >1000 A

0.1 kA

Determined by accuracy of loop resistance and mains


voltage measurements.

Electrical Installation Tester


Specifications

RCD Testing
RCD Types Tested
RCD Type*
1

AC

Model 1651B

Model 1652B

Model 1653B

AC

Notes
1
AC Responds to AC
2
G General, no delay
3
S Time delay
4
A Responds to pulsed signal
*RCD test inhibited for V >265 ac
RCD tests permitted only if the selected current, multiplied by earthing resistance, is <50 V.

Test Signals
RCD Type
AC

Test Signal Description


The waveform is a sinewave starting at zero crossing, polarity
determined by phase selection (0 phase starts with low to high zero
crossing, 180 phase starts with high to low zero crossing). The
magnitude of the test current is In x Multiplier for all tests.
The waveform is a half wave rectified sinewave starting at zero, polarity
determined by phase selection (0 phase starts with low to high zero
crossing, 180 phase starts with high to low zero crossing). The
magnitude of the test current is 2.0 x In (rms) x Multiplier for all tests
for In = 0.01A. The magnitude of the test current is 1.4 x In (rms) x
Multiplier for all tests for all other In ratings.

Tripping Speed Test (T)


Current Settings

[1]

10301003005001000 mA -VAR
10301003005001000 mA -VAR
1030100 mA

Multiplier
x
x1
x5

Current Accuracy
+0 %, -10 % of test current
+10 %, -0 %
+10 %, -0 %

Note
[1]
1000 mA type AC only. 700 mA maximum type A in VAR mode.

45

165XB
Users Manual

Current
Multiplier

Measurement Range
Europe
UK

*RCD Type

Trip Time Accuracy

310 ms

2000 ms

(1 % Reading + 1 ms)

510 ms

2000 ms

(1 % Reading + 1 ms)

x1

310 ms

310 ms

(1 % Reading + 1 ms)

x1

510 ms

510 ms

(1 % Reading + 1 ms)

x5

50 ms

50 ms

(1 % Reading + 1 ms)

x5

160 ms

160 ms

(1 % Reading + 1 ms)

Notes
*G General, no delay
*S Time delay

Maximum Trip Time


The RCD W symbol switches on when testing the RCD trip time if the trip time meets the
following conditions:
RCD

IN

Trip Time Limits

AC,G

x1

Less than 300 ms

AC, G - S type
A
A - S type
AC,G

x1
x1
x1
x5

Between 130 ms and 500 ms


Less than 300 ms
Between 130 ms and 500 ms
Less than 40 ms

AC, G - S type
A
A - S type

x5
x5
x5

Between 50 ms and 150 ms


Less than 40 ms
Between 50 ms and 150 ms

RCD/FI-Tripping Current Measurement/Ramp Test (IN )


Models 1652B and 1653B
Current Range

Step Size

*30 % to 110 % of
RCD rated current

10 % of I N

Dwell Time
Type G
300 ms/step

Type S
500 ms/step

Measurement
Accuracy
5 %

Note
30 % to 150 % for Type A I N > 10mA, 30 % to 210 % for Type A I N = 10 mA
Specified trip current ranges (EN 61008-1): 50 % to 100 % for Type AC, 35 % to 140 % for Type
A (>10 mA), 35 % to 200 % for Type A (10 mA)

46

Electrical Installation Tester


Specifications

Earth Resistance Test (RE )


Model 1653B Only. This product is intended to be used to measure installations in
process plants, industrial installations, and residential applications.
Range

Resolution

Accuracy

200

0.1

(2 % + 5 digits)

2000

(3.5 % + 10 digits)

[1]

Range: RE + RPROBE

Test Current

2200

3.5 mA

16000

500 A

52000

150 A

Note
[1] Without external voltages

Frequency

Output Voltage

128 Hz

Live Circuit Detection

25 V
Inhibits test if terminal voltage >10 V ac is
detected prior to start of test.

Phase Sequence Indication


Model 1653B Only
Icon

Q icon Phase Sequence indicator is active.

Display of Phase Sequence

Displays 1-2-3 in digital display field for


correct sequence. Displays 3-2-1 for
incorrect phase. Dashes in place of a number
indicate a valid determination could not be
made.
Mains Input Voltage Range (phase-to- 100 to 500 V
phase)

47

165XB
Users Manual

Mains Wiring Test


Icons (a, b, c) indicate if L-PE or L-N terminals are reversed. Instrument
operation is inhibited and an error code is generated if the input voltage is not between
100 V and 500 V. The UK Loop and RCD tests are inhibited if the L-PE or the L-N
terminals are reversed.

Operating Ranges and Uncertainties per EN 61557


EN 61557
Measurement
Range Operating
Uncertainty

Function

Display Range

V
EN 61557-1

0.0 V ac 500 V ac

50 V ac 500 V ac
(2% + 2 dgt)

UN = 230/400 V ac
f = 50/60 Hz

0.00 - 2000

0.2 - 2000
(10 % + 2 dgt)

4.0 V dc <UQ <24 V dc

0.00 M - 1000 M

1 M - 200 M
(10 % + 2 dgt)
200 M - 1000 M
(15 % + 2 dgt)

RLO
EN 61557-4
RISO
EN 61557-2

ZI (No Trip)
0.00 - 2000
ZI
EN 61557-3

ZI (Hi Current)
0.00 - 2000

RE
EN 61557-5
Phase
EN 61557-7

48

0.2 - 200
(10 % + 4 dgt)

0.00 - 2000

10 - 1000
(10 % + 2 dgt)

T
0.0 ms 2000 ms

25 ms 2000 ms
(10 % + 1 dgt)

RE

T, IN
EN 61557-6

0.4 - 2000
(15 % + 6 dgt)

IN
3 mA 550 mA
3 mA 550 mA
(10 % + 1 dgt)
(VAR 3 mA 700 mA)
0.0 - 2000

10 - 2000
(10 % + 2 dgt)

Nominal Values

RLO 2.00 IN 200 mA


UN = 50 / 100 / 250 / 500 /
1000 V dc
IN = 1.0 mA

UN = 230/400 V ac
f = 50/60 Hz
IK = 0 A 10.0 kA

T = 10 / 30 / 100 / 300 / 500 /


1000 / VAR mA
IN = 10 / 30 / 100 / 300 /
500 / VAR mA
f = 128 Hz
1:2:3

Electrical Installation Tester


Specifications

Operating Uncertainties per EN 61557

EN 61557-6

RE
EN 61557-5
3.50 %

EN 61557-6

RE
EN 61557-5

IN

T
EN 61557-6

ZI
EN 61557-3

5.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.50 %

3.00 %

3.00 %

3.00 %

3.00 %

2.75 %

2.25 %

0.50 %

3.00 %

3.00 %

3.00 %

3.00 %

2.25 %

2.75 %

IN

EN 61557-2

RISO
EN 61557-2

1.00 %

0.00 %

RISO

EN 61557-4

RLo
EN 61557-4

6.00 %

T
EN 61557-6

E2 - Supply
Voltage
E3 Temperature
E4 - Series
Interferences
Voltage
E5 - Resistance
of the probes
and auxiliary
earth electrodes
E6.2 - System
phase angle
E7 - System
frequency
E8 - System
voltage

10.00 %

ZI
EN 61557-3

E1 - Position

1.50 %

RLo

Influence
Quantity

0.80 %

Volts

Intrinsic
Uncertainty A

Volts

The Operating Uncertainty shows the maximum possible uncertainty when all influence
factors E1-E10 are counted.

1.50 %

4.00 %

1.00 %

0.50 %

2.50 %

0.00 %

2.50 %

2.50 %

2.50 %

0.00 %

E9 - Harmonics

2.00 %

E10 - D.C.
Quantity

2.50 %

49

165XB
Users Manual

50