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If + Present


When we talk about things that

are possible in the future.

Shall we go to the beach?

If we go now, it wont be so
We can go if it doesnt rain


If + Past Simple
Simple Conditional
When we talk about the present
and imagine something different
from the real situation now or
an unlikely situation in the future
Im so tired.
If I werent so tired, I would
give you a hand.
Id go for a walk if I could

If + Past Perfect
Perfect Conditional
When we talk about the past
and imagine something different
from the real situation then or an
impossible situation in the past.
She got up late
If she had got up earlier, she
would have arrived on time.
She would have had time for
a shower if she had got up early


I work ten hours a day.

If I (have) _________________________ more free time, I (practise) ____________________
some sport.

2.- Janes always late for school.

If she (be) ___________________ punctual, the teacher (not punish) ___________________
her almost every day.
3.- Shell probably go to the Old Students Party.
If she (go) _________________________, she (meet) _________________________ her old
school mates.
4.- You should carry an umbrella.
You (get) _________________________ wet if you (not carry) _____________________ one.
5.- Did you say Susan is moving to Australia?
She (miss) _________________________ her London friends if she (leave) ________________
6.- We didnt pay the phone bill.
If we (pay) ___________________ it, they (not cut) _________________________ the line off.
7.- Their dog died.
The dog (not die) ___________________ if they (take) ______________________ it to the vet.
8.- Youre eating too much.
You (have) _____________________ an indigestion if you (eat) _________________ like that.
9.- He always stays at home.
If he (go) _________________________ out more often, he (have) _______________ a better
social life.
10.- Shes saving money.
If she (save) ___________________ enough, she (buy) ______________________ a new car.

11.- Her girlfriend left him after an argument.

They (get) _____________________ married if she (not leave) _____________________ him.
12.- I live far away from my school.
If I (live) ______________________ nearer, I (not go) ______________________ by bus.
13.- Marys at Peters party.
If you (go) _________________________ there, you (see) _____________________ her.
14.- Dont worry. My dog is very sociable.
It (not bite) _____________________ you if you (come) __________________ into my house.
15.- His car broke down in the middle of the highway.
If he (take) ____________________ it to the garage before the journey, it (not break)
____________________________ down.


16.- He does nothing but work all the time.

He (feel) ____________________ better if he (go) _________________ out from time to time.
17.- She left the front door open.
If she (close) _______________________ it, the dog (not run) ____________________ away.
18.- Sally drank a lot at the party.
She (not be)__________________________ sick all over my car back seats if she (not drink)
______________________________ so much.
19.- He knows very few people in this town.
He (not stay) ____________________________ at home most of the time watching TV if he
(have) ___________________________________ someone to go out with.
20.- I cant cook at all.
If I (can) ________________________ cook, I (invite) ____________________________ my
friends for dinner at home.
21.- You see Tom at work every day, dont you?
If you (see) ____________________ him tomorrow, (tell) ______________________ him
what has happened.
22.- That dress is so beautiful!
You (look) ___________________ gorgeous at the reception if you (wear) ______________ it.
23.- Mary wants to be healthy.
She (not smoke) __________________________ so much if she (worry) _________________
so much about her health as she says.
24.- Im sorry I shouted at my friend.
He (not get) ________________________ angry with me if I (not be) ___________________
so rude.
25.- I hope he phones me again.
If he (ring) ____________________ me up, I (apologise) _____________________________

1. Had/would practise
2. Were/wouldnt punish
3. Goes/will meet
4. Will get/ dont carry
5. Will miss/leaves
6. Had paid/wouldnt have cut
7. Wouldnt have died/had taken
8. Will have/eat
9. Went/would have
10.Saves/will buy
11.Would have got/hadnt left
12.Lived/wouldnt go
13.Go/will see
14.Wont bite/come
15.Had taken/wouldnt have broken
16.Would feel/went
17.Had closed/wouldnt have run
18.Wouldnt have been/hadnt drunk
19.Wouldnt stay/had
20.Could/would invite
22.Will look/wear
23.Wouldnt smoke/worried
24.Wouldnt have got/hadnt been
25.Rings/will apologise