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GENERAL ENGLISH FOR TECHNICAL STUDENTS

.. , .. .. , .. MODULE 3

DWELLINGS, HOUSES, PLACES TO LIVE


MODULE 4

FOOD AND DRINKS


Levels Elementary - Pre- Intermediate Pre-Intermediate Intermediate

WORK BOOK
2005/2006

- 2005 1

Module 3 Dwellings, Houses, Places to Live. Module 4 Food and Drinks: 1- / .. - : - , 2005. 150 c. ( General English for Technical students) -: General English for Technical Students , . 3 Dwellings, Houses, Places to live 4 Food and Drinks General English for Technical Students . General English for Technical Students - , .

.., .. ,2005 .., .. ,2005 ,2005 . , 2005

CONTENTS
MODULE 3 DWELLINGS, HOUSES, PLACES TO LIVE LEVEL : Elementary Pre-Intermediate UNIT 1 PLACES TO LIVE Grammar: there is, there are; prepositions of place UNIT 2 THINGS AROUND THE HOUSE Grammar: have got, has got; prepositions of place UNIT 3 DWELLINGS AROUND THE WORLD Grammar: articles; prepositions of place, linking words UNIT 4 A DREAM HOUSE Grammar: Revision WORD LIST LEVEL : Pre-Intermediate Intermediate UNIT 1 PLACES TO LIVE Grammar: Present and Past Simple UNIT 2 THINGS AROUND THE HOUSE Grammar: be used UNIT 3 DWELLINGS AROUND THE WORLD Grammar: Present and Past Simple Passive Voice UNIT 4 A DREAM HOUSE Grammar: Revision WORD LIST MODULE 4 FOOD AND DRINKS LEVEL: Elementary Pre-Intermediate UNIT 1 EATING AND DRINKING HABITS Grammar: Countable/Uncountable nouns, some/any, much/many, few/little UNIT 2 FOOD FOR PLEASURE Grammar: some/any, much/many, few/little UNIT 3 HEALTHY DIET Grammar: Would like, Modal Verbs UNIT 4 EATING OUT Grammar: Revision WORD LIST 79 80 89 98 106 115 5 6 13 18 24 30 32 33 46 59 67 77

LEVEL: Pre-Intermediate Intermediate UNIT 1 EATING AND DRINKING HABITS Grammar: Countable/Uncountable nouns, some/any, much/many, few/little UNIT 2 FOOD FOR PLEASURE Grammar: Present Perfect UNIT 3 HEALTHY DIET Grammar: Present Perfect Continuous UNIT 4 EATING OUT Grammar: Revision WORD LIST

117 118 126 134 141 148

MODULE 3 DWELLINGS, HOUSES, PLACES TO LIVE

ELEMENTARY PRE-INTERMEDIATE
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UNIT 1 PLACES TO LIVE


READING
1 Before you read, match the words 1-11 with their meanings a-k. a) a comfortable chair with supports for the arms b) a machine that washes dishes c) a room for sleeping in d) on or to a lower and especially, the main or ground floor of a house e) an apparatus on which food is cooked f) a room containing a bath and usually a toilet g) the act of exchanging h) of the right type of quality for a particular purpose i) with little noise j) the set of things needed for a particular activity k) on or to the upper floor(s) of a building

1) exchange 2) suitable 3) quiet 4) bedroom 5) bathroom 6) upstairs 7) downstairs 8) armchair 9) dishwasher 10) cooker 11) equipment

2 Read the description from a house exchange brochure. For questions 1 -5, choose A, B, or C. Exchange with a house with a garden suitable for a family of five people (two adults and three small children) in Italy. Our house is in a pretty village near Cambridge. It is in a beautiful place next to a river. It is a very quiet and safe for children. The house is suitable for five people. It is quite big and there is a garden at the back. There are three bedrooms, a bathroom and a toilet upstairs. Downstairs there is a sitting room with a fire, two armchairs and a sofa. There are carpets in all the bedrooms and in the sitting room. The kitchen is at the back of the house and there is a door to the garden. There is a dishwasher, a cooker, a washing machine and a fridge in the kitchen. There is a downstairs toilet and a shower. Next to the kitchen is a small dining room. There are two telephones, a television and stereo equipment in the house. There is no garage. 1 The house is suitable for A three children B two adults C five people 2 The house is located A on a farm B in the country C in the centre of a small town

3 The town has got

A two gardens at the back B two toilets C a bathroom downstairs A a noisy place B a quiet area C far from the river A washing-up liquid B a shower upstairs C a dishwasher

4 The house is in

5 The house has got

LISTENING
3 Listen to the conversation between Sandra Richway (S) and an estate agent (A). For questions 1-4, choose the correct letter A-E. In pairs, read the dialogue aloud. Questions A: Hello. (Example 0 B)? S: Yes. I want to rent a flat in this area. A: Okay, let me see. There is a very nice flat for rent quite near the city centre. S: (1____) rooms has it got? A: It has got a living-room, dining-room, kitchen, bathroom and two bedrooms. So thats six rooms. S: And how much is it? A: its quite a good price - 300 per month. S: That sounds perfect. (2____)? A: Its 14, Oakfield View. S: (3____)? A: Yes, its O-A-K-F-I-E-L-D V-I-E-W. S: (4____) see it? A: Of course. I can take you there right now. Have you got time? S: Yes. Thats great. A: Okay. Ive got the keys here, so lets go. Answers A How many B Can I help you? C Can I

D What the address, please? E Can you spell it, please?

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 Read the text about Steves house. For questions 1-10, choose A, B, or C. EXAMPLE ANSWER 0 A in B at C on A

My family and I live (0____) a pretty house near the centre of Brighton. Brighton is a lovely city (1____) the south coast of England. My house is quite big and it is a very nice (2____). There are seven rooms in it. Upstairs, there are two bedrooms and a bathroom. My (3____) is quite big and it has a comfortable single bed and lots of posters (4____) the walls. Downstairs, there (5____) is a big kitchen, a spacious living-room, a study and a small bathroom. My favourite room is the study (6____) there is a big bookcase with (7____) of books there. Outside our house, there is a (8____) for my parents car and a huge garden with lots of trees and flowers. I love my house (9____) it makes me feel safe and relaxed. After all, there is no place (10____) home. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A in A area A bathroom A in front of A is A so A lot A garage A because A like B at B place B living room B opposite B are B because B much B garden B and B as C on C location C bedroom C on C has C but C lots C swimming-pool C so C such

5 Make up five questions about Steves house. Be ready to discuss these questions in class. T6 1 Tf9.j/TT6 1 T30.0227 0 1 5 Tc.bxample:.0002 Tw[( in )-135 9 40? HTcit g Tc? tions 9 TD0.0022 TcTf9.j/TT6 1

Lovely Huge Spacious Attractive Beautiful Quiet

house

Pleasant Pretty Modern Comfortable Wonderful Large

7 Read the descriptions (1 - 11) of some places or things inside / outside the house. What is the name of each place or thing (A - J)? For questions 1 11, choose the correct letter A J. Example: 11E Descriptions 1 a room for reading / writing / studying 2 covered area before an entrance door 3 a small house in the country or in a village 4 a room for holding parties 5 a place for growing vegetables and fruit. 6 a place for keeping a car 7 a place for children to play 8 a thing which cover the top of the house 9 a thing for letting the smoke out 10 a house near a forest or a river with fields around 11 a room in the roof space of the house 8 Places or things A living/sitting room B playing yard C porch D garden E attic F study G rancho/farmhouse H garage I roof J chimney K mirror L cooker

Make the following sentences interrogative and negative.

Example: 1 There are a lot of trees in the garden. Are there many trees in the garden? There arent many trees in the garden. 2 There are three bedrooms upstairs. 3 There is a sitting room with a fire downstairs. 4 There are some carpets in the bedrooms. 5 There is a kitchen at the back of the house. 6 There is a door to the garden. 7 There is a dishwasher in the kitchen. 8 There is a downstairs toilet. 9 There is a small dining room next to the kitchen. 10 There are two telephones in the house. 9 Make up sentences using there is, there are.

Example: 1 a telegram, on the table.

There is a telegram on the table. 2 a window, in the room. 3 a garden, at the back of the house. 4 two cars, in the garage. 5 some pictures, on the wall. 6 a desk, at the window. 7 some pretty cottages, in the countryside. 8 a spacious living-room, downstairs. 9 lots of trees and flowers, outside the house. 10 a house, near a forest. 10 Make the following sentences plural.

1 There is a pretty village in this area. 2 There is no child in their family. 3 Is there a quiet place next to the river? 4 There is a bedroom upstairs in the house. 5 Is there an armchair in front of the fire-place. 6 There is no carpet in the sitting room. 7 There is a door to the garden. 8 Is there a dishwasher next to the cooker? 9 There is no garage near the house. 10 Is there any stereo equipment in the house? 11 Fill in a, an, some or any. 1 There are flowers in the vase. 2 Are there shops near your house? 3 Is there park near hear? 4 There isnt bathroom upstairs. 5 There arent chairs in the kitchen. 6 Are there good restaurants near here? 7 Theres armchair in the living room. 8 There are cushions on the sofa. 9 Are there books on the desk 10 There arent towels in the bathroom. 12 Write questions and answers. Use the prepositions in, on and at.

Example: John?/school Wheres John? - He is at school.

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1 chair?/table _______________________________________ 2 your books?/my bag _________________________________ 3 the boys?/garden ____________________________________ 4 pictures?/walls ______________________________________ 5 your car?/garage ____________________________________ 6 farmhouse?/river____________________________________ 7 vase?/table _______________________________________ 8 flowers?/vase ______________________________________ 9 rug?/floor __________________________________________ 10 cushion?/ sofa _____________________________________

WRITING
13 Complete Terrys letter to his friend Brian using the information in the table below. Types of Place: Where: Size: Inside the Flat: Outside the Flat Feelings Flat In the centre of Banbury Big Five rooms two small bedrooms (each with wardrobe & double bed); one small bathroom (shower, washbasin, toilet); one small kitchen; one spacious living-room (sofa, two armchairs, TV, big fireplace) Small balcony (lots of flowers); garage a great flat small but comfortable; home is where the heat is

Dear Brian, At last, Rachel and I are in our new home and were very happy with it. Its a big __________________________________________________________ There are five__________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Our flat has also got ________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Its a great ________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Rachel and I are having a house-warming party next weekend. Lots of people are coming, so please try and come too. Hope to see you soon. ____________

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14 Write a similar letter to your pen friend (30-45 words) telling him/her about your house/flat.

Plan _______________________________________________________ For Rent ____________________________________________________ Address _____________________________________________________ - type of place ______________________________________________ - where ____________________________________________________ - cost ______________________________________________________ - size _____________________________________________________ - inside the house/flat (rooms, furniture, etc.)______________________ - outside the house/flat________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 15 Your pen friend is interested in the place you live. Write a notice (about 60 words) telling him about the house youve moved recently. Say about: type of dwelling (house/flat) its location (in the city centre/ in the suburbs ) size (huge/small/spacious ) inside the house/flat (upstairs/downstairs/rooms ) outside the house/flat (garage/car park/ garden ) likes/dislikes (lovely/attractive/beautiful/quiet/noisy )

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UNIT 2 THINGS AROUND THE HOUSE


READING
1 Read an article about an old house in Guildford. Decide if each statement (1 6) is true or false. We live in a small, old house in Guildford. It has two bedrooms, a living room, a dining room, a kitchen and theres a bathroom, of course! In the living room there are two blue armchairs and a red sofa. We also have a television, a video, and a CD player. On the wall there are two pictures. In the evenings we sit in the living room and watch television or listen to music. In the dining room there is a table and four chairs. There are always flowers on the table. The kitchen is new: there is a cooker, a fridge, and a table. We have breakfast in the kitchen, but we have lunch and dinner in the dining-room. We have a beautiful garden. There are a lot of flowers and two trees. Our cats like playing in the garden. We are very happy in our house. T F The house in Guildford is very spacious, 1 There are some bedrooms and bathrooms in the house. 2 The armchair and the sofa are of different colour. 3 The family dont get together in the evenings. 4 The kitchen is new and has got some facilities. 5 The family have lunch and dinner in the same room. 6 They have a pet in the house. 7 2 Write sentences about the place of these things in your house. Example: The bathroom is upstairs next to my bedroom. Bathroom radio garage bed telephone bookcase plants mirror cooker

LISTENING
3 Listen to Tom and Jessica talking to the removal man. Decide where they want to place pieces of furniture. For questions 1- 5, choose a letter A E next to the item of furniture. Furniture 1 armchair 2 coffee table 3 washing machine 4 microwave 5 dishwasher Location A under the cupboard, on the table next to the cooker B next to the fridge C between the table and the sink D next to the armchair E on the opposite side of the room to the sofa

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VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 Complete the description of a kitchen. Write ONE word for each space (1 - 4). It's a modern kitchen, nice and clean with a lot of cupboards. 0 (Example: There)'s a washing machine, a fridge, and a cooker, but there isn't a dishwasher. There are some lovely (1) _________ on the walls, but there aren't any photographs. There's a radio (2) _________ the cooker. There are some flowers, but there aren't (3) _________ plants. On the table there are some apples and oranges. Ah! And there are (4) _________ cups and plates next to the sink. 5 Choose a favourite room in your house: the kitchen, the bedroom, the living room, or the bathroom. Make a list of things youve got. Complete the table. Tell the class about it. Type of Old things room The kitchen The bedroom The living room The bathroom New things Small things Big things

Example: My favourite room is _______________________ . Its _____________________________ (big, small). Its got _____________________ (tables, chairs, ). Theyre ___________________(old, new, big, small). 6 Write questions and answers using the table below. You Computer Video Recorder Car Telephone + + + + Emma + + John Mr and Mrs. Owen + -

1 you / video recorder? _______________________________________________________? 2 Emma/telephone? _______________________________________________________? 3 John/computer? _______________________________________________________?

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4 Mr and Mrs Owen / car? _______________________________________________________? 5 John / video recorder? _______________________________________________________? 6 Mr and Mrs Owen / telephone? _______________________________________________________? 7 Write negative sentences with have.

1 I cant make a phone call. (any change) I havent got any change. 2 I couldnt read the notice. (my glasses) I didnt have my glasses. 3 I cant wash up quickly. (a dishwasher) .. 4 I couldnt tidy up my room. (enough time) .. 5 The gardener couldnt cut the grass. (a mower) 6 I cant record the tape. (a tape-recorder) 7 He couldnt call his friend. (a telephone) 8 She couldnt cook an omelet. ( any eggs) .. 8 Complete the sentences 1-10 using the words from the box. There isnt There a Is next to Are any there are Are any near is a in front of are on there arent

1 Example: There are two books on the sofa. 2 The sofa is ______________ the window. 3 There____a lamp________the television. 4 The telephone is_______one of the lamps. 5 '_____ there _____ pictures on the wall?' - 'Yes,____ ____.' 6 There____ ____desk. 7 There's a plant ____ the sofa in front of the window. 8 Is _____ _____fire? 9 '____ there ____ people in the living room?' 10 'No,____ ____.'

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Underline the word which is the odd one out.

Example: 1 washbasin toilet bedside table shower 2 rug fridge sink cooker 3 sofa sink armchair curtains 4 fridge carpet washing machine dishwasher 5 cushions pillow cup bed 6 cupboard wardrobe chest of drawers coffee table 7 tap shower towel bath 8 garage kitchen bedroom living room 9 TV CD player cooker radio 10 chimney roof porch stairs 10 Write down as many words as you can under these categories.

WRITING
11 Complete the letter. Wre99rtter. dre99r2 35l99.54wone

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12 Jenny lives in a small flat and Sally lives in a big flat. Here is some information about the two flats. Jennys flat Sallys flat Two rooms: four rooms: living room two bedrooms big kitchen Living room very small kitchen and: And: Small bathroom with a shower and a bathroom separate toilet toilet in the kitchen: in the kitchen: big fridge dishwasher small fridge in the living room: in the living room: colour TV black and white TV Write about Sallys flat by completing the following descriptions. There four in Sallys flat: a living room, two and a big . is bathroom too, and a separate . In the kitchen . A big and a dishwasher. colour in the . Now write about Jennys flat. 13 Write a letter (about 60 words) to your penfriend about the house/flat you live in.

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UNIT 3 DWELLINGS AROUND THE WORLD


READING
1 Before you read, match the words 1-9 with their definitions a-i. a) anything that is smaller than others of its kind b) an answering machine c) a small plastic card which is used instead of money to pay for goods, services, accommodation, etc. d) a person who is lodging in a hotel e) a room for two people in a hotel f) a building that provides people to stay in g) a tall building standing alone h) a measure of length equal to 12 inches or about 0,305 metres i) a room for one peeson in a hotel

1) hotel 2) tower 3) foot 4) double room 5) single room 6) answer-phone 7) mini8) guest 9) credit card

2 Read an article about the Tower Hotel in Sway. For questions 1-5, choose A, B, or C. THE TOWER SWAY, HAMPSHIRE If you want a different kind of holiday, then go and stay at the Tower Hotel in Sway, Hampshire. The Tower is over 200 feet high, and over 100 years old. It has got 13 floors and four double bedrooms, but no single rooms. Each bedroom is on a different floor and has got a bathroom, telephone, answer-phone, mini-bar and colour TV. There is a small but magnificent dining room on the ground floor, also a comfortable sitting room for guests to relax in. The Tower has got a small and beautiful garden with four tennis courts. Credit cards are welcome. For more information contact: Paul and Julie Atlas, The Tower, Barrows Lane, Sway, Hampshire. Tel: 0590 683034. Fax: 0590 683785. Questions 1 The Tower Hotel is 2 It is 3 The Tower has got Answers A in Yorkshire. B in Cambridgeshire. C in Hampshire. A ancient. B modern. C spacious. A thirteen bedrooms. B four double bedrooms. C four single bedrooms.

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4 The Tower Hotel hasnt got 5 There are

A single rooms. B a dining room. C a sitting room. A two small gardens. B some sports facilities. C a lot of mini-bars.

LISTENING
3 Listen to short stories about the Seaview Hotel and the Falcon Hotel. For questions 1 8, choose A, B, or C.

Questions 1 The Seaview Hotel has got 2 The staff in the Seaview Hotel are 3 The Seaview Hotel is 4 One night with breakfast in the Falcon Hotel is 5 The Falcon Hotel is

Answers A one hundred rooms. B two hundred rooms. C eighty room. A very friendly. B not very friendly. C not clean. A far from shops B next to shops C near some shops A eighty pounds. B seventy-two pounds. C sixty-two pounds. A far from the bus station. B near the beach. C far from the beach.

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 Put the words in the correct order to make up questions about houses and flats. Example: telephone/your/in/flat/Is/there/a Is there a telephone in your flat?

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1 in/How many/ are/ bedrooms/ there/ house? _____________________________________________? 2 bedroom/is/colour/What/your? _____________________________________________? 3 /dining/ there room/ Is? _____________________________________________? 4 plants/Are/in/your/any/there/bathroom? _____________________________________________? 5 a/living room/there/table/Is/in/your? _____________________________________________? 6 colour/is/What/living room/your? _____________________________________________? 7 kitchen/there/your/Are/pictures/any/in? _____________________________________________? 8 there/gardens/Are/in/house/front/and/at/any/back/of/? _____________________________________________? 9 there/garage/Is? _____________________________________________? 10 restaurants/Are/there/nearby/any? ______________________________________________? 5 Complete the dialogue. For questions 1-9, choose the correct letter A F. Then act out a similar dialogue of your own. A Its Ba C isnt D Is E any F are G Are H Is

Jenna: What colour (Example: 1 D) the living room? Brenda: (2 ____) blue, with a blue and white sofa. Jenna: Nice. And what colour (3 ____) the bedrooms. Brenda: Theyre yellow. Jenna: (4 ____) there (5 ____) pictures in the bedroom? Brenda: Yes, there (6 ____) two. Jenna: (7____) there (8 ____) television in your bedroom? Brenda: No, there (9 ____)! The televisions in the in the living room.

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6 Write affirmative (+) and negative (-) sentences using the correct form of have got / has got . 1 My friend / house / the countryside (+) 2 They / arbour / the yard (-) 3 John / nice car / garage (+) 4 The Browns / all modern conveniences / flat (+) 5 Linda / cooker / bedsit (-) 6 He / ashtray / table (-) 7 Kelly / plain curtains / windows (+) 8 Paul / apartment / downtown (+) 7 Write negative sentences with have.

1 I cant afford staying in this expensive hotel. (enough money) 2 She couldnt send a letter. (my address). 3 They cant read the advertisement. (the newspaper) 4 He couldnt wash up quickly. (a dishwasher) . 5 She couldnt cut the meat. (a knife) . 6 He cant pay his bills. (a credit card) . 7 Granny cant watch TV. (her glasses) .. 8 Father couldnt go fishing. (a fishing rod) ... 8 Study the rule in the box below and complete the sentences with and, but, so or because. See the example in the first sentence. 1 They never drive (Example: because ) their flats near the centre.

2 I like living in the city centre __________ its very expensive. 3 We love this street ________

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4 His flats very old __________ its nice. 5 Its a quiet street __________ there isnt a lot of traffic. 6 There is a garden in front of our house __________ the children can play safely. 7 The apartment is large __________ comfortable. 8 There is no dining room __________ there is a cooker there. 9 There is a restaurant nearby, __________ we can eat there. 10 I dont like this place __________ there is no telephone. 9 Read the texts and fill in the missing prepositions.

1 Salif lives (Example: 1 in) a village (2____) Nigeria. He lives (3____) a mud hut. Mud huts have got grass roofs. They have usually got only one room. 2 Maria lives in a chalet (4____) a mountain (5____) Switzerland. These house are made of wood. They have usually got two floors and an attic. 3 Greg lives (6 ____) a huge block of flats (7____) Boston. His flat is (8 ____) the fifteenth floor and it is in the centre (9____) the city. He lives (10____) 332, Newbury Street. There are a lot of expensive shops (11____) the area. 4 Paul lives (12____) a farm (13____) Canada. He lives (14____) a big farmhouse near a river. 5 Hendrick lives (15____) a houseboat (16____) a river in Holland. Its got three cabins. 10 Read the letter. Complete the chart for A and B. Compare your lists with other students. Tueson, 5th May Dear Greta, Well, we are in Arizona. Weve got a motorhome here. Its not very big but its got a big bed over the drivers cabin for Sev and me, and two little beds in the sitting room for the children. The beds are our sofas during the day, and weve got a tiny dining space with a table and some chairs. Theres a nice little kitchen with a stove and some cupboards, and weve even got some plants, over the sink. There isnt a bath, but we've got a good shower - and a toilet of course. Its almost like home! Now for Texas! See you in July. Lots of love from Julie, Sev, Lucy, James

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Its got

It hasnt got

________________________ ________________________ ________________________

___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________

WRITING
11 Your pen friend from another country asks you questions about a typical house/ flat in your country. Answer his questions. Write a letter of about 60 words. Do people in your country live in their own homes or rent their homes from local councils? Are there private houses? What is a typical house like? How many floors has it got? How many rooms are there in a flat or a house? Is there a garden? What other facilities does a typical house has?

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UNIT 4 A DREAM HOUSE


READING
1 Before you read, match the words 1-11 with their definitions a-l. a) a piece of land surrounded by water b) an area of land lying between two lines of hills or mountains, often with a river running through it c) a flat narrow surface, esp. in a set of staircases each higher than the one before, on which the foot is placed for climbing up and down d) a wall or a platform built out into water, used either for getting on and off ships, usually smaller than a pier e) a tall structure, often made of metal f) an open area with a floor and a roof at the side of a house on the ground floor g) a raised flat surface which is built out from the upstairs wall of a building h) the front of a building, esp. of a grand building i) covered with tiles k) under, below l) a curved top on two supports

1) valley 2) verandah 3) tower 4) step 5) facade 6) balcony 7) arch 8) island 9) jetty 10) tiled 11) underneath

2 Read the information about the houses of famous people. Decide what type of dwelling they have got. For questions 1-6, write a letter A F next to each person. PEOPLE 1 Cher 2 Mick Jagger 3 Elvis Presley 4 Tina Turner 5 George Michael 6 Gloria Estefan TYPE OF DWELLING A A two-storey building with a tiled roof. B A huge old stone house with big towers. C A classical four-storey building. D The house bears the name of his mother. E An unordinary building with a garage up at the top. F A white house in the countryside with a flat roof.

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1 Chers house is big and white. Its in a beautiful valley in California and there are lots of palm trees everywhere. Theres a large verandah on one side of the house. This house has a flat roof. 2 Mick Jagger has several homes. This is a very grand house in the country somewhere in Oxfordshire. Its called Stargrove. Its a very old stone house and it looks like a castle with all its big towers. It looks big enough for about ten families. It has a large garden and the front of the house looks onto a big lawn. 3 Elvis Presleys house is called Graceland. His mothers name was Grace. Now its a museum and a place of pilgrimage for Elviss fans. It has white stone lions near the front steps and a very classical facade with white columns and steps up to the front door 4 Tina Turners house is in London. Its a classical house with four storeys. It has a basement and a small balcony at the front. The windows on the ground floor are in the shape of arches. 5 George Michaels house is in London. Its a very modern style. Its an unusual house because the garage is up at the top of the house and the living space is underneath. Many of its windows are in the roof. 6 Gloria Estefans house is on an island in Miami called Star Island. It has a red tiled roof. Most of the house is on just two storeys. It has a swimming pool, palm trees, lawns, and a small jetty where she keeps her powerboat. 3 Fill in the table as in the example. House 1 Chers 2 3 4 5 6 Mick Jaggers Elvis Presleys Tina Turners George Michaels George Michaels Advantage of living there lots of palm trees, a large verandah ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ___ Your reasons/opinion ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________

LISTENING
4 Listen to Mrs Jones talking to an estate agent. choose the correct letter A, B, or C. For questions 1-6,

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1 The house in the advertisement is 2 The house is 3 The house has got 4 The house is located 5 The house hasnt got 6 The advertised house is

A 140,000. B 40,000. C 100,000. A quite big. B very big. C small. A nine rooms. B ten rooms. C eleven rooms. A in the centre of the town. B in the country. C about 30 kilometres from Oxford. A a swimming pool. B central heating. C any furniture. A nineteen years old. B nine years old. C ninety years old.

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


5 Read an article about Colin and Sarahs house. Choose the best word (A, B, C or D) for each space (1-8). Sarah and Colin live in an old house 1) in an English village. Sarah is a secretary. She 2) five miles to work every day. Colin works at home. The village post office is one room in 3) their house and Colin works there. The people in the village 4) stamps in Colin and Sarahs house! The post 5) is there, too. Its a lovely house. The living room is yellow. There are two big blue 6) . There is an 7) table and chairs. There is a big picture of Sarah and her daughter. Sarahs mother is a painter. There are usually flowers. The kitchen and bathroom are new. Colin and Sarah are very happy in their house and I like 8) them. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A in A walks A them A buy A bin A tables A new A attending B on B drives B they B sell B basket B sofas B ancient B visiting C at C runs C theirs C pay C box C wardrobes C antique C coming D from D flies D their D cost D bucket D cupboards D round D going

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6 Complete the paragraph about the place where you live. Use the words in brackets to help you. Example: I live in a large town in the south of the country. I live in a (how big?) _____ (village / town / city) ____ in the (north / south / east / west / centre?) ____ of (country?). I have lived here for (how long?) ____ . It has a population of about (how many?) ____ . Its a (busy / quiet / clean / dirty) ____ place. I think its quite (beautiful / ugly / boring / exciting) ____ because (give reasons) ________ . It (has / hasnt got) ____ (many / some / a lot of / any) restaurants and there (are / arent / is / isnt) ____ (any / some / a) cinema(s). It (has / hasnt got) ____ (many / a lot of / any) ____ tourists, and it (is / isnt) ____ famous for (say why its famous / anything) ____ . The thing I like best about it is (what?) ____ but I dont like (what?) ____ very much. I (think / dont think) ____ you would like my (village / town / city) ____. 7 Match the words from Column A with their opposites from Column B. Column A A lots B everywhere C grand D in the country E stone F basement G unusual H modern I island J underneath Column B 1 tiny 2 attic 3 ordinary 4 nowehere 5 few 6 above 7 in the downtown 8 continent 9 out- of- date 10 wooden

8 Fill in the correct word from the list below. Use the words only once. Choose any three collocations and make up sentences. facade floor swimming arches grand space front style tiled trees garden roof

1 a flat .. 2 a house . 3 the .steps 4 a classical... 5 the ground 6 the shape of. 9 Fill in the missing prepositions.

7 palm . 8 a modern.. 9 the living.. 10. roof 11 a .pool 12a back

1 lots sth; 2 to be one side sth; 3 to look smb; 4 to look sth; 5 to be the front; 6 to be the ground floor; 7 to be the shape sth; 8 to be the top sth; 9 to be located the north. 27

10

Make up sentences using there is, there are.

1 palm trees / the village 2 verandah / house 3 large garden / front / house 4 basement / front / house 5 windows / ground floor 6 windows / roof 7 small jetty / not far / house 8 tourists / city 11 Rewrite these sentences with short forms where possible.

Example: 1 It is Tuesday today. Its Tuesday today. 2 There is a telephone over there. ____________________________________________________________ 3 There are not any shops here. ____________________________________________________________ 4 That is not my bag. ____________________________________________________________ 5 We have not got a meeting today. ____________________________________________________________ 6 There are some sandwiches for lunch. ____________________________________________________________ 7 There is not any milk in the fridge. ____________________________________________________________ 8 She has got a tiny room. ____________________________________________________________ 9 There are two shops in my neighborhood. ____________________________________________________________ 10 I have a lot of cupboards in my kitchen. ___________________________________________________________________ 12 Complete the conversations with is, are, has or have. Scott: (1) Have you got a pen, please? Lisa: Yes, I ____. It ____ on the table.

Example: 1

2 Steve: How many students ____ there in your class? Takako: There ____ nine students and we ____ all from Japan. Steve: Who ____ your teacher? Takako: We ____ got two teachers. Nicola ____ our teacher in the morning and we ____ got Paul in the afternoon.

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3 Dan: How old ____ Michelle? Bob: She ____ 21. Dan: ____ she French? Bob: No, she ____ nt. She ____ Swiss. Dan: ____ you got her phone number? Bob: No, I ____ nt. Dan: ____ George got her phone number? Bob: Yes, he ____. He____ her boyfriend! 13 Complete the table. Write has or is next to the sentence. Example: 1 Hes German. is 2 Theres a calculator on my table. 3 Harrys got a flat. 4 Hes twenty-two. 5 Whats your name? 6 Shes got a bathroom. 7 Its got a pretty bedroom. 8 Its in the north of the country. 9 Sues got a mobile phone. 10 Whos Kens teacher?

WRITING
14 Read this 'wanted advertisement for Jessica's dream house. Write a wanted advertisement for your dream house (about 50 words). My dream house _________________________________ _____________________________ 15 Write a description of your dream house. Write about 100 words. Say: where your dream house is how big it is how many rooms it has got what the rooms are what is in the rooms what else it has got

WANTED Large house by the sea. Good restaurants and caf / bar in walking distance.

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WORDLIST
Alarm clock Apartments Arbour Arches Armchair Ashtray Attic Balcony Basement Basin Bath Bed Bedroom Bedside lamp Bedside table Bedspread Bench Be situated Blanket Blind Block of flats Bookshelf Carpet Castle Cattle-yard CD player Ceiling Central heating Chair Chalet Chest of drawers Chimney Coset Cloth Coffee table Columns Comb Comfortable Cooker Cosy house Cottage Cup Cupboard Curtains Cushions Dining-room Dishwasher Dressing table Electricity Elevator Estate companies Facade Facilities Farm Farmhouse Fence Fire-place Flat For rent and sale Fridge Freezer Front door Frying pan Garage Gate Ground floor Hairbrush Hanger Heat Houseboat Huge Island Isolated place Jetty In the shape of Kitchen Kitchen equipment Laundry Laundromat Lawn Light switch Living room Loo Mansion Mirror Modern conveniences Mug Music centre Nightdress Night tie

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Path Pillows Phone Phone book Plant Plate Playing yard Poster Power point Pyjamas Rancho Remote control Rent a flat Roof (tiled roof) Rug Quiet Satellite dish Sauna Shampoo Sheets Shower Shutter Sink

Sitting-room Soap Spacious Stairs Staircase Stool Storey Study Suitable Swimming-pool Three-story building Toilet Toothbrush Toothpaste Towel Turn on/off the tap Upstairs/downstairs Vase Verandah Wardrobe Washing-up liquid Well-equipped Yard

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MODULE 3

HOUSES, DWELLINGS, PLACES TO LIVE


HO94EEEEEEEE5E

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UNIT 1 PLACES TO LIVE


READING
1 What are holiday flats? Have you ever been to such a flat? Read the text and do the task below. SUN AND SEA HOLIDAY FLATS This block of flats was built five years ago. It has four floors, with four large flats on each floor. All the flats on the upper floors can be reached by lift. Each flat has a living room, two bedrooms, kitchen and bathroom. There is also a small store room which can be used as an extra bedroom. All the flats have air-conditioning. Some have central heating during the winter months. Tenants have a choice between gas and electric cookers in the kitchens. New up-to-date showers were installed in all the bathrooms last year. Flats can be There is a manager in rented weekly, fortnightly or monthly. It is attendance. The manager's office not possible to rent a flat for less than a is in the entrance hall on the week. ground floor of the building. The rent for flats with a sea view is higher. 2 For questions 1-7, choose the correct answer A, B or C.

1 There are rooms in every flat. A 4 B 6 C 5 2 The manager's office is in the entrance hall on the A ground floor B first floor C top floor 3 Each floor has large flats. A 3 B 4 C 5 4 Flats cant be rented .. A weekly B fortnightly C daily 5 can be used as an extra bedroom. A a living room B a kitchen C a store room 6 The flats dont have ... A central heating B air-conditioning C dishwasher 7 The rent for flats with ... is higher. A a sea view B electric cookers C an extra bedroom. 33

3 The second sentence has been started for you. Write only the missing words consulting the text in activity 1. Example: Tenants can choose between gas and electric cookers in the kitchens. Tenants have a choice between gas and electric cookers in the kitchens. 1 There is also a small store room which can be used as an extra bedroom. You can also ___________________________________________. 2 This block of flats was built five years ago. They _________________________________________________. 3 Some have central heating during the winter months. During the winter months __________________________________ 4 It has four floors, with four large flats on each floor. There are ____________________________________________ 5 New up-to-date showers were installed in all the bathrooms last year. Last year the owners ___________________________________ 6 It is not possible to rent a flat for less than a week. You cannot ___________________________________________ 7 The manager's office is in the entrance hall on the ground floor of the building. The manager _________________________________________ 8 The rent for flats with a sea view is higher. The flats which ________________________________________ 9 All the flats on the upper floors can be reached by lift. If you take ____________________________________________

LISTENING
4 You will hear a radio presenter talking about which hotels to stay at. For each question 1-6, fill in the missing information in the numbered gaps.

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RECOMMENDED HOTELS

1 Hotel Flora All rooms have TV, radio and 1.......................... Buffet breakfast included in price but not 2.........................

2 3.................. Hotel Small, 16 rooms altogether. Each room has a 4................. but breakfast not included in price.

3 Hotel Continental Has a 5.............................. on roof. Good food, especially desserts. You pay more for a room facing the 6.......................

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


5 Look at the questions and answers below and tick the phrases you meet for the first time and memorize them. Possible questions

How to get to ...? How can I get to...? Excuse me, could you tell me the way to? Where the nearest... is? Which bus to catch for ...? Do you happen to know ...? Does this bus go to ...? Is this (the right) way to ...?

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Possible answers Go straight ahead /on. It is the first / second / next turning on / to the left (right). Take the first / second / next turning on / to the left (right). Straight ahead till you come to the traffic lights/crossroads, etc. Turn left / right. Take a tube to ... / a bus to ... / a train to ... Sorry, I've no idea. I'm afraid, I don't know.

Use the promts in the arrows in activity 5 to fill in the missing remarks.

A Philip: Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the British Museum, please? Passer-by: Yes, certainly. Go straight along this road as far as the traffic lights, then turn left. Philip: (1) __________________________________________ Passer-by: Oh, yes. You can get a bus or go by underground if you like. Philip: (2) ______________________________________________ Passer-by: The bus stops over there by the Bank and you'll see the underground station a little way along the left-hand side of the street. Philip: (3) ____________________________________________ Passer-by: (4) ________________________________________ B Philip: Does this bus go to Westminster Abbey, please? Conductor: No, there isn't a bus from here to Westminster. Philip: (1) ______________________________________ Conductor: You'll have to change at Oxford Circus. Philip: (2) _________________________________________ Conductor: Full up inside. Standing only, come along, fares please. Philip: (3) _____________________________________________ Conductor: It'll take about 15 minutes or so to get to Oxford Circus at this time of the day. Philip: (4) __________________________________________ Conductor: Don't worry. I'll call it out. Philip: (5) ___________________________________________ 36

7 Look at the map. Ask and give directions based on the situations 1 5 and information given in the map below. 1 You are at the Royal Hotel. You want to go to the nearest bank. 2 You're at the Railway Station. You want to go to the main square. 3 You're at the Bank. You want to go to the National Museum. 4 You're in the Park. You want to go to the National Theatre. 5 You're at the National Theatre. You want to go to the Railway Station.

Fill in the table with the information about your own home. What type? Location More about its position

Descriptions

9 Think about the places in the town you have never been to. Imagine you find yourself at one such place. What would you do? Would you ask anybody for help? Who? What would you ask? Make up a situation. 1 You dont know the town well. But one of your groupmates invited for his birthday. You have his address. What are your actions? 2 You are lost in the unknown part of the town. You have to find the way back home. Who and what can you ask the directions?

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10 What phrases did you use in each situation? What answers to your requests can you hear? Mark them in the box below. BUYING AND RENTING Some people buy a flat or house (= they own it / it belongs to them). When they do this in Britain, people usually borrow money from a bank or an organisation called a Building Society. This money, which is called a mortgage, is often paid back over 25 years. Other people rent a house or flat (= they pay money every week or month to the person who owns the house). When they do this, the money they pay is called the rent, and the person who owns the house or flat is the landlord. 11 Fill in the table about the differences between buying and renting houses. Buying 1 2 3 4 12 Write down the third person singular of these verbs. get go hurry leave meet work stop take walk teach try wake Renting

come join finish

13 Make the third person singular of the verbs below and put them into three columns. do say live -s gets .. .. dress watch make -es goes .. .. fly wash carry -ies hurries .. ..

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14

Complete these sentences with suitable verbs.

1 In my country we mostly in block of flats. 2 I usually my rooms for ten or fifteen minutes. 3 People carpets, armchairs, sofas, curtains for living rooms. 4 Men often as builders and electricians to repair their houses. 5 There a policeman at the door. 6 When it cold we warm clothes. 7 he any brothers? 8 Where the Johnsons ? 9 you dancing? 10 She 4. She go to school. 15 Underline the Present Simple Tense of the verbs in the following questions. Give short answers to these questions. 1 Do you live in a house or a flat? Yes, I do/ No I dont. 2 Whats the main room in your house? 3 How many bedrooms are there? 4 Have you got a dishwasher? 5 Where do you eat your meals? 6 Do you have a television? 16 Choose some verbs from the box and write sentences about the things that you do in your house adding a suitable adverb of frequency. dust sweep fix mend build clean cut decorate cook water paint repair wash replace install set

PAST SIMPLE TENSE 17 Look at the Past Simple Tense formation. Revise its grammar forms and uses. Formation Notes Example You form the past simple of most close closed regular verbs by adding -ed. play played walk - walked Many verbs have an irregular past get got simple form. leave left see saw be - was/were

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Positive and negative forms I came You didn't (did not) come He She We They arrived didn't arrive

yesterday.

Question forms What When Where How Why it he (Did) did she (Didnt) didnt you we I tell you?

go there?

Notes Example 1 You can use who, what or which to Who organized the first package ask about the Subject of the trip? - Thomas Cook sentence. You dont use did. 2 You can use who, what or which Who did he take on the first package and other question words to ask about trip? - 500 workers. the Object of the sentence. You use did. Compare: Subject Who introduced traveller's cheques? - Thomas Cook. Object What did Thomas ok introduce? - Traveller's cheques.

The PAST SIMPLE TENSE is used Uses 1 to talk about past events, situations which are completed at a specific or known time in the past: 2 to talk about past states Example We saw them a week ago. She lived there for ten years. (She doesn't live there now) When I was a child, I lived in Australia 3 to talk about regular or repeated When I was at school, we did activities in the past which don't happen homework every night. She never now: spoke to me at work. 40

Past time expressions Expressions This/that morning (if the morning is finished) This/that afternoon (if the afternoon is finished) Yesterday/that day the day before yesterday last week/month/year two weeks/three months/four years ago Example At 8 o'clock yesterday morning Liz closed

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4 Then you _______ all the ingredients together quickly and ______ the mixture in a hot oven for twenty minutes. A puts; mixes B mixed; put C mix; put 5 That time we ______ leave a ten-year-old child on her own. A can not B canned not C could not 6 He ________ really difficult at that moment. A was B were C is 7 Who _________ a review for that wine club newsletter. A did write B wrote C writed 8 They ____________ the best holiday before last traveling. A guarantees B guarantee C guaranteed 9 The Incas ________ a written script. A doesn't have B didnt have 10 The pool was absolutely filthy so we ______________ in it. A didn't swim B dont swim 11 We often ________ at the first service station we _____ across. A stop; come B stopped; came 12 The thieves ran out of the bank, ___________ into their car and sped away up the high street. A jumped B jump 13 Rameses II __________ over ancient Egypt. A rules B ruled 14 In Africa there _______ a lot of drought and the sun. A was B is 15 In the middle of the nineteen sixties many parts of Europe _______ a tremendous economic boom. A experienced B experience 16 Jim ______ an early train every morning so he ______ the house before midnight. A caught; left B catches; leaves 42

17 Many of the survivors _________in the fields when the earthquake struck. A were B are 18 Phil never ______ at the door soaked from head to toe; he ___ the umbrella. A stood; took B stays; takes 19 Denise _____ school early on Wednesday because she ___ her driving test. A leaves; takes B left; took 20 That month rebel forces _______ most of the province; A took B take 21 Last summer Hinkley __________ in prison. A is B was 21 Recollect the things you did at the time stated below. Make up a small topic about your recent past life. This / that morning. Yesterday The day before yesterday. Last week / last month / last year.. Two weeks ago / three months ago / two (three, four.) ago.. An hour ago

years

Example: This morning I got up and went to the university. Yesterday I and my friends walked in the park and had a good time. The day before yesterday I etc. 22 Think about memorable events in your life. Write the dates, years, hours, days when these events took place. 1988 - I was born in 1988 on the 3rd of April. 4.07.05 - I came to Tomsk on the . fourth of April. Last year I

WRITING
23 Fill in the following form answering questions 1- 5.

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STUDENT ACCOMMODATION SURVEY Name (1) __________________ Room No (2) ______________________ Please list the furniture in the room (3) _________________________ Please list the electrical appliances in the room (4) _______________ Are there any repairs that need to be done? (5)_________________ Where do you keep your food? (6)___________________________ List any extra furniture you need (7)__________________________ Signature (8) _________________ 24 Last month you moved to a new block of flats in another town. Write a letter to your English-speaking friend to tell her/him about your new flat. Follow the plan below Dear .., We finally moved house last month and now life has really changes. ............................................................................................... ... Mind the plan of the description. name, location and/or reason for choosing it main aspects in detail Place: things to see/do, shopping, nightlife, restaurants, etc Building: historical facts, exterior, interior comments/feelings and/or Conclusion recommendation Final Paragraph The number of main body paragraphs may vary depending on the rubric. Use present tenses to describe a place/ building. Introduction Paragraph 1 Main Body Paragraphs 2-4 Phrases of location To describe the location of a place/building, you can use the following phrases. - is situated/is located... - in (the) south/east/west/south-east/ north-west/etc (of)... - on the south/east/west/north/etc coast of... - in the centre/heart/middle of... 25 Look at the picture below. Your bedsit * is in this house. Write a letter to your friend describing the kind of building you are living in and the surrounding area. The letter has been started for you. You should write about 60 words.

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* Bed-sit (bed-sitter) - a room you rent which you use for both living in and sleeping in.

Dear.................. I've been here a month now and I feel as if I've been here for years. Everyone is very friendly. I wish you could see the house where I live. It's on a very quiet road with lots of trees. ................................................................................................. 26 Think about the last time when you got lost. Answer the question and make up a story. Where did it happen? When? How did it happen? Were you alone? What did you feel at that moment? What did you undertake? Did you talk to anybody? Who helped you? How did you find the way home/ to the destination?

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UNIT 2 THINGS AROUND THE HOUSE


READING
1 Look through the text below. Make notes in the table about what is wrong with the things in the house and what needs doing or needs to be done. We let ourselves in and walked into a deliciously cool, but dusty house. He suggested I walk around by myself. I went into a gloomy living room downstairs and switched on the light, but nothing happened. The agent heard me clicking the switch and said, 'Ah! No good. The switch needs mending. I'll have an electrician repair it immediately.' I peered into the darkness and made out the shape of a window on the far side. The agent walked over to the window and threw open the peeling shutters, and the sunlight streamed in. A rather faded sofa and two battered armchairs sat around an open fireplace, which hinted at log fires in winter. The curtains were stripy but more or less in shreds. Outside there was a terrace and beyond the trees, the dense undergrowth, the tall grass and the wild plants that were once the garden, were the mountains in the distance. I walked through into what must have been a kitchen, but only recognisable because of the antiquated equipment which I last saw during a visit to a local museum. I turned on the tap, and once again, nothing happened. 'The water needs to be reconnected. We'll get the plumber to do it. It's no problem,' the agent said. Upstairs there were two bedrooms and a bathroom with low ceilings and which were, despite being hidden in the roof, still quite-cool. The bathroom had no bath and not much room, but a beautiful view over the garden. The basin was filthy with the dirt of the years during which the place had been unoccupied. I sat on the brass bed in the dusty bedroom, and looked round, thinking, not bad, not bad at all. In my mind, I could see the house with new curtains and carpets, our own furniture, which had been in store for several months, books on the shelves, beds made up, lengthy lunches on the terrace, endless summers and warm winters. I could do most of the work myself. I went downstairs and the agent looked at me hopefully. It was worth the lengthy search, the dusty visits to endless houses, the depressing inspections of grim flats, to see his smile when I said to him: 'It's just what we're looking for.' Things gate garden switch Problems does not open, is broken _____________ _____________ 46 Solution needs mending/to be mended _________________ _________________

shutters sofa armchairs curtains tap basin

_____________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________

2 Make up sentences 1-10 using the prompts in the table and construction need(s) doing. 1 The radio doesnt work. The batteries in the radio . 2 This jacket is rather dirty. 3 The grass is overgrown. 4 Plants are dry. 5 A dress is too long. 6 The shirt is crumpled. 7 The shoes are awful. 8 The window is broken. 9 The book falls to pieces. 10 Your hair is elf-locked. cleaning gluing ironing changing watering polishing replacing combing cutting shortening

need(s)

LISTENING
3 Listen to a student describing the picture and number the sentences in the order in which they are mentioned. Sentences A What do the people look like? B How are the people feeling? C What sort of room is it? D What are the people wearing? E What can you see in the room? ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ Numbers

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Listen to the student again and write answers to questions AE. Answers

Questions A B C D E

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


5 Study the following information which helps you do the activities below. Types of Rooms

A living room or lounge

Where you sit, relax, talk and watch TV.

A dining room or the kitchen

Where you cook, do the washing, store food, eat.

A bedroom

Where you sleep, read and relax.

A bathroom

Where you wash your body, clean your teeth etc.

A study

A room with a desk where you work

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A utility room

A room usually next to the kitchen, where you have a washing machine

A spare room

A room you don't use every day. Often this is a room that guests can use.

A playroom

Where small children stay

6 Look at the photograph of Carol Thatcher's sitting room. What do you like about the room? What do you dislike about it? Why?

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What kind of person do you think lives in the room above? Why?

8 Name as many things in the room at the picture as you can. Use a dictionary for help. Example: There's a necklace and a photo on the coffee table. 9 Read the text and check your answers above.

A I collect matches from all over the world. I have a packet from the US
President's personal helicopter, but I have to hide them to stop people nicking them. I bought this carpet on a trip to Jordan. It reminds me of my mother. I once found her on her hands and knees straightening the fringes on a rug. I couldn't believe that someone who was running the country could find the time to worry about something so unimportant. I got this pot in Korea when I went to Seoul to report on the Olympic Games in 1988. The only way I could get it home was to cuddle it in my arms. When I got to the airport, I put the pot down and someone put a cigarette out in it. I was furious and shouted at him! D I spent four and a half years in Australia working in television and newspapers and this painting of an open window frame reminds me of that time. I had finished my law degree but I didn't fancy a career in law. It was a wonderful time and I made lots of friends. When I left, the couple I was living with gave me this colourful painting. It brings back Bondi Beach on a miserable grey London day. E These photos are of my Texan sister-in-law, her son and daughter. I like Diane a lot and I am very jealous of her beautiful blond looks. I was very pleased when I heard Mark was getting married. People always expect twins to be close, but we weren't because we were both at boarding school and then we worked in different countries. F I like this stone cat, a present from friends, because it's so life-like. I wanted pets when we were little, but everyone was always out so the house was more of a base than a home. Our parents were not good with us as children. They don't know how to talk to babies and they were both working so hard that we didn't see them very much. But they find it easier now we are adults and we have become closer. G This cartoon was done the last Christmas that Mum was Prime Minister. Everyone was saying that, she was working too hard. The cartoon shows her sitting at her desk, stirring a Christmas pudding with her foot while Dad is reading a newspaper.

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10 Fill in the table below. Pick out the things Carol Thatcher has and specify the place where this thing is in the picture. Things 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Think about your own possessions in your room or a house. Speak about the items that are important for you. Enumerate them. Say what they remind you of. Example: I have a book of fairy-tales by Andersen. Its very old, but its very dear/precious to my heart because my great-grandfather gave it to me. He died long ago. Its the first book in my life. I learnt to read with this book. ... it reminds me of my childhood when I .etc. 11 Examine the room you are in and describe some of the features using the phrases above. Example: The table in my room looks like an insect. It also looks old-fashioned. It could be a useless thing for working. 12 What do you think of your own rooms? Fill in the table below telling about your likes and dislikes. Say what changes you'd make. Why? Things you like Things you dont like Wishful changes Why? Why important Place

13 Study this information about everyday life in a house. List all the verbs describing household chores given in the passage below. 51

Housework I put on my pyjamas, get into bed, set the alarm clock, switch off the light, and go to sleep. I hoover the carpets, wash the floor and dust and polish tables once a week I do the washing-up every evening after dinner I normally do the ironing at the weekend when I have a bit more free time. I have a bath, a wash, clean my teeth, I wash my face, hands etc My room is very clean and tidy (= everything in order), but sometimes it is very untidy; I leave clothes all over the floor and dont make my bed but most of the time it is quite clean.

In the bedroom

In the sitting room

In the kitchen

In the bathroom

In my room

14 Look at the picture. Name the things you see in each room filling in the table below. Use a dictionary for help.

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Rooms 1 2 3 4 5

Things

15 Choose one of the rooms in activity 14 and describe the location of the things in it using the prepositions and phrases below. on on top of in inside opposite out outside at near over/above next to between in the corner in the right/left hand rner in the middle in the centre on the right of on the left of

16 You bought a new house and you must furnish it. What things will you buy? Where will you put it? Draw the names of the rooms and objects in each room in the picture below.

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17

Fill in the table with the information above about your own house. Location (room) Dangerous/ safe Important /unimportant Reasons for keeping it

Electrical household goods 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

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18 A

Look at pictures A and B. Find the differences. Fill in the table below.

Differences Time Lamp Tea-pot Tape-recorder . .

Picture A 7.50 7.10

Picture B

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19 Make up sentences speaking about two states of the room, what happened here a month later. Example: The time changed from ten minutes past seven to ten to eight. Someone twisted the lamp, took away a teapot. He or she moved a tape recorder. 20 21 Who lives or lived in each picture? What do you think happened here? Complete the information about yourself.

1 I used to __________________ but now_____________________ 2 I used to __________________ but now _____________________ 3 I used to ___________________but now ____________________ 4 I used to ___________________but now ____________________ 5 I used to ___________________ but now ____________________ 22 Choose the right answer A, B or C for each sentence 1-16.

1 There isn't a cloud in the sky, but it ________cloudy in the morning. A is B was C were 2 Mrs. Clay usually finishes her work at half past three, but she _____ it later yesterday afternoon. A finished B finishes C finish 3 I help Mom about the house, but last week I was very busy with my exam. So I _______ her much. A am not help B do not help C did not help 4 Tom plays tennis daily, but he _________ tennis yesterday. A did not play B do not play C does not play 5 We generally have lunch at 12.30, but yesterday we ______ later. A has lunch B have lunch C had lunch 6 Now my brother smokes a lot, but he _______ before. A did not smoke B does not smoke C not smoked 7 The Frasers live in a four-room apartment, but last year they _____ in a small house. A live B lived C living 56

8 I don't eat meat at all, but the other day I ______ my friends and _____ pork there. A visited; eat B visited; eating C visited; ate 9 My Dad always goes to work by car, but last week he _____ to work on foot. A go B went C goes 10 The weather is nice today, but it ________ bad yesterday. A were B is C was 11 Now Tom has got a car. He.............. motor-cycle. A used to had B use to have C used to have 12 I know he doesn't play the piano now but................to play the piano? A did he use B did he used C used he 13 I know he isn't rich now but ...... a rich man? A did he used to be B did he use to be C used he to be 14 I know he doesn't go out very often these days but........... those days? A used he to go out B did he used to go out C did he use to go out 15 I know he doesn't dance these days but.............in the past? A did he use to dance B did he used to dance C did he use to danced 16 I know he hasn't got many friends now but............? A used he to have them B did he use to have them C did he use to had 23 Prepare a small topic about present and past life of the person you know well enough using connective words. and also in addition moreover however although still besides

Example: Alex didnt use to smoke but now he smokes a lot. Also he .

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WRITING
24 Before writing a letter study the following table and a circle. Informal (Friendly) Letter Parts of a letter Introduction Main body Conclusion Paragraphs Paragraph 1: reason(s) for writing Paragraph 2-3: development of the subject Final Paragraph: closing remarks, first name

Informal (friendly) letters are normally written to relatives, friends or other people we know very well. A good informal letter should be divided into paragraphs. Each paragraph should deal with one aspect of the subject and start with a topic sentence which gives the main idea of the paragraph. Never begin with Dear Friend. Always use a name. Begin the first sentence with a capital. When finishing the letter to closer friends you could just put Write soon. Best wishes and Yours are general endings. For close friends you can end With love.

Note formal style in a letter

The characteristics of formal style in letters are: 1 the greeting (Dear Mrs Lee, Dear Sir,) 2 frequent use of the passive 3 formal language (complex sentences, 4 noncolloquial English) 5 no abbreviated forms 6 the ending and full name (Yours sincerely / Yours faithfully, Jason McNeil)

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UNIT 3 DWELLINGS AROUND THE WORLD


READING
1 Look at the statements 1-10 below about booking a trip to Stratfordupon-Avon. Read the text. Decide if each statement 1-10 is correct or incorrect. If it is correct, choose A. If it is not correct, choose . Statements 1 A luxury hotel room for two costs 90. 2 You can go to an evening performance six days a week. 3 You can sit upstairs or downstairs in the theatre. 4 You can eat in the Box Tree Restaurant any time between 5.45 p.m. and 10.30 p.m. 5 Group rooms are the cheapest. 6 The afternoon performance starts at midday. 7 If there are twelve of you in a group, you can get cheaper tickets. 8 There are two ways of getting to Stratford on public transport. 9 There is one train per day direct from London to Stratford. 10 It may not be possible to go on the day you want. STOP-OVER IN STRATFORD-UPON-AVON The easy way to book your theatre seats, dinner and overnight stay. Go to the theatre and enjoy Stratford-upon-Avon's shops, river and restaurants. See Shakespeare's Birthplace, and the beautiful Cotswolds countryside with its charming villages. For as little as 90 per person in a luxury hotel, we include: A theatre seat in the stalls or circle for any Monday to Saturday evening performance. A three-course dinner in the Box Tree Restaurant, before (5.45 p.m.) or after (about 10.30 p.m.) the performance. One night's accommodation for two people sharing twin/double room. We divide our hotels into four groups - Luxury, , or C. Luxury is the most expensive and Group rooms are without bath. If you haven't time - or live too close to Stratford to stay the night - why not try our Deals on Meals package which includes a threecourse dinner (or lunch if you go to an afternoon performance) in the Box Tree Restaurant. Lunch before the afternoon performance is at 12 noon. Correct (A) Incorrect (B)

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Group discounts apply (15 or more) for Monday to Friday evenings and Thursday and Saturday afternoons until June 18th. Trains There is an intercity train from London Euston to Coventry. Trains leave London at: 9.10, 10.40, 16.55, 21.40. Then take a bus to Stratford. Also, new direct train service from London Paddington to Stratford. Train leaves London 9.18, arrives Stratford 11.30. Returns are available: leaves Stratford 15.55, arrives London 18.15. Buses Connect with all the above trains at Coventry Station, journey time to Stratford 35 mins. Stay longer You can have an extra night's stay at the hotel of your choice to complete your break. Please note on your booking form if you would like to stay an extra night and include the cost (prices shown are per person sharing a double room) in your total payment. Theatre tickets can also be added for those wanting to go to another performance on the extra night. Booking is easy To book, simply: 1. Choose the show and date you wish to come. 2. Choose your hotel. 3. Fill in the form and send it to the Stop-over Office. Please give a choice of three dates if possible to avoid disappointment and name alternative hotels in the same group when completing your booking form.

LISTENING
2 Listen to people A C talking about where they live. Fill in gaps 1-9. Extracts

Speakers A John Suzie

1 John says they are very lucky because the flat is 1_______ and John says that living in a city is much 2_______ than being in the country. Suzie says the garden in the square is one of the 3_____ gardens in London.

2 Martin says that it is very 4______ to live in the country. B Martin aged He says that a flat near the office would be more 5______than 30 where he lives now. He thinks he lives in one of the most 6____ places in the world. C Katrina aged 15 3 Katrina says that she used to have a 7______time getting to school. When they were rebuilding the city centre, the traffic jams were even 8_______ than they were before. She says the trip to school is much 9______ than it used to be. 60

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


3 Study the following information and do the tasks after each passage. FLATS

4 1 2 3 4 5

Mark the differences between flats and separate houses. Flats Separate houses

5 Find information about a well-known buildings at your place according to the plan below. A its historical and nowadays location in the town B its origin, age, orginal name C its architect D its functioning in the past E Its functions at present F its signifcance in history G its interior H its exterior I the outstanding people who worked / lived in this building in the past J its nowadays inhabitants 6 Think about the important items of the presentations given below. How you will do the following: Make a newspaper, with articles you wrote and pictures you draw or found about the building. Announce a competition for the best article about your favourite building in the newspaper. Discuss the problems that are urgent for the building you speak about. 61

7 Follow the techniques and use the following speech patterns for making your presentation logical and successful. Introducing yourself and your talk 1 Good morning. My name's (...). I'm. 2 Good morning. Let me start by saying just a few words about my own background. I started out in ... 3 Welcome to. Title announcing 1 Id like to talk (to you) today about... to present the recent...... to brief you on .. 2 I'm going to inform you about...... to describe.. 3 The focus / topic / subject of m talk/speech presentation/ paper (academic) is .. Purpose of the presentation 1 We are here today to decide/ agree/ learn about... 2 The purpose of this talk is to: A update you n . B put you in the picture about. C give you the background to.... Length of the topic 1 I shall only take .. minutes of your time. 2 I plan to be brief. 3 This should only last .. minutes. Division of the topic and its main parts 1 I've divided my presentation into four parts/sections. They are... 2 The subject can be looked at under the following headings:... 3 We can break this area down into the following fields: a. Firstly/first of all... b. Secondly/then/next... c. Thirdly/and then we come to ... d. Finally/lastly/last of all... 62

Questions on the presentation

1 I'd be glad to answer any questions at the end of my talk. 2 If you have any questions, please feel free to interrupt. 3 Please interrupt me if there's something which needs clarifying. Otherwise, there'll be time for discussion at the end.

Reference to the audience during presentation 1 I can see many of you are... 2 I know you've all travelled a long way. 3 You all look as though you've heard this before. The ways of linking ideas 1 firstly, secondly..., thirdly..,. 2 then.. , next.., 3 finally., lastly..., 4 let's start with..., lets move/go on to... 5 now we come to...,. that brings us to..., let's get back to...

8 Name some buildings in your town. What street are they in? Fill in the table below. Example: The first building I want to mention is a university. Its name is Tomsk Polytechnic University. Its in Lenin Street. Buildings 1 2 3 4 9 Describe the buildings using the words in the box below. Finish the table above. Location Description

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traditional conservative old-fashioned elegant respectable newly rebuilt

hospitable private pictorial modern beautiful restored

old famous lively scientific sophisticated well-known

Example: Our University is an old, well-known and restored building. 10 Look at the words in the table. Give definitions to them.

Example: A lighthouse is a tower containing a powerful flashing lamp and is built on the coast or on a small inland in the sea. A house on stilts B igloo C mud hut D houseboat E lighthouse F cottage

11 Fill in the table about your own and your friends houses and write advantages/disadavantages of living in them. Houses 1 2 3 4 5 6 12 Think about your possessions you have with you. Where are they made in and what material are they made of? Fill in the table. Possessions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Where What material Advantages Disadvantages

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13 Read the following text and find out if there are any similarities between your place and Britain. Fill in the gaps 1-14 with suitable answers (A-D). THERE'S NO PLACE LIKE HOME About 80 percent of British people live in houses. Detached houses are usually in expensive suburbs, quite (1)_______ from the town centre, near the countryside. Semidetached (2)________ are often in the suburbs which are nearer the town centre. Terraced houses and blocks of flats are found mostly in town (3) _______. They can be very small two-(4)_________ houses with one or two bedrooms or large houses with three and five bedrooms. Most British houses have gardens and many British people spend (5)________ time in them. Most gardens, as well as small ones, have flowers and lawns. If you don't have a garden, it is possible to grow (6)________ and vegetables on an allotment, which is a piece of land rented from the local council. About 67 percent of the people in Britain own their houses or flats. Most of the rest English people live in (7)_________ accommodation. People in Britain buy houses or flats because there is not enough rented accommodation and it can be (8)________. Council flats and houses are built and are owned by the local council. A lot of high-rise council flats, known as tower blocks, were constructed after the (9)_______World War. Some were as (10)______ as 20 storeys and built so badly that they had to be pulled down only thirty years later. Now modern council housing estates are built differently. There might be a (11)________ of two-storey terraced houses, together with a four-storey block of flats. There are play areas for children and there is often a community centre where people living on the estate can meet. Since 1980s, council tenants have been able to buy their own homes very (12)________ if they have lived in them for over two years. By 1993 1.5 million council houses had been sold, but only 5000 council houses or flats were built to (13)_______ them. This means that now it is very difficult to find cheap housing for rent - a real problem for the (14)________ and unemployed. 1 A near 2 A houses 3 A suburbs 4 A story 5 A few 6 A citrus 7 A rented 8 A cheap 9 A Second 10 A low 11 A blend 12 A dear 13 A replace 14 A rich B further B flats B centres B floor B little B coffee trees B delivered B expensive B First B small B medley B expensive B remove B poor 65 C close C rooms C outskirts C stories C a lot of C trees C yielded C dear C Third C tall C alloy C cheap C supersede C meager D far D block of flats D middles D floors D many D flowers D hired D cheaply D Fourth D high D mixture D deary D exchange D lean

14

Choose the correct answer A, B or C for questions 1- 6

1 If you send the message it _________ from computer to computer. A is transmitted B transmits C transmit 2 In the end the messages ________ at the right address. A is arrived B arrive C arrives 3 When a message __________, what happens? A receives B is received C is receive 4 The electronic signals_______ through the modem. A are gone B are went C go 5 They_______ into something that the computer ______. A are transformed; understands B transform; understand C are transform; understand 6 When you ___ the program on again, you ___ that there's a new message. A is turned; tell B turn; are told C are turned; is told

WRITING
15 Write the types of British houses you found out in activity 12. Note down the differences between the housing in your country and in Britain. Houses in Britain Differences Similarities Houses in your country

66

UNIT 4 A DREAM HOUSE


READING
1 Look at the statements 1-10 below about the Hotel Alpha. Read the text and decide if each statement is correct or incorrect. If it is correct, choose A. If it is not correct, choose . Statements 1 I will probably be able to park my car under cover. 2 I can check in late in the evening. 3 All single rooms have their own bathroom. 4 I can have something to eat if I arrive after 23.00 hours. 5 I need to bring my own hair-dryer. 6 I can have a full breakfast in my room. 7 I can have breakfast before 07.00 hours. 8 I must reserve a table if I want dinner. 9 I have to pay to use the swimming pool. 10 I can take my dog to my room. HOTEL ALPHA * Hotel Alpha is situated close to the motorway and within 2 kilometres of Newton city centre. The hotel has 220 car parking spaces as well as 15 lock-up garages. Overnight charges are available on request. * There is a 24-hour reception service which means you can check in whenever you want. Fax and photocopying services are available on request at Reception. * We offer both single and double rooms. All our rooms are comfortably furnished; most rooms have either a shower or a bath and all double rooms have their own bathrooms. * All rooms have a phone and mini-bar and guests are welcome to watch TV in the lounge. Room service is available after 21.00 until midnight; drinks and sandwiches may be ordered by dialing 91. If you wish to order a newspaper please inform Reception the night before. * Each room has a radio/alarm clock but you can order a wake-up call from Reception for a small extra charge. * There is a hair-dryer in each room but if you wish to use an iron please contact the housekeeper on each floor who will be pleased to help you. Small toilet items such as toothpaste may be bought from the housekeeper. 67 A

* Breakfast is served from 06.30 to 10.00. Help yourself to as much as you like from our breakfast buffet. A light continental breakfast can be served in your room but this must be ordered the night before. * The Alpha restaurant is open for lunch from midday until 14.00 hours. Choose from a range of hot and cold dishes as well as the daily Chef's Special. Dinner is served from 19.00 - 21.00 and as we are always busy it is a good idea to book a table if you want to be sure of a place. The restaurant is not open to residents although guests are welcome to entertain personal visitors. * Hotel Alpha has the following sports facilities: indoor swimming pool, multi-gym, table tennis and snooker rooms. Guests who wish to use these facilities, which

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M RULES What does the (0)_C__ 'home' mean to you? How do you (1)___ the word in French? In Spanish? In your language? (2) ____ people usually know what the word means, it often has no exact translation. It's (3) ____ surprising really because the idea of home varies from country to country, and from person to person. A home is more than a roof and (4) ____ walls. It's the cooking, eating, talking, playing and family living that go on (5) ____ which are important as well. And at home you usually feel (6) ____ and relaxed. But it's not just that homes look (7) ____ in different countries, they also contain different things and reveal different attitudes and needs. For example, in cold (8) _____ Europe, there's a fire in the living room or kitchen and all the chairs face it. In the south, where the sun shines a lot and it's more important to keep the heat (9) ____, there are small windows, cool stone floors and often no carpets. We asked some people about (10) _____ homes. 0 A sentence 1 A say 2 A in spite of 3 A no 4 A four 5 A outside 6 A unsafe 7 A similar 8 A southern 9 A out 10 A them B phrase B told B when B not B three B inside B unreliable B parallel B northern B inside B themselves C WORD C talk C if C isnt C one C interior C safe C diverse C northerly C external C their D idea D speak D Although D doesnt D two D internal D untrustworthy D different D north D in D they

5 Using the text above (activity 1) answer the following questions. What does home mean to the writer? Do you agree? Why? 6 Answer the same questions 1 - 6 in the text Home rules for yourself. Give your reasons. Fill in the table below. Questions 1 What's the main room in your home? 2 Do you have a television? If so, where? 3 Do you lock your door when you go out? 4 How often do people move home in your country? 5 If you live in a town, do you stay there at weekends? 6 What are typical features of homes in your country? Your opinion Your reasons

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7 Imagine you buy a house. List the characteristics of a house which seem very important for you. 1 kind of a building (modern, small, in the country, two-storey etc) 2 types and number of rooms (large kitchen, spacious sitting room.etc) 3 surrounding of the house (garden, garage.etc) 1_______________ 2 ______________ 3_______________ 4_______________ 8 A Settlement 1 a town 2 a village 3 a city 4 a capital B Accommodation 1 a flat 2 a house 3 a cottage 4 a tent C Location 1 a suburb 2 a centre 3 next to a highway 4 near an industrial area What types of buildings are popular in your place? Why? 9 Look at these words mark the main word stresses. 8 bungalow 9 apartment 10 elevator (Am. Eng.) 11 inhabitant 12 lavatory 13 escalator Advantages Disadvantages Advantages Disadvantages Advantages Disadvantages Write down advantages and disadvantages of living in:

1 upstairs 2 downstairs 3 bookcase 4 kitchen 5 dining room 6 cupboard 7 living room

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10

Put the words in activities 7-9 under the following headings. Rooms Furniture Accommodation People Conveniences

Location

11

Fill in the same table about your own house. Rooms Furniture Accommodation People Conveniences

Location

12 Look at the photos A and B. What room do you think they show? Do thy look similar to rooms in a house in your country? A

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13 Look at rooms A and B. Make written descriptions of people who live in each of them. Do people differ in their tastes? Why? Example: The person who lives there must be very tidy. Besides, .. etc 14 Compare past passive forms with present simple passive. What is the main difference? 1There is also a small store room which can be used as an extra bedroom. 2 This block of flats was built five years ago. 3 New up-to-date showers were installed in all the bathrooms last year. 4 All the flats on the upper floors can be reached by lift. 15 Choose the correct answer A, B or C for questions 1- 15. APRIL FOOL'S JOKES 1 One of the most famous April Fool's Jokes of all time ________ by a TV station many years ago. A was played B is played C played 2 The station ___a programme about the Italian spaghetti trees. A make B made C was made

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3 In the film, Italian farmers _______ picking the pasta from spaghetti trees. A were showed B shown C were shown 4 the film ___ how the pasta ___ in the sun to dry before being packaged and sold. A explained ; was left B explain; was leaved C explained; were left 5 The film was a great success and millions of people ___ the story completely. A were believed B believed C believe PUTTING A SATELLITE INTO ORBIT 6 In 1973 a 75-tonne space station called Skylab ______ by the USA. A was launched B is launched C was launch 7 Three crews of three astronauts _____ to Skylab. A sended B was sended C were sent 8 Skylab ________ in space until 1979. A stay B was stayed C stayed 9 Then it ____ out of its orbit and _______ towards the Earth. A fall; headed B fell; headed C was fall; was headed 10 A lot of the space stations ______ up when they _______ the atmosphere. A burnt; entered B were burnt; was entered C burned; entered 11 But not all of it _____. A was destroyed B destroyed C were destroyed 73

12 Large pieces _____ across the Indian Ocean. A were scattered B scattered C was scattered 13 Fortunately nobody _____. A was hurt B hurt C were hurt 14 A lot of the pieces _____ by Australian farmers. A picked up B were picked up C were pick up 15 The pieces _____ for very high prices. A was sold B were sell C were sold 16 Think about the changes in your house or flat. When and what was changed and who changed this or that. Make lists under the following headings: Event, changes .. The date .. .. Who did it .. ..

WRITING
17 Write a short advertisement for the house you want. Follow the plan and notes given below. (30-50 words) Plan Purpose Address Type of a place Exact location Cost Dimensions Inside the house/flat Outside the house / flat For renting / buying if you know exact location of the building.. Country-side, town, city, mountains, etc Where Overall price Height, length, square meters, etc. rooms, furniture, etc.. Garage, gardens, etc 74

Notes Write advertisements in one paragraph, using only main words and abbreviations, reducing the number of connective and auxiliary words and leaving them out. Use figures, be concise, it is often shortened to save space and money. Example: 1 WANTED: Flat near the sea, with 3 bedrooms etc. just a few minutes walk to the beach. Please, send your offer to: Mrs. S. Rilstone, (The Retreat), Pentreve, Wheal Leisure, Perranporth, Cornwall TR6 OEY Telephone: (01872) 572157 2 WANTED: 3 bedroom detached holiday home. Sleeps 6, not far from shops and city centre. Will be happy / pleased to receive your suggestions: Mrs A.D. Tregloan, Bodilly Farm, Trenear, Helston TR13 Tel: (01326) 572112 18 Notice the use of the following common phrases. Phrase look + adjective look like + noun could be + noun/adjective 19 Example It looks Scandinavian. They both look quite relaxed. It looks like a hall. It could be a freezer. She could be the owner.

What does a 'bedsit' mean? What word is a full word for it?

20 Do you have bedsit in your country? What do you think are the merits and demerits of a bedsitter? Merits 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 Demerits

21 Before writing the letter look at the following information about flat/house description.

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The rooms on the ground floor are quite dark (not light) because they don't get (= receive) very much sun. They are also quite noisy (not quiet) because they are near the roads and the traffic. The other negative thing is that the rooms are draughty (= cold air comes into the room through the windows and under the doors because they don't fit very well). This means it is expensive to heat the rooms (= to keep the rooms warm). Fortunately I have a very good central heating system. In other ways, it is also very nice: it's in good condition (= in a good state/doesn't need to be repaired; not in bad condition), and the rooms are huge/enormous (= very, very big; not tiny /very, very small)

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WORDLIST
Accommodation AEG oven Agent Alarm clock Allotment Amenities Antiquated Apartment Basement Basin Battered Bedside table Bedsit Bill Blocks of flats Breakage Broken-down Bungalow Caravan Carpenter Carpet Castle Cathedral Cellar Change-overs Chest of drawers Chimney Circus Cloakroom Community centre Conveniences Convenient Cosy Cottage Council housing Country-side Courtyard Crossing Crossroads Curtain Detached Diner Dirty Dishwasher Do the washing-up Double-glazed Draughty Dripping Dry-cleaning Dust Dustbin Electrical appliances Electrical household goods Elevator (A.E.) En-suite Entrance Equipped Escalator Estate Extensive Faded Fan Farmhouse Filthy Fireplace Fitted kitchen Five-story Flatmate Flights of stairs Food processor Freezer Fully carpeted Gallery Gloomy Ground floor Hall Harbour Heater Hi-fi system High-rise council flats Hob Hoover Hotel Housefinders agency Household chore Houseproud Housework In shreds 77

Inhabitant Kettle Kitchen Kitchen unit Landlord Laundry room Lavatory pan Lawnmower Lawns Lights Lounge Luxury Marble Minster Mortgage Observatory Ornament Oven Overflowing Overgrown Pane Parliament Passer-by Peeling Playroom Plumber Private abbey Rates Rent Revolving house Royal Saucer Self-catering Self-dial telephone Semi-detached Shaver Shutters Single bedded room Sink Sockets Spacious Spare room

State-of-the-art home Statue Spotlight Square metres Stained State house Stone Store room Storey Straight ahead Suburbs Surrounding Tap Tenant Tent Terraced houses Tidy Tile To face south To furnish To install To replaster To share Tower Tower blocks Traffic Tumble dryer Twin Twin-bedded Utensils Utility room Vacuum cleaner Vinyl flooring Walkman Walled gardens Wall-sized mirrors Wardrobe Washbasin White-columned Wiring Wooden Zebra

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MODULE 4

FOOD AND DRINKS

ELEMENTARY PRE-INTERMEDIATE
79

UNIT 1 EATING AND DRINKING HABITS


READING
1 Read the interviews with some teenagers. Then say who eats these things: potatoes, fish, eggs, chocolate, cheese and who never eats these things: sweets, cakes, meat. Mark Grace Chris

I play basketball and good food is important for athletes. I eat two or three sandwiches before I play, and a bar of chocolate. I eat a lot of pasta and bread, and fresh vegetables. I dont eat cakes. 2 A

I try not to eat unhealthy food. I have a glass of milk for breakfast. For lunch I eat an apple and some soup, or a sandwich. In the evening I usually have some meat, or some fish and some vegetables. I never eat sweets or cakes, and I dont eat a lot of bread.

Im a vegetarian. I dont eat any meat or fish. I usually eat two or three apples every day, and I eat lots of green vegetables, and potatoes too. I eat lots of cheese, and in a week I probably eat two or three eggs.

Read the texts. Then talk about peoples eating habits in your country. Brazil B The Philippines C Finland

Whether at home or in a restaurant, Brazilians like eating with their friends and family. They never eat lunch at the office and they have dinner very late at about ten oclock at night. Brazilians like small cups of strong coffee, at any time of the day. As well as many different fruit drinks, Brazilians also make very good beer.

Many Filipinos have three meals a day with two snacks in between. Rice is a part of every meal they even make desserts with rice and coconut milk. Filipinos like eating soup, meat, vegetables and a lot of different sauces. In some parts of the country, they make wine. Families usually eat together and they like to 80

There are a lot of different Finnish dishes, such as smoked fish and hot soups, but fast food such as pizza and sausages are very popular. In the streets there are stalls which sell sausages, Finlands favourite food. Finns like drinking beer. They make excellent beer.

They dont eat in the street or on the bus, and they never eat with their hands. They always use a knife and fork to eat, even for pizza or sandwiches.

invite people to eat with them. Filipinos eat with a fork and a spoon, or with their hands. Its polite to leave a little food on the plate at the end of a meal.

During the week, most families dont usually have dinner together. Sometimes at the weekends they eat with their friends. They cook meals together, or each person makes and brings a part of the meal.

Match letters with the statements. In which country / countries do they: A __ __ __ __ 6 usually eat dinner with their families? 7 sometimes eat with their hands? 8 never eat with their hands? __ __ __

1 drink lots of coffee? 2 like sausages? 3 eat rice with every meal? 4 not eat in the street? 5 make very good beer? 4

Answer the questions, using the information from the text.

1 What do people from Brazil eat most of all? 2 What do Filipinos prefer eating? 3 What foods are popular in Finland?

LISTENING
5 Listen to two people talking at a party. What do the guests want to eat and drink? For questions 1-5, write a letter A-H next to each person. You will hear the conversation twice. EXAMPLE 0 Kevin 1 2 3 4 5 People Barbara Paul Diana Jim Julie E A B C D E F G H FOOD and DRINK coffee coke ice-cream milk orange juice Sandwich tea water

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VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


6 Look at the groups of products and circle the odd out. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 cabbage wine bread pork peach lettuce toast chicken onion beer tea veal onion aubergine pasta lamb carrot lemonade salad salmon mushroom tomato rice beef watermelon whisky tomato beef courgette cucumber Bread mussels

Complete the texts with the words in the boxes. some go Chinese time have work buy of one drink guys aFrenchlikeanycantwater oclockcookingpizzaafterbig beerweekdays I like __________ breakfast, but on _______ I dont have ________ to cook, because I __________ to go to __________ . So I just have __________ toast and two cups of _______ tea. I have lunch at about _______ oclock. I usually _______ to the pub with some of the __________ from work. I have _______ hamburger and _______ fries or something ________ that. But I dont usually drink ________ beer or wine. I _________ work in the afternoon if I ________ alcohol at lunchtime, so I drink __________ or lemonade. I have dinner at about seven _______ . I dont like __________, so I usually _________ something on the way home a ________, fish and chips, or some ________ food. _________ dinner I usually go to the pub and have a few pints of ___________ .

cup dinner restaurant things milkpubslikeaboutdontor justcheesejuicemealweekend can lot breakfast until biscuit lunchhavebecauseaglass I dont usually eat breakfast ________ . I ________ have a __________ of coffee. I dont eat anything ___________ about eleven oclock. Then I have a __________ and a glass of __________ . For __________ I usually __________ a salad. Thats at __________ two oclock. I have __________ at about 6.30. Im __________ vegetarian, so I __________ eat meat __________ fish. I eat ___________ And eggs and things like that. I have a __________ of water or fruit __________ with my _________. At the __________ I usually go to a __________ in the evening. You __________ get vegetarian meals in a __________ of restaurants and __________ now. I _______ Indian food, _________ they have a lot of ________ for vegetarians.

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Give the definitions to the following explanations. __________ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ _____ ____ __________ ____

1 Japanese people eat with them 2 green vegetables found in pods 3 skin of an orange or a potato 4 thick slice of pork or lamb with a bone in it 5 American maize 6 cook without water 7 used for carving 8 flesh of a pig 9 part of a recipe such as flour, eggs, etc. 10 flesh of a bull 9

Fill in the blanks. The first letter of each missing word has been given. VEGETABLES

We are frequently told these days that we should eat more vegetables (1) a _ part of a healthy diet. However, a large (2) n _ _ _ _ _ of people are still not taking this advice. One of the reasons could be that they (3) h _ _ _ bad memories of the few vegetables they were forced to eat by (4) t _ _ _ _ parents when they were children. (5) O _ the other hand, potatoes are one (6) k _ _ _ of vegetables which are familiar (7) w _ _ _ although we do not perhaps think of them (8) a _ healthy food to eat. Of course, chips are not very good for us (9) b _ _ _ _ _ _ of their high fat content, but potatoes can (10) b _ cooked in many other interesting ways which do not harm our health. (11) O _ _ _ _ vegetables which we still almost certainly (12) h _ _ _ eaten are carrots, turnips and parsnips. Carrots can be eaten raw, while parsnips can be prepared (13) l _ _ _ potatoes, and baby turnips are crisp and as sweet as apples when cooked. Alternatively, there are many different vegetables in the shops, (14) s _ _ _ as celeriac, kohlrabi and salsify. These may (15) s _ _ _ strange to us at the moment, but there are as easy to cook as any other vegetables mentioned and make a delicious change. 10 For questions, 1-10 choose the correct answer A, B or C.

1 The dish had a very interesting taste as it was _____ with lemon. A spiced B pickled C flavoured 2 Can you tell the _____ between Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola? A change B difference C variety 3 The apple was so _____ that he put some sugar on it. A bad B juicy C sour 4 That milk smells _____ . A sour B acid C sharp 5 The sauce would be more _____ if you had put more garlic in it. A taste B tasty C tasteful 6 Please put some more water in my coffee, because it is too _____ . A black B thick C strong 83

7 Her pastry was as light as a _____ . A feather B cloud C leaf 8 Mr Fatty wants to slim, so he should avoid eating _____ foods such as bread and potatoes. A spicy B fatty C greasy 9 Mr Hot _____ some pepper over his steak. A sprayed B spat C sprinkled 10 The steak looked tender, but it was as tough as _____ . A old boots B a belt C rubber

COUNTABLE & UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS INDEFINITE PRONOUNS SOME & ANY


Countable nouns are those which we can count. They have both a singular and a plural form. A banana some bananas, a tomato some tomatoes Uncountable nouns are those which we can not count. They do not usually have a plural form. Water, juice, coffee Some nouns are both! Do you like ice-cream? Wed like three ice-creams, please. A/an is only used with countable nouns in the singular. A tomato, an egg etc. These nouns are usually uncountable: information, advice, weather, news, bread, hair, furniture, work. These things are plural in English: scissors, glasses, trousers, jeans, shorts, tights, pyjamas You use some in affirmative sentences with uncountable nouns and plural nouns. We need some fruit and vegetables. You use some in questions when you ask for, offer or suggest something. How about some oranges? You use any in questions and negative sentences with uncountable nouns and plural nouns. Have you got any water? Have we got any oranges?

10 Put these words in the correct columns and add s or es to the countable words. apple / water / food / orange / electricity / hamburger / egg / cheeseburger / fruit / salad / potato / gas / sandwich / apple juice / mushroom / ice cream / car / cheese / tea / jug / coffee / bowl / lemon / sugar / plate / milk / meat / bread / orange juice / cheese sandwich / Pepsi-Cola / onion / pineapple / tuna / salami / olive/ honey / flour / jam / salt / butter / cherry / ham

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countable

uncountable

countable or uncountable

11

Put a/an or some.

1 I read _______ book and listened to _______ music. 2 I need _______ money. I want to buy _______ food. 3 We met _______ interesting people at the party. 4 Im going to open ______ window to get ______ fresh air. 5 She didnt eat much for lunch only ______ apple and ______ bread. 6 We live in ______ big house. Theres ______ nice garden with ______ beautiful trees. 7 Im going to make a table. First I need ______ wood. 8 Listen to me carefully. Im going to give you ______ advice. 9 I want to write a letter. I need ______ paper and ______ pen. 12 Choose the correct word.

1 Do you have (some/any) work to do? 2 Give me the newspaper, please. Ive got (some/any) time to read now. 3 My son has (some/any) French books at home. 4 I havent got (some/any) questions. 5 Please, bring me (some/any) chalk. 6 (Some/Any) children dont like to play football. 7 Have you got (some/any) friends here? 8 I dont think weve got (some/any) time to discuss it. 9 Please, take (some/any) magazine you like. 10 Do you learn (some/any) foreign languages? 11 I didnt get (some/any) letters yesterday. 12 There isnt (some/any) paper on the desk. 13 She was ready to get (some/any) job. 13 Fill in the gaps with a, an or some.

1 A: I saw _____ nice trousers and _____ lovely dress in a shop today. B: Did you buy anything? 2 A: Would you like _____ fruit? B: Yes, please. Ill have _____ orange. 3 A: Can you give me _____ advice? B: Yes. You should take _____ holiday. 4 A: Whats that? B: Its _____ old diary I found. 5 A: Thats _____ unusual ring. 85

B: I know. Its _____ antique. 6 A: Did you get _____ card for Bob? B: Yes, I got him _____ present, too. 14 Put some or any.

1 I bought _____ books. 2 Are there _____ books on your shelf? 3 Would you like _____ tea? 4 There are _____ high houses in his street. 5 Id like _____ water, please. 6 Did you meet _____ friends yesterday? 7 Do you want _____ milk? 8 There is _____ cheese on the plate. 9 Are there _____ people in this room? 10 Can you give me _____ sugar? 11 Have you found _____ mushrooms in the forest? 12 She went to the shop but she didnt buy _____ eggs. 15 Choose the right variant.

1 Have you got (some/any) time free on Wednesday afternoon? 2 (Some/Any) of Lauras friends were at the party last night. 3 I had three sets of house keys, and I cant find (some/any) of them now. 4 Hardly (some/any) of the smaller cars have enough leg room for Jill. 5 Do you know if (some/any) of the Morrises are coming on Sunday? 6 Can I get you (some/any) coffee? Ive just made (some/any). 7 I havent done (some/any) revision for the exam I know I fail. 8 If theres (some/any) soup left, could you put it in the fridge, please? 9 Helen can ride a bike without (some/any) help now. 10 Have Eve got (some/any) brothers or sisters, do you know? 11 Harriet has got (some/any) beautiful jewellery, but she never wears it. 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 17 Make up sentences from the words given. the / There / table / clean / are / plates / on / some is / answer / That / wrong / the hot / isnt / coffee / This any / in / There / fridge / the / milk / isnt plate / arent / the / on / any / There / biscuits water / some / jug / the / in / is / There pizza / my / mushrooms / any / arent / There / on milk / tea / and / sugar / your / in / is / There Fill in the blanks with some or any.

1 He never puts _____ sugar in his tea. 2 _____ children dont like reading. 86

3 4 5 6 7 18

Im thirsty. Can I have _____ cold water? Let me know if you have _____ trouble. We didnt have _____ milk for our kitten so I went on to buy _____. Would you like _____ more coffee? People cannot close their eyes to the fact _____ longer. Put in some or any.

1 I bought _____ cheese but I didnt buy _____ bread. 2 Im going to the post office. I need _____ stamps. 3 There arent _____ shops in this part of town. 4 George and Alice havent got _____ children. 5 Have you got _____ brothers or sisters? 6 There are _____ beautiful flowers in the garden. 7 Do you know _____ good hotels in London? 8 Would you like _____ tea? Yes, please. 9 When we were on holiday, we visited _____ very interesting places. 10 Dont buy _____ rice. We dont need _____ . 11 I went out to buy _____ milk but they didnt have _____ in the shop. 12 Im thirsty. Can I have _____ water, please? 19 Complete the sentences using some or any + one of the words in the box.

air cheese help letters photographs batteries friends languages milk shampoo
1 I want to wash my hair. Is there _____ _____? 2 This evening Im going to write _____ _____? 3 I havent got my camera, so I cant take _____ _____? 4 Do you speak _____ foreign _____? 5 Yesterday evening I went to a restaurant with _____ _____ of mine. 6 Can I have _____ _____ in my coffee, please? 7 The radio isnt working. There arent _____ _____ in it. 8 Its hot in this office. Im going out for _____ fresh _____ . 9 Would you like _____ _____? No, thank you. Ive had enough to eat. 10 I can do this job alone. I dont need _____ _____ .

WRITING
20 Imagine that youre a boss. Write a memo to your secretary.

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Memo to: Alex Date: 24th June For breakfast, Id like ___________________________________ For lunch today, ______________, ________________ , ___________ , _____________and a ________________ (milk, no sugar, please). For dinner, ___________________________________________ Thanks, Katherine 21 Write a short composition about your familys eating habits. Mention what you and members of the family prefer to eat throughout the day and at weekends and how much you eat. Write about 50-70 words. You may use the expressions below to help you. On weekdays I have breakfast at _________ . I usually have __________ . For lunch I have ___________ . Thats at ___________ . I have dinner at ____________ . I usually have ___________ . At the weekends __________ . I like __________________________________________.

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UNIT 2 FOOD FOR PLEASURE

READING
1 Look at the notices and note which notice (A-G) says this (1-5). A B Todays special omelette and chips children half-price! 1 You cant eat here. Customers: come back later this week for a half-price meal! Breakfast: 7-9.30 ($2 extra if served in room) Cover with water and boil for 10 minutes Supermarket now open 24 HOURS A DAY Sorry! Restaurant closed WAITER SERVICE ONLY AT THESE TABLES 3 If you return soon, your bill will be smaller than usual. 4 If you want to be served by a waiter, take this table. 5 You cook this before you eat it. 2 You can visit this place at any time.

C D E F G

2 Read the report about Marios restaurant, then mark the sentences T (true), F (false) or DS (doesnt say). Introduction The purpose of this report is to assess Marios restaurant in Bristol, which I visited on 15th May. Food and Prices There is a varied menu at Marios which includes a wide choice of delicious dishes. I tried the Vegager a vegetarian burger with spicy chilly sauce on brown bread with chips on the side. It was very tasty. However, I thought Marios was rather expensive.

89

Service The staff at Marios were friendly and he

90

In the picture 1 Anna is making the salad. 2 3 4 5 6

On the tape Bruce is making the salad.

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 Put each of the following words or phrases in its place in the passage below. vegetarians crockery side dish diet cutlery main course napkin sink starter dessert ENTERTAINING AT HOME Ann often gives dinner parties at home. She lays the table: puts the (1) _____ in the right places, sets out the plates and puts a clean white (2) _____ at each place. For the meal itself, she usually gives her guests some kind of (3) _____ first, for example, soup. Next comes the (4) _____, which is usually meat (unless some of her guests are (5) _____ or if theyre on a special (6) _____ with a (7) _____ of salad. For (8) _____ its usually fruit or ice cream, and then coffee. When everyone has gone home, she must think about doing the washing up as in the kitchen the (9) _____ is full of dirty (10) _____ .

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Put the lines of this text in the correct order. HOW TO MAKE A GOOD CUP OF TEA

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)

some of the water into a teapot to heat it and one for the pot. Take the teapot to put the lid on the teapot and let it brew Fill a kettle full of cold water. Let the the kettle and pour the water on to the a perfect cup of tea. go on boiling for very long. Pour put in the tea, one teaspoon per person tea while it is still boiling. Stir briskly, thoroughly. Pour the water away and water come to the boil, but do not let it for several minutes. You will now have

______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______

Grammar note!
We can use countable and uncountable nouns after phrases of quantity such as: glass, cup, bottle, bag, packet, can, pint, slice, packet, kilo, loaf, carton, piece, bowl, bar + of 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 7 Fill in the correct words from the rule. a _________ of wine a _________ of cheese a _________ of coffee a _________ of soup a _________ of chocolate a _________ of crisps a _________ of milk a _________ of bread a _________ water 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 a _________ of cereal a _________ of coke a _________ of cake a _________ of juice a _________ of tea a _________ of flour a _________ of apple a _________ of sugar a _________ of beer

Match words from column A and column B. Column A sugar egg orange apple milk coffee tomato golf tennis hair 92 Column B jug pot sauce sandwich bowl juice dryer racket club pie

8 Write (C) for countable and (U) for uncountable next to these words and then make up sentences using these words. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ water oil bread gold meat shampoo pasta _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ glasses of water litres of oil slices of bread grams of gold pieces of meat bottles of shampoo bowls of pasta

Example: There is some water / There isnt any water. There are some glasses of water. / There arent any glasses of water. 9 Choose an appropriate noun + of to indicate quantity as in the example in the first sentence. 1 some biscuits four packets of biscuits 2 some bread three _______________ 3 some tea two __________________ 4 some soap two _________________ 5 some pie three _________________ 6 some meat two _________________ 7 some sugar three _______________ 8 some water six _________________ 10 Read the note Julia left for Jack and fill in the gaps with one of the words from the list. Use the plural where necessary. bottle tin jar carton packet can

Jack, Ill be late home from work tonight. Can you do the shopping for me? We need: two (1) _____ of milk, six (2) _____ of Coke, a (3) _____ of pasta, a (4) _____ of strawberry jam, three (5) _____ of cat food, and a (6) _____ of champagne. Its our wedding anniversary. I hope you havent forgotten! Love, Julia.

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INDEFINITE PRONOUNS MANY / MUCH & FEW / LITTLE


We use many with countable nouns in questions and negations. How many eggs are there? There arent many rolls left. We use much with uncountable nouns in questions and negations. How much butter is there? There isnt much sugar left. We use a few with countable nouns and a little with uncountable nouns. There are a few eggs in the bowl. (some, not many also possible) 11 a Put in much or many. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Did you buy _________ food? There arent ________ hotels in this town. We havent got ________ petrol. Were there _________ people on the train? Did __________ students fail the examination? Paula hasnt got _________ money. I wasnt very hungry. I didnt eat _________ . I havent seen George for _________ years. Too _____ people still smoke. Do you have _______ friends? She doesnt speak ______ English. Put in how much or how many. There is a little coffee in the pot. (some, not much also possible) Little (without a) means nearly no or nearly nothing. There was little food in the fridge. Few (without a) means nearly no. There were few people in the park. It was nearly empty. We use a lot of + all types of noun. We bought a lot of food. We bought a lot of books. Paula hasnt got a lot of free time.

1 _____________ people are coming to the party? 2 _____________ milk do you want in your coffee? 3 _____________ bread did you buy? 4 _____________ players are there in a football team? 5 _____________ milk is there in the bottle? 6 _____________ plates are there in the cupboard? 7 _____________ tea is there in the pot? 8 _____________ sugar is there in the sugar-basin? 9 _____________ forks are there on the table? 10 ____________ mistakes are there in your dictation? 11 ____________ friends have you got? 94

12 ____________ have you read? 13 ____________ ices are you going to eat? 14 ____________ times did I tell you this? 15 ____________ time is left? 13 Write little, a little or few, a few.

1 It is _____ use trying to change her mind. 2 Could you possibly give me _____ help? 3 _____ teenagers in the village could read. 4 Slowly, _____ children began coming to school. 5 I only need _____ minutes to get ready. 6 She only wanted _____ love, _____ kindness. 7 Nadia drank _____ coffee and no alcohol. 8 Unfortunately, he had _____ friends. 14 1 2 3 4 5 Put in little, a little, few or a few.

There was _________ food in the fridge. It was nearly empty. When did Sarah go out? _________ minutes ago. I cant decide now. I need ___________ time to think about it. There was ________ traffic, so we arrived earlier than we expected. The bus service isnt very good at night there are ________ buses after 9 oclock. 6 Would you like some soup? Yes, _________ , please. 7 Id like to practice my English more but I have ________ opportunity. 15 Put in much or many + one of these words.

books

countries

luggage

people

time

times

1 2 3 4 5 6 16 1 2 3 4

I dont read very much. I havent got _____ _____. Quick! We must hurry. We havent got _____ _____. Do you travel a lot? Have you been to _____ _____. Tina hasnt lived here very long, so she doesnt know _____ _____. Have you got _____ _____? No, only this bag. I know Paris very well. Ive been there _____ _____. Correct the mistakes, as in the example in the first sentence. There arent much carrots left. .many There are any eggs in the fridge. ___________ There is a few tea left in the teapot. ___________ Would you like a apple? ___________ 95

5 6 7 8 9 10 17

Is there many cheese left? __________ Do you want an hamburger? ____________ How much oranges do you need? ___________ There are a little grapes left in the fridge. ___________ Are there some olives on that pizza? ___________ Would you like some doughnut? ___________ Fill in the gaps with a, an or some.

A: Its your birthday soon. What would you like as (1) _____ gift? B: Actually, there are lots of things I want, so Ill give you (2) _____ list. A: All right, Ill write it down. B: Firs, I need (3) _____ new bike. I would also like (4) _____ clothes and (5) _____ money. A: A bike is (6) _____ expensive gift, and we bought you (7) _____ good one two years ago. B: Well, you could buy me (8) _____ guitar instead! A: But you cant play the guitar! B: I know but I want to learn. A: So, you mean you want me to pay for (9) _____ lessons too? B: Yes, please! 18 Fill in the correct word from the list. 1) any, an, a or some A: Would you like (1) ________ orange? B: No, thanks. Id rather have (2) ________ coffee. A: Sorry, there isnt (3) ________ coffee left. How about (4) ________ glass of milk? B: Sure. 2) many, much, a few, a little or some A: How (1) _________ cheese do you need? B: Just (2) __________ . We only have (3) __________ eggs left, though. A: Okay. Ill buy (4) _________, then. How (5) _________. Shall I left? 19 Write at least eight sentences about yourself using much (not much) or many (not many).

ambition cousins problems confidence work to do

nice clothes energy books old friends free time

_________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

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WRITING
20 Write a paragraph about meals in your country. Describe three national dishes. Write (50-60 words). 21 You have to make a presentation on a food or dish that is eaten in your country. Make up a plan. Then write what you are going to present to the class next time. Use the guidelines. Follow the presentation structure: Introduction Main body a. The history of the food / dish b. Ingredients c. How to cook it d. Different styles or regional variations e. The part it plays in your life f. Other Conclusion Presentation must be accompanied by PowerPoint slides (if it is possible)

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UNIT 3 HEALTHY DIET

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In be normal astronauts There of sausages cream! some water astronaut Dried popular is Most also chocolate because contain energy. emergency too. 300 cooked envelope. the Indianapolis, salads, and .not We to healthy favourite lasagna vegetable one sailors. world million Passengers 500 every aeroplane usually meat dessert. order on for others special grams This carry tasty day, chicken, Its is has and of but about possible food Under to In

in about food, light four USS astronauts sailors vegetarians million of vegetables want or mountaineers to a eat is Some who meals. food. carry space lots food They because most they is says and bars fried food in meals eat diet. include

the a

tins, the fish days. it. special even to a 90 nearly food eat peanuts need of food in iceadd over or it dried aeroplanes, These my food! is salad, sea plane

Each and choice and carry. kinds meal an three a

days, On Every day, passengers on

American a

planes

On

modern

all

submarine,

over

1 How many kinds of food do astronauts have? 2 How many peanuts do aeroplane passengers eat every day? How many meals? 3 How much emergency food for mountaineers is there in an envelope? 4 Find examples in the text of food that you think is healthy / tasty / vegetarian?

LISTENING
3 1 2 3 4 5 6 Listen and match the stars to the things they like to eat or drink. Demi Moore Helen Hunt Eddie Murphy Whoopi Goldberg Bill Murray Mickey Rourke A B C D E F Bacon sandwiches Fried chicken Watermelon Turkey sandwiches Carrot juice Poached eggs

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 Put the words in the list below into the appropriate columns. Explain why you think so.

carrot juice, hamburgers, beer, cereal, grapes, crisps, sweets, yoghurt, doughnuts, watermelon, chocolate, fruit salad, fried chicken, mushrooms, French toasts, beer, onion, hot-dog, lemon, pasta, porridge, honey, cheese sandwiches, Cola HEALTHY UNHEALTHY

5 1 2 3 4 5

Write down: three green vegetables ___________________________________________ four green fruits_________________________________________________ five things that can be found in your region ___________________________ six imported products to your region / country _________________________ six exported products from your region / country _______________________ 99

6 What can you do with each of the following foodstuffs? Choose from the verbs given below. Foodstuffs: A cream B eggs C fish D meat E pastry F vegetables 7 Verbs: baste chop mash scramble whip beat crack mince shell whisk bone dice peel shred braise grate poach steam carve knead roll stew

Fill in the blanks with the right word.

1 She doesnt eat any sweets as she wants to _ _ _ _ weight. 2 He drank almost all his coffee. There was only a little left at the _ _ _ t _ _ of his cup. 3 To make bread rise you use _ _ a _ _ . 4 I love fruit, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _l _ _ peaches. 5 The yellow part of an egg is the _ _ _ _ . 6 Be careful with that knife! It is rather _h _ _ _ and you might cut your finger. 7 Can I _ _ u _ some more tea into your cup? 8 As he didnt have enough cash to pay for his dinner, he made out a _ _ _ q _ _. 9 The sauce is terribly _ _ _ . You put far too much pepper in it. 10 There was a strong _ m _ _ _ of fish. 11 We were _ _ r _ _ _ by a waiter with a _ t _ _ _ _ Italian accent. 8 Put each of the following words into its correct place in the text below. animals die healthy mouth play bowl energy knives people spoons chopsticks Europeans left plants daily grow man plates

FOOD Food is one of our most important (1) _____ needs. It gives us (2) _____ to work and (3) _____ . It makes us grow, and keeps our bodies strong and (4) _____ . Without food, we (5) _____ . All living things plants, (6) _____ and man need food to live and (7) _____ . But only (8) _____ make their own food. They also provide food for animals and (9) _____ . Customs influence the ways (10) _____ eat. Most Americans and (11) _____ eat from individual (12) _____, using (13) _____, forks, and (14) _____ . Arabs use only their (15) _____ hands to spoon foods from a central (16) _____ . Chinese and Japanese use (17) _____ to pick up food from a small bowl held close to the (18) _____ . 9 Choose the correct answer A, B or C.

1 Having _____ the table, Mrs Goodhousewife called the family for supper. A completed B laid C ordered 2 Aunt Betty gave me a _____ of her home-maid strawberry jam. A bottle B can C pot 100

3 I put the milk _____ to the fridge. A flask B vase C jug 4 Just put the dirty dishes in the _____. Well wash them up later on. A sink B bath C tub 5 Please give me two _____ of bread. A flakes B slices C lumps 6 My sister likes to _____ the table, but she doesnt like to wash dishes. A lay B sit C make up 7 I had a _____ of soup for lunch. A dish B bowl C glass 8 This knife is terribly _____ . It wont even cut a piece of cheese. A flat B sharp C blunt 9 I couldnt open the wine as I didnt have a _____ . A corkscrew B lever C screwdriver 10 Yvonne _____ the cups and two of them broke. A fell B dropped C spilt

THE USE OF WOULD LIKE


Would is the same in all persons. We use would like in offers and requests, to invite somebody. You use would like + infinitive to ask for something politely. Would you like some grapes? Id like an ice cream, please. Would you like to go to the cinema? You use like to say what you like all the time, while would like to say what you want now. I like tea, but I dont like coffee. I dont like tomatoes at all. Id like a Coke (=now) 10 Imagine that you are in one of the restaurants. Think how you ask for these things. Add a, an or some to the sentences. Then say what you would like. Id like ___________________________________________________________ apples potatoes tomato soup pancake orange vegetables orange juice pancakes banana carrots soup mushroom soup ice cream water coffee with sugar

11 Write appropriate answers to these questions. There is an example in the first sentence. 1 Would you like a drink? Yes, please. Ill have an orange juice. 2 Do you like tea? ________________________________________________ 3 Would you like a coffee? _________________________________________ 101

4 Do you like black coffee? _________________________________________ 5 Do you want a glass of wine? ______________________________________ 6 Do you like a glass of wine with your meals? __________________________ 7 Would you like a glass of water? ___________________________________ 8 Would you like ice in your drink? ___________________________________ 12 Fill in the gaps in the sentences with would like or like.

1 I _____ swimming. And what about you? 2 _____ you _____ some tea? 3 I _____ water, please. 4 I _____ to read detective stories. 5 My daughter Mary doesnt _____ apples, but _____ oranges. 6 _____ you _____ reading books? Yes. I _____ to read very much. 7 I _____ some cheese and a glass of mineral water. 8 Some people _____ big cities. 9 ______ you _____ more ice-cream? 10 My brother _____ bread with some butter.

THE USE OF MODAL VERBS CAN / COULD / MAY / SHOULD / HAVE TO


After modals verbs, we use infinitives without to, except the modal verb have to. We use the modal verbs can, could, may to ask for permission. Can I drink a cup of tea? = is it possible to have a cup of tea? May I sit here? Yes, of course. Can you wait a moment, please? or more polite Could you wait ? We use should / shouldnt to give advice i.e. to say it would be a good / bad idea for someone to do something. You should drink a lot of water daily. (= Its a good idea). You shouldnt drink too much coffee. (= It isnt a good idea). The modal verb have to in the meaning of necessary. I have to eat a lot in the morning, because I work hard. = its necessary. He doesnt have to take lunches to school. He eats there in the canteen. = its not necessary. 13 Complete the sentences. Use you should + one of these verbs. clean go take visit watch wear

1 When you play tennis, ____________________________ the ball. 2 Its late and youre very tired. _______________________ to bed. 3 __________________________________ your teeth twice a day. 4 If you have time, _____________________________ the Science Museum. Its very interesting. 5 When youre driving, ___________________________ a seat belt. 6 Its too far to walk from here to the station. ______________________ a taxi. 102

14

Choose the right answer. Only one answer is correct.

1 You _____ travel quickly from Alexandria to Cairo by coach. A can B should C have to 2 Actors _____ learn a lot of dialogues. A may B have to C shouldnt 3 _____ you bring me a clean plate, please? A should B may C could 4 _____ I introduce Dr Brown? A can B may C must 5 Its none of your business. You _____ get involved in his affairs. A shouldnt B mustnt C dont have to 6 _____ I borrow your car? A must B should C may 7 I _____ get up early on Mondays. A may B have to C could 8 _____ I speak to Jane, please? A could B have to C can 9 My dentist says I _____ eat so many sweets. A cant B may not C shouldnt 10 You _____ use my dictionary as long as you like. A may B can C should 15 Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with can/cant, could, may, should/shouldnt, have to/dont have to. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 You _____ tell her that you are sorry. You _____ drive a car if youre only 10. _____ you help me with this task? Im sorry Im late. _____ I come in? its raining. You _____ take an umbrella. _____ I smoke here? You _____ drive carefully on a busy road. I dont feel well today. _____ I leave a bit earlier? I think Patrick _____ be more polite to his sister!

16 Rephrase the following situations using an appropriate modal verb as in the example. Example: I advise you to stop eating chocolate. You should stop eating chocolate. 1 I insist that you do your homework. You _____ do your homework. 2 Will you let me speak to David, please? _____ I speak to David, please? 3 It isnt right to speak to your mother like that. You _____ speak to your mother like that. 103

4 He is obliged to go to the police station once a week. He _____ to go to the police station once a week. 5 Would you mind if I read your book? _____ I read your book? 6 Why dont you go to the sea for a holiday? You _____ go to the sea for a holiday. 7 Would you mind if I use your glasses? _____ I use your glasses? 17 Write should or the correct form of have to in the gaps.

1 Nurses _____ know how to give people injections. 2 You _____ eat more fruit and vegetables. 3 _____ you _____ travel abroad in your job? 4 Tom is ill, he _____ see his doctor. 5 Im sorry I couldnt come to your party. I _____ work late. 6 You _____ try to phone your father this weekend. 7 I hope you dont _____ go home early. 8 Mike is a teacher. He _____ teach different kinds of students. 9 Do I _____ wash up again? 10 A postman _____ get up early every day. 18 1 2 3 4 5 What do you think? Write sentences with should. I think ___________________________________________________ I think everybody __________________________________________ I think I should ____________________________________________ I dont think _______________________________________________ I dont think I should ________________________________________

WRITING
19 Find out some information about a product history. Imagine that you are writing a letter to your British friend about it. Use an informal letter structure to help you. 34 Princess Road Edinburgh 12th February 2005 Dear Cathy, Im very glad that I can help you with your task __________ _______________________________________________ Hope to hear from you soon. Yours, Andrew 104

20 Interview several people about eating at office / university / school and write a memo to your director, who is preparing a TV programme. Write about 30-50 words.

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UNIT 4 EATING OUT


READING
1 Read the text about rice. For questions 1-5, choose the correct answers A, B or C. RICE Rice is one of the most important foods in the world. This is because people who live in China, Japan and India and other parts of Asia, live mainly on rice. In China the word rice is used in one of their greetings. People say Have you eaten your rice today? This is because rice is so important to the Chinese. Although most of the worlds rice is produced in Asia, sometimes it has to be imported. This happens when rice doesnt grow properly. If there is no rice harvest, people in Asia may die. Rice was first grown in China about five thousand years ago and it was then introduced into Egypt. Rice was first grown in Europe, in Italy, about six hundred years ago. It was not grown until three hundred years ago in the United States. North Americans eat some rice but they prefer bread and potatoes. Some rice is grown on hills but most rice is grown on flat land near lakes and rivers because rice needs a lot of water. In the rice-growing parts of the United States, rice is planted and picked by machine but in most Asian countries everything is done by hand. 1 Most of the worlds rice is grown a) in Australia. b) in Asia. c) on hills. d) In Japan. Asian countries a) always produce enough rice. b) Dont have any flat land. c) Produce more potatoes than rice. d) Sometimes have to import rice. Rice is planted a) by machine in Asia. b) By hand and picked by machine. c) By hand in the United States. d) By hand in most Asian countries. North Americans a) dont like potatoes. b) Eat more bread than rice. c) Dont eat rice. d) Prefer rice from China. 106

Rice was grown in Egypt a) before it was grown in China. b) After it was grown in Italy. c) Before it was grown in Europe. d) After it was grown in the USA. Decide if the sentences 1-5 are true (T) or false (F). North Americans eat more rice than Europeans. Rice is grown near lakes and rivers because it needs a lot of water. Rice was probably grown in Egypt more than five thousand years ago. North Americans have just started eating rice. Machines are never used to plant or pick rice.

2 1 2 3 4 5

LISTENING
3 Listen to three short conversations where these dialogues can take place. There are three extra places. on board at home in the canteen in shop at school

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 1 2 3 4 Find odd word out. burger / Coke / juice / coffee apple pie / cheesecake / ice cream / pasta pizza / pasta / steak / risotto French fries / chocolate mousse / salad / mayonnaise

5 a Match the verbs in A with the nouns in B. 1 2 3 4 5 b A take pay leave look at set a) b) c) d) e) B the menu A tip your order the table the bill

Tell in what order people usually do these things in a restaurant.

Example: First, you look at the menu. Then the waiter 6 Complete the conversation. (W = waiter; Y = you) 107

W: Good evening, _______________. Y: Good evening. _________________ a table for two, please. W: Here you are, _________________. This is a nice table. Y: Thank you. __________________ a menu, please? W: Here you are. Would _________________ a starter? Y: Yes. ______________ for me, and _____________ for ____________. W: And ______________ main course? Y: Please. I _____________ , and _____________d ________________. W: Right. Anything _____________, ________________? Y: Yes. Wed like desserts. Could _____________ and _____________. W: Is that all, _______________? Y: Yes. Thank you. 7 Give the definitions to the following explanations. c______ o____ s__ i__-_____ s_______ p__ s____ w____ c___ a____ g____ k__ e__

1 Pots, plates, cups made of baked clay 2 An eye-watering vegetable 3 to drink, taking a very small quantity at a time 4 Favourite dessert of children 5 Deep metal cooking pot with a lid and a handle 6 Made of pastry with apples or meat 7 An item of cutlery 8 Main ingredient of all soups 9 The main cook 10 Fruit popular in Poland 11 Rub cheese into small pieces 12 Young goat 13 Hard or soft boiled 8

For questions 1-10, choose the correct answer A, B or C.

1 My mother always _____ her own bread. A bakes B fries C grills 2 You cant make an omelette without _____ eggs. (proverb) A mixing B smashing C breaking 3 To make a good omelette, you must _____ the eggs very well. A knock B beat C bang 4 I loved the cake. Would you mind letting me have the _____ for it? A menu B recipe C prescription 5 She left a milk in a jug and a thick layer of _____ formed on the surface. A butter B cream C fat 6 Can you give me a teaspoon to _____ my tea? A stir B beat C turn 7 Chocolate _____ if you keep it in your pocket. A melts B flows C settles 8 The food they serve here is excellent because they have a fine ______ . A cooker B headwaiter C chef 108

9 What would you like for your first _____ ? There are a lot of interesting things on the menu. A course B dish C meal 10 Two _____ beers, please. A freezing B cold C icy 9 Put in some or any only where possible.

1 The natives eat _____ meat raw. 2 There wasnt _____ meat in the fridge. 3 _____ is full of surprise. 4 There isnt _____ life in that girl. 5 Buy _____ bread and cheese for the picnic. 6 We cant do without _____ . 7 _____ spices are bad for you. 8 Put _____ spices into the soup. 9 I like _____ biscuits and _____ sweets. 10 I bought _____ biscuits for tea. 11 I dont like _____ boiled cabbage. 12 Would you like _____ boiled cabbage? 13 _____ Money has to be earned. 14 Will you borrow me _____ money? 15 There isnt _____ news of him. 16 I hate _____ bad news. 10 Choose between much and many, (a) little and (a) few to use in the following sentences. 1 At the bar _____ men were discussing the coming elections in loud barking tones. 2 I have so _____ things to do that I dont know which to do first. 3 Aunt Florrie had _____ money while none of the other family had inherited as _____ as a pound. 4 Very _____ people know about it. 5 My sister spends so _____ money on her clothes that she has none left for holidays. 6 I began to miss London: it was not so _____ that I had _____ close friends there, for I have _____ friends, but I missed variety. 7 Tom has eaten so _____ that he cant move. 8 Say _____ and do _____. 9 Adeline had slept _____ last night and she had a headache. 10 She was glad to see me because I was English and she knew _____ English people. 11 He knew he was not a good teacher, and he intended to do _____ of that. 12 _____ heard about the book, but _____ read it. 13 Nowadays he was very busy and he saw _____ of his old friends. 14 Virginia returned to England at the moment when _____ were leaving it. 109

11 1 2 3 4 5 6 12

Write a/an where necessary. Im going to bed. Ive got _____ headache. I was awake all night with _____ toothache. I think Gillians got _____ flu. She served _____ cold meat and cheese. _____ is _____ money. Could you pass me _____ salt, please? Fill in a, an or some where necessary.

1 We booked _____ room in the Grand Hotel. 2 The police found _____ glass from the broken window on the ground. 3 There is _____ room for five people in my car. 4 She usually drinks _____ glass of orange juice in the morning. 5 There was _____ hair in my soup. 6 I need _____ paper to write my letters on. 7 Her _____ hair is long and blonde. 8 The Eiffel Tower is made of _____ iron. 9 He decided to buy _____ paper to read on the train. 10 I have got _____ iron, but it is very old. 13 Fill in the gaps with too much or too many.

1 A: Dont eat _____ ice cream before dinner. B: Dont worry, I wont. 2 A: There are _____ books in that bag. B: Dont worry, I can carry. 3 A: I think I bought _____ bread today. B: Yes, weve already got some at home. 4 A: This tea is horrible. B: I put _____ milk in it, didnt it? 5 A: Can you see David? B: No, there are _____ people in front of me. 6 A: I dont eel very well. B: Well, I told not to eat _____ chocolates. 7 A: Dont spend _____ time watching television. B: Ill turn it o after the news. 14 Fill in many, few, much or little.

Elham is a small village and there are not (1) _____ houses there. There are (2) _____ shops in the village, but they do not sell (3) _____ products. There isnt (4) _____ to see or do there, so there is (5) _____ chance of the village becoming a tourist attraction, but a (6) _____ people take picnics there and enjoy the peace and quiet of a village where there is very (7) _____ traffic.

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15

Fill in the gaps with much or many.

1 How ______ people are you expecting? 2 How ______ money do you want for this? 3 I don't see ______ point in continuing. We're all very tired. 4 Thank you so ______ for your help. 5 We don't stock these. We don't get ______ demand for them. 6 I feel ______ better today, thank you. 7 I like that dress very ______ . 8 There are so ______ things I want to ask you. 9 There are too ______ paintings to see in one visit. 10 I'm talking too ______ . I'll be quiet. 11 I've got so ______ news to tell you. 12 Do you have ______ work to do? 13 Thank you very ______ for coming. 14 It looks good but so ______ things could still go wrong. 15 I don't have ______ friends. 16 Please be quick. I don't have ______ time to spare. 17 It's been a poor summer. We haven't had ______ good weather. 18 There haven't been ______ sunny days. 19 Happy birthday. ______ happy returns! 20 I don't know ______ about English but I am learning fast. 16 Fill in the gaps with much or many.

1 She has so _____ friends! 2 Too _____ cooks spoil the broth! 3 Hurry up. I dont have so _____ time! 4 We went to a dairy yesterday. I had never seen so _____ cows before! 5 Its also quite amazing how _____ milk these cows produce every day. 6 You have too _____ money. Wont you share it with me? 7 There are so _____ poor people in the world. 8 There are too _____ children in the house. 9 My father doesnt drink _____ coffee. 10 How _____ of you have been to London? 17 Fill in the gaps with some or any.

1 We need _____ bananas. 2 You can't buy _____ posters in this shop. 3 We haven't got _____ oranges at the moment. 4 Peter has bought _____ new books. 5 She always takes _____ sugar with her coffee. 6 I've seen _____ nice postcards in this souvenir shop. 7 There aren't _____ pencils in my bag. 8 I've got _____ magazines for you. 9 Can I have of these tomatoes? 10 I think I saw _____ robbers in this bank. 111

11 12 13 14 15 16 18

They went to town without _____ money. Buy _____ apples if you see. Would you like _____ more tea? Come and see me _____ time you want. He never does _____ work. You can take _____ bus to the city centre. Decide whether to choose few or a few.

1 ______ learning is a dangerous thing. 2 I've had ______ drinks but I'm not drunk. 3 You won't change her mind so there is ______ use in trying. 4 Michael Cane was born in South London, not the East End. ______ people know that. 5 I need ______ help. I'm a bit stuck. 6 There weren't many people there. Just ______ . 7 Will you have ______ strawberries? They're very good. 8 Will you have ______ more ice-cream? We might as well finish it. 9 There's ______ point in continuing. We're all too tired. 10 Could you spare me ______ minutes? 11 I don't know if we can fit the cupboard into our house. There's ______ space as it is. 12 All this kitten needs is ______ love and attention. 13 There's ______ I can do about this. It's outside my control. 14 Martin is a good student. He has ______ problems with English. 15 Generally Peter is good but sometimes he has ______ problems. 16 I need to borrow ______ dollars. Can you help me out? 17 We made good time because there was ______ traffic on the road so early in the morning. 18 I think Coventry will win the match but ______ people agree with me. 19 I can only speak ______ words of Chinese. 20 I'm going to give you ______ advice. Study harder! 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 20 Complete the sentences using a few or a little. We have _____ bananas and _____ water. Do you have any coffee? Sure, there _____ in the kitchen. They have some fruit and _____ nuts. She has _____ rice and _____ vegetables. I need _____ days of vacation. You dont need a lot of salt, just use _____. _____ people have a lot of money, and a lot of people have _____ money. Choose the right variant A, B, C or D.

1 Wow! Look at that! How _____ books do you have on your shelf? I have to tell you, it's quite a great collection! 112

A much B many C some D any 2 Would you like _____ juice? Aa B an C some D much 3 How _____ money do you have? A much Ba C many D any 4 I only have _____ dollars. A some B any C a little D a few 5 I want to make orange juice. Have you got _____ oranges? A much B many C any D few 6 No, I don't have any. But I have _____ apples, if you'd like to make apple juice instead. A a little B some C any D few 7 There are _____ people trying to go to the U2 concert this weekend. A many B much C a little D any 8 How many gallons of water did you bring for the trip? I just have ______ gallons. A much B any C a little D a few 9 Jessica spent a lot of money on her car. Now she only has _____ money left to pay for her living expenses. A many B a few C a little D much 10 How _____ time do you have left before you have to go to school? A some B much C many D any 21 Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with few/a few, many/much or little/a little. 1 There are only _____ people left; everyone else has gone home. 2 There is only _____ bit of wine left; they drank most of it. 3 How _____ tourists visit Greece each year? 4 Not _____ people go there in Winter. 5 How _____ money do you have? - I don't have _____ money on me. 6 _____ tourists go to Greece each year. 7 Are there any people here? - No, only _____. 8 Is there any wine in the bottle? - Just _____. 9 How _____ tourists visit Greece each year? - A lot in Summer but not _____ in Winter. 10 How _____ money do you have? - Not _____; I'm owed a lot though. 22 Fill in the sentences with: A can C should B have to D may 1 Jane has got two books so she _____ read any of them. 2 You _____ be here by 9.00 if you want to be sure of a seat. 3 _____ I borrow your ruler? 4 There _____ be a heavy frost during the night. 5 You _____ think about the future not about the past. 113

6 Cheques _____ be accepted only with a bank card. 7 If you want to enter the contest you _____ put your entry into the box before Friday. 8 Do you know how it _____ be done? 9 It isnt certain, but he _____ be a millionaire in two years time. 10 The house repairs _____ cost more than the house is worth. 23 Use the necessary modal verb.

1 Sallys husband _____ play football, tennis and other games but he _____ not cook or iron. 2 _____ I ask you a question? You certainly _____. 3 I wonder if we _____ take off our shoes here? 4 You _____ not take so much sugar in your coffee. 5 _____ I do anything for you? 6 _____ I go out for a moment? No, you _____ not. 7 In many countries people _____ drive a car at the age of 16. 8 Sorry, madam. You _____ smoke here. 9 I think you _____ give up smoking. 10 Steve _____ speak English, French and Italian. You _____ ask him to help with the translation. 11 Is there anything I _____ do for you? 12 _____ I use your telephone, Mr. Brown? W

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WORDLIST
A bag of crisps A bar of chocolate A bottle of water A bowl of salad A box of biscuits A carton of milk A cup of coffee A fork A glass of milk A jar of jam A knife A rasher of bacon A slice of bread A spoon A tablecloth A teaspoon An apple Bag Bake Banana Bar Barbecue Bean Beef Beer Biscuit Bitter Boiled eggs Bottle Bowl Bread Butter Cabbage Cake Can Carrot Carton Casserole Cereal Cereal Cheese Chef Cherries Chicken Chips 115 Chocolate Chopsticks Clipper Coffee Cola Continental breakfast Cooked breakfast Cookies Cornflakes Counter Cream Crisps Cucumber Cup Custom Delicious Disgusting food Doughnuts Duck Egg Fizzy Flavour Flour Food French toasts Fridge Fried Fruit Glass Gourmet Grapes Gravy Ham Hamburgers Honey Hot-dog Ice-cream Ingredients Jam Jugs Juice Ketchup Kilo Lemon Lemonade

Lettuce Loaf Mayonnaise Meal Meat Milk Mineral water Mousse Mushrooms Mussels Mustard Noodles Olives Onion Oranges Packet Pancake Pasta Peach Pear Piece Pineapple Pint Pizza Plate Pork Porridge Potato Pub Pudding Rice Roast Roll Salad Salmon Salt Sandwich Sauce Sausage Serve Snacks Spaghetti Steak Steam Strawberries Sugar Sweets Tasteless 116

Tea Tea-break To beat eggs To bite To bring To carve a joint of meat To chew To chop onions To crack a nut To crunch To flavour To fry To gobble To grate cheese To have a breakfast To ice a cake To include To kneed dough To lick To mash potatoes To mince meat To munch To nibble To peel an orange To pluck a chicken To roast meat To serve To shell a hard-boiled egg To sip To slice loaf To smell To stuff a chicken To swallow To toss a pancake To transport food To whip cream Toasts Tomato Trolley Tunas Vegetables Vegetarians Vinegar Vintage Water Watermelon Wholemeal bread Yoghurt

MODULE 4 FOOD AND DRINKS

PRE-INTERMEDIATE - INTERMEDIATE

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UNIT 1 EATING AND DRINKING HABITS


READING
1 Look at the sign in each question. Mark the letter next to the correct explanation A, B, C or D. 1___ Why not order your interval drinks before the concert? A You cannot have a drink in the interval if you have not ordered it. B You cannot get drinks both before and after the concert. C You must finish your drink before you go into the concert. D You can order drinks for the interval before you go in. 2 ___ Pick your own fruit and pay inside shop A Do not touch the fruit before paying for it. B Choose your fruit and then pay for it. C Damaged fruit must be paid for. D Self-service fruit is cheaper. 3 ___ Machine out of order. Drinks available at bar A This machine is not working at the moment. B There is a drinks machine in the bar. C Drinks cannot be ordered in the bar. D Use this machine when the bar is closed. 4 ___ Buffet Service(drinks and snacks) comes through train. Restaurant at front Beyond First Class. A Full meals are available anywhere in the train. B Full meals are available only in First Class. C Full meals are available at the back of the train. D Full meals are available at the front of the train. 118

Read the text and answer the questions 1-5 below. VEGETABLES? - NO, THANK YOU.

Everybody knows that eating vegetables is good for you. Unfortunately, it is also true that most children hate vegetables. Three out four children aged 7 to 12 dislike at least one vegetable, and green vegetables are the most hated. Brussels sprouts are considered the worst, closely followed by spinach. Only potatoes, sweetcorn and cauliflower are enjoyed by a majority of children. This year Iceland Foods, a British frozen food company, introduced a variety of flavoured vegetables including chocolate-coated carrots. These were popular at first but sales soon fell and they were taken off the market. Their latest idea is to mix chips (which most children like) with spinach or carrots. These green or orange coloured chips may be a way of getting children to eat unpopular vegetables. However, children were recently interviewed for a food survey to try to find out what would be necessary to convince them to eat a vegetable they hate. The results showed that the only thing that would work with most children was a bribe, for a example a ticket to a pop concert. But how many parents can afford to bribe their children to eat a plate of vegetables with that? 1 Which of these vegetables do children like best? Number them 1-3. spinach potatoes Brussels sprouts 2 What was Iceland Foods first idea to try to get children to eat vegetables? 3 Was it a success? 4 What are they going to do now? 5 Whats the only thing that will really make children eat vegetables? 2 Look at the words in bold in the text. What do they refer to? it most children hate vegetables ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________

Example: they their them that

LISTENING
3 A couple are making their shopping list. Read the dialogue and try to fill in the missing words. Then listen to the tape and see if your answers were correct.

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J: Paul, lets make a shopping list. What do we (1) _________ this week? P: Well, we need a couple of packets of spaghetti we havent got (2) _________ and a kilo of beef. J: OK I think weve got (3) _________ tins of tomatoes, though. Do we have to buy any oil? P: Oh, yes we need a bottle of oil, and weve (4) _________ _________ _________ eggs. J: Arent there any left? All right then, a dozen eggs, and we (5) _________ _________ _________ buy a jar of coffee and about three cartons of milk. P: Theres no sugar either. So (6) _________ _________ a bag of sugar and _________ oh, yes a tub of margarine. J: We dont (7) _________ _________ buy any cornflakes, do we? P: No, there is a box in the cupboard. J: We have to buy some fruit. Lets get a kilo of apples and a bunch of grapes. (8) _________ _________? P: Oh yes we need some tins of cat food. Fluffy hasnt got any food (9) _________!

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 The words below are all names of food but the letters are in the wrong order. Reorder the letters to make the names of food. A brguer burger B cagabbe C schip D eefcof E crame F sifh G hotgdo H maj I limk J roommush K iol L apenut M tals N spachin O rugas

5 a Look at the words in the box. Divide them into the four groups. Carrots Beans Lamb Peas Onions ushrooms Bananas Sausages Grapes Tomatoes Duck Pasta Beef Rice Chicken Olives Mayonnaise Tuna Butter Cheese Pepper Salt Steak Pizza Plums Garlic Oranges Leeks Spinach Burgers Meat and fish Vegetables Fruit Other

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b 6 1 2 3 4 5

Add your favourite foods to the list. Underline the odd one out in each group and say why it is different. pork salmon lettuce peach chicken veal shrimp aubergine onion lamb salmon oyster tomato mushroom beef beef lobster cucumber courgette mussels

7 Find the words of fruit and vegetables in the puzzle. The words may be horizontal, vertical or diagonal. S P E A R R I M E L A N A G R N E P M U S H R O M L R P O L E I D R E E I R E N W A E N R I F E P S G A R L I P E A H R N U H A S D U E A N E W H S N I F R P l N E A P P L E R E S R A W E R R Y

COUNTABLE & UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS


a/an + singular countable nouns e.g. an apple some + plural countable nouns/uncountable nouns e.g. some apples, some sugar 8 Fill in a/an or some. 5 _________ milk 6 _________ eggs 7 _________ aubergine 8 _________ carrot

1 _________ apple 2 _________ flour 3 _________ beans 4 _________ banana

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Fill in the gaps with a/an or some.

1 Let me give you _____ good advice. 2 As usual, he had _____ big breakfast and went to work. 3 My mother asked me to buy _____ eggs in the market. 4 He made _____ mistake in his dictation. 5 She is eating _____ apple. 6 Can you give me _____ sugar? 7 She sent me _____ postcard from England. 8 There is _____ water in my glass. Id like to drink. 9 Will you take _____ of these photographs? 10 My friend bought _____ interesting book last week. 10 Complete each sentence with a/an or some, or leave the space blank.

1 Id like a chicken please, a large one for roasting. 2 Could I have _________ bread please? 3 Do we have time for _________ snack before our bus leaves? 4 Would you like to come to _________ lunch with me on Thursday? 5 Theres _________ milk jug in the cupboard near the fridge. 6 George has decided to go on _________ diet, starting next week. 7 Im going to have _________ cheese and tomato sandwich. 8 For breakfast I eat _________ toast and marmalade, and drink a glass of milk. 9 Do you like _________ yoghurt? Personally, I cant stand it! 10 Tim managed to eat _________ chicken, but felt too ill to eat anything else. Many + countable nouns Much + uncountable nouns how many + countable nouns e.g. how many apples how much + uncountable nouns e.g. how much sugar 11 Fill in the gaps with much or many.

1 Thank you very _____ . 2 My friend didnt make _____ mistakes. 3 How _____ money have you got? 4 There isnt _____ milk in the bottle. 5 I havent got _____ time, but Ill try to help you. 6 Have your parents been to _____ countries? 7 There werent _____ people in the street. 8 Has your son made _____ friends in France? 9 Dan doesnt spend _____ money on his clothes. 10 You watch TV too _____ . 11 Was there _____ traffic in sight? 12 Did you take _____ photos in Spain? 13 Try to do as _____ as possible. 122

14 Do you get _____ letters every week? 15 I enjoyed the concert very _____ . 12 Fill in the gaps with how much or how many, as in the example. 8 _________ cabbage? 9 _________ biscuits? 10 _________ water? 11 _________ cherries? 12 _________ milk? 13 _________ mustard 14 _________ popcorn?

1 How much yoghurt? 2 _________ potatoes 3 _________ onions? 4 _________ cheese? 5 _________ apples? 6 _________ coffee? 7 _________ pepper? 13 A B A B A B A B A B A B A 14 Fill in how much or how many. Lets make shepherds pie tonight. OK. (1) _________ meat do we need? About a kilo. And (2) _________ potatoes? About three big ones. (3) _________ onions should I get? One big one is enough. And (4) _________ sweetcorn do we need? One big one. OK. Is there anything else? Lets put some mushrooms in it. (5) _________ do we need? Get about six large ones. Fill in the correct word from the list. can 1 2 3 4 5 a _________ of bread a _________ of tea a _________ of chocolate a _________ of soda a _________ of yoghurt cup

pot

loaf

bar

a few (=some)/few (=not many) + countable nouns a little (=some)/little (=not much) + uncountable nouns

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15

Use much, many, few, little with the following words. _____ flowers _____ sand _____ time _____ news _____ money _____ children _____ work _____ bread _____ people _____ sugar _____ toys _____ trains _____ mice _____ places _____ girls _____ food _____ clothes _____ information

_____ pens _____ tables _____ attention _____ water _____ students _____ snow _____ men _____ mistakes _____ furniture 16

Choose the correct form.

Example: I didnt buy many/much oranges. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 17 Sandra has a lot of/ many sugar in her coffee. Do you eat much/many fresh fruit? You need very few/ very little cheese in this recipe. When youve got flu you shouldnt eat much/a lot of. Ive been eating a little/lots of biscuits lately. My boss smokes a lot/a lot of. Those children eat too much/too many sweets. This food is too/too much fattening. Use much, many, few, little, a few, a little in the sentences below.

1 Too _____ people still smoke today. 2 Do you have _____ friends? 3 She doesnt speak _____ English. 4 She was silent for _____ seconds. 5 Are there _____ new buildings in this district? 6 Theres _____ work to do. 7 I gave a party for _____ close friends. 8 He was in despair; he had _____ money to live on. 9 There are _____ cars in the city centre at rush hour. 10 He is a very successful businessman even though he has _____ education. 18 Fill in the gaps in the sentences with much, many, few, little, a few, a little. 1 I have _____ questions to ask. 2 Is there _____ furniture in your cottage? 3 There were so _____ people in the room that we couldnt move. 4 She is a quiet person. She doesnt say _____ . 5 I put _____ salt in my soup, perhaps too _____ . 6 I dont think Pat would be a good teacher. Shes got _____ patience with children. 124

7 This town isnt very well-known and there isnt _____ to see, so _____ tourists come here. 8 Do you know _____ or _____ about Celts? 9 She is so lonely. She has _____ friends. 10 They learnt _____ information about this country.

m 2 d

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UNIT 2 FOOD FOR PLEASURE


READING
1 Read the text. Decide if the statements 1-10 are true or false. BRITAINS FIRST TEA PLANTATION High above the River Fal in south Cornwall, a team of gardeners is preparing to grow a much-loved plant for the first time commercially in Britain. On the Tregothnan Estate, fields that were once used to grow potatoes, carrots and peas have become the home of Britain's first tea plantation. In 1999, Tregothnan staff were unsure whether they could grow tea, so they planted five hundred tea plants. They are growing well and there are now plans to cover the hillsides with different varieties of tea all the way down to the river by 2005. This part of the country has a suitable climate for growing tea and because the fields face south, Jonathan Jones, Tregothnan's head gardener, is especially hopeful: We think we've got the perfect conditions, he says, and he should know, because he has just spent three months visiting tea plantations throughout Asia, Australia and Africa, on a research trip. Of course, no one is doubting the demand for the product. The British are the biggest tea drinkers in the world apart from the Irish, Mr Jones says. We drink on average three cups a day, so it makes perfect sense to grow it here. However, it is not the commonly used black tea that will be grown, but green and white tea. For such special tea, the market is growing by 25% a year, with some 10% of tea drinkers having tried it. Green tea, which is said to lower cholesterol, reduce high blood pressure and prevent certain illnesses, is far more expensive than black tea, while the even rarer white tea can be sold for ten times the price of black tea. If all goes well, apart from producing the usual dried tea in packets, the Tregothnan Estate also aims to introduce fresh leaves, which are believed to have additional health benefits, for sale at supermarkets up and down the country. The tea from around the world that reaches the supermarkets at the moment is nine months old, but we could get green tea on their shelves within 24 hours, says Mr Jones. Tea has to be grown for six years before it can be picked for sale, which means that Tregothnan staff will have to wait until 2005 to know whether their efforts have been successful. However, leaves that were picked after three years suggest that these particular plants do produce a light, refreshing and very drinkable green tea. Stephen Twining, the tenth generation of the Twining family to work for the famous tea firm, is positive: We do think there's a market for this tea and provided the quality is there, we'd consider having it in stock in our specialist tea shop. Twinings has seen its sales of green tea increase by 43% this year.

126

1 Vegetables used to be grown on the Tregothnan estate. 2 The first tea plants at Tregothnan were introduced as an experiment. 3 The next fields to be planted with the tea are on flat land. 4 Jonathan Jones has been able to learn about growing conditions in different countries recently. 5 Jonathan Jones suggests that British people drink more tea than anyone else. 6 Green tea is more valuable product than white tea. 7 The Tregothnan estate wants to supply its tea in different forms commercially. 8 Jonathan Jones believes that tea produced at Tregothnan would be fresher than imported tea. 9 Some tea plants at Tregothnan will be ready for commercial use before 2005. 10 A well-known British tea company is interested in ordering some Tregothnan tea for its own shop. 2 The people below are at an airport and looking for somewhere to eat. Decide which place (A-H) would the most suitable for each person (1-5). 1 Ken is in a hurry as he is late for his flight. He needs a quick cold drink, however, before he goes to passport control. 2 Jamila is meeting her uncle whose flight arrives at 12.30. She left home early and wants to have a hot meal before he comes, but at the same time be able to see the exit door, as this is his first trip abroad and she is afraid he may get lost. 3 Dianes midday flight has been delayed. The airline has offered to pay for a complete lunch if she sends them her receipt. So she has decided to accept the offer and have a three-course meal. 4 Jorge and his children want a place where they can serve themselves as they each like different things to eat. They dont mind whether they have hot or cold food. 5 Caroline and her friend have arrived too soon for their morning flight. They got up very early and now they want a hot drink and something sweet to eat with it. YOUR GUIDE TO RESTAURANTS AND BARS A Real Cool Have you got a sweet tooth? Then this is the place for you. Enjoy one of our special ice-creams served with a chocolate cookie. Lots of different fruit flavours including lemon, banana, strawberry, coconut and orange. Open 14.00 20.00 B Healthworks This is a colourful kiosk serving a wide variety of drinks. Choose your drink from our fresh fruit and well mix it with yoghurt or ice-cream if you want. Or just have a glass of pure, iced juice! Open 06.30 21.00 127

C The Restaurant The restaurant is the best place to enjoy a full meal. We offer an international menu with plenty of choice. Choose a starter, followed by a main meal, cheese and dessert all for the price of 17.50. Open 08.00 15.00 D Caf Bar Just the place for the younger members of the family! We serve hot dogs, pizzas and hamburgers all cooked on the spot. Try our hot chocolate drinks or have a cup of fresh coffee while you wait. Open 11.30 23.00 E Seafood & Salad Bar Recently opened and already a favourite with all our passengers. Help yourself to our delicious cold fish and salads. Theres always something different on the menu. Close to the departure gates to save your time. Our friendly staff will make sure you dont miss your flight! Open 10.00 21.00 F Sandwich Side In a hurry? Then enjoy one of our freshly-made sandwiches. Choose from five different kinds of bread and well put whatever you like on top! A complete meal in itself and great value for money! Open all day. G Caf Rapide This caf is near the Arrivals point. It offers quick, freshly prepared hot dishes. Ideal for people waiting for family or friends or just those who enjoy watching the world go by. Open 06.00 22.00 H Tea & Coffee House We serve six different kinds of tea and coffee along with various cakes, biscuits and cookies. Youll find us near the entrance to the shopping galleries. Open 24 hours.

LISTENING
3 You are going to listen to a chef describing how to make a traditional Mediterranean Dish. Read the recipe then listen to the tape and fill in the missing words. Stuffed tomatoes Ingredients
4 large tomatoes, 4 tablespoons of rice, 1 large onion, 2 cloves of garlic 2 cups of olive oil, 1 cup of water, some parsley, a pinch of salt and pepper 2 tablespoons o finely grated breadcrumbs

Preparation First wash the tomatoes and, 1 _____ of the tops. Then 2 _____ out the flesh with a spoon and 3 _____ it in a bowl. 4 _____ the empty tomatoes on a baking tray. Finally chop the onion, garlic and parsley. Add them to the tomato flesh. 5 _____ the rice and the one cup of olive oil to the mixture with salt and pepper. Mix the ingredients thoroughly with a wooden spoon. 6 _____ the tomatoes with the mixture and 7_____ them with their tops. 8 _____ the rest of olive oil and the water over the tomatoes. Sprinkle them with the breadcrumps. Put the tomatoes in the pre-heated oven. 9 _____ for about 50 minutes. Serve with fresh baked, home-made bread. Oven 200 C/gas mark 6.

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4 You are going to hear three people giving instructions and special advice for preparing different dishes. Write down the ingredients you would use to make these dishes. a chocolate cake hamburgers a mixed salad a ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________

Listen and write the number of the speaker by the dish they describe. a chocolate cake a mixed salad hamburgers

Match the instructions below with the speakers. Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker 3

a) b) c) d) e) f)

Toss the salad. Put the chocolate in a pan. Add tomato ketchup. Open the walnuts. Mix the butter and sugar. Serve with chips.

g) h) i) j) k)

Cut the avocado in half. Add the flour. Take the skin off. Grill the burgers. Beat in the eggs.

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


5 Complete these sentences about yourself and your country. Compare your answers with someone else who has done this exercise. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 In my country _______ is/are more common than _______ . In my country _______ is/are more expensive than _______ . In my country a mixed salad usually contains _______ . In my country we dont grow _______ . And we dont often eat _______ . Personally, I prefer _______ to _______ . I love _______ but I dont really like _______ . My favourite meat is _______ .

6 Read through the text quickly. Dont try to fill in the spaces yet. What is the fruit called? Put the main topics in order. what it tastes like what it looks like what it smells like 129

7 Now read the text again and choose the correct word for each space A, B, C or D. A Strange Fruit If you go to the (0) market in Thailand or Indonesia, you may see a strange fruit. It is about 20 cm long and 15 cm wide, and is covered by a thick (1) _______with dozens of very sharp points. It is called a durian. But what is really (2) _______about this fruit is its smell. This is hard to (3) _______ some people say its like bad eggs, others say its like blue cheese, onions and fish (4) _______up together but everyone agrees that its disgusting! In fact, it is (5) _______to take durians onto trains or airplanes (6) _______the smell makes some people feel sick. In (7) _______ of this, if you have the chance you should taste a small (8) _______ of the fruit, (9) _______ is very rich. You may not like it at (10) _______ , but some people think that it tastes wonderful, and call it the king of fruit. 0 A market 1 A paper 2 A colourful 3 A buy 4 A caught 5 A forbidden 6 A although 7 A way 8 A piece 9 A which 10 A start 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9 B B B B B B B B B B B butcher skin bright find mixed told but spite drop this first C C C C C C C C C C C baker stone expensive describe made meant and reason meal what beginning D D D D D D D D D D D chemist juice different grow drunk refused because opposite half that one

Choose the correct word underlined in each sentence. Would you like a bread/roll with your soup? The first course/plate consisted of cold fish and salad. The kettle/teapot is boiling. Do you want to make some tea? That was a really lovely food/meal. Please let me pay for you. I felt so thirsty that I drank two cans/tins of Corky Cola. Nowadays many people buy frozen/iced food instead of fresh food. Could you give me the receipt/recipe for this cake? Its delicious. This pie is fantastic! Its really tasteful/tasty. Helen is a really good cook/cooker. Can I have a fork/spoon so I can stir my coffee? For questions 1-7, choose the correct answer A, B or C.

1 To make a club sandwich you need three _______ of bread. A slices B bars C pieces 2 How _______ flour do you need for the sponge cake? A many B any C much 3 Ive got _______ apples. I think Ill make an apple pie. 130

A few B a few C a little 4 Michelle would prefer _______ dinner rather than eat at a restaurant. A cook B to cook C cooking 5 Can I have_______ grated cheese on my spaghetti, please? A a few B little C a little 6 How _______ bottles of water do we need? A some B much C many 7 A: Would you like some more soup? B: Just _______ , please. A a little B a few C little

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Affirmative I have walked You have walked He has walked She has walked It has walked We have walked You have walked They have walked Negative I havent walked You havent walked He hasnt walked, etc. Interrogative Have I walked? Have you walked? Has he walked? etc.

USE We use the Present Perfect Simple 1 to talk about an action which started in the past and continues to the present Example: John has lived in Paris for the last three years. 2 to talk about a past action with a visible result in the present Example: Ive broken my arm. 3 to refer to an experience Example: Have you ever been to Paris? 4 for an action which happened at an unstated time in the past. The action is more important than the time Example: Ive been to New York three times so far. Time Expressions we use with the Present Perfect Simple: since, for, just, already, yet, lately, recently, so far, ever, never, etc. Example: So far she has baked three cakes. Have you ever been to Madrid? We have never seen a blue whale.

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10 You are asking somebody questions about things he or she has done. Make questions from the words in brackets, as in the example. 1 2 3 4 5 6 11 1 2 3 4 5 6 (ever / ride / horse) Have you ever ridden a horse?____________ (ever / be / California?) ___________________________________ (ever / run / marathon?) __________________________________ (ever / speak / famous person?) ____________________________ (always / live / in this town?) _______________________________ (most beautiful place / ever / visit?) What _____________________ Complete these sentences using today/ this year/ this term etc. I saw Tom yesterday but I havent seen him today. I read a newspaper yesterday but I _________ today. Last year the company made a profit but this year _________ Tracy worked hard at school last term but _________ It snowed a lot last winter but _________ Our football team won a lot of games last season but we _________

12 Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. 1 We started working here three years ago.We have worked here for three years. 2 This is the first time Ive been on a plane. I ______________________________________ before. 3 Thats strange! My pen isnt here! Thats strange! My pen _______________________ disappeared! 4 Nicky and Jan arent at this school any more. Nicky and Jan ______________________ this school. 5 I saw a friend of yours a few moments ago. I _____________________________ a friend of yours. 6 Im still writing my letters. I _______________________________ my letters yet. 7 Is this your first visit to South America? Have ________________________________ before? 8 Oh bother! My wallet is still in the car. Oh bother! I ________________________ my wallet in the car. 9 Its a long time since we spoke to your sister. We ________________________ to your sister for a long time. 10 Is Anna still sleeping? Has __________________________ up yet? 13 Complete the sentences below with your own ideas. I have never eaten _________ but I would like to try it. I have never eaten _________ and I dont want to try it! 14 Make up 5 sentences in the Present Perfect Simple using the vocabulary items from the Units 1, 2. 132

WRITING
15 Write a letter (about 100 words) to your English-speaking friend telling him about traditional Russian food. Use the plan below. Plan Dear (your friends name), Introduction Paragraph 1 Thanks so much for your last letter. You wrote that it would be interesting to find out about traditional Russian food. Paragraph 2 describe the traditional Russian dishes Paragraph 3 tell about the things influencing Russian food (climate, weather, culture, historical events, and etc.) Paragraph 4 tell what you like/dont like about Russian food Paragraph 5 ask your friend to write you about the traditional food of his/her country Best wishes, (your first name) 16 Write instructions how to make the following food and drink.
GIVING INSTRUCTIONS You use the imperative or the present simple for giving instructions. Example: Mix the potatoes and the onions and cook for ten minutes. You mix the potatoes and the onions and you cook for ten minutes. GIVING SPECIAL ADVICE Example: Make sure you a heavy frying pan. Always spread the mixture evenly. Dont forget to add pepper and salt. Never heat the oil too much.

1 a cup of coffee ___________________________________________________ 2 a boiled egg _____________________________________________________ 3 an omelette _____________________________________________________ 4 cheese on toast __________________________

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UNIT 3 HEALTHY DIET


READING
1 D. Read the text. For questions 1-5, choose the correct answer A, B, C or

I've just read an article which made me think of you and me, Mary. It says, Every morning when many people wake up, they usually think about one thing their weight! Today is going to be the day. Today they are going to start a diet which will last for several months. Or, they feel guilty because they have broken their diet the day before. Just like us! It goes on to explain that they have usually tried everything - cutting out cakes, biscuits, bread and potatoes, eating meals out of a packet, pills, special drinks - you name it, they've tried it! Why does nothing work? Well, of course, the article mentions not taking enough exercise and sitting in front of the television, but I really liked this article because it doesn't say you should do a lot of exercise unless you enjoy it. I thought to myself, Ha, ha, Oliver, this is someone who understands me, so I read on. The writer not only doesn't send you off to the nearest gym, she doesn't believe in eating only salads, vegetables and fruit either. She thinks you should eat everything but just less of it! What makes her ideas different is that you must eat with a friend - never alone! That means you can't

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4 Oliver didnt phone Mary because: A Mary hasnt got a phone. B he couldnt remember Marys telephone number. C it would be too expensive. D his parents were making a telephone call. 5 Which sentence would be the most suitable one to end this letter? A Lets meet for dinner at my house on Friday! B Why dont we go to the gym on Saturday? C No more cakes and sweets for us! D I think we should join a weight-watchers club.

LISTENING
2 Listen to Kate talking about being a vegetarian. Make notes under these headings. Why Kate gave up eating meat Why other people give up eating meat How Kate feels now Other peoples attitude to vegetarians 3 Listen to the conversation between Mrs King and the girl who does her shopping for her. As you listen try to fill in the missing figures on the bill. J Sainsbury PLC bath Telephone no. 0225 444737 Squeezy honey ______ JS Half fat milk ______ JS Cornflakes ______ JS Hovis Loaf 0.53 Lemon Tea Bags New Potatoes Bananas 1.40 lb - 0.56/lb ______ Tomatoes 0.18 lb 0.95/lb 0.17 Carrots 1.20 lb 0.29/lb ______ Half Cucumber Cauliflower ______ Bal Due 7.66 Cash 8.00 Change 0.34

JS Filter Coffee

23 march 96 Thank you for your custom Please retain this receipt in case of any query

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VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 Match each description with the name of a kind of food from the list. The first one has been done for you. cheese, chop, grape, lamb, lettuce, onion, pie, plum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Green or purple fruit which grows in bunches. - grape Small vegetable with a strong smell and taste. _________ Plant with large green leaves used in salads. _________ Meat from a young sheep. _________ Meat, vegetables or fruit baked in pastry. _________ Small sweet fruit with red or yellow skin, and a stone in the centre. _________ Solid food made from milk. _________ Piece of pork or lamb with a bone, cut from the ribs of the animal. _________

5 Solve these clues and write the missing words in the squares. Each word begins with the last letter of the word before it. The last word ends with the first letter in the puzzle. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Some people put cream in their coffee. I enjoy going out for a _________ in a restaurant. Theres _________ of bread on the table. Europeans usually use knives and _________ to eat with. We can make a _________ with lettuce and other vegetables. Some people go on a special _________ to improve their health. _________ are red, but are they fruit or vegetables? Some people like food with hot _________ in it. Sugar is _________ This food _________ delicious. What is it? We often have _________ for our first course at dinner. Its a lovely day. Lets go for a _________ in the country. C R E A M

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Complete each sentence with a suitable verb from the list: add, bake, boil, chop, fry, grate, mix, peel, roast, squeeze

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7

John decided to roast the beef in the oven for two hours. Put all the ingredients in a bowl and _______ them together well. First _______ the onions into small pieces. I wanted to _______ some cakes this morning, but I didnt have time. Taste the soup, and _______ salt and pepper if necessary. _______ the potatoes, and then cut them into large pieces. These vegetables taste great if you _______ them for a minute in hot oil. _______ some cheese, and sprinkle it over spaghetti. _______ a lemon and sprinkle juice over the salad. _______ the rice in salted water for ten minutes. Put a suitable word in each space.

We had a very interesting trip (1) so far, and weve had some interesting adventures (2) _______ the last time we wrote. Weve (3) _______ to some beautiful islands, and (4) _______ a lot of interesting people. In fact (5) _______ weve made friends with some people in a village, and theyve been (6) _______ us the local language. I havent manage to learn much (7) _______ , but Ann (8) _______ picked up quite a lot, and can speak well. Shes been (9) _______ every day, and she has (10) _______ me everything she knows!

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS


Affirmative Ive been walking Youve been walking Hes been walking Shes been walking Its been walking Weve been walking Youve been walking Theyve been walking Negative I havent been walking You havent been walking He hasnt been walking, etc. Interrogative Have I been walking? Have you been walking? Has he been walking?

USE We use the Present Perfect Continuous 1 to talk about an action which started in the past and continues to the present giving emphasis to duration Example: He has been going to Jamaica for his holidays since 1993. 2 to talk about a past action which has lasted and whose result is visible in the present Example: Im tired because Ive been studying for my exam.

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Time Expressions we use with the Present Perfect Continuous: for, since, lately, all morning/week, etc. Example: He hasnt been feeling well lately. I have been cleaning the house all morning. 8 Read the situations and write two sentences using the words in brackets. 1 Tom started reading a book two hours ago. He is still reading it and now he is on page 53. (read /for two hours) He has been reading for two hours. (read /53 pages so far) He has read 53 pages so far____. 2 Linda is from Australia. She is traveling round Europe at the moment. She began her tour three months ago. (travel /for three months) She _____________________ (visit /three countries so far) _____________________ 3 Jimmy is a tennis player. He began playing tennis when he was ten years old. This year he is national champion again for the fourth time. (win /the national championship four times) _________________ (play /tennis since he was ten) _____________________ 4 When they left college, Mary and Sue started making films together. They still make films. (make /ten films since they left college) They _________________ (make /films since they left college) _____________________ 9 For each situation, ask a question using the words in brackets.

1 You have a friend who is learning Arabic. You ask: (how long /learn /Arabic?) How long have you been learning Arabic? 2 You have just arrived to meet a friend. She is waiting for you. You ask: (how long /wait?) ____________________________________________ 3 You see somebody fishing by the river. You ask: (how many fish /catch?) _______________________________________ 4 Some friends of yours are having a party next week. You ask: (how many people /invite?) ____________________________________ 5 A friend of yours is a teacher. You ask: (how long /teach?) ___________________________________________ 6 You meet somebody who is a writer. You ask: (how many /books /write?) _____________________________________ (how long /write /books?) ______________________________________ 7 A friend of yours is saving money to go on holiday. You ask: (how long /save?) ____________________________________________ (how much money /save?) _____________________________________

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10 Paraphrase the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. 1 I came to live here three months ago. I have been living here for three months. 2 Mary is out at the shops at the moment. Mary _______ to the shops. 3 I have had French lessons since March. I _______ French since March. 4 Im still reading this book. I _______ reading this book yet. 5 Paul left the room a moment ago. Paul has _______ the room. 6 Ten of the letters are ready. I _______ ten letters so far. 7 Its ages since I last went to the cinema. I _______ to the cinema for ages. 8 This is the first time Ive eaten snails. I _______ snails before. 9 I dont remember Helens phone number. I have _______ Helens phone number. 10 David has a different opinion now. David _______ his mind. 11 Choose the correct form.

1 He knows Africa well because he (travel) a lot there. A has been traveling B has traveled 2 You (write) this composition for two hours and cant complete it. A have been writing B have written 3 John is still repairing his car. He must be tired. He (repair) it all day. A has repaired B has been repairing 4 Alice promised to come, but shes absent. Something (happen) to her. A has been happening B has happened 5 The children are drawing. They (draw) since they come home. A have been drawing B have drawn 6 they (tell) anything about their summer plans? A Have they been telling B Have they told 7 My aunt (have) the big house in the country. A has always been having B has always had 139

12 Make up 5 sentences in the Present Perfect Continuous using the vocabulary items from Units 1, 2 and 3.

WRITING
13 This is an email message you received from your English friend Mike.

Hi there, How are you? As for me, Im not quite well. Yesterday I had dinner in a new Chinese restaurant. I guess there was something wrong with that snake. I usually have cereal and milk for breakfast and a sandwich or a salad for lunch. At about seven oclock I have dinner with my mum. And at the weekends I eat out with friends. What about you? Write back soon. Best wishes, Mike Now write a similar e-mail message to Mike, telling him about your eating habits (35-45 words). 14 Write a list of everything you ate yesterday. How much of what you ate is healthy? Compare your list with your group-mates. Who is the healthiest eater in the class?

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UNIT 4 EATING OUT


READING
1 These people all want to go out for a meal. Decide which restaurant (AE) would be the most suitable for them (1-3). 1 Mike and Amanda Brown want to find a reasonablypriced restaurant for lunch, where their ten-year-old twins Sally and Peter will enjoy the food and wont get bored. 2 Sue and David are meeting to see a play on Tuesday night and would like to have an inexpensive meal together afterwards. Sue is a vegetarian, but David prefers meat dishes. 3 Jade wants to book a restaurant that has live entertainment for a birthday celebration meal with her friends next Saturday. They all love fish and expect to pay above-average prices. EATING OUT IN THE AREA A Greens Restaurant The new head chef here trained in Spain and cooks fantastic fish and seafood recipes, that are popular with adults and children alike. The restaurant gets busy, so reserve your table in advance. There is an excellent Spanish guitar player every night. Not cheap, but well worth the money for a special occasion. Open 8 p.m. till late. B Helens Place Helen is the owner and has run this small vegetarian restaurant for over ten years. There is a choice of salads at lunchtime and an evening fixed menu, offering two courses for under 10 (three for 14). Great value and even the hungriest will leave feeling full and satisfied. Open from midday through to 9 p.m. C English Kitchen This friendly restaurant serves traditional English dishes, from Roast Beef to Homity Pie, an excellent meat-free dish. Its usually possible to find a table, though it is quite crowded in the early part of the evening. Reasonable prices, bur check the wine list before you order. Open midday 2.30 p.m. and 7 p.m. midnight.

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D The Ship Situated near the river, with its own garden and play area, The Ship is perfect for young families. Their cheap childrens menu includes favourites like sausages, baked potatoes, fish and chips and pizza, and is available throughout the day. Adult meals are good value for money, too. E Tinos Tino, who is originally from southern Italy, prepares delicious dishes from his region, using only the freshest vegetables and best-quality meat and fish. Plan for a bill of at least 40 per person. Open from Wednesday to Saturday, evenings only (advance booking essential).

LISTENING
2 Listen to people expressing their opinions about different restaurants and fill in the table below, then tell about these restaurants, commenting on quality of food, service, atmosphere and price. Mexican Quality of food _________ quality, _________ and spicy efficient, _______ _________ Atmosphere _________ Price Overpriced Fast food _________ greasy or _________ _________ _________ Italian not only the freshest too _________ _________ unhurried relaxed, _________ _________ for money value

Service

3 Listen to these people deciding where to eat. Match the person(s) with their chosen place by writing a letter in the box below each picture.

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VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


4 All the verbs on the left (A) describe ways of cooking. Match them with the descriptions on the right (B) and the examples of foods you can cook like this (C). Complete the table below. A boil bake grill fry toast Boil Bake Grill Fry Toast B in oil or butter above the heat in the oven using oil in water above the heat in the oven without oil under the heat C e.g. cakes, bread e.g. meat, potatoes e.g. carrots, spaghetti e.g. toast, steak e.g. chips, sausages

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Look at the menu. Which of these foods are:

Spicy Sweet Salty Healthy Fattening Creamy Juicy

6 Fill the gaps in the sentences with the verbs from the list. There may be more than one correct answer. book, bring, have, made, order, served, show, take, serves 1 Are you ready to _________ now, madam? Hmm Whats Murgh Korma? Its an Indian dish _________ with chicken, yoghurt and onion and its usually _________ with rice. 2 Could you _________ the bill please? 3 May I _________ you to your table, sir? The waiter will come to _________ your order in a few minutes. 4 La Strada is my favourite restaurant. I always sit at the same table and the same waiter always _________ me. I always _________ the same dish too: tagliatelle. And I never have to _________ my table before I come. 7 Match the food and drink words with their containers. Complete the table. Some can be linked with more than one container. a beer b chewing gum c coffee d Coke e fish f flour g honey h jam i milk j olive oil k orange juice l pears m rice n spaghetti o sugar p sweets q tea r water

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Some bottles of A bag of Some cans of A carton of A jar of A packet of 8 Complete each phrase with a suitable word from the list: bar, carton, cup, glass, jar, loaf, pinch, slice 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a slice of bread and cake a _______ of chocolate a _______ of jam a _______ of tea a _______ of bread a _______ of water a _______ of salt a _______ of milk Fill the gaps with the words from the list. One has been done for you. aperitif, bill, book, courses, dessert, main, rare, starter, tip, well-done

EATING OUT If you are planning to eat out in a restaurant you often have to (1) book a table, especially if its a popular place to eat. In most restaurants you usually have three (2) _______ . You start with a(n) (3) _______ (e.g. a soup), then you have the (4) _______ course or dish (e.g. steak or chicken), and you can finish with a(n) (5) _______ (e.g. ice-cream or fruit salad). If you like you may also have a(n) (6) _______ (e.g. gin and tonic) before the meal and coffee or tea after the meal. If you have steak you can ask to have it (7) _______ medium or (8) _______ . When you are ready to pay, you ask for the (9) _______ and sometimes you also leave a (10) _______ for the waiter 10% is usually enough. 10 Open the brackets using the verb in Present Perfect.

1 Im afraid I _____ (forget) my book at home. 2 _____ the secretary (yet/come)? 3 I _____ (learn) the rhyme. Could you listen to me? 4 _____ you (ever/be) to Italy? 5 They _____ (already/inform) me about the accident. 6 He is the most handsome man I _____ (ever/know). 7 He _____(not/receive) any letters from her this week. 8 Kevin _____ (already/leave) for Manchester. 9 I _____ (not/hear) from him since he left Paris. 10 I _____ (not/see) Tom for ages. 11 _____ you (have) a holiday this year? 145

12 13 14 15 16 17 18

We _____ (see) some good films recently. They _____ (wait) for you for half an hour. Mom _____ (have) a headache since she came from the theatre. Alan _____ (work) in the bank for a year. Granny _____ (be) ill for a fortnight. _____ you (ever/ride) a horse? Sue _____ (not/take) a lot of drugs since she joined the health club.

11 Open the brackets using the verb either in Present Perfect or in Present Perfect Continuous. 1 She _____ (to be) ill since last week. 2 He _____ (to know) me since childhood. 3 I _____ (to try) to understand you for half an hour. 4 He _____ (to be) in Kiev for three years. 5 She _____ (to look) for her key since she came home. 6 They _____ (to be) here since two oclock. 7 My sister _____ (to sleep) for ten hours. 8 We _____ (to be) married since 1977. 9 How long Mary and Ann _____ (to know) each other? 10 We _____ (not to see) them for three months. 11 His car is very old. He _____ (to have) it for many years. 12 It _____ (to snow) for four hours. 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Fill in the blanks with already, yet or still. Will you _____ love me when Im old and grey? Ive _____ combed my hair. Im dressing now. Hes _____ setting the table. They are not here. They havent gone _____. Shes _____ looking for her notebook. They are _____ waiting for a bus. The bus hasnt arrived _____. Ive started learning French, but I havent got very far _____. Dont eat the pears they arent ripe _____. Fill in the blanks with since or for where necessary. I slept well _____ last night. Weve known each other _____ a long time. They lived in Australia _____ one year. I havent seen him _____ last night. Once I have been studying the guitar _____ three years. Its ages _____ my last meal, and Im very hungry. That theatre was closed _____ many years ago.

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14

Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with since, for or ago.

1 Dad isnt at home. He went to the work an hour _____. 2 Jill hasnt been there _____ three years. 3 Is it snowing? Yes, it started two hours _____. 4 They have lived there _____ 1984. 5 They got that flat twelve years _____. 6 We havent seen each other _____ that evening. 7 I phoned him two days _____. 8 Our family havent heard from him _____ five months. 9 Oh, John! As usual you are late. Ive waited for you_____ 11 a.m. 10 He has worked for this company _____ April. 11 I havent spoken to Mary _____ Christmas. 12 Two years _____ Derry bought a car. 13 Mr. Pembroke doesnt often mow the lawn. He hasnt cut the grass _____ ages. 14 I have never sailed again _____ that journey. 15 We have been waiting here now _____ an hour.

WRITING
15 You are Dave. Next Saturday you have planned to go out to the Mayfair Restaurant for a special meal with two friends, Louise and Steve. Write a note to Louise. In your note, explain the situation, ask for her opinion and ask her to contact Steve. Use 40-50 words. To help you this time, we have written part of the note. Use the words in the box below to complete it. Use capital letters where necessary. about, be, thanks, changed, could, do, just, no Louise The restaurant has (1) _________ rung to say the arrangements for next Saturday have (2) _________. They want us to (3) _________ there at 7.00 not 7.30, and theres (4) _________ vegetarian choice. (5) _________ you still want to go? If so, (6) _________ you let Steve know (7) _________ the changes? (8) _________ very much. Dave

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WORD LIST
Add Apple Apple pie Aperitif Artichoke Asparagus Aubergine Avocado Bacon Bake (baked) Banana Barbecue Bean Beef Beer Beetroot Be hungry Beverages Biscuits Bitter Bland Boil (boiled) Book a table Bread Breast of chicken Broccoli Brussels sprouts Buffet Bun Butter Cabbage Caf Cake Carrot Cauliflower Caviar Celery Cereal Cheese Chef Cherry Chewing gum Chicken Chocolate Chop Coconut Cod Coffee Complete meal Cook Cookies Corn Cornflakes Courgette Course Crab Cream (creamy) Cucumber Curry Custard Dairy products Delicious Dessert Diet Dish Drink (drank, drunk) Duck Eat (ate, eaten) Eggs Fast food Fattening Fatty Feel full Finish the meal Fish Fish and chips Fizzy drinks Flavour Flour Fork Fresh Frozen vegetables Fruit Fruit salad Full meal Fry (fried) Frying pan Garlic Genetically engineered food Gin and tonic 148

Go out (went, gone) Grapefruit Grapes Hamburger Healthy Heat Help yourself Herbs Honey Hot Hotdog Ice-cream Ice cubes Iced juice Ingredients Irish stew Jam Juice (juicy) Junk food Kidney pie Knife Lamb Lasagna Lean Leave a tip Leeks Lemon Lemonade Lettuce Liver Lobster Lunch Main course Margarine Marmalade Mayonnaise Meal Meat Meat-eater Medium rare Melon Menu Milk Minced meat Minerals Mineral water Mix Mushrooms

Mussels Mustard Non-alcoholic drinks Non-smoking restaurant Nuts Nutrients Oil Olive Omelette Onion Orange Order Oven Oyster Pancake Parsley Pasta Pastry Pate Pay a bill (paid, paid) Pea Peach Peanut Pear Pepper Picnic Pineapple Pizza Plate Plum Popcorn Pork Potato Poultry Prawns Prepare Proteins Pumpkin Puree Raisins Rare Raw Recipe Reserve a table Restaurant Rice Risotto Roast (roasted) 149

Roast beef Roll Salad Salmon Salt (salty) Sandwich Sardine Sausages Seafood Seasoning Self-service Serve Shepherds pie Shopping list Shrimp Skimmed milk Smoked salmon Snack Soda water Sour Soya Spaghetti Speciality Spicy Spinach Spoon Spread Sprinkle Starter Steak Steam (steamed) Strawberries Sugar Sultanas

Supermarket Sweet Sweetcorn Sweets Sweet tooth Takeaway (get a takeaway) Tasteless Tasty Tea Tender Three-course meal Tinned vegetables Toast Tomato Treat Tripe Trout Try Tuna Turkey Unhealthy Variety Veal Vegan Vegetable Vegetarian Vitamins Waiter Well done Well-balanced diet Wine Wine list Yorkshire pudding Yoghurt

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