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1940- 22 1941

1998
327(093.2) 1940/1941 EE 63.3(2)621-6 63
aneunen nonn1nkn. 1940 - 22 nknn 1941. 63 . XXIII: 2-x kn. - n.
2 (1) 1 nonpn 1940 - 1 Hap1a 1941. - .: epynap. o1nouennn, 1998. - 448 c.
(nnnc1epc1ao nnoc1pannLx pen occnnckon epepaunn).
ISBN 5-7133-0960-6 (1. 2(1) ISBN 5-7133-0753-0 (1. 1)
XXIII 1oH, knnra a1opan (1), oxaa1Laae1 nepnop c 1 nonpn 1940 r. no 1 Hap1a 1941 r.
copnnke npepc1aanen unpoknn cnek1p pokyHen1oa ns pxnaa aneunen nonn1nkn occnnckon epepaunn,
pxnaa pesnpen1a occnnckon epepaunn. pokyHen1ax o1paenL o1nouennn coae1ckoro rocypapc1aa c
ppyrnHn ocnoanLHn HnpoaLHn pepaaaHn a naanLnLn nepnop a1opon Hnpoaon aonnL. x nynnkaunn
aana pnn yc1anoanennn nc1opneckon npaapL. spanne nocn1 naynLn xapak1ep, cnaeno koHHen1apnnHn
n ykasa1ennHn.
nn 1ex, k1o nn1epecye1cn aonpocaHn HepynapopnLx o1nouennn n nc1opnen aneunen nonn1nkn, a 1ake
nek1opoa-Hepynapopnnkoa.
Documents of Foregn Pocy. 1940 - 22 |une 1941. Vo. XXIII. In Two Books. Book Two (1).
1 November 1940 - 1 March 1941. - Moscow. Internatona Reatons, 1998. 448 p.
Voume XXIII, Book Two (1) covers the perod from November 1, 1940 to March 1, 1941. The Coecton represents a
wde range of documents from the Archves of foregn pocy of the Russan Federaton and the Archves of the
Presdent of the Russan Federaton. The reatons of the Sovet State wth other ma|or word powers n the nta
perod of Word War II are refected n the documents. The pubshng of these documents s mportant for reveang
hstorca truth. The Coecton s of a scentfc character, supped wth Commentary and Indexes.
The book s ntended for those who are nterested n nternatona reatons and hstory of foregn pocy, and aso
for ecturers n nternatona affars.
2!"09#2$ 1940%1941 && '#"2$'21-'
()*+ ,-!1-09'0-' "# 2"1$ ()*+ ,-!1-0!,-0 "# 1$
c1opnko-pokyHen1anLnLn penap1aHen1 occnn, 1998. opro1oaka k nspannk n oqopHnenne
nspa1enLc1aa epynapopnLe o1nouennn, 1998.
L
-. /012.
"3456 1$
1 1940 . - 1 1941 .
R IR L LI :
.. () .!."#$% ..#&'
'.#" #.!.&( !.&!%'&) ..%*+(,&&
.-.(,.' '((/01' .1.(&!#(
4!# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. 8
=18<.19 ><81? 278=&< / 8882 ## =..8/
1 1940 .
(2. 3 3
aacnknan npnuen no aLsoay. oa. ono1oa opa1nn ero annHanne, ao-nepaLx, na o1cy1c1ane
o1ae1a qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa na cornacne na nnkeneayk konueccnk*, na 1o, 1o
cn1ae1, 1o oeuannn qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa o npopae oae1ckoHy oksy 10%
nnkeneaon pypL a a1oH ropy ponnL L1L nonnoe rLk aLnonnenL; ao-a1opLx, na nannne
pasryna nanpaanennon npo1na arn1aunn a nnnnnpnn. pn a1oH 1. ono1oa konc1a1npoaan,
1o ccLnkn na necornacne anrno-kanapckon konueccnn neypoane1aopn1enLnL, a ccLnkn na
o1pnua1enLnLn o1ae1 anrnnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nepepannLn anrnnncknH nocnoH a enLcnnkn,
nonannncL 1onLko 1enepL, 1orpa kak nsaec1noe sananenne pnnnca 1. osoackoHy Luo cpenano
eue a nkne**. oa. ono1oa konc1a1npoaan 1ake, 1o apapenan arn1aunn a nnnnnpnn,
pnn ocnynaannn ko1opon a nnnnnpnn aLnyuenL pecn1kn knnr npo1na , nnero xopouero
nnnnnpnn pa1L ne Hoe1. ce a1o, sanann 1. ono1oa, canpe1enLc1aye1 o neenannn
qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa nHe1L nopHanLnLe akonoHneckne n nonn1neckne o1nouennn c
n npnaepe1 k o1ae1nLH HepaH co c1oponL oae1ckoro oksa.
aacnknan nL1ancn onpaapa1Lcn. euan a 1eenne nn1n pnen cooun1L o1ae1 qnnnnnpckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o konueccnn, o eH on sanpocnn enLcnnkn eue nocne sanpoca 1. Lunnckoro 30
ok1npn. anee aacnknan sanann, 1o nnkeneayk pypy n neHuL eue ne nonyak1, 1ak kak
pypnnkn ne pao1ak1, n 1o o arn1aunn npo1na a nnnnnpnn eHy nensaec1no, no on
aLncnn1
* H. pok. 216. ** H. pok. 279.
5
a1o1 aonpoc. aacnknan oeuan a nnanune pnn pa1L o1ae1 qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa na
aonpocL 1. ono1oaa.
poHe 1oro, aacnknan apynn naHn1nyk sanncky no aonpocy cornauennn o aopnoH penHe pekn
yokca n o c1pon1enLc1ae rnppoc1anunn Snco (npnnoenne N 1)* n naHn1nyk sanncky o
saknkennn cornauennn Hepy n nnnnnpnen o Heponpnn1nnx k npepynpepennk
norpannnLx konqnnk1oa, c npnnoenneH npoek1a cornauennn n npoek1a npo1okona ncnonnennn
osnaennoro cornauennn (npnnoenne N 2)**.
3anncL ecepL coc1aanena na ocnoae pokyHen1oa.
3anncan . #345 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . : . 1; . <=;.
4!4# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. 8
=18<19 -729. / 8882 >#@-<7&2-19
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. nkonny, 1. aranoany, 1. LunnckoHy, 1.
osoackoHy, 1. nekcanppoay
1 1940 .
(. 3 3
pncy1c1aykunn na ecepe coae1nnk repHanckoro noconLc1aa nnLrep nepepae1 1. ono1oay o1
nHenn nen1pona ceppenLn npnae1 n roaopn1, 1o nen1pon Ln oenL opapoaan
coouenneH o npepc1onueH npnespe 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn***. 3a1eH nnLrep pacckasLaae1 o
npepnonaraeHoH nnane npeLaannn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne. ynenypr cnpaunaae1 1. ono1oaa
o 1onon pa1e o11espa a Eepnnn.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o 1onyk pa1y o11espa a IepHannk on cooun1 ynenypry nospnee.
ynenypr sananne1, 1o nen1pon enae1 onynnkoaa1L a ouen qopHe koHHknnke o
npepc1onuen noespke 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn n 1o on npocn1 cornacnn 1. ono1oaa na
onynnkoaanne 1akoro koHHknnke ne nospnee nocnesaa1pa, 1.e. 3 nonpn. ynenypr nepepae1
npoek1 koHHknnke (cH. npnnoenne N 1).
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o koHHknnke nyue onynnkoaa1L nakanyne caHon noespkn, n roaopn1
ynenypry, 1o on paccHo1pn1 a1o1 aonpoc n o1ae1 cooun1.
3a1eH ynenypr apyae1 1. ono1oay 1pn naHn1nLe sannckn (cH. npnnoennn N 2, 3, 4)****.
snakoHnauncL c naHn1nLHn sannckaHn, 1. ono1oa sananne1, 1o on nopyn1 1. LunnckoHy
paccHo1pe1L a1n aonpocL.
* e nynnkye1cn.
** e nynnkye1cn.
*** H. pok. 402, 425, 446, 456, 458, 459, 480.
**** e nynnkyk1cn.
6
saknkenne ecepL 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o ynenypr a opnon ns ecep sanann 1. ono1oay,
1o aonnL Hepy 1annen n Ipeunen ne ype1, n npneH poaann cnoaa nn a koeH cnyae.
npecce 1enepL nnuy1, 1o o1nanenne aonnL 1annen Ipeunn Lno neonpannoc1Lk pnn
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1 ynenypra, nackonLko a1o aepno.
ynenypr, o1aean, nL1ae1cn nsopasn1L peno 1aknH opasoH, kak yp1o L repHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao penc1an1enLno ne snano o ro1oanuencn aonne 1annn npo1na Ipeunn, 1o
ynenypr nepep o11espoH ns Eepnnna,,kak on aLpasnncn, co aceHn roaopnn eue a cyo1y
aeepoH n nnk1o nn cnoaa ne ckasan o npepc1onueH aLc1ynnennn 1annn npo1na Ipeunn.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
3anncan #345
@ I
o npnrnauennk IepHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa n a o1ae1 na npounoropnne noespkn IepHanckoro
Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen qon nen1pona a ockay pepcepa1enL oae1a apopnLx
oHnccapoa n apopnLn oHnccap nnoc1pannLx pen ono1oa a nnanuee apeHn noce1n1
Eepnnn, 1oL a paHkax ppyec1aennLx o1nouennn, cyuec1aykunx Hepy oenHn c1panaHn,
ny1eH aosonoanennn nnnoro kon1ak1a npoponn1L n yrnyn1L 1ekyunn oHen HnennnHn.
A42 !>4 %- 6. : 78. B4 . B<C . 1B-1;.
4!,# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 8@. #.#9.81-1
.2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9#91<101/
1 1940 .
( 3
91<101/# eropnn coc1onnacL Hon pecn1an ac1pea c annecoH, a ko1opon no ero enannk nn
c ero, nn c Hoen c1oponL nnk1o ppyron ne npncy1c1aoaan. annec sanann, 1o uenLk pannon
ac1pen nannk1cn nopaepenne n1oroa neperoaopoa n aonpoc o pokyHen1anLnoH sakpennennn
n1oroa. pepe eH nepen1n k a1oHy aonpocy, annec sanann, 1o aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
aLcoko ouennno npnnunnnanLnyk ro1oanoc1L coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa paspeun1L o1kpL1ne c
15 nonpn renepanLnoro koncynLc1aa ao napnaoc1oke
180
.
R aLnypen Ln sanan1L, 1o Hne o a1oH nnero nensaec1no, no annec coounn, 1o o a1oH
oqnunanLno Lunncknn noc1aann a nsaec1noc1L 1ennrapp1a*. (paa nn annec aLpyHLaae1. R
Ln noc1aanen a nenoakoe nonoenne, ne snan peuennn caoero npaan1enLc1aa no aonpocy,
ko1opLn annec nopnnHae1 nepepo Hnon a 1eenne ye neckonLknx Hecnuea. Lno Hne
coouanocL copepanne aanenunx ecep co 1ennrapp1oH. e-
* H. pok. 470.
7
pn1enLno npouy coxpann1L a1y npak1nky.) annec panee ynoHnnyn ppyron aonpoc, nkoL
ocypaaunncn 1ennrapp1oH c LunncknH*: o nekoeH sananennn anLkoaa oppy, 1o
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ac1ynnno na ny1L ne ynyuennn, a yxypuennn o1nouennn c ,
1o, no cnoaaH an-neca, aLsaano sakonnoe nepoyHenne a aunnr1one. ockonLky annec asnn
a ceropnnunen ecepe onee ppyec1aennLn 1on, eH korpa-nno sa ace apeHn neperoaopoa, n
aocnonLsoaancn cnyaeH, 1oL sanan1L eHy cnepykuee: oc1on1enLc1aa n 1onoe copepanne
sananennn anLkoaa Hne ne nsaec1nL, no ecnn anLkoa nHen a anpy 1akne, nanpnHep, qak1L, kak
nesakonnoe sapepanne sanora Iocypapc1aennoro anka, nepeaepennoro eHy npnan1nncknHn
ankaHn, n nesakonnoe sapepanne napoxopoa npnan1nncknx n HL1apc1aa nx koHanp no
anne aHepnkancknx anac1en, 1o sananenne anLkoaa nerko o1ncnn1L poc1oaepnoc1Lk n
oocnoaannoc1Lk, no a1n penc1ann nnkak ne any1cn c noc1onnnLHn sananennnHn ero, anneca,
o nckpenneH c1peHnennn aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa k ynyuennk o1nouennn c .
annec anepaLe sanann Hne a o1ae1 na a1o, 1o, no ero Hnennk, nac1ynnn HoHen1 nopon1n
npak1neckn k aonpocy o npna1rnn-cknx napoxopax a , n paccnpocnn Henn o ncnennoc1n
n Hec1onaxopennn napoxopoa. R npnaen eHy pnp nanonee aonnkunx qak1oa co1pypnnec1aa
aHepnkancknx anac1en c nanLHn ynnkaHn ns ncna caHosaannLx aren1oa npnan1nncknx
napoxopoa n co1pypnnec1aa rocpenap1aHen1a c nnkoro ne npepc1aannkunHn LaunHn
npnan1nncknHn koncynaHn a nanoennn apec1a na cypa n sapepannn nx kann1anoa n koHanp n
nanoHnnn annecy ckasannoe Hnon panee o nonnon o1ae1c1aennoc1n aHepnkanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa sa nanecennLn yuep qnpHaH n rpapanaH npnan1nncknx .
epexopn k coc1onnnk naunx neperoaopoa, annec konc1a1npoaan poc1nenne nonnoro cornacnn
no cnepykunH aonpocaH: 1) pax1. 2) 3ono1o. 3) oncynLc1ao ao napnaoc1oke. 4) pouepypa
ppyec1aennoro paccHo1pennn coae1cknx sakasoa epes npesnpen1cknn koHn1e1 cansn. annec
aLpasnn napepy, 1o a caonx coaeuannnx c opranaHn aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa sa
nocnepnne pnn n ypoc1oaepnncn a ppyec1aennoH o1nouennn k coae1cknH sakasaH. R aospasnn
eHy: cornauenne no e1aep1oHy nynk1y o sapepannLx c1ankax n ypyunx sakasax n noka ne
Hory cn1a1L poc1nrny1LH. R n ykauea penc1an1enLno ac1pe1nnn co c1oponL npesnpen1ckoro
koHn1e1a n ppyrnx opranoa ppyec1aennoe o1nouenne, no caoe cypenne o pesynL1a1ax a1nx
neperoaopoa n aLnypen o1non1L po 1oro HoHen1a, korpa ypy1 ocaoopenL na c1o
npouen1oa ace ye nsro1oanennLe c1ankn n snan1enLnan ac1L c1ankoa, naxopnunxcn a
nponsaopc1ae, n naH ype1 npepoc1aanen npnopn1e1 npn nsro-1oanennn c1ankoa, na ko1opLe
poroaopL ypy1 aosonoanenL, a 1ake npn pasHeuennn noaLx sakasoa. annec cnoaa naan
roaopn1L o 1oH, 1o nonoenne a c1ankoc1pon1enLnon npoHLunennoc1n, a cansn c panLnenunH
yaennenneH aoennon nporpaHHL, kpanne nanpnennoe, 1o npaan1enLc1ao aknapLaae1 pecn1kn
Hnnnnonoa a c1pon1enLc1ao noaLx uexoa, 1o nHek1cn nnuL opno-paa ppyrnx npaan1enLc1aa,
ko1opLH aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao, ac1nno ocaoopan c1ankn, npn npo1ec1e aoennoro
aepoHc1aa npe1 naac1pey 1ak paneko, kak naH, n 1.p. o Hnennk anneca, Hono ye
npnc1ynn1L k paspao1ke 1ekc1oa oHena no1aHn no pnpy aonpocoa, no ko1opLH nHee1cn
* H. pok. 470.
8
poroaopennoc1L, aknkan n aonpoc o o1nouennn aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa k
nnuensnpoaannk coae1cknx sakasoa, n on npocn1 aHec1e c 11ep1onoH npnc1ynn1L k aLpao1ke
a1nx 1ekc1oa. R nanoHnnn annecy, 1o noHnHo nepencnennLx nH aonpocoa nHee1cn
npepycHo1pennLn npoek1oH nkonna oHen no1aHn o nepnckpnHnnaunonnoH penHe, aknkan
o1Heny HopanLnoro aHapro
43
, n sanann, 1o o1 paspao1kn npoek1oa ne o1kasLaakcL, no
npoponak cn1a1L aonpoc o c1ankax nepeuennLH. annec oeuan npnnn1L ace HepL k
yckopennk peuennn no aceH cnnckaH c1ankoa, a o1nouennn e HopanLnoro aHapro cnoaa
sanann, 1o ono ype1 o1Heneno no nopnncannn oHena no1aHn n, no caoen nnnuna1nae, poaann,
1o a1o aa1oHa1neckn ype1 osnaa1L n paspeuenne aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na sakas
ka1annsa1opnLx kpaknn-roa. oroaopnnncL, 1o npnc1ynnH c 11ep1onoH k aLpao1ke 1ekc1oa.
ocne a1oro annec, 1o, no-anpnHoHy, Lno penc1an1enLnon uenLk ceropnnunen ac1pen,
sanann Hne cnepykuee: a naunx neperoaopax HL nac1onLko Lnn nornouenL nnkanpaunen
nakonnaunxcn 1pypnoc1en, 1o ne oHennaanncL HnennnHn o nponcxopnunx n npepc1onunx
coL1nnx. pannLn HoHen1 aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nponanne1 ocoLn nn1epec n
ecnokonc1ao k nonoennk na Kro-oc1oke aponL a cansn c n1ano-rpeeckon aonnon n,
ec1ec1aenno, xoe1 sna1L o nosnunn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa nepep nnuoH a1on aonnL n, a
ac1noc1n, o coc1onnnn coae1cko-1ypeuknx o1nouennn. Hepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nHee1, a
o1nnne o1 , nenocpepc1aennLx nn1epecoa a a1oH panone, no annnnne coL1nn na aecL xop
eaponenckon aonnL, a cnepoaa1enLno, n na ypyuyk esonacnoc1L , oeanpno. R noa1opnn
annecy a ocnoanoH ckasannoe Hnon opren1ay 17 ok1npn (cHo1pn1e Hok 1enerpaHHy
18.10.1940 r.)*, ykasaa, 1o aLnypen orpannn1Lcn konc1a1aunen a1nx npnnunnoa aneunen
nonn1nkn Hoero npaan1enLc1aa, no n ne a kypce pe1anen nnneaoc1onLx pen. pn a1oH n
nponneckn poaann cnepykuee: on, annec, 1onLko 1o ykasan, 1o nHee1
nenocpepc1aennLe nn1epecL a panone noaLx aoennLx penc1ann. R aLcnyuan a1o sananenne c
1eH onLunH annHanneH, 1o, korpa peL una, okono ropa nasap, o caHon nenocpepc1aennon
yrpose esonacnoc1n kpynnenuero coae1ckoro uen1pa - ennnrpapa, aHepnkanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ac1ynnno na ny1L npnHo npo1naonononLn npnsnannk nyp coae1ckon
esonacnoc1n a ycnoannx eaponenckon aonnL. annec npepnonn ne sa1parnaa1L npounoro n
poaann, 1o, nockonLky npesnpen1 kpanne nn1epecye1cn nosnunen no nnneaoc1onoHy
koHnnekcy aonpocoa, on ype1 Hne naropapen, ecnn n sanpouy no a1oHy aonpocy npeHLepa
ono-1oaa. R sanann, 1o sanpouy**.
caok oepepL n cnpocnn anneca, kak nonnHa1L peuenne aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa
aospepa1Lcn o1 npnHenennn k n1ano-rpeeckoHy konqnnk1y aHepnkanckoro ak1a o
nen1pann1e1e n nenspannn npesnpen1ckon npoknaHaunn o saHopanaannn qonpoa. annec
o1ae1nn, 1o ak1 o nen1pann1e1e pano nnn nospno npnHenn1L npnpe1cn, xo1n on ne nonpe1 na
nonLsy Ipeunn, a o1 saHopanaannn qonpoa noka peueno aospepa1Lcn, nockonLky a1o
npnnnnno L Ipeunn cyuec1aennLn yuep. annec sanann a saknkenne: snnune roaopn1L,
1o cnHna1nn aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa uennkoH na c1opone Ipeunn, oopone ko1opon
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao c1peHn1cn ne Heua1L, a noHora1L.
* H. pok. 454. ** H. pok. 570, 593.
9
annec npocnn nepepa1L coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnnno
pnp Hep k cyuec1aennoHy ycnnennk aoennon noHoun n1ak no nnnnn aanaunn n oenpnnacoa; n
(noa1opnn ckasannoe Hne op-ren1ay) coounn, 1o yuep, nanocnHLn nnoncknHn
oHappnpoakaHn "EnpHanckon popore"
125
, Lc1po nnkanpnpye1cnnn Harnc1panL qynkunonnpye1
ypoane1aopn1enLno. annec cnpocnn: ak nonnHa1L nankpakueecn sa nocnepnee apeHn
cokpauenne coae1ckon noHoun n1ak, nanne1cn nn ono nc1o 1exnnecknH nanenneH,
aLsaannLH 1pancnop1nLHn 1pypnoc1nHn R o1ae1nn, 1o o ynoHnnaeHLx nH nanennnx Hne
nnero ne nsaec1no, kpoHe cpenannoro Hne nepaano ..ynoH sananennn o
ypoane1aopn1enLnoH pasan1nn coae1cko-kn1ancknx o1nouennn, a ac1noc1n.1oproaLx. annec
sanann, 1o sapan Hne a1o1 aonpoc na ocnoaannn npoaepennon nnqopHaunn, ncxopnuen kak ns
aHepnkancknx, 1ak n ns kn1ancknx nc1onnkoa, n xo1en L npn nnanueH cnyae aepny1Lcn k
a1on 1eHe.
Eecepa npoponanacL ac.
.D5 ! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:90 . 9900 .149=1CB.
476. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 29:
.#<./270B7/. / 8882
1 1940 .
( 3
ypeuknn aoennLn a11aue coounn, 1o a ecepe c neHeuknH aoennLH a11aue nocnepnnn eHy
sanann, 1o neHeukan pynanckan peneraunn nepoaonLna coae1cknHn npepnoennnHn,
aLc1aanennLHn coae1ckon peneraunen, n 1o nac1ynn1 npepen 1eH yc1ynkaH, ko1opLe penae1
IepHannn oae1ckoHy oksy no pannoHy aonpocy
181
.
#22
! %- 6.0C9 78. 1 . :19 . 919: . 99.
4!!# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / =1 .#8970.
1 1940 .
(2. 3
30 ok1npn Hnok Ln npnnn1 a1ekaaa. ocon sanann, 1o nocne npnxopa onoa
186
aneunnn
nonn1nka Rnonnn a kopne nsHennnacL. S1o nauno caoe aLpaenne, no cnoaaH a1ekaaa, a
saknkennn aoennoro coksa c IepHannen n 1annen. cansn c a1nH nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao
npepnarae1 coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay saknkn1L nak1 o nenanapennn, a ne nak1 o
nen1pann1e1e, ko1opLn-pe nepoc1a1oen. ocon nepepan 1ekc1 nak1a nenanapennn,
ananornnLn coae1cko-repHanckoHy nak1y o nenanapennn.
10
caoeHy sananennk nocon cpenan paa poaanennn:
1) penne neperoaopL oro o saknkennn cornauennn o nen1pann1e1e npekpauak1cn.
2) Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1 ace npone cnopnLe aonpocL paspeun1L nocne
saknkennn nak1a o nenanapennn.
R cnpocnn, a eH saknkae1cn pasnnua Hepy npennH n noaLH npepnoennnHn nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa. a1ekaaa noa1opnn, 1o cornauenne o nen1pann1e1e Lno npnsnano
nepoc1a1onLH, no a neH Ln nencno o1paen aonpoc o nenanapennn, n no1oHy nocne
saknkennn 1ponc1aennoro aoennoro coksa Lno nanpeno uenecoopasnLH saknkn1L nak1 o
nenanapennn. pn a1oH on poaann, 1o npennn kanne1 aen neperoaopL oc1opono, a noaLn
kanne1 xoe1 cpena1L npLok pnn ynyuennn o1nouennn.
anoHnna nocny, 1o a 1939 ropy Hepy n IepHannen ne npoc1o Ln nopnncan nak1 o
nenanapennn, no opnoapeHenno Lna poc1nrny1a poroaopennoc1L o cyuec1aennLx nn1epecax
oenx c1opon, n ckasan, 1o a cansn c a1nH xo1en L nonyn1L noncnennn no aonpocaH,
sa1pony1LH a naueH o1ae1e o1 14 aaryc1a, poaana npn a1oH, 1o nosnunn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa a aonpoce ynyuennn o1nouennn c Rnonnen oc1anacL es nsHenennn, nockonLky n
nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao a1oro xoe1. a1ekaaa o1ae1nn, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1
saknkn1L nak1 es kaknx-nno koHnencaunn.
orpa n cnpocnn, rpe e 1o noaoe ao aneunen nonn1nke onoa, o ko1opoH roaopnn nocon, ecnn
noaLn kanne1, kak n c1apLn, npepnarae1 cnaana saknkn1L nak1, a no1oH ocypa1L
oc1anLnLe aonpocL. y1 e n aLckasan npepnonoenne, 1o, Hoe1 Ln1, a1o noaoe coc1on1 a
1oH, 1o ecnn a ocnoay npoek1a cornauennn o nen1pann1e1e Lna nonoena eknnckan
konaenunn 1925 ropa*, 1o cenac a1o ne npepnarae1cn n 1o a caok oepepL cnyn1 ykasanneH
na 1o, 1o a1a konaenunn, a 1ake op1cHy1cknn poroaop
171
paccHa1pnaak1cn nnoncknH
npaan1enLc1aoH kak nopneaune nepecHo1py. anoHnna caon npenne aLckasLaannn no
aonpocy o op1cHy1ckoH poroaope n konaenunn 1925 ropa, n sanann, 1o ecnn Rnonnn a
ynyuennn o1nouennn c ype1 ncxopn1L ns coxpanennn konaenunn 1925 ropa, 1o a1o ne
pac1 ponnLx pesynL1a1oa, 1ak kak op1cHy1cknn poroaop oc1aann a naueH napope 1akon e
nexopounn cnep, kak n epcanLcknn poroaop. kasaa na yc1anoanenne ppyec1aennLx
o1nouennn Hepy n IepHannen n na kopennLe nepeHenL, nponcuepune a a1nx
o1nouennnx c aaryc1a 1939 ropa, n nopepknyn, 1o ecnn Rnonnn enae1 na pene ynyun1L caon
o1nouennn c , 1o n ona ac1pe1n1 coo1ae1c1aykuee o1nouenne co c1oponL .
anee n sanann, 1o no npnHepy c IepHannen cn1ak uenecoopasnLH aec1n ocypenne
aonpoca o saknkennn nak1a o nenanapennn c opnoapeHennLH aLncnenneH pnpa npak1necknx
aonpocoa, nn1epecykunx oe c1oponL. a1ekaaa cnoaa noa1opnn, 1o cnaana cnepye1
saknkn1L nak1 o nenanapennn es kaknx-nno koHnencaunn, a nocne saknkennn nak1a
nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao aec1n neperoaopL o nepecHo1pe kak konaenunn 1925 ropa, 1ak n
no ppyrnH aonpocaH, ko1opLe on nasaan a1opoc1enennLHn.
R cnoaa aepnyncn k aonpocy o koHnencaunn n ykasan nocny, 1o saknkenne nak1a pae1 pnp
aLrop pnn Rnonnn, pasansLaan en pykn na kre, a c ppyron c1oponL - cospae1 sa1pypnennn pnn
a ero o1nouennnx c n n1aeH, a no1oHy cnepye1 yec1L n 1o aosHeuenne, ko1opoe
neoxopnHo pnn
* H. okyHen1L... - . VIII. - ok. 30.
1 1
koHnencaunn o1pnua1enLnLx pnn HoHen1oa, conpoaopakunx saknkenne a1oro nak1a.
a aonpoc a1ekaaa, 1o nyno nonnHa1L nop aosHeuenneH, n ne pan npnHoro o1ae1a, a sanann,
1o na naun noenannn o1 14 aaryc1a n eue ne nHek o1ae1a nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aaHn ecnn
L a1o1 o1ae1 Ln, 1o n cHor L npopona1L ocypenne a1oro aonpoca.
R yknonnncn o1 o1ae1a na aonpoc a1ekaaa, saknkn1 nn nak1 o nenanapennn, ecnn ypy1
nepcnek1naL na paspeuenne cnopnLx aonpocoa, n sanann, 1o, ao-nepaLx, ponen nsyn1L
npoek1 nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa n, ao-a1opLx, aLpasnn noenanne, 1oL nnonckoe
npaan1enLc1ao pano o1ae1 na Hon npepnoennn o1 14 aaryc1a.
a1ekaaa oeuan cooun1L o copepannn ceropnnunen ecepL a okno n yaepoHn1L Henn o
o1ae1e, ko1opLn ype1 nonyen ns okno.
oouae1cn pnn auero caepennn. onyenne nop1aeppn1e.
2 ! %- 6. 0C9 .1 . ::C . 9994 . CC=C<.
4!C# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .#/:@81-1 8 =18<19 /7<1&20. / 8882 E#F# 2==819
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. ekanosoay, 1.
osoackoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
9 1940 .
ocne oHena npnae1c1annHn n nsnonn pnnncy copepanne no1L 1. ono1oaa no pynanckoHy
aonpocy.
pnruc nonaropapnn sa coouenne n sanann, 1o eHy nenonn1en opnn aonpoc, noeHy 1annn
ponyuena k yac1nk a pynancknx penax a 1o apeHn, kak nrnnn ncknkena, n ne Hory nn n
ckasa1L eHy, kakne 1oaapL a nac1onuee apeHn 1annn 1pancnop1npye1 no ynak.
R o1ae1nn, 1o 1oproaan sann1epecoaannoc1L 1annn a ynae ne aLsLaae1 nnkaknx coHnennn,
aonpoc e o 1oH, noeHy 1annn, a ne ennkopn1annn ponyuena k yac1nk a pynancknx penax,
poc1a1ono ncno nsnoen a no1e 1. ono1oaa.
pnnnc saHe1nn, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao aooue npnae1c1aye1 ac1ynnenne a
ynanckyk koHnccnk, no npo1ec1ye1 npo1na aknkennn 1annn n ncknkennn nrnnn.
pyna pnnncy no1y n nepenpn k ppyroHy aonpocy, n nanoHnnn pnnncy, 1o 23 nknn a ecepe c
1. osoacknH* on coounn nocnepneHy, 1o a cansn c onacnoc1Lk nepexopa nnkeneaLx konueccnn
s nnnnnpnn a pykn neHuea pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao Lno L poaonLno, ecnn L a1n
konueccnn akcnnya1npoaanncL n nnnnnpnen nnn 1onLko , n pae ro1oao Lno
okasa1L 1exnneckyk noHouL. pnako ns sananennn k1n n aacnknan naH c1ano nsaec1no, 1o
pn1ancknn nocnannnk a nnnnnpnn epekep sanann o
* H. pok. 279.
12
necornacnn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa na nepepay konueccnn nnn cHeuannoHy coae1cko-
qnnnnnpckoHy ouec1ay n 1o npepnoenne pnnnca o1 23 nknn nanne1cn nkoL nnuL ero
ac1nLH HnenneH.
pnnnc o1ae1nn, 1o a1o nepopasyHenne, 1.k. caoe npepnoenne o1 23 nknn on cpenan na
ocnoaannn nnc1pykunn, nonyennLx o1 pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa. ocne ecepL c osoacknH
on nocnan pn1anckoHy npaan1enLc1ay 1enerpaHHy, a ko1opon coounn, 1o coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1 qnnnnnpckoHy npaan1enLc1ay konueccnk apeHenno nepepa1L "
6
.
Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao opopnno penc1ann pnnnca. a pnnx on nonynn 1enerpaHHy o1
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opon nop1aeppae1cn sananenne pnnnca o cornacnn
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa na apeHennLn nepexop konueccnn a pykn .
a Hoe saHeanne o 1oH, 1o a ecepe c 1. osoacknH nnero ne roaopnnocL o apeHennon
nepepae konueccnn, pnnnc aospasnn, 1o nnn 1. osoacknn ne nonnn, nnn nepeaopnk Ln
nnoxon, no 1o on ncno sanann o apeHennoH nepexope konueccnn k . pokasa1enLc1ao on
coounn, 1o 1pn pnn 1oHy nasap on nonynn 1enerpaHHy o1 pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ns
ko1opon npoun1npoaan cnepykuyk aLpepky: Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne npep1nanno L
onLunx aospaennn npo1na o1HenL konueccnn, ecnn L nnnnnpnn n coaHec1no nnn
1onLko npnnnnn npepnpnn1nn konueccnn na apeHennLx ycnoannx.
a Hon aonpoc, 1o osnaak1 a1n apeHennLe ycnoann, pnnnc o1ae1nn, 1o 1onoro onpepenennn
on pa1L ne Hoe1, no ncno, 1o apeHennoc1L onpepenne1cn nepnopoH aonnL n 1o nocne aonnL
a1o1 aonpoc nopnen1 1akoHy e ocypennk, kak n onee kpynnLe aonpocL, sa1pony1Le a
sanncke, apyennon Hne pnnncoH 22 ok1npn*.
3a1eH, nepenpn k aonpocy o npnan1nncknx napoxopax, n sanann pnnncy, 1o naua no1a o1 9
ok1npn no a1oHy aonpocy oc1anacL es o1ae1a. Sc1onckne n na1annckne Hopnkn ncnL1Laak1
orpoHnLe sa1pypnennn n nnuennnHn pnnnc ne aLnonnnn caoero oeuannn pasnoknpoaa1L
cpepc1aa napoxopc1a n 1eH caHLH onern1L nonoenne Hopnkoa.
pnnnc o1ae1nn, 1o on 1orpa eue nonynn o1 pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa 1enerpaHHy, 1o ero
npocLa ypoane1aopena, no ecnn a1o ne 1ak, 1o on noune1 a1opyk 1enerpaHHy.
a a1o n sanann, 1o pasroaopoa n noenannn co c1oponL pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa o
ynyuennn o1nouennn c Hnoro, no peanLnLe pena roaopn1 o opa1noH, nonyae1cn kakan-
1o paonc1aennoc1L: aneune - opno, a no cyuec1ay, na pene nonyae1cn apapenoc1L k
nn1epecaH . a1oH poc1a1ono yepn1enLno roaopn1 1akne qak1L, kak nc1opnn c
pasnoknpoaanneH ce1oa npnan1nncknx napoxopnLx npepnpnn1nn. Eonee 1oro, naH c1ano
nsaec1no, 1o opna ns qnpH a nnnnnpnn pnn aLnonnennn coae1ckoro sakasa xo1ena sakynn1L
onoao a Hepnke, opnako k pnpek1opy qnpHL 1aqopncy nanncn npepc1aan1enL anrnnnckon
Hnccnn n sanann, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao aospaae1 npo1na sakynkn onoaa pnn coae1cknx
sakasoa. ce a1o nokasLaae1, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao Hano sann1epecoaano a ynyuennn
o1nouennn c .
pnnnc sanann, 1o ne cnepye1 paccHa1pnaa1L a1n qak1L c nonn1neckon c1oponL, 1o nc1opnn c
onoaoH - a1o npoc1o rnynan ounka, 1o on sanHe1cn a1nH n nonL1ae1cn Lc1po yc1pann1L ee.
* H. pok. 460.
1 3
3a1eH pnnnc noc1aann cnepykune aonpocL:
1. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao aecLHa sann1epecoaano a ckopenueH paspeuennn aonpoca o
pekansnunn napoxopoa, n cnpocnn, rpe n korpa nany1cn neperoaopL n ckonLko coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao no1peye1 sa ap1ep. euna a1n aonpocL, nere ype1 peun1L aonpoc o koHanpax
cypoa.
R o1ae1nn, 1o npepnoenne pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa o ap1epe sa pekansnpoaannLe
napoxopL nenpneHneHo pnn , 1.k. HL ne HoeH npnsna1L npaao pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa
na pekansnunk naunx napoxopoa. cnn e pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao penc1an1enLno xoe1
peun1L a1o1 aonpoc, 1o ono ponno yc1pann1L ace npenn1c1ann, Heuakune cypaH aosapa1n1Lcn
a nop1L .
pnnnc nL1ancn naa1L pnckyccnk no aonpocy o npaae pekansnunn, no n o1aen a1y nonL1ky,
sanana, 1o caHLn qak1 pekansnunn cypoa es npepaapn1enLnoro cornauennn c , kak o
a1oH nepaonaanLno roaopnn pnnnc, ncknkae1 aosHonoc1L 1akon pnckyccnn. pnnnc sanann,
1o on ne xo1en L sakannaa1L pannLn aonpoc ceropnnunnH oHenoH HnennnHn. pnnnc cn1an
L aosHonLH npepnon1L pa1L nnc1pykunk na apeHennoe ncnonLsoaanne npnan1nncknx
napoxopoa, 1o onern1 okona1enLnoe peuenne aonpoca. S1o npepnoenne n y1onn1L ne c1an
n nepeuen k ppyrnH aonpocaH.
2. cnn npen sannckn pnnnca, apyennon 22 ok1npn, npaannLna, 1o ne cnepye1 nn ocypn1L ee
coaHec1no n ne ype1 nn kaknx-nno no nen aonpocoa.
R o1ae1nn, 1o a1o1 aonpoc nsyae1cn a n 1o noka pononnn1enLnLx aonpocoa y Henn ne1.
3. po1okonLnLn o1pen sanpaunaan pasnnnLe caepennn no aonpocy noc1aaok ensnna Ipeunn.
Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonarae1, 1o poc1aaky ensnna ype1 ocyuec1ann1L . npHa
enn, naxopnuancn nop kon1poneH nrnnn, ype1 aLc1yna1L a ponn npopaaua.
a Hon aonpoc o 1oH, kakoa o1ae1 pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa no noaopy npepnonaraeHLx
noc1aaok ensnna ao panunk, pnnnc o1ae1nn, 1o, k coanennk, pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne
Hoe1 o1Henn1L yc1anoanennyk nokapy n ne Hoe1 ne npenn1c1aoaa1L naunH noc1aakaH
ensnna ao panunk, no 1o ono aecLHa sann1epecoaano a naunx noc1aakax ensnna a Ipeunk.
R sanann, 1o 1akan pasnnnan noc1anoaka aonpoca a o1nouennn Ipeunn n panunn pnn nac
nenpneHneHa, no 1o a1o1 aonpoc cnepye1 peua1L a .
4. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao c1aanno aonpoc o paspeuennn 6-1n nonnkaH, LaunH cnyaunH
anrnnnckon Hnccnn a aynace, noknny1L n aLexa1L a nrnnk. a1on npocLe Lno
o1kasano. 1okn spennn npaaa aospaa1L npo1na o1kasa nenLsn, no, nHen a o1nouennn nonnkoa
HopanLnoe onsa1enLc1ao, pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao xo1eno L pon1Lcn paspeuennn na npaao
nx aLespa a nrnnk.
5. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao xo1eno L npocn1L coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao paspeun1L HonopoHy
nonnky, o1eu ko1oporo naxopn1cn na cnye a nonLckoH qno1e a nrnnn, aLexa1L a nrnnk k
caoeHy o1uy.
a a1n paa aonpoca n o1ae1nn, 1o ne any neoxopnHoc1n sannHa1Lcn nHn a pnnnoHa1neckoH
nopnpke n 1o nx napo peua1L a oueH nopnpke epes Hec1nLe n aLcune coae1ckne opranL.
3a1eH pnnnc nonpocnn paspeun1L oHenn1Lcn co Hnon HnennnHn no payH cnepykunH
nonn1necknH aonpocaH:
1. pnnnc sanann, 1o npn ac1pee c 1. ono1oaLH* on sapan eHy aonpoc, 1o
* H. pok. 337.
14
cnynnocL L n kakoe Lno L o1nouenne , ecnn L 1annn nanana na
;
Ipeunk. oa.
ono1oa o1ae1nn, 1o a1o neaepon1no, no 1o a1o1 qak1 Hono Lno L ocypn1L, ecnn L a1o
cnynnocL. nac1onuee apeHn 1annn nanana na Ipeunk, Hono nn eHy ysna1L, kakoao
o1nouenne k pannoHy aonpocy.
R o1ae1nn, 1o, aepon1no, cnoaa 1. ono1oaa nH nonn1L nepoc1a1ono npaannLno, 1ak kak,
oeanpno, peL una o 1oH, 1o ne1 neoxopnHoc1n ocypa1L rapa1enLnLe qak1L. pnnnc
nonpaanncn, ckasaa, 1o on nHenno 1ak nonnn 1. ono1oaa, no 1o cenac, penc1an1enLno,
nepeaop cpenan Ln ne1ono. o cyuec1ay aonpoca n o1ae1nn, 1o naua nosnunn onpepenne1cn
npnnunnaHn nauen aneunen nonn1nkn, a eH ne1pypno yepn1Lcn na ocnoaannn ouensaec1nLx
qak1oa.
2. pnnnc cnpocnn, kakoao ype1 o1nouenne , ecnn ypunn ac1ynn1 a aonny. S1o1 aonpoc
nn1epecye1 ero no1oHy, 1o nonoenne a Eonrapnn ne oc1aanne1 coHnennn a 1oH, 1o ona a1o
cpenae1.
anee pnnnc ckasan, 1o korpa on ecepoaan c ..1annnLH*, 1o .. 1annn sanann eHy, 1o
xo1en L yc1anoan1L c ypunen onee 1ecnLe o1nouennn, n 1o .. 1annn aLpaan
noenannn, 1oL pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao okasano a poc1nennn a1oro cnnennn caoe
copenc1ane. ak kak eHy, pnnncy, ne npnxopn1cn ac1o ac1pea1Lcn c .. 1annnLH, 1o on
xo1en L cnpocn1L, kakoao cenac o1nouenne .. 1annna k a1oHy aonpocy.
R o1ae1nn, 1o, kak ponno L1L nonn1no pnnncy, n ne Hory asn1L na cen npaao nsnara1L
Hnenne no a1oHy aonpocy .. 1annna, ne ypyn na a1o ynonnoHoennLH. orpa pnnnc npocnn
Henn aLckasa1L caoe Hnenne kak npepc1aan1enn . a 1o n o1ae1nn, 1o naun o1nouennn c
ypunen onpepennk1cn poroaopoH 1925 r.**, a pyxe ko1oporo n cnepye1 paccHa1pnaa1L naue
o1nouenne k noc1aanennoHy aonpocy a nac1onuee apeHn.
Eecepa npoponanacL 1 ac 45 Hnny1.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaan 1. oankoa ..
.ED4345 !4F4
Iocnopnn ocon,
o nopyennk paan1enLc1aa oksa oae1cknx ounannc1necknx ecnynnk, a o1ae1 na auy
no1y o1 29 ok1npn c.r., nHek ec1L sanan1L nnecnepykuee:
paan1enLc1ao aLnypeno npnsna1L nenpaannLnLH y1aeppenne Epn1anckoro
paan1enLc1aa o 1oH, 1o npnsnanne oae1cknH paan1enLc1aoH neoxopnHoc1n opasoaannn
noaon ynanckon oHnccnn n yac1ne a neperoaopax a r. Eyxapec1e nannk1cn napyuenneH
nen1pann1e1a. . pasoaanne ynanckon oHnccnn c yac1neH , a 1ake rocypapc1a,
pacnonoennLx no ynak nnn nnsko k ynak, nanne1cn aocc1anoanenneH cnpaaepnnaoc1n,
napyuennon epcanLcknH n ppyrnHn poroaopaHn, a cnny ko1opLx, npn pykoaopnuen ponn
Epn1anckoro paan1enLc1aa, Ln yc1panen ns coc1aaa kak epynapopnon, 1ak n
aponenckon ynancknx koHnccnn.
ynanckan oHnccnn, ec1ec1aenno, ponna L1L coc1aanena ns npepc1a-
G 8# pok. 240# GG 8# ### H 0# I(((# H ok. 418.
1 5
an1enen rocypapc1a, pacnonoennLx no ynak nnn nnsko cansannLx c ynaeH n nonLsykunxcn
ynaeH kak kananoH pnn 1oaapooopo1a (nanpnHep, 1annn).
onn1no, 1o ennkopn1annn, o1panennan o1 ynan na 1Lcnn knnoHe1poa, ne Hoe1 L1L
o1necena k ncny 1aknx rocypapc1a.
onn1no 1ake, 1o aonpoc o coc1aae ynanckon oHnccnn ne nHee1 nnkakoro o1nouennn k
aonpocy o nen1pann1e1e.
anpy nsnoennoro oae1ckoe paan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 npnnn1L npo1ec1, sananennLn
Epn1ancknH paan1enLc1aoH a no1e o1 29 ok1npn c.r.
pouy ac, Iocnopnn ocon, npnnn1L yaepennn a HoeH coaepuennoH k aH yaaennn.
! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 99 . 99=:B.
4!9# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20.
#9#9.?81-1 / 8882
: 1940 .
' ( 3
1. 3 nknn, o1aean na Hon aonpoc o onLuon c1pa1ernn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa a a1on
aonne, epnnnL ckasan: pepe acero napo aLn1L nnanune 1pn Hecnua, a panLue anpno
ype1*. 1ex nop npouno e1Lpe Hecnua. nrnnn ne 1onLko aLnna, no n ycnnnnacL no
cpaanennk c 1eH, 1o Luo cpasy nocne pasrpoHa panunn. IepHanckne nnanL a1opennn a
ennkopn1annk copaanncL, no kpannen Hepe, na a1o1 rop. 3naHenn1Ln nponna eue pas, kak ye
neopnokpa1no a 1eenne Hnnyauero 1Lcnene1nn, cnac nrnnk. ecnoconoc1L saaoeaa1L
rocnopc1ao a aospyxe nap nponnaoH - npn nannnn Hopckon cnaoc1n - nnunno IepHannk
epnnc1aennoro uanca - npeopone1L conpo1nanenne 22-HnnLnon nonocL aopL. aknH opasoH, a
n1ae sa nrnnk In1nep, nopono anoneony 135 ne1 nasap, no1epnen neypay, nepayk
cepLesnyk neypay a a1on aonne, ace nocnepc1ann ko1opon cenac eue 1pypno onpepenn1L, no,
cypn no nHekuencn specL nnqopHaunn (nackonLko ona 1ona, koneno, 1pypno cypn1L, no a
oueH ona nennoxo cornacye1cn c qak1aHn), onLuan c1pa1ernn In1nepa coc1onna a 1oH,
1oL po nac1ynnennn nLneunen snHL noeponocno sakonn1L aonny. ace1 y nero npn a1oH
Ln rnaanLH opasoH na HopanLnLn aqqek1 qpanuysckoro nopaennn: In1nep, anpnHo, cn1an,
1o nocne nero nrnnn ne pnckne1 onLue conpo1nann1Lcn. epapoH (kak n a caoe apeHn aH
coouan) ycconnnn npn ac1ynnennn a aonny Ln yaepen, 1o ona konn1cn epes neckonLko
nepenL. pesepae, na kpannnn cnyan, In1nep pepan nnan cokpyun1enLnoro ypapa no
ennkopn1annn ny1eH a1opennn npn acex oc1on1enLc1aax, opnako koneu aonnL
npepycHa1pnaancn a a1oH ropy - koneu Lc1pLn n ycneunLn. onpo1nanenne nrnnn nocne
qpanuysckoro kpaxa nnkc ace onee ak1nanan ponL a aoennLx coL1nnx coaepuenno
onpoknnynn aLueykasannLe neHeukne pace1L. cnonauencn oc1anoake na npnHon u1ypH
nrnnn In1nep ne peunncn. eH caHLH on nonynn aosHonoc1L c noHouLk coo1ae1c1aennoro
Haneapn-
* H. pok. 244.
16
poaannn ckpL1L o1 unpoknx Hacc caok neypay. 3a1o kpa1kan n noeponocnan aonna ne aLuna.
aoopo1, oc1on1enLc1aa cenac aLnypak1 In1nepa npnnn1L sa1nnyk n 1nenyk aonny na
nc1ouenne co aceHn ckpL1LHn a nen aoennLHn n peaonkunonnLHn onacnoc1nHn.
2. 1ak, n1aa sa nrnnk aLnrpana pn1ancknH npaan1enLc1aoH. pnako aLnrpa1L n1ay -
paneko ne acerpa snan1 aLurpa1L aonny. ak nHenno oc1on1 peno a pannoH cnyae. pap,
naaepennLn na ceppue Epn1anckon nHnepnn, o1paen, n anrnnane na HoHen1 aspLxak1 c
onerenneH, no panLue 1o anoneon, no1epna n1ay sa nrnnk, noaepnyn na oc1ok n
ckopo nauen y1euenne a yc1epnnue, ene, arpaHe. oxoe na 1o, 1o n In1nep, ne cyHea
npeopone1L conpo1nanenne nponnaa n pn1ancknx nc1pen1enen, ro1oan1cn noaepny1L na Kr n
Kro-oc1ok c 1eH, 1oL nanec1n ypap ecnn ne ceppuy, 1o xo1n L ppyrnH aanenunH opranaH
Epn1anckon nHnepnn na pepnseHnoH Hope, EnnneH oc1oke n a qpnke. akoaL ypy1 ero
ycnexn a a1oH nanpaanennn, nokae1 ypyuee. epy 1eH y ennkopn1annn, necHo1pn na ee
noepy a n1ae sa nrnnk, cospae1cn pesaLanno cnonoe n 1pypnoe nonoenne.
qnunanLno pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao n ace ocnoanLe nonn1neckne nap1nn knnny1cn, 1o ne
cnoa1 opynn po nonnon noepL nap rn1nepnsHoH nnn npoue - nap IepHannen. o korpa
nannaeuL xnapnokpoano anannsnpoaa1L cnonauykcn cn1yaunk, 1pypno cee npepc1aan1L, kak
nrnnn caHa no cee Hoe1 ne nsea1L nopaennn (a1o onee nnn Henee oecneeno), a
aLnrpa1L aonny a ckonLko-nnypL oospnHLn nepnop apeHenn.
3. caHoH pene, kak pncye1cn panLnenunn xop coL1nn pykoaopnunHn aneHen1aHn a
npaan1enLc1ae n napnaHen1e yHHnpyn ace 1o, 1o Hne npnxopn1cn cnLua1L no pannoHy
noaopy o1 nenoa kanne1a n ppyrnx nanonee o1ae1c1aennLx nnu, kak Iannqakc, pen,
nekcanpep, nnknep, oppncon, an1on, 11nn (S11nn), Ipnnayp, Ea1nep, panopn n ppyrne,
Hory npnHepno 1ak nsopasn1L nx onpannn: a 1eenne nLneunen snHL ype1 npopona1Lcn
c1poanuan nokapa IepHannn n aospyunan aonna no nnnnn onpon - Eepnnn, ypy1
pasanaa1Lcn aoennLe onepaunn a pepnseHnoH Hope, na EnnneH oc1oke (rnne1, ypan) n,
Hoe1 L1L, a panone Inpan1apa n 3anapnon qpnkn, a ko1opon pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao a
ocnoanoH ype1 sannHa1L ooponn1enLnyk nosnunk. pnoapeHenno ype1 nponcxopn1L
nakonnenne pn1ancknx cnn (apHnn, aanaunn, qno1, aoopyenne n npoee), ko1opLe k ne1y 1941
ropa poc1nrny1 c1apnn, ponyckakuen nepexop a Hanoe nac1ynnenne - npo1na 1annn a
qpnke (nann, nccnnnn) n a apone. 1annn paccHa1pnaae1cn pn1ancknH npaan1enLc1aoH,
kak cnaoe saeno ao apaeckon koannunn, n peun1enLnLe penc1ann npo1na nee aepon1nL
panLue acero. epLesnLe onepaunn npo1na n1anLnnckoro qno1a aosHonL eue ckopee - npn
nepaoH nopxopnueH cnyae.
4. eckonLko nnoe nonoenne c IepHannen, ko1opan no cyuec1ay nanne1cn ocnoanLH
npo1nannkoH nrnnn. pnrancknx npaan1enLc1aennLx kpyrax cn1ak1, 1o onLuoe
nac1ynnenne npo1na IepHannn na cyue (a 1onLko 1akoe nac1ynnenne Horno L peun1L aonny) a
1941 ropy neHLcnnHo. a1o nonn1no. 1941 ropy nrnnn HakcnHanLno Horna L aLc1aan1L a
none apHnk a 4 Hnnnnona enoaek, ne oenL xopouo oyennLx n aoopyennLx, npn renu1ae,
kaec1aenno paneko yc1ynakueH repHanckoHy. 1aknHn cnnaHn, koneno, o cepLesnoH
nac1ynnennn na IepHannk roaopn1L ne npnxopn1cn. onpone ponyckak1 aosHonoc1L
o1penLnLx pecan1nLx onepaunn onee nnn Henee nap1nsanckoro xapak1epa na repHancknx nnn
nopanac1nLx IepHannn
2 okHcnL. n, 2.4.
1 7
eperax, no o noxope na Eepnnnnnk1o ne He1ae1. c1ae1cn, 1aknH opasoH, nnuL nokapa n
nac1ynnenne a aospyxe. a nocnepnee aosnarak1 onLune napepL (ocoenno a cansn c
npepc1onunH ac1ynnenneH a c1pon noaoro oHappnpoaunka 1epnnnr n noaoro nc1pen1enn
anqyn - ycoaepuenc1aoaannoro nn1qanepa). pnako onL1 neHeukon aospyunon oqqen-
snaL npo1na nrnnn ncno nokasLaae1 orpannennoc1L aosHonoc1en opnon aanaunn ane cansn c
naseHnLHn aonckaHn. e1 nnkaknx pasyHnLx ocnoaannn nonara1L, 1o anrnnnckan aospyunan
oqqensnaa npo1na IepHannn, ko1opan ype1 onepnpoaa1L 1oe ane cansn c naseHnLHn
aonckaHn, ponna okasa1Lcn onee ycneunon n aqqek1nanon. oa1oHy, korpa anrnnane xo1n1
oocnoaa1L caok aepy a aosHonoc1L noepL nap npo1nannkoH, onn nannak1 anennnpoaa1L k
npeaocxopc1ay caonx pecypcoa (Ha1epnanLnLx n enoaeecknx) nap repHancknHn n k
npoponennk aonnL a 1942-1943 n panLnenunx ropax. paa nn Hono coHneaa1Lcn a 1oH, 1o
noponLe sananennn co c1oponL npepc1aan1enen ypyasnon aepxyukn nannk1cn npopyk1oH
nno nenckpennoc1n, nno nepoHLcnnn: pnnnnan nsnypn1enLnan aonna a nLneunnx ycnoannx,
npn nannnn Horyuec1aennoro , 1an1 a cee 1akne peaonkunonnLe no1enunn ne 1onLko pnn
IepHannn, no n pnn nrnnn, n pnn Epn1anckon nHnepnn, 1o speunne rocnopc1aykune knaccL
cpenak1 co caoen c1oponL ace aosHonoe pnn ee onee pannen nnkanpaunn.
5. aknH opasoH, nornka aeuen ace onee c1aan1 npaanune aneHen1L ennkopn1annn nepep
pnneHHon: nno npnope1enne poc1a1ono Horyuec1aennLx coksnnkoa (n 1orpa aosHona
noepa), nno saaepoHan cpenka c IepHannen n pae c In1nepoH. enac acn aneprnn
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa (n nnno epnnnn) nanpaanena na o1Lckanne coksnnkoa.
onkpe1no c1on1 aonpoc o . onee o1panennon nepcnek1nae (necHo1pn na ace naun
onpoaepennn, pas1ncnennn n npoee) npaanune n nenpaanune anrnnane He1ak1 1ake o
kak o coksnnke. 1ckpa c1onL nanLe ycnnnn pn1ancknx ypnannc1oa n nonn1nkoa
ccopn1L nac c IepHannen n cnekynnpoaa1L na pasnornacnnx Hepy ockaon n EepnnnoH. cnn
L, opnako, nrnnn ne ypanocL nan1n coksnnkoa, ecnn L konkpe1no a konenoH ce1e
peunnn oc1a1Lcn a c1opone o1 aonnL nnn xo1n L 1onLko cepLesno cokpa1n1L caok nLneunkk
noHouL ennkopn1annn, a nopnpke pnn c1an L aonpoc o koHnpoHnccnoH Hnpe c IepHannen,
ocoenno eue, ecnn L a counanLnon n nonn1neckon c1pyk1ype nrnnn nnn nHnepnn
onapynnncL kakne-nno onacnLe pnn npaanunx kpyroa 1peunnL. 1oponnnkoa 1akoro Hnpa a
speunen ypyasnon aepxyuke nHee1cn Hnoro. enac onn npny1cn no yrnaH n Hona1, 1orpa
onn nopnnnn L ronoaL n saroaopnnn
91
.
6. ce aLuensnoennLe coopaennn noc1poenL na ase 1oro, 1o Hono anpe1L n nankpa1L a
nrnnn. pnako n Hnoroe a panLnenueH pasan1nn ype1 saance1L o1 IepHannn, o1 ee aoennLx
penc1ann, o1 ee o1penLnLx uaroa, o1 coL1nn ee any1pennen nsnn. noroe 1ake ype1
saance1L o1 nac1poennn unpoknx Hacc, a ocoennoc1n npone1apna1a, a pasnnnLx c1panax
aponL. asaannLe qak1opL Hory1 anec1n 1e nnn nnLe koppek1naL a cpenannLe aLue naHe1kn.
apekcL, opnako, 1o a1n naHe1kn ace-1akn cHory1 npnropn1Lcn aH kak Ha1epnanL ns
nonponckoro okouka pnn noc1poennn onee ounx n npaannLnLx npornosoa.
5345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:< . <B=;9.
18
4C0# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / -729.
..#@/.2J7/. / 8882
4 1940 . ( 3
knxenep naxpnx1en o1 3 nonpn noHeuena c1a1Ln o nnnnnpnn, ykasLaakuan, 1o a
nnnnnpnn nonannncL penc1an1enLnLe pykoaopn1enn aLpocune ns okonnLx oea na
apenLckoH nepeuenke, n onn ne nypak1cn a copannnx, peHonc1paunnx, no cypLa naxopn1cn
a 1aeppLx pykax. Iase1a nopepknaae1 ounoc1L nn1epecoa aeunn n nnnnnpnn. Ennskan k
pankqyp1ep uan1ynr o1 4 nonpn npnsLaae1 aeunk k aoopyennk no opasuy
repHanckon apHnn n aosaennnaae1 apna XII, kak naunona1Lnoro repon aeunn, peno ko1oporo
npoponae1 IepHannn. e c1a1Ln a nopponoH nsnoennn nepepak1cn . ansL Hepy
a1nHn aLc1ynnennnHn npeccL n npnespoH a Eepnnn Iepnna
192
, uaepcknx ypnannc1oa n
uyukopoauea oeanpna. IepHannn c1peHn1cn oecnen1L cee nokopnLn eaep n sakynopn1L, a
ac1noc1n, a uennx nepec1paxoakn . nanornnan nnnnn npoaopn1cn na Eankanax, no c
onLunH an1ncoae1cknH saoc1penneH.
ocnepnne paa pnn a nea1n nynnkyk1cn onLune c1a1Ln n qo1orpaqnn o 1pypnoc1nx
rpeeckoro 1ea1pa (aoennLx penc1ann). o coouennk aanoay aHepnkanckoro koppecnonpen1a
o1apa, a repHancknx o1ae1c1aennLx kpyrax ocypae1cn aonpoc o npoaane n1anLnnckoro
nac1ynnennn a Ipeunn. a1on cansn sacnynaae1 annHannn 1peykuee npoaepkn coouenne
nauero aoennoro a11aue o ycnnennon nepepocke repHancknx aonck a yHLnnk ns apHnn
Enekoanua.
1cy1c1ane nen1pona a Eepnnne ceropnn oqnunanLno nop1aeppeno, Hnp1oH na
konqepenunn ypnannc1oa a . Lknoaenno nnqopHnp aannLn onrapcknn ypnannc1
rannnoa coouan koppecnonpen1y * 1o a EoreHnn nkoL npoxopn1 konqepenunn Hepy
nano, nen1ponoa n ancnoH* n npepnonarae1cn npepnon1L ypunn e1ko npoaopn1L
aneune nonn1neckyk nnnnk n npepoc1aan1L c1panaH ocn asy na na1onnnckoH noepeLe.
Eepnnne ycnnenno Hyccnpyk1cn cnyxn o npnespe a IepHannk ono1o-aa**. aepcknn
koppecnonpen1 aanc1peH sanann naueHy koppecnonpen1y, 1o o a1oH eHy ckasan peqepen1
, qaHnnnk ko1oporo on nasaa1L yknonnncn. e ncknkeno, 1o cnyxn pacnpoc1pannk1 neHuL
pnn paanennn na 1ypok. npoaepenne a1nx cnyxoa nHeno L nsaec1nLn pesonanc, ecnn on
cenac naH aLropen.
+32G ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1B . 91<< . 9B=9<.
* H. The Cano dares. 1939-1943. - N.., 1946. - P. 306. ** H. pok. 402, 425, 446, 456, 458,
459.

4C1# D 8=2./ =1<191A1-1 =2780./07<B80/. 8882 / -729.


K=1<1L77 -729. /1 /279 =72/1-1 -1. /1?:M
4 1940 .
... ce a1n Heponpnn1nn, no sananennk nea1n, naann npoaopn1Lcn c 1938 ropa, n a a1oH
saknkae1cn rnaanoe npenHyuec1ao nepep nrnnen, ko1opan 1onLko 1enepL nHnpoansnpye1
ac1nnyk aoennsaunk xosnnc1aa.
n1an cen noepn1eneH, neHeukoe npaan1enLc1ao, pacnpoc1pannkuee caoe annnnne na
renepan-ryepna1opc1ao, eHenL, po1ek1opa1, noaaknk, ac1pnk, enrpnk, annk, opaernk,
EenLrnk, Ionnanpnk, kkceHypr n na nonoanny panunn, aepe1 onLuyk pao1y no
oprannsaunn oaon aponL.
oaan apona HLcnn1cn kak apona nop naanoH IepHannn n 1annn. enac ye
napacLaak1cn npepaapn1enLnLe nonn1neckne n akonoHneckne kon1ypL oaon aponL.
nnnc1p xosnnc1aa ynk paspaa1Laae1 akonoHneckyk cnc1eHy ypyuen oaon aponL.
noennoe noepon, neHeukoe npaan1enLc1ao coaHec1no c n1anLnncknH es aepoHa
npaan1enLc1aa , napyuan cornauenne o1 23.VIII. 1939 ropa, peuak1 cypLy ankancknx
napopoa. nn ye cyHenn ypoane1aopn1L 1eppn1opnanLnLe npe1ensnn enrpnn k yHLnnn.
eppn1opnn enrpnn pacunpnnacL na ocnoaannn enckoro 1pe1enckoro peuennn
166
. 5 no 13
cen1npn aenrepckne aoncka sanHy1 noayk 1eppn1opnk pancnnLaannn. S1nH caHLH
pacunpne1cn qpon1, cospae1cn noaLn nnaupapH pnn ypyuen cxaa1kn c .
ce a1n Heponpnn1nn neHuea ne cynaak1 qpon1 aonnL 1onLko opnon nrnnen, a pacunpnk1
a1o1 qpon1. enckoe peuenne o1 28 aaryc1a, 1onee EenLaepepckoe, ne paspeuae1 aekoaon
naunonanLnon apapL na Eankanax, a cospae1 noaLn oar aonnL. enckoe peuenne sanonno
noayk Hnny na Eankanax, ko1opLe ypy1 a1on Hnnon asopaanL a nepanekoH ypyueH.
enac neHeukoe npaan1enLc1ao, yaepennoe a ckopenuen noepe nap nrnnen, ro1oan1 kappL
kononnanLnLx pao1nnkoa. IepHannn paccn1Laae1 c noepon nap nrnnen nonyn1L cee ace ee
kononnanLnLe anapennn.
aaryc1e - cen1npe a kpnepre nponcxopnno cneunanLnoe coaeuanne naynLx pao1nnkoa
no kononnanLnoHy aonpocy. noaoro yenoro ropa pacunpenL a pnpe ynnaepcn1e1oa
kononnanLnLe qakynL1e1L, cospanL noaLe, kak a IaHypre n ppyrnx uen1pax.
epaLn rop aonnL, kak nnuy1 neHeukne rase1L, ne npnnec onLunx Ha1epnanLnLx n nkpcknx
ep1a. IepHannn ro1oaa aoeaa1L n panLue. o a1o 1onLko opnn sananennn. oneno, ecnn
anrnnane ne npy1 na Hnpoayk, aLxop opnn - aoeaa1L panLue. eHuL ycnnnaak1 aospyunyk
aonny, aapaapckn nc1pennk1 ace, 1o aosHono. o ecnn anrnnane npopepa1cn eue opny-pae
nepenn, nonya1 noppepky ns , aonna ype1 npopona1Lcn n npnnece1 orpoHnLe ep1aL n
nnuennn pnn napopoa nrnnn n IepHannn. konua aaryc1a oe c1oponL naann oHappnpoaa1L
ace noppnp, a ne 1onLko aoennLe o1ek1L. 3a nonLe oHappnpoakn o1nnanaae1cn, rnaanLH
opasoH, rpapanckoe nacenenne.
onna a pasrape, no ne a konue. eHeukan npecca no noaopy ropoaunnL aonnL nncana o caonx
no1epnx. eHeukan apHnn sa rop aonnL no1epnna 39 1Lc. yn1LHn, 143 1Lc. panenLHn n 24 1Lc.
es aec1n nponaaunHn. S1n unqpL ep1a neonLune. o neHuL nry1, kak n a npounon Hnpoaon
aonne.
20
pecca Honn1 o 1ex ep1aax, ko1opLe nece1 rpapanckoe nacenenne o1 anrnnncknx
oHappnpoaok. enc1an1enLnLe oune ep1aL, oeanpno, ypy1 onynnkoaanL neko1opoe
apeHn cnyc1n nocne okonannn aonnL.
onna a pasrape. en1p 1nec1n nen1 a aospyunLx onx. oepn1 1o1, k1o onLue nHee1
caHone1oa n oH.
epaLn coae1nnk onnpepc1aa a IepHannn /4A42 ! %- 6. 0;9 78. 9: . 104 . C<
. 909=90:.
4C2# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .##/:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1?
278=&<7 8.#/1-2.1/
4 1940 .
( 3
a npneHe 30 ok1npn c.r. 1ypeuknn nocon k1an opa1nncn ko Hne co cnepykunHn aonpocaHn:
1) ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao nn1epecye1cn 1okon spennn npaan1enLc1aa na konqnnk1
Hepy 1annen n Ipeunen.
2) ak coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao pacuennaae1 nonoenne Eonrapnn a cansn c n1ano-rpeecknH
konqnnk1oH.
3) paan1enLc1ao ypeukon ecnynnkn ne Hoe1 oc1aaa1Lcn a c1opone o1 n1ano-rpeecknx
coL1nn. no npnnnno peuenne npnnn1L ace neoxopnHLe HepL k 1oHy, 1oL okasa1L
conpo1nanenne npo1nannky, kak 1onLko aosnnkne1 kakan-nno onacnoc1L n nesaancnHo o1
npnHon arpeccnn. ocon sanann, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao opauae1cn k npaan1enLc1ay
c npocLon cooun1L, cHoe1 nn coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao okasa1L noHouL ypeukon
ecnynnke a cnyae aosnnknoaennn onacnoc1n pnn ypunn nnn aoennoro konqnnk1a; a kakon
qopHe, a kaknx pasHepax n a kakon cpok ono cHoe1 okasa1L a1y noHouL.
R ckasan nocny, 1o aanpy onLuon cepLesnoc1n noc1aanennLx nH aonpocoa, n xo1en L y1onn1L
nx. ak, n enan L sna1L Hnenne 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa no noaopy n1ano-rpeeckoro
konqnnk1a. ocon o1ae1nn, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao onpae1 panLnenuero xopa coL1nn a
Ipeunn, 1ak kak noka nensaec1nL panLnenune naHepennn 1annn. o Hnennk nocna, 1annn
npep1nanna ynL1nHa1yH Ipeunn ne es cornacnn IepHannn.
R cnpocnn nocna, kak paccHa1pnaae1 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao nonoenne Eonrapnn a cansn c
n1ano-rpeecknH konqnnk1oH.
ocon sanann, 1o Eonrapnn npoponae1 yaepn1L ypunk a coxpanennn nen1pann1e1a. pnako c
neko1oporo apeHenn a Eonrapnn nankpak1cn cponLe HepL aoennoro nopnpka: yaennenne
apHnn, ac1nnan Honnnsaunn, npnaos cnapnennn, nankpae1cn 1ake yaennenne konnec1aa
repHancknx aonck a Eonrapnn. ak kak nn opna ns cocepnnx c1pan ne conpae1cn nocnrny1L na
1eppn1opnk Eonrapnn, 1o ec1L ocnoaannn nonara1L, 1o Eonrapnn ro1oaa c1a1L opypneH kakon-
nnypL nnoc1pannon pepaaL. R o1ae1nn nocny, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn oqnunanLnoro o1ae1a
eHy pa1L ne Hory. R ponoy
21
coouenne nocna HoeHy npaan1enLc1ay n sa1eH paH nocny o1ae1. a aonpoc nocna o HoeH
nnnoH Hnennn, n cocnancn na nosnunk nen1pann1e1a oae1ckoro oksa. 3a1eH nocon opa1nncn
ko Hne c npocLon paspeuennn 1pansn1a no 1eppn1opnn 950 1onn konken npoaonokn.
konue ecepL nocon ocaepoHnncn o pao1e cHeuannon coae1cko-1ypeukon koHnccnn no
aonpocy o appapaapckon nno1nne. ak kak a1nH aonpocoH panee sannHancn 1. ekanosoa, 1o
nocon xo1en L sna1L, cnepye1 nn eHy onpa1L npnespa 1. ekanosoaa nnn opaua1Lcn no a1oHy
aonpocy k ppyroHy saHec1n1enk napkoHa. R o1ae1nn, 1o osnakoHnkcL c a1nHn aonpocaHn,
nocne ero cHory pa1L eHy o1ae1.
ED4345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1C . 91BC . <0=<9.
4C# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .##/:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1?
278=&<7 8<#/1-2.1/
4 1940 .
(. 3
4 nonpn c.r. n npnnnn 1ypeukoro nocna pnn 1oro, 1oL cooun1L eHy no nopyennk coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o1ae1 na noc1aanennLe nocnoH aonpocL a nauen ecepe 30..40 r.* (1ekc1
cpenannoro Hnok sananennn npnnarae1cn).
ocon sanann, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ne saLno noHoun, okasannon eHy oae1cknH
oksoH. ocnepnnn asau Hoero sananennn nponsaen na nocna nenpnn1noe anea1nenne, ns
a1oro asaua nocon ne anpn1 poc1a1ono ppyec1aennoro o1nouennn oae1ckoro oksa k
ypunn. 1o e kacae1cn nosnunn ypunn no o1nouennk k oae1ckoHy oksy ao apeHn
coae1cko-qnnckoro konqnnk1a, 1o nocon nonarae1, 1o nnk1o ne Hoe1 ynpekny1L ypunk ao
apapenoH o1nouennn k . R o1ae1nn nocny, 1o saknkn1enLnLn asau o1ae1a anonne
oocnoaan. kaec1ae pokasa1enLc1aa n nanoHnnn nocny 1o1 qak1, 1o 1onLko sa 25 pnen
pekapn 1939 r. 1ypeukne rase1L nanea1ann caLue 150 1enerpaHH, saHe1ok n np.,
nanpaanennLx npo1na .
ocon cnoaa saaepnn a nonnLnoc1n 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa k , ykasaa, 1o nonannaunecn a
1ypeukon nea1n an1ncoae1ckne c1a1Ln nannnncL npoc1on nepenea1kon coouennn
nnoc1pannLx aren1c1a, no nn opna c1a1Ln ne Lna nncnnpnpoaana 1ypeuknH npaan1enLc1aoH. R
o1ae1nn, 1o aoace ne onsa1enLno Lno nepenea1Laa1L acnkoro popa an1ncoae1ckne cnne1nn.
ocon ckasan, 1o 1. ono1oa paapL ykasLaan nocny na nonanenne an1ncoae1cknx c1a1en a
1ypeukon nea1n, no 1o a nocnepnen ecepe 1. ono1oa oeuan ne aosapaua1Lcn onLue k
a1oHy aonpocy. ocon saHe1nn, 1o n a coae1ckon nea1n nonannnncL c1a1Ln, nanpaanennLe
npo1na ypunn. R a1o o1pnuan. aHok npocLy npnaec1n npnHepL, nocon ne Hor o1ae1n1L. R
ykasan nocny, 1o nau o1ae1 nyno paccHa1pnaa1L ne kak pokasa1enLc1ao o1cy1c1ann
naroena1enLnoro o1nouennn k ypunn, a naoopo1, kak pokasa1enLc1ao ppyec1aennoro
o1noue-
* H. pok. 482.
22
nnn. ocnepnnn asau o1ae1a nokasLaae1 nocny, kak napo nonnHa1L, no Hnennk ,
ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn n 1o nyno pena1L pnn 1oro, 1oL nsea1L npnnn, Heuakunx
ykpennennk a1nx o1nouennn. ocon nonaropapnn Henn sa o1ae1 n pas1ncnenne. 3a1eH on
npocnn paspeuennn san1n ko Hne, ecnn y nero aosnnkny1 kakne-nno aonpocL a cansn c HonH
sananenneH.
.ED4345
!4F4
a aonpocL, noc1aanennLe ypeuknH npaan1enLc1aoH epes caoero nocna r-na k1an 30 ok1npn
3aHec1n1enk apkoHa noc1pannLx en LunnckoHy, oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nopynno Hne
o1ae1n1L cnepykuee:
1. aaauancn n1ano-rpeeckan aonna nanne1cn opnnH ns a1anoa panLnenuero pacunpennn
aonnL. oae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay 1pypno cypn1L o 1oH, kakyk nosnunk Hoe1 nnn ponna
sann1L Eonrapnn a n1ano-rpeeckon aonne. S1o peno caHoro Eonrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
1nouenne k n1ano-rpeeckon aonne onpepenne1cn ouen ero nosnunen a nponcxopnuen
aonne, a ocnoae ko1opon nen1 1enpenunn k cyennk asL aonnL. pnako, 1o kacae1cn
coae1ckon nonn1nkn a panLnenueH, 1o Hnoroe ype1 saance1L o1 xopa coL1nn n o1 1on
oc1anoakn, ko1opan Hoe1 cnon1Lcn na Eankanax a nnanueH ypyueH.
2. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnnHae1 k caepennk sananenne r-na ocna o 1oH, 1o
npaan1enLc1ao ypeukon ecnynnkn ne Hoe1 oc1aaa1Lcn a c1opone o1 n1anopeecknx
coL1nn.
3. 1o e kacae1cn sanpoca ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa o 1oH, cHoe1 nn oae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao okasa1L noHouL ypeukon ecnynnke a cnyae aosnnknoaennn onacnoc1n pnn
ypunn nnn aoennoro konqnnk1a - a kakon qopHe, a kaknx pasHepax n a kakon cpok, 1o
oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ncnL1Laae1 a cansn c 1akon noc1anoakon aonpoca neko1opoe
nepoyHenne. epy oae1cknH oksoH n ypeukon ecnynnkon, kak nsaec1no, ne cyuec1aye1
nak1a asanHonoHoun, ko1opLn L onsLaan nnn ypunk okasLaa1L ppyr ppyry aoennyk
nnn nnyk noHouL. oa1oHy oae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay ne coaceH nonn1en noponLn sanpoc
ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa. npoeH, n a a1oH aonpoce Hnoroe ype1 saance1L o1 oc1anoakn a
nnanueH ypyueH, ko1opan eue ne poc1a1ono ncna. o acnkoH cnyae, Hono 1enepL e
ckasa1L, 1o noaepenne oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ne ype1 1aknH, kaknH Lno noaepenne
nonn1necknx kpyroa ypunn ao apeHn coae1cko-qnnnnnpckoro konqnnk1a.
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1C . 91BC . <:=<4 <C=<B.
4C4# / .2119 1988.2.07 1802.:; 7< 8882
HC 1940 .I
29 ok1npn anrnnncknn nocon a ockae r-n pnnnc opa1nncn k apopnoHy oHnccapy
noc1pannLx en 1. ono1oay c no1on, a ko1opon Epn1anckoe paan1enLc1ao aLpaano caon
npo1ec1 npo1na npnnn1oro paan1enLc1aoH peuennn o neoxopnHoc1n oprannsaunn noaon
(ynn1apnon) ynanckon oHnccnn n yac1nn npepc1aan1enen a neperoaopax c
npepc1aan1ennHn IepHannn, 1annn n yHLnnn a r. Eyxapec1e. accHa1pnaan penc1ann
23
oae1ckoro paan1enLc1aa kak napyuenne nH nen1pann1e1a, Epn1anckoe paan1enLc1ao
sananno, 1o ono ne Hoe1 npnsna1L kakne L 1o nn Lno ornauennn, ko1opLe Hory1 napyun1L
cyuec1aykune poroaopL, n 1o ono ponno coxpann1L ace caon npaaa, cansannLe c a1nH
aonpocoH.
2 nonpn 3aHec1n1enL apopnoro oHnccapa noc1pannLx en 1. Lunncknn npnnnn
anrnnnckoro nocna r-na pnnnca n apynn eHy o1 nHenn oae1ckoro paan1enLc1aa no1y, a
ko1opon paan1enLc1ao sananne1, 1o ono aLnypeno npnsna1L nenpaannLnLH
y1aeppenne Epn1anckoro paan1enLc1aa o 1oH, 1o npnsnanne oae1cknH paan1enLc1aoH
neoxopnHoc1n opasoaannn noaon ynanckon oHnccnn n yac1ne a neperoaopax a r.
Eyxapec1e nanne1cn napyuenneH nen1pann1e1a. *
&>24. - 1940. - C .
4C,# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .#/:@81-1 8 =18<.19 121<7/80/. -18<./ / 8882 N
#-./2<1/A79
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. nkonny, 1. aranoany, 1. ekanosoay, 1.
osoackoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
C 1940 .
(3
ocnannnk npnuen ko Hne, 1oL nnqopHnpoaa1L o nocnepnnx coL1nnx na Eankanax.
ocnannnk paccHa1pnaae1 nonoenne na Eankanax kak oenL cnonoe n cepLesnoe. kapLH
pneH oc1anoaka ace onee n onee ycnonne1cn, coL1nn pasanaak1cn c neaepon1non
Lc1po1on. e ncknkena aosHonoc1L, 1o repHanckne aoncka aonpy1 a Eonrapnk, a sa1eH
coaHec1no c onrapaHn okkynnpyk1 paknk. cnn repHanckne aoncka aonpy1 a Eonrapnk n
panLue - ao paknk, 1o nn1epecL ankancknx rocypapc1a nopaeprny1cn pncky.
ocnannnk cn1ae1 pnn cen aosHonLH nopepkny1L, 1o nn1epecL coanapak1 c
nn1epecaHn acex ankancknx pepaa, a ac1noc1n c nn1epecaHn Krocnaann. ocnannnk ykasan,
1o ynan n aaa nannk1cn knkoH k nponnaaH. occnn e acerpa c1peHnnacL k oecneennk
pnn cen caoopnoro aLxopa a pepnseHnoe Hope.
ocnannnk eue pas noa1opnn, 1o oc1anoaka na Eankanax c1anoan1cn ace onee cepLesnon,
krocnaackoe npaan1enLc1ao sananno a caoen peknapaunn, 1o a nac1onunn HoHen1 neoxopnHo
cnepn1L c caHLH onLunH annHanneH sa coL1nnHn. nn acex oeanpno, 1o EankanL
ac1ynnnn a aonny.
R npnnnn coouenne nocnannnka k caepennk, o1ae1na neckonLknHn qpasaHn ouero xapak1epa.
nkaknx cneunanLnLx aonpocoa nocnannnk ne c1aann.
ocnannnk npocnn Henn npnnn1L ero a nnanune pnn, ecnn on ype1 nHe1L noaLe caepennn o
panLnenueH pasaep1Laannn coL1nn na Eankanax.
R oeuan nocnannnky npnnn1L ero, korpa on a1oro noenae1.
.DD345 ! %- 6. 0144 78. 90 . 10C . : . 11=19.
* nyuennLn specL 1ekc1 ynoHnny1on no1L pan a npnnoennn k pok. 478.
24
486. &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .#/:@81-1 8 =18<.19 ><81? 278=&< / 8882
##=..8-/
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. ekanosoay, 1.
osoackoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
C 1940 .
(3
14 acoa 35 Hnny1 n npnnnn aacnknan.
1. aacnknan ckasan, 1o, no coouennk ns enLcnnkn, neckonLko pnen 1oHy nasap a enLcnnkn
coc1onnacL ecepa k1n c nonnpepoH a nnnnnpnn 3o1oaLH no aonpocy o npepoc1aanennn
oae1ckoHy oksy nnkeneaon konueccnn a e1caHo
116
.
aacnknan ckasan, 1o k1n sanann 3o1oay o 1oH, 1o qnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao cHoe1
nopnnca1L cornauenne no a1oHy aonpocy a 1oH cnyae, ecnn nrnnn ype1 c a1nH cornacna.
R o1ae1nn aacnknan, 1o nepaano pasroaapnaan no a1oHy aonpocy c nocnoH nrnnn a ockae r-
noH pnnncoH*, ko1opLn sanann, 1o nnqopHaunn anrnnnckoro nocnannnka a enLcnnkn r-na
epekepa ne o1aeae1 penc1an1enLnoc1n n 1o on, pnnnc, nonynn 1enerpaHHy o1 caoero
npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opon anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao anoaL nop1aeppae1, 1o ono ne nHee1
aospaennn npo1na nepepan nnkeneaon konueccnn a e1caHo oksy nnn cHeuannoHy
coae1cko-qnnnnnpckoHy ouec1ay.
pn a1oH n nopepknyn, 1o 1aknH opasoH npnnunnnanLnoe cornacne anrnnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa nHee1cn, xo1n n c oroaopkaHn, ko1opLe cpenan a nocnepnnn pas pnnnc o
apeHennLx ycnoannx, n 1o, cnepoaa1enLno, ace oc1anLnoe - peno ye caHoro qnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa.
aacnknan neckonLko pas nL1ancn cocna1Lcn na 1o, 1o npaan1enLc1ao nrnnn pano cornacne
nepeyc1ynn1L OPQ a ne noc1onnno caon npaaa na konueccnk oae1ckoHy oksy, no nocne
1oro, kak n sanann eHy, 1o ace peno 1enepL ynnpae1cn a qnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao, aacnknan
cnpocnn, pasroaapnaann nn HL no a1oHy aonpocy c repHancknH npaan1enLc1aoH.
R o1ae1nn aacnknan, 1o npaan1enLc1ao IepHannn nnkorpa ne sanannno naH o caoeH
necornacnn no aonpocy o npepoc1aanennn qnncknH npaan1enLc1aoH oae1ckoHy oksy
nnkeneaon konueccnn n 1o a ecepax ..ono-1oaa c repHancknH nocnoH a ockae r-noH
ynenyproH poc1nrny1o cornauenne o 1oH, 1o IepHannn ponna nonyn1L a 1940 r. 60%, a
- 40% nnkeneaon pypL, poLaaeHon a e1caHo.
aacnknan neckonLko pas aosapauancn k a1oHy aonpocy, ponaancL nauero cornacnn eue pas
sanpocn1L no a1oHy noaopy repHanckoro nocna a ockae. R o1aen a1n nonL1kn aacnknan, sanana
eHy, 1o ne any a a1oH nnkakon neoxopnHoc1n, 1ak kak o1nouenne repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa k a1oHy aonpocy coaepuenno ncno n ne 1peye1 nnkakoro y1onennn.
R sanann aacnknan, 1o nopa konn1L kann1enL n aonokn1y a a1oH pene co c1oponL qnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, 1o cenac ace qopHanLnLe ccLnkn
* H. pok. 478.
25
qnnckon c1oponL yc1panenL n 1o cospanL ace ycnoann pnn poc1nennn cornacnn.
aacnknan oeuan neHepnenno anoaL cnec1ncL co caonH npaan1enLc1aoH n pa1L o1ae1.
2. aacnknan sanann Hne, 1o 1 nonpn c.r. koncyny a apnenxaHne pnenko nepepana
qnnnaHn kap1a HnnnLx nonen, 1o pao1L no ynn1oennk ykpennennn aepy1cn nop kon1poneH
koncyna n 1o a a1oH o1nouennn peno oc1on1 narononyno.
R npnnnn k caepennk a1o coouenne, sanana, 1o nocHo1pnH, kak peno nonpe1 panLue.
3. aacnknan coounn Hne, 1o ceropnn sa paa aca po ecepL on nonynn o1ae1 na ero
coouenne no noaopy nspannn a nnnnnpnn an1ncoae1ckon nn1epa1ypL.
nnckoe npaan1enLc1ao o1ncnne1 nonanenne a cae1 noponoro popa nn1epa1ypL o1cy1c1aneH
uensypL.
aacnknan sanann, 1o opny ns nn1n knnr, npep1nanennLx eHy ..ono1oaLH, on, aacnknan,
npon1an n coounn o a1oH a enLcnnkn. Hy nopyeno sanan1L, 1o a1a knnra nenpnc1onna n
nenosaonn1enLna no caoeHy copepannk, 1o ona ye konqnckoaana qnncknHn anac1nHn n 1o
a cansn c a1nH npaan1enLc1ao nnnnnpnn aLpaae1 caoe coanenne. aacnknan poaann, 1o
ace oc1anLnLe knnrn a pannoe apeHn nsyak1cn n, ecnn a nnx ype1 yc1anoaneno 1o-nno,
nanpaanennoe npo1na , a1n knnra 1ake ypy1 konqnckoaanL.
4. konue ecepL aacnknan apynn Hne naHn1nyk sanncky no aonpocy o aosapauennn c
1eppn1opnn, o1ouepuen k , qnncknx apxnaoa*.
R o1ae1nn aacnknan, 1o osnakoHnkcL c a1on naHn1non sannckon n paH eHy o1ae1 10-11
nonpn c.r.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaan saaepykunn 1penoH npnan1nncknx c1pan 1. ypon1ea.
.ED4345
! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 9C . 9=11.
4C!# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< =.211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .##/:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 /
/7<1&20. 99.?819
C 1940 .
(. 3
pn apyennn pnnncy no1L no pynanckoHy aonpocy 2 nonpn n noc1aann nepep nnH cnepykune
aonpocL:
1. 23 nknn pnnnc a ecepe c 1. osoacknH** coounn, 1o a cansn c onacnoc1Lk nepexopa
nnkeneaLx konueccnn a nnnnnpnn a pykn neHuea pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao Lno L
poaonLno, ecnn L a1n konueccnn coaHec1no akcnnya1npoaanncL n nnnnnpnen nnn 1onLko
, n
* e nynnkye1cn. ** H. pok. 279.
26
pae ro1oao Lno okasa1L 1exnneckyk noHouL. pnako ns sananennn k1n n aacnknan naH
c1ano nsaec1no, 1o epekep* sanann o necornacnn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa na nepepay
konueccnn nnn cHeuannoHy coae1cko-qnnnnnpckoHy ouec1ay n 1o npepnoenne
pnnnca o1 23 nknn nanne1cn, nkoL, nnuL ero ac1nLH HnenneH. pnnnc sanann, 1o a1o
nepopasyHenne, 1o 1pn pnn 1oHy nasap on nonynn 1enerpaHHy o1 pn1anckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opon nop1aeppae1cn ero npepnoenne o1 23 nknn. pn a1oH aLncnnnocL,
1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne aospaano L npo1na nepexopa konueccnn a pykn
nnuL na apeHennLx ycnoannx n 1o nocne aonnL a1o1 aonpoc ponen L1L nepecHo1pen. pnnnc
nopepknyn, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao n cenac pepn1cn a1on 1okn spennn.
2. o aonpocy o npnan1nncknx napoxopax n ckasan, 1o naua no1a o1 9 ok1npn no a1oHy
aonpocy oc1anacL es o1ae1a n 1o on ne aLnonnnn caoero oeuannn pasnoknpoaa1L cpepc1aa
napoxopc1a, 1o pasroaopoa n noenannn co c1oponL pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa o
ynyuennn o1nouennn c Hnoro, no peanLnLe pena roaopn1 o opa1noH. onyae1cn
paonc1aennoc1L: aneune - opno, a na pene - apapenoc1L k nn1epecaH . nunnH
pokasa1enLc1aoH a1oro nanne1cn cnepykunn qak1. pna ns qnpH a nnnnnpnn pnn aLnonnennn
coae1ckoro sakasa xo1ena sakynn1L onoao a Hepnke, opnako k pnpek1opy qnpHL nanncn
npepc1aan1enL anrnnnckon Hnccnn n sanann, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao aospaae1 npo1na
sakynkn onoaa pnn coae1cknx sakasoa. pnnnc sanann, 1o ne cnepye1 paccHa1pnaa1L a1n qak1L
c nonn1neckon c1oponL, 1o nc1opnn c onoaoH - a1o npoc1o rnynan ounka, ko1opyk on
nonL1ae1cn Lc1po yc1pann1L.
o aonpocy e o napoxopax n sanann, 1o ero npepnoenne o ap1epe sa pekansnpoaannLe
napoxopL nenpneHneHo pnn , HL ne HoeH npnsna1L npaao pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa na
pekansnunk naunx napoxopoa, pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao ponno yc1pann1L ace npenn1c1ann,
Heuakune cypaH aosapa1n1Lcn a .
3. 26 ok1npn pnnnc opa1nncn ko Hne o1 nHenn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa c npocLon
o1nyc1n1L Ipeunn neko1opoe konnec1ao ensnna. R, a caok oepepL, cnpocnn, ype1 nn
pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao nnn1L npenn1c1ann a 1pancnop1npoake 5000 1onn ensnna ns
no pepnseHnoHy Hopk ao panunk. eropnn pnnnc coounn Hne a ecepe, 1o
pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 ne npenn1c1aoaa1L naunH noc1aakaH ensnna ao
panunk.
R sanann, 1o 1akan pasnnnan noc1anoaka aonpoca a o1nouennn Ipeunn n panunn pnn nac
nenpneHneHa, no 1o a1o1 aonpoc cnepye1 peua1L a.
saknkenne pnnnc nn1epecoaancn naunHn asrnnpaHn na rpeko-n1anLnnckyk aonny, naunH
o1nouenneH k qak1y nanapennn na Ipeunk n kakoao o1nouenne 1oaapnua 1annna k
yc1anoanennk onee ppyec1aennLx o1nouennn n ypunn. o nepaoHy aonpocy n cocnancn
na npnnunnL nauen aneunen nonn1nkn; no a1opoHy - 1o n ne cn1ak cen anpaae nsnara1L
Hnenne no a1oHy aonpocy 1oaapnua 1annna es nonnoHonn; na aonpoc pnnnca o 1oke spennn
n o1ae1nn, 1o naun o1nouennn c ypunen
* epekep, opp I.. - a 1940-1941 rr. nocnannnk ennkopn1annn a nnnnnpnn.
27
onpepennk1cn poroaopoH 1925 r.*, a pyxe ko1oporo n cnepye1 paccHa1pnaa1L naue o1nouenne k
noc1aanennoHy aonpocy a nac1onuee apeHn.
ED4345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:9 . ;9=94.
4CC# &787. /27971-1 =1/7271-1 / 7<.; 8882 / 121<7/80/7 -27J
.#<.D.27/. 8 =279B72-980219 121<7/80/. -27J # 970.8.819
%>? 1. ono1oay, Iencekpe1apna1
< 1940 .
(3
eropnn Henn npnrnacnn k cee npeHLep-Hnnnc1p Ipeunn e1akcac. e1akcac ac1pe1nn Henn c
nosppaanenneH c 23-n ropoaunnon k1npLckon peaonkunn a n nsannnncn, 1o a cansn c
oc1anoakon a Ipeunn on nosppaanne1 Henn a oc1anoake caoero cnyenoro kanne1a. R
nonaropapnn ero. ocne a1oro e1akcac ckasan, 1o a cansn c aoennLHn penc1annHn Ipeunn
ncnL1Laae1 onLuyk nypy a npopoaonLc1ann n a aoennLx Ha1epnanax n 1o rpeeckoe
npaan1enLc1ao peunno opa1n1Lcn c npocLon k npaan1enLc1ay okasa1L eHy noHouL a
npopae npopoaonLc1ann n Ha1epnanoa, neoxopnHLx pnn aepennn aonnL. onkpe1no e1akcac
npocnn nepepa1L cnepykuyk npocLy coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay:
1) popa1L Ipeunn xne, pnc n ppyrne npopyk1L nn1annn, a 1ake ensnn n neq1L.
2) e1annL, neoxopnHLe pnn nyp aoennon npoHLunennoc1n, -eneso, yryn, HepL, nnkenL,
ponsy.
3) cansn c nepoc1a1koH aoopyennn npopa1L rpeeckon apHnn caHone1L n ppyroe
aoopyenne.
1nocn1enLno konnec1aa npopoaonLc1ann, Ha1epnanoa n cnapnennn, neoxopnHoro Ipeunn, on
cooun1 nocne nonyennn npnnunnnanLnoro o1ae1a npaan1enLc1aa .
R o1ae1nn, 1o npocLy rpeeckoro npaan1enLc1aa nepepaH npaan1enLc1ay n nocne
nonyennn nnc1pykunn paH 1o1 nnn nnon o1ae1.
e1akcac sanann, 1o on paccn1Laae1 na cnHna1nn oae1ckoro oksa k rpeeckoHy napopy n
napee1cn, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao okae1 noHouL Ipeunn.
cansn c 1eH, 1o na a1oH penoaan ac1L ecepL Lna ncepnana, n nonpocnn npeHLepa
opnen1npoaa1L Henn a oc1anoake, cnonauencn aokpyr Ipeunn.
e1akcac kopo1ko o1ae1nn cnepykuee:
nrnnn nanne1cn coksnnuen Ipeunn a rpeko-n1anLnnckon aonne n c cornacnn rpeeckoro
npaan1enLc1aa ye pasaepnyna aoenno-Hopckne asL na pn1e n a neko1opLx ppyrnx nynk1ax
Ipeunn, 1o rpeeckoe npaan1enLc1ao napee1cn, 1o noHouL nrnnn ype1 peanLnon.
* H. ### - 0# I(((# - ok. 418.
28
1nouennn c IepHannen nannk1cn nopHanLnLHn, no nockonLky IepHannn nanne1cn coksnnuen
1annn, Hono onpa1L, 1o IepHannn aLc1ynn1 npo1na Ipeunn.
ypunn nanne1cn coksnnuen Ipeunn na Eankanax, no a nac1onuee apeHn nensaec1no o xapak1epe
noHoun, ko1opyk okae1 ona Ipeunn, o a1oH aepy1cn neperoaopL.
1nouennn Hepy Ipeunen n Krocnaanen ppyec1aennLe.
1nouennn c Eonrapnen po nepaanero apeHenn Lnn ppyec1aennLHn, no 1enepL a1n
o1nouennn c1ann neHnoro nop1n1Lcn, 1ak kak a onrapcknx kpyrax ycnnenno unpkynnpyk1 cnyxn
o naHepennn Eonrapnn aLn1n k SrenckoHy Hopk a panone aaanL*.
saknkenne e1akcac kocnyncn cnyxoa o 1oH, 1o nkoL IepHannn no1peoaana y Eonrapnn n
Krocnaann ecnpenn1c1aennoro nponycka repHancknx aonck na rpeeckyk 1eppn1opnk. n
sanann, 1o ace a1n cnyxn nnuenL ocnoaannn, 1o nn Krocnaann, nn Eonrapnn noponLx
1peoaannn o1 IepHannn ne nonyann. ake aLHLunennLH nanne1cn coouenne onrapckon
rase1L peHn o 1oH, 1o, nkoL, rpeeckoe npaan1enLc1ao opa1nnocL k IepHannn c npocLon
aLc1ynn1L a ponn nocpepnnka a n1ano-rpeeckon aonne. e1akcac nopepknyn, 1o nn o kaknx
neperoaopax pen L1L ne Hoe1, 1o rpekn co acen peunHoc1Lk ypy1 opo1Lcn sa caok
nesaancnHoc1L, sa nsrnanne apara co caoen 1eppn1opnn.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
#>2 ! %- 6. 0;4 78. 99 . 1:9 . C . 11=1:.
489. 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .##/:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729.
..#@/.2J7/
; 1940 .
(. 3
5 nonpn c.r. coae1nnk nnnenLcknpx opa1nncn ko Hne no aonpocy yperynnpoaannn pasnornacnn,
aosnnkunx npn neperoaopax a nre o aosHeuennn c1onHoc1n nHyuec1aa aaakynpykunxcn
neHuea. oka spennn repHanckon c1oponL saknkae1cn a 1oH, 1oL: a) ace nHyuec1ao
repHancknx rpapan n nnu neHeukon naunonanLnoc1n Lno aosHeueno nonnoc1Lk, a ne
ac1nno, kak npepnarae1 coae1ckan c1opona, 1.k. ac1nnoe aosHeuenne nkoL npo1naopen1
saaepennnH coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1nocn1enLno conkpennn repHancknx akonoHnecknx
nn1epecoa a n1oackon, a1annckon n Sc1onckon ; ) nannnLe penLrn, cyHHL, xpannunecn a
ankax, ne ponnL L1L ncknkenL ns aosHeuennn 1eH, 1o npn npeaLuennn 1000 na1 nnn 1000
ac1oncknx kpon onn ne ponyckak1cn k ouenke n pernc1paunn; a) a o1nouennn nHyuec1aa,
npnnapneauero repHancknH oaepn1enLnLH npaanennnH a eaene n nre (1ar), ponnL
L1L conkpenL poroaopL, saknkennLe Hepy repHancknH npaan1enLc1aoH n npennHn
npaan1enLc1aaHn a1ann n Sc1onnn.
* aaana - rpeecknn ropop a 3anapnon paknn.
29
o1ae1 n sanann nnnenLcknpxy, 1o asn1Le coae1ckon c1oponon onsa1enLc1aa -
o1nocn1Lcn c nonnLH annHanneH k nn1epecaH repHancknx rpapan a pnan1nke -
aLnonnnk1cn nonnoc1Lk n nnkaknx napyuennn pannLx saaepennn ne nHee1cn.
aoopo1, coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao, npnnnHan ao annHanne cyuec1aykune Hepy
n IepHannen o1nouennn, cornacnnocL na aosHeuenne nsaec1non ac1n
naunonannsnpoaannoro nHyuec1aa repHancknx rpapan, ero ne penae1cn no
o1nouennk k ppyrnH c1panaH. onpoc o 100% koHnencaunn c1onHoc1n nHyuec1aa
panLue nnkorpa ne c1aanncn. 1o e kacae1cn aonpocoa o penLrax, ankoacknx
aknapax, a 1ake nHyuec1aa oaepn1enLnLx npaanennn, 1o onn ypy1
paccHa1pnaa1Lcn pononnn1enLno.
poHe 1oro, nnnenLcknpx npocnn npopnn1L po 15 nnaapn 1941 ropa pen1enLnoc1L
repHancknx koncynLc1a a nre, annnne n aynace. Hy Lno oeuano aLncnn1L a1o1
aonpoc n a nnanuee apeHn pa1L o1ae1.
oouae1cn pnn auero caepennn.
ED4345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1< . 91;9 19=1:.
490# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7
/7-2 ## @.211/. =72/19 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2.
1802.:; 7< 8882 .##/:@819
;1940.
( 3
/:@819# 17 nonpn npepnonarae1 aLexa1L a ockay aenrepckan peneraunn
pnn saknkennn cornauennn no noc1aake ocen, cka1oa konec, cypoa, Ho1opoa n 1py na
cyHHy okono pecn1n Hnnnnonoa aHepnkancknx ponnapoa n no nokynke xnonka, HLxoa,
Hacen, ceHnn nLna n 1ak panee. nncok nenoa koHnccnn coc1on1 ns 15 enoaek n ype1
poc1aanen a ockay kypLepaHn nnn coouen 1enerpaqno. s nenoa npounon
peneraunn naHeenL occonoa n apaancknn. o nx cnoaaH, aonpoc npe1 o cpenkax, no
ko1opLH onn ye aenn neperoaopL c o1epnnennnHn napkoHaneu1opra.
+2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1; . 91;9 . 91B.
491# 71012:7R 2S70R/: &72<S81?R =17D7G
H9 1940 .I
(2. 3
.H2I
1. JT6 noespkn:
a) 24UU46 penc1an1enLnLe naHepennn epHannn n acex yac1nnkoa ak1a 3-x
154

(IepHannn, 1annn, Rnonnn) a ocyuec1anennn nnana cospannn oaon aponL, a
1ake ennkoro oc1ono-sna1ckoro poc1-
* oc1aennLn saronoaok pokyHen1a.
30
nanc1aa; VP4WX oaon aponL n oc1ono-sna1ckoro poc1panc1aa; Y4P4P
rocypapc1aennon c1pyk1ypL n o1nouennn o1penLnLx eaponencknx rocypapc1a a oaon
apone n a oc1onon snn; Z4[ n 5PW ocyuec1anennn a1nx nnanoa n, no kpannen
Hepe, nnanune ns nnx; [P5[WO npncoepnnennn ppyrnx c1pan k ak1y 3-x; 5 8882 a
a1nx nnanax a pannLn HoHen1 n a panLnenueH.
) =\VOW6 nepaonaanLnyk naHe1ky 5]P WP5O 8882 a apone, a 1ake a
nnnen n cpepnen snn, npouynaa aosHonoc1L cornauennn o a1oH c IepHannen (a 1ake c
^4TW_R$Q no ne saknka1L kakoro-nno cornauennn c IepHannen n ^4TW_R na pannon
c1apnn neperoaopoa, nHen a anpy npoponenne a1nx neperoaopoa a ockae, kypa ponen
npnexa1L nen1pon a nnanuee apeHn*.
2. cxopn ns 1oro 1o coae1cko-repHanckoe cornauenne o ac1nnoH pasrpannennn cqep
nn1epecoa n IepHannn** coL1nnHn ncepnano (sa ncknkenneH nnnnnpnn), a
neperoaopax ponaa1Lcn, 1oL 5]P WP5O 8882 Lnn o1necenL:
a) >WT`\W` - na ocnoae coae1cko-repHanckoro cornauennn 1939 r., a aLnonnennn
ko1oporo epHannn ponna yc1pann1L acnkne 1pypnoc1n n nencnoc1n (aLaop repHancknx
aonck, npekpauenne acnknx nonn1necknx peHonc1paunn a nnnnnpnn n a epHannn,
nanpaanennLx ao apep nn1epecaH ).
) 4_Q a ac1n Hopckoro ynan, a coo1ae1c1ann c pnpek1naaHn 1. ooneay.
kasa1L 1ake o naueH nepoaonLc1ae 1eH, 1o epHannn ne koncynL1npoaanacL c no
aonpocy o rapan1nnx n aaope aonck a yHLnnk
193
.
a) &TV4PW` - rnaanLn aonpoc neperoaopoa, ponna L1L, no poroaopennoc1n c IepHannen n
^4TW_RQ o1necena k cqepe nn1epecoa 4 _ e 5O rapan1nn Eonrapnn co c1oponL
, kak a1o cpenano IepHannen n 1annen a o1nouennn yHLnnn, c aaopoH coae1cknx aonck a
Eonrapnk.
r) onpoc o ypunn n ee cypLax ne Hoe1 L1L peuen es nauero yac1nn, 1.k. y nac ec1L
cepLesnLe nn1epecL a ypunn.
p) onpoc o panLnenuen cypLe 2WW W /VPWWQ kak rpannaunx c , nac oenL
nn1epecye1, n HL xo1enn L, 1oL o a1oH c naHn poroaopnnncL.
e) onpoc o P4 ne Hoe1 peua1Lcn es yac1nn , 1.k. 1aH y nac ec1L cepLesnLe
nn1epecL. Ees nypL o a1oH ne roaopn1L.
) o1nouennn -PXWW n V5T4OWW HL xo1enn L sna1L, 1o pyHae1 cL npepnpnnn1L
s) aonpoce o @OXWW oc1ae1cn na 1on nosnunn, 1o coxpanenne nen1pann1e1a a1oro
rocypapc1aa a nn1epecax n IepHannn
87
. c1ae1cn nn epHannn na 1on e nosnunn
n) , kak an1nnckoe rocypapc1ao, nn1epecye1 aonpoc o caoopnoH npoxope cypoa ns Ean1nkn
a Hnpnoe n aoennoe apeHn epes anLn n EonLuon EenL1L, Spesynp, a11era1 n kareppak.
opouo Lno L, no npnHepy coaeuannn o ynae, yc1pon1L coaeuanne no a1oHy aonpocy ns
npepc1aan1enen sann1epecoaannLx c1pan.
k) a @[WXaPV ponna L1L oecneena pao1a nauen yronLnon konueccnn.
* H. pok. 498, 511. ** H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 484.
31
# 0P4UW IepHannn - Rnonnn - naua Horyan nosnunn, 1o napo nHe1L a anpy.
4. cnn cnpocn1 o naunx o1nouennnx c 0PXW_ - ckasa1L o naueH o1ae1e 1ypkaH, a nHenno:
HL nH ckasann, 1o o1cy1c1ane nak1a asanHonoHoun c ne pae1 nH npaaa 1peoaa1L noHoun
o1 .
5. cnn cnpocn1 o naunx o1nouennnx c .VTW_Q 1o ckasa1L a pyxe oHena Hnennn na pae
1annna.
6. kasa1L, 1o naH coounnn o cpenannLx epes ysaenL1a WPY [P\TbW`Y nrnnn co
c1oponL IepHannn. oo1ae1c1aye1 nn a1o penc1an1enLnoc1n n kakoa o1ae1
7. a aosHonLn aonpoc o naunx o1nouennnx c 8@. o1ae1n1L, 1o 1ake cnpaunaak1
nac: ne HoeH nn HL okasa1L noppepky ypunn n pany a cnyae aosnnknoaennn onacnoc1n pnn
nnx. L noka ne o1ae1nnn na a1n aonpocL.
8. npocn1L, rpe rpannuL oc1ono-sna1ckoro poc1panc1aa no ak1y 3-x.
9. 1nocn1enLno W4` a cekpe1noH npo1okone, a kaec1ae opnoro ns nynk1oa a1oro npo1okona,
ckasa1L o neoxopnHoc1n ponaa1Lcn noe1noro Hnpa pnn n1an (an-an-n), a eH ,
Hoe1 L1L c yac1neH epHannn n 1annn, ro1oa asn1L na cen nocpepnnec1ao, npneH
HL ne aospaaeH, 1oL nponesnn Lna npnsnana cqepon annnnnn Rnonnn (anLoy-Io
oc1ae1cn sa Rnonnen).
10. pepnon1L cpena1L WPc 4XWc a anpe o1kpL1on peknapaunn 4-x pepaa "5TW
aLncnn1cn naronpnn1nLn xop ocnoanLx neperoaopoa: Eonrapnn, ypunn n pp.) na ycnoannx
coxpanennn ennkopn1anckon Hnepnn (es nopHanpa1nLx 1eppn1opnn) co aceHn 1eHn
anapennnHn, ko1opLHn nrnnn 1enepL anapee1, n npn ycnoann neaHeua1enLc1aa a pena aponL
n neHepnennoro yxopa ns Inpan1apa n rnn1a, a 1ake c onsa1enLc1aoH neHepnennoro
aosapa1a IepHannn ee npennx kononnn n neHepnennoro npepoc1aanennn npnn npaa
poHnnnona*.
11. 1 5OS5R-`[5WY o1nouennnx - pepa1Lcn anaane a paHkax Hoero o1ae1a
a1ekaae**.
12. npocn1L o 5\6a4Y =T6dW - na ocnoae cornauennn 1939 r.
13. 1 [54XWW coc1aennoc1n a pnan1ax: 25% a opnn rop, 50% - a 1pn ropa (paanLHn
ponnHn).
14. akonoH necknx penax: a cnyae ypoane1aopn1enLnoro xopa neperoaopoa - o xnee***.
A42 !>4 %- 6. CB 78. 1 . 11B1 . 14<=1CC.
nyn.: '2 4 25D 44. - 199C. - @ 4. - (. <<-<9.
J 3aknkn1enLnan ac1L qpasL, aLpenennan specL a ckokax, a opnrnnane saepkny1a (cH. pok. 494). ** H.
pok. 477. *** annLn pokyHen1 nynnkye1cn no pykonncnoHy 1ekc1y, nanncannoHy, npepnonon1enLno,
caHnH ..ono1oaLH. 3nan1enLnoe konnec1ao cnoa a nopnnnnnke panL a cokpauennoH anpe, n nx nonnan
pacunqpoaka npnaopn1cn a kaappa1nLx ckokax. pokyHen1e coxpanenL opqorpaqnn n nynk1yaunn. noaa,
nopepkny1Le a nopnnnnnke, aLpenenL npnLH upnq1oH.
32
492# D 07<7-2.99: /27971-1 =1/7271-1 / 7<.; 8882 /1 >2.J e#e#
/.1/. / 8882
9 1940 . ( 3
osppaanenne c npaspnnkoH 7 nonpn cpenan: kn1ancknn n 1ypeuknn nocnL. Lep aaanL
npncnan caok ansn1nyk kap1oky c sarny1LH neaLH konuoH. 8 nonpn Henn noce1nn 1ypeuknn
nocon Spknn. nn 1pn nasap Henn noce1nn coae1nnk Krocnaann* yxan paukoan. ocnepnnn
ena1 na poepn nLep1a oHa n nHee1 ao panunn onLune cansn.
1. IepHannn enae1 saknkn1L kon1ak1 c nrnnen. eHeukoe koHanpoaanne okona1enLno
o1kasanocL o1 nnana a1opennn na nrnnnckne oc1poaa kak nnana nepeanLnoro. nrnnncknn
qno1 ne ponyc1n1 aLcapkn poc1a1onoro pecan1a. poHe 1oro, aonna npo1na nrnnn ne pae1
neHuaH 1ex arpapnLx 1eppn1opnn, a ko1opLx IepHannn nypae1cn. paukoan cn1ae1, 1o
IepHannn ne sann1epecoaana a nonyennn saokeancknx kononnn nrnnn, no, ne nHen qno1a,
neHuL ne cHory1 ypepa1L a1nx kononnn, pae ecnn ona nx nonyn1.
2. IepHannn okkynnpoaana a apone pnp aLcokopasan1Lx npoHLunennLx c1pan c ryc1LH
nacenenneH: onLua, exnn, EenLrnn, Ionnanpnn, panunn. popoaonLc1aennLe 1pypnoc1n
IepHannn snan1enLno aospocnn naropapn aonne, 1ake 1pypnoc1n a onac1n npoHLunennoro
cLpLn. IepHanckan akonoHnka nypae1cn a arpapnLx 1eppn1opnnx na eaponenckoH kon1nnen1e.
kkynnpoaannLe c1panL ne Hory1 pa1L IepHannn neoxopnHoro en npopoaonLc1ann n cLpLn.
3pecL naann anoaL ycnnenno roaopn1L o nnanax akcnancnn IepHannn na oc1ok, nsnoennLx a
knnrax In1nepa n osenepra
194
.
3. ypeuknn nocon sanann, 1o neHuL ro1oan1cn k aonne npo1na , a ac1noc1n npo1na
coae1ckon kpannL, nnn onn panny1cn na ypunk, Earpap, yau n 1ak panee. o aecnL apnp nn
neHuL nany1 ak1nanLe onepaunn na oc1oke. Eonrapnk npnLno Hnoro neHeuknx oqnuepoa a
u1a1ckon qopHe. eHeukne aoennLe nopro1aannaak1 a Eonrapnn noay pnn npoxopa neHeuknx
aonck. n sanann Hne, 1o na coae1cko-repHanckon rpannue ckonuen1pnpoaano 105 neHeuknx
pnansnn. konuen1paunn neHeuknx aonck na aoc1oke IepHannn coouak1 ns pnpa nc1onnkoa.
eHuL aepyk1 ao panunn ykpannuea, ocoenno xopouo snakunx Hec1noc1L kpannL, a 1ake
enoraappenckne oqnuepckne kappL. o npnkasy osenepra ns apna o1npaanena a Eepnnn
ypreneackan nnno1eka
195
. na nHena 100 1Lcn 1oHoa. a1on nnno1eke pao1aH a caoe
apeHn ennn, IopLknn, nexanoa. eHuL pekansnpyk1 ao panunn nouapen, o1npaannk1 nx a
IepHannk, rpe cospak1 kaaanepnnckne ac1n.
&22
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9; K. 99C: . 9B<=9B9.
J ak a 1ekc1e opnrnnana. ** nyuena ac1L pokyHen1a, ne o1nocnuancn k .
3 3
49# 1997 1 =17D7 =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/
8882Q .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. / &72<
10 1940 .
o npnrnauennk IepHanckoro paan1enLc1aa n a o1ae1 na npounoropnne noespkn IepHanckoro
Hnnnc1pa noc1pannLx en qon nen1pona a ockay pepcepa1enL oae1a apopnLx
oHnccapoa n apopnLn oHnccap noc1pannLx en ono1oa a nnanuee apeHn noce1n1
Eepnnn, 1oL a paHkax ppyec1aennLx o1nouennn, cyuec1aykunx Hepy oenHn c1panaHn,
ny1eH aosonoa1ennn nnnoro kon1ak1a npoponn1L n yrnyn1L 1ekyunn oHen HnennnHn.
&>24. - 1940. - 10 .
494. 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .<# /:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729.
..#@/.2J7/
11 1940 . (2. 3
nn neHepnennoro apyennn 1. ono1oay. cnn peno ponpe1 po peknapaunn, 1o anouy o1 nHenn
1oaapnuen nonpaaky: npepnarak aLepkny1L nynk1 o npnn.
o1naL: HL onHcn, 1o kon1paren1L Hory1 aocnpnnn1L nynk1 o npnn kak kaaepsy, nHekuyk
uenLk paseL aonny.
onyenne n cornacne cooun*.
(4L
.ED4345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. M . ::9 . 9:1C . 1.
nyn.: FN F4>. - 1991. - N . - (. 19C.
49,# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .#/:@81-1 =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q
.2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/GG
11 1940 .
(. 3
Eapkoa*** coounn, 1o cornacno epnnnckoHy npo1okony epes ac nocne o1L1nn auero
noespa c rpannuL saaepykunn npo1okonoH a opnepr
* o1ae1 ..ono1oa 1enerpaqnpoaan: au N o1 11.11.1940 r. nonynn. ornacen. npek1naa ype1
aLnonnena (cH. ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 n. ::;. K. 9:14 . 1. 9). JJ S1a 1enerpaHHa Lna nanpaanena
..ono1oay a cneunoesp, a ko1opoH on nanpaannncn a Eepnnn.
*** .. Eapkoa nannncn saaepykunH po1okonLnLH o1penoH .
1.1
pae1 oep ono1oay a canon-aarone, npnnapneaueH In1nepy. pocn1 naHe1n1L ns auero
coc1aaa 15 enoaek, ne cn1an ynenypra, Eapkoaa n kaapueaa
196
. oouak no pacnopnennk
1oaapnua ono1oaa.
ED4345
! %- -O 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C . 1 = 1 .
49'- E =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
.##/:@81-1 8 =18<.19 ><81? 278=&< / 8882 ##=..8-
*
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. ekanosoay, 1.
osoackoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
19 1940 .
(3
14 . 30 Hnn. n npnnnn aacnknan.
aacnknan sanann, 1o on npnuen, ao-nepaLx, pnn 1oro, 1oL cpena1L coouenne no aonpocy o
npepoc1aanennn oae1ckoHy oksy a konueccnk nnn o cospannn cHeuannoro coae1cko-
qnnnnnpckoro ouec1aa no paspao1ke nnkeneaLx Hec1opopennn a e1caHo
116
.
pn a1oH aacnknan ckasan, 1o no Hnennk qnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa a1o1 aonpoc ne coaceH
ncen ns-sa oroaopkn anrnnan, a cansn c eH aosnnknn ocnonennn npn peuennn aonpoca.
6 nonpn qnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao nopynno caoeHy nocnannnky a onpone aLncnn1L nosnunk
nrnnn no aonpocy o nnkeneaon konueccnn. nnnnnpcknn nocnannnk a onpone coounn caoeHy
npaan1enLc1ay, 1o a1o1 aonpoc anrnnanaHn eue okona1enLno ne yperynnpoaan n noa1oHy onn
ne Hory1 pa1L o1ae1a nnnnnpnn.
aacnknan sanann: yc1L oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao yperynnpye1 a1o1 aonpoc c anrnnanaHn, n
1orpa paan1enLc1ao nnnnnpnn cornacno saknkn1L cornauenne o nnkeneaon konueccnn c
oae1cknH oksoH.
nrnnncknn nocnannnk a enLcnnkn epekep a naane nonpn c.r. cpenan qnnnnnpckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay sananenne, ko1opoe naxopn1cn a npo1naopenn c sananenneH anrnnnckoro nocna a
ockae pnnnca.
saknkenne aacnknan ckasan, 1o no Hnennk npaan1enLc1aa nnnnnpnn, npaan1enLc1ao
oksa , kak aennkoro rocypapc1aa, ponno poroaopn1Lcn c npaan1enLc1aaHn ppyrnx aennknx
rocypapc1a (nrnnn n IepHannn).
aacnknan ckasan, 1o, no Hnennk qnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa, sananenne anrnnnckoro
nocnannnka a enLcnnkn nanne1cn peuakunH n 1o noa1oHy es perynnpoaannn c nrnnen
aonpoca o nnkeneaon konueccnn ne Hoe1 L1L peuen aonpoc o npepoc1aanennn konueccnn
nnn o cospannn cHeuannoro coae1cko-qnnnnnpckoro ouec1aa no paspao1ke nnkeneaLx
Hec1opopennn a e1caHo.
* pa1koe nsnoenne ecepL .R.Lunncknn coounn ..ono1oay a Eepnnn, oaana nsnoennoH n
coounn a (! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C 91).
35
akon o1ae1 HL npnsna1L ypoane1aopn1enLnLH ne HoeH. nnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao nano
yknonne1cn o1 peannsaunn caoero cornacnn, pannoro coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
euenne a1oro aonpoca ncknkn1enLno saancn1 o1 qnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa. cLnka r-na
nocnannnka na 1o, 1o konueccnonnLn poroaop ne Hoe1 L1L pac1oprny1 qnnckon c1oponon,
no1oHy 1o sakonL nnnnnpnn ne nosaonnk1 a1oro cpena1L, nanne1cn neyepn1enLnon. eL
npe1 ne o kakon-1o ac1nonpaaoaon cpenke, a o rocypapc1aennoH ak1e, ocyuec1anenne ko1oporo
saancn1 uennkoH o1 qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
pounLn pas n coounn aacnknan, 1o sananenne anrnnnckoro nocnannnka a nnnnnpnn
epekepa ne coo1ae1c1aye1 penc1an1enLnoc1n n 1o anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao nop1aeppnno
caoe cornacne na nepepay konueccnn , xo1n n c oroaopkon o apeHennLx ycnoannx. o a1y
oroaopky a nac1onunx ycnoannx ne cnepye1 npnnnHa1L ao annHanne. apo pac1oprny1L
cyuec1aykunn poroaop n saknkn1L noaLn poroaop c naHn. saknkenne n sanann aacnknan,
1o aonpoc nyno peua1L neHepnenno n okona1enLno, 1o aonokn1y a a1oH aonpoce napo
npekpa1n1L n neHepnenno npnc1ynn1L k npak1neckoHy ocyuec1anennk npnnn1oro peuennn.
aun 1peoaannn ncnL, n nac1anaak na nonon1enLnoH o1ae1e n npak1necknx Hepax no
nepepae konueccnn.
saknkenne n sanann aacnknan, 1o ecnn aonpoc ne ype1 a nnanune pnn paspeuen, HL
ypeH pearnpoaa1L coo1ae1c1aykunH opasoH.
aacnknan sanann, 1o on poaepe1 o a1oH po caepennn npaan1enLc1aa n pac1 neHepnenno
o1ae1.
anee aacnknan cnpocnn Henn, snakoH nn n c naHn1non sannckon qnnnnnpckon Hnccnn o1
01.11 c.r. no aonpocy o penHe aopnoro xosnnc1aa pekn yokca n c1pon1enLc1ae rnppoc1anunn
Snco.
R o1ae1nn, 1o c a1nH aonpocoH eue ne snakoH.
saknkenne aacnknan cnpocnn Henn, snakoH nn n c qnncknH npoek1oH cornauennn o
Heponpnn1nnx k npepynpepennk norpannnLx konqnnk1oa.
R o1ae1nn, 1o n c a1nH npoek1oH n eue ne ycnen osnakoHn1Lcn.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaan saaepykunn 1penoH npnan1nncknx c1pan 1. ypon1ea.
.ED4345
! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 9C . 14=1B.
49!# &787. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. 8 980219 1802.:;
7< -729. #2&&7021=19
19 1940 .
(. 3 3
2WaaP[ sananne1, 1o c 1ex nop, kak a npounoH ropy on paa pasa Ln a ockae, nponsouno
Hnoro coL1nn. n xo1en L npoponn1L naun ecepL,
36
ko1opLe HL nHenn 1orpa, n pononnn1L 1o, o eH on nncan a nncLHe 1annny
176
*, 1.e. ckasa1L o
asrnnpax repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na ouee nonoenne aeuen a apone n na coae1cko-
repHanckne o1nouennn a ocoennoc1n. eropnn In1nep npnHe1 ono1oaa, n noa1oHy on ne xoe1
npepaocxnua1L 1oro, o eH ckae1 In1nep. ELno L, opnako, nonesno, ecnn L HL cenac
sapanee neperoaopnnn a ounx ep1ax no ocnoanLH aonpocaH. n ponon1 o nauen ecepe
In1nepy, ko1opLn ceropnn n saa1pa ype1 nHe1L, 1aknH opasoH, aosHonoc1L yrnyn1L nauy
ecepy. n napee1cn, 1o a1o1 ansn1 npnnece1 nonLsy o1nouennnH Hepy n IepHannen.
ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on snakoH c nncLHoH r-na nen1pona k .. 1annny n xopouo noHnn1
ero copepanne. aH ye ec1L ounn osop coL1nn nocne ocennen ac1pen. I-n nen1pon n
penxckanunep, oeanpno, papy1 Hne aosHonoc1L a pononnenne k pannoHy a nncLHe anannsy
osnakoHn1Lcn co asrnnpaHn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na coapeHennoe Hepynapopnoe
nonoenne n, a ocoennoc1n, na coae1cko-repHanckne o1nouennn n sa1eH oHenn1Lcn HnennnHn
no a1nH aonpocaH. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on 1ake nonarae1, 1o a1o Lno L nonesno pnn pana
coae1cko-repHancknx o1nouennn.
nen1pon sananne1, 1o on xoe1 naa1L c aoennoro nonoennn. o naueHy Hnennk, roaopn1
on, IepHannn ye aLnrpana aonny. n pyHae1, 1o nnkakoe rocypapc1ao a Hnpe ne a coc1onnnn
nsHenn1L nonoennn, cospaauerocn a pesynL1a1e noep IepHannn. n nonarae1, 1o 1enepL HL
nepenaaeH naano konua Epn1anckon nHnepnn. nrnnn pasn1a, n korpa ona npnsnae1
nopaenne - a1o 1onLko aonpoc apeHenn. onoenne a nrnnn 1nenoe, n ono ace onee
yxypuae1cn. c1L npnsnakn ecnokonc1aa cpepn napopa. L L npnae1c1aoaann, ecnn L
npnsnanne nrnnen caoero nopaennn nponsouno aosHono ckopee, no HL ne xo1nH ryn1L
nsnn nkpen. cnn a1oro ne cnyn1cn, HL nonnL peunHoc1n nanec1n okona1enLnLe ypapL.
cnn a1o ne nponsonpe1 cenac, 1o nponsonpe1 esycnoano aecnon. L ypeH npopona1L
aospyunLe nane1L na nrnnk. nocnepnee apeHn HL ak1nansnpyeH penc1ann nauero
nopaopnoro qno1a, pasaep1Laanne penc1ann ko1oporo orpannnaanocL ns-sa nepoc1a1ka
nopaopnLx nopok. enepL konnec1ao nx yaennnaae1cn. L nonaraeH, 1o opna nrnnn ne
cHoe1 a1oro aLpepa1L. nrnnn nHee1 opny napepy - noHouL . a cyue ac1ynnenne
a aonny ne nHee1 snaennn pnn IepHannn. 1annn n IepHannn ne nyc1n1 na kon1nnen1 nn
opnoro anrnocakca. oHouL co c1oponL aHepnkanckoro qno1a coHnn1enLna. nrnnn Hoe1
napen1Lcn na nonyenne caHone1oa n ppyrnx aoennLx Ha1epnanoa ns . akoe konnec1ao nx
ponpe1 po nrnnn, nen1pon ne snae1, no pyHae1, 1o a pesynL1a1e penc1ann nauero
nopaopnoro qno1a - oenL neHnoro. anLnenuan noHouL nrnnn aecLHa coHnn1enLna, 1ak
1o ac1ynn1 nn Hepnka a aonny nnn ne1 - naH espasnnno. nonn1neckoH o1nouennn
nen1pon ne xo1en L pena1L aLckasLaannn, ko1opLe npepaocxn1nnn L cnoaa qkpepa.
onn1neckoe nonoenne 1akoao, 1o IepHannn nocne noepL nap panunen nHee1 orpoHnyk
cnny. o acnkoH cnyae naun no1epn sa ack aonny, xo1n o nnx n npnxopn1cn coane1L, ne nHek1
aconk1no nnkakoro snaennn. IepHannn nocne noepL nap panunen nHee1 konoccanLnoe
konnec1ao pnansnn. ospyunLn qno1 kpenne1, 1ak kak HL nHeeH aosHonoc1L Honnnsoaa1L
pecypcL acen aponL. opaopnLn qno1 1ake pac1e1.
* H. pok. 446.
3 7
aknH opasoH, aHeua1enLc1ao n kakne-nno noaLe penc1ann nrnnn sapanee opeenL na
npoaan. Hy nensaec1no, peannsoaana nn nrnnn ace caon aosHonoc1n. o a nrnnn,
pykoaopnHon 1aknHn nonn1necknHn n aoennLHn pnne1an1aHn, kak epnnnL, uapn1
nepasepnxa. aH npepc1aanne1cn cnepykuan kap1nna. cL aconk1no rocnopc1aye1 nap
snan1enLnon ac1Lk aponL kak a aoennoH, 1ak n a nonn1neckoH o1nouennnx. panunn,
ko1opan nponrpana aonny n ponna onna1n1L ee, npep1nanenL 1peoaannn - nnkorpa onLue ne
noppepnaa1L nrnnk. aoopo1, pae panunn ac1ynn1 a opLy npo1na nrnnn n on nxo1a
pe Ionnn a qpnke. L ne paspyHLaaeH onee nap 1eH, kak aLnrpa1L aonny. L pyHaeH o 1oH,
kak ckopee konn1L ycneuno aLnrpannyk aonny. enanne IepHannn okonn1L aosHono ckopee
aonny npnaeno nac k peuennk ncka1L ppysen, ko1opLe xo1n1 npenn1c1aoaa1L pacunpennk aonnL
n enak1 Hnpa. nen1pon sananne1, 1o xoe1 poaepn1enLno cooun1L, 1o pnp rocypapc1a
o1nann o caoen connpapnoc1n c npenHn 1ponc1aennoro nak1a. nen1pon xo1en L ckasa1L, 1o
a caoe apeHn a naane neperoaopoa o nak1e 1pex, ko1opLe, kak on ykasLaan a nncLHe, Lnn
sakonenL a oenL kopo1knn cpok, HL ncxopnnn ns HLcnn, 1o nak1 nnkonH opasoH ne
sa1parnaae1 nn1epecoa . S1a HLcnL Lna npepnoena nH. Rnonnn n 1annn 1ake
aLckasanncL sa nee. S1o a ocoennoc1n o1nocn1cn k Rnonnn, o1nouennn ko1opon k IepHannn a
nac1onuee apeHn, korpa penak1 uarn k ac1ynnennk a aonny, nHek1 ocooe snaenne.
oa1oHy a nak1e 1pex copepn1cn c1a1Ln nn1an, ko1opyk nepaonaanLno xo1enn cpena1L nepaon
c1a1Len. o apeHn caonx ansn1oa a ockay n eue panLue nen1pon saunuan 1y 1oky spennn,
1o, ncxopn ns aneunenonn1neckon konuenunn IepHannn, ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn c
Rnonnen coaHec1nHL c ppyec1aennLHn o1nouennnHn Hepy n IepHannen. nen1pon
npocn1 acnoHnn1L, 1o a caoe apeHn on a ockae aLckasan 1annny caon asrnnp, kak IepHannn
npnae1c1aoaana L ynyuenne coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennn
63
. n nonnn 1annna 1orpa 1ak, 1o
Lno L nennoxo, ecnn L IepHannn copenc1aoaana a a1oH o1nouennn. n a1o cpenan n
nonarae1, 1o a1a pao1a npnnecna ye neko1opLe nnopL. e 1onLko ao apeHn npeLaannn a
ockae, no a 1eenne nocnepnnx 7-8 ne1 on cn1ae1, 1o Hepy n Rnonnen aosHono
1akoe e pasrpannenne cqep nn1epecoa, kak Hepy n IepHannen. n cn1an n cn1ae1,
1o 1eppn1opnanLnan nonn1nka Rnonnn ponna L1L nanpaanena ne na eaep, a na Kr. n
cpenan ace aosHonoe, 1oL a1o Lno 1ak. n a1o cpenan n no ppyron npnnne, ncxopn ns
HLcnn, 1o pano nnn nospno nrnnn ype1 c IepHannen aoeaa1L, n on pekoHenpoaan nnonuaH
aec1n a1y nonn1nky n caH ee acneckn noppepnaan. n pyHae1, 1o qkpep aLckae1 caon
npnnunnnanLnLe coopaennn o uenecoopasnoc1n oHenn1Lcn HnennnHn o cqepax nn1epecoa a
unpoknx ep1ax Hepy Rnonnen, 1annen, n IepHannen. nn, no cnoaaH nen1pona,
npopyHLaann a1o1 aonpoc n npnunn k saknkennk, 1o 1oHy reorpaqneckoHy nonoennk,
ko1opoe sannHak1 naun c1panL, ec1ec1aennoe nanpaanenne akcnancnn npn yHnon nonn1nke
nen1 a nanpaanennn na Kr. IepHannn nHee1 caon npn1nsannn a 3anapnon n oc1onon qpnke
- a Launx repHancknx kononnnx, 1.e. 1oe na Kre. pn1nsannn 1annn nea1 a eaepnon n
eaepo-oc1onon qpnke. Hy kae1cn, 1o ec1ec1aennoe c1peHnenne 1oe nanpaaneno
na Kr. onyn1L aLxop a okean Hor L 1oe na kre. S1o HLcnn, ko1opLe onn ac1o
ocypann c qkpepoH, n 1enepL on xo1en nsnon1L nx ono1oay. L pyHaeH, roaopn1
nen1pon, 1o 1enepL, nocne aonnL, nponsonpy1 onLune nepeHenL a Hnpe.
38
1annn ckasan, 1o nrnnn ne nHee1 onLue npaaa rocnopc1aoaa1L nap HnpoH. ecnn ona 1eH ne
Henee sa1enna a1y aonny, 1o ona sa nee sanna1n1. L, roaopn1 panLue nen1pon, pyHaeH, 1o
ao anapennnx nrnnn nponsonpy1 onLune nepeHenL. L pyHaeH, 1o a pesynL1a1e naunx noaLx
o1nouennn, ko1opLe cnonnncL a npounoH ropy, HL poc1nrnn xopounx ycnexoa, kak IepHannn,
1ak n oae1cknn oks. L noc1aannn na xopouyk kap1y. npoaen caon peansnn na 3anape, n
on pyHae1, 1o noepa IepHannn nap onLuen n panunen cyuec1aenno copenc1aoaana a1oHy.
L penann a npounoH xopoune pena, n n c1aank aonpoc, ne HoeH nn HL pena1L xopoune pena
a ypyueH n nonarae1, 1o Hoe1 nsaneL aLropL npn nepepacnpepenennn 1eppn1opnn
Epn1anckon nHnepnn ny1eH akcnancnn a nanpaanennn epcnpckoro sannaa n paannckoro Hopn.
cnnpaunn* Hory1 nea1L a 1ex ac1nx snn, a ko1opLx IepHannn ne sann1epecoaana.
1opon aonpoc a a1on cansn, roaopn1 nen1pon, a1o aonpoc o ypunn. ypunn Lna coksnnuen
nrnnn n panunn
129
. panunn aLnana. nrnnn - coksnnk coHnn1enLnLn. ypunn yHno caena
caon onsa1enLc1aa no o1nouennk k nrnnn k 1akoHy coc1onnnk, ko1opoe ne aLxopn1 sa paHkn
nen1pann1e1a. cansn c a1nH nen1pon xo1en L ocypn1L c ono1oaLH, kakoaL nn1epecL
a 1ypeuknx penax. nn1epecax Lc1poro okonannn aonnL Lno L aano noannn1L na
ypunk, 1oL aLcaoopn1L ee ns-nop anrnnnckoro annnnnn. n ne snae1, ype1 nn a1o
aosHono, no npn onpepenennn ocnoanon nonn1neckon konuenunn 1annn, -IepHannn, n
Rnonnn, Hoe1 L1L, nanpe1cn aosHonoc1L noannn1L na ypunk a a1oH nanpaanennn. n ne
roaopnn no a1nH aonpocaH c 1ypkaHn a konkpe1non qopHe. epaano, no cnoaaH ncn1ona, on
roaopnn c 1ypeuknH nocnoH n sanann eHy poaepn1enLno, 1o onn npnae1c1aoaann L nonn1nky
ypunn a nanpaanennn conkpennn ek aconk1noro nen1pann1e1a n 1o onn ne nHek1
npn1nsannn na 1ypeukyk 1eppn1opnk. L anonne nonnHaeH, roaopn1 nen1pon, 1o
nepoaonen konaenunen on1pe
95
. L ek eue onee nepoaonLnL. a on1pe ne ocoenno
nocn1anncL, a. IepHannk coaceH ne cnpaunaann. R nonarak, 1o konaenunn on1pe ponna
ncesny1L, 1ak e kak n ynanckan oHnccnn, n 1o aHec1o nee ponno L1L cospano ne1o
noaoe, o eH Hornn L poroaopn1Lcn ocoo sann1epecoaannLe pepaaL, n a nepayk oepepL
, ypunn, 1annn n IepHannn. IepHannn npepc1aanne1cn coaepuenno npneHneHon HLcnL,
1oL oae1ckoHy oksy n ppyrnH epnoHopcknH rocypapc1aaH Lnn npepoc1aanenL
npenHyuec1aennLe npaaa no cpaanennk c ppyrnHn rocypapc1aaHn. oaepuenno acyppno, 1oL
ppyrne rocypapc1aa nHenn paanLe npaaa c nnn c ppyrnHn epnoHopcknHn rocypapc1aaHn.
oa1oHy neoxopnHo cospa1L noaoe cornauenne. noaoH cornauennn napo npepoc1aan1L
ocoLe npaaa. ak n a kakoH nopnpke a1o cpena1L - .Hono nopyHa1L. enL saknkae1cn a 1oH,
1oL cHor nan1n aLxop ns nponnaoa a pepnseHnoe Hope. R roaopnn no a1oHy noaopy c
n1anLnnuaHn n ac1pe1nn y nnx nonnoe nonnHanne. onpoc coc1on1 a 1oH, 1oL , 1annn n
IepHannn aenn 1akyk nonn1nky, ko1opan, ao-nepaLx, aLsaonnna L ypunk ns ee onsa1enLc1a
npn nonnoH coxpanennn ek caoero nnua, kak roaopn1 na oc1oke, 1.e. ee npec1na, n
nosaonnna L poc1nL 1oro, 1oL ypunn c1ana yac1nnuen rpynnL rocypapc1a (pocnoano -
nenoH koHnnaunn), ne
Aspratonen (.) O c1peHnennn, npe1ensnn, pace1L.
39
enakunx pacunpennn aonnL; ao-a1opLx, a1o ponno npnaec1n k nnkanpaunn ypunen
konaenunn on1pe n k cospannk ypoane1aopnkuero oae1cknn oks, 1annk n IepHannk
c1a1y1a c ocoLHn npaaaHn pnn . cansn c a1nH Hono Lno L a kakon-nnypL qopHe
rapan1npoaa1L 1eppn1opnk ypunn.
ocne a1oro nen1pon ckasan, 1o xoe1 aLckasa1L HLcnn o yrnynennn coae1cko-repHancknx
o1nouennn. ono nopyHa1L o qopHe, a ko1opon 1pn rocypapc1aa, 1.e. IepHannn, 1annn n
Rnonnn, cHornn L npnn1n k cornauennk c n a ko1opon Hono Lno L aLpasn1L, 1o
sananne1 o caoen connpapnoc1n co c1peHnennnHn npenn1c1aoaa1L panLnenueHy pacunpennk
aonnL. ono Lno L k a1oHy poaan1L neckonLko nynk1oa o co1pypnnec1ae n o asanHnoH
yaaennn nn1epecoa.
1oH cnyae, roaopn1 nen1pon, ecnn L aLckasannLe nH HLcnn Hornn L1L peannsoaanL, on
noexan L a ockay pnn peuennn aonpocoa. ce caopn1cn k 1oHy, 1oL anec1n ncnoc1L a
o1nouennn Hepy IepHannen, 1annen n Rnonnen, c opnon c1oponL, n c - c ppyron. n
xo1en L poaan1L, 1o y1onenne aLckasannLx nH HLcnen oc1ae1cn sa qkpepoH. n npocnn L
ono1oaa aLckasa1L caoe Hnenne no sa1pony1LH aonpocaH, ko1opLe Lnn L ocypenL Hepy
ono1oaLH n qkpepoH.
epaano, ckasan panLue nen1pon, on nHen ecepy c kn1ancknH nocnoH. a1on ecepe ero
nnk1o ne npocnn, no eHy nsaec1nL npnsnakn, 1o nnonuL nnero ne nHek1 npo1na a1on ecepL,
1ak kak a1o npe1 no nnnnn nauero enannn npenn1c1aoaa1L pacunpennk aonnL, no nnnnn ee
nnkanpaunn. n pyHan, ne1 nn ny1en k cornauennk Hepy Rnonnen n an anun. pn a1oH on ne
npepnaran nocpepnnec1aa. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao xo1eno L a1o cooun1L n1ak,
npnnnHan ao annHanne ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn Hepy IepHannen n n1aeH. n pacnonarae1
caepennnHn, 1o kak co c1oponL n1an, 1ak n co c1oponL Rnonnn penanncL nonL1kn nan1n ny1n k
cornauennk. paannLnL nn a1n caepennn, on ne snae1, no a nn1epecax oonx napopoa nan1n
koHnpoHncc. n, roaopn1 nen1pon, poaen a1n HLcnn po caepennn kn1anckoro nocna.
9TOQ ccLnancL na npepc1onuyk ceropnn ecepy c In1nepoH, roaopn1, 1o noka on aLckae1
nnuL kpa1ko caon saHeannn no noaopy aLckasannLx nen1ponoH coopaennn. ono1oa
cn1ae1, 1o a1n coopaennn npepc1aannk1 onLuon nn1epec n noa1oHy uenecoopasno
oHenn1Lcn no nnH HnennnHn. nn kacak1cn onLunx aonpocoa, sa1parnaakunx Hnorne
rocypapc1aa. s cnoa nen1pona, roaopn1 ono1oa, on nonnn, 1o nen1pon npnpae1
onLuoe snaenne 1ponc1aennoHy nak1y. S1o n nonn1no. o, pasyHee1cn, y nero, ono1oaa, kak y
npepc1aan1enn rocypapc1aa, ne yac1aoaaauero a nopro1oake a1oro nak1a, nHee1cn no1penoc1L
nonyn1L pnp pas1ncnennn no a1oHy aonpocy. ak1 1pex roaopn1 o noaoH nopnpke a apone n a
aennkoH aoc1onoasna1ckoH npoc1panc1ae. ena1enLno, npepe acero, sna1L rpannuL a1nx
cqep annnnnn. 1o e kacae1cn nonn1nn aennkoe aoc1onoasna1ckoe npoc1panc1ao - 1o ono
aecLHa neonpepenennoe nonn1ne, no kpannen Hepe pnn 1oro, k1o ne yac1aoaan a nopro1oake
nak1a. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o y nero Lnn L n ppyrne aonpocL, kacakunecn o1nouennn n
IepHannn, aLncnenne ko1opLx 1ake Lno L ena1enLno. 1o kacae1cn npepnonoennn o 1ex
nnn nnLx akunnx, a ko1opLx Hor L yac1aoaa1L aHec1e c ppyrnHn pepaaaHn - 1o a1o
sacnynaae1 ocypennn n nx cnepoaano L npepaapn1enLno ocypn1L specL, a no1oH a ockae,
o eH Lno a ouen qopHe poro-
40
aopeno npn oHene nncLHaHn*. S1o, roaopn1 ono1oa, Hon npepaapn1enLnLe saHeannn.
2WaaP[f ennkoe aoc1onoasna1ckoe npoc1panc1ao pnn Henn 1oe noaoe nonn1ne. R
nosnakoHnncn c nnH ao apeHn kpa1koro cpoka, a 1eenne ko1oporo popnncn nak1. o Hnennk
nen1pona, nonn1ne aennkoe aoc1ono-asna1ckoe npoc1panc1ao ne nHee1 nnero ouero c
nsnenno aanLHn cqepaHn nn1epecoa . 1ponc1aennoH nak1e ne ponno, no cnoaaH
nen1pona, copepa1Lcn nnero, 1o Lno L npnHo nnn kocaenno nanpaaneno npo1na .
9TO roaopn1, 1o nockonLky peno npe1, kak Lno ckasano a nncLHe nen1pona n cenac
cnoaa nH noa1openo, o pasrpannennn cqep nn1epecoa na pnn1enLnLn cpok, 1peyk1cn
neko1opLe y1onennn. oa1oHy on opauae1cn k nen1pony c npocLon nsnon1L a onee
konkpe1non qopHe Hnennn aa1opoa nak1a o pasrpannennn cqep nn1epecoa Hepy o1penLnLHn
c1panaHn nnn no kpannen Hepe - Hnenne npaan1enLc1aa IepHannn no a1oHy aonpocy. 1o
kacae1cn cqep nn1epecoa , 1o a1nH aonpocaH, kak a1o ec1ec1aenno, ono1oa xo1en L
ypenn1L ocooe annHanne. o Hnennk coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, roaopn1 ono1oa,
yc1anoanenne cqep nn1epecoa Hepy n IepHannen, nponcuepuee a 1939 ropy, kacanocL
onpepenennoro a1ana. S1o pasrpannenne, npnnn1oe a npounoH ropy, ncepnano a xope coL1nn
1939- 1940 ropoa, sa ncknkenneH aonpoca o nnnnnpnn**, ko1opLn eue nonnoc1Lk ne peuen n
k ko1opoHy ono1oa eue aepne1cn a ecepax a Eepnnne. o nockonLky nen1pon sa1parnaae1
aonpoc o pasrpannennn cqep nn1epecoa na pnn1enLnLn cpok n nockonLky sa a1o apeHn nHen
Hec1o 1akon aanLn qak1, kak nak1 1pex, ko1opLn ye naxopn1cn a penc1ann, 1o ono1oa xo1en
L npepaapn1enLno nonyn1L o1 Hnnnc1pa neoxopnHLe pas1ncnennn o xapak1epe,
nepcnek1naax n snaennn 1ponc1aennoro nak1a.
a a1oH nepaan ecepa c nen1ponoH sakannaae1cn.
3anncan .!22 A42 !>4 %- 6. : 78. B4 . B<C . 91-:0. nyn.: '2 4 25D
44. - 199:. - @C. - (. B9-<:.
498. E =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /991<101/. 8 27?;8.J<7219 -729.
.-0<7-219
19 1940 .
(2. 3 3
-WTP sananne1, 1o HLcnL, ko1opan sac1aanna ero npocn1L o a1on ac1pee, saknkae1cn a
cnepykueH:
enpenunk pasan1nn na ypyuee apeHn oenL 1pypno yc1anoan1L. onpocL ypyunx konqnnk1oa
saancn1 o1 nnnLx qak1opoa, ko1opLe nannk1cn peua-
* H. pok. 458. ** H. pok. 500, 501.
41
kunHn a nonn1neckon nsnn. ecHo1pn na a1o, on xoe1 nonpooaa1L, nockonLky a1o aosHono
n poc1ynno enoaeeckoHy pasyHennk, onpepenn1L na pnn1enLnLn cpok ypyuee naunn, 1oL
Lnn yc1panenL 1pennn n ncknkenL konqnnk1L. n pyHae1, 1o a1o ocoenno aosHono, korpa
ao rnaae payx ocnoanLx naunn c1on1 nkpn, ko1opLe nonLsyk1cn aconk1nLH aa1opn1e1oH n
Hory1 peua1L na ponrne cpokn anepep. S1o nHee1 Hec1o a nac1onuee apeHn a occnn n a
IepHannn. eL npe1 o payx onLunx naunnx, ko1opLe o1 npnpopL ne ponnL nHe1L
npo1naopenn, ecnn opna naunn nonHe1, 1o ppyron 1peye1cn oecneenne onpepenennLx
nsnennLx nn1epecoa, es ko1opLx neaosHono ee cyuec1aoaanne. n yaepen, 1o a oenx
c1panax ceropnn 1akon penH, ko1opLn ne xoe1 aec1n aonny n ko1opoHy neoxopnH Hnp pnn
any1pennero c1pon1enLc1aa. oa1oHy aosHono npn ye1e ookpnLx nn1epecoa - a ocoennoc1n
akonoHnecknx - nan1n 1akoe peuenne, ko1opoe oc1aaanocL L a cnne na nepnop nsnn
nac1onunx pykoaopn1enen n oecnenno L na ypyuee Hnpnyk coaHec1nyk pao1y.
oa. 9TO npnae1c1aye1 a1o sananenne penxckanunepa.
-WTP noa1opne1, 1o 1pypno na ponroe apeHn yc1anoan1L pasan1ne o1nouennn Hepy
napopaHn n rocypapc1aaHn, no on pyHae1, 1o neko1opLe oune 1okn spennn rocypapc1a
aosHonL n 1orpa Hono ype1 nponsaec1n opnen1aunk napopoa n rocypapc1a, ko1opan pac1
neko1opyk yaepennoc1L a o1nouennn yc1panennn npo1naopenn.
n1yaunn, a ko1opon coc1on1cn nac1onuan ecepa, o1Heena 1eH qak1oH, 1o IepHannn a
nac1onuee apeHn naxopn1cn a aonne, a oae1cknn oks - ne1. oa1oHy ace naun Heponpnn1nn a
neko1opon c1enenn naxopn1cn nop annnnneH a1on aonnL. ocne a1on aonnL ne 1onLko IepHannn
ype1 nHe1L onLune ycnexn, no n occnn.
cnn cenac oa rocypapc1aa 1pesao npoaepn1 pesynL1a1L coaHec1non pao1L sa a1o1 rop, 1o onn
npnpy1 k yepennk, 1o nonLsa Lna a a1oH pnn oonx. oe1 L1L, ne kapan c1pana
poc1nrna 100% 1oro, na 1o napennacL, no a nonn1neckon nsnn npnxopn1cn poaonLc1aoaa1Lcn
n 25%.
osHono, n a ypyueH ne ace enannn ypy1 ncnonnn1Lcn, no on yepen, 1o a1n paa napopa,
ecnn ypy1 penc1aoaa1L coaHec1no, cHory1 poc1nL onLunx ycnexoa. cnn e onn ypy1
pao1a1L ppyr npo1na ppyra, 1o o1 a1oro aLnrpae1 1onLko k1o-1o 1pe1nn.
oa. 9TO cn1ae1 a1o sananenne npaannLnLH n nopepknaae1, 1o ace a1o nop1aeppae1
nc1opnn.
-WTP npoponae1, 1o 1enepL, korpa a1o1 aonpoc a ocnoanoH onpepenen, neoxopnHo 1pesao
npoaepn1L ypyune o1nouennn Hepy IepHannen n occnen. enac nonoenne 1akoao, 1o
nrnnn ne nHee1 onLue Hea na kon1nnen1e. onna ne aepe1cn na cyue n 1peye1 nnuL ac1n
aospyunLx n Hopcknx cnn. ono1oa Hoe1 caH yepn1Lcn, 1o anrnnnckne coouennn o
paspyuennnx a Eepnnne ne coo1ae1c1ayk1 penc1an1enLnoc1n. EopLa c nrnnen na 99 nynk1oa
npo1na opnoro aLnrpana, n ecnn L ne a1HocqepnLe ycnoann, 1o c nrnnen ye Lno L
nokoneno. ak 1onLko a1HocqepnLe ycnoann ynyua1cn, nac1ynn1 pasanska. enac ero sapaa
saknkae1cn ne 1onLko a aoennon nopro1oake k a1on pasanske, no n a onpepenennn nonn1necknx
ycnoann n asanHoo1nouennn, ko1opLe ypy1 nrpa1L ponL npn a1on pasanske n a ocoennoc1n
nocne nee. cansn c a1nH ena1enLno nopaeprny1L noaon npoaepke asanHoo1nouennn c occnen,
npneH ne a o1pnua1enLnoH, a a nonon1enLnoH cHLcne, n cospa1L nx na ponroe apeHn. cansn
c a1nH In1nep sananne1:
42
1. n ne npocn1 o kakon L 1o nn Lno aoennon noHoun - IepHannn a a1oH ne nypae1cn.
2. Rcno, 1o a cansn c 1aknH orpoHnLH pacunpenneH aonnL onn (neHuL) Lnn npnnypenL
ac1ynn1L a 1e panonL, ko1opLe neoxopnHL pnn ooponL, no ko1opLe IepHannk nn
nonn1neckn, nn akonoHneckn ne nn1epecyk1.
3. c1L onpepenennLe 1peoaannn, snaenne ko1opLx aLncnnnocL ocoenno 1onLko cenac, ao
apeHn aonnL, n ko1opLe pnn IepHannn nannk1cn nsnennon neoxopnHoc1Lk. S1o
onpepenennLe anpL cLpLn, nx Hec1opopennn n cansannLe c nnHn panonL.
osHono, ono1oa ype1 1oro Hnennn, 1o a 1oH nnn nnoH cnyae Hornn L1L o1knonennn o1
yc1anoanennLx a caoe apeHn co 1annnLH 1oek spennn o onac1nx nn1epecoa. S1n o1knonennn
aLnannncL ye a 1eenne repHano-pyccknx onepaunn npo1na onLun. n, In1nep, a caok
oepepL, npn cnokonnoH ocypennn pyccknx nn1epecoa anpen a pnpe cnyaea, 1o
uenecoopasno non1n naac1pey 1peoaannnH ppyron c1panL, kak, nanpnHep, a cnyae c n1aon.
na c xosnnc1aennon 1okn spennn pnn IepHannn onee aana, eH renepan-ryepna1opc1ao, c
nonn1neckon e 1okn spennn on nonnHan enanne coae1ckon c1oponL onc1n1L ace onac1n
Hepy n IepHannen o1 1ex pyxoanLx 1enpenunn, pasan1ne ko1opLx Horno npnaec1n k
nonn1necknH nanpnennnH. o e on cpenan a o1nouennn Knoro nponn
197
, aLcenna o11ypa
neHuea, 1oL yc1pann1L 1pennn, Horyune aosnnkny1L Hepy 1annen n IepHannen. 1eenne
a1oro apeHenn aosnnknn 1akne HoHen1L, ko1opLe ne Hornn L1L npepycHo1penL a aaryc1e-
cen1npe npounoro ropa. nepayk oepepL nyno aLncnn1L, a kakoH nanpaanennn ype1 np1n
pasan1ne kak IepHannn, 1ak n occnn, npn a1oH, nockonLky peL npe1 o IepHannn, on xoe1
ckasa1L cnepykuee:
IepHannn nypanacL a 1eppn1opnn, no a pesynL1a1e aonnL ona nonnoc1Lk oecneena
1eppn1opnen onee eH na c1o ne1. IepHannn nynL kononnanLnLe pononnennn, n ona nx
nonyn1 a pepnen qpnke, 1.e. a onac1nx, ne nn1epecykunx (peL npe1 o c1apLx
repHancknx kononnnx c neko1opLHn koppek1naaHn). eoxopnHo 1ake onpepenennoe cLpLe,
npneH a1o1 aonpoc ponen L1L peuen kak Hono ckopee. poane1aopenne a1nx enannn nn a
koeH cnyae ne sa1pone1 pyccknx nn1epecoa, 1.k. c ppyron c1oponL Hono npepc1aan1L pasan1ne
occnn na ypyuee apeHn es Hanenuero yuepa pnn repHancknx nn1epecoa.
oa. 9TO aLpaae1 c a1nH caoe cornacne n cn1ae1, 1o a caoen ocnoae HLcnL
penxckanunepa npaannLna.
-WTP sananne1, 1o ecnn ype1 ookpnoe npnsnanne ypyuero pasan1nn, 1o a1o ype1 a
nn1epecax oonx napopoa. S1o, aosHono, no1peye1 Hnoro 1pypa n nanpnennn nepaoa, no sa1o
a ypyueH oa napopa ypy1 pasanaa1Lcn, ne c1aa, opnako, opnnH-epnnLH HnpoH, 1ak kak neHeu
nnkorpa ne c1ane1 pyccknH, a pyccknn - neHueH. aua sapaa - oecnen1L a1o Hnpnoe
pasan1ne. Ioaopn o a1oH, nyno cpasy o1He1n1L, 1o a snn IepHannn ne nHee1 nnkaknx
nn1epecoa. pnnnL a1oro a 1oH, 1o a cnny coopaennn o naunonanLnLx o1nouennnx ypyuee
1aH oc1ae1cn sa Rnonnen. o n 1y1 on, In1nep, ne xoe1 nsHenn1L xonopnoHy paccypky, n
aosHono, 1o a snn aospopn1cn 1akne napopnLe cnnL, ko1opLe ncknka1 aosHonoc1L
kononnanLnLx anapcnnn pnn eaponencknx rocypapc1a. ockonLky e peL npe1 o apone, HL
ponnL paccHa1pnaa1L asanHoo1nouennn Hepy IepHannen n occnen, a
43
1ake Hepy occnen n 1annen a 1oH cHLcne, 1oL pa1L kapoHy aLxop a caoopnoe Hope.
IepHannn ne nHee1 aLxopa ns eaepnoro (eHeukoro) Hopn n nnuL o1ac1n nonynna ero a
pesynL1a1e aonnL; 1annn sanep1a a pepnseHnoH Hope. occnn nHee1 nnuL opnn o1kpL1Ln
nop1 - ypHanck, ecnn ne roaopn1L o aoc1onLx nop1ax, ko1opLe paneko. pannLn HoHen1 on,
In1nep, nHee1 a anpy ne Hnpnoe coc1onnne, a aoennoe. enac nnuL 1pn rocypapc1aa nHek1
caoopnLn aLxop k Hopk - a1o nrnnn, n Rnonnn. occnn nHee1 nnuL any1pennne Hopn, 1ak
kak Ean1nnckoe Hope nyno acerpa paccHa1pnaa1L kak any1pennee. n xoe1 noc1aan1L aonpoc,
nackonLko Lno L aosHono pnn a1nx onLunx rocypapc1a nan1n penc1an1enLnLe aLxopL a
Hope, npneH 1akne, 1oL onn ne cnynnn noaopoH k 1pennnH Hepy a1nHn rocypapc1aaHn.
a1oH cHLcne on, In1nep, roaopnn c ppyrnHn rocypapc1aennLHn pen1ennHn, c 1eH 1oL a1a
aonna ne nopopnna cnepykuyk n 1oL Lnn conkpenL penc1an1enLnLe nn1epecL rocypapc1a.
S1o on roaopnn Hapuany e1any n aaank n ykasLaan nH 1ake, 1o nenLsn ponyc1n1L nnero
1akoro, 1o noHeuano L IepHannn npopona1L aonny npo1na nrnnn. pnako a1o nnuL
apeHennan nponeHa.
IepHanckne nonn1neckne nn1epecL na Eankanax ocnoaanL na neoxopnHoc1n oecnen1L
onpepenennoe cLpLe, no a1o c aoennon 1okn spennn nenpnn1nan sapaa, 1ak kak neena1enLno
oc1aann1L apHnk sa 1Lcnn kH o1 as. pnako 1a HLcnL, 1o anrnnane oocnyk1cn a Ipeunn,
ne1epnnHa. eoxopnHoc1L opLL npo1na anrnnan poaena neHuea po oppkana, ona e Hoe1
poaec1n nx po rnn1a. S1o ne ena1enLno, 1ak kak on, In1nep, ye paano xo1en okonn1L aonny
n npepnaran Hnp nocne nonLckoro noxopa
8
. orpa panunn n nrnnn Hornn nerko saknkn1L Hnp,
1ak kak o1 nnx nnero ne 1peoaann. o kpoaL cospae1 npaaa n, kpoHe 1oro, neponyc1nHo, 1oL
o1 nsL1ka cnn aenn aonny, a no1oH ne pacnnanaanncL sa nee. S1o on ckasan n qpanuysaH, n onn
o1pak1 cee o1e1 a a1oH, aonpoc 1onLko a 1oH, k1o e nHenno ponen pacnnanaa1Lcn.
IepHannn xo1ena npekpa1n1L aonny, 1ak kak y nee Lno poc1a1ono pao1L no ocaoennk noaLx
onac1en. poHe 1oro, n c akonoHneckon 1okn spennn aonna neaLropna, 1ak kak 1o, 1o
sa1panaae1cn na aonny, ne okynae1cn 1eH, 1o nonynuL a pesynL1a1e aonnL. nn, neHuL, Lnn
aLnypenL sann1L 1e 1eppn1opnn, ko1opLe nx ne nn1epecyk1 nonn1neckn. pnnunn
caHocoxpanennn sac1aanne1 kapyk naunk saunua1L caon nsnennLe nn1epecL.
nepykunn HoHen1 - a1o nponeHa Hepnkn. n, In1nep, ne roaopn1 o a1oH a cansn c
nac1onunHn coL1nnHn. aepy1 nc1o nHnepnannc1neckyk nonn1nky. ne opk1cn sa
nrnnk, a nL1ak1cn saxaa1n1L ee nacnepc1ao. a1on aonne noHorak1 nrnnn nnuL
noc1onLky, nockonLky onn cospak1 cee aoopyennn n c1apak1cn saaoeaa1L 1o Hec1o a HnpoaoH
nonoennn, k ko1opoHy onn c1peHn1cn. n pyHae1, 1o Lno L xopouo yc1anoan1L
connpapnoc1L 1ex c1pan, ko1opLe cansanL ounHn nn1epecaHn. S1o nponeHa ne na 1940 rop, a
na 1970 nnn 2000 rop. eoxopnHo, 1oL kpoHe aponL kak eaponenckoe rocypapc1ao
paccHa1pnaanacL n qpnka, 1.e. 1oL Lna cospana caoeopasnan pok1pnna onpo
145
, kak a1o
ec1L y aHepnkanuea. n, In1nep, cn1ae1, 1o 1enepL ponna L1L nsHenena kononnanLnan
nonn1nka, 1o ne nyno c1peHn1Lcn k nonyennk onLuoro ncna ka. kH kononnanLnLx
1eppn1opnn, a kapan c1pana ponna nonyn1L c1onLko kononnn, ckonLko ona Hoe1 ocaon1L,
1ak kak nnunnn 1eppn1opnn nanne1cn nnuL nonn1neckon narpyskon. a1on 1okn spennn ec1L
panonL, a ko1opLx occnn a nepayk oepepL sann-
44
1cpccoaana, n Hono npepc1aan1L, 1o 1y1 aosnnkny1 onLune koHnnaunn rocypapc1a, ko1opLe
naxopn1cn a opnopopnoH nonoennn no o1nouennk k oc1anLnoHy Hnpy n ko1opLe yc1anoan1 pnn
cen cqepL nn1epecoa. S1o oenL 1pypnan sapaa, no ace-1akn ne 1akan 1pypnan, kak saaoeaanne
a1nx cqep, ocoenno ecnn ne cornacoaanL sapanee uenn. enL aooue poc1nL 1pypnee, eH ce
naHe1n1L. yno ncxopn1L ns onee unpoknx 1oek spennn. yno nopepkny1L, 1o n c
oc1onLH aonpocoH Lno ne nerko (nHee1cn a anpy, oeanpno, IepHannn. - ..) n xo1n
aosHono, 1o ne ace aonpocL c occnen peuenL, no ace e a1o nyue, eH oc1aan1L aonpoc
o1kpL1LH. ce e cenac oe c1oponL ypoa1e1aopenL, 1ak kak occnn nonynna nesaHepsakune
nop1L (a Ean1nke), a IepHannn nonynna coouenne c oc1onon pyccnen n 1ake
npoc1panc1ao, ko1opoe Hoe1 cnyn1L nc1onnkoH cnaennn. ory1 L1L poc1nnry1L ycnexn n
a ppyrnx o1nouennnx, opnako nyno yn1Laa1L, 1o IepHannn cenac aepe1 aonny n ponna
oc1aan1L sa coon neko1opLe 1eppn1opnn, xo1n ona ne nHee1 1aH nonn1necknx nn1epecoa.
poneHL, ko1opLe c1on1 nepep occnen, a1o EankanL n epnoe Hope. onn1neckn IepHannn a
a1nx nponeHax coaepuenno ne sann1epecoaana, opnako ona ne Hoe1 ponyc1n1L 1oro, 1oL,
kak a1o Lno a anonnkax a npounyk aonny, - 1aH oocnoaanncL anrnnane. pnako on, In1nep,
xoe1 nopepkny1L, 1o, korpa konn1cn aonna, repHanckne aoncka neHepnenno noknny1
yHLnnk. ce a1n aonpocL ponnL c1a1L 1eHon pnn neperoaopoa nen1pona a ockae n
ppyrnx pnnnoHa1necknx neperoaopoa. Ioaopn o 1oH, 1o HL ponnL cenac pena1L, nenLsn ne
o1He1n1L, 1o occnn ace paano ne cHoe1 nonyn1L caoopnLn aLxop ns epnoro Hopn, 1ak kak
sa nnH npe1 pepnseHnoe, a 1aH ype1 1annn.
9TO o1aeae1, 1o penxckanunepoH sa1pony1L aanLe aonpocL Hepynapopnoro snaennn
n 1o on xoe1 noka aLckasa1Lcn nnuL a ounx ep1ax. uee anea1nenne 1akoao, 1o ace, 1o
on nonnn ns cpenannoro cenac nepeaopa sananennn In1nepa, eHy kae1cn npaannLnLH n
o1aeae1 nn1epecaH oonx rocypapc1a, kak , 1ak n IepHannn. paannLno, 1o nn1epecL
IepHannn n ne ponnL naxopn1Lcn a npo1naopenn, npaannLno 1ake, 1o nkpn,
aosrnaannkune cenac a1n rocypapc1aa, nanonee cnoconL peua1L a1n aonpocL a npaannLnLx
unpoknx paHkax. oc1aanennLe In1nepoH aonpocL sa1parnaak1 Hnoro rocypapc1a, a nHenno:
IepHannk, , 1annk, Rnonnk, a 1ake panunk, nrnnk, n ppyrne c1panL, no cenac
nx nyno paccHa1pnaa1L n nenocpepc1aenno c 1okn spennn coae1cko-repHancknx o1nouennn.
n, ono1oa, sananne1, 1o ero nocnepykune aLckasLaannn ypy1 o1paa1L ne 1onLko 1oky
spennn ero caHoro, no coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa n nnno ..1annna. o1nouennn coae1cko-
repHancknx o1nouennn ono1oa cornacen c 1eH, 1o Lno aLckasano penxckanunepoH, a
ac1noc1n, o aLropax, nonyennLx oenHn c1panaHn o1 cornauennn 1939 ropa. 1o kacae1cn
IepHannn, 1o ona a pesynL1a1e a1nx cornauennn (1939 r.) nonynna napenLn 1Ln, 1o nHeno
onLuoe snaenne pnn pasan1nn aoennLx coL1nn na 3anape, aknkan nopaenne panunn;
npaannLno Lnn 1ake peuenL aonpocL o n1ae n oc1onon onLue, 1ak kak paspenenne
onLun na repHanckyk n coae1ckyk onLuy Horno cospa1L 1pennn Hepy n IepHannen.
oae1ckan c1opona cn1ae1, 1o IepHannn aLnonnnna caon onsa1enLc1aa no a1oHy cornauennk,
kpoHe opnoro - nnnnnpnn. cansn c a1nH ono1oa xoe1 ysna1L, oc1ae1cn nn repHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao na 1oke spennn nHekuerocn cornauennn. o a1oHy aonpocy (1939 r.) coae1ckan
c1opona co
4 5
caoen c1oponL ne 1peye1 nnero, kpoHe 1oro, 1o Lno peueno a npounoH ropy.
9TO nepexopn1 k nocnepneHy aonpocy, sa1pony1oHy penxckanunepoH. cnn roaopn1L o
asanHoo1nouennnx na ypyuee, 1o nenLsn ne ynoHnny1L o 1ponc1aennoH nak1e, saknkennoH
nepaano Hepy IepHannen, 1annen n Rnonnen, ko1opLn ye naxopn1cn a penc1ann. ono1oa
xo1en L sna1L, 1o a1o1 nak1 coon npepc1aanne1, 1o on osnaae1 pnn oae1ckoro oksa; on
xo1en L, 1oL ao apeHn ero npeLaannn a Eepnnne n npeLaannn nen1pona a ockae Lno
aneceno onLue ncnoc1n a a1o1 aonpoc. a1on cansn Hono ype1 1ake noc1aan1L aonpoc o
epnoH Hope n o Eankanax, 1o nan1cn ak1yanLnon 1eHon, n nenocpepc1aenno aonpoc o yHLnnn,
Eonrapnn n 1ake o ypunn. anee xo1enocL L sna1L, 1o nonnHae1cn nop noaLH nopnpkoH a
apone n snn n rpe rpannuL aoc1onoasna1ckoro npoc1panc1aa.
-WTP o1aeae1, 1o 1ponc1aennLn nak1 npepycHa1pnaae1 pykoaopnuyk ponL a apone pnn
payx rocypapc1a a onac1nx nx ec1ec1aennLx nn1epecoa. oae1ckoHy oksy npepoc1aanne1cn
ykasa1L 1e onac1n, a ko1opLx on sann1epecoaan. o e a o1nouennn ennkoro
aoc1onoasna1ckoro npoc1panc1aa - oae1cknn oks ponen caH ckasa1L, 1o ero nn1epecye1.
n, In1nep, npepnarae1 oae1ckoHy oksy yac1aoaa1L kak e1aep1oHy nap1nepy a a1oH nak1e.
In1nep cn1ae1, 1o c oae1cknH oksoH Hono ype1 poroaopn1Lcn, 1o panLue coc1onnncL
neperoaopL c 1annen n panunen, a 1enepL, korpa c nnHn aonpoc aLncnen, on cen
caoeapeHennLH npnrnacn1L oae1cknn oks c 1eH, 1oL aLckasancn o caonx nn1epecax.
e aonpocL, ko1opLe oae1cknn oks nHee1 no o1nouennk k yHLnnn, Eonrapnn n ypunn,
nenLsn peun1L specL sa 10 Hnny1, n a1o ponno L1L npepHe1oH pnnnoHa1necknx neperoaopoa.
L ace nanneHcn kon1nnen1anLnLHn rocypapc1aaHn, xo1n kapan c1pana nHee1 caon nn1epecL.
Hepnka e n nrnnn ne nannk1cn kon1nnen1anLnLHn rocypapc1aaHn, onn nnuL c1peHn1cn k
na1paannaannk eaponencknx rocypapc1a ppyr na ppyra, n HL xo1nH nx ncknkn1L ns aponL.
onen L1L cospan onpepenennLn Hnpoaon nopnpok, ko1opLn ype1 nHe1L caon cqepL
nn1epecoa.
IepHannn npepnarae1 caon ycnyrn, kak xopounn Haknep, pnn 1oro, 1oL Lno poc1nrny1o
aosHonoe asanHnoe nonnHanne no a1nH aonpocaH. L ne HoeH peua1L aonpoc o onLuon
snn, 1ak kak aanL 1y1 a ocnoanoH pycckne nn1epecL, 1ak e kak naun a apone. pn
saknkennn 1ponc1aennoro nak1a HL nopepknaann, 1o naun ocoLe o1nouennn c occnen ne
ypy1 sa1pony1L, n a1o sanncano a nak1e. n nanpaanen npo1na 1on c1panL, ko1opan ne nHee1
nn1epecoa a apone, qpnke n snn, - 1ak e kak HL ne nHeeH nn1epecoa a Knon Hepnke.
9TO naropapn1 sa pas1ncnennn, no poaanne1, 1o xo1en L nonyn1L neko1opyk
pononnn1enLnyk nnqopHaunk. 1o kacae1cn ponn nrnnn n Hepnkn, 1o on cornacen c
penxckanunepoH, 1o e kacae1cn 1ponc1aennoro nak1a, 1o coae1ckan c1opona snae1 o neH
HenLue, eH yac1nnkn nak1a. ono1oa ne nac1anaae1 na 1oH, 1oL pas1ncnennn Lnn panL
cenac. oae1cknn oks Hoe1 npnnn1L yac1ne a unpokoH cornauennn e1Lpex pepaa, no
1onLko kak nap1nep, a ne kak o1ek1 (a Hepy 1eH 1onLko a kaec1ae 1akoro o1ek1a
ynoHnnae1cn a 1ponc1aennoH nak1e), n ro1oa npnnn1L yac1ne a neko1opLx akunnx coaHec1no c
IepHannen, 1annen n Rnonnen, no pnn a1oro neoxopnHo anec1n ncnoc1L a neko1opLe aonpocL.
-WTP (nano noaeceneaunn a konue ecepL) npepnarae1 na a1oH npepaa1L
46
ecepy n nepenec1n ee na saa1pa nocne saa1paka a cansn c neoxopnHoc1Lk ocyuec1an1L
naHeennyk na ceropnn nporpaHHy npneHa po aosHonon aospyunon 1peaorn.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL. Eecepa npoponanacL 2 . 30 H.
3anncann .!22 . "2 A42 !>4 %- 6. 0: 78. B4 . B<C . :1-41. nyn.:
'2 4 25D 44. - 199:. - @C. - (. <4-<;.
499. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 -18<./
/ . =<101/. / / 8882
19 1940 .
( 3
11 nonpn Ln Rnn n o1 nHenn ae1koana nepepan.
1. ae1koan oenL ecnokon1cn sa cypLy Krocnaann a cansn c neperoaopaHn a Eepnnne*.
2. onoenne na anano-krocnaackon rpannue nanpnennoe. poaepena pononnn1enLnan
Honnnsaunn n nepepouenL noaLe ac1n krocnaaoa k ananckon rpannue. cnn n1anLnnuL
anoaL ypy1 oHappnpoaa1L Krocnaank, Hory1 naa1Lcn aoennLe penc1ann.
npkynnpyk1 ynopnLe cnyxn, 1o a Eepnnne ypy1 ocypa1Lcn aonpocL cnnennn IepHannn,
n panunn, npneH 1annn ype1-pe oc1aanena IepHannen. s repHancknx kpyroa
pacnpoc1pannk1cn caepennn o cnaoc1n n o 1oH, 1o cornacen, nkoL, npepoc1aan1L
EankanL uennkoH IepHannn.
pouy 1enerpaqnpoaa1L o1ae1 na Hoe nncLHo N 119 na nHn 1oaapnua ooneaa o poHax.
11 nonpn npnLnn n aLexann a Eypaneu1 pnnkypLepL aopoa n poxnn.
!432 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1< . 91;: . 14<.
C. 07<7-2.99. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. -772.<B19 87270.2 J
/="a$ #/#80.<
19 1940 .
( 3
80.<# oc1onncn nepaLn, onee eH payxacoaon pasroaop c nen1ponoH. anpy 1oro, 1o
cenac ponnL np1n na ecepy k In1nepy, coouak o pasroaope c nen1ponoH kpa1ko.
poc1panno noa1opna caoe nncLHo k 1annny
176
**, on poaann, 1o nn1epecL IepHannn npy1 a
oc1onon n 3anapnon q-
* H. pok. 402, 425, 446, 456, 458, 459, 480. ** H. pok. 446.
47
pnke; 1annn - a eaepo-oc1onon qpnke; Rnonnn - na kre, a y 1ake na kre - k
epcnpckoHy sannay n paannckoHy Hopk. poHe 1oro, on aLckasancn sa nepecHo1p npn yac1nn
ypunn, , IepHannn n 1annn konaenunn a on1pe
95
c oecneenneH npenHyuec1aennoro
nonoennn , a 1ake no aosHonoc1n ne sa1parnaa1L nnua ypunn. nen1pon roaopnn
eue o ena1enLnoc1n poroaopn1Lcn , IepHannn, 1annn n Rnonnn a anpe peknapaunn
npo1na pacunpennn aonnL, a 1ake o ena1enLnoc1n koHnpoHncca Hepy Rnonnen n an-
anun. oka n 1onLko kpa1ko Hor o1ae1n1L, 1o HLcnn nen1pona aecLHa nn1epecnL,
sacnynaak1 ocypennn a Eepnnne, a sa1eH a ockae c ero yac1neH, 1o Hne nyno aLncnn1L
y nero npepaapn1enLno pnp aonpocoa a cansn c 1ponc1aennLH nak1oH n 1o a npnnunne
aosHonL akunn e1Lpex pepaa, a 1ake 1o n cn1ak npounoropnee coae1cko-repHanckoe
cornauenne* ncepnannLH a xope coL1nn, sa ncknkenneH aonpoca o nnnnnpnn, no 1o y Henn
ec1L n ppyrne aonpocL asanHoo1nouennn c IepHannen, 1annen n Rnonnen.
2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:14 . C=B <=9. nyn.: FN F4>. -
1991. - @B. - (. 19B.
,01# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. =1802.:;
7< 8882 .##/:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729.
..#@/.2J7/
19 1940 .
(. 3
nn 1oaapnua ono1oaa nepepak 1enerpaHHy o1 1oaapnua 1annna: 1aoen unqpoake o
ecepe c nen1ponoH** ec1L opno ne1onoe aLpaenne nace1 ncepnannn cornauennn c
IepHannen, sa ncknkenneH aonpoca o nnnnnpnn. S1o aLpaenne ne1onoe. nepoaano L
ckasa1L, 1o ncepnan npo1okon k poroaopy o nenanapennn, a ne cornauenne, no aLpaenne
ncepnanne cornauennn neHuL Hory1 nonn1L kak ncepnanne poroaopa o nenanapennn, 1o,
koneno, Lno L nenpaannLno. py 1aoe coouenne o ecepe c In1nepoH***.
(4L. .ED4345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C . 1B=1<. nyn.: FN
F4>. - 1991. - @ B. = (. 19B.
J H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 484, 485. ** H. pok. 500. *** o1ae1non 1enerpaHHe
..ono1oaa o1 13 nonpn 1940 r. roaopnnocL: 1annny. au N o1 12.11.1940 r. ace1 nnnnnpnn
ncnpaank, y1onk. oouenne o ecepe c In1nepoH nocnan (! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:14 . :0-
:1).
48
PQ. 07<7-2.99. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. -772.<B19 87270.2 J
/^a$ #/#80.<
1: 1940 .
( 3
80.<# Hen nepayk ecepy c In1nepoH, npoponaauykcn 2 aca 30 Hnny1 n okonnauykcn
c ycnoaneH npoponn1L ee saa1pa, a sa1eH npn npnespe nen1pona a ockay. EonLue aca
yuno na nepaoe sananenne In1nepa, a ko1opoH on:
a) konc1a1npoaan, 1o npounoropnee coae1cko-repHanckoe cornauenne* Lno na nonLsy oonx
rocypapc1a n ecnn ono a eH-nnypL Hoe1 L1L n ne aLnonneno, 1o, no ero cnoaaH, nnkorpa
nonn1neckoe cornauenne ne aLnonnne1cn nonnoc1Lk, a nnorpa 1onLko na 25 npouen1oa;
) aLckasLaan, 1o nn1epecL n nsnennLe npoc1panc1aa IepHannn n ne naxopn1cn a
npo1naopenn n Hory1 L1L yperynnpoaanL n na ypyuee apeHn onee, eH na cpok nsnn
enoaeka;
a) roaopnn, 1o nrnnn ye noepena n, kak 1onLko He1eoponorneckne ycnoann nosaonn1, on
nokae1 aecLHa konkpe1no, 1o a1o osnaae1, no ao acnkoH cnyae nrnnn ne ponna
sannHa1Lcn penaHn aponL;
r) qpanuysckne pen1enn, kak e1an n aaanL, no cnoaaH In1nepa, nonnHak1 n npy1 naac1pey
nnanaH IepHannn;
p) nn1epecL IepHannn 1enepL nea1 a pepnen qpnke, 1o ec1L npnHepno a nnockoc1n
aosapauennn c1apLx repHancknx kononnn c neko1opLHn koppek1naaHn, 1ak kak a apone
IepHannn ye oecnenna cee npoc1panc1ao no kpannen Hepe na c1o ne1 anepep, xo1n a ppyroH
Hec1e on roaopnn, 1o na EankanL nx 1onkae1 nypa a cLpLe (a ne 1onLko aoennLe nn1epecL
npo1na nrnnn);
e) a snn, rpe IepHannn nHee1 nnuL oune 1oproaLe nn1epecL, ypyuee sa Rnonnen, no 1aH
aosHonL n aospopennn onLunx napopoa;
) nonoenne ocooe, 1ak kak aepy1 nc1o nHnepnannc1neckyk nonn1nky, a ne
nonn1nky saun1L nrnnn - Hepy 1eH na ocnoae pok1pnnL onpo
145
ponnL sannHa1Lcn
1onLko Hepnkon n ne aHeunaa1Lcn a pena aponL;
s) ne nHee1, Hono ckasa1L, caoopnoro aLxopa a okean, kpoHe ypHancka n anLnero
oc1oka, ko1opLe paneko, n a1o ponno L1L y1eno a nopnpke cornacoaannn c ppyrnHn
pepaaaHn;
n) IepHannn a xope opLL c nrnnen ponna np1n n 1ypa, kypa ona ne xo1ena L np1n, no ona
apeHenno ns-sa nn1epecoa aonnL npo1na nrnnn aLnypena a1o pena1L - na EankanL. In1nep
sananne1, 1o ns yHLnnn repHanckne aoncka ynpy1 neHepnenno nocne saknkennn Hnpa, npneH
IepHannn npnsnae1 sann1epecoaannoc1L a epnoH Hope n a nponeHe Eankan. pnako
epnoe Hope ne Hoe1 pa1L caoopnoro aLxopa a Hope, 1ak kak ono aLxopn1 a pepnseHnoe
Hope, a 1aH acerpa ype1 1annn;
k) In1nep cneunanLno ckasan, 1o y nero ne1 nypL a aoennon noHoun co c1oponL , no ace
apeHn nopaopnn peL k neoxopnHoc1n poroaopn1Lcn c naHn a unpoknx paHkax. R o1ae1nn no
cpenannLH In1nepoH
* H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 484.
4
.KvvoK2.
49
aLckasLaannnH no HnornH aanLH aonpocaH, nockonLky n Hory cypn1L o nnx no nepeaopy, n
Hory ckasa1L, 1o 1o, 1o n nonnn a a1nx aLckasLaannnx, Hne npepc1aanne1cn npaannLnLH n
sacnynaakunH panLnenuero coaHec1noro ocypennn. 1o kacae1cn npounoropnero coae1cko-
repHanckoro cornauennn, 1o ono penc1an1enLno Lno a nn1epecax IepHannn (ao-nepaLx,
kpenknn 1Ln na oc1oke npn pasaep1Laannn aonnL na 3anape. o-a1opLx, nonyenne onLun) n
, ko1opLn cn1ae1 cornauenne aLnonnennLH, sa ncknkenneH aonpoca o nnnnnpnn, o
ko1opoH, n pyHak, panLue roaopn1L onee konkpe1no n co acen o1kpoaennoc1Lk. enepL npnuno
apeHn roaopn1L o onee unpokoH cornauennn Hepy n IepHannen, no npn a1oH npnxopn1cn
npepaapn1enLno koe-1o aLncnn1L a cansn c nannneH 1akoro noaoro qak1a, kak 1ponc1aennLn
nak1. orpa Hne nere ype1 pas1ncnn1L In1nepy aonpocL, nn1epecykune , n a kpanneH
cnyae aonpocL, cansannLe c epnLH HopeH n EankanaHn, rpe npnpe1cn roaopn1L a nepayk
oepepL o yHLnnn n Eonrapnn, a panee no ypunn. R npocnn panee pas1ncnn1L Hne,
npepc1aannkueHy npaan1enLc1ao, ne yac1aoaaauee a nopro1oake n peuennn aonpoca o
1ponc1aennoH nak1e, 1o aa1opL nak1a noppasyHeaann nop nonn1neH noaLn nopnpok a apone,
kakne c1panL n na kaknx ycnoannx ypy1 a a1oH pene yac1aoaa1L, kakne naHeenL 1eHnL
ocyuec1anennn ocnoanLx npen nak1a, 1o a1o sa aoc1onoasna1ckoe npoc1panc1ao n rpe ero
rpannuL, a kakon Hepe nnanL aa1opoa nak1a sa1parnaak1 .
In1nep saHe1no onanncn n c1an pas1ncnn1L: a o1nouennn aponL 1ponc1aennLn nak1
yc1anoann cornacoaannoc1L payx pepaa, IepHannn n 1annn, ko1opLe xo1n1 no aonpocy aponL
poroaopn1Lcn c . o1nouennn snn Rnonnn 1ake ponna poroaopn1Lcn c .
IepHannn (In1nep roaopnn HL, n specL, kak n a neko1opLx ppyrnx cnyanx, Lnn nencnoc1n -
roaopnn nn on a pannoH cnyae o1 nnua 1onLko neHuea nnn o1 nnua acex yac1nnkoa nak1a)
npnrnauae1 yac1aoaa1L a 1ponc1aennoH nak1e a kaec1ae e1aep1oro nap1nepa. pn a1oH
In1nep saaepnn, 1o onn ne xo1enn noc1aan1L occnk nepep caepunaunHcn qak1oH, 1o onn
xo1enn L sna1L, kakoaL nn1epecL a apone n snn, 1oL cornacoaa1L caon nn1epecL c
n L1L xopounHn HaknepaHn Hepy n Rnonnen, a 1ake 1annen, 1o aLncnenne
aonpocoa o yHLnnn, Eonrapnn n ypunn, koneno, 1peye1 nsaec1noro apeHenn, no 1o nak1
cneunanLno npepycHo1pen, 1oL nn1epecL ne Lnu sape1L n ne Lnn npeppeuenL es
.
R nonaropapnn sa pas1ncnennn, no ace e o1ae1nn, 1o n py neko1opLx pononnn1enLnLx
pas1ncnennn In1nepa o nnanax yac1nnkoa nak1a. R poaann, 1o ne o1kasLaae1cn
yac1aoaa1L a 1ex nnn nnLx coaHec1nLx akunnx e1Lpex pepaa, no ne a nak1e 1pex, rpe
aknken nnuL a kaec1ae o1ek1a. In1nep coaceH noaecenen, nop1aeppnn, 1o ponen
L1L ne o1ek1oH, a cy1ek1oH noaoro cornauennn, n sanann, 1o ero oenL nn1epecye1
npoponn1L epnnopyuno naa1yk ecepy.
ak kak HL n 1ak sacnpenncL caepx nopHL, a nopouen ye ac nasnaennoro oepa, 1o
yroaopnnncL, 1o saa1pa, 13 nonpn, n y nero saa1pakak n nocne a1oro npoponaeH.
saknkenne poaannk. aue npepaapn1enLnoe ocypenne a ockae npaannLno ocae1nno
aonpocL, c ko1opLHn n specL c1onknyncn. oka n c1apakcL nonyn1L nnqopHaunk n npouyna1L
nap1nepoa. x o1ae1L a pasroaope ne
50
acerpa ncnL n 1peyk1 panLnenuero aLncnennn. EonLuon nn1epec In1nepa k 1oHy, 1oL
poroaopn1Lcn n ykpenn1L ppyy c o cqepax annnnnn, nannuo. 3aHe1no 1ake enanne
1onkny1L nac na ypunk, o1 ko1opon nen1pon xoe1 1onLko aconk1noro nen1pann1e1a.
nnnnnpnn noka o1Hannaak1cn, no n sac1aank nx o a1oH saroaopn1L. pouy ykasannn.
2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:14 . 11=1;.
nyn.: FN F4>. - 1991. - @ . - (. 1:1-1:9.
503. 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .##/:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 /
/7<1&20. #99.?819
1: 1940 .
(. 3
o npocLe pnnnca n npnnnn ero 11 nonpn.
pnnnc noc1aann e1Lpe aonpoca:
1. 1kas 1. ono1oaa npnnn1L ero 22 ok1npn, korpa on apyan nsaec1nLe aH co cnoa an1ona
npepnoennn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa o anrnocoae1ckoH cornauennn*, on pacuennn 1orpa
kak nonn1neckn neppyenknLn ak1 co c1oponL .
nac1onuee apeHn noespka 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn, no ero Hnennk, uennkoH nop1aeppnna a1o1
aLaop. pnnnc xo1en L nonyn1L o1ae1L na paa aonpoca, ko1opLe nanpaunaak1cn a cansn c
noespkon 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn:
1) nepye1 nn nonnHa1L 1ak, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao o1knonnno npepnoennn
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 22 ok1npn
2) paa nn ype1 on, ecnn cooun1 pn1anckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o noespka 1. ono1oaa a
Eepnnn osnaae1 neenanne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ynyun1L o1nouennn c nrnnen
pnnnc sanann, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn on cn1ae1 ecnonesnLH npnnara1L kakne L 1o nn Lno
noaLe ycnnnn k ynyuennk o1nouennn Hepy n nrnnen, 1o on ponon1 pn1anckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay caon asrnnpL o noespke 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn. R o1ae1nn pnnncy, 1o
nenpaannLno Lno L cansLaa1L noespky 1. ono1oaa c o1nouenneH coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa k anrnnncknH npepnoennnH. enL noespkn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn coaepuenno
ncno ykasana a koHHknnke. 1o e kacae1cn npepnoennn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1o n
Hory cooun1L pnnncynnuL Hoe nnnoe Hnenne o 1ex nac1poennnx a nauen cpepe, ko1opLe
aLsaanL anrnnncknHn npepnoennnHn. R onen npnHo sanan1L, 1o ne nonnHak, ero xoe1
nrnnn, 1.k. a caoeH sananennn nrnnn roaopn1 o 1aknx npepnoennnx, ko1opLe pak1 HenLue
1oro, 1o HL a nac1onuee apeHn nHeeH. eyenn anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nonnHae1, 1o
npepc1aannk1 coon a1n npepnoennn R ykaanLno nopaen, kak Horno
* H. pok. 460.
1-
51
npaan1enLc1ao ennkopn1annn pena1L 1akne npepnoennn, ocoenno korpa nrnnn
naxopn1cn a ocape. pnnnc cnnsnn 1onn sanann, 1o neoxopnHo poroaopn1Lcn o ouen ase.
xope ecepL pnnnc nL1ancn ckasa1L o caoeH neropoaannn. R ero pesko ocapnn.
2. pnnnc cnpocnn, coo1ae1c1ayk1 nn penc1an1enLnoc1n cnyxn o 1oH, 1o conpae1cn
npnsna1L rocnopc1aykuee annnnne IepHannn na Eankanax n caHoyc1pann1Lcn o1 ankancknx
pa. o1ae1 n cocnancn na onynnkoaannoe a rase1e pacnan saespa coouenne pepakunn no
noaopy c1a1Ln a1anLonnoro koHnccapa npane1nna
198
.
3. o noaopy acex aonpocoa o npnan1nncknx napoxopax pnnnc ckasan, 1o epaa nn aosHono
nx peun1L po saknkennn ouero cornauennn Hepy nrnnen n . R nac1anaan na
ypoane1aopennn naunx 1peoaannn, nsnoennLx a nauen no1e o1 9 ok1npn. pnnnc
y1aeppae1, 1o naun Hopnkn nypL ne 1epnn1. pouy cneunanLno aLncnn1L a1o n cooun1L.
1. ED4345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:9 . 100=10<.
pnaepennan aLue 1enerpaHHa .R.Lunnckoro Lna coc1aanena na ocnoae sanncn ecepL
.R.Lunnckoro c ..pnncoH, coc1onauencn 11 nonpn 1940 r. 3anncL ecepL copepn1 onee
nopponoe nsnoenne aLckasLaannn npepc1aan1enen n ennkopn1annn. nen, a
ac1noc1n, roaopn1cn:
"...3. 3a1eH pnnnc nepeuen, kak on aLpasnncn, k ocnoanon uenn caoero ansn1a n nanoHnnn
Hne, 1o 22 ok1npn c.r. on npo1ec1oaan npo1na o1kasa ..ono1oaa npnnn1L ero. n cn1an, 1o
a1o1 o1kas paanosnaen nonn1neckn neppyenknoHy o1nouennk k nrnnn n 1o necHo1pn na
1o, 1o n 1orpa o1pnuan nonn1neckoe snaenne a1oro o1kasa, puuc cen neoxopnHLH a
caoeH o1e1e npaan1enLc1ay ykasa1L, 1o a1o1 qak1 nocnn nonn1neckyk okpacky. pnnnc
cn1ae1, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn a1o nonnoc1Lk nop1aeppnnocL. n yc1anoann, 1o c 22 ok1npn
c.r. ..ono1oa nponann 1akoe e o1nouenne ko aceH pnnnoHa1necknH npepc1aan1ennH, sa
ncknkenneH c1pan ocn n Rnonnn. pnnnc ne aepn1, 1oL 1akoe o1nouenne, ne nHekuee cee
npeuepen1a, Lno cnyannLH. nac1onuee apeHn npnnna a1oro o1nouennn, no Hnennk
pnnnca, aLncnnnacL: a1o - noespka ..ono1oaa a Eepnnn...".
pnnnc panee "sanann, 1o noespky ..ono1oaa a Eepnnn on ponen paccHa1pnaa1L kak o1ae1
na ero sananenne o1 22 ok1npn. puuc cn1ae1, 1o on anpaae Ln onpa1L o1ae1a na a1o
sananenne po onynnkoaannn koHHknnke o o11espe ..ono1oaa a Eepnnn, n 1.k.
npaan1enLc1ao ennkopn1annn po nac1onuero apeHenn o1ae1a ne nonynno, on xo1en L
noc1aan1L paa aonpoca:
1. nepye1 nn nonnHa1L 1ak, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao o1knonnno npepnoenne pn1anckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o1 22 ok1npn
2. paa nn on ype1, ecnn cooun1 caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o noespka ..ono1oaa a Eepnnn
osnaae1 neenanne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ynyun1L caon o1nouennn c npaan1enLc1aoH
ennkopn1annn
pnnnc ckasan, 1o ecnn on ne nonyn1 o1 Henn nnLx caepennn, on ype1 cn1a1L, 1o a1o 1ak...
52
pnnnc cn1ae1 neoxopnHLH ykasa1L na a1o 1enepL, 1oL ne aosnnkno nepopasyHennn a
ypyueH. pepnoennn npaan1enLc1aa ennkopn1annn ne oc1any1cn a cnne na ypyuee, ecnn
onn ypy1 o1knonenL coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH a nac1onuee apeHn...
anee pnnnc ykasan, 1o a 1akoH e pyxe cnepye1 nonnHa1L aonpoc o oeuannn
npaan1enLc1aa ennkopn1annn ne npnnnHa1L yac1nn a an1ncoae1cknx koHnnaunnx n ne
cnaa1L apapenLe cnnL aoennLHn Ha1epnanaHn, o eH roaopnnocL a sananennn o1 22
ok1npn.
R saHe1nn, 1o a1o saHeanne pnnnca n paccHa1pnaak kak nsaec1nyk yrposy anrnnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa aLc1ynn1L na c1opone apapenLx cnn.
pnnnc c1an o1pnua1L a1o, nopepknya, 1o a nrnnn nHee1cn Hnoro nkpen, ro1oaLx aLc1ynn1L
npo1na n pae saknkn1L nak1 c In1nepoH npo1na , n 1o pnnnc npnnonn Hnoro
ycnnnn, 1oL npeopone1L a1n nac1poennn.
pnnnc saHe1nn, 1o coapeHennLn He1op nnoc1pannon nonn1nkn, npoaopnHLn , ne
oc1aanne1 nnkakoro Hec1a pnn panLnenunx akonoHnecknx o1nouennn Hepy nrnnen n .
okasa1enLc1aoH a1oHy cnya1: ...
3. oespka ..ono1oaa a Eepnnn a conpoaopennn 32-x co1pypnnkoa ncno canpe1enLc1aye1 o
npepc1onueH cornauennn Hepy n IepHannen.
4. paan1enLc1ao ennkopn1annn paa pasa npepnarano saknkn1L 1oproaoe cornauenne, no
nnkakoro o1ae1a na caon npepnoennn ne nonynno, n ecnn pnnnc npaa a caonx aLaopax, 1o
pn1anckoHy npaan1enLc1ay cnepye1 npnnn1L ppyrne He1opL cL1a caonx nsnnukoa, kak,
nanpnHep, kayyka, onoaa n np., 1ak kak npn coapeHennoH kon1ak1e c IepHannen cnepye1
nonnHa1L, 1o a1n 1oaapL Hory1 nonac1L a IepHannk.
pnnnc cn1ae1 ecnonesnLH npnnara1L kakne L 1o nn Lno noaLe ycnnnn k ynyuennk
o1nouennn Hepy n nrnnen n nonarae1 neoxopnHLH poaec1n po caepennn
npaan1enLc1aa ennkopn1annn caon asrnnp na noespky ..ono1oaa a Eepnnn, no 1o on ype1
pap, ecnn n nonpaank ero npepe, eH on cpenae1 a1o coouenne caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay...
!%- 6.0B .9 .4 .$ .40O4:.
504. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 2.
9<7#><911/. / 8882
1: 4 1940 .
( 3
cansn c noespkon 1oaapnua ono1oaa a Eepnnn* a erepane unpkynnpyk1 caHLe nenenLe
cnyxn. noHnnae1cn, 1o 1oaapnu ono1oa a Eepnnne ype1 poroaapnaa1Lcn o repHanckoH
rocnopc1ae na Eankanax n o coae1ckoH na pepneH oc1oke. pokasa1enLc1ao kynuL
ccLnak1cn na 1o, 1o 1oaapnu ono1oa npnrnacnn 1oaapnua ekanosoaa yp1o 1onLko no1oHy,
1o on aepae1 aonpocaHn aoc1onLx c1pan, n a ac1noc1n panoH. 1penLnLe kynuL roao-
* H. pok. 402, 425, 446, 456, 458, 459, 480.
53
pn1, 1o ecnn panee IepHannn nHena 1pn onopL, 1o nocne ansn1a 1oaapnua ono1oaa IepHannn
ype1 onnpa1Lcn na e1Lpe onopL. nn nHek1 a anpy aosHonoe npncoepnnenne k
1ponc1aennoHy coksy. noespke 1oaapnua ono1oaa npanckan npecca noka ne noHec1nna nn
opnon coc1aennon c1a1Ln, sa ncknkenneH coouennn n pp. aren1c1a.
-442 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::: . 99;C . 914.
,0,# &787. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. 8 =18<19 -729. / 8882 >#
@<7-&2-19
1: 1940 .
(. 3 3
@[aPV sananne1, 1o on no nopyennk nen1pona xo1en L ckasa1L 1. ono1oay
neckonLko cnoa o nnnnnpnn, 1oL cepeL apeHn npn ecepe c qkpepoH nocne saa1paka
ceropnn. nn a nonnon Hepe, roaopn1 ynenypr, npnsnak1 sa npaao na nnnnnpnk n ne
nHek1 k nen 1eppn1opnanLnLx npn1nsannn...
9TO### 1o kacae1cn nonn1neckon c1oponL aonpoca o nnnnnpnn, 1o ena1enLna ncnoc1L
IepHannn a a1oH o1nouennn. cnn IepHannn cn1ae1, 1o nyno nepecHo1pe1L n nsHenn1L
npounoropnee cornauenne, HL, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, xo1enn L sna1L, ec1L nn y IepHannn 1akoe
naHepenne, oc1ae1cn nn a cnne ace 1o, 1o Lno sanncano a naueH npo1okone*, aLnonnennoH
nonnoc1Lk kak IepHannen, 1ak n , sa ncknkenneH a1oro aonpoca, ko1opLn ne peuen .
o1n HL ypoane1aopenL HnpnLH poroaopoH c nnnnnpnen**, no peno ne Hoe1 caopn1Lcn k
poroaopy. ano, kak on aLnonnne1cn. L anpnH co c1oponL qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa
paonc1aennoc1L. S1a paonc1aennoc1L naxopn1 caoe aLpaenne a nooupennn arn1aunn n a
pacnpoc1panennn nosynroa apope 1o1 ne qnnn, k1o noHnpnncn c HnpnLH poroaopoH o1 12
Hap1a 1940 ropa. pn 1akoH nonoennn HL ponnL L1L naeky n ne HoeH nonara1Lcn na
yHary. s sananennn nocna on, 1. ono1oa, ycHa1pnaae1, 1o IepHannn nop1aeppae1
cornauenne o 1oH, 1o nnnnnpnn o1nocn1cn k cqepe nn1epecoa . n napee1cn, roaopn1 1.
ono1oa, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cpenae1 ns a1oro npak1neckne aLaopL. npnHo, aaop
repHancknx aonck a nnnnnpnk
178
1onkae1 qnnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao k npepnonoennk, 1o y
n IepHannn a a1oH nynk1e ne ace rnapko, n aLsaan c1pac1n, Hoe1 L1L nanpacnLe. poHe
1oro, n a nnnnnpnn, n a IepHannn nponsouen pnp nonn1necknx peHonc1paunn, ko1opLe
nopepknaann ocoLe o1nouennn IepHannn n nnnnnpnn n, Hoe1 L1L, neaonLno Lnn
saoc1penL npo1na . e1oH a1oro ropa HL Lnn aLnypenL naHekny1L qnnnaH, 1o
G 8# ### H 0# gg((# H ok. 4C,# GG 8# pok. !#
54
y nac c nnHn ne ype1 xopounx o1nouennn, noka ao rnaae npaan1enLc1aa c1on1 annep. eno
uno, koneno, ne o nnnoc1n annepa, ko1oporo qnnnL ypann, a o nnnnn noaepennn qnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opon nnero ne nsHennnocL. oa1oHy 1. ono1oa nonarae1, 1o repHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao cpenae1 npak1neckne aLaopL n ypann1 caon aoncka ns nnnnnpnn n npekpa1n1
nonn1neckne peHonc1paunn. cnn a1o Lno L cpenano, 1o a nosnunn nnnnnpnn ne Lno L
paonc1aennoc1n. cnn a1on paonc1aennoc1n ne ype1, 1o o1nouennn c nnnnnpnen ypy1
ppyec1aennLHn n peno nonpe1 rnapko. pneH HL noHnnH, sananne1 1. ono1oa, 1o
nnnnnpnn axopn1 a cqepy nn1epecoa , n cn1aeH a1o ec1ec1aennLH n onsa1enLnLH...
3anncan . !22
A42 !>4 %- 6. 0: 78. B4 . B<C . 49-4:.
nyn.: '2 4 25D 44. - 199:. - @C. - (. <9-;0.
506. 811&^7 0.88 1 =27&:/. /991<101/. / &72<7
1: 1940 .
eepoH 12 nonpn nnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen IepHannn nen1pon yc1ponn npneH a ec1L
pepcepa1enn oae1a apopnLx oHnccapoa n apopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx pen
..ono1oaa.
a npneHe npncy1c1aoaann pykoaopnune pen1enn repHancknx npaan1enLc1aennLx opranoa,
naunonan-counannc1neckon nap1nn, npepc1aan1enn aLcuero koHanpoaannn repHanckon apHnn,
a 1ake nnua, conpoaopakune 1. ..ono1oaa, nonnpep a Eepnnne 1. kaapuea n
o1ae1c1aennLe pao1nnkn nonnpepc1aa .
I-n nen1pon n 1. ..ono1oa oHennnncL peaHn.
* * *
eropnn a 10 acoa y1pa pepcepa1enL oae1a apopnLx oHnccapoa n apopnLn
koHnccap nnoc1pannLx pen 1. ..ono1oa nanec ansn1 penxcHapuany Iepnnry*.
cnep sa a1nH 1. ..ono1oa noce1nn r-na Iecca - saHec1n1enn In1nepa no pykoaopc1ay
naunonan-counannc1neckon nap1nn**.
* * *
eropnn a 14 acoa pnn no epnnnckoHy apeHenn penxckanunep IepHannn In1nep yc1ponn
saa1pak a ec1L pepcepa1enn oanapkoHa n apopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx pen 1.
..ono1oaa.
oa. ..ono1oa aLexan a 13 . 45 H. ns paopua EenLak a nHnepckyk kanuennpnk a
conpoaopennn saaepykuero npo1okonLnLH o1penoH repHanckoro Hnnnc1epc1aa nnoc1pannLx
pen r-na epnepra. ac1n repHanckon apHnn n o1pnpL nnnon oxpanL In1nepa, aLc1poennLe y
nop1espa nHnepckon kanuennpnn, okasann 1. ono1oay aonnckne noec1n.
* H. pok. 507. ** H. oaan n noaenuan nc1opnn. - 1993. - N 5. - . 98-99.
55
Hec1e c 1. ono1oaLH na saa1pake npncy1c1aoaann apopnLn koHnccap epnon He1annyprnn 1.
eaocnn, saHec1n1enL apopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx pen 1. ekanosoa, saHec1n1enL
apopnoro koHnccapa any1pennnx pen 1. epkynoa, saHec1n1enL apopnoro koHnccapa aneunen
1oproann 1. py1nkoa, saHec1n1enn apopnoro koHnccapa aanaunonnon npoHLunennoc1n 11.
Eananpnn n Rkoanea, saaepykunn npo1okonLnLH o1penoH apopnoro koHnccapna1a
nnoc1pannLx pen 1. Eapkoa, nonnpep a IepHannn 1. kaap-uea, nepaLn cekpe1apL
nonnpepc1aa 1. aanoa.
repHanckon c1oponL npncy1c1aoaann: nnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen r-n qon nen1pon,
pykoaopn1enL aepxoanoro koHanpoaannn aoopyennLx cnn IepHannn renepan-qenLpHapuan
en1enL, nHnepcknn Hnnnc1p pok1op IeenLc, pykoaopn1enL repHanckoro 1pypoaoro qpon1a
pok1op en, naanLnnk o1pena nea1n repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa pok1op n1pnx, anpnLn
pen1enL naunonan-counannc1neckon nap1nn EopHan, naanLnnk nnnon kanuennpnn In1nepa
pok1op encnep, repHancknn nocon a ockae r-n qon pep ynen-ypr, naanLnnk nnnon oxpanL
In1nepa r-n 3enn n1pnx, ap1k1an1L In1nepa 1ay n nonkoannk Hynp1, nocnannnk eaenL,
coae1nnk repHanckoro noconLc1aa a ockae nnLrep.
* * *
eropnn a 7 acoa aeepa a nonnpepc1ae a Eepnnne Ln pan ynn a ec1L pepcepa1enn
oae1a apopnLx oHnccapoa n apkoHa nnoc1pannLx pen 1. ..ono1oaa. a ynne
npncy1c1aoaann 1. ..ono1oa, saHec1n1enL apopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx pen 1.
ekanosoa, nonnpep a IepHannn 1. kaapuea, apopnLn koHnccap epnon He1annyprnn 1.
eaocnn, saHec1n1enL apopnoro koHnccapa any1pennnx pen 1. epkynoa, saHec1n1enL
apopnoro koHnccapa aneunen 1oproann 1. py1nkoa, saHec1n1enn apopnoro koHnccapa
aanaunonnon npoHLunennoc1n 11. Eananpnn n Rkoanea, saaepykunn npo1okonLnLH o1penoH
1. Eapkoa n ppyrne conpoaopakune 1. ..ono1oaa nnua, a 1ake co1pypnnkn
nonnpepc1aa n 1oprnpepc1aa a Eepnnne.
repHanckon c1oponL na ynne npncy1c1aoaann: nnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen r-n qon
nen1pon, naanLnnk repHanckon nonnunn r-n InHHnep, penxc-Hnnnc1p r-n aHHepc, Hnnnc1p
aoopyennn n oenpnnacoa r-n op1, pykoaopn1enL repHanckoro 1pypoaoro qpon1a r-n pok1op
en, naanLnnk o1pena nea1n repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa pok1op n1pnx, nocnannnk Hnp1.
&>24. - 1940. - 14 .
,0!# &787. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9#91<101/. 8 980219 ./.J
-729. -#/#-72-19
1: 1940 .
(2. 3 3
ocne asanHnLx npnae1c1ann -PWV sananne1, 1o npouepuan noL a Eepnnne npouna
cnokonno. nrnnane ne Hornn npnne1e1L a Eepnnn ns-sa
56
cnnLnoro ae1pa c 3anapa. acc1onnne po Eepnnna, roaopn1 Iepnnr, aooue nanne1cn pnn nnx
npepenLnLH. poHe 1oro, npn sanapnoH ae1pe caLue 70 kH/ac a Eepnnne acerpa Laae1
cnokonno. cenLk npeonapak1 sanapnLe ae1pL, cnnLno sa1pypnnkune penc1ann anrnnnckon
aanaunn. ro ne1nkaH, roaopn1 Iepnnr, a1n ae1pL 1onLko noHorak1 ne1e1L opa1no a IepHannk.
anee Iepnnr sananne1, 1o pap nosnakoHn1Lcn c 1. ono1oaLH. Hy, Iepnnry, nsaec1no, 1o
naropapn aHeua1enLc1ay 1. ono1oaa Lnn npeoponenL 1pypnoc1n, ko1opLe aosnnkann a xope
akonoHnecknx o1nouennn c .
oa. 9TO sananne1, 1o eHy nsaec1no, 1o penxcHapuan aepae1 onLunH konnec1aoH
xosnnc1aennLx, nonn1necknx n aoennLx pen, no on ne snae1, rpe nen1 uen1p 1nec1n
pen1enLnoc1n penxcHapuana. pannLn HoHen1, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, aepon1no, nanonoanny a
aoenno-aospyunLx penax n nanonoanny a akonoHnecknx. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o eHy
nsaec1no, 1o Iepnnr o1nocn1cn k aLpakunHcn oprannsa1opaH IepHannn.
1aean, -PWV roaopn1, 1o 1. ono1oa npaa, 1o uen1p 1nec1n ero, Iepnnra, pen1enLnoc1n
nen1 a aanaunn. epa on Ln na qpon1e n aLexan a Eepnnn c naHepenneH nosnakoHn1Lcn c 1.
ono1oaLH. eropnn on cnoaa aosapauae1cn na qpon1. n nonarae1, 1o aanaunn ec1L 1o
opyne, ko1opoe pasoLe1 nrnnk. Hy nsaec1nL paspyuennn a onpone no qo1orpaqnnH,
ko1opLe on anpen, n, kpoHe 1oro, on Hoe1 cee npepc1aan1L, 1o osnaak1 co1nn 1onn oH,
pocaeHLx na ropop, no cpaanennk c ecnokonc1aoH, ko1opoe npnnnne1 n1ennH ropopoa pae
opnn apaecknn caHone1. n, Iepnnr, pyHae1, 1o akonoHnka nrnnn ne aLpepn1 1aknx ypapoa
repHanckon aanaunn.
Iepnnr sananne1, 1o anrnnane y1aeppak1, 1o onn nynLaepnsnpoaann* aoksanL a Eepnnne.
oa. ono1oa Hoe1 cHo1pe1L, 1o xoe1, n ne yanpn1 cyuec1aennLx paspyuennn. EoHL nonann
a onLnnuy, a nakokpaconLn saaop, necnon cknap, a neckonLko poHoa n ynann a napk
nprap1en. anpo1na, roaopn1 Iepnnr, no qo1orpaqnnH Hono cpena1L aLaop, 1o nonoenne
a onpone oenL 1nenoe.
n xo1en L, 1oL 1. ono1oa yepnncn a anrnnnckon nn. aspyuennn a IepHannn necpaannHL
c 1eH, 1o ypanocL repHanckon aanaunn cpena1L a nrnnn, o eH 1. ono1oa nHee1, aepon1no,
npepc1aanenne no poknapaH nonnpepc1aa a onpone. aH rpypL nenna.
anee Iepnnr roaopn1, 1o on xoe1 nepen1n k aonpocy coae1cko-repHancknx akonoHnecknx
o1nouennn. n sananne1, 1o a neperoaopax Lnn sa1nkn. n co caoen c1oponL npnnonn ace
ycnnnn k ocyuec1anennk neperoaopoa na pene. Hy ncno, 1o aLnonnenne akonoHnecknx
onsa1enLc1a Lno L HepnnoH poaepnn aopen n napopoa ppyr k ppyry.
Iepnnr sananne1, 1o onn, npn na cnnenne c , nponsaenn nonnyk nepeopnen1npoaky nx
aneunen nonn1nkn. orpa a neperoaopax aLnannacL aosHonoc1L asanHononnHannn payx
napopoa, on a1o npnae1c1aoaan. S1o asanHononnHanne Lno peuakunH pnn IepHannn. S1y
noayk opnen1npoaky on, Iepnnr, paccHa1pnaae1 ne kak ne1o npexopnuee, a kak coaepuenno
okona1enLnoe n ecnoaopo1noe peuenne repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. L nonnHaeH, roaopn1
Iepnnr, 1o noaopo1L a nonn1nke 1aknx aennknx napopoa ponnL npnaec1n k nponon
pnn1enLnon nonn1nke. enLsn poca1Lcn o1 opnoro k pyroHy, 1eH onee, korpa peL npe1 o
1aknx onLunx napopax, onapakunx onLuon nnepunen. Iepnnr npocn1 nepepa1L ckasannoe nH
1. 1annny ..
* Puverseren (.) - c1epe1L a nopouok.
57
Iepnnr poaanne1, 1o 1onLko naropapn 1aknH nkpnH, kak 1annn n In1nep, ypanocL aLsaonn1L
1akne aennkne napopL ns onacnoc1n aonnL ppyr c ppyroH. enepL, roaopn1 Iepnnr, neckonLko
cnoa o akonoHnecknx penax.
Iepnnr roaopn1, 1o caHo coon pasyHee1cn, 1o acnkne peneraunn, ypL 1o pycckne nnn
repHanckne, nHek1 nopyennn aec1n neperoaopL. apan peneraunn ponna sannHa1L nosnunn,
o1aeakune nn1epecaH caoero rocypapc1aa. pn a1oH peneraunn, aepn neperoaopL ppyr c
ppyroH, yxopn1 ac1o a Henon n aosnnkak1 pasnornacnn. 3apaa pykoaopn1enen, no Hnennk
Iepnnra, coc1on1 a 1oH, 1oL aHeua1Lcn a a1nx cnyanx n naaec1n nopnpok. n co caoen
c1oponL paaan ykasannn pnn npeoponennn 1pypnoc1en n nonarae1, 1o ecnn nonannk1cn
sapepkn a neperoaopax, 1o pykoaopn1enn ponnL ckasa1L caoe anac1noe cnoao. n, Iepnnr,
pyHae1, 1o peno peneraunn - sannHa1Lcn HenoaHn, a pykoaopn1enn ponnL ypenn1L
annHanne kpynnLH aonpocaH.
anee Iepnnr roaopn1, 1o napyuenne cpokoa noc1aaok IepHannen o1ncnne1cn 1eH, 1o
IepHannn aepe1 aonny, n 1eH, 1o sakasL konuen1pnpyk1cn na npepHe1ax aoopyennn. eH
ne Henee on oeuae1, 1o ace aosHonoe ype1 aLnonneno. ELno L, koneno, nere a1o
cpena1L, ecnn L coae1ckne sakasL ne konuen1pnpoaanncL a opnon o1pacnn, a pacnpepennnncL
L na uenLn pnp o1pacnen. poHe 1oro, ero annHanne opauann 1ake na 1o1 qak1, 1o pycckne
nencno npepc1aannk1 cee, 1o onn xo1n1 sakasa1L. cnn L, roaopn1 Iepnnr, specL penc1aoaann
Lc1pee, 1o a1o copenc1aoaano L aLnonnennk pyccknx enannn. Iepnnr sananne1, 1o napo
acneckn copenc1aoaa1L yckopennk pena n nponann1L onLue poaepnn, n co caoen c1oponL,
korpa peL una o uenax, ckasan, 1o nyno o1opanny1L a1o1 aonpoc na sapnnn nnan n cnaana
aLnonnn1L sakas. ak Lno a Hae, korpa xo1en aosHono ckopee nonyn1L caHone1L.
Iepnnr sananne1, 1o eHy nsaec1no, 1o aLnonnne1 caon noc1aakn a cpok n pae panLue.
o ero cnoaaH, peansnan nnka* ne nHee1 snaennn. pasoaaaunncn peqnun1 ype1
canancnpoaan. Iepnnr sananne1, 1o nyno nnannpoaa1L n peua1L aonpocL a kpynnLx ep1ax.
eH unpe ocnoaa, roaopn1 on, 1eH rnye naun o1nouennn.
1aean na sananenne Iepnnra, 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o 1enepL a aonpoce o coae1cko-repHancknx
o1nouennnx, noHnHo nannnn popLx enannn n naHepennn rocypapc1aennLx pykoaopn1enen,
HL nHeeH rop cyuec1aoaannn o1nouennn na noaon ase n n1orn nx ycneunoro pasan1nn. aun
naHepennn n uenn nop1aeppnnncL nsnLk. eH onee, cnepoaa1enLno, Hono roaopn1L o
nponoc1n a1nx o1nouennn n o 1oH, 1o onn Lun sapyHanL ocnoaa1enLno. coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao, n ..1annn, c ko1opLH on, 1. ono1oa, Hnoro roaopn1 o coae1cko-repHancknx
o1nouennnx, yepenL, 1o nanpena xopouan asa pnn pasan1nn ppyec1aennLx o1nouennn
Hepy n IepHannen. S1n o1nouennn noc1poenL na rnyoknx nn1epecax ne 1onLko
ceropnnunero pnn.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o sa akonoHnecknHn o1nouennnHn on ne cnepn1 ao acex pe1annx. S1nH
sannHae1cn nkonn, ko1oporo, no cnoaaH 1. ono1oaa, xopouo snae1 nnLrep. n, nkonn, a
kypce pena. ce cyuec1aennoe, koneno, Hne nsaec1no. oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o eHy ne acerpa
nonn1no, noeHy ne aLnonnnk1cn sakasL , yn1Laan, 1o a akonoHneckoH o1nouennn
nonoenne IepHannn ynyunnocL a pesynL1a1e aonnL n npnaneennn pecypcoa ns ppyrnx c1pan.
aH nenonn1no, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, noeHy aosnnkak1 sapepkn a noc1aakax nnn noeHy
aonpocL 1exnneckon noHoun, a ko1opon HL sann1epeco-
* nka (2D.) - nspepkn, pacxopL, copL.
58
aa, c1aan1cn 1ak, 1o y naunx oprannsaunn o1napae1 sann1epecoaannoc1L a nen. oa. ono1oa
npnsnae1, 1o nnorpa Laak1 annoaa1L naun xosnnc1aennLe oprannsaunn ns-sa caoero
kpokpa1nsHa n nenoaopo1nnaoc1n.
oa. ono1oa aLpaae1 napepy, 1o 1pypnoc1n a coae1cko-repHancknx akonoHnecknx
o1nouennnx Hory1 L1L nnkanpnpoaanL, n sananne1, 1o on co caoen c1oponL ro1oa acneckn
copenc1aoaa1L a1oHy. eH onee, on ro1oa a1o cpena1L nocne 1oro, kak aLcnyuan penxcHapuana
n snae1, 1o penxcHapuan cnepn1 sa naunHn xosnnc1aennLHn penaHn, necHo1pn na caok
sann1oc1L aoennLHn penaHn.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o on cHo1pn1 na xosnnc1aennLe o1nouennn on1nHnc1neckn n 1o on
yaepen, 1o HL ypeH np1n k noaLH ycnexaH. n poaanne1, 1o ero on1nHnsH oocnoaan, no ns
ero pasroaopa c penxckanunepoH on, 1. ono1oa, anpn1, nackonLko rnyoko enanne npopona1L
n pasanaa1L coae1cko-repHanckne o1nouennn.
Iepnnr o1aeae1, 1o on 1oe ne a kypce acex Henoen. a aonpoc 1. ono1oaa o npnnnax
sapepkn aLnonnennn o1penLnLx sakasoa Iepnnr sananne1 cnepykuee. asyHee1cn, IepHannn
akonoHneckn ykpennnacL, nHen a caoeH pacnopnennn onLue 1eppn1opnn. o on, Iepnnr,
ponen nanoHnn1L, 1o npn a1oH peL npe1 o 1eppn1opnn c1pan, ko1opLe aenn aonny,
noanekuyk sa coon onLune paspyuennn.
nrnnane paspyuann ace caHLH ec1oknH opasoH. panuysL ne o1c1aaann o1 nnx. ak
aLrnnpn1 a1n c1panL akonoHneckn - cnpaunaae1 Iepnnr n, o1aean caH na a1o1 aonpoc,
roaopn1, 1o HaunnL qapnk n saaopoa Lnn yaesenL aoany1pL c1panL. ep1en coenL.
ax1L paspyuenL. peye1cn apeHn, 1oL a1o aocc1anoan1L, oprannsoaa1L n npnaec1n a
nopnpok. Iepnnr sananne1, 1o onn c1peHn1cn cospa1L pnn cen nponLn akonoHnecknn asnc,
nanpaanennLn npo1na nrnnn n . o Hepe aocc1anoanennn xosnnc1aa okkynnpoaannLx
IepHannen c1pan nponsaopc1aennan Hounoc1L IepHannn aospac1e1 n ypy1 ckopee
ypoane1aopenL enannn .
Iepnnr coouae1 panee, 1o pnn nyuero n Lc1poro ypoane1aopennn pyccknx enannn nH
oprannsoaan cneunanLnLn yccknn koHn1e1. a1oH koHn1e1e npepc1aanenL ace
sann1epecoaannLe nnua. ypa axopn1 npepc1aan1enn Hnnnc1epc1aa nnoc1pannLx pen,
yac1aoaaaune a neperoaopax c , 1aH nHek1cn 1ake npepc1aan1enn nenocpepc1aennLx
ncnonnn1enen sakasoa, 1ypa axopn1 n ero npepc1aan1enL. epy a1nHn nkpLHn ac1o aosnnkak1
pasnornacnn. anpnHep, Hnnnc1epc1ao cenLckoro xosnnc1aa roaopn1, 1o ono xoe1 nonyn1L
c1onLko-1o Hnnnnonoa 1onn kopHoa. poHLunennoc1L, roaopn1 Iepnnr, ponna koHnencnpoaa1L
a1o. pepc1aan1enn npoHLunennoc1n sanannk1, 1o pycckne nHek1 1akne-1o 1peoaannn.
pnoapeHenno nx npepnpnn1nn aLnonnnk1 sakasL aoenno-Hopckoro aepoHc1aa, ananornnLe
sakasaH . oenno-Hopckoe aepoHc1ao 1peye1 aLnonnennn caonx sakasoa a nepayk oepepL.
osnnkak1 1pennn. apo ncka1L koHnpoHncca. 3apaa ycckoro koHn1e1a, roaopn1 Iepnnr,
coc1on1 a 1oH, 1oL paspeua1L 1akne 1pypnoc1n, sa ko1opLHn on ponen cnepn1L.
Iepnnr npocn1 npnnn1L ao annHanne, 1o IepHannn aepe1 aonny n 1o xo1n npoHLunennoc1L
IepHannn cnnLno pasan1a, no ona nHee1 orpoHnLe sakasL. n roaopn1, 1o y nnx ne1 naHepennn
sapepnaa1L aLnonnenne sakasoa, n saaepne1, 1o nonoenne ynyun1cn. pnoapeHenno Iepnnr
roaopn1 cnoaa o 1oH, 1o aLnonnenne sakasoa sapepnaae1cn, 1ak kak nHek1cn nencnoc1n no
o1penLnLH c1a1LnH nx. anpnHep, roaopn1 on, pycckne no1peoaann onpepenennLx pone-LLx
nnn1, ko1opLe nypak1cn a ocoon sakanke. IepHanckne 1exnnkn ykasLaa-
59
nn, 1o sakas na a1n poneaLe nnn1L nenLsn Lno aLuonnn1L no 1exnnecknH npnnnaH, n
npepnarann ppyrne nnn1L, nockonLky nx Hono Lno aLnonnn1L Lc1po. pnako pycckne
nac1anaann na caoeH n aosnnkna sapepka. Iepnnr npnsnae1cn, 1o nnorpa a sapepkax onn
1oe annoaa1L, n a ac1noc1n nx aoennoe aepoHc1ao, 1peykuee aLnonnennn caonx sakasoa a
nepayk oepepL.
Iepnnr sananne1, 1o a o1nouennn 1exnneckon noHoun on pan ykasannn, 1oL ona Lna
npepoc1aanena. o nnorpa 1peoaannn pyccknx npy1 cnnukoH paneko, roaopn1 on. n sananne1,
1o qnpHL pae no o1nouennk k nnH ne acerpa Laak1 o1kpoaennL.
Iepnnr roaopn1 1ake, 1o sapepkn aLsLaak1cn 1eH, 1o coae1ckan c1opona nsHenne1 nnorpa
caon enannn, 1o napyuae1 nx nnanL. poHe 1oro, roaopn1 on, coae1ckne sakasL o1nocn1cn k
aLcokokaec1aennon n cnonon npopykunn. Iepnnr sananne1, 1o onn npnsnak1 pnn cen
aanoc1L noc1aaok , no nere aLuonnn1L nx, nockonLky specL peL npe1 o cLpLe.
IepHannn aLnonnn1L caon noc1aakn 1pypnee, 1ak kak nyno eue nsro1oan1L noc1aanneHyk
npopykunk.
oa. 9TO roaopn1, 1o xoe1 o1ae1n1L a o1nouennn konkpe1nLx aonpocoa, a ac1noc1n
nace1 poneaLx nnn1. oa. ono1oa ykasLuae1, 1o a1o1 aonpoc apnp nn ype1 npepc1aann1L
onLune sa1pypnennn, a Hoe1 L1L n coaceH o1nape1.
oa. 9TO sananne1, 1o IepHannn Horna L okasa1L cyuec1aennyk 1exnneckyk noHouL. n
ne xoe1 oc1anaannaa1Lcn na Henoax, no sananne1, 1o ecnn naun oprannsaunn sa1parnaak1
aoennLe cekpe1L, 1o HL ne 1peyeH nx packpL1nn. L npocnH, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, 1oL naH
pann ncnLn o1ae1, 1o a1o cekpe1, 1o a1o any1pennnn aonpoc IepHannn. oa. ono1oa sananne1,
1o no ac1penLH aonpocaH - neq1n n sepny - HL HoeH n ponnL poroaopn1Lcn. pypnoc1en
ko asanHnoHy ypoane1aopennk ne1. ELna L sann1epecoaannoc1L, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, n Hono
nan1n peuennn.
-PWV sananne1, 1o a cansn c ansn1oH 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn on npnnon1 ace ycnnnn, 1oL no
aosHonoc1n aLuonnn1L enannn . o e o1nocn1cn k aonpocy 1exnneckon noHoun.
Iepnnr sananne1, 1o on 1oro e Hnennn, 1o nenpeoponnHLx 1pypnoc1en ne1. n npocn1
nepepa1L caon ceppenLn npnae1 ..1annny.
3anncan .!22 A42 !>4 %- 6. : 78. B4 . B<C . ;4-99. nyn.: '2 4 25D
44. - 199:. - RS C. - (. 9C-9;.
,0C# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .# /:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729.
..#@/.2-J7/
1: 1940 .
(2. 3
T` 9TO4 54XWW
199
1 ) ace1 epnoro Hopn Hono o1ae1n1L In1nepy, 1o peno ne 1onLko a aLxope ns epnoro Hopn,
a, rnaanLH opasoH, ao axope a epnoe Hope, ko1opLn acer-
60
pa ncnonLsoaancn nrnnen n ppyrnHn rocypapc1aaHn pnn nanapennn na epera . ce
coL1nn o1 pLHckon aonnL npounoro aeka n po aLcapkn nnoc1pan-I bx aonck a pLH n peccy
a 1918 n 1919 ropax roaopn1 o 1oH, 1o esonacnoc1L npnepnoHopcknx panonoa nenLsn
cn1a1L oecneennon es yperynnpoaannn aonpoca o nponnaax. oa1oHy sann1epecoaannoc1L
a epnoH Hope ec1L aonpoc ooponL eperoa n oecneennn ero esonacnoc1n. a1nH
opranneckn cansan aonpoc o rapan1npoaannn co c1oponL , no oecneenne cnokonc1ann a
panone nponnaoa neaosHono es poroaopennoc1n c Eonrapnen o nponycke coae1cknx aonck pnn
saun1L axopoa a epnoe Hope. S1o1 aonpoc ocoenno ak1yanen 1enepL n ne 1epnn1
o1nara1enLc1aa ne 1onLko no1oHy, 1o ypunn cansana c nrnnen, no n no1oHy, 1o nrnnn caonH
qno1oH sannna oc1poaa n nop1L Ipeunn, o1kypa ona acerpa Hoe1 yrpoa1L eperaH ,
ncnonLsyn caoe cornauenne c ypunen.
2) o aceH oc1anLnoH ncxopn ns nsaec1nLx 1ee pnpek1na*, n ecnn pesynL1a1L panLnenuen
ecepL nokay1, 1o 1L a ocnoanoH HoeuL poroaopn1Lcn c neHuaHn, a pnn ockaL oc1any1cn
okonanne n oqopHnenne pena, - 1o 1eH nyue.
3) aoe noaepenne a neperoaopax cn1aeH npaannLnLH.
ED4345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C . 99 :0. nyn.: FN F4>. -
1991. - @ ;. - (. 104-10C.
509. 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .# /:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. .<#
@/.2J7/
1: 1940 .
(. 3
ono1oay o1 84TW4
oae1yeH:
1. e onapynaa1L nauero onLuoro nn1epeca k epcnn n ckasa1L, 1o, noanyn, ne ypeH
aospaa1L npo1na npepnoennn neHuea.
2. ace1 ypunn pepa1Lcn noka a paHkax Hnpnoro paspeuennn a pyxe nen1pona, no
ckasa1L, 1o Hnpnoe paspeuenne ne ype1 peanLnLH es nauen rapan1nn Eonrapnn n nponycka
naunx aonck a Eonrapnk kak cpepc1aa aanennn na ypunk.
3. cnn neHuL npepnoa1 paspen ypunn, 1o a a1oH cnyae Hono packpL1L naun kap1L a pyxe
pnpek1naL*, 1ak n ao a1opoH cnyae - apryHen1L unqpoakn nc1anunn.
4. n1ae cornacn1Lcn c nen1ponoH nace1 koHnpoHncca, ne pasaopanaan noka pnpek1naL*.
H. pok. 491.
61
5. ace1 peknapaunn pa1L npnnunnnanLnoe cornacne es pasaopo1a nynk1oa.
.44345
* * *
9TO o1 54XWW
/ koHHknnke nyno ckasa1L, 1o oHen HnennnHn nponcxopnn a a1Hocqepe asanHnoro poaepnn,
1o oHen HnennnHn onapynn asanHnoe nonnHanne no aceH aanLH aonpocaH, n 1ak panLue.
oae1yeH ne npepnara1L neHuaH caoero npoek1a koHHknnke, a popa1Lcn 1oro, 1oL neHuL
caHn pann caon npoek1.
T.P.? epepae1cn no nopyennk nc1anunn.
ED4345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C . :C :C :B :; :9. nyn.: FN
F4>. - 1991. - @ ;. - (. 10C.
,10# 07<7-2.99. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. -772.<B19 87270.2 J
/="a$ #/# 80.<
1: 1940 .
( 3
80.<# oc1onnncL Hon ac1pen c IepnnroH n IeccoH*. IepnnroH roaopnnn a ounx ep1ax
o ena1enLnoc1n ynyuennn n pasan1nn akonoHnecknx o1nouennn. Eecepa c IeccoH ne nHena
nonn1neckoro snaennn.
pnnnHak1 Henn xopouo, n anpno, 1o xo1n1 ykpenn1L o1nouennn c .
onLko 1o saxopnn ko Hne ynenypr c nopyenneH o1 nen1pona, 1o npounoropnnn
npo1okon a o1nouennn nnnnnpnn oc1ae1cn nonnoc1Lk a cnne. R no1peoaan cpena1L ns a1oro
npak1neckne aLuopL: 1) aLaec1n repHanckne aoncka ns nnnnnpnn n 2) npekpa1n1L kak a
nnnnnpnn, 1ak n a IepHannn nonn1neckne peHonc1paunn, nanpaanennLe ao apep nn1epecaH
. pepynpepnn, 1o a qnnnnnpckoH aonpoce Eepnnn ponen anec1n nonnyk ncnoc1L, 1oL
on ne Heuan npnnn1nk noaLx, onee kpynnLx coaHec1nLx peuennn.
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:14 . :B :<=:;. nyn.: FN F4>. -
1991. - @ ;. - (. 10C.
J H. pok. 506, 507.
62
411 E R , I
.. I .I
1: 1940 .
(2. 3 3
In1nep sananne1, 1o on pyHae1 npoponn1L o1ae1L na aonpocL, noc1aanennLe ono1oaLH ao
aepaunen ecepe*. pepe acero on xoe1 oc1anoan1Lcn na aonpoc o nak1e 3-x n ero
any1pennnx uennx. n xo1en L sa1pony1L aonpoc o coae1cko-repHancknx cornauennnx, ko1opLe
Lnn saknkenL po nac1onuero apeHenn. cansn c a1nH on oc1anoanncn na cnoaax ono1oaa o
1oH, 1o cornauenne aLnonneno sa ncknkenneH nynk1a o nnnnnpnn.
ono1oa sananne1, 1o, coc1aenno roaopn, cornauenne Hepy n IepHannen - a1o npepe
acero nak1 o nenanapennn, ko1opLn, koneno, oc1ae1cn a cnne. ono roaopn1L, cnepoaa1enLno,
o aLnonnennn cekpe1noro npo1okona, nannkuerocn npnnoenneH k ocnoanoHy poroaopy**.
In1nep o1aeae1, 1o a cekpe1noH npo1okone Lna saqnkcnpoaana cqepa nn1epecoa a
nnnnnpnn. 1o kacae1cn nepexopa onpepenennLx 1eppn1opnn a coc1aennoc1L ppyroro
rocypapc1aa, 1o on cn1ae1, 1o cornauenne IepHannen aLnonneno. S1o ne coaceH Hono
ckasa1L o . IepHannn ne sannna nn opnon 1eppn1opnn, ko1opan o1nocnnacL L k cqepe
nn1epecoa . caoe apeHn IepHannn n nsHennnn caoe cornauenne, npneH a1o
nsHenenne uno no nnnnn nn1epecoa . S1o eue aonpoc, - roaopn1 In1nep, - noanekno nn
L sa coon oycnoanennoe npepe paspenenne onLun 1pennn a o1nouennnx Hepy IepHannen
n , no n ponen ckasa1L, 1o nonyennan IepHannen 1eppn1opnn nonLckoro ryepna1opc1aa
ne nanne1cn pnn nee koHnencaunen. In1nep cn1ae1, 1o a pannoH cnyae IepHannn nouna
naac1pey nn1epecaH aonpekn cornauennk. o e caHoe Hono ckasa1L o eaepnon
Eykoanne. npounoH ropy IepHannn sananna, 1o Eeccapann ne npepc1aanne1 pnn nee
nn1epeca, no 1orpa peL una 1onLko o Eeccapann. orpa e aHec1e c aonpocoH o
Eeccapann noc1aann aonpoc o Eykoanne, 1o, necHo1pn na a1o noauec1ao, ne npepycHo1pennoe
cornauenneH, IepHannn nonnHana, 1o ec1L HoHen1L, ko1opLe penak1 uenecoopasnLH
koppek1naL. oaepuenno ananornnyk nosnunk IepHannn sannHae1 no o1nouennk k
nnnnnpnn. IepHannn ne nHee1 nonn1necknx nn1epecoa a nnnnnpnn. oae1ckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay nsaec1no, 1o ao apeHn coae1cko-qnnckon aonnL IepHannn coxpannna
c1poanunn n pae naroena1enLnLn nen1pann1e1. o cnoaaH In1nepa, on npnkasan
sapepa1L napoxopL, ko1opLe naxopnnncL a Eeprene n ponnL Lnn poc1aan1L aoennLe
Ha1epnanL nnnnnpnn, xo1n on na a1o ne nHen nnkakoro npaaa. akan nosnunn IepHannn
npnaena k ocnonennnH a uaepcko-repHancknx o1nouennnx. nepc1aneH aonnL c nnnnnpnen
nannacL aonna c opaernen. cnny yxypunaunxcn o1nouennn co aeunen on, In1nep, Ln
aLnypen pocn1L a opaernk onLuee konn-
G 8# pok. 49C# GG 8# ### H 0# gg((# H ok. 484, 485.
63
ec1ao pnansnn, eH a1o npepnonaranocL. IepHannn n 1enepL npnsnae1 nnnnnpnk cqepon
nn1epecoa , no na apeHn aonnL IepHannn sann1epecoaana a nnnnnpnn akonoHneckn, no
nonyae1 o11ypa nec n nnkenL. IepHannn sann1epecoaana a npepynpepennn konqnnk1oa a
Ean1nnckoH Hope, 1.k. 1aH npoxopn1 ee 1oproaLe ny1n. 1aeppenne, 1o neHuL okkynnpoaann
neko1opLe ac1n 1eppn1opnn nnnnnpnn, ne coo1ae1c1aye1 penc1an1enLnoc1n. IepHannn
nanpaanne1 epes nnnnnpnk 1pancnop1L a npkenec. nn a1nx nepepocok IepHannn nynL
pae asL, 1.k. ns-sa panLnoc1n pacc1onnnn ero nenLsn Lno nokpL1L a opnn nepexop. orpa
nepexop sakonn1cn, onLue ne ype1 a nnnnnpnn repHancknx aonck. IepHannn
sann1epecoaana a 1oH, 1oL Ean1nnckoe Hope ne npeapa1nnocL a 1ea1p aoennLx penc1ann, 1.k.
nrnnn, pacnonaran a nac1onuee apeHn oHappnpoaunkaHn n nc1pen1ennHn panLnero
penc1ann, Hoe1 oy1n1Lcn a qnncknx nop1ax, npopaauncL 1ypa c aospyxa.
osnunn IepHannn ao apeHn qnncko-coae1ckon aonnL nannnacL pnn nee peHeneH 1ake c 1okn
spennn ncnxonorneckon. nnnL, ko1opLe okasLaann ynopnoe conpo1nanenne, saaoeaann
cnHna1nk ao aceH Hnpe, n a ocoennoc1n cpepn ckanpnnaacknx napopoa. a repHanckoH napope
1ake aosnnkno aosypenne no noaopy noaepennn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ko1opoe
onpepennnocL cornauennnHn c . ce a1o noypae1 repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao c1peHn1Lcn
k 1oHy, 1oL aocnpenn1c1aoaa1L aosnnknoaennk a1opnnon aonnL a nnnnnpnn. S1o
epnnc1aennoe enanne repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. L npepoc1aanneH pyccknH peua1L
aonpocL nx o1nouennn c nnnnnpnen, HL ne nHeeH 1aH nnkaknx nonn1necknx nn1epecoa, -
roaopn1 In1nep, - no na apeHn aonnL HL sann1epecoaanL a nnnnnpnn akonoHneckn n nn npn
kaknx oc1on1enLc1aax ne o1kaeHcn o1 a1nx nn1epecoa. In1nep sananne1, 1o on npocn1
npaan1enLc1ao non1n naac1pey IepHannn 1ak e, kak IepHannn, no ero cnoaaH, a1o
cpenana a cnyae c Eykoannon, n1aon n Eeccapanen, rpe ona o1kasanacL o1 caonx kpynnLx
nn1epecoa n Lna aLnypena nepecenn1L neHuea*.
9TO roaopn1, 1o on oc1anoan1cn na 1ex e aonpocax, ko1opLe sa1ponyn penxckanunep.
ono cn1a1L, 1o cornauenne npounoro ropa kacanocL onpepenennoro a1ana, a nHenno
aonpoca o onLue n rpannu oae1ckoro oksa c IepHannen. ornauennn n cekpe1nLn npo1okon
roaopnnn o ouen coae1cko-repHanckon rpannue na Ean1nnckoH Hope, 1.e. o npnan1nncknx
rocypapc1aax, nnnnnpnn, yHLnnn n onLue. 3aHeannn penxckanunepa o neoxopnHoc1n
koppek1na, no Hnennk 1. ono1oaa, npaannLnL. n cn1ae1, 1o nepaLn a1an - aonpoc o onLue
- sakonnncn eue ocenLk npounoro ropa. enac on roaopn1 c penxckanunepoH ye nocne
saaepuennn ne 1onLko nepaoro, no n a1oporo a1ana, ko1opLn sakonnncn nopaenneH panunn.
n IepHannn ponnL ncxopn1L cenac ns nonoennn, aosnnkuero ne 1onLko a pesynL1a1e
nopaennn onLun, no n npopanennn IepHannn a opaernk, annk, Ionnanpnk, EenLrnk n
panunk. cnn roaopn1L a pannLn HoHen1 o n1orax coae1cko-repHancknx cornauennn, 1o napo
ckasa1L, 1o IepHannn, ne es aospenc1ann nak1a c , cyHena 1ak Lc1po n co cnaaon pnn
caoero opynn aLnonnn1L caon onepaunn a opaernn, annn, EenLrnn, Ionnanpnn n panunn.
1o kacae1cn nn1oackoro aonpoca, 1o ne nac1anaan na nepecHo1pe cornauennn o1 aaryc1a
1939 r. a 1oH nanpaanennn, 1oL n1aa nepeuna ns cqepL nn1epecoa IepHannn a cqepy
nn1epecoa , a aoc1onan ac1L onLun - k IepHannn. cnn L IepHa-
* H. pok. 359.
64
nnn aospaana npo1na a1oro, ne nac1anaan L na caoen nonpaake. 1o kacae1cn nsaec1noro
"kycoka" n1aL, 1o , k coanennk, ne nHee1 o1ae1a repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa no a1oHy
aonpocy, no a1o aonpoc Henknn. 1o kacae1cn EykoannL, 1o, xo1n a1o n ne Lno npepycHo1peno
pononnn1enLnLH npo1okonoH, cpenan yc1ynky IepHannn n apeHenno o1kasancn o1 Knon
EykoannL, orpannnauncL eaepnon Eykoannon, no cpenan npn a1oH caok oroaopky, 1o
napee1cn, 1o a caoe apeHn IepHannn y1e1 sann1epecoaannoc1L oae1ckoro oksa a Knon
Eykoanne. po cnx nop ne nonynn o1 IepHannn o1pnua1enLnoro o1ae1a na aLckasannoe nH
noenanne, no IepHannn aHec1o 1akoro o1ae1a rapan1npoaana ack 1eppn1opnk yHLnnn, saLa
o ykasannon nauen sann1epecoaannoc1n n aooue paa a1n rapan1nn es koncynL1aunn c n
a napyuenne nn1epecoa .
In1nep sananne1, 1o IepHannn n 1ak nouna snan1enLno naac1pey 1eH, 1o cornacnnacL n
aooue na nepepay eaepnon EykoannL, 1.k. panLue poroaopnnncL 1onLko o Eeccapann. nn
peuennn aonpocoa na ypyuee oae1cknn oks ponen nonn1L, 1o IepHannn naxopn1cn a
opLe ne na nsnL, a na cHep1L, ko1opyk ona ycneuno sakonn1. o IepHannn nypae1cn a
onpepenennLx xosnnc1aennLx n aoennLx npepnocLnkax. S1n npepnocLukn IepHannn ponna
cee npn acex ycnoannx oecnen1L, n a1o oae1cknn oks ponen nonn1L, 1ak e, kak on,
In1nep, ponen Ln yec1L n yen neko1opLe 1peoaannn . S1n npepnocLukn ne
npo1naopea1 cornauennnH Hepy n IepHannen. S1o Horno L nHe1L Hec1o nnuL 1orpa,
ecnn L IepHannn xo1ena saxaa1n1L nnnnnpnk nnn Eeccapank, no a1oro nnkorpa ne cnyn1cn,
n ecnn IepHannn n ypy1 o1kpL1L no o1nouennk ppyr k ppyry, onn ne napyua1 caonx
cornauennn.
Ean1nnckoe Hope, no Hnennk In1nepa, ne ponno c1a1L 1ea1poH aoennLx penc1ann. IepHannn
npnsnae1, 1o nnnnnpnn nanne1cn onac1Lk pyccknx nn1epecoa. cnn e ona c1peHn1cn
oecnen1L neoxopnHLe en, IepHannn, neq1nnLe nc1onnkn a yHLnnn, 1o a1o ne
npo1naopen1, cn1ae1 In1nep, cornauennk o Eeccapann. oae1cknn oks ponen nonn1L, 1o
pnn IepHannn nynL neko1opLe npepnocLukn, ko1opLe ona na apeHn aonnL xoe1 cee
oecnen1L.
s pacunpennon coaHec1non pao1L c IepHannen oae1cknn oks Hoe1 nonyn1L coaceH
ppyrne, ropaspo onLune aLropL, eH ecnn cenac, ao apeHn aonnL, ypy1 anecenL
nesnan1enLnLe koppek1naL, ko1opLe ne npnnecy1 ocoon nonLsL oae1ckoHy oksy. n,
In1nep, anpn1 ppyrne panonL, a ko1opLx oae1cknn oks Hoe1 nHe1L ycnex n ko1opLe nea1
ane panonoa eaponenckon aonnL, rpe occnn Hoe1 nHe1L onLune pesynL1a1L, kak IepHannn nx
nHena a apone.
R cn1ak, - roaopn1 In1nep, - 1o naun ycnexn ypy1 onLue, ecnn HL ypeH c1on1L cnnnon k
cnnne n opo1Lcn c aneunnHn cnnaHn, eH ecnn HL ypeH c1on1L ppyr npo1na ppyra rpypLk n
ypeH opo1Lcn ppyr npo1na ppyra.
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on cornacen c aLaopaHn penxckanunepa. ykoaopn1enn coae1ckoro
rocypapc1aa, n npepe acero ..1annn, cn1ak1, 1o Hono n uenecoopasno, npn
onpepenennLx ycnoannx, poroaopn1Lcn, 1oL np1n no ny1n panLnenuero nonon1enLnoro
pasan1nn coae1cko-repHancknx o1nouennn, no ny1n yac1nn a neko1opLx coaHec1nLx akunnx. o,
1oL naun o1nouennn Lnn nponLHn, napo yc1pann1L nepopasyHennn a1opoc1enennoro
xapak1epa, ne nHekune onLuoro snaennn, no ocnonnkune nx panLnenuee pasan1ne a
nonon1enLnoH nanpaanennn. aknH aonpocoH nanne1cn nnnnn-
pnn. ono cn1a1L eccnopnLH, 1o npn xopounx o1nouennnx Hepy IepHannen n oae1cknH
oksoH Ean1nnckoe Hope ne npeapa1n1cn a 1ea1p aoennLx penc1ann n 1aH nnk1o ne cHoe1
nrpa1L nnkakon ponn. nnnnnpcknn aonpoc cnepoaano L npoaec1n 1ak, kak on Ln peuen a
npounoH ropy. nnnnnpnn ne ponno L1L repHancknx aonck, a 1ake ne ponno L1L 1ex
nonn1necknx peHonc1paunn a IepHannn n a nnnnnpnn, ko1opLe nanpaanenL npo1na nn1epecoa
oae1ckoro oksa. epy 1eH, npaanune kpyrn nnnnnpnn npoaopn1 a o1nouennn
paonc1aennyk nnnnk n poxopn1 po 1oro, 1o npnanaak1 HaccaH nosynr, 1o 1o1 ne qnnn, k1o
npnHnpnncn c coae1cko-qnncknH HnpnLH poroaopoH 12 Hap1a. nn 1oro, 1oL nepen1n k
noaLH sapaaH, a1n aonpocL ponnL L1L yperynnpoaanL.
-WTP cn1ae1, 1o a1o1 aonpoc nyno pacnenn1L. epaoe no aonpocy o nonn1necknx
peHonc1paunnx. 3pecL 1pypno ckasa1L, k1o oprannsye1 a1n peHonc1paunn, n a1o1 aonpoc Hono
yperynnpoaa1L pnnnoHa1necknH ny1eH. 1o e kacae1cn npeLaannn repHancknx conpa1 a
nnnnnpnn, 1o on yaepne1, 1o ecnn ppyrne aonpocL ypy1 peuenL, 1o n a1o1 aonpoc ype1
yperynnpoaan. 1o kacae1cn peHonc1paunn a IepHannn, 1o, naoopo1, a ero c1pane acerpa
penanocL ace, 1oL qnnnL cornacnnncL na pycckne 1peoaannn. o e Lno n a o1nouennn
yHLnnn: on, In1nep, ckasan aponk, 1oL 1o1 npnnnn pycckne 1peoaannn.
9TO npoponae1, 1o a o1nouennn nnnnnpnn on cn1ae1, 1o aLncnn1L a1o1 aonpoc
nanne1cn ero nepaon onsannoc1Lk, pnn a1oro ne 1peye1cn noaoro cornauennn, a cnepye1 nnuL
npnpepnaa1Lcn 1oro, 1o Lno yc1anoaneno, 1.e. 1o nnnnnpnn ponna L1L onac1Lk
coae1cknx nn1epecoa. S1o nHee1 ocooe snaenne 1enepL, korpa npe1 aonna. oae1cknn oks,
xo1n n ne yac1aoaan a onLuon aonne, ace e aoeaan npo1na onLun, npo1na nnnnnpnn n Ln
coaceH ro1oa, ecnn L 1peoaanocL, k aonne sa Eeccapank. cnn repHanckan 1oka spennn na
a1o1 ce1 nsHennnacL, 1o on xo1en L nonyn1L ncnoc1L a a1oH aonpoce.
-WTP sananne1, 1o 1oka spennn IepHannn na a1o1 aonpoc ne nsHennnacL, no on 1onLko ne
xoe1 aonnL a Ean1nnckoH Hope. poHe 1oro, nnnnnpnn nn1epecye1 IepHannk 1onLko kak
noc1aaunk neca n nnkenn. IepHannn ne Hoe1 1epne1L 1aH cenac aonnL, no cn1ae1, 1o a1o
onac1L nn1epecoa occnn. o e o1nocn1cn n k yHLnnn, o1kypa IepHannn nonyae1 neq1L; 1aH
1oe aonna neponyc1nHa.
cnn HL nepenpeH k onee aanLH aonpocaH, - roaopn1 In1nep, - 1o a1o1 aonpoc ype1
necyuec1aennLH. nnnnnpnn e ne ynpe1 o1 oae1ckoro oksa.
3a1eH In1nep nn1epecye1cn aonpocoH, nHee1 nn oae1cknn oks naHepenne aec1n aonny a
nnnnnpnn. n cn1ae1 a1o cyuec1aennLH aonpocoH.
9TO o1aeae1, 1o ecnn npaan1enLc1ao nnnnnpnn o1kae1cn o1 paonc1aennon nonn1nkn n
o1 nac1panaannn Hacc npo1na , ace nonpe1 nopHanLno.
-WTP roaopn1, 1o on on1cn, 1o na a1o1 pas ype1 aoeaa1L ne 1onLko nnnnnpnn, no n
aeunn.
9TO o1aeae1, 1o on ne snae1, 1o cpenae1 aeunn, no pyHae1, 1o kak oae1cknn oks,
1ak n IepHannn sann1epecoaanL a nen1pann1e1e aeunn. n ne snae1, kakoao cenac Hnenne
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa no a1oHy aonpocy
87
. 1o e kacae1cn Hnpa a Ean1nnckoH Hope, 1o
ne coHneaae1cn, 1o Hnp a Ean1nnckoH Hope oecneen.
-WTP nonarae1, 1o cnepye1 yec1L 1e oc1on1enLc1aa, ko1opLe, aosHono, ne nHenn L Hec1a
a ppyrnx panonax. ono nHe1L aoennLe aosHonoc-
66
1n, no ycnoann Hec1noc1n 1akoaL, 1o aonna ne ype1 Lc1po okonena. cnn ype1
npoponn1enLnoe conpo1nanenne, 1o a1o Hoe1 okasa1L copenc1ane cospannk onopnLx
anrnnncknx as. orpa IepHannn caHon npnpe1cn aHeua1Lcn a a1o peno, 1o pnn nee
neena1enLno. n L 1ak ne roaopnn, ecnn L occnn penc1an1enLno nHena noaop ona1Lcn na
IepHannk. ocne okonannn aonnL occnn Hoe1 nonyn1L ace, 1o ona enae1. eperoaopna c
nen1ponoH, In1nep poaanne1, 1o onn 1onLko 1o nonynnn no1y o1 qnnnnnpckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opon ono sananne1, 1o ype1 n1L a 1ecnoH coppyec1ae c oae1cknH
oksoH.
ono1oa penae1 saHeanne, 1o ne acerpa cnoaa coo1ae1c1ayk1 penaH. nn1epecax oenx c1pan,
1oL Ln Hnp a Ean1nnckoH Hope, n ecnn aonpoc o nnnnnpnn ype1 peuen a coo1ae1c1ann c
npounoropnnH cornauenneH, 1o ace nonpe1 oenL xopouo n nopHanLno. cnn e ponyc1n1L
oroaopky o o1noennn a1oro aonpoca po okonannn aonnL, a1o ype1 osnaa1L napyuenne nnn
nsHenenne npounoropnero cornauennn.
L HoeH nepen1n k ocypennk ppyrnx aonpocoa, - sananne1 nocne a1oro ono1oa, - opnako
a o1nouennn nnnnnpnn n aLckasan 1oky spennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa n xo1en L sna1L o1
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa ero Hnenne no a1oHy noaopy.
In1nep y1aeppae1, 1o a1o ne ype1 napyuenneH poroaopa, 1.k. IepHannn nnuL ne xoe1 aonnL
a Ean1nnckoH Hope. cnn 1aH ype1 aonna, 1o a1nH ypy1 ycnonenL n sa1pypnenL o1nouennn
Hepy IepHannen n oae1cknH oksoH, a 1ake sa1pypnena panLnenuan onLuan coaHec1nan
pao1a. S1a Hon 1oka spennn oc1ane1cn nensHennon, - sananne1 In1nep.
ono1oa cn1ae1, 1o peL ne npe1 o aonne a Ean1nnckoH Hope, a o qnnckoH aonpoce, ko1opLn
ponen L1L peuen na ocnoae npounoropnero cornauennn.
In1nep penae1 saHeanne, 1o a a1oH cornauennn Lno yc1anoaneno, 1o nnnnnpnn o1nocn1cn
k cqepe nn1epecoa occnn.
ono1oa cnpaunaae1: 1akoH e nonoennn, kak, nanpnHep, Sc1onnn n Eeccapann
In1nep roaopn1, 1o on 1onLko ne xoe1 aonnL a nnnnnpnn n, kpoHe 1oro, na apeHn aonnL
nnnnnpnn nanne1cn pnn IepHannn aanLH noc1aaunkoH.
ono1oa o1Heae1, 1o oroaopka In1nepa - a1o noaLn HoHen1, ko1opLn panLue ne aosnnkan.
cornauennn coae1ckne nn1epecL npnsnaaanncL es oroaopok.
In1nep ne cn1ae1 a1o noaLH HoHen1oH, on roaopn1, 1o korpa aen c nnnnnpnen aonny,
IepHannn oc1aaanacL nonnLnon, xo1n a1o cospaaano onLuyk onacnoc1L. IepHannn e paaana
coae1L nnnnnpnn non1n na 1peoaannn occnn.
ak L roaopnnn, - poaanne1 In1nep, - 1o onLua ype1 nc1onnkoH ocnonennn, 1ak
1enepL sanannk n, 1o aonna a nnnnnpnn ype1 nc1onnkoH ocnonennn. occnn ye nonynna
nLannyk ponk aLrop.
In1nep sananne1 panee, 1o on pyccknH ne penae1 1aknx npepnoennn, ko1opLe L
npo1naopennn poroaopy, nanpo1na, caH npepnonn oHenn1L ac1L onLun na n1ay, 1o
npo1naopenno poroaopy. enepL on ne npocn1 nsHenennn poroaopa, a nnuL xoe1 coxpann1L Hnp
a nnnnnpnn. pn rennanLnoc1n pycckon nonn1nkn occnn ypac1cn oecnen1L es aonnL caon
nn1epecL a nnnnnpnn. Hek1cn onee kpynnLe aosHonoc1n ycnexoa, eH nn1epecL a panonax
Ean1nnckoro Hopn.
67
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o eHy ne nonn1no, noeHy 1ak oc1po c1aan1cn aonpoc o aonne a Ean1nnckoH
Hope. npounoH ropy Lna ropaspo onee cnonan oc1anoaka n pen o onacnoc1nx aonnL ne
Lno. e roaopn o EenLrnn, Ionnanpnn, annn n opaernn, IepHannn ponnacL nopaennn
panunn, a 1ake cn1ae1 nrnnk ye noepennon, - o1kypa e Hoe1 1enepL nonan1Lcn
1akan onacnoc1L aonnL a Ean1nnckoH Hope IepHannn ponna aec1n 1y e nonn1nky a
o1nouennn npepycHo1pennLx npounoropnnH cornauenneH nn1epecoa , ko1opyk ona aena a
npounoH ropy, es oroaopok, onLue nnero ne 1peye1cn.
In1nep roaopn1, 1o on 1ake nHee1 caoe Hnenne o aoennLx penax, n cn1ae1, 1o Hoe1
noaneL snan1enLnLe ocnonennn, ecnn Hepnka n aeunn ac1ynn1 a a1y aonny. n xoe1
okonn1L aoury ycneuno, n xo1n a coc1onnnn ee npopona1L, on ne Hoe1 aec1n ee eckoneno.
oaan aonna a Ean1nnckoH Hope ype1 snan1enLnon narpyskon, a ac1ynnenne a aonny aeunn
Hoe1 aLsaa1L ocnonennn, ko1opLe 1pypno npepanpe1L.
1nanna L occnn neHepnenno aonny Hepnke, ecnn L 1a ac1ynnna a aonny - cnpaunaae1
In1nep.
ono1oa cn1ae1 a1o1 aonpoc ne ak1yanLnLH.
In1nep saHeae1, 1o korpa on ype1 ak1yanen, ype1 ye nospno.
ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o cenac ne1 npnsnakoa 1akoro popa coL1nn.
In1nep penae1 saHeanne, 1o onn cenac roaopn1 o coaepuenno 1eope1necknx aonpocax, n on
xo1en L, 1oL onn aepnynncL k peny. IepHannn nHee1 ycnexn sa a1o1 rop, no ona aena
rnran1ckyk aonny, occnn e ne aena aonnL, no nHee1 ycnexn. enLsn saLaa1L 1oro, 1o occnn
orpoHna - o1 napnaoc1oka po aponL, a IepHannn - HanenLkan n k 1oHy e nepenacenena.
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on cornacen, 1o nnnnnpnn - a1o aonpoc ac1nLn, no 1y1 oae1cknn oks
ne 1peye1 nnero noaoro n xoe1 oc1aan1L 1ak, kak a1o Lno a npounoH ropy.
In1nep sananne1: on pyHae1, 1o 1y1 aonpoc oc1on1 1ak:
1. n npnsnae1, 1o nnnnnpnn - onac1L nn1epecoa occnn. IepHannn 1onLko npo1na aonnL.
2. 1o kacae1cn peHonc1paunn, - ncno, 1o c repHanckon c1oponL nnero noponoro ne
npepnpnnnHanocL. cnn kakne-1o nkpn penak1 peHonc1paunn a IepHannn, 1o a1o nerko
yc1pann1L pnnnoHa1necknH ny1eH.
3. nn nero ncno, 1o a1n aonpocL nn1onL n cHeunL a cpaanennn c 1on orpoHnon pao1on a
ypyueH, ko1opan npepc1on1. ppyron c1oponLon ne anpn1, 1oL nnnnnpnn Horna
npnnnn1L onLuoe ecnokonc1ao oae1ckoHy oksy. 1o kacae1cn aonck, 1o nocne 1oro, kak onn
nponpy1, nx onLue ne ype1 a nnnnnpnn. n noa1opne1, 1o onn cenac roaopn1 o
1eope1neckon nponeHe, a 1o apeHn kak nannae1 paspyua1Lcn orpoHnan nHnepnn a 40
Hnnnnonoa kaappa1nLx knnoHe1poa. orpa ona paspyun1cn, 1o oc1ane1cn, kak on aLpaae1cn,
konkypcnan Hacca* n ona cHoe1 ypoane1aopn1L acex, k1o nHee1 no1penoc1L a caoopnoH
aLxope k okeany. pn a1oH peno oc1on1 1ak, 1o coc1aennnk a1on HaccL ype1 pasn1
repHancknH opyneH.
S1a Hacca ynpaanne1cn HanenLkon rpynnon nkpen a 45 Hnnnnonoa enoaek, n on, In1nep,
npencnonnen peunHoc1n nnkanpnpoaa1L a1y rpynny anapenLuea. 1oe cenac ne penak1
nnero ppyroro, kak nonL1kn ypaa1L o1penLnLe kyckn o1 a1on pacnapakuencn HaccL. n
xoe1 ckonuen1pnpoaa1Lcn na ynn1oennn ceppua a1on HaccL. oa1oHy IepHannn ne cnHna-
* onkursmasse (.) - nHyuec1ao necoc1on1enLnoro ponnnka.
68
1nna aonna a Ipeunn, 1.k. ona o1anekae1 cnnL o1 uen1pa. nn1oenne oc1poaoa npnaepe1 k
napennk acen Epn1anckon nHnepnn. LcnL, 1o ns anapL (k cnoay ckasa1L, on nnero npo1na
anapL ne nHee1) Hono ype1 npopona1L aonny, nanne1cn y1onnen.
ce a1n aonpocL ponnL nan1Lcn npepHe1oH ocypennn a nnanuee apeHn. n pyHae1, 1o
ace rocypapc1aa, ko1opLe Hory1 L1L sann1epecoaanL a a1oH, ponnL o1non1L caon Henkne
konqnnk1L pnn 1oro, 1oL peun1L a1o1 rnran1cknn aonpoc. S1nHn rocypapc1aaHn nannk1cn:
IepHannn, panunn, 1annn, occnn n Rnonnn.
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o nn1epecyk1 a1n aonpocL. a1oH o1nouennn on Hoe1 ckasa1L
HenLue, eH penxckanunep, 1.k. ec1ec1aenno, 1o HenLue Ln sann1 a1nHn ounHn aonpocaHn,
eH In1nep. oae1cknn oks Hoe1 yac1aoaa1L a unpoknx akunnx aHec1e c ppyrnHn
rocypapc1aaHn: IepHannen, 1annen n Rnonnen, n ono1oa ro1oa npnc1ynn1L k ocypennk a1nx
aonpocoa, opnako 1o, 1o ye cornacoaano, peueno n ne 1peye1 pas1ncnennn, ponno
npoaopn1Lcn. nenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa no ocypaaueHycn specL aonpocy aLckasano
ncno n 1enepL o1ae1 sa repHanckon c1oponon.
In1nep roaopn1, 1o, no ero Hnennk, ype1 onee npaannLno, ecnn ace aonpocL ocypn1L onee
unpoko, 1ak kak 1orpa ype1 aosHono asaecn1L aanoc1L o1penLnLx aonpocoa. S1a pao1a
pesaLanno 1pypnan. kpa on 1ake xoe1 aknkn1L panunk, 1onLko napo noHnn1L, 1o ona,
panunn, ne annekcnpoaana IepHannen, a noepena repHancknH opyneH. yno ype1
cospa1L Hnpoayk koannunk ns c1pan: cnannn, panunn, 1annn, IepHannn, oae1ckoro oksa n
Rnonnn. ce onn ypy1 ypoane1aopenL a1on konkypcnon Haccon. y1 ec1L nn1epecnLe aonpocL,
pnn peuennn ko1opLx neoxopnHo nen1pannsoaa1L npo1naopenn, nHekunecn Hepy
o1penLnLHn c1panaHn. apone ye ypanocL poc1nL ypoane1aopennn IepHannn, 1annn,
panunn, cnannn. S1o Lno nenerko, no aanpy onLunx aosHonoc1en ypanocL ynapn1L
npo1naopenn.
enepL peL npe1 o oc1oke. nepayk oepepL - o1nouennn Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n
ypunen. S1o oenL aanLn aonpoc, n 1y1 ponen ckasa1L caoe Hnenne.
ennkoe asna1ckoe npoc1panc1ao nyno paspenn1L na aoc1onoasna1ckoe n
uen1panLnoasna1ckoe. ocnepnee pacnpoc1panne1cn na Kr, oecnenaan aLxop a o1kpL1Ln
okean, n paccHa1pnaae1cn IepHannen kak cqepa nn1epecoa occnn.
nn ocyuec1anennn acero a1oro 1peye1cn, koneno, npoponn1enLnoe apeHn, 50-100 ne1.
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o In1nep kocnyncn onLunx aonpocoa, ko1opLe nHek1 ne 1onLko
eaponenckoe snaenne. n xoe1 oc1anoan1Lcn npepe na onee nnsknx k apone penax. eL
npe1 o ypunn. 1Hean, 1o nanne1cn epnoHopckon pepaaon, aepnee ckasa1L, rnaanon
epnoHopckon pepaaon, on cn1ae1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonHe1 snaenne, ko1opoe
nHee1 a1o1 aonpoc pnn oae1ckoro oksa. ony1no e on a a1on cansn ponen kocny1Lcn eue
opnoro cnopnoro nynk1a. eL npe1 o yHLnnn n cansannLx c a1nH aonpocax. 1o kacae1cn
yHLnnn, 1o specL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao aLpasnno caoe neypoaonLc1ane 1eH, 1o es
koncynL1aunn c nnH IepHannn n 1annn rapan1npoaann nenpnkocnoaennoc1L pyHLnckon
1eppn1opnn. n cn1ae1, 1o a1n rapan1nn Lnn nanpaanenL npo1na nn1epecoa oae1ckoro
oksa. a1nH qak1oH npnxopn1cn cn1a1Lcn. s sananennoro penxckanunepoH on nonnn, 1o *
epHannn na onpepenennoe apeHn ne cn1ae1 aosHonLH o1kasa1Lcn o1 a1nx
69
rapan1nn. S1o ne Hoe1 ne sa1parnaa1L nn1epecoa oae1ckoro oksa kak epnoHopckon
pepaaL, aecLHa sann1epecoaannon a nonoennn epnoHopcknx pepaa n nponnaoa.
o1nouennn epnoHopcknx nponnaoa nyno ckasa1L, 1o onn ne pas nannnncL aopo1aHn pnn
nanapennn na occnk. S1o Lno a pLHckyk aonny 1855-1856 ropoa n a 1918 n 1919 ropax.
ono1oa sananne1, 1o on xo1en L sna1L, 1o ckae1 repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao, ecnn
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao pac1 rapan1nn Eonrapnn na 1aknx e ocnoaannnx, kak nx pana
IepHannn n 1annn yHLnnn, npneH c nonnLH coxpanenneH cyuec1aykuero a Eonrapnn
any1pennero penHa, ecnn yropno, ne na co1nn, a 1Lcnn ne1. n no a1oHy aonpocy xo1en L no
aosHonoc1n sapanee poroaopn1Lcn. ypunn snae1, 1o oae1cknn oks ne ypoane1aopen
konaenunen on1pe
95
a o1nouennn nponnaoa, cnepoaa1enLno, a1o1 aonpoc oenL ak1yanLnLn.
In1nep roaopn1, 1o o1nocn1enLno cornauennn a on1pe a1o kak pas 1o, o eH eHy roaopnn
nen1pon, ko1opLn roaopnn 1ake o a1oH c 1annen n aLncnnn, 1o 1annn nac1poena
naroena1enLno. n, In1nep, cn1ae1, 1o aonpoc o nponnaax ponen L1L peuen a nonLsy
oae1ckoro oksa.
cansn c noc1aanennLH ono1oaLH aonpocoH In1nep cn1ae1 nynLH o1He1n1L paa HoHen1a:
1. yHLnnn caHa opa1nnacL c npocLon o rapan1nn, 1.k. a npo1nanoH cnyae ona ne Horna
yc1ynn1L ac1n caoen 1eppn1opnn es aonnL.
2. 1annn n IepHannn pann rapan1nn, 1.k. a1oro 1peoaana neoxopnHoc1L oecneennn
neq1nnLx nc1onnkoa n 1.k. yHLnnn opa1nnacL c npocLon o oxpane Hec1opopennn neq1n.
nn a1oro Lnn neoxopnHL aospyunLe cnnL n neko1opLe naseHnLe aoncka, 1.k. npnxopnnocL
cn1a1Lcn c aosHonoc1Lk aLcapkn anrnnncknx aonck. pnako, kak 1onLko okonn1cn aonna,
repHanckne aoncka noknny1 yHLnnk.
o1nouennn Eonrapnn In1nep cn1ae1, 1o nyno ysna1L, enae1 nn Eonrapnn nHe1L a1n
rapan1nn o1 oae1ckoro oksa n kakoao ype1 k a1oHy o1nouenne 1annn, 1.k. ona nanonee
sann1epecoaana a a1oH aonpoce. o1nouennn nponnaoa - occnn ponna nonyn1L
esonacnoc1L a epnoH Hope. n enan L nnno ac1pe1n1Lcn co 1annnLH
171
, 1.k. a1o
snan1enLno onernno L aepenne neperoaopoa, on napee1cn, 1o ono1oa ace eHy, 1annny,
nepepac1.
ono1oa c ypoane1aopenneH o1Heae1 nocnepnee n roaopn1, 1o c ypoaonLc1aneH nepepac1 o
a1oH 1annny. L xo1nH opnoro: rapan1npoaa1L cen o1 nanapennn epes nponnaL. S1o1 aonpoc
Hoe1 peua1L c ypunen. Iapan1nn Eonrapnn noHornn L ero napenee peua1L. n
poaanne1, 1o cn1ae1 neoxopnHLH nosao1n1Lcn o 1oH, 1oL a ypyueH na oae1cknn
oks ne Hornn nanac1L epes nponnaL, kak a1o penana ne pas nrnnn. n pyHae1, 1o a1o1
aonpoc Hono ype1 peua1L ny1eH poroaopennoc1n c ypunen.
In1nep sananne1, 1o a1o coo1ae1c1aoaano L 1oHy, 1o eHy aLckasan nen1pon, - a1o
aconk1noe oecneenne epnoro Hopn ny1eH nepecHo1pa konaenunn a on1pe, 1oL nponnaL
paaann aosHonoc1L 1oproaLH cypaH saxopn1L a nponnaL a Hnpnoe apeHn, no 1oL pycckne
aoennLe cypa nHenn acerpa caoopnLn aLxop n 1oL axop pnn aoennLx cypoa neepnoHopcknx
pepaa Ln sakpL1.
ono1oa nonarae1, 1o a o1nouennn nponnaoa peno oc1on1 1ak, 1o sann1epecoaan a
rapan1nn nponnaoa o1 aosHonoro nponnknoaennn nrnnn, ko1opan ocoenno naropapn Ipeunn,
a 1ake ypunn nHee1 aoennLe asL nonnsoc1n o1 nponnaoa. n roaopn1 o enannn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, 1oL peuenne a1oro aonpoca Lno npoaepeno na pene, a ne oc1anocL
oeuanneH. n snae1, k1o onpepenne1 nonn1nky IepHannn, noa1oHy on xoe1 nony-
70
n1L o1 penxckanunepa o1ae1 na ero aonpoc o rapan1nnx Eonrapnn, npneH eue pas noa1opne1,
1o any1pennnn penH a Eonrapnn aconk1no ne ype1 sa1pony1 n, kpoHe 1oro, ro1oa
noppepa1L c1peHnenne Eonrapnn k nonyennk aLxopa a Srenckoe Hope, cn1an a1o ee
c1peHnenne sakonnLH. In1nep cn1ae1, 1o, no ero Hnennk, pnn a1oro neoxopnHo:
1) Lncnn1L, enae1 nn caHa Eonrapnn a1nx rapan1nn oae1ckoro oksa,
n
2) cypn1L a1o1 aonpoc c pye.
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on ne cn1ae1, 1o a1o1 aonpoc ponen L1L specL cenac peuen, a nnuL
xoe1 sna1L Hnenne penxckanunepa.
In1nep o1aeae1, 1o po neperoaopoa c pye nnero ckasa1L ne Hoe1. 1o kacae1cn ynanckoro
aonpoca, 1o a neH onLue acero sann1epecoaana IepHannn, 1ak kak ona nanne1cn caHon
npoHLunennon npnpynanckon c1panon, aonpoc e npoxopa a epnoe Hope IepHannk ne
nn1epecye1. S1n ace aonpocL nyno annHa1enLno ocypn1L, 1ak kak nyno yc1pann1L ace
1pennn, ko1opLe Hory1 noHeua1L onLuon ypyuen pao1e.
ono1oa eue pas cn1ae1 neoxopnHLH o1He1n1L, 1o y a aonpoce nponnaoa - nc1o
ooponn1enLnan sapaa, occnn epes nponnaL nnkorpa nn na koro ne nanapana; a1o
nop1aeppae1cn nc1opnen.
In1nep sananne1, 1o a1o ncno, 1ak kak occnn - epnoHopckoe rocypapc1ao, no on pyHae1, 1o
kpoHe a1oro occnn ype1 nHe1L n ppyrne nn1epecL na ypyuee. n cn1ae1, 1o a aonpoce o
nn1epecax a asna1ckoH npoc1panc1ae ponen npnn1n k cornauennk c Rnonnen. n
anpn1 neko1opLe npnsnakn, canpe1enLc1aykune o 1oH, 1o y Rnonnn ec1L enanne k cnnennk
c occnen. o e n a o1nouennn kn1anckon aonnL. Rnonnen Hono roaopn1L no a1oHy noaopy.
ono1oa o1Heae1, 1o n ppyrne aonpocL nn1epecyk1 1ake oae1cknn oks. oae1cknn oks,
kak onLuan n Hounan c1pana, ne Hoe1 c1on1L a c1opone o1 peuennn onLunx aonpocoa kak a
apone, 1ak n a snn. 1o kacae1cn coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennn, 1o onn xo1n n Hepnenno, no
ynyuak1cn a nocnepnee apeHn, 1enepL onn, oeanpno, ponnL pasanaa1Lcn Lc1pee. a1oH
IepHannn okasLuae1 caoe copenc1ane, n on sa a1o npnsna1enen repHanckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay. yno nan1n koHnpoHnccnLn aLxop ns 1oro nonoennn, ko1opoe cospanocL
Hepy n1aeH n Rnonnen, npneH aLxop, noe1nLn pnn n1an; a a1oH o1nouennn n
IepHannn Hornn L cLrpa1L aanyk ponL. ce a1o nyno ocypn1L a panLnenueH, korpa
npnepe1 a ockay nen1pon.
In1nep coanee1, 1o eHy po cnx nop ne ypanocL ac1pe1n1Lcn c 1akon orpoHnon nc1opneckon
nnnoc1Lk, kak 1annn, 1eH onee, 1o on pyHae1, 1o, Hoe1 L1L, n on caH nonape1 a nc1opnk.
n nonarae1, 1o 1annn epaa nn noknne1 ockay pnn npnespa a IepHannk, eHy e, In1nepy, ao
apeHn aonnL yexa1L nnkak neaosHono.
ono1oa npncoepnnne1cn k cnoaaH In1nepa o ena1enLnoc1n 1akon ac1pen n aLpaae1
napepy, 1o 1akan ac1pea coc1on1cn.
a a1oH ecepa sakannaae1cn. Eecepa npoponanacL 3 aca 30 Hnny1.
Eecepy sanncann ."2 .!22
A42 !>4 %- 6. : 78. B4 . B<C . 49=B<.
nyn.: '2 4 25D 44. = 199:. = @ C. = (. ;0=;;.
71
,12# &787. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q .211-1
1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9#91<101/. 8 980219 1802.:;
7< -729. #2&&7021=19
1: 1940 .
(2. 3 3
2WaaP[ sananne1, 1o on xo1en L cpena1L neko1opLe pononnennn n y1onennn k 1oHy, 1o
ckasan qkpep*. pn a1oH on xoe1 orpannn1Lcn aLckasLaannnHn o aosHonoc1n onpepenn1L a
unpoknx ep1ax nnnnn coae1cko-repHanckoro co1pypnnec1aa na ypyuee n noa1opn1L
npepnocLnkn pnn 1akoro co1pypnnec1aa, o ko1opLx on ye nncan 1annny
176
. n xo1en L
nsnon1L cLpLe HLcnn, kak on nx cee npepc1aanne1, 1.e. HLcnn, ko1opLe, Hoe1 L1L, a
ypyueH Hornn L L1L peannsoaanL. S1n HLcnn saknkak1cn a co1pypnnec1ae Hepy
rocypapc1aaHn - yac1nnkaHn nak1a 1pex n . nen1pon pyHae1, 1o cnaana napo nan1n
ny1L, 1oL coaHec1no a unpoknx ep1ax yc1anoan1L cqepL nn1epecoa e1Lpex rocypapc1a, n
sa1eH ocoo poroaopn1Lcn o nponeHe ypunn. poneHL pasrpannennn cqep nn1epecoa
kacak1cn e1Lpex rocypapc1a, a 1o apeHn kak nponeHa ypunn sa1parnaae1 1onLko IepHannk,
1annk n . ocne 1oro kak ono1oa neperoaopn1 co 1annnLH n nocne 1oro kak IepHannn n
poroaopn1cn no a1oHy koHnnekcy aonpocoa, Hnnnc1p pyHae1, 1o IepHannn n ac1ynn1
a kon1ak1 c Rnonnen n 1annen c uenLk aLncnennn aosHonoc1en npnaepennn nx nn1epecoa k
opnon qopHyne. 1o kacae1cn ypunn, 1o on nHee1 a anpy kon1ak1 c 1annen. ono Lno L
nan1n Hopyc npouepen1n** pnn okasannn na 1ypok annnnnn a ena1enLnoH nanpaanennn. cnn
Hono ype1 npnaec1n k opnoHy snaHena1enk nn1epecL a1nx c1pan, 1o nen1pon cn1ae1 ne
neaosHonLH n aLropnLH pnn sann1epecoaannLx c1opon, 1orpa Hono Lno L saqnkcnpoaa1L
a1n oa koHnnekca a poaepn1enLnLx pokyHen1ax Hepy nnHn, ecnn paspenne1 asrnnpL
IepHannn o aocnpenn1c1aoaannn pacunpennk aonnL n c1on1 na 1oke spennn ee okonannn. n
poaanne1, 1o pyHan, 1o npaannLno nonnn co cnoa ono1oaa, 1o ace a1n aonpocL sacnynaak1
nsyennn. R npepc1aannk cee, 1o konenon uenLk a1oro nsyennn ponno L1L saknkenne
cornauennn Hepy yac1nnkaHn nak1a 1pex c opnon c1oponL n - c ppyron c1oponL o
co1pypnnec1ae e1Lpex pepaa a a1oH cHLcne. 1oL paccHo1pe1L a1n pena onee konkpe1no,
on napocan neckonLko nynk1oa, ns ko1opLx, no ero Hnennk, ponno coc1on1L a1o cornauenne.
n xo1en L nopepkny1L, 1o a 1akon konkpe1non qopHe on, nen1pon, ne roaopnn nn c
Rnonnen, nn c 1annen. n pyHan, 1o a1n HLcnn ponnL L1L a nepayk oepepL aLncnenL
Hepy n IepHannen. asyHee1cn, a ounx ep1ax on ocypnn a1n HLcnn c Rnonnen n
1annen. n xo1en L ckasa1L opno, a nHenno, 1o aLckasannoe nH ne ype1 npepnoenneH, a
ype1 1onLko HLcnnHn a cLpoH anpe. n npocn1 neperoaopn1L co 1annnLH o aosHonoc1n
1akoro
* H. pok. 511. ** Modus procedent (.) - cnoco, Hanepa penc1aoaannn, oecnenaakuan poc1nenne
uenn.
72
cornauennn. nepykunH a1anoH ponnL L1L neperoaopL c 1annen n Rnonnen. ce a1o ype1
nHe1L cHLcn 1orpa, korpa ype1 poc1nrny1a ncnoc1L a a1nx aonpocax. n HLcnn1 cee
cornauenne Hepy yac1nnkaHn nak1a 1pex n npnHepno a cnepykueH anpe: (nen1pon
poc1ae1 ns kapHana yHary n roaopn1 panLue, cHo1pn na yHary):
paan1enLc1aa rocypapc1a-yac1nnkoa 1ponc1aennoro nak1a, pykoaopc1ayncL enanneH
yc1anoan1L noaLn nopnpok, copenc1aykunn narococ1onnnk napopoa, a nn1epecykunx nx
cqepax c uenLk cospannn asnca pnn nx co1pypnnec1aa npnunn k cornauennk o
nnecnepykueH:
1) ornacno nak1y 1pex pepaa IepHannn, Rnonnn n 1annn npnunn k cornauennk, 1o nyno
aocnpenn1c1aoaa1L pacunpennk aonnL a Hnpoaon konqnnk1 n 1o neoxopnHo coaHec1no
pao1a1L pnn yc1anoanennn Hnpa. nn o1nannn o caoeH enannn npnaneL k co1pypnnec1ay c
nnHn ppyrne napopL a ppyrnx ac1nx Hnpa, nockonLky a1n napopL cornacnL pa1L caonH
c1peHnennnH 1o e nanpaanenne. sananne1 o caoen connpapnoc1n c a1nHn
ueneyc1peHnennnHn n peunn co caoen c1oponL nonn1neckn co1pypnna1L c yac1nnkaHn nak1a
1pex.
2) IepHannn, 1annn, , Rnonnn onsyk1cn yaaa1L cqepL asanHnLx nn1epecoa. oc1onLky
nockonLky cqepL a1nx nn1epecoa conpnkacak1cn, onn ypy1 a ppyec1aennoH pyxe
poroaapnaa1Lcn no aceH aosnnkakunH ns a1oro qak1a aonpocaH.
3) oroaapnaakunecn c1oponL ne ypy1 noppepnaa1L rpynnnpoaok, nanpaanennLx npo1na
opnon ns nnx. nn onsyk1cn noppepnaa1L ppyr ppyra akonoHneckn n ypy1 c1peHn1Lcn
pacunpn1L caon akonoHneckne cornauennn.
4) S1o cornauenne Hono Luo L saknkn1L na npoponn1enLnLn cpok, ckaeH,na 10 ne1.
a1oHy cornauennk Hono Luo L poaan1L pononnn1enLnoe cekpe1noe cornauenne a kakon-
nno qopHe. a1oH pononnn1enLnoH cornauennn Hono Luo L co ccLnkon na o1kpL1oe
cornauenne saqnkcnpoaa1L uen1pL 1nec1n 1eppn1opnanLnLx acnnpaunn poroaapnaakunxcn
e1Lpex c1opon. 1o kacae1cn IepHannn, 1o kpoHe peansnn, ko1opLe ponnL L1L npoaepenL a
apone npn saknkennn Hnpa, uen1p 1nec1n ee acnnpaunn nen1 a pepnen qpnke. 1o
kacae1cn 1annn, 1o, noHnHo eaponencknx peansnn, ee acnnpaunn ypy1 pacnpoc1pann1Lcn na
eaepo-oc1onyk n eaepnyk qpnky. en1p 1nec1n acnnpaunn Rnonnn napo aLncnn1L
pnnnoHa1necknH ny1eH a neperoaopax c nen. nen1pon npepnonarae1, 1o acnnpaunn Rnonnn
Hono Luo L nanpaan1L no nnnnn knee anLoy-Io n Rnoncknx oc1poaoa. 1o kacae1cn
, 1o a1o1 aonpoc Hono Luo L aLncnn1L. n npepnonarae1, 1o uen1p 1nec1n acnnpaunn
nen1 a nanpaanennn na Kr, 1.e. k npnnckoHy okeany. ono Luo L a1o cornauenne
pononnn1L nynk1oH, a cnny ko1oporo a1n pepaaL ypy1 yaaa1L ookpnLe npn1nsannn.
ono Luo L nopyHa1L o a1opoH pononnn1enLnoH npo1okone, a ko1opoH Luo L
saqnkcnpoaano cnepykuee: IepHannn, 1annn n cornacnnncL ao asrnnpax, 1o a nx
nn1epecax npnaneL ypunk k co1pypnnec1ay c nnHn. nn onsyk1cn aec1n a a1oH o1nouennn
opny n 1y e nonn1nky. IepHannn, 1annn n ypy1 penc1aoaa1L a 1oH nanpaanennn, 1oL
c1a1y1 on1pe
95
Ln saHenen ppyrnH c1a1y1oH. o a1oHy noaoHy c1a1y1y oae1ckoHy oksy
onnL L1L npepoc1aanenL npaaa npoxopa ero aoennoro qno1a epes nponnaL, a 1o apeHn kak
ppyrne pepaaL, sa ncknkenneH epnoHopcknx, 1annn
73
n IepHannn, ponnL o1kasa1Lcn o1 caonx npaa na nponyck caonx aoennLx cypoa epes nponnaL.
pn a1oH caHo coon pasyHee1cn, 1o nponnaL oc1ak1cn o1kpL1LHn pnn acex 1oproaLx cypoa.
cnn cknonen k co1pypnnec1ay c 1annen n Rnonnen, IepHannn a1o npnae1c1aoaana L.
nen1pon nonarae1, 1o o1penLnLe aonpocL Hono Lno L aLncnn1L pnnnoHa1necknH
ny1eH epes pnnnoHa1necknx npepc1aan1enen: a ockae epes rpaqa ynenypra, a Eepnnne -
epes nonnpepa. s nncLHa 1annna* on, nen1pon, nonnn, 1o 1o1 ne o1pnua1enLno o1nocn1cn
k co1pypnnec1ay c 1peHn rocypapc1aaHn. n pyHae1, 1o pnnnoHa1neckne neperoaopL
Hornn L saaepun1Lcn nanecenneH Hnnnc1paHn nnoc1pannLx pen ansn1a 1. 1annny n
nopnncanneH 1akoro cornauennn. Rcno, 1o a1o nyno nsyn1L ao acex o1nouennnx. n ne xo1en
L nac1anaa1L na nonyennn o1ae1a o1 ono1oaa, 1ak kak a1o1 aonpoc, caHo coon pasyHee1cn,
nypae1cn a nsyennn n ocypennn.
n xo1en L eue poaan1L cnepykuee k aLckasannoHy nH. nnnc1p roaopn1 o 1oH, 1o on
acerpa nponannn nn1epec k o1nouennnH Hepy n Rnonnen. n ne snae1, Hoe1 nn on
cnpocn1L y ono1oaa o coc1onnnn a1nx o1nouennn. o cnoa ono1oaa on nonnn, 1o nHek1cn
npnsnakn, 1o a1n o1nouennn ypy1 ynyua1Lcn onee Lc1pLHn 1eHnaHn. n pacnonarae1
nnqopHaunen, 1o a Rnonnn npnpak1 snaenne saknkennk nak1a o nenanapennn c . n ne
xoe1 aHeunaa1Lcn a a1n pena, no cn1ae1, 1o Hoe1 L1L nonesno neperoaopn1L no a1nH
aonpocaH
63
. oe1 L1L, aLnan1cn neoxopnHoc1L nocpepnneckoro annnnnn IepHannn. n
noHnn1 cnoaa 1annna, 1o asna1oa on, 1annn, snae1 nyue, eH nen1pon. o on,
nen1pon, snae1, 1o Rnonnn ro1oaa k cornauennk c na unpokon ocnoae. cnn ypac1cn
saknkn1L nak1 o nenanapennn, 1o Rnonnn xo1ena L a unpokoH Hacu1ae yperynnpoaa1L ace
ancnune a aospyxe aonpocL coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennn. RnonuL ero nn o eH ne npocnnn. o
nen1pon roaopn1, 1o nH nonyenL caepennn, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao a cnyae
saknkennn poroaopa o nenanapennn ro1oao npnsna1L nn1epecL ao neunen onronnn n
nnLusnne, ecnn ypac1cn poc1nrny1L cornauennn c n1aeH. cnyae npncoepnnennn k
nak1y 1pex, 1o Lno L paanocnnLno poroaopy o nenanapennn c Rnonnen, c1ano L aosHonLH
yc1anoan1L cqepL nn1epecoa a Epn1anckon npnn.
aonpocax caxannncknx konueccnn nnonuL 1oe ro1oaL Lnn L non1n naac1pey, ecnn
coc1on1cn cornauenne. o nnonuL ponnL pnn a1oro npeopone1L neko1opoe conpo1nanenne
any1pn c1panL.
oa. ono1oa npocn1 paspeun1L eHy cpena1L neckonLko saHeannn k ckasannoHy nen1ponoH.
n xo1en L naa1L c konua, a nHenno c coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennn. n ye aLpasnn
napepy na 1o, 1o ec1L ocnoaannn Lc1pee non1n anepep no 1oHy ny1n, no ko1opoHy
pasanaanncL coae1cko-nnonckne o1nouennn a a1oH ropy. nn a oueH pasanaanncL a
nonon1enLnoH nanpaanennn, xo1n n ne es nepeoea, sapepek n np. Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao
noc1aanno aonpoc o saknkennn nak1a o nen1pann1e1e. cen a1o npepnoenne a npnnunne
npneHneHLH n pan o1ae1 c nsnoenneH caoen 1okn spennn a uenoH. ocne a1oro nocnepoaano
sananenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa, copepaauee npepnoenne o saknkennn nak1a o
nenanapennn. coae1ckon c1oponL nnonuaH Lno na a1o sananeno, 1o aonpoc a1o1 1peye1
ponon-
* H. pok. 458.
74
nn1enLnoro paccHo1pennn. akoao coc1onnne coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennn, ko1opLe, no Hnennk
ono1oaa, ponnL yrnynn1Lcn. nac1onuee apeHn, kak npepc1aanne1 cee coae1ckan c1opona,
peno sa 1eH, 1oL Rnonnn pana o1ae1 na ynoHnny1oe aLue n nepepannoe Rnonnn eue epes
oro nsnoenne coae1ckon 1okn spennn, npneH a1ekaaa oeuan sanpocn1L Hnenne nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa no noaopy coopaennn, nsnoennLx coae1ckon c1oponon, n, 1aknH opasoH,
pa1L o1ae1 na nnx. S1o1 aonpoc cansan c uenLH koHnnekcoH pen, n 1peye1cn neko1opoe apeHn
pnn yc1anoanennn asanHononnHannn.
o ppyrnH aonpocaH, sa1pony1LH penxcHnnnc1poH, ono1oa xo1en L cpena1L neckonLko
saHeannn n a caok oepepL noc1aan1L pnp aonpocoa nen1pony. o1nouennn ypunn n
nponnaoa coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ncxopnno ns 1oro, 1o, ao-nepaLx, nyno poroaopn1Lcn c
ypunen no aonpocy o nponnaax. o-a1opLx, 1o konaenunn on1pe ne ropn1cn. -1pe1Lnx, pnn
, kak pnn epnoHopckon pepaaL, neoxopnHo nonyn1L peanLnLe rapan1nn o1 nanapennn
co c1oponL nrnnn epes nponnaL, kak nrnnn a1o penana neckonLko pas panLue. apo ocypn1L
konkpe1nLe qopHL rapan1nn o1 1akoro nanapennn n oecneennn esonacnoc1n pnn
epnoHopcknx pepaa n 8882# S1o1 aonpoc nypae1cn a nsyennn n 1peye1 pnn caoero
paspeuennn nsaec1noro apeHenn.
2WaaP[ (npepLaan nepeaopnka) roaopn1, 1o on pyHae1, 1o co1pypnnec1ao , 1annn
n IepHannn ponno aLsaonn1L ypunk ns ee cansen c nrnnen n npnaec1n k aLnonnennk
noenannn 8882 o nponnaax. pneH ypoane1aopenne enannn 8882 napo nponsaec1n aonpekn
neko1opLH c1peHnennnH 1annn. IepHannn sann1epecoaana a nponnaax ao a1opyk oepepL.
nepayk oepepL sann1epecoaana a nnx occnn. aun nn1epecL npy1 napannenLno. 1o apeHn,
kak IepHannn sann1epecoaana a nponnaax na apeHn aonnL, enan aocnpenn1c1aoaa1L nonL1ke
anrnnan san1n a epnoe Hope, sann1epecoaan a nponnaax noc1onnno.
9TOQ pononnnn aLckasannoe, roaopn1, 1o nen1pon ponen cornacn1Lcn c nonoenneH,
1o IepHannn ne nanne1cn epnoHopckon pepaaon. nn nee nponnaL nHek1 ne a1opoe, a,
noanyn, pecn1oe snaenne, pnn 1annn, 1oe neepnoHopckon pepaaL, nponnaL nHek1,
Hoe1 L1L, nn1oe snaenne. nn 8882 aonpoc o nponnaax pesaLanno aaen, 1ak kak
oae1cknn oks nopaepen nenocpepc1aennoHy nanapennk na caon rpannuL co c1oponL
nponnaoa. IepHannn ne onn1 pyua a a1oH aonpoce. cansn c nn1epecaHn oecneennn
esonacnoc1n o1 nanapennn epes nponnaL ocoenno aaen aonpoc o Eonrapnn. pneH
ono1oa nopepknaae1, 1o oae1cknn oks ne nn1epecye1 any1pennnn nsnL Eonrapnn,
ko1opyk onrapL Hory1 yc1panaa1L, kak xo1n1, na c1one1nn n 1Lcnene1nn. 8882 ne 1onLko
cn1ae1 neoxopnHLH kocny1Lcn ypunn, no n cansLaae1 aonpoc esonacnoc1n epnoHopcknx
rpannu c coae1cknHn rapan1nnHn Eonrapnn.
2WaaP[ roaopn1, 1o on ne Hoe1 cornacn1Lcn c 1eH, 1o 1annn ne sann1epecoaana a
nponnaax. na a nnx sann1epecoaana, 1.k. naxopn1cn a pepnseHnoH Hope.
9TO penae1 saHeanne, 1o ns epnoro Hopn 1annn nnk1o n nnkorpa ne yrpoan n nnkorpa
nnk1o ne ype1 yrpoa1L.
2WaaP[ o1aeae1, 1o on ne nanne1cn HopcknH c1pa1eroH n ne Hoe1 cypn1L o
c1pa1erneckoH nonoennn 1annn. 1o kacae1cn rapan1npoaannn Eonrapnn, 1o on ne snae1, kak
ceropnn 1o e sanann n qkpep, kak pyHae1 na a1o1 ce1 Eonrapnn. nen1pon ype1 nHe1L
aosHonoc1L neperoaopn1L c
75
rocypapc1aennLHn pen1ennHn a1nx rocypapc1a no a1oHy aonpocy. ak on ye roaopnn,
neko1opLe rocypapc1aa (naHek na Eonrapnk. - ..) aosHono, npncoepnnn1cn k
1ponc1aennoHy nak1y a nnon qopHe, koneno, eH a1o Hoe1 L1L pnn . onpoc o rapan1nnx
Eonrapnn ponen L1L ocypen c 1annen. nnnc1pa nn1epecye1, kaknH opasoH ono1oa
cansLaae1 rapan1npoaanne Eonrapnn c sapaen oecneennn o1 nanapennn epes nponnaL.
9TO ykasLaae1, 1o Eonrapnn, nocne ypunn, nanne1cn nanonee nnsko pacnonoennon k
nponnaaH epnoHopckon c1panon n aecLHa sann1epecoaana a a1oH aonpoce, kak epnoHopckan
pepaaa. o a pannoH cnyae, nockonLky nenLsn aLncnn1L acex aonpocoa, kacakunxcn ppyrnx
c1pan, nn1epecno Lno L ysna1L 1oky spennn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa no aonpocy o pae
rapan1nn oae1cknH oksoH Eonrapnn. n noa1opne1, 1o on ne roaopn1, 1o ne napo
cnpaunaa1L no a1oHy aonpocy Hnennn ppyrnx rocypapc1a, no specL, a Eepnnne, Lno L nere
aLncnn1L 1oky spennn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, eH ppyrne aonpocL.
2WaaP[ anoaL sananne1, 1o na a1o1 aonpoc repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 o1ae1n1L
es coaeuannn c 1annen. n xo1en L sna1L, ne coo1ae1c1aye1 nn c1peHnenne
rapan1npoaa1L cen o1 nanapennn co c1oponL nrnnn epes nponnaL 1oHy, o eH nen1pon
roaopnn a a1oH o1nouennn c 1annen. 1annn, necHo1pn na caok sann1epecoaannoc1L a
nponnaax, oeuana non1n naac1pey enannnH n cpena1L yc1ynkn, 1o ero, nen1pona,
oenL opapoaano. akoro Hnennn coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao o a1oH npoek1e
9TO aLpaae1 ypoane1aopenne naroena1enLnLH o1nouenneH 1annn k a1oHy aonpocy.
n aLckasan caok 1oky spennn o 1oH, kakoe snaenne nHee1 a1o1 aonpoc pnn IepHannn, 1annn
n , n cnoaa sananne1, 1o nypae1cn ne 1onLko a poroaopennoc1n no a1oHy aonpocy c
ypunen, ko1opon npnnapnea1 nponnaL, no n a peanLnLx rapan1nnx. coo1ae1c1aykunn o1ae1
no a1oHy aonpocy axopn1 1ake onrapcknn aonpoc c 1on aneunenonn1neckon 1okn
spennn, ko1opan ne sa1parnaae1 any1pennen nsnn Eonrapnn. pannoH cnyae cn1ae1
aosHonLH, no ananornn c yHLnnen, ko1opon IepHannn n 1annn pann rapan1nn, no pann, ne
nocoae1oaaauncL sapanee c n ne cnpocna Hnennn no a1oHy aonpocy, npepoc1aan1L
rapan1nn Eonrapnn. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1 cen anpaae noc1aan1L aonpoc o pae nHn
rapan1nn Eonrapnn, ko1opan a caok oepepL ponna oae1ckoHy oksy rapan1npoaa1L nponnaL.
pneH coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1 nynLH cnpocn1L Hnenne IepHannn no a1oHy aonpocy.
(anee nepeaopnk npoponae1 npepaannLn nepeaop nepaoro o1ae1a o-no1oaa.)
9TO cn1ae1, 1o aonpocL, ko1opLe nn1epecyk1 oae1cknn oks, ne orpannnaak1cn
1onLko ypunen. cansn c nponnaaHn nn1epecye1 onrapcknn aonpoc. oae1cknn oks
nn1epecye1 1ake aonpoc o cypLax enrpnn n yHLnnn, kak rocypapc1a, rpannaunx c .
oae1cknn oks ne Hoe1 oc1a1Lcn a c1opone o1 1oro, kak ypy1 peua1Lcn cypLL a1nx c1pan.
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on xo1en L nonyn1L nnqopHaunk, 1o pyHae1 cL o Krocnaann n
Ipeunn. 3a1eH nace1 cype onLun. n IepHannn nHee1cn npo1okon na a1o1 ce1*.
c1ae1cn nn a1o1 npo-
* H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 485.
76
1okon, npepycHa1pnaakunn oHen HnennnHn o cypLax onLun, a cnne cnn np1n eue panee na
3anap, nn1epecye1 aonpoc o nen1pann1e1e aeunn. caoe apeHn npaan1enLc1aaHn oonx
rocypapc1a - n IepHannn - Lno aLckasano Hnenne, 1o onn oa sann1epecoaanL a
nen1pann1e1e aeunn
87
. n a nac1onuee apeHn pepn1cn 1oro e Hnennn a a1oH aonpoce.
c1anacL nn n IepHannn na npenen 1oke spennn no aonpocy o nen1pann1e1e aeunn
nn1epecye1 aonpoc o aLxope ns Ean1nnckoro Hopn: anLn n EonLuon EenL1, 3ynp, a11era1
n kareppak. e uenecoopasno nn, no npnHepy pynanckoro aonpoca, cosaa1L 1ake coaeuanne
sann1epecoaannLx c1pan no a1oHy aonpocy n ne roaopn1 cenac o qnnnnnpckoH aonpoce, no
ko1opoHy on ye aLckasan 1oky spennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. cnn nen1pon cn1ae1
neoxopnHLH kocny1Lcn cenac a1nx aonpocoa, 1o a1o Lno L ena1enLno cpena1L. ocne
a1oro, sananne1 ono1oa, on xo1en L kocny1Lcn 1ex aonpocoa, o ko1opLx nen1pon roaopnn
anaane.
2WaaP[ nannae1 c 1oro, 1o nenLsn saLaa1L, 1o IepHannn aepe1 aonny npo1na nrnnn n
ne Hoe1 noa1oHy cenac peun1L uenLn pnp aonpocoa. n ponen ckasa1L, 1o eHy noc1aaneno
onLue 1oro konnec1aa aonpocoa, na ko1opLe on a coc1onnnn o1ae1n1L. IepHannn
sann1epecoaana, roaopn1 nen1pon, a nen1pann1e1e aeunn. eun1L aonpoc o 1aknx
nopponoc1nx, kak aLxop ns Ean1nnckoro Hopn, neHLcnnHo, 1aH a nac1onuee apeHn npe1 aonna n
noa1oHy nenLsn roaopn1L o peuennn aonpoca o aLxope ns Ean1nnckoro Hopn. o e caHoe, a
cHLcne npepeapeHennoc1n, o1nocn1cn n k onLue. 1o kacae1cn Eankan, 1o pnn IepHannn a1o
1eppn1opnn, a ko1opLx ona cnnLno sann1epecoaana akonoHneckn, o eH ne pas repHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao sanannno . IepHannn ne enae1, 1oL a kakon-nno qopHe nrnnn Heuana
ee cnaennk o11ypa. nen1pony kae1cn, 1o rapan1npoaanne yHLnnn Lno ne nonn1o a
ockae. S1a rapan1nn aosnnkna, korpa nen1pon npnexan a eny, kypa Lnn npnrnauenL pnn
neperoaopoa peneraunn enrpnn n yHLnnn. 1nouennn Hepy a1nHn c1panaHn Lnn a 1o1
HoHen1 oenL nanpnennLHn. enrpnn Lna ro1oaa naa1L aonny npo1na yHLnnn, ecnn L ne
aHeuanacL IepHannn. nn 1oro, 1oL noypn1L pyHLn non1n na yc1ynkn, IepHannn pana
yHLnnn rapan1nn. IepHannn ponna Lna pa1L a1n rapan1nn, no1oHy 1o, ao-nepaLx, xo1ena
Hnpa na Eankanax n, ao-a1opLx, ne xo1ena, 1oL 1aH sacena nrnnn n Heuana L cnaennk
IepHannn. o1nouennn Eankan IepHannn sann1epecoaana paonko: ao-nepaLx, - a coxpanennn
Hnpa pnn oecneennn ee akonoHnecknx o1nouennn c EankancknHn c1panaHn, ao-a1opLx,
IepHannn ne xoe1, 1oL nrnnn cospana 1aH qpon1 npo1na nee. S1a sann1epecoaannoc1L
oycnoanena aonnon. 1o1 HoHen1, korpa nrnnn npnsnae1 caoe nopaenne n nonpocn1 nac o
Hnpe, IepHannn orpannn1cn akonoHnecknHn nn1epecaHn n repHanckne aoncka ypy1 aLaepenL
ns yHLnnn. nen1pon xoe1 eue pas ckasa1L, 1o IepHannn ne nHee1 1aH 1eppn1opnanLnLx
nn1epecoa.
9TO roaopn1, 1o Hono Lno L poroaopn1Lcn o apeHenn paspeuennn aonpocoa o aLxope
ns Ean1nnckoro Hopn, ecnn a1oro aonpoca nenLsn peun1L cenac.
nen1pon o1aeae1, 1o repHanckne enannn saknkak1cn a 1oH, 1oL cpena1L Ean1nnckoe
Hope caoopnLH any1pennnH HopeH pnn cypoxopc1aa acex npnpenLx rocypapc1a. cnknn, k1o
cenac aLcyne1 noc sa Ean-
77
1nnckoe Hope, yepn1cn, 1o 1aH npe1 aonna, n noa1oHy nenLsn roaopn1L o aLxope ns Hopn. n
xo1en L caec1n ceropnnunnn pasroaop k onee kpynnLH aonpocaH, on xo1en L noc1aan1L
aonpoc, ro1oa nn co1pypnna1L c nnHn. o ppyrnH aonpocaH HL HoeH acerpa
poroaopn1Lcn, ecnn HL na ocnoae naunx npounoropnnx cornauennn pacunpnH naun
o1nouennn, - roaopn1 Hnnnc1p. Ipe nea1 nn1epecL IepHannn n - a1o nopnen1
peuennk. yno nan1n peuenne, 1oL naun rocypapc1aa ne c1onnn rpypLk k rpypn ppyr ppyra,
a coaHec1no ponaanncL ocyuec1anennn caonx nn1epecoa, 1oL onn ny1eH coaHec1non pao1L
peannsoaann caon c1peHnennn, ne npo1naopea ppyr ppyry. nen1pon xo1en L nonyn1L
o1ae1, ro1oa nn nsyn1L a1o1 aonpoc n co1pypnna1L c 1peHn pepaaaHn. s nnceH 1annna
on aLnec anea1nenne, 1o cknonen k a1oHy. onpocL, ko1opLe kacak1cn IepHannn n ,
acerpa Hono peun1L, aano, 1oL n IepHannn, n nHenn oune nnnnn a kpynnLx ep1ax.
a1on 1okn spennn aonpoc nnnnnpnn on cn1ae1 a1opoc1enennLH aonpocoH. n xo1en L
sna1L, cnHna1nsnpye1 nn a npnnunne HLcnnH no aonpocy o naxopennn aLxopa a okean, a
nanpaanennn k npnnckoHy okeany cypan nn a1y HLcnL
9TO roaopn1, 1o eHy oc1anocL o1ae1n1L na oune aonpocL, sa1pony1Le nen1ponoH. n
ponen opa1n1L annHanne na cnepykuee. In1nep roaopnn aepa n ceropnn, 1ak e, kak n
nen1pon, 1o neero sannHa1Lcn ac1nLHn aonpocaHn, nockonLky IepHannn aepe1 aonny ne
na nsnL, a na cHep1L. ono1oa ne xoe1 yHann1L snaennn 1oro coc1onnnn, a ko1opoH naxopn1cn
IepHannn, no ns sananennn In1nepa n nen1pona y nero cnonnocL anea1nenne, 1o aonna
ye aLnrpana IepHannen n aonpoc o nrnnn no cyuec1ay ye peuen. nepoaa1enLno, Hono L
aLpasn1Lcn, 1o ecnn IepHannn ope1cn sa nsnL, 1o nrnnn - sa caok cHep1L. enepL k
aonpocy o coaHec1non pao1e , Rnonnn, IepHannn n 1annn. n o1aeae1 na a1o1 aonpoc
nonon1enLno, no napo no a1oHy aonpocy poroaopn1Lcn. 3pecL aosnnkae1 pnp konkpe1nLx
aonpocoa. unn o1ae1 ye Ln pan a nncLHe 1annna. n, ono1oa, nop1aeppan specL n
nop1aeppae1 eue pas, 1o nyno ncka1L poroaopennoc1n. paannLnL nn npepnonoennn
IepHannn no aonpocy o pasrpannennn cqep nn1epecoa pypno konkpe1no ye ceropnn
o1ae1n1L na a1o1 aonpoc, no a1o1 aonpoc po cnx nop IepHannn ne c1aanna nepep n on
nanne1cn pnn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa noaLH. n noka ne snae1 Hnennn ..1annna n ppyrnx
coae1cknx pykoaopn1enen na a1o1 ce1, no o1ae1 aL1ekae1 ns 1oro, 1o nH ye roaopnnocL.
S1n onLune aonpocL saa1paunero pnn,c ero 1okn spennnne cnepye1 o1pLaa1L o1 aonpocoa
ceropnnunero pnn. ecnn nx npaannLno yansa1L, 1o ype1 nanpeno nynoe peuenne. o, 1o eHy
npnunocL nHe1L pnp ecep c Hnnnc1poH n c penxckanunepoH, - a1o onLuon uar anepep a pene
aLncnennn aanLx aonpocoa. ak panLue non1n no a1oHy ny1n, ono1oa npepoc1aanne1 peun1L
nen1pony. nen1pon ye roaopnn, 1oL naun nocnL rpaq qon pep ynenypr n 1.
kaapuea npoponnnn a pnnnoHa1neckoH nopnpke ocypenne a1nx aonpocoa. cnn cenac ne1
neoxopnHoc1n a ppyrnx He1opax, 1o a1o npepnoenne npneHneHo. ono1oa cn1ae1, 1o ye
pan o1ae1 na noc1aanennLe eHy aonpocL.
a a1oH ecepa sakannaae1cn.
Eecepa npoponanacL c 21 po 24 acoa a oHoyenue nen1pona.
3anncan .!22
78
=P\TbW V-4 2WaaP[4 1 `aP` 5V V\4 =4 3PY \Pb4OQ
[P\4 /#9#9TO O &PTWG
3
1. ornacno nak1y 1pex pepaa IepHannn, Rnonnn n 1annn npnunn k cornauennk, 1o nyno
aocnpenn1c1aoaa1L pacunpennk aonnL a Hnpoaon konqnnk1 n 1o neoxopnHo coaHec1no
pao1a1L pnn yc1anoanennn Hnpa; onn o1nannn o caoeH enannn npnaneL k co1pypnnec1ay c
nnHn ppyrne napopL a ppyrnx ac1nx Hnpa, nockonLky a1n napopL cornacnL pa1L caonH
c1peHnennnH 1o e nanpaanenne. sananne1 o caoen connpapnoc1n c a1nHn
ueneyc1peHnennnHn n peunn co caoen c1oponL nonn1neckn co1pypnna1L c yac1nnkaHn nak1a
1pex.
2. IepHannn, 1annn, , Rnonnn onsyk1cn yaaa1L cqepL asanHnLx nn1epecoa. oc1onLky
nockonLky cqepL a1nx nn1epecoa conpnkacak1cn, onn ypy1 a ppyec1aennoH pyxe
poroaapnaa1Lcn no aceH aosnnkakunH ns a1oro qak1a aonpocaH.
3. oroaapnaakunecn c1oponL ne ypy1 noppepnaa1L rpynnnpoaok, nanpaanennLx npo1na
opnon ns nnx. nn onsyk1cn noppepnaa1L ppyr ppyra akonoHneckn n ypy1 c1peHn1Lcn
pacunpn1L caon akonoHneckne cornauennn.
4. S1o cornauenne Hono Lno L saknkn1L na npoponn1enLnLn cpok, ckaeH.na 10 ne1.
A42 !>4 %- 6. : 78. B4 . B<C . B;-;:.
nyn.: '2 4 25D 44. - 199:. - @C. - (. ;;-94.
,1# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .<#/:@81-1 / =1<191A17 =2780./07<B80/1 8882 / -729.
1: 1940 .
(2. 3
91<101/# 12 nonpn npnnnn Iaqenky, ko1opLn apynn pnn nepepan 1. annnnny nncLHo
nxanna, nsaeuakuee o aocuec1ann na npec1on
172
. ocnannnk npo1ec1oaan npo1na sann1nn
naHn oc1poaoa. po1ec1 n o1knonnn, sanana, 1o penc1ann naun npaannLnLe. ocnannnk npocnn
ocaoopn1L yn1ep-oqnuepoa, sapepannLx npn sann1nn oc1poaoa. ocnannnk noc1aann aonpoc o
cospannn a eaepnon Eykoanne cHeuannon koHnccnn no paspeuennk na Hec1e aonpoca
rpapanc1aa pnn aLespa ns EykoannL. a aonpoca oeuan paccHo1pe1L.
.DD345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C . 9B.
J s pokyHen1oa 512 (cH. c. 73) n 548 (cH. c. 135-136) cnepye1, 1o 1ekc1 a1oro npepnoennn Ln nepepan
ne a nncLHennoH anpe; on Ln npopnk1oaan .nen1ponoH ..ono1oay ao apeHn nx ecepL.
79
,14# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20.
#99.?81-1 / 8882
1: 1940 .
' ( 3
R anpen na pnnx (po noespkn 1oaapnua ono1oaa a Eepnnn*) nonp oppa, ko1opLn
aLckasLaan 1akne HLcnn na ce1 nepcnek1na aonnL: repHanckoe a1openne a nrnnk
npoaannnocL, no o nopnnnnon noepe a a1on aonne ne Hoe1 pyHa1L nn 1a, nn ppyran c1opona.
IepHannn, ne nHen cnnLnoro Hopckoro qno1a, ne a coc1onnnn cnoHn1L HouL nrnnn,
asnpykuencn rnaanLH opasoH na rocnopc1ae na Hope. nrnnn, ne pacnonaran Hounon
cyxony1non apHnen, ne a coc1onnnn pasn1L IepHannk na cyue, es ero neaosHona
penc1an1enLnan noepa nap nocnepnen. cnn pae ac1ynn1 a aonny, a1o Hano nsHenn1
nonoenne. no1peye1cn HnnnHyH 3 ropa pnn 1oro, 1oL napa1L, oyn1L, aoopyn1L
apHnk a 3-4 Hnn. enoaek. o a1oro nrnnn npnpe1cn aec1n aonny npo1na IepHannn a opnnoky
apHnen a 4-5 Hnn. npo1na 8 Hnn. neHuea, n korpa, nakoneu, nocnek1 aHepnkanuL, ace-1akn 8
Hnn. anrno-aHepnkanuea ypy1 npo1naoc1on1L 8 HnnnnonaH neHuea, npneH kaec1ao aoennon
HaunnL (aknkan renu1a) y neHuea ype1 ace-1akn aLue, eH y nx npo1nannkoa. nonp
opp cn1ae1, opnako, 1o eue 3 ropa aonnL ne oenL aepon1nL. kopee Hono onpa1L, 1o
a 1941 r., ocoenno nocne ne1nen kaHnannn a1oro ropa, cospac1cn nsaec1noe paanoaecne Hepy
aokkunHn c1panaHn,n 1orpa HLcnnHa ype1 onee cepLesnan noc1anoaka aonpoca o
koHnpoHnccnoH Hnpe. oqnunanLnLH saaepennnH, 1o anrnnane cHory1 non1L IepHannk c
aospyxa es ycneunoro nac1ynnennn na cyue, nonp opp o1nocn1cn cken1neckn. oepa
nrnnn nap IepHannen, no ero Hnennk, aosHona Lna L 1onLko a opnoH cnyae - ecnn L
c1an coksnnkoH ennkopn1annn, no c1apnk xopouo o1pae1 cee o1e1 a 1oH, 1o a1o
neaosHono. o caonc1aennon eHy opasnoc1Lk nsLka nonp opp cyHHnpoaan nonoenne
1ak: aonna Hepy nrnnen n IepHannen - a1o ace paano, 1o aonna Hepy akynon n 1nrpoH. H
nerpe con1ncL n ac1pe1n1Lcn a peuakuen cxaa1ke.
5345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:< . 10;=109U110.
,1,# 07<7-2.99. =2787.07< 81/70. .21:; 1988.21/ 8882Q
.211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. -772.<B19
87270.2 J /="a$ #/# 80.<
14 1940 . ( 3
80.<# eropnn, 13 nonpn, coc1onnncL ecepa c In1nepoH 1pn c nonoannon aca n nocne
oepa, caepx nporpaHHnLx ecep, 1pexacoaan ecepa c nen1ponoH. oka coouak o a1nx
ecepax kpa1ko. opponoc1n cnepyk1.
* H. pok. 402, 425, 446, 456, 458, 459, 480, 492, 494, 497, 498, 500-519.
80
e ecepL ne pann ena1enLnLx pesynL1a1oa. Inaanoe apeHn c In1nepoH yuno na qnncknn
aonpoc. In1nep sanann, 1o nop1aeppae1 npounoropnee cornauenne*, no IepHannn sananne1,
1o ona sann1epecoaana a coxpanennn Hnpa na Ean1nnckoH Hope. oe ykasanne, 1o a npounoH
ropy nnkaknx oroaopok ne penanocL no a1oHy aonpocy, ne onpoaepranocL, no n ne nHeno annnnnn.
(!F4 N.)
(!F4) 1opLH aonpocoH, aLsaaaunH nac1opoennoc1L In1nepa, Ln aonpoc o
rapan1nnx Eonrapnn co c1oponL na 1ex e ocnoaannnx, kak Lnn panL rapan1nn yHLnnn
co c1oponL IepHannn n 1annn. In1nep yknonnncn o1 o1ae1a, ckasaa, 1o no a1oHy aonpocy on
ponen npepaapn1enLno sanpocn1L Hnenne 1annn.
nen1pon ynopno nac1anaan na 1oH, 1oL no aonpocy o epnoHopcknx nponnaax HL
aLckasanncL sa nepecHo1p konaenunn on1pe
95
n sa noayk konaenunk npn yac1nn ypunn,
, 1annn n IepHannn c paen rapan1nn pnn 1eppn1opnn ypunn n oeuanneH ypoane1aopn1L
sakonnoe noenanne o nenponycke a epnoe Hope aoennLx cypoa neepnoHopcknx pepaa.
R o1ae1nn, 1o no a1oHy aonpocy ponen poroaopn1Lcn c ypunen, nHen a anpy, 1o pnn
IepHannn n 1annn, ne nannkunxcn epnoHopcknHn pepaaaHn, aonpoc o nponnaax ne nanne1cn
cyuec1aennLH c 1okn spennn nx esonacnoc1n, a pnn aonpoc o nponnaax cansan ne 1onLko
c saknkenneH noaoro cornauennn c ypunen, no n c peanLnLHn rapan1nnHn esonacnoc1n .
onpoc e 1aknx rapan1nn kacae1cn ne 1onLko ypunn, no n Eonrapnn a ykasannoH Hnok cHLcne,
1o ec1L c paen rapan1nn pnn caHon Eonrapnn. a noc1aanennLe aonpocL n o1ae1nn eHy, 1o
coaHec1nyk pao1y , IepHannn, 1annn n Rnonnn a pene pasrpannennn ocnoanLx cqep
annnnnn Hepy nnHn cn1ak aosHonon n ena1enLnon, no o a1oH napo poroaopn1Lcn, npneH
cnepye1 npaannLno yansa1L a1n aonpocL saa1paunero pnn c aonpocaHn ceropnnunero pnn.
nen1pon anec, aepnee npon1an, epnoaLe napockn (cLpLe HLcnn) npoek1a coaHec1noro
o1kpL1oro sananennn e1Lpex pepaa n paa npoek1a cekpe1nLx npo1okonoa:
) pasrpannennn rnaanLx cqep nn1epecoa e1Lpex pepaa c yknonenneH nauen cqepL a
nanpaanennn k npnnckoHy okeany.
E) nponnaax - a pyxe cornauennn Hepy ypunen, , 1annen n IepHannen. nen1pon
npepnonn a1n npoek1L ocypa1L a oLnoH pnnnoHa1neckoH nopnpke epes nocnoa.
(3V4 N.)
(3V4) R ckasan, 1o ne aospaak npo1na 1akoro nopnpka ocypennn a1nx npoek1oa. eH
caHLH IepHannn ne c1aan1 cenac aonpoc o npnespe a ockay nen1pona.
akoaL ocnoanLe n1orn. oxaac1a1Lcn neeH, no no kpannen Hepe aLncnnn 1enepeunne
nac1poennn In1nepa, c ko1opLHn npnpe1cn cn1a1Lcn.
R eue ne opyHan, kakoe pa1L koHHknnke o HoeH o11espe ns Eepnnna, 1ak kak 1onLko 1o
aepnyncn o1 nen1pona, n o1 nero ne nHek nnkaknx npepnoennn o a1oH. cnn ycnee1e pa1L
coae1, npouy a1o cpena1L.
2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:14 . 41O44.
nyn.: FN F4>. - 1991. - @;. - (. 11<.
J H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 484.
81
,1'# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
8882 .<# /:@81-1 / =1<191A17 =2780./07<B80/1 8882 / -729.
14 1940 . (2. 3
0O# 9TO 54XWW
epepaeH cnepykunn 1ekc1 npoek1a koHHknnke: o apeHn npeLaannn a Eepnnne a 1eenne 12
-13 nonpn c.r. pepcepa1enL oae1a apopnLx oHnccapoa n apopnLn koHnccap
nnoc1pannLx pen .. ono1oa nHen ecepy c penxckanunepoH . In1nepoH n Hnnnc1poH
nnoc1pannLx pen IepHannn nen1ponoH. Hen Hnennn npo1ekan a a1Hocqepe asanHnoro
poaepnn n yc1anoann asanHnoe nonnHanne no aceH aanenunH aonpocaH, nn1epecykunH n
IepHannk*.
.. ono1oa nHen 1ake ecepL c penxcHapuanoH IepnnroH n saHec1n1eneH In1nepa no
nap1nn naunonan-counannc1oa nHnepcknH Hnnnc1poH Iec-coH. 14 nonpn c.r. y1poH
pepcepa1enL n apopnLn koHnccap nnoc1pannLx pen .. ono1oa aLexan a
ockay.
yue Lno L, 1oL cnaana neHuL npepnonnn caon npoek1
200
.
epepan no nopyennk nc1anunn.
ED4345 !%- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C . :;=:9.
,1!# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 /7-2
## @.211/. / 8882
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. LunnckoHy, 1.
ekanosoay, 1. osoackoHy
14 1940 . ( 3
caoen pen a napnaHen1e akn, roaopn o c1peHnennn enrpnn yrnyn1L xosnnc1aennLe
o1nouennn c naHn, nopepknyn, 1o npepaapn1enLnLH ycnoaneH pnn a1oro nanne1cn aosHono
ckopenuee o1kpL1ne enesnopoponoro coouennn. n1Laan, 1o aenrpL ace eue ne
pa1nqnunpoaann 1oproaoro poroaopa**, Hono nonara1L, 1o onn, ne nonnHan sapepkn c nauen
c1oponL
* ocnepnnn qpasa ac1aanena .. 1annnLH aHec1o cnepykuero 1ekc1a, copepaauerocn a npoek1e
ono1oaa: a1nx ecepax, npo1ekaaunx a ppyec1aennon a1Hocqepe, coc1onncn oHen HnennnHn no
aneunenonn1necknH aonpocaH Hepy oonHn npaan1enLc1aaHn n Ln sa1pony1 pnp aonpocoa coae1cko-
repHancknx o1nouennn n nepcnek1naL nx pasan1nn (cH. ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::9 . 9:1C . C4 CC). JJ
H. pok. 354.
82
a aonpoce o npnHoH enesnopoponoH coouennn, onpak1 cnaana nauero cornacnn naa1L
a1n neperoaopL.
pnoapeHenno o1kpL1on 1enerpaHHon coouak poqeeay cnncok nenoa 1oproaon koHnccnn,
ko1opan npocn1 aosHono ckopee nonyn1L ansL. enL noespkn nsnoena a Hoen 1enerpaHHe
8.11.1940 r.
+2
8[P4O4f 8.11.1940 r. aponoa coouan, 1o 17 nonpn npepnonarae1 npnL1L a ockay
aenrepckan peneraunn pnn saknkennn cornauennn no noc1aake ocen, cka1oa, Ho1opoa n 1.p.
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1; . 91;9 . 994.
,1C# 07<7-2.99. 81/70. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07<B80/. 8882 /
-729. *#F# 87971/. / 8882
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. LunnckoHy, 1.
ekanosoay, 1. osoackoHy
14 1940 . ( 3
pepn nnoc1pannLx koppecnonpen1oa a Eepnnne unpoko pacnpoc1paneno cypenne, 1o a
pesynL1a1e epnnncknx neperoaopoa 1oaapnua ono1o-aa o1kasLaae1cn o1
sann1epecoaannoc1n na Eankanax, nonyan asaHen caoopy pyk a snn sa ce1 pana n ypunn.
a a1oH a ocnoanoH cxopn1cn ypnannc1L pasnnnLx nanpaanennn: ona n ann (Krocnaann),
aHepnkaneu oxnep, uaep aanc1peH, nopospeaaeHLn no cansnH c rec1ano ekpenLe (neHeu) n
ppyrne. 3aHe1nH, 1o nakanyne npnespa ono-1oaa n1anLnncknn koppecnonpen1 rase1L
1aHna yaepnn, 1o ype1 saknken nak1 e1Lpex, no ko1opoHy nonyn1 caoopy a
uen1panLno-asna1ckoH npoc1panc1ae.
aanc1peH ckasan naueHy koppecnonpen1y, 1o a1n cnyxn ncxopn1 o1 caHnx neHuea. S1o e
y1aeppan ann a ceropnnunen ecepe c a11aue nxannoaLH, ne nasLaan, opnako, nc1onnka
no nHenn
201
.
nynnkoaannoe neHuaHn koHHknnke 1opec1aenno naueHy 1ekc1y*, sa ncknkenneH a1opon
qpasL, rpe aHec1o aanenunx aonpocoa no-neHeukn ckasano aanLx aonpocoa.
(2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1B . 91<< . 199.
J H. pok. 519.
,*
,19# 1997 1 =727-1/12.; =2787.07< 81/70. .-21=:; 1988.21/
8882Q .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 / . 91<101/. 8
21/107<9 -729.81-1 =2./07<B80/.
14 1940 .
o apeHn npeLaannn a Eepnnne a 1eenne 12-13 nonpn cero ropa pepcepa1enL oae1a
apopnLx oHnccapoa n apopnLn oHnccap noc1pannLx en .. ono1oa nHen ecepy c
enxckanunepoH . In1nepoH n nnnc1poH noc1pannLx en r. qon nen1ponoH. Hen
HnennnHn npo1ekan a a1Hocqepe asanHnoro poaepnn n yc1anoann asanHnoe nonnHanne no aceH
aanenunH aonpocaH, nn1epecykunH n IepHannk.
.. ono1oa nHen 1ake ecepy c enxcHapuanoH r. IepnnroH n saHec1n1eneH r. In1nepa no
nap1nn naunonan-counannc1oa r. IeccoH.
14 nonpn y1poH pepcepa1enL oae1a apopnLx oHnccapoa n apopnLn oHnccap
noc1pannLx en .. ono1oa aLexan a ockay.
&>24. - 1940. - 1C .
,20# &787. 81/70. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07<B80/. 8882 / 121<7/80/7
.>-.80. *#F# 1D<1/. 8 =18<19 02J / .>-.80.7 7#9# @7/7019
%>? 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy, 1. ekanosoay, 1. osoackoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
1C 1940 .
ocon ocaepoHnncn o npnnne o1cy1c1ann nonnpepa 1. nxannoaa na knnoceance a anrnnnckon
Hnccnn n cnoaooxo1nnao pacckasan Hne cnepykuee:
1. nac1onuee apeHn ypunn ycnokonnacL n c onLunH poaepneH o1nocn1cn k aneunen
nonn1nke oae1ckoro oksa. pyec1aennLe o1nouennn Hepy n ypunen cyuec1ayk1
ye a 1eenne uenLx 20 ne1, n neonpanno pnn 1ypok appyr nac1ynnna neko1opoe apeHn 1oHy
nasap, 1o nyno cn1a1L ye a npounoH, nonoca xonopnoro o1nouennn k ypunn, npnnny
ko1opon 1ypkn ne Hory1 nonn1L, 1ak kak, nanpnHep, qak1 saknkennn poroaopa o nenanapennn
Hepy ypunen n nrnnen
129
Ln, kak nsaec1no, cornacoaan c ockaon. poHe 1oro, ao apeHn
nocnepnero npeLaannn o1eHknna a ypunn nocon cnpaunaan ero Hnenne o o1nouennn
oae1ckoro oksa k ypunn. o1eHknn, nkoL, ckasan ne 1onLko o1 caoero nHenn, no n o1 nHenn
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1o o1nouenne oae1ckoro oksa k ypunn xopouee. aHon aonpoc o
npnnnax, kak nocon aLpasnncn, xonopnoro o1nouennn k ypunn, 1ypok nnero ne Hor
ckasa1L n nocneunn nepen1n k ppyroHy aonpocy.
2. n ckasan, 1o cnLuan no papno coouenne o 1oH, 1o a yHLnnn a nac1onuee apeHn nHee1cn
paa rocypapc1aennLx qnara - yHLnnn n IepHannn. S1o oenL Hnorosnan1enLnLn qak1,
saHe1nn 1ypok, 1eH onee, ecnn yec1L, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn, no poc1oaepnLH pannLH, a
yHLnnn nHee1cn
84
14 neHeuknx pnansnn. 3a1eH nocon, cocnaauncL na ne coaceH 1onyk nnqopHaunk, ko1opon on
pacnonarae1, ckasan, 1o on cnLuan, yp1o L yHLnnn ye pacnyc1nna caon aoncka, 1o, no ero
Hnennk, osnaae1 nonnyk kann1ynnunk yHLnnn nepep IepHannen, 1.e. no cyuec1ay aoennyk
okkynaunk yHLnnn.
3. 3a1eH 1ypok nepeuen k aonpocy o aonne 1annn c Ipeunen n saHe1nn, 1o 1annn opna ne
Hoe1 cnpaan1Lcn c Ipeunen ne no1oHy, 1o ona 1exnneckn nnoxo aoopyena, a no 1on
npnnne, 1o n1anLnnckan apHnn nnoxo aoke1, a a1o1 qak1 ecnokon1 IepHannk n sac1anne1
ee sapyHa1Lcn nap neoxopnHoc1Lk okasannn 1annn cyuec1aennon noHoun. o-anpnHoHy, ona
npnHe1 a nnanuee apeHn peun1enLnLe uarn a a1oH nanpaanennn. a Hon aonpoc, kaknH
opasoH IepHannn Hoe1 a1o cpena1L, nocon o1ae1nn, 1o, aepon1no, IepHannn ncnonLsye1 pnn
a1on uenn 1eppn1opnk Krocnaann nnn Eonrapnn co aceHn aL1ekakunHn o1ckpa nocnepc1annHn.
4. 3a1eH nocon kpa1ko pacckasan o asanHoo1nouennnx IepHannn n qrannc1ana. ypok saHe1nn,
1o neHuL ne nonnHak1 ncnxonornn aqranuea. a Hon aonpoc, na eH nHenno asnpye1cn a1o1
aLaop nocna, 1ypok ckasan, 1o neHuL c1apak1cn nokasa1L caok aoennyk HouL ny1eH
peHonc1paunn knnoqnnLHoa o caoen noepe nap panunen n konoccanLnoH paspyuennn,
npnnnennoH IepHannen nrnnn, no a1nH caHLH neHuL o11anknaak1 o1 cen aqranuea, 1o
anpno ns 1oro, 1o aqranuL neoxo1no noceuak1 knnoceancL, yc1panaaeHLe neHeukon Hnccnen.
(ocon coaceH saLn, 1o 1onLko 1o npocHo1pennLn naHn knnoqnnLH y anrnnan Ln kak pas
kap1nnon, c1peHnuencn nokasa1L Horyuec1ao nrnnn a aospyxe n na aope, a pesynL1a1e ero
anrnnane nanocn1 neHuaH konoccanLnLn yuep.) a Hon aonpoc o coc1onnnn 1oproaLx
o1nouennn Hepy qrannc1anoH n IepHannen nocon ckasan, 1o onn nananaak1cn. Eonee 1oro,
aqranckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonynno kpynnLn saeH o1 IepHannn. eHuL, npoponan 1ypok,
nHek1 npnaepenuea cpepn neko1opon ac1n npaanuen knnkn qrannc1ana, a ac1noc1n, on
nasaan qaHnnnn aoennoro Hnnnc1pa xHypa ana, Hnnnc1pa sppaaooxpanennn - RxLn ana,
Hnnnc1pa napopnoro xosnnc1aa - pyna epnpa ana n pp. coenno on aLpennn aoenHnna,
nopepknya o 1oH, 1o on ackpy n aespe rpoHko kpnn1 o aoennon Houn IepHannn. cn a1a
rpynna opno apeHn nL1anacL acneckn npenn1c1aoaa1L ykpennennk asanHoo1nouennn ypunn c
qrannc1anoH n pae nL1anacL aL1ecnn1L 1ypok ns qrannc1ana n pesko ynyun1L o1nouennn
c IepHannen. nac1onuee apeHn a1a rpynna nepeHennna caok 1oky spennn n ne npenn1c1aye1
1ypkaH ykpennn1L caon o1nouennn c qrannc1anoH. ocon nopepknyn panee, 1o Hnnnc1p
nnoc1pannLx pen nn yxaHHep an, Hnnnc1p npocaeuennn anH an n neko1opLe ppyrne
nannk1cn onpepenennLHn c1oponnnkaHn ppyL c nrnnen.
5. R cnpocnn 1ypka, kak aqranuL ouennaak1 noespky 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn. ypok o1ae1nn
cnepykuee: nn () Henn Hnoro pas cnpaunaann, kakoe ype1 nHe1L snaenne a1o1 qak1
noespkn ono1oaa a Eepnnn, n nepaoe apeHn Lnn oenL oecnokoenL npepc1onuen ac1peen
ono1oaa c In1nepoH, onee 1oro, onn Lnn nanyranL, no kak 1onLko Lno nonyeno coouenne
o aosapauennn ono1oaa a ockay, aqranuL neckonLko ycnokonnncL, n pae onn papL a1on
noespke. nyuan a1y on1oank 1ypka, n cnpocnn ero, ero e konkpe1no aqranuL onnncL n
eHy onn papoaanncL. ocon saHnncn n ckasan, 1o ne Hoe1 konkpe1no o1ae1n1L na a1o1 aonpoc,
no 1o, 1o on ckasan, penc1an1enLno npaaponopono.
85
6. e npouancL, nocon cnoaa noa1opnn ye ckasannoe panee o 1oH, 1o 1ypkn oenL xopouo
o1nocn1cn k 8882Q no ecnn IepHannn sanHe1 koHanpnyk ponL a caonx asanHoo1nouennnx c 8882
n ykpenn1cn a qrannc1ane, Hnorosnan1enLno nopepknyn 1ypok, 1o aepa a oae1cknn oks y
1ypok a1nH caHLH ype1 nopopaana.
. ,>2
T.P. n1epecno o1He1n1L, 1o a HoHen1 nonanennn aoenHnna xHypa ana a knnosane (neckonLko
sanospaauero) ace npncy1c1aykune kak no koHanpe ac1ann. ocne npocHo1pa knnoqnnLHa n
cnpocnn 1-ro cekpe1apn anrnnnckon Hnccnn .. ne1epa o npnnnax a1oro ocooro no1ennn,
nponanennoro no o1nouennk k aoenHnny. ne1ep o1ae1nn, 1o 1akan ac1pea acerpa
okasLaae1cn a anrnnnckon Hnccnn aoenHnny n npeHLepy.
! %- 6. 0<1 78. 99 . 199 . < . <9=<C.
,21# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9#
9.?81-1 / 8882
1C 1940 .
' ( 3
oespka 1oaapnua ono1oaa a Eepnnn* aLsaana a speunnx npaan1enLc1aennLx n nonn1necknx
kpyrax cHeuannLe yac1aa pasoapoaannn, pasppaennn n 1peaorn. 1eenne nocnepnnx IV-2
Hecnuea a a1nx kpyrax (a ocoenno a ) ace onLue ykpennnnocL Hnenne, 1o peno npe1 k
nensenon ccope Hepy n IepHannen ns-sa Eankan, 1o 8882 noa1oHy aa1oHa1neckn
npnpe1 k nrnnn pae es 1oro, 1oL nrnnn npnnonna ckonLko-nnypL cepLesnLe ycnnnn
pnn npnaneennn ero na caok c1opony, - n appyr 1akon neonpannLn oopo1. eH ne Henee
npecce Lnn panL ykasannn pepa1Lcn oc1opono, 8882 ocoenno ne ppasnn1L n onLuoro
uyHa no noaopy epnnnckoro canpannn noka ne nopnnHa1L. Iase1L po cnx nop a oueH
cnepoaann nnc1pykunnH. pnoapeHenno naanacL ycnnennan opao1ka anrnnncknx n
nnoc1pannLx ypnannc1oa , o xapak1epe ko1opon Hoe1 pa1L npepc1aanenne
nnecnepykunn pasroaop saaepykuero o1penoH nea1n opnn oqqnca npcpenna c opnnH
snakoHLH Hne koppecnonpen1oH. np-cpenn sanann eHy, 1o nepenn 1pn nasap pnnnc nepepan
coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay npepnoennn nepaoc1enennon aanoc1n no aonpocy o
ynyuennn anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennn, npepnoennn, no cpaanennk c ko1opLHn 1akne
aonpocL, kak ynanckan koHnccnn, an1nnckne napoxopL n 1ak panee, 1epnk1 acnkoe
snaenne**. ecHo1pn na ace ycnnnn pnnnca, eHy ace-1akn ne ypanocL noanpa1L a cansn c
a1nHn npepnoennnHn ono1oaa, ko1opLn, oeanpno, Ln cnnukoH sann1 pasroaopaHn c
neHuaHn. ono1oa yexan a Eepnnn, oc1aana pn1anckne npepnoennn es o1ae1a. epon1no, -
* H. pok. 402, 425, 446, 456, 458, 459, 480, 491, 494, 497, 498, 500-519. ** H. pok. 460.
86
npnaann npcpenn, - nHen a1n npepnoennn a kapHane, ono1oa cHoe1 aL1oproaa1L y
In1nepa nyune ycnoann. saknkenne npcpenn ponro pokasLaan koppecnonpen1y, 1o
nc1opnn c pn1ancknHn npepnoennnHn, a ac1noc1n onko1 pnnnca co c1oponL ono1oaa,
okona1enLno nponcnne1 cn1yaunk. enepL coaepuenno oeanpno, 1o 8882 npoc1o ne xoe1
ynyuennn o1nouennn c nrnnen,n 1o an1nncknn aonpoc, ynanckan koHnccnn n 1ak panee
nannk1cn 1onLko npepnoroH pnn 1oro, 1oL nnero pnn ynyuennn o1nouennn ne pena1L. 1oH
e pyxe (c neonLunHn HopnqnkaunnHn) nnoannkn opnn oqqnca aepy1 pasroaopL c ppyrnHn
npepc1aan1ennHn npeccL. HLcn a1oro Haneapa ncen: nepaonaanLno peakunn nonn1necknx
kpyroa na coouenne o ansn1e 1oaapnua ono1oaa Lna pesko o1pnua1enLnon a o1nouennn
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa n ocoenno nnno Iannqakca. ocnepnero oannnnn a neyHennn n
neenannn non1n naac1pey 8882# acnpoc1pannnncL pae cnyxn o npepc1onuen o1c1aake
Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen. o1 1oL napnpoaa1L a1y a1aky na pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao
n na Iannqakca, qopnn oqqnc cenac pacnpoc1panne1 aLuenpnaepennLe acnn n c1peHn1cn
caann1L o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa o1cy1c1ane ynyuennn a anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennnx na
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao.
5345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:< . 11<=119.
,22# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. 9#
9.?81-1 / 8882
1C 1940 .
' ( 3
panLnenunx peakunnx a onpone na ansn1 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn Hory cooun1L cnepykuee:
ceropnn a ecepe c opnnH pnnnoHa1oH Ea1nep Hepy nponH ckasan, 1o pasroaopL a Eepnnne,
no ero Hnennk, nHenn nanonee konkpe1nLe pesynL1a1L a xosnnc1aennon onac1n n 1o
pacunpenne coae1cko-repHanckoro akonoHneckoro co1pypnnec1aa Hoe1 noaec1n k onLunH
aoennLH n nonn1necknH nocnepc1annH. 1o e kacae1cn nc1o nonn1necknx aonpocoa, 1o
Ea1nep coHneaae1cn a 1oH, 1oL a Eepnnne a a1on cqepe Lno peueno 1o-nno onpepenennoe.
kopee on nonarae1, 1o 1. ono1oa noaes c coon a ockay kakne-nno nonn1neckne
npepnoennn In1nepa, ko1opLe coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ype1 eue ocypa1L n
paccHa1pnaa1L. s a1nx nonn1necknx aonpocoa anrnnan onLue acero ecnokon1 aonpoc o
ypunn: ec1L nn cornauenne Hepy n IepHannen o coaHec1noH paanennn na ypunk a
uennx nponycka neHeuknx aonck a npnk epes ee 1eppn1opnk enee o1ae1c1aennLe pao1nnkn
opnn oqqnc (nanpnHep, saHec1n1enL saaepykuero eaepnLH penap1aHen1oH aknnn)
sanannk1, 1o, ecnn, kak onn onpak1, ypunn okae1 conpo1nanenne acnkon 1akon nonL1ke,
o1nouennn Hepy nrnnen n 8882 Hory1 npnnn1L pesaLanno oc1pLn xapak1ep. enL
ecnokon1 anrnnan eue opnn aonpoc: saeH c 1. ono1oaLH a Eepnnn espnnn aa saHnapkoHa
aanaunonnon npoHLunennoc1n npaan1enLc1aennLx kpyrax aLckasLaak1 onacenne: ne npe1
nn peL o pasHeuennn a repHan-
87
cknx sakasoa na noc1ponky caHone1oa S1o onacenne o1ac1n asnpye1cn na 1oH oc1on1enLc1ae,
1o, kak y1aeppak1 a opnn oqqnc, a 1oproaLx neperoaopax a ockae sa1pony1 aonpoc o
npopae naHn anrnnanaH aoopyennn, npneH HL yp1o L ro1oaL cnaa1L nx pyLnHn,
peaonLaepaHn n nponH, cnaenne e caHone1aHn c1on1 nop aonpocoH. npaan1enLc1aennLx
kpyrax apryHen1npyk1 1ak: ecnn Hoe1 npopaaa1L kon-kakoe opyne nrnnn, noeHy on ne
Hoe1 npnnn1L sakasL na aaponnanL pnn IepHannn akan nepcnek1naa anrnnan oenL
cHyuae1, no 1orpa aqqek1 aHepnkanckon noHoun ennkopn1annn Ln L cnnLno ocnanen.
oueH, opnako, specL nnk1o nnero 1ono o copepannn epnnncknx neperoaopoa ne snae1, ace
cnekynnpyk1 n saHe1no ecnokon1cn.
5345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:< . 190=191.
,2# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 2. 9#7#
><911/. 8 =18<.19 /7<1&20. / 2.7 2## &<<7219
%>? 1. ono1oay, 1. ekanosoay
1B 1940 . (3
eropnn a nonnpepc1ae npnnnn anrnnnckoro nocnannnka. o npnL1nn Eynnepp cnpaannncn,
kaknHn noaoc1nHn n pacnonarak.
a aonpoc, 1o on nHee1 a anpy, cnpaunaan o noaoc1nx, Eynnepp pan nonn1L, 1o ero nn1epecyk1
noaoc1n, cansannLe c noespkon 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn.
akan cHenan n npnHan noc1anoaka aonpoca, ec1ec1aenno, aLsaana nac1opoennoc1L c Hoen
c1oponL. R o1ae1nn, 1o 1. ono1oa, aepon1no, ye aosapa1nncn a ockay. 1o kacae1cn ero
npeLaannn a Eepnnne, 1o o a1oH poc1a1ono xopouo n caoeapeHenno nnqopHnpoaan no
papno.
caok oepepL n cnpocnn Eynneppa, kakne on nHee1 noaoc1n. o1ae1 na a1o Eynnepp poc1an ns
kapHana eepneanLe anrnnnckne noaoc1n, nepepaaaeHLe no papno. nonponckoH coouennn sa
16/XI.40 r. nanncano na anrnnnckoH nsLke cnepykuee: eropnn a onpone Lno nop1aeppeno,
1o 22 ok1npn anrnnncknn nocon a ockae cpenan oae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay paneko npyune
npepnoennn c uenLk yc1panennn nepopasyHennn n yc1anoanennn apeHennoro cornauennn
(Hopyca anaenpn) Hepy nrnnncknH n oae1cknH npaan1enLc1aaHn*. S1n npepnoennn
aknkann, ao-nepaLx, ro1oanoc1L npnsnannn pe-qak1o npncoepnnennn an1nncknx rocypapc1a k
oae1ckoHy oksy, ao-a1opLx, rapan1nk a 1oH, 1o npnHe1 yac1ne a pao1e Hnpnon
konqepenunn, ko1opan ype1 cosaana no okonannn nac1onuen aonnL, a-1pe1Lnx,
1opec1aennoe saaepenne a 1oH, 1o nrnnn nnkorpa ne npncoepnnn1cn k kakon-nno pepaae
nnn rpynne pepaa pnn nanapennn na
* H. pok. 460.
88
. S1o nocnepnee npepnoenne Hoe1 paccHa1pnaa1Lcn kak npepnoenne saknkn1L
noc1onnnLn nak1 o nenanapennn. o-anpnHoHy, po cnx nop eue ne nonyeno o1ae1a na a1n
npepnoennn, ko1opLe, necoHnenno, xopouo Lnn nsaec1nL ono1oay saponro po npepnoennn
noce1n1L Eepnnn.
oouan o a1oH, Eynnepp nn1epecoaancn, kakoaa ype1 nonn1neckan cn1yaunn oae1ckoro
oksa nocne aosapauennn 1. ono1oaa a ockay. a aonpoc, 1o on nHee1 a anpy, Eynnepp caonH
o1ae1oH c1apancn pa1L nonn1L, 1o on nn1epecye1cn aooue nonn1necknHn aonpocaHn n yp1o
nnero konkpe1noro ne nHee1. anoHnnan, 1o on snakoHn1 Henn c noaoc1nHn, Eynnepp
cnpaunaan, 1o noaoro Hne nsaec1no o pesynL1a1ax noespkn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn n kakoe
Hnenne no a1oHy aonpocy cyuec1aye1 a coae1cknx kpyrax.
caoeH o1ae1e n cocnancn na coouennn , nepepaaaeHLe no noaopy noespkn 1. ono1oaa a
Eepnnn, n, kpoHe 1oro, ckasan, 1o , kak a1o nsaec1no aceHy Hnpy, nurnncL c1oponnnkoH
Hnpa, npoaopnn n npoaopn1 caok Hnpnyk nonn1nky. c1pon1 caoe xosnnc1ao op napenon n
kpenkon oxpanon caonx rpannu.
a a1o Eynnepp saHe1nn, 1o, roaopn o Hnpnon nonn1nke oae1ckoro oksa, nenLsn saLaa1L o
coL1nnx a nnnnnpnn, a onLue, Eeccapann n an1nncknx rocypapc1aax, cansannLx c
aonpocoH 1eppn1opnn.
nok Lno pas1ncneno Eynneppy, 1o qnnnnnpckne coL1nn nponsounn ncknkn1enLno no anne
qnnnnnpcknx npaan1enen. ak nsaec1no, rocypapc1aa a1ann, Sc1onnn n n1aa caHn
popoaonLno n no aone nx napopoa opa1nnncL a epxoanLn oae1 oksa oae1cknx
ounannc1necknx ecnynnk c npocLon o npnnn1nn nx a coc1aa oae1ckoro oksa*. oae1ckoe
rocypapc1ao a caoe apeHn npo1nnyno pyky noHoun nonLckoHy napopy a 1o1 HoHen1, korpa
nonLckoe npaan1enLc1ao pocnno na nponsaon cypLL caon napop. 1o kacae1cn Eeccapann, 1o
nsaec1no, 1o ona Lna nesakonno o11opena pyHLncknHn aonckaHn. nac1onueHy apeHenn
a1o1 aonpoc yperynnpoaan HnpnLH nopnpkoH. Eeccapann aoccoepnnena c . ce ynoHnny1Le
cnyan poc1a1ono xopouo n yepn1enLno ocaeuenL a coae1ckon nea1n. oae1cknn oks
nnkorpa ne nponannn n ne nponanne1 nnkaknx saxaa1nnecknx uenen, ne a npnHep neko1opLH
ppyrnH c1panaH, noa1oHy naHekn Eynneppa o 1eppn1opnanLnLx c1peHnennnx oae1ckoro oksa
nnero ne nHek1 ouero c nonn1nkon oae1ckoro oksa.
1o kacae1cn noespkn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn, 1o no a1oHy aonpocy papnoc1anunn oae1ckoro
oksa pak1 poc1a1ono yepn1enLnLe n pas1ncnnkune coouennn .
Eynnepp nonn1epecoaancn apeHeneH n pnnnon aonnL, na ko1opon nponcxopn1 nepepaa
nocnepnnx nsaec1nn ns ockaL. o ero npocLe pacckasan, 1o nepepae1 . nok Ln
ncnonLsoaan osop coae1ckon npeccL n coouennn , nonyennLe nonnpepc1aoH 16 nonpn.
Eynnepp, aLpasna enanne cnyua1L papnonoaoc1n ns ockaL, nocne nenpoponn1enLnon
ecepL yexan.
* * *
e1 coHnennn, 1o Eynnepp penan ansn1 no sapannk onpona, 1oL ysna1L kakne-nno noaoc1n
a cansn c noespkon 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn. ro nn1epecye1
* H. pok. 294, 295, 297, 300, 302.
8 9
panLnenuan nosnunn oae1ckoro oksa. cLnancL na sananenne, cpenannoe anrnnncknH nocnoH
a ockae o1 22 ok1npn, Eynnepp roaopn1, 1o a neH Lna nsnoena nosnunn anrnnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa. n c1peHn1cn nokasa1L, 1o a1a nosnunn anrnnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa Lna
nsaec1na napkoHnnpeny eue saponro po noespkn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn.
pepnoennn, cqopHynnpoaannLe anrnnncknH nocnoH 22/ c.r. a ockae, naH ne nsaec1nL.
o nonponcknH papnocoouennnH, ko1opLe Eynnepp Hne nokasan n oc1aann, nnkaknx pasroaopoa
Hnon ne nopnnHanocL, ne aenocL n ne noppepnaanocL. nrnnnckne papnocaopkn c 15/XI c.r.
naann kpa1ko nea1a1L o noespke 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn.
!4F4? 7 c1p. ns knne1enn nrnnnckne noaoc1n sa 16/XI 40 r., N 321. H. o1epkny1oe.
pe1 npn aks. 1. ono1oay*.
-442 ! %- 6. 094 78. 94 . :9< . C . <BC=<B<.
,24# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 /7-2 ##
@.211/. 8 =18<.19 8@. / /7-2 # ># 910-1972
1B 1940 .
(3
ELn aHepnkancknn nocnannnk on1roHepn. a aonpoc nocnannnka, 1o n cnLuan o pesynL1a1ax
npeLaannn napkoHa a Eepnnne, n o1ae1nn, 1o n1an 1onLko 1o, 1o n on Hor n1a1L a rase1ax.
ocne a1oro on11oHepn c1an roaopn1L, 1o c aenrpaHn coaepuenno neaosHono
pasroaapnaa1L, 1o enekn
202
n akn noc1onnno nry1, 1o korpa on cnpocnn akn, npoxopn1 nn
neHeukne aoncka epes enrpnk, 1o akn o1ae1nn o1pnua1enLno, n on (on11oHepn) aLnypen
Ln nokasa1L eHy cnncok, coc1aanennLn ero aoennLH a11aue, konnec1aa aonncknx auenonoa,
npouepunx epes Eypaneu1. R yaepen, roaopn1 on11oHepn, 1o a pesynL1a1e neypan
n1anLnnckoro nac1ynnennn a Ipeunn neHeukne aoncka a nnanueH ypyueH ypy1 1ypa
nanpaanenL epes Eonrapnk, npneH coaepuenno necoHnenno, 1o onn ponnL ypy1
oprannsoaa1L caon asL a enrpnn. Ioaopn a1o, on1roHepn onn1L cocnancn na coouennn
aoennoro a11aue n na coouennn, nonyennLe nH ns aHepnkancknx noconLc1a a Eepnnne n nHe.
3a1eH on sanann, 1o no coouennk, nonyennoHy nH ns Eepnnna ns aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa,
ao apeHn ecepL napkoHa a Eepnnne neHuL npepnarann naH appanennL n oecneenne annnnnn
a epcnn. a ero aonpoc, 1o n cnLuan o a1oH, n noa1opnn eHy 1o e, 1o ckasan a naane
ecepL. ocne a1oro on11oHepn, roaopn o any1pnnonn1neckoH nonoennn a enrpnn, sanann,
1o, necHo1pn na npoaopnHyk enekn nporepHanckyk nonn1nky, on (enekn) Ln n oc1ae1cn
anrnoqnnoH n 1o anaun, nannncL coaepuenno nyc1LH enoaekoH, nnkorpa ne npnpe1 k anac1n,
1o e kacae1cn Hpepn
203
, 1o, necoHnenno, on
* e nynnkye1cn.
90
nanne1cn nanonee nopxopnunH kanpnpa1oH pnn neHuea, ypyn a nac1onuee apeHn nc1LH
naun, no, roaopn1 on1roHepn, noka na peren1, Hpepn k anac1n ne npnpe1.
!4V4? naane ecepL, roaopn o aenrpax n o 1oH, 1o a e ero nenaanpn1,
on1roHepn ckasan, 1o aenrpL pacunqpoaann aHepnkancknn kop, no a1o ne okae1 nH
onLuyk ycnyry, 1.k. aHepnkanuL nonLsyk1cn payHn pononnn1enLnLHn nepeunqpoakaHn, 1ak
1o, roaopn1 on, ecnn a opnoH kope ykasana qaHnnnn akn, 1o ao a1opoH n 1pe1LeH nop a1on
qaHnnnen snaa1cn coaepuenno ppyrne nnua. poHe 1oro, roaopn1 on1roHepn, 1pe1nn kop
Henne1cn eeHecnno n nHek1cn 1onLko 2 akseHnnnpa a1oro kopa, opnn ns ko1opLx naxopn1cn a
aunnr1one, a ppyron y Henn.
'. +2
/1 %- 6. 0<< 78. 90 . 109 . : . 11:O114.
525. D 7/. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 0.<
#/# -127<.
1B 1940 .
(3
ELn y annnnn. ocnaauncL na npepLpyune ecepL no aonpocy o nnkanpaunn oc1aaunxcn
cnopnLx pen Hepy 1oprnpepc1aoH n pasnnnLHn n1anLnncknHn qnpHaHn (eponnHn,

184
n pp.), on ckasan, 1o pe nonnHae1 npnnn sapepkn o1ae1a ockaL, 1eH onee, 1o
ao apeHn neperoaopoa a Hae-nkne Hecnue coae1ckan c1opona ro1oaa Lna cornacn1Lcn na ynna1y
no aceH a1nH penaH 1 Hnn. nnp. o caoen c1oponL, n1anLnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao Lno pa1L
coo1ae1c1aykuee rapan1nnnoe sananenne no noaopy 1pe1Lero nynk1a no1L o1 7 qeapann 1939 r.
nac1onunn HoHen1 1 Hnn. nnp, anpnHo, nanne1cn cyHHon nepoc1a1onon, 1.k. napocnn
npouen1L. o acnkoH cnyae, xo1n y n 1pypno ykasa1L cenac konkpe1no cyHHy, no on xoe1,
1oL cnopnLe aonpocL Hepy 1oprnpepc1aoH n n1anLnncknHn qnpHaHn Lnn noc1aanenL na
konkpe1nyk asy nx paspeuennn a caHoe nnanuee apeHn. coanennk, on ne Hoe1 nnero
cpena1L c peuenneH cypa no peny eponnHn, ko1opoe HL nepecnann aHec1e c
npenpoaopakuen no1on opa1no Hnnnc1epc1ay. o1ae1 n ckasan, 1o ye coounn a ockay o
enannn a paspeun1L ynoHnny1Le cnopnLe pena a nnanuee apeHn n 1o
sann1epecoaannLe oprannsaunn nsyak1 a1o1 aonpoc.
3a1eH annnnn kc1a1n ckasan, 1o n1anLnnckan c1opona ye coc1aanna akonoHneckyk
peneraunk pnn aepennn 1oproaLx neperoaopoa. pnako ao nseanne sa1nnoro npeLaannn
a1on peneraunn a ockae annnnn xo1en L nHe1L konkpe1nLe pannLe o noaon ase, na
ko1opon coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno aec1n neperoaopL, paL npepaapn1enLno ee
ocypn1L n 1eH caHLH onern1L neperoaopL a ockae. o caoen c1oponL n1anLnnckoe
npaan1enLc1ao, a 1ex e uennx yckopennn neperoaopoa, ro1oao, ecnn nonapon1cn, cooun1L
caon ycnoann. R ckasan annnnn, 1o sa1pony1Le nH aonpocL, kak o cnopnLx 1oproaLx penax
1oprnpepc1aa c n1anLnncknHn qnpHaHn, 1ak n o
9 1
akonoHneckon n1anLnnckon peneraunn, poaepy po caepennn Hoero npaan1enLc1aa.
'. 34 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . 90 . 99B <<=<;.
,2'# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9# 9.?819
1< 1940 .
(. 3
nn auen opnen1npoakn pak kpa1kyk nnqopHaunk o epnnncknx ecepax*:
1. on noespka a Eepnnn nHena xapak1ep o1ae1noro ansn1a na pae npounoropnne noespkn
nen1pona a ockay n nponsouna no npnrnauennk repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
2. onpekn neko1opLH nenpaannLnLH coouennnH nnoc1pannon nea1n, epnnnckne ecepL
kacanncL rnaanLH opasoH aonpocoa coae1cko-repHancknx o1nouennn, aLnonnennn saknkennLx
a npounoH ropy cornauennn n aLncnennn aosHonoc1en panLnenuero pasan1nn coae1cko-
repHancknx o1nouennn. onpocL o pasrpannennn cqep nn1epecoa Hepy , IepHannen n
ppyrnHn c1panaHn, a 1ake aonpocL o npncoepnnennn k nak1y 1pex pepaa a Eepnnne ne
peuanncL a a1nx ecepax.
3. nkakoro poroaopa a Eepnnne ne Lno nopnncano n ne npepnonaranocL a1oro pena1L. eno a
Eepnnne orpannnnocL, kak a1o n aL1ekae1 ns nsaec1noro koHHknnke o1 10 nonpn**, oHenoH
HnennnHn.
4. panLnenueH aosHono paccHo1penne a oLnoH pnnnoHa1neckoH nopnpke pnpa aonpocoa,
no ko1opLH Ln oHen HnennnHn a Eepnnne.
5. ak aLncnnnocL ns ecep, neHuL xo1n1 npnpa1L k pykaH ypunk nop anpoH rapan1nn ee
esonacnoc1n na Hanep yHLunn, a naH xo1n1 cHasa1L ryL oeuanneH nepecHo1pa konaenunn a
on1pe
95
a nauy nonLsy, npneH npepnarak1 naH noHoL nH a a1oH pene. L ne pann na a1o
cornacnn, 1ak kak cn1aeH, 1o, ao-nepaLx, ypunn ponna oc1a1Lcn nesaancnHon, a, ao-a1opLx,
penH a nponnaax Hoe1 L1L ynyuen a pesynL1a1e naunx neperoaopoa c ypunen, no ne sa
cnnnon ypunn.
6. eHuL n nnonuL, kak anpno, oenL xo1enn L 1onkny1L nac a c1opony epcnpckoro sannaa n
npnn. L o1knonnnn ocypenne a1oro aonpoca, 1ak kak cn1aeH 1akne coae1L co c1oponL
IepHannn neyHec1nLHn.
2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:9 . 119=114. nyn.: FN F4>. - 1991. -
@ ;. - (. 119.
J nanornnLe no nn. 1-4 1enerpaHHL nanpaanenL 1ake nonnpepaH a Eonrapnn, yHLnnn, Krocnaann,
1annn, Ipeunn, panunn, , Rnonnn, n1ae, aeunn, nnnnnpnn, enrpnn. ** H. pok. 493.
92
527. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9#
9.?81-1 / 8882
1; 1940 .
' ( 3
ory cooun1L pononnn1enLnLe nopponoc1n o nc1opnn c onynnkoaanneH anrnnncknx
npepnoennn 22 ok1npn*, copannLe Hnon aepa n ceropnn. eno, kak n n npepnonaran,
naanocL c 1oro, 1o c HoHen1a, korpa c1ano nsaec1no o naHepennn 1. ono1oaaexa1L a Eepnnn
(1o ec1L c 10 nonpn)**, Iannqakc noyac1aoaan cen a onacnoc1n. epaan peakunn nonn1necknx
kpyroa na coouenne o npepc1onuen noespke 1. ono1oaa Lna npnHepno 1akan: o1 po ero
poaen Iannqakc. n ne 1onLko ne cyHen o1opaa1L o1 IepHannn, no, naoopo1, acen caoen
nnnnen noaepennn 1onLko cnococ1aoaan nx panLnenueHy cnnennk. orpa e Lk
kponnkn n ennn repanLp nyc1nnn coouenne, yp1o L Iannqakc epes pae nepenn yxopn1 a
o1c1aaky. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao neHepnenno onynnkoaano onpoaepenne, no ycnnennLe
pasroaopL o nnskon o1c1aake Iannqakca a nonn1necknx kpyrax npoponanncL. S1o sac1aanno
Iannqakca nepen1n a a1aky, 1o ec1L nsopasn1L peno 1ak, 1o on, Hon, penae1 pnn cnnennn c
ace aosHonoe, pa ao1 coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne o1aeae1 asanHnoc1Lk (ncnLn naHek
na a1o nHee1cn, Hepy nponH, a coouennn pnnkopa aepaunero anpn 1anHe, nnsko
c1onuero k opnn oqqncy). oa1oHy c y1pa 12 nonpn nnoannkn opnn oqqnca (ocoenno ns
o1pena npeccL) c1ann ne pnn nea1n pacckasLaa1L na yuko pnnnoHa1necknH
koppecnonpen1aH aanenunx anrnnncknx rase1 nopponoc1n o npepnoennnx 22 ok1npn, o 1oH,
1o pnnnc ne Hor nepepa1L nx 1. ono1oay, a nepepan 1. LunnckoHy n 1o 1. ono1oa yexan a
Eepnnn, ne paa o1ae1a na anrnnnckne npepnoennn. o1n ace a1n caepennn a anrnnnckon nea1n
ne nonannnncL, no, necoHnenno, nHenn caon nonn1necknn aqqek1: pepakunn rase1 (pae 1aknx,
ko1opLe paano ye 1peyk1 o1c1aakn Iannqakca) cpasy npekpa1nnn nanapkn na Hnnnc1pa
nnoc1pannLx pen n nepec1ann roaopn1L o ero npepc1onueH yxope. 3a1eH o1pen nea1n c1an
ueno1koH pacckasLaa1L o npepnoennnx 22 ok1npn n neko1opLH nnoc1pannLH, a ac1noc1n
aHepnkancknH koppecnonpen1aH. R npoaepnn eue pas n Hory c nonnon ka1eropnnoc1Lk sanan1L,
1o aHepnkancknn koppecnonpen1, anepaLe onynnkoaaaunn cyunoc1L anrnnncknx
npepnoennn, nonynn o nnx nnqopHaunk o1 nnoannkoa opnn oqqnca 13-ro aeepoH n 14-ro
y1poH. ae ero 1enerpaHHL na a1y 1eHy Lnn nponyuenL anrnnnckon uensypon, 1o ec1L onn1L-
1akn opnn oqqncoH (no aonpocaH pnnnoHa1necknH uensypa pykoaopc1aye1cn ykasannnHn
opnn oqqnca). cnn L a naHepennn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa penc1an1enLno ne axopnno
onynnkoaanne npepnoennn 22 ok1npn, ono nerko Horno L a1o npepynpepn1L, ne nponyc1na
nasaannLe 1enerpaHHL epes uensypy. epon1no, 1o e caHoe cnynnocL n c npepc1aan1eneH
oHen, no a1o n c 1onoc1Lk ne snak. 15-ro okono 5 acoa pnn coouenne o cyunoc1n
npepnoennn Lno cpenano ye oqnunanLno o1penoH nea1n opnn oqqnca na konqepenunn
anrnnncknx n nnoc1pannLx yp-
* H. pok. 460. ** H. pok. 493.
93
nannc1oa. eepoH a 1o1 e penL o npepnoennnx Lno o1naneno no nonponckoHy papno.
ocnoae ace a1o pnk1oaanocL c1peHnenneH Iannqakca cnac1n caok ukypy. o 1y1 ec1L opno
npnaxopnuee oc1on1enLc1ao. 3aaepykunn eaepnLH penap1aHen1oH onLep c naana aonnL
c1an saknn1LH aparoH . oHounnk ero aknnn aH xopouo nsaec1en no ockae, rpe on Ln
a caoe apeHn 2-H cekpe1apeH noconLc1aa. a onn penak1 ace aosHonoe pnn 1oro, 1oL
cao1npoaa1L ynyuenne anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennn. Iannqakc nH a a1oH nokpoan1enLc1aye1
nnn a nyueH cnyae ne Heuae1. cyunoc1n a nc1o saun1nLx uennx Iannqakcy ne Lno
naponoc1n pacnynnkoaa1L copepanne anrnnncknx npepnoennn no papno. nn a1oro Lno
poc1a1ono kaHnannn nauen1Laannn a ypnannc1cknx n nonn1necknx kpyrax. onLep,
opnako, npepnonn unpokoe pacnynnkoaanne, necoHnenno, paccn1Laan, 1o noponLn ak1
copae1 aosHonoc1L panLnenunx neperoaopoa c . pn a1oH on nanoHnnn Iannqakcy, kak 21
Han onynnkoaano koHHknnke* no xopy anrno-coae1cknx 1oproaLx neperoaopoa, a ko1opoe,
Hepy nponH, Lna aknkena no1a, ko1opyk n apynn Hnnnc1py nnoc1pannLx pen 1onLko 22
Han. Iannqakc 1orpa Ln oenL pasppaen a1nH aqpon1oH n po cnx nop ne saLn onpL.
pepnoenne onLepa nano na naropopnyk** noay: Iannqakc peunn asn1L peaanu sa 21 Han, n
a pesynL1a1e anrnnnckne npepnoennn Lnn nepepanL no papno. pnn 1oro, 1oL saHec1n
cnepL, opnn oqqnc nonL1anocL caann1L o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa pacnynnkoaanne na*coae1ckoe
nonnpepc1ao a onpone, ko1opoe, kak n ye coouan a caoeH ponecennn o1 17.11.1940 r., ne
nHeno k a1oHy nn Hanenuero o1nouennn. pnnnc npncnan a onpon 1enerpaHHy, a ko1opon
aLckasLaae1 onLuoe ecnokonc1ao no noaopy aqqek1a, ko1opLn ype1 nHe1L na coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao qak1 pacnynnkoaannn. onno L1L, nHenno noa1oHy aepa n ceropnn rase1L
(a ac1noc1n anHe, ennn 1enerpaq, anec1ep rappnan n ppyrne) nnuy1, 1o
npepnoennn 22 ok1npn no-npeneHy oc1ak1cn a cnne, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao
npopona1L neperoaopL n pe1 1onLko o1ae1a coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa na caon
npepnoennn. akoao L, opnako, nn Lno aue peuenne no aonpocy o panLnenunx
neperoaopax, n nonarak, 1o na anrnnnckyk no1y o1 16 nonpn naH cnepoaano L 1oe o1ae1n1L
no1on, npoek1 ko1opon n oxo1no aH npnunk, ecnn a npnnunne L cornacn1ecL c HonH
npepnoenneH.
5345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:< . 1:<=141.
,2C# D 7/. 81/70. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07<B80/. 8882 /
-729.= *#F# 87971/.
19 1940 .
(. 3
eepoH na npneHe a anseproqe a ec1L 1. ono1oaa n cnpen sa c1onoH pnpoH c naanLnnkoH
kanuennpnn In1nepa encnepoH n c1a1c-cekpe1apeH
* H. pok. 156. ** ak a opnrnnane; oeanpno, naropa1nyk.
94
anusekkepoH. encnep ckasan Hne, 1o on npncy1c1aoaan npn neperoaopax .. ono1oaa c
In1nepoH, 1o neperoaopL oxaa1Laann ace cepLesnenune nponeHL coapeHennoc1n n aenncL c
nonnLH poaepneH a ypnan1enLno ceppenon n penoaon oc1anoake. o cnoaaH encnepa, In1nep
oenL poaonen ansn1oH,n nnnoc1L ono1oaa nponsaena na In1nepa onLuoe anea1nenne. epes
neko1opoe apeHn pnn npoponennn neperoaopoa npepanpn1cn ansn1 nen1pona a ockay.
orpa encnep nonL1ancn onee noppono pacckasLaa1L o neperoaopax, n, ne enan
nnqopHnpoaa1Lcn y neHuea o naunx e neperoaopax, nepeaen pasroaop na ppyryk 1eHy.
epy nponH, encnep c anpnHLH ypoaonLc1aneH acnoHnnan o caoen pao1e y acex
npaan1enLc1a a IepHannn n na Hon aonpoc o ero nap1nnnon npnnapnenoc1n, kak Hne
nokasanocL, c epaa ynoanHon ycHeukon o1ae1nn, 1o po nocnepnnx ne1 on Ln ecnap1nnnLH, a
1enepL nanne1cn noe1nLH nenoH naunonan-counannc1neckon nap1nn (cnoao noe1nLn on
noa1opnn paapL). encnep Laan a occnn n roaopn1 na noHanoH pycckoH nsLke.
Eypyn na o1ae1noH ynne a ec1L .. ono1oaa a nonnpepc1ae, n nopouen k encnepy,
ko1opLn anoaL nopepknaan ypoane1aopenne xopoH neperoaopoa, no n noppepnaa1L a1oro
pasroaopa ne c1an no aLuensnoennon npnnne.
!4V4W. enepL n any, 1o Ln ne npaa n ynyc1nn npekpacnLn cnyan nosonpnpoaa1L y
encnepa aonpoc o nac1poennnx In1nepa n ero nnanuero okpyennn no noaopy ac1pe.
. (2 ! %- 6. 0;9 78. 9: . 9C . B . 141=149.
,29# =1<0A7817 =8B91 =1<191A1-1 =2780./07<B80/. 8882 /
-729.
19 1940 .
(. 3
oespka 1. .. ono1oaa a Eepnnn* Lna aocnpnnn1a specL kak coL1ne ncknkn1enLno
aanoro pnn IepHannn snaennn, kak kpynnLn ycnex repHanckon pnnnoHa1nn (aLpaenne
rase1) n opnoapeHenno kak noaoe 1nenoe nopaenne nrnnn. S1o o1ncnne1cn HnornHn
npnnnaHn, kopennunHncn a coapeHennoH HepynapopnoH n any1penneH nonoennn IepHannn,
n npepe acero 1eH, 1o npnaneenne na c1opony IepHannn nanne1cn ocnoaon
aneunenonn1neckoro nnana IepHannn, nauenennoro na Lc1penuee noeponocnoe okonanne
aonnL c nrnnen.
13 nonpn, 1.e. ao apeHn npeLaannn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne, IaHyprep qpeHpen na1 nncana,
1o npn ouenke a1oro coL1nn cnepye1 nHe1L a anpy, 1o nenokonenHon uenLk repHanckon
aneunen nonn1nkn Lno cospanne Hounoro eapo-asna1ckoro noka, ko1opLn o1epnnn1 a
akonoHneckoH n nonn1neckoH o1nouennnx eaponencko-asna1ckoe npoc1panc1ao pepaa ocn,
asna1ckyk cqepy occnn n aoc1onoasna1ckyk cqepy annnnnn Rnonnn.
* H. pok. 402, 425, 446, 456, 458, 459, 480, 493, 494, 497, 498, 500-519.
95
Ennskan k Iepnnry aunonanL-uan1ynr 11.XI, 1.e. nakanyne npnespa 1. ono1oaa, nncana, 1o
1enepL ...nannae1 aLpncoaLaa1Lcn kon1nnen1anLnLn n Hnpoaon qpon1 npo1na nrnnn n 1o
a1o1 aonpoc Ln npepHe1oH ocypennn eue npn ac1pee In1nepa n ycconnnn a Epennepe*.
ac1nLx ecepax neHuL neopnokpa1no aLckasLaann HLcnL o ena1enLnoc1n npncoepnnennn
oae1ckoro oksa k nak1y 1pex pepaa, kakoaoe npncoepnnenne Lno L, no nx cnoaaH,
aLropnLH 1ake n pnn . ak, nanpnHep, anpnLn pao1nnk repHanckoro renepanLnoro u1aa
npoqeccop qon npepHanep roaopnn na npneHe 7 nonpn nepaoHy cekpe1apk nonnpepc1aa 1.
aanoay: aun pena c nrnnen nnoxn. yen nak1 e1Lpex n 1orpa L ace nsHennnocL, a aL L
o1 a1oro Hnoroe aLnrpann.
ecepax c naunH aoenno-HopcknH a11aue 1. oponuoaLH naanLnnk aoc1onoro
pasaepLaa1enLnoro ynpaanennn nopnonkoannk anHan (7 nonpn) n ppyrne neHeukne oqnuepL n
pao1nnkn nonyuy1n, nonycepLesno sanannnn, 1o ecnn L aknknncn a nak1 1pex
pepaa, 1o Hnp npnnapnean L 1onLko 4 pepaaaH. pn a1oH onn nopepknaann aLropnoc1L
a1oro pnn oenx c1opon (coouenne 1. oponuoaa).
npoeH, kak nsaec1no, eue a cen1npe a1oro ropa nocne nopnncannn nak1a 1pex pepaa o 1oH
e Hono Lno n1a1L n a neHeuknx rase1ax. ak, nanpnHep, nnskan k pankqyp1ep-
uan1ynr o1 28.IX nncana: ak1 yaaae1 o1nouennn, ko1opLe nHek1cn y kaporo ns
nopnncaaunx poroaop c oae1cknH oksoH. ce aosHonoc1n oc1ak1cn o1kpL1LHn, 1ak e kak n
aosHonoc1L noc1pon1L coae1ckne nn1epecL a paHkax Hnpoaon coaHec1non pao1L. oae1cko-
repHancknn nak1 Hoe1 nocnyn1L ncxopnLH nynk1oH n HopenLk 1akoro pasan1nn.
o-anpnHoHy, nncnnpnpoaannLe rase1L c1ponep eoax1ep o1 4. n anunrep qopnoc1en
o1 5., neckonLko napyuan ounn 1on npeccL, nopepknaann: Ieorpaqneckoe nonoenne
occnn n ocoenno 1o1 qak1, 1o ee rpannuL conpnkacak1cn c payHn rocypapc1aaHn ns 1pex,
saknknaunx nak1, osnaan L pnn nee onLuyk onacnoc1L, ecnn L nak1 Ln nanpaanen npo1na
occnn, n, naoopo1, occnn c1ana L cnnLnenunH nenoH nak1a 1pex, ecnn L ona c1onna sa
rapan1nn caoen esonacnoc1n n acec1oponnkk ro1oanoc1L k coaHec1non pao1e (..).
orpa e pasanaanncL nnanL o1nocn1enLno 4 npoc1panc1a (eaponencko-aqpnkanckoe,
coae1cko-asna1ckoe, panLneaoc1onoe n aHepnkanckoe), a 1ake penanncL npospanLe naHekn
na aosHonoc1L npncoepnnennn k nak1y 1ake n ppyrnx pepaa.
pnako peannsaunn paneko npyunx nnanoa ocn, kak a1o c1ano nonn1nLH neHuaH ns
neonpannon pnn nnx cnnL conpo1nanennn nrnnn n 1pypnoc1en kononnanLnLx onepaunn,
ynnpanacL a peuakuyk pnn IepHannn nosnunk . eHuL oenL onesnenno pearnpoaann na
nopok nenpnn1nLe pnn nnx onpoaepennn , canpe1enLc1aykune o caHoc1on1enLnoc1n
aneunen nonn1nkn , n noannn Hanenuyk aosHonoc1L, 1oL, onnpancL na coae1ckne
nc1onnkn, onpoaeprny1L cnyxn o naHeakueHcn ynyuennn coae1cko-anrnnncknx n coae1cko-
aHepnkancknx o1nouennn.
oa1oHy noespka 1. ono1oaa Lna ac1peena specL aspoxoH onerennn. akoneu ypanocL
poc1nL 1oro, 1oL cnoHa1L pyccknn naccnanLn pyx, - roaopnnn Hnorne repHanoqnnLckne
nnoc1pannLe ypnannc1L n repHanckne
* oc1onnacL 18 Hap1a 1940 r.
96
nnoannkn. Ennskne e k nen1pony nkpn, apope Hnp1a (saaepykuero o1penoH nea1n
), ero saHec1n1enn aue, nsaec1noro ypnannc1a . erepne, aLpaann caoe rnyokoe
ypoane1aopenne nsaec1neH o noespke, sanannn, 1o peno npe1 nopHanLnLH ny1eH (Ha1epnanL
1. oynoaa).
8TYW [P\5`h [PWU\ 1. 9TO4
nyxn o npepc1onueH npnespe 1. ono1oaa a IepHannk c1ann pacnpoc1pann1Lcn a Eepnnne
npnHepno a naane nonpn c.r. oHnHo nnoc1pannLx koppecnonpen1oa o a1oH roaopnnn
pykoaopnune ankoackne pao1nnkn (coouenne co1pypnnka 1oprnpepc1aa 1. eepeaa o1 7.XI. 6
-7 nonpn a1n cnyxn nponnknn a uaenuapckyk nea1L. o aceH pannLH, a pacnpoc1panennn
cnyxoa peno ne oounocL es yac1nn nnoannkoa (Ha1epnanL 1akne, kak sananenne
uaepckoro koppecnonpen1a aanc1peHa naunH koppecnonpen1aH, sananenne ypnannc1a
ekpenLe n pp.).
pnako k a1nH cnyxaH o1nocnnncL c nepoaepneH. a npecc-konqepenunn a npepc1aan1enn
o1pena nea1n yknonnnncL o1 onpepenennoro o1ae1a na a1y 1eHy.
7 nonpn na npneHe a nonnpepc1ae c1a1c-cekpe1apL anusekkep oqnunanLno ckasan 1.
kaapueay o npnespe 1. ono1oaa, npnrnacna ero (kaapue-aa) a pnn ocypennn aonpoca
o ac1pee. a a1oH e npneHe aonpoc o npnespe 1. ono1oaa ocypancn cpepn npnrnauennLx
poaonLno unpoko. ak, onrapcknn koppecnonpen1 rannnoa ckasan co1pypnnkaH nonnpepc1aa,
1o a nnanuee apeHn coc1on1cn ac1pea ono1oaa c nen1ponoH n nano. orpa nospnee na
npecc-konqepenunn a Ln sapan aonpoc o yac1nn a neperoaopax npepc1aan1enn 1annn,
Lno o1aeeno, 1o a1o1 aonpoc neyHec1en n ecnn IepHannn co1e1 neoxopnHLH, ona cyHee1
nan1n ny1n n cpepc1aa pnn nnqopHaunn 1annn o neperoaopax (coouenne kop. ).
9 nonpn ace repHanckne papnoc1anunn nepepann oqnunanLnoe coouenne o npnespe 1.
ono1oaa a Eepnnn. 10 nonpn ace neHeukne rase1L noHec1nnn a1o coouenne na nepaon
c1pannue nop onLunHn anunaraHn es koHHen1apnea. eko1opLe rase1L nanea1ann 1ake
nop1pe1 1. ono1oaa (oqnunos enLknuep eoax1ep).
S1o nsaec1ne Lno aocnpnnn1o kak rpoHapnan cencaunn. Eepnnnckan npa pearnpoaana na nero
no1n aceounH noaLuenneH uennLx yHar. coenno pesknH Lno noaLuenne akunn
npoHLunennLx npepnpnn1nn, pao1akunx na akcnop1 a n naKro-oc1ok aponL. 13 nonpn
onLunnc1ao npoHLunennLx akunn nHeno nanaLcunn kypc sa nocnepnne ropL. ocne o11espa 1.
ono1oaa nponsouno nesnan1enLnoe nonnenne kypcoa uennLx yHar, 1o nopepknaae1
nenopHanLnLn ckakoopasnLn xapak1ep noaLuennn.
, ! "#
a 1.XI.40 r. a 7.XI.40
r.
a 13.XI.40
r.
a 15.XI.40
r.
ceouan
anek1pneckan
koHnannn (I)
173 174 181 180
-LkHen1L. n 9 1
97
a 1.XI.40
r.
a 7.XI.40
r.
a
13.XI.40 r.
a 15.XI.40
r.
e1annresenL-
uaq1
155 169 173 170
ennckne
c1anenn1ennLe
saaopL
174,5 180 185 186
epnnr 193,25 195 206,25 206,75
nHenc IanLcke 253 254 265 272
1oH e roaopn1 caopnan 1annua, npnaepennan 17.XI rase1on pank-qyp1ep uan1ynr.
pepnnn
kypc akunn
1938 r. 1939 r.
nanaLcu. nannnsu. nanaLcu. nannnsu.
25 akunn 148,03 12528 136,95 121,01
15 sanHoa 103,00 101,14 102,12 94,77
1940 r.
18.. 25.. 01.XI. 8.XI. 15.XI.
25 akunn 172,69 174,49 173,80 175,44 178,14
15 sanHoa 105,56 105,57 105,61 105,72 105,47
nepye1 o1He1n1L, 1o a caoen c1a1Le rase1a npnHo cansLaae1 noaLuenne kypca c npnespoH 1.
ono1oaa, ykasLaan, 1o ocoenno onLuon cnpoc o1Heae1cn na anek1poxnHneckne 1oaapL.
nac1poennn nacenennn HL HoeH cypn1L 1onLko no neko1opLH kocaennLH npnsnakaH. o
apeHn npeLaannn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne Hnorne nensaec1nLe naH nkpn saonnnn a nonnpepc1ao
c npocLon nepepa1L npnae1 1. ono1oay. ELnn sananennn, 1o saonn1 no nopyennk konnek1naa
paonx n 1.p. a nHn 1. ono1oaa n a nonnpepc1ao noc1ynano poaonLno Hnoro nnceH
ananornnoro copepannn.
pepn oLaa1enLckon nynnkn aLpaann ypoane1aopenne 1eH, 1o 1enepL ne ype1 aonnL c
, ko1opon onacanncL a cansn c cocpepo1oenneH aonck na repHano-coae1ckon rpannue.
eko1opLe pae aLpaann yaepennoc1L, 1o 1enepL aonna ye ckopo konn1cn (coouenne saa.
n1ypnc1oH 1. axanoaa).
nnqopHnpoaannLx n oqnunanLnLx kpyrax nopepknaann aceHnpno-nc1opneckoe snaenne
epnnncknx neperoaopoa 1. ono1oaa. oespka ono1oaa a Eepnnn nanne1cn coL1neH
neoospnHLx aanoc1en n nocnepc1ann. S1o naano noaon apL, - sanann a yskoH kpyry
ypnannc1oa a nnoc1pannoH knye ypnannc1oa saaepykunn 1penoH nea1n Hnp1 9
nonpn c.r. (Ha1epnanL 1. oynoaa). ak HL yanpnH nne, ananornnLe sananennn penanncL n a
nea1n.
98
-P454` [346 [U\ # 9TO4
annan c nonpn rase1L nynnkoaann Hnoec1ao c1a1en, nocanuennLx ansn1y 1. ono1oaa.
Hec1e c 1eH neckonLko onanncn nn1epec a nea1n k oae1ckoHy oksy (c1a1Ln nopnonkoannka
Eenapn o pacnon pHnn Lna nanea1ana a 4-x rase1ax, peuensnn na noaLe knnrn no nc1opnn
occnn). L o1HeaeH specL neko1opLe xapak1epnLe ep1L noaepennn repHanckon npeccL, no a
nen, kak nsaec1no, acerpa npoaopn1cn onpepenennan nnnnn.
ak1 npnL1nn a Eepnnn pepcepa1enn oanapkoHa n apopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx
pen .. ono1oaa paccHa1pnaancn npeccon kak canpe1enLc1ao cepLesnoc1n n snan1enLnoc1n
npepnpnnnHaeHoro oae1cknH oksoH uara n noc1onnc1aa ero aneunenonn1neckon nnnnn.
nncLaan a HnoroncnennLx norpaqnecknx oepkax nsnL n pen1enLnoc1L .. ono1oaa, ace
rase1L nopepknaann cnepykuee:
1. .. ono1oa c paannx nop nanne1cn ppyroH, poaepennLH nnuoH (ep nrpnqq) ..
1annna, annn1enLnenunH nap1nnnLH n rocypapc1aennLH pen1eneH , 1aeppLH
npoaopnnkoH aneunenonn1neckon nnnnn 1annna.
2. 1o .. ono1oa nocne nasnaennn ero a Hae 1939 ropa apkoHoH nnoc1pannLx pen
npepnpnnnn n ocyuec1ann kpy1on noaopo1 ao aneunen nonn1nke a c1opony cnnennn n
co1pypnnec1aa c IepHannen.
... IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao anpn1 a caoeH roc1e rocypapc1aennoro pen1enn, ko1opLn cLrpan
peuakuyk ponL a yc1anoanennn a1on noaon nonn1nkn, aLpocuen ns nc1opneckoro onL1a oonx
napopoa (one pnnnoHa1nu-nonn1nue koppecnonpenu).
3. 1o .. ono1oa nocnepoaa1enLno n 1aeppo npoaopn1 a1y nonn1nky, neasnpan na nponckn
anrnnan.
ono1oa nanne1cn pesaLanno nocnepoaa1enLnLH nonn1nkoH. nrnnn, necHo1pn na ace caon
nn1pnrn, no1epnena kpyuenne npn pasnnnLx pnnnoHa1necknx Haneapax no o1nouennk k
a cnny noc1onnc1aa coae1ckon aneunen nonn1nkn (one anLreHanne-uan1ynr, 13.XI).
eanLnon aneunen nonn1nke .. ono1oaa, npopnk1oaannon kopennLHn nn1epecaHn oae1ckoro
oksa, rase1L npo1naonoc1aannnn anrnoqnnLckyk n no npenHyuec1ay nponaranpnc1ckyk
nonn1nky eapen n1annoaa.
pnaopnnncL nopponLe cnpaakn o pasan1nn coae1cko-repHancknx o1nouennn nannan c
ananno
204
. o acex rase1ax ac1o un1npoaanncL cnoaa 1. .. 1annna n .. ono1oaa o
aneunen nonn1nke oae1ckoro oksa (aLc1ynnenne 1. 1annna na XVIII c1espe nap1nn,
aLc1ynnennn 1. ono1oaa na ceccnnx epxoanoro oae1a). eHano xopounx cnoa Lno ckasano n
o coae1cko-repHanckoH poroaope 1939 ropa.
/UaOTW Od[TWW35_ TWWW &W54P4
snaran npnnunnnanLnLe ocnoaL coapeHennon aneunen nonn1nkn IepHannn (a ac1nno 1ake
n ), neHuL c1apak1cn yaepn1L, 1o c saknkenneH repHano-coae1ckoro poroaopa a cen1npe
1939 ropa IepHannn aepnynacL k nonn1nke EncHapka. EncHapky Lno a a1n pnn ypeneno
orpoHnoe annHanne, nannan co ccLnok a c1a1Lnx n po cneunanLnLx c1a1en n aocnoHnnannn o
EncHapke.
9 9
oenL nn1epecnon n nporpaHHnon pnn a1nx pnen aneunenonn1neckon nepepoaon c1a1Le o1
11.XI aunonanL-uan1ynr nncana: a rocypapc1aa aosapa1nnncL k nonn1nke EncHapka,
ko1opLn nepaLn pacnosnan Hnpoaoe snaenne repHano-pycckoro co1pypnnec1aa.
nepepoaon c1a1Le o EncHapke one anLreHanne-uan1ynr nncana, 1o ocnoaon saaeuannn
EncHapka nanne1cn noppepanne popococepcknx o1nouennn c occnen. Iase1a un1npye1 ac1o
ynoHnnaaunecn n a ppyrnx rase1ax cnoaa EncHapka, 1o Hepy IepHannen n occnen ne
cyuec1aye1 kaknx-nno npo1naopenn, ko1opLe nocnnn L a cee sapopLun konqnnk1a nnn
paspLaa, n ykasLaae1, 1o a1o nonoenne oc1ae1cn penc1an1enLnLH n na ceropnn. unka
anpnan, o1aepruero a 1890 ropy npopnenne poroaopa c occnen, npnaena k aonne IepHannn a
1914 ropy na paa qpon1a.
anpnan ne anpen penc1an1enLnoro nonoennn IepHannn, - nnue1 rase1a, - n ne nonnHan
ypenLnoro aeca pycckoro rocypapc1aa. ac pnn apna, ko1oporo 1ak onacancn EncHapk,
nac1an...
anee roaopn1cn o sacnyrax rpaqa anuay n nepnna a yc1anoanennn cansen c occnen n 1.n.
ac1nLx pasroaopax neHuL nsopaak1 In1nepa, kak EncHapka XX aeka n cospa1enn III ropaspo
onee Horyuec1aennon IepHanckon Hnepnn.
ce a1o npepnasnaeno pnn 1oro, 1oL nopaec1n npnnunnnanLnyk asy nop 1enepeunkk
aneunkk nonn1nky IepHannn n npepc1aan1L ee noc1onnnon.
orpa In1nep nanpaann a ockay nen1pona (cen1npL 1939 r.), peno uno ne o
kon1knk1ypnoH cornauennn, a o Hnpoaon konuenunn onLuoro c1nnn. S1a konuenunn ne
ncepnLaae1cn nonn1necknHn npenHyuec1aaHn n c1pa1ernecknHn rapan1nnHn, no ona nHee1
caon kopnn a coapeHennon anoxe (one anLreHanne-uan1ynr, ae. aLn. 11.XI).
pepn oepkoa o EncHapke sacnynaae1 L1L o1Heennon c1a1Ln ennronLpa nkkenn EncHapk
n panrenL, noHeuennan a penL npnespa 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn (12.XI oqnunosoH enLknuep
eoax1ep, a ko1opon noeHy-1o pacnncLaae1cn rennanLnan pnnnoHa1neckan nrpa c
ac1pnen a 1863 ropy ao apeHn aonnL c annen. a1op c1a1Ln nnue1: ce, 1o aLcHenaanocL n
npo1na ero oponncL a nsaec1nLx aoennLx kpyrax, ko1opLe paccHa1pnaann coks c ac1pnen kak
nonnenne poc1onnc1aa aennkon pepaaL pyccnn. n cn1ann nyunH, 1oL opna npycckan
apHnn aLuna noepn1eneH na nonnx K1nanpnn, rennanLnyk nrpy rocypapc1aennoro nckycc1aa
EncHapka onn ne ponnL Lnn npornnpe1L. o y1aeppennnH neko1opLx ypnannc1oa, a1a
c1a1Ln npnnapnen1 nepy . osenepra.
akoneu, 1a e rase1a 15.XI a c1a1Le EncHapk n occnn nopepknaae1 noeHy-1o o1knonenne
EncHapkoH npepnoennn occnn o saknkennn aoennoro coksa Hepy pyccnen n occnen.
npaaepnnaoc1L 1peye1 npnsna1L, 1o a1a c1a1Ln nocn1 poc1a1ono akapeHnecknn xapak1ep.
=346 [PVOP4Y
asnoopasnLe koHnnaunn, ko1opLe a nac1onuee apeHn c1pon1 Hnpoaan nea1L o copepannn
neperoaopoa, necoHnenno nn1ak1cn c1peHnenneH neHeuknx rase1, ocoenno a nepaLe pnn
nocne nepaoro coouennn, kak Hono aqqek1nen npepc1aan1L epnnnckne neperoaopL. ak
HL yanpnH nne, ne oounocL n es nekoen nncnnpaunn sarpannnLx (aHepnkancknx) rase1.
100
a1nx nonL1kax oeanpno c1peHnenne okasa1L nsaec1noe paanenne na . nepye1 o1He1n1L,
1o nannan c 15.XI, rase1L neckonLko caannn 1on (a a1oH o1nouennn nokasa1enLna c1a1Ln
one anLreHanne-uan1ynr o1 15.XI). paapa, oqnunanLnLe opranL pepanncL neckonLko
ckpoHnee.
onyoqnunanLnLn knne1enL nnc1 ayc onnanp nncan 12.XI, 1o ono1oa ype1 aec1n
aceo1eHnkune neperoaopL co aceHn pykoaopnunHn pen1ennHn repHanckon nonn1nkn. asHepL
pycckon peneraunn n yac1ne a nen HnoroncnennLx pykoaopnunx cneunannc1oa opnoapeHenno
nosaonne1 cpena1L aLaop o xapak1epe pyccko-repHanckon ac1pen.... panee: ecoHnenno,
Hono onpa1L paccHo1pennn acex nepeuennLx aonpocoa, kak a apone, 1ak n a snn, 1o
cnepye1 ns Hnpoaoro xapak1epa a1oro coL1nn- (1.e. noceuennn 1. ono1oaa)... ono
npepnonara1L, 1o a paHkax onLuon konuenunn o cospannn noaoro nopnpka, nonoennoro a
ocnoay epnnnckoro nak1a 1pex pepaa, a epnnncknx neperoaopax nanpe1 caoe o1paenne
aepyuan qynkunn oae1ckoro oksa a ero aennkoH npoc1panc1ae.
Ennskan k pankqyp1ep uan1ynr 12.XI nncana: a pannon c1apnn aonnL ocypennk
nopnea1 ne 1onLko o1penLnLe aonpocL, nn1epecykune IepHannk n kak cocepen, no
nepaopaspnpnLe aceHnpno-nc1opneckne nponeHL. aeppon n ncnon ocnoaon repHano-coae1cknx
asanHoo1nouennn nanne1cn ounoc1L nn1epecoa.... Rcnoe pasrpannenne cqep npnHnpne1
kocaennLe npo1naopenn.
akanyne npnespa 1. ono1oaa (11.XI) aunonanL-uan1ynr nncana a nepepoaon c1a1Le:
poponenne aonnL n ee pacunpenne a apone 1peyk1 Heponpnn1nn, ko1opLe Lnn ye
sannannpoaanL ao apeHn neperoaopoa a Epennepe n nopenunn*. ak pas a pannLn HoHen1,
korpa oeanpen pacnap Epn1anckon nHnepnn, nHek1cn ak1yanLnLe aonpocL a pesaLanno
onLuoH o1eHe... apenne nrnnn npnaepe1 k cospannk noaoro nopnpka na aponenckoH
kon1nnen1e, no anrnnnckan ka1ac1poqa noanee1 sa coon 1ake npeopasoaanne acero
Hnpoaoro nonn1neckoro npouecca. nanornnan HLcnL, no es npnHoro ykasannn na
neperoaopL, npoaopnnacL 1orpa e . erepne a ero c1a1Le o c1pa1erneckoH nonoennn
IepHannn (Eepnnnep Eepsen uan1ynr o1 11.XI).
enLnnue uan1ynr 11.XI nncana: ... pepnpnnnHae1cn Hnpnoe pasrpannenne nsnennLx
npoc1panc1a, n kapan ns oenx c1pan npnnnna peuenne nsera1L aHeua1enLc1aa n a1opennn a
nsnennoe npoc1panc1ao ppyron pepaaL.
ono Lno L npnaec1n eue neHano noponLx aLpepek ns ppyrnx repHancknx rase1. L
orpannnHcn specL npnaepenneH neko1opLx sarpannnLx o1knnkoa, npnaepennLx a
repHanckon npecce. oppecnonpenunn ns 1okronLHa ennnu-ec1qannue uan1ynr
nncana 13.XI: onpone nonarak1, 1o na nepaoH nnane repHano-pyccknx neperoaopoa c1on1
ocypenne nonoennn a snn. ae a Hepnke cnnLno sapyHLaak1cn a cansn c aosHonoc1Lk
onLuoro eaponencko-asna1ckoro cornauennn, oxaa1Laakuero 1eppn1opnk o1 1nan1neckoro
po nxoro okeana. cyuec1anne1cn kpynnoe aneunenonn1neckoe Heponpnn1ne, ocnoaannoe na
ncnoH pasrpannennn cqep nn1epecoa es yac1nn nrnnn. pekpauae1cn ankannsnpoaanne
aponL n snn, n nrnnn ne Hoe1 nnero npepnpnnn1L npo1na a1oro.
nrnnn npnuna k opnnoec1ay ao aceH Hnpe, - nnue1 erepne a aLuey-
* c1pen . In1nepa n E. ycconnnn 18.03.1940 r. n 28.10.1940 r.
101
noHnny1on c1a1Le o c1pa1erneckoH nonoennn IepHannn. - na ope1cn ye ne sa noepy, a sa
caok nsnL... pouecc caHoonpepenennn oxaa1nn 1ake snk... eoxopnHoc1L pnn acex
nayunx specL napopoa n rocypapc1a nepec1pon1L sanoao caon asanHoo1nouennn, pasrpannn1L
n kooppnnnpoaa1L caon nn1epecL c1ana onee cnnLnon, eH nonL1kn nocenn1L cpepn nnx
pasroaopL* npn noHoun nn1pnr. apona c1anoan1cn epnnon. o e ponno L1L n c snen.
1 K' [4YM 4PW45V PP5[\4 <YP4
a aeepnen npecc-konqepenunn 14 nonpn, cansannon c neHeuknHn kpyraHn, neknn ypnannc1
nnoc1pannLx rase1 ekpenLe (neHeuknn noppannLn) sapan co1pypnnky o1pena nea1n
Epayny qon 1yHHy, oeanpno, nncnnpnpoaannLn aonpoc o1nocn1enLno 6 nynk1oa
neperoaopoa ono1oaa a Eepnnne, o ko1opLx nanncan ao acex aHepnkancknx rase1ax
koppecnonpen1 Knan1ep pecc oxnep. Epayn qon 1yHH oxo1no apynn sa1eH 1. aapoay
konnk a1oro coouennn. ockonLky a1o1 pokyHen1 npepc1aanne1 nsaec1nLn nn1epec pnn
xapak1epnc1nkn noaepennn neHuea, HL aocnponsaepeH ero nonnoc1Lk (a caoe apeHn nepepan
):
qnunanLnLe epnnnckne kpyrn ykasLaak1 na 6 ocnoanLx nynk1oa, ko1opLe nernn a ocnoay
neperoaopoa Hepy ono1oaLH n In1nepoH:
1. occnn ype1 rocnopc1aoaa1L nap onLuon onac1Lk, ko1opan nen1 npnnnsn1enLno Hepy
cqepon Rnonnn na anLneH oc1oke n 1on ac1Lk aponL n qpnkn, na ko1opyk npe1enpyk1
IepHannn n 1annn.
2. poc1panc1ao occnn ne ype1 cospaaa1Lcn sa ce1 c1pan, ko1opLe ne a1nny1L a eaponenckyk
aonny, occnen ne ype1 o11oprny1a noaan 1eppn1opnn o1 nnnnnpnn, o1 ypunn ne ypy1
o11oprny1L appanennL, npn ycnoann, ecnn ypunn sanHe1 naronpnn1nyk nosnunk.
3. ypunn ponna okona1enLno n ecnoaopo1no anec1n ncnoc1L a aonpoc, kakyk nosnunk ona
sanHe1 no o1nouennk k noaoHy nopnpky a apone.
4. osnarpapenne occnn sa 1o, 1o ona noppepnaae1 nporpaHHy Eepnnn-nH-okno,
ponno nocnepoaa1L sa ce1 ankpo1c1aa Epn1anckon nHnepnn.
5. cnn occnn noenae1 ocyuec1an1L caon c1apLe He1L o poc1yne k HnpoaLH okeanaH sa ce1
pana nnn Epn1anckon npnn, pepaaL ocn ne ypy1 nHe1L nnkaknx aospaennn.
6. ac1nnkn ypy1 c1apa1Lcn npnaec1n a ncnonnenne saknkenne nak1a o nenanapennn Hepy
occnen n Rnonnen.
S1o coouenne o pesynL1a1ax neperoaopoa In1nep-ono1oa nokasLaae1, 1o IepHannn, 1annn
n Rnonnn ne ypy1 aHeunaa1Lcn a pena occnn, ecnn occnn ne ype1 aHeunaa1Lcn a pena
yac1nnkoa nak1a 1pex pepaa. nae roaopn, saknkeno asanHnoe cornauenne nop nosynroH
pykn npoL (ppyr o1 pyra).
pyron pao1nnk o1pena nea1n (no pycckon npecce) 1aypaxep cneunanLno opa1nn
annHanne 1. aapoaa na a1y c1a1Lk, nnueHepno aosHyuancn n nocoae1oaan aapoay nepepa1L
a1o1 pokyHen1 a ockay c 1eH, opnako, 1oL ne penan no a1oHy noaopy onpoaepennn.
ecepe c aapoaLH oxnep sanann, 1o o nsnoennoH a 6 nynk1ax eHy ckasann caHn neHuL, a
1enepL onn onpoaeprak1 a1o coouenne. anee oxnep
* ak a 1ekc1e; no-anpnHoHy, paspopL.
102
poaann, 1o on ne nncan a oqnunanLnLx kpyrax, no nnuL a koppecnonpen1cknx n 1o a1o
eHy onn1L-1akn npnnncann neHuL.
16 nonpn nonyoqnunanLnLn nnc1 ayc onnanp noHec1nn c1a1Lk, a koen onpoaepranocL
ykasannoe coouenne oxnepa cnepykunH opasoH: ...nepye1 o1He1n1L, 1o coouenne
opnoro Hepynapopnoro aren1c1aa o pesynL1a1ax repHano-coae1ckon ecepL a Eepnnne,
nsnoennoe a uec1n nynk1ax, ne nop1aeppae1cn. S1n 6 nynk1oa aLpak1 sa caepennn,
nonyennLe ns xopouo nnqopHnpoaannLx kpyroa. Eepnnne, naoopo1, nonarak1, 1o a
pannoH cnyae peno npe1 o koHnnaunn nnoxo nnqopHnpoaannLx kpyroa. ecoHnenno, a1n
uec1L nynk1oa nocn1 koHnnaunonnLn xapak1ep n ne coo1ae1c1ayk1 nn pnnaHneckoHy, nn
ocnoanoHy snaennk coae1cko-repHanckon ac1pen.
aH kae1cn, 1o aecL a1o1 annsop sacnynaae1 1oro, 1oL ero cneunanLno o1He1n1L a osope.
-P454` [346 8@.
pa1nHcn k aLckasLaannnH repHanckon npeccL no appecy . nn ne oenL HnoroncnennL n
no onLuen ac1n appeca1 anonnHen, no 1on rase1nLx pennnk npo1na Hepnkn c1an no
cpaanennk c apeHeneH saknkennn nak1a 1pex neHnoro onee pesknH: nrnnn ne Hoe1 nnrpe,
kpoHe , ak1nansnpoaa1L caon aneunenonn1neckne n aoennLe aosHonoc1n.
oo1ae1c1aykune aosHonoc1n 1ake orpannenL. ne nHek1 ppysen cpepn aennknx
pepaa, sa ncknkenneH nrnnn.... IepHannn e co caonHn coksnnkaHn Hoe1 npo1naoc1on1L
nkon koannunn a Hnpe (ns c1a1Ln erepne a EE o1 11.XI). enee annn1enLnan ax1aycrae
11.XI konc1a1npye1: nsn1 ono1oaa a Eepnnn osnaae1 eue opno nopaenne pnn
ennkopn1annn n peHokpa1necknx pepaa (1.e. Hepnkn). opnra1enn aonnL a onpone n nx
ppysLn no 1y c1opony 1nan1neckoro okeana ne Hory1 1enepL ne saHe1n1L n ne nonn1L
panLnenuero pasan1nn repHano-pyccknx o1nouennn, ne cHory1 no-npeneHy sanan1L, 1o Hepy
IepHannen n occnen aepy1cn 1onLko neperoaopL, no ne nHee1cn nonn1neckoro
co1pypnnec1aa. akoneu, IaHyprep qpeHpenna11 11.XI npepynpepana cnepykunH
opasoH: pyroe aennkoe npoc1panc1ao seHnoro uapa - Hepnka, ko1opan a nac1onuee apeHn
ncnonLsye1 napakuee annnnne nrnnn pnn nonyennn ee anapennn, ne cHoe1 ne noc1aan1L
cee aonpoc: ne nanne1cn nn nc1opneckon neoxopnHoc1Lk npnsna1L nepeaopo1 anoxn nepep
nnuoH kon1nnen1anLnoro npeopasoaannn a apone, qpnke n snn pnako panLue noponLx
saHeannn rase1L noka ne npy1.
1 [WW W 4TWW
IepHanckne rase1L nensHenno ynoHnnann o naro1aopnoH penc1ann coae1cko-repHanckoro
poroaopa na coae1cko-nnonckne n coae1cko-n1anLnnckne o1nouennn. o cnoaaH aunonanL-
uan1ynr (11.XI), ynyuenne coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennn npnaopn1 k 1oHy, 1o occnn n
Rnonnn c1anoan1cn onee ak1nanLHn. apnaunn na a1y 1eHy HnoroncnennL. S1o aLpae1
cepLesnyk sann1epecoaannoc1L repHancknx kpyroa a pannoH aonpoce. nanornnLe
paccypennn o 1annn nocnnn onee ounn xapak1ep, n aue acero ona noHnnanacL sa
koHnannk c Rnonnen nnn a o1knnkax ns nHa.
103
3acnynaae1 annHannn, 1o 15.XI enLknuep eoax1ep a c1a1Le renepan-Hanopa qon epa
(onLuo Rnonnn aokpyr an anun) Henanxonneckn konc1a1npoaana, 1o epnnc1aennan
oc1aauancn (n1ak) cansL c aneunnH HnpoH - a1o popora epes ceaepo-sanapnLe npoannunn,
ko1opan naxopn1cn nop kon1poneH oae1ckoro oksa.
aL ne aosapaua1Lcn k a1oHy, ynoHnneH, 1o no aa1opn1e1noHy npepnonoennk knne1enn
nnc1 ayc onnanp (14.XI) ao apeHn npeLaannn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne epnnnckoe
npaan1enLc1ao noppepnaano nenpepLanLn kon1ak1 c nnoncknH nocnoH, a 1ypeuknn nocon a
Eepnnne noce1nn .
1 0PXWW
o1nnne o1 neko1opLx nponx pepaa, ypunn Lna ynoHnny1a cneunanLno n nHenno a
nepepoaon aunonanL-uan1ynr o1 11.XI.
Iocypapc1aa, pacnonoennLe a cqepe repHano-pyccknx nn1epecoa n okona1enLno ne
yc1anoanaune a pannLn HoHen1 caoen nosnunn, ponnL anpe1L a noceuennn ono1oaa noaop
pnn npoaepkn caoen nonn1nkn. a1on nonn1neckon sone npepe acero pacnonoena ypunn.
pnnnoHa1neckon nrpe IepHannn ypunn a nocnepnee apeHn sannHae1 eccnopno opno ns
aanLx Hec1. S1o nop1aeppae1cn noaepenneH repHanckon npeccL, nepepanennnHn aonck
nonne k ypunn (yHLnnn, Eonrapnn) n noespkaHn neHeukoro nocna a ypunn qon anena a
Eepnnn. esaponro po noespkn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn anen nHen aosHonoc1L oxo1n1Lcn na
qasanoa a EoreHcknx necax aHec1e c nen1ponoH n nano, 1o on nynnno nop1aeppnn na
copannn ypnannc1oa 15.XI. o apeHn npeLaannn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne anen Ln 1ake
specL n pae yac1aoaan na ynne a ec1L 1. ono1oaa 12.XI a anseproqe. 15 nonpn anen
aLc1ynnn a poHe nnoc1pannLx ypnannc1oa no aonpocaH repHano-1ypeuknx o1nouennn. o
cnoaaH ypnannc1oa, aLc1ynnenne nocna a a1oH poHe aoace ne nanne1cn oLaeH. 3a1eH anen
yexan a eny.
LueynoHnny1oe aLc1ynnenne anena Lno nepepano , no coouenne koppecnonpen1oa
a neko1opLx nynk1ax pacxopn1cn co caepennnHn 1. oynoaa.
o Ha1epnanaH, nHekunHcn y 1. oynoaa, anen roaopnn pnnnoHa1neckn, no poc1a1ono ncno,
1oL nonn1L cnepykuee:
1. onpoc o ponnaax ec1L peuakunn pnn ypunn aonpoc.
2 onpoc o ponnaax pnn occnn no1epnn caoe nc1opneckoe snaenne. nn nHek1cn
ppyrne nponeHL n aosHonoc1n pasan1nn.
3. IepHannk nenocpepc1aenno ponnaL ne nn1epecyk1.
4. 3aeH nHe1L onopnLe nynk1L (asL), ecnn Hono n1L a ppye.
5. pak1neckn IepHannn nanne1cn epnnc1aennon c1panon, ko1opan Hoe1 noc1aann1L ypunn
neoxopnHLe nnpyc1pnanLnLe 1oaapL.
ornacno 1oHy e nc1onnky, ouan nnnnn IepHannn no o1nouennk k ypunn, nkoL, caopn1cn k
cnepykueHy (kocaenno a1o Lno nop1aeppeno anenoH):
1. IepHannn ype1 nL1a1Lcn nanapn1L ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn c ypunen. ykoaopc1ao
ype1 ocyuec1ann1L qon anen, 1ak kak on snae1 acex pykoaopnunx nnu ypunn, ko1opLe Lnn
a Hnpoayk aonny a ero apHnn...*
* 1917-1918 ropax anen cnynn a apHnn onLcenay a econo1aHnn n anec1nne, a sa1eH a 4-
n cHanckon apHnn (cnpaaka pana one kpepnekcnkon).
104
Eepnnne peunnn naa1L 1o1ac e nonn1neckoe nac1ynnenne na ypunk, 1ak kak a neHeuko-
pyccknx o1nouennnx nac1ynnna cnokonnan naysa.
2 IepHannn ype1 yepa1L ypunk, 1o IepHannn Horna L asn1L na cen rapan1nn, 1o
nnkakan ppyran pepaaa ne nonyn1 appanennL.
3. IepHannn o1knonne1 ace pycckne npn1nsannn k ypunn.
s pacckasoa naunx koppecnonpen1oa o aLc1ynnennn anena sacnynaae1, noanyn, annHannn
ero saHeanne o npnn:
K/[P5f 1o cnynnocL c npnen
1O =4[4f nero ocoennoro ne cnynnocL, no pyHak, 1o ypunn oenL nn1epecye1cn
npnen. e pyHak, 1o 1aH ec1L 1o-nnypL noaoe.
nn onLuen nonno1L kap1nnL npnaepeH coouenne epnnnckoro knne1enn aHepnkanckoro
aren1c1aa Knan1ep pecc o1 18 nonpn 1940 r. ns c1anyna: c1anyn, 18 nonpn. nepaLx
oqnunanLnLx coouennnx no noaopy noceuennn ono1oaLH Eepnnna, nepepannLx 1ypeuknH
nocnoH a Eepnnne, aLpaae1cn Hnenne, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn pnn ypunn ne1 ocnoaannn
onaca1Lcn nsHenennn ee nac1onuero nonoennn. ypeuknn nocon a Eepnnne Iepepe sanann:
nac1onunn HoHen1 n yaepen a 1oH, 1o repHano-1ypeukne o1nouennn, ko1opLe Hono
paccHa1pnaa1L kak nopHanLnLe, ne nsHenn1cn. 3pecL onpak1, 1o a nonepenLnnk Iepepe
ype1 cooua1L 1ypeukoHy npaan1enLc1ay o noceuennn Eepnnna ono1oaLH. ypeukan npecca
sananne1, nyno nopopa1L 1oro, 1o nponsonpe1 a nnanuee apeHn. Iase1a, opnako,
aLpaae1 yepenne a 1oH, 1o neperoaopL en1enn c EaponLo ponnL yckopn1L pasan1ne
coL1nn na Kro-oc1oke.
neune peakunn 1ypok na ansn1 1. ono1oaa specL aLpasnnacL a nocneunoH noceuennn
nonnpepc1aa 1ypeuknH coae1nnkoH nkenpoH (cH. pneannk coae1nnka eHenoaa B.C. o1 15
nonpn c.r.)*. nkenp aLpasnn Hnenne, 1o npnaneenne k eaponencknH penaH Hoe1 L1L
1onLko aLropnLH pnn ypunn, no on Ln ace-1akn ac1peaoen n cnnukoH Hnoro yaepnn
o1nocn1enLno ppyec1aennLx yac1a ypunn no o1nouennk k 8882#
=O\W [34W [5T iU\4 # 9TO4
ocne o11espa 1. ono1oaa ns Eepnnna neHeukne rase1L anno1L po 18 nonpn npoponann
nea1anne coo1ae1c1aykunx c1a1en n o1knnkoa, a ocnoanoH nocanuennLx 1onkoaannk
saknkn1enLnoro koHHknnke nnn noa1opnkunx cypennn, aLckasannLe npepe. cn nea1L
nopepknaae1 ypoane1aopenne xopoH n ncxopoH neperoaopoa. e noa1opnn aLpaennn
koHHknnke, ac1o npnaopnunxcn a npecce, npnaepeH neko1opLe aLpepkn ns rase1:
IepHanckne n pycckne nn1epecL, ko1opLe ao HnoroH conpnkacak1cn, no nnrpe ne npo1naopea1
ppyr ppyry, a pannoe apeHn e1ko pasrpannenL. EonLune pononnnkune ppyr ppyra
akonoHneckne aosHonoc1n oonx rocypapc1a nnanoHepno n nn1encnano pasanaanncL panLue.
poHe 1oro, ao acex cornauennnx npepycHa1pnaanacL koncynL1aunn no aceH nepeuennLH
aonpocaH a nap1nepa peunnn npoaopn1L a1o asanHnoe cornacoaanne n panLue...
eperoaopL In1nepa n nen1pona c coae1cknH apopnLH koHnccapoH nnoc1pannLx pen
onnpanncL a pannoH cnyae na kon1nnen1anLnyk nosnunk coapeHennon IepHannn. (epepoaan
one anLreHanne-uan1ynr 15.XI.)
a ocnoae asanHnoro poaepnn n npnsnannn ookpnLx nonn1necknx
* e nynnkye1cn.
105
nn1epecoa a ecepax c In1nepoH n nen1ponoH Lno poc1nrny1o cornauenne (cornacne) no
aceH aanLH pnn oenx c1opon aonpocaH...
a ocnoaannn a1oro pasrpannennn (nsnennLx npoc1panc1a) oae1cknn oks nonynn
aosHonoc1L cospa1L a nsnennoH npoc1panc1ae 1akon nopnpok, ko1opLn cn1ae1
neoxopnHLH. aknH opasoH, on a neko1opoH o1nouennn ykpennn caoe c1pa1erneckoe
nonoenne. parn noaoro nopnpka, cospannoro oae1cknH oksoH n IepHannen, naxopn1cn a
onpone... (epepoaan enLnnue uan1ynr 16.XI.) ...
! %- 6. 0;9 78. 9: . 104 . C< . 14B=1BB.
,0# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .<# /:@81-1 8 =18<19 /7<1&20. / 8882 E#F# 2==819
19 1940 .
(3
pnnnc sanann, 1o on npnexan no cnepykunH 1peH aonpocaH:
1. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o ono ne nonynno o1ae1a na npepnoennn pnnnca no
aonpocy o npnan1nncknx napoxopax n noa1oHy ono peunno ncnonLsoaa1L napoxopL no caoeHy
ycHo1pennk, npneH cyHHL sa ncnonLsoaanne a1nx napoxopoa pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao ype1
sanocn1L na cneunanLnLn ce1 c 1eH, 1oL a ypyueH okona1enLno peun1L a1o1 aonpoc.
2. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao xo1eno L sna1L, kakne HepL naHepeno npep npnnn1L coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao pnn o1npaakn ns nrnnn a 1pexco1 coae1cknx Hopnkoa. Epn1anckoe
npaan1enLc1ao oenL sann1epecoaano a a1oH aonpoce. aHepeno nn coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
nocna1L sa nnHn napoxop
3. nnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao opa1nnocL k anrnnnckoHy npaan1enLc1ay c sanpocoH, kakoao
ero o1nouenne k nepepae nnkeneaon konueccnn a e1-caHo
116
nnn cHeuannoHy coae1cko-
qnnnnnpckoHy ouec1ay.
pnnnc nop1aeppae1 npenee caoe sananenne no a1oHy noaopy n a pannoe apeHn, no
nopepknaae1, 1o naronpnn1noe o1nouenne pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa k a1oHy aonpocy
aosHono npn nannnn saaepennn co c1oponL coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o conkpennn 2-x
ycnoann:
1) nnkenL ne ponen nonac1L k neHuaH n
2) nepepaa konueccnn ype1 nocn1L apeHennLn xapak1ep po okonannn aonnL.
pn nannnn cornacnn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa c a1nHn ycnoannHn anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao
ro1oao okasa1L aceaosHonoe copenc1ane 1oHy, 1oL nepepaa konueccnn nnn
cHeuannoHy coae1cko-qnnnnnpckoHy akunonepnoHy ouec1ay Lna ocyuec1anena.
pepe eH o1aea1L na 1-n aonpoc, n cnpocnn pnnnca, 1o osnaae1 aLpaenne ncnonLsoaa1L
napoxopL, osnaae1 nn a1o pekansnunk napoxopoa.
pnnnc yknonnncn o1 npnHoro o1ae1a na a1o1 aonpoc, noa1opna, 1o napoxopL ypy1
ncnonLsoaanL a oLnoH nopnpke pnn 1oproaLx uenen, pnn Hanoro kao1aa.
R o1ae1nn pnnncy, 1o a1o Heponpnn1ne - 1a e pekansnunn, 1o aennkopn1anckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay nsaec1no naue o1nouenne k naHepennk aennkopn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa
pekansnpoaa1L coae1ckne napoxopL. a1oH n
106
pnnncy ye sanannn paapL n aosapaua1Lcn k a1oHy aonpocy cenac ne any neoxopnHoc1n,
1eH onee, 1o peuenne aennkopn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa ncnonLsoaa1L napoxopL no caoeHy
ycHo1pennk, xo1n L n c o1necenneH kaknx-1o cyHH sa ncnonLsoaanne a1nx napoxopoa na
cneunanLnLn ce1, ncknkae1 aosHonoc1L ocypennn acex a1nx aonpocoa. o aonpocy
o1npaakn ac1oncknx n na1anncknx coae1cknx Hopnkoa a n ckasan, 1o a nrnnn nHee1cn
poc1a1onoe konnec1ao coae1cknx napoxopoa, na ko1opLx Hono Lno L o1npaan1L Hopnkoa a
. a a1o pnnnc sanann, 1o on anece1 pn1anckoHy npaan1enLc1ay npepnoenne aLpenn1L
napoxop ns ncna npnan1nncknx napoxopoa pnn o1npaakn ac1oncknx n na1anncknx Hopnkoa a
. pn a1oH pnnnc poaann, 1o ecnn a1n Hopnkn ne aLepy1, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao
ponno ype1 saknkn1L nx a konuen1paunonnLn narepL.
S1o sananenne aLsaano Hon peun1enLnLe aospaennn c ykasanneH na nenpaaoHepnoc1L
noponLx ak1oa. R nanoHnnn pnnncy, 1o peno npe1 o coae1cknx rpapanax n, cnepoaa1enLno,
na noponoro popa penc1ann HL aLnypenL ypeH pearnpoaa1L caHLH peun1enLnLH opasoH.
pnnnc cocnancn na nenpaannLnoc1L nepeaopa (nepeaopnn nepeaopnk pnnnca), 1ak kak-pe on
ckasan ne o konuen1paunonnoH narepe, a o narepe pnn nn1epnnpoaannLx nnoc1panuea.
R anoaL nopepknyn, 1o sapernc1pnpoaaaunxcn a coo1ae1c1ann c peuenneH pesnpnyHa
epxoanoro oae1a ac1oncknx n na1anncknx Hopnkoa HL paccHa1pnaaeH kak coae1cknx
rpapan n 1o nnkakoe nanpaanenne nx a narepL pnn nn1epnnpoaannLx nnoc1panuea
neponyc1nHo.
a a1o pnnnc o1ae1nn, 1o on nHen a anpy 1ex na1anncknx n ac1oncknx Hopnkoa, ko1opLe ne
nannk1cn coae1cknHn rpapanaHn.
3. o aonpocy o nnkeneaon konueccnn a e1caHo n o1ae1nn pnnncy, 1o ero sananenne
o1nnae1cn o1 npennx sananennn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, coouennLx pn1nkoH panee,
1o n coouy a1o sananenne caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay; no nnno n coHneaakcL a npneHneHoc1n a1nx
ycnoann. coo n nopepknyn, 1o peL npe1 ne o copenc1ann pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, a o
cornacnn, ko1opoe, kak a1o Hne nonn1no ns sananennn nocna, a nac1onuee apeHn pnnnc
oc1aanne1 noaLHn oroaopkaHn.
caok oepepL pnnnc nopepknyn, 1o npn npnnn1nn ycnoann pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa
nocnepnee ro1oao okasa1L paanenne na qnnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao pnn nepepan konueccnn
.
konue ecepL, nanoHnna pnnncy o ero nncLHe o1 16 nonpn cero ropa, a ko1opoH on aLpaae1
coanenne, 1o coae1ckoe nonnpepc1ao a onpone nannocL nc1onnkoH pasrnauennn cnyxoa o
npepnoennnx pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 22 ok1npn*, n sanann, 1o a1o npepnonoenne
nnueno acnkoro ocnoaannn.
o coouennk 1. anckoro, cneunanLno sanpouennoro Hnok a cansn c nncLHoH pnnnca o1 16
nonpn, nc1onnkoH pacnpoc1panennn cnyxoa nanne1cn opnn oqqnc, nnoannkn ko1oporo na
npo1nennn nocnepnnx pnen coouann pasnLH ypnannc1aH o peHapue pnnnca o1 22 ok1npn.
a a1o pnnnc saHe1nn, 1o opnn oqqnc nonynn coouenne o1 aren1c1aa Knan1ep pecc,
1o nx koppecnonpen1 caepennn o npepnoennnx pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa noepnnyn a
nonnpepcknx kpyrax, 1o a1o1 koppecnonpen1 nHee1 c ancknH 1ecnLn kon1ak1.
* H. pok. 460.
107
R eue pas nopepknyn, 1o kakne-nno coouennn co c1oponL nonnpepc1aa a onpone o
npepnoennnx o1 22 ok1npn ka1eropneckn ncknkak1cn, 1o aHepnkancknn koppecnonpen1,
koneno, nHee1 1ecnLn kon1ak1 n c co1pypnnkaHn opnn oqqnc n 1o pnrucy napnen1
nc1onnk pasrnauennn npepnoennn o1 22 ok1npn ncka1L a Hnnnc1epc1ae nnoc1pannLx pen
nrnnn.
a a1o pnnnc o1ae1nn, 1o on cooun1 o nsnoennoH caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay.
Eecepa npoponanacL 40 Hnny1.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaan noHounnk saaepykuero 1opLH sanapnLH o1penoH 1. oankoa.
. ED4345
! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 99 . 40=4:.
,1# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. 8
=18<.19 ><81? 278=&< / 8882 ## =..8/
19 1940 .
(3
oa. ono1oa aLsaan aacnknan no aonpocy o nnkeneaon konueccnn
116
. oa. ono1oa sanann
nocnannnky, 1o ace npenn1c1ann k nonon1enLnoHy peuennk aonpoca o nepepae nnkeneaon
konueccnn oae1ckoHy oksy cospae1 1onLko npaan1enLc1ao nnnnnpnn. cLnka qnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa na nrnnk n IepHannk ne ocnoaa1enLna. o apeHn noespkn a Eepnnn co c1oponL
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa Lno sananeno 1. ono1oay, noHnHo 1oro, 1o IepHannn
nonn1neckn ne sann1epecoaana a nnnnnpnn, eue n o 1oH, 1o IepHannn o1kasLaae1cn o1
nnkeneaon konueccnn, 1o, anpoeH, nanne1cn nnuL noa1openneH nknLckoro sananennn
IepHannn. 1o e kacae1cn nrnnn, 1o 1. ono1oa ckasan, 1o ceropnn, 19 nonpn, pnnnc a
ecepe c 1. LunncknH* anoaL nop1aeppnn cornacne anrnnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa na apeHennyk
nepepay nnkeneaon konueccnn oae1ckoHy oksy, no nrnnn ne xoe1, 1oL nnkenL uen a
IepHannk. 1anoan1cn nenonn1nLH noaepenne qnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1eH onee, 1o HL
ero ye npepynpepann, 1o ns a1oro nnero xopouero ne aLnpe1. ak nsaec1no, nocnannnk c
nknn Hecnua ace oeuae1 yckopn1L o1ae1, opnako nonon1enLnoro o1ae1a po cero apeHenn ne
nocnepoaano. nn nac nanpaunaae1cn aLaop, 1o npaan1enLc1ao nnnnnpnn ncnL1Laae1 naue
1epnenne, no aepL acnkoHy 1epnennk Laae1 koneu. cxopn ns a1oro, 1. ono1oa nac1anaan na
npekpauennn sa1ennnon qnncknH npaan1enLc1aoH kann1enn c peuenneH aonpoca o nepepae
oae1ckoHy oksy nnkeneaon konueccnn n na neHepnennoH o1ae1e no cyuec1ay aonpoca.
aacnknan anoaL npooaan ccLna1Lcn na nrnnk, sanana npn a1oH, 1o nocnepnnn, naaepnoe,
ype1 npo1na noc1aakn pypL neHuaH, n na sakonL nnnnnpnn, ko1opLe, yp1o, nenpeHenno
1peyk1 nHe1L cornacne anrno-kanapckoro 1pec1a na nnkanpaunk ero pen, a a1oro cornacnn
1pec1 ne pae1. aacnknan 1y1
* H. pok. 530,
108
e, anpoeH, poaann, 1o qnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao, aosHono, ncnonLsye1 coae1 Lunnckoro
o nspannn cneunanLnoro sakona o nnkanpaunn konueccnn. o1- ono1oa 1ake nop1aeppnn
uenecoopasnoc1L a1oro n, kpoHe 1oro, eue pas ykasan aacnknan na nHekueecn cornacne
anrnnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa n na neyHec1noc1L ero ccLnkn na 1pec1. 1nocn1enLno e 1oro,
koHy ype1 noc1aann1Lcn pypa, 1o, sanann 1. ono1oa, a1o1 aonpoc ype1 peua1L npaan1enLc1ao
nnnnnpnn, ko1opoe nHee1 na a1o npaao, a coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npe1enpye1 cenac nnuL na
50% n a a1oH ropy nnuL na 40%. cnn e qnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao nanpe1 pnn cen onee
yponLH, 1o ono Hoe1, nakoneu, npopa1L ack pypy oae1ckoHy oksy - a1o ero npaao - n
1orpa aonpoc o 1oH, koHy n kak ype1 noc1aann1Lcn pypa, pnn qnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa
o1napae1.
ocne a1oro aacnknan npooaan yxaa1n1Lcn sa 1o, 1o anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno
nnuL na apeHennyk nepepay konueccnn n 1o a1o, Hon, anoaL sa1pypnn1 peuenne aonpoca.
a a1o 1. ono1oa sanann: opouo, paaan1e ceropnn e nopnnueH apeHennoe cornauenne o
nepepae oae1ckoHy oksy nnkeneaon konueccnn na apeHn aonnL, c npopaen acero nnkenn
naH, n nauen sao1on ype1 1orpa, kak a1o1 nnkenL ncnonLsoaa1L.
o1ae1 na a1o aacnknan neann1no npoopHo1an, 1o a1o, Hon, ye noaan noc1anoaka aonpoca n
on cooun1 o a1oH a enLcnnkn.
xopn, aacnknan cnpocnn, oc1ae1cn nn a cnne npepnoenne o coaHec1noH coae1cko-qnnckoH
ouec1ae.
oa. ono1oa o1ae1nn y1aeppn1enLno.
3anncan ,>E2 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . : . 1; . CC=C<.
,2# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / J.280/7 &1<-.2 j#j# <./2^7/
19 1940 .
(. 3
18 nonpn n sauen a kanne1 ekanosoaa, rpe naxopnncn onrapcknn nocnannnk, n nHen co
1aHenoaLH ecepy, a ko1opon sanann eHy cnepykuee: HL pacnonaraeH neko1opLHn
caepennnHn o nanpnennoH nonoennn ao any1pnnonn1neckon nsnn Eonrapnn, 1o, a
ac1noc1n, nauno o1paenne ao apeHn ocypennn a apopnoH opannn sakononpoek1a
saun1e naunn, rpe nHen Hec1o pnp pesknx an1nnpaan1enLc1aennLx aLc1ynnennn n pae 1akoro
popa sananennn, kak Eonrapnen ynpaannk1 HaconL. 3pecL n npnaen eHy akpa1ue coouenne
koppecnonpen1a ns oqnn o sacepannn onrapckoro napnaHen1a 15 nonpn. R ckasan eHy
1ake, 1o ec1L n neko1opLe ppyrne npnsnakn, ko1opLe canpe1enLc1ayk1 o cepLesnoc1n
HoHen1a, nepenaaeHoro Eonrapnen. ac1noc1n, n ynoHnnyn o nannnn a Eonrapnn repHancknx
aonncknx ac1en, a 1ake o nannnn pao1L anrnnncknx aren1oa. R sapan 1aHenoay aonpoc, ne
nHee1 nn Eonrapnn no npnHepy yHLnnn rapan1nn o1 1annn nnn kakon-nno ppyron c1panL. R
poaann, 1o oocnoaannoc1L 1akoro caoero npepnonoennn n naxoy 1ake a
109
1oH, 1o ao apeHn caonx epnnncknx ecep c penxckanunepoH, korpa sa1parnaancn aonpoc o
Eonrapnn, n nensHenno nonyan o1 nero o1ae1, 1o fro aonpocy o Eonrapnn napo cnpocn1L Hnenne
1annn*. Hec1e c 1eH n aLpasnn 1aHenoay Hnenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1o npoaopnHan
a Eonrapnn co c1oponL onpepenennLx kpyroa pao1a nanpaanena, anpnHo, npo1na uapn Eopnca n
nHee1 uenLk ero saHeny kakon-nno Hapnone1kon. c1anoanauncL na nnnoc1n uapn Eopnca, kak
rnaaL Eonrapckoro rocypapc1aa, n nsnonn 1oky spennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o neH, kak o
enoaeke, po cnx nop 1pesao, nocnepoaa1enLno n ec1no npoaopnaueH npaannLnyk nonn1nky
saun1L onrapcknx naunonanLnLx nn1epecoa.
1o kacae1cn aonpoca o rapan1nn pnn Eonrapnn, 1o n ckasan, 1o o1 koro e, kak ne o1 ,
Horna L nonyn1L Eonrapnn penc1an1enLnyk rapan1nk caoen esonacnoc1n. epL 1onLko occnn
na npo1nennn nc1opnn acerpa c1onna sa nesaancnHoc1L n cyaepenn1e1 Eonrapnn. a a1on 1oke
spennn occnn a nnue oae1ckoro oksa c1on1 n cenac, npneH n ceropnn nonnoc1Lk paspenne1
n noppepnaae1 cnpaaepnnaLe 1eppn1opnanLnLe npn1nsannn Eonrapnn, opauennLe k ee
cocepnH. cnn Eonrapnn nypae1cn cenac a kakon-nno rapan1nn, 1o 1akyk rapan1nk en pan L
cenac . pn a1oH nLneunnn any1pennnn penH n rocypapc1aennLn c1pon Eonrapnn, no
naueHy Hnennk, ponen oc1a1Lcn 1aknH, kak on ec1L n kak a1oro xoe1 caHa Eonrapnn. R
nanoHnnn nocnannnky, 1o eue ocenLk npounoro ropa epes Lauero onrapckoro nocnannnka a
ockae, n1onoaa, naHn cpenano Lno npepnoenne onrapckoHy npaan1enLc1ay o saknkennn
Hepy naunHn c1panaHn poroaopa o asanHnon noHoun**. orpa co c1oponL Lauero npeHLep-
Hnnnc1pa Locenaanoaa Ln pan o1ae1, 1o onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1 saknkn1L
cornauenne c , no, cn1ancL c Hepynapopnon oc1anoakon 1oro nepnopa, ono cono ero
1orpa npepeapeHennLH. Hec1e c 1eH, Lno ckasano, 1o ecnn cospac1cn yrpoakuan
oc1anoaka, Eonrapnn ro1oaa ype1 neHepnenno (a 24 aca) saknkn1L noponoe cornauenne.
cnn Eonrapnn, ckasan n, cenac a a1oH nypae1cn, ona Hoe1 na nac nonnoc1Lk paccn1Laa1L.
R ckasan 1ake 1aHenoay, 1o HL oxo1no noHornn L Eonrapnn n a ppyrnx penax. L Hornn L
pa1L en xne, ensnn, ppyrne 1oaapL c1onLko, ckonLko en no1peye1cn, a 1ake ro1oaL unpoko
nokyna1L 1oaapL Eonrapnn. L Hornn L noHoL en n nkon aank1on, ecnn nyno, Hornn L
pa1L saeH. Eonrapnn n a a1oH o1nouennn Hoe1 nonnoc1Lk na nac paccn1Laa1L.
Hec1e c 1eH, n o1He1nn, 1o ne Hoe1 L1L paanopyunLH k cypLaH Eonrapnn. R
nopepknyn, 1o ecnn L HL oy1nnncL nepep qak1oH nonyennn Eonrapnen rapan1nn caoen
esonacnoc1n co c1oponL kakon-nno ppyron pepaaL, a1o yxypunno L n ncnop1nno L
coae1cko-onrapckne o1nouennn.
1aHenoa o1ae1nn, 1o no aonpocy o aLc1ynnennnx a napnaHen1e on eue ne nHee1 nnqopHaunn,
eHy 1ake ne nsaec1no, kak paneko saunn an1nnpaan1enLc1aennLe aLc1ynnennn, no on ne anpn1
ero-nno cepLesnoro a a1oH. e anpn1 1ake yrposL pnn uapn Eopnca. n nL1ancn caec1n ace
a1o k oLnLH onrapcknH any1pennnH nn1pnraH co c1oponL o1penLnLx nnu.
* H. pok. 511. ** H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 863.
$%
Haconax n Haconc1ae a Eonrapnn on ckasan a ounx cnoaax, o nx cansnx a npounoH c
qpanuysaHn n anrnnanaHn n o nx caHopocnycke. Hy nnero ne nsaec1no o rapan1nnx pnn
Eonrapnn, noka on, 1aHenoa, snae1, 1o nx ne Lno. n oeuan sanpocn1L caoe npaan1enLc1ao n
pa1L o1ae1 na noc1aanennLe eHy aonpocL.
oouae1cn pnn auero caepennn n opnen1npoakn.
2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::1 . 99<C . 10C=11:.
,# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / =1 . 8970.
19 1940 .
(. 3
18 nonpn Hnok Ln npnrnauen a1ekaaa pnn ecepL o coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennnx.
ocnaauncL na caon ecepL a Eepnnne, n ckasan, 1o ns ecep c nen1ponoH Hne c1ano
nsaec1no, 1o Rnonnn penc1an1enLno ro1oaa cpena1L uar anepep a pene ynyuennn coae1cko-
nnoncknx o1nouennn n ro1oaa non1n na unpokoe cornauenne c , n 1eH caHLH y Henn o1nann
coHnennn, ko1opLe n panLue nHen nace1 penc1an1enLnoro enannn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa
ynyun1L o1nouennn c . R ckasan a1eka-ac, 1o o1 nen1pona Hne c1ano nsaec1no, 1o
Rnonnn ro1oaa npnsna1L cqepon nn1epecoa oae1ckoro oksa neunkk onronnk n nnLusnn, a
1ake ro1oaa non1n naac1pey a aonpoce o nnkanpaunn nnoncknx konueccnn na eaepnoH
axannne. pnako, sanann n, nocnepnee npepnoenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o nak1e
nenanapennn Hoe1 aLsaa1L nsaec1nLe sa1pypnennn co c1oponL caHon e Rnonnn. eno a 1oH,
1o, kak nsaec1no, saknkenne nak1a o nenanapennn c IepHannen a 1939 ropy npnaeno k 1oHy,
1o aepnyn pnp 1eppn1opnn, panee y1epnnnLx nauen c1panon, a no1oHy ouec1aennoe
Hnenne nauen c1panL saknkenne nak1a o nenanapennn c Rnonnen 1ake, ec1ec1aenno, ype1
cansLaa1L c aonpocoH o aosapauennn y1epnnnLx 1eppn1opnn. cnn noc1aan1L aonpoc o
saknkennn nak1a o nenanapennn Hepy n Rnonnen, 1o onsa1enLno ac1ane1 n aonpoc o
aosapauennn oae1ckoHy oksy 1aknx y1epnnnLx panee 1eppn1opnn, kak KnLn axannn,
ypnnLckne oc1poaa n ye ao acnkoH cnyae na nepaLn pas kak HnnnHyH ac1ane1 aonpoc o
npopae neko1opon rpynnL ceaepnon ac1n ypnnLcknx oc1poaoa. cnn Rnonnn cn1ae1
uenecoopasnLH nopnnHa1L a1n 1eppn1opnanLnLe aonpocL, 1o 1orpa Hono ype1 roaopn1L
o1nocn1enLno saknkennn nak1a o nenanapennn, no 1ak kak n ne yaepen, 1o Rnonnn ype1
cn1a1L a1o uenecoopasnLH, 1o co caoen c1oponL cn1ak aosHonLH cenac ne ypopan1L
Hnoro aonpocoa, a saknkn1L aHec1o nak1a o nenanapennn nak1 o nen1pann1e1e n nopnnca1L
o1penLno npo1okon o nnkanpaunn nnoncknx neq1nnon n yronLnon konueccnn. pn a1oH n ykasan,
1o nak1 o nen1pann1e1e c opnon c1oponL poc1a1oen-nn 1oro, 1oL cpena1L cepLesnLn uar a
pene ynyuennn nnono-coae1cknx o1nouennn, a c ppyron c1oponL on oecnenaae1 ace
neoxopnHoe pnn pas-
111
ansLaannn Rnonnn pyk pnn ee pen1enLnoc1n na Kre. R noncnnn, 1o a cnyae saknkennn nak1a o
nen1pann1e1e ne no1peye1cn c1aan1L 1aknx aonpocoa, kak aonpoc o neunen onronnn, rpe n
asnpyk1cn naun aoncka,/n o nnLusnne, noc1anoaky ko1oporo HL cn1aeH neuenecoopasnLH, a
1ake aonpocL o aosapa1e y1epnnnLx naHn 1eppn1opnn.
;
y1L npepnoennoro Hnok npoek1a nak1a o nen1pann1e1e caopn1cn k cnepykueHy:
1) oe c1oponL ypy1 noppepnaa1L HnpnLe n ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn n asanHno yaaa1L
1eppn1opnanLnyk uenoc1noc1L;
2) ecnn opna ns c1opon c1ane1 o1ek1oH aoennLx penc1ann co c1oponL 1pe1Lnx pepaa, 1o
ppyran c1opona ype1 conkpa1L nen1pann1e1 a npoponenne acero konqnnk1a.
yuec1ao nepepannoro Hnok npoek1a npo1okona 1akoao:
1) Rnonckne neq1nnan n yronLnan konueccnn na eaepnoH axannne nnkanpnpyk1cn, a
coo1ae1c1aykune konueccnonnLe poroaopL o1 14 pekapn 1925 ropa u1ypnpyk1cn. Hyuec1ao
konueccnonnLx npepnpnn1nn nepexopn1 a coc1aennoc1L .
2) oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno aLpa1L konueccnonepaH sa cpenannLe nHn anoennn
cnpaaepnnayk koHnencaunk.
3) oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno rapan1npoaa1L nnonckoHy npaan1enLc1ay noc1aaky neq1n
a 1eenne 5 ne1 okono 100 1Lcn 1onn eeropno.
a1ekaaa, ne aospaan npo1na npepnoennn o saknkennn nak1a o nen1pann1e1e, sanann, 1o,
no ero Hnennk, a1o1 nak1 1ake Hoe1 ynyun1L nnono-coae1ckne o1nouennn. acancL aonpoca
o konueccnnx, a1ekaaa ckasan, 1o no nHekunHcn y nero nnc1pykunnH on nocne saknkennn
nak1a o nenanapennn ponen Ln L roaopn1L o a1oH a nnoH paspese, a no1oHy on ne Hoe1
cenac ckasa1L, ype1 nn nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno c HonH npepnoenneH. pnako
a1ekaaa aLckasan nnnoe Hnenne o ena1enLnoc1n yaennennn pasHepa eeropnon noc1aakn
neq1n po 200 1Lcn 1onn, 1o nosaonnno L eHy c onLunH ycnexoH pekoHenpoaa1L nnonckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay npnnn1L Hon npepnoennn. y1 e on poaann, 1o a ypyueH Rnonnn Horna L
cnaa1L ns knLx panonoa onoaoH n kayykoH.
anee a1ekaaa cnpocnn, Hono nn cn1a1L, 1o c nopnncanneH nak1a o nen1pann1e1e
pLonoac1ao ype1 aosapaueno k 1oHy coc1onnnk, a ko1opoH ono Lno pecn1L ne1 nasap, n
aLpasnn noenanne, 1oL noc1aanneHan neq1L Lna coo1ae1c1aykuero kaec1aa.
1nocn1enLno pLonoanoro aonpoca n o1ae1nn, 1o Hon npoek1 nak1a ne sa1parnaae1 a1oro
aonpoca, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne conpae1cn Heua1L pLonoac1ay Rnonnn, no 1o o
a1oH nyno ype1 poroaapnaa1Lcn ocoo. 1o e kacae1cn neq1n, 1o n ykasan, 1o unqpa a 100
1Lcn 1onn asn1a ne cnyanno, a kak cpepnnn ropoaan poLa neq1n na konueccnn sa nocnepnne
paa ropa, a o aosHonoc1n yaennennn pasHepa noc1aakn Hono ype1 roaopn1L a ypyueH,
korpa poLa na npoHLcnax ype1 pasanaa1Lcn. kaec1aoH neq1n sa1pypnennn 1ake ne
ype1.
1nocn1enLno kayyka n onoaa n ckasan, a nokynke nx sann1epecoaan.
a Hon aonpoc, cn1ae1 nn a1ekaaa Hon npepnoennn o nak1e n o npo1okone npneHneHLHn a
kaec1ae asL pnn neperoaopoa, a1ekaaa o1ae1nn, 1o nnno on cn1ae1 a1n npepnoennn ason
pnn neperoaopoa n cooun1
112
o a1nx npepnoennnx a okno. pn a1oH a1ekaaa cnoaa noa1opnn caoe noenanne o
yaennennn eeropnon noc1aakn neq1n po 200 1Lcn 1onn. oouae1cn pnn auero caepennn.
2
! %- -O 0C9 78. 1 . ::C . 9994 . <9=;1.
XOY. &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .<# /:@81-1 8 =18<19 -729. / 8882 ># @<7&2-19
%>? 1. ono1oay, 1. ekanosoay, 1. osoackoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
90 1940 . (3
eropnn Henn noce1nn repHancknn nocon r-n ynenypr no cnepykunH aonpocaH:
1. npopnennn cpoka npeLaannn repHancknx Hnccnn a annnne, nre, aynace po 15 nnaapn
1941 r. n o npepaapn1enLnoH npepynpepennn nx o pne aLespa.
R o1ae1nn, 1o aonpoc o o1cpoke okona1enLno eue ne peuen; Hnccnn, pasyHee1cn, ypy1
sapanee npepynpepenL.
2. npepoc1aanennn repHanckoHy koncynLc1ay a epnoanuax neckonLknx pnen pnn okonannn
nnkanpaunn pen.
an cornacne.
3. pasHepax aosHeuennn sa nHyuec1ao nepecenneHLx ns pnan1nkn repHancknx rpapan n
nnu neHeukon naunonanLnoc1n. I-n ynenypr xo1en L opa1n1Lcn k 1. ono1oay a cnyae, ecnn
n ne Hory pa1L cenac okona1enLnoro n nonon1enLnoro o1ae1a.
R o1ae1nn, 1o aonpoc cn1ak poc1a1ono aLncnennLH, nsHenn1L 1o-nno a naunx
npepnoennnx n ne a npaae n ne cn1ak aosHonLH. ynenypr noa1opnn, 1o on enan L
roaopn1L c 1. ono1oaLH.
4. 173 nnuax - nenax ceHen ne neHeukon naunonanLnoc1n, naxopnunxcn nop c1paen a
eaepnon Eykoanne.
cLnancL na c1a1Lk 13 coae1cko-repHanckoro cornauennn*, ynenypr roaopnn o aosHonoc1n
nx nepecenennn, necHo1pn na apec1.
R pas1ncnnn, 1o c1. 13 ne ynoHnnae1 o apec1oaannLx nenax ceHen, opnako ne o1pnuak
aosHonoc1n nonon1enLnoro paspeuennn aonpoca, ecnn ne nHe1L a anpy apec1oaannLx sa
yronoanLe npec1ynnennn. ynenypr cornacnncn c a1nH n npocnn yckopn1L o1ae1. R oeuan pa1L
o1ae1, kak 1onLko ypy1 nonyenL neoxopnHLe pannLe o apec1oaannLx.
5. 1pansn1e ao napnaoc1ok 2-x pasopannLx aaponnanoa. ynenypr npocnn aLncnn1L
aosHonoc1L nx nepeaoskn.
R o1ae1nn oeuanneH 1ake yckopn1L paspeuenne n a1oro aonpoca.
6. ynenypr coounn, 1o a konue a1on nepenn on naHepen aLexa1L a
* H. pok. 359.
-Lk;,Hen1L n 9 . 1
113
nry, kypa 1ake npnype1 ns annnna Launn neHeuknn nocnannnk po-aenn.
ynenypr cn1ae1, 1o neHeukne Hnccnn a pnan1nke nepoc1a1ono nanapnnn caon
o1nouennn c coae1cknHn opranaHn. enL ero noespkn yc1pann1L nHekunecn, no ero Hnennk, a
a1nx o1nouennnx uepoxoaa1oc1n. n 1ake nHee1 a anpy a nre pa1L a opnon ns roc1nnnu oep
a ec1L npepc1aan1enen Hec1nLx opranoa anac1n. o1en L sna1L Hnenne coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa no a1nH payH aonpocaH.
R oeuan pa1L eHy na a1o o1ae1 a nnanune pnn.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 9: . 49=C0.
,,# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / J.280/7 &1<-.2 j#j#
<./2^7/. / 8882
90 1940 .
; V4
( 3
epepak copepanne pasroaopa c onoaLH: onoa coounn, 1o on aHec1e c uapeH espnn k
In1nepy. apL Ln npnrnauen In1nepoH pnn oHena HnennnHn*. In1nep, no cnoaaH onoaa,
npepnaran Eonrapnn npncoepnnn1Lcn k 1pexc1oponneHy nak1y. 1 cen onoa poaann, 1o a1o
npepnoenne ne nanne1cn neonpannLH n kaknH-1o pesaLannLH coL1neH, no ananornnoe
npepnoenne IepHannn cpenana n neko1opLH ppyrnH rocypapc1aaH. In1nep nepepaaan uapk,
1o ero nnanL c1pon1enLc1aa noaoro nopnpka na 1eppn1opnn o1 1nan1neckoro po ennkoro
okeana opopenL 1oaapnueH ono1oaLH. EonrapL, kak nepepaaan onoa, eue sanannn In1nepy
o caoeH c1peHnennn k coxpanennk nen1pann1e1a. In1nep opopnn onrapckyk nonn1nky
nen1pann1e1a, nopepknyn caoe enanne coxpann1L Hnp na Eankanax n opopn1enLno
aLckasancn o c1peHnennn onrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa nonyn1L aLxop k SrenckoHy Hopk
HnpnLH ny1eH. a1oH cHLcne, roaopnn onoa, nn1epecL IepHannn n nn1epecL Eonrapnn
coanapak1. nkakoro cornauennn ne Lno saknkeno. Eonrapnn aospepanacL o1
npncoepnnennn k nna1qopHe 1pexc1oponnero nak1a. na ne xoe1 okona1enLno cansLaa1L caok
cypLy c kaknH-nno ns aennknx rocypapc1a. nL1 Luuen onLun n neko1opLx ppyrnx
rocypapc1a nokasan, 1o 1akan cansL c opnnH ns aennknx rocypapc1a Hoe1 konn1Lcn
ka1ac1poqon Hanon c1panL. pnn ropnne nonn1nkn ynpekak1 npaan1enLc1ao a cnnukoH
onLunx cnHna1nnx k qaunsHy, ppyrne ynpekak1 a cnHna1nnx k koHHynnsHy, npaan1enLc1ao e
pykoaopc1aye1cn Hyppon nonn1nkon uapn, nanpaanennon na coxpanenne nesaancnHoc1n
Eonrapnn n na coxpanenne caHoL1noro nonn1neckoro c1pon any1pn c1panL, o1nnnoro n o1
qaunsHa n o1 koHHynnsHa.
a1nx paccypennnx onoaa ouyuae1cn npnkpL1an peakunn na
* c1pea nHena Hec1o 18 nonpn 1940 r.
114
npepnoenne, cpenannoe 1oaapnueH ono1oaLH 1aHenoay*. onoa roaopnn, 1o pnn nnx ne
ncen cHLcn noaoro nopnpka, no ecnn on ype1 npepycHa1pnaa1L nesaancnHoc1L Eonrapnn n
ypoane1aopenne naunonanLnLx nn1epecoa, 1o Eonrapnn, ne saknkan cornauennn, ro1oaa
co1pypnna1L c IepHannen n ppyrnHn aennknHn rocypapc1aaHn no cospannk a1oro nopnpka.
#24X2
! %- 6O 0C9 78. 1 . ::1 . 99<9 . 1CC=1CB.
536. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7
Fj# /1-2.1/. / 8882
90 1940 .
( 3
ELn noaLn nnoncknn nocon o ypnxapa. ocon cnpocnn Henn, kak npy1 a ockae neperoaopL
Hepy nnoncknH nocnoH n coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH. ocne Hoero o1ae1a o 1oH, 1o Hne o
a1oH nnero ne nsaec1no, nocon aLpasnn napepy na 1o, 1o neperoaopL, ko1opLe aepy1cn a
ockae, npnaepy1 oe poroaapnaakunecn c1oponL k narononynLH pesynL1a1aH. ak kak, -
poaann on, - nHenno pnn a1on uenn naue npaan1enLc1ao cHennno nocna. o ero Hnennk, ace
nepopasyHennn, nHeaune Hec1o Hepy naunHn c1panaHn, saancenn rnaanLH opasoH o1
Rnonnn. enepL naue npaan1enLc1ao peunno nsHenn1L nnono-coae1ckne o1nouennn n pon1Lcn
nx ynyuennn. R o1ae1nn, 1o naua c1pana acerpa c1peHn1cn nHe1L popococepckne o1nouennn
c 1eHn c1panaHn, ko1opLe a1oro caHn nckpenne enak1. 3a1eH n cnpocnn ero o nonoennn na
nxoH okeane. Rnoneu o1ae1nn: aHon onLuon sao1on nauero npaan1enLc1aa nanne1cn cenac
naua nonn1nka a o1nouennn snn. ecac1nan aonna c n1aeH, ko1opan pnn1cn ye onee 1pex
ne1, ne Hoe1 sakonn1Lcn naropapn 1oHy, 1o npaan1enLc1ao an anun nonyae1 noHouL n
noppepky co c1oponL pnpa nnoc1pannLx rocypapc1a. L c1aanH caoen sapaen npekpa1n1L a1y
noHouL, nnae a1a aonna ype1 pnn1Lcn eckoneno. Hepnka n nrnnn, rnaanLH opasoH
nocnepnnn, ne xo1n1, 1oL Rnonnn aLuna noeponocno ns a1on aonnL. nrnnn okasLaae1
onLuoe npenn1c1ane a nauen asna1ckon nonn1nke, no HL ne HoeH oc1aan1L aonny, ko1opyk
HL naann, HL ypeH aec1n ee po konua nkon uenon. Hepnka, yrpoakuan ac1ynnenneH a
aonny npo1na nac, apnp nn a penc1an1enLnoc1n nonpe1 na a1y aonny. anee nocon ckasan, 1o
pnn ykpennennn caonx nosnunn Rnonnn saknknna nak1 c IepHannen n 1annen. Rnoneu cnpocnn
Henn, cnepye1 nn, no HoeHy Hnennk, onpa1L ac1ynnennn repHancknx aonck a Eonrapnk. caok
oepepL n cnpocnn ero, c kakon uenLk, no Hnennk nocna, IepHannn onna aaec1n caon aoncka a
Eonrapnk. ocon o1ae1nn, 1o IepHannn Hoe1 nanpaan1L 1ypa caon aoncka c uenLk okasannn
noHoun 1annn a ee aonne npo1na Ipeunn. a a1o n saHe1nn, 1o a pnnnoHa1necknx kpyrax
cn1ak1, 1o
* H. pok. 532.
a1o Lna L cnnukoH onLuan ec1L pnn HanenLkon Ipeunn. a Hon aonpoc, sapannLn a
nponneckoH 1one, nHee1 nn Rnonnn ye kakne-nno pesynL1a1L o1 1ponc1aennoro nak1a, nocon
o1ae1nn, 1o Rnonnn noka eue ne1, pnn a1oro neoxopnHo saknkn1L neko1opoe cornauenne c
auen c1panon. anee on naHeknyn na 1o, 1o cenac npe1 pao1a nap pacunpenneH
1ponc1aennoro nak1a. a Hoe nponneckoe saHeanne, 1o, no-anpnHoHy, a1a pao1a no
pacunpennk nak1a npepc1aanne1 1pypnoc1n, 1ak kak Hnp ye sapanee nopenen Hepy 1peHn ero
yac1nnkaHn, nnoneu, cHencL, sanann, 1o pnn oc1aanena acn en1panLnan snn c
qrannc1anoH, npnen n epcnen. ak kak nocnepnee cnoaa Lno sananeno a uy1nnaon qopHe, n
ne cen nynLH eHy 1o-nno o1ae1n1L, 1eH onee, 1o on nocne a1nx cnoa c1an npoua1Lcn. ELn
1ake noaLn qpanuyscknn nocon knL npn. panuys pacckasan, 1o on pao1an coae1nnkoH
noconLc1aa a Hepnke, sa1eH Ln nocnan a Eapcenony n nocnepnee apeHn nannncn nocnoH a
Epasnnnn. uennaan Hepynapopnyk oc1anoaky, nocon aLpasnn napepy na 1o, 1o ckopo
ype1 saknken koHnpoHnccnLn Hnp, ko1opLn, no ero Hnennk, pac1 ypoane1aopenne oenH
aokkunH c1oponaH. oc1anLnoH ecepa nn1epeca ne npepc1aannna.
42
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :14 . 91B: . 19:=19C.
,!# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 *kIl 91<101/. 8
=18<19 =1 / 8882 # 0.07-./1?
91 1940 .
(. 3 3
a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o on npnuen pnn 1oro, 1oL pa1L o1ae1 na npepnoennn 1. ono1oaa o1 18
nonpn*. pn a1oH nocon ykasLaae1, 1o ye a npounon ecepe on ynoHnnan o1nocn1enLno
nnc1pykunn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o konueccnnx n opnoapeHenno aLpaan caon coHnennn a
cornacnn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa na npepnoenne 1. ono1oaa o konueccnnx. enepL e
nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnonno eHy cooun1L o1ae1 npaan1enLc1aa, a 1ake nsnon1L
copepanne nnc1pykunn. Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o npoek1 nak1a o nen1pann1e1e
sacnynaae1 nsyennn, a npoek1 npo1okona o nnkanpaunn konueccnn nanne1cn aconk1no
nenpneHneHLH. Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1 oae1ckoHy oksy npopa1L Rnonnn
eaepnLn axannn c 1eH, 1oL nonon1L koneu cnopaH Hepy n Rnonnen.
anee a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o ye a ecepe 18 nonpn*, korpa 1. ono1oa roaopnn o aosapauennn
neko1opLx y1epnnnLx 1eppn1opnn n ykasLaan, a ac1noc1n, na KnLn axannn n ypnnLckne
oc1poaa, 1o ye 1orpa a1o aLsaano onLuoe ypnanenne nocna. eaepnLn axann, npoponae1
a1ekaaa, a caoe apeHn npnnapnean Rnonnn, no aanpy onLuon sann1oc1n Rnonnn any1pen-
* H. pok. 533.
116
paH yc1ponc1aoH caoen c1panL a anoxy enpsn en a 1875 ropy npnunocL non1n na onLuyk
yc1ynky n nepepa1L axannn occnn
171
. ospnee Rnonnn no HnpnoHy poroaopy 1905 ropa
aosapa1nna knyk ac1L axannna. 1920 ropy a cansn c nnunpen1oH a nkonaeacke na
anLneH oc1oke eaepnLn axannn Ln okkynnpoaan Rnonnen a kaec1ae rapan1nn, n a
1925 ropy, ao apeHn saknkennn eknnckon konaenunn*, korpa coae1ckan c1opona aLpasnna
nckpennee coanenne o a1oH nnunpen1e, nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacnnocL aaakynpoaa1L
eaepnLn axannn sa ce1 npepoc1aanennn coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH neq1nnon n yronLnon
konueccnn Rnonnn. ce a1n nc1opneckne qak1L, ykasLaae1 a1ekaaa, ncno roaopn1 o
sann1epecoaannoc1n Rnonnn a axannne, n a pannoH cnyae npaao aosapa1a y1epnnnLx
1eppn1opnn ckopee npnnapnen1 Rnonnn. paaa Rnonnn na konueccnn eaepnoro axannna n na
pLonoac1ao nannk1cn nonn1necknHn npaaaHn, a kopne o1nnancL o1 1ex npaa, ko1opLe
npepoc1aanne1 ppyrnH nnoc1pannLH rocypapc1aaH.
3a1eH, nanoHnna cnoaa 1. ono1oaa, ckasannLe nH a ecepe 18 nonpn o 1oH, 1o nocne
saknkennn coae1cko-repHanckoro nak1a o nenanapennn** es aosapauennn y1epnnnLx
1eppn1opnn nenLsn sapyn1Lcn cornacneH coae1ckoro napopa na saknkenne nak1a o
nenanapennn, a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o a1o1 aosapa1 y1epnnnLx 1eppn1opnn nHen Hec1o sa ce1
1pe1Lnx pepaa, a ne sa ce1 IepHannn, n no1oHy a1o a kopne o1nnae1cn o1 aosapauennn 1ex
1eppn1opnn, ko1opLe 1peyk1 o1 Rnonnn, n a1o nanocn1 yuep Rnonnn. ak kak npopaa occnen
nnckn yHenLunna cnopL n konqnnk1L Hepy payHn c1panaHn, 1o nocon 1aeppo yaepen,
1o n npopaa eaepnoro axannna nononna L koneu cnopaH n konqnnk1aH Hepy oenHn
c1panaHn n cnococ1aoaana L yc1anoanennk pnn1enLnoro Hnpa Hepy Rnonnen n .
a1ekaaa aLckasLaae1 noenanne, 1oL ero cnoaa Lnn npnnn1L ao annHanne.
oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, npaannLno nn on nonnn nocna, 1o npoek1 nak1a o nen1pann1e1e
npnnn1 nnoncknH npaan1enLc1aoH k ocypennk.a1ekaaa, ne paaan npnHoro o1ae1a, noa1opne1,
1o a 1enerpaHHe pocnoano ckasano, 1o npoek1 poc1onn nsyennn.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o npoek1 npo1okona Ln coc1aanen c ye1oH 1oro, 1o on ysnan a
Eepnnne o1 nen1pona, ko1opLn coounn eHy, 1o, no ero caepennnH, nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao
ro1oao non1n naac1pey a aonpoce o nnkanpaunn yronLnon n neq1nnon konueccnn na eaepnoH
axannne npn poc1nennn cornauennn c oae1cknH oksoH no aonpocy nak1a o nenanapennn.
1ckpa n aosnnk aonpoc o npoek1e npo1okona. 1. ono1oa, nonaran, 1o nnqopHaunn
nen1pona ne aLsLaae1 coHnennn, cn1an npo1okon HnnnHanLnon npepnocLnkon, npn ko1opon
1onLko n aosHono ocypenne nak1a o nen1pann1e1e. aknH opasoH, a1o1 aonpoc aosnnk ne
cnyanno, a a cansn c 1eHn ecepaHn, ko1opLe 1. ono1oa nHen a Eepnnne.
a1ekaaa, kacancL copepannn ecepL 1. ono1oaa c nen1ponoH, ykasLaae1, 1o a nepnop
npeLaannn 1aHepa a Rnonnn nocnepnnn nHen ecepy c auyoka o1nocn1enLno nnono-
coae1cknx o1nouennn. , nackonLko eHy nsaec1no ns nocnepykuen ecepL c auyoka, ao apeHn
ecepL 1aHepa c auyoka peL una ne o o1kase Rnonnn o1 konueccnn, a o npopae eaepnoro
axannna Rnonnn, n pasroaop o yc1ynke Hor L np1n a 1oH cnyae, ecnn L
* H. okyHen1L... - . VIII. - ok. 30. ** H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 484.
117
nouen na yc1ynkn Rnonnn a ppyrnx cnopnLx aonpocax. oa1oHy, no Hnennk a1ekaaa,
Hepy 1eH, 1o roaopnn nen1pon n 1aHep, nHee1cn kakoe-1o necoo1ae1c1ane.
oa. ono1oa noa1opne1, 1o on ocnoaLaan caon aLaopL ne na 1oH, 1o roaopn1 1aHep, a na
ecepax c nen1ponoH, n k a1oHy on nnero ppyroro poaan1L ne Hoe1.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa konc1a1npye1, 1o korpa 18 nonpn on nepepan caon npepnoennn n cnpocnn
Hnenne a1ekaaa, 1o nocnepnnn sanann eHy, 1o nnno on cn1ae1 a1n npepnoennn
npneHneHLHn a kaec1ae asL pnn ocypennn npn ycnoann, 1o eeropnan noc1aaka neq1n
ype1 yaennena po 200 1Lc. 1onn. npnHo, cenac, npoponae1 1. ono1oa, a1ekaaa nsHennn
caoe Hnenne.
a1ekaaa o1aeae1, 1o eue npn o11espe ns Rnonnn on nHen 1y e nnc1pykunk npaan1enLc1aa,
ko1opyk on ceropnn nsnonn. o 1ak kak 18 nonpn on nonynn npepnoennn 1. ono1oaa, 1o on
1orpa e oeuan nepepa1L nx caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay, ne nsnaran copepannn nnc1pykunn n ne
ckpLaan caonx coHnennn a o1nouennn cornacnn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa c npepnoennnHn 1.
ono1oaa.
oa. ono1oa, kacancL npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o npopae eaepnoro axannna,
roaopn1, 1o no a1oHy aonpocy eHy neero poaan1L k 1oHy, 1o on nynnno roaopnn 29 Hap1a
na ceccnn epxoanoro oae1a*. caoeH aLc1ynnennn na ceccnn on nponneckn kocnyncn
npepnoennn opnoro ns nenoa nnonckoro napnaHen1a o npopae eaepnoro axannna n, a caok
oepepL, sanann, 1o a naunncL L nokyna1enn na KnLn axannn. 1o e kacae1cn
npopan eaepnoro axannna, 1o o a1oH ne Hoe1 L1L n pen. anee 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o
eHy anonne nonn1no 1o oc1on1enLc1ao, 1o a1ekaaa npnsnan nenynLH 19 nonpn ornaua1L
pnpek1naL caoero npaan1enLc1aa, nockonLky nocon nonynn onee konkpe1nLe npepnoennn.
a1ekaaa nL1ae1cn ocnapnaa1L cnoaa 1. ono1oaa o 1oH, 1o a caoeH aLc1ynnennn 29 Hap1a on
roaopnn o KnoH axannne. a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o on nonnn a1y peL 1aknH opasoH, 1o 1aH
roaopnnocL o pnHopLe, a ne o KnoH axannne.
oa. ono1oa npepnarae1 npon1a1L coo1ae1c1aykuee Hec1o ns ero pen na ceccnn, nepepaa pnn
a1on uenn 1ekc1 pen nocny. 3a1eH 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o a a1oH aLc1ynnennn pan
ncepnLaakunn o1ae1 kak o npopae pnHopLn n axannna, 1ak n ppyrnx 1eppn1opnn, n no1oHy
1akoro popa npepnoennn Hory1 paccHa1pnaa1Lcn 1onLko kak uy1ka. Rnonnn, roaopn1 1.
ono1oa, nHee1cn Hnoro oc1poaoa, ko1opLe en ne nynL, a y nac na anLneH oc1oke oc1poaoa
ne1, n no1oHy aonpoc o npopae ceaepnon ac1n axannna Hoe1 c1on1L 1onLko kak uy1ka.
ockonLky y Rnonnn nHee1cn Hnoro nenynLx en oc1poaoa, coae1ckan c1opona Hoe1 c1aan1L
aonpoc o nokynke Knoro axannna n ypnnLcknx oc1poaoa sa coo1ae1c1aykuyk ueny. anee 1.
ono1oa roaopn1, 1o ecnn L Rnonnn cornacnnacL na npopay, 1o Hono Lno L poroaopn1Lcn
no aceH ppyrnH aonpocaH, n y Rnonnn Lnn L caoopnLe pykn pnn penc1ann na Kre, no, kak
nsaec1no, IepHannn, saknkna c nak1 o nenanapennn n oecnena cee 1Ln, ponnacL na
3anape onLunx ycnexoa.
* H. saec1nn. - 1940. - 30 Hap1a.
118
a1ckaaa sanuLe1, 1o ccLuky 1. ono1oaa na caoe aLc1ynnenne o1 29 Hap1a on nonnHae1 kak
nonnLn o1kas o1 nnonckoro npepnoennn, ko1opoe on cpenan o1 nHenn caoero npaan1enLc1aa, n
poaanne1, 1o ecnn L on cHor pasan1L ace caoe opa1opckoe nckycc1ao, 1o, anpnHo, ace paano ne
cHor L yepn1L 1. ono1oaa cornacn1Lcn na nnonckoe npepnoenne. Rnonnn nHee1cn Hnoro
oc1poaoa, no onn HanL n ropnc1L, a 1o e apeHn y Hnoro npoc1panc1aa. akoe
npoc1panc1ao nyno Lno L Rnonnn, no, no nponnn cypLL, a1oro npoc1panc1aa ona ne nHee1.
oa1oHy ne Hoe1 L1L n pen o npopae pae Henknx oc1poaoa. a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o on ne
ype1 aec1n pnckyccnk, a cooun1 caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay a kaec1ae o1ae1a ccLnky 1. ono1oaa
na ero peL o1 29 Hap1a.
ocne a1oro a1ekaaa a o1kpoaennon qopHe sananne1, 1o Hepynapopnan oc1anoaka
pasanaae1cn a nonLsy n ne1 nnero ypnan1enLnoro a 1oH, 1o xoe1 a1nH
aocnonLsoaa1Lcn. pnako on cn1ae1, 1o korpa roaopn1cn o npopae ypnnLcknx oc1poaoa, 1o
a1o nanne1cn cnnukoH onLunH 1peoaanneH. aH, anpnHo, kae1cn, npoponae1 a1ekaaa, 1o
Rnonnn, aepyuan pnn1enLnyk aonny c n1aeH, nc1ouena n noa1oHy ponna pena1L yc1ynkn.
enc1an1enLno, Rnonnn po neko1opon c1enenn nc1ounna caon cnnL, no 1enepL asnnacL sa
cospanne noaon c1pyk1ypL n aocc1anoanenne caonx cnn aonpekn aunH onpannnH, n k 1oHy e
on nonarae1, 1o n an anun 1ake nonpe1 naac1pey Rnonnn.
acancL panennn Rnonnn na Kr, nocon sananne1, 1o Rnonnn 1aH nHee1 ncknkn1enLno
akonoHneckne nn1epecL n no1oHy 1aH ne nyno npnHenn1L cnny.
oa. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o ero o1nouenne k npepnoennk o npopae eaepnoro axannna ne
ponno L1L noaoc1Lk pnn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa, no ero peL nsaec1na kak npaan1enLc1ay,
1ak n nocny. anoHnna aLckasLaannn nocna o1nocn1enLno npaa Rnonnn na eaepnoH axannne,
1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o nocon Ln ne coaceH 1oen n on ponen nanoHnn1L nocny o1nocn1enLno
nn1epaenunn 1920 ropa. 3a1eH 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o korpa a1ekaaa roaopnn, 1o npn
saknkennn nak1a o nenanapennn c IepHannen peL una o 1eppn1opnnx sa ce1 1pe1Lnx c1pan,
1o a1o ne coaceH 1ak, no 1aH Lnn n 1eppn1opnn, na ko1opLe npe1enpoaana IepHannn, no o
ko1opLx oe c1oponL poroaopnnncL. pnako, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, peL cenac npe1 ne o npopae
neko1opLx oc1poaoa a cansn c nak1oH o nenanapennn, n aonpoc, ko1opLn on c1aann nony1no, ne
cn1ae1 ak1yanLnLH. enac ak1yanLnLH aonpocoH 1. ono1oa cn1ae1 aonpoc o nnkanpaunn
neq1nnon n yronLnon konueccnn, cn1an a1o1 aonpoc aLropnLH pnn oenx c1pan, n a pesynL1a1e
ero Rnonnn nnero cepLesno ne 1epne1, a coae1ckan c1opona onsye1cn noc1aann1L neq1L a 1ex
e konnec1aax, a kaknx Rnonnn poLaae1 cenac. poHe 1oro, a1o ynyunno L o1nouennn
Hepy n Rnonnen. anee 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on cn1ae1, 1o Hepynapopnan
oc1anoaka cknapLaae1cn opnnakoao naronpnn1no kak pnn , 1ak n pnn Rnonnn, ocoenno
ecnn Rnonnn n nanpy1 ounn nsLk n yc1anoan1 asanHnoe nonnHanne. eL npe1 o 1oH, 1o
saknkenne nak1a o nen1pann1e1e n nnkanpaunn konueccnn ynyua1 o1nouennn Hepy oenHn
c1panaHn, nosaonn1 Rnonnn penc1aoaa1L na Kre, a c ppyron c1oponL, a1o ac1 akonoHneckne
aLropL Rnonnn a o1nouennn konueccnn, ocaoopan ee o1 xnono1 n nenpnn1noc1en. ce a1o
aHec1e asn1oe, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, roaopn1 sa 1o, 1o ero npepnoennn o1 18 nonpn ne
nannk1cn opnoc1opon-
119
nnHn n Lno L nenpaannLnLH roaopn1L 1ak, nockonLky onn yn1Laak1 n nonn1neckyk, n
akonoHneckyk c1oponL. oa. ono1oa aLpaae1 napepy na nonyenne o1ae1a nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa coo1ae1c1aenno a pyxe aLckasLaannn a1ekaaa a ecepe I8 nonpn n
opnoapeHenno nopepknaae1, 1o ecnn Rnonnn ne cn1ae1 nynLH pa1L 1akon o1ae1, 1o
cornauenne ne coc1on1cn.
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o ero sapaa saknkae1cn a 1oH, 1oL ynyua1L o1nouennn Hepy
oenHn c1oponaHn, n on ype1 c1apa1Lcn a a1oH nanpaanennn.
saknkenne ecepL a1ekaaa anye1cn na sa1pypnennn, nkoL nnnHLe coae1cknHn anac1nHn
a o1nouennn 1pansn1a nnoncknx naccanpoa epes , n npepnarae1, 1oL oe c1oponL
ookpno onernnn 1pansn1 naccanpoa.
oa. ono1oa, a caok oepepL, ykasLaae1, 1o po cnx nop eHy Lnn nsaec1nL anoL na
nnonckyk c1opony a aonpoce o 1pansn1e coae1cknx naccanpoa, n sananne1, 1o no Hepe
aosHonoc1n coae1ckan c1opona ype1 c1apa1Lcn onern1L 1pansn1.
a a1oH ecepa sakannaae1cn.
3anncan $4 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . : . 1; . C;=B4.
,C# 07<7-2.99. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
8#.# <1D1/81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 8@. . 9.819
91 1940 .
(. 3
19 nonpn npnnnn 1ennrapp1a, ko1opLn sanann, 1o on npnuen, 1oL paspeun1L pnp Henknx
aonpocoa, noc1aanennLx noconLc1aoH, ko1opLe ne nonynnn caoero paspeuennn (aLesp
aHepnkancknx rpapan ns sanapnLx onac1en n E, aLesp a en aHepnkancknx
rpapan, sapepka aank1L npn aLespe ns , npepoc1aanenne kaap1np co1pypnnkaH
noconLc1aa, canpanne c nn1epnnpoaannLH aHepnkancknH rpapannnoH Eopa, npepoc1aanenne
aHepnkanckon Hnccnn a 1okronLHe 6 1onn ensnna n 1.p.). 1o e apeHn, sanann
1ennrapp1,aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonon1enLno paspeunno ace aonpocL, noc1aanennLe
coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH (noceuenne saaopoa an1a, nokynka coae1ckoro sono1a, qpax1oaanne
cypoa, aLaos neq1enpopyk1oa n oopypoaannn).
1ennrapp1 sanann, 1o ao apeHn ero npeLaannn a on pokasLaan ysaenL1y, anny n
annecy, 1o Hepy oenHn c1panaHn a 1eenne 200 ne1 noppepnaanncL ppyec1aennLe
o1nouennn n 1o nyno ykpenn1L o1nouennn Hepy n .
pnaepn 1o1 qak1, 1o napkoH a 1eenne 1pex nepenL ne npnnnn ero, 1ak e kak on ne npnnnn
pnruca n 1ypeukoro nocna, 1ennrapp1 sanann, 1o a1o osnaae1, 1o c1aan1 na opny
pocky c nrnnen, no ne nannk1cn pn1anckon kononnen n aepy1 caok caHoc1on1enLnyk
nonn1nky, o1nnnyk o1
120
nonn1nkn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa. ypy1 a aLnrpLue, sanann 1ennrapp1, -
nesaancnHo o1 1oro, noepn1 nn nrnnn nnn IepHannn. e c1panL ypy1 nypa1Lcn a noHoun
, ko1opLe n a 1oH n a ppyroH cnyae ypyr pnk1oaa1L caon ycnoann. nocne aonnL
oc1ane1cn neHnoro ppysen, yn1Laan, 1o nrnnn, panunn, Rnonnn, aeunn, nnnnnpnn n pp.
ne oenL ppyec1aenno nac1poenL no o1nouennk k oae1ckoHy oksy, n nnuL o1nocn1cn
ppyeckn k . paan1enLc1ao ysaenL1a n on caH, Hon, c1apae1cn pena1L ace o1 nnx
saancnuee pnn ynyuennn o1nouennn Hepy oenHn c1panaHn. noHorak1 nrnnn,
noHorae1 IepHannn, sanann 1ennrapp1, no n nannk1cn nen1panLnLHn pepaaaHn,
Hepy nnHn ne1 nnkaknx npo1naopenn, ko1opLe 1onkann L nx k konqnnk1y. aoopo1,
nHek1cn ace pannLe pnn ppyec1aennLx o1nouennn.
Lcnyuaa 1ennrapp1a, n sanann eHy, 1o on nano npeyaennnaae1, sanannn, 1o aHepnkanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ao aceH nouno naac1pey coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1ak kak po cnx nop ne
nonynnn nonon1enLnoro paspeuennn Hnorne aonpocL, ne npyune nn a kakoe cpaanenne c
npe1ensnnHn aHepnkanckoro oconLc1aa. pnaen qak1L o sono1e n cypax npnan1oa, o o1kase
sakpL1L npnan1nnckne Hnccnn a , o HopanLnoH aHapro
43
, o peuennn oHnccnn,
coouennoH aH akcyannoH 12 nonpn, n 1.p.
3a1eH n coounn eHy, 1o Hnorne ns aonpocoa, noc1aanennLx nH a ecepe, ye nonon1enLno
paspeuenL (canpanne c Eopa, aLaos ensnna a 1okronLH, a1esp a ockay n aLesp a ns
sanapnLx onac1en n E aHepnkancknx rpapan, nHekunx pokyHen1L,
nop1aeppakune nx aHepnkanckoe rpapanc1ao, n 1.p.).
saknkenne n ckasan, 1o cornacen c 1ennrapp1oH, 1o Hepy n ne1 1aknx
npo1naopenn, ko1opLe 1onkann L naun c1panL na konqnnk1L ppyr c ppyroH. eH onee Henn
ypnannk1 neko1opLe Heponpnn1nn aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ko1opLe nnae kak
neppyec1aennLHn nasaa1L nenLsn.
ocne a1oro 1ennrapp1 sanann, 1o npaan1enLc1ao nopynno eHy specL paspeun1L aonpocL
o1nocn1enLno aLaosa coae1ckoro sono1a a n qpax1a, na 1o n saHe1nn, 1o kak pas no a1oHy
aonpocy nHee1cn ye poroaopennoc1L Hepy annecoH n HancknH.
ac1onuee coouae1cn pnn aauero caepennn.
#>2345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :90 . 9909 . 9B=100.
,9# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 29:
.## <./270B7/. / 8882
91 1940 .
( 3
oce1nn 1yppsa. Ioaopn o uennx noespkn renepana n1onecky a nH n o ennx npepc1onuero
ansn1a a Eepnnn
205
, 1yppsa ckasan, 1o nepaon uenLk nannnocL n ype1 nann1Lcn yc1anoanenne
nnnoro kon1ak1a c pykoaopn1ennHn n1anLnnckoro n repHanckoro rocypapc1a. S1n ansn1L
ec1ec1aennL, 1ak kak yHLnnn aknknnacL nonnoc1Lk a nonn1nky ocn n ype1 cnepoaa1L
a1oHy
121
o1kpL1o, es acnknx koneannn, ko1opLe Lnn caonc1aennL npaan1enLc1aaH pasnnnLx
a1apecky, Iaqenky n nponx. 1opon npak1neckon uenLk noespkn a nH nannnocL nonyenne
cornacnn co c1oponL 1annn na opasoaanne cHeuannon repHano-n1anLnnckon koHnccnn no
paccnepoaannk coaepuenno ne1epnnHoro opauennn c pyHLncknH HenLunnc1aoH a aenrepckon
ac1n pancnnLaannn. poHe 1oro, yHLnnn ponaae1cn cospannn noc1onnnLx n1ano-repHancknx
koHn1e1oa ao acex yespax yc1ynnennon ac1n pancnnLaannn pnn oecneennn nopHanLnoro
o1nouennn co c1oponL aenrepcknx anac1en k pyHLnckoHy HenLunnc1ay. S1o1 aonpoc ponen
L1L paspeuen npn noespke a Eepnnn. SkonoHneckne o1nouennn c 1annen ne Lnn nonnoc1Lk
paspeuenL, no pyHLnckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonarae1, 1o 1oproaLn poroaop c 1annen ype1
saknken eue po ncxopa a1oro ropa. a Hoe saHeanne, 1o xopnnn cnyxn o 1oH, 1o ansn1 a nH
nHen caoen uenLk nepecHo1p rpannuL no yc1ynnennon enrpnn 1eppn1opnn, 1yppsa ckasan, 1o
a1n cnyxn coaepuenno ne coo1ae1c1ayk1 penc1an1enLnoc1n. yHLnnn ne c1peHn1cn o1aeprny1L
aencknn apn1pa
166
, ona ponaae1cn nnuL nonnoro n 1onoro ero aLnonnennn aenrepuaHn a
o1nouennn pyHLnckoro HenLunnc1aa. 3a1eH n anoaL noc1aann aonpoc o oHene
nonn1saknkennLHn; nanoHnna nc1opnk a1oro aonpoca, n nopepknyn, 1o xo1n Hepy
coae1cknH n pyHLncknH npaan1enLc1aaHn Lna poc1nrny1a npnnunnnanLnan poroaopennoc1L, no
aonpocL o pena1pnaunn pyHLncknx rpapan ns Eeccapann, 1o Lno, anpoeH, aLpanny1o
pyHLncknH npaan1enLc1aoH, 1aH ne npepycHa1pnaanncL. aknH opasoH, nyno nonara1L, 1o
poc1nrny1an poroaopennoc1L no noaopy oHena nonn1saknkennLHn ponna nonyn1L caoe
npak1neckoe paspeuenne. 1yppsa o1ae1nn, 1o aecL aonpoc saknkae1cn a 1oH, 1o nonnHa1L
nop 1epHnnoH nonn1saknkennLn. n cn1ae1 n npoponae1 cn1a1L nonn1saknkennLHn 1ex
pyHLncknx rpapan (nesaancnHo o1 1oro, naxopn1cn nn a1n nnua a 1kpLHax nnn na caoope), a
ko1opLx sann1epecoaano pyHLnckoe npaan1enLc1ao, no ko1opLx ne aLnyckak1 coae1ckne anac1n
ns Eeccapann a yHLnnk. nkakoro nncLHennoro cornauennn no aonpocy o oHene
nonn1saknkennLHn ne cyuec1aye1. 1yppsa aLpanrae1 na paccHo1penne npepnoenne cosaa1L
cHeuannyk coae1cko-pyHLnckyk koHnccnk, ko1opan L cneunanLno sannnacL a1nH aonpocoH.
nok Lno saHeeno, 1o penc1an1enLno nncLHennoro cornauennn ne nHee1cn. o pnn 1yppsa
ne ponno L1L nensaec1nLH, 1o yc1nan poroaopennoc1L, poc1nrny1an a pnnnoHa1neckoH
nopnpke, akanaanen1na cornauennk. anee n nanoHnnn, 1o ao apeHn neperoaopoa c anonnecky
no oHeny nonn1saknkennLHn n ne Horna np1n peL o pena1pnaunn nacenennn, 1ak kak ona
npo1ekana nopHanLno. en pasroaop ncknkn1enLno o oHene nkpLHn, naxopnunHncn a
1kpLHax. ansLaa1L paa aonpoca - aonpoc o oHene nonn1saknkennLHn n aonpoc o
pena1pnaunn - ne Luo n ne1 nnkaknx ocnoaannn, 1ak kak a1o paa coaepuenno pasnnnLx
aonpoca. R ro1oa nepepa1L na paccHo1penne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa npepnoenne 1yppsa o
cospannn cHeuannon koHnccnn, ko1opan ponna paccHo1pe1L aonpocL, cansannLe
ncknkn1enLno c pena1pnaunen nacenennn, nonaran, 1o poc1nrny1an poroaopennoc1L no noaopy
oHena nonn1saknkennLHn ponna nesaHepnn1enLno npak1neckn ocyuec1ann1Lcn. 1yppsa
cnoaa noa1opnn caon apryHen1L o neoxopnHoc1n unpokoro 1onkoaannn 1epHnna
nonn1saknkennLn n 1o on ro1oa npnc1ynn1L k npak1neckoHy ocyuec1anennk oHena
rpapanaHn na 1on ocnoae, ko1opyk on nsnonn. a1oH aonpoce ec1L ropaspo onLune
aosHonoc1n npnn1n k cornauennk, eH no nkoHy ppyroHy aonpocy. 3a1eH 1yppsa kak L
HnHoxopoH saHe1nn:
122
ecnn L no1peoaan cee ace 1pn pykaaa ynan, 1o pyHLnckoHy npaan1enLc1ay Luo L
1pypno nnn no1n neaosHono cornacn1Lcn c a1nH 1peoaanneH. anee 1yppsa sanann, 1o ecnn
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne anpn1 aosHonoc1n cansLaa1L aonpoc o oHene
nonn1saknkennLHn a yskoH cHLcne a1oro cnoaa c aonpocoH o pena1pnaunn, 1o 1yppsa
cornacen paspeun1L a1n aonpocL, no on npepnarae1 cnaana peun1L aonpoc o pena1pnaunn.
orpa ype1 anpno, 1o pena1pnaunn npoxopn1 xopouo, 1orpa Hono ype1 paspeun1L aonpoc o
oHene nonn1saknkennLHn. o apeHn ecepL aLncnnnocL, 1o npepc1aanennLn cnncok
renepanoH npn nanne1cn neokonennLH. o Hnennk 1yppsa, pononnn1enLnLe cnnckn Lnn L
nesnan1enLnLHn. kaec1ae peskHe Hnon Luo saHeeno, 1o pyHLnckoe npaan1enLc1ao
peansnpye1 1y poroaopennoc1L, ko1opan nHena Hec1o no noaopy oHena nonn1saknkennLHn, n
1o o copepannn pasroaopa Hnon ype1 cooueno a ockay.
#22 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :19 . 919: . 1:1=1:C.
,40# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7
-18<./ /#.# =<101/. / 8882
91 1940 .
( 3
oespka Eopnca a Eepnnn n npncoepnnenne k ocn enrpnn
206
*, kak qak1, nponcuepunn acnep
sa o11espoH ono1oaa ns Eepnnna, anecnn 1peaory a npaan1enLc1aennLe n ouec1aennLe kpyrn.
eHuL pacnpoc1pannk1 cnyxn o 1oH, 1o npepoc1aann IepHannn npaao naaopn1L nopnpok
na Eankanax, asaHen ero nonynn koHnencaunk na oc1oke. a-ek, onnosnunn n
naunonanLnan oprannsaunn ne aepn1 a1nH cnyxaH. nnosnunn, a ac1noc1n, sananne1, 1o
naoopo1-pe ono1oa a Eepnnne npepoc1eper neHuea o1 aHeua1enLc1aa pae a n1ano-rpeecknn
konqnnk1, rpe no1epnena nopaenne ne 1onLko 1annn, no n qaunc1cknn penH. uec1aennLe
kpyrn n onnosnunn nepoaonLnL IaapnnoaneH; roaopn1, 1o eHy a ockae ne poaepnk1, 1ak kak
on npepc1aan1enL nap1nn aepxyuek, ko1opLe ne sannnn 1aeppon nnnnn no o1nouennk k , a
caH Iaapnnoan a ockae nHee1 1ecnLn kon1ak1 c pnnncoH n, kpoHe 1oro, 1enerpaHHL
Iaapnnoana npy1 k nnuap-apkoany, neHeukoHy aren1y.
Krocnaacknn nocnannnk a onpone yo1n na pnnx 1enerpaqnpoaan o 1oH, 1o ns pasroaopa c
Ea1nepoH on aLncnnn, 1o ansn1 ono1oaa ne sapen nn1epecoa nrnnn n 1o nrnnn ype1
ponaa1Lcn cekpe1noro cornauennn c .
!432
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1< . 91;: . 1B:=1B4.
J enrpnn npncoepnnnnacL k "ocn" 20 nonpn 1940 r.
123
,41# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7
Fj# /1-2.1/. / 8882
91 1940 .
' ( 3
cansn c nocnepnnH ansn1oH a IepHannk, a ac1noc1n uapn Eopnca*, n a ocoennoc1n a cansn c
sananenneH anena neHeuknH ypnannc1aH, cpepn 1ypeuknx npaan1enLc1aennLx kpyroa
ecnokonc1ao eue onLue ycnnnnocL. ypkn cn1ak1, 1o nocne 1oro, kak enrpnn nopnncanacL
nop epnnncknH nak1oH
206
, IepHannn epes enrpnk n Krocnaank nepepocn1 caon aoncka a
Ipeunk na noHouL n1anLnnuaH. epepocky neHeuknx aonck a Ipeunk epes Eonrapnk 1ypkn
noka ncknkak1, 1ak kak nonarak1, a1a akunn aLsaana L nensenoe ac1ynnenne a aonny
Eonrapnn, a 1eH caHLH n ypunn; neHuL, no Hnennk 1ypok, ne xo1n1 cenac, 1oL ypunn
aLc1ynnna na c1opone rpekoa. ypkn onpak1 c ecnokonc1aoH aosapauennn anena a nkapy,
1ak kak cn1ak1, 1o on npepnpnHe1 ace HepL, 1oL okasa1L paanenne na 1ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao c 1on uenLk, 1oL oxnapn1L anrno-1ypeukyk ppyy n nepeopnen1npoaa1L
ypunk a c1opony c1pan ocn. coenno 1ypok ecnokon1 nensaec1noc1L nosnunn no
o1nouennk k EankanaH n ypunn nocne epnnncknx neperoaopoa. eko1opLe nonarak1, 1o
pan cornacne IepHannn na caoopy penc1ann na Eankanax n a ypunn. Eecnokonc1ao
npaan1enLc1aennLx kpyroa nepeknnynocL n na nacenenne, cpepn ko1oporo nHee1cn a neko1opon
c1enenn ye nanneckoe nac1poenne, a1o ckasLaae1cn xo1n L na 1oH, 1o onee nnn Henee
oecneennLe kpyrn nannak1 pena1L sanacL npopoaonLc1ann. epaano npnnn1Ln sakon o
sa1eHnennn acex ropopoa ypunn eue onLue ycyrynn 1akoe nac1poenne. apaane c a1nH
anrnnnckoe annnnne specL ne ocnaeaae1. ce anrnnane, aLrnannLe neHuaHn ns yHLnnn,
ocenn a ypunn. c1anyne cenac naxopn1cn onLuoe ncno anrnnncknx aoennLx n
rpapancknx cneunannc1oa. sHnpe nacn1Laae1cn onee c1a anrnnncknx aoennLx ne1nkoa n
opnn anrnnncknn renepan. a1oH ropope y1L nn ne aaepeno aoennoe nonoenne, nocne 23 acoa
sanpeuae1cn xopn1L no ynnue, ac1L ropopa, npnnerakuan k SrenckoHy Hopk, o1nanena
sanpeuennon sonon, nonnunn na ynnuax n a ouec1aennLx Hec1ax npoaepne1 pokyHen1L. aun
aoennLe pao1nnkn y1aeppak1, 1o ace a1n caepennn nannk1cn poc1oaepnLHn. ecepe co
Hnon npoa 1ake nepepaaan Hne, 1o 1ypkn ncnL1Laak1 onLuoe ecnokonc1ao n ycnnenno
npnro1oannk1cn ko acnkon neonpannoc1n. ocnepnne pnn nponcxopn1 eepneanLe sacepannn
npaan1enLc1aa. poHe a1oro npoa aLckasan npepnonoenne, 1o Eonrapnn, no ero Hnennk,
ckopo ac1ynn1 a Eepnnncknn nak1.
ecHo1pn na 1o, 1o aonna penc1an1enLno npnnnae1cn k ypunn, n ace e nonarak, 1o
1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ype1 npnnnHa1L ace saancnune o1 nero HepL, 1oL cenac nsea1L
ac1ynnennn a aonny.
42
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :14 . 91B: . 19B=19;.
J c1pea Eopnca III c . In1nepoH coc1onnacL 18 nonpn 1940 r.
124
542 D 7/. /27971-1 =1/7271-1 / 7<.; 8882 / -729. .#D#
1&<1/.
91=9: 1940 .
(3
21 nonpn co1pypnnk epnnnckoro o1penennn 1. yppnauea nepepan Hne, 1o onrapcknn
koppecnonpen1 pnc1oa enae1 noecepoaa1L co Hnon. R npepynpepnn 1. yppnaueaa, 1o ecnn
pnc1oa naHepen nonyn1L y Henn nn1epaLk, n o1kasLaakcL roaopn1L, ecnn e on enae1
ecepoaa1L, cornacen ero npnnn1L.
22 nonpn pnc1oa nanncn a nonnpepc1ao. naana ecepL on saHe1nn, 1o nonnpep a
1annn pan nn1epaLk onrapckoHy koppecnonpen1y rase1L 3opa o npnespe ..ono1oaa a
Eepnnn. n nonarae1, 1o o1ae1c1aennLe co1pypnnkn nonnpepc1aa a IepHannn onLue
ocaepoHnenL o epnnncknx neperoaopax ..ono1oaa c npepc1aan1ennHn IepHannn, neenn
nonnpep a 1annn, noa1oHy on ace e npocn1 o1ae1n1L na neckonLko aonpocoa. R noa1opnn caon
ycnoann.
orpa pnc1oa cornacnncn n cnpocnn, kakoaa nosnunn ypunn a rpeko-n1anLnnckon aonne. epL
a appanennax oae1cknn oks sann1epecoaan, - sanann pnc1oa. R o1ae1nn, 1o k coanennk,
no a1oHy noaopy ne pacnonarak konkpe1nLHn pannLHn.
3a1eH n noc1aann nepep pnc1oaLH neckonLko aonpocoa, na ko1opLe pnc1oa pan cnepykuee
noncnenne: nocne npeLaannn uapn Eopnca a IepHannn, peueno peoprannsoaa1L onrapcknn
kanne1. kaec1ae npeHLepa nHek1cn paa kanpnpa1a - nLneunnn Hnnnc1p seHnepennn
Earpnnoa n nocnannnk Eonrapnn a IepHannn paranoa. e ncknkeno, 1o paranoa ype1
nasnaen Hnnnc1poH nnoc1pannLx pen. pnesp npepc1aan1enen Eonrapnn onpae1cn na
ypyuen nepene, 1.e. nocne o11espa onpaeHLx cnoaauknx npepc1aan1enen. cnn sa a1o apeHn
ycnek1 peoprannsoaa1L kanne1, 1o Eonrapnn ype1 npepc1aanena a noaoH coc1aae.
eperoaopL Hepy Eonrapnen n IepHannen ypy1 paspenenL na pae ac1n. nepaon c1apnn
neperoaopoa ype1 saknkeno xosnnc1aennoe cornauenne, no ko1opoHy Eonrapnn onsye1cn
noc1aann1L IepHannn po 400 1Lc. 1onn sepna, a 1ake 1aak n caxap. IepHannn a caok oepepL -
- cenLckoxosnnc1aennLe HaunnL n aoopyenne.
1opLH a1anoH neperoaopoa ype1 npncoepnnenne Eonrapnn k nak1y 1pex n, cnepoaa1enLno,
ocyuec1aenne caonx 1eppn1opnanLnLx npe1ensnn k Ipeunn, 1.e. aocc1anoanenne Eonrapnn a
poaepcanLcknx paHkax.
npncoepnnenneH k nak1y 1pex Eonrapnn aosLHe1 na cen onsa1enLc1ao nponyc1n1L aoncka
npaan1enLc1a ocn epes caok 1eppn1opnk a Ipeunk. o, - sanann pnc1oa, - a1opan ac1L
nnana ype1 ocyuec1anena a saancnHoc1n o1 nonn1neckon cn1yaunn na Eankanax n rnaanLH
opasoH o1 nosnunn ypunn.
Hoen ecepe c pnc1oaLH nocnano a 1enerpaqnoe coouenne.
T.P.? : pnc1oa okono paapua1n ne1 nponaae1 a Eepnnne n sannHae1cn
ypnannc1ckon pen1enLnoc1Lk. Ranne1cn aecLHa ocaepoHnennLH enoaekoH.
,N2
! %- 6. 0;9 78. 9: . 9C . B . 199=19:.
125
,4# 07<7-2.99. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
Fj# <1D1/81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 0.?81? 278=&<7
j#F# =.@1@
99 1940 .
(2. 3
yHaeH nocna1L a noHouL kn1anuaH aanaunk n ap1nnnepnk n 1ake ensnn. oc1aaky a1nx
Ha1epnanoa HoeH oprannsoaa1L 1onLko po aHn c 1eH, 1oL a aHn kn1anuL nHenn caon
1pancnop1 n caonHn cnnaHn oecnennn panLnenuyk o1npaaky a anLoy n panLue. cnn
kn1anuL cornacnL nepenn1L Ha1epnanL caHn, cooun1e naH o a1oH neHepnn. Ees a1oro ycnoann
HL nnuenL aosHonoc1n 1pancnop1npoaa1L Ha1epnanL. oroaopn1ecL o a1oH nnno c an
anun a konkpe1noH nopnpke. L ne snaeH, nynL nn kn1anuaH 1ake pynLe n c1ankoaLe
nyneHe1L. cnn nynL, HoeH nocna1L.
#>2345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:1: . 1<C=1<B.
,44# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / =1 .# 8970.
99 1940 . (. 3
21 nonpn nHen ecepy c a1ekaaa*. Eecepa nokasana, 1o noka c naunHn neperoaopaHn nnero
ne aLxopn1. L, ao acnkoH cnyae, nopopeH, yckopn1L coL1nn ne nHeeH enannn.
2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::C . 9994 . ;B.
,4,# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .<# /:@81-1 8 81/7019 =181<B80/. -729. / 8882 /#
0==7<B82-;19
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. nkonny, 1. aranoany, 1. ekanosoay, 1.
osoackoHy
9: 1940 .
(3
eropnn a 17 acoa n npnnnn nnnenLcknpxa no npocLe nocnepnero. nn-nenLcknpx opa1nncn
ko Hne c sananenneH o 1oH, 1o on ynonnoHoen nocnoH
* H. pok. 537.
126
cooun1L, 1o onynnkoaannoe ceropnn a rase1ax coouenne * cospano a Eepnnne
nenpnn1noe anea1nenne. o 1eneqony ns Eepnnna coounnn o a1oH n nopynnn poaec1n po
caepennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. nnnenLcknpx cn1ae1, 1o ocoenno nenpnn1noe
anea1nenne cospae1cn 1eH, 1o coouenne onynnkoaano nHenno a nac1onuee apeHn, a
nac1onunx ycnoannx.
a sananenne nnnenLcknpxa n o1ae1nn, 1o ne any ocnoaannn pnn npep1nanennn kaknx-nno
npe1ensnn k a cansn c onynnkoaannLH nH coouenneH, 1o coouenne ncnpaanne1
ponyuennLe rase1on IaHyprep qpeHpenna1 nenpaannLnoc1n n a cnny a1oro
o1ae1c1aennoc1L ponna nea1L nHenno na rase1e IaHyprep qpeHpenna1.
nnnenLcknpx c1an aospaa1L, ykasLaan na 1o, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao Lno ocaepoHneno
o npepc1onueH npncoepnnennn k nak1y pasnnnLx rocypapc1a.
a a1o n a caok oepepL aospasnn, ckasaa, 1o a rase1e IaHyprep qpeHpenna1 ckasano ne o
ocaepoHnennoc1n, a o 1oH, 1o a1o npncoepnnenne Lno poc1nrny1o npn co1pypnnec1ae n npn
nonnoH opopennn oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1o paneko ne opno n 1o e.
nnnenLcknpx na a1o nnero ne o1ae1nn.
ckasannoHy n poaann, 1o HL kon1ponnpyeH caon rase1L n 1o, ecnn L 1akon kon1ponL Ln a
o1nouennn rase1L IaHyprep qpeHpenna1, 1o, oeanpno, ne aosnnkno L neoxopnHoc1n a
onynnkoaannn coouennn . R 1ake saHe1nn nnnenLcknpxy, 1o ne Hory cornacn1Lcn c ero
ccLnkon na 1o oc1on1enLc1ao, 1o a rase1e IaHyprep qpeHpenna1 a pannoH Hec1e
roaopn1cn ne o npncoepnnennn enrpnn k nak1y
206
, a o noc1poennn noaoro nopnpka. S1o no
cyuec1ay nnero ne Henne1, 1eH onee, 1o a ppyroH Hec1e a1on saHe1kn roaopn1cn nHenno o
npncoepnnennn enrpnn k nak1y o1 27 cen1npn 1940 ropa. oouenne aocc1anaannaae1
nc1nny, a nc1nna ec1L nc1nna. o1 noeHy nsnoennoe nnuae1 Henn aosHonoc1n cornacn1Lcn c
sananenneH nnnenLcknpxa.
nnnenLcknpx o1ae1nn, 1o on aLnonnne1 nnuL nopyenne n onLue k ckasannoHy poaan1L
nnero ne nHee1.
Eecepa npoponanacL okono 10 Hnny1.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 9: . C1=C9.
546. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 0.?81? 278=&<7
j#F# =.@. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
Fj# <1D1/819
94 1940 .
( 3
<1D1/819# 8 an anun ac1pey nHen 24 nonpn. n nonnoc1Lk cornacen c ycnoannHn
1pancnop1npoakn rpysoa o1 aHn cpepc1aaHn n1an. n 1ake npocn1 okasa1L noHouL pynLHn
n c1ankoaLHn nyneHe1aHn n rasonn-
* H. UO5W`# - 1940. - 23 nonpn.
127
noH pnn aa1o1pancnop1a, a a1on e 1enerpaHHe roaopn1cn 1onLko o ensnne (aepon1no, o
aanaunonnoH). n nn1epecoaancn, a kakoH konnec1ae kaporo anpa aoopyennn naHepen
nocna1L a n1an. 20 nonpn ao nusn a appec an enryn npncnan 1enerpaHHy o 1oH, 1o
, aepon1no, ne ype1 noHora1L n1ak, noa1oHy on pekoHenpoaan an enryk a npnHon
qopHe noc1aan1L nepepo Hnok a1o1 aonpoc, 1o ec1L, ype1 nn okasana noHouL n1ak, ponaancL
1ake npnHoro o1ae1a. a1on uenLk an anun npnkasan a nunny yc1pon1L pnn Henn anke1.
ceropnnunen ecepe nocne nsnoennn Hnok auero npepnoennn an anun ykaanLno
oanpen, y nero cano pLxanne, sa1eH, Lc1po oanapea cook, on naropapnn coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao. a1on e ecepe on nn1epecoaancn ansn1oH 1oa. ono1oaa a Eepnnn n
asanHoo1nouennnHn c IepHannen. o nocnepneHy aonpocy n o1ae1nn, 1o naun
asanHoo1nouennn Hono cn1a1L nopHanLnLHn. a Hon aonpoc o asanHoo1nouennnx n
n1an on o1ae1nn, 1o , aepon1no, ycnnn1 noHouL n1ak n sanHy1 onee peskyk nosnunk a
o1nouennn Rnonnn.
!Z4DF
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:19 . :<B=:<<.
,4!# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 -729. / 8882 ># @-<7&2-19
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. nkonny, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. LunnckoHy
9C 1940 .
(3
^TaPV naropapn1 1. ono1oaa sa paspeuenne na noceuenne nyp-pe, ko1opLn nHee1
enanne cpena1L sananenne no noaopy xopa xosnnc1aennLx neperoaopoa. n npocn1 nepepa1L no
a1oHy noaopy cnoao nyppe.
@PP roaopn1, 1o no ocnoanLH aonpocaH xosnnc1aennLe neperoaopL saunn a 1ynnk n ace
aosHonoc1n oenx c1opon a o1nouennn paspeuennn a1nx aonpocoa ncepnanL. cansn c a1nH
on xoe1 opa1n1Lcn k 1. ono1oay.
cnoanLH aonpocoH nanne1cn noc1aaka sepna. IepHannn a nac1onuee apeHn ne 1ak y
nypae1cn a a1oH sepne, opnako nsaec1no, 1o oae1cknn oks a a1oH ropy nHee1 ocoenno
onLuon ypoan, n noa1oHy, yn1Laan ppyeckne o1nouennn Hepy oenHn c1panaHn,
repHanckan c1opona xoe1 npocn1L o noc1aake 2,5 Hnnnnona 1onn sepna, npneH a1o sepno
Hoe1 L1L noc1aaneno ne a opnn rop, a apeHn noc1aakn Hoe1 npopona1Lcn po nony1opa ne1.
a1o konnec1ao ponnL L1L aknkenL ace noc1aakn, ko1opLe IepHannn nonyana ns
Eeccapann n pnan1nkn. nyppe sananne1, 1o napopnLn koHnccap nkonn cornacnncn na
noc1aaky 1,5 Hnnnnona 1onn sepna, opnako ynoHnnyn, 1o nHek1cn ppyrne pesepaL
nekoHHepeckoro xapak1epa, ko1opLHn on ne Hoe1 pacnonara1L. ak kak a1o1 aonpoc nanne1cn
uen1panLnon nponeHon xosnnc1aennLx neperoaopoa, nyppe npocn1 1. ono1oaa nepecHo1pe1L
aLueykasannoe peuenne n cornacn1Lcn na noc1aaky IepHannn 2,5
128
Hnnnnona 1onn sepna. npounon ecepe nyppe sanann 1. nkonny, 1o on ype1 roaopn1L no
a1oHy noaopy c 1. ono1oaLH. S1o nepaLn aonpoc ns 1ex, ko1opLe nyppe xo1en L specL
noc1aan1L.
oa. 9TO sananne1, 1o on xo1en L ycnLua1L ace aonpocL, ko1opLe nHek1cn y nyppe no
xosnnc1aennLH neperoaopaH.
@PP npoponae1, roaopn o cnepykueH aonpoce, ko1opLH nanne1cn pacunpenne
noHenkna1ypL noc1aaok ns IepHannn a . n ykasLaae1, 1o coae1ckne noc1aakn orpannenL
ysknH kpyroH Haunn n c1ankoa n 1o neko1opoe pacunpenne a1on noHenkna1ypL ne npnaeno k
pesynL1a1aH, enaeHLH repHanckon c1oponon. IepHanckan c1opona ne nHee1 aosHonoc1n
koHnencnpoaa1L nonnoc1Lk coae1ckne noc1aakn ncknkn1enLno a1nHn HaunnaHn n nue1
noa1oHy ppyrnx ny1en pnn a1on koHnencaunn. cansn c a1nH nyppe roaopn1, 1o repHanckan
c1opona paccn1Laae1 na nonyenne koHnencaunn no nHyuec1aennLH npe1ensnnH a npnan1ax.
IepHanckan c1opona sann1epecoaana a 1oH, 1oL a1a onna1a Lna nponsaepena kak Hono
ckopee, 1ak kak nHenno cenac neoxopnHL onpepenennLe cyHHL, ko1opLHn repHanckan
c1opona Horna L koHnencnpoaa1L coae1ckne noc1aakn. enanne repHanckon c1oponL
saknkae1cn a 1oH, 1oL nonyn1L a1n cyHHL a 1eenne 12-18 Hecnuea. nyppe o1Heae1, 1o
coae1ckne npepnoennn nn a o1nouennn pasHepa cyHH, nn a o1nouennn cpokoa ne
coo1ae1c1ayk1 repHancknH nn1epecaH. n roaopn1, 1o 10%-nan koHnencaunn pnn nnu
repHanckon naunonanLnoc1n n neckonLko onLuan koHnencaunn pnn repHancknx rpapan ne
coo1ae1c1aye1 1eH saaepennnH, ko1opLe repHanckan c1opona nonynna o1 1. ono1oaa a
o1nouennn conkpennn repHancknx nn1epecoa a pnan1nke. n sananne1, 1o neperoaopL a
nre n oano saunn, a cansn c a1nH, a 1ynnk n Luo L ena1enLno nx aosonoan1L c ye1oH
1oro, 1o repHanckan c1opona enae1 nonyn1L a1y koHnencaunk a nnanuee apeHn. nn 1oro,
1oL yckopn1L peuenne a1oro aonpoca, nyppe npepnarae1 ne sannHa1Lcn npoaepkon
o1penLnLx npe1ensnn, a nasnan1L onpepenennyk nayuanLnyk cyHHy, ko1opan cHorna L
yperynnpoaa1L o1nouennn oenx c1opon no a1oHy aonpocy.
@TaPV penae1 saHeanne, 1o a1o ne 1akne y onLune cyHHL, 1oL onn nrpann kakyk-
nnypL ponL pnn 1akon c1panL, kak oae1cknn oks.
@PP npoponae1, 1o repHanckne npe1ensnn no Sc1onnn n a1ann aLpaak1cn a cyHHe
okono 215 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok, npneH a1a cyHHa Hoe1 noaLcn1Lcn nocne
coo1ae1c1aykuero y1onennn. pe1ensnn no n1ae coc1aannk1 100 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok, no
specL ne y1enL coae1ckne kon1p1peoaannn. n noppepnaae1 aLckasLaannn ynenypra o
1oH, 1o a1a cyHHa nesnan1enLna, 1eH onee, 1o pnn nokpL1nn ee poc1a1ono xo1n L 1on
cyHHL, ko1opan a nac1onuee apeHn nHee1cn na sonpep-kon1o a Eepnnne n ko1opan cenac
poc1nrna onee 20 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok a nonLsy oae1ckoro oksa.
3a1eH nyppe nepexopn1 k cnepykunH payH aonpocaH:
1. onpoc o aosHeuennn cyHH, anoennLx IepHannen a kekcronLHckyk ennknosnyk qapnky,
naxopnuykcn na o1ouepuen k ac1n 1eppn1opnn nnnnnpnn.
2. onpoc o1nocn1enLno exocnoaaukoro kpepn1a, ko1opLn a cyHHe 244 Hnn. eucknx kpon Ln
nonyen coae1ckon c1oponon, npneH nocnepnnn a ce1 a1oro kpepn1a nonynna no1n na 100%
oopypoaanne o1 qnpHL kopa
n
pyrnx eucknx qnpH.
nyppe coouae1, 1o 1. nkonn aLpasnn caoe cornacne na onna1y nnuL
#Bm38n=:Q # 2, . 1
129
50% no a1oHy kpepn1y. nyppe sananne1, 1o on ne anpn1 nnkakon npaaoaon ocnoaL pnn onna1L
50%, n aLpaae1 enanne na nonyenne 100%. n npocn1 npoaepn1L a1o1 aonpoc.
@TaPV cnoaa penae1 saHeanne, 1o a1a cyHHa oenL nesnan1enLna n ne c1on1 1oro,
1oL o nen cnopn1L, 1ak kak coc1aanne1 HenLue 25 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok. n roaopn1, 1o arn
onnraunn, nopnncannLe coae1cknHn oqnunanLnLHn opranaHn, naxopn1cn a pykax ac1nLx
qnpH n ankoa n 1o npn neonna1e noc1papak1 ac1nLe nnua.
o1nouennn kekcronLHckon qapnkn ynenypr poaanne1, 1o 1enepL, nocne 1oro kak
nnnnnpnn aepnyna ace aLaesennLe HaunnL n aosHec1nna nonecennLe a cansn c aonnon yL1kn,
repHanckan c1opona anpaae npe1enpoaa1L na nonyenne coo1ae1c1aykunx aosHeuennn.
(ynenypr nepepae1 1. ono1oay paa nncLHennLx coouennn: 1. no exocnoaaukoHy kpepn1y; 2.
no aonpocy o ekcronLHckon qapnke).
nyppe, nepexopa k cnepykueHy aonpocy, npocn1 cpena1L neko1opLe pas1ncnennn no noaopy
ne1caHckon konueccnn
116
. n ccLnae1cn na poroaop Hepy IepHannen n nnnnnpnen, no
ko1opoHy nocnepnnn ponna oecnen1L pnn IepHannn 60% poLn nnkeneaon pypL. n
nopepknaae1, 1o a1o1 poroaop, saknkennLn na neonpepenennLn cpok, Ln nopnncan eue a
anpene-Hae Hecnue, 1o ec1L panLue, eH coae1ckan c1opona aLc1ynnna co caonHn npe1ensnnHn
a o1nouennn a1on konueccnn. L xo1nH, - sananne1 nyppe, - 1oL neoxopnHLe naH
noc1aakn nnkeneaon pypL Lnn nonnoc1Lk oecneenL. poHe cornauennn Hepy IepHannen n
nnnnnpnen, nHek1cn o1penLnLe poroaopL Hepy nnkeneaon koHnannen n repHanckon qnpHon
.I. apen ao ncnonnenne a1oro cornauennn. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao, roaopn1 panee
nyppe, coounno nnnnnpnn, 1o ono npn acex ycnoannx ype1 1peoaa1L aLnonnennn
cornauennn o noc1aake nnkeneaon pypL kak o1 nac1onuero konueccnonnoro ouec1aa, 1ak n o1
nkoro ypyuero ouec1aa. IepHanckan c1opona n no1oHy eue ne Hoe1 o1kasa1Lcn o1 a1nx
noc1aaok, 1o ona nponsaena snan1enLnoe npepaapn1enLnoe qnnancnpoaanne a1on konueccnn.
oa. 9TO cnpaunaae1, o kakoH qnnancnpoaannn npe1 peL, 1ak kak specL noppasyHeaae1cn
anrno-kanapckoe ouec1ao.
@PP nop1aeppae1, 1o a1o penc1an1enLno anrno-kanapckoe ouec1ao, no ono nHee1
poroaop c .I. apen, npneH nocnepnnH Ln npepoc1aanen kpepn1. IepHanckan c1opona
cn1ae1, 1o ypyuan konueccnn ponna asn1L na cen 1e e onsa1enLc1aa, 1o n nac1onuan.
nyppe npocn1, 1oL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nop1aeppnno cyuec1aykune Hepy IepHannen
n nnnnnpnen onsa1enLc1aa.
oa. 9TOQ o1aean no nopnpky na noc1aanennLe nyppe aonpocL, roaopn1, 1o a o1nouennn
sepna cenac nnero onpepenennoro ckasa1L ne Hoe1, 1ak kak ponen no a1oHy noaopy
nocoae1oaa1Lcn n nonyn1L nnqopHaunk o1 1. nkonna, 1eH onee, 1o coae1ckan c1opona ye
noaLcnna 1o konnec1ao, ko1opoe Lno nepaonaanLno npepycHo1peno. pnako, ecnn nyppe
cnoaa c1aan1 aonpoc o yaennennn a1oro konnec1aa, 1. ono1oa ro1oa nocne nonyennn
neoxopnHon nnqopHaunn n aLncnennn aepny1Lcn k a1oHy aonpocy.
o1nouennn npnan1oa n cansannLx c a1nH akonoHnecknx o1nouennn nHek1cn nncLHennLe
pokyHen1L, a ko1opLx ykasano, kak coae1ckan c1opona nonnHae1 a1n aonpocL, n anpno, 1o ne
npepnonaranocL nonnoc1Lk koHnencnpoaa1L ace npe1ensnn. ono roaopn1L o cpokax n
pasHepax koHnencaunn; 1o e kacae1cn nayuanLnon cyHHL, 1o specL npnnunnnanLnLx
aospaennn ne ype1,
130
opnako a1y cyHHy neoxopnHo npoaepn1L. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn nnero
no a1oHy noaopy ckasa1L ne Hoe1, 1ak kak anepaLe cnLun1 o a1on cyHHe n 1ak kak repHanckan
c1opona panee o nen nnero ne ynoHnnana.
anee 1. ono1oa nepexopn1 k aonpocy o pacunpennn asL repHancknx noc1aaok. n roaopn1,
1o npn a1oH cnepye1 ncxopn1L ns akonoHneckon sann1epecoaannoc1n. cnn coae1ckan c1opona
noc1aanne1 ac1L sepna, xnonka, neq1n n ppyrnx npopyk1oa a IepHannk, 1o a1o ne snan1, 1o
ona a nnx ne nypae1cn. anpo1na, ona orpannnaae1 cen c 1eH, 1oL nHe1L aosHonoc1L
ypoane1aopn1L enannn repHanckon c1oponL a a1oH o1nouennn. ppyron c1oponL, repHanckan
npoHLunennoc1L nHee1 ace aosHonoc1n pnn 1oro, 1oL ypoane1aopn1L coae1ckne enannn.
cnn yec1L npoHLunennoc1L IepHannn n npnaan1L k nen euckyk n aac1pnnckyk
npoHLunennoc1L, a 1ake n ppyrne aosHonoc1n, ko1opLHn pacnonarae1 IepHannn, 1o ype1
ncno, 1o repHanckan c1opona es ocoLx 1pypnoc1en Hoe1 ypoane1aopn1L coae1ckne
no1penoc1n a Haunnax. S1o 1eH onee aosHono, 1o a IepHannn sanannk1 n onynnkoaLaak1 a
nea1n o orpoHnLx sanacax aoopyennn n o 1oH, 1o npnxopn1cn cokpaua1L neko1opLe o1pacnn
npoHLunennoc1n, 1ak kak ne1 nnkakon aosHonoc1n pasHec1n1L a1n orpoHnLe sanacL. L
sann1epecoaanL a onpepenennLx 1oaapax, - roaopn1 1. ono1oa, - a ne a 1oH, 1o nanne1cn
caoopnLH na repHanckoH pLnke. cnn y IepHannn 1akon aosHonoc1n ne nHee1cn, 1o nyc1L ona
o a1oH sanan1.
o1nouennn euckoro kpepn1a n kekcronLHckon qapnkn 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o specL nyno
npoaepn1L, kakne nHek1cn aosHonoc1n, n ocypn1L a1o1 aonpoc c 1. nkonnoH n ppyrnHn
sann1epecoaannLHn opranaHn, nocne ero Hono ype1 aepny1Lcn k a1oHy aonpocy.
o1nouennn npnan1oa 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o coouenne nyppe ne anonne coo1ae1c1aye1
penc1an1enLnoc1n, 1ak kak 10% koHnencaunn pnn nnu neHeukon naunonanLnoc1n n 20% pnn
repHancknx noppannLx npepycHo1penL nnuL npn aosHeuennn a 1eenne opnoro ropa. cnn e
cpok ype1 yaennen, 1o n npouen1 coo1ae1c1aenno yaennnaae1cn. oae1ckon c1oponon Lnn
npepnoenL cpokn a 3-6 n 10 ne1 c coo1ae1c1aykuen aLnna1on a 15-20-25% pnn nnu
neHeukon naunonanLnoc1n n po 50% pnn repHancknx rpapan. ppyron c1oponL, nnk1o n nn npn
kaknx ycnoannx ne cHoe1 koHnencnpoaa1L 1e anoennn, ko1opLe nponsaopnnncL a 1eenne
neckonLknx ne1. oa. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o a1o nepaoe ncknkenne, ko1opoe coae1ckan
c1opona cpenana ns npnnunnoa ne koHnencnpoaa1L naunonannsnpoaannoe nHyuec1ao. oa.
ono1oa xo1en L sna1L, enae1 nn repHanckan c1opona nonyn1L a1y koHnencaunk a 1eenne
opnoro ropa nnn cornacna nonyn1L ee a 1eenne 3-6-10 ne1, nockonLky a cansn c a1nH npouen1
koHnencaunn yaennnaae1cn. cnn nyppe enae1 ckopee npopanny1L a1o1 sa1nnyaunncn
aonpoc, 1o a1o coo1ae1c1aye1 1ake enannnH coae1ckon c1oponL. cansn c a1nH 1. ono1oa
penae1 cnepykuee npepnoenne: npn onna1e a 1eenne opnoro ropa yaennn1L koHnencaunk sa
nHyuec1ao nnu neHeukon naunonanLnoc1n c10po15%n repHancknx noppannLx - c 20 po 25%.
oo1ae1c1aenno:
T` TWX X_ 4XW4T65W
npn onna1e a 1eenne 3-x ne1 - 25% aHec1o 15% 6 - 35% 20%
10 - 40% 25%
151
T` VP45WY VP4b\4
npn onna1e a 1eenne 3-x ne1 - 35% aHec1o 30% 6 - 45% 40%
10 - 50%, 1.e. es nsHenennn.
oa. ono1oa aLckasLaae1 napepy, 1o a1o npepnoenne ype1 onee nopxopnunH pnn
repHanckon c1oponL, n on xo1en L npnn1n k cornauennk a a1oH pyxe.
@PP roaopn1, 1o on npepc1aanne1 cee, kakne o1knnkn nonyn1 a Eepnnne 1akoe peuenne
coae1ckon c1oponL. n roaopn1, 1o a Eepnnne na ocnoaannn coouennn ynenypra cn1ann,
1o coae1ckan c1opona ype1 nonnoc1Lk saunua1L repHanckne nn1epecL a npnan1nncknx
c1panax, 1o ec1L 1o aosHeuenne ype1 nponsaepeno na 100%. pepe eH roaopn1L o
npouen1ax, neoxopnHo yc1anoan1L, o1 kakon cyHHL pa1L a1n npouen1L, 1eH onee, 1o
ocypenne a1oro aonpoca npnaeno ye k snan1enLnon pnckyccnn n Hoe1 npnaec1n k eue
onLunH 1pypnoc1nH. cansn c a1nH repHanckan c1opona n npepnarae1 aLuenpnaepennyk
nayuanLnyk cyHHy.
oa. 9TO ykasLaae1, 1o po cnx nop repHanckan c1opona nnero ne roaopnna o a1on cyHHe
n on anepaLe o nen ceropnn cnLun1. oa. ono1oa noaa nopepknaae1, 1o a opnn rop
neaosHono koHnencnpoaa1L 1akyk cyHHy n 1o a nc1opnn ne1 noponoro npeuepen1a. oa.
ono1oa nopepknaae1 1ake, 1o pnn onee Lc1poro peuennn a1oro aonpoca neoxopnHo,
1oL 1peyeHan cyHHa Lna onee pncky1aenLnon, n 1o 1e 1peoaannn, ko1opLe aLpanranncL
repHanckon c1oponon po cnx nop, ne coo1ae1c1ayk1 1oHy, 1o Hono Lno L cee npepc1aan1L.
pnako, nockonLky unqpL ye nasaanL, 1. ono1oa aLpaae1 1o noenanne, 1oL oe c1oponL
nopaeprnn npoaepke a1n unqpL.
@TaPV penae1 saHeanne, 1o panLue repHanckan c1opona ne Horna pa1L a1nx unqp, 1ak
kak onn ponnL Lnn L1L nopcn1anL n yc1anoanenL.
@PP sananne1, 1o a1n unqpL a pesynL1a1e pao1L peneraunn Hory1 nsHenn1Lcn a 1y nnn
ppyryk c1opony. n roaopn1, 1o qak1oH oc1ae1cn 1o, 1o onLune cyHHL, ko1opLe a 1eenne
pecn1nne1nn conpanncL a npnan1nncknx rocypapc1aax a pesynL1a1e repHancknx anoennn,
oc1any1cn neaosHeuennL-Hn n 1o 1peyeHan cyHHa coc1aanne1 nnuL nesnan1enLnyk ponk
a1nx c1onHoc1en.
oa. 4UO xoe1 cpena1L neckonLko saHeannn no noaopy aLckasLaannn nyppe o 1oH,
1o repHanckyk c1opony ypoane1aopne1 koHnencaunn a 1eenne 3-6-10 ne1. n cn1ae1, 1o a
a1oH o1nouennn coae1ckan c1opona snan1enLno nouna naac1pey repHanckon c1opone. oa.
ekanosoa npnaopn1 cnepykunn npnHep: npn paspeuennn aonpoca o nHyuec1aennLx
npe1ensnnx no Eeccapann - npaapa, ne naunonannsnpoaannoro, a ac1noro nHyuec1aa - Ln
nopnncan poroaop o koHnencaunn a 1eenne 10-1n ne1. o1nnne o1 a1oro, 1enepL coae1ckan
c1opona npe1 snan1enLno naac1pey n ro1oaa nponsaec1n koHnencaunk a onee kopo1kne cpokn.
o1nouennn npnan1oa ypy1 1ake npep1nanenL coae1ckne 1peoaannn no 1eH c1onHoc1nH,
ko1opLe nHek1cn a eHenLckon n yaankckon onac1nx, npneH pnn nopce1a a1nx c1onHoc1en
Lnn nocnanL coae1ckne npepc1aan1enn. pnako nH ne ypanocL nonyn1L nnkaknx pannLx no
a1oHy noaopy, n onn, ne aLnonnna caoen sapan, aepnynncL a oano, rpe onpak1 aosHonoc1n
132
a1opnno aLexa1L pnn nonyennn neoxopnHLx pannLx. aspeuenne a1oro aonpoca, esycnoano,
yckopnno L ounn xop neperoaopoa.
oa. 9TO nepexopn1 k 1pe1LeHy aonpocy o1nocn1enLno nnkeneaon konueccnn a e1caHo,
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o eHy ne coaceH ncen a1o1 aonpoc, 1ak kak eue ne1oH ynenypr
coounn, 1o repHanckan c1opona nnkaknx npn1nsannn na a1y konueccnk ne nHee1. S1o1 aonpoc
Ln cnoaa sa1pony1 ynenyproH ao apeHn npeLaannn 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne. oroaop Hepy
nnnnnpnen n IepHannen cnepye1 paspenn1L na pae ac1n: nepaLn aonpoc - anoennn co
c1oponL IepHannn. ockonLky a1n anoennn Lnn cpenanL na ocnoaannn poroaopa c
qnnnnnpcknH npaan1enLc1aoH, coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nnkakoro o1nouennn k a1oHy aonpocy
ne nHee1, n IepHannn ponna 1peoaa1L aLnonnennn cansannLx c a1nH onsa1enLc1a
ncknkn1enLno o1 qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa. 1opon aonpoc - noc1aakn nnkeneaon pypL.
a1oHy aonpocy coae1ckan c1opona nHee1 o1nouenne. ynenypry, 1ak e kak n aceH specL
npncy1c1aykunH, nsaec1no, 1o nHee1cn cornauenne o oecneennn IepHannn a 1940 ropy 60%
o1 acen poLn pypL. ockonLky 1940 rop ye konae1cn, Hono roaopn1L o panLnenueH
nepnope, npneH 1. ono1oa npepnarae1 pacnpoc1pann1L cornauenne o noc1aakax 60%
nnkeneaon pypL na ace apeHn aonnL, 1ak kak ec1ec1aenno, 1o a nac1onunx ycnoannx IepHannn
ocoenno nypae1cn a a1on pype.
@TaPV o1aeae1, 1o no nepaoHy aonpocy on nonnoc1Lk cornacen c 1. ono1oaLH, 1o ec1L
1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ponno 1peoaa1L aLnonnennn a1nx onsa1enLc1a o1 nnnnnpnn.
1o e kacae1cn cpoka, 1o npopnn1L ero na apeHn aonnL nepoc1a1ono, 1ak kak aonna Hoe1
oenL ckopo konn1Lcn, a repHanckon c1oponon anoenL snan1enLnLe nnaec1nunn, a cansn c
eH nnkenL ponen noc1aann1Lcn a IepHannk.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o Hono npopnn1L cornauenne o noc1aake pypL na 1941 rop.
@PP roaopn1, 1o repHanckan c1opona enae1 oecnen1L aLnonnenne poroaopa c
nnnnnpnen, ko1opLn Ln saknken ne na 1940 nnn 1941 rop, a na neonpepenennoe apeHn.
pneH a neH copepn1cn: kak pypa ponna nokyna1Lcn, kak ponna onnanaa1Lcn, kak n korpa
ponno L1L noc1aaneno oopypoaanne, n ppyrne nopponoc1n. oa1oHy repHanckan c1opona
sann1epecoaana a 1oH, 1oL 60% pypL, ko1opLe, kc1a1n ckasa1L, Lnn npepnoenL coae1ckon
c1oponon, noc1aannnncL a coo1ae1c1ann c poroaopoH, nHekunHcn Hepy IepHannen n
nnnnnpnen, nesaancnHo o1 1ex nsHenennn, ko1opLe Hory1 nponson1n a konueccnn a cansn c
annnnneH na nee coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
oa. 9TO cnpaunaae1, kak Hoe1 coae1ckan c1opona rapan1npoaa1L 1e oroaopL, ko1opLx
ona ne anpena n o ko1opLx nnero ne snae1. oae1ckan c1opona ne n1ana poroaopa Hepy
nnnnnpnen n IepHannen, n aLnonnennn a1oro poroaopa repHanckan c1opona Hoe1 1peoaa1L
1onLko o1 nnnnnpnn. oae1ckan c1opona Hoe1 roaopn1L 1onLko o konueccnn, a o1nouennn
ko1opon ona nHee1 poroaop c nnnnnpnen. 1o e kacae1cn noc1aaok pypL, 1o coae1ckan
c1opona cornacna c noc1aakon 60% a 1eenne 1940 ropa n ro1oaa 1ake saknkn1L 1akoe
cornauenne na 1941 rop n pae na panLnenunn nepnop, ecnn a1o ype1 neoxopnHo.
@WPP noa1opne1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao xoe1 nnuL, 1oL aLnonnnnocL
cornauenne, nopnncannoe Hepy IepHannen n nnnnnpnen.
oa. 9TO roaopn1, 1o nepaonaanLno repHanckon c1oponon ykasLaa-
133
nncL 53% o1 ouen poLn, a 1o apeHn kak coae1ckan c1opona npepnonna 60%. pneH 1.
ono1oay nenonn1no, eH o1ncnn1L 1o, 1o ykasLaanncL ,o#
@PP o1aeae1, 1o a1o Lno nepopasyHenne. anpo1na, nnnnnpnn cornacnnacL noc1aann1L
100% nnkeneaon pypL, n nnuL nocne 1oro, kak coae1ckan c1opona aLpasnna caok
sann1epecoaannoc1L a konueccnn, repHanckan c1opona nouna na yc1ynky n cornacnnacL na
nonyenne 60%. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao, kak ye Lno ykasano, cpenano qnnnnnpckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay coouenne o 1oH, 1o ype1 1peoaa1L o1 nero aLnonnennn a1oro cornauennn.
oa. 9TO npepnonarae1, 1o a1o cornauenne Hepy IepHannen n nnnnnpnen ne
npo1naopen1 cnepykunH nonoennnH: 1. 1o IepHannn o1kasLaae1cn o1 npn1nsannn na
konueccnk; 2. 1o IepHannn cornacna nonya1L a 1eenne 1940-1941 rr. 60% poLn nnkeneaon
pypL. oa. ono1oa aLpaae1 a1y napepy, nockonLky eHy ne nsaec1no cornauenne,
saknkennoe Hepy IepHannen n nnnnnpnen.
@PP nonarae1, 1o npn neperoaopax o konueccnn Hepy coae1ckon c1oponon n nnnnnpnen
nocnepnnn cooun1 o ycnoannx cornauennn c IepHannen.
oa. 9TO cn1ae1, 1o specL nyno paccHa1pnaa1L paa cornauennn: 1. cornauenne Hepy
oae1cknH oksoH n nnnnnpnen; 2. cornauenne Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n IepHannen o
oecneennn noc1aakn nnkeneaon pypL a IepHannk. panLnenueH Hoe1 L1L saknkeno
cornauenne Hepy 1peHn c1oponaHn, ecnn a1o ype1 neoxopnHo.
@PP cn1ae1, 1o specL nHee1cn neko1opoe pasnornacne. IepHanckan c1opona saknknna
poroaop c nnnnnpnen n na ocnoaannn a1oro poroaopa 1peye1 kak o1 nac1onuen, 1ak n o1
ypyuen konueccnn asn1Lx na cen nnnnnpnen onsa1enLc1a.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o o1nocn1enLno npopykunn oe c1oponL Hory1 poroaopn1Lcn, no
coae1ckan c1opona ne a coc1onnnn rapan1npoaa1L 1e onsa1enLc1aa, o ko1opLx ona nnero ne
snae1.
@TaPVQ npnaepn npnHep o npopae ac1nLH nnuoH poHa, a o1nouennn ko1oporo nHek1cn
nno1enLe 1peoaannn, roaopn1, 1o n qnnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao ponno ype1 noc1aan1L
coae1ckyk c1opony a nsaec1noc1L o 1oH cornauennn, ko1opoe y nero nHee1cn c IepHannen.
pneH a1o cornauenne ne ype1 npo1naopen1L nepaoHy nynk1y (o1kas IepHannn o1
npn1nsannn na konueccnk), no ne ype1 coo1ae1c1aoaa1L a1opoHy nynk1y, 1ak kak a cornauennn
nnero ne ykasano o cpoke ero penc1ann.
oa. 9TO roaopn1, 1o on nnero ne Hoe1 ckasa1L o cornauennn, 1ak kak ne snae1 ero.
pnako ananornn, npnaepennan ynenyproH, nenpaannLna, 1ak kak qnnnnnpckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ne nanne1cn ac1nLH nnuoH n, nHen poc1a1ono Ha1epnanLnLx n qnnancoaLx
cpepc1a pnn aLuonnennn asn1Lx na cen onsa1enLc1a, ponno rapan1npoaa1L 1o, a eH
sann1epecoaana IepHannn-oae1ckan c1opona ro1oaa noc1aann1L IepHannn 60% poLn pypL a
1eenne 1940-1941 rr., a 1ake a nocnepykune ropL, npneH a a1oH cnyae npouen1 ponen
L1L cornacoaan ocoo.
oa. ono1oa npepnarae1 nepen1n k cnepykueHy aonpocy. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o ecnn
repHanckan c1opona Hoe1 cokpa1n1L cnncok nHekunxcn y nee na ceropnn aonpocoa, 1o on xo1en
L nepen1n k nonn1necknH aonpocaH, cansannLH c neperoaopaHn a Eepnnne.
;WT6VP c1aan1 aonpoc o o1npaake a Rnonnk payx aaponnanoa.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o yckopn1 peuenne a1oro aonpoca.
134
anee ;WT6VP opauae1cn co cnepykunH aonpocoH: nen1pon nopynn eHy nepepa1L, 1o
ny1euec1aykunn no apone cnaHcknn Hnnnc1p pakpa-on1pe npocnn ysna1L, paspeua1 nn eHy
noce1n1L oae1cknn oks, nockonLky Hepy naHoH n ne nHee1cn pnnnoHa1necknx
o1nouennn.
oa. 9TO cnpaunaae1, c kakon uenLk cnaHcknn Hnnnc1p xoe1 nonyn1L a1o paspeuenne:
npe1 nn peL o 1pansn1non anse nnn e on nHee1 kakne-nnypL ppyrne naHepennn.
@TaPV oeuae1 a1o1 aonpoc aLncnn1L n cooun1L nospnee.
saknkenne ynenypr nepexopn1 k aonpocy o onpoaepennn no noaopy sananennn
rase1L IaHyprep qpeHpcnna1*. n roaopn1 o 1oH, 1o a1nH onpoaepenneH cenac
snoyno1pennk1 apapeno nac1poennLe k IepHannn rocypapc1aa n 1o Lno L nyue
aLpasn1L neypoane1aopenne sananenneH a1on rase1L eHy, ynenypry, nnn e yperynnpoaa1L
a1o peno epes noconLc1ao, 1o ne aLsaano L nnkaknx kpnao1onkoa.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o specL 1ake nounn no a1oHy noaopy pasnLe kpnao1onkn n 1o
onpoaepenne nonnoc1Lk coo1ae1c1aye1 penc1an1enLnoc1n.
@TaPV sananne1, 1o a IepHannn ne nHee1cn npepaapn1enLnon uensypL, 1o rase1aH
pak1cn nnuL onpepenennLe nnc1pykunn n kakan-nno ac1nan rase1a Hoe1 nnorpa nanea1a1L
noponoe coouenne. o ero Hnennk, neypono pearnpoaa1L 1aknH oqnunanLnLH opranaH na
aLc1ynnenne npoannunanLnon rase1L.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona ne nanea1ana L a1oro onpoaepennn, ecnn L
aHepnkanckoe aren1c1ao ne nopnnno aokpyr a1oro uyH. Henno noa1oHy HL Lnn aLnypenL
Lc1po pearnpoaa1L, n kakne-nno any1pennne neperoaopL ne Hornn L ncnpaan1L a1oro sna, 1ak
kak coouenne aHepnkanckoro aren1c1aa nonannocL a nea1n n Lno nepepano no papno.
oa. ono1oa npepnarae1 nepen1n k nonn1necknH aonpocaH, nockonLky akonoHneckne aonpocL
ye ncepnanL. n npepnarae1 oc1a1Lcn pnn a1oro a onee 1ecnoH kpyry.
nyppe yxopn1.
anLnenuan ecepa no nonn1necknH aonpocaH sanncana o1penLno.
3anncan "2 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . 1C . 1C; . 1=14.
548. &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 . 91<101/. 8
18<19 -729. / 8882 ># @-<7&2-19
9C 1940 .
(. 3 3
ocne yxopa nyppe 1. ono1oa nepeuen k aonpocaH, cansannLH c nocnepnen ecepon c
nen1ponoH, nponcxopnauen a oHoyenue**. oa. ono1oa nepepan 1ekc1 cornauennn 4-x
pepaa, npopnk1oaannLn nen1ponoH.
* H. pok. 545. ** H. pok. 512.
135
;WT6VPQ npo1n a1o1 1ekc1, ckasan, 1o no cHLcny on nonnoc1Lk coo1ae1c1aye1 1oHy, 1o
roaopnn Hnnnc1p, no no qopHynnpoake neckonLko o1nnae1cn.
9TO o1He1nn, 1o on nepepac1 a1o1 1ekc1, nockonLky a panLnenueH xope ecepL on ype1
na nero ccLna1Lcn. anee 1. ono1oa ckasan, 1o 1o, 1o on cenac ype1 roaopn1L, eue ne
okona1enLno cqopHynnpoaano n on nepepac1 a1o caonHn cnoaaHn, ko1opLe on npocn1 nnLrep a
sannca1L n nepepa1L a Eepnnn.
oa. ono1oa coouae1 ycnoann, na ko1opLx oae1cknn oks cornacen npnnn1L a ocnoanoH
npoek1 nak1a 4-x pepaa, a 1ake roaopn1 o 1ex aLaopax, ko1opLe ncxopn1 ns a1oro coouennn.
saknkenne 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o repHanckon c1oponon Ln npepnoen opnn o1kpL1Ln
1ekc1 n 2 cekpe1nLx npo1okona. oae1ckan c1opona ro1oaa npnnn1L sa ocnoay npepnoennLn
1ekc1 n npepnarae1 coc1aan1L 5 cekpe1nLx npo1okonoa.
@TaPV roaopn1, 1o on neHepnenno nepepac1 a Eepnnn npepnoennn coae1ckon c1oponL.
n nonarae1, 1o a aonpoce o ypunn Hory1 ac1pe1n1Lcn neko1opLe 1pypnoc1n.
9TO ykasLaae1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona cqopHynnpoaana caon npepnoennn: 1. ekanosoa,
ko1opLn saa1pa nanpaanne1cn a Eepnnn, ype1 nHe1L c coon ace neoxopnHLe ykasannn, a
1ake copepanne npepnoennn coae1ckon c1oponL. cnyae neoxopnHoc1n on cHoe1 pa1L
nynLe o1ncnennn. oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, ace nn ncno r-ny ynenypry n ne nyno nn
kaknx pas1ncnennn.
@TaPV o1aeae1, 1o ace ncno.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
ouen cnonoc1n ecepa npoponanacL 3 aca
207
.
Eecepy sanncan "2

! . +NNN Z
9C 1940
. 2
3
cornacen npnnn1L a ocnoanoH npoek1 nak1a e1Lpex pepaa o nx nonn1neckoH
co1pypnnec1ae n akonoHneckon asanHonoHoun, nsnoennLn r. nen1ponoH a ero ecepe c
.. ono1oaLH a Eepnnne 13 nonpn 1940 ropa n coc1onunn ns 4-x nynk1oa, npn cnepykunx
ycnoannx:
1. cnn repHanckne aoncka ypy1 1enepL e aLaepenL ns nnnnnpnn, npepc1aannkuen cqepy
annnnnn 8882Q cornacno coae1cko-repHanckoHy cornauennk 1939 ropa, npneH
onsLaae1cn oecnen1L HnpnLe o1nouennn c nnnnnpnen, a 1ake akonoHneckne nn1epecL
IepHannn a nnnnnpnn (aLaos neca, nnkenn).
2. cnn a nnanune HecnuL ype1 oecneena esonacnoc1L 8882 a ponnaax ny1eH
saknkennn nak1a asanHonoHoun Hepy n Eonrapnen, naxopnuencn no caoeHy
reorpaqneckoHy nonoennk a cqepe esonac-
136
noc1n epnoHopcknx rpannu n oprannsaunn aoennon n aoenno-Hopckon asL a panone
Eocqopa n appanenn na naanax ponrocponon apenpL.
3. cnn uen1poH 1nec1n acnnpaunn ype1 npnsnan panon k kry o1 Ea1yHa n Eaky a oueH
nanpaanennn k epcnpckoHy sannay.
4. cnn Rnonnn o1kae1cn o1 caonx konueccnonnLx npaa no yrnk n neq1n na eaepnoH axannne
na ycnoannx cnpaaepnnaon koHnencaunn.
oopasno c nsnoennLH ponen L1L nsHenen npoek1 npo1okona k oroaopy 4-x pepaa,
npepc1aanennLn r-noH nen1ponoH, o pasrpannennn cqep annnnnn a pyxe onpepenennn
uen1pa 1nec1n acnnpaunn na kre o1 Ea1yHa n Eaky a oueH nanpaanennn k epcnpckoHy
sannay.
ono 1ak e ponen L1L nsHenen nsnoennLn r. nen1ponoH npoek1 npo1okona -
ornauennn Hepy IepHannen, 1annen n o ypunn a pyxe oecneennn aoennon n aoenno-
Hopckon asL y Eocqopa n appanenn na naanax ponrocponon apenpL c rapan1nen 3-x
pepaa nesaancnHoc1n n 1eppn1opnn ypunn a cnyae, ecnn ypunn cornacn1cn npncoepnnn1Lcn
k e1LpeH pepaaaH.
a1oH npo1okone ponno L1L npepycHo1peno, 1o a cnyae o1kasa ypunn npncoepnnn1Lcn k
e1LpeH pepaaaH IepHannn, 1annn n poroaapnaak1cn aLpao1a1L n npoaec1n a nsnL
neoxopnHLe aoennLe n pnnnoHa1neckne HepL, o eH ponno L1L saknkeno cneunanLnoe
cornauenne.
aanLH opasoH ponnL L1L npnnn1L: 1pe1nn cekpe1nLn npo1okon Hepy n IepHannen o
nnnnnpnn; e1aep1Ln cekpe1nLn npo1okon Hepy n Rnonnen o o1kase Rnonnn o1
yronLnon n neq1nnon konueccnn na eaepnoH axannne; nn1Ln cekpe1nLn npo1okon Hepy
, IepHannen n 1annen c npnsnanneH 1oro, 1o Eonrapnn, aanpy ee reorpaqneckoro
nonoennn, naxopn1cn a cqepe esonacnoc1n epnoHopcknx rpannu , a cansn c eH
cn1ae1cn nonn1neckn neoxopnHLH saknkenne nak1a o asanHonoHoun Hepy n
Eonrapnen, 1o nn a kakon Hepe ne ponno sa1parnaa1L nn any1pennero penHa Eonrapnn, nn ee
cyaepenn1e1a n nesaancnHoc1n.
A42 !>4 %- 6. : 78. B4 . B<C . 10;-11B.
,49# 07<7-2.99. -772.<B1-1 87270.2 8882 j#j# 81&1<7/. .2119
1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/
9C 1940 .
V4 2F
eropnn a 11 acoa 30 Hnny1 n aHec1e c aapnueaLH Ln npnnn1 npepcepa1eneH oae1a
nnnc1poa nnoaLH, ko1opoHy yc1no nsnonn copepanne Hoero sananennn uapk (ac1pea c
uapeH nasnaena na 5 acoa 30 Hnny1). nnoa aLcnyuan c onLunH annHanneH n aneune
cnokonno. pocnn noa1opn1L nnuL nocnepnnn nynk1 - o npncoepnnennn Eonrapnn k nak1y 1pex.
a Hon aonpoc, ace nn eHy ncno, nnoa nop1aeppnn, 1o ace ncno, kpoHe 1oro HoHen1a, rpe
roaopn1cn, 1o aosonoanne1 caoe npepnoenne o nak1e asanHonoHoun c Eonrapnen.
nnoa ne noHnn1, 1oL penan a cen1npe 1939 r. 1akoe npepnoenne Eonrapnn. R
nanoHnnn eHy o auen ecepe c
137
n1onoaLH a cen1npe n o o1ae1e Locenaanoaa a nonpe 1939 r. aapen1Leay*. nnoa ckasan,
1o npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa oenL aano n no1peye1 neko1oporo apeHenn pnn
nsyennn. anee on HnHoxopoH o1He1nn cnonoc1L nonoennn Eonrapnn n ckasan, 1o nH
nsaec1no o apapenLx Eonrapnn nac1poennnx a ypunn. a Hok pennnky, 1o peno ne 1onLko
a neH, nnoa cornacnncn c 1eH, 1o penc1an1enLno nHek1 Hec1o aoennLe npnro1oanennn ypunn
npo1na Eonrapnn. n IepHannn, nn 1annn nn pasy ne Lnn ynoHnny1L a pasroaope.
nnoa coounn, 1o a cyo1y nocnanL nnc1pykunn 1aHenoay o1ae1n1L na npepnoenne o
rapan1nnx Eonrapnn. Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao naropapn1 coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao sa
ppyec1aennLe yac1aa, nponanennLe a o1nouennn Eonrapnn, no ne anpn1 neoxopnHoc1n
npnnn1nn a pannoe apeHn rapan1nn , 1ak kak nnk1o ne yrpoae1 Eonrapnn.
nnoa cornacen c 1eH, 1o npepnoenne , nsnoennoe a HoeH sananennn, no-noaoHy c1aan1
aecL aonpoc n 1peye1 cneunanLnoro nsyennn.
(2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::1 . 99<9 . 1B<=1B;.
,,0# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .<# /:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7
-18<./ /#.# =<101/
9B 1940 .
(. 3
25 nonpn npnnnn Iaapnnoana, ko1opLn npocnn opa1n1L annHanne na yxypuakueecn
o1nouenne Eonrapnn k Krocnaann. Iaapnnoan sanann: kak on aLncnnn ns ecep cepcknx
ypnannc1oa c neHeuknHn ypnannc1aHn, k Krocnaann npep1nannk1cn 1peoaannn onpepenn1L
caoe nonoenne n peun1L aonpoc a o1nouennn k ocn, 1o osnaae1 non1n na ep1ay, no1epn1L
1eppn1opnk akeponnn. Krocnaackoe npaan1enLc1ao opauae1cn c npocLon k coae1ckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay noHoL aLncnn1L nosnunk Eonrapnn, cn1an a1o ocoenno aanLH aanpy 1oro,
1o neHuL penak1 anp, 1o nocne noceuennn .. ono1oaLH Eepnnna a ankancknx aonpocax y
IepHannn pykn pasansanL. R oeuan Iaapnnoany ponon1L npaan1enLc1ay o a1on ecepe n a
nocnepykueH ero yaepoHn1L. 1o e kacae1cn saHeannn Iaapnnoana o 1oH, 1o neHuL penak1
anp, yp1o nocne noceuennn .. ono1oaa y IepHannn pykn pasansanL, 1o a a1o1 aonpoc
poc1a1onyk ncnoc1L anocn1 onynnkoaannoe coouenne no noaopy enrpnn**. Iaapnnoan
sanann 1ake, 1o Hepy Krocnaanen n Eonrapnen npo1naopenn npnopenn xapak1ep
nc1opneckoro sakona, 1o neHuL noppepnaak1 Eonrapnk, ko1opan c1peHn1cn k
pykoaopnuen ponn na Eankanax. Krocnaann onacae1cn, 1o Hoe1 noa1opn1Lcn nc1opnn,
nHeauan Hec1o a nepayk nHnepnannc1neckyk aonny, korpa epnn poporo sanna1nna sa
poaepne k Eonrapnn.
G 8# ### H 0# gg((# H # !C# GG 8# pok. ,4,#
138
Iaapnnoan 1ake sanann, 1o Krocnaann neHuaH nnero ne pac1, ero L onn nn 1peoaann.
oouak pnn auero caepennn.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1< . 91;4 . 9C=9B.
,,1# 07<7-2.99. -772.<B1-1 87270.2 8882 .<#
81&1<7/. .2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 . 91<101/G
9B 1940 .
( 3
pouy nop1aeppn1L cornacne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa na npepnoenne repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o npouepype nopro1oakn konqepenunn pnnon ynanckon koHnccnn.
IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnonno:
1. eoxopnHLH ycnoaneH cosLaa 1akon konqepenunn nanne1cn npepaapn1enLnoe poc1nenne
cornacnn Hepy , IepHannen n 1annen no aceH ocnoanLH aonpocaH nopnpka pnn
konqepenunn.
2. nn npepaapn1enLnoro neoqnunanLnoro oHena HnennnHn n aLpao1kn epnnon nna1qopHL
conpak1cn rnaaL peneraunn 1pex aLueykasannLx c1pan epes 4-6 nepenL nocne okonannn
konqepenunn no opckoHy ynak a Eyxapec1e. Hec1e ac1pen ype1 ycnoaneno nospnee.
3. ocne poc1nennn cornacnn no ocnoanLH aonpocaH a1n e rnaaL peneraunn peuak1 aonpoc o
nopnpke npnaneennn oc1anLnLx c1pan-yac1nnu konqepenunn k aLpao1ke npoek1a
cornauennn o penHe na ynae.
pouy o1ae1 pa1L a Eyxapec1.
(2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::1 . 99<9 . 1<<.
,,2# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7
Fj# /1-2.1/. / 8882
9B 1940 .
( 3
epa anpencn c anenoH. ocon c aoc1oproH pacckasLaan o caoen ac1pee a Eepnnne c
1oaapnueH ono1oaLH, nopepknya npn a1oH, 1o a Eepnnne oc1anocL oenL xopouee
anea1nenne o ansn1e 1oaapnua ono1oaa. o cnoaaH anena, ao apeHn ecep Lnn sa1pony1L
ace aonpocL, nn1epecoaaaune Iep-
* oHe1a na pokyHen1e: 0O# 1annny. pepnarak cornacn1Lcn, ecnn ype1 oc1nrny1o
cornauenne no opckoHy ynak. .2.
139
Hannk, nannan o1 Rnonnn po Eankan, n no a1nH aonpocaH Lno yc1anoaneno epnnoe Hnenne.
epexopn k nonoennk a ypunn, anen ckasan: R nauen specL onLuoe ecnokonc1ao n
nepaosnoc1L. cyo1y n Ln y apaporny, ko1opLn nn1epecoaancn y Henn pesynL1a1aHn ecep
ono1oaa c naunHn pykoaopn1ennHn. R ckasan eHy, 1o naun pykoaopn1enn osnakoHnnn
ono1oaa c npoek1oH cospannn noaon aponL n HL npnrnacnnn naunx coae1cknx ppysen
yac1aoaa1L a yc1anoanennn noaoro nopnpka. ypkn oenL oecnokoenL 1eH, 1o IepHannn
Hoe1 ceropnn aLc1ynn1L na noHouL 1annn na Eankanax, a cnny ero ypunn okae1cn
aoaneennon a aonny. R ckasan apaporny, 1o IepHannn ne naHepena sa1parnaa1L nn1epecL
ypunn. IepHannn xoe1, 1oL ypunn coxpannna Hnp. R ckasan eHy 1ake, 1o pae a 1oH
cnyae, ecnn nrnnn cospac1 qpon1 na Eankanax n HL aLnypenL ypeH npoaopn1L 1aH aoennLe
penc1ann, n a a1oH cnyae IepHannn npnHe1 ace HepL k 1oHy, 1oL ne sa1parnaa1L nn1epecoa
ypunn. a Hoe saHeanne, 1o 1ypeukne rase1L Hnoro nncann o nkoL cpenannoH anenoH
sananennn nnoc1pannLH ypnannc1aH n 1o cenac a nkape xopn1 e1yxn o 1oH, 1o yp1o L
anen cpenan apaporny kakoe-1o npepnoenne, ko1opoe no1peoaano cneunanLnoro
ocypennn na nap1nnnon rpynne epnnca, nocon o1ae1nn: R cpasy e no npnespe cpenan
sananenne rase1e nyc o 1oH, 1o n nnkorpa ne penan npnnncLaaeHon Hne peknapaunn.
ackonLko Hne nsaec1no, a1o coouenne Lno nepepano no papno na ncnanckoH nsLke, no specL
ero npnnnnn sa coouenne E. c1nna caopn1cn k 1oHy, 1o n Ln npnrnauen a kny
ypnannc1oa a Eepnnne, rpe Hne ypnannc1L sapaaann pnp aonpocoa. on o1ae1L na nx aonpocL
Lnn cpepannL n yHepennL. ne sapaaancn, a ac1noc1n, aonpoc o1nocn1enLno nponnaoa. R
o1ae1nn, 1o nponnaL nn1epecyk1 a nepayk oepepL ypunk n n 1o IepHannn ne nHee1 k
a1oHy pae a1opoc1enennoro nn1epeca. epcnpckoH sannae, ko1opLn qnrypnpye1 a a1oH
coouennn, aonpoc pae ne c1onn. R nonarak, 1o opnn ns ypnannc1oa cosna1enLno npenopnec
Hon o1ae1L a 1akoH anpe, 1oL anec1n ecnokonc1ao a ouec1aennoe Hnenne.
R cnpocnn, kak o1neccn apaporny k cpenannoHy anenoH eHy sananennk. ocon o1ae1nn:
apaporny nnuL asnn na saHe1ky Hon cnoaa n nnero Hne ne roaopnn. Henn cnonnocL
anea1nenne, 1o on nocne Hoen ecepL c nnH noyac1aoaan onLuoe onerenne. 1ypok oenL
cnnLno Lno Hnenne o1nocn1enLno 1oro, 1o IepHannn naHepena aLc1ynn1L na noHouL 1annn.
R cn1ak, 1o 1annn nHee1 poc1a1ono aosHonoc1en, 1oL aLnpaan1L caoe nonoenne a
Ipeunn. o acnkoH cnyae ycconnnn k naH sa noHouLk ne opauancn n apnp nn a1o cpenae1.
cansn c HonHn ecepaHn c 1ypeuknHn pykoaopn1ennHn cenac Hono konc1a1npoaa1L neko1opyk
paspnpky nanpnennn. 1o kacae1cn nx nocnepnnx npnro1oanennn, 1o a1o n cn1ak rnynoc1nHn,
1ak kak ypunn nnk1o ne yrpoae1 n ona Hoe1 oc1aaa1Lcn cnokonnon po 1ex nop, noka caHa ne
npepnpnHe1 1o-nno. anee anen aLckasan npepnonoenne o 1oH, 1o 1ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao Hoe1 nsHenn1L caok aneunenonn1neckyk opnen1aunk a 1oH cnyae, ecnn HL
c aHn ypeH penc1aoaa1L coaHec1no. cnn HL c aHn, npoponan anen, ypeH okasLaa1L
cooua paanenne na 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao, yepan ero nsHenn1L caoe o1nouenne k n k
naH n ponaancL yperynnpoaannn nn1epecykunx ac aonpocoa n aonpocoa akonoHnecknx,
paspeuenne ko1opLx aano pnn nac, Hono pon1Lcn nonon1enLnLx pesynL1a1oa a a1oH
o1nouennn. cnoaanneH pnn naunx ounx c aHn penc1ann Hoe1 L1L 1o sananenne, ko1opoe
Lno cpenano
140
c nauen c1oponL ono1oay a Eepnnne. L ckasann, 1o HL sann1epecoaanL a coxpanennn Hnpa a
ypunn n ne conpaeHcn sa1parnaa1L ee nn1epecL, no HL ro1oaL co1pypnna1L aHec1e c
coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH a pene yperynnpoaannn aonpocoa, nn1epecykunx auy c1pany. cnn
HL c aHn ypeH penc1aoaa1L aHec1e, no opnon nnnnn, 1o Hono pon1Lcn
aneunenonn1neckoro noaopo1a ypunn. R nnero ne o1ae1nn na ckasannoe anenoH,
orpannnauncL nnuL saHeanneH, 1o ne nHen aosHonoc1n nocnepnne pnn ecepoaa1L nn c
apaporny, nn c eneHenpnorny n noa1oHy nnero ne Hory ckasa1L o 1oH, kakoe anea1nenne
nponsaenn na 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao nocnepnne coL1nn. anen nocne Hoero saHeannn
ckasan: enL 1pypno aLnan1L nx ouee Hnenne, n a ac1noc1n no o1nouennk k auen c1pane.
o acnkoH cnyae, na Hoe o a1oH saHeanne apaporny orpannnncn yknonnaLH ykasanneH,
1o ypunn aoopyena a poc1a1onon c1enenn n 1o ona c opyneH a pykax Hoe1 saun1n1L
caok nesaancnHoc1L, ype1 nn onacnoc1L co c1oponL IepHannn nnn oae1ckoro oksa. Henn
cospanocL anea1nenne, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao a pesynL1a1e caoen nonn1nkn sauno a
1ynnk n ne Hoe1 ns nero aLn1n. ypkn cn1ak1, 1o pnn nnx cenac nyue cpaa1Lcn, eH
oc1aaa1Lcn a nLneuneH nonoennn, xo1n onn sapanee snak1, 1o ac1ynnenne nx a aonny
npnnece1 nH nornenL. oa1oHy Luo L nennoxo ckasa1L nH, 1o nopa nepec1a1L L1L 1aknHn
nepoaepnaLHn n ne cHo1pe1L na nac n na oae1cknn oks 1ak ceppn1o, neoxopnHo aH
yc1anoan1L nnLe o1nouennn kak c , 1ak n c IepHannen.
s ecepL c anenoH y Henn cknapLaae1cn cnepykuee anea1nenne:
1. eHuL pasaepnynn specL cenac onLuyk pao1y, nL1ancL pon1Lcn o1 1ypok ecnn ne
noaopo1a a nx aneunenonn1neckoH kypce, 1o xo1n L nen1pannsaunn nx na pannoH a1ane.
2. caonx pasroaopax c 1ypkaHn neHuaHn, esycnoano, npenopnocn1cn nH ace caon yc1anoakn
nop coycoH epnnoro Hnennn IepHannn n oae1ckoro oksa kak a o1nouennn ypunn, 1ak n
Eankan. pepnoenne anena o coaHec1noH paanennn na 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao neoxopnHo
neHuaH pnn nopkpennennn a1oro 1esnca n npnkpL1nn nx coc1aennLx nnanoa.
3. nonne aepon1no, 1o neHuL aepy1 cenac paonnyk pao1y specL, 1o ec1L, c opnon c1oponL,
nL1ak1cn pnnnoHa1necknH ny1eH yroaopn1L 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao n, c ppyron c1oponL,
ro1oan1cn k aoennon akunn, ecnn nH nnero ne ypac1cn pon1Lcn nepaLHn*.
4. e ncknkeno n 1o, 1o neHuL ncnop1nuka npoaopn1 cpepn 1ypok noppLanyk pao1y a
o1nouennn , ynopno nopepknaan n nncnnpnpyn npn nkoH yponoH cnyae
sann1epecoaannoc1L a yperynnpoaannn aonpoca o ponnaax.
5. 1o kacae1cn sananennn, cpenannoro nkoL anenoH nnoc1pannLH ypnannc1aH a Eepnnne n
onpoaeprny1oro nH sa1eH no npnespe a nkapy, 1o Henn cknapLaae1cn Hnenne, 1o a1o
sananenne Luo cosna1enLno nyueno EepnnnoH a kaec1ae nponoro uara n onpoaeprny1o nnuL
no1oHy, 1o peakunn, aLsaannan nH, Lna cnnukoH peskon pnn pannoro HoHen1a.
42
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :14 . 91B: . 1:C=140.
J ak a opnrnnane.
141
,,# 07<7-2.99. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
8<# <1D1/81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 0.?81? 278=&<7
j#F# =.@
9B 1940 .
(2. 3
o1ae1 na au aonpoc coouak. yHaeH nocna1L pnn apHnn an anun 200 noneaLx opypnn 75-
1n HnnnnHe1poa, 50 senn1nLx opypnn 37 n 75-1n HnnnnHe1poa, 800 pynLx nyneHe1oa, 500
c1ankoaLx nyneHe1oa, 170 caHone1oa, ns nnx 20 oHappnpoaunkoa, oc1anLnLe - nc1pen1enn.
ce a1o pyHaeH nocna1L co cnapnpaHn n na1ponaHn.
#>2345
onyenne nop1aeppn1e.
,>E2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:1: . 1<<=1<;.
,,4# D =1<0A781-1 =8B9. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07<B80/. 8882 /
><81? 278=&<7 / 8882
%>? 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
9< 1940 . (. 3
... s aLuensnoennoro aL1ekae1, 1o:
1. cnn panLue aneunnn nonn1nka nnnnnpnn opnen1npoaanacL na nrnnk, annnnne ko1opon
kak a akonoHneckon, 1ak n a nonn1neckon nsnn c1panL Lno poaonLno cnnLnLH, 1o cenac,
acnepc1ane nsHennauencn cn1yaunn n coo1nouennn cnn a aonne na 3anape, nnnnnpnn npe1
kypcoH na IepHannk, a 1o e apeHn ne enae1 nop1n1L o1nouennn c nrnnen, kon1ponnpykuen
aLxop nnnnnpnn na eaepe.
2. SkonoHneckoe annnnne, okasLaaeHoe IepHannen na nnnnnpnk, nepenne1ae1cn c
nonn1necknH paanenneH, aLpasnaunHcn a npepoc1aanennn IepHannn 1pansn1a neHeuknx aonck
epes qnnnnnpckyk 1eppn1opnk
178
.
3. cnnennan nponaranpa sa IepHannk, aocxaanenne qaunc1ckoro c1pon, nakenckoe
sancknaanne nepep neHuaHn, enanne aknkn1L nnnnnpnk a ouyk cqepy repHanckoro
annnnnn, c onsnLk onospa1L, nHee1 uenLk sapyn1Lcn noppepkon IepHannn.
4. cepanne ac1n neHeuknx aonck a ropopax aasL, yny, oaanneHn, ycnnenne 1pancnop1a c
aoopyenneH, cocpepo1oenne nx a nanonee ynsanHon ac1n nnnnnpnn, a 1ake cospanne as
ropkero, pacunpenne aapoppo-
142
Hoa, noHouL aoopyenneH pacuennaak1cn npaanunHn kpyraHn nnnnnpnn kak cepLesnan
noppepka nx IepHannen.
5. pnxop neHeuknx aonck peakunonnLHn kpyraHn ncnonLsye1cn pnn ycnnennn an1ncoae1ckon
pen1enLnoc1n a c1pane n peaanunc1cknx nac1poennn cpepn aoennLx. accoaLn aLnyck
an1ncoae1ckon nn1epa1ypL, cospanne acnkoro popa aoenno-ukukopoacknx oprannsaunn, ace
onLuee npecnepoaanne nenoa ouec1aa Hnpa n ppyL n, nakoneu, aospanne acnkoro popa
noec1en nornunH a aonne 1939/40 rr. canpe1enLc1ayk1 o apapenoH o1nouennn npaanunx
kpyroa k .
6. pnoc1oponnnn opnen1aunn na IepHannk a unpoknx cnonx nacenennn ne nonynnpna, 1.k. a
caoen ocnoae ona aepe1 k 1akoHy e akonoHneckoHy n nonn1neckoHy sakaanennk, kakoe
ncnL1Laann 1pypnunecn HaccL po aonnL.
7. pHnn ouec1aa Hnpa n ppyL, ncnennoc1L ko1opon npoponae1 yaennnaa1Lcn c kapLH
pneH, poc1 onnosnunonnLx nac1poennn a cpepe counan-peHokpa1nn, npoqcoksoa n pp.,
nannk1cn nokasa1eneH Hounoro panennn npo1na cyuec1aykuero peakunonnoro penHa n sa
cnnenne c oae1cknH oksoH kak qak1opa Hnpa n cnokonc1ann.
$2 +N42
! %- 6. 0;9 78. 9: . 9C . . 91B=91<.
555. &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9#
9.?81-1 8 =.2<.97089 D.978007<79 9802. 1802.:; 7<
/7<1&20. E#p# &.0<7219
%>? 1. ono1oay
9< 1940 . (. 3
1. orpa n sauen a kanne1 k Ea1nepy, 1o nauen 1aH kpoHe caHoro Ea1nepa eue Lauero
pn1anckoro nocna a nHe apcn oppena. Ea1nep Hne o1ncnnn, 1o oppen paano xo1en
nosnakoHn1Lcn co Hnon n, 1ak kak on ceropnn okasancn y Ea1nepa nepep HonH npnxopoH, 1o
peunn sapepa1Lcn na neckonLko Hnny1 pnn 1oro, 1oL noa1L Hne pyky. asroaop c oppenoH
ne npepc1aannn nnero nn1epecnoro. S1o Ln oHen oLnLHn cae1cknHn nkesnoc1nHn. 1
ysnan 1onLko, 1o oppen nanne1cn npepcepa1eneH koHn1e1a no n1anLnncknH eenuaH a
nrnnn n 1o poH, a ko1opoH nn oppen, Ln nepaano paspyuen aospyunon oHappnpoakon.
epes neckonLko Hnny1 oppen packnannncn n yuen.
2. 3a1eH n npnc1ynnn k peny: cnaana apynn Ea1nepy no1y npo1ec1a no noaopy peuennn
apHnpan1enckoro cypa o npopae c 1oproa ac1onckoro napoxopa ak annann. Ea1nep Lc1po
npon1an no1y n, sananaun, 1o peno o ak annann eHy neckonLko snakoHo, oeuan ocypn1L
aonpoc c coo1ae1c1aennLHn nnc1anunnHn n nocne 1oro pa1L Hne o1ae1. Ea1nep, anpoeH, ne
orpannnncn 1onLko a1nH. n c1an poaonLno npoc1panno acnoHnna1L pasnnnLe a1anL a pas-
143
an1nn neperoaopoa o an1nncknx napoxopax n npn a1oH ycnnenno nopepknaan popyk aonk
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa. no yp1o L acneckn c1peHnnocL npnn1n c naHn k cornauennk,
no, k coanennk, neypano. ae pekansnunn napoxopoa Hnnnc1epc1aoH cypoxopc1aa c
nocnepykunH npepnoenneH onnanaa1L naH qpax1 Lna yp1o L npepnpnnn1a pnn 1oro,
1oL onern1L coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay ny1L k npneHneHoHy pnn nero koHnpoHnccy (a
pasroaope co Hnon 21 ok1npn Ea1nep o1ncnnn pekansnunk napoxopoa nepopasyHenneH,
aL1ekakunH yp1o L ns nenpaannLnoro 1onkoaannn kpnckoncynL1aHn opnn oqqnc n
Hnnnc1epc1aa cypoxopc1aa opnoro coouennn pnnnca).
3. R aospasnn, 1o paccypennn Ea1nepa Henn neckonLko ypnannk1. oa. Lunncknn ye
paapL - a ecepax c pnnncoH 2 n 19 nonpn* - coaepuenno o1e1nnao ckasan, 1o
pn1anckoe npepnoenne o ap1npoaannn pekansnpoaannLx napoxopoa pnn "coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa nenpneHneHo no 1on npoc1on npnnne, 1o ono ne Hoe1 npnnunnnanLno
npnsna1L sa nrnnen npaaa pekansnpoaa1L coae1ckne cypa. orpa e 1. Lunncknn pas1ncnnn
pnnncy, 1o npn 1aknx ycnoannx coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 aec1n neperoaopL c
pn1ancknH npaan1enLc1aoH o pasHepe qpax1oaon cyHHL, ycnoannx ee aLnna1L n 1.n. S1o
anonne coanapae1 c 1eH, 1o n roaopnn Iannqakcy a HoeH pasroaope c nnH 17 ok1npn**. R
ykasan a a1oH pasroaope, 1o ecnn Iannqakc penc1an1enLno pyHae1 o ynyuennn anrno-
coae1cknx o1nouennn (kak" o 1oH neopnokpa1no roaopnnn Hne on caH n ppyrne Hnnnc1pL), 1o
npnkas o pekansnunn ponen L1L neHepnenno annynnpoaan. S1o - HnnnHyH 1oro, 1o nyno
cpena1L. Iannqakc, opnako, ne cen aosHonLH aocnonLsoaa1Lcn HonH coae1oH. S1o, koneno,
ero peno. o 1orpa ne npnxopn1cn roaopn1L o popLx naHepennnx pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
4. Ea1nep 1y1 nokaan ronoaon n saHe1nn, 1o na o1Heny pekansnunn pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao
ne a coc1onnnn non1n. nocnepnee apeHn nrnnn nHena onLune no1epn 1onnaa a pesynL1a1e
Hopckon aonnL. ypa en nynL po sapesy n o1kasa1Lcn o1 an1nncknx napoxopoa neHLcnnHo.
pnako pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao neckonLko oecnokoeno aonpocoH o 1ex Hopnkax na a1nx
cypax, ko1opLe ns1nannn enanne aepny1Lcn a . ak c nnHn L1L e noune1 nn coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao sa nnHn cneunanLnLn napoxop R nanoHnnn Ea1nepy 1o, 1o no a1oHy noaopy 1.
Lunncknn ckasan pnnncy a ecepe 19 nonpn: saeH coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay nocLna1L a
nrnnk cneunanLnoe cypno, korpa a pn1ancknx nop1ax nHee1cn c1onLko coae1cknx napoxopoa
R 1ake kocnyncn yrposL pnnnca o 1oH, 1o a cnyae, ecnn an1nnckne Hopnkn ne ypy1
pena1pnnpoaanL a , onn ypy1 saknkenL a konuen1paunonnLe narepn a nrnnn. R a caHLx
ka1eropnecknx aLpaennnx npepynpepnn Ea1nepa, 1o 1akon uar aLsaan L pesaLanno
oc1pyk peakunk c nauen c1oponL. Ea1nep nopyHan neHnoro n ckasan, 1o on sanHe1cn pannLH
aonpocoH. n naHeknyn, 1o, Hoe1 L1L, ypac1cn pasHoposn1L xo1n L opnn ac1oncknn
napoxop pnn aaakyaunn an1nncknx Hopnkoa. pnako ns cnoa Ea1nepa Lno coaepuenno ncno,
1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao o1nocn1cn onee eH npoxnapno k npepnoennk pnnnca o
npepoc1aanennn a naue pacnopnenne pnn ykasannon uenn xo1n L opnoro an1nnckoro cypna.
Ea1nep oeuan 1ake aooue nopyHa1L o 1oH, kak L1L c an1nncknHn koHanpaHn. 3a1eH on
xo1en eue pas aepny1Lcn k pannoHy aonpocy.
* H. pok. 478, 530. ** H. pok. 447.
144
5. anee n no1peoaan y Ea1nepa o1ae1a na Hon peHapu 21 ok1npn kaca1enLno na1annckoro
cypna Iepuor Rkoe, naxopnuerocn a nac1onuee apeHn a nepyanckoH nop1y annao. Ea1nep
npocnn Henn, opnako, nopopa1L c a1nH o1ae1oH eue neckonLko pnen: ne ceropnn-saa1pa on
ponen nonyn1L pononnn1enLnyk nnqopHaunk no a1oHy peny, ko1opan okona1enLno aLncnn1,
1o 1aH nponcxopnno. oka e on Hoe1 saHe1n1L, 1o pn1ancknn koncyn a annao,
nL1aaunncn cnn1L c cypna ero kann1ana o1 nHenn na1annckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ne kapLepnLn, a
noe1nLn koncyn n opnoapeHenno na1ae1cn 1ake na1anncknH koncynoH. L ycnoannncL, 1o
onee nopponLn pasroaop na pannyk 1eHy ypeH nHe1L a cnepykunn pas,
6. okonna c 1onLko 1o ykasannLHn aonpocaHn, n ye conpancn yxopn1L, no Ea1nep
oc1anoann Henn n neonpanno cnpocnn: e1 nn y ac pnn Henn kaknx-nno coouennn ns
ockaL R pocnn na Ea1nepa nepoyHeaakunn asrnnp. orpa Ea1nep acnoHnnn, kak a qeapane
1ekyuero ropa n opnapL cpenan eHy coouenne o xapak1epe coae1cko-repHancknx 1oproaLx
o1nouennn*. S1o coouenne Lno oenL uenno n nn1epecno n a neHanon c1enenn cnococ1aoaano
nponcnennk a1HocqepL a anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennnx. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao Lno oenL
naropapno coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay sa noponLn uar. e1 nn y Henn ananornnoro nopyennn
ns ockaL cenac, a ocoennoc1n a cansn c nepaannH ansn1oH r-na ono1oaa a Eepnnn R
o1ae1nn o1pnua1enLno, Ea1nep Ln pasoapoaan n c1an cnpaunaa1L ye Hoero nnnoro Hnennn
no payH nn1epecoaaaunH ero aonpocaH: 1. oxpanneH nn HL no-npeneHy nonn1nky
nen1pann1e1a; 2. oxpanneH nn HL npenkk nnnnk a o1nouennn n1an R noan nneaHn n
o1ae1nn, 1o ocnoanan nnnnn aneunen nonn1nkn ouensaec1na n ne 1peye1cn kaknx-nno
cneunanLnLx koHHen1apnea, Ea1nep Ln ne anonne ypoane1aopen HonH o1ae1oH, no a
panLnenune nopponoc1n n ne cn1an neoxopnHLH nycka1Lcn. 3a1eH Ea1nep c1an aLckasLaa1L
ye caon coc1aennLe coopaennn no noaopy epnnnckoro canpannn. n roaopnn, 1o, no ero
anea1nennk, nnkaknx 1aeppLx cornauennn a Eepnnne saknkeno ne Lno, 1o epnnnckoe
canpanne Hano a eH Henne1 cyuec1aykuyk eaponenckyk cn1yaunk, n 1o pn1anckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ne cknonno o1nocn1Lcn k epnnnckon ac1pee 1parneckn.
7. ocne 1oro Ea1nep cnpocnn Henn, korpa Hono onpa1L o1ae1a coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa na
pn1anckne npepnoennn 22 ok1npn R o1ae1nn, 1o naHepennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa a
a1oH o1nouennn Hne ne nsaec1nL, no 1y1 e npnaann: pasae pn1anckoHy npaan1enLc1ay 1ak
y xoe1cn nenpeHenno nHe1L qopHanLnLn o1ae1 na caon npepnoennn R coHneaakcL, 1oL
1akon o1ae1 Hor poc1aan1L eHy onLuoe ypoaonLc1ane. yunoc1L e nauero o1nouennn k
pn1ancknH npepnoennnH poc1a1ono ncno Lna aLpaena 1. LunncknH a ero ecepe c
pnnncoH 11 nonpn**. Ea1nep onn1L Ln pasoapoaan n cnoaa cnpocnn, kakoao Hoe nnnoe
Hnenne o a1nx npepnoennnx. R o1ae1nn, 1o Hon nepaan peakunn na npepnoennn Lna
paonnan: n Ln nsyHnen n opnoapeHenno pasppaen. oeHy 1ak - cnpocnn Ea1nep, R
pas1ncnnn Ea1nepy, 1o nsyHnen n Ln nananoc1Lk anrnnan: aepL pn1anckne npepnoennn
ne nHek1 nnkakon peanLnon cyunoc1n. sn1L, nanpnHep, xo1n L nynk1 o an1nncknx
rocypapc1aax. 1o naH npepnarae1cn pnsnanne pe-qak1o. o aepL a1o npnsnanne pe-
qak1o y nac ye cenac ec1L: pasae
* H. pok. 50. ** H. pok. 503.
WW 0. " 2. . 1
145
pn1anckne pnnnoHa1neckne npepc1aan1enn a coo1ae1c1ann c nauen npocLon ne noknnynn
ye 1eppn1opnn an1nncknx pecnynnk kak L1L c sono1oH, c napoxopaHn, c an1nncknHn
HnccnnHn a onpone pnsnanne pe-qak1o nn a kakon Hepe ne peuae1 nauero cnopa no aceH
a1nH aonpocaH. ce, snan1, ponno oc1aaa1Lcn no-c1apoHy. nLHn cnoaaHn, npnsnanne pe-
qak1o paanocnnLno 1oHy saHopanaannk acero an1nnckoro aonpoca po konua aonnL,
ko1opoe Iannqakc npepnonn Hne a cen1npe. eH e 1yr nporpecc kakyk aLropy HL o1
a1oro nonyaeH eyenn opnn oqqnc, ko1opLn o1nkpL ne coc1on1 ns nananLx nkpen, pyHan
kynn1L coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao 1akon nyc1Lukon Ea1nep npocnyuan ace Hon coopaennn no
pannoHy nynk1y es acnknx aospaennn. n 1ake ne nL1ancn o1pnua1L, 1o npnsnanne pe-
qak1o oc1aanne1 aonpoc o sono1e, napoxopax n 1.p. a ero nLneuneH coc1onnnn.
8. 1o aLsaano y ac pasppaenne - c neko1opLH ecnokonc1aoH cnpocnn Ea1nep. R
o1ae1nn, 1o pasppaenne y Henn aLsaan 1o1 nynk1 anrnnncknx npepnoennn, ko1opLn roaopn1
o oecneennn yac1nn a ypyuen Hnpnon konqepenunn. oeHy - onn1L cnpocnn
Ea1nep. R o1ae1nn aonpocoH na aonpoc: asae pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao aoopaae1 cen eH-
1o apope anoc1ona e1pa, ko1opLn, cornacno unpoko pacnpoc1panennLH npepc1aanennnH,
pepn1 a caonx pykax knkn o1 paepen pan kasan n a1o oenL capkac1necknH 1onoH, n
Ea1nep Ln nano cHyuen. n nL1ancn Lno cocna1Lcn na 1o, 1o, noanyn, qopHynnpoaka
coo1ae1c1aennoro nynk1a Lna ne anonne ypana. o no1oH nepeuen a nac1ynnenne n c1an
pokasLaa1L, 1o npepnoennn 22 ok1npn* Lnn oneenL a qopHy sakonennoro HeHopanpyHa,
ko1opLn Ln coc1aanen oenL nckycno n a ko1opoH (ocoenno a ero preambe) co acen
o1e1nnaoc1Lk Lno nopepkny1o enanne pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa ynyun1L anrno-
coae1ckne o1nouennn. eHopanpyH Ln nanncan aecLHa npoyac1aoaanno, nckpenno.
oae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay cnepoaano L paccHa1pnaa1L ero a uenoH, 1orpa ono npnuno L k
coaceH nnLH aLaopaH.
9. R o1ae1nn, 1o ne n1an acero HeHopanpyHa (snak ero nnuL no cyHHapnoHy nsnoennk) n
no1oHy o1kasLaakcL aLckasLaa1L kakoe-nno Hnenne o ero nn1epa1ypno-nonn1necknx
poc1onnc1aax. onen, opnako, saHe1n1L, 1o nopa kpacnaLx cnoa n popLx noenannn (n
yno1penn aLpaenne drawng room taks), korpa ocoenno uennnncL nsnuec1ao qpaseonornn
n naropopc1ao noc1poennn, npouna. o, 1o HL cenac nankpaeH a apone, pa, noanyn, ao
aceH Hnpe, a1o pynrnn (Ea1nep 1y1 knanyn ronoaon a snak cornacnn). pynrnnx e cn1ak1cn
1onLko c ec1knHn, cypoaLHn peanLnoc1nHn. eH peanLnoc1L pn1ancknx npepnoennn R ee
ne any. o pae a pynrnnx, - ac1aann Ea1nep, - nonesna aennaoc1L. R o1ae1nn:
onyc1nH, xo1n a1o eue 1peye1 pokasa1enLc1a, no a 1akoH cnyae pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao
nokasLaae1 naH nnoxon npnHep. Ea1nep ycHexnyncn, no ne aospaan. 3a1eH Ea1nep onn1L
aepnyncn k sa1pony1oHy Hnon nynk1y n ckasan, 1o n aLn1Laak a neH 1o, ero 1aH ne1.
enpaannLno oannn1L pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao a aLcokoHepnn. R aospasnn, 1o npnaLk
n1a1L aeun 1ak, kak onn nanncanL. nynk1, o ko1opoH npe1 peL, necoHnenno, nponnkny1
nokpoan1enLc1aennLH 1onoH, n a o1nouennn koro o1nouennn - aennanuen pepaaL
Hnpa, k 1oHy e naxopnuencn a ropaspo onee aLropnoH nonoennn, eH nrnnn. asae 1aknHn
He1opaHn Hono cnococ1aoaa1L ynyuennk o1nouennn Hepy
* H. pok. 460.
146
oenHn c1panaHn y1 Ea1nep npnuen a nanoe aonnenne n c pasppaenneH aocknnknyn: o
aepL HL 1ake aennkan pepaaa Hepy 1eH HL nHeeH ocnoaannn anoaa1Lcn na 1o, 1o aL ne
acerpa cn1ae1ecL c naunH caHonkneH: pnrucy, nanpnHep, oenL 1pypno ac1pea1Lcn c r-noH
ono1oaLH. R sanann, 1o a1o coaceH ppyroe peno, n ykasan npn a1oH na pesaLannyk
sarpyennoc1L 1. ono1oaa, ko1opLn nanne1cn aepL ne 1onLko napkoHoH nnoc1pannLx pen, no
1ake n npepcepa1eneH oanapkoHa.
10. Ea1nep saroaopnn 1orpa na 1eHy o 1oH, 1o xo1n 1pypnoc1n a anrnocoae1cknx o1nouennnx,
necoHnenno, nHek1cn, no ne cnepye1 napa1L pyxoH. aoopo1, napo aceHepno cnococ1aoaa1L
npeoponennk 1pypnoc1en. a1nx anpax pesaLanno aaen nnnLn kon1ak1 Hepy
npepc1aan1ennHn oenx c1pan. n oenL npocn1 Henn noaue k neHy saxopn1L - c penoH nnn
es pena - ecepoaa1L, oHennaa1Lcn HnennnHn n 1.p. ELno L 1ake oenL xopouo, ecnn L n
noanpan Iannqakca, ko1opLn yp1o L oxo1no acerpa co Hnon pasroaapnaae1. R o1ae1nn, 1o,
snan onLuyk sann1oc1L Iannqakca, n c1apakcL ne sa1pypnn1L ero es naponoc1n, no, ecnn y
Henn k neHy ype1 kakoe-nno peno, n, pasyHee1cn, ne npeHnny c nnH noanpa1Lcn. Ea1nep
kocnyncn 1y1 pnnnca n c1an anoaa1Lcn, 1o pnnnc cenac a cansn c a1on nc1opnen o
npepnoennnx 22 ok1npn* oenL pacc1poen n naxopn1cn a nopaanennoH coc1onnnn. Hepy
1eH on 1ak ycnnenno c1peHn1cn k ynyuennk o1nouennn Hepy nrnnen n . ELno L oenL
xopouo, ecnn L a ockae eHy pann nonn1L, xo1n L a coaepuenno neoqnunanLnoH nopnpke, 1o
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao uenn1 ycnnnn pnnnca, pae ecnn a1n ycnnnn noka ne npnnocn1
nenocpepc1aennLx konkpe1nLx pesynL1a1oa. xope pasroaopa Ea1nep ynoHnnyn, 1o y pnnnca
nanapnnncL popLe o1nouennn c 1. LunncknH, 1o pnnnc aLcoko uenn1 1. Lunnckoro, n 1o
on, Ea1nep, pe1 xopounx pesynL1a1oa o1 a1oro kon1ak1a. R saHe1nn, 1o ne coHneaakcL a
cnonoc1n nonoennn pnnnca, no pyHak, 1o kopenL ero 1pypnoc1en nen1 ne a ockae, a a
onpone. Ea1nep nonpocnn Henn y1onn1L caok HLcnL. R o1ae1nn, 1o, na Hon asrnnp, 1pypnoc1n
a nananaannn anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennn aL1ekak1 ns payx rnaanLx HoHen1oa: ao-nepaLx,
pn1anckne rocypapc1aennLe nkpn, ocoenno nkpn c1aporo nokonennn, ncnxonorneckn nay1
eue a a1Hocqepe XIX aeka, korpa Hnpoaoe nonoenne nrnnn Lno coaceH ne noxoe na
nLneunee. enL ac1o a1n rocypapc1aennLe nkpn n cenac nL1ak1cn penc1aoaa1L 1ak, kak
ecnn L c 1ex nop ne nponsouno nnkaknx cepLesnLx nepeHen a coo1nouennnx cnn na
Hepynapopnon apene. o-a1opLx, a nrnnn nHek1cn cnnukoH Horyuec1aennLe cnnL (roaopk
a1o na ocnoaannn caoero aocLHnne1nero onL1a a kaec1ae nonnpepa a onpone), ko1opLe npoc1o
ne xo1n1 ynyuennn o1nouennn Hepy onponoH n ockaon. S1n cnnL acerpa cao1npyk1
acnknn nonon1enLnLn uar a c1opony 1akoro ynyuennn. S1o Lno, Hepy nponH, npekpacno
npopeHonc1pnpoaano n na npo1nennn Hnnyaunx uec1n Hecnuea. Ea1nep uennkoH cornacnncn c
HonH nepaLH nonoenneH. n 1onLko nL1ancn pokasLaa1L, 1o Honopoe nokonenne (caHoHy
Ea1nepy 38 ne1) cnnLno o1nnae1cn o1 c1apnkoa. ace1 e cnnL an1ncoae1cknx annnnnn a
npaan1enLc1aennLx kpyrax Ea1nep cnaana roaopnn neckonLko 1yHanno, no nop koneu ponen
Ln npnsna1L, 1o 1akne annnnnn penc1an1enLno cyuec1ayk1, 1o onn poaonLno ac1o
nckpnannk1 nnnnk pn1anckon nonn1nkn a o1nouennn , no 1o a konue konuoa onn ypy1
npeoponenL.
* H. pok. 460.
10*
147
11. orpa n ye yxopnn, Ea1nep onn1L saroaopnn o epnnnckoH ansn1e 1. ono1oaa: on
paccLnancn a koHnnnHen1ax no ero appecy n nasLaan nonn1nky r-na ono1oaa saHea1enLno
nckycnon, aLsLaakuen ero npoqeccnonanLnoe aocxnuenne. saknkenne Ea1nep nac1onnao
npocnn Henn neHepnenno e ero noanpa1L, ecnn y Henn ypy1 pnn nero ns ockaL kakne-nno
coouennn, n a 1o e apeHn paaan nonn1L, 1o o1ae1nH HL oqnunanLno na pn1anckne
npepnonoennn nnn ne o1ae1nH, ycnnnn no ynyuennk anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennn ponnL
npopona1Lcn. y1L pnn neperoaopoa oc1ae1cn o1kpL1LH.
&. 5345 ! %- 6. 0B9 78. 94 . <0 . 4: . 10<=11B.
,,'# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .## /:@81-1 8 =18<.19 121<7/80/. 29: / 8882 -# -.>7
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. osoackoHy
9< 1940 . (3
ocnannnk opa1nncn ko Hne co cnepykunHn aonpocaHn:
1. yHLnckan peneraunn cHeuannon coae1cko-pyHLnckon koHnccnn opa1nnacL k coae1ckon
peneraunn c npocLon o aosapauennn npaan1enLc1ay yHLnnn neko1opon ac1n
rocypapc1aennoro nHyuec1aa, naxopnuerocn a nac1onunn HoHen1 na 1eppn1opnn Eeccapann n
eaepnon EykoannL. ocnannnk npocnn Henn osnakoHn1Lcn co cnnckoH a1oro nHyuec1aa,
npepc1aanennLH pyHLnckon peneraunen coae1ckon peneraunn (naHn1nan sanncka sa N 1007 o1
30 ok1npn 1940 r.)*, n cooun1L, 1o Hono cpena1L no a1oHy aonpocy.
R opa1nn annHanne Iaqenky na 1o, 1o cHeuannan koHnccnn a pecce ye sakonnna caok
pao1y, noa1oHy sa1pony1Ln nocnannnkoH aonpoc Hoe1 paspeua1Lcn 1onLko a a
pononnn1enLnoH nopnpke. R oeuan nosnakoHn1Lcn c a1nH aonpocoH n sa1eH pa1L Iaqenky
o1ae1.
2. yHLnckne oqnuepL n yn1ep-oqnuepL, noknnyaune Eeccapank n eaepnyk Eykoanny n
naxopnunecn a nac1onuee apeHn a yHLnnn, npocn1 o paspeuennn nnkanpnpoaa1L
npnnapneauee nH pannHoe n nepannHoe nHyuec1ao, oc1aanennoe nHn na 1eppn1opnn
Eeccapann n EykoannL.
nccnn npocn1 aLncnn1L aosHonoc1n nnkanpaunn nHyuec1aa ykasannLx rpapan.
3. oae1ckne 1aHoennLe cnyaune sapepann penLrn n npepHe1L opepL y pnpa pyHLncknx
rpapan, aLesaaunx a yHLnnk n Eeccapank. enac a1n rpapane oenL enann L
nonyn1L aosHeuenne c1onHoc1n sapepannLx, nnno nH npnnapneaunx npepHe1oa.
nccnn npocn1 ykasa1L, kaknH opasoH sann1epecoaannLe nnua cHory1 nonyn1L aosHeuenne
c1onHoc1n sapepannLx y nnx npepHe1oa.
* e nynnkye1cn.
148
4. 11 nonpn c.r. coae1ckne norpannnnkn sapepann Ho1opnyk nopky kHnna,
npnnapneauyk pyHLnckoHy noppannoHy pHapany, nponaakueHy a Ianaue.
o nopyennk caoero npaan1enLc1aa Hnccnn npocn1 xopa1anc1aoaa1L nepep koHne1en1nLHn
opranaHn o nepepae ykasannon nopkn n ee aknnaa, coc1onuero ns 4-x enoaek, pyHLncknH
anac1nH.
ocnannnk nepepan Hne naHn1nyk sanncky no a1oHy aonpocy*.
5. ocnannnk apynn Hne npnnaraeHyk k sanncn ecepL naHn1nyk sanncky* no aonpocy o
paspeuennn aLespa ns Eeccapann (epnoauL) a yHLnnk neckonLknH pyHLncknH rpapanaH:
renepany aukeany, nonkoannky npony n npoqeccopy 3o11a.
6. ocnannnk nepepan Hne naHn1nyk sanncky* c npocLon o aosapauennn pyHLnckoHy
rpapannny, xyponnky onk epona oc1aanennoro nH a Iep1ue npnnapneauero eHy
nHyuec1aa, neoxopnHoro a ero nckycc1ae (kap1nnL, xypoec1aennan nnno1eka, acknsL n
1.n.).
7. o nopyennk pyHLnckoro npaan1enLc1aa nocnannnk npepc1aann npnnaraeHLn k ceHy npoek1
npaaa on1aunn*.
R ckasan nocnannnky, 1o nosnakoHnkcL co aceHn noc1aanennLHn nH aonpocaHn, nocne ero
cHory cooun1L eHy o1ae1.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 94 . 1=:.
,,!# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 0.?81? 278=&<7
j#F# =.@. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
Fj# <1D1/819
9< 1940 .
( 3
<1D1/819# an anun anpencn 27 nonpn, on naropapn1 1. 1annna n 1. ono1oaa sa
noHouL. n nn1epecye1cn, ypy1 nn npopanL n1ak aa1orpysoankn n k kakoHy apeHenn rpysL
ypy1 poc1aanenL a aHn. n coounn, 1o .. yn nHen pnp ac1pe c ysaenL1oH, a ko1opLx
ysaenL1 neopnokpa1no aLckasLroan neoxopnHoc1L 1ecnoro co1pypnnec1aa na nxoH okeane
, n n1an; ysaenL1 nkoL napee1cn na ynyuenne asanHoo1nouennn n . an
anun aLckasan napepy, 1o cyHek1 okasa1L eue onLuyk qnnancoayk noHouL n1ak
npepoc1aanenneH noaoro sanHa, ko1oporo cenac ponaae1cn .. yn, on ckopo aosapa1n1cn a
n1an n naHepen aLexa1L a ockay.
!ZD34 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::; . 9:19 . :;C.
J e nynnkye1cn.
149
,,C# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7 Fj#
/1-2.1/. 8 =18<19 121<7/80/. -18<./ / 02J # @971/A79
9; 1940 .
(3
ELn y krocnaackoro nocna yHenkoana. yHenkoan npepe acero noc1aann Hne aonpoc:
eH roaopnnn na epnnnckoH coaeuannn
R o1ae1nn, 1o a ecepax 1. ono1oaa c repHancknHn pykoaopn1ennHn ocypanncL aonpocL,
nn1epecoaaaune oe naun c1panL.
yHenkoan ckasan: akne nHenno aonpocL R nHek nnqopHaunk, 1o a Eepnnne una peL o
panonax, nn1epecykunx opny c1pany n nannkuykcn nsnennLH npoc1panc1aoH (espace vtae)
ppyron c1panL. R snak, 1o peL una, nanpnHep,o Eankanax. ELno L kpanne nn1epecno sna1L,
npnnn1o nn a Eepnnne kakoe-nno peuenne no a1nH aonpocaH
R o1ae1nn, 1o ne Hory nnero poaan1L k 1oHy, 1o Lno onynnkoaano a coouennn *, 1.k.
caH n npn neperoaopax a Eepnnne ne npncy1c1aoaan.
yHenkoan sanann: o nonyennon Hnon nnqopHaunn, a Eepnnne Lnn pasroaopL n o ypunn,
1ak kak ypunn o1nocn1cn k panonaH, nn1epecykunH oae1cknn oks n axopnunH a nsnennoe
npoc1panc1ao IepHannn.
R nonn1epecoaancn, o1 koro cnLuan yHenkoan a1o coouenne.
yHenkoan ckasan: R cnLuan a1o ns kpyroa, nnsknx k yac1nnkaH epnnncknx neperoaopoa.
a ocnoaannn 1oro, 1o n cnLuan, n Hory nnuL npepnonon1L, 1o a Eepnnne repHanckon
c1oponon nepep ono1oaLH Lnn noc1aanenL a1n aonpocL, no oae1cknn oks ne ocypan nx.
o HoeHy Hnennk, sannn npn a1oH saraponyk nosnunk. o acnkoH cnyae, peuennn,
oeanpno, npnnn1L ne Lnn n a1o ye xopouo.
yHenkoan sa1eH cnpocnn Hoe Hnenne o n1ano-rpeeckon aonne. R ykasan, 1o a pannoH
aonpoce, no-anpnHoHy, okasLaae1cn npaannLnon ero rnno1esa o 1oH, 1o 1annn ne Lna
nopro1oanena k aonne.
yHenkoan ckasan: aHLH nn1epecnLH nanne1cn cenac aonpoc o 1oH, npnpe1 nn IepHannn na
noHouL 1annn R cnLuan aepcnk 1akoro popa, 1o IepHannn aLc1ynn1 na Eankanax a 1oH
cnyae, ecnn nrnnn cospac1 a Ipeunn qpon1, nanoHnnakunn canonnkcknn qpon1 npounon
aonnL.
R saHe1nn, 1o, no cnoaaH anena, IepHannn ne conpae1cn noHora1L 1annn, 1eH onee, 1o
nocnepnnn n ne npocn1 o a1oH.
yHenkoan ckasan: onpoc caopn1cn k 1oHy, po kakoro HoHen1a IepHannn ype1 oc1aaa1Lcn
spn1eneH. onn1ne qpon1 na Eankanax oenL neonpepenenno. pn enuun Hono cn1a1L
qpon1oH n noaopoH pnn aLc1ynnennn aLcapky anrnnncknx pnansnn a anonnkax a noHouL
rpekaH. ono nn sa1eH cn1a1L anrnnncknH qpon1oH na Eankanax noHouL, okasLaaeHyk
nrnnen Ipeunn c uenLk nanecennn okona1enLnoro nopaennn 1annn
R o1ae1nn, 1o, no HoeHy nnnoHy Hnennk, Hnoroe ype1 saance1L o1 nrnnn, ko1opan Hoe1
nonL1a1Lcn cospa1L na Eankanax qpon1 pnn aepennn nac1yna1enLnLx onepaunn npo1na
IepHannn.
yHenkoan sanann: S1o neaosHono pnn nrnnn, 1ak kak ona ne nHee1 pnn a1oro poc1a1onon
apHnn.
* H. pok. 519.
14
a Hon aonpoc o1nocn1enLno nLneunnx nac1poennn a ypunn n, a ac1noc1n, o npnnnax cHenL
Hnnnc1poa, yHenkoan o1ae1nn, 1o o1c1aaka Hnnnc1poa o1ncnne1cn nc1o nnnLHn
npnnnaHn. onyorny nepano pearnpoaan na 1pypnoc1n, cansannLe c ero nop1qeneH. e1nnkan
1ake a cnny coc1onnnn spopoaLn ne Hor cnpaan1Lcn co cnonLHn onsannoc1nHn Hnnnc1pa
ny1en coouennn. 1o kacae1cn nosnunn 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1o ono ne nsHennno caoen
nonn1nke. o HoeHy Hnennk, ypunn a aonny ne ac1ynn1, noka na nee ne nanapy1. ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao Hoe1 ncnL1Laa1L onLune nnn HenLune onacennn a saancnHoc1n o1 cn1yaunn.
rposa aonnL ype1 ace apeHn, noka aonna ne konn1cn.
(. 42
! %- 6. 01:9 78. 94 . 9:B . < . :9=:0.
559. &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 /7-2 ##
@.211/. 8 =18<.19 02J / /7-2 2#q# .?19
9; 1940 .
(3
ELn y 1ypeukoro nocnannnka Knanpnna. o cnoaaH Knanpnna, nocne sann1nn nannn
eHepnen opa1nncn c nnnLH nncLHoH k ycconnnn no aonpocy o opqy, nocne ero
ycconnnn pan Ipeunn 1aeppyk rapan1nk, sanannn, 1o on nnkorpa ne ype1 pyHa1L o kakoH-
nno nanapennn na Ipeunk. aapypnc (noc1onnnLn anue-Hnnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen) roaopnn
Knanpnny, 1o onn pesaLanno poaonLnL a1on nepec1paxoakon n 1o onn a nac1onunn
HoHen1 coaepuenno yaepenL a ypyunx cnokonnLx o1nouennnx Hepy oenHn c1panaHn. 3a1eH
Knanpnn coounn, 1o a opnon ns an1pnn a Eypaneu1e aLc1aanena n1anLnnckan kap1a c
nsopaenneH n1anLnnckoro conpa1a, nanpaannkuero ypap na Inpan1ap, yau n appanennL, n
roaopn1, 1o aecL Eypaneu1 roaopn1 o cnyxax, pacnpoc1panneHLx n1anLnnckon Hnccnen o 1oH,
1o appanennL ponnL npnnapnea1L 1annn, a ponen nonyn1L kopnpop epes pan n
1aknH opasoH nHe1L aLxop a epcnpcknn sanna.
a Hon aonpoc, 1o on cnLuan o nonoennn a Eonrapnn n Krocnaann, Knanpnn o1ae1nn, 1o Hne
ponno L1L nyue nsaec1no, 1o , 1ak e kak n nrnnn, nocoae1oaan Eonrapnn o1kasa1Lcn
o1 HLcnn npncoepnnennn k epnnnckoHy nak1y. R o1aean, 1o noponon nnqopHaunn n eue ne
cnLuan. 3a1eH Knanpnn naan roaopn1L o nonL1kax neHuea nonyn1L popory a qpnky n
sanann, 1o a yHLnnk npouno acero 250 auenonoa epes enrpnk,n a1o1 1pancnop1 ye
sakonnncn 8 pnen 1oHy nasap. nac1onuee apeHn, roaopn1 Knanpnn, neHuL ycnnnaak1 caon
ac1n a Eonrapnn, no 1pypno pyHa1L, 1o Eonrapnn peun1cn aLc1ynn1L npo1na Ipeunn, ecnn e
neHuL nany1 nponycka1L caon aoncka epes Eonrapnk, 1o 1ypeukoe conpo1nanenne ype1
caHLH oec1oennLH, koneno, na 1ypeukon 1eppn1opnn. 3a1eH Knanpnn cnpocnn enn, ne
npepnonarak nn n cpena1L ansn1 akn n, nocne Hoero o1pnua1enLnoro o1ae1a, saHe1nn, 1o on na
pnnx ype1 y akn, c 1eH, 1oL 1peoaa1L o1nc-
151
nennn o uennx n sapaax npncoepnnennn enrpnn k epnnnckoHy nak1y
206
. o1ae1 na Hon aonpoc,
kak no ero caepennnH aenrepckan ouec1aennoc1L aocnpnnnna a1o1 ak1, Knanpnn o1ae1nn, 1o
ao acnkoH cnyae rpynna Ee1nena nac1poena aecLHa onnosnunonno n kpn1nkye1 a1y akunk
npaan1enLc1aa aespe, rpe aosHono.
+2
! %- 6. 0<< 78. 90 . 109 . : . 11C=11B.
,'0# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 -729. / 8882 ># 1=-<7&2-19
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. nkonny, 1. LunnckoHy
9; 1940 .
(. 3 3
ynenypr npnuen a conpoaopennn nyppe n nnLrepa. coae1ckon c1oponL npnnnHan
yac1ne 1oa. nkonn.
oa. ono1oa ckasan, 1o on npnrnacnn na a1y ecepy 1ake n nyppe, 1ak kak on xoe1 pa1L
o1ae1 coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa na aonpocL no akonoHnecknH o1nouennnH, noc1aanennLe a
npounon ecepe, 1.e. no npnan1aH n no sepny, a 1ake noc1aan1L aonpoc o1nocn1enLno
koanL1a n ankHnnnn. onpoc o npnan1ax Ln ocypen coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH, n Lno
peueno npnnn1L nayuanLnyk cyHHy c ye1oH kak repHancknx, 1ak n coae1cknx npe1ensnn.
oae1ckne pannLe o cyHHax repHancknx npe1ensnn nokasLaak1, 1o 1peoaannn repHanckon
c1oponL cyHH no a1ann n Sc1onnn a 215 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok n no n1ae a 100 Hnn.
repHancknx Hapok nannk1cn saaLuennLHn. on1p1peoaannn coae1ckon c1oponL no n1ae, a
1ake no a1ann n Sc1onnn coc1aannk1 snan1enLnyk cyHHy. pnako, aanpy 1oro, 1o c1oponL
poroaopnnncL o npnnn1nn nayuanLnon cyHHL, coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao, npn naac1pey
repHanckon c1opone, cornacno npnnn1L repHanckne npe1ensnn no a1ann, Sc1onnn n n1ae
aHec1e, acero a pasHepe 200 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok. yHHa coae1cknx kon1pnpe1ensnn, ko1opan
ypesana, onpepenena no aceH 1peH npnan1nncknH pecnynnkaH a 50 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok.
aknH opasoH, canLpo a nonLsy IepHannn coc1aan1 150 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok, npneH a1y
cyHHy coae1ckan c1opona ro1oaa ynna1n1L a onee kopo1kne cpokn, eH npepnonaranocL. ak kak
na npounon ecepe repHanckan c1opona cn1ana npneHneHon pnn nee onna1y a1on cyHHL a
1eenne payx ne1, coae1ckan c1opona naHepena aLnna1n1L a1n 150 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok a
1941-1942 rr. paanLHn ac1nHn. oa. ono1oa eue pas nopepknaae1, 1o a1nH coae1ckan
c1opona npe1 snan1enLno naac1pey repHancknH enannnH.
ynenypr naropapn1 1. ono1oaa, opnako o1nocn1enLno unqp on nnero ckasa1L ne Hoe1,
1ak kak ponen npepaapn1enLno sanpocn1L Eepnnn.
@PP 1ake aLckasLaae1 caok naropapnoc1L n roaopn1, 1o 1enepL,
152
no kpannen Hepe, ype1 aosHonoc1L aec1n panLnenune neperoaopL no a1oHy aonpocy.
o1nouennn e unqp on 1ake ne Hoe1 nnero ckasa1L, noka ne nonyn1 o1ae1a ns Eepnnna.
pnako on poaanne1, 1o 215 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok, ykasannLe repHanckon c1oponon no
a1ann n Sc1onnn, snan1enLno nne peanLnLx c1onHoc1en, ko1opLe 1aH nHek1cn, n, kpoHe
1oro, Ha1epnan, na ocnoaannn ko1oporo a1a cyHHa Lna nonyena, nepoc1a1ono nononnn
1peoaannn ponnL Lnn L eue noaLcn1Lcn. o, nockonLky peL npe1 o nayuanLnon cyHHe, a1n
pononnn1enLnLe 1peoaannn ne ypy1 nHe1L cHLcna.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o kon1p1peoaannn coae1ckon c1oponL 1ake snan1enLno aLue 50
Hnn. repHancknx Hapok, opnako ona nauna aosHonLH non1n naac1pey IepHannn.
oa. ono1oa nepexopn1 k cnepykueHy aonpocy - k aonpocy o sepne. n roaopn1, 1o 1. nkonn
ye coounn nyppe o 1oH, 1o ace cpepc1aa, ko1opLHn pacnonarae1 , ncepnanL n 1o on
npepnonn repHanckon c1opone HakcnHyH 1oro, eH on Hoe1 pacnonara1L. n1an, 1o
IepHannn oenL nypae1cn a sepne n 1o nonyenne a1oro sepna nHee1 pnn IepHannn onLuoe
snaenne, coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao peunno non1n naac1pey repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay n
no1peaon1L caon ouerocypapc1aennLe pesepaL, npneH a1n pesepaL npnunocL no1peaon1L
snan1enLno. eH ne Henee, yn1Laan nypy IepHannn a sepne, coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
peunno nonnoc1Lk ypoane1aopn1L npocLy IepHannn n noc1aan1L 2,5 Hnn. 1onn sepna.
@TaPV aLckasLaae1 caok nckpennkk naropapnoc1L, 1ak kak IepHannn penc1an1enLno
cenac oenL nypae1cn a sepne. n nonnHae1, 1o oae1cknn oks npn a1oH npe1 na
snan1enLnLe ep1aL n noa1oHy 1eH onee npnsna1enen coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
@PP npncoepnnne1cn k ynenypry n aLckasLaae1 caok papoc1L no noaopy 1oro, 1o
peuenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa coo1ae1c1aye1 repHancknH enannnH.
oa. 9TO aLpaae1 napepy, 1o noc1aaka IepHannen 30 1Lc. 1onn ankHnnnn, es
oroaopok o rnnnoseHe, n 150 1onn koanL1a ype1 nponsaepena.
@PP o1aeae1, 1o a o1nouennn ankHnnnn on, a coo1ae1c1ann co caonHn nonnoHonnHn,
aLpaae1 cornacne na noc1aaky 30 1Lc. 1onn ankHnnnn a 1e cpokn, ko1opLe on nasaan 1.
nkonny. o1nouennn e koanL1a on po cnx nop nHen o1pnua1enLnoe coouenne, opnako on
napee1cn, 1o n a1o1 aonpoc Hono ype1 ynapn1L.
oa. 9W` nopepknaae1, 1o a nepaoH ropy coae1ckan c1opona ne cHoe1 noc1aan1L
rnnnoseH, a nnuL a nocnepykunn nepnop.
@PP cnpaunaae1, Hono nn ype1 nayuanLnyk cyHHy no npe1ensnnH onna1n1L ns sonpep-
kon1o.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1 nonon1enLno.
@PP cnpaunaae1, aosHono nn a1y cyHHy npnaneL pnn nnkanpaunn paspLaa a noc1aakax no
xosnnc1aennoHy cornauennk a cnyae, ecnn nocne ee onna1L oc1any1cn nsnnukn.
oa. 9W` o1aeae1 nonon1enLno.
@PPQ enan aocnonLsoaa1Lcn npncy1c1aneH 1. nkonna, sapae1 aonpoc o uae1nLx He1annax.
oa. 9W` roaopn1, 1o on no a1oHy noaopy pan ncepnLaakunn o1ae1.
oa. 9TOQ ykasLaan na 1o, 1o a npounon ecepe nyppe roaopnn o
153
yskon ase coae1cknx sakynok a IepHannn, roaopn1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao peunno
pacunpn1L a1y asy n 1o c 1. nkonnoH Hono ype1 aec1n no a1oHy noaopy neperoaopL.
@PP naropapn1 1. ono1oaa n roaopn1, 1o a1o yc1pann1 opny ns ocnoanLx ero sao1 n
cospac1 aosHonoc1L onee nn1encnanon 1oproann.
oa. 9TO nanoHnnae1, 1o n a panLnenueH HaunnL ypy1 c1on1L na nepaoH Hec1e, opnako
asa a oueH ype1 pacunpena.
@PP oeuae1, 1o ace, 1o ype1 a nx cnnax, onn noc1aan1.
@TaPV eue pas naropapn1 1. ono1oaa n napee1cn, 1o aonpocL o cyHHax npe1ensnn n o
koanL1e ypy1 a nnanuee apeHn peuenL.
konue ecepL @TaPV coounn 1. ono1oay, 1o Hnnnc1p naHa, o ko1opoH una peL a
npounon ecepe*, enae1 npnexa1L a oae1cknn oks no aonpocy o aocc1anoanennn
pnnnoHa1necknx o1nouennn Hepy naHoH n .
oa. 9TO o1ae1nn, 1o cnaHcknn Hnnnc1p Hoe1 npnexa1L a .
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL. Eecepa npoponanacL 40 Hnny1.
3anncan "2 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . 1C . 1C; n. 1;=99.
,'1# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 8@. <# 9.81-1
.2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 . 91<101/
9; 1940 .
( 3
eropnn coc1onnacL Hon opnnnapua1an ac1pea c annecoH (nyHepyk nx pnn onerennn ccLnok
a ypyueH). pyrne ne npncy1c1aoaann. Eecepa coc1onna ns e1Lpex ac1en:
1. onpoc o c1ankax n Haunnax.
2. anoL aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na penH noconLc1aa n aHepnkancknx rpapan a
.
3. onpoc o npnan1nncknx napoxopax.
4. epynapopnan, a ac1noc1n panLneaoc1onan, oc1anoaka.
1. annec sanann, 1o nsaec1no o HoeH nepoaonLc1ae o pesynL1a1ax pao1L koHnccnn akcyanna
n on a1o nepoaonLc1ao nonnHae1, no npocn1 nepepa1L coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o a a1nx
peuennnx ne1 n 1enn nonn1necknx Ho1naoa n 1o korpa aoennLe cneunannc1L nac1anaak1 na
nonyennn 1oro nnn nnoro c1anka pnn apHnn nnn qno1a, 1o ysaenL1 ne Hoe1 nrnopnpoaa1L nx
Hnennn n onpaapLaa1L nepep ouec1aennLH HnenneH akcnop1 a1nx c1ankoa. o1ae1 n sanann
annecy o1 caoero nHenn (a ne o1 nHenn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nockonLky L ne ycnenn pa1L
Hne ykasannn) nsnoennoe a nynk1ax 1, 2 n 3 naHeennoro a 1enerpaHHe o1 27.11.1940 r.
npoek1a. a1oHy n poaann, 1o nac1anaak na ckopenueH aocc1anoanennn annynnpoaannon
nnuensnn na aLaos npnnnHaeHon a nac1onuee apeHn (caaponon) HaunnL
* H. pok. 547.
154
qepepanL uennoc1Lk 400 1Lcn ponnapoa. R a peun1enLnon qopHe nac1anaan na
ocaoopennn acero oopypoaannn a nop1y, annynnpoaannn oppepoa na pekansnunk n
papnkanLnoH nepecHo1pe cnncka sanpe1oa na oopypoaanne, naxopnueecn a nponsaopc1ae, a
pyxe npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nepepannLx Hnon annecy 7 ok1npn*. annec
o1ae1nn, 1o noc1aan1 nepep nonkoannkoH akcyannoH aonpoc o nepecHo1pe npnnn1Lx peuennn,
cooun1 Hne na pnnx pesynL1a1L. n-pe caH ne onpan, 1o koHnccnn ne cHoe1 non1n naH a
onLuen c1enenn naac1pey.
2. n1npyn no kakoHy-1o pnnnnoHy pokyHen1y, annec nepencnnn Hne pnp aonpocoa, ko1opLe on
caH nasaan HenknHn, no ko1opLe, no ero cnoaaH, cospak1 y aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa
anea1nenne, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao yc1anoanno pnn aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa n
aHepnkancknx rpapan a ocoo nenaronpnn1nLn penH, nnkanpaunn ko1oporo pacnc1nna
L a1Hocqepy o1nouennn. annec nepencnnn cnepykune aonpocL, onLunnc1ao ko1opLx aH
xopouo nsaec1nL no ecepaH co 1ennrapp1oH:
a) noespkn a ockay n aLesp a aHepnkanuea, naxopnunxcn a sanapnLx onac1nx n
E; coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao paspeun1 npnesp a ockay nnuaH, nHekunH nacnop1a n
pokyHen1L, ypoc1oaepnkune c 1okn spennn coae1cknx anac1en nx aHepnkanckoe rpapanc1ao;
opnako nHek1cn aHepnkanckne rpapane, ko1opLe cHory1 pokasa1L caoe aHepnkanckoe
rpapanc1ao nnuL a pesynL1a1e, k coanennk, nnnoro onpoca aHepnkancknH noconLc1aoH a
ockae n naaepennn nH cnpaaok, a pokyHen1L, npnsnaaaeHLe nepoc1a1onLHn Hec1nLHn
coae1cknHn anac1nHn, okay1cn poc1a1onLHn pnn aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa npn
yc1anoanennn rpapanc1aa. Hepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npocn1 coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
nopon1n k a1oHy aonpocy snan1enLno nnepanLnee. R o1ae1nn, 1o, nackonLko Hne nsaec1no,
aonpoc ye yperynnpoaan a o1nouennn nnu, Horyunx pokasa1L caoe rpapanc1ao, oc1anLnLe e
acerpa Hory1 cnec1ncL c aHepnkancknH noconLc1aoH nncLHenno. annec noa1opnn, 1o
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npocn1 paspeua1L nnnLn aLesp n onpoc a coHnn1enLnLx cnyanx;
) aonpoc o aLespe en aHepnkancknx rpapan. anneca ne Lno 1onLx pannLx o ncne
oc1aaunxcn nepeuennLx pen a1oro popa, no on sanann, 1o a o1nouennn opnoro nnua nnno
sann1epecoaana ena ysaenL1a, n on npnune1 Hne HeHopanpyH c npocLon noc1aan1L aonpoc o
paspeuennn aLespa;
a) 1pypnoc1n, ncnL1LaaeHLe aHepnkancknH noconLc1aoH a kon1ak1npoaannn aHepnkancknx
rpapan, naxopnunxcn a saknkennn. R o1ae1nn, 1o snak 1onLko o ye yperynnpoaannoH pene
o canpannn c Eopa, n annec ne Hor nasaa1L Hne ppyrnx nHen;
r) aHepnkanckne rpapane, epyune c 3anapa 1pansn1oH epes , ne nonyak1 paspeuennn
na oc1anoaky a ockae, poc1a1onyk pnn nonyennn ppyrax ans. R o1ae1nn, 1o anepaLe cnLuy
o a1oH, naaepy cnpaakn;
p) aonpoc o nnnnouapn pnn co1pypnnkoa aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa a ockae oc1ae1cn
neyperynnpoaannLH. R o1ae1nn, 1o a1nH aonpocoH 1en-nrapp1y oeuan nnno sann1Lcn
Lunncknn, 1o canpe1enLc1aye1 o annHannn pykoaopc1aa k L1oaLH nypaH
aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa;
e) aHepnkanckoHy noconLc1ay a ockae nnn1cn 1pypnoc1n no 1aknH HenoaH, kak yc1anoaka
ensnnoxpannnnua na 1eppn1opnn noconLc1aa, poc1aaka
* H. pok. 422.
155
npopoaonLc1aennLx nocLnok ns sarpannuL, ko1opLe nkoL npokanLaak1cn enesnLHn
npy1LnHn a nonckax kon1paanpL, 1o nop1n1 npopyk1L, n 1oHy noponLe npnpnpkn, cospakune
y noconLc1aa n y aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa anea1nenne, 1o aokpyr aHepnkanckoro
noconLc1aa cospae1cn ocoo nenaronpnn1nan a1Hocqepa, pesko o1nnakuancn o1 oc1anoakn
pao1L coae1ckoro noconLc1aa a aunnr1one. cnn rocpenap1aHen1y a 1eenne ye payx
Hecnuea ne npnunocL cnLua1L anoL coae1ckoro noconLc1aa na npnpnpkn aHepnkancknx
anac1en k coae1cknH rpapanaH, 1o a1o canpe1enLc1aye1 o 1oH, 1o aHepnkanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao npepnpnnnno a pesynL1a1e npepc1aanennn coae1ckoro nocna coo1ae1c1aykune
HepL, Hepy 1eH kak npepc1aanennn aHepnkanckoro nocna a ockae no pnpy nepencnennLx
aonpocoa oc1ak1cn espesynL1a1nLHn. R o1ae1nn annecy, 1o:
a) nn o kakoH penHe pnckpnHnnaunn npo1na aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa a ockae ne1 pen,
naoopo1, nHee1cn noc1onnnan noHouL no ynoHnny1LH HenknH aonpocaH, ns ko1opLx Hnorne
ye ynaenL; npnpnpkn no HenoaH n cospanne a o1nouennn aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa kakon-
1o ocoon a1HocqepL aooue ne coaHec1nHL c npnnunnaHn n npak1nkon nauen aneunen
nonn1nkn, epaa nn kakoe-nno ppyroe noconLc1ao a ockae npnpae1 a1on rpynne aonpocoa 1akoe
nenoHepnoe snaenne, kak aHepnkanckoe;
) Henkne nnunpen1L c coarpapanaHn a nnorpa noa1opnk1cn, no HL ne paspyaaeH nx
snaennn n conkpaeH nponopunk Hepy cepLesnLHn n necepLesnLHn aonpocaHn naunx
o1nouennn;
a) kak npnHep npoponakuencn pnckpnHnnaunn npo1na naunx rpapan n aLnypen cnoaa
nasaa1L aonpoc o ycnoannx pao1L nenoa koHnccnn saaopa nHenn 1annna na saaope an1a;
necHo1pn na oeuanne ero, anneca, o ponycke k osnakoHnennk c 1exnonornecknH npoueccoH,
sa 1pn Hecnua a pesynL1a1e a1oro oeuannn Lno npoaepeno acero e1Lpe akckypcnn a uexa pnn
ceHn nenoa koHnccnn co acnknHn orpannennnHn, o1kasano a yc1ponc1ae e1Lpex ppyrnx
akckypcnn, Hepy 1eH, kak poroaop o 1exnoHoun npepycHa1pnaae1 ne ocHo1pL, a 1ekyuee
osnakoHnenne c 1exnonornecknH npoueccoH. oa1oHy n aLnypen cnoaa cn1a1L aonpoc o
penHe koHnccnn na saaope an1a neyperynnpoaannLH. ak pokasa1enLc1ao, n nepepan annecy
oqnunanLno nonyennyk nauen koHnccnen konnk nncLHa npepc1aan1enn Hopckon pasaepkn npn
saaope, a ko1opoH nocnepnnn, nrnopnpyn poroaop o 1exnneckon noHoun, sananne1 pnpekunn
saaopa, 1o aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 nosaonn1L ncnonLsoaa1L saaop pnn uenen
oyennn;
r) poc1a1ono nasaa1L 1akne aonpocL, kak sapepanne c1ankoa, HopanLnoe aHapro, sapepanne
napoxopoa n sono1a npnan1oa n 1ak panee, 1oL nonn1L nonnyk neconsHepnHoc1L ynoHnny1on
rpynnL aonpocoa c naunHn cepLesnLHn npe1ensnnHn.
annec cornacnncn c a1nH, no poaann, 1o pnn ynyuennn o1nouennn, pnn ko1opLx
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ye Hnoroe-pe cpenano, ena1enLno nokonn1L c a1nHn HenoaHn,
anocnunHn nsnnunee pasppaenne. Hepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ns acex nepencnennLx
aonpocoa npnpae1 nanonLuee snaenne nnnoHy onpocy nponaakunx a sanapnLx onac1nx
n E nnu, o1nannkunx cen aHepnkancknHn rpapanaHn, n aLespy 1ex ns nnx,
rpapanc1ao ko1opLx nop1aeppn1cn. n npocn1 Henn noc1aan1L nepep coae1cknH
npaan1enLc1aoH aonpoc o nepecHo1pe cyuec1aykuero nopnpka aLespa
156
nx a ockay. annec oeuan pon1Lcn y Hopckoro Hnnnc1epc1aa ynyuennn penHa koHnccnn na
saaope an1a;
) annec sanann, 1o no aonpocy o npnan1nncknx napoxopax epaa nn ypac1cn nan1n peuenne,
uennkoH ypoane1aopnkuee oe c1oponL, noka ne peuen npnnunnnanLnLn aonpoc o npnsnannn
axopennn npnan1nncknx pecnynnk a coc1aa oksa.
.345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :90 . 9900 . 91;=994.
CB9. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 -18<./
/#.# =<101/. / 8882
99 1940 .
( 3
nncLHe, appecoaannoH , Iaapnnoan nnue1, 1o:
1. oe Hnenne 1akoao, 1o noceuenne ono1oaLH Eepnnna ne pano saHe1nLx pesynL1a1oa a
o1nouennnx Hepy n IepHannen.
2. ono1oa nepepan In1nepy ka1eropneckoe 1peoaanne ne pacunpn1L aonny na EankanL n
Ennnnn oc1ok. In1nep neoxo1no n apeHenno yc1ynnn a a1oH aonpoce, npoponan cekpe1nyk
nopro1oaky aoennon akunn na Eankanax.
3. aoennLx kpyrax n Lunncknn cn1ak1, 1o a 1oH cnyae, ecnn IepHannn nane1 aonny na
Eankanax, ponen neHepnenno aLc1ynn1L npo1na IepHannn. osnunn ono1oaa - a1o
neckonLko o1cpon1L aLc1ynnenne .
4. o sananennk pnnnca, nrnnn ne Lna poaonLna noespkon ono1oaa. pnnnc noce1nn
ono1oaa, 1oL nanoHnn1L o o1cy1c1ann o1ae1a na anrnnnckyk no1y (c pnpoH
npepnoennn)*. pnnnc nopepknyn ono1oay, 1o a nrnnn nHek1cn aneHen1L (noka
neHnoroncnennLe), 1peykune Hnpa c IepHannen n apapenLe k , n 1o 1enepeunee
npaan1enLc1ao enae1 kon1ak1a c .
nnuap-apkoan na pnnx na nn1nHnoH aeepe ckasan, 1o 1onkae1 Krocnaank na
aoopyennoe c1onknoaenne c IepHannen c epnnc1aennon uenLk ocnan1L IepHannk. pnako
ne nonpe1 na aoennLn coks c Krocnaanen, ko1opan no poroaopennoc1n n IepHannn
naxopn1cn uennkoH a cqepe annnnnn IepHannn, sa 1o koHnencnpye1cn a ppyroH Hec1e.
yHenkoan 1enerpaqnpye1 ns nkapL, 1o apaporny a pasroaope c nnH ckasan: ypunn
aepn1 a nckpennee o1nouenne c 8882Q ko1opLn ne enae1 aonnL na Eankanax n EnnneH
oc1oke. cnn Eonrapnn nane1 aonny, 1o neHepnenno aHeuae1cn. enerpaqnpyn1e o1ae1
na Hon noHep o1 25.11.1940 r. o qnnLHe.
!432 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1< . 91;: . 1<<=1<;. J H. pok. 460.
157
,'# 07<7-2.99. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
Fj# <1D1/81-1 =1/72719 / 7<.; 8882 /1 >2.J .#7# &1-191<1/
:0 1940 . (2. 3
eropnn y Henn Ln aonn n sanann, 1o qpanuysckoe npaan1enLc1ao oenL xo1eno L
yc1anoan1L akonoHneckne o1nouennn c oae1cknH oksoH, no ac1peae1 onLune sa1pypnennn
a npak1neckoH ocyuec1anennn a1oro enannn, aonn nepepan Hne pae naHn1nLe sannckn no
aonpocy o 1oproaoH oHene Hepy n panunen, a 1ake no aonpocy o 1pansn1e epes
panccnnpcknn ny1L ao panunk 5000 1onn kayyka. poHe 1oro, qpanuysL npepnarak1 a
oHen na 5000 1onn ensnna kayyk n cnpaunaak1, Hoe1 nn noc1aan1L cok, nopconnyx,
npL, caxap, xne, cyxne oaaun, kpacnune aeuec1aa, yronL, cHony, acec1, Hapraneu n a kakoH
konnec1ae n kakne qpanuysckne kononnanLnLe 1oaapL Hory1 nn1epecoaa1L . R oeuan
nsyn1L a1o1 aonpoc n cnpocnn aonna, ne pacnonarae1 nn on caepennnHn o1 caoero
npaan1enLc1aa no peny o nn1oacko-na1annckoH sono1e, sakynnennoH IocankoH . aonn
sanann, 1o ne nnqopHnpoaan o a1oH aonpoce.
#>2345
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9; . 99CB . 100.
,'4# 07<7-2.99: =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / J.280/7 &1<-.2 .<#
<./2^7/. .2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/
:0 1940 .
( 3 2F V4 S1R
onoa nepepan a yc1non n nncLHennon qopHe o1ae1 onrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa cnepykuero
copepannn: neunnn nonn1nka Eonrapnn acerpa apoxnoannnacL ppyon k oae1ckoHy oksy,
n ne Lno cnyan, 1oL Eonrapnn penc1aoaana npo1na nn1epecoa nocnepnero. e1o onLuee:
Eonrapnn o1aeprna nonL1kn, conpoaopaaunecn conasnn1enLnLHn oeuannnHn, npepnpnnn1Le
nocne Hnpoaon aonnL neko1opLHn pepaaaHn ornacnn c 1eH pace1oH, 1oL 1onkny1L
Eonrapnk npo1na oae1ckon occnn. ppyron c1oponL, onrapckan aneunnn nonn1nka
pykoaopc1aoaanacL HnponkneH n nnkorpa ne Lna napyuena. Eonrapcknn napop nonec Hnoro
ep1a a pnpe aonn sa caoe o1epnnenne n nonec c1onLko no1epL npn saknkennn Hnpa n c1onLko
c1papannn a nocnepnne ropL, 1o onsannoc1Lk kaporo onrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa nanne1cn
npepoxpanenne caoero napopa o1 nkoro uara, ko1opLn L npnnnnn eHy noaLe ncnL1annn.
158
paapa, naunonanLnLe nn1epecL Eonrapnn Lnn cnnLno yueHnenL npnLH poroaopoH
Eonrapnn xoe1, 1oL Lnn ncnpaanenL a1n necnpaaepnnaoc1n, no 1onLko HnpnLH ny1eH n
HnpnLHn cpepc1aaHn.
a1oH o1nouennn nHee1cn xopounn npnHep - paspeuenne aonpoca o Knon opype.
cxopn ns aLuensnoennLx ocnoanLx nonoennn, onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao annHa1enLno
nsynno npepnoennn, nepepannLe 25 nonpn cero ropa epes r. ooneaa*, a 1ake
npepnoenne apyennoe a nncLHennoH anpe Hnnnc1py nnoc1pannLx pen 25 1oro e Hecnua n
ko1opoe a o1ae1 na onsa1enLc1aa oae1ckoro oksa noppepa1L npn1nsannn Eonrapnn a
3anapnon paknn n noHoL en a cnyae yrposL nnn nanapennn na nee 1pe1Len c1panL
npepycHa1pnaae1 onsa1enLc1aa Eonrapnn okasa1L noHouL oae1ckoHy oksy a cnyae peanLnon
yrposL ero nn1epecaH a epnoH Hope n nponnaax.
Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonLueno annHanneH, ko1opoe eHy okasLaae1cn co c1oponL , n
naropapn1 sa poaepne, aLpaennoe eHy a pannoH cnyae. S1o eue onLue ero onsLaae1
o1kpL1o n nonnLno nsnon1L saknkenne, k ko1opoHy ono npnuno a pesynL1a1e nsyennn
npepnoennn.
Eonrapnn nHee1 naunonanLnLe nn1epecL a 3anapnon paknn, no ona ne pyHae1 nx ocyuec1an1L
cnnon opynn. na cn1ae1 a1n nn1epecL nac1onLko cnpaaepnnaLHn ao acex o1nouennnx, 1o
Hoe1 paccn1Laa1L na noppepky acex 1ex, ko1opLe c1peHn1cn k cnpaaepnnaoHy
yperynnpoaannk o1nouennn Hepy napopaHn a ypyueH. Eonrapnn nckpenno papa, 1o no a1oHy
aonpocy nHee1 saaepennn n coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nepepannLe epes caoero nocnannnka a
oqnn 6 nknn a1oro ropa.
paan1enLc1ao naropapn1 sa caepennn o1nocn1enLno naHepennn ypunn okasa1L aoopyennoe
conpo1nanenne nponnknoaennk Eonrapnn na kr. S1n naHepennn eHy nsaec1nL, no onn ne
npepc1aannk1 nenocpepc1aennon onacnoc1n pnn Eonrapnn, 1.k. ona ne conpae1cn np1n na kr
npn noHoun opynn. ppyron c1oponL, HL nHeeH caHLe ka1eropneckne saaepennn 1ypok
(1akne saaepennn HL nonynnn a caHoe nocnepnee apeHn, no1n opnoapeHenno c npepnoenneH
), 1o aoennLe npnro1oanennn ao paknn nHek1 1onLko ooponn1enLnLn xapak1ep. pn
a1oH nonoennn epaa nn Hono coHneaa1Lcn, 1o ypunn Hoe1 noyac1aoaa1L
nenocpepc1aennyk yrposy a pesynL1a1e nopnncannn nak1a asanHnon noHoun Hepy oae1cknH
oksoH n Eonrapnen, 1.k. 1ypkn, aepon1no, oc1anncL L npn yepennn, 1o on nanpaanen
npo1na nnx, n HL onacaeHcn, kak L npn cyuec1aykuen ceropnn nanpnennoc1n ne ycnnnnacL
L onacnoc1L c1onknoaennn, ko1oporo HL xo1nH nsea1L n ko1oporo, HL ne coHneaaeHcn, ne
enae1 oae1cknn oks. EonrapckoHy napopy, Hnponkne ko1oporo npaan1enLc1ao yn1Laae1, n
onrapckoHy napnaHen1y Lno L 1pypno nonn1L n npnnn1L onsa1enLc1aa, npepycHa1pnaakune
aHeua1enLc1ao Eonrapnn a paspeuenne 1akoro onLuoro aonpoca, kak aonpoc o nponnaax, na
ko1opLe ne pacnpoc1pannk1cn nn1epecL nauen HanenLkon c1panL. akoneu, onrapckoe
npaan1enLc1ao, kak ye coounno npaan1enLc1ay , ocypae1 aonpoc o 1pexc1oponneH
nak1e
210
. neperoaopax c IepHannen no a1oHy aonpocy sann1a nsaec1nan npnnunnnanLnan
nosnunn eue po nonyennn npepnoennn . oa1oHy aknkenne Eonrapnn a neperoaopL o
ppyroH nak1e pocnno L 1enL na nonnLnoc1L Eonrapnn n ne 1onLko L oropnno ppyec1aennyk
naH n oae1ckoHy oksy c1pany, no pae Horno L
* H. pok. 549.
159
aLsaa1L ee ocnoaa1enLnLe nopospennn. o a1oHy noaopy onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao ponno
sanan1L, 1o ocypae1 aonpoc o npncoepnnennn k 1pexc1oponneHy nak1y, yn1Laan ocnoanLe
npen, na ko1opLx on nokon1cn n ko1opLe nHek1 uenL npepe acero nsea1L pacunpennn
aonnL, yc1anoan1L noaLn nopnpok, npn ko1opoH kapLn napop Hoe1 nHe1L nonarakueecn eHy
Hec1o. aknH ny1eH cospae1cn ounoc1L nn1epecoa, npn ko1opon naunonanLnLe aonpocL n
cnopL Hepy o1penLnLHn nenaHn Hory1 nerko nan1n paspeuenne HnpnLH ny1eH n c
copenc1aneH acex. cansn c a1nH onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao c ypoaonLc1aneH npnnnno
coouenne o 1oH, 1o n npaan1enLc1ao oae1ckoro oksa c1aan1 aonpoc o aosHonoH
npncoepnnennn k 1pexc1oponneHy nak1y, ko1opoe naH kae1cn nannyunH paspeuenneH
aonpoca, no1oHy 1o a a1oH cnyae noaepenne Eonrapnn ne Horno L L1L nc1onkoaano kak
npo1naopeauee nn1epecaH oae1ckoro oksa.
1kpoaenno nsnona ace a1n coopaennn, onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao napee1cn, 1o onn ypy1
cnpaaepnnao ouenenL, n yepeno, 1o a1a nonnLnan nonn1nka Eonrapnn ype1 copenc1aoaa1L
ycnnennk cyuec1aykunx Hepy payHn c1panaHn ppyec1aennLx o1nouennn.
#24X2
2
1 3 1940 .
1. ecepe c onoaLH n sanann, 1o ponen opa1n1L ero annHanne na neponyc1nHoc1L 1oro,
1o npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nepepannLe onrapckoHy npaan1enLc1ay a
cekpe1noH nopnpke, npoconnncL n c1ann poc1onnneH noc1oponnnx nnu. onoa naan Henn
yaepn1L, 1o a a1oH noannno ne onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao, a onrapckan koHnap1nn, ko1opan
eue saponro po npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa nncana nnc1oakn n nosynrn c npnsLaoH
k saknkennk nak1a asanHonoHoun c . n roaopnn, 1o pasrnauenne a1on 1annL ne
nanne1cn nn1epecoH npaan1enLc1aa, 1o npaan1enLc1ao ye 1enepL nonyae1 Haccy nnceH n
1enerpaHH c npocLon o saknkennn nak1a asanHonoHoun c . R o1ae1nn onoay, 1o ne Hory
axopn1L a pe1ann nc1o any1pennero onrapckoro aonpoca o 1oH, k1o nHenno nepaLn a Eonrapnn
packpLn rocypapc1aennyk 1anny, no HL xo1enn L, 1oL anpepL ne noa1opnnncL 1akne cnyan
napyuennn cekpe1noc1n.
2. ocne a1oro sananennn onoa nepepan a yc1noH n nncLHennoH nopnpke o1ae1 onrapckoro
npaan1enLc1aa na npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. n ocoenno nopepknyn o1cy1c1ane
yrposL n onacnoc1n pnn Eonrapnn, 1.k. ona ne conpae1cn ocyuec1ann1L caon naunonanLnLe
nn1epecL npn noHoun opynn. n 1ake nopepknaan o1cy1c1ane nn1epeca Eonrapnn k
nponnaaH n aosHonoc1L napyuennn ee Hnpa n cnokonc1ann a cansn c saknkenneH nak1a c
oae1cknH oksoH. R saHe1nn, 1o nak1 kak pas npepycHa1pnaae1 opa1noe, 1.e. coxpanenne
Hnpa n cnokonc1ann Eonrapnn. o ero cnoaaH, napnaHen1 n onrapcknn napop ne opopnk1 nak1,
npepycHa1pnaakunn aoennLe onsa1enLc1aa. onoa neckonLko pas noa1opnn, 1o HanenLkan
Eonrapnn ne Hoe1 aHeunaa1Lcn a paspeuenne onLunx HepynapopnLx aonpocoa. 1kas o1
coae1cknx npepnoennn nak1a asanHonoHoun Ho1nanpoaan eue 1eH, 1o Eonrapnn ye ac1ynnna
a neperoaopL o npncoepnnennn k 1pexc1oponneHy nak1y, poaann npn a1oH, 1o n coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ocypano a Eepnnne aonpoc o aosHonoc1n npncoepnnennn k nak1y 1pex. R
eHy ka1eropneckn sa-
160
nann, 1o a1o1 aonpoc a Eepnnne ne ocypancn. R cnpocnn onoaa, a kakon c1apnn cenac
naxopn1cn neperoaopL o npncoepnnennn Eonrapnn k nak1y 1pex. n o1ae1nn, 1o nopnncanne
a1oro nak1a apeHenno o1noeno po okona1enLnoro nsyennn npen nak1a onrapcknH
npaan1enLc1aoH. o cnoaaH onoaa, onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao a npnnunne ne aospaae1 npo1na
nak1a 1pex, no on npepycHa1pnaae1 nnkanpaunk necnpaaepnnaoc1n, cospannon nepaon Hnpoaon
aonnon, n a ypyueH Hnpnoe paspeuenne aonpocoa Hepy pasnnnLHn c1panaHn. onoa npocnn
Henn nepepa1L aH, 1o nx o1kas o1 coae1cknx npepnoennn ne ponen paccHa1pnaa1Lcn kak
nponanenne neppyec1aennLx o1nouennn k oae1ckoHy oksy. n yaepnn, 1o, ne saknkan
nak1 c , Eonrapnn no Hepe cnn ype1 oxpann1L ero nn1epecL. non Lno ckasano onoay,
1o n noc1apakcL kak Hono 1onee nepepa1L ero sananenne coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay. ne
kae1cn, 1o onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao cenac noc1apae1cn Lc1pee npncoepnnn1Lcn k nak1y
1pex. npnHo, ono caon o1ae1 cornacoaano c neHuaHn.
#24X2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::1 . 99<9 . 199=199.
565. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 92 #.# /.1/.
.2119 1988.2 /7@7? 012-1/< 8882 .## 91Q D.978007<
.211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 8#.# <1D1/819
9 3 1940 .
( 3
91Q <1D1/819# 1. ocne npepc1aanennn nanoaLH npaan1enLc1ay
npoek1npyeHoro noaLuennn uen na 1oaapL akcnop1a n nHnop1a ko Hne npnLn anancan.
opo1ko ecepa co Hnon anoncana caopn1cn k cnepykueHy: on n npaan1enLc1ao a cansn co
cnonauencn kon1knk1ypon uen na HnpoaoH pLnke nn a kakon Hepe ne aospaak1 npo1na
noaLuennn uen na 1oaapL coae1ckoro akcnop1a. anoncan cn1ae1 neyHec1nLH npocLy caoero
saHec1n1enn aHcapona a ockae o cnnennn o1nycknLx uen na neko1opLe 1oaapL n ne
napee1cn, 1o aHcapony ypac1cn pon1Lcn a a1oH o1nouennn kaknx-nno yc1ynok. anoncan
sonpnpoaan noay o1nocn1enLno aosHonoc1n neko1oporo noaLuennn uen qpanko-rpannua na
HonronLcknn cko1. R o1ae1nn, 1o coae1ckne oprannsaunn, aepakune 1oproanen c ,
esycnoano npocn1Laann uenL na ace 1oaapL, a 1oH ncne n na cko1, a nonnoH coo1ae1c1ann co
cnonaunHncn uenaHn na HnpoaoH pLnke, a 1o1 qak1, 1o coae1ckne oprannsaunn no caoen
nnnuna1nae npepnonnn noaLuenne uen na 1oaapL HonronLckoro akcnop1a, snaHenye1 coon
npoponenne o1kpL1on n ec1non nonn1nkn no o1nouennk k HonronLckoHy napopy.
2. enerpaHHa npepcepa1enn 1oproaon peneraunn aHcapona a appec npaan1enLc1aa paaana
napepL, 1o 1oproaan peneraunn cyHee1 aL1oproaa1L o1 apkoHaneu1opra cnnenne uen na
ac1L coae1cknx 1oaapoa n 1o, nkoL, neko1opLe pao1nnkn coae1cknx oprannsaunn cknonnL
non1n na yc1ynkn a pasHepe 5 Hnnnnonoa na aecL coae1cknn akcnop1. (enerpaHHL aHcapona
okyHen1L. n. 2, . 161
nnno n ne anpen, copepanne ee pacckasan Hne anoncan.) cnn a1o penc1an1enLno 1ak, 1o
nyue non1n na neko1opoe noaLuenne npepnoennLx uen na HonronLcknn cko1, nocnepnee
esycnoano o1pasn1cn na poc1e noronoaLn cko1a pa n sac1aan1 apa1oa nyue epeL cko1.
pn nopce1e npouy nHe1L a anpy, 1o kpoHe cko1a, npyuero a , onLunH no1pen1eneH
Hnca na any1penneH pLnke, ne nnannpyeHLH naunH nHnop1oH, nanne1cn naua 17-n apHnn.
EonLuoe noaLuenne uen qpanko-rpa-nnua na cko1 no1peye1 pononnn1enLnLx accnrnoaannn na
a1y c1a1Lk pnn 17-n apHnn.
&22
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::C . 999B . 1;9=190.
,''# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 29:
.## <./270B7/. / 8882
9 3 1940 r.
|
( 3
oce1nn neHeukoro nocnannnka apnunyca. Ioaopn o any1pnnonn1neckoH nonoennn
yHLnnn, n a ac1noc1n o ynnc1aax a 1kpLHax c1oponnnkoa Lauero penHa, apnunyc
ckasan, 1o a1o oLnan aeuL, ko1opan nponcxopn1 npn peaonkunnx. asnnua nnuL a 1oH, 1o
a1o nponsouno ne cpasy nocne peaonkunn
172
(apnunyc n nernonepL coL1nn a konue cen1npn
nasLaak1 peaonkunen), a cnyc1n neko1opoe apeHn. pepn nernonepoa ne1 onLunx
pacxopennn. ac1L ns nnx nac1poena pesko apapeno k c1apoHy penHy, a ac1L o1nocn1cn
npnHnpeneckn k npounoHy. o n1onecky enae1 onnpa1Lcn na nernonepoa, a nocnepnne n
aopn nernonepoa - opnn nHa, Runncknn, annkoa - xo1n1 pao1a1L coaHec1no c
n1onecky. n1onecky ne xoe1 aoennon pnk1a1ypL, xo1n on onnpae1cn na apHnk.
ocnonLsoaaauncL cnyaeH, korpa apnunyc c1an roaopn1L o caoen sann1oc1n a cansn c
nannneH neHeuknx aoennLx, npnespoH akonoHnecknx akcnep1oa n 1ak panee, n cnpocnn
apnunyca o ncnennoc1n neHeuknx aonck a yHLnnn, ykasaa, 1o cenac nasLaak1 caHLe
pasnnnLe unqpL. apnunyc o1ae1nn, 1o on ne snae1 1onoro konnec1aa n 1o on ne Hoe1
nasaa1L pae npnnnsn1enLnon unqpL, no sa a1o eHy aoennLe o1pyn1 ronoay. yHLnnn
nHek1cn Ho1opnsoaannLe ac1n, npncnannLe pnn oyennn pyHLn, n ppyrne ac1n, ko1opLe
aaepenL na 1o1 cnyan, ecnn L anrnnane nonL1anncL oHappnpoaa1L neq1nnLe npoHLcnL,
ocyuec1annn caon c1apLe He1L. eHeukan Hnccnn caoeapeHenno pasrapana a1n nnanL n
opa1nna na a1o annHanne Iaqenky, 1orpaunero Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen, ko1opLn neoxo1no
cornacnncn npnnn1L peun1enLnLe HepL (apnunyc nHee1 a anpy nopro1oaky k aspLay
enesnLx aopo1). a Hoe saHeanne, pasae Iaqenky Ln cansan c a1nHn anrnnncknHn nnanaHn,
apnunyc, yknonnauncL o1 npnHoro o1ae1a, ykasan, 1o Iaqenky acerpa Ln Hnnnc1poH npn
apone 1opoH. acancL ansn1a 1oaapnua ono1oaa, apnunyc ckasan, 1o ao apeHn
epnnncknx neperoaopoa Lno yc1anoaeno, 1o asanHoo1nouennn Hepy n IepHannen
162
ypy1 pasanaa1Lcn coo1ae1c1aenno nepaLH, poaoennLH neperoaopaH. s a1nx aLckasLaannn
sacnynaae1 annHannn cnepykuee:
1. apnunyc ne ocypae1 penc1ann enesnoraappenuea, ko1opLe nponsaenn ynnc1aa
saknkennLx - c1oponnnkoa npenero penHa. L1acknaak1cn na cae1 ppyrne aopn
nernonepoa: Runncknn - Hnnnc1p 1pypa n sppaaooxpanennn, annkoa - Hnnnc1p
naunonanLnon akonoHnkn, ko1opLn aHec1e c n1onecky espnn a IepHannk. pae1cn, 1o ocnoaa
pasnornacnn cpepn nernonepoa kpoe1cn ne a pasnnnoH o1nouennn k npeneHy penHy, a a
pasnnnon ouenke neHeukoro rocnopc1aa a yHLnnn. o1 noeHy pnn neHuea aLropnL
pasnnnLe akc1peHnc1ckne aLc1ynnennn o1penLnLx rpynn enesnoraappenuea, ko1opLe,
aosHono, n noporpeaak1cn neHuaHn.
2. apnunyc aLnypen npnsna1L, 1o neHeukne aoncka a yHLnnn nHek1 ne 1onLko yenLe,
no n ppyrne uenn.
#22
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :19 . 919: . 1B;=1<0.
C[<. &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .## /:@81-1 8 =18<.19 121<7/80/. /7-2 / 8882 L#
2@01>> 7 A7?07
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy, 1. osoackoHy
: 3 1940 . (3
pnu1oqqn sanann, 1o on npnuen no opnoHy aonpocy, no npepe, eH noc1aan1L a1o1 aonpoc,
on xo1en L nanoHnn1L Hne neko1opLe coL1nn. 20 nonpn c.r. enrpnn npncoepnnnnacL k
1ponc1aennoHy nak1y
206
, nopnncannoHy 27 cen1npn a Eepnnne npepc1aan1ennHn IepHannn,
Rnonnn n 1annn.
nnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen enrpnn akn nopepknyn, 1o enrpnn npncoepnnnnacL k nak1y a
uennx npnnn1L yac1ne a noaoH nopnpke, ko1opLn cospae1cn cenac a apone. akn
nopepknyn 1ake, ro enrpnn a coo1ae1c1ann co c1. V nak1a oc1ae1cn caoopnon a caoen
any1pennen nonn1nke n a o1nouennnx c cocepnnHn rocypapc1aaHn. akn ykasan, 1o
npncoepnnenne enrpnn k 1ponc1aennoHy nak1y ne cnepye1 paccHa1pnaa1L kak penc1ane,
nanpaanennoe npo1na , naoopo1, aenrepckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1 ykpennn1L
popococepckne n pasanaa1L akonoHneckne o1nouennn Hepy enrpnen n oae1cknH oksoH.
ocne a1oro sananennn nocnannnk nepeuen k aonpocy, nannkueHycn uenLk ero ansn1a.
ocnannnk nHee1 o1 caoero npaan1enLc1aa nopyenne, cansannoe c koHHknnke o1 23
nonpn, onpoaeprakunH nonoe y1aeppenne repHanckon rase1L IaHyprep qpeHpenna1* o
1oH, 1o npncoepnnenne enrpnn k nak1y 1pex pepaa poc1nrny1o yp1o L npn
co1pypnnec1ae n nonnoH opopennn oae1ckoro oksa. ocnannnk sanann, 1o onpoaepe-
* H. pok. 545.
163
nne Lno coaepuenno npaannLno, 1ak kak nn co1pypnnec1aa no a1oHy aonpocy c
oae1cknH oksoH, nn opopennn co c1oponL nocnepnero ne Lno. pnako aenrepckoe
npaan1enLc1ao Lno neckonLko ypnaneno onynnkoaannLH koHHknnke, ko1opoe cospano
anea1nenne nepoaonLc1aa co c1oponL coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa npncoepnnenneH enrpnn k
nak1y. ocnannnk ynonnoHoen cnpocn1L Henn, coo1ae1c1aye1 nn penc1an1enLnoc1n a1o
anea1nenne.
R o1ae1nn nocnannnky, 1o n annHa1enLno aLcnyuan ero coouenne o1nocn1enLno
npncoepnnennn enrpnn k 1ponc1aennoHy nak1y n npnnnHak a1o coouenne k caepennk. 1o e
kacae1cn koHHknnke , 1o, kak anpno ns caHoro ero 1ekc1a, ono kacae1cn nnuL
nenpaannLnoro coouennn rase1L IaHyprep qpeHpenna1 n nnkakon nnon sapan nepep
coon ne c1aanno. oa1oHy n cn1ak, 1o aenrepckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nHeno ocnoaannn
ypnann1Lcn onynnkoaannk coouennn . 1o kacae1cn enannn aenrepckoro npaan1enLc1aa
ykpennn1L popococepckne o1nouennn n pasanaa1L akonoHneckne o1nouennn Hepy enrpnen
n oae1cknH oksoH, 1o a1o enanne nonnoc1Lk coanapae1 c enanneH npaan1enLc1aa .
ocnannnk nonaropapnn Henn n sanann, 1o on anonne ypoane1aopen HonH pas1ncnenneH, on
neHepnenno nepepac1 Hon o1ae1 aenrepckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaana 1. yHakoaa.
ED4345 ! %- 6. 0<< 78. 90 . 109 . 1 . B0=B1.
,'C# 811&^77 0.88
D./<77 =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / =1
4 3 1940 .
1 pekapn c.r. anue-Hnnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen Rnonnn r-n xacn cpenan nonnpepy 1.
He1annny no noaopy cornauennn, saknkennoro a anknne Hepy Rnonnen n an snnaaeH
35
,
sananenne, a ko1opoH ykasan, 1o c1a1Ln 3 a1oro poroaopa o opLe c koHHynnsHoH nnkak ne
nanpaanena npo1na n 1o ykasannan aLue c1a1Ln ncxopn1 ns nc1o any1pennnx ycnoann n,
nesaancnHo o1 a1oro, ne nHee1 nnkakoro annnnnn na enanne Rnonnn yperynnpoaa1L caon
o1nouennn c .
4 pekapn c.r. nonnpep a Rnonnn 1. He1annn noce1nn r-na xacn n cpenan eHy o1 nHenn
oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa sananenne cnepykuero copepannn:
oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnnHae1 k caepennk sananenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o 1oH, 1o
c1a1Ln 3 poroaopa, saknkennoro Hepy Rnonnen n an snnaaeH, nnkak ne nanpaanena npo1na
n 1o ona ne ype1 nHe1L annnnnn na enanne Rnonnn yperynnpoaa1L caon o1nouennn c
.
o caoen c1oponL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1 neoxopnHLH sanan1L, 1o nonn1nka
oae1ckoro oksa no o1nouennk k n1ak oc1ae1cn es nsHenennn.
&>24. - 1940. - C 3.
164
,'9# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7
.>-.80. #.# 9;.?<1/. / / 8882
4 3 1940 .
( 3
a o1kpL1nn caxapnoro saaopa a Earnane a pen, nonnon narnoro apanLn o HnnHLx
xosnnc1aennLx poc1nennnx aqranckoro npaan1enLc1aa, Hnnnc1p xosnnc1aa pyn epnp, no
coouennk cnaxa o1 25 nonpn, sanann: o aonnL 1914 ropa ceaep qrannc1ana o1npaannn a
pyccknn ypkec1an 400 1Lcn paonx, ko1opLx naroyc1panaano yoe rocypapc1ao, 1ak kak a
nx c1pane ne Lno pao1L. eropnn a pesynL1a1e noaon nonn1nkn npaan1enLc1aa 3axnp-uaxa
pasan1ne ceaepa nauen c1panL ne 1onLko ne nypae1cn a sarpannue, 1oL nocLna1L paonx,
1ak kak pao1a nHee1cn ycen, no, naoopo1, a1a pao1a npnanekae1 co1nn 1Lcn ceHenc1a
aHnrpan1oa n pae1 nH nnnue n xne. saec1no, 1o a ropL yc1anoanennn coae1ckon anac1n a
pepnen snn, a 1ake a ropL konnek1nansaunn kynaukne aneHen1L cnacann caon ukypL ny1eH
aHnrpaunn a qrannc1an. S1nx akcnnya1a1opoa pyn a npncy1c1ann npeHLepa n aLcunx
aqrancknx nnoa sancnne1 a pnpL coae1cknx 1pypnunxcn, nuyunx nkoL o1 espao1nuL
cnacenne a aqranckoH pak. n1ak, 1o nyno L na c1pannuax nauen npeccL kak cnepye1
pasonan1L pacnoncaauerocn Hnnnc1pa-cnekynnn1a, npnnoHnna eHy, 1o a 1924-25 ropax on sa
cnekynnunk n oHan coae1cknx opranoa cnpen y nac a Ey1Lpckon 1kpLHe. o HenLuen Hepe
cn1an L nynLH cpena1L npepc1aanenne no noaopy xo1n n neckonLko saayannpoaannoro,
no an1ncoae1ckoro aLnapa Hnnnc1pa. enerpaqL1e.
4A52 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :99 . 991B . 149=1C0.
,!0# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 8@. #.# 9.819
4 3 1940 .
(. 3
cnn ann nnn annec cnoaa noc1aan1 aonpoc o panLneaoc1onon nnn nnneaoc1onon nonn1nke
*, Hoe1e ckasa1L o1 caoero nHenn, aLpasna yaepennoc1L, 1o a1o nanne1cn n HnenneH
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, necnepykuee:
npoponae1 c1on1L na nosnunn caoen Hnpnon nonn1nkn, oc1ae1cn ane aonnL n c1peHn1cn
noppepnaa1L nopHanLnLe akonoHneckne n nonn1neckne o1nouennn co aceHn pepaaaHn, a
1oH ncne n c aokkunHn.
1nouennn c n1aeH coxpannk1 caon popococepcknn xapak1ep, aL1ekakunn ns coae1cko-
kn1anckoro poroaopa o nenanapennn**.
* H. pok. 475, 593. ** H. okyHen1L... - . XX. - ok. 300.
165
1o e kacae1cn nauen nnneaoc1onon nonn1nkn, 1o ona onpepenne1cn npnnunnaHn
panLnenuero ynyuennn nonn1necknx n akonoHnecknx o1nouennn co aceHn
nnneaoc1onLHn rocypapc1aaHn.
2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :90 . 9909 . 119.
,!1# 1-1/12 1 012-1/<7 81;180/7 97L 81D19 81/708;
81J.<80A78; 278=&< 8<1/.J1? 278=&<1?
H 3 1940 .I
pesnpnyH epxoanoro oae1a oksa oae1cknx ounannc1necknx ecnynnk n pesnpen1
noaaukon ecnynnkn, enan pasan1L n ykpenn1L 1oproaLe o1nouennn Hepy oenHn
c1panaHn, peunnn saknkn1L oroaop o 1oproane n cypoxopc1ae n c a1on uenLk nasnannn
caonHn ynonnoHoennLHn:
pesnpnyH epxoanoro oae1a oksa oae1cknx ounannc1necknx ecnynnk -
nac1aca aanoana nkonna, apopnoro oHnccapa neunen oproann oksa ,
pesnpen1 noaaukon ecnynnkn -
r-na Rna pcara, 3aaepykuero SkonoHnecknH 1penoH nnnc1epc1aa noc1pannLx en
noaaukon ecnynnkn, ko1opLe nocne oHena caonHn nonnoHonnHn, nanpn nx a ponnon
qopHe n napneaueH nopnpke, cornacnnncL o nnecnepykueH:
1a1Ln I
ponsaepennn noaL n npoHLunennoc1n, nponcxopnune ns 1eppn1opnn opnon ns
oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon, npn aaose nx na 1eppn1opnk ppyron oroaapnaakuencn 1oponL ne
ypy1 onara1Lcn aaosnLHn nounnnaHn nnn ppyrnHn copaHn nnn nanoraHn, onee aLcoknHn,
eH aaosnLe nounnnL, copL n nanorn, asnHaeHLe npn aaose noponLx 1oaapoa ns nkoro
1pe1Lero rocypapc1aa.
e oroaapnaakunecn 1oponL npepoc1aannk1 1ake ppyr ppyry penH nanonLuero
naronpnn1c1aoaannn a o1nouennn aLaosnLx nounnn n ppyrnx copoa n nanoroa, asnHaeHLx npn
aLaose.
poHe 1oro, oe oroaapnaakunecn 1oponL npepoc1aannk1 asanHno ppyr ppyry penH
nanonLuero naronpnn1c1aoaannn a o1nouennn cnocoa asnHannn 1aHoennLx nounnn,
1apnqnkaunn n knaccnqnkaunn 1oaapoa, 1onkoaannn 1aHoennoro 1apnqa, peakcnop1a,
neperpyskn, noHeuennn 1oaapoa a cknapL n aosapa1a 1aHoennLx nounnn.
1a1Ln II
ponsaepennn noaL n npoHLunennoc1n opnon ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon, o1npaanneHLe
epes 1eppn1opnk 1pe1Lero rocypapc1aa, ne ypy1 npn
166
aaose na 1eppn1opnk ppyron oroaapnaakuencn 1oponL onara1Lcn onee aLcoknHn nanoraHn
nnn copaHn, eH 1e, ko1opLHn onn Lnn L onoenL, ecnn L onn aaosnnncL nenocpepc1aenno
ns c1panL nponcxopennn.
S1n noc1anoanennn o1nocn1cn kak k 1oaapaH, nepeaosnHLH npnHo, 1ak n k 1oaapaH, ko1opLe ao
apeHn nepeaoskn nopaeprnncL neperpyske, nepeynakoake n noHeuennk a cknapLL
1a1Ln III
apan ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon onsye1cn ne npnHenn1L a o1nouennn aaosa ns
1eppn1opnn ppyron 1oponL nnn aLaosa na 1eppn1opnk a1on nocnepnen kaknx-nno orpannennn
nnn aocnpeuennn, nockonLky onn ne ypy1 npnHenn1Lcn no o1nouennk ko aceH ppyrnH c1panaH,
sa ncknkenneH pacnpoc1pannkunxcn es pasnnnn na ace c1panL, naxopnunecn a opnnakoaLx
ycnoannx, orpannennn nnn aocnpeuennn a cansn c ouec1aennLH nopnpkoH n
sppaaooxpanenneH, rocypapc1aennon esonacnoc1Lk, opLon c onesnnHn pac1ennn n nao1nLx
n saun1on ceHnn pac1ennn o1 perenepaunn.
1a1Ln IV
o1nouennn onoennn na 1eppn1opnn opnon ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon 1oaapoa ppyron
1oponL any1pennnHn copaHn, napakunHn na nponsaopc1ao, opao1ky, opauenne nnn
no1penenne coo1ae1c1aykunx 1oaapoa, o1 Lero L nHenn n a en L ce1 1akne copL nn
asnHanncL, kapan ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon onsana npnHenn1L penH, yc1anoanennLn ek
pnn o1eec1aennLx 1oaapoa.
1a1Ln V
IpysL, cnepykune ns oksa a noaaukyk ecnynnky n ns noaaukon ecnynnkn a oks
, ne ponnL na enesnLx poporax kapon ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon nopaepra1Lcn nn a
o1nouennn npneHkn n cpan k nepeaoske, nn a o1nouennn 1apnqoa no nepeaoske nnn cansannLx
c nepeaoskon ounx copoa Henee naronpnn1noHy penHy, eH ananornnLe rpysL nanonee
naronpnn1c1ayeHoro rocypapc1aa, nepeaosnHLe a 1oH e nanpaanennn n no 1oHy e
npo1nennk ny1n.
1a1Ln VI
pn nnaaannn no ynak, ero npn1okaH n kananaH, no ko1opLH ponyueno nnn ype1 ponyueno
nnaaanne nnoc1pannLx cypoa, k cypaH opnon oroaapnaakuencn 1oponL n nx rpysaH ype1 a
nop1ax ppyron 1oponL npn axope, aLxope n npeLaannn a nnx npnHenn1Lcn penH
nanonLuero naronpnn1c1aoaannn, a ac1noc1n a o1nouennn copoa n nounnn acnkoro popa,
npnannaannn cypoa, npepoc1aanennn Hec1 norpyskn n pasrpyskn, nonLsoaannn coopyennnHn,
yc1ponc1aaHn, HexannsHaHn, aepqnHn, pokaHn, peHon1nLHn Hac1epcknHn, cknapaHn n 1.n., a
1ake a o1nouennn acex qopHanLnoc1en n pacnopnennn, ko1opLH ponnL ypy1 nopnnn1Lcn
cypa, nx aknnan n rpysL.
167
1a1Ln VII
aunonanLnoc1L cypoa ype1 asanHno npnsnaaa1Lcn, cornacno sakonaH n noc1anoanennnH
kapon ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon, na ocnoaannn pokyHen1oa, naxopnunxcn na cypne n
aLpannLx napneaunHn anac1nHn coo1ae1c1aykuen 1oponL.
epn1enLnLe n pernc1poaLe canpe1enLc1aa, a 1ake ppyrne noponLe nH 1exnneckne cypoaLe
pokyHen1L, aLuannLe nnn npnsnaaaeHLe opnon ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon, ypy1
npnsnaaa1Lcn n ppyron 1oponon.
ypa, nHekune ynoHnny1Le Hepn1enLnLe canpe1enLc1aa, ne ypy1 nopaepra1Lcn a nop1ax
ppyron 1oponL noaoHy nsHepennk 1onnaa n ne ypy1 onsanL ynnanaa1L kakne L 1o nn
Lno copL sa nsHepenne. aunonanLnLe noc1anoanennn o cnapnennn n yc1ponc1ae cypoa
opnon ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon ponnL npnsnaaa1Lcn nHekunHn cnny n a nop1ax ppyron
1oponL.
1a1Ln Vn
anpy 1oro, 1o no sakonaH oksa oae1cknx ounannc1necknx ecnynnk Honononnn aneunen
1oproann npnnapnen1 rocypapc1ay, coc1aannn opny ns neo11eHneHLx ocnoa counannc1neckoro
c1pon, sakpennennoro onc1n1yunen oksa , oks oae1cknx ounannc1necknx ecnynnk
ype1 nHe1L a coc1aae caoen nccnn (onnoHonoro pepc1aan1enLc1aa) a noaaukon
ecnynnke oproaoe pepc1aan1enLc1ao, npaaoaoe nonoenne ko1oporo onpepenne1cn
noc1anoanennnHn pnnoennn k nac1onueHy oroaopy. S1o pnnoenne coc1aanne1
neo11eHneHyk ac1L nac1onuero oroaopa*.
1a1Ln IX
Kpnpneckne nnua, nHekune caoe Hec1onpeLaanne na 1eppn1opnn opnon ns
oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon, ypy1 opnnakoao npnsnaaa1Lcn na 1eppn1opnn ppyron. S1n nnua 1ak
e, kak n rpapane kapon oroaapnaakuencn 1oponL, ypy1 nHe1L npaao opaua1Lcn a cyp
kak pnn npep1nanennn ncka, 1ak n pnn saun1L caonx npaa.
o acnkoH cnyae onn ypy1 nonLsoaa1Lcn 1aknH e penHoH, kak n kpnpneckne nnua n
rpapane nanonee naronpnn1c1ayeHoro rocypapc1aa.
1a1Ln X
o1nouennn no1oaon, 1enerpaqnon n 1eneqonnon cansn ypy1 npnHenn1Lcn noc1anoanennn
penc1aykunx ceHnpnoro o1oaoro oksa n epynapopnon onaenunn Snek1pocansn,
nockonLky a1n aonpocL ne ypy1 perynnpoaa1Lcn nnae Hepy oenHn oroaapnaakunHncn
1oponaHn.
1a1Ln XI
oc1anoanennn nac1onuero oroaopa ne pacnpoc1pannk1cn: a) na npaaa n npenHyuec1aa,
ko1opLe npepoc1aanenL nnn ypy1 npepoc1aanenL kapon ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon pnn
onerennn norpannnLx
* e nynnkye1cn.
168
cnouennn c cocepnnHn rocypapc1aaHn a nonoce, ne npeaLuakuen 15 knnoHe1poa c kapon
c1oponL rpannuL;
) na nLro1L, ko1opLe oks npepoc1aann nnn npepoc1aan1 a ypyueH nnnnnpnn nnn
kon1nnen1anLnLH asna1cknH rocypapc1aaH, 1eppn1opnn ko1opLx rpanna1 c 1eppn1opnen oksa
;
a) na npaaa n npenHyuec1aa, aL1ekakune ns 1aHoennoro coksa.
1a1Ln XII
oroaapnaakunecn 1oponL onsyk1cn paaa1L ncnonnenne apn1panLH peuennnH no cnopaH,
aosnnkakunH ns saknkaeHLx nx rpapanaHn, oprannsaunnHn nnn ypepennnHn 1oproaLx
cpenok, ecnn paspeuenne cnopa coo1ae1c1aykunH apn1paeH, cneunanLno pnn a1on uenn
opasoaannLH nnn noc1onnno penc1aykunH, Lno npepycHo1peno a caHon cpenke nnn e a
o1penLnoH cornauennn, oneennoH a 1peyeHyk pnn caHon cpenkn qopHy.
ncnonnennn apn1panoro peuennn, aLnecennoro a coo1ae1c1ann c nsnoennLH aLue a
nac1onuen c1a1Le, Hoe1 L1L o1kasano nnuL a cnepykunx cnyanx:
a) ecnn apn1panoe peuenne na ocnoaannn sakonoa 1on c1panL, a ko1opon ono aLneceno, ne
npnopeno snaennn ac1ynnauero a cnny okona1enLnoro peuennn;
) ecnn apn1panoe peuenne onsLaae1 c1opony k 1akoHy penc1ank, ko1opoe ne ponyc1nHo no
sakonaH c1panL, a ko1opon ncnpaunaae1cn ncnonnenne peuennn;
a) ecnn apn1panoe peuenne naxopn1cn a npo1naopenn c ouec1aennLH nopnpkoH nnn c
rocypapc1aenno-npaaoaLHn npnnunnaHn c1panL, a ko1opon ncnpaunaae1cn ncnonnenne
peuennn.
oc1anoanennn o ncnonnennn, paano kak n caHoe ncnonnenne apn1panLx peuennn, ypy1
nHe1L Hec1o a coo1ae1c1ann c sakonopa1enLc1aoH oroaapnaakuencn 1oponL, pakuen
ncnonnenne peuennk.
1a1Ln
ac1onunn oroaop ponen L1L pa1nqnunpoaan. n ac1ynae1 a cnny a penL oHena
pa1nqnkaunonnLHn rpaHo1aHn, ko1opLn ponen nocnepoaa1L kak Hono ckopee a ropope
Epa1ncnaae.
oroaop oc1ae1cn a cnne a 1eenne payx ne1. cnn on ne ype1 penoncnpoaan sa uec1L Hecnuea
po nc1eennn a1oro cpoka, 1o ero penc1ane coxpanne1cn na neonpepenennoe apeHn, n kapan ns
1opon ype1 nHe1L npaao penoncnpoaa1L ero a nkoe apeHn, npneH oroaop y1pa1n1 cnny no
nc1eennn uec1n Hecnuea co pnn 1akon penoncaunn.
oc1aaneno a ockae 6 pekapn 1940 ropa a payx opnrnnanax, kapLn na pycckoH n cnoaaukoH
nsLkax.
ypoc1oaepenne ero nonnoHoennLe oenx 1opon nopnncann nac1onunn oroaop.
43 1
! %- 6. $ . 9 (234.
169
,!2# E =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
.## /:@81-1 8 =18<.19 121<7/80/. -27J / 8882 # .9.-
01=<1819
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. osoackoHy
B 3 1940 .
(3
ocnannnk nanncn ko Hne, ne nHen nnkaknx oqnunanLnLx nopyennn. n xo1en 1onLko o1 caoero
nHenn n o1 nHenn rpeeckoro npaan1enLc1aa nonaropapn1L npaan1enLc1ao sa
o1ek1nanoe n popoena1enLnoe o1nouenne k rpeeckoHy napopy a ero opLe sa
nesaancnHoc1L. Ipeeckoe npaan1enLc1ao ycHa1pnaae1 a1o popoena1enLnoe o1nouenne
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa a ocoennoc1n a Lc1penuen noc1aake xnea pnn Ipeunn.
ocnannnk ckasan, 1o nH 1onLko 1o nonyena 1enerpaHHa, nsaeuakuan o napennn ropopa
an1n-apan1a. Ipeeckne aoncka ycnoano npopanrak1cn anepep.
anee nocnannnk cnpocnn Henn, ne Hory nn n cooun1L eHy 1o-nnypL o1nocn1enLno peHapua,
cpenannoro coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH a Eonrapnn*. ocnannnk ckasan, 1o xopn1 cnyxn, yp1o
L coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnonno Eonrapnn saknkn1L nak1 o asanHonoHoun, npneH
ono saaepnno npaan1enLc1ao Eonrapnn a 1oH, 1o nocnepnnn nonyn1 aLxop a Srenckoe Hope n
nonyn1 oc1onyk akeponnk. ocnannnk enan L sna1L, nackonLko cnpaaepnnaL a1n cnyxn.
R ckasan, 1o nocnannnk, aepon1no, snae1 ueny cnyxaH; ne a Honx npaannax ocypa1L cnyxn, n n
pyHak, 1o nocnannnk 1ak e o1nocn1cn k cnyxaH. 1o e kacae1cn peHapua, kak aLpasnncn
nocnannnk, coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa a Eonrapnn, 1o n ne anonne a kypce a1oro pena, 1ak kak
aonpocaHn, cansannLHn c noceuenneH 1. ooneaLH Eonrapnn, aepae1 nenocpepc1aenno ..
ono1oa, noa1oHy n ne Hory ypoane1aopn1L enanne nocnannnka. o noaopy o1ek1nanoro n
popoena1enLnoro o1nouennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa k rpeeckoHy napopy n Hory ckasa1L
nocnannnky 1onLko 1o, 1o a1o o1nouenne o1ncnne1cn npnnunnaHn aneunen nonn1nkn
oae1ckoro oksa, ko1opLe xopouo nsaec1nL nocnannnky.
caok oepepL, n sanann nocnannnky o 1oH, 1o rpeeckne napoxopL, aesyune coae1cknn rpys ns
Hepnkn ao napnaoc1ok, ac1peak1cn c sa1pypnennnHn. R npocnn nocnannnka npnnn1L
neoxopnHLe HepL k 1oHy, 1oL a1o1 aonpoc Ln cpono paspeuen a naronpnn1noH pnn nac
cHLcne.
ocnannnk o1ae1nn, 1o on eue 5 pekapn sanpocnn no a1oHy noaopy caoe npaan1enLc1ao; on
esycnoano npnHe1 ace HepL k 1oHy, 1oL a1o1 aonpoc Ln paspeuen a kpa1anunn cpok a
caHoH naronpnn1noH pnn oae1ckoro oksa cHLcne.
a a1oH ecepa okonnnacL.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaana 1. yHakoaa.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 8.9 K. 9< . 9=:. J H. pok. 549, 564.
170
573. &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .<# /:@81-1 8 =18<19 027J1? 278=&< / 8882 . . .0.79
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy, 1. osoackoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
B 3 1940 .
ocon npnuen ko Hne co cnepykunHn aonpocaHn:
1. norpannnoH nnunpen1e, nHeaueH Hec1o 17 nonpn c.r. a panone norpanc1ona N 383, a
pesynL1a1e ko1oporo Lnn yn1L 2 1ypeuknx conpa1a.
R ckasan nocny, 1o n nosnakoHnkcL c a1nH penoH, npoaepk qak1L n 1onLko no1oH cHory pa1L
o1ae1.
2. 1pansn1e neko1opLx 1oaapoa epes ns aeunn n nnnnnpnn a ypunk. ocon
npepc1aann npnnaraeHLn specL cnncok aepanLnLx no1, nanpaanennLx 1ypeuknH noconLc1aoH a
, na ko1opLe eue ne nonyen o1ae1. ocon npocnn yckopn1L o1ae1 na nnx.
R oeuan nocny osnakoHn1Lcn c ykasannLHn no1aHn n npnnn1L HepL k yckopennk paspeuennn
aonpoca o 1pansn1e.
3. ykpennennn 1oproaLx o1nouennn Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n ypunen. ocon sanann, 1o
1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao oenL enae1 pasanaa1L koHHepeckne o1nouennn Hepy ypunen n
oae1cknH oksoH. ocon ecepoaan na a1y 1eHy no nopyennk caoero npaan1enLc1aa c
saHec1n1eneH napopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx pen ekanosoaLH, ko1opLn oeuan pa1L
nocny a nnanuee apeHn o1ae1.
nac1onunn HoHen1 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao npnc1ynn1L k ocypennk aonpoca o 1oH,
kakne 1oaapL Hoe1 noc1aann1L oae1ckoHy oksy ypunn n kakne 1oaapL ona xo1ena L
nonyn1L o1 .
ocon nepepan Hne konnk sannckn no aonpocy o 1oproaLx o1nouennnx Hepy n ypunen,
apyennon nH .I. ekanosoay 13 nonpn 1940 r.
R ckasan nocny, 1o noc1apakcL na a1o1 aonpoc pa1L o1ae1 a nnanuee apeHn.
4. pace1ax no appapaapckon nno1nne. ocon nepepan Hne konnk naHn1non sannckn no
a1oHy aonpocy, 1ake apyennon nH 13 nonpn c.r. .I. ekanosoay. ocon ckasan Hne, 1o on
npnHe1 nkoe peuenne no a1oHy aonpocy, on ro1oa cn1a1L Henn apn1poH a a1oH pene.
R ckasan nocny, 1o n ne a kypce a1oro aonpoca, noa1oHy Hne 1pypno L1L cenac apn1poH; n
oeuan nosnakoHn1Lcn c pe1annHn pena.
5. ocon nepepan Hne konnk sannckn, apyennon nH 13/20 nonpn c.r. .I. ekanosoay, o
anoax 1ypeukoro koncyna a Ea1yHn na nepopoena1enLnoe o1nouenne co c1oponL Hec1nLx
anac1en.
R ckasan nocny, 1o sanpouy o1ncnennn no cyuec1ay a1oro pena y a1yH-cknx anac1en.
pesynL1a1ax noconLc1ao ype1 nsaeueno.
6. saknkenne ecepL nocon, ccLnancL na npepLpyuyk ecepy co Hnon*, ckasan, 1o on
nepepan Hoe Hnenne no noaopy n1ano-rpeeckoro konqnnk1a caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay. ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao Lno oenL ypoane1aopeno a1nH coouenneH. ocne noespkn 1. .. ono1oaa a
Eepnnn nocon ecepoaan c 1. ekanosoaLH, ko1opLn cpenan nocny neko1opLe pas1ncnennn o
a1on noespke.
* H. pok. 483.
171
ocon aecLHa npnsna1enen sa a1n pas1ncnennn, paccenaune nonLe cnyxn, nHeaune Hec1o a
cansn c ansn1oH 1. .. ono1oaa. ocon cnpocnn Henn, ne Hory nn n 1o-nnypL cooun1L eHy no
noaopy Hnccnn 1. ooneaa a oqnn*.
R o1ae1nn nocny, 1o, k coanennk, n ne anonne a kypce a1oro pena, 1ak kak a1nH penoH aepae1
nenocpepc1aenno 1. ono1oa.
a a1o nocon ckasan Hne, 1o on nn1epecye1cn ansn1oH 1. ooneaa no1oHy, 1o nocne noceuennn
1. ooneaLH oqnn nosnunn Eonrapnn pesko nsHennnacL: Eonrapnn, nepaano eue npnsLaaauan
k aonne, ycnokonnacL n coxpanne1 caon nen1pann1e1. ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o a1y
nepeHeny a nosnunn Eonrapnn Hono npnnnca1L aceueno n 1onLko annnnnk coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa.
a a1oH naua ecepa okonnnacL.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaana 1. yHakoaa.
pnnarak1cn konnn ynoHnny1Lx a 1ekc1e no1**.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 9< . 4=B.
,!4# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. /#-#
7.1D1/.GGG / 8882
B 3 1940 .
' ( 3
eropnn pean1Ln penL, kak n a Eepnnne, n, kak L snae1e, eue ne Ln npnnn1 nen1ponoH, n
ne nsaec1no, korpa ype1 nasnaen penL apyennn aepn1enLnLx rpaHo1 y In1nepa****. S1o
c1anoan1cn saHe1nLH pnn nnoc1pannLx npepc1aan1enen. 3 pekapn na npecc-konqepenunn
opnn nnokoppec-nonpen1 sapan aonpoc: orpa pyccknn nocon apyn1 aepn1enLnLe rpaHo1L
penxckanunepy a a1o Hnp1 o1ae1nn, 1o apyenne rpaHo1 nyno onpa1L a nnanuee
apeHn, no korpa nHenno, on ne Hoe1 ckasa1L. ak L snae1e, n cpenan ace, 1o Lno
neoxopnHo: a penL npnespa nocnan nncLHo nen1pony c npocLon o nasnaennn apeHenn
nanecennn eHy ansn1a, a sa1eH npn noceuennn aneHa (saH. saa. npo1okonLnLH o1penoH 9Q
epnepr eue ne aepnyncn a Eepnnn) ycnoanncn, 1o o pne ansn1a Hne nosaonn1 ns . ak aH
nsaec1no ns ppyrnx Honx 1enerpaHH, sa a1o apeHn In1nep nauen aosHonLH npnnn1L aena
Iepnna
192
. e cn1ae1e nn L aosHonLH, a cnyae, ecnn ynenypr nonpocn1cn k aH c ansn1oH
no kakoHy-nno noaopy (1o, kak nsaec1no, on penae1 poaonLno ac1o), ne cneun1L ocoenno c
ero npneHoH, 1oL xo1L kocaenno pa1L nonn1L koHy cnepye1, 1o nx o1nouenne k noaoHy
nonnpepy ne coaceH npnnnno.
3>2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1B . 91<< . 1<;.
J H. pok. 549, 564. ** e nynnkyk1cn. *** .I. ekanosoa Ln nasnaen nocnoH a
IepHannn a panre saHec1n1enn Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen . **** H. pok. 584, 599.
172
575. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 29:
.## <./270B7/. / 8882
3 1940 .
( 3
Hepnkancknn nocnannnk Ikn1ep ckasan, 1o neHuL cocpepo1onnn onLuoe konnec1ao
1pancnop1nLx caHone1oa okono enL n snan1enLno yaennnnn ncnennoc1L caonx aonck na
rpannue c Krocnaanen. Ikn1ep nHee1 ocnoaannn nonara1L, 1o 1annn o1nanna aonny Ipeunn
es koncynL1aunn c IepHannen n pae npo1na enannn IepHannn. Ikn1ep cnpocnn Henn: epno
nn, 1o oae1cknn oks npepnonn Eonrapnn saknkn1L nak1 o nenanapennn*, oeuaa sa a1o
Eonrapnn paknk. Lpasna nsyHnenne, n o1ae1nn, 1o nepaLn pas cnLuy o noponoro popa
cnyxax. a aonpoc, ns kaknx nc1onnkoa ncxopn1 a1n cnyxn, Ikn1ep o1ae1nn nnuL 1o, 1o eHy
roaopnnn. Ikn1ep saHe1nn, 1o coae1cknn nocon a Hepnke nHee1 ac1Le ac1pen c annoH n
annecoH. oa1oHy on nonarae1, 1o o1nouennn Hepy Hepnkon n oae1cknH oksoH
ynyuak1cn.
#22 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :19 . 919: . 904.
,!'# 07<7-2.99. =1/7271-1 / 7<.; 8882 /1 >2.J A|. &1-191<1/. /
8882
3 1940 .
V4 ( 3
aaanL.npnnnn Henn ceropnn a 4 aca. R eHy nepepan nau o1ae1 na ero npepnoenne. n
o1ae1nn, 1o ro1oa non1n naH naac1pey, no a caok oepepL aLpanrae1 1akoe npepnoenne:
panunn nyna neq1L n eue onLue ensnn, HoeH nn HL npopa1L n poc1aan1L ao panunk
ensnn na caonx kopannx R ckasan, 1o a1o 1exnnecknn aonpoc, no okcL, 1o a1o ype1
1pypnLH penoH, 1ak kak a pepnseHnoH Hope nponcxopn1 aonna. aaanL cnpocnn Henn, Lun nn
cnyan sapepannn naunx kopanen anrnnanaHn R o1ae1nn, 1o ne sannHancn 1aknHn
aonpocaHn, no, kae1cn, 1akne cnyan Lnn. aaanL ckasan, 1o y panunn n y IepHannn ne1
aaronoa pnn nepeaoskn ensnna no enesnon popore. R cnpocnn aaann, 1o panunn Hoe1
npepnon1L sa ensnn. 3ono1o nnn aank1y, kakyk L saxo1n1e. R eue pas ckasan, 1o a
cnyae naronpnn1noro ncxopa neperoaopoa HL ypeH onee acero sa1pypnenL aonpocoH o
1pancnop1e. aaanL sapan aonpoc: cnn HL nanpeH kopann, papn1e nn L nH caon qnar R
ckasan, 1o a1o1 aonpoc konkpe1nLn n ero cnepye1 opyHa1L. saknkenne ecepL aaanL
cnpocnn, Hnoro nn npnan1nnckoro sono1a naxopn1cn ao panunn R ckasan, 1o 1ono ne noHnk,
no, kae1cn,
* H. pok. 549, 564.
173
okono 1pex 1onn. aaanL nonpocnn npncna1L eHy coo1ae1c1aykuyk sanncky. cepepnne ecepL
npnuen Eopyan n oc1aaancn pnpoH c aaaneH po konua ecepL. aaanL nonpocnn pa1L eHy
ckopenunn o1ae1 o1nocn1enLno ensnna. eropnn a rase1ax onynnkoaanL saHe1kn o qpanko-
repHanckoH knnpnnroaoH cornauennn. ornacno a1oHy cornauennk yc1anaannaae1cn pnn acen
panunn coo1nouenne: 1 Hapka paana 20 qpankaH. ono npepnonon1L, 1o neHuL koe-1o
oeuann qpanuysaH, ecnn onn nH poc1aan1 nynLe 1oaapL. oe1 L1L, pae n ac1L 1oro
ensnna, ko1opLn onn xo1n1 o1 nac nonyn1L. asroaop c aaaneH ne nponsaen na Henn
cepLesnoro anea1nennn. pnnep1Ln k c1enke neHuaHn n coc1aennon akonoHneckon paspyxon,
on ro1oa nooeua1L 1o yropno, 1onLko L nonyn1L ensnn. onarak, 1o cnepye1 eHy apyn1L
neonLuon apHeHyap* c nepencnenneH naunx 1peoaannn. pono 1enerpaqnpyn1e, coc1aann1L
nn ero Hne nnn L ero cooun1e Hne no 1enerpaqy. ooun1e nau o1ae1 na aonpoc o npopae
ensnna. n1an L uenecoopasnLH pa1L nockopee npnnunnnanLnoe cornacne na npopay
ensnna. o apeHn y1onennn cpenkn c akonoHnecknH o1penoH a no1peoaa1L sono1a n
cnn1nn apec1a**. cnn HL nonpeH na a1y cpenky, 1o napo ype1 npncna1L ckpa ns
apkoHaneu1opra caepyunx nkpen pnn noppao1kn n saknkennn 1oproaoro cornauennn. R n
EacaHLknn ne oecnenH a1oro pena. py o1ae1a. ooun1e 1ono: ckonLko n rpe naxopn1cn
npnan1nnckoro sono1a ao panunn.
"2
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9; . 99C4 . 109=104.
,!!# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7
-18<./ /#.# =<101/. / 8882
< 3 1940 .
( 3
nsn1 ooneaa a oqnk*** ycnnnn naun nosnunn a ouec1aennLx n npaan1enLc1aennLx kpyrax,
ko1opLe pacuennaak1 ansn1 kak cepLesnoe aLc1ynnenne na Eankanax a nonLsy Hnpa n
npo1na repHanckon arpeccnn. oaonLno unpoko pacnpoc1paneno Hnenne, 1o a cnyae
panLnenuen neonpepenennon nosnunn Krocnaann Haxne1 na nee pykon, cocpepo1ona
annHanne na Eonrapnn. a1oH noroaapnaak1 n a okpyennn aana. a1nx ycnoannx nonarak
pon1Lcn paspeuennn na oprannsaunk ouec1aa kynL1ypnon cansn c a Eenrpape.
oc1oponon qopHe a1o1 e aonpoc noc1aank nepep (anoH)**** yauneH a 3arpee.
nrnnncknn nocnannnk nopocnan k nLre (cec1pe rpeeckon koponeaL) rpeeckoro nocnannnka,
1oL pon1Lcn cornacnn aana na o1npaaky pyen n pynLx rpana1 pnn ananuea a 1Lu
n1anLnnuea n na qopHnpoaanne anancknx
Ade-memore (6.) - naHn1nan sanncka, HeHopanpyH.
H. UO5W`# - 1941. - 18 qeapann.
H. pok. 549, 564.
Ean (A.) - rnaaa rocypapc1aennon apHnnnc1paunn npoannunn.
* **
174
o1pnpoa a Krocnaann pnn nepepockn nx 1ake a 1Lu n1anLnnuea. nLra noppepana a1o
npepnoenne, no aaen ka1eropneckn o1kasancn o1 oonx npepnoennn.
!432 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1< K. 91;: . 1;B.
,!C# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .## /:@81-1 8 =18<.19 121<7/80/. -18<./ / 8882 9#
-./2<1/A79
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. LunnckoHy, 1.
akcnny, 1. ysneuoay
10 3 1940 .
(3
eropnn a 19 acoa n npnnnn krocnaackoro nocnannnka Iaapnnoana, ko1opLn nanncn pnn 1oro,
1oL cpena1L sananenne o 1oH, 1o, no nonyennLH nH caepennnH, aenrepcknn Hnnnc1p
nnoc1pannLx pen akn saa1pa, 11/ c.r., npnype1 a Eenrpap, rpe ype1 nopnncan nak1 o
ppye Hepy enrpnen n Krocnaanen.
Iaapnnoan k cpenannoHy coouennk poaann, 1o a1o1 nak1 nn a kakon cansn, nn a npnHon, nn a
kocaennon, ne coc1on1 c nak1oH 1pex pepaa.
Iaapnnoan sanann, 1o on cn1an cen onsannLH cooun1L o npepc1onueH nopnncannn nak1a
coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
onaropapna sa coouenne, n npocnn y1onn1L xapak1ep a1oro nak1a, ero sapan, copepanne
n npoee.
a a1o Iaapnnoan o1ae1nn, 1o on, k coanennk, nnero onLue o a1oH nak1e ne snae1.
xopn, Iaapnnoan ckasan neckonLko qpas o coHnn1enLnon nosnunn Eonrapnn n o 1oH, 1o a
nac1onunx ycnoannx a ankanckon nonn1nke aosHonL pasnnnLe ounkn. n ne c1ane1
paccnpaunaa1L o noceuennn coae1cknH npepc1aan1eneH oqnn*, no xoe1 nnuL aLpasn1L
nckpennee noenanne, 1oL a o1nouennn Eonrapnn nsean onacnoc1n kakon-nno
ounkn.
3aHe1na, 1o n ne any nnkaknx ocnoaannn pnn 1akoro popa aLckasLaannn, n nonpocnn
Iaapnnoana y1onn1L, 1o nHenno on nHee1 a anpy. pnako Iaapnnoan yknonnncn o1
panLnenunx pasroaopoa na a1y 1eHy, orpannnauncL saaepenneH a caoeH nckpenneH
pacnonoennn k .
oouenne Iaapnnoana o npepc1onueH saknkennn nak1a Hepy enrpnen n Krocnaanen n
oeuan nepepa1L caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay.
Eecepa npoponanacL 5-10 Hnny1.
ED4345
! %- 6. 0144 78. 90 . 10C . : . 1<.
J H. pok. 549, 564.
175
579. E I .
E .I.
10 3 1940 .
(2. 3 3
ocon sananne1, 1o sa apeHn, npouepuee nocne ero ac1pen c 1. ono1oaLH*, a Hnpoaon
nonn1neckon nsnn nponsouno Hnoro nsHenennn. s a1nx nsHenennn ypunk onLue acero
nn1epecye1 o1nanenne aonnL Ipeunn 1annen. ak nocon n npepckasLaan ao apeHn nocnepnen
ecepL c 1. ono1oaLH, Ipeunn asnnacL sa opyne, 1oL saunua1Lcn. cac1Lk pnn acex
ankancknx c1pan, ona c ycnexoH ope1cn npo1na 1annn.
ocne o1nanennn aonnL 1annen Ipeunn na Eankanax nac1ynnn 1peaonLn nepnop. asanocL,
1o nocnepyk1 noaLe ocnonennn. 3a noespkaHn 1. ono1oaa n onrapckoro uapn Eopnca a
Eepnnn nocnepoaan ansn1 1. ooneaa a onrapckyk c1onnuy**. ocne noceuennn 1. ooneaLH
oqnn a ypunn cHornn konc1a1npoaa1L, 1o ae1ep aonnL nepec1an py1L na Eankanax, n
1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao napee1cn, 1o EankanL a Hnpe nepenay1 nponcxopnunn kpnsnc.
orpa naanacL n1ano-rpeeckan aonna, nocon, no ykasannk caoero npaan1enLc1aa, cnpocnn 1.
Lunnckoro o 1oH, kak paccHa1pnaae1 coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao a1y aonny. oa.Lunncknn
nepepan nocny o1ae1 coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ko1opLn a nkape Ln npnnn1 c
ypoane1aopenneH***. poHe 1oro, a o1ae1 na npocLy nocna 1. ekanosoa nnqopHnpoaan ero o
noespke 1.ono-1oaa a Eepnnn. as1ncnennn, pannLe 1.ekanosoaLH, nannncL aecLHa
ycnokanaakunHn, 1ak kak npepc1aannnn coon oqnunanLnoe onpoaepenne 1enpenunosnLx
cnyxoa, pacnpoc1pannaunxcn nocne aosapauennn 1. ono1oaa ns Eepnnna.
pykoaopnunx pen1enen ypunn cospanocL anea1nenne, ko1opoe nepexopn1 a yepenne, 1o
yc1anoanauancn a nocnepnee apeHn na Eankanax a1Hocqepa Hnpa n cnokonc1ann onsana caonH
nponcxopenneH annnnnk coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa na 1ekyune coL1nn. ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao Lno L aecLHa cac1nnao, ecnn L 1. ono1oa cHor ero nnqopHnpoaa1L o
nosnunn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa no o1nouennk k ypunn n Eonrapnn c 1eH, 1oL ypunn
Horna yn1Laa1L a1y nosnunk a nocnepykuen nonn1nke no o1nouennk k caonH cocepnH.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on ro1oa nnqopHnpoaa1L nocna no nn1epecykunH nocnepnero
aonpocaH. anoHnna nocny, 1o nocnepnnn sapaaan 1. LunnckoHy aonpoc o noespke 1. ooneaa
a oqnk, 1. ono1oa nop1aeppae1 pannLn 1. LunncknH o1ae1, 1o neperoaopL a Eonrapnn
aenncL nop nenocpepc1aennLH pykoaopc1aoH 1. ono1oaa.
ocne noespkn a Eepnnn y 1. ono1oaa cospanocL anea1nenne, 1o E onrapnn yac1aye1 cen
nnoxo, ncnL1Laae1 onacennn sa caoe nonoenne n nue1 pnn cen
* H. pok. 315. ** H. pok. 549, 564. *** H. pok. 483, 573.
176
rapan1nk co c1oponL 1annn nnn IepHannn. cansn c a1nH, no nopyennk 1. ono1oaa, 1.
oonea noce1nn onrapckoro uapn n coounn eHy, 1o, ecnn anea1nennn 1. ono1oaa aepnL n
Eonrapnn pnn noppepannn Hnpa nyna rapan1nn, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao ocypn1L
a1o1 aonpoc a nn1epecax Hnpa.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on ponen, a nopnpke o1kpoaennoro aLckasLaannn, poaan1L, 1o y
nero Luo 1akoe anea1nenne, 1o ne ncknkeno nanapenne na Eonrapnk co c1oponL ypunn.
oa1oHy 1. ooneay Luo nopyeno ckasa1L a oqnn, 1o cn1ae1 aosHonLH ocypn1L c
Eonrapnen nno aonpoc o pae rapan1nn Eonrapnn co c1oponL , nno aonpoc - o nak1e
asanHonoHoun Hepy n Eonrapnen. Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao pano na a1o cnepykunn
o1ae1: onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o a pannoe apeHn nonoenne Eonrapnn ynyunnocL
n a cansn c a1nH ono ne anpn1 a pannLn HoHen1 neoxopnHoc1n a nonyennn rapan1nn, o ko1opon
c1aanncn naHn aonpoc.
onaropapna 1. ono1oaa sa ero coouenne n sa o1kpoaennoc1L, c ko1opon ono Lno cpenano,
k1an oeuae1 neHepnenno ponon1L o neH caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay. o caoen c1oponL nocon
nonarae1 neoxopnHLH sanan1L, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao nnkorpa ne paccHa1pnaano
aonpoca o nanapennn ypunn na Eonrapnk. ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao, nanpo1na, Horno
konc1a1npoaa1L HnoroncnennLe npnsnakn, roaopnaune o onacnoc1n nanapennn na ypunk co
c1oponL Eonrapnn. o a nocnepnee apeHn nanpnenne a 1ypeuko-onrapcknx o1nouennnx
paspnpnnocL n 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao opa1nnocL k onrapckoHy npaan1enLc1ay c aonpocoH o
1oH, ne1 nn aosHonoc1en yc1pann1L a1Hocqepy neyaepennoc1n, uapnuyk a o1nouennnx Hepy
oenHn c1panaHn. k1an npepnonarae1, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao
oHennaae1cn HnennnHn c onrapcknH npaan1enLc1aoH no a1oHy aonpocy.
osapauancL k aonpocy o aosHonoc1n 1ypeukoro nanapennn na E onrapnk n nopepknaan, 1o
on penae1 anonne oqnunanLnoe sananenne, nocon roaopn1, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ne
npepnpnHe1 nnkakon akunn, a ocoennoc1n na Eankanax n a panone epnoro Hopn, ne nHen na 1o
cornacnn co c1oponL coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. ocon npocn1 nHe1L nonnoe poaepne k ero
cnoaaH o 1oH, 1o ypunn nnkorpa ne paccHa1pnaana aosHonoc1n nanapennn na Eonrapnk.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o, kak unpoko nsaec1no, ypunn cocpepo1onna onLuoe konnec1ao
caonx aonck a panonax, nenocpepc1aenno rpannaunx c Eonrapnen, a a1o aLsLaae1, ec1ec1aenno,
nsaec1nLe aonpocL n coHnennn. 1o e kacae1cn neperoaopoa Eonrapnn c ypunen, o ko1opLx
ynoHnnyn nocon, 1o ne nannk1cn nn onn neperoaopaHn o nak1e asanHonoHoun nnn o kakoH-1o
ppyroH noponoH cornauennn cnn L nocon Hor nnqopHnpoaa1L 1. ono1oaa no a1oHy aonpocy
1ak, kak on ero nnqopHnpoaan o noespke ooneaa, 1o 1akan nnqopHaunn npepc1aannna L
nn1epec.
k1an npnsnae1 nannne onLuoro konnec1aa 1ypeuknx aonck ao paknn. o ero cnoaaH, a1o
Lno aLsaano pouepunHn po 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa caepennnHn o 1oH, 1o ypunn rposn1
nanapenne c ceaepa. pnL1ne repHancknx aonck a yHLnnk n aonnc1aennan nosnunn Eonrapnn
nannncL npnnnaHn konuen1paunn 1ypeuknx aonck.
1nocn1enLno onrapo-1ypeuknx neperoaopoa nocon sananne1, 1o on ne snae1 nx nopponoc1en
n ne snae1, npe1 nn 1aH peL o nak1e asanHonoHoun. ocon oeuae1 sanpocn1L o a1oH caoe
npaan1enLc1ao n aLpaae1 yaepennoc1L a 1oH, 1o on cHoe1 ne nospnee eH epes 48 acoa
nepepa1L 1. ono1oay o1ae1 na ero aonpoc. ocon poauue1, 1o o a1nx neperoaopax on cnLuan
no papno ns nkapL. poHe 1oro, nepenk 1oHy nasap on nonynn
12 okyHen1L. n. 2, . 1
177
1enerpaHHy o1 apaporny, ko1opLn coounn o paspnennn nanpnennn a 1ypeuko-onrapcknx
o1nouennnx n o 1oH, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao oHennaae1cn HnennnHn c onrapcknH
npaan1enLc1aoH o aosHonoc1n pasaen1L neyaepennoc1L a a1nx o1nouennnx.
saknkenne ecepL nocon cnpaunaae1 o asrnnpe 1. ono1oaa na ouyk oc1anoaky:
naxopnHcn nn HL nakanyne Hnpa nnn nakanyne npoponennn aonnL
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o o Hnpe 1onLko xopn1 cnyxn n pasroaopL a 1o apeHn, kak aonna npe1,
ona, k coanennk, nanne1cn peanLnoc1Lk.
ocon roaopn1, 1o HL ponnL L1L cac1nnaL 1eH, 1o na yac1ke seHnoro uapa, ko1opLn HL
sannHaeH, uapn1 Hnp.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o Hnp nanne1cn onLunH naroH n HL ponnL ne ane1L ycnnnn,
1oL ero noppepnaa1L.
3anncan !G ! %- 6. .9 .$ .19 .10=14.
,C0# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7
.>-.80. #.# 9;.?<1/. / 8882
10 3 1940 .
( 3
Hec1noH pnnnoHa1neckoH kopnyce 1ypkn pacnpoc1pannk1 cnyxn, 1o noespka 1oaapnua
ono1oaa a Eepnnn ne onpaapana neHeuknx napep. S1o asnpye1cn na cnepykunx apryHen1ax:
1. ono1oa ne nopnncan c IepHannen poroaopa o npncoepnnennn k EepnnnckoHy nak1y. S1o
osnaae1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne enae1 n npo1naopenc1aye1 panennk na oc1ok.
2. Ioaopn1, 1o a pesynL1a1e paanennn co c1oponL ockaL Eonrapnn n Krocnaann o1kasanncL
npncoepnnn1Lcn k EepnnnckoHy nak1y.
3. eHuaH 1pypno okasa1L n1anLnnuaH noHouL npo1na rpekoa, ne nHen noppepkn co c1oponL
, onn cenac ne cneua1 c a1on noHouLk.
ypkn, xo1n n o1nannn aoennoe nonoenne a sone nponnaoa, yac1ayk1 1enepL cen
cpaann1enLno cnokonno. nn cn1ak1, 1o n1anLnnuL, nponana caok cnaoc1L a Ipeunn, ne
pnckny1 nanac1L na 1ypok es nenocpepc1aennon noHoun neHuea.
epaano a ayn npnLnn epes pan paa 1ypeuknx oqnuepa. pnn ns nnx snae1 anrnnncknn
nsLk. S1o nepaLn oqnuep cpepn nHekunxcn specL 1ypok, snakunn anrnnncknn nsLk.
o nHekunHcn y nac poc1oaepnLH caepennnH, anrnnncknn nocon a ockae pnnnc na
npo1nennn nocnepnero Hecnua naan cnc1eHa1neckn npncLna1L a appec anrnnnckoro nocna a
ayne unqp1enerpaHHL.
4A52 ! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:99 .991B .1B1=1B9.
178
,C1# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1/72719 / 7<.; 8882 /1 >2.JD819 -18.280/7 .. &1-191<1/
11 3 1940 .
(2. 3
aua nosnunn a neperoaopax c aaaneH* Lna nepoc1a1ono e1kon n 1aeppon. aaank ypanocL
noaepny1L ecepy 1aknH opasoH, kak yp1o L on naH c1aan1 ycnoann (ensnn n npo.). aaanL
o1penancn nyc1on qpason, 1o on ro1oa non1n naH naac1pey, n naan c1aan1L aH acnkoro
popa aonpocL n ycnoann. Hec1o 1oro, 1oL npnnepe1L ero k c1ene n cnpocn1L, korpa ype1 cnn1
nanoennLn apec1, korpa nn1oackoe n na1annckoe sono1o ype1 nepeaepeno na ce1 Iocanka,
L noc1aannn cen a nonoenne, yponoe pnn aaann, n pann aaank aosHonoc1L yckonLsny1L
o1 konkpe1noro o1ae1a na konkpe1nLe ycnoann coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. L ponnL Lnn
1ono cnepoaa1L pannon aH pnpek1nae o1 5 pekapn, 1o neperoaopL o saknkennn 1oproaoro
poroaopa Hory1 nHe1L Hec1o nnuL nocne cnn1nn apec1a na nHyuec1ao n aosapauennn
npnnapneauero oae1ckoHy oksy nn1oackoro n na1annckoro sono1a.
au pasroaop c pnaneH nop1aeppae1, 1o qpanuysL xo1n1 o1pena1Lcn o1 naunx npe1ensnn
nyc1on peknapaunen n nonyn1L sa a1o peanLnLn ensnn. L npaannLno noc1ynnnn, sanana
pnank, 1o nocne ypoane1aopennn a1nx naunx npe1ensnn HL ypeH ro1oaL naa1L c aHn
neperoaopL o 1oproaoH cornauennn, aue e sananenne o 1o1ann1apnoH penHe n
nesaancnHoc1n cypa nano neypano. L ckasann pnank: akon a1o 1o1ann1apnsH, ecnn
peuenne npaan1enLc1aa onpepenne1cn Hec1nLHn nn1epecaHn neckonLknx ypyea n 1. p. L
penae1e 1y1 pae ounkn: 1. Lxopn1 1ak, 1o nac1onunn 1o1ann1apnLn penH yp1o L ne
cn1ae1cn c ac1nLHn nn1epecaHn neckonLknx ypyea. 2. ono cpena1L aLaop, 1o 1onLko a
1o1ann1apnoH penHe npaan1enLc1ao Hoe1 sac1aan1L cyp aLnonnn1L ero ykasannn, a npn
penHe ypyasno-peHokpa1neckoH cyp penc1an1enLno nesaancnH.
oae1yeH aH anpepL ne apaaa1Lcn a 1akoro popa neyHec1nLe qnnocoqneckne paccypennn.
pn nepaon aosHonoc1n noa1opn1e aaank, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnc1ynn1 k
neperoaopaH o 1oproaoH poroaope nnuL nocne 1oro, kak qpanuysckoe npaan1enLc1ao:
a) o1Henn1 peuenne npepcepa1enn qapanckoro 1pnynana penap1aHen1a enL o nanoennn
apec1a na ce1a n uennoc1n, npnnapneaune 1oprnpepc1ay n aneune1oproaLH oprannsaunnH
, n aosapa1n1 nesakonno sapepannLe a cansn c a1nH peuenneH cyHHL a ouen cnonoc1n
90.617 aH.pon-napoa, npnnapneaunx 1oprnpepc1ay n aneune1oproaLH oprannsaunnH .
) nepepac1 Iocanky sakynnennoe nH y n1oackoro anka 2 1onnL 246 kr 521,8 q sono1a n
sakynnennoe y a1annckoro anka 999 kr 951,9 q, a acero 3 1onnL 246 kr 473,7 q.
oaaL1e k a1oHy, 1o ace oc1anLnLe aonpocL, nn1epecykune oe c1oponL, a 1oH ncne ensnn,
1pancnop1, kayyk n npo., ypy1 paspeuenL ao apeHn
* H. pok. 576.
179
neperoaopoa. oHnn1e, 1o aaanL - onLuon noaka, n eHy na cnoao aepn1L nenLsn.
nn auero caepennn coouak, 1o no ka1eropneckoHy sananennk Iocanka na1annckoe sono1o
a aLueykasannoH konnec1ae naxopn1cn a Eank pe panc. Easene a Eanke HepynapopnLx
pace1oa naxopn1cn ac1onckoe sono1o - 19 kr 529 rp, na1annckoe sono1o - 5 kr 489 rp n
nn1oackoe sono1o - 19 kr 423,6 rp, a acero sono1a pnan1nncknx c1pan a Easene a Eanke
HepynapopnLx pace1oa 44 kr 441,6 rp.
onyenne nac1onuen 1enerpaHHL nop1aeppn1e.
2 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .:9; .99CB .109=111.
,C2# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 .>-.80. #.#
9;.?<1/G
11 3 1940 .
26 nonpn a 14 acoa nau norpannapnp na oc1poae pekn HypapLn, a 10 knnoHe1pax kro-
aoc1onee coae1ckoro knunaka k-yH (panon pen1enLnoc1n coa.norpankoHnccapa no
epknnckoHy yac1ky), sapepan 2-x napyun1enen rpannuL, aqrancknx nac1yxoa co c1apoH
apanoa a 500 ronoa. 16 acoa nau norpannapnp Ln anesanno oc1pennn 60 aLc1penaHn co
c1oponL aqrancknx conpa1, naxopnaunxcn na aqranckon 1eppn1opnn. kasannLx aLue apanoa
conpa1L ycnenn aepny1L a qrannc1an.
27 nonpn a 14 acoa konnan rpynna aqrancknx conpa1, napyuna rpannuy, nponnkna na 1o1 e
oc1poa, rpe naxopnnacL a 1eenne okono opnoro aca. pn npnnnennn coae1cknx
norpannnnkoa napyun1enn oc1aannn oc1poa n ckpLnncL a c1opony qrannc1ana.
29 nonpn a 9 acoa 4 aqrancknx conpa1a anoaL nponnknn na ykasannLn oc1poa. pn nonL1ke nx
sapepannn naunH norpannapnpoH napyun1enn okasann eHy aoopyennoe conpo1nanenne, a
cnny ero nau norpannapnp 1ake aLuypen Ln npnHenn1L opyne n a pesynL1a1e opnn
aqrancknn conpa1 Ln yn1, a oc1anLnLe ckpLnncL na aqranckon 1eppn1opnn. ckope ns
aqranckoro knunaka aHon, pacnonoennoro npo1na pannoro oc1poaa, okono 250 aqrancknx
conpa1 npn payx c1ankoaLx nyneHe1ax, o1kpLa oronL no coae1cknH norpannnnkaH, c1ann
nepexopn1L na oc1poa. pesynL1a1e oc1pena - opnn nau norpannnnk Ln yn1 n opnn panen.
pnnn1LHn coanorpanoxpanon HepaHn aqranckne napyun1enn Lnn aLpaopenL c oc1poaa.
* a pokyHen1e nHee1cn noHe1a:
oa. 1annny
e1 nn aospaennn npo1na nocLnkn 1akon 1enerpaHHL.
. 2 10U\!
180
30 nonpn a 17 acoa 18 Hnny1 aqranuL co caoen 1eppn1opnn o1kpLnn pyenno-nyneHe1nLn
oronL no coae1cknH norpannnnkaH, naxopnaunHcn na 1oH e oc1poae. c1pen coa1eppn1opnn
npoponancn po 19 acoa.
1 pekapn a 16 acoa 20 Hnny1 aqranuL oc1pennnn nn1Lk aLc1penaHn nau ka1ep,
naxopnaunncn a panone 1oro e oc1poaa, a a 16 acoa 25 Hnny1 oc1pennnn naunx
norpannnnkoa, naxopnaunxcn na a1oH oc1poae, cpenaa no nnH 15 aLc1penoa.
oanorpankoHnccap 2 pekapn sanann npo1ec1 noHounnky aqrannorpan-koHnccapa no
aHonckoHy yac1ky, no1peoaan npekpauennn npoaokaunonnLx penc1ann co c1oponL
aqrancknx conpa1 n neHepnennon nepepan 1pyna yn1oro 29 nonpn coanorpannnnka. onpekn
oeuannk noHounnka aqran-norpankoHnccapa pa1L pacnopnenne aqrancknH conpa1aH o
npekpauennn oc1pena oc1poaa n o1aope nx o1 epera, aqranuL 3 pekapn a 5 acoa 25 Hnny1 n
a 6 acoa 55 Hnny1 anoaL nopaeprnn ykasannLn aLue oc1poa oc1peny pyenno-nyneHe1nLH
orneH.
o noaopy nsnoennoro aLue sanan1e peun1enLnLn npo1ec1 y n nopepknn1e, 1o
yaennenne sa nocnepnee apeHn ncna napyuennn coae1ckon rpannuL, coaepuaeHLx
aqrancknHn conpa1aHn, canpe1enLc1aye1 o 1oH, 1o a1n napyuennn nponcxopn1 npn npnHoH
nonyc1n1enLc1ae aqrancknx norpannnLx anac1en. ac1anaan1e na c1poroH paccnepoaannn
nocnepnnx nnunpen1oa, a pesynL1a1e ko1opLx opnn coanorpannnnk Ln yn1, a ppyron panen,
c1poroH nakasannn annoanLx n na aosHeuennn nonecennoro naHn Ha1epnanLnoro yuepa.
o1peyn1e npnnn1nn peanLnLx Hep neponyuennn anpepL napyuennn coae1ckon rpannuL.
pepynpepn1e , 1o acn o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa panLnenune ocnonennn uennkoH nne1 na
aqranckoe npaan1enLc1ao.
2 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .:9: .991; .90]91.
,C# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 /7-2 ##
@.211/. 8 =18<.19 8@. / /7-2 #># 910-1972
19 3 1940 .
(3
ELn na oepe y aHepnkanckoro nocnannnka on1roHepn. a Hon aonpoc on1roHepn, kak on
ouennaae1 aenrepcko-krocnaackoe cnnenne, on1roHepn o1ae1nn, 1o a1o kak c1apoe enanne
peren1a op1n n npnnua aana, npneH ono o1ncnne1cn 1onLko c1peHnenneH neckonLko
npepoxpann1L cen o1 onacnoc1n co c1oponL IepHannn. akn nac1poen npo1na a1oro cnnennn,
n caoen noespkon a Eenrpap on 1onLko aLnonnne1 nopyenne nen1pona - cnyn1L
nocpepnnkoH c 1eH, 1oL nHe1L aosHonoc1L npn cnepykunx ac1peax c neHuaHn nHe1L a
kapHane nnunne sacnyrn, 1o eHy neoxopnHo, nockonLky on c1peHn1cn c1a1L npeHLep-
Hnnnc1poH ypyuero nc1o nporepHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. aknH opasoH, roaopn1
on1roHepn, a1o1 aenrepcko-krocnaacknn poroaop nanpaanen 1onLko npo1na IepHannn.
181
a Hon aonpoc, paano nn on anpencn c akn, on1roHepn o1ae1nn, 1o y akn on ne Ln ye
neckonLko Hecnuea n nn k enekn, nn k akn on a ypyueH ne npepnonarae1 np1n, 1. k. onn oa
acerpa nry1 n, kpoHe 1oro, on nonynn nncLHo ns aunnr1ona, npepnarakuee eHy npekpa1n1L
ansn1L k akn sa nnqopHaunnHn. a Hoe sananenne, 1o ace-1akn neypono nocnannnky,
akkpepn1oaannoHy a c1pane, ne anpe1Lcn c Hnnnc1poH nnoc1pannLx pen a1on c1panL,
on1roHepn o1ae1nn, 1o on naxopn1cn a enrpnn ye 7,5 ne1, aneunkk nonn1nky enrpnn
snae1 nyue, eH akn, n coaepuenno ne nypae1cn a ero o1ncnennnx, 1. k. on eenepenLno
anpn1cn c Ee1nenoH n anLn, a kpoHe 1oro, k ero ycnyraH naxopn1cn no1n ace co1pypnnkn ,
1ak 1o, nonLsyncL a1nHn snakoHc1aaHn, on snae1 onLue kak o aneunen nonn1nke, 1ak n o 1oH,
1o nponcxopn1 a e, eH caH akn. epy nponH, roaopn1 on1roHepn, n na pnnx cnLuan,
1o a pesynL1a1e nncLHa akn o cnnukoH ac1Lx ansn1ax cnoaaukoro nocnannnka k aH neHuL
npepnonnn nocnepneHy cokpa1n1L a1n ansn1L (cH. Hon pneannk c coouenneH nnLnka no
a1oHy aonpocy. -'.+.). R nanoHnnn on1roHepn, 1o ero cnoaa a nocnepnen ecepe a nonpe
Hecnue co Hnon o okkynaunn neHuaHn enrpnn* eue ne onpaapanncL, on1roHepn o1ae1nn, 1o
npnHepno paa Hecnua 1oHy nasap neHuL 1peoaann y aenrpoa npaaa pacnonoennn repHancknx
ac1en a o1penLnLx Hec1noc1nx enrpnn c 1eH, 1oL oxpana .p. c1anunn n 1oaapnLx cknapoa
Lna nepepana a pykn neHuea. enrpnn a konue konuoa o1kasana IepHannn aa1oH 1peoaannn, n
1orpa neHuL nncuennpoaann a yHLnnn nsaec1nLe copannn, na ko1opLx Lnn nponsnecenL
pen n1onecky n ppyrnHn o1nocn1enLno aosapauennn eaepnon pancnnLaannn, kpoHe 1oro,
neHuL nac1onnn na sakpL1nn a Eypaneu1e nonLckoro noconLc1aa, ero onn a npounoH
esycneuno ponaanncL. o acnkoH cnyae, roaopn1 on1roHepn, okkynaunn enrpnn 1aknH e
opasoH, kak Lua npoaepena okkynaunn yHLnnn, ponna nponson1n a nepanekoH ypyueH, n n
na ocnoaannn Hoen coc1aennon nnqopHaunn n nnqopHaunn Hoero aoennoro a11aue a a1oH
coaepuenno ne coHneaakcL. a Hon aonpoc, kak oc1on1 peno no ero caepennnH c nap1nen
kpeuennLx 1pen n nap1nen Hpepn, on1roHepn o1ae1nn, 1o c nap1nen kpeuennLx 1pen
aenrepckoe npaan1enLc1ao paccn1anocL, neHuL npekpa1nnn noppepky a1on nap1nn,
npekpa1nnn aLpay cycnpnn n In1nep nepecnan enekn ace nncLHa anaun n pykoaopc1aa
nap1nn kpeuennLx 1pen, nHekunecn a Eepnnne. o acnkoH cnyae, roaopn1 on1roHepn,
neHuL apeHenno xo1n1 pao1a1L c enekn. Hpepn cenac cnyn1 nH pnn cnekn sa enekn c
1eH, 1oL a panLnenueH, Hoe1 L1L, pae ne on, a akn ype1 aosrnaann1L npaan1enLc1ao,
ko1opoe ype1 noc1aaneno neHuaHn.
pncy1c1aoaaaunn na oepe 1ypeuknn nocnannnk Knanpnn cnpocnn Henn, kak n o1ncnnk 1o
Hec1o a pen akn a napnaHen1e, rpe on roaopnn o onsannoc1n enrpnn a cnyae ac1ynnennn a
aonny kakon-nno noaon c1panL, 1. k., roaopn1 1ypok, kpoHe n ypunn on nn o koH ne Hor
pyHa1L, nponsnocn a1y peL. R o1ae1nn, 1o pnn Henn nanne1cn 1pypnLH npepnonon1L, 1o on
nHen a anpy n , n n ckopee pyHak, 1o ecnn cnpaaepnnao saHeanne o ypunn, 1o o a1opon
c1pane cnepye1 roaopn1L o Hepnke, a ne o . Knanpnn o1ae1nn, 1o penc1an1enLno akn
eHy roaopnn o xopounx o1nouennnx c oae1cknH oksoH, o pasan1nn koHHepecknx o1nouennn
n 1. p. 3a1eH Knanpnn roaopnn o aenrepcko-krocnaackoH cnnennn n o pac-
* H. pok. 524.
182
npoc1panennoH specL Hnennn, 1o IepHannn naana na enrpnk a a1oH o1nouennn, sanannn,
opnako, 1o ecnn neHuL naann na enrpnk, 1o kak o1ncnn1L, 1o ne enrpnn npnrnacnna
krocnaackoro Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen a Eypaneu1, a naoopo1, Krocnaann npnrnacnna akn
a Eenrpap.
'.+2 !%- 6.0<< .90 . 109 .$ . 109=111.
,C4# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. /#-# 7.1D1/. 8
980219 1802.:; 7< -729. # 2&&7021=19
%>? 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
19 3 1940 . (3
nen1pon ac1pe1nn Henn cnoaaHn, 1o Hne ye snakoH a1o1 kanne1, a ko1opoH nponcxopnna
ecepa ono1oaa c nnH. n ckasan, 1o ne pyHan, 1o n npnepy a Eepnnn a kaec1ae nocna, no
onn papL npnae1c1aoaa1L Henn na a1oH noc1y, kak poaepennoe nnuo 1annna n ono1oaa. R
o1ae1nn, 1o caH 1orpa ne snan, 1o ypy nocnoH a Eepnnne, no 1o n pap a1oHy. nen1pon
ckasan, 1o on nonynn 1enerpaHHy o1 rpaqa ynenypra, ns ko1opon anpno, 1o n xoy
aosHono ckopee apyn1L caon aepn1enLnLe rpaHo1L In1nepy*. pyenne aepn1enLnLx rpaHo1
sapepanocL aanpy aoennoro apeHenn. kpepa cenac ne1 a Eepnnne, no on coouan
nen1pony, 1o, aepon1no, a cepepnne ypyuen nepenn nnn a 1eenne ee on npnHe1 coae1ckoro
nocna. nen1pon ceropnn aeepoH yesae1 ns Eepnnna, aepne1cn na ypyuen nepene n ype1
npncy1c1aoaa1L npn apyennn Hnok aepn1enLnLx rpaHo1 In1nepy. R saHe1nn, 1o 1akoro caoero
enannn apyn1L aosHono ckopee aepn1enLnLe rpaHo1L n ne aLckasLaan, no 1o n nonnHak ns
a1oro coouennn rpaqa ynenypra, o ko1opoH roaopn1 Hnnnc1p, 1o, anpnHo, coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao xo1eno L, 1oL ero nocon Hor npnc1ynn1L k ncnonnennk caonx onsannoc1en. R
poaann, 1o caonH npeLaanneH a Eepnnne poaonen n acerpa naxoycL a pacnopnennn
nen1pona.
nen1pon c1an Henn paccnpaunaa1L, rpysnn nn n, Ln nn n snakoH co 1annnLH c pe1c1aa, ns
kakon Hec1noc1n n nponcxoy. R o1ae1nn, 1o rpysnn, popnLe Hon nponcxopn1 ns Hec1noc1n,
ko1opan nasLkae1cn ap1annnnn, 1o c pe1c1aa n c 1. 1annnLH snakoH ne Ln, ykasaa npn a1oH
na pasnnuy ne1 Hepy Hnok n 1. 1annnLH. ocnonLsoaaauncL pasroaopoH na a1y 1eHy, n
nepepan nen1pony nop1pe1 1. 1annna, ckasaa npn a1oH, 1o ponen nsannn1Lcn sa sapepky
a nepepae a1oro nop1pe1a, 1ak kak xo1en nepepa1L ero r-ny nen1pony 1onLko nnno.
nen1pon Ln oenL nonLuen annHanneH, paccHa1pnaan nop1pe1, nauen ero oenL xopounH,
npocnn nepepa1L 1annny ero ceppenyk naropapnoc1L n poaann, 1o ype1 xpann1L a1o1
nop1pe1 kak aocnoHnnanne o caoeH npeLaannn a ockae, ac1peax co 1annnLH n kak naHn1L o
nak1e, ko1opLn 1orpa Ln saknken. n noHnn1 a1n pnn, 1ak kak 1orpa Ln cpenan aanLn uar,
* H. pok. 574.
183
ko1opLn, kak on napee1cn, npnnece1 1akne e ycnexn a ypyueH. R npncoepnnnncn k a1oHy
sananennk nen1pona. 3a1eH nen1pon nn1epecoaancn, npnLna nn co Hnon ena, ec1L nn y
Henn pe1n, kakoro aospac1a. nen1pon coounn, 1o y nnx ec1L pnnnoHa1L, ko1opLe a 1eenne
20 ne1 ne Lnn a IepHannn. nen1pon o1He1nn npn a1oH o1pnua1enLnyk c1opony, korpa pe1n
1aknx pnnnoHa1oa aocnn1Laak1cn ane caoen popnnL. enepL onn (npaan1enLc1ao) c1apak1cn
epes kapLe 3-4 ropa o1sLaa1L caonx pnnnoHa1oa, naxopnunxcn sa rpannuen, a uen1p pnn
pao1L a nnnc1epc1ae nnoc1pannLx pen. oka npoaec1n a1o Heponpnn1ne a nonnon Hepe
1pypno. ac1an cHena pnnnoHa1oa, no Hnennk nen1pona, 1ake neuenecoopasna, 1ak kak
nocnL, noLaaaune npoponn1enLnoe apeHn na caoeH noc1y, nHek1 nanaennLe cansn, snak1
c1pany n 1. p. n aLpasnn napepy, 1o aonna eue ne ponro npopnn1cn n 1orpa n ypy
canpe1eneH onLuoro c1pon1enLc1aa a IepHannn, ko1opoe naHeeno rpanpnosnLH nnanoH
qkpepa. nen1pon cnpocnn, nsaec1en nn Hne nnan, ko1opLn nHee1 p-p en. R o1ae1nn, 1o
snakoH c nnH a ounx ep1ax, a ac1noc1n cnLuan o naHeakueHcn nnnunoH c1pon1enLc1ae a
IepHannn. nen1pon nsnonn nnan c1pon1enLc1aa 300.000 kaap1np, ckasan, 1o kpoHe a1oro
naHeae1cn c1pon1enLc1ao poHoa Hanoro 1nna a nocenkax, o1He1nn, 1o kaap1npnan nna1a a
ropopcknx poHax ne ype1 npeaLua1L 30 Hapok a Hecnu, 1o naHeae1cn 1nn kaap1npL a 6-5
koHna1, 1o a1o cansano c neoxopnHoc1Lk cospa1L neoxopnHLe ycnoann pnn poc1a nacenennn,
pnn spopoaLn pe1en n npoee. R, a caok oepepL, pacckasan nen1pony, 1o y nac pnn
sakpennennn paoen cnnL na cene paano ye npak1nkye1cn c1pon1enLc1ao neonLunx poHoa, a
ac1noc1n a coaxosax, 1o 1akne poHa Laak1, kak npaanno, c oropopaHn n 1. p. 3a1eH
nen1pon c1an roaopn1L, 1o ocyuec1anenne nx nnanoa c1pon1enLc1aa aosHono 1onLko
naropapn aHeua1enLc1ay rocypapc1aa, kon1ponnpykuero ac1nyk nnnuna1nay. poHe 1oro,
neoxopnHoe aocnn1anne Honopen a coo1ae1c1aykueH pyxe aLnonnne1cn y nnx naunonan-
counannc1neckon nap1nen. okonanneH aonnL npepc1on1 peun1L onLune sapan. n,
nen1pon, yaepen, 1o a1o1 HoHen1 (okonanne aonnL) ckopo nac1ynn1. ocnonLsoaaauncL
cnyaeH, n cnpocnn, kaknH cpokoH onpepenne1 nen1pon okonanne aonnL. nen1pon
o1ae1nn, 1o 1pypno-pe ckasa1L 1ono, no on yaepen, 1o a 1eenne ypyuero ropa. onoenne a
nrnnn 1nenoe. y1 on naan noa1opn1L ace 1o, o eH on n In1nep npoc1panno roaopnnn a
L1noc1L ..ono1oaa a Eepnnne: 1o IepHannn ye aLnrpana aonny, aano, 1oL anrnnane
nonnnn n saHe1nnn, 1o y nnx ne1 nnkakon aosHonoc1n nanec1n cepLesnLn yuep IepHannn.
epnnnL aepe1 eue caok nponaranpy, no nen1pon pyHae1, 1o neko1opLe nenL
anrnnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa nonnnn ye, 1o nrnnn ne aLnrpae1 aonny. In1nep neckonLko pas
penan HnpnLe npepnoennn nrnnn
8
, no 1a nx o1knonnna. kpep sanann nocne a1oro, 1o ne
nonpe1 nn na kakon koHnpoHncc. qkpepa Hnoro npen, n on xoe1 aosHono Lc1pee okonn1L
aonny, no c aosHono HanLHn ep1aaHn. nen1pon ckasan, 1o enae1 Hne xopouen nsnn a
Eepnnne. n snae1, 1o n nonLsykcL ocoLH poaepneH 1annna n ono1oaa, n noa1oHy onn
ocoenno papL npnae1c1aoaa1L Henn na HoeH noc1y. a ypyuen nepene, nocne npneHa y
In1nepa, on, nen1pon, ype1 nHe1L poc1a1ono aosHonoc1n, 1oL neperoaopn1L co Hnon no
aonpocaH, kacakunHcn ypyunx o1nouennn Hepy naunHn rocypapc1aaHn. n napee1cn 1ake
npoponn1L neperoaopL, ko1opLe on aen c 1. ono1oaLH. R eue pas nop1aeppnn caok
ro1oanoc1L a nkoe apeHn k ecepe c Hnnnc1poH n nonpocnn ero paspeuennn neperoaopn1L c nnH
no opnoHy aonpocy, ko1opoHy Hoe npaan1enLc1ao npnpae1 snaenne. onyna ero cornacne, n
coounn nen1pony, 1o, no nonyennLH o1 nauero nocna a 1okronLHe
184
coouennnH, Hepy aeunen n nnnnnpnen nopro1aannaae1cn cornauenne o nopnnennn
aneunen nonn1nkn nnnnnpnn 1okronLHy. onnon1an coouae1 o a1oH co cnoa Hnnnc1pa
nnoc1pannLx pen aeunn r-na Ikn1epa n qnnckoro nocnannnka a 1okronLHe r-na asauepna. R
cnpocnn nen1pona, 1o eHy nsaec1no no a1oHy aonpocy n kakoao o1nouenne k a1oHy
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. R poaann npn a1oH, 1o o1nouenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa k
1akoHy cornauennk pesko o1pnua1enLnoe. R ynoHnnyn npn a1oH o coae1cko-qnnnnnpckoH
poroaope o1 12 Hap1a 1940 ropa* n ckasan, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o
nopnncaauan a1o1 poroaop nnnnnpnn Hoe1 paccHa1pnaa1Lcn 1onLko kak nesaancnHoe
qnnnnnpckoe rocypapc1ao, Horyuee oecnen1L aLnonnenne asn1Lx no oroaopy onsa1enLc1a,
a ne a kaec1ae aaccanLnoro rocypapc1aa, aneunnn nonn1nka ko1oporo nopnnena kakoHy-nno
1pe1LeHy rocypapc1ay. nen1pon o1ae1nn, 1o eHy nnero noponoro ne nsaec1no n on 1ake
ne pyHae1, 1oL nopro1oannnocL 1akoe cornauenne. aeunn 1akne HLcnn Hono cnLua1L, no
nenLsn npepnonara1L, 1oL y nnnnnpnn n y aeunn Lnn cepLesnLe naHepennn saknkn1L
noponoe cornauenne. R ckasan, 1o ponen poaan1L, 1o, no Hnennk onnon1an, ns naHekoa,
ko1opLe Lnn cpenanL a ee ecepax c ynoHnny1LHn nnuaHn, Hono Lno nonn1L, 1o uenL a1oro
npepnonaraeHoro cornauennn coc1on1 a 1oH, 1oL aLcaoopn1L nnnnnpnk ns-nop annnnnn
IepHannn. R eue pas sanann o pesko o1pnua1enLnoH o1nouennn k a1oHy aonpocy co c1oponL
Hoero npaan1enLc1aa. nen1pon sanann, 1o nepep nnHn a1o1 aonpoc ne c1aanncn n on ne
ponyckae1 nannnn specL cepLesnLx naHepennn. oneno, qnnnL n uaepL - popc1aennLe
napopL, n nonanenne 1aknx HLcnen aosHono, no po a1oro ne poxopnnn.
Eecepa npoponanacL okono aca. a npneHe npncy1c1aoaan ueq npo1okona apon epnepr.
pncy1c1aoaan n nepeaopnn 1. aanoa n neHeu-nepeaopnk.
.3>2
! %- 6.0;9 .9: .9C . .9;C=990.
585. E I .
I . -EI
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. nkonny, 1. Eynrannny**, 1. LunnckoHy, 1. osoackoHy
19 3 1940 .
(. 3 3
ynenypr npnuen a conpoaopennn nyppe n nnLrepa.
ynenypr coounn, 1o on nonynn 1enerpaHHy ns Eepnnna. nen sapepka apyennn
aepn1enLnLx rpaHo1 nonnpepoH 1. ekanosoaLH o1ncnne1cn o1cy1c1aneH In1nepa, ko1opLn
nnuL nosaaepa aepnyncn a Eepnnn.
* H. pok. 73. ** Eynrannn .A. - a 1938-1941rr. saHec1n1enL npepcepa1enn .
185
ynenypr cn1ae1, 1o specL ne1 nnkakoro snoro yHLcna. Hy 1ake coounnn, 1o nen1pon
ceropnn npnHe1 ekanosoaa n o1ncnn1 eHy npnnny sapepkn. ynenypr cn1ae1, 1o a cansn
c ac1LHn pas1espaHn In1nepa n nen1pona 1akan sapepka anonne aosHona n a1o ac1o
cnyae1cn a Eepnnne. poHe 1oro, ekanosoa Hor L n po apyennn rpaHo1 non1n k nen1pony
n aec1n c nnH neperoaopL, 1ak kak caHo apyenne rpaHo1 ec1L ne 1o nnoe, kak qopHanLnoc1L.
oa. 9TO cn1ae1, 1o 1akan sapepka cnnukoH neoLnan n nenonn1nan. oa. ekanosoa
pepn1cn anonne nonnLno. n, kak nonnpep, nnero nnoro ne Hoe1 cpena1L. oa. ono1oa
roaopn1, 1o on xo1en ye aLsaa1L ekanosoaa a ockay c 1eH, 1oL ysna1L, a eH npnnna
sapepkn. eropnn 1. ono1oa xo1en L nonyn1L onpepenennLn o1ae1. oe1 nn on cn1a1L,
1o 1aknH opasoH ceropnn ace aLncnn1cn
@TaPV o1aeae1, 1o a nonyennon nH 1enerpaHHe ne ckasano, korpa ekanosoa cHoe1
apyn1L caon rpaHo1L, opnako on ype1 npnnn1 nen1ponoH ceropnn.
3a1eH ynenypr nepexopn1 k aonpocy o1nocn1enLno caHone1oa, ko1opLn ye neckonLko pas
c1aanncn repHanckon c1oponon. n nanoHnnae1, 1o cnoaa nepepan 1. ono1oay sanncky, a
ko1opon roaopnnocL o npocLe repHanckon c1oponL paspeun1L 1pansn1 a1nx caHone1oa, a 1ake
nunkoa c sanacnLHn ac1nHn n HepnkaHen1aHn pnn repHanckoro kopann. n saaepne1, 1o a1n
npepHe1L ne npepnasnaenL pnn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa. nn ypoc1aa coae1ckon c1oponL
npepHe1L a1n Hory1 L1L o1npaanenL ns napnaoc1oka a Rnonnk na perynnpnoH 1oproaoH
napoxope 1ak, 1o repHancknn kopanL ne ype1 saxopn1L ao napnaoc1ok. eanpno, on ype1
naxopn1Lcn a nop1y oe. ynenypr roaopn1, 1o on ne anpn1 nnkaknx 1pypnoc1en pnn
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa pa1L 1akoe paspeuenne n npocn1 yckopn1L peuenne a1oro aonpoca c
1eH, 1oL po 8 nnaapn ynoHnny1Le npepHe1L Lnn poc1aanenL ao napnaoc1ok.
oa. 9TO roaopn1, 1o on ne Hoe1 pa1L o1ae1a na a1o1 aonpoc, 1ak kak on okpyen
1annc1aennoc1Lk n nenonn1en. naana peL una 1onLko o payx caHone1ax, 1enepL k nnH
poaannk1cn kakne-1o sanacnLe ac1n n HepnkaHen1L, npepnasnaennLe pnn nensaec1noro
kopann. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on ne Hoe1 nopon1n k a1oHy aonpocy c sakpL1LHn rnasaHn.
ce specL cnnukoH 1annc1aenno n nenonn1no.
@TaPV o1aeae1, 1o on Hoe1 pa1L poaonLno ncnLn o1ae1. eno a 1oH, 1o a nxoH okeane
onepnpye1 repHancknn acnoHora1enLnLn kpencep n, oeanpno, pnn a1oro kpencepa n
npepnasnaenL ace ykasannLe npepHe1L. o, 1o a1o1 aonpoc okpyen 1annon - coaepuenno
ec1ec1aenno, 1ak kak IepHannn naxopn1cn a coc1onnnn aonnL. nn oae1ckoro oksa ace
oc1anLnoe Hoe1 L1L coaepuenno espasnnno, ecnn pae1cn saaepenne, 1o caHone1L, nunkn c
sanacnLHn ac1nHn n HepnkaHen1L ne npepnasnaenL pnn Rnonnn. ockonLky pnn oae1ckoro
oksa Lno L neypono, 1oL repHancknn kpencep sauen ao napnaoc1ok, repHanckan
c1opona ro1oaa o1npaan1L a1n caHone1L na perynnpnoH 1oproaoH napoxope.
oa. 9TO roaopn1, 1o ecnn a1o peno kacae1cn Rnonnn n IepHannn ne xoe1 ckasa1L o a1oH
coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o a1o sa1parnaae1 ne 1onLko coae1cko-repHanckne, no n coae1cko-
nnonckne o1nouennn. oa. ono1oa ne coHneaae1cn a 1oH, 1o ecnn repHancknn kpencep sanpe1 a
nnoncknn nop1, 1o on 1aH nonyn1 n sanacnLe ac1n, n napy caHone1oa n, 1eH onee, HepnkaHen-
186
1L. eyenn a Rnonnn a1oro ne nanpe1cn ce a1o peno oenL nenonn1no, n noa1oHy nnero
onpepenennoro ckasa1L nenLsn. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on nL1ancn yncnn1L cee, a eH specL
peno, no 1ak a1oro n ne nonnn. n ne Hoe1 peun1L a1oro aonpoca c sakpL1LHn rnasaHn.
ynenypr o1aeae1, 1o 1y1 ace ncno, nepoc1ae1 nnuL nasaannn kopann, ko1oporo on ne snae1.
n noa1opne1, 1o, nockonLky ynoHnny1Le npepHe1L ne npepnasnaenL pnn Rnonnn, a1o1 aonpoc
sa1parnaae1 nnuL coae1cko-repHanckne o1nouennn. cnn L kopanL Hor nonyn1L ace, 1o eHy
neoxopnHo, repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne opauanocL L c npocLon paspeun1L 1pansn1 a1nx
npepHe1oa. osHono, 1o nynLx HepnkaHen1oa nenLsn poc1a1L a Rnonnn, 1ak kak repHanckan
xnHneckan npoHLunennoc1L onee pasan1a. eH, 1o Lno pano cornacne na noc1aaky a
oae1cknn oks HopenLnLx caHone1oa, repHanckan c1opona snan1enLno nouna naac1pey
enannnH coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa n noa1oHy napee1cn, 1o a a1oH cnyae coae1ckan c1opona
nonpe1 naac1pey IepHannn.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o noc1aaka HopenLnLx caHone1oa nanne1cn penoH repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa n 1o a1o aL1ekae1 ns nHekuerocn xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn*. y1 e peL
npe1 o kakon-1o 1annc1aennon nc1opnn, rpe nenLsn yncnn1L, a eH cy1L pena, n, nockonLky
nenLsn nonn1L, kak a1o Hoe1 o1pasn1Lcn na o1nouennnx oae1ckoro oksa c ppyrnHn c1panaHn,
Lno L cnnukoH onpoHe1nao peua1L a1o1 aonpoc c sakpL1LHn rnasaHn.
ynenypr ne anpn1, a eH Hoe1 specL saknka1Lcn ounka coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. Hy
coaepuenno ncno a1o peno, n on ne anpn1 nnkakoro pncka. cnn L kpencep sauen ao
napnaoc1ok, a1o Lno L neypono. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno c o1npaakon a1nx
npepHe1oa a Rnonnk. osHono, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1 nonyn1L saaepennn
nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa a 1oH, 1o ono cornacno c a1on onepaunen.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona ne nHee1 enannn aec1n no a1oHy noaopy
neperoaopL c Rnonnen. onpoc caH no cee nenonn1en, n na nero nenLsn o1ae1n1L. osHono, 1o
on onee ncen ynenypry, no, nockonLky on ne ncen coae1ckon c1opone, 1. ono1oa nnero
nonon1enLnoro ckasa1L ne Hoe1.
oa. ono1oa sapae1 aonpoc o noc1aake 30 1Lc. 1onn ankHnnnn n 150 1onn koanL1a.
nyppe o1aeae1, 1o o1nocn1enLno koanL1a on eue o1ae1a ne nonyan, 1ak kak 1y1
ac1peae1cn pnp sa1pypnennn. n napee1cn, 1o a nnanune paa-1pn pnn cHoe1 pa1L o1ae1.
1nocn1enLno ankHnnnn on ye aLpasnn a ocnoanoH caoe cornacne, no 1y1 1ake ac1peak1cn
neko1opLe 1pypnoc1n, 1ak kak repHanckan c1opona nsyae1 aonpoc, o1kypa ona Hoe1 nonyn1L
poc1a1onoe konnec1ao rnnnoseHa. n xo1en L eue pas noc1aan1L nepep 1. nkonnoH aonpoc o
noc1aake rnnnoseHa, xo1n L a nocnepykunn nepnop. eH ne Henee nyppe nopepknaae1, 1o
aonpoc npnnunnnanLno peuen n ankHnnnn ype1 noc1aanen.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o, nackonLko eHy nsaec1no, o1ae1nn, 1o on ne Hoe1 noc1aann1L
rnnnoseH.
nyppe noa1opne1, 1o okona1enLnLn o1ae1 ype1 pan a nnanune pnn. enac on xo1en
nnuL cooun1L o 1ex 1pypnoc1nx, ko1opLe ac1peak1cn npn peuennn a1oro aonpoca.
nyppe coouae1 o1ae1 repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa no aonpocy o ypery-
* H. pok. 41.
187
nnpoaannn nHyuec1aennLx npe1ensnn a npnan1ax. n roaopn1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao a
ocnoanoH cornacno yc1anoan1L repHanckne nHyuec1aennLe npe1ensnn a pasHepe 200 Hnn.
repHancknx Hapok n coae1ckne nHyuec1aennLe npe1ensnn a pasHepe 50 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok.
asnnua, coc1aannkuan 150 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok a nonLsy IepHannn, ponna L1L onnaena a
1941 n 1942 rr. Hy nopyeno 1ake cpena1L neko1opLe pas1ncnennn n y1onn1L paa aonpoca, no
ko1opLH on coc1aann naHn1nLe sannckn (nyppe nepepae1 1. ono1oay 2 naHn1nLe sannckn)*.
nepaon naHn1non sanncke ykasano, na kaknx ycnoannx repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao npnnn1L
npepnoennn npaan1enLc1aa :
1. y1eH aLe1a aLueynoHnny1Lx 50 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok nonnoc1Lk n okona1enLno
aosHeuak1cn ace npaaa n npe1ensnn, npnnapneaune oksy oae1cknx ounannc1necknx
ecnynnk a kaec1ae npaaonpeeHnnka Ean1nncknx rocypapc1a, a 1ake qnsnecknH n
kpnpnecknH nnuaH a1nx rocypapc1a na 1eppn1opnn, coc1onuen nop repHancknH cyaepenn1e1oH
nnn no o1nouennk k repHancknH rpapanaH. ac1noc1n, a1o o1nocn1cn 1ake ko aceH
aL1ekakunH ns aosapauennn eHenLckon onac1n IepHannn npaaaH n npe1ensnnH n nn1epecaH
nn1oackoro rocypapc1aa, nn1oacknx ouec1aenno-npaaoaLx oprannsaunn n nn1oacknx rpapan.
2. op aLuenpnaepennLn nopnpok ne nopnapak1 ookpnLe 1peoaannn n onsa1enLc1ao no
1oaaponoc1aakaH, nopneaune yperynnpoaannk cornacno noc1anoanennnH penc1aykunx
cornauennn o pace1ax, a 1ake ne nopnapae1 kynL1ypnoe nHyuec1ao repHancknx rpapan n
nnu neHeukon naunonanLnoc1n, naxopnunxcn na 1eppn1opnn n1oackon, a1annckon n
Sc1onckon oae1cknx ounannc1necknx ecnynnk.
3. ayuanLnLe cyHHL, nopneaune onna1e a 1941 r. n 1942 r., nannan c 1 nnaapn 1941 r.,
ponnL L1L ynnaenL c coae1cknx ocoLx ce1oa a Eepnnne. e1 a1nx nna1een ype1
nponsaepen no xosnnc1aennoHy cornauennk.
4. onn1ne nayuanLnoro yperynnpoaannn ne ponno npnaec1n k yHenLuennk nHyuec1aa,
ko1opoe nepecenenuL nHek1 npaao asn1L c coon na ocnoaannn nopneauero saknkennk
cornauennn o nepecenennn.
nyppe, ccLnancL na 3-e ycnoane, roaopn1, 1o on ynoHnnan o a1oH ye a npounon ecepe n
1enepL cnoaa nopepknaae1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1, 1oL a cnyae
neoxopnHoc1n a1n nna1en npnanekanncL pnn aLpaannaannn paspLka a noc1aakax no
xosnnc1aennoHy cornauennk. oe1 cnyn1Lcn, 1o repHanckan c1opona noc1aan1 1oaapL na
neko1opyk cyHHy HenLue, npneH 1y1 ona ype1 cansana co cpokaHn, n, nockonLky oLno
coae1ckan c1opona ne y1aeppae1 nonnoc1Lk cnnckn poaaonLx noc1aaok, npepnaraeHLe
repHanckon c1oponon, repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1 oecnen1L cen aosHonoc1Lk
npnaneka1L a 1aknx cnyanx ynoHnny1yk nayuanLnyk cyHHy.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o 1y1 nna1en npepycHo1penL paanoHepnLHn ac1nHn a 1941 n 1942 rr.
a 1o apeHn, kak pace1L no cornauennk nponsaopn1cn nokaap1anLno.
nyppe o1aeae1, 1o a oonx cnyanx Hono nponsaopn1L onna1y nokaap1anLno. o 1yr peL
ape1 o 1oH, 1oL coae1ckan c1opona ne npnoc1anaannaana caonx noc1aaok a cnyae
necoo1ae1c1ann repHancknx noc1aaok, a cornacnnacL L npnaneL pnn nnkanpaunn paspLaa
nayuanLnyk cyHHy.
* e nynnkyk1cn.
188
oa. 9TO roaopn1, 1o on ponen no a1oHy noaopy nocoae1oaa1Lcn c coo1ae1c1aykunHn
oprannsaunnHn.
@PP nepexopn1 ko a1opoHy aonpocy. n ynoHnnae1 o ac1onckoH nanueaoH kunonepnoH
uec1ae nanenn, akunn ko1oporo nHee1 Inaanoe oHanpoaanne IepHanckoro oenno-opckoro
no1a. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1, noHnHo cornauennn o nayuanLnoH aosHeuennn
repHancknx nHyuec1aenno-npaaoaLx npe1ensnn a npnan1nncknx oae1cknx ounannc1necknx
ecnynnkax, saknkn1L ocooe cornauenne:
1. aLnonnennn saknkennLx Hepy InaanLH oHanpoaanneH IepHanckoro oenno-opckoro
no1a n ac1oncknH nanueaLH kunonepnLH uec1aoH nanenn poroaopoa na noc1aaky
cnanueaoro Hacna.
2. aosHeuennn repHancknx nHyuec1aennLx nn1epecoa a nanenn ny1eH pononnn1enLnLx
noc1aaok Hacna.
nyppe nopepknaae1, 1o akunn ac1onckoro nanueaoro kunonepnoro uec1aa nannk1cn
repHanckon coc1aennoc1Lk. kono nonoannL nx npnnapnen1 InaanoHy oHanpoaannk
IepHanckoro oenno-opckoro no1a, ko1opoe neckonLko ne1 1oHy nasap a nn1epecax cnaennn
IepHanckoro oennoro no1a npnc1ynnno k pekonc1pykunn saaopa c uenLk poaec1n ero
nponsaopn1enLnoc1L po 400 1Lc. 1onn a rop. oaepuenno ec1ec1aenno, 1o a1o uec1ao
nepenpe1 1enepL k oae1ckoHy oksy, no, nockonLky repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao a neH ocoenno
sann1epecoaano, nyppe npocn1 aLpenn1L a1o1 aonpoc n nepepa1L ero na paspeuenne a
oHnccnk 1. epeannckoro.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o on ponen nocoae1oaa1Lcn no a1oHy noaopy c 1. nkonnoH. 1o
kacae1cn Hec1a neperoaopoa, 1o aosHono, 1o nx ype1 nyue aec1n a ockae. pnako no a1oHy
noaopy on 1ake xoe1 nocoae1oaa1Lcn c 1. nkonnoH, nocne ero cHoe1 pa1L o1ae1.
@PP roaopn1, 1o a cansn c npnnn1neH nayuanLnon cyHHL repHanckan c1opona coc1aanna
npoek1 cornauennn (nyppe nepepae1 npoek1 cornauennn, coc1aanennLn na pycckoH n
neHeukoH nsLkax, 1. ono1oay)*. nyppe nopepknaae1, 1o a1o cornauenne ne oycnaannaae1
peuennn no nHyuec1aennLH npe1ensnnH a Eeccapann.
@PP cnpaunaae1, ec1L nn peuenne no noaopy kekcronLHckon qapnkn n exocnoaaukoro
kpepn1a
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o, kak 1onLko a1o1 aonpoc ype1 aLncnen, nno on caH, nno 1. nkonn
pac1 o1ae1.
@PP npocn1 1. ono1oaa nocopenc1aoaa1L a 1oH, 1oL 1oproaLn poroaop Ln saknken a
pekape, no aosHonoc1n po opec1aa, 1o, no ero Hnennk, aano ns nonn1necknx n penoaLx
coopaennn.
oa. 9TO roaopn1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona ne sapepnaae1 saknkennn poroaopa. n
nanoHnnae1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona onpae1 nonon1enLnoro o1ae1a o1 repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa no noaopy noc1aakn koanL1a n ankHnnnn es oroaopkn o rnnnoseHe.
konue ecepL @TaPV cnoaa aosapauae1cn k aonpocy o paspeuennn na 1pansn1
caHone1oa, sanacnLx ac1en n HepnkaHen1oa. n npocn1 1. ono1oaa eue nopyHa1L nap a1nH
aonpocoH n, ccLnancL na 1o, 1o IepHannn naxopn1cn a coc1onnnn aonnL, nopepknaae1
sann1epecoaannoc1L repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa a paspeuennn a1oro aonpoca.
oa. 9TO o1aeae1, 1o on ye pyHan no a1oHy noaopy, n, nockonLky
* e nynnkye1cn.
189
aonpoc oc1ae1cn pnn nero nencnLH, on nnero ne Hoe1 npnaan1L k 1oHy, 1o on ye ckasan.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL. Eecepa npoponanacL 1 ac 10 Hnny1.
3anncan ."2 ! %- 6. .9 .1C .1C; .9:=:1.
,C'# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 =1 / 8882 # 0.07-./1?
1: 3 1940 .
(. 3
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o cornacno nonyennon nnc1pykunn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa a
ceropnnunen ecepe on xo1en L nsnon1L npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa
o1nocn1enLno saknkennn pLonoanon konaenunn. a1ekaaa san1Laae1 npepnoennn
nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa n apyae1 1. ono1oay 1ekc1a1nx npepnoennn (npnnoenne)*.
oa. ono1oa, aLcnyuaa sananenne a1ekaaL, saHeae1, 1o ns acero 1oro, 1o on cnLuan po cnx
nop o1 nnoncknx npepc1aan1enen o1nocn1enLno npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 20
nknn c.r.
127
, on penae1 aLaop, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao nenpaannLno nonnno penc1an1enLnLn
cHLcn npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1nocn1enLno saknkennn pLonoanoro
cornauennn na pnn1enLnLn cpok, 1. e. na pnp ne1. oa. ono1oa nopepknaae1, 1o ecnn L Lno
npnc1ynneno k ocypennk npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 20 nknn, 1o Hono Lno
L yc1anoan1L asanHnoe nonnHanne n saknkn1L cornauenne na pnp ne1 a nn1epecax oenx
c1opon. Hec1e c a1nH 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o cenac on ne Hoe1 pa1L nonnon ouenkn
nnoncknH npepnoennnH, opnako npepnoenne o npopnennn konaenunn 1928 ropa na 3 ropa
npepc1aanne1cn nenpneHneHLH n ne coo1ae1c1aye1 nn1epecaH pena n o1nouennnH Hepy
c1panaHn. 1ae1 na nnonckne npepnoennn 1. ono1oa oeuae1 pa1L 1onLko nocne
osnakoHnennn c nnoncknH npoek1oH.
a1ekaaa o1aeae1, 1o a cen1npe 1. r. ero npepuec1aennnk oro poc1a1ono ncno nsnonn
asrnnpL nnonckon c1oponL o1nocn1enLno nenpneHneHoc1n coae1cknx npepnoennn o1 20
nknn**. S1n npepnoennn, roaopn1 a1ekaaa, na pene nckopennk1 nnonckoe pLonoac1ao a
panLneaoc1onLx aopax n o1 nnoncknx pLonoanLx npaa oc1aannk1 1onLko nasaanne. Rnonckan
c1opona ne Hoe1 cornacn1Lcn na ocypenne a1nx npepnoennn, 1. k. onn ynn1oak1
nnonckne pLonoanLe npaaa n Hory1 nnuL yaennnaa1L pasnornacnn Hepy oenHn c1oponaHn.
cxopn ns a1oro, npoponae1 a1ekaaa, nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao anocn1 npepnoenne o
saknkennn noaon konaenunn cpokoH na 3 ropa.
oa. ono1oa cnoaa ykasLaae1, 1o aLckasLaannn a1ekaaL eue pas yepak1 ero a 1oH, 1o
nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nonnno nc1nnnoro cHLcna
* e nynnkye1cn. ** H. pok. 360.
190
coae1cknx npepnoennn. y1 e 1. ono1oa nopepknaae1, 1o ecnn Rnonnn pyHae1 oc1aan1L es
nsHenennn na aekn aenLe op1cHy1cknn poroaop
171
, na ko1opLn a oae1ckoH okse cHo1pn1 1ak
e, kak a 3anapnon apone cHo1pn1 na epcanLcknn poroaop, 1o a1o nanne1cn rpyon ounkon.
Rnonnn napyunna a1o1 poroaop. poHe 1oro, nockonLky a1o1 poroaop Ln saknken nocne
nopaennn occnn, on ponen nopnea1L ncnpaanennk. ac1noc1n, on nopnen1 ncnpaanennk
n a pLonoanoH aonpoce. oae1ckan c1opona, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, ncxopn1 ns npnsnannn
akonoHnecknx nn1epecoa Rnonnn a pLonoanoH aonpoce n ne naHepena npenn1c1aoaa1L
ypoane1aopennk nn1epecoa Rnonnn a a1oH nanpaanennn. pnako coae1ckan c1opona ne Hoe1
cornacn1Lcn c 1eH, 1oL pLonoanLe aonpocL a coae1cknx aopax ypoane1aopnnncL sa ce1
rocypapc1aennLx nn1epecoa . a1oH pyxe n Lnn coc1aanenL coae1ckne npepnoennn a
nkne 1. r. y1 e 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o on ne Hoe1 paaa1L coae1L nnonckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay n ne epe1cn sa a1o. pnako saHeae1, 1o ecnn L nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao
npnnnno a1n npepnoennn sa ocnoay, 1o Hono Lno L nepen1n k nx ocypennk c anecenneH
coo1ae1c1aykunx nonpaaok. pnoapeHenno 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o eHy kae1cn c1pannon n
nenonn1non npe1ensnn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa npopnn1L na 3 ropa pLonoanyk konaenunk,
ko1opan ye neckonLko ne1 1oHy nasap no1epnna caok cnny. oa. ono1oa eue pas
nopepknaae1, 1o o npnnn1nn npepnoennn, cpenannoro a1ekaaon, ne Hoe1 L1L n pen.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa sananne1, 1o nockonLky nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao 1onLko ceropnn napyHano
anec1n npepnoennn, 1o o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa sa1nky neperoaopoa uennkoH nen1 na nnonckon
c1opone.
a1ekaaa no aonpocy o op1cHy1ckoH poroaope, ccLnancL na npepLpyuyk pnckyccnk Hepy 1.
ono1oaLH n oro no a1oHy aonpocy, sananne1, 1o on Hor L 1onLko nnuL noa1opn1L
aLckasLaauH oro. anee a1ekaaa, nanoHnna o ac1ynnennn coae1cknx aonck a 1929 ropy a
panon annapa, roaopn1, 1o a 1o apeHn nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne cn1ano a1o napyuenneH
op1cHy1ckoro poroaopa, a npnnnHano a1o kak Hepy caHoooponL. o e caHoe roaopnn on 1orpa
coae1ckoHy aoennoHy a11aue a Rnonnn. ono 1ak e a nopnpke caHosaun1L Rnonnn nocnana
aoncka a anLypnk a 1931 ropy.
acancL sananennn 1. ono1oaa o npnsnannn akonoHnecknx nn1epecoa Rnonnn a pLonoac1ae,
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o pace1 sa apenpnyk nna1y no oqnunanLnoHy kypcy aHec1o akunn ,
kak a1o npepnarae1 coae1ckan c1opona, a 2,5 pasa noaLuae1 pasHep apenpnon nna1L, n,
cnepoaa1enLno, npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa pacxopn1cn c sananenneH o npnsnannn
akonoHnecknx nn1epecoa Rnonnn. poHe 1oro, roaopn1 a1ekaaa, ecnn ace pLonoanLe yac1kn,
kak npepnarae1 coae1ckan c1opona, ypy1 cpaaa1Lcn c 1oproa, 1o ace onn ypy1 sa1oproaanL
coae1ckon c1oponon.
oa. ono1oa pocae1 pennnky: S1o nenpaannLno.
S1o 1ake pacxopn1cn c sananenneH o npnsnannn akonoHnecknx nn1epecoa Rnonnn, sananne1
a1ekaaa. ak ac1noe nnuo, npoponae1 a1ekaaa, on nonnHae1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona
nepoaonLna 1eH, 1o nnoc1pannoe rocypapc1ao nHee1 nn1epecL n npaaa a aopax coae1ckoro
rocypapc1aa, opnako c nonnLH o1nn1neH npaa Rnonnn on cornacn1Lcn ne Hoe1.
anee a1ekaaa nanoHnnae1 neperoaopL o saknkennn nonn1neckoro cornauennn n poaanne1,
1o ecnn L nonn1neckoe cornauenne Lno saknkeno, 1o ace nnLe aonpocL Hornn L L1L
yperynnpoaanL.
a1ekaaa o1pnuae1 o1ae1c1aennoc1L nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa sa nospnee npepc1ak1enne
npoek1a pLonoanoro cornauennn n sananne1, 1o o1ae1c1aen-
191
noc1L sa a1o ponna neL na coae1ckyk c1opony, 1. k. coae1ckan c1opona po cnx nop ne pana
nnkakoro o1ae1a na npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 5 cen1npn 1. r.
3a1eH a1ekaaa npocn1 1. ono1oaa pas1ncnn1L eHy, kak nonnHa1L cnoaa 1. ono1oaa o 1oH, 1o
pLonoanan konaenunn no1epnna caoe snaenne ye neckonLko ne1 1oHy nasap.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on ne cornacen c a1ekaaon a 1oH, 1o coae1cknn npoek1 o1 20 nknn a
kakon-nno Hepe noppLaae1 akonoHneckne nn1epecL Rnonnn, n no1oHy on cn1ae1
aLckasLaannn a1ekaaL neoocnoaannLHn. oa. ono1oa cnoaa noa1opne1, 1o ecnn L
npepnoennn o1 20 nknn Lnn npnnn1L sa ocnoay, 1o Hono Lno L roaopn1L o konkpe1nLx
nonpaakax k nnH n on cHor L rapan1npoaa1L, 1o npn ocypennn a1nx npepnoennn coae1ckan
c1opona ncxopnna L ns 1oro, 1oL akonoHneckne nn1epecL Rnonnn a ceaepnLx aopax Lnn
npnsnanL n ypoane1aopenL, no, pasyHee1cn, ne sa ce1 nonn1necknx nn1epecoa .
acancL caoero sananennn o o1ae1c1aennoc1n nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa sa sa1nky paspeuennn
pLonoanoro aonpoca, 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o k 1oHy, 1o on ye ckasan, eHy poaan1L
neero.
1o e kacae1cn aonpoca, sapannoro a1ekaaon, o1nocn1enLno konaenunn 1928 ropa, roaopn1 1.
ono1oa, 1o nocny ponno L1L nsaec1no, 1o konaenunn Lna saknkena na 8 ne1, a 1936 ropy
no1epnna caok cnny n sa1eH nonyana npopnenne 4 pasa. aknH opasoH, aonpoc o pLonoanoH
cornauennn paccHa1pnaancn eeropno n cornauenne npopnnnocL na rop a kaec1ae apeHennoro
cornauennn.
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o a pLonoanon konaenunn roaopn1cn, 1o ecnn konaenunn ne ype1
saknkena, 1o ypy1 aec1ncL neperoaopL o npopnennn konaenunn, a pas konaenunn npopnne1cn,
1o, cnepoaa1enLno, ona oc1ae1cn a cnne.
a1ekaaa cnoaa ykasLaae1, 1o npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa nonn1L nnonckon
c1oponon 1aknH opasoH, 1o onn paspyuak1 npaaa nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
oa. ono1oa noa1opne1, 1o npnsnae1 akonoHneckne nn1epecL Rnonnn a ceaepnLx aopax
n ro1oa non1n naac1pey a a1oH Rnonnn, ecnn 1onLko nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonHe1, 1o
ypoane1aopenne a1nx akonoHnecknx nn1epecoa Rnonnn ne ponno np1n a ce1 nnn a yuep
nonn1necknH n rocypapc1aennLH nn1epecaH . 1o e kacae1cn konaenunn 1928 ropa, 1o
ona Lna npopnena 1onLko po 31 pekapn 1940 ropa n, cnepoaa1enLno, pnn 1941 ropa ona ne
penc1an1enLna, ecnn ne ype1 poroaopennoc1n o ee npopnennn. S1o anpno ns 1ekc1a caHon
konaenunn n cornauennn o1 31 pekapn 1939 r.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o o npnnn1nn ceropnnunnx npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa,
ncxopnuero ns npopnennn konaenunn 1928 ropa na 3 ropa, ne Hoe1 L1L n pen. S1n
npepnoennn ne Hory1 L1L npnnn1L a kaec1ae ocnoaL pnn ocypennn. pnoapeHenno 1.
ono1oa oeuae1 pa1L pononnn1enLno o1ae1 coae1ckon c1oponL no pLonoanoHy aonpocy n
anoaL nopepknaae1, 1o o npnnn1nn sa ocnoay ceropnnunnx npepnoennn a1ekaaL ne Hoe1
L1L n pen.
a1ekaaa oeuae1 cooun1L copepanne ecepL nnonckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
3a1eH a1ekaaa kacae1cn aonpoca o rpysoaoH coouennn epes . n ykasLaae1, 1o
enesnopoponoe aepoHc1ao Rnonnn nonynno coouenne o1 coae1cknx enesnopoponLx
anac1en o 1oH, 1o c 1 pekapn 1apnq snan1enL-
192
no noaLuae1cn, 1o okae1 aecLHa neaLropnoe annnnne na 1oproank Rnonnn c IepHannen n
aeunen. kasaa panee, 1o on ye nHen ecepy no a1oHy aonpocy c 1. osoacknH, a1ekaaa
coounn, 1o, no nHekunHcn caepennnH, pa1a aaepennn noaoro 1apnqa o1cpoena po 31
pekapn 1. r.
a aonpoc a1ekaaL, nsaec1no nn 1. ono1oay 1o-nno o 1pansn1e rpysoa epes , 1. ono1oa
o1aeae1, 1o a oueH a1o1 aonpoc eHy snakoH, no a pe1annx - ne1.
anee a1ekaaa npocn1, 1oL 1. ono1oa okasan nnonckoHy noconLc1ay copenc1ane a 1oH, 1oL
ono Horno nHe1L cansL no sa1pony1oHy nH aonpocy c napkoHa1oH aneunen 1oprouu.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on noroaopn1 c 1. nkonnoH n pac1 o1ae1.
saknkenne a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o sa nocnepnee apeHn saHeeno ynyuenne a paspeuennn
aonpocoa c aLpaen ans, 1o, no ero Hnennk, anpnHo, cansano c ero ecepon no a1oHy aonpocy c
1. ono1oaLH, ko1opLn okasan caoe copenc1ane a a1oH.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o, pasyHee1cn, a1o1 aonpoc napo ynyua1L, poaana npn a1oH, 1o
aooue nyno ynyua1L ace, 1o cnepye1 ynyun1L, ne o1knapLaan acero a1oro a ponrnn nunk.
a a1oH ecepa sakannaae1cn.
3anncan $4 ! %- 6. .9 .$ .19 .::=:9.
,C!# 07<7-2.99. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
8#.# <1D1/81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 2. .
><911/
1: 3 1940 .
(. 3
IepHancknn knne1enL nnc1 ayc onnanp onynnkoaan coouenne o coc1onaueHcn na pnnx
cornauennn Hepy panoH n IepHannen no noaopy kon1nnren1oa 1oaapoa na cnepykunn
xosnnc1aennLn rop. coouennn ykasLaae1cn, 1o a npancknx noc1aakax IepHannn rnaanyk
ponL ype1 nrpa1L neq1L. IepHanckne e noc1aakn pany npepycHa1pnaak1cn a anpe
npoHLunennLx nspennn. poHe 1oro, no npepaapn1enLnLH caepennnH, nonyennLH epes
naue 1oprnpepc1ao a Eepnnne, o1eH npano-repHanckoro 1oaapooopo1a aLpasn1cn a 50
Hnnnnonax repHancknx Hapok nnn 340 Hnnnnonax pnanoa a rop c kapon c1oponL, 1. e. apaoe
npeaLuae1 o1eH nauero 1oaapooopo1a c panoH, ko1opLn naHeen pnn 1ekyuero ropa a
pasHepe 170 Hnnnnonoa pnanoa.
cansn c nsnoennLH aH neoxopnHo nonL1a1Lcn a oc1oponon qopHe aLncnn1L n cooun1L
onee nopponLe caepennn no noaopy ykasannoro aLue cornauennn. coLn nn1epec
npepc1aanne1 aonpoc o aosHonoc1n noc1aaok neq1n panoH a IepHannk. ak nsaec1no, na
ocnoaannn konueccnonnoro poroaopa o nrno-panckon neq1nnon koHnannn, saknkennoro a
1933 r., anrnnane coxpannnn sa coon HonononLnoe npaao pacnopna1Lcn
3 okyHen1L. n. 2.4 I
193
poL1on neq1Lk, sa ncknkenneH onpepenennoro konnec1aa, neoxopnHoro pnn
ypoane1aopennn any1pennnx npancknx nyp. aH pan po cnx nop neq1n ne aLaosnn, n noa1oHy
ne nonn1no, kaknH opasoH pan aLc1ynae1 cenac a kaec1ae akcnop1epa neq1n a IepHannk.
#>2345 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .$$$ .99;< . 144=14C.
,CC# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7
Fj# /1-2.1/. / 8882
1: 3 1940 .
V4 ( 3
eropnn Ln y apaporny no ero npnrnauennk. nnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen ckasan Hne
cnepykuee: L nonynnn aepa coouenne o1 k1an o ero ecepe c ono1oaLH*. L oenL
npnsna1enLnL sa ero nnqopHaunk, nonyennyk o1 oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. apaporny no
1enerpaHHe san1an 1y ac1L ecepL k1an c ono1oaLH, rpe aonpoc uen o ac1peax ooneaa a
oqnn**. opepknyn npn a1oH, 1o a1a ac1L ecepL nanne1cn nanonee aanon (a1a ac1L
ecepL a nepepae k1an uennkoH coanapae1 c 1enerpaHHon ono1oaa). anee apaporny
npoponan: ono1oa npocnn k1an nnqopHnpoaa1L ero o coc1onnnn onrapo-1ypeuknx
o1nouennn. L nanpaannn k1ak ceropnn caepennn n pokyHen1L, nHekunecn a naueH
pacnopnennn, no a1oHy noaopy, pnn nepepan nx ono1oay. oa1opnk, 1o HL oenL
naropapnL sa nonyennyk naHn nnqopHaunk, no y nac nHee1cn opnn nynk1, ko1opLn HL xo1enn
L y1onn1L. eL npe1 o cnepykueH: a c1a1Le a1opon npo1okona 1929 ropa o npopnennn nak1a o
nenanapennn*** ykasLaae1cn, 1o kapan ns c1opon onsye1cn ne nanna1L es yaepoHnennn
ppyron c1oponL neperoaopoa, nHekunx uenLk saknkenne nonn1necknx cornauennn c
rocypapc1aaHn, nenocpepc1aenno rpannaunHn na cyue nnn na Hope c ppyron c1oponon, n ne
saknka1L 1aknx cornauennn es cornacnn a1on c1oponL. cekpe1noH npo1okone, npoponan
apaporny, k pannoHy nak1y ykasano, 1o peL npe1 o cocepnnx rocypapc1aax. aH ne
nonn1no, kak yansa1L c aLueykasannon c1a1Len coouenne ono1oaa o npepnoennn, cpenannoH
coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH Eonrapnn, saknkn1L nak1 asanHonoHoun. L yepenL a 1oH, 1o
nau poroaop c oae1cknH oksoH oc1ae1cn a cnne. L aepnH n xo1nH aepn1L 1oHy, 1o n
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1 a1o1 poroaop coxpannaunH caoe penc1ane. paapa, HL
nopynnn naueHy nocny a ockae opa1n1Lcn k ono1oay sa pas1ncnenneH no pannoHy aonpocy.
ak kak HL cn1aeH a1o1 aonpoc oenL aanLH, 1o n peunn nponnqopHnpo-
* H. pok. 579. ** H. pok. 549, 564. *** po1okon o1 17 pekapn 1929 r.
194
aa1L ac o a1oH. R Ln L aH oenL npnsna1enen, ecnn L L co caoen c1oponL 1ake
noc1aannn a nsaec1noc1L ockay o naunx nac1poennnx. R oeuan nepepa1L a ockay ace 1o, 1o
Hne ckasan Hnnnc1p. R saHe1nn sa1eH, 1o, no HoeHy Hnennk, coouenne ono1oaa o
npepnoennnx, cpenannLx onrapckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, ne naxopn1cn a npo1naopenn co
c1a1Len a1opon coae1cko-1ypeukoro nak1a. eH onee, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao Lno
noc1aaneno a nsaec1noc1L o a1oH npepnoennn. apaporny ckasan: S1o Lno cpenano no
nauen npocLe, naH xo1enocL L ycnLua1L o1ae1 ono1oaa. R noa1opnn, 1o nepepaH
sananenne Hnnnc1pa a ockay, n saHe1nn, 1o nocnepnee apeHn xopn1 ynopnLe cnyxn o
aepyunxcn nkoL neperoaopax Hepy ypunen n Eonrapnen. apaporny o1ae1nn: eperoaopL
- a1o cnnukoH Hnoro. R Hory ckasa1L, 1o, enan oecnen1L cnokonc1ane na Eankanax, HL
aLpannynn co caoen c1oponL neko1opLe coopaennn (suggestons). R ckasan, 1o xopn1 cnyxn o
npepc1onueH saknkennn Hepy ypunen n Eonrapnen kakoro-1o cornauennn, aosHono, pae
nak1a asanHonoHoun. apaporny cnoaa noa1opnn, 1o roaopn1L o saknkennn nak1a -a1o
cnnukoH Hnoro. n1Laan, 1o Eonrapnn, 1ak e kak n HL, sann1epecoaana a coxpanennn Hnpa,
HL aLpannynn neko1opLe coopaennn. 1o kacae1cn onacennn Eonrapnn co c1oponL ypunn, 1o
HL paaann en neopnokpa1nLe saaepennn a 1oH, 1o en neero onaca1Lcn nac. R o1ae1nn, 1o Hne
ace e ne nonn1no ns o1ae1a Hnnnc1pa, aepnL nn cnyxn o 1oH, 1o Hepy ypunen n Eonrapnen
nopro1aannaae1cn cornauenne. knonnauncL o1 npnHoro o1ae1a, apaporny cnpocnn Henn,
cn1ak nn n aosHonLH, 1oL Eonrapnn nouna na saknkenne nak1a asanHonoHoun c ypunen
R o1ae1nn, 1o Hne 1pypno roaopn1L sa npaan1enLc1ao Eonrapnn n npn1oH a pannoH cnyae Henn
nn1epecye1 ne nosnunn Eonrapnn, a nosnunn ypunn. apaporny, cornacnauncL co Hnon,
ckasan: Eonrapnn nHek1cn 1pn 1eennn: pykoaopnune pen1enn ee cansanL 1ecno c IepHannen
n nporepHanckoe 1eenne 1aH cnnLno. o 1aH nHee1cn 1ake n cnnLnoe 1eenne sa coxpanenne
Hnpa. enLue aLnanne1 cen, no 1ake nHee1cn n 1eenne, aLc1ynakuee sa ykpennenne cansen
c oae1cknH oksoH. L asnpyeHcn na enannn Eonrapnn coxpann1L Hnp na Eankanax. L ne
onsanL cornacno nak1y c1aan1L oae1cknn oks a nsaec1noc1L, nockonLky Eonrapnn nau cocep,
no HL ypeH unpoko nnqopHnpoaa1L oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao no a1nH aonpocaH. R nonpocnn
sa1eH apaporny ckasa1L caoe Hnenne o nLneunen cn1yaunn. nnnc1p ckasan: enL 1pypno
aLckasa1L cenac kakne-nno npepnonoennn, 1ak kak pasyH n nornka ne nrpak1 a pannLn
HoHen1 nnkakon ponn a onpepenennn pasan1nn coL1nn. enac kapLn penL Hono onpa1L
kakon-nno noaoc1n. kaec1ae neonpannoro n neo1ncnnHoro, no ero Hnennk, coL1nn
apaporny npnaen nanapenne 1annn na Ipeunk*, aLckasaa npn a1oH npepnonoenne, 1o k
aecne rpekaH ypac1cn cpocn1L n1anLnnuea a Hope. ocnyauncL 1ypeuko-neHeuknx o1nouennn,
apaporny ckasan: epy nauen c1panon n IepHannen neHLcnnHL pasnornacnn. cnn
IepHannn ne naHepena cnyc1n1Lcn na EankanL, 1o ne1 ocnoaannn pnn ocnonennn naunx c nen
o1nouennn. ockonLky HL nonynnn o1 Eepnnna saaepennn a 1oH, 1o y nnx ne1 arpeccnanLx
naHepennn a o1nouennn ypunn n Eankan, 1o Hono o1He1n1L ynyuenne o1nouennn Hepy
naunHn c1panaHn. R nnno cn1ak, 1o saaepennnH IepHannn Hono noaepn1L, a pannLn
HoHen1 onn, oeanpno, penc1an1enLno ne xo1n1 cnycka1Lcn na
* 28 ok1npn 1940 r.
195
EankanL. pnako HL oc1aeHcn oenL pn1enLnLHn, 1ak kak ne1 nnkaknx rapan1nn a 1oH, 1o,
korpa en ype1 neoxopnHo, IepHannn nanpe1 1Lcnn npnnn n npepnoroa pnn ocyuec1anennn
1oro, 1o en xoe1cn. o acnkoH cnyae HL konc1a1npyeH, 1o oae1cknn oks cnokoen n HL
1ake cnokonnL. apaporny cnpocnn Henn, Hory nn n nponnqopHnpoaa1L ero o pesynL1a1ax
epnnncknx neperoaopoa. R ckasan, 1o, nackonLko Hne nsaec1no, eka-nosoa nnqopHnpoaan
k1an no a1oHy aonpocy. R Hory nnuL noa1opn1L 1o e caHoe. apaporny ckasan, 1o o1ae1
ekanosoaa eHy nsaec1en.
o apeHn ecepL apaporny cnnLno nepannan n Ln ne ocoenno pasroaopna. ELno oenL
saHe1no, 1o on, c1aan caon nocnepnnn aonpoc, onpan nonyn1L na nero onee nopponLn
o1ae1, eH 1o1, ko1opLn Ln pan ekano-soaLH k1ak.
42
! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:14 .91B: .1<0=1<4.
589. E I .
E .I.
14 3 1940 .
(. 3 3
ocon sananne1, 1o no aonpocy, noc1aanennoHy nepep nnH 1. ono1oaLH 10 pekapn*, on
nonynn ns nkapL cnepykuee coouenne.
naane pekapn 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao cono nynLH cooun1L onrapckoHy npaan1enLc1ay,
1o aoennLe n apHnnnc1pa1nanLe HepL (o1nanenne ocapnoro nonoennn, sa1eHnenne ropopoa
n 1. n.) npepnpnnn1L 1ypeuknH npaan1enLc1aoH a cansn c 1eH, 1o aonna npnnnae1cn k
EankanaH. pnako a1n HepL ne aknkak1 nnkaknx arpeccnanLx naHepennn npo1na Eonrapnn.
Eypyn yepennLH, 1o onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nHee1 a o1nouennn caoero cocepa
nnkaknx coHnennn, 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao pa1L eHy nkLe saaepennn. ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao, ne snan no a1oHy aonpocy Hnennn onrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1eH ne Henee
yaepeno, 1o ykpennenne kakon L 1o nn Lno aennkon pepaaL na EankanckoH nonyoc1poae
Lno L neena1enLno n onacno pnn nesaancnHoc1n ankancknx rocypapc1a.
ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao konc1a1npye1, 1o xo1n reorpaqneckoe nonoenne oenx c1pan
onsLaae1 nx nHe1L pasnnnoe nanpaanenne aneunen nonn1nkn, nHee1cn opnn nynk1,
o1epnnnkunn ypunk c Eonrapnen, a1o - c1peHnenne ne L1L aoaneennLH a aonny n pena1L
ace aosHonoe, 1oL coxpann1L Hnp n cnokonc1ane a oenx c1panax. cnn onrapckoe
npaan1enLc1ao cornacno c 1ypeuknH npaan1enLc1aoH, 1o, ne cn1ancL c aneunenonn1necknHn
cnHna1nnHn kapon c1panL, 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao ocypn1L c onrapcknH
npaan1enLc1aoH saknkenne nokanLnoro cornauennn, nanpaanennoro k npepo1apauennk
aoaneennn a aonny.
* H. pok. 579.
196
Eonrapcknn Hnnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen onoa c ypoane1aopenneH npnnnn 1ypeukoe sananenne n
ckasan, 1o on npnpepnaae1cn 1akon e 1okn spennn. o, yn1Laan pesaLannyk
yac1an1enLnoc1L neHuea, on ne xo1en L npepnpnnnHa1L nnkakon akunn, ko1opan Horna L
yxypun1L nLneunee nonoenne. oa1oHy on peunn npnrnacn1L a oqnk onrapckoro
nocnannnka a nkape, 1oL ocypn1L aHec1e c nnH 1ypeukne npepnoennn n 1oL nan1n 1akyk
qopHyny, ko1opan ne Horna L aLsaa1L nepoaonLc1aa nn opnon ns aennknx pepaa.
nac1onuee apeHn 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao onpae1 o1ae1a onoaa. ak 1onLko ecepL c
onrapaHn ypy1 aosonoanenL, 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao epes k1an nnqopHnpye1 o nnx 1.
ono1oaa.
oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, npepycHa1pnaanocL nn a onrapo-1ypeuknx pasroaopax saknkenne
onpepenennoro cornauennn.
ocon o1aeae1, 1o ypunn ne penana nnkakoro konkpe1noro npepnoennn o 1oH nnn nnoH
cornauennn, a nnuL orpannnnacL noc1anoakon aonpoca. pnoapeHenno nocon noncnne1, 1o,
roaopn o aneunenonn1necknx cnHna1nnx Eonrapnn n ypunn, on nHen a anpy, 1o Eonrapnn
naxopn1cn na c1opone IepHannn.
oa. ono1oa saHeae1, 1o, kak on nonnn cHLcn a1nx neperoaopoa, a ocnoae nx, nkoL, nen1
c1peHnenne noHeua1L ykpennennk kakon-nno aennkon pepaaL na Eankanax. oa. ono1oa
opauae1 annHanne nocna na 1o, 1o a nac1onuee apeHn na Eankanax ye nponcxopn1
ykpennenne aennknx pepaa. 1annn n nrnnn aepy1 aonny, nHek1 Hopckne n aospyunLe asL n
opyneH ykpennnk1 caon nosnunn na Eankanax. IepHannn, kak npnsnan caH nocon, nHee1 na
caoen c1opone Eonrapnk, ne roaopn ye o yHLnnn, a ko1opon ykpennnncL n IepHannn, n 1annn.
oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, npo1na ykpennennn kakon e aennkon pepaaL na Eankanax
nanpaanen npoek1 1ypeuko-onrapckoro cornauennn.
ocon npnsnae1 npaannLnLH saHeanne 1. ono1oaa o 1oH, 1o aennkne pepaaL ye
ykpennnk1cn na Eankanax. pnako nnk1o ne npnrnauan 1annk na EankanL. 3anna nannk, ona
nopro1oanna nanapenne na Ipeunk. ypeuko-onrapckoe cornauenne ne Lno L nanpaaneno
npo1na 1on nnn nnon pepaaL n nnuL npepo1apauano L npeapauenne Eonrapnn nnn ypunn a
nnc1pyHen1 aennkon pepaaL, enakuen aoaneennn a1nx c1pan a aonny. L nonaraeH,
sananne1 nocon, 1o ecnn opnn ns nac ac1ynn1 a aonny, 1o n ppyron c1pane qa1anLnLH opasoH
npnpe1cn yac1aoaa1L a aonne.
oa. ono1oa o1Heae1, 1o nocon cocnancn na 1o, 1o 1annk nnk1o ne npnrnauan na Ea1kanL.
1akoH cnyae Hono npepnonon1L, 1o nrnnn, ko1opyk 1ypa npnrnacnnn n ko1opan 1ypa
nannacL co caonHn nnnkopaHn n caHone1aHn, a 1ake IepHannn n 1annn, ko1opLx npnrnacnnn a
yHLnnk, nHek1 na EankanckoH nonyoc1poae kakne-1o npaaa. nn nocon nonarae1, 1o npnxop
a1nx 1pex aennknx pepaa na EankanL nanne1cn nonon1enLnLH qak1oH
ocon o1aeae1, 1o IepHannn pae1 ypunn saaepennn a 1oH, 1o ona ne nHee1 naHepennn npnn1n
na EaanL. pnL1ne neHuea a yHLnnk - a1o qak1, noHouL anrnnan Ipeunn - a1o 1oe
neocnopnHLn qak1. 1oL nsea1L noponLx qak1oa a ypunn n Eonrapnn, 1ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao n sanpocnno Eonrapnk, nenLsn nn non1n na saknkenne nokanLnoro cornauennn.
ocon roaopn1, 1o y nero cospae1cn anea1nenne, 1o 1. ono1oa nnoxo ac1pe1nn 1ypeukoe
npepnoenne o nc1o ooponn1enLnoH cornauennn c Eonrapnen.
197
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on eue nnkakoro o1nouennn k pannoHy aonpocy noka ne aLpaan n
1o ero aonpocL nannk1cn npepaapn1enLnLHn.
3a1eH nocon npocn1 1. ono1oaa pacckasa1L eHy o 1oH, kakne aonpocL, nn1epecykune ypunk,
Lnn sa1pony1L ao apeHn ecep 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne. a a1o1 ce1 a ypunn nHek1cn
pasnnnLe caepennn. caoe apeHn 1. ekanosoa pan k1ak no a1oHy noaopy neko1opLe
pas1ncnennn. ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao enano L nHe1L no a1oHy aonpocy nnqopHaunk o1
caHoro 1. ono1oaa.
oa. ono1oa nanoHnnae1 k1ak, 1o on a caoe apeHn Ln nnqopHnpoaan no a1oHy aonpocy 1.
ekanosoaLH, ko1opLn yac1aoaan a epnnncknx ecepax. op coL1nn nop1aeppnn 1onoc1L
nnqopHaunn 1. ekanosoaa.
oespka 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn ne nHena uenLk poc1nenne noaoro cornauennn. e uenLk Ln
oHen HnennnHn no nn1epecykunH IepHannk n aonpocaH, no aonpocaH aLnonnennn
coae1cko-repHancknx cornauennn, saknkennLx a npounoH ropy, a 1ake no aonpocaH
panLnenuero pasan1nn coae1cko-repHancknx o1nouennn. nkakoro cornauennn a Eepnnne ne
naHeanocL n ne Lno saknkeno.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on, a caok oepepL, xo1en L ysna1L o copepannn ecep, ko1opLe
repHancknn nocon a nkape qon anen nHen c apap-orny n npesnpen1oH ypeukon ecnynnkn
nocne caoero aosapauennn ns Eepnnna. a a1o1 ce1 Ln pnp nencnLx coouennn. ac1noc1n,
coouanocL, 1o a a1nx ecepax Lnn sa1pony1L n 1ypeuko-onrapckne o1nouennn, 1eH onee,
1o nocne a1nx ecep onrapcknn nocnannnk a nkape npoa aLexan a oqnk.
k1an naropapn1 1. ono1oaa sa o1ae1 n roaopn1, 1o noespka npoaa a oqnk ne nHena nnero
ouero c pasroaopaHn anena c apaporny n cHe1oH. na Lna coaepuena no npocLe
onoaa, enaauero ocypn1L co caonH nocnannnkoH aosHonoc1L nokanLnoro cornauennn c
ypunen.
pasroaopax c apaporny n cHe1oH nocne aosapauennn ns Eepnnna anen, no cnoaaH k1an,
sanann cnepykuee: 1) a ecepax ono1oaa c In1nepoH repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nopepknyno,
1o pnn ananca Hnpoaon nonn1nkn repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1 neoxopnHLHn
nesaancnHoc1L n nenpnkocnoaennoc1L ypunn; 2) ao apeHn ecep 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnne
coae1ckoe n repHanckoe npaan1enLc1aa npnunn k cornauennk pacunpn1L npoc1panc1ao, na
ko1opoH uapn1 Hnp, n, no aosHonoc1n, cysn1L npoc1panc1ao, na ko1opoH npe1 aonna; oa
npaan1enLc1aa npnunn k cornauennk o 1oH, 1o neperoaopL no a1oHy aonpocy ponnL
npopona1Lcn; 3) cypn no nonn1neckon a1Hocqepe, a IepHannn nonarak1, 1o o1nouennn
Hepy n ypunen ne nannk1cn xopounHn. cnn ypy1 ynyuenL o1nouennn Hepy ypunen
n IepHannen, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cpenae1 neoxopnHoe pnn ynyuennn coae1cko-
1ypeuknx o1nouennn.
anen, no cnoaaH k1an, nonynn ka1eropnecknn o1ae1 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa o 1oH, 1o
o1nouennn Hepy n ypunen nannk1cn n ypy1 nann1Lcn nopHanLnLHn n ppyec1aennLHn
n 1o ne1 nypL a nocpepnnec1ae Hepy ypunen n .
oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1 k1an, Lno nn cHe1oH nenk cooueno ueny 1o, 1o k1an sanann
1. ono1oay 10 pekapn, a nHenno, 1o ypunn ne aLc1ynn1 n ne o1nan1 aonny, ocoenno na
Eankanax n a panone epnoro Hopn, es cornacnn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
ocon o1aeae1, 1o a npounon ecepe c 1. ono1oaLH on nkoL roaopnn
198
nnuL o 1oH, 1o ypunn ne npepnpnHe1 nnkakon akunn es 1oro, 1oL ne cooun1L o a1oH
coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay. op 1akon akunen noppasyHeaae1cn n o1nanenne aonnL.
oa. ono1oa saHeae1, 1o aonny ckpL1L neaosHono n 1o coouenne o 1akoH qak1e ne
nanne1cn eH-1o ocoennLH.
k1an poaanne1, 1o ceropnn on Hoe1 ckasa1L, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ne npepnpnHe1
nnkakon akunn es cornacnn co c1oponL . 1o e kacae1cn 1oro, nnqopHnpoaan nn o a1oH
anen, 1o nocny a1o nensaec1no. pnako on, snan nonn1neckyk nnnnk cHe1a, npepnonarae1,
1o nocnepnnn, aosHono, o a1oH aneny ckasan.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o o1nocn1enLno IepHannn n on Hoe1 ckasa1L cnepykuee.
IepHannn, kak nsaec1no, c1pana aokkuan, a - c1pana Hnpa n c1oponnnk 1oro, 1oL aonna
ne pacunpnnacL, a una k konuy. ce, 1o coo1ae1c1aye1 nn1epecaH Hnpa, coo1ae1c1aye1 n
nn1epecaH . S1o aL1ekae1 ns acen coae1ckon nonn1nkn n coo1ae1c1aye1 o1nouennnH Hepy
oae1cknH oksoH n ypunen.
o nopyennk caoero npaan1enLc1aa k1an cnpaunaae1 y 1. ono1oaa Hnenne coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o 1oH, nackonLko coo1ae1c1ayk1 c1. 2 coae1cko-1ypeukoro npo1okona o1 1929
ropa* cpenannLe oae1cknH oksoH Eonrapnn npepnoennn o rapan1nnx n o nak1e.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o npepc1aan1enL 1. oonea nnuL sanpocnn onrapckoe
npaan1enLc1ao: ecnn Eonrapnn nypae1cn a rapan1nnx n xoe1 nx nonyn1L o1 IepHannn n
1annn, 1o ne nyue nn nonyn1L a1n rapan1nn o1 . oa. ono1oa nnqopHnpoaan nocna o
aonpoce 1. ooneaa n o o1ae1e onrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa. ne aepe1 c Eonrapnen
nnkaknx neperoaopoa n ne nepepaaan en kakoro-nno npoek1a cornauennn. aknH opasoH,
roaopn1 1. ono1oa, ace a1o ne nHee1 o1nouennn k c1. 2 ynoHnny1oro npo1okona.
oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1 k1an, nackonLko coo1ae1c1ayk1 c1. 2 npo1okona o1 1929 ropa
neperoaopL, ko1opLe aepy1cn Hepy Eonrapnen n ypunen.
k1an o1aeae1, 1o on naxopn1 o1ae1 1. ono1oaa anonne ypoane1aopn1enLnLH, npnnnHae1 ero
k caepennk, yaepen a 1oH, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao paspenn1 ero Hnenne, n cn1ae1 aonpoc
ncepnannLH. 1o e kacae1cn aonpoca 1. ono1oaa, 1o peno a cnepykueH. ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao sonpnpoaano onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao no onpepenennoHy aonpocy, no o1ae1a
ono eue ne nHee1. ak 1onLko o1ae1 ype1 nonyen, 1o nocon nnqopHnpye1 o a1oH coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao. ce a1n penc1ann coo1ae1c1ayk1 c1. 2 coae1cko-1ypeukoro cornauennn.
3akannaan ecepy, 1. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o npnnnHae1 sananenne nocna k caepennk.
3anncan !G ! %- 6. .9 .$ .19 .C0=C<.
J H. po1okon o1 17 pekapn 1929 r. (okyHen1L... - . XII. - ok. 377.)
199
,90# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 0.< #/# -127<
14 3 1940 .
(2. 3
cansn c sananenneH aH r-na annnnn o aepennn 1oproaLx neperoaopoa o1 18 nonpn c.r.*
cooun1e eHy, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao npnnn1L a ockae n1anLnnckyk peneraunk
no 1oproaLH neperoaopaH.
2 ! %- 6.0C9 .1 .::0 .99B9 . 1;9.
,91# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 1-
21<7/80/7 -18<./ /#.# =<101/. / 8882
1<3 1940 . ( 3
o caepennnH, ncxopnunH o1 cekpe1apna1a paopuoaon kanuennpnn nna-noana, aaen npocnn
o1npaan1L a ockay co cneunanLnLH nopyenneH nonkoannka Eonna nHna (on Ln oqnuepoH
nepaon cepckon pnansnn n c 1917 no 1922 rop Ln a ). o caepennnH aana yko1na
(Launn nocnannnk a nannn), na npepnoenne enrpnn o nak1e n npnespe akn krocnaaL
conpanncL o1ae1n1L o1pnua1enLno. eepen, ysnaa o a1oH, noce1nn nnuap-apkoana n
ecepoaan c nnH paa aca. ocne a1oro ansn1a nnuap-apkoan Ln y knnsn, n epes 3 aca
aenrepuaH Ln nocnan nonon1enLnLn o1ae1. pepn onnosnunn pacnpoc1pannk1cn caepennn o
1oH, 1o a aenrepcko-krocnaackoH nak1e nHek1cn cekpe1nLe nynk1L, nkoL onpepennkune
o1nouenne Krocnaann k c1panaH ocn.
acqopHnpoaan 38 nexo1nLn nonk, naxopnaunncn a opropnue, sa peskne an1nrepHanckne n
an1nn1anLnnckne nac1poennn cpepn conpa1 n oqnuepoa, o1kpL1o pacneaaaunx na Hapue n a
kasapHax naun aoennLe necnn o 1annne.
!432 ! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:1< .91;: .199.
,92# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7
Fj# /1-2.1/. / 8882
1< 3 1940 .
( 3
eropnn onn1L apaporny npnrnacnn Henn k cee. onpocna nepepa1L ero naropapnoc1L 1.
ono1oay sa 1y nnqopHaunk, ko1opan Lna nonyena k1aeH o1
* H. pok. 525.
2
1. ono1oaa, apaporay sanann, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao oenL poaonLno 1eH, 1o ns
o1ae1a ono1oaa Hono nonn1L, 1o c1a1Ln 2 npo1okona 1929 ropa oc1anacL a cnne. anee
apaporay ckasan: R xo1en nnuL y1onn1L paa aonpoca: 1 ) aa o1ae1 na nau aonpoc o 1oH,
nackonLko coaHec1nHL cpenannLe oae1cknH oksoH Eonrapnn npepnoennn* co c1a1Len 2,
ono1oa noc1aann k1ak aonpoc o 1oH, noeHy 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nnqopHnpoaano
oae1cknn oks o caonx neperoaopax, ko1opLe aepy1cn cenac c Eonrapnen. k1an coounn
ono1oay 1e pannLe no a1oHy aonpocy, ko1opLe HL eHy nanpaannn. pnako, 1oL ne Lno
nepopasyHennn, n xo1en L y1onn1L a o1ae1e cnepykuee: a cekpe1noH npo1okone k nak1y
nHee1cn ykasanne o 1oH, a kakoH cnyae ypunn n ponnL nnqopHnpoaa1L ppyr ppyra o
caonx neperoaopax c 1pe1LnHn c1panaHn**. a1oH npo1okone 1ono nepencnenL ace c1panL,
ko1opLe cnepye1 paccHa1pnaa1L kak cocepnne rocypapc1aa no o1nouennk k 1on nnn ppyron
c1pane. a1oH npo1okone ykasano, 1o Eonrapnn nanne1cn cocepnnH rocypapc1aoH no
o1nouennk k ypunn n 1o noa1oHy oae1cknn oks nHee1 onsa1enLc1ao cooua1L 1ypeukoHy
npaan1enLc1ay o acex neperoaopax, ko1opLe on naHepen naa1L c Eonrapnen. ypunn e, co
caoen c1oponL, ne onsana c1aan1L a nsaec1noc1L o caonx neperoaopax c Eonrapnen, 1ak
kak Eonrapnn ne nanne1cn cocepnnH rocypapc1aoH c auen c1panon. R saHe1nn, 1o Eonrapnn,
kak n , pacnonoena na epnoH Hope. apaporay onn1L cocnancn na cekpe1nLn npo1okon,
ykasaa, 1o a a1oH npo1okone Eonrapnn ne snan1cn kak cocep . anee on coounn, 1o
k1an, coouan ono1oay nocnannLe eHypannLe o naunx neperoaopax c onrapcknH
npaan1enLc1aoH, oeanpno, ne snan o cekpe1noH npo1okone. R, koneno, ne xoy a1nH ckasa1L,
1o HL o1kasLaaeHcn nnqopHnpoaa1L oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao o 1ex nnn nnLx naunx
neperoaopax c Eonrapnen. o n npouy npnnn1L ao annHanne, 1o HL xo1nH aLnonnn1L a1o ne a
nopnpke qopHanLnLx pnn nac onsa1enLc1a, a kak nponanenne ppyec1aennLx yac1a, kak
canpe1enLc1ao popococepcknx o1nouennn. R xo1en aH nepepa1L o a1oH pnn 1oro, 1oL
yc1anoan1L asanHnoe nonnHanne pannoro aonpoca. R ckasan, 1o noc1aanennLn Hnnnc1poH
aonpoc n poaepy po caepennn ockaL. pnoapeHenno, ne apaaancL a cyuec1ao a1oro aonpoca, n
sanann, 1o xoy cpena1L neonLuoe y1onenne. R ykasan, 1o, no nHekuencn y Henn
nnqopHaunn, aonpoc, ko1opLn noc1aanen 1. ono1oaLH k1ak, Ln neckonLko nnoro nopnpka.
oa. ono1oa cnpocnn k1an, nackonLko coo1ae1c1ayk1 c1a1Le 2 neperoaopL, ko1opLe aepy1cn
Hepy Eonrapnen n ypunen. ak anpn1 rocnopnn Hnnnc1p, a aonpoce 1. ono1oaa ne1 cnoa
noeHy 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nnqopHnpoaano n 1. p. apaporay, cHy1nauncL, saHe1nn:
1akoH cnyae k1an nac neaepno nnqopHnpoaan no a1oHy aonpocy, no n noa1opnk aH eue
pas, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao c onLunH ypoane1aopenneH aLcnyuano o1ae1 ono1oaa no
aonpocy ecepL ooneaa c onrapcknH uapeH n c ypoaonLc1aneH konc1a1npye1, 1o oae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao 1ake cn1ae1 cyuec1aykunn Hepy naunHn c1panaHn nak1 coxpannaunH caok
cnny. R xo1en L, npoponan apaporay, y1onn1L eue opnn aonpoc: o1ae1, ko1opLn nonyen
k1aeH o1 ono1oaa no aonpocy o 1oH, c1onn nn ao apeHn epnnncknx neperoaopoa aonpoc o
ypunn nnn ne1, nac ne ypoane1aopne1. 1ae1, ko1opLn Ln pan k1ak, ne aLxopn1 ns paHok
onynnkoaannoro koHHknnke***. oa1oHy n opauakcL k aH c npocLon cooun1L Hne
* H. pok. 549, 564. ** H. pok. 601. *** H. pok. 493.
201
o a1oH, ecnn y ac nHee1cn coo1ae1c1aykuan nnqopHaunn. R npouy ac cooun1L a ockay o
Hoen npocLe n, ecnn ockaa o1ae1n1, nnqopHnpoaa1L Henn. R o1ae1nn, 1o, nackonLko Hne
nsaec1no, k1an sapaaan 1. ono1oay n 1. ekano-soay aonpoc o1nocn1enLno epnnncknx
neperoaopoa n on ne aLpasnn neypoane1aopennn 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa o1ae1aHn 1. ono1oaa
n 1. ekanosoaa no a1oHy noaopy. R poaann, 1o coouy a ockay o nac1poennnx 1ypeukoro
npaan1enLc1aa, nepepannLx Hne Hnnnc1poH.
a nocnepnnn aonpoc apaporny n cpenan eHy naHek o nauen nosnunn no o1nouennk k ypunn
a pyxe nn1oro nynk1a 1enerpaHHL ono1oaa o epnnncknx neperoaopax, 1ak kak n nonaran, 1o
nocne ecep ono1oaa n ekanosoaa c k1a-eH, a ko1opLx pannLn aonpoc ne nopnnHancn, Hne
nopnnHa1L a1o1 aonpoc cenac ne cnepye1. pouy pa1L ykasannn o1nocn1enLno noc1aanennLx
aonpocoa apaporny. ake npouy cooun1L, a eH cyunoc1L cekpe1noro npo1okona, na
ko1opLn ccLnae1cn Hnnnc1p a caonx nocnepnnx ecepax co Hnok.
42
! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:14 .91B: .1;9=1;C.
,9# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 8@. . 9.81-1
.2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/
1< 3 1940 .
( 3
16 pekapn coc1onnacL 12-n ac1pea c annecoH, pnnauancn paa aca.
1. onpoc o oopypoaannn. annec cpenan Hne cnepykuee sananenne: aHepnkanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao paccHo1peno cpenannoe coae1cknH nocnoH 28 nonpn sananenne n, enan
pokasa1L coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay caok popyk aonk n c1peHnenne k cospannk
ppyec1aennon a1HocqepL a o1nouennnx Hepy n , nopaeprno noaoHy nepecHo1py
cnncok naxopnunxcn a nop1ax c1ankoa n Haunn, sakynnennLx coae1cknHn oprannsaunnHn n
paapL sanpeuennLx k aLaosy ns , kak cpono neoxopnHLx pnn nyp ooponL .
nepecHo1pe cnncka yac1aoaann npepc1aan1enn npoHLunennoc1n n pykoaopn1enn aoennLx
aepoHc1a. ecHo1pn na 1o 1o nop1aeppnnacL oc1pan no1penoc1L aHepnkanckon aoennon
npoHLunennoc1n, a ac1noc1n aanaunonnon, Hopckon n ap1nnnepnnckon, a a1oH oopypoaannn
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao no ykasannLH aLue Ho1naaH peunno ns ncna npnnn1oro
coae1cknHn npneHunkaHn n a onLunnc1ae caoeH naxopnuerocn a nop1y oopypoaannn (94
c1anka n21 npecc n Haunn na cyHHy 2 Hnn. 86 1Lcn 413 ponnapoa) ocaoopn1L eue 33 c1anka n
1 npecc (na cyHHy 695 1Lcn 390 ponnapoa) a pononnenne k ye ocaoopennLH 24 ok1npn
c1ankaH n 19 npeccaH n HaunnaH (na cyHHy 488 1Lcn 127 ponnapoa). pnoapeHenno
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nocne acec1oponnero ocypennn cono neaosHonLH ocaoopn1L
oc1anLnLe naxopnunecn a nop1y 7 c1ankoa n opnn npecc na cyHHy 85 3 1Lcnn 668 ponnapoa,
ko1opLe pekansnpoaanL, n aanape1ann na cyHHy 5 1Lcn 727 ponnapoa, ko1opLe
sapepnaak1cn, a 1ake paa c1anka na cyHHy 42 1Lcnn 10 ponnapoa, ko1opLe c cornacnn
1ankonHnop1a nepenpopak1cn ppyron qnpHe. pyrnHn cnoaaHn, ns 94 npnnn1Lx c1ankoa
ocaoopenL 85, ns 21 npnnn1oro npecca n Haunn - 10. anee, ns
22
cnnckoa sakasoa, naxopnunxcn a nponsaopc1ae, aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cono aosHonLH
nnuensnpoaa1L na akcnop1 coae1cknx sakasoa na cyHHy 495 1Lcn aH.ponnapoa (10 c1ankoa, 2
npecca, 1 koaonan Haunna). Hepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao paccn1Laae1, 1o coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao poc1a1ono nnqopHnpoaano o nanpnennoH nonoennn aHepnkanckon
nporpaHHL aoopyennn, 1oL no poc1onnc1ay ouenn1L a1n cyuec1aennLe yc1ynkn
aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa n ero Ho1naL.
R o1ae1nn annecy cnepykuee:
a) npnnnHak k caepennk n nepepaH coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay nnqopHaunk anneca, opnako
npn a1on nepepae n ponen ypy pas1ncnn1L caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o a uennoc1noH
aLpaennn aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ocaoopae1 nnuL okono 60 % npnnn1oro n a ocnoanoH
o1rpyennoro a nop1L oopypoaannn, 1orpa kak opnnH ns ycnoann npepnoennoro Hnon o1
nHenn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa 7 ok1npn koHnpoHncca Lno ocaoopenne acero
oopypoaannn a1on ka1eropnn;
) nnqopHaunn anneca o 1oH, yp1o 1ankonHnop1 cornacnncn na nepenpopay payx c1ankoa,
anyuae1 Hne coHnenne n nopnen1 npoaepke;
a) konc1a1npyk, 1o no cnnckaH sakasoa, naxopnunxcn a nponsaopc1ae n a nnuensnpoaannn
ko1opLx Lno o1kasano, paspeuena k nponsaopc1ay n aLaosy nnuL npnHepno aocLHan ac1L n
1o nepecHo1p a1oro cnncka nponcxopn1 ne no npnnunny ye1a asanHnLx nyp, a o1penLnLx
cnyanx npopnennn poroaopoa, kak Lno npepnoeno naHn 7 ok1npn*, a a nopnpke
opnoc1oponnnx penc1ann opranoa aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa;
r) aanpy 1oro, 1o cpenannoe Hne coouenne eue snan1enLno pacxopn1cn c npepnoennnHn
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, n ponoy nonoenne aeuen coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay n sanpouy
nnc1pykunn.
annec aospasnn Hne cnepykuee:
a) no aonpocy o npnnn1oH oopypoaannn cpenannoe nH coouenne nanne1cn nocnepnnH cnoaoH
aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ko1opoe nouno na npepenLnLe ep1aL no nonn1necknH
Ho1naaH n noc1ynnnocL caonHn npaaaHn pekansnunn, aL1ekakunHn ns sakonopa1enLnLx ak1oa n
ns o1nanennoro npesnpen1oH ac1nnoro pesaLannoro nonoennn. ae necneunannc1L
anpn1 ooponnLn xapak1ep ocaoopennLx c1ankoa n Haunn, aknkakunx 1nenLe c1ankn,
cnapnpnLe npeccL, aanaHo1opL n 1. p., n, esycnoano, neoxopnHLx aHepnkanckon aoennon
npoHLunennoc1n. n no-npeneHy aepn1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ouenn1 yc1ynnaoc1L
aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa;
) no cnnckaH c1ankoa n Haunn, naxopnunxcn a nponsaopc1ae n sanpeuennLx k aLaosy, aLpaa
nnuensnn na 495 1Lcn ne nanne1cn nocnepnnH cnoaoH n cnnckn nopaeprak1cn panLnenueHy
nepecHo1py, no Hepe aLncnennn nonoennn c aoennLHn sakasaHn na coo1ae1c1aykunx saaopax,
Hnorne ns ko1opLx o1c1ak1 a aLnonnennn aospocuen aoennon nporpaHHL aHepnkanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa.
R sanann annecy, 1o a onpannn nnc1pykunn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa npouy ero:
a) pa1L ykasanne nonkoannky akcyanny o yckopennn paccHo1pennn nHenno a1oro cnncka;
) pa1L ykasanne anue-npepcepa1enk koHn1e1a ooponL Epn11any o sakpennennn sa sakasaHn,
na ko1opLe HL nonynnn nnuensnn, 1aeppLx poroaopnLx
* H. pok. 422.
23
cpokoa noc1aakn, o1 ero Epn11an a neperoaopax c enLpnkoaLH yknonnncn; a) pa1L ykasanne
npesnpen1ckoHy koHn1e1y cansn yckopn1L npoxopenne sanaok H1opra no noaLH sakasaH na
c1ankn n HaunnL, a ac1noc1n na nepayk nap1nk a1nx sanaok cyHHon 1 Hnn. K1Lcnponnapoa.
annec oeuan ocypn1L saa1pa e a1n aonpocL co aceHn 1peHn nnc1anunnHn n pa1L o1ae1 na
pnnx.
2. onpoc o HopanLnoH aHapro
43
.
R sanann annecy, 1o a npo1naoaec cpenannLH nH npecce sananennnH o konc1pyk1nanoH n
ppyec1aennoH xapak1epe naunx neperoaopoa npnxopn1cn konc1a1npoaa1L, 1o nocne no1n
nn1n Hecnuea neperoaopoa 1ak nasLaaeHoe HopanLnoe aHapro, 1o ec1L nonn1neckn
neppyec1aennLn ak1, a 1oproao-nonn-1neckn -pnckpnHnnaunonnLn penH, oc1ae1cn a cnne.
oa1oHy nnkak ne Hory cornacn1Lcn c ero on1nHnc1neckon ouenkon naunx neperoaopoa. annec
sanann, 1o, no ero Hnennk, HL anno1nyk nopounn k o1Hene aHapro, pnn a1oro nyno nnuL
ookpnoe cornacne cn1a1L aonpoc o oopypoaannn yperynnpoaannLH. n npepnarae1
coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay cnepykuyk npouepypy:
a) coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnnHae1 k caepennk ocaoopenne npnnn1oro oopypoaannn, sa
ncknkenneH aocLHn c1ankoa n Haunn, kak nopneaunx pekansnunn, n ynonnoHonaae1 caonx
nonn1necknx nnn 1oproaLx npepc1aan1enen poroaopn1Lcn c aHepnkancknHn opranaHn o
koHnencaunn sa a1n 8 c1ankoa n Haunn a cae1e cyuec1aykunx aHepnkancknx sakonoa o
koHnencaunn n anecennLx coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH npepnoennn o 1akoaon;
) a caok oepepL aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao a qopHe oHena no1aHn pae1 onsa1enLc1ao
paccHa1pnaa1L ace coae1ckne sakasL na 1oaapL, nopnapakune nop penc1ane sakonoa o
nnuensnnx, a caHoH ppyec1aennoH pyxe okasa1L copenc1ane a npepenax nyp naunonanLnon
ooponL ;
a) nony1no nponcxopn1 oHen no1aHn o qpax1e n o sono1e;
r) opnoapeHenno aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao o1nanne1 o o1Hene HopanLnoro aHapro, 1o, a
ac1noc1n, aa1oHa1neckn osnaae1 n pasHeuenne sakasoa na kpeknnrn, npo1na ero c 1okn
spennn ooponL aospaennn ne1, a 1ake aanaunonnLx sakasoa, nackonLko a1o nosaonnk1
nypL ooponL . o1ae1 na Hon aonpoc annec pas1ncnnn, 1o a pannLx ycnoannx
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 pa1L naH nn rapan1nn neannynnpoaannn aLpaaaeHLx
nnuensnn, nn aa1oHa1neckoro aosonoanennn poroaopoa na sanpeuaeHoe k aLuosy
oopypoaanne, no cyuec1aykune sakonL n nanpnennoe nonoenne a c1ankoc1pon1enLnon n
Haunnoc1pon1enLnon npoHLunennoc1n a1o ncknkak1. R sanann, 1o ponoy coae1ckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay a1n npepnoennn.
3. onpoc o pyHLnckoH nepeaope.
snonn annecy cyuec1ao pena n poroaopnncn c nnH, 1o no1on rocpenap1aHen1y nop1aepy,
1o peL npe1 o pace1ax c pyHLncknH npaan1enLc1aoH no sapnna1e enesnopoponLH
cnyaunH a pasHepe 501 1Lcnn ponnapoa, nocne ero rocpenap1aHen1 pac1 kasnaenc1ay caoe
saknkenne (pyHak, 1o ono ype1 nonon1enLnLH).
4. penHe noconLc1aa n rpapan a .
o1ae1 na aonpoc anneca, cono nn coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao aosHonLH yec1L noenannn
aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa o nnepannsaunn aLespa a ockay n ns aHepnkanuea ns
sanapnLx onac1en n E, a 1ake ppyrne noenannn aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa o
noconLc1ae, nsnonn annecy nHeaunecn y Henn no 1enerpaHHe osoackoro qak1L, ko1opLe
aecLHa npnropnnncL. ecHo1pn na npncy1c1ane npn ecepe 11ep1ona n Ien-pepcona, ko1opLe
aepy1 a1n pena, onn nnero ne Hornn npo1naonoc1aan1L a1nH
24
qak1aH, kpoHe saHeannn, 1o aHepnkanckoe noconLc1ao nnkak ne Horno cn1a1L okoackoro
rpapannnoH , ecnn on 1akoaLH ne Ln panee, no sa rpannuen a aHepnkanckoe
rpapanc1ao ac1yna1L nenLsn.
annec 1ake ne ac1ynnn a noneHnky, orpannnauncL sananenneH, 1o on aocnpnnnHae1 Hok
nnqopHaunk kak pokasa1enLc1ao 1oro, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ypenne1 poc1a1onoe
annHanne noenannnH aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa n 1o a npepenax coae1cknx sakonoa
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonpe1 naac1pey nn1epecaH rpapan n npepc1aan1enen . o1ae1
na Hoe noenanne, 1oL a panLnenueH conkpanacL ponnan nponopunn Hepy HenonLHn
anoaHn aHepnkanckoro noconLc1aa n naunHn cepLesnLHn npe1ensnnHn k aHepnkanckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay, annec sanann, 1o a1n nanennn penc1an1enLno neconsHepnHL, no 1o, pecka1L,
napo nnkanpnpoaa1L ace nc1onnkn 1pennn, kak kpynnLe, 1ak n Henkne.
5. noespkax a aHepnkancknx cneunannc1oa annec sanann, 1o aanpy nponanennoro
coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH annHa1enLnoro o1nouennn k noenannnH aHepnkanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o penHe aHepnkanuea a on npocn1 nepepa1L coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay,
1o npenee aospaenne npo1na noespok aHepnkancknx cneunannc1oa a o1nano n
coo1ae1c1aykune sanakn qnpH n H1opra ypy1 ppyec1aenno paccHo1penL. (S1o nanne1cn
o1ae1oH c onospanneH na e1Lpe c nonoannon Hecnua na nopnn1Ln Hnon npn a1opon ac1pee
aonpoc o sanpe1e aLespa a pnn Hon1aa kpeknnroa pao1nnkoa qnpHL KnnaepcanL kHyc;
ne snak, ne o1nan nn aonpoc o nnx.)
6. onpoc o penHe koHnccnn na saaope an1a.
annec y1aeppan, 1o nanHae1 na Hopckoe Hnnnc1epc1ao, no nnero konkpe1noro ne coounn.
(onoenne koHnccnn cyuec1aenno ynyunnocL no cpaanennk c nHeaunHcn paa Hecnua nasap,
no aHec1o noc1onnnoro osnakoHnennn c 1exnonornecknH npoueccoH no-npeneHy npak1nkyk1cn
cnopapneckne akckypcnn.)
7. pernc1paunn nnoc1panuea a .
R coounn annecy o nponcuepueH na pnnx cnyae napyuennn nncLHennoro oeuannn
rocpenap1aHen1a, 1o naun xosnnc1aennnkn ypy1 ns1n1L ns-nop penc1ann sakona o
pernc1paunn n pak1nnockonnn nnoc1panuea: k naxopnaueHycn na nsneennn a nLk-nopkckon
onLnnue pao1nnky H1opra onkoay paapL npn npo1ec1e apaa nannnncL npepc1aan1enn
Hec1nLx anac1en, 1peoaaaune pernc1paunn, o1 ko1opon onkoa o1kasancn. a1on cansn n
nanoHnnn annecy o npepnoennn nonnpepc1aa, 1oL naunH pao1nnkaH Lnn aLpanL
nnpnanpyanLnLe ypoc1oaepennn rocpenap1aHen1a o ocaoopennn nx kak o1 a1on, 1ak n o1
aonnckon pernc1paunn ao nseanne nnunpen1oa. annec aLpasnn coanenne no noaopy
nnunpen1a n coounn, 1o penap1aHen1 kc1nunn aLpannyn aospaenne npo1na aLpan
nasaannLx ypoc1oaepennn, no 1o a cansn c a1nH nnunpen1oH on noc1aan1 aonpoc na nepecHo1p.
8. aneunen nonn1nke coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. annec sanann, 1o npesnpen1 npoponae1
nponann1L naenunn nn1epec k aonpocaH nnneaoc1onon, ankanckon n panLneaoc1onon
nonn1nkn , n cnpocnn, Hory nn n poaan1L 1o-nno k caonH o1ae1aH no a1oHy aonpocy,
pannLH npn nocnepnen ac1pee. R cpenan o1 caoero nHenn, no aLpasna yaepennoc1L, 1o a1o
nanne1cn n HnenneH coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nonyennLH auen 1enerpaHHon o1 04.12.1940
r.*, sananenne, ko1opoe Ienpepcon, aL-
* H. pok. 570.
205
nonnnkunn a neperoaopax cekpe1apckyk ponL, sanncan. annec sanann, 1o poaepe1 po caepennn
ysaenL1a a1o sananenne, nop1aeppakuee npen1nnoc1L aHepnkanckon n coae1ckon nonn1nkn
no o1nouennk k n1ak, noHouL ko1opoHy aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao, necHo1pn na coL1nn a
apone, naHepeno ycnnnaa1L n panLue. a oc1anLnLe ac1n sananennn annec ne pearnpoaan.
9. saknkenne annec, cpenaa oroaopky, 1o opauae1cn ko Hne c npocLon neoqnunanLnoro
xapak1epa, coounn, 1o pnp annn1enLnLx eapencknx oprannsaunn opa1nnncL k neHy n anny no
aonpocy o onerennn yac1n nekoero npoqeccopa oncen oppa, Lauero rnaanoro paaanna
apuaaL, 72 ne1, nkoL naxopnuerocn cenac a 1kpeHnoH saknkennn ao Laoae. annec
sanann, 1o opp, aosHono, nanne1cn coae1cknH rpapannnoH, n noa1oHy npocLa
rocpenap1aHen1a nocn1 ac1nLn xapak1ep, opnako on npocn1 yec1L, 1o ocaoopenne nnn
aLcLnka oppa a nponsaenn L nannyuee anea1nenne ao annn1enLnLx kpyrax. R
o1ae1nn eHy, 1o coouy a ockay o ero ac1non npocLe, opnako, ecnn aepnL caepennn, 1o
opp naxopn1cn a 1kpLHe, snan1, a1oHy npepuec1aoaann kakne-1o npec1ynnLe penc1ann,
nakasyeHLe no coae1cknH sakonaH.
a pnnx npepc1on1 peuenne epxoanoro cypa no peny Iopnna. saancnHoc1n o1 a1oro peuennn
anecy na paccHo1penne aonpoc o ncnonnennn pannon npocLL nnn kaknx-nnypL ananornnLx
pen pnn noc1anoakn, nepep annecoH aonpoca o saHene Iopnny o1cnpkn aLcLnkon.
onpannn aunx ykasannn n ne nopnnHan aonpoca o npnan1nncknx napoxopax. cansn c
1enpenunen aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa Honnnsoaa1L pnn anrnnan HakcnHyH 1oproaoro
1onnaa, kak c1aporo aHepnkanckoro, 1ak n sac1pnauero a nop1ax 1onnaa sann1Lx
neHuaHn c1pan (na. nnanuee apeHn naHeena nepepaa anrnnanaH okono 140 napoxopoa, a
1oH ncne caLue 80 pa1cknx), onacakcL, kak L aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne ac1ano, no
npnHepy anrnnan, na ny1L npnnypn1enLnon pekansnunn npnan1nncknx napoxopoa. eH
apeHeneH esnakasanno nponcxopn1 nepenHenoaanne n nepeHena qnaroa ac1oncknx napoxopoa,
ko1opLe, naaepno, ypy1 yaepenL a nop1L Knon Hepnkn.
.D5 ! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:90 .9900 .9<B=9;B.
,94# &787. /27971-1 =1/7271-1 / 7<.; 8882 / 121<7/80/7 -27J .##
<.D.27/. 8 /17:9 980219 -27J =.=.91819
%>? 1. ono1oay, Iencekpe1apna1
1; 3 1940 . (3
eropnn y1poH nosaonnnn ns aoennoro Hnnnc1epc1aa n ap1k1an1 aoennoro Hnnnc1pa nepepan,
1o Hnnnc1p npocn1 ero npnnn1L. R nasnann ac1pey a 11 acoa y1pa.
206
Ienepan anapnHoc npnHo npnc1ynnn k nsnoennk uenn ansn1a. n ckasan, 1o eHy nsaec1no
copepanne ecepL co Hnon e1akcaca 7 nonpn c. r.*, opnako necHo1pn na 1o, 1o oae1cknn
oks ne pan nonon1enLnoro o1ae1a na npocLy rpeeckoro npaan1enLc1aa o noHoun Ipeunn
aoopyenneH n aoennLHn Ha1epnanaHn, on peunn cnoaa npocn1L o noHoun.
nnnc1p nopepknyn, 1o, npnnnHan peuenne noce1n1L coae1ckoe nonnpepc1ao, on ncxopnn ns
1ex popoena1enLnLx o1nouennn, ko1opLe nn1ae1 k Ipeunn. anee Hnnnc1p cnpocnn:
ro1oa nn n aLcnyua1L, k eHy nHenno caopn1cn npocLa rpeeckoro npaan1enLc1aa cenac. R
o1ae1nn cornacneH. anapnHoc ckasan, 1o rpeeckne aoncka a nac1onuee apeHn ncnL1Laak1
onLuyk nypy a ap1nnnepnn, ocoenno a ropnon, n a cnapnpax k nen, 1o Ipeunn ype1
naropapna coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, ecnn nocnepnee paspeun1 npopa1L en neoxopnHoe
konnec1ao nyuek n cnapnpoa. anee, npoponan Hnnnc1p, npaan1enLc1ao npocn1 oprannsoaa1L
nponsaopc1ao cnapnpoa na coae1cknx saaopax k ap1nnnepnn, npnnn1on na aoopyenne a
rpeeckon apHnn. cnn 1akoro popa noHouL Ipeunn neaosHona, anapnHoc npocnn npopa1L
Ipeunn neoxopnHoe konnec1ao Ha1epnanoa, a ac1noc1n c1ann, neoxopnHon pnn
nponsaopc1aa nyuek n cnapnpoa. nocnepnnn npocLa - a1o okasa1L 1exnneckyk noHouL
rpeecknH saaopaH, nponsaopnunH aoopyenne. snona ace a1o, Hnnnc1p cnpocnn: kakoao Hoe
Hnenne, Hoe1 nn rpeeckoe npaan1enLc1ao paccn1Laa1L na noHouL oae1ckoro oksa a aonne
c 1annen.
R o1ae1nn, 1o npaan1enLc1ao npnpepnaanocL n npnpepnaae1cn nonn1nkn nen1pann1e1a
a nponcxopnuen aonne n 1o okasanne noHoun Ipeunn aoopyenneH n aoennLHn Ha1epnanaHn a
aonne c 1annen osnaano L napyuenne a1oro nen1pann1e1a. Hec1e c 1eH, nHen a anpy, 1o
Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n Ipeunen cyuec1ayk1 1oproaLe o1nouennn, npaan1enLc1ao
naxopn1 aosHonLH npopaaa1L Ipeunn npopoaonLc1ane n neko1opLe ppyrne 1oaapL, n n
nonarak, 1o a1n o1nouennn n anpepL ypy1 noppepnaa1Lcn.
nnnc1p o1ae1nn, 1o on nonnHae1, nackonLko aanoe snaenne nHee1 npopoaonLc1ane pnn
c1panL, naxopnuencn a aonne, opnako a nac1onuee apeHn ero nn1epecyk1 1onLko 1e aonpocL,
ko1opLe on noc1aann, n 1o on ype1 naropapen, ecnn n coouy o ero ansn1e a ockay n
nepepaH xapak1ep nsnoennon nH npocLL.
R o1ae1nn, 1o noa1opnyk npocLy rpeeckoro npaan1enLc1aa nepepaH a ockay n o xapak1epe
o1ae1a noc1aank ero a nsaec1noc1L.
opepknaan konqnpenunanLnoc1L a1on ecepL, anapnHoc npocnn o1ae1 ockaL nepepa1L eHy
nnno.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
#>2 # %- 6.0;4 .99 .1:9 .C .1B=1<.
J H. pok. 488.
27
595. &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 jkl /:@81-1 8 =18<.19 ><81? 278=&< / 8882 ..
=.-.8/
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. opounnoay, 1. ono1oay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. osoackoHy,
Iencekpe1apna1, 1. ypon1eay
1; 3 1940 .
(3
eropnn a 20 acoa n aLsaan aacnknan n apynn eHy naHn1nyk sanncky no aonpocy o
c1pon1enLc1ae enesnon poporn anpanakua-eHnnpan. R coounn npn a1oH, 1o coae1ckan
c1opona noc1ponna na caoen 1eppn1opnn enesnyk popory o1 anpanakun no nnnnn
rocypapc1aennon rpannuL oksa n nnnnnpnn. epy 1eH kak qnnnnnpckan c1opona ne
noc1ponna na caoen 1eppn1opnn nn opnoro knnoHe1pa ykasannon enesnon poporn. pa1na na
a1o annHanne aacnknan, n npocnn ero nepepa1L a enLcnnkn, 1o nac1anaae1 na
ckopenueH okonannn c1pon1enLc1aa enesnon poporn qnnnnnpckon c1oponon.
aacnknan nL1ancn Lno onpoaeprny1L coouennLe Hnon caepennn, pokasLaan, 1o qnnnL nn
opnon popora ne c1ponnn c 1akon Lc1po1on, c kakon onn c1pon1 a1y.
R o1ae1nn aacnknan, 1o a1o y1aeppenne onpoaeprae1cn pannLHn, npepc1aanennLHn
qnnnnnpcknH oH naueHy nonnpepc1ay.
aacnknan neckonLko cHy1nncn, korpa ysnan, 1o n onepnpyk coaepuenno oqnunanLnLHn
pannLHn, nonyennLHn ns a, n aLnypen Ln sanan1L, 1o on nepepac1 cpenannoe Hnon
sananenne a enLcnnkn. aacnknan oeuan noannn1L na yckopenne c1pon1enLc1aa poporn.
konue ecepL aacnknan apynn Hne naHn1nyk sanncky no aonpocy o nac1ope Knannn enno,
apec1oaannoH 23 nknn c.r. a r. apae. aacnknan npocnn yckopn1L aLpaopenne a1oro nac1opa a
nnnnnpnk.
R oeuan npoaepn1L a1o peno n yckopn1L o1ae1.
a ecepe npncy1c1aoaan saHec1n1enL saaepykuero 1penoH npnan1nncknx c1pan 1.
aeacknn.
!4F4? naHn1nan sanncka n naHn1nan sanncka qnnkoHnccnn*.
.ED4345
! %- 6.0< .1 .9 .9C .9:=94.
!4F4 RR 3
ornacno c1a1Le VII npnoro oroaopa o1 12 Hap1a 1940 ropa, saknkennoro Hepy n
nnnnnpnen, kapan c1opona na caoen 1eppn1opnn, no
* e nynnkye1cn.
2!
aosHonoc1n, a 1eenne 1940 ropa ponna noc1pon1L enesnyk popory, coepnnnkuyk r.
anpanakua c r. eHnnpan.
oae1ckan c1opona, asna na cen a1o onsa1enLc1ao, npnc1ynnna k neHepnennon ero peannsaunn
n a 1eenne 1940 ropa noc1ponna na caoen 1eppn1opnn enesnyk popory o1 r. anpanakun po
nnnnn rocypapc1aennon rpannuL oksa n nnnnnpnn. epy 1eH, nnnnnpckan c1opona ne
noc1ponna na caoen 1eppn1opnn nn opnoro knnoHe1pa enesnon poporn anpanakua- eHnnpan
n, 1eH caHLH, ne aLnonnnna asn1oro na cen onsa1enLc1aa no npnoHy oroaopy.
opauae1 na a1o annHanne nnnnnpckoro paan1enLc1aa n nac1anaae1, 1oL
c1pon1enLc1ao enesnon poporn anpanakua-eHnnpan Lno sakoneno na qnnnnnpckon
1eppn1opnn a caHoe nenpoponn1enLnoe apeHn.
32 1; 3 1940
! %- 6.0< .1 .9 .9C . 9:=9C.
,9'# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. 8
=18<.19 ><81? 278=&< / 8882 ## =..8/
1; 3 1940 .
(3
ocne asanHnLx npnae1c1ann 1. ono1oa aLpaae1 caoe ypnanenne no noaopy 1oro, 1o na ero
sananenne o1 6 pekapn Lu nonyen o1ae1 ne o1 npaan1enLc1aa nnnnnpnn, a o1 npaan1enLc1aa
aeunn, a 1o apeHn kak o1 qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa a1oro o1ae1a po cero apeHenn ne
nocnepoaano. oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, ne nokasLaae1 nn a1o, 1o nonnraka nnnnnpnn
penc1an1enLno nopnnena 1okronLHy
aacnknan sananne1, 1o eue 1pe1Lero pnn on nonynn o1ae1 qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa n
1orpa e xo1en npocn1L npneHa y 1. ono1oaa, no ycnLuaa, 1o no a1oHy aonpocy ye Ln
ccapccon, aacnknan ne c1an npocn1L npneHa, nockonLky a1o1 aonpoc nanne1cn pnn nnnnnpnn
n aeunn ounH. 3a1eH aacnknan san1Laae1 cnepykunn o1ae1 qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa:
o nonyennLH naHn caepennnH nace1 sananennn nnnc1pa noc1pannLx pen aeunn
Ikn1epa ocnannnky a 1okronLHe onnon1an*, oeanpno, nHee1cn kakoe-1o
nepopasyHenne. Ikn1ep sanann 27 nonpn, 1o no nnnuna1nae aeunn coaceH npepaapn1enLno
nopnn1 aonpoc o aosHonoc1n onee 1ecnoro co1pypnnec1aa Hepy aeunen n nnnnnpnen na
noae kooppnnnpoaannn ooponn1enLnon n aneunen nonn1nkn oenx c1pan. nnnnnpcknn
nocnannnk a 1okronLHe asauepna 3 pekapn coounn onnon1an, 1o paccHa1pnaak1cn
aosHonoc1n nen1pannsaunn nnnnnpnn n aeunn. S1o ne snan1, 1o pykoaopc1ao aneunen
nonn1nkn nnnnnpnn ype1 nopnneno 1okronLHy. neunenonn1neckne onsa1enLc1aa
nnnnnpnn nn a Hanenuen c1enenn ne ypy1 sa1pony1L, a aosHonoe onee 1ecnoe
co1pypnnec1ao co aeunen nHenno snanno L pao1y na noae, cospannon ockoacknH HnpoH
* H. pok. 584.
I 4 okyHen1L. n. 2. , 1
209
o1 12 Hap1a 1940 ropa*. L xo1nH nopepkny1L, 1o nepaLH npepnonoenneH
aneunenonn1neckoro co1pypnnec1aa co aeunen c nauen c1oponL nanne1cn coxpanenne
nLneunnx rpannu nnnnnpnn. 3ananenne Ikn1epa onnon1an canpe1enLc1aye1 o 1oH, 1o co
uaepckon c1oponL 1ake ne enak1 yperynnpoaa1L pena cekpe1no, no, nanpo1na,
nnqopHnpye1cn.
a a1o 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o o1ae1 qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa ne Hoe1 anec1n nsHenennn
a nosnunk coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nsnoennyk 1. ono1oaLH a ecepe c aacnknan 6
pekapn. oa. ono1oa poaanne1, 1o eue a Hap1e na ceccnn epxoanoro oae1a **, korpa
peL una o aoennoH cokse nnnnnpnn, aeunn n opaernn, nH Luo sananeno, 1o yac1ne
nnnnnpnn a a1oH cokse ype1 npo1naopen1L HnpnoHy poroaopy Hepy n nnnnnpnen.
enepL e anpno, 1o a1n nnanL ne 1onLko ne pouenL, a, naoopo1, peno pouno po
aosHonoc1n nopnnennn aneunen nonn1nkn nnnnnpnn 1okronLHy. pn a1oH 1. ono1oa
nanoHnnae1, 1o a sananennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 6 pekapn Luo npnHo ykasano, 1o
nopnnenne aneunen nonn1nkn nnnnnpnn 1okronLHy osnaae1 nnkanpaunk Hnpnoro
poroaopa, 1ak kak a a1oH cnyae nnnnnpnn nepexopn1 a nonoenne aaccanLnoro rocypapc1aa,
ko1opoe nnueno aosHonoc1n o1aea1L sa ncnonnenne poroaopa. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
sananno o caoen nosnunn qnnnnnpckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, n sananenne 1. ono1oaa o1 6 pekapn
ne ec1L npoc1an yHaka, a nanne1cn cepLesnLH npepynpepenneH.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o a sananennn ccapccona nHee1cn ykasanne na 1o, 1o uaepckoe
npaan1enLc1ao nonarae1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne ype1 nHe1L aospaennn npo1na
ocyuec1anennn a1nx nnanoa. oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, ne yac1aye1 nn IepHannn a a1nx
neperoaopax n nop1aeppae1 nn qnnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao a1o sananenne uaepckoro
npaan1enLc1aa
aacnknan o1aeae1, 1o on o a1oH nnero ne snae1, no pyHae1, 1o qnnnnnpckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ne opauanocL k neHuaH.
oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1 aacnknan, nsaec1no nn qnnnnnpckoHy npaan1enLc1ay 1o-nnypL o
nosnunn nrnnn n Hepnkn no noaopy a1nx nnanoa aeunn n nnnnnpnn
aacnknan o1aeae1, 1o on o a1oH nnero ne snae1. pnoapeHenno aacnknan cnpaunaae1: a
ecnn a1n pepaaL ne ypy1 nHe1L aospaennn, 1o ype1 nn aospaa1L a a1oH cnyae coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao
oa. ono1oa na a1o o1aeae1, 1o eHy xo1enocL nnuL nnqopHnpoaa1Lcn o nosnunn ykasannLx
aLue pepaa, nockonLky na opny ns nnx ec1L npnHan ccLnka y uaepckoro npaan1enLc1aa. 1o e
kacae1cn , 1o on caoe o1nouenne aLpasnn n pan coo1ae1c1aykuyk ouenky a sananennn o1 6
pekapn.
aacnknan sananne1, 1o nockonLky a nnane kooppnnaunn aneunen nonn1nkn nnnnnpnn n
aeunn qnnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao nHee1 a anpy coxpanenne c1a1yc-kao, 1o eHy kae1cn, 1o
ynoHnny1Le pepaaL ne o1necnncL L k a1oHy o1pnua1enLno.
a a1o 1. ono1oa saHeae1, 1o kak pas ocyuec1anenne nnana nopnnennn aneunen nonn1nkn
nnnnnpnn 1okronLHy n saknkenne aoennoro coksa Hepy aeunen n nnnnnpnen ec1L
nsHenenne c1a1yc-kao n no1oHy npnHo
* H. pok. 73. ** H. saec1nn. - 1940. - 30 Hap1a.
210
npo1naopen1 sananennk qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa o coxpanennn c1a1yc-kao n nanne1cn
napyuenneH npnoro poroaopa o1 12 Hap1a.
o1ae1 na sananenne aacnknan o 1oH, 1o npnLn poroaop, nkoL, aLnonnen ye nonnoc1Lk, 1.
ono1oa ykasan, 1o, k coanennk, npnLn poroaop eue ne aLnonnen nonnoc1Lk. ak,
nanpnHep, po cero apeHenn ne noc1poena enesnan popora na 1eppn1opnn nnnnnpnn. cansn c
a1nH 1. ono1oa nonpocnn aacnknan nponnqopHnpoaa1L ero o xope c1pon1enLc1aa enesnon
poporn. aacnknan oeuan a1o cpena1L a nnanune pnn.
3anncan (.,>E2 ! %- 6.0B .9 .$ . 19 .C;=B1.
,9!# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / J.280/7 &1<-.2 .<#
<./2^7/. .2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/
1; 3 1940 .
V4 (. 3
onoa yc1no sanann cnepykuee: Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao annHa1enLno paccHo1peno
sananenne oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa n npnuno k aLaopaH:
1. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne coaceH 1ono nonnno Ho1naL o1knonennn ero npepnoennn
EonrapckoHy npaan1enLc1ay*. Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne pyHano n ne pyHae1, 1o oae1cknn
oks nHee1 naHepenne a1nny1L Eonrapnk a aonny, ono cn1ae1, 1o, nesaancnHo o1 xopounx
c1peHnennn oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, saknkenne nak1a c Hoe1 nsHenn1L
cyuec1aykuee paanoaecne, yxypun1L o1nouennn Eonrapnn c ppyrnHn c1panaHn n o1ek1nano
ycnnn1L yrposy nanapennn na Eonrapnk.
2. Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o a cnyae saknkennn nak1a asanHonoHoun c
nnn npnnn1nn coae1cknx rapan1nn acnknn ypap, nanpaanennLn npo1na , opyun1cn npepe
acero na Eonrapnk, 1ak kak oae1cknn oks Henee ynsanH, eH Eonrapnn.
3. cnny aLuensnoennoro Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o saknkenne nak1a c
oae1cknH oksoH ycnnnno L yrposy aoennoro nanapennn na Eonrapnk n Lno L nnunnH
rpysoH pnn caHoro . o Hnennk Eonrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa, a nn1epecax Eonrapnn n
oae1ckoro oksa coxpann1L Eonrapnk nHenno a 1akoH nonoennn, a kakoH ona cyuec1aye1
cenac, 1o ec1L ne cansLaa1L ee nnkaknHn nak1aHn.
Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao napee1cn, 1o ypyuan Hnpnan konqepenunn c noHouLk oae1ckoro
oksa ypoane1aopn1 naunonanLnLe c1peHnennn Eonrapnn.
onoa npocnn Henn nepepa1L ero sananenne coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay n nonpocn1L ero
paccHa1pnaa1L a1o sananenne ne 1onLko norneckn, no n pyueano. n yaepnn, 1o nocne
okonannn aonnL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao yepn1cn a npaannLnoc1n nosnunn onrapckoro
npaan1enLc1aa.
* H. pok. 549, 564.
14*
211
R oeuan onoay nepepa1L ero sananenne npaan1enLc1ay oae1ckoro oksa.
#24X2 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .::1 .99<9 .9:;=9:9.
59. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9#
9.?81-1 / 8882
1; 3 1940 .
' ( 3
1. s eucknx nc1onnkoa coouak1 kak anonne poc1oaepnyk nnqopHaunk cnepykuee: 29
nonpn en1enL aLc1ynan a Eepnnne na copannn aLcuero koHanpnoro coc1aaa repHanckon
apHnn (naanLnnkn kopnycoa n pnansnn, renu1aa n npone) n cpenan pnp aanLx coouennn n
pas1ncnennn. pepe acero on kocnyncn ansn1a 1. ono1oaa a Eepnnn, c ypoane1aopenneH
konc1a1npoaan, 1o npoponae1 coxpann1L nen1pann1e1 n 1o 1aknH opasoH IepHannn c
oc1oka ne yrpoae1 onacnoc1L, no sa1eH a pesaLanno pesknx aLpaennnx sanann, 1o no
onLunH aonpocaH nonn1nkn c pyccknHn oenL 1pypno pasroaapnaa1L, 1o pycckne cnnukoH
o1c1anL n nekynL1ypnL n 1o a cnny a1oro onn a 1aknx aonpocax nnero ne nonnHak1.
en1enL pan npn a1oH nano nonn1L, 1o qkpep oenL nepoaonen neenanneH pyccknx aec1n
pasroaopL o noaoH nopnpke a apone n aooue o paspene Hnpa na cqepL annnnnn
208
.
2. anee en1enL nepeuen k 1annn n onpoaepr ace cnyxn o 1oH, yp1o L no aonpocy o aonne
npo1na Ipeunn Lnn kakne-1o pasnornacnn Hepy ycconnnn n In1nepoH. a caHoH pene, no
cnoaaH en1enn, a1a aonna Lna peuena c nx ouero cornacnn, kak cpepc1ao o1aneL
pn1anckne cnnL n annHanne o1 rnn1a n 1eH caHLH onern1L sapay Ipaunann a qpnke.
1anLnnckyk neypay a Ipeunn (a 1o1 HoHen1 neypa a qpnke eue ne Lno) en1enL o1ncnnn
nekoHne1en1noc1Lk n1anLnnckoro renepann1e1a. n saaepnn 1ake, 1o IepHannn npnpe1
1annn na noHouL, no ne cenac, korpa n1anLnnuL 1epnn1 nopaenne, a nospnee, korpa onn
neckonLko aLnpaan1 caoe nonoenne, 1oL ne cnnukoH sa1parnaa1L nx naunonanLnoro
caHonknn. orpa IepHannn panne1 caon cnnL a c1opony anonnk epes Eonrapnk, nesaancnHo
o1 cornacnn nnn necornacnn nocnepnen. pepnoroH pnn 1akon akunn nan1cn nonanenne
anrnnncknx aonck a Ipeunn, ko1opLx neHuL 1orpa yaepenno onpann.
3. en1enL kocnyncn 1ake aonpoca o cnannn n ykasan, 1o pnn aoaneennn a1on nocnepnen a
aonny nHee1cn snan1enLnan 1pypnoc1L, aL1ekakuan rnaanLH opasoH ns c1paunoro pasopennn,
a ko1opoH cenac naxopn1cn c1pana. en1enL Ln noa1oHy ne yaepen, ypac1cn nn neHuaH
nonyn1L nponyck pnn caonx aonck epes ncnanckyk 1eppn1opnk. Ennanuen uenLk IepHannn a
a1on onac1n nanne1cn Inpan1ap, n, nockonLky nonoenne a cnannn oc1ae1cn nencnLH,
en1enL npnpaaan rpoHapnoe snaenne nonyennk pnn IepHannn npaaa nonLsoaa1Lcn ynonoH n
ppyrnHn knoqpanuyscknHn nop1aHn.
212
4. en1enL roaopnn 1ake, 1o neHuL nopro1oannk1 k aecne 1941 ropa cokpyun1enLnLn ypap
npo1na nrnnn, no es pasrpoHa nocnepnen ne Hoe1 L1L nn noepL, nn konua aonnL. ocne
a1oro IepHannn cHoe1 sann1Lcn ppyrnHn nponeHaHn, a ac1noc1n aosHono panLue na oc1ok
o11ecnn1L .
5345 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .:9B .99:< .9<9=9<4.
,99# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. /#-# 7.1D1/. 8
27?;8.J<7219 -729. .#-0<7219
%>? 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
19 3 1940 . (3
npepc1onueH npneHe y In1nepa n npouepype apyennn aepn1enLnLx rpaHo1 ns coounnn
nncLHoH nakanyne sa nopnncLk saHec1n1enn ueqa npo1okona aneH n no 1eneqony.
penL npneHa a 12 acoa 45 Hnny1 a nonnpepc1ao saexan c 1peHn HaunnaHn nnoannk
npo1okonLnoro o1pena 1pak, ko1opLn sa1eH cnepoaan co Hnon a opnoH aa1oHonne. c1anLnLe
1oaapnun (coae1nnkn nonnpepc1aa 11. oynoa n eHenoa, 1-n cekpe1apL 1. aanoa, noHounnk
aoennoro a11aue kann1an 2 panra 1. oponuoa) cnepoaann na payx ppyrnx Haunnax. o paope
Hnepckon kanuennpnn Ln aLc1poen noe1nLn kapayn, ac1pe1naunn Hon npnesp apaannLH
oeH. anuennpnn Henn ac1pe1nnn naanLnnk kanuennpnn In1nepa Hnnnc1p enccnep n
saHec1n1enL ueqa npo1okona aneH.
3 kanne1 In1nepa, a ko1opoH a nepaLn pas nponcxopnna ecepa 1. ..o-no1oaa c In1nepoH,
aounn n, 1. aanoa, enccnep, aneH n nepeaopnke neHeukon c1oponL epHknen. kanne1e
npncy1c1aoaan kpoHe In1nepa 1ake Hnnnc1p nnoc1pannLx pen nen1pon. R apynn In1nepy
aepn1enLnLe rpaHo1L, ckasaa npn a1oH: Iocnopnn enxckanunep, n nHek ec1L apyn1L aH
caon aepn1enLnLe rpaHo1L, ko1opLHn pesnpnyH epxoanoro oae1a oksa akkpepn1ye1
Henn npn ac a kaec1ae pesaLannoro n onnoHonoro ocna oksa . pnnna
aepn1enLnLe rpaHo1L n nospopoaaauncL co Hnon, In1nep npepnonn cec1L.
npocnn, npnLn nn n c ceHLen. R o1ae1nn, 1o ckopo onpak ee npnespa. anee In1nep ckasan,
1o 1enepL apeHn pesaLanno nanpnennoe, on oenL sann1 n no1oHy ne nHen aosHonoc1n
npnnn1L Henn panLue. n ckasan 1ake, 1o a a1nx ycnoannx apyenne aepn1enLnLx rpaHo1
nnorpa sa1nrnaae1cn na 2-3 Hecnua. R o1ae1nn, 1o Hne a1o nonn1no, 1o ocoLx 1pypnoc1en n
ne ncnL1Laan, poaann, 1o n naxoycL a pacnopnennn penxckanunepa. In1nep ckasan panee,
1o neperoaopL, ko1opLe nponcxopnnn specL c ..ono1oaLH, 1enepL, aepon1no, ypy1
npoponenL a cnyenoH nopnpke. R ckasan, kak a1o yropno ype1 penxckanunepy, n acerpa
ro1oa k neperoaopaH. In1nep sanann, 1o on pyHae1, 1o a1n neperoaopL ponnL npopona1Lcn
nopHanLnLH ny1eH, o1 apeHenn po apeHenn, korpa a1o nyno ype1, on ype1 aHeunaa1Lcn.
R nop1aeppnn, 1o 1akan poroaopennoc1L Hepy ono1oaLH n nen1po-
213
noH Lna a nocnepnkk nx ecepy, 1o n naxoycL a kypce kak 1ex neperoaopoa, ko1opLe aenncL,
1ak n 1oro o1ae1a, ko1opLn Ln pan 1. ono1oaLH o1 nHenn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa na
npepnoennn, nepepannLe a Eepnnne r-noH nen1ponoH; 1o n Hor L pa1L neoxopnHLe
pas1ncnennn no aonpocaH, nsnoennLH a a1oH o1ae1e, ecnn L a a1oH npepc1aannacL
naponoc1L, a 1ake no ppyrnH aonpocaH, ko1opLe Hornn L L1L y r-na nen1pona nnn y
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. In1nep saHe1nn, 1o Lno oenL xopouo, 1oL n npncy1c1aoaan
1orpa npn neperoaopax.
3a1eH on cnpocnn, nponcxoy nn n ns 1on Hec1noc1n, rpe popnncn 1annn, snakoH nn n co
1annnLH nspaana no coaHec1non peaonkunonnon pao1e. R o1ae1nn, 1o popn1enn Hon
nponcxopn1 ns 1on e Hec1noc1n Ipysnn, rpe popnncn 1annn, caH n popnncn a Eaky, coaHec1nyk
peaonkunonnyk pao1y a Ipysnn co 1annnLH ne aen, ckasan, 1o Hne 42 ropa, a 1. 1annny
okono 61 ropa.
In1nep ckasan, 1o n caHLn Honopon nocon a Eepnnne. LnLe apeHena panLue 65 ne1 nnk1o ne
c1anoanncn nocnoH, 1enepL ace nsHennnocL. R saHe1nn, 1o a IepHannn 1enepL 1ake
nponcxopn1 aLpanenne HonopLx kappoa na pasnLe o1pacnn rocypapc1aennon pao1L. In1nep
nop1aeppnn a1o n ckasan, 1o panLue Lno oLno 1ak, 1o nenLsn Lno c1a1L nocnoH nnn
renepanoH, ne poc1nrnya npnHepno 65 ne1, a 1enepL onn naxopn1, 1o renepanL a 65 ne1 ye
cnnukoH c1apL.
3a1eH In1nep nonn1epecoaancn, nHee1cn nn a nonnpepc1ae oHoyenue. R o1ae1nn, 1o
nHee1cn nnoxoe, no cyuec1ay a1o npoc1on nopaan. In1nep ckasan, 1o Hoe1 npepoc1aan1L a Hoe
pacnopnenne caoero kpynnenuero cneunannc1a no a1nH aonpocaH Hnnnc1pa op1a - c1pon1enn
aa1oc1pap a IepHannn. R nonaropapnn In1nepa. HeuaauncL a ecepy, nen1pon ckasan, 1o
n ace panLnenune pe1ann a1oro pena Hory ocypn1L c nnH. R ckasan, 1o nepep o11espoH ns
ockaL nonynn ykasanne ..ono1oaa a cnyae neoxopnHoc1n sann1Lcn a1nH penoH, 1. e.
noc1ponkon oHoyenua. R cnpocnn In1nepa, coae1ye1 nn on Hne c1pon1L oHoyenue.
In1nep o1ae1nn, 1o nenLsn ycnokanaa1Lcn. 3enn1nan ap1nnnepnn a Eepnnne npepc1aanne1
cnnLnyk saun1y o1 nane1oa, no ace e 1-2 caHone1a cHory1 npopaa1Lcn. n poaann, 1o
pyHae1 1enepL noc1pon1L ao paopue EenLak onee connpnoe oHoyenue, 1ak kak nHekueecn
1aH nepoc1a1ono napeno pnn npeLaannn a a1oH paopue onLunx rocypapc1aennLx pen1enen.
R nonnn a1o kak naHek na 1o, 1o 1akne nnua onpak1cn a nepanekoH ypyueH a Eepnnne.
Ioaopn o op1e, In1nep npnuen a aosypenne kak o1 kaec1a a1oro cneunannc1a, 1ak n nnopoa
ero pao1L. n uenknyn nanLuaHn npn a1oH n ckasan, 1o op1 noc1ponn na saaope 22 000
ynkepoa n nn opnn ns nnx ne Ln noapepen, xo1n onn n naxopnnncL nop oc1penoH.
asroaop sauen o aa1oc1papax. In1nep ckasan, 1o po aonnL onn eeropno c1ponnn 1000
knnoHe1poa aa1oc1pap, aonna a1oHy noHeuana. pa1nauncL sa1eH k nen1pony, on cnpocnn
ero, roaopnn nn 1o1 co Hnon no nonn1necknH aonpocaH. nen1pon o1ae1nn In1nepy, 1o nocon
ekanosoa cnpaunaan ero, 1o nsaec1no repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay o naHeakueHcn
cornauennn Hepy aeunen n nnnnnpnen no aonpocy o cnnnnnn aneunenonn1neckon
pen1enLnoc1n a1nx c1pan, n 1o on, nen1pon, o1ae1nn Hne, 1o nH o a1oH nnero ne
nsaec1no*. In1nep a1o aLcnyuan Hona n 1onLko knanyn ronoaon. anee nen1pon ckasan,
opauancL ko Hne, 1o on npnHe1 Henn pnn ecepL na ypyuen nepene.
* H. pok. 584.
214
a a1oH ecepa okonnnacL. 3a1eH a koHna1y, rpe nponcxopnna ecepa, anyc1nnn npnexaaunx co
Hnon co1pypnnkoa nonnpepc1aa n n npepc1aann nx In1nepy.
ocne a1oro n, nonpouaauncL c In1nepoH n nen1ponoH, aLexan opa1no a nonnpepc1ao.
pneH npoponancn 35 Hnny1.
. 3>2
!%- 6.0;9 .9: .9C . .9B;=9<9.
'00# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7
8#.# /1-2.1/. / 8882
19 3 1940 .
V4 ( 3
ELn y apaporny no aueHy nopyennk. epepaa eHy 1ono sananenne k-1an o1 10 pekapn*,
n cnpocnn, nop1aeppae1 nn Hnnnc1p a1o oqnunanLnoe sananenne, cpenannoe k1aeH o1 nHenn
1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa. Lcnyuaa Henn annHa1enLno n sanncaa ace, apaporny cnpocnn:
akyk akunk: aoennyk, nonn1neckyk nnn akonoHneckyk R ckasan, 1o nepepak pocnoano
sananenne, cpenannoe k1aeH. nnnc1py nyue sna1L, kakne akunn nHen a anpy k1an,
nepepaaan 1oaapnuy ono1oay a1o oqnunanLnoe sananenne 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa.
apaporny, nonpocna eue pas noa1opn1L ace ckasannoe Hnon n nocne poaonLno ponrnx
pasHLunennn, ckasan: L ne nHeeH naHepennn npepnpnnnHa1L no caoen nnnuna1nae 1o-nno
a a1oH panone. k1an, npekpacno snan naun nac1poennn n yac1aa, npaannLno o1pasnn nx a a1oH
sananennn. ackonLko n nonnHak, coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao xoe1 npnnn1L k caepennk (prendre
note) a1y peknapaunk R ckasan, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao xo1eno L ns yc1 Hnnnc1pa
sna1L, nop1aeppae1 nn on a1o oqnunanLnoe sananenne, cpenannoe k1aeH o1 nHenn 1ypeukoro
npaan1enLc1aa. apaporny onn1L noa1opnn, 1o ypunn ne conpae1cn npepnpnnnHa1L nn
nonn1necknx, nn akonoHnecknx akunn a a1oH panone n 1o k1an npaannLno o1pasnn naun
yac1aa. o nockonLky, npoponan Hnnnc1p, oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao xo1eno L ycnLua1L o1
Henn oqnunanLnoe nop1aeppenne a1on peknapaunn, n ne cHory pa1L o1ae1 es koncynL1aunn c
npeHLep-Hnnnc1poH. R Hory ckasa1L nnuL, 1o, no HoeHy Hnennk, enanne oae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa npnnn1L k caepennk a1o sananenne npepc1aanne1 pnn nac nn1epec. R nonarak,
1o ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao 1ake noenae1 ycnLua1L o1 oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa noponyk
peknapaunk a nopnpke asanHnoc1n. R ckasan, 1o ecnn Hnnnc1p ne Hoe1 pa1L cenac Hne
o1ae1, 1o n napekcL, 1o on pac1 Hne a1o1 o1ae1 nocne caoen koncynL1aunn c npeHLep-
Hnnnc1poH. eoxopnHo o1He1n1L, 1o, aLcnyuaa Hoe sananenne, apaporny neckonLko pas
noa1opnn: 1o panLue, a1o ace. o-anpnHoHy, on npepnonaran, 1o n npnuen pa1L eHy o1ae1
na aonpoc, noc1aanennLn nH a npounon ecepe.
42
! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:14 .91B: .1;;=1;9.
J H. pok. 579.
215
'01# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7 Fj# /1-2.1/
90 3 1940 .
(2. 3
pn nopnncannn a 1929 r. npo1okona o npopnennn cpoka penc1ann poroaopa o ppye n
nen1pann1e1e* Ln nopnncan cekpe1nLn npo1okon, kak pononnenne ko 2 ac1n c1a1Ln 2
npo1okona o npopnennn poroaopa**. ekpe1nLn npo1okon saknkae1cn 1onLko a 1oH, 1o nH
npnsnano, 1o rocypapc1aaHn, naxopnunHncn a nenocpepc1aennoH cocepc1ae, cyxony1noH nnn
HopckoH, nannk1cn: y oae1ckoro oksa - epcnn, qrannc1an, n1an, onronnn, Rnonnn,
nnnnnpnn, Sc1onnn, a1ann, onLua, yHLnnn n Epn1anckan Hnepnn; y ypunn - epcnn,
pak, Eonrapnn, Ipeunn, 1annn n Epn1anckan Hnepnn, a 1ake anac1n, penc1aykune o1 nHenn
npnn.
Eonrapnn, 1aknH opasoH, ne npnsnaaanacL a1nH npo1okonoH rocypapc1aoH, naxopnunHcn a
nenocpepc1aennoH cocepc1ae c . L npaannLno nonpaannn apaporny nace1 1oro, 1o n
ne roaopnn, noeHy nac ne nnqopHnpoaann. nn k1an nnn apaporny nL1anncL nepeaepny1L
Hon cnoaa.
1nocn1enLno o1ae1a na aonpoc apaporny o Honx epnnncknx ecepax n paH aH nnc1pykunn a
nnanune pnn, no nocne nonyennn o1 ac coouennn o 1oH, 1o aH o1ae1n1 apaporny na
aonpoc o oqnunanLnoH sananennn k1an.
2 ! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:1C .91BC . 109.
'02# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 -729. / 8882 ># @-<7&2-19
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. nkonny, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. LunnckoHy, 1.
osoackoHy, 1. IapHauy, 1. ypon1eay, 1. aanoay
91 3 1940 .
(. 3
ynenypr npnuen a conpoaopennn nyppe n nnLrepa.
oa. 9TO nepaLH ponroH nepepan o1 nHenn 1. 1annna nckpennkk naropapnoc1L sa
nncLHa, nonyennLe 1. 1annnLH o1 penxckanunepa In1nepa, penxcHnnnc1pa nen1pona n r-na
ynenypra.
@TaPV coounn o1ae1 repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na coae1cknn npoek1 cornauennn o
nayuanLnoH yperynnpoaannn asanHnLx nHyuec1aennLx
* H. okyHen1L... - . XII. - ok. 377. ** aH e, c. 661.
216
npe1ensnn no npnan1aH. 1He1na, 1o a ocnoanoH repHanckan c1opona npnnnna coae1cknn
npoek1, on aLpasnn napepy, 1o kak xosnnc1aennoe cornauenne*, 1ak n cornauenne o
nayuanLnoH yperynnpoaannn npe1ensnn** Hory1 L1L nopnncanL po opec1aa.
@PP poaann, 1o aonpocL o ouec1ae nanenn n o nesancnennn nayuanLnon cyHHL a
ce1 xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn npnnn1L repHanckon c1oponon. n nHee1 nopyenne nnuL
y1onn1L 1ekc1. 1onennn a1n 1exnneckoro nopnpka. nyppe san1an nonpaakn repHanckon
c1oponL, nepencnennLe a npnnoennon sanncke (H. npnnoenne)***.
oa. 9TO ckasan, 1o nocne 1oro, kak on no a1oHy noaopy nocoae1ye1cn c 1. nkonnoH, on
pac1 o1ae1.
@TaPV nepeuen k cnepykueHy aonpocy. n nepepan enanne repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa,
1oL cpok pao1 no nepecenennk Ln ypnnnen caLue 2 Hecnuea eue na nonHecnua nnn 1oL
a1n 2 Hecnua nannanncL co pnn npnL1nn koHnccnn.
oa. 9TO o1ae1nn, 1o no aonpocy o ypnnnennn cpoka Hono ype1 poroaopn1Lcn. ELno L
ena1enLno, 1oL opnoapeHenno c xosnnc1aennLH cornauenneH n cornauenneH o nayuanLnoH
yperynnpoaannn npe1ensnn Ln nopnncan n poroaop o nepecenennn** * *, 1ak kak koHnccnn
pao1ak1 nap nnH ye a 1eenne 3 Hecnuea n ace ocnoanLe aonpocL peuenL. 1nocn1enLno
aonpoca o uae1nLx He1annax, cansannLx c xosnnc1aennLH cornauenneH, 1. ono1oa ckasan, 1o
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ocypnno a1o1 aonpoc n, nockonLky ace akcnop1nLe pesepaL
ncepnanL, peunno sa1pony1L ouerocypapc1aennLe pesepaL c 1eH, 1oL noc1aan1L IepHannn
1o konnec1ao, ko1opoe Lno npepycHo1peno a npounoropneH c ornauennn. aknH opasoH,
xosnnc1aennoe cornauenne nopro1oaneno nonnoc1Lk. ornauenne o nayuanLnoH
yperynnpoaannn ype1 nopnncLaa1L 1. Lunncknn, nockonLky on npnnnHan yac1ne a
nopro1oake npoek1a a1oro cornauennn. onpoc o nepecenennn 1ake a ocnoanoH peuen. aH
oc1anncL nnuL nesnan1enLnLe aonpocL, ko1opLe Hono Lc1po ynapn1L.
oa. ono1oa poaann, 1o ceropnn on nepepan nncLHo ynenypry o peHapkaunn rpannuL
Hepy n1oackon n IepHannen. o aonpocy o nsaec1noH kycoke n1aL Lno nonyeno
npnnunnnanLnoe cornacne repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. onpoc c1onn nnuL o 1oH, 1o xapak1ep
npepnoennon koHnencaunn ne Ln ypoane1aopn1enLnLH pnn IepHannn. S1o1 nynk1 Hono
ype1 ocypu1 a ypyueH. pnako aecL aonpoc ne Hoe1 cnyn1L npenn1c1aneH pnn 1oro,
1oL yperynnpoaa1L norpannnLe o1nouennn. oa. ono1oa cn1ae1, 1o nnkanpaunn acex a1nx
aonpocoa pacnc1n1 ny1L pnn panLnenuero pasan1nn o1nouennn Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n
IepHannen. 3apepka a nopnncannn cornauennn ne nHee1 nn npak1neckon, nn nonn1neckon
uenecoopasnoc1n. aknH opasoH, 1. ono1oa npepnonn saknkn1L opnoapeHenno 4
cornauennn: 1) xosnnc1aennoe cornauenne; 2) cornauenne o nayuanLnoH ypernnpoaannn
asanHnLx npe1ensnn no npnan1aH; 3) cornauenne o nepecenennn; 4) cornauenne o norpannnLx
asanHoo1nouennnx. ockonLky a ocnoanoH aonpoc o norpannnLx asanHoo1nouennnx peuen,
nn1oacko-repHanckan rpannua npepc1aanne1 coon kak L pLpy. oa. ono1oa ye pan
* H. pok. 639.
** H. pok. 641.
*** e nynnkye1cn.
**** H. pok. 641, 642.
217
ykasanne naueHy nonnpepy a Eepnnne 1. ekanosoay cooun1L o a1oH repHanckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay.
@TaPV n nyppe c nac1onnaoc1Lk pokasLaann ena1enLnoc1L saknkn1L nepaonaanLno
xosnnc1aennoe cornauenne n cornauenne o nayuanLnon cyHHe, cocnaauncL na 1o, 1o oc1anLnLe
paa cornauennn aLsoay1 onLuyk sapepky. nyppe ocoenno nopepknaan, 1o on ye a
1eenne 2 Hecnuea naxopn1cn specL, n 1enepL, korpa ace ro1oao, nopnncanne cornauennn
o1knapLaae1cn.
oa. 9TO o1ae1nn, 1o nyppe nanne1cn ne 1onLko ysknH cneunannc1oH no akonoHnecknH
aonpocaH, a nanne1cn npepc1aan1eneH Hnnnc1epc1aa nnoc1pannLx pen, noa1oHy ero ne Hory1 ne
nn1epecoaa1L oc1anLnLe nonn1neckne aonpocL, ko1opLe aepy1cn c Hnnnc1epc1aoH
nnoc1pannLx pen. aun koHnccnn no nepecenennk 1ake pao1ak1 ye a 1eenne 3 Hecnuea n y
nnx 1ake ace ro1oao, opnako nopnncanne cornauennn o1knapLaae1cn. oa. ono1oa ckasan, 1o
on ne npepc1aanne1 cee saknkennn xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn es nopnncannn acex e1Lpex
cornauennn. onpoc o peHapkaunn rpannuL Ln noc1aanen eue 28 aaryc1a. aknH opasoH,
repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nHeno poc1a1ono apeHenn, 1oL c nnH osnakoHn1Lcn. enac peL
ne npe1 o peHapkaunn rpannuL, a nnuL o 1oH, 1oL IepHannn n oae1cknn oks nop1aeppnnn
penc1an1enLnoc1L rpannuL, cyuec1aoaaauen Hepy n1aon n IepHannen. opn1 cnyxn, 1o
IepHannn xoe1 ncnonLsoaa1L o1cy1c1ane cornauennn no a1oHy yac1ky rpannuL, kak noaop pnn
cospannn konqnnk1a c oae1cknH oksoH. oa. ono1oa aLpasnn coHnenne a npaannLnoc1n a1nx
cnyxoa. cnn a1n cnyxn penc1an1enLno nenpaannLnL, 1o noeHy e nenLsn saknkn1L 1akoro
cornauennn ro neoxopnHo saknkn1L a nnanuee e apeHn pnn 1oro, 1oL ne pa1L noaopa
k pacnpoc1panennk noponLx cnyxoa. oa. ono1oa ckasan, 1o ecnn ec1L enanne nopnnca1L
a1n cornauennn, 1o ace 4 cornauennn Hory1 L1L nopnncanL opnoapeHenno. oa. ono1oa
aLpasnn napepy, 1o ynenypr, ko1opLn xopouo snae1 a1o1 aonpoc, okae1 caoe copenc1ane
1eH, 1oL ne sa1nrnaa1L a1o peno n ne nepenocn1L ero na cnepykunn rop, 1o nannocL L
nnunnH rpysoH. ce a1n cornauennn Hono saknkn1L po konua a1oro ropa.
@TaPV cornacnncn c 1eH, 1o ena1enLno saknkn1L ace 4 cornauennn opnoapeHenno, no
aLckasan coHnenne a 1oH, Hono nn ype1 1ak Lc1po peun1L ace aonpocL no nepecenennk, a
1ake no peHapkaunn rpannuL. n cn1ae1, 1o a1n aonpocL sapepa1 nopnncanne
xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn.
oa. 9TO cnoaa nopepknyn, 1o specL peL ne npe1 o noaon peHapkaunn rpannuL. cnn
repHanckan c1opona nac1anaae1 na peHapkaunn, 1o ee Hono npoaec1n nospnee, cenac e
Hono saknkn1L cornauenne o 1oH, 1o rpannua, cyuec1aoaaauan Hepy n1aon n IepHannen,
nop1aeppae1cn oenHn c1oponaHn.
oa. ono1oa npocnn ynenypra cooun1L a Eepnnn o 1oke spennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa
no noaopy nopnncannn cornauennn.
@TaPV oeuan neHepnenno sanpocn1L Eepnnn.
@PP cnpocnn, korpa Hono ype1 aec1n panLnenune neperoaopL no noaopy cornauennn o
nayuanLnoH yperynnpoaannn npe1ensnn.
oa. 9TO o1ae1nn, 1o a nonepenLnnk nnn ao a1opnnk on pac1 o1ae1.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
Eecepa npoponanacL 1 ac 45 Hnny1.
3anncan "2 ! %- 6.0B .9 .1C .1C; .4;=C9.
218
'0# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 29:
.##<./270B7/. / 8882
91 3 1940 .
V4 ( 3
21 pekapn Henn aLsaan renepan n1onecky, ko1opLn sanann cnepykuee:
1. H nonyena 1enerpaHHa o1 Iaqenky, a ko1opon coouae1cn, 1o sanann npo1ec1 npo1na
sananennn 1yppsa, cpenannoro ao apeHn neperoaopoa o oHene nonn1saknkennLHn, korpa
1yppsa cn1an acex pyHLncknx rpapan, oc1aaunxcn a Eeccapann n eaepnon Eykoanne,
nonn1necknHn saknkennLHn, nesaancnHo o1 1oro, naxopn1cn nn onn a 1kpLHe nnn na caoope.
n1onecky ecepoaan co 1yppsa n no1peoaan o1 nero o1ncnennn. 1yppsa ckasan, 1o ero ne
1ak nonnnn, oeanpno, ns-sa nepoc1a1onoro nepeaopa n 1o on ne penan 1akoro sananennn.
n1onecky poaann, 1o on oropen a1nH oc1on1enLc1aoH, 1ak kak eue a nocnepnen ecepe co
Hnon roaopnn, 1o on enae1 nHe1L xopoune o1nouennn c oae1cknH oksoH n nocne a1oro
pasroaopa Lnn nH panL ykasannn naa1L 1oproaLe neperoaopL. R nop1aeppnn, 1o 1yppsa
sanann nHenno 1ak n a a1oH ne Hoe1 L1L nnkakoro coHnennn. n1onecky noa1opnn, 1o on
coanee1 o a1oH n poaann, 1o a1o oc1on1enLc1ao nannocL opnon ns npnnn ocaoopennn
1yppsa o1 noc1a Hnnnnpena.
2. H nonyena 1ake 1enerpaHHa ns ockaL o nnunpen1e c 3enecky. n1onecky pan
pacnopnenne o o1sLae 3enecky ns ockaL.
3. Hy coounnn o npepc1aanennn, cpenannoH no noaopy onynnkoaannn a pyHLncknx rase1ax
c1a1Ln, asn1on ns opnon sarpannnon rase1L. H pano ykasanne ne nynnkoaa1L nnkaknx
coouennn, ko1opLe Hornn L paccHa1pnaa1Lcn kak aLnapL npo1na . R opa1nn annHanne
n1onecky na 1o, 1o a npepc1aanennn una peL ne 1onLko o c1a1Le, ko1opan nepenea1ana ns
uaenuapckon rase1L, a rnaanLH opasoH o coouennnx, nynnkyeHLx rase1aHn asa, Ina-cyn
EykoannL, ILnp Eacapann n ppyrnHn rase1aHn. n1onecky ckasan, 1o on pae nnkorpa ne
anpen a1nx rase1 n ne snan o nx cyuec1aoaannn. oe1 L1L, peL npe1 o kaknx-nno
nopnonLnLx nspannnx. R o1ae1nn, 1o a1n rase1L aLxopn1 nopHanLno, npopak1cn ao acex
knockaxn aceHn rase1nkaHn. n1onecky sanann, 1o ero pacnopnenne o1nocn1cn ko aceH
nspannnH. 3a1eH n1onecky npocnn poaec1n po caepennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1oL
coae1ckne rase1L n papnoc1anunn ne pacnpoc1pannnn coouennn, nanpaanennLx npo1na
yHLnnn. onkpe1nLe caepennn no a1oHy noaopy npepc1aan1 IenepanLnLn cekpe1apL , k
ko1opoHy on n npocn1 Henn san1n nocne pannoro pasroaopa.
4. n yaepoHnen o copepannn no1L coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1nocn1enLno nnunpen1a c
co1pypnnkoH nonnpepc1aa onoc. H pano npnkasanne nponsaec1n paccnepoaanne pena n nocne
a1oro ace pocLe ypy1 nepepanL Hne na paccHo1penne. pneH on napee1cn, 1o n, ncxopn ns
pyxa cnpaaepnnaoc1n n ecnpnc1pac1nn, cHory yepn1Lcn, 1o onoc ne Ln nopaeprny1
nnkakoHy nnoxoHy opauennk. cnn L onoc Ln nopaeprny1 nc1nsannnH, 1o y nero oc1anncL
L na 1ene cnepL. n1onecky oenL coanee1 o a1oH nnunpen1e, HoryueH noapepn1L
yc1anou1ennk xopounx o1nouennn Hepy yHLnnen n , ko1opLn nponsouen kak pas a 1o
apeHn, korpa 1ak naronpnn1no pasanaanncL 1oproaLe neperoaopL. R o1ae1nn, 1o no cyuec1ay
a1oro nnunpen1a n nnero ne Hory poaan1L k 1oHy, 1o ykasano a no1e coae1ckoro npaan1enL-
219
c1aa, apyennon 18 pekapn pyHLnckon Hnccnn a ockae. R rnyoko yepen a
cnpaaepnnaoc1n 1ex qak1oa, ko1opLe nsnoenL a no1e.
1o kacae1cn nsyennn Ha1epnanoa, 1o n ne Hory nsya1L pokyHen1L a qopHe pocLe,
npepc1aannkune any1pnrocypapc1aennLe ak1L. R Hory nsya1L nnuL pokyHen1L, ko1opLe
pyHLnckoe npaan1enLc1ao co1e1 neoxopnHLH npnnon1L k no1non nepenncke. n1onecky
cnoaa noa1opnn, 1o on oenL coanee1 o a1oH nnunpen1e, sanann, 1o a c1pane Lua
peaonkunn, ko1opan npoponae1cn eue n cenac, n on npnnarae1 ace ycnnnn k 1oHy, 1oL
npnaec1n c1pany k cnokonc1ank n aaec1n peaonkunk a nopHanLnoe pycno. o, k coanennk,
nHek1cn snonaHepennLe aneHen1L, ko1opLe napyuak1 nopnpok n sakon. Eeso1ae1c1aennLe
nernonepL cnpoaounpoaann nnunpen1L c anrnnanaHn, pasnnLuaHn, aHepnkancknHn
rpapanaHn, rpekaHn. Hy c1onno onLuoro 1pypa nnkanpnpoaa1L nocnepc1ann a1nx
nnunpen1oa. enepL nponsouen nnunpen1 c coae1cknH rpapannnoH a1o apeHn, korpa
nponcxopn1 nananaanne o1nouennn c oae1cknH oksoH. pypno ycnepn1L sapen1enLnoc1Lk
snonaHepennLx nnu, ko1opLe apLaak1cn a poHa eapeea, o1npak1 y nnx penLrn, ynaak1 nn a
eH ne noannnLx qry, apapy n ppyrnx. nunpen1 c onocoH ne aLpaae1 o1nouennn
yHLnckoro npaan1enLc1aa k . R ykasan, 1o, opnako, apec1, nc1nsannn onoca, c1peHnenne
ero saaepoaa1L n npoee Lnn nponsaepenL ne ac1nLHn nnuaHn, a nonnunen -
rocypapc1aennLH opranoH yHLnnn. poHe 1oro, ype1 yHec1nLH nanoHnn1L, 1o o nnoxoH
noaepennn aren1oa 1annon nonnunn no o1nouennk nonnpepc1aa n o1penLnLx pao1nnkoa Lno
cpenano a Hnnnnpen paa npepc1aanennn: opno - 1yppse, ppyroe - IenepanLnoHy cekpe1apk
peuea-ny. eno pouno po 1oro, 1o nonnpepc1ao pnn onLnLx pe1en n co1pypnnkoa ne Horno
aLsaa1L apaen, ko1opLe o1kasLaanncL np1n k naH, Ho1nanpyn 1eH, 1o aren1L 1annon nonnunn
npoaepnk1 y nnx pokyHen1L n penak1 no1oH ponpocL. n1onecky ckasan, 1o on o a1nx
npepc1aanennnx ne snan. eanpno, 1yppsa ero ne nnqopHnpoaan, no 1yppsa saLaan
aLnonnn1L ero npnkasannn. n aLsoae1 Hnnnc1pa any1pennnx pen n aLncnn1 y nero a1n
oc1on1enLc1aa. o apeHn ecepL n1onecky ckasan, 1o pnn nero ne ncno opno Hec1o ns no1L,
rpe roaopn1cn o aepoake onoca n o apeHenn nponnknoaennn a nonnpepc1ao. orpa, aLckasaa
npepnonoenne, 1o, aosHono, npn nepepae no1L 1enerpaqoH nonynnncL nckaennn, n
san1an a1y ac1L nauen no1L n xo1en oc1aan1L eHy konnk a1on no1L. 3anana, 1o ns ockaL
nepepano npnnnsn1enLno 1o e, n1onecky no1y ne asnn. onnk no1L no1oH n apynn
IenepanLnoHy cekpe1apk peueany 21 pekapn.
#22 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .:19 .919: .99;=:09.
'04# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9# 9.?819
91 3 1940 .
(. 3
epy HancknH n annecoH nponsouno 12 ecep. poHe 1oro, Hancknn nHen ecepL c annoH,
opren1ay n ppyrnHn. pnoapeHenno nponsounn
22
1ake ac1pen 1ennrapp1a c LunncknH n osoacknH. esynL1a1 a1nx pnn1enLnLx pasroaopoa
cnepykunn:
1. oc1nrny1a poroaopennoc1L:
a) o o1kpL1nn aHepnkanckoro koncynLc1aa ao napnaoc1oke
180
;
) o aLespe ns sanapnLx onac1en n E aHepnkancknx rpapan, nHekunx kakne-nno
pokyHen1L, pokasLaakune nx aHepnkanckoe rpapanc1ao;
a) o ecnpenn1c1aennoH aaose coae1ckoro sono1a a oepnnennLe 1a1L n o nenpnHenennn
pnckpnHnnaunn a o1nouennn a1oro sono1a;
r) o qpax1oaannn aHepnkanckoro 1onnaa;
p) o npepoc1aanennn coae1cknH nnenepaH npaaa noceuennn saaopoa an1.
2. nkakoro cornauennn ne poc1nrny1o:
a) o nHyuec1aennLx npe1ensnnx aHepnkanuea na 1eppn1opnnx 3anapnon kpannL, 3anapnon
Eenopyccnn, Eeccapann, a1ann, n1aL n Sc1onnn;
) o na1annckoH, nn1oackoH n ac1onckoH sono1e, naxopnueHcn a ankax ;
a) o na1anncknx n ac1oncknx napoxopax, naxopnunxcn a nop1ax ;
r) o na1anncknx, nn1oacknx n ac1oncknx noconLc1aax n koncynLc1aax na 1eppn1opnn ;
p) o aLespe ns coae1cknx rpapanok n rpapan, c1aaunx enaHn n HyLnHn
aHepnkancknx rpapan.
3. aonpoce o pasHeuennn n aLaose oopypoaannn ns aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
o1kasLaae1cn npnsna1L nauy npnnunnnanLnyk nosnunk o nepacnpoc1panennn sakona o
nnuensnpoaannn o1 2 nknn na oopypoaanne, sakasannoe po a1oro cpoka n o 1oH, 1o aLpannLe
nnuensnn npaan1enLc1aoH na pasHeuennLe sakasL ne Hory1 L1L annynnpoaanL.
ocne npesnpen1ckoro ykasa o1 2 nknn paspeueno aLaes1n a oopypoaanne na 11 Hnn.
ponn., a sanpeueno npnHepno na 7 Hnn.ponn.
16 pekapn annec coounn HanckoHy, 1o npaan1enLc1ao peunno paspeun1L aLaes1n eue
na 700 1Lc. ponn. oopypoaannn, naxopnuerocn a .
4. opanLnoe aHapro
43
po cnx nop eue ne cnn1o. annec 16 pekapn sanann HanckoHy, 1o
HopanLnoe aHapro ype1 cnn1o, ecnn coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacn1cn cn1a1L aonpoc o
oopypoaannn ncepnannLH. a1oH cnyae npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao non1n na oHen no1aHn o
1oH, 1o ono ype1 paccHa1pnaa1L sanakn coae1cknx xosnnc1aennLx opranoa a caHoH
ppyec1aennoH pyxe n opnoapeHenno o1nan1 o o1Hene HopanLnoro aHapro.
5. o apeHn neperoaopoa c HancknH annec n opren1ay neopnokpa1no c1aannn aonpoc o nauen
panLneaoc1onon n nnneaoc1onon nonn1nke.
16 pekapn Hancknn sanann no naueHy nopyennk annecy o1 caoero nHenn, aLpasna
yaepennoc1L, 1o a1o nanne1cn n HnenneH coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1o oae1cknn oks
npoponae1 c1on1L na nosnunn caoen Hnpnon nonn1nkn, oc1aaancL ane aonnL n c1peHncL
noppepnaa1L nopHanLnLe akonoHneckne n nonn1neckne o1nouennn co aceHn c1panaHn, a 1oH
ncne n c aokkunHn. 1nouennn c n1aeH coxpannk1 caon popococepcknn xapak1ep,
aL1ekakunn ns coae1cko-kn1anckoro poroaopa o nenanapennn*. aua nnneaoc1onan
nonn1nka onpepenne1cn npnnunnaHn panLnenuero ynyuennn nonn1necknx n akonoHnecknx
o1nouennn co aceHn nnneaoc1onLHn c1panaHn.
oroaop o1 21 aaryc1a 1937 ropa.
221
6. s neperoaopoa anpno, 1o Hepy anrnnncknH n aHepnkancknH npaan1enLc1aaHn cyuec1aye1
cornacoaannoc1L no aonpocy o nenpnsnannn axopennn npnan1nncknx c1pan a , o sono1e n
napoxopax npnan1nncknx pecnynnk, o noconLc1aax n koncynLc1aax a1ann, n1aL n Sc1onnn na
1eppn1opnn n ennkopn1annn.
oouak pnn auero caepennn n opnen1npoakn.
2 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .:9B .99:9 .1C9=1B1.
'0,# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. /#-#
7.1D1/. .2119 1988.2 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/
99 3 1940 .
( 3
eropnn, 21 pekapn, okono 8 acoa aeepa n Lu y nen1pona n cpenan eHy sananenne a
coo1ae1c1ann c auen pnpek1naon no aonpocy o peHapkaunn Lauen nn1oacko-repHanckon
rpannuL. snona cy1L aonpoca, n sanann 1ake, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nepoaonLno 1eH,
1o na ero no1y o1 28 aaryc1a* o1 repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa po cnx nop ne nocnepoaano
nnkakoro o1ae1a. o npocLe nen1pona, n san1an eHy 1ekc1 no1L o1 28 aaryc1a. nen1pon
anaane sanann, 1o on ne a kypce a1oro pena n ne snae1, ocypancn nn a1o1 aonpoc a
uen1panLnon cHeuannon repHano-coae1ckon norpannnon koHnccnn. R o1ae1nn, 1o a1o1 aonpoc
Lu noc1aanen a aepanLnon no1e repHanckoHy noconLc1ay a ockae n ne ocypancn a
norpannnon koHnccnn, 1ak kak peHapkaunn Lauen nn1oacko-repHanckon rpannuL ne axopnna a
1o1 HoHen1 a ee sapay, 1o no1oH a1o1 aonpoc c1aann a caoen no1e o1 28 aaryc1a*. 3a1eH
nen1pon aLsaan k 1eneqony noHounnka c1a1c-cekpe1apn epHana n nocne pasroaopa c nnH
sanann, 1o a caoe apeHn ne Lu peuen aonpoc o kycoke n1aL. n nonarae1, 1o n a kypce
pen o 1oH, 1o a cekpe1noH cornauennn** npepycHo1pen nepexop a1on 1eppn1opnn k IepHannn.
noc1aann 1orpa aonpoc o yc1ynke eHy a1oro kycoka n1aL n npepnonn IepHannn
penenyk koHnencaunk. IepHanckan c1opona coounna 1orpa, 1o ona ne Hoe1 anpe1L a a1oH
npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa paanouennoro akanaanen1a. na 1ake ckasana 1orpa,
1o a1o1 aonpoc nepepae1cn repHancknH npaan1enLc1aoH na nsyenne any1pennnH repHancknH
oprannsaunnH, a nocne ero repHanckan c1opona pac1 o1ae1. n o1pan pacnopnenne
paccHo1pe1L a1o1 aonpoc, ao-nepaLx, c 1okn spennn aosHonoc1n aooue yc1ynkn oae1ckoHy
oksy a1on 1eppn1opnn, n npn nonon1enLnoH peuennn onpepenn1L, kakon akanaanen1
repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao no1peye1 o1 oae1ckoro oksa. ak kak no a1oHy aonpocy ne1 eue
ncnoc1n Hepy n IepHannen, peHapkaunn rpannuL ne nponsaopnnacL. akoaL, kak eHy
npepc1aanne1cn, pena a nac1onuee apeHn. n cenac pan ykasanne ep-Hany ponon1L eHy
coc1onnne a1oro pena, n on cHor L cnoaa aepny1Lcn k neHy
G 8# pok. 44# GG 8# ### H 0# gg((# H ok. 643.
222
nocne nsyennn coo1ae1c1aykunx Ha1epnanoa. enac on ne a coc1onnnn aLckasa1L 1oky
spennn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1.k. on cnaana ponen paccHo1pe1L Ha1epnanL any1pennnx
repHancknx opranoa. ocne paccHo1pennn a1nx Ha1epnanoa n ocypennn aonpoca repHancknH
npaan1enLc1aoH Hne ype1 pan o1ae1. n noa1opne1, 1o peHapkaunn ne Lna nponsaepena, 1.k.
kycoek n1aL oc1aannn aonpoc rpannuL o1kpL1LH n 1ak kak ne nHeno cHLcna peHapknpoaa1L
rpannuy, ko1opan ne Lna L okona1enLnon. R sanann, 1o aonpoc o kycoke n1aL Hne
snakoH. ackonLko Hne nsaec1no, peuenne aonpoca o qopHe n pasHepe koHnencaunn
sapepanocL ns-sa nenonyennn po cero apeHenn o1ae1a repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, kakan
koHnencaunn pnn nero ena1enLna. R ckasan aHec1e c 1eH, 1o panLnenuan sapepka epHanoH
peuennn aonpoca Lna L neena1enLna pnn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa n aLckasan
npepnonoenne, 1o panLnenuan sapepka o1ae1a repHancknH npaan1enLc1aoH o peHapkaunn
Hoe1 aLsaa1L sapepky oqopHnennn xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn, neperoaopL o ko1opoH aepe1
nyppe n ko1opoe npepnonaranocL nopnnca1L napnnx. nen1pon na a1o o1ae1nn, 1o on
coanee1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona panLue ne nopnnHana aonpoc o peHapkaunn eue pas. S1o, ao-
nepaLx. o-a1opLx, kak on aLncnnn cenac y epHana, a1o1 aonpoc cansan c aonpocoH o
kycoke n1aL. ockonLky ne peuen eue aonpoc o rpannue a ocnoanoH. 1oH cnyae, ecnn L
nponsaec1n peHapkaunk, ne peuna aonpoc o rpannue a ocnoanoH, nyno Lno L npopena1L
paonnyk pao1y. euenne a1oro aonpoca o1c1ynnno na sapnnn nnan a cansn c aanLHn
coL1nnHn. o 1enepL, nocne nsyennn pao1L any1pennnHn repHancknHn oprannsaunnHn n
nocne ocypennn a1oro aonpoca, a cepepnne ypyuen nepenn o1ae1 ype1 pan. a a1oH ecepa
Lna sakonena, kak appyr nen1pon neonpanno cnpocnn Henn, npoponae1 nn coae1ckan
c1opona cn1a1L, 1o en nyen a1o1 kycoek n1aL 1 o1ae1nn, 1o pa. Eecepa npoponanacL
Hnny1 50. pouy ac pa1L Hne pononnn1enLnyk opnen1npoaky, a ac1noc1n, no aonpocy o
kycoke n1aL, konnk cnpaakn o 1eppn1opnn n nacenennn a1on 1eppn1opnn. akan cnpaaka,
kak aH nsaec1no, a caoe apeHn Lna coc1aanena, ee cnepoaano L pononnn1L nocnepnnHn
pannLHn, npncoaokynn1L reorpaqneckyk kap1y, a 1ake aun ykasannn pnn npepc1onuero
pasroaopa c nen1ponoH. enecoopasno Lno L nocna1L ace a1n Ha1epnanL co cneunanLnLH
pnnkypLepoH caHone1oH.
3>2 ! %- 6.0C9 .1 .:1B .91<< .94B=949.
'0'# &787. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 8#.#
<1D1/81-1 8 =18<19 =1 / 8882 # 0.07./1?
%>? 1.ono1oay, 1.LunnckoHy, Iencekpe1apna1
94 3 1940 . (3
R ckasan nocny, 1o 19 pekapn, korpa on Ln y Henn, n coounn eHy, 1o sananenne nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa no aonpocy o 1apnqax eaponencko-asna1-ckoro rpysoaoro coouennn naxopn1cn
na paspeuennn npaan1enLc1aa. eropnn
223
n npnrnacnn ero pnn 1oro, 1oL nepepa1L peuenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa no pannoHy
aonpocy. apopnLn oHnccap ..ono1oa aepa ye coounn nocny, 1o coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao cpenano cknpky c aaepennLx any1pennnx 1apnqoa a pasHepe o1 15 po 40%.
knpka ype1 aaepena c 1 pekapn c.r.
1o kacae1cn cosLaa konqepenunn yac1nnkoa eaponencko-asna1ckoro coouennn, 1o nynk1 6
cornauennn 1931 ropa npepycHa1pnaae1 cosLa konqepenunn npaanenneH penaHn pannoro
coouennn. o nHekunHcn caepennnH, npaanenne penaHn pac1 o1ae1 no a1oHy aonpocy
nenocpepc1aenno nnoncknH enesnLH poporaH. pn a1oH n san1an nocny aLnncky ns npo1okona
konqepenunn yac1nnkoa eaponencko-asna1ckoro coouennn, a ko1opoH roaopn1cn, 1o
npaanenneH penaHn a1oro coouennn nannk1cn enesnLe popora .
R nepepan nocny HeHopanpyH, ko1opLn Ln nepeaepen eHy coae1nnkoH nnkaaa.
snakoHnauncL c HeHopanpyHoH, nocon sanann, 1o on npnsna1enen sa yc1anoanennLe cknpkn,
ko1opLe cpenanL a ye1e ero sananennn. 1o e kacae1cn 1oro, kak a1n cknpkn aLrnnpn1
npak1neckn, 1o no a1oHy aonpocy on cHoe1 aLckasa1L caoe Hnenne 1onLko nocne 1oro, korpa
osnakoHn1cn co cnnckoH, n cnpocnn, ne Hoe1 nn on nonyn1L cnncok y Henn.
a a1o n o1ae1nn nocny, 1o cnncok on Hoe1 nonyn1L a apkoHaneu1opre nnn a .
ocne a1oro nocon cnpocnn: n1ae1cn nn Rnonnn c1panon, nHekuen 1oproaoe cornauenne c
n nonLsykuencn npaaoH nanonLuero naronpnn1c1aoaannn nnn ne1
R o1ae1nn, 1o nocny nsaec1no, 1o Rnonnn ne nHee1 c 1oproaoro poroaopa, noa1oHy ona ne
Hoe1 nonLsoaa1Lcn 1on cknpkon, ko1opan npepoc1aanena, nanpnHep, IepHannn, c ko1opon
nHee1 1oproaLn poroaop*. ockonLky Rnonnn ne nHee1 c naHn 1oproaoro poroaopa, noa1oHy ona
ne Hoe1 cn1a1Lcn c1oponon, nonLsykuencn npaaoH nanonLuero naronpnn1c1aoaannn. ak
nsaec1no nocny, a npounoH ropy nHenn Hec1o neperoaopL o 1oproaoH poroaope, no neperoaopL
ne npnaenn k saknkennk poroaopa.
a1ekaaa san1an nynk1 3 c1. 4 konaenunn o ocnoanLx npnnunnax asanHoo1nouennn Hepy
n Rnonnen, saknkennon a 1925 r. a eknne**:
n opna ns oroaapnaakunxcn 1opon ne ype1 npnHenn1L cneunanLno npo1na ppyron 1oponL
kaknx-nno Hep sanpeuennn, orpannennn nnn onoennn, Horyunx cnyn1L npenn1c1aneH k
pasan1nk akonoHneckoro nnn nnoro ouennn Hepy oenHn c1panaHn, npneH oe c1oponL
naHepenL npepoc1aan1L 1oproane, Hopennaaannk n npoHLunennoc1n kapon c1panL, a
npepenax aosHonoc1n, 1pak1oaanne na naanax nanonLuero naronpnn1c1aoaannn.
o ero Hnennk, Hoe sananenne npo1naopen1 a1oHy nynk1y, a coae1nnk nnkaaa sanann, 1o a
pannoH cnyae nHee1 Hec1o pnckpnHnnaunn.
a a1o n o1ae1nn, 1o konaenunen yc1anoanenL npnnunnL, ko1opLHn oe c1oponL ypy1
pykoaopc1aoaa1Lcn npn saknkennn 1oproaoro poroaopa, no npouno 15 ne1, a poroaop po cnx nop
ne saknken. cLnkn nocna na konaenunk ne Hory1 cnyn1L nopkpennenneH ero nosnunn,
no1oHy 1o nanonLuee naronpnn1c1aoaanne npoaopn1cn a npepenax aosHonoc1n. R ykasan
1ake, 1o a a1oH peuennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ne1 nnkakon pnckpnHnnaunn.
* H. pok. 41. ** H. okyHen1L... - . VIII. - ok. 30.
224
c1ec1aenno, 1o c1panaH, nHekunH c naHn 1oproaLe poroaopL, HL npepoc1aanneH opnn
nLro1L, a 1eH, ko1opLe ne nHek1 1akoaLx, - ppyrne. cnn L 1onLko pnn Rnonnn Lnn aaepenL
ocoLe 1apnqL, 1o 1orpa ppyroe peno, no a pannoH cnyae HL yc1anaannaaeH opnn 1apnq pnn
acex c1pan, ko1opLe ne nHek1 c 1oproaLx poroaopoa.
ocon ckasan panee, 1o c1. 4 eknnckon konaenunn roaopn1, 1o ne 1onLko 1oproaLn poroaop
ponen L1L saknken na ocnoae ykasannLx a onaenunn npnnunnoa, no n po saknkennn
1oproaoro poroaopa 1oproann ponna pykoaopc1aoaa1Lcn npnnunnoH nanonLuero
naronpnn1c1aoaannn, 1ak 1o n a pannoH cnyae a1o1 npnnunn ponen L1L coxpanen. cansn c
a1nH a1ekaaa cnpocnn Henn - kak L o1neccn k noaLuennk 1apnqoa a Rnonnn
R ykasan nocny, 1o ne Hory cornacn1Lcn c ero 1onkoaanneH c1. 4 konaenunn. s a1on c1a1Ln ne
aL1ekae1, 1o ponen nepeaosn1L 1oaapL ns Rnonnn na naanax nanonLuero
naronpnn1c1aoaannn. R ykasan, 1o ccLnkn nocna na a1y c1a1Lk neyepn1enLnL n ne Hory1
nokonea1L coaepuenno npaannLnon nosnunn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. c1. 4 konaenunn
npnHo ykasano, 1o aLueynoHnny1Le npnnunnL npoaopn1cn a npepenax aosHonoc1n.
1o kacae1cn noaLuennn 1apnqoa Rnonnen, 1o ecnn L Rnonnn aaena pnn ocoLn 1apnq, 1o
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao esycnoano aospaano L npo1na a1oro, 1.k. a1o Lna L
pnckpnHnnaunn, no ecnn L Rnonnn aaena L opnn 1apnq pnn acex c1pan, c ko1opLun ona ne
nHee1 1oproaLx poroaopoa, 1o y nac ne Lno L ocnoaannn aospaa1L npo1na a1oro.
a1ekaaa cpenan saHeanne, 1o anrnnnckoe aLpaenne as far as possbe snan1: kak Hono
unpe npnHenn1L npnnunn nanonLuero naronpnn1c1aoaannn, na 1o n o1ae1nn, 1o pannoe
anrnnnckoe aLpaenne osnaae1 a nepeaope nackonLko aosHono nnn a npepenax
aosHonoc1n n 1o on nenpaannLno nepeaopn1 a1o coaepuenno ncnoe anrnnnckoe aLpaenne.
anee nocon ckasan, 1o 15 ne1 Hepy Rnonnen n ne Lno saknkeno poroaopa, no, kak
nsaec1no, Rnonnn cneunanLno nocLnana auycnHa n npnnonna co caoen c1oponL ace ycnnnn k
saknkennk 1oproaoro poroaopa, no coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnpepnaanocL nosnunn, 1oL
npepaapn1enLno yperynnpoaa1L nonoenne na Honrono-HanLypckon rpannue n ne nokasano
enannn saknkn1L 1oproaLn poroaop c Rnonnen.
R o1ae1nn nocny, 1o Lnn cepLesnLe npnnnL, ko1opLe noHeuann saknkennk 1oproaoro
poroaopa, no, nackonLko Hne nsaec1no, ne coae1ckan c1opona nece1 o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa 1o, 1o
1oproaLn poroaop ne Lu saknken.
1o e kacae1cn aonpocoa 1apnqa, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nouno a npepenax aosHonoc1n
naac1pey noenannnH nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa n cpenano onLuyk cknpky. ae es cknpkn
any1pennnn enesnopoponLn 1apnq na coae1cknx enesnLx poporax nne, eH na
HanLypcknx, ecnn e yec1L cknpky, 1o nau 1apnq nanne1cn caHLH nnsknH 1apnqoH ns acex
yac1nnkoa eaponencko-asna1ckoro coouennn. o1 qak1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cpenano
cknpky, canpe1enLc1aye1 o popon aone coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ko1opoe yno, koneno, n
coo1ae1c1aykunn nynk1 eknnckoro cornauennn. nero ppyroro coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao no
pannoHy aonpocy npepnon1L ne Hoe1.
R npepnonn npekpa1n1L pnckyccnk, nockonLky nosnunn naun ncnL n HL ppyr ppyra ne HoeH
yepn1L.
ocon sanann, 1o on nonnHae1 n uenn1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao, cpenaa cknpky, nouno
naac1pey ero noenannnH. anLnenuyk pnckyccnk no a1o-
15 okyc1L. n. 9.4. 1
225
Hy aonpocy on 1ake cn1ae1 ecnonesnon. n ponon1 caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay o 1oH, 1o eHy
Lno cooueno. Hec1e c a1nH, on cn1an caonH ponroH ykasa1L na nynk1 3 c1. 4 eknnckon
konaenunn pnn 1oro, 1oL saun1n1L nn1epecL Rnonnn.
R sanann, 1o oenL naropapen sa 1o nocny, 1o on nanoHnnn Hne c1.4 eknnckon konaenunn,
1ak kak a1nH on 1onLko nopkpennn nosnunk Hoero npaan1enLc1aa.
epep yxopoH a1ekaaa ckasan, 1o on ne kpnc1 n noa1oHy eHy 1pypno co Hnon cnopn1L, na 1o n
o1ae1nn, 1o n 1oe ne kpnc1.
a ecepe npncy1c1aoaan saHec1n1enL saaepykuero 1opLH panLneaoc1onLH o1penoH
1.aanLea.
#>2345
!4F4
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. LunnckoHy,
saHec1n1ennH napkoHa, Iencekpe1apna1
cansn c naHn1non sannckon, apyennon 3aHec1n1enk apopnoro oHnccapa noc1pannLx en
r-ny osoackoHy nocnoH Rnonnn r-noH a1ekaaa 30 nonpn 1940 ropa no aonpocy o npnHenennn
1apnqoa enesnLx popor oksa a eaponencko-asna1ckoH coouennn, apopnLn
koHnccapna1 nnoc1pannLx pen cn1ae1 neoxopnHLH ykasa1L na cnepykuee:
opepaueecn a naHn1non sanncke y1aeppenne r-na a1ekaaa o 1oH, 1o noaLn 1apnq nocn1
sanpe1n1enLnLn xapak1ep, ne naxopn1 cee nop1aeppennn a cpaanennn 1apnqoa enesnLx
popor oksa c enesnopoponLHn 1apnqaHn ppyrnx c1pan, yac1aykunx a eaponencko-
asna1ckoH coouennn.
S1o anpno, a ac1noc1n, ns cpaanennn 1apnqoa enesnLx popor oksa c 1apnqaHn
HanLypcknx enesnLx popor. ak, nanpnHep, npoaosnan nna1a na enesnLx poporax oksa
npn npo1nennn a 7714 kH npn noaaronnLx o1npaakax pnn nspennn ns c1ann coc1aanne1
44,10 aH.ponnapoa sa 1onny, pnn koncepaoa - 54,50 aH.ponnapoa sa 1onny, pnn Haunn - 44,10
aH.ponnapoa sa 1onny, a 1o apeHn kak npoaosnan nna1a na HanLypcknx enesnLx poporax npn
npo1nennn a 1190 kH coc1aanne1: pnn nspennn ns c1ann - 51,90 aH. ponnapoa sa 1onny, pnn
koncepaoa - 51,90 aH. ponnapoa sa 1onny, pnn Haunn - 30,20 aH. ponnapoa sa 1onny.
ake conoc1aanenne 1apnqoa enesnLx popor oksa c 1apnqaHn repHancknx enesnLx
popor nokasLaae1, 1o pnn 1aknx 1oaapoa, kak Hacno nLnnnoe n koncepaL, npoaosnan nna1a na
repHancknx enesnLx poporax sa npo1nenne a 994 kH npn cnepoaannn epes aypare a IaHypr
coc1aanne1 19,88 aH. ponn. sa 1onny, Hepy 1eH kak no enesnLH poporaH oksa sa
npo1nenne 7714 kH npn cnepoaannn o1 c1anunn anLypnn po aypare npoaosnan nna1a npn
noaaronnLx o1npaakax coc1aanne1: pnn Hacna nLnnnoro n pnn koncepaoa - 54,50 aH. ponn. sa
1onny.
ecHo1pn na aLuensnoennoe, coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao, nHen a anpy cnococ1aoaa1L pasan1nk
1pansn1a a eaponencko-asna1ckoH coouennn, pano ykasanne apopnoHy koHnccapna1y ny1en
coouennn o npepoc1aanennn cknpok c 1apnqoa enesnLx popor oksa no pnpy rpysoa npn
nx nepeaoske a eaponencko-asna1ckoH coouennn. asHepL a1nx cknpok yc1anoanenL o1 30
226
po 70% pnn rpysoa, nponcxopnunx ns c1pan, nHekunx c oksoH 1oproaLe poroaopL n
1oproaLe cornauennn.
o1nouennn e rpysoa, nponcxopnunx ns c1pan, ne nHekunx c oksoH 1oproaLx poroaopoa
n 1oproaLx cornauennn, npn nepeaoske 1aknx rpysoa a eaponencko-asna1ckoH coouennn
pasHepL cknpok npn noaaronnLx o1npaakax yc1anoanenL o1 15 po 40%.
anpnHep, no neko1opLH ns 1oaapoa, o ko1opLx Lno ynoHnny1o a ecepe coae1nnka nnonckoro
noconLc1aa r-na nccn c saHec1n1eneH napopnoro koHnccapa aneunen 1oproann aranoaneH
.. o1 20 pekapn 1940 ropa, cknpkn ypy1 npn noaaronnLx o1npaakax coc1aann1L: pnn
annnnnoaLx kpacok - 60%, pnn HepnkaHen1oa - 35 %, pnn pesnnoaLx nspennn - 60% c 1apnqoa
enesnLx popor oksa , npn ycnoann nponcxopennn nepencnennLx 1oaapoa ns c1pan,
nHekunx c oksoH 1oproaLe poroaopL n 1oproaLe cornauennn. o a1nH e 1oaapaH npn
ycnoann nponcxopennn nx ns c1pan, ne nHekunx c oksoH 1oproaLx poroaopoa n 1oproaLx
cornauennn, pasHep cknpkn npn noaaronnLx o1npaakax coc1aan1: pnn annnnnoaLx kpacok -
30%, pnn HepnkaHen1oa - 20 % n pnn pesnnoaLx nspennn - 30% c 1apnqoa enesnLx popor
oksa .
nncok rpysoa, no ko1opLH npepoc1aannk1cn ynoHnny1Le a nac1onueH HeHopanpyHe cknpkn c
1apnqoa enesnLx popor oksa , ype1 pacnynnkoaan a opnnke 1apnqoa n npaann
enesnopoponoro 1pancnop1a oksa .
knpkn npnHennk1cn co pnn aaepennn noaoro 1pansn1noro 1apnqa, 1.e. c 1 pekapn 1940 ropa.
1o e kacae1cn cosLaa konqepenunn, 1o a1o1 aonpoc, kak a1o npepycHo1peno c1a1Len 6
cornauennn o eaponencko-asna1ckoH rpysoaoH coouennn, saknkennoH a 1931 ropy,
coc1aanne1 koHne1enunk npaanennn enaHn pannoro coouennn n, no nHekunHcn caepennnH,
coo1ae1c1aykunn o1ae1 nnoncknH enesnLH poporaH ype1 pan nenocpepc1aenno npaanenneH
enaHn coouennn.
32 94 3 1940
!%- 6.014B 9: .90C .9 . 190=19<.
'0!# 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. /#-# 7.1D1/
94 3 1940 .
(. 3
osapauenne na popnny n1enen pnan1nkn ns panunn epes IepHannk sa1pypneno
cnonoc1Lk nonyennn nHn nponyckoa pnn a1espa a apn. onpn1e a c xopa1anc1aoH o
cponon aLpae rpapanaH pnan1nkn, naxopnunHcn a neokkynnpoaannon sone panunn,
nponyckoa pnn a1espa a apn c uenLk oqopHnennn nHn 1pansn1a epes IepHannk npn nx
cnepoaannn a .
2
!%- 6.0C9 .1 .:1< .91;9 . 1C<.
'0C# 07<7-2.99. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882
8#.#<1D1/81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. /#-#
7.1D1-/
94 3 1940 .
(2. 3
a npepnoenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa no pLonoanoHy aonpocy o1 29 qeapann c.r. napkoH
nepepan oro o1ae1 coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa 20 nknn c.r.
127
a1oH o1ae1e Ln nsnoen pnp
nsHenennn n pononnennn k pLonoanon konaenunn 1928 r. HLcn naunx npepnoennn a rnaanon
caoen ac1n caopnncn k cnepykueHy:
a) op1aeppenne npnnunna 1oproa.
) nkanpaunn konueccnn na koncepanLe saaopL n npnkpennennLe k nnH yac1kn.
a) nkanpaunn nLro1noro pace1a nocpepc1aoH onnraunn .
r) nkanpaunn acex aneHen1oa konpoHnnnyHa.
6 cen1npn c.r. oro apynn napkoHy o1ae1 nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opoH Lno sananeno,
1o nnonckan c1opona ne Hoe1 asn1L sa ocnoay pLonoanLx neperoaopoa coae1cknn npoek1, n
npepnaranocL, 1oL neperoaopL aenncL nno na ase nnonckoro npepnoennn nnn e 1oL
coae1ckan c1opona cpenana onee npak1neckoe npepnoenne c ye1oH nnonckoro npoek1a.
13 pekapn a1ekaaa apynn napkoHy noaoe npepnoenne. S1o noaoe npepnoenne ynoHnnae1 o
1oH, 1o c1. 2 npo1okona o1 31 pekapn 1939 r.* o npopnennn pLonoanon konaenunn na 1940 r.
npepycHa1pnaae1 saknkenne noaon pLonoanon konaenunn a 1eenne 1940 r. pnako aanpy
1oro, 1o po konua ropa oc1anocL oenL Hano apeHenn, a 1eenne ko1oporo noaan konaenunn,
oeanpno, ne Hoe1 L1L saknkena, nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1:
1. popnn1L es nsHenennn na 1pn ropa no 1943 r. aknkn1enLno pLonoanyk konaenunk 1928 r.
2. popnn1L na a1o1 e cpok konueccnonnLe poroaopL na akcnnya1aunk nnoncknHn
noppannLHn koncepanLx saaopoa n npnkpennennLe k nnH pLonoanLe yac1kn.
3. oxpann1L nLro1nLn pace1 nnoncknx pLonpoHLunennnkoa nocpepc1aoH onnraunn .
23 pekapn napkoH apynn a1ekaaa o1ae1 coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opoH ckasano:
1. pok penc1ann pLonoanon konaenunn 1928 r. nc1ek a 1936 r, n penc1ane konaenunn
aosonoannnocL nn1L pas ny1eH ocooro cornauennn, no na cpok ne onee opnoro ropa a kapoH
cnyae.
2. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao a coo1ae1c1ann co c1. 2 po1okona o1 31 pekapn 1939 r. eue 20
nknn c.r. nepepano nnonckoHy npaan1enLc1ay caon konkpe1nLe npepnoennn, na ocnoae ko1opLx
npn enannn nnonckon c1oponL n npn aosHonLx nonpaakax noaan pLonoanan konaenunn Horna
L1L saknkena a 1eenne 1940 r., no nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne noenano asn1L sa
* H. okyHen1L... - . XXII. - ok. 902.
228
ocnoay coae1ckne npepnoennn, n, 1aknH opasoH, ne na coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao napae1
o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa 1o, 1o pLonoanan konaenunn po cnx nop ne saknkena.
3. 3aknkenne noaon pLonoanon konaenunn Hoe1 nHe1L Hec1o 1onLko nnuL npn
onpepenennLx nsHenennnx n pononnennnx k konaenunn 1928 r. epy 1eH, npepnoenne
a1ekaaa o1 13 pekapn nHenno a1oro oc1on1enLc1aa ne yn1Laae1, a nHee1 caoen uenLk
npopnn1L konaenunk 1928 r. na pnn1enLnLn cpok es acnknx nsHenennn.
4. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao aec1n neperoaopL o saknkennn noaon pLonoanon
konaenunn na ocnoae caonx npepnoennn o1 20 nknn.
1o e kacae1cn npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 13 pekapn, 1o ono ne Hoe1 L1L
npnnn1o n ne Hoe1 cnyn1L ocnoaon pnn neperoaopoa no pLonoanoHy aonpocy.
23 pekapn a1ekaaa nepepan napkoHy naHn1nyk sanncky n o1ncnn1enLnyk sanncky k nen, a
ko1opon anoaL pnnnno nsnoenL apryHen1L nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa npo1na nauero
npepnoennn o1 20 nknn. sanncke ckasano, 1o a1o npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa
cnocono kopennLH opasoH nopopaa1L nnonckoe pLonoac1ao a panLneaoc1onLx aopax
n npeapa1n1L ero a ckene1L. saknkn1enLnon ac1n o1ncnn1enLnon sannckn ckasano, 1o
coae1ckoe npepnoenne o1 20 nknn nokasLaae1 onpepenennoe naHepenne coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o1nn1L n sa1on1a1L pLonoanLe npaaa nnonuea a panLneaoc1onLx aopax
, noa1oHy-pe nnonckan c1opona ka1eropneckn ne Hoe1 npnnn1L coae1ckne npepnoennn
sa ocnoay pnn panLnenunx pnckyccnn.
Hec1e c 1eH, a1ekaaa npepnonn cospa1L koHnccnk pnn ocypennn noaon pLonoanon
konaenunn. apkoH na a1o o1ae1nn, 1o pnn pao1L 1akon koHnccnn cnepoaano L
npepaapn1enLno poroaopn1Lcn o ocnoaax noaon pLonoanon konaenunn.
#>2345 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .:1< .91;9 .1B9=1B4.
'09# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .## /:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / 8@. .#
9.819
94 3 1940 .
(. 3
3a nocnepnne 3-4 Hecnua a naunx o1nouennnx c nrnnen npeonapann, rnaanLH opasoH,
aonpocL, cansannLe c pnan1nkon, c 1oproaLHn neperoaopaHn n c npepnoennnHn anrnnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o1 22 ok1npn.
1. aua no1a npo1ec1a o1 23 nknn cero ropa* npo1na sapepkn EankoH nrnnn nepepan
Iocanky sono1a, kynnennoro nH y ankoa n1aL, a1ann n Sc1onnn, oc1ae1cn es o1ae1a.
nnnLx ecepax anckoro c IannqakcoH
* H. pok. 279.
229
nocnepnnn sanann, 1o anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao sapepano sono1o a oecneenne
nHyuec1aennLx nn1epecoa pn1ancknx noppannLx a pnan1nke, ouenennLx IannqakcoH a
pasHepe po 5 Hnn. qyn1oa c1epnnnroa.
pnnnc a ecepe c LunncknH o1 14 cen1npn* npepnonn saHoposn1L ace npnan1nnckne
aonpocL na pean1L, uec1L nnn pae 1pn Hecnua n naa1L 1oproaLe neperoaopL. opnon ns
ecep anckoro c IannqakcoH nocnepnnn ykasLuan, 1o anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao no aonpocy o
pnan1nke ne Hoe1 ne cn1a1Lcn c nosnunen aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. L o1knonnnn
acnkne cornauennn o saHopanaannn.
2. nrnnen sapepano 39 na1anncknx n ac1oncknx cypoa. 9 ok1npn c.r. HL sanannn npo1ec1
npo1na sapepannn cypoa n 1peoaann nx ocaoopennn. Hec1o oqnunanLnoro o1ae1a na nauy
no1y pnnnc a ecepe c LunncknH o1 17 ok1npn** aLpannyn npepnoenne o apeHennon
pekansnunn npnan1nncknx cypoa c aosHeuenneH sa nx ncnonLsoaanne a nopnpke 1anH-
ap1epa. 2 nonpn Lunncknn sanann pnnncy o nenpneHneHoc1n npepnoennn o 1anH-
ap1epe n anoaL nop1aeppnn 1peoaanne ocaoopn1L cypa. ecepax c LunncknH o1 11 n 19
nonpn*** pnnnc anoaL nac1anaan na o1kpL1nn neperoaopoa no aonpocy o aosHeuennn sa
ncnonLsoaanne cypoa, no a1n npepnoennn Lnn o1knonenL. eH apeHeneH anrnnnckoe
npaan1enLc1ao pekansnpoaano ye onLuyk ac1L cypoa n cnnno koHanpL Hopnkoa. ecepe c
pnrucoH o1 19 nonpn Lunncknn nac1anaan na npepoc1aanennn neoxopnHoro konnec1aa
cypoa, ns ncna sapepannLx, pnn o1npaakn npnan1nncknx Hopnkoa na popnny. Ea1nep a ecepe
c ancknH o1 11 pekapn aLpannyn npepnoenne o1npaan1L Hopnkoa a opnn ns epnoHopcknx
nop1oa na anrnnnckoH nnn nen1panLnoH napoxope. L nac1anaaeH na naueH npepnoennn
o1npaan1L Hopnkoa ns nrnnn na napoxopax, naxopnunxcn a nop1ax Snpe.
3. pesynL1a1e neperoaopoa c pnnncoH HL npepoc1aannn anrnnanaH aosHonoc1L a konue
ok1npn aaakynpoaa1L ns pnan1nkn anrnnncknx noppannLx a konnec1ae 174 enoaek.
cneunanLnoH noespe po napnaoc1oka, kypa sauen anrnnncknn napoxop n sapan a1nx
noppannLx a ac1pannk.
4. o aonpocy o 1oproaLx neperoaopax pnnnc neopnokpa1no ecepoaan c nkonnoH n
LunncknH. pnnnc specL a ockae n Ea1nep a onpone nopepknaann, 1o anrnnnckoe
npaan1enLc1ao naHepeno aec1n neperoaopL c coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH o saknkennn
unpokoro 1oproaoro cornauennn. pnako, korpa nkonn sanann pnnncy, 1o po 1oro, kak
anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne yperynnpye1 npnan1nncknn aonpoc, ne Hoe1 L1L n pen o
saknkennn unpokoro 1oproaoro cornauennn, 1o Hono non1n nnuL na 1oproayk cpenky no
onpepenennLH anpaH 1oaapoa. pnnnc sanann, 1o 1akoe npepnoenne ne yc1panaae1
anrnnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao. nrnnane ye onLue ropa (c nepepL1oH c pekapn 1939 no 18
Hap1a 1940 r.) uyHn1 aokpyr aonpoca o 1oproaLx neperoaopax. esynL1a1L neypaaunxcn
1oproaLx neperoaopoa c cen1npn 1939 r. po konua Han 1940 r. nsnoenL a coouennn o1
22 Han 1940 r.**** 1ex nop nonoenne ne nsHennnocL, xo1n a anrnnnckon npecce pa n a
oqnunanLnLx sananennnx a napnaHen1e o1Heae1cn (es acnknx k 1oHy ocnoaannn) nporpecc a
anrno-coae1cknx 1oproaLx neperoaopax.
* H. pok. 379.
** H. pok. 444.
*** H. pok. 503, 530.
**** H. pok. 156.
23
5. ecepe c LunncknH o1 22 ok1npn c.r.* pnnnc nepepan o1 nHenn pn1anckoro
npaan1enLc1aa npepnoennn coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay. o Hnennk pnnnca, a1n npepnoennn
ponnL Lnn nan1Lcn ocnoaok kopennLx ynyuennn anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennn. opepanne
a1nx npepnoennn Lno pasrnaueno no papno n a nea1n caHnHn anrnnanaHn a nepnop noespkn
ono1oaa a Eepnnn. Lunncknn a ecepe c pnnncoH o1 11 nonpn c.r. o1He1nn kak caoe nnnoe
Hnenne, 1o anrnnnckne npepnoennn a pykoaopnunx coae1cknx kpyrax aLsLaak1 nepoyHenne.
1panno, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao peunnocL aLpanny1L npepnoennn, ko1opLe pak1
HenLue 1oro, eH on ye pacnonarae1.
6. ok1npe n nonpe pnnnc ac1peancn c LunncknH eue pas. a1nx ecepax sa1parnaanncL,
rnaanLH opasoH, aonpocL o npnan1nncknx cypax. pnnnc pan pnp oeuannn: npnnn1L HepL o
ocaoopennn e1Lpex Hopnkoa c napoxopa apn, apec1oaannLx a anape, k
pasnoknpoaannk 1ekyunx ce1oa n 1.p. orpa HL no1peoaann o1ae1a na no1y 9 ok1npn,
pnnnc a nncLHe o1 12.XII na 8 c1pannuax oouen aLpanny1Le nepep nnH aonpocL, nckasnn pnp
sananennn, cpenannLx LunncknH a ecepax c nnH, sanana, 1o aLckasannLe nH a ecepax c
LunncknH coopaennn n nannk1cn o1ae1oH pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa na no1y 9 ok1npn.
nnanune pnn pnnncy ypy1 nocnanL aospaennn, konc1a1npykune yknonenne pn1anckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o1 o1ae1a.
7. Iannqakc, Ea1nep, epnnnL n pp. nnua ns coc1aaa npaan1enLc1aa, c ko1opLHn npnxopn1cn
ac1pea1Lcn anckoHy, ac1o naHekak1, a nnorpa n npnHo pak1 nonn1L, 1o ace Heponpnn1nn a
o1nouennn cornacoaLaak1cn c npaan1enLc1aoH . Rcno, 1o aneunnn nonn1nka onpona
ace onee n onee saancn1 a nac1onuee apeHn o1 aunnr1ona.
ED4345 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .:90 .9909 .1:1=1:4.
'10# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .<# /:@81-1 8 =18<19 >2.J / 8882 q#=# <.&119
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1.LunnckoHy,
1.osoackoHy, 1.akcnny
9C 3 1940 .
aonn aLpasnn naropapnoc1L sa 1o, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao, necHo1pn na 1o, 1o
panunn ne nanne1cn onee cyaepennLH rocypapc1aoH, npoponae1 noppepnaa1L c nek
nopHanLnLe o1nouennn. cLnancL na 1nenoe nonoenne panunn a nac1onunn HoHen1, on
ckasan, 1o eHy 1pypno c1aan1L cenac nonn1neckne aonpocL. aonn saHe1nn, 1o
qpanuysckoe npaan1enLc1ao no-npeneHy aepe1 neperoaopL c IepHannen, ono aLnypeno
pena1L a1o a cansn co caoen cnaoc1Lk n nonnLH nopaenneH panunn.
R o1ae1nn aonny, 1o Hne nonn1no 1nenoe nonoenne, a ko1opoH na-
* H. pok. 460.
231
xonn1cn cenac panunn, a 1o e apeHn n cn1ak, 1o 1pypnoc1n, c1onune nepep panunen, ne
Hory1 annn1L na nopHanLnLe o1nouennn Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n ek.
aonn sanann, 1o on xo1en L no nopyennk caoero npaan1enLc1aa opa1n1Lcn c opnon
npocLon, npneH on ne 1peye1 neHepnennoro o1ae1a na a1y npocLy. panunn, ckasan aonn,
xoe1 saunua1Lcn a npokn1ae, no ona ne pacnonarae1 poc1a1onLH konnec1aoH aaponnanoa.
panuysckoe npaan1enLc1ao Lno L cac1nnao, ecnn L npaan1enLc1ao nauno pnn cen
aosHonLH paccHo1pe1L aonpoc o npopae panunn nn1npecn1n aaponnanoa.
R o1ae1nn nocny, 1o aanpy ocoon cneunqnnoc1n noc1aanennoro nH aonpoca, 1.k. peL npe1 o
npopae aoennLx npepHe1oa, HL e ne nanneHcn c1panon, yac1aykuen a a1on aonne, aonpoc
a1o1 1peye1 cneunanLnoro paccHo1pennn. o paccHo1pennn npocLL qpanuysckoro
npaan1enLc1aa n xo1en L nanoHnn1L nocny o payx onsa1enLnLx ycnoannx, ko1opLe ponnL
npepuec1aoaa1L kaknH L 1o nn Lno 1oproaLH onepaunnH Hepy n panunen:
1. nn1ne apec1a, nanoennoro rpapancknH cypoH penap1aHen1a enL na ce1a n uennoc1n,
npnnapneaune 1oprnpepc1ay a apne*.
2. osapauenne coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay sono1a, npnope1ennoro a caoe apeHn
Iocypapc1aennLH EankoH y ankoa a1ann n n1aL.
S1o ouan noc1anoaka aonpoca, kacakuerocn 1oproaLx o1nouennn Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n
panunen. 1o e kacae1cn npocLL qpanuysckoro npaan1enLc1aa, nepepannon nocnoH, 1o n
nepepaH ee HoeHy npaan1enLc1ay.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaana peqepen1 yHakoaa.
.ED4345 !%- 6.0< .1 .9 .9< .<;=<9.
'11# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 8@. / 8882 <#.# @07?--.2019
9B 3 1940 .
(3
oa.ono1oa, aLsaaa 1ennrapp1a, cnpocnn nocna, ne nHee1 nn 1o1 kakon-nno nnqopHaunn o
coc1onnnn aonpocoa, cansannLx c npnan1aHn n naxopnunxcn a c1apnn paspeuennn Hepy
npaan1enLc1aaHn n .
a aonpoc 1ennrapp1a, nHee1 nn a anpy 1.ono1oa aonpoc o cekaec1pe sono1a n o kopannx,
1.ono1oa sanann, 1o aooue ero nn1epecye1, ne1 nn ero noaoro a o1nouennnx oepnnennLx
1a1oa k aonpocaH, cansannLH c axopenneH npnan1nncknx pecnynnk a coc1aa .
oa.ono1oa sanann, 1o ero, a nepayk oepepL, nn1epecye1 coc1onnne neperoaopoa, cansannLx c
napoxopaHn, npnnapneaaunHn rpapanaH n1aL, a1ann n Sc1onnn n naxopnunHncn a
* panuysckan c1opona a ckopoH apeHenn npepnpnnnna onpepenennLe uarn: qpanuyscknH cypoH Lno
npnnn1o peuenne o o1kase o1 ncka no peny anononL-cka; cnn1 apec1 co cpepc1a a pasHepe 75 Hnn.
qpankoa, coc1aannaunx coc1aennoc1L 1oprnpepc1aa ao panunn. (H. UO5W`# H 1941# H 1C
qeapann).
232
nac1onunn HoHen1 a aHepnkancknx nop1ax. o nHekunHcn caepennnH, a1o1 aonpoc ne nonynn
paspeuennn. Hek1cn, nanpnHep, 1akne qak1L, kak nepeHena nasaannn napoxopoa, nepeHena
qnaroa, yaop napoxopoa a knoaHepnkanckne c1panL, c ko1opLHn y ne1 pnnnoHa1necknx
o1nouennn. ce a1n penc1ann npepnpnnnHak1cn caHoaonLno LaunHn nocnannnkaHn n
npepc1aan1ennHn npennx npaan1enLc1a npnan1nncknx rocypapc1a, npneH ace a1o nponcxopn1
npn nokpoan1enLc1ae aHepnkancknx anac1en.
e kacancL ppyrnx aonpocoa, cansannLx c axopenneH npnan1nncknx pecnynnk a coc1aa
oae1ckoro oksa, sanann panee 1.ono1oa, ne Hoe1 nn 1ennrapp1 nnqopHnpoaa1L coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao o aosHonoc1n ynyun1L nonoenne aeuen xo1n L a a1oH opnoH konkpe1noH
aonpoce ono nn onpa1L kaknx-nno npak1necknx uaroa a paspeuennn a1oro aonpoca
Eypy1 nn npopona1Lcn noponLe penc1ann n anpepL nnn Hono napen1Lcn na onee
naronpnn1nLe nepcnek1naL a paspeuennn aonpoca o cypax
oa.ono1oa sanann, 1o noponLe penc1ann ne Hory1 ne aLsaa1L npo1ec1a co c1oponL
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, n on, 1.ono1oa, nn1epecye1cn, ypy1 nn noponLe penc1ann
npopona1Lcn anpepL nnn Hono onpa1L kaknx-nno nsHenennn
1ennrapp1, ne paa npnHoro o1ae1a, sanann, 1o 1.ono1oay, naaepnoe, nsaec1no o xope
neperoaopoa, ko1opLe aepe1 1.Hancknn c annecoH, a 1ake o copepannn 1ex 14-16 ecep,
ko1opLe nHenn Hec1o sa nocnepnne 3 Hecnua. ornacno nHekunHcn y 1ennrapp1a caepennnH,
cpepn ocypakunxcn aonpocoa ocypancn n aonpoc o cypax.
oa.ono1oa na a1o aospasnn, 1o, cornacno nonyennLH nH caepennnH, a1o1 aonpoc a nocnepnnn
nepnop ne nopnnHancn, necHo1pn na ero npoc1o1y n ncnoc1L. enac coaepuenno ne anpno
cpanroa a paspeuennn a1oro aonpoca, n coouennn nonnpepa Hanckoro ne anocn1 nnkakon
ncnoc1n a xop neperoaopoa o sapepannLx cypax.
a a1o 1ennrapp1 sanann, 1o, cornacno nonyennon nH nnqopHaunn, cpepn aonpocoa,
ocypakunxcn a neperoaopax anneca c HancknH, naxopn1cn n aonpoc o cypax. o1n ace
aonpocL yperynnpoaanL k ypoane1aopennk Hanckoro, n aonpoc c cypaHn nanne1cn opnnH ns 1ex
neckonLknx aonpocoa, ko1opLe oc1ak1cn po cnx nop nepeuennLHn. 1ennrapp1 sanann 1ake,
1o, aosHono, 1.ono1oa nonynn cnncok acero 1oro, 1o cpenano aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
pnn oae1ckoro oksa, a nHenno: npepoc1aanno qpax1 1oproaLx napoxopoa, 1ankepoa,
paspeunno npopay coae1ckoro sono1a a , aLpano paspeuenne na noceuenne coae1cknHn
nnenepaHn aanaunonnLx saaopoa, aLpano nnuensnn na c1ankn, paspeunno aHepnkancknH
nnenepaH aepny1Lcn pnn pao1L a oae1cknn oks n paspeunno eue pnp ppyrnx aonpocoa,
ko1opLe a pannLn HoHen1 1ennrapp1 npoc1o ne noHnn1. o1ae1 na ace a1n ppyenknLe no
o1nouennk k oae1ckoHy oksy penc1ann nocnepnnn nnero ne cpenan pnn oepnnennLx
1a1oa. e paa Hecnua 1oHy nasap, sanann 1ennrapp1, annec coounn HanckoHy, 1o no
okonannn ocypennn n paspeuennn acex aonpocoa, sa1parnaaeHLx a neperoaopax, HopanLnoe
aHapro
43
ype1 cnn1o. ak 1onLko yc1anoan1cn ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn Hepy oonHn
rocypapc1aaHn, aonpoc HopanLnoro aHapro ne ype1 npepc1aann1L coon kakon-nno
1pypnoc1n.
anee 1ennrapp1 onn1L sa1ponyn aonpocL, no ko1opLH a nac1onunn HoHen1 Hepy n
poc1nrny1o cornauenne. pnaopn a1n npnHepL, 1ennrapp1 nL1ancn pokasa1L, 1o
aHepnkanckoe npaan1enLc1ao, cpenaa oenL
233
Hnoroe pnn oae1ckoro oksa, ne anpn1 kaknx-nno o1ae1nLx ppyec1aennLx Heponpnn1nn co
c1oponL coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, n eHy coaepuenno ne nonn1no o1nouenne, ko1opoe
aHepnkanuL ncnL1Laak1 k cee cenac.
oa.ono1oa ykasan 1ennrapp1y, 1o nHekueecn ynyuenne o1nouennn co c1oponL k
coaepuenno nesnan1enLno, 1o coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay npnxopn1cn po cnx nop
ponaa1Lcn o1 aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1HenL pnpa neppyec1aennLx nnn
pnckpnHnnaunonnLx Hep a o1nouennn kak a akonoHneckon, 1ak n nonn1neckon onac1nx.
o cnx nop ne o1HenenL pae 1akne peuennn aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, kak HopanLnoe
aHapro, ne nHekuee nop coon nnkaknx ocnoaannn. o coaepuenno neoocnoaannLH Ho1naaH
oae1ckoHy oksy nanocn1cn yuep pae a aonpoce o cypax, rpe aHepnkanckne anac1n
nokpoan1enLc1ayk1 neppyenknLH no o1nouennk k oae1ckoHy oksy penc1annH. oponLx
aeuen co c1oponL a o1nouennn ne1 n ne Lno. ecepax, ko1opLe aepe1 1.Han-cknn
a aunnr1one, sa1parnaak1cn ne ace pnckpnHnnnpykune oae1cknn oks Heponpnn1nn.
oneno, sanann 1.ono1oa, neppyenknLe ak1L yHenLunnncL, no a1o ne snan1, 1o ace
aonpocL, c1onune Hepy oae1cknH oksoH n oepnnennLHn 1a1aHn, aLncnenL. onpoc o
napoxopax an1nncknx c1pan nanne1cn onac1Lk, rpe Hono yc1pann1L nanpnennoc1L
o1nouennn. o1 noeHy oae1cknn oks 1ak nn1epecye1 aosHonoc1L ynyuennn neperoaopoa,
xo1n L nnuL a opnoH a1oH konkpe1noH aonpoce.
anee 1.ono1oa sanann, 1o on ne nHee1 nnkaknx npe1ensnn nnno k 1ennrapp1y n on acerpa
papye1cn paspeuennk kaknx-nno nepopasyHennn 1ak e, kak n caH nocon, n co caoen c1oponL
napee1cn, 1o neperoaopL, aepyunecn cenac HancknH, npnnecy1 kakyk-nno nonLsy, necHo1pn
na 1o, 1o coouennn o xope neperoaopoa no aonpocy o cypax npnan1oa canpe1enLc1ayk1 ne o
ynyuennn, a o yxypuennn nonoennn pen.
1ennrapp1 cnoaa aosapa1nncn k aonpocaH, ko1opLe paspeuenL, ncnonLsyn nx kak
pokasa1enLc1ao ppyec1aennLx penc1ann aHepnkanckoro npaan1enLc1aa a o1nouennn
oae1ckoro oksa. ecHo1pn na 1o, sanann 1ennrapp1, 1o a 1eenne nocnepnnx 4 Hecnuea
oepnnennLe 1a1L nounn na paspeuenne 12 c nnunnH aonpocoa, oae1cknn oks ne nouen
naac1pey pae no 1aknH HenknH aonpocaH, kak 1e, ko1opLe c1aanno noconLc1ao a ockae.
1ennrapp1 cocnancn na neypoane1aopenne ero npocL o HyLnx n enax aHepnkancknx
rpapan, o yc1anoake ensnnoxpannnnua y oconnka nocna, o aLpae ans LaunH pao1nnkaH
aHepnkanckon Hnccnn a aynace, nannkunHcn coae1cknHn rpapanaHn, o kaap1npax pnn
co1pypnnkoa noconLc1aa a ockae, o koppecnonpen1ax, ne nHekunx nenocpepc1aennon
1eneqonnon cansn c sarpannuen ns caonx kaap1np.
oa.ono1oa aospasnn 1ennrapp1y, 1o sa1pony1Le nH aonpocL HanoaanL n nx nenLsn
npo1naonoc1aann1L paspeuennk 1ex rocypapc1aennLx aonpocoa, ko1opLe nocon n 1. ono1oa
sa1parnaak1 a caonx ecepax.
o1ae1 na a1o 1ennrapp1 npnHo noc1aann nepep 1.ono1oaLH aonpoc o 1oH, xoe1 nn
oae1cknn oks yc1anoan1L xopoune, ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn Hepy oenHn c1panaHn, kak
a1o Lno npepe.
onyna o1 1.ono1oaa y1aeppn1enLnLn o1ae1, 1ennrapp1 sanann, 1o aHec1o ocypennn a1nx
HanLx aonpocoa oa npaan1enLc1aa ponnL konkpe1no poroaopn1Lcn o 1ex Heponpnn1nnx,
ko1opLe onn ponnL npepnpnnn1L a nepayk oepepL pnn naana ynyuennn ppyec1aennLx
o1nouennn. epaoe, 1o ponen ype1 cpena1L 1.ono1oa, - a1o pa1L ykasanne a , 1oL
234
nocnepnnn cnococ1aoaan paspeuennk noc1aanennLx 1ennrapp1oH aonpocoa. o1nouennn e
neperoaopoa, ko1opLe cenac npy1 a aunnr1one, 1ennrapp1 sananne1, 1o aLnonnenne
1peoaannn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ype1 pnckpnHnnaunen a nonLsy , nanpaanennon
npo1na ppyrnx c1pan.
2 ! %- 6. .9 .94 .99C .9<=:1.
'12# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 =1 / 8882 # 0.07-./1?
9B 3 1940 .
(3
naane ecepL a1ekaaa coouae1, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao opopnno ero ac1noe
Hnenne o1nocn1enLno cospannn koHnccnn ns npepc1aan1enen oenx c1opon no paccHo1pennk
noaon pLonoanon konaenunn n o ko1opoH on ye roaopnn 1. ono1oay 23 pekapn. pnako
nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao aLpanrae1 npn a1oH cnepykune paa ycnoann:
1. accHo1penne pLonoanon konaenunn ponno L1L nponsaepeno na ocnoae caoopnoro
ocypennn npepnoennn oenx c1opon.
2. Eype1 saknkeno apeHennoe pLonoanoe cornauenne o npopnennn pLonoanon konaenunn
1928 ropa na 1941 rop.
ocne a1oro nocon sananne1, 1o on nckpenne enae1, 1oL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
cornacnnocL c a1nHn ycnoannHn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
oa.ono1oa sananne1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne ype1 aospaa1L npo1na cospannn 1akon
koHnccnn, o ko1opon roaopnn a1ekaaa eue 23 pekapn n npepnoenne o cospannn ko1opon on
npepnarae1 cenac o1 nHenn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa. pn a1oH 1.ono1oa cnpaunaae1 nocna,
npaannLno nn on nonnn, 1o a1a koHnccnn ype1 paccHa1pnaa1L aonpoc o saknkennn noaon
pLonoanon konaenunn, 1ak kak cpok penc1ann npenen konaenunn ye okonnncn. a1ekaaa
roaopn1, 1o on nonnHae1 a1o1 aonpoc 1aknH opasoH, 1o oe c1oponL ypy1 caoopno
ocypa1L caon npepnoennn, a pesynL1a1e ocypennn ko1opLx oe c1oponL cHory1 poc1nL
epnnoro Hnennn. oae1ckan c1opona, roaopn1 a1ekaaa, no-anpnHoHy, ype1 nac1anaa1L na
npepnoennn o1 20 nknn
127
, a nnonckan c1opona ype1 o1c1anaa1L caon npepnoennn.
a aonpoc 1. ono1oaa, noppasyHeaae1cn nn nop nonn1neH noaon pLonoanon
konaenunnsaknkennekonaenunn na pnp ne1, a1ekaaa o1aeae1 y1aeppn1enLno.
anee 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o a cansn c npepnoennnHn nocna, y nero aosnnkae1 aonpoc, kak
ype1 oc1on1L peno c 1eHn pLonoanLHn yac1kaHn, cpok apenpL ko1opLx nc1ekae1 a 1940 r.
3nan1 nn a1o, cnpaunaae1 1. ono1oa, 1o, kak n a npounoH, a1n yac1kn nyno ype1 c1aan1L
na 1oprn oHnHo a1oro, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, nHek1cn eue n ppyrne aonpocL.
ocne a1oro a1ekaaa nonpocnn paspeuennn a npncy1c1ann 1. ono1oaa nocoae1oaa1Lcn co caonH
coae1nnkoH nnkaaon. npouecce oHena HnennnHn Hepy nnHn Hono Lno nonn1L, 1o
a1ekaaa roaopnn nnkaae o 1oH,
23"
1o 1e yac1kn, cpok apenpL na ko1opLe okonnncn, ypy1 c1aan1Lcn na 1oprn. cnep sa a1nH
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepycHa1pnaae1 noc1anoaky na 1oprn a 1941
ropy cnepykunx pLonoanLx yac1koa:
NN 410, 527, 529, 553, 557, 558, 1083.
oa.ono1oa nop1aeppae1, 1o a nnonckoH npepnoennn npaannLno ykasLaak1cn noHepa
yac1koa, cpok apenpL ko1opLx nc1ek, oa.ono1oa npn a1oH roaopn1, 1o nc1ek 1ake cpok
apenpL na 20 koncepanLx saaopoa, n cnpaunaae1, 1o pyHae1 nnonckan c1opona a o1nouennn
a1nx saaopoa.
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o nnonckan c1opona c1aan1 aonpoc o npopnennn cpoka apenpL no 31
pekapn 1941 ropa na koncepanLe saaopL sa NN:
11, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 42 n npnkpennennLx k nnH
pLonoanLx yac1koa.
a aonpoc 1.ono1oaa, 1o eue npepycHa1pnaae1 nnonckan c1opona, a1ekaaa o1aeae1, 1o
nnonckan c1opona npepnarae1 oc1aan1L a cnne na 1941 rop cornauenne o1nocn1enLno onnraunn
n a o1nouennn npepoc1aanennn coae1ckon rocypapc1aennon npoHLunennoc1n na 1941 rop
nopHL ynoaa pLL nococeaon nopopL a 5 Hnn. nypoa.
oa.ono1oa sananne1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnnHae1 npepnoenne nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o opasoaannn koHnccnn, ko1opan sanHe1cn paccHo1penneH npepnoennn oenx
c1opon no pLonoanoHy aonpocy. pnoapeHenno 1.ono1oa aLpaae1 napepy, 1o nnonckoe
npaan1enLc1ao nonpe1 naac1pey 1eH npepnoennnH, ko1opLe Lnn cpenanL coae1cknH
npaan1enLc1aoH n ko1opLe ye nsaec1nL nnonckon c1opone.
acancL aonpoca o npopnennn eue na opnn rop pLonoanon konaenunn 1928 ropa, 1.ono1oa
sananne1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao a npnnunne cornacno n c a1nH npepnoenneH nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, no 1ak kak a cansn c a1nH aosnnkak1 neko1opLe aonpocL, 1o on a nnanuee
apeHn nepepac1 nocny npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, a ko1opoH ype1 ykasano, na
kaknx ycnoannx aosHono npopnenne konaenunn. pn a1oH 1.ono1oa o1Heae1, 1o
npepnoenne ype1 yn1Laa1L pLonoanLe yac1kn, cpok apenpL ko1opLx nc1ek n ko1opLe
ypy1 noc1aanenL na 1oprn a 1941 r. S1o, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, nanne1cn caHo coon
pasyHekunHcn ycnoaneH n npnsnano oenHn c1oponaHn.
a1ekaaa sananne1 o caoeH cornacnn c popoena1enLnLH o1nouenneH k npepnoennnH
coae1ckon c1oponL n a caok oepepL aLpaae1 yaepennoc1L, 1o n coae1ckan c1opona 1ake
o1nece1cn popoena1enLno k npepnoennnH, cpenannLH nnoncknH npaan1enLc1aoH.
anee a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o on uenn1 cornacne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa na npopnenne
konaenunn 1928 ropa eue na opnn rop n opnoapeHenno npepnarae1 aLpenn1L pnn ocypennn
1ex npepnoennn, ko1opLe ypy1 cpenanL a cansn c npopnenneH konaenunn na 1941 r., ocoLx
npepc1aan1enen, 1ak kak, no ero Hnennk, a1n aonpocL nkoL ypy1 nocn1L 1exnnecknn
xapak1ep. o caoen c1oponL nocon npepnarae1 nasnan1L coae1nnka ncn n npocn1 1.ono1oaa
nasnan1L koro-nno co caoen c1oponL. oa.ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o cnaana on nepepac1
a1ekaae caon npepnoennn, nocne ero, cHo1pn no xopy pena, aosHono, ypy1 npnaneenL n
ppyrne nnua. a aonpoc a1ekaaL, korpa ypy1 nepepanL npepnoennn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, 1. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o saa1pa nnn nocnesaa1pa.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
3anncan $4 ! %- 6. .9 .$ .19 .^=109.
23#
'1# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 0.<
#/# -127<. / / 8882
9B 3 1940 .
V4
2F
( 3
eropnn noce1nn nano no ero nnnuna1nae. ocne oLnoro oHena nkesnoc1nHn on ckasan,
1o o HoeH coouennn annnnn no aonpocy o nocLnke 1oproaon n1anLnnckon peneraunn a
oae1cknn oks Lno ponoeno ycconnnn. ycconnnn, - sanann nano,- enae1 yc1anoan1L
onee 1ecnLe asanHoo1nouennn Hepy 1annen n oae1cknH oksoH kak a onac1n
akonoHneckon, 1ak n a onac1n nonn1neckon. R pyHak, - ckasan panee nano, - 1o Hepy
naunHn c1panaHn ne1 nnkaknx cnopnLx aonpocoa. IpannuL naun ne conpnkacak1cn, a
any1pennne aonpocL ne Hory1 L1L kaknH-nno npenn1c1aneH. anee nano ykasan, 1o
saknkennLn a 1933 r. oroaop o ppye, nenanapennn n nen1pann1e1e Hepy oae1cknH
oksoH n 1annen* oc1ancn a cnne n cenac, nockonLky nn c opnon c1oponL ne Lno sananeno o
ero penoncnpoaannn. ena1enLno Lno L a1o1 poroaop nepecHo1pe1L n aosonoan1L a pyxe
coapeHennon oc1anoakn, a pyxe noaLx nn1epecoa. nano ykasan eue pas na 1o, 1o ycconnnn
aLpaae1 enanne yc1anoan1L onee 1ecnLn kon1ak1 Hepy c1panaHn; cnopnLx nnn kaknx-nno
ppyrnx aonpocoa, Heuakunx xopounH asanHoo1nouennnH, y nac ne1. L ro1oaL, -
npoponae1 nano, - npnsna1L aaun noaLe rpannuL, aaun npaaa na epnoH Hope, snn, aaun
nn1epecL na Eankanax. S1o naun npepnoennn, ko1opLe HL aLc1aanneH, - sanann nano, -
kakne L aLpanne1e aonpocL, 1aH ype1 anpno. aun nn1epecL, - roaopn1 panee nano, - a1o
npaaa a pepnseHnoH Hope. nno n, - sanann nano, - enoaek nap1nnnLn n rocypapc1aennLn,
enak pena npopaa1Laa1L c koHHynnc1necknH rocypapc1aoH, neenn c peHokpa1necknH, rpe
kapLn 1nne1 1ypa, kypa eHy xoe1cn. R npepnon1ak nHe1L peno c koHHynnc1necknH
rocypapc1aoH a aonpocax HepynapopnLx. S1o, koneno, Hoe nepconanLnoe Hnenne. anee
nano ykasan na 1o, 1o nyno, koneno, 1ua1enLno nsyn1L n nopro1oan1L Ha1epnan.
eperoaopL, - ckasan on, - no aLueykasannoHy aonpocy Hory1 L1L npoaepenL a ockae
Hepy ..ono1oaLH n nocnoH occo nnn e specL a nHe Hepy aHn n Hnon.
R ckasan nano, 1o ace nH nsnoennoe coouy HoeHy npaan1enLc1ay.
34 !%- 6.0C9 .1 .::0 .99B; .1B0=1B1.
J H. okyHen1L... - . XVI. - ok. 277.
237
'14# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9#
9.?81-1 8 980219 1802.:; 7< /7<1&20. . 719
%>? 1.ono1oay, 1.LunnckoHy
9< 3 1940 .
(3
1. eropnn Henn npnrnacnn k cee pen. ecHo1pn na 1o, 1o on ac1ynnn a ncnonnenne
onsannoc1en 1onLko 23 pekapn n 1o acnep sa1eH nac1ynnno opec1ao, Hnnnc1p nnoc1pannLx
pen ye npnnnncn sa pao1y. auen n ero a oenL xopoueH nac1poennn - oppLH, aecenLH,
poaonLnLH. ae aneunoc1L kanne1a ero kak-1o nsHennnacL, npn Iannqakce specL Lno acerpa
cyHpano n 1ocknnao. pen saer na acex c1onax naHnL, n a koHna1e c1ano cae1nee n yk1nee.
nanya na caok nnnkHnnaunk, pen kak L nsannnncL ckasan: R nknk, korpa Hnoro cae1a, 1ak
nyue pao1a1L. ooue anpno Lno, 1o pen oenL pap aosapauennk a opnn oqqnc n
yac1aye1 cen no1n 1pnyHqa1opoH. cnn acnoHnn1L, npn kaknx oc1on1enLc1aax on noknnyn
opnn oqqnc okono 3 ne1 1oHy nasap n npn kaknx 1enepL aosapauae1cn ckpa, nac1poenne
Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen no-enoaeeckn Hono Lno nonn1L.
2. pen cpasy naan c coae1cko-anrnnncknx o1nouennn. n sanann, 1o cenac, kak n panLue,
c1on1 na ase Hockoackoro koHHknnke 1935 r., aLnyuennoro a konue ero ansn1a a *. pen
no-npeneHy cn1ae1, 1o Hepy naunHn oenHn c1panaHn ne1 nnkaknx oprannecknx
npo1naopenn a cqepe aneunen nonn1nkn. no1oHy, no ero Hnennk, ace aosnnkakune Hepy
nnHn aonpocL Hono ypoane1aopn1enLno paspeun1L a popococepckoH nopnpke. ce saancn1 o1
nopxopa. cnn nopxop c oenx c1opon ype1 ppyec1aennLn, 1o ace cnopL n ocnonennn,
ko1opLe nensenL a o1nouennnx Hepy payHn rocypapc1aaHn, acerpa Hory1 L1L
esonesnenno yperynnpoaanL. pen cn1ae1, 1o aonna nna eH ne nsHennna 1oro ocnoanoro
nonoennn, ko1opoe Lno cqopHynnpoaano a HockoackoH koHHknnke. R ne pyHak, sanann pen,
1oL L Hornn ena1L nauero nopaennn, ne ns nkan k naH, a npoc1o no1oHy, 1o a1o ne
coo1ae1c1aoaano L aunH nn1epecaH. 1ano L1L, n 1y1 nenpnHnpnHLx konqnnk1oa Hepy
naHn ne1. cxopn ns acex nsnoennLx coopaennn, pen penae1 1o1 aLaop, 1o
ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn Hepy nrnnen n anonne aosHonL, n on, co caoen c1oponL,
npnnon1 ycnnnn k 1oHy, 1oL nx nanapn1L. pen, opnako, npocn1 nac nHe1L a anpy, 1o 1akoe
nananaanne c1ane1 aosHonLH nnuL a 1oH cnyae, ecnn n c nauen c1oponL ype1 nHe1Lcn
coo1ae1c1aennoe enanne. pen aLpasnn napepy, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonpe1 eHy
naac1pey a yperynnpoaannn cnopnLx aonpocoa.
3. R o1ae1nn, 1o kopenL ocnonennn a coae1cko-anrnnncknx o1nouennnx nen1 ne na nauen, a
na pn1anckon c1opone. eno a 1oH, 1o pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao po cnx nop onapynaano
o1cy1c1ane kak pas 1oro ppyec1aennoro nopxopa, o ko1opoH 1onLko 1o roaopnn pen. no
1ake c1peHnnocL aHeunaa1Lcn a 1akne pena, ko1opLe ero nno coaceH ne kacak1cn, nno
nHek1 nnuL aecLHa o1panennoe o1nouenne k anrnnncknH nn1epecaH. yunn npnHep 1oHy -
pnan1nka. pen 1y1 npepaan Henn no-
* H. okyHen1L... - . XVIII. - ok. 155.
23!
nyuy1nnaLH aocknnuanneH: e xo1n1e e L, 1oL HL ac sa a1o noxaannnn R aospasnn, 1o
ynx noxaan HL ne peH, n caHn snaeH, 1o xopouo n 1o nnoxo. pnako HL ne HoeH ne
pearnpoaa1L, ecnn pn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao npoye1 c1aan1L nankn a koneca naunx caHLx
ec1ec1aennLx n sakonnLx penc1ann. ac1noc1n, no aonpocy o pnan1nke pn1anckoe
npaan1enLc1ao nanoHano neHano ppoa. cnn pen penc1an1enLno xoe1 cnococ1aoaa1L
ynyuennk coae1cko-anrnnncknx o1nouennn, 1o npepe acero on ponen sann1Lcn pacnc1kon
noaL (to cear away debrs) a an1nnckoH aonpoce. S1o nanne1cn npepnocLnkon pnn acero
npoero. pen o1ae1nn, 1o eue ne nHen apeHenn osnakoHn1Lcn co aceHn pe1annHn an1nncknx
ocnonennn, n npocnn Henn akpa1ue nnqopHnpoaa1L ero o nauen 1oke spennn. R a1o cpenan,
oc1anoanauncL na aanenunx a1anax an1nnckon anonen. pen cnyuan annHa1enLno n sa1eH
ckasan, 1o cneunanLno sanHe1cn an1nncknHn paaHn n noc1apae1cn nan1n kakon-nno aLxop
ns cospaauerocn nonoennn. n aLpasnn npn a1oH napepy, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne
okae1cn cnnukoH neyc1ynnaLH n noHoe1 eHy o1Lcka1L npneHneHLn pnn oenx c1opon
koHnpoHncc. R pearnpoaan na cnoaa pena saHeanneH: ce ype1 saance1L o1 1oro, 1o L
npepnon1e.
4. cansn c an1nncknH aonpocoH n kocnyncn 1ake cypLL nn1n napoxopoa, c1onunx a
pnanpnn, cocnaauncL npn a1oH na Hon pasroaop c Ea1ne-poH 23 pekapn. pen snan o a1oH
pasroaope n o1ae1nn, 1o eHy xo1enocL L pa1L aosHonoc1L pnnncy yperynnpoaa1L pannoe
peno a ockae. pn a1oH pen pan nonn1L, 1o pnnnc kak yp1o L nepoaonen ocypenneH
aonpoca o nn1n napoxopax a onpone. R o1ae1nn, 1o pnn Henn, koneno, espasnnno, rpe ype1
paspeuen aonpoc o nn1n napoxopax, a onpone nnn a ockae, rnaanoe, 1oL on Ln paspeuen
Lc1po n ypoane1aopn1enLno. 1 a1on ac1n pasroaopa y Henn oc1anocL anea1nenne, 1o pen
xo1en L pa1L aosHonoc1L pnnncy nHe1L kakne-nno ycnexn a cqepe nananaannn
coae1cko-anrnnncknx o1nouennn.
5. pen, koneno, nn1epecoaancn ounHn nnnnnHn nauen nonn1nkn. n cneunanLno
paccnpaunaan Henn o naunx o1nouennnx c IepHannen, Rnonnen, n1aeH, ypunen, EankanaHn,
EnnnnH oc1okoH. R sanann, 1o ne nHek nopyennn o1 Hoero npaan1enLc1aa nnqopHnpoaa1L
pena no aceH a1nH aonpocaH, a no1oHy Hory nnuL nsnon1L caok nnnyk 1oky spennn. o1 k
eHy ona caopn1cn: aen n aepe1 caok coc1aennyk, caHoc1on1enLnyk, nn o1 koro ne
saancnuyk nonn1nky, ko1opan oc1ae1cn no-npeneHy nonn1nkon Hnpa. ne xoe1 L1L
a1nny1LH a aonny n noc1apae1cn npnnn1L neoxopnHLe HepL pnn coxpanennn n a panLnenueH
caoero nen1pann1e1a. ne coyac1aye1 pacunpennk nonn aonnL, a ocoennoc1n na panonL,
naxopnunecn nonnsoc1n o1 ero rpannu. 1nouennn c IepHannen oycnaannaak1cn
coae1cko-repHancknHn cornauennnHn, nonn1necknHn n akonoHnecknHn, ko1opLe aceH
nsaec1nL. aun akonoHneckne o1nouennn c IepHannen c1poro ocnoaanL na npnnunne asanHnon
aLropL. xo1en L nHe1L nopHanLnLe nonn1neckne n akonoHneckne o1nouennn c
Rnonnen, kak xo1en L a1oro n a o1nouennnx co aceHn ppyrnHn c1panaHn, no, koneno,
poc1nenne 1aknx o1nouennn aosHono ne sa ce1 naunx npnnunnoa nnn naunx nn1epecoa.
onn1nka a o1nouennn n1an oc1ae1cn nensHennon. 1nouennn c ypunen
npoponak1 L1L xopounHn, n aooue c1peHn1cn pasanaa1L ppyec1aennLe cansn c
EankanaHn n nnneaoc1onLHn napopaHn. pen, anpnHo, Ln ypoane1aopen HonHn
coouennnHn. xope
239
Hoero nsnoennn on neckonLko pas coyac1aenno knaan ronoaon, kak L enan nopepkny1L caoe
cornacne. ocne kaporo paspena Hoero coouennn pen 1ono xo1en ckasa1L: R 1ak n pyHan.
orpa n konnn, pen sanann, 1o eHy kay1cn ocoenno uennLHn nensHennoc1L nonn1nkn
a o1nouennn n1an n ppyec1aennLe o1nouennn c ankancknHn c1panaHn, aknkan
ypunk. 3pecL pen onn1L aepnyncn k HockoackoHy koHHknnke 1935 r., eue pas c1an
pokasLaa1L, 1o Hepy n ennkopn1annen ne1 nnkaknx kopennLx npo1naopenn a
nn1epecax n 1o noa1oHy onee, eH korpa-nno, neoxopnHo noncka1L ouero nsLka Hepy
oenHn c1panaHn. R o1ae1nn, 1o ye ne pas cnLuan ns yc1 pn1ancknx rocypapc1aennLx nkpen
sananennn o enannn ynyun1L o1nouennn c , no, k coanennk, po cnx nop ace noponLe
sananennn oc1anncL nnuL Hep1aon ykaon. R xo1en L napen1Lcn, 1o a pannoH cnyae ype1
nnae n 1o sa xopounHn cnoaaHn nocnepyk1 1ake xopoune pena. o acnkoH cnyae n ypy
onpa1L pen, npepe eH nopaopn1L okona1enLnLe n1orn.
7. asroaop kocnyncn 1ake coL1nn a qpnke. pen roaopnn o aqpnkanckon aonne c onLunH
ypoane1aopenneH n nop1eHoH. n 1onko paaan nonn1L, 1o a aqpnkancknx ycnexax anrnnan
nHee1cn n ero kannn Hepa. pen aLckasan Hnenne, 1o renepan eaen, noanyn, ne c1ane1
pa1L Eappnn u1ypHoH (a1o xopouo ykpennennoe Hec1o), ecnn 1onLko cpepn n1anLnnckoro
rapnnsona ne onapyn1cn cnnukoH onLuoro pasnoennn. nonne aosHono, 1o Eappnn ype1
ocapena, a rnaanan ac1L apHnn nonpe1 panLue a c1opony opyka. Epn1anckoe npaan1enLc1ao
npepoc1aanno eaeny onLuyk caoopy penc1ann. nanL ero Hory1 L1L rnknHn n nopannLHn
a saancnHoc1n o1 oc1on1enLc1a. cnn ypac1cn, eaen Hoe1 sann1L ack eperoayk nnnnk
nann, no y nero ne1 1aepporo sapannn pena1L nHenno a1o. cnn eaen c1onkne1cn c cnnLnLH
conpo1nanenneH, on, Hoe1 L1L, oc1anoan1cn rpe-nnypL na nonny1n. pen roaopnn, 1o no
anrnnncknH pace1aH ouee konnec1ao n1anLnncknx aonck a nann ne npeaLuae1 250 1Lc., a
1oH ncne pae Hec1nLe pnansnn. s a1oro konnec1aa okono nonoannL (5-6 pnansnn) Lno
pasn1o a 3anapnon nyc1Lne. 1opan nonoanna n1anLnnckon apHnn a nann eue oecnocona, no
pasn1L ee ace-1akn Hono. o acnkoH cnyae noponyk sapay Hono cee c1aan1L c pasyHnon
napepon na ycnex. oneno, npn coc1aanennn nnanoa neoxopnHo yn1Laa1L onLune
1pypnoc1n aqpnkanckoro 1ea1pa aoennLx penc1ann, aL1ekakune rnaanLH opasoH ns
reorpaqnecknx n knnHa1necknx ycnoann. ooue, no peny, aLxopnno: eaen nocHo1pn1, 1o
Hono ype1 cpena1L. IepHancknx aonck, kpoHe nsaec1noro konnec1aa akcnep1oa n
cneunannc1oa, a nann po cnx nop ne Lno. 1anLnnckne koHHynnkaunn c nanen cnnLno
sa1pypnenL, opnako coaceH nx npepaa1L pn1anckoHy qno1y noka ne ypanocL.
8. orpa n nopnnncn, 1oL yxopn1L, pen c1an nac1onnao npnrnaua1L Henn noaue y nero
Lua1L n npnxopn1L ne 1onLko no-kaknH-nno konkpe1nLH penaH, no pae n 1orpa, korpa 1aknx
konkpe1nLx pen y Henn ne1. enL nonesno noppepnaa1L kon1ak1 n oHennaa1Lcn HnennnHn no
aceH 1ekyunH aonpocaH. pen 1ake roaopnn, 1o a pene ynyuennn coae1cko-anrnnncknx
o1nouennn on paccn1Laae1 na noppepky pnnnca.
&. 5345 !%- 6.0C9 .94 .<0 .4: .1:9=1:<.
24
'1,# &787. D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 8#.#
<1D1/81-1 8 =18<19 =1 / 8882 # 0.07./1?
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. nkonny, 1. aranoany, 1. LunnckoHy,
ekpe1apna1 napkoHa, Iencekpe1apna1
9< 3 1940 .
(3
R ckasan nnonckoHy nocny, 1o npnrnacnn ero ceropnn pnn 1oro, 1oL c nnH neperoaopn1L no
cnepykunH 1peH aonpocaH:
1. pao1e Heuannon Honrono-HanLoyrocckon norpannnon koHnccnn a panone
npounoropnero konqnnk1a;
2. no1e nnonckoro noconLc1aa o1 22 pekapn c.r. a cansn c oc1penoH coae1cknHn caHone1aHn
nnoncknx uxyn; n
3. nenna1ee nnonckon qnpHon auyo ok1npp npnn1akunxcn c nee penenLx cyHH.
1. pao1e cHeuannon koHnccnn:
R sanann nocny, 1o napopnLn koHnccapna1 1ua1enLno nsynn naHn1nLe sannckn nnonckoro
noconLc1aa o1 30 nonpn, 13 n 19 pekapn c.r. no aonpocy o pao1e Heuannon Honrono-
HanLoyrocckon norpannnon koHnccnn o y1onennn rpannuL a panone anxnn-Iona. aHn
1ake Lnn 1ua1enLno nsyenL npo1okonL sacepannn koHnccnn n nopkoHnccnn n nnc1pykunn,
npnnn1Le oenHn c1oponaHn. syenne a1nx pokyHen1oa nokasano, 1o ecnn koHnccnn a 1eenne
neckonLknx Hecnuea nnkakon nonesnon pao1L ne cpenana, 1o a a1oH uennkoH n nonnoc1Lk
annoaa1a HanLoyrocckan c1opona. e enan sa1nrnaa1L apeHn nsnoennn aonpoca, n nepepan
nocny naHn1nyk sanncky (cH. npnnoenne N 1).
ocon ckasan, 1o on nsyn1 nepepannyk sanncky n oc1aanne1 sa coon npaao, ecnn no1peye1cn,
aepny1Lcn k a1oHy aonpocy.
R nanoHnnn nocny, 1o a ecepe co Hnon 19 pekapn c.r. on aLckasan nnnoe Hnenne o
neypoane1aopn1enLnon pao1e cHeuannon koHnccnn n o ena1enLnoc1n saHenn1L
ynonnoHoennLx koHnccnn noaLHn nkpLHn. e enan aosapaua1Lcn k ocypennk acero a1oro
aonpoca no cyuec1ay, n, aLpaan caoe nnnoe Hnenne, cknonen Ln L cornacn1Lcn c 1aknH
paspeuenneH aonpoca, ecnn nocon nonarae1, 1o 1akan cHena ynonnoHoennLx yckopn1 pao1y
koHnccnn n oecnen1 eso1nara1enLnoe npoaepenne a nsnL cornauennn ono1oaa-oro o1 9
nknn c.r. cnn nocon cn1ae1 aosHonLH a coo1ae1c1ann c a1nH cpena1L npepnoenne
nnonckoHy npaan1enLc1ay a pyxe ero nnnoro Hnennn, 1o n cpenak 1ake npepnoenne caoeHy
npaan1enLc1ay (npnnoenne N 2).
a1ekaaa o1ae1nn na a1o, 1o a npounLn pas on aLckasan 1akoe Hnenne na ocnoaannn
anea1nennn. ypn no xapak1epy npepc1aan1enen oenx c1opon, ecnn a1nx ynonnoHoennLx
oc1aan1L n panLue, 1o pao1a ne oeuae1 n a ypyueH ropy nonon1enLnLx pesynL1a1oa. ocon
aLckasan cornacne c HonH npepnoenneH n oeuan sanpocn1L Hnenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
o caoen c1oponL on oeuan nponan1L ycnnnn, 1oL a1o npepnoenne Lno nnoncknH
npaan1enLc1aoH npnnn1o.
1 6 okyHen1L n 2. . 1
241
R nanoHnnn nocny, 1o on nanne1cn nnnuna1opoH saHenL npepc1aan1enen anLoy-Io n , n
poaann, 1o npnpe1cn nopopa1L o1ae1a nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa nannnoe Hnenne nocna,
nocne ero Hono ype1 aosapa1n1Lcn k ocypennk a1oro aonpoca.
aLueckasannoHy a1ekaaa poaann, 1o eHy kae1cn, 1o HanLoyroc-ckan c1opona cornacna
c ac1ponoHnecknH cnocooH onpepenennn 1oek noaopo1a, ko1opLn panLue Ln npepnoen
HonronLckon c1oponon. pnako, no ero Hnennk, 1akon He1op 1ake ne pac1 xopounx
pesynL1a1oa, 1.k. oenL 1pypno nan1n no kap1e, nop kaknH rpapycoH naxopn1cn 1a nnn ppyran
1oka na Hec1noc1n. a npak1nke n npn ac1ponoHneckoH nsHepennn Hoe1 nonyn1Lcn
neko1opan pasnnua, 1o npnaepe1 k cnopaH. orpa Hoe1 aosnnkny1L 1akoe nonoenne, 1o
npnpe1cn npnrnacn1L 1exnnkoa 1pe1Len c1oponL. cnn ypy1 nocnanL noaLe ynonnoHoennLe n
onn nany1 pao1a1L a ppyec1aennoH pyxe, 1orpa Hono napen1Lcn na nyunn pesynL1a1.
R saHe1nn nocny, 1o ne1 HanLoyrocckon n HonronLckon ac1ponoHnn, a ec1L opna ac1ponoHnn.
peneraunn anLoy-Io Lnn xopoune cneunannc1L nnonuL, a peneraunn okasLaann
noHouL coae1ckne cneunannc1L, n noa1oHy 1okn noaopo1a ne1pypno nan1n.
epao1ocnoconoc1L cHeuannon koHnccnn o1ncnne1cn noaepenneH HanLoyrocckon c1oponL,
a ac1noc1n rnaanoro ynonnoHoennoro nHaHypL. pn nopHanLnLx ycnoannx pao1a Hoe1
L1L sakonena a 1eenne 2 Hecnuea. enac 1okn noaopo1a nsaec1nL, n ecnn HanLypckne
npepc1aan1enn ypy1 nac1poenL 1ak, 1oL ne sa1nrnaa1L pao1y, 1o ee Hono npopena1L oenL
Lc1po. sa onee kopo1kne cpokn y1onnn rpannuL c IepHannen, nnnnnpnen n yHLnnen.
c1L ace aosHonoc1n Lc1po sakonn1L y1onenne rpannuL na a1oH yac1ke 225 kH, nynL
nnuL enanne n popan aonn. cnn 1akoe enanne ype1 nponaneno, 1o n aonpy c npepnoenneH
k coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1oL ono cornacnnocL c 1okon spennn nocna.
2# 1a a5PT `[5WY dY 5O5WW 54T4W
sanann nocny, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao 1ua1enLno paccnepoaano cnyan, ykasannLn a
no1e nnonckoro noconLc1aa o1 22 pekapn o oc1pene coae1cknHn caHone1aHn nnoncknx uxyn.
accnepoaanneH yc1anoaneno, 1o nnonckne uxynL naxopnnncL a a1o apeHn ne a o1kpL1oH Hope,
kak ykasano a no1e nnonckoro noconLc1aa, a a coae1cknx 1eppn1opnanLnLx aopax.
Rnonckne uxynL, rpyo napyunaune 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL, ne 1onLko ne nopnnnnncL
npepynpepn1enLnLH cnrnanaH cnepoaa1L k coae1ckoHy epery, no n naann yera1L. akoe
noaepenne koHanpoaannn uxyn aLnypnno coae1ckne caHone1L npnHenn1L npepycHo1pennLe
sakonoH cpepc1aa, 1oL sapepa1L napyunaune 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL uxynL. aknH
opasoH, necac1nLe cnyan, nHeaune Hec1o na nnoncknx uxynax, nannk1cn cnepc1aneH
nenpaannLnoro noaepennn caHnx koHanp nnoncknx uxyn a coae1cknx aopax.
R poaann, 1o ecnn L coae1ckne uxynL saunn a nnonckne 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL n ne
nopnnnnncL L npnkasy nnoncknx anac1en, 1o, aepon1no, nnonckne anac1n 1ake c1ann L
c1penn1L no napyun1ennH n y coae1ckon c1oponL ne Lno L ocnoaannn sanann1L npo1ec1L.
oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao neopnokpa1no c1aanno aonpoc nepep nnoncknH
242
npaan1enLc1aoH, 1oL nnonckne cypa ne napyuann 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL , a1nH caHLH
Lna L yc1panena aosHonoc1L noponLx neanLnLx cnyaea. 3a1eH n nepepan aepanLnyk
no1y nnonckoHy nocny (cH. npnnoenne N 3).
a1ekaaa sanann, 1o on coaepuenno ne ypoane1aopen o1ae1oH. Rnonckne uxynL naxopnnncL a 5
Hnnnx o1 coae1ckoro epera a o1kpL1oH Hope n ne Lnn a 1eppn1opnanLnLx aopax . cnn L
pae cnynnocL, 1o nnoc1pannLe uxynL saunn a 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL ppyroro rocypapc1aa,
1o ns a1oro ne aL1ekae1, 1o no nnH napo c1penn1L, a nkpen ynaa1L. anee nocon ckasan, ecnn
caHone1L n paaann cnrnanL, 1o nnonckne uxynL Lnn yaepenL, 1o onn naxopn1cn a o1kpL1oH
Hope, k 1oHy e onn Hornn n ne nonn1L cnrnanoa. ocon aLckasan yaepennoc1L, 1o nnonckne
anac1n ne ponyc1nnn L 1akon rpyoc1n.
ocon sanann, 1o on cooun1 nau o1ae1 npaan1enLc1ay, no nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1
L1L ypoane1aopeno a1nH o1ae1oH, n on cnoaa noa1opn1 caon npo1ec1, cpenannLn 22 pekapn c.r.
R o1ae1nn, 1o ne Hory cornacn1Lcn c aLckasannLHn nH coopaennnHn. ocon aoennLn enoaek
n snae1, 1o rpannua canuenna. ELaak1 cnyan nenaHepennoro, cnyannoro nepexopa rpannuL,
no a a1oH cnyae 1peye1cn nonnoe nopnnenne norpannnLH anac1nH. ocny, aepon1no,
nensaec1no, 1o nHek1cn co1nn cnyaea, korpa nnonckne uxynL saxopn1 a coae1ckne
1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL. Lno, pas uxynL nonann a yne aopL, onn nopnnnk1cn penc1annH
norpannnLx anac1en. Lncnna npnnnL saxopa a coae1ckne aopL, uxynL ac1o aLpaopnk1, a
ppyrnx cnyanx onarak1 u1paqoH. o ecnn cypno sauno a coae1ckne 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL n,
necHo1pn na npnkasanne anac1en, nannae1 yera1L, anac1n onsanL npnHenn1L ace
npepycHo1pennLe sakonoH cpepc1aa k sapepannk napyun1enn. oa1oHy coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 npnnn1L npo1ec1 nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
a1ekaaa naan cnpaunaa1L o 1oH, k1o e peunn, 1o nnonckne uxynL naxopnnncL a coae1cknx
1eppn1opnanLnLx aopax ak Hono Lno yc1anoan1L, 1o uxynL naxopn1cn na pacc1onnnn 2,5
HnnL o1 epera aHone1L ne1ak1 Lc1po n epaa nn Hory1 yc1anoan1L 1onoe pacc1onnne.
oae1ckne caHone1L nHek1, snan1, pacnopnenne a noponLx cnyanx ynaa1L 3a1eH
a1ekaaa naan pokasLaa1L, 1o nsnL ponna yaaa1Lcn, 1o ynaa1L nkpen neryHanno, n
sanann panee, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao nnkorpa ne cornacn1cn c a1nH ynnc1aoH.
R ckasan, 1o nocny, kak enoaeky aoennoHy, nsaec1no, 1o ec1L npnopL, nocpepc1aoH ko1opLx
Hono 1ono yc1anoan1L, na kakoH pacc1onnnn o1 epera naxopn1cn cypno. cnn coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao y1aeppae1, 1o uxynL naxopnnncL a coae1cknx 1eppn1opnanLnLx aopax, 1o a1o
1ono yc1anoaneno. c1anoaneno 1ake, 1o uxynL ne nopnnnnncL pacnopnennk coae1cknx
anac1en n noa1oHy Lnn oc1pennnL. 1o e kacae1cn rpyoc1n n neryHannoc1n, ckasan n, 1o r-
ny nocny cnepoaano L osnakoHn1Lcn c norpannnLHn nnunpen1aHn, korpa nnonckan c1opona
npnHennna aoopyennyk cnny, n 1orpa on ne c1an L ac1yna1L a pnckyccnk no a1oHy aonpocy.
oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao 1ua1enLno paccnepoaano a1o1 aonpoc n pano ncepnLaakunn o1ae1.
# 1 `[5_ ]WP 94X i`P\
anee n sanann nocny, 1o xo1en L opa1n1L ero annHanne na opnn nenpnn1nLn aonpoc,
ko1opLn, necHo1pn na ace naun ycnnnn, po cnx nop ne ypanocL paspeun1L.
1'G
243
18 cen1npn 1936 ropa 1oprnpepc1ao sakasano 1pn napoxopa nnonckon qnpHe auyo
ok1npp n qnpHe Ln aLpan aaanc a cyHHe 1. 647. 750 nen. Hap1e 1938 ropa qnpHa coounna
1oprnpepc1ay, 1o ona pac1oprae1 poroaop. R ne koHHepcan1, no no sppaaoHy cHLcny ncno, 1o
pas qnpHa asnna penLrn, ona ponna nx aepny1L, ona ponna npepycHo1pennyk poroaopoH
neyc1onky ynna1n1L, 1ake ncno, 1o ona ponna ynna1n1L npouen1L n kypcoayk pasnnuy.
pnako po cnx nop qnpHa ne 1onLko ne nna1n1 neyc1onky, npouen1oa, kypcoaon pasnnuL, no ona
pae ne aosapauae1 aaanca. Iapan1L sa qnpHy ne aLnonnnk1 caonx onsa1enLc1a,
Hnnnc1epc1aa qnnancoa, npoHLunennoc1n n nnoc1pannLx pen ne okasLaak1 nnkakoro
1oprnpepc1ay copenc1ann, 1oknncknn cyp nano sa1nrnaae1 peno. aknH opasoH, nnk1o a Rnonnn
nnero ne xoe1 cpena1L, 1oL npekpa1n1L a1o aonnkuee napyuenne aneHen1apnLx nopH
koHHepecknx o1nouennn. enLsn npepnonon1L, 1oL qnpHa, ne onnpancL na noppepky
npaan1enLc1aennLx opranoa, Horna noc1ynn1L 1ak no o1nouennk k nnoc1pannoHy rocypapc1ay.
oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao napee1cn, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnHe1, nakoneu, HepL k
eso1nara1enLnoHy paspeuennk a1oro aonpoca. ocne a1oro n apynn nnonckoHy nocny
naHn1nyk sanncky (cH. npnnoenne N 4).
ocon ckasan, 1o on ne snae1 a1oro pena, no ecnn peno oc1on1 1ak, kak n eHy a1o nsnaran, 1o
a1o caHLn xypunn nnoneu, o ko1opoH c1Lpno pae cnLua1L. osHono, 1y1 ec1L kakne-nnypL
ocoLe npnnnL, n ne snak nn n a1n npnnnL. euan cooun1L npaan1enLc1ay n nsyn1L
aonpoc.
R ckasan a1ekaae, 1o epnnc1aennon npnnnon neaLnonnennn caonx onsa1enLc1a nanne1cn
enanne qnpHL npncaon1L coae1ckne HnnnnonL n 1o c 1okn spennn koHHepeckon nosnunn
coae1ckoro 1oprnpepc1aa esynpena. cnn L npaan1enLc1aennLe opranL Rnonnn ne
nokpoan1enLc1aoaann auyo ok1npp, 1o na nHyuec1ao qnpHL ye paano Ln L nanoen
apec1, a snoc1noro nenna1enLunka nocapnnn L a 1kpLHy. R noa1opnn, 1o es noppepkn co
c1oponL nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa 1akon qak1 ne Hor L nHe1L Hec1a.
saknkenne n sanann, 1o panLnenuan sa1nka paspeuennn a1oro aonpoca Hoe1 1onLko
noHeua1L paspeuennk onLunx aonpocoa coae1cko-nnoncknx o1nouennn.
ocon ckasan, 1o on poaepe1 a1o1 aonpoc po caepennn caoero npaan1enLc1aa.
o caoen c1oponL nnoncknn nocon cnoaa noc1aann aonpoc o 1apnqax.
ocon ykasan, 1o a cnncke 1oaapoa, ko1opLn onynnkoaan a cansn c aaepenneH noaLx
1apnqnLx c1aaok n cknpok c nnx a eaponencko-asna1ckoH coouennn, ne ynoHnnak1cn
neko1opLe 1oaapL, ko1opLe a ocoennoc1n nn1epecyk1 nnonckyk c1opony, a nHenno:
pLnLe koncepaL,
kn1oaLn np,
nao1noe cano.
ocon npocnn, 1oL o1nocn1enLno a1nx 1oaapoa Lno y1eno noenanne nnonckon c1oponL n nx
aknknnn a nLro1nLn cnncok.
R ckasan, 1o aLncnk a1o1 aonpoc, no pyHak, 1o on Hoe1 nonyn1L o1ae1 a apkoHaneu1opre.
a ecepe npncy1c1aoaan saHec1n1enL saaepykuero 1opLH panLneaoc1onLH o1penoH 1.
aanLea.
3aHec1n1enL napopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx pen #>2345
244
!4F4 @ 1
5 nonpn cero ropa saHec1n1enL apopnoro koHnccapa nnoc1pannLx pen . . osoacknn nepepan
nnonckoHy nocny a ockae r-ny a1ekaae naHn1nyk sanncky. naHn1non sanncke Lno ykasano
na neponyc1nHoe sa1nrnaanne anLoyrocckon c1oponon pao1 Heuannon oHnccnn n Lno
aLpanny1o npepnoenne yc1pann1L nenopHanLnoc1n n oecnen1L nonnyk aosHonoc1L
okonannn pao1 Heuannon oHnccnn a caHLn kpa1anunn cpok, kak a1o n npepycHo1peno
ornauenneH ono1oa-oro o1 9 nknn c.r.
pnako a pao1e Heuannon oHnccnn ne 1onLko ne nponsouno nnkaknx nsHenennn a nyuyk
c1opony, no pae nHenn Hec1o noaLe qak1L, canpe1enLc1aykune o 1oH, 1o anLoyrocckan
c1opona npoponae1 nac1anaa1L na caonx nenpaannLnLx nosnunnx, npyunx apaspes c
cornauenneH ono1oa-oro.
ak nsaec1no, nepaooepepnan sapaa Heuannon oHnccnn saknkanacL a onpepenennn 1oek
noaopo1a rpannuL na Hec1noc1n. epy 1eH, sa 3 Hecnua npeLaannn na Hec1noc1n Heuannon
oHnccnn ne ypanocL pokyHen1anLno oqopHn1L pae ye onpepenennyk oenHn c1oponaHn na
Hec1noc1n 1oky noaopo1a nnnnn rpannuL yna1-nLnn-o. 1o e kacae1cn onpepenennn
1oek noaopo1a nnnnn rpannuL a ppyrnx nynk1ax, kak, nanpnHep, y nnnnL-ypyk, na apa1-
nLun-o, Spnc-nLnn-o a oHonxan-Eypp-o, 1o a1n aonpocL, naropapn nosnunn
anLoyrocckon c1oponL, oc1anncL nepaspeuennLHn, paano kak oc1ancn neyperynnpoaannLH
aonpoc o npoxopennn nnnnn rpannuL no peke anxnn-Ion. pnnnon a1oro nanne1cn nosnunn
anLoyrocckon c1oponL, 1o nop1aeppae1cn cnepykunHn qak1aHn:
1. nynk1e 1 naHn1non sannckn r-na ocna o1 13 pekapn o1aeprae1cn 1o1 qak1, 1o 12 nonpn
saHec1n1enL pepcepa1enn 1-n opkoHnccnn r-n oHopn o1kasancn yac1aoaa1L a coaHec1noH
onpepenennn 1okn noaopo1a nnnnn rpannuL y nnnnL-ypyk. epy 1eH, poc1oaepno nsaec1no,
1o 12 nonpn na XVIII sacepannn 1-n opkoHnccnn a npncy1c1ann coc1aaa oHnccnn n akcnep1oa-
1onorpaqoa c oenx c1opon a1o1 o1kas r-na oHopn penc1an1enLno nHen Hec1o.

Eonee 1oro, kak po, 1ak n nocne 12 nonpn, necHo1pn na neopnokpa1nLe npepnoennn
onronLckon c1oponL a 1 -n opkoHnccnn coaHec1no ocypn1L npepc1aanennLe ek pannLe no
onpepenennk 1okn noaopo1a y nnnnL-ypyk, anLoyrocckan c1opona ka1eropneckn
o1kasLaanacL non1n na Hec1noc1L pnn coaHec1noro onpepenennn a1on 1okn, Ho1nanpyn a1o 1eH,
1o opkoHnccnn nkoL ne Hoe1 paccHa1pnaa1L pannLn aonpoc. anLoyrocckan c1opona
ccLnanacL npn a1oH na o1cy1c1ane ac1pe nonnoHoennLx, 1orpa kak npepaapn1enLnoe
onpepenenne 1oek noaopo1a nanne1cn onsannoc1Lk opkoHnccnn.
2. naHn1non sanncke o1 13 pekapn c.r. r-n ocon, onpaapLaan aaepennoe HanLoyroccknHn
anac1nHn sanpeuenne cneunannc1aH npnnna1Lcn k 1oke noaopo1a apa1, anoaL
ccLnancn na N 8 nc1pykunn o nopnpke nepexopa rpannuL. epy 1eH, N 8 ynoHnny1on
nc1pykunn rnacn1:
epconan orpannnon oHnccnn n opkoHnccnn, naxopnunncn na ppyron c1opone rpannuL,
ponen 1ono conkpa1L pacnopnennn Hec1nLx, aoennLx n norpannnLx anac1en n ppyrne
npaanna, penc1aykune na a1on 1eppn1opnn.
aknH opasoH, ns caHoro 1ekc1a N 8 nac1aye1, 1o on onpepenne1 coon nnuL noaepenne opnon
ns c1opon npn naxopennn ee npepc1aan1enen
24"
na 1eppn1opnn ppyron c1oponL. pnako, naropapn sanpe1n1enLnLH HepaH, npnnn1LH
HanLoyroccknHn anac1nHn, cneunannc1L onronLckon c1oponL Lnn nnuenL aosHonoc1n
npoaec1n neoxopnHLe pao1L no onpepenennk 1okn noaopo1a nnnnn rpannuL a nynk1e apa1-
nLnn-o. ak, nanpnHep, anLoyrocckon c1opone 8 nonpn Lno pano cornacne na
onpepenenne HonronLcknHn cneunannc1aHn 1okn noaopo1a apa1-nLnn-o. 10-11 nonpn c.r.
HonronLckne cneunannc1L npnLnn a panon apa1-nLnn-o, opnako nx ne nponyc1nnn po
1okn apa1, 1ak kak a a1oH panone HanLoyroccknHn anac1nHn Lna yc1anoanena sanpe1nan
sona, 1o ne 1onLko ne nHee1 nnkakoro o1nouennn k N 8 nc1pykunn o nepexope rpannuL, no
naxopn1cn a nanoH npo1naopenn c N 4 1on e nc1pykunn, ko1opLn pae1 npaao npeLaannn na
1eppn1opnn ppyron c1oponL c saxopoH po 2 kH arnyL o1 nnnnn rpannuL.
aHo coon pasyHee1cn, 1o 1aknH o1nouenneH k peny anLoyrocckon c1oponL pao1a no
onpepenennk 1oek noaopo1a nnnnn rpannuL noc1aanena a coaepuenno nenopHanLnLe ycnoann,
penakune neaosHonLH ycneunoe saaepuenne a1on pao1L.
3. oaepuenno neponyc1nHLn qak1 nHen Hec1o 1ake a panone aLco1L apa1 10-11 nonpn
c.r., korpa HanLoyrocckne anac1n caHonnno aLc1aannn caon aoopyennLe noc1L na
1eppn1opnn, eccnopno npnnapneauen onronLckon apopnon ecnynnke, arnyL po 2 kH n ne
ponyc1nnn HonronLcknx cneunannc1oa po 1okn apa1, epes ko1opyk ponna npoxopn1L nnnnn
rpannuL.
4. anLoyrocckan c1opona, o1kasLaancL a 1eenne acero apeHenn pao1L koHnccnn ponycka1L
cneunannc1oa onronLckon apopnon ecnynnkn na apa1-nLnn-o, opnoapeHenno
nac1anaana npnnn1L sa 1oky noaopo1a apa1-nLnn-o nynk1, ko1opLn a penc1an1enLnoc1n
naxopn1cn ne na nnnnn rpannuL, a na 1eppn1opnn onronLckon apopnon ecnynnkn, a 2 kH
kro-sanapnee 1okn noaopo1a, snaauencn na kap1e, npnnoennon k ornauennk ono1oa-
oro, kak apa1-nLnn-o.
5. npnHeannn paspena 1 ornauennn ono1oa-oro o1 9 nknn ckasano: cnyae, korpa peka
cnyn1 rocypapc1aennon rpannuen, 1akoaan rpannua
npoxopn1 nocepepnne ee rnaanoro pycna.
epy 1eH, npn coaHec1noH nsyennn coc1aaoH 2-n opkoHnccnn pekn anxnn-Ion a panone
ceaepnee npen-o c uenLk onpepenennn ee rnaanoro pycna, nocepepnne ko1oporo, cornacno
aLueykasannoHy npnHeannk, ponna npoxopn1L nnnnn rpannuL, anLoyrocckan c1opona ne
cornacnnacL npoaec1n nnnnk rpannuL no rnaanoHy pycny pekn anxnn-Ion, a nac1anaana na 1oH,
1oL npoaec1n 1akoayk no nepecoxuen knon npo1oke, 1o, kak a1o coaepuenno oeanpno,
naxopn1cn a nanoH npo1naopenn c ornauenneH ono1oa-oro.
6. 1o e kacae1cn sananennn, copepauerocn a naHn1non sanncke r-na ocna o1 30 nonpn, 1o
onronLckan c1opona opnoc1oponne c1aanna 1pnronoHe1pneckne snakn nns nnnnn rpannuL, 1o
cnepye1 o1He1n1L, 1o a1o anonne ec1ec1aenno, nockonLky ynoHnny1Le 1pnronoHe1pneckne
snakn Lnn yc1anoanenL na 1eppn1opnn onronLckon apopnon ecnynnkn. 1o e apeHn
cnepye1 o1He1n1L, 1o anLoyrocckan c1opona yc1anoanna 3 1pnronoHe1pnecknx snaka na
1eppn1opnn onronLckon apopnon ecnynnkn a panone esLHnnnoro pyLn, anapakuero a
yHyprnn-Ion, 1o nanne1cn coaepuenno neponyc1nHLH.
246
cnepc1ane aLueykasannLx penc1ann n noaepennn anLoyrocckon c1oponL, ne roaopn ye o
uenoH pnpe ppyrnx cnyaea, nHeaunx Hec1o a pao1e Heuannon oHnccnn, korpa
anLoyrocckan c1opona ne 1onLko ne nponannna ro1oanoc1n aLnonnn1L aosnoennyk na nee
sapay, no acneckn sa1nrnaana a1o aanoe peno, pao1a Heuannon oHnccnn sa aecL 3-
HecnnLn nepnop ee npeLaannn na Hec1noc1n nnkakoro ycnexa ne nHena n qak1neckn sauna a
1ynnk.
paan1enLc1ao oksa opauae1 annHanne na aLueykasannLe qak1L, nannkunecn
cnepc1aneH nenpaannLnLx penc1ann npepc1aan1enen anLoy-Io, aepyunx k napyuennk
coae1cko-nnonckoro cornauennn o1 9 nknn c.r. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao aLpaae1 napepy, 1o
nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao eso1nara1enLno cpenae1 ace neoxopnHLe aLaopL ns cospaauerocn
nonoennn.
9< 3 1940
* * *
!4F4 @ 9
19 pekapn a ecepe co Hnon r-n ocon aLckasan caoe nnnoe Hnenne o neypoane1aopn1enLnoc1n
pao1L npepc1aan1enen anLoy-Io n a Heuannon orpannnon oHnccnn n aLckasancn
sa ena1enLnoc1L nx saHenL noaLHn ynonnoHoennLHn. e enan anoaL aosapaua1Lcn k
nsnoennk 1okn spennn oae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa no cyuec1ay a1oro aonpoca, n ponen
sanan1L cnepykuee:
cnn r-n ocon nonarae1, 1o 1akan cHena npepc1aan1enen yckopn1 pao1y no y1onennk
rpannuL a panone konqnnk1a 1939 r. n oecnen1 eso1nara1enLnoe npoaepenne a nsnL
ornauennn ono1oa-oro o1 9 nknn c.r., 1o n, aLckasLaan a pannoH cnyae 1ake caoe nnnoe
Hnenne, cknonen Ln L cornacn1Lcn c 1aknH paspeuenneH aonpoca.
cnn r-n ocon cn1ae1 aosHonLH a coo1ae1c1ann c a1nH cpena1L npepnoenne npaan1enLc1ay
Rnonnn a pyxe ero nnnoro Hnennn, 1o n n cpenak coo1ae1c1aykuee npepnoenne caoeHy
npaan1enLc1ay.
9< 3 1940
* * *
!4F4 @ :
cansn c no1on Rnonckoro oconLc1aa sa N 73 o1 22 pekapn c.r. apopnLn koHnccapna1
nnoc1pannLx pen no nopyennk paan1enLc1aa nHee1 ec1L cooun1L oconLc1ay, 1o
napneaunHn coae1cknHn anac1nHn no noaopy cnyan, npnaepennoro a ynoHnny1on no1e, Lno
nponsaepeno 1ua1enLnoe paccnepoaanne, a pesynL1a1e ko1oporo yc1anoaneno cnepykuee:
20 pekapn c.r. a 12 ac. 09 Hnn. coae1cknH posopnLH caHone1oH Lnn onapyenL a
1eppn1opnanLnLx aopax , a 2,5 Hnnnx o1 epera, a panone ropL IonynnLn 1ec, 4 nnonckne
uxynL, uepune kypcoH na ceaep, ceaepo-aoc1ok. ckope a panon napyuennn nnoncknHn uxynaHn
1eppn1opnanLnLx aop npnLnn 3 ppyrnx coae1cknx posopnLx caHone1a. pnn ns ykasannLx
247
caHone1oa nokanaanneH kpLna nopan uxynaH cnrnan cnepoaa1L sa nnH k epery.
ocne nopan caHone1oH cnrnana opna ns nnoncknx uxyn, cpenaa pasaopo1, naana panra1Lcn a
nanpaanennn na IonynnLn 1ec. pnako neko1opoe apeHn cnyc1n a1a uxyna, aocnonLsoaaauncL
1eH oc1on1enLc1aoH, 1o coae1ckne caHone1L naann nanpa1L aLco1y, cpenana noaLn
pasaopo1 n c1ana panra1Lcn a knoH nanpaanennn c uenLk nsea1L sapepannn. c1anLnLe 3
nnonckne uxynL, saanpn coae1ckne caHone1L, 1ake nsHennnn caon kypc n, cpenaa pasaopo1,
c1ann yxopn1L a knoH nanpaanennn.
ocne neaLnonnennn nnoncknHn uxynaHn cnrnana caHone1a nocnepnnn pan anaane opny
npepynpepn1enLnyk nyneHe1nyk oepepL nepep uxynaHn. panLnenueH caHone1oH Lno
nponsaepeno eue pae npepynpepn1enLnLe nyneHe1nLe oepepn nepep uxynaHn.
ecHo1pn na ace cnrnanL n npepynpepn1enLnLe HepL, nnonckne uxynL, napyunaune
1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL , ne 1onLko ne nopnnnnncL npnkasy panra1Lcn k epery, no pae ne
oc1anoannncL, npoponan nocneuno npopanra1Lcn na kr.
cnepc1ane a1oro opnn ns caHone1oa aLnypen Ln, c uenLk sapepannn napyun1enen,
npecnepoaa1L yeraaune uxynL a npepenax coae1cknx 1eppn1opnanLnLx aop, pnn ero Lno
nponsaepeno eue neckonLko nyneHe1nLx oepepen no uxynaH. pnako n a1n HepL ne
oc1anoannn ykasannLe nnonckne cypa, n nH ypanocL yn1n o1 npecnepoaannn, noknnya
1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL .
aknH opasoH, pesynL1a1L 1ua1enLnoro paccnepoaannn nokasann:
1. e1Lpe nnonckne uxynL naxopnnncL ne a o1kpL1oH Hope, kak a1o ckasano a no1e Rnonckoro
oconLc1aa o1 22 pekapn, a a 1eppn1opnanLnLx aopax .
2. Rnonckne uxynL, rpyo napyunaune 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL , ne 1onLko ne nopnnnnncL
cnrnanaH caHone1a, npepnaraauero panra1Lcn k epery, no naann yera1L, ne opauan
annHannn na npepynpepn1enLnLe aLc1penL caHone1a.
3. akoe noaepenne nnoncknx uxyn a 1eppn1opnanLnLx aopax aLnypnno coae1cknn
caHone1, necunn posopnyk cnyy no oxpane rpannuL, npnHenn1L ace npepoc1aanennLe eHy
sakonoH cpepc1aa, 1oL sapepa1L napyun1enen 1eppn1opnanLnLx aop .
4. ecac1nLe cnyan, nHeaune Hec1o na nnoncknx uxynax, nannk1cn cnepc1aneH
nenpaannLnoro noaepennn koHanpoaannn a1nx uxyn a coae1cknx aopax, kak a1o nsnoeno aLue.
a a1oH ocnoaannn paan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 npnnn1L npo1ec1 Rnonckoro oconLc1aa, a
paano ne Hoe1 npnsna1L npaaa sa nnonckon c1oponon na aosHeuenne yuepa n ppyrne
cansannLe c a1nH npaaa, o ko1opLx sananne1cn a aLueynoHnny1on no1e Rnonckoro oconLc1aa.
annne ykasannLx a auen no1e ep1a na nnoncknx cypax nenpnn1no, no, kak anpno ns
aLuensnoennoro, a a1oH annoaa1L nnonckne Hopnkn. e Hoe1 L1L coHnennn a 1oH, 1o ecnn
L coae1ckne Hopnkn nponnknn a nnonckne 1eppn1opnanLnLe aopL, 1o nnonckne anac1n c1pennnn
L no nnH n a a1oH cnyae coae1ckan c1opona ne nHena L ocnoaannn pnn ano n npo1ec1oa.
oae1ckoe paan1enLc1ao ye neopnokpa1no c1aanno nepep RnoncknH paan1enLc1aoH aonpoc o
npekpauennn napyuennn 1eppn1opnanLnLx aop nnoncknHn cypaHn. pnako ace
npepc1aanennn apopnoro oHnccapna1a noc1pannLx en no a1oHy aonpocy ne Lnn npnnn1L
ao annHanne RnoncknH paan1enLc1aoH.
248
paan1enLc1ao eue pas opauae1 caHoe cepLesnoe annHanne Rnonckoro paan1enLc1aa na
a1o oc1on1enLc1ao n napee1cn, 1o nocnepnee npnHe1, nakoneu, HepL k yc1panennk napyuennn
1eppn1opnanLnLx aop nnoncknHn cypaHn n 1eH caHLH yc1pann1 aosHonoc1L noa1opennn a
ypyueH 1aknx neanLnLx cnyaea, ko1opLe nHenn Hec1o 20 pekapn c.r.
32 9< 3 190
* * *
!4F4 @ 4
18 cen1npn 1936 r. oproaoe pepc1aan1enLc1ao a okno saknknno c nnonckon qnpHon
auyo ok1npp kon1pak1 na noc1aaky 3 napoxopoa, pnn ero a 1eenne 1936, 1937 n nnaapn
1938 rr. oprnpepc1aoH Lu anecen qnpHe auyo ok1npp aaanc a cyHHe 1 647 750 nen.
12 Hap1a 1938 r. qnpHa auyo ok1npp oqnunanLnLH nncLHoH yaepoHnna oproaoe
pepc1aan1enLc1ao o pac1opennn kon1pak1a. pn 1aknx oc1on1enLc1aax qnpHa ponna Lna
neHepnenno aosapa1n1L nonyennLn ek aaanc a pasHepe 1 647 750 nen, aLnna1n1L
npepycHo1pennyk poroaopoH neyc1onky (u1paq) a pasHepe 316 875 nen, paanyk 10% o1 ouen
cyHHL kon1pak1a, a 1ake, caHo coon pasyHee1cn, npouen1L na cyHHy aaanca co pnn anecennn
sa nonLsoaanne a1on cyHHon.
pnako qnpHa auyo ok1npp ne 1onLko ne aLnonnnna kon1pak1, no, necHo1pn na
neopnokpa1nLe 1peoaannn oproaoro pepc1aan1enLc1aa, ne aepnyna pae nonyennyk ek
cyHHy aaanca, npouen1L na nee n ne ynna1nna npnn1akunncn c qnpHL no poroaopy u1paq.
akoe aonnkuee napyuenne qnpHon auyo ok1npp ouenpnsnannLx n ysakonennLx
npnnunnoa koHHepecknx asanHoo1nouennn sac1aanno oproaoe pepc1aan1enLc1ao opa1n1Lcn
k rapan1aH sa qnpHy k 99 Eanky a aracakn n k qnpHe eHnpsy Eoekn aycnkn ancn a
okno c 1peoaanneH aosHec1n1L sa qnpHy auyo ok1npp npnn1akunecn c nocnepnen cyHHL.
pnako ynoHnny1Le rapan1L qnpHL auyo ok1npp o1kasanncL aLnonnn1L caon rapan1nnnLe
onsa1enLc1aa.
ocnepykuee opauenne oproaoro pepc1aan1enLc1aa c coo1ae1c1aykunHn npepc1aanennnHn
a nnnc1epc1ao qnnancoa n nnnc1epc1ao 1oproann okasanocL espesynL1a1nLH, paano kak ne
pano nnkaknx pesynL1a1oa n opauenne onnoHonoro pepc1aan1enn a nnnc1epc1ao
nnoc1pannLx pen Rnonnn.
pauenne oproaoro pepc1aan1enLc1aa 20. XII. 38 r. a nnoncknn cyp c nckoaLH sananenneH na
qnpHy auyo ok1npp nnero po cnx nop, kpoHe npoaonokn n eckonenoro sa1nrnaannn pena,
ne pano. apopnoHy oHnccapna1y noc1pannLx pen nsaec1no, 1o a1o peno Hnoro pas
nasnaanocL k cnyuannk a nnonckoH cype, opnako n no cen penL nnoncknn cyp ne peunn a1o
sakonnoe n eccnopnoe peno.
oaepuenno ncno, 1o noponoe nonoenne Horno nHe1L Hec1o 1onLko nnuL npn npnHon
noppepke a1on qnpHL co c1oponL nnonckoro cypa n npaan1enLc1aa, na ko1opoe 1aknH opasoH
napae1 o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa rpyoe napyuenne co c1oponL nnonckon qnpHL caonx onsa1enLc1a
no kon1pak1y.
EespesynL1a1nanoc1L a pene paspeuennn a1oro aonpoca a nnonckoH cype
249
n a npaan1enLc1aennLx opranax aLnypnna oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao noc1aan1L a1o1 aonpoc a
neperoaopax c RnoncknH noconLc1aoH a ockae. pnako n a1n neperoaopL, aanpy ynopnoro
neenannn nnonckon c1oponL ypoane1aopn1L coaepuenno sakonnLe 1peoaannn oae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, nn k eHy ne npnaenn.
oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nac1anaae1 na 1oH, 1oL a1o peno Lno yperynnpoaano RnoncknH
npaan1enLc1aoH eso1nara1enLno
32 9< 3 1940
! %- 6. 014B 78. 9: . 90C . 9 . 1:1=149.
'1'# 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .<# /:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 /
/7<1&20. #9# 9.?819
9< 3 1940 .
(. 3
eropnn n o1npaann pnnncy o1ae1 na ero nnnyk no1y o1 12 pekapn. o1ae1e n ykasan, 1o ero
nsnoenne oc1on1enLc1a naunx ecep sa nocnepnne 2-3 Hecnua aecLHa snan1enLno
o1nnae1cn o1 1oro, kak a1n oc1on1enLc1aa npnnoHnnak1cn Hne. R nanoHnnn pnnncy, 1o 14
cen1npn peL una ne o napoxopax, a o 1oproaLx o1nouennnx Hepy n nrnnen n o apec1e
sono1a, 1o n peun1enLno n ka1eropneckn o1pnuan npaao pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa na
noponLe penc1ann. R ypnanen, 1o a no1e 12 pekapn pnnnc ccLnae1cn na Hoe cornacne c ero
poaopaHn o npaaoHepnoc1n sapepannn pn1ancknH npaan1enLc1aoH npnan1nncknx cypoa.
n a opnon ns naunx ecep c nnH n noponoro Hnennn ne aLckasLaan. S1o c oeanpnoc1Lk
nop1aeppae1 n naua no1a o1 9 ok1npn. R panee ykasan, 1o ne Hory cornacn1Lcn c
y1aeppenneH pnruca, 1o a naunx ecepax o npnan1nncknx cypax aanenunH aonpocoH Ln
aonpoc o aosHeuennn sa nponsaepennyk pekansnunk. S1o ne coo1ae1c1aye1 penc1an1enLnoc1n.
o 17 ok1npn aonpoc o aosHeuennn pnnnc aooue ne c1aann. nepaLe on o a1oH saroaopnn 17
ok1npn. 22 ok1npn n sanann npo1ec1 npo1na pekansnunn npnan1nncknx napoxopoa a cansn c
nonyennLH o1 anckoro coouenneH o npnkase Hnnnc1epc1aa cypoxopc1aa.
2 nonpn n o1ae1nn eHy o nenpneHneHoc1n npepnoennn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1ak kak
npaan1enLc1ao ne npnsnae1 npaaa na pekansnunk coae1cknx cypoa n nac1anaae1 na nx
aosapauennn oae1ckoHy oksy. 19 nonpn n anoaL nop1aeppnn npenkk nosnunk coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa no pannoHy aonpocy n o1knonnn npepnoenne ac1ynn1L a neperoaopL o
koHnencaunn sa ncnonLsoaanne npnan1nncknx cypoa. o1ae1non no1e o1 26 pekapn n aLpasnn
coanenne, 1o Hepy naHn aosnnkno c1onL npo1naopenaoe nonnHanne 1akoro aanoro
aonpoca, kak aonpoc o sapepannn npnan1nncknx napoxopoa, xo1n no1a coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o1 9 ok1npn ne oc1aanne1 nnkakoro coHnennn o1nocn1enLno nosnunn a
o1nouennn penc1ann pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa no sapepannk npnan1nncknx cypoa.
coane-
250
nnk, 1oka spennn aennkopn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa na a1o1 aonpoc po cnx nop a nncLHennon
qopHe ne aLpaena. oa1oHy n oc1akcL npn caoeH y1aeppennn o o1cy1c1ann co c1oponL
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1ae1a na no1y coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 9 ok1npn.
R konc1a1npoaan a caoen ceropnnunen o1ae1non nnnon no1e, 1o ace noc1aanennLe naHn 9
ok1npn aonpocL o aosapauennn npnan1nncknx cypoa, o pasnoknpoaannn ce1oa, o
pena1pnaunn ac1oncknx Hopnkoa c napoxopa apn oc1ak1cn po cnx nop co c1oponL
pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa es napneauero o1ae1a, aonpekn yc1anoanauencn
pnnnoHa1neckon npak1nke, o ko1opon cen nynLH ynoHnny1L a caoeH nncLHe o1 12 pekapn
pnruc.
oouak pnn auero caepennn.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:9 . 1B;=1B9.
'1!# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / J.280/7 &1<-.2 j#j#
<./2^7/. / 8882
9< 3 1940 .
(. 3
Eonrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnonno cnepykunn npepaapn1enLnLn nnan 1oaapooopo1a c
a 1941 r. (nHnop1 ns a Hnn. neaoa): neq1enpopyk1L - 102; yryn - 15; eneso pasnoe
- 20; xnHneckne npopyk1L, npenHyuec1aenno HepnLn kynopoc n ypopennn - 71;
cenLckoxosnnc1aennLe n npone HaunnL - 25; aa1oHonnn nerkoaLe n rpysoaLe - 36; conL
kaHennan - 20; HepnkaHen1L - 10; xnonok - 200; conenan pLa - 10; uepc1L - 50;
neopao1annLe ukypL kpynnoro pora1oro cko1a - 80; nopouaennan koa - 80; kq1L - 50;
pLnn np - 2; nnkenL nnn nnkeneaLn cynLqa1 - 10; ankHnnnn - 10; pasnoe - 9; acero - 800.
Skcnop1 a a Hnn. neaoa: 1aak - 250; neopao1annLe ukypL - 150; cannLn - 100; pnc -
40; ceHena pasnLe, kpoHe nkuepnL, - 5; posoaoe Hacno - 10; anno - 10; annorpap, nnopL,
oaoun - 50; nepepao1ka coae1ckoro xnonka - 150; pasnoe - 35; acero - 800.
#24X2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . ::1 . 99<9 . 949.
'1C# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 29:
.##<./270B7/. / 8882
27 3 1940 .
' ( 3
epaLn cekpe1apL anrnnnckon Hnccnn ankn ckasan, 1o, no ero caepennnH, a yHLnnk
npnLaae1 eue opna neHeukan pnansnn Ho1onexo1L. IepHa-
251
nnn, no coouennk ankn, nepepacLaae1 a yHLnnk aoopyenne n oenpnnacL. ak, ye
nHee1cn a neHeuknx cknapax aoopyenne pnn 1pex pnansnn nexo1L, ko1opan Hoe1 L1L
nepepouena a yHLnnk 1pancnop1nLHn caHone1aHn. ankn sanann, 1o, no nHekunHcn
caepennnH (npaapa, ne ocoenno napenLH, no ns renu1aa yHLnnn), pyHLnL n neHuL
paspaa1Laak1 nnanL nanapennn na kpanny a payx nanpaanennnx: opnn - na peccy, a ppyron
- na nea. o coouennk ankn, neHeuknn ynonnoHoennLn no akonoHnecknH aonpocaH
enaxep o1sLaae1cn ns Eyxapec1a n nasnaae1cn a pan.
#22 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :19 . 919: . :14.
'19# D 7/. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 0.<
ekC# -127<.
9; 3 1940 .
(3
oce1nn Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen nano n coounn eHy, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
o1nocn1cn nonon1enLno k npepnoennk n1anLnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa* naa1L neperoaopL no
yc1anoanennk onee 1ecnLx asanHoo1nouennn Hepy 1annen n kak a onac1n
nonn1neckon, 1ak n a onac1n akonoHneckon n 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1 aec1n
neperoaopL no a1oHy aonpocy a ockae.
nano ckasan, 1o on aecLHa poaonen 1eH, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnnno npepnoenne
n1anLnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa o neperoaopax no yc1anoanennk onee 1ecnoro co1pypnnec1aa
Hepy n 1annen kak a onac1n nonn1neckon, 1ak n a onac1n akonoHneckon, n poaann,
1o on pac1 ykasanne n1anLnnckoHy nocny a ockae, 1oL on neHepnenno ac1ynnn a kon1ak1 c
.. ono1oaLH no aLueykasannoHy aonpocy.
3a1eH nano sapan Hne aonpoc, ne1 nn eue kaknx-nno ykasannn nnn pononnennn.
R o1ae1nn, 1o k cpenannoHy Hnon sananennk poaan1L nnero ne Hory.
poaoan Henn, nano Ln aecLHa nkesen n, npouancL, npocnn nepepa1L o1 ero nHenn npnae1
.. ono1oay n nonaropapn1L sa c1onL Lc1pLn o1ae1 na ero npepnoenne.
'. 34 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . 1B . 90C . 10=11.
J H. pok. 613.
252
'20# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 =1 / 8882 # 0.07-./1?
9; 3 1940 .
(3
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o a ceropnnunen ecepe oe c1oponL ponnL npoponn1L
ocypenne aonpoca o npopnennn na 1941 r. pLonoanon konaenunn 1928 ropa. S1o1 aonpoc,
roaopn1 1. ono1oa, nHee1 onpepenennoe snaenne pnn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, n nnonckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ye snae1 Hnenne coae1ckon c1oponL o1nocn1enLno 1ex nsHenennn, kakne
neoxopnHo cpena1L a o1nouennn konaenunn 1928 ropa n o eH coo1ae1c1aykune npepnoennn
coae1ckan c1opona ye cpenana 20 nknn 1940 ropa
127
. pnako, npoponae1 1. ono1oa,
nockonLky oe c1oponL c1peHn1cn k ynyuennk o1nouennn n nockonLky nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao
aecLHa sann1epecoaano a coxpanennn na 1941 r. pLonoanon konaenunn 1928 ropa, a coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao, co caoen c1oponL, sann1epecoaano a 1oH, 1oL pLonoanLn aonpoc nonynn
npaannLnoe peuenne, noc1onLky on ne xoe1 anocn1L kakne-nno ocnonennn a ocypenne
pLonoanoro cornauennn na 1941 r. n orpannn1cn caHnH HnnnHanLnLH npepnoenneH, nHen a
anpy, 1o aonpoc a uenoH o nsHenennnx, neoxopnHLx a pLonoanon konaenunn 1928 ropa,
ype1 paccHa1pnaa1Lcn cneunanLnon coae1cko-nnonckon koHnccnen. ocne a1oro 1. ono1oa
npepnarae1 npnHo nepen1n k paccHo1pennk no nynk1aH 1ekc1a no1L o1 31 pekapn 1939 ropa.
acancL nynk1a 1 no1L, a ko1opoH roaopn1cn o koncepanLx saaopax n npnkpennennLx k nnH
pLonoanLx yac1kax, 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o xo1n pnn coae1ckon c1oponL npopnenne a1oro
nynk1a nanne1cn 1pypnLH aonpocoH, opnako a uennx onerennn nonoennn nnoncknx
pLonpoHLunennnkoa n nHen a anpy, 1o a uenoH aonpoc o konaenunn na pnp ne1 ype1
ocypa1Lcn koHnccnen, coae1ckan c1opona, ckpenn ceppue, cornauae1cn oc1aan1L na 1941 r.
a1o1 nynk1 a npenen pepakunn. oa1oHy, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, nnonckan c1opona npo1na a1oro
npepnoennn aospaa1L ne ype1.
a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o on cornacen c npepnoenneH 1. ono1oaa.
anee 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona 1ake cornacna oc1aan1L es nsHenennn nynk1
2 no1L, a a nynk1e 3 npoc1aan1L noHepa 7 pLonoanLx yac1koa, ko1opLe ypy1 noc1aanenL na
1oprn a 1941 r., aanpy nc1eennn a 1ekyueH ropy cpoka nx apenpL n o eH caH a1ekaaa cpenan
npepnoenne 26 pekapn. oHepa a1nx yac1koa cnepykune: 410,527,529,553,557,558 n 1083.
a1ekaaa aLpaae1 caoe cornacne 1ake n c a1nHn payHn nynk1aHn.
1o e kacae1cn nynk1a 4 no1L, ykasLaae1 1. ono1oa, 1o a1o1 nynk1, kak nano yc1apeaunn n ne
coo1ae1c1aykunn coc1onnnk pen, nopnen1 nsHenennk. nnraunn nepec1ann
cyuec1aoaa1L, no cpok penc1ann onnraunn epes 1pn pnn okannaae1cn. pepnoenne
coae1ckon c1oponL saknkae1cn a 1oH, 1oL nepen1n o1 pace1oa onnraunnHn k
nopHanLnoHy pace1y, kak a1o nHee1 Hec1o npn pace1ax c ppyrnHn c1panaHn, n a 1oH ncne c
Rnonnen, no kypcy Iocanka. pyrnx npepnoennn, poaanne1 1. ono1oa, y coae1ckon c1oponL
ne ype1.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa noncnne1, noeHy coae1ckan c1opona aLpanrae1 npepnoenne o nepexope na
pace1 no kypcy Iocanka. S1o, roaopn1 1. ono1oa,
2"3
o1ncnne1cn 1eH, 1o kypc nenL a 1940 r. snan1enLno nne, eH on Ln a 1928 r. a HoHen1
saknkennn pLonoanon konaenunn. s-sa nnskoro kypca nenL coae1ckan c1opona 1epnn1
neHanLe yL1kn, n xo1n nHenacL 1ak nasLaaeHan sono1an oroaopka, opnako nocnepnnn
qak1neckn sakpennna 1o nonoenne, ko1opoe Lno n panLue. oa1oHy cenac ne1 nnkaknx
ocnoaannn pnn 1oro, 1oL noponoe e nonoenne cyuec1aoaano n panLue. 1o e kacae1cn
caHnx onnraunn , 1o cpok nx penc1ann okannaae1cn 31 pekapn 1940 r., nocne ero onn
1epnk1 caoe penc1ane n, cnepoaa1enLno, na nnx ye nenLsn ccLna1Lcn. oae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 onLue npopnn1L cpok nx penc1ann n ne Hoe1 onLue nponsaopn1L
pace1L onnraunnHn .
anee 1. ono1oa opauae1 annHanne a1ekaaL na 1o, 1o coae1ckan c1opona anocn1 nnuL opny
nonpaaky, npnnnHan es nsHenennn ace oc1anLnLe nynk1L n npn a a1oH o1nouennn naac1pey
nnonckon c1opone. pyrnx e aonpocoa, ko1opLe coae1ckan c1opona noc1aanna a caoeH
npepnoennn o1 20 nknn, on ne kacae1cn, cn1an, 1o nx ponna ocypn1L coae1cko-nnonckan
koHnccnn.
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o nnonckan c1opona uenn1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno na
oc1aanenne es nsHenennn nynk1a 1 no1L. pnako on cn1ae1, 1o npepnoenne o nepexope na
pace1 no kypcy Iocanka nanocn1 cHep1enLnLn ypap nnoncknH pLonpoHLunennnkaH, 1.k.
cpenae1 pLonoac1ao neaLropnLH n neaosHonLH. oaLuenne pasHepa nna1een onLue eH a
paa pasa, no Hnennk a1ekaaL, pacxopn1cn c sananenneH coae1ckon c1oponL o npnsnannn
akonoHnecknx nn1epecoa nnoncknx pLonpoHLunennnkoa.
a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o a1o npepnoenne coae1ckon c1oponL paanocnnLno annynnpoaannk
pLonoanon konaenunn, a 1ak kak po konua ropa oc1anocL 1pn pnn, 1o a1o osnaae1 1ake
naansLaa1L Rnonnn neaosHonoe. pnako a1ekaaa, a nopnpke nnnoro Hnennn, sananne1, 1o
c a1on nonpaakon a o1nouennn pace1a no kypcy Iocanka on Hor L cornacn1Lcn a cnyae
cnnennn apenpnLx nna1een c 1eH, 1oL ouan cyHHa nna1een ne Lna aLue 1on cyHHL,
ko1opan ynnanaanacL po cnx nop. a1ekaaa npocn1 1. ono1oaa nepecHo1pe1L caoe
npepnoenne n oc1aan1L npennn cnoco pace1a, a nHenno sa 100 pynen 32,5 nenL.
oa. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o nnonckne pLonpoHLunennnkn c ye1oH sono1on oroaopkn ye
1enepL nna1n1 ne 32,5 nenL, a okono 38 nen, 1ak 1o ouee noaLuenne nna1een ype1
neHnornH onee eH a paa pasa.
a1ekaaa cornauae1cn c 1eH, 1o penc1an1enLno pLonpoHLunennnkn nna1n1 okono 38 nen.
ocnonLsoaaauncL nnnLH HnenneH, ko1opoe aLckasan a1ekaaa no noaopy cnnennn
apenpnLx nna1een, 1. ono1oa nonL1ancn ysna1L, kakon npouen1 cnnennn apenpnon nna1L
cHor L npepnon1L nocon.
a1ekaaa, cocnaauncL na o1cy1c1ane nonnoHonn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa, aospepancn
nasaa1L kakon-nno npneHneHLn pnn nnonckon c1oponL npouen1 cnnennn apenpnLx nna1een.
pn a1oH on aLpannyn npepnoenne o 1oH, 1oL aonpoc o cnocoe pace1a no apenpnLH
nna1eaH 1ake c1an npepHe1oH ocypennn coae1cko-nnonckon koHnccnn, ko1opan Horna L
paspeun1L a1o1 aonpoc, n ecnn L ona peunna, 1o nnonckan c1opona ponna ponna1n1L, 1o
nnonckan c1opona ro1oaa Lua L nponsaec1n a1y ponna1y nnn e, naoopo1, pononyn1L, na 1o
caH e a1ekaaa uy1nnao sanann, nnonckan c1opona apnp nn cHoe1 paccn1Laa1L.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o, k coanennk, nocnepnee npepnoenne a1e-
254
kaaL ne nHee1 npak1neckoro snaennn, nockonLky koHnccnn ne nHee1 o1nouennn k a1oHy
aonpocy.
a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o, no ero Hnennk, neonLuoe noaLuenne apenpnLx nna1een Lno L
aosHono, no eHy npnpe1cn cpono sanpocn1L Hnenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa. pnoapeHenno
a1ekaaa aLpaae1 onacennn, 1o a cansn co snan1enLnLH noaLuenneH cyHHL nna1een
nnonckne pLonpoHLunennnkn, ko1opLe ye nopro1oannn coo1ae1c1aykune cyHHL pener, a
cansn c npepc1onunHn nna1eaHn 2 nnaapn n a cansn c noaoropnnHn pnnHn ne cHory1 2 nnaapn
anec1n yaennennyk cyHHy nna1een.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on ne pyHae1, 1oL c anecenneH nna1een Lna kakan-nnypL
sapepka.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o, a uennx onerennn nonoennn nocna, on anocn1 cnepykuee
npepnoenne o cnnennn apenpnLx nna1een. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o po cnx nop nnonckne
pLonpoHLunennnkn nna1nnn sa 100-pyneayk onnraunk 37,856 nenL, a no kypcy
Iocanka na 2 nnaapn 1940 r. onn ponnL ypy1 sanna1n1L 80,463 nenL. aknH opasoH, pasnnua
coc1aanne1 42,607 nenL. o1 a1y pasnnuy a 42,607 nenL on npepnarae1 nopenn1L nononaH - 50%
a1on cyHHL o1pa1L a nonLsy coae1ckon c1oponL n 50% - a nonLsy nnonckon c1oponL.
a1ekaaa, npn1aopnncL nenonnHakunH, roaopn1, 1o xo1n on n ne nonnHae1 cyuec1aa pena, no
noaLuenne na 50% ype1 Hnoroaa1o. y1 e on ykasLaae1, 1o ecnn L noaLuenne Lno
cpenano na 25%, 1.e. ecnn L coae1ckan c1opona o1pana a nonLsy nnonckon c1oponL 75%
aLueykasannon pasnnuL a 42,607 nenL, 1o on Hor L pekoHenpoaa1L caoe npepnoenne
nnonckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, no snan1enLnoe noaLuenne, ko1opoe npepnarae1 coae1ckan
c1opona, Hoe1 nnoxo o1pasn1Lcn na naunonanLnLx yac1aax nnonuea.
oa. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o a1ekaaa xopouo nonnHae1 nonoenne pen n npeyHenLuae1 caoe
poc1onnc1ao, no y nero pae okasanncL a sanace npepnoennLe nH 25%.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o npn nepexope na pace1 no kypcy Iocanka, c ye1oH 1onLko 1o
cpenannoro nH npepnoennn o paspene pasnnuL a 42,607 nenL nononaH, apenpnLe nna1en
ypy1 cnnenL na 26,5%. oa. ono1oa nopepknaae1, 1o a1o npepnoenne coae1ckon c1oponL
nanne1cn yHepennLH n npyunH naac1pey nn1epecaH nnoncknx pLonpoHLunennnkoa.
acancL npepnoennn a1ekaaL o 75% a nonLsy nnonckon c1oponL o1 42,607 nenL, 1. ono1oa
roaopn1, 1o a1o npepnoenne on cn1ae1 nenpneHneHLH, n cnoaa ykasLaae1, 1o ero
npepnoenne nanne1cn HnnnHyHoH HnnnHanLnoro, na 1o Hoe1 non1n coae1ckan c1opona.
a1ekaaa cnoaa ykasLaae1, 1o o npepnoennn 1. ono1oaa on ponon1 caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay,
no cn1ae1, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao apnp nn npnHe1 a1o npepnoenne, 1o a caok oepepL
Hoe1 o1pasn1Lcn na o1nouennnx Hepy n Rnonnen.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ponno ouenn1L ckpoHnoc1L npepnoennn
coae1ckon c1oponL n 1o annHanne, ko1opoe ona nponanne1 k nn1epecaH nnoncknx
pLonpoHLunennnkoa. pnoapeHenno 1. ono1oa npepynpepae1, 1o cpenannoe nH
npepnoenne nanne1cn okona1enLnLH peuenneH coae1ckon c1oponL. y1 e 1. ono1oa
npepynpepae1 a1ekaay, 1o apenpnLe nna1en ponnL L1L 1ono anecenL 2 nnaapn.
255
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on xo1en L cnpocn1L nocna o1nocn1enLno nonoennn pen c qnpHon
auyo ok1npp. 27 pekapn, sananne1 1. ono1oa, saH. napkoHa 1. osoacknn ponen Ln
nnqopHnpoaa1L nocna no noaopy sa1nrnaannn pena c paspeuenneH aonpoca c qnpHon, ko1opan
o1kasLaae1cn ynna1n1L aaanc, neyc1onky n 1.p.* 3a1nka c paspeuenneH a1oro aonpoca nanne1cn
neponyc1nHon n noppLaae1 poaepne k nnoncknH npepnpnnnHa1ennH. pn a1oH 1. ono1oa
aLpaae1 yaepennoc1L, 1o noponoe kpoac1ao a Rnonnn ne ype1 nooupeno n qnpHa po noaoro
ropa aepne1 coae1ckon c1opone aaanc, npouen1L n neyc1onky. oa. ono1oa npocn1 nocna
yckopn1L yperynnpoaanne a1oro aonpoca.
a1ekaaa, cnoaa kocnyauncL aonpoca o1nocn1enLno nepexopa na pace1 no kypcy Iocanka,
sananne1, 1o ne cornacen c sananenneH 1. on o1o aa o 1oH, 1o coae1ckan c1opona annHa1enLno
o1nocn1cn k nn1epecaH nnoncknx pLonpoHLunennnkoa n npepnoenne coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa nanne1cn ckpoHnLH. a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o a npounoH o apenpnon nna1e
aenocL Hnoro pasroaopoa n, a konue konuoa, no a1oHy aonpocy Lna poc1nrny1a poroaopennoc1L.
a1ekaaa cn1ae1, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ype1 pacuennaa1L a1o npepnoenne coae1ckon
c1oponL kak neppyec1aennoe n ype1 nepoaonLno a1nH npepnoenneH.
acancL aonpoca o auyo ok1npp, nocon roaopn1, 1o o a1oH on ysnan o1 1. osoackoro
anepaLe n ace e nnno cn1ae1, 1o noaepenne qnpHL nanne1cn nekpacnaLH. pnako on ne
Hoe1 cornacn1Lcn c 1eH, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao nHee1 nenocpepc1aennoe o1nouenne k
sapepke c aosapauenneH asn1Lx cyHH. a1ekaaa coouae1, 1o coo1ae1c1aykuee npepnoenne
o Lc1penueH yperynnpoaannn a1oro aonpoca, a cansn c ecepon c 1. osoacknH, on ye
o1npaann a okno. pnako on ne pyHae1, 1oL a1o1 aonpoc Hono Lno paspeun1L a 1eenne
a1oro ropa. pnoapeHenno a1ekaaa pan oeuanne npnnon1L caon ycnnnn k paspeuennk a1oro
aonpoca.
oa. ono1oa ykasLaae1 nocny, 1o noponLn cnyan a oae1ckoH okse Ln L npoc1o
neaosHoen, no npaan1enLc1ao ne ponyc1nno L 1akoro nonoennn. oa1oHy on ne coHneaae1cn
a 1oH, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao nece1 o1ae1c1aennoc1L sa 1akoe nonoenne pen, n
nac1anaae1 na yperynnpoaannn aonpoca c qnpHon a 1eenne 1ekyuero ropa, ne ponyckan
o11nkn c paspeuenneH 1akoro popa nenpnnnnLx pen. y1 e 1. ono1oa poaanne1, 1o aonpoc
c auyo ok1npp nsaec1en ne 1onLko nnonckoHy noconLc1ay a ockae, no n y.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa aLpaae1 coanenne no noaopy 1oro, 1o ero HnnnHanLnoe npepnoenne a
o1nouennn nepexopa na pace1 no kypcy Iocanka n cnnenne apenpnLx nna1een na 26,5% ne
ac1pe1nno coo1ae1c1aykuero o1nouennn co c1oponL nocna. oa. ono1oa panee pas1ncnne1, na
eH ocnoaLaae1cn ouenka coae1ckon c1oponL caoero npepnoennn kak ckpoHnoro npepnoennn,
annHa1enLno yn1Laakuero nnonckne nn1epecL.
anoHnna npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 20 nknn 1940 r., a ko1opoH, kak nsaec1no
nnonckon c1opone, sa1pony1 pnp aonpocoa, nopneaunx paccHo1pennk npn y1aeppennn noaon
konaenunn, 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1, 1o, necHo1pn na a1o n na nc1eenne cpoka konaenunn, nocne
ero nnonckne pLonpoHLunennnkn 1epnk1 sakonnyk ocnoay, 1oL nonLsoaa1Lcn
pLonoac1aoH, coae1ckan c1opona orpannnnacL nnuL opnon nonpaakon. oae1ckan
* H. pok. 615.
256
c1opona nonnna 1oky spennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o 1oH, 1o ono xoe1 noppono nsyn1L
aonpoc pLonoanon konaenunn, n noa1oHy coae1ckan c1opona ne sa1parnaana 1e npepnoennn,
ko1opLe ona cpenana 20 nknn, n orpannnnacL nnuL nepexopoH k pace1y no kypcy Iocanka n
cnnennk apenpnon nna1L na 26,5%, xo1n k a1oHy coae1ckan c1opona n ne Lna onsana. o1n a
penc1an1enLnoc1n n nHee1 Hec1o yaennenne nna1een, no a1n nna1en naxopn1cn na nnskoH
ypoane, n coae1ckan c1opona 1epnn1 onLune yL1kn. ak 1o, eue pas nopepknaae1 1. ono1oa,
coae1ckan c1opona orpannnnacL aecLHa yHepennon n ckpoHnon nonpaakon.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on onpan o1ek1nanoro o1nouennn co c1oponL nocna k ero
npepnoennk, no caH e nocon roaopnn, 1o ns acex 4-x nynk1oa pnn nnx nannk1cn aanLHn 1-
n n 4-n. 1o e kacae1cn 1-ro nynk1a, rpe roaopn1cn o koncepanLx saaopax n npnkpennennLx k
nnH pLonoanLx yac1kax, 1o coae1ckan c1opona o1kasanacL a 1941 r. paccHo1pe1L aonpoc o
a1nx saaopax n yac1kax, xo1n cpok nx apenpL ye nc1ek. a1oH nynk1e, poaanne1 1. ono1oa,
coae1ckan c1opona nonnoc1Lk nouna naac1pey noenannnH nnonckon c1oponL. oa1oHy on eue
pas ponen aLpasn1L coanenne no noaopy 1oro, 1o ne ac1pe1nn ponnoro o1nouennn k caoeHy
npepnoennk.
a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o on uenn1 cornacne coae1ckon c1oponL na nepaLe 1pn nynk1a, no ne
Hoe1 cornacn1Lcn c onLunH noaLuenneH apenpnLx nna1een.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o onLue ye nnero noaoro ckasa1L ne Hoe1.
konue ecepL a1ekaaa, ye yxopn, roaopn1, 1o r-na auyo on snae1 nnno n, no ero Hnennk,
auyo ne 1akon enoaek, 1oL sannHa1Lcn neynna1on asn1Lx cyHH. aH auyo, roaopn1
a1ekaaa, specL nn npn eH, 1ak kak cenac rnaaon qnpHL nanne1cn aaaHnnaHn, ko1opLn n
sapepnaae1 aosapauenne aaanca.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o coae1ckan c1opona nHee1 peno c qnpHon auyo ok1npp n cypn1 o
nonoennn pen no qak1aH.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
3anncan $4 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . : . 19 . 110=119.
'21# 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 027J1? 278=&<7
Fj# /1-2.1/. / / 8882
9; 3 1940 .
V4 ( 3
eropnn nocne pean1npneanoro paspyHLn apaporny aLsaan Henn k cee pnn 1oro, 1oL pa1L
o1ae1 na noc1aanennLn Hnok no aueHy nopyennk eHy aonpoc*. apaporny san1an caon
o1ae1 no sapanee nanea1annoHy na Haunnke 1ekc1y. n npoen cnepykuee: nocnepnen
ecepe r-n ocon coo-
* H. pok. 600.
_ okyHen1L- , 2. H
2"7
unn Hne o pasroaope, ao apeHn ko1oporo nau ocon a ockae nn Ianpap k1an ckasan
ono1oay, 1o ypunn ne npepnpnHe1 nnkakon akunn na Eankanax, a 1ake a panone epnoro
Hopn, ne nonyna npepaapn1enLnoro cornacnn , n cnpocnn, nop1aeppae1 nn 1ypeukoe
npaan1enLc1ao a1o sananenne nauero ocna a ockae. o1 o1ae1 Hoero npaan1enLc1aa:
1. L o1He1nnn c ypoane1aopenneH 1o1 qak1, 1o ao apeHn ecepL a ockae oenHn c1oponaHn
Lno konc1a1npoaano, 1o 1ypeuko-coae1cknn nak1, saknkennLn a 1925 ropy, npopnennLn n
pononnennLn noaLHn pokyHen1aHn, npoponae1 okasLaa1L caoe nonnoe penc1ane (contnue
produre son pen effet) a o1nouennn oenx c1opon.
2. pesynL1a1e noc1aanennoro Hne aonpoca 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao cnpocnno cen (a t amen
se demander), Hono nn cpena1L ns a1oro aLaop, 1o nHee1 enanne pacunpn1L snaenne
ynoHnny1oro a npepuec1aykueH nynk1e poroaopa cnn a1o 1ak, 1o npaan1enLc1ao ecnynnkn
o1nanne1 cen ro1oaLH nsyn1L naroena1enLno (avec faveur) ace npepnoennn, ecnn onn
ypy1 cpenanL a uennx a1oro pacunpennn, ocnoaannoro na asanHnLx ycnoannx. Lcnyuaa n
sanncaa san1annLn Hnnnc1poH o1ae1, n ykasan eHy, 1o on, cnepoaa1enLno, ne pae1 Hne
npnHoro o1ae1a na Hon aonpoc, c1aan a caok oepepL aonpoc coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
apaporny ckasan: a, 1ak kak nnae Lno L opnoc1oponnee onsa1enLc1ao, a HL xo1nH
nHe1L asanHnLe onsa1enLc1aa. R cnpocnn, cnepye1 nn nonnHa1L o1ae1 Hnnnc1pa kak yxasanne
na 1o, 1o 1ypeuknn nocon a ockae ne Ln ynonnoHoen 1ypeuknH npaan1enLc1aoH pena1L
noponoe sananenne coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay apaporny o1ae1nn: S1o sanaenne k1an
coo1ae1c1aye1 penc1an1enLnoc1n kak a npounoH, 1ak n a nac1onueH. o ecnn a1o sana1enne
paccHa1pnaa1L kak onsa1enLc1ao, n npn1oH na pnn1enLnLn cpok, 1o nyno, 1oL ono Lno
asanHnLH. R eue pas noa1opnn caon aonpoc o1nocn1enLno 1oro, Ln nn ynonnoHoen k1an
pena1L oqnunanLnoe sananenne o1 nHenn 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa. apaporny ckasan: cnn
aL xo1n1e sna1L, Ln nn ynonnoHoen k1an pena1L oqnunanLnoe sananenne o1 nHenn ypeukoro
npaan1enLc1aa, 1o Hory ckasa1L, 1o ne1. 1nocn1enLno 1oro, coo1ae1c1aye1 nn cpenannoe
k1aeH sananenne penc1an1enLnoc1n, n noa1opnk, 1o pa, coo1ae1c1aye1. onaropapna
Hnnnc1pa sa cpenannoe coouenne, n ckasan, 1o o o1ae1e Hnnnc1pa noc1aank a nsaec1noc1L
caoe npaan1enLc1ao. R cnpocnn sa1eH, 1o noaoro Hoe1 cooun1L Hnnnc1p o 1ypeuko-
onrapcknx neperoaopax. apaporny o1ae1nn, 1o 1ypeukoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nonynno eue
nnkakoro o1ae1a o1 onrapckoro npaan1enLc1aa n onpae1 npnespa npoaa, ko1opLn ponen
npnaes1n o1ae1. o Hnennk Hnnnc1pa, onrapckoe npaan1enLc1ao on1cn, 1o, yperynnpoaaa
peno c opnon c1panon, ncnop1n1 caon o1nouennn c ppyron. o ero caepennnH, npoa, nkoL,
sapepnaae1cn a Eonrapnn ne 1onLko no1oHy, 1o npepaanL koHHynnkaunn, no n no1oHy, 1o on
onen. o apeHn ecepL Lno anpno, 1o apaporny xo1en nopepkny1L, 1o on nepepae1 a1o
coouenne ne 1onLko o1 caoero nHenn, no n o1 nHenn npaan1enLc1aa. n n1an (aepnee,
pnk1oaan) sapanee nopro1oanennLn pokyHen1 n ne poaann k neHy nn opnoro cnoaa o1 cen. 1o
kacae1cn cyuec1aa o1ae1a apaporny, 1o ns nero anpno, 1o 1ypkn xo1n1 nc1onkoaa1L
opauennn k Hnnnc1py sa nop1aeppenneH sananennn k1an kak naue enanne pacunpn1L caon
o1nouennn c ypunen. o HoeHy Hnennk, apaporny ace e a caoe apeHn paaan pnpek1nay
k1ak cpena1L noponoe sanaenne o1 nHenn 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa. rpnuan oqnuna.-u,-nLn
xapak1ep cpenannoro k1aeH sana1cnnn, Hnnnc1p paccn1Laae1, no-anpn-
2"!
HoHy, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao, sann1epecoaannoe, no ero Hnennk, a nonyennn o1
1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa oqnunanLnoro sananennn noponoro popa, pac1 cornacne na naano
kaknx-1o neperoaopoa, o1npaanon 1okon ko1opLx nannocL L ocypenne noponoro
onsa1enLc1aa, no na ocnoae asanHnoc1n. R cn1ak, 1o necHo1pn na ace cnoaecnLe saaepennn n
aknaokn 1ypeukoro npaan1enLc1aa, ono ace e ne nponanne1 noka penc1an1enLnoro naHepennn
nsHenn1L caon o1nouennn c nauen c1panon.
42
! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :14 . 91B: . 199=19C.
622. 07<7-2.99. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:;
7< 8882 .## /:@81-1 =1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 /
/7<1&20. #9# 9.?819
99 3 1940 .
(. 3
28 pekapn n nonynn o1ae1 pnnnca na Hok no1y o1 26/XII. o1ae1e pnnnc coanee1, 1o
yc1nLe ecepL na 1eHy o napoxopax npnaenn k nepononnHannk n 1o sanncn, ko1opLe Lnn
cpenanL kapLH ns nac, pacxopn1cn.
pnnnc cn1ae1 ecnonesnLH panLnenune cnopL, npnsnaaan nannne Hepy naHn pasnornacnn.
pnnnc nocLnae1 nepeaop no1L o1 26/XII a onpon n aLpaae1 yaepennoc1L, 1o ancknn
nonyn1 nenocpepc1aenno o1 Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen nkLe 1peyeHLe o1ncnennn.
oouak pnn caepennn.
. ED4345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:9 . 1<1.
623. 07<7-2.99. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9#
9.?81-1 / 8882
99 3 1940 .
' ( 3
1. R anpan ceropnn nonp oppa, ko1opLn pacckasLaan Hne nopponoc1n nc1opnn c
npepnoenneH eHy noc1a pn1anckoro nocna a aunnr1one. epnnnL cpenan a1o npepnoenne
16 pekapn n ycnnenno yepan c1apnka ero npnnn1L. nonp opp, opnako, o1kasancn no
payH Ho1naaH. o-nepaLx, n a1o caHoe rnaanoe, ypyn nocnoH, on ne Hor L okasLaa1L
poc1a1onoro annnnnn na 1y nonn1nky, ko1opyk eHy npnxopnnocL L npepc1aann1L. o-a1opLx,
pn1ancknn nocon a nHee1 oenL 1nenyk narpysky: on ponen pasroaapnaa1L 1aH y1L ne
24 aca a cy1kn. HepnkanuL aooue nkn1 no-
259
1onkoaa1L. apLn cena1op, peny1a1, anknp, npepnpnnnHa1enL, kpynnLn ypnannc1 n 1.p.
nenpeHenno xoe1 anpe1L nocna. 1kasLaa1L - snan1 npeapaua1L npocn1enen a caonx aparoa.
pnnnHa1L - snan1 ne nHe1L nn opnon Hnny1L caoopnon pnn ppyrnx pen. okonnLn o1nan
(ko1opLn ao apeHn npounon aonnL Ln opnnH ns cekpe1apen nonp oppa) a nocnepnnn caon
npnesp a nrnnk anoaancn eHy, 1o on nannae1 pasroaapnaa1L c 8 acoa y1pa n konae1
nnuL k acy non. ae o1nany, ko1opLn caH nknn noroaopn1L, a1o Lno c1pauno
opeHenn1enLno. nonp oppy e a ero no1n 78 ne1 noponoe nanpnenne Lno L npoc1o
ne nop cnny. nonp opp co cHexoH roaopnn, 1o ero o1kas nHen oenL xopoune
nonn1neckne nocnepc1ann: on npononn popory pnn nasnaennn Iannqakca a aunnr1on.
Iannqakc a1oHy cnnLno conpo1nannncn, ena Iannqakca Lna npoc1o a euenc1ae. aop 1oe
aospaan (a noncnenne saHey, 1o ena Iannqakca nanne1cn qpennnnon koponeaL). eH ne
Henee epnnnL nac1onn na caoeH. nocnepnee apeHn npeHLep okona1enLno npnuen k aLaopy,
1o Hnnnc1pa nnoc1pannLx pen napo Henn1L, n 1onLko pan nopxopnuero cnyan. enepL a1o1
cnyan npepc1aanncn.
2. asnaenne pena a opnn oqqnc nonp opp oenL opopnn. n yaepen, 1o pen
nckpenne c1peHn1cn k ynyuennk o1nouennn c n 1o specL cenac o1kpLaak1cn nsaec1nLe
nepcnek1naL. epnnnL, no cnoaaH nonp oppa (on anpen ero paapL na
npeppopec1aenckon nepene), 1ake xo1en L ynyuennn anrno-coae1cknx o1nouennnn okae1
a a1oH peny noppepky, no nnuL po nsaec1noro npepena: epnnnL xo1en L aLnrpa1L aonny
es , 1oL nneH nocnepneHy ne onsLaa1Lcn. oa1oHy on cknonen np1n a nananaannn
o1nouennn c naHn ne 1ak paneko, kak pen. onoenne epnnnn a nap1nn n a c1pane nonp
opp xapak1epnsye1 kak oenL nponoe, necHo1pn na 1o, 1o paneko ne ace ero Hnnnc1pL
nonLsyk1cn poaepneH n cnHna1nnHn nacenennn. o cyuec1ay, - neckonLko nponneckn roaopnn
nonp opp, - y nac cenac popoe koncepaa1nanoe npaan1enLc1ao, necHo1pn na yac1ne a
neH neckonLknx nenopnc1oa, ko1opLe nopac onee koncepaa1nanL, eH koncepaa1opL.
annoe npaan1enLc1ao HLcnn1, koneno, ka1eropnnHn kann1annsHa n conpae1cn noepn1L
rn1nepnsH c noHouLk snakoHLx He1opoa kann1annsHa, 1o ec1L nc1o aoennLHn cpepc1aaHn.
3. nonp opp a a1o ne aepn1. napnokpoano asaeunaan ace sa n npo1na, on npnxopn1 k
aLaopy, 1o pnn nrnnn a opnnoky no1n neaosHono noepn1L IepHannk. ae ac1ynnenne
a aonny, 1o paneko ne Hoe1 cn1a1Lcn oecneennLH, Hano nsHennno L a1o nonoenne,
no kpannen Hepe, a 1eenne nnanunx 2-3 ne1. nrnnn, no Hnennk nonp oppa, Horna L
penc1an1enLno noepn1L 1onLko a 1oH cnyae, ecnn L a xope aonnL ona cpocnna L c cen,
kak sHen, kann1annc1neckyk ukypy n npeapa1nnacL L no cyuec1ay a counannc1neckyk
c1pany (1o napo nonnHa1L nop a1nH no cyuec1ay, ne coaceH ncno), no na 1akon noaopo1 pena
nonp opp ne paccn1Laae1: cnnukoH koncepaa1nanL pnn a1oro ne 1onLko koncepaa1opL,
no n nenopnc1L. pyrnx e cepLesnLx nonn1necknx cnn a nrnnn ne1, n onpa1L nx
nponanennn a nnanueH ypyueH, no Hnennk nonp oppa, ne npnxopn1cn. Hec1e c 1eH
nonp opp ne aepn1 a 1o, 1oL IepHannn Horna noepn1L nrnnk. nepcnek1nae, 1aknH
opasoH, kak yp1o L aLpncoaLaak1cn aosHonoc1n koHnpoHnccnoro Hnpa. o ne cenac.
enac, pyHae1 nonp opp, In1nep sanoHnn L 1akyk ueny, kakon anrnnane nn sa 1o ne
saxo1enn L nna1n1L. Henno noa1oHy nonp opp o1kasLaae1cn cenac noppepnaa1L 1ex,
k1o aLpanrae1 npek neHepnennLx neperoaopoa. s
260
1akon nonL1kn cenac nnero ne aLuno L. IepHannn ponna L1L poc1a1ono nsHyena n
ocnanena pnn 1oro, 1oL non1n na pasyHnLe ycnoann Hnpa (nonp opp, opnako, npo1na
pene1nunn epcann), 1orpa aonpoc o HnpnLx neperoaopax Hor L L1L nopnn1 acepLes.
4. oka e na 1941 r. nonp oppy pncye1cn npnHepno cnepykuan nepcnek1naa: IepHannn a
1eenne a1on snHL necoHnenno ro1oan1cn n ype1 ro1oan1Lcn k rpanpnosnoHy ypapy npo1na
nrnnn na Hope n a aospyxe, a 1ake k nonL1ke a1opennn a nnanunn o1pesok apeHenn
(aosHono, aecnon) n c a1on uenLk konuen1pnpye1 a nac1onuee apeHn ace caon ycnnnn na
nponsaopc1ae nopaopnLx nopok, Hockn1ok n aaponnanoa. 1941 r. In1nep ponen cpena1L
o1annnoe ycnnne pnn 1oro, 1oL npnaec1n aonny k peuennk. nonp opp, opnako,
coHneaae1cn, 1oL a1o eHy ypanocL: nrnnn, necHo1pn na ace caon nenonapkn, sa Hnnyaune
nonropa oenL ykpennnacL, n pasn1L ee In1nepy ne nop cnny. cnn npoa cnn a 1941 r. onn1L
okae1cn nepeun1enLnon, ypyuen snHon Hory1 cospa1Lcn ycnoann pan saknkennn Hnpa. orpa
n Hornn L cLrpa1L pesaLanno aanyk ponL a kaec1ae Horyuec1aennLx
nocpepnnkoa. npoeH, - saknknn nonp opp caon rnno1e1neckne npornosL na noaLn
rop, - sarapLaa1L na 1akon pnnnnLn, no nLneunnH apeHenaH, cpok oenL 1pypno. ory1
acnnL1L noaLe HoHen1L n qak1opL, ko1opLe k konuy 1941 r. coaepuenno nsHenn1 cn1yaunk.
5345 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :9B . 99:< . :9:=:9<.
624. &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .## /:@81-1 8 =18<.19 ><81? 278=&< / 8882 (p#r#
=..8-/
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. osoackoHy, 1.
ooneay
:0 3 1940 .
(3
21 ac n npnnnn aacnknan, nanauerocn ko Hne no coc1aennon nnnuna1nae.
a npneHe aacnknan apynn Hne: 1. aHn1nyk sanncky, aLpaakuyk noenanne
qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa o saknkennn Hepy n nnnnnpnen konaenunn no cnnaay
necnLx Ha1epnanoa. Hec1e c naHn1non sannckon aacnknan apynn 1ake n npoek1 ynoHnny1on
konaenunn*. 2. ae naHn1nLe sannckn no aonpocy o yc1anoanennn, a poroaopnoH nopnpke,
aospyunoro coouennn Hepy n nnnnnpnen. a1oH cnyae aacnknan 1ake apynn
npoek1 cornauennn*. 3. aHn1nyk sanncky o cornacnn qnnnnnpckon c1oponL npopa1L
oae1ckoHy oksy ppeaecnny, naxopnuykcn na o1ouepueH k penpe pekn yokca*.
* e nynnkyk1cn.
261
R oeuan nsyn1L noc1aanennLe qnnnnnpckon c1oponon aonpocL n pa1L o1ae1 a caHoe
nenpoponn1enLnoe apeHn.
3a1eH aacnknan apynn Hne nnnyk no1y na nHn 1. .. ono1oaa c npnrnauenneH oae1ckoHy
oksy npnnn1L yac1ne a naynon pao1e Ean1nnckon reopesneckon koHnccnn*.
R oeuan nepepa1L a1y no1y 1. .. ono1oay.
c1no aacnknan coounn, 1o qnnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao ns1nanno cornacne ypoane1aopn1L
noenanne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o o1kpL1nn a ropope oaanneHn coae1ckoro anue-
koncynLc1aa. pn a1oH aacnknan saHe1nn, 1o qnnnnnpckoe npaan1enLc1ao napee1cn na 1akoe
e nonon1enLnoe peuenne aonpoca o1nocn1enLno o1kpL1nn a ropope ennnrpape
qnnnnnpckoro renepanLnoro koncynLc1aa
209
.
R nonaropapnn aacnknan sa ero coouenne no noaopy cornacnn qnnnnnpckoro npaan1enLc1aa
na o1kpL1ne a ropope oaanneHn coae1ckoro anue-koncynLc1aa. Hec1e c a1nH n oeuan
aacnknan yckopn1L paspeuenne aonpoca o o1kpL1nn a ropope ennnrpape qnnnnnpckoro
renepanLnoro koncynLc1aa.
3a1eH n apynn aacnknan naHn1nyk sanncky o cornacnn coae1cknx opran oa na
aLpaopenne a nnnnnpnk qnncknx rpapan Ieaep1 n Knonen*.
pnnnHan a1y naHn1nyk sanncky, aacnknan aLpasnn naropapnoc1L.
saknkenne ecepL n opa1nn annHanne aacnknan na neoxopnHoc1L yckopennn o1ae1a
qnnnnnpckon c1oponL no coae1ckoHy npoek1y cornauennn o oprannsaunn cHeuannoro
coae1cko-qnnnnnpckoro ouec1aa no akcnnya1aunn nnkeneaLx Hec1opopennn a e1caHo. R
ykasan na neoxopnHoc1L ckopenuero aosonoanennn pao1 koHnccnn, o1He1na npn a1oH, 1o
npouno ye 6 pnen co apeHenn o11espa qnnckon peneraunn ns ockaL, a o1ae1a eue ne
noc1ynnno.
aacnknan aLckasan npepnonoenne, 1o sapepka c o1ae1oH nponsouna a cansn c
nponcxopnaunHn a nnnnnpnn npesnpen1cknHn aLopaHn n popec1aencknHn npaspnnkaHn.
aacnknan oeuan yckopn1L nonyenne o1ae1a, poaana, 1o, no ero caepennnH, peneraunn
ponna aepny1Lcn a ockay cenac e nocne 1 nnaapn.
3a1eH n coounn aacnknan, 1o, no nHekunHcn y Henn caepennnH, nonnuenckne anac1n a
nnnnnpnn cospann pnn pao1nnkoa coae1ckoro nonnpepc1aa, nop anpoH oxpanL nonnpepc1aa,
coaepuenno neponyc1nHLn penH nsonnunn naunx pao1nnkoa o1 aneunero Hnpa n o1
ouec1aennoc1n. onnuenckne anac1n epy1 nop nopospenne acnkoro qnnnnnpckoro
rpapannna, ko1opLn npnxopn1 a nonnpepc1ao no 1oHy nnn nnoHy peny. nnckan nonnunn
1eppopnsnpye1 noce1n1enen coae1ckoro nonnpepc1aa, nopaepran nx acnkoro popa nonnuencknH
nenpnn1noc1nH. onnpep 3o1oa sanannn o a1oH ye panee n11nnry, no nonoenne k nyueHy
ne nsHennnocL. R sanann aacnknan, 1o 1akne nopnpkn a o1nouennn nonnpepc1aa panLue
npopona1Lcn ne Hory1, ecnn qnnnnnpckne anac1n ne xo1n1 yxypun1L o1nouennn c oae1cknH
oksoH. R nac1anaak na npekpauennn noponoro nonoennn aeuen.
Lcnyuaa Hoe sananenne, aacnknan oeuan neHepnenno poaec1n o a1oH po caepennn caoero
npaan1enLc1aa. aacnknan aLpasnn nepoyHenne no noaopy cpenannoro Hnon sananennn, oeuan
co caoen c1oponL npnnn1L neoxopnHLe HepL k yc1panennk ykasannLx nenopHanLnoc1en.
* e nynnkye1cn.
262
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
pn ecepe npncy1c1aoaan saHec1n1enL saaepykuero 1penoH npnan1nncknx c1pan 1.
aeacknn.
.ED4345 ! %- 6. 0< 78. 1 . 9 . 9C. . 9<=99.
B9C. E I ..
R .
:0 3 1940 .
(3
ocon, nanaunncn a conpoaopennn a11aue noconLc1aa ennn, sananne1, 1o on nnqopHnpoaan
caonH npaan1enLc1aoH o ecepe, coc1onauencn Hepy nocnoH a nHe IopenknnLH n
nano*. a1on ecepe nano coounn, 1o n1anLnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao, ccLnancL na oHen
HnennnHn a nkne c.r., npepnonarae1 yrnyn1L paccHo1penne kak nonn1necknx, 1ak n
akonoHnecknx o1nouennn Hepy n 1annen. o Hnennk n1anLnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa,
Hepy n 1annen ne1 cnopnLx aonpocoa; nn1epecL oenx c1pan ne nHek1 1pennn n
asanHno pononnnk1 ppyr ppyra. 1anLnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao npnsna1L npeaocxopc1ao
nn1epecoa na epnoH Hope n noaLe rpannuL . o caoen c1oponL 1annn xoe1, 1oL
npnsnan npeaocxopc1ao ee nn1epecoa na pepnseHnoH Hope. a ase a1nx ounx
npnnunnoa 1annn ro1oaa ocaen1L coae1cko-n1anLnncknn nak1 1933 ropa**. 1anLnnckoe
npaan1enLc1ao ro1oao naronpnn1no paccHo1pe1L npepnoennn, ko1opLe noenae1 cpena1L
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao. akoaL pnpek1naL, nonyennLe nocnoH ns nHa, pnn naana
neperoaopoa.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on nane1 c nonn1necknx aonpocoa coae1cko-n1anLnncknx o1nouennn.
S1o, opnako, ne osnaae1, 1o on ne xoe1 a panLnenueH sa1pony1L n akonoHneckne aonpocL.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o y nero aosnnkae1 cnepykunn aonpoc: 1o nonnHae1 n1anLnnckoe
npaan1enLc1ao nop npeaocxopc1aoH nn1epecoa na epnoH Hope
ocon o1aeae1, 1o, no ero npepnonoennk, sanannn o npenHyuec1ae coae1cknx nn1epecoa na
epnoH Hope, n1anLnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao nHee1 a anpy sananenne 1. ono1oaa o1 25 nknn cero
ropa***. 1anLnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnnHae1 a npnnunne a1o sananenne n npepnarae1
neperoaopL pnn 1oro, 1oL y1onn1L a1o1 aonpoc.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o naue Hnenne HL aLckasann npnHo eue nonropa 1oHy nasap. S1o ne
snan1, 1o naH neero ckasa1L, no Lno L ena1enLnLH sna1L o1nouenne n1anLnnckoro
npaan1enLc1aa k naueHy sananennk, c ye1oH oc1anoakn pannoro HoHen1a. pnnnHae1 nn ono
naue sananenne uennkoH nnn 1onLko a ocnoanoH, nnn nHee1 kon1psaHeannn
* H. pok. 613. ** H. okyHen1L... - . XVI. - ok. 277. *** H. pok. 224.
263
occo o1aeae1, 1o on ne nHee1 no a1oHy aonpocy 1onLx ykasannn caoero npaan1enLc1aa, n
oeuae1 sanpocn1L nocnepnee.
anee occo roaopn1, 1o on xoe1 coaepuenno o1kpoaenno nsnon1L caok nnnyk nosnunk a
a1oH aonpoce. epa, korpa on nonynn ykasanne ac1ynn1L a kon1ak1 c 1. ono1oaLH, on
coc1aann 1enerpaHHy a nH, a ko1opon npocnn o1ae1n1L na nynk1L sananennn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o1 25 nknn. pnako, paccn1aa, 1o on ace paano ne cHoe1 nonyn1L o1ae1a ns
nHa po ecepL c 1. ono1oaLH, on npnuen, 1oL aLcnyua1L 1. ono1oaa. ocon npepnarae1
nepen1n k paccHo1pennk no nynk1aH sananennn o1 25 nknn c 1eH, 1oL on Hor sanpocn1L nH
no aceH nencnLH aonpocaH.
ocne 1oro, kak 1. ono1oa cornauae1cn c a1nH npepnoenneH occo, nocnepnnn roaopn1, 1o
1orpa, a nkne, cnoaa sananennn 1. ono1oaa o pnn1enLnoc1n aonnL nokasanncL eHy
neccnHnc1nnLHn. eropnn nocon konc1a1npye1, 1o a1n cnoaa okasanncL npaannLnLHn.
epexopn k anannsy sananennn o1 25 nknn, occo roaopn1, 1o sa1pony1Ln a neH aonpoc o
aenrepcknx npn1nsannnx k yHLnnn 1enepL o1nan.
oa. ono1oa nop1aeppae1, 1o ne anpn1 ak1yanLnLx aonpocoa a a1oH o1nouennn.
anee nocon o1Heae1, 1o npe1ensnn Eonrapnn k yHLnnn ypoane1aopenL. 1o e kacae1cn
onrapcknx npe1ensnn na aLxop k SrenckoHy Hopk, 1o n1anLnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao nx opopne1,
no sa1pypnne1cn cenac ckasa1L, kak ype1 peuen a1o1 aonpoc.
pe1ensnn k yHLnnn, o ko1opLx roaopn1cn a sananennn, npnaenn k onpepenennoHy
pesynL1a1y. ocon sananne1, 1o ero nn1epecye1 a1opan ac1L paspena o yHLnnn, rpe
roaopn1cn, 1o yn1Laae1 nn1epecL 1annn n IepHannn a ppyrnx panonax yHLnnn. 1o
nonnHae1 coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nop a1nHn ppyrnHn panonaHn
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1 nocny, 1o a o1nouennn Eeccapann noc1ynnn coo1ae1c1aenno
caoeHy sananennk, o eH 1annn Lna npepynpepena sanaroapeHenno. noHnny1Le ao a1opon
ac1n sananennn ppyrne panonL - a1o neq1nnLe panonL, ko1opLe nn1epecyk1 1annk n
IepHannk, a 1ake n ppyrne panonL, c ko1opLHn cansanL nx akonoHneckne nn1epecL n a
o1nouennn ko1opLx ne nHee1 ocoLx nn1epecoa n cn1ae1 ena1enLnLH na a1o1 ce1
poroaopn1Lcn. ecHo1pn na naue npepnoenne poroaopn1Lcn, 1annn n IepHannn pann yHLnnn
rapan1nn, ne npepynpepna . n1Laan, 1o rpannn1 c yHLnnen, HL paccHa1pnaann
a1n rapan1nn, kak kocaennLH opasoH nanpaanennLe n npo1na . oa. ono1oa cnpaunaae1
nocna o uennx, nepcnek1naax n xapak1epe rapan1nn, pannLx yHLnnn 1annen.
ocon o1aeae1, 1o on nnno nonnHae1 saHeannn 1. ono1oaa o yHLnnn, no ne nHee1 pannLx
pnn oqnunanLnoro o1ae1a. o ero Hnennk, n1anLnnckan rapan1nn ne Horna nHe1L
an1ncoae1ckoro xapak1epa. Iapan1nn Lna pana kak HopanLnoe aosHeuenne sa ep1aL, na
ko1opLe yHLnnn nouna no o1nouennk k enrpnn. kapoH konuep1e, poaanne1 occo,
nHee1cn nepaan n a1opan ckpnnkn. 1opan ckpnnka ponna coopasoaa1Lcn c nepaon. ocon a1o
roaopn1 neoqnunanLno, a1o ero ac1noe Hnenne. n oeuae1 sanpocn1L no a1oHy aonpocy caoe
npaan1enLc1ao.
oa. ono1oa npepnarae1 nepen1n k pynanckoHy aonpocy. o1n 1annn n ne nanne1cn pynanckon
pepaaon, cornacnncn c ee yac1neH a nn1apnon ynanckon koHnccnn. cornacnncn
1ake na opasoaanne apeHennoro oprana kon1ponn nap opcknH ynaeH c yac1neH 1annn,
IepHannn, yHLnnn
264
n . o cornauenne no pynanckoHy aonpocy a Eyxapec1e ace e ne poc1nrny1o. eno a 1oH,
1o yHLnnn ponaae1cn coxpanennn sa nek npaaa nHe1L nc1o pyHLnckyk apHnnnc1paunk no
penaH ynpaanennn opcknH ynaeH, xo1n nocne npncoepnnennn Eeccapann k naua c1pana
c1ana npnpynanckon pepaaon n, ec1ec1aenno, npe1enpye1 na yac1ne a a1on apHnnnc1paunn.
L e npepnaraeH, 1oL a1a apHnnnc1paunn Lna pyHLno-coae1ckon, qynkunonnpykuen nop
nankpenneH apeHennoro oprana e1Lpex pepaa. enonn1no, noeHy opnoc1oponnkk n
necoo1ae1c1aykuyk nsHennauencn oc1anoake 1oky spennn yHLnnn noppepnaak1 1annn n
IepHannn. nepye1 napen1Lcn, 1o opnoc1oponnee npepnoenne pyHLn ne ype1 npnnn1o n a
nnaape ypac1cn pon1Lcn na yxapec1ckon konqepenunn npaannLnoro peuennn.
occo o1aeae1, 1o on ne snae1 pe1anen a1oro pena, n oeuae1 saupocn1L nH. osapauancL k
aonpocy o rapan1nnx, occo roaopn1, 1o, korpa nano n nen1pon ac1pe1nnncL a ene, 1o onn
ne nHenn naHepennn yc1panaa1L apn1pa n paaa1L rapan1nn. o o1nouennn Hepy enrpnen n
yHLnnen nac1onLko ycnonnnncL, 1o rposnnn nepepac1n a konqnnk1. 1annn n IepHannn
snann enannn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, cn1ann, 1o ye yc1anoann caok rpannuy c
yHLnnen, no ne snann nnHn1oa 1eppn1opnanLnLx npn1nsannn Eonrapnn n enrpnn. Iapan1nn
Lnn panL yHLnnn, 1oL saaepn1L ee, 1o Eonrapnn n enrpnn ne cHory1 pon1Lcn noaoro
nsHenennn rpannu.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on npnnnHae1 k caepennk a1n cnoaa n pyHae1, 1o ocoLe nn1epecL
a a1oH aonpoce nonn1nL n1anLnnckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
anee occo nepexopn1 k paspeny sananennn o1 25 nknn, o1nocnueHycn k ypunn. epoaepne k
ypunn co c1oponL 1annn 1ake aennko, kak n nepoaepne co c1oponL . ypunn aepe1 no
cyuec1ay an1nn1anLnnckyk nonn1nky. nano ckasan Iopenknny, 1o n1anLnnckoe npaan1enLc1ao
cornacno npnsna1L npenHyuec1aennoe nonoenne na epnoH Hope, n sanann o npaaax
1annn na pepnseHnoH Hope.
oa. ono1oa npocn1 nocna y1onn1L, 1o nHenno noppasyHeaae1 nano, roaopn o npeaocxopc1ae
1annn na pepnseHnoH Hope.
occo o1aeae1, 1o noka on ne nHee1 nnc1pykunn no a1oHy aonpocy, n oeuae1 sanpocn1L nH.
o caoen c1oponL nocon npocn1 1. ono1oaa pa1L pas1ncnenne no aonpocy o nn1epecax na
epnoH Hope n nponnaax.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o nn1epec k nponnaaH cansan c aonpocoH o esonacnoc1n
epnoHopcknx rpannu oksa. occnn ne pas nopaepranacL nanapennk co c1oponL nponnaoa. o
apeHn pLHckon aonnL 1854-55 rr. aonna npnuna a occnk epes nponnaL. 1918 r. nrnnn
epes nponnaL ocyuec1anna caok nn1epaenunk npo1na occnn. 1919 r. epes nponnaL npnunn
a occnk qpanuysL. nac1onuee apeHn ypunn nanne1cn coksnnuen nrnnn, a nrnnn
npnnnHae1 HepL k ycnnennk caoero nonoennn a aoc1onon ac1n pepnseHnoro Hopn,
yc1panaan noaLe Hopckne asL na rpeecknx oc1poaax, 1o ne Hoe1 nrnopnpoaa1L. aH
nonn1na nosnunn 1annn a aonpoce o pepnseHnoH Hope. onn1na nn n1anLnnckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay nosnunn a aonpoce o nppnnaax c 1okn spennn esonacnoc1n ero rpannu, c
ye1oH nosnunn ypunn n nrnnn n nc1opneckoro onL1a
ocon o1aeae1, 1o a sananenne, cpenannoe nano 26 pekapn, axopn1 nonnHanne
ncknkn1enLnon aanoc1n pnn ne 1onLko caHoro epnoro Hopn, no n aopo1 a nero. ocon
npepnonarae1, 1o ero npaan1enLc1ao nonnHae1 nn1epecL a a1oH aonpoce. n oeuae1
sanpocn1L no a1oHy aonpocy nH.
265
3a1eH 1. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, 1o osnaak1 cnoaa nano, ckasannLe Iopenknny o ro1oanoc1n
1annn npnsna1L nn1epecL a snn n na Eankanax.
occo roaopn1, 1o on ne Hoe1 o1ae1n1L na a1o1 aonpoc, 1ak kak nonyennan nH ns nHa
1enerpaHHa nocn1 cnnukoH ounn xapak1ep. Hec1e c 1eH, on nanoHnnae1 cnoaa caoero
sananennn 1. ono1oay o1 20 nknn o 1oH, 1o nannne nn1epecoa 1annn na Eankanax ne
ncknkae1 nn1epecoa n ppyrnx pepaa, a a1o noppasyHeaae1 npnsnanne nn1epecoa na
Eankanax.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on ne coHneaae1cn a 1oH, 1o 1annn npnsnae1 coae1ckne nn1epecL
na Eankanax. acancL sananennn n1anLnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa o npnsnannn noaLx rpannu ,
1. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, 1o coc1aenno Heuano npnsnannk 1annen noaLx coae1cknx rpannu,
ye npnsnannLx IepHannen n yHLnnen, c ko1opLHn a1n rpannuL nsHenenL. IpannuL c
yHLnnen pae rapan1npoaanL 1annen. 1o e Heuae1 1annn npnsna1L a1n rpannuL
occo aLckasan npepnonoenne, 1o a sananennn nano o ro1oanoc1n npnsnannn noaLx
coae1cknx rpannu aLpaeno enanne npopeHonc1pnpoaa1L popyk aonk co c1oponL
n1anLnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa. n1anLnnckoro npaan1enLc1aa ec1L neko1opLn onL1 a noponLx
aonpocax: o1penLnLe pepaaL ponroe apeHn ne npnsnaaann saaoeaannn nann 1annen, nL1ancL
nnn1L 1annn nc1o kpnpneckne sa1pypnennn Hepynapopnoro nopnpka. oa1oHy 1annn
xoe1 o1kpL1o npopeHonc1pnpoaa1L caok popyk aonk a aonpoce o noaLx rpannuax oae1ckoro
oksa. occo oeuae1 sanpocn1L no a1oHy aonpocy caoe npaan1enLc1ao.
3akannaan ecepy, occo roaopn1, 1o on neHepnenno noune1 o1e1 o nen a nH.
oa. ono1oa aLpaae1 ro1oanoc1L ac1pe1n1Lcn c nocnoH, kak 1onLko ype1 o1ae1 ns nHa na
noc1aanennLe nH aonpocL.
3anncan !G ! %- 6. 0B 78. 9 . 90 . 999 . MP=91.
'2'# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 =1 / 8882 # 0.07-./1?
:0 3 1940 .
(3
sannnauncL sa nospnnn ac ecepL, a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o o copepannn npounon ecepL c
napkoHoH* on poaen po caepennn caoero npaan1enLc1aa n cenac nonynn nnc1pykunk nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa a o1nouennn npepnoennn coae1ckon c1oponL.
Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 cornacn1Lcn c o1Henon onnraunn .1Q 1ak kak 1akoe
npepnoenne ponno L1L paccHo1peno a koHnccnn, ko1opan a nnanueH apeHenn ype1
cospana pnn ocypennn noaon pLonoanon kon-
* H. pok. 620.
266
ae1xnn. Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1 na 1941 r. saknkn1L pLonoanoe cornauenne,
ananornnoe 1oHy, ko1opoe Lno saknkeno 31 pekapn 1939 r. pnako pnn 1oro, 1oL
onern1L peuenne aonpoca o pLonoanoH cornauennn na 1941 r., nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao
cornacno na cnepykune paa ycnoann:
1. Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao a uennx 1oro, 1oL nonn1neckn paspeun1L aonpoc c qnpHon auyo
ok1npp, one1 qnpHy aepny1L aaanc a pasHepe 1 647 750 nen, nnkc 300 1Lc. nen na nokpL1ne
neyc1onkn, npouen1oa n kyp coaon pasnnuL.
2, Rnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno noaLcn1L apenpnyk nna1y na 10%. S1o npepnoenne,
roaopn1 a1ekaaa, nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao penae1 a uennx 1oro, 1oL non1n naac1pey
noenannnH coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, n ono napee1cn, 1o ero npepnoennn ypy1 npnnn1L
coae1ckon c1oponon.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o nepaoe npepnoenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o auyo ok1npp on
cn1ae1 nepoc1a1onLH. oae1ckan c1opona, sananne1 1. ono1oa, cHoe1 non1n na
nonn1neckoe, nayuanLnoe peuenne aonpoca o auyo ok1npp, ne apaaancL a nopponoc1n o
1oH, ckonLko nyno ype1 ynna1n1L neyc1onkn, npouen1oa n kypcoaon pasnnuL. 1o e kacae1cn
a1oporo npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o noaLuennn apenpnon nna1L na 10%, 1o a1o
npepnoenne nanne1cn nenpneHneHLH n nepncky1aenLnLH pnn coae1ckon c1oponL. oa.
ono1oa, npnaepn unqpoaLe pannLe o1nocn1enLno napennn kypca nenL sa nocnepnne 10 ne1 n a
o1nouennn npnLnen nnoncknx pLonpoHLunennnkoa a coae1cknx panLneaoc1onLx aopax sa
nepnop c 1925 r. no 1939 r. (no pannLH nnonckoro ypnana annHonpo), ykasLaae1, 1o a 1o
apeHn, kak kypc nnonckon nenL sa 10 ne1 nonnsnncn onee eH a 3 pasa, npnLnn nnoncknx
pLonpoHLunennnkoa yaennnnncL no1n a 8 pas. o1oHy, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, ccLnka nnonckon
c1oponL na 1o, 1o naue npepnoenne nanne1cn 1pypnonpneHneHLH pnn nnoncknx
pLonpoHLunennnkoa c akonoHneckon 1okn spennn, neaepna, n, ncxopn ns a1oro, coae1ckan
c1opona cn1ae1 npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa nenpneHneHLHn n nepncky-
1aenLnLHn. pnoapeHenno 1. ono1oa aLpaae1 coanenne no noaopy 1oro, 1o nnonckoe
npaan1enLc1ao nenpaannLno o1necnocL k ncknkn1enLno ckpoHnLH npepnoennnH coae1ckon
c1oponL na 1941 r. n coaepuenno ne xoe1 yec1L n nonn1L 1o, 1o coae1ckan c1opona o1kasanacL
na 1941 r. o1 noc1anoakn acex oc1anLnLx ak1yanLnLx aonpocoa, o ko1opLx 1. ono1oa roaopnn
eue a nkne 1940 r.
a1ekaaa, a caok oepepL, aLpaae1 coanenne no noaopy 1oro, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
aLpanrae1 caon npepnoennn a HoHen1, korpa nHee1cn cornacne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa na
ocypenne acex aonpocoa, cansannLx c pLonoac1aoH, a koHnccnn. acancL qnnancoaon
c1oponL pena, a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o qnnancoaoe nonoenne pLonpoHLunennnkoa ne 1ak
xopouo, kak o a1oH roaopnn 1. ono1oa, nockonLky rnaanan Hacca pLnon npopykunn noc1ynae1
a nrnnk, kypa npn nLneuneH nonoennn Rnonnn ne Hoe1 akcnop1npoaa1L caok npopykunk.
Lnan npopykunn, ykasLaae1 a1ekaaa, a anpe koncepaoa oc1ae1cn nenpopannon n coxpanne1cn
a caHon Rnonnn. o e caHoe ype1 n c pLnon npopykunen a 1941 r. poHe 1oro, nnonckne
pLonpoHLunennnkn eeropno aLnnanaak1 5-6 Hnn. nen sono1oH coae1ckon c1opone. pnako,
necHo1pn na a1o, npoponae1 a1ekaaa, nnonckan c1opona cornacna na noaLuenne nna1een na
10%. pn a1oH a1ekaaa eue pas sananne1, 1o a1n npepnoennn nnonckan c1opona penae1 a
nn1epecax ynyuennn o1nouennn Hepy oenHn c1oponaHn n on caH, kak nocon, nHee1 enanne
ynyun1L a1n o1nouennn.
267
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on Hoe1 1onLko noa1opn1L ckasannoe nH o 1oH, 1o kypc nenL cnnLno
ynan n coae1ckan c1opona no pLnLH npoHLcnaH nHena 1onLko yL1kn a 1o apeHn, kak npnLnn
nnoncknx pLonpoHLunennnkoa, no pannLH caHon e nnonckon nea1n, pocnn ns ropa a rop.
oa1oHy, roaopn1 1. ono1oa, akonoHneckan oocnoaannoc1L npepnoennn coae1ckon c1oponL
anonne pokasana. oa. ono1oa npocn1 a1ekaay cooun1L caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay o 1oH, 1o
npepnoennn nnonckon c1oponL ne 1onLko nenpneHneHL, no n nepncky1aenLnL. pn a1oH 1.
ono1oa poaanne1, 1o noponoro popa npepnoennn nnonckon c1oponL nn a koen Hepe ne
canpe1enLc1ayk1 o enannn ynyun1L o1nouennn c , 1o sacnynaae1 coanennn.
a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o napenne kypca nenL o1paae1cn n na Ha1epnaLnon c1opone pena
nnoncknx pLonpoHLunennnkoa, opnako n a a1nx ycnoannx nnonckan c1opona cornauae1cn na
10% noaLuennn apenpnon nna1L. a1ekaaa npepnarae1 aonpoc o noaLuennn apenpnon nna1L
nepenec1n na ocypenne koHnccnn.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o cpok pLonoanon konaenunn nc1ek ye 4 ropa 1oHy nasap n
coae1ckan c1opona ne Hoe1 onLue 1epne1L 1akoro nonoennn, korpa nna1en aLnnanaak1cn
a pesaLanno nesnan1enLnLx pasHepax. oa. ono1oa eue pas ykasLaae1, 1o coae1ckan
c1opona na 1941 r. ne c1aanna, nanpnHep, aonpoca o konueccnonnLx saaopax, cpok apenpL
ko1opLx ye paano nc1ek, ne enan cospaaa1L sa1pypnennn a nn1epecax poc1nennn
ckopenuero cornauennn. oa. ono1oa cnoaa noa1opne1, 1o oc1aann1L na 1941 r. nano
nenpaannLnLe n neponyc1nHo nnskne apenpnLe nna1en nenLsn n eHy npnxopn1cn 1onLko
aLpaa1L coanenne no noaopy 1oro, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao nenpaannLno nonnno n ne
ouennno ckpoHnoc1n npepnoennn coae1ckon c1oponL na 1941 r.
a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o nnonckan c1opona nonnna npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa n
cornacnnacL na cpok penc1ann apeHennoro pLonoanoro cornauennn noaLcn1L apenpnLe
nna1en na 10%, yn1Laan npn a1oH, 1o aonpoc a uenoH o pLonoanon konaenunn ype1
ocypa1Lcn a cneunanLnon koHnccnn.
anee a1ekaaa roaopn1, 1o, necHo1pn na 1o, 1o aonpoc o auyo ok1npp c kpnpneckon 1okn
spennn nanne1cn 1pypnLH aonpocoH, nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao peunno sac1aan1L qnpHy ynna1n1L
coae1ckon c1opone aaanc, nnkc 300 1Lc. nen. S1o, no Hnennk a1ekaaL, cnyn1 pokasa1enLc1aoH
1oro, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npe1 naac1pey noenannnH coae1ckon c1oponL.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o qnpHa auyo ok1npp coaepunna aopoac1ao, saxaa1na penLrn,
npnnapneaune coae1ckon c1opone, poaana npn a1oH, 1o noponLe penc1ann Lnn L
neaosHonL ne 1onLko a , no n a ppyron c1pane.
ak kak a cyHHe neyc1onka, npouen1L n kypcoaan pasnnua coc1aannk1 no1n okono 1 Hnn. nen n
nannk1cn, 1aknH opasoH, sakonnLH 1peoaanneH coae1ckon c1oponL, 1o cyHHy, npepnaraeHyk
nnonckon c1oponon a 300 1Lc. nen, nenLsn cn1a1L npneHneHon. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on
ro1oa sakonn1L peno c qnpHon nonn1necknH ny1eH, kak 1oro enae1 nnonckan c1opona, no npn
ycnoann, 1o nnonckan c1opona caepx aaanca ponna npepnon1L
2
/3 a1on cyHHL, npnHepno a
pasHepe 650 1Lc. nen, a ne 300 1Lc. nen, 1o ne o1aeae1 poroaopy n aneHen1apnLH npaaaH
coae1ckon c1oponL. pnoapeHenno 1. ono1oa o1Heae1, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne 1onLko
nokpoan1enLc1aoaano nesakonnLH penc1annH qnpHL, no n ne enae1 non1n naac1pey noe-
268
nannnH coae1ckon c1oponL. 3pecL, nopepknaae1 1. ono1oa, ne anpno enannn ynyun1L
o1nouennn n a1o npo1naopen1 sananennk nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o ero enannn ynyun1L
o1nouennn c .
a1ekaaa o1aeae1, 1o aonpoc auyo ok1npp nanne1cn kpnpnecknH aonpocoH n pasopoH
a1oro pena sannHae1cn cyp, a nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne nece1 sa a1o o1ae1c1aennoc1L. pn
a1oH a1ekaaa sananne1, 1o yp1o L npepc1aan1enL 1oprnpepc1aa npn ocypennn aonpoca o
nonkoanoH paspeuennn konqnnk1a npepnonn qnpHe ynna1n1L, noHnHo aaanca, 350 1Lc. nen.
cansn c a1nH on roaopn1, 1o eHy nenonn1no npepnoenne 1. ono1oaa o ynna1e 650 1Lc. nen.
anee a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o, no pas1ncnennk caHon qnpHL auyo ok1npp, en npnunocL
pac1oprny1L poroaop c 1oprnpepc1aoH a cnny 1oro, 1o npepc1aan1enn 1oprnpepc1aa
npep1nannnn k nnH Hnoro 1peoaannn, a pesynL1a1e ko1opLx qnpHa 1epnena yL1kn n en
npnunocL pac1oprny1L poroaop. orpa e caHa qnpHa cornauanacL ynna1n1L 100 1Lc. nen, a
cenac nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1 en ynna1n1L 300 1Lc, nen.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o ceropnn on anepaLe cnLun1 o enannn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa
nonn1neckn, nayuanLno paspeun1L aonpoc o auyo ok1npp, na 1o on 1ake cornacen.
pnoapeHenno 1. ono1oa poaanne1, 1o ponyckae1 aosHonoc1L yHenLuennn a1on cyHHL,
ko1opyk nasaan aLue, no c onsa1enLnLH ycnoaneH anecennn a1on cyHHL 2 nnaapn 1941 r.
a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o anec1n cyHHy 2 nnaapn ype1 no 1exnnecknH coopaennnH
neaosHono, n sananne1, 1o a1a cyHHa cHoe1 L1L anecena po 20 nnaapn.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o, no ero Hnennk, a1o nanne1cn anonne aLnonnnHLH penoH, nockonLky,
nanpnHep, 1 nnaapn npounoro ropa Lno nopnncano pLonoanoe cornauenne n 2 nnaapn penLrn
Lnn anecenL. 1nocn1enLno unqpL a 350 1Lc. nen, ko1opyk yp1o L nasaan npepc1aan1enL
1oprnpepc1aa, 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o o a1oH on cnLun1 anepaLe n, anpnHo, sananenne
a1ekaaL nanne1cn ounkon n nocna k1o-1o aaen a sanypenne.
a1ekaaa ykasLaae1, 1o ero nnqopHaunn npaannLna n o a1oH nkoL Ln pasroaop a cype 9
pekapn c.r. a1ekaaa anoaL nac1anaae1 na 1oH, 1o 1akoe sananenne npepc1aan1enn
1oprnpepc1aa nHeno Hec1o, n npocn1 1. ono1oaa aLncnn1L a1o1 qak1.
oa. ono1oa, nosaonna k 1. nkonny, sananne1 a1ekaae, 1o ero cnoaa o ounonoc1n
nnqopHaunn nocna nop1aeppnnncL, no 1akoro sananennn npepc1aan1enL 1oprnpepc1aa ne
penan, n, a caok oepepL, npocn1 a1ekaay aLncnn1L n y1onn1L a1o1 aonpoc.
a1ekaaa, sanana, 1o npepnoenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa nanne1cn ne ocnoanLH n cpenano a
uennx ynyuennn o1nouennn Hepy oenHn c1oponaHn, npocn1 coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
cornacn1Lcn na npepnoenne nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1nocn1enLno pLonoanoro cornauennn.
pnoapeHenno a1ekaaa cnpaunaae1, npaannLno nn on nonnn, 1o ero npepnoennn, cpenannLe
na ocnoaannn nocnepnen nnc1pykunn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ne Hory1 L1L npnnn1L
coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH.
oa. ono1oa eue pas ykasLaae1, 1o on cn1ae1, aLpaan 1eH caHLH Hnenne coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, 1o npepnoennn nnonckon c1oponL nannk1cn nenpneHneHLHn n npnHo
nepncky1aenLnLHn, n.noa1oHy on nac1anaae1 na caoeH npepnoennn, ko1opoe nanne1cn
koHnpoHnccnLH n okona1enLnLH, o eH on ye npepynpepan nocna,
a1ekaaa aLpaae1 coanenne, 1o npepnoennn nnonckoro npaan1enLc1-
269
aa ne npnnnHak1cn, n roaopn1, 1o a cansn c a1nH, anpnHo, o1napak1 n npepnoennn nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa a o1nouennn auyo okLnpp n 10%-noro noaLuennn apenpnon nna1L. y1 e
a1ekaaa cnpaunaae1, naHepeno nn coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npopona1L neperoaopL a 1941 r.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on npocn1 ouenky, pannyk coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aoH nnoncknH
npepnoennnH, nepepa1L nnonckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, a oc1anLnoe ype1 saance1L o1 nnonckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, 1ak kak 1oka spennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa no pLonoanoHy aonpocy
poc1a1ono nsaec1na nnonckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
a1ekaaa aLpaae1 yaepennoc1L, 1o nnonckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1 npopona1L neperoaopL,
a 1ake aLpaae1 noenanne o aepennn pLonoanLx neperoaopoa a ypyueH ropy.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o a1o noenanne a1ekaaL on noc1aan1 na ocypenne co caonHn
konneraHn.
a a1oH ecepa sakonnnacL.
3anncan $4 ! %- 6. 78. 9 . : . 19 . 1:0=1:<.
627. 07<7-2.99. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /#9# 91<101/.
=1<191A19 =2780./07< 8882 / -729. /#-# 7.1D1/
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay
:0 3 1940 . (. 3
29 pekapn npnnnn ynenypra n nyppe. ynenypr sanann, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
eue pas nop1aeppae1 caoe cornacne saknkn1L poroaop o nsaec1noH yac1ke coae1cko-
repHanckon rpannuL. poek1 poroaopa ye aLcnan noconLc1ay n naxopn1cn a ny1n. o po
nopnncannn poroaopa o rpannue neoxopnHo yperynnpoaa1L aonpoc o koHnencaunn sa nsaec1nLn
kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnonno koHnencaunk a pasHepe
3,8 Hnn. ponnapoa. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao c1on1 na 1on nosnunn, 1o sono1o n 1oaapL ne
Hory1 cnyn1L koHnencaunen sa yc1ynky 1eppn1opnn. eH ne Henee, repHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao cornacno nonyn1L penenyk koHnencaunk n ncncnne1 ee a 13 Hnn. ponnapoa,
nHen a anpy nonyn1L a1y cyHHy 1oaapaHn. pn onpepenennn cyHHL a 13 Hnn. ponnapoa
repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ncxopnno ns c1onHoc1n seHnn a n1ae.
o1ae1e n sanann, 1o cn1ak repHanckyk unqpy nano npeyaennennon. anoHnnn 1ake, 1o na
1eppn1opnn kycoka nponaae1 acero nnuL 7% neHuea, ko1opLe nepecennk1cn, a ac1L
nacenennn oc1ae1cn na a1on seHne. R konc1a1npoaan, 1o cenac neHuaHn aLpanrae1cn aonpoc o
pononnn1enLnon koHnencaunn 13 Hnn. ponnapoa caepx nayuanLnon koHnencaunn a 200 Hnn.
repHancknx Hapok, o ko1opon HL poroaopnnncL. R nopepknyn npn a1oH, 1o a a1y nayuanLnyk
cyHHy axopnna koHnencaunn no acen 1eppn1opnn n1aL, aknkan n kycoek. R sanann, 1o pnn
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa coaep-
27
uenno nenpneHneHL ne 1onLko nano saaLuennan cyHHa, no n caH He1op pace1a repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa, no ko1opoHy aonpekn nayuanLnoHy peuennk aonpoca o koHnencaunn
akonoHnecknx nn1epecoa IepHannn a npnan1ax (aknkan n koHnencaunn sa ack
naunonannsnpoaannyk a n1ae seHnk) o1 nac 1peyk1 noaon koHnencaunn sa nsaec1nLn
kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL, paccn1Laan npn a1oH nonyn1L o1 nac onna1y acex seHenL n acex
nyc1Lpen. nn coae1ekoro npaan1enLc1aa peL una o nonn1neckoH cornauennn Hepy payHn
ppyec1aennLHn rocypapc1aaHn no aonpocy, o ko1opoH Lno oqnunanLnoe cornauenne.
kaec1ae nc1opneckoro npnHepa noponoro popa cornauennn n npnaen cornauenne Hepy
occnen n Hepnkon o npopae nnckn, korpa aonpoc Ln peuen nHenno nonn1neckn.
saknkenne n sanann, 1o npouy cooun1L repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o cn1ak
npepnoennLn repHanckon c1oponon akonoHnecknn nopxop peuennn aonpoca o koHnencaunn sa
kycoek n1aL a npnnunne nenpneHneHLH n npo1naopeaunH coae1cko-repHanckoHy
cornauennk o nayuanLnon koHnencaunn, no, npnsnaaan qopHanLnLe npaaa repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa na a1o1 kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL, npepnarak peun1L aonpoc o koHnencaunn
ne na ocnoae kaknx-1o pace1oa c1onHoc1n seHnn a n1ae, a peun1L a1o1 aonpoc na
nonn1neckon ocnoae c ye1oH nn1epecoa oenx c1opon. R sanann, 1o opnoapeHenno ponoy
coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay o ceropnnuneH npepnoennn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
oaonLno neyaepennLe nonL1kn ynenypra n nyppe o1c1on1L npepnoenne repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa Lnn Hnok peun1enLno o1aepenL. ynenypr sanann, 1o on cooun1
repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay o Honx npepnoennnx.
R cnpocnn ynenypra, ro1oao nn repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao saknkn1L poroaop o rpannue,
nHee1cn nn npoek1 a1oro poroaopa. ynenypr nop1aeppnn, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
ro1oao saknkn1L poroaop o rpannue n 1o npoek1 poroaopa naxopn1cn a ny1n a ockay.
a1on e ecepe ynenypr sanann, 1o on ynonnoHoen caonH npaan1enLc1aoH cooun1L Hne o
neyc1ynnaon 1oke spennn ooneaa na ynanckon konqepenunn a Eyxapec1e n 1o a1a nosnunn
ooneaa nkoL npecnepye1 uenLk o1c1pann1L IepHannk n 1annk o1 paspeuennn
npak1necknx aonpocoa, cansannLx c opcknH ynaeH. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1
cornacn1Lcn c a1nH n, a ac1noc1n, repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npocn1 ne nac1anaa1L na
cospannn cHeuannon coae1cko-pyHLnckon apHnnnc1paunn opckoro ynan.
o1ae1 na a1o n nsnonn 1oky spennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa n nc1opnk ocypennn
aonpoca a Eyxapec1e, o eH L ye nnqopHnpoaanL. e coo1ae1c1aye1 nc1nne, 1o IepHannn n
1annn no coae1ckoHy npoek1y o1c1pannk1cn o1 nankpennn n kon1ponn nap opcknH ynaeH. R
nopepknyn, 1o nocne npncoepnnennn Eeccapann oae1cknn oks c1an npnpynancknH
rocypapc1aoH n 1o a coo1ae1c1ann c a1nH ponnL yn1Laa1Lcn cyaepennLe npaaa n
rocypapc1aennLe nn1epecL oae1ckoro oksa na ynae. S1o ne yn1Laae1cn noka, a a nsaec1nLx
cnyanx npnHo nrnopnpye1cn yHLnnen. IepHanckan n n1anLnnckan peneraunn sannnn na
konqepenunn ne o1ek1nanyk nosnunk, a ysko npopyHLnckyk. pepe opcknH ynaeH co
aceHn 1peHn pykaaaHn ynpaannna 1onLko pyHLnckan apHnnnc1paunn. enepL nenLsn ne nsHenn1L
a1oro nonoennn, nenLsn ne cn1a1Lcn c nn1epecaHn n noaLHn npaaaHn na ynae. cnn
yHLnnn n panLue ype1 sannHa1L 1akyk e opnoc1oponnkk n nenpneHneHyk pnn
nosnunk, 1o cornauenne ne cHoe1 L1L poc1nr-
271
ny1o. R aLpasnn noenanne, 1oL repHanckan n n1anLnnckan peneraunn noannnnn na
pyHLnckyk peneraunk. oouak pnn auero caepennn.
2 ! %- 6. 0C9 78. 1 . :1< . 91;9 . 1;;=190.
'2C# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 *kIl 91<101/. 8
=18<19 -729. / 8882 ># @-<7&2-19
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. nkonny, 1. aranoany, 1. LunnckoHy, 1.
osoackoHy, 1. ooneay, 1. aanoay
9 2 1941 .
(2. 3 3
ynenypr nepepae1 1. ono1oay npoek1 cornauennn Hepy IepHannen n o Lauen
repHano-nn1oackon rpannue* (npnnoenne)**. ynenypr roaopn1, 1o a1o1 npoek1 coc1aanen a
coo1ae1c1ann c noenannnHn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. anee ynenypr ykasLaae1 na 1o, 1o
a c1. 4 npoek1a cornauennn ec1L ccLuka na npenne cornauennn, saknkennLe IepHannen c
LaunH nn1oacknH npaan1enLc1aoH, o perynnpoaannn norpannnLx aop. cnn noeHy-nno
coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay ne ena1enLno nHe1L 1akyk c1a1Lk a cornauennn, 1o repHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao npepnarae1 saknkn1L aHec1o c1. 4 ocooe cornauenne no a1oHy aonpocy.
ynenypr sananne1 1. ono1oay, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnonarae1 kak caHo coon
pasyHekuykcn npepnocLnky pnn saknkennn cornauennn o yac1ke coae1cko-repHanckon
rpannuL yperynnpoaanne aonpoca o koHnencaunn sa nsaec1nLn kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL n
onpae1 npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa no a1oHy aonpocy, ko1opoe ypoane1aopnno L
oe c1oponL.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o eHy neoxopnHo ype1 osnakoHn1Lcn c npoek1oH cornauennn.
caoeH npepnoennn o yac1ke coae1cko-repHanckon rpannuL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
ncxopnno ns 1oro, 1o c1apan repHano-nn1oackan rpannua ype1 n coae1cko-repHanckon. S1a
c1apan repHano-nn1oackan rpannua Lna yc1anoanena 1peHn poroaopaHn: 1) yaankcknH
cornauenneH Hepy n1aon n onLuen o1 1 ok1npn 1920 r. - na yac1ke o1 pekn ropkn po
c1Lka Launx rocypapc1aennLx rpannu n1aL, IepHannn, onLun; 2) oroaopoH Hepy n1aon
n IepHannen o1 29 nnaapn 1928 r. - na yac1ke aLue c1Lka rocypapc1aennLx rpannu,
yc1anoanennLx ynoHnny1LH yaankcknH cornauenneH, po rpannu eHenLckon onac1n; 3)
oroaopoH Hepy n1aon n IepHannen o1 22 Hap1a 1939 r. - na yac1ke o1 knon 1okn
* H. pok. 640. ** e nynnkye1cn.
272
rpannuL eHenLckon onac1n po Ean1nnckoro Hopn. oa1oHy 1. ono1oa npepnarae1, pnn
1onoc1n, cocna1Lcn a cornauennn na a1n poroaopL.
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o on ne aospaae1 n cooun1 o a1oH a Eepnnn.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa ykasLaae1 na c1. 2 cornauennn, a ko1opon roaopn1cn o peHapkaunn rpannuL, n
sananne1, 1o peHapkaunn ne 1peye1cn, nyno npoc1o cHenn1L nnn onoan1L norpannnLe
snakn. oa. ono1oa npepnarae1 ncknkn1L c1. 2 ns cornauennn. 1nocn1enLno c1. 4 cornauennn
1. ono1oa sananne1, 1o ecnn 1akne poroaopL nHek1cn, 1o nocne osnakoHnennn c nnHn Hono
npnnn1L c1. 4 nnn e oc1anoan1Lcn na a1opoH npepnoennn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1.e. c1.
4 ncknkn1L, a aHec1o nee saknkn1L ocooe cornauenne o perynnpoaannn norpannnLx aop.
saknkenne 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on nosnakoHn1cn c npoek1oH cornauennn onee pe1anLno
n cooun1 caon saHeannn n nonpaakn.
epexopn k aonpocy o koHnencaunn sa nsaec1nLn kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL, 1. ono1oa
sananne1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno yaennn1L cyHHy koHnencaunn sa kycoek
n1aL a paa pasa. S1o npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa npepnonarae1, 1o repHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao yHenLun1 caok unqpy npnHepno a paa pasa.
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o y nnx ye ro1oaL pa1nqnkaunonnLe rpaHo1L k poroaopy o norpannnLx
npaaoaLx o1nouennnx, n on npepnarae1 oHen pa1nqnkaunonnLHn rpaHo1aHn nponsaec1n
opnoapeHenno nocne nopnncannn cornauennn o yac1ke repHano-coae1ckon rpannuL.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o y nero ne1 aospaennn npo1na a1oro.
nyppe sananne1, 1o noaoe npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o cyHHe koHnencaunn,
aosHono, ype1 npnnn1o repHancknH npaan1enLc1aoH n o1ae1 ype1 pan saa1pa nnn
nocnesaa1pa. nyppe roaopn1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o a1o cornauenne o
koHnencaunn sa nsaec1nLn kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL ponno L1L nopnncano nesaancnHo o1
xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn*. nna1y a1on cyHHL repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npocn1 nponsaec1n
1oaapnLHn noc1aakaHn: a nepayk oepepL uae1nLHn He1annaHn, a 1ake neq1enpopyk1aHn,
xnonkoH, nLnoH, Hapranueaon pypon. nyppe cn1ae1, 1o nocne 1oro, kak ype1 poroaopennoc1L
o cyHHe koHnencaunn, cnepye1 nponsaec1n oHen nncLHaHn no a1oHy noaopy.
oa. ono1oa nopepknaae1, 1o ycnoann onna1L koHnencaunn oc1ak1cn npennHn, kak a1o Lno
sananeno a naHn1non sanncke coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 12 aaryc1a
210
, 1.e. onna1a a 1eenne
payx ne1 paanLHn ac1nHn. a nopnncanne cornauennn o koHnencaunn sa kycoek n1aL,
nesaancnHo o1 xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn, 1. ono1oa ro1oa pa1L caoe cornacne. 1o e
kacae1cn 1oaapoa, ko1opLe enae1 nonyn1L repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao, 1o 1. ono1oa ne
ncknkae1 uae1nLe He1annL, no cn1ae1 nynLH ckasa1L, 1o aonpoc o uae1nLx He1annax
nanne1cn 1pypnLH aonpocoH n pnn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa. oa1oHy o noc1aake uae1nLx
He1annoa Hono roaopn1L napnpy c ppyrnHn 1oaapaHn, no uae1nLe He1annL ns noc1aaok
ncknkenL ne ypy1. o npak1necknH aonpocaH noc1aakn 1oaapoa nyppe neoxopnHo
poroaopn1Lcn c 1. nkonnoH.
nyppe roaopn1 o 1oH, 1o neoxopnHo ye a nnanune pnn yperynnpoaa1L a1o1 aonpoc, ne
ponpancL o1ae1a repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa o cyHHe koHnencaunn, n naa1L neperoaopL c 1.
nkonnoH. pneH nyppe e-
* H. pok. 639.
1 8 okyHen1L. n. 2. . 1
273
n an L nonyn1L o1 1. nkonna onpepenennLe npepnoennn o noc1aake 1oaapoa. nyppe
aLpaae1 enanne ye saa1pa ac1pe1n1Lcn c 1. nkonnoH.
oa. ono1oa aLpaae1 caoe cornacne na a1o n roaopn1, 1o on pac1 ykasanne 1. nkonny
ac1pe1n1Lcn co nyppe saa1pa.
anee nyppe sananne1, 1o payxne1nnn cpok onna1L koHnencaunn ype1 neonpannLH pnn
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, 1ak kak ono npepc1aannno cee a1y koHnencaunk a anpe
epnnoapeHennoro asnoca.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o ye c caHoro naana neperoaopoa no aonpocy o koHnencaunn sa
kycoek n1aL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nasLaano payxne1nnn cpok ynna1L koHnencaunn.
nyppe aLpaae1 noenanne o aosHonoc1n ynna1L a1on koHnencaunn po 1 aaryc1a 1942 r.,
1.e. a coo1ae1c1ann co cpokaHn xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn.
oa. ono1oa o1aopn1 a1o npepnoenne nyppe, sanannn, 1o aepL caH nyppe ceropnn
roaopnn, 1o cornauenne o koHnencaunn ponno L1L ocoLH cornauenneH, nesaancnHLH o1
xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn. oa, ono1oa noa1opne1, 1o ynna1a ype1 nponsaepena a 1eenne
payx ne1 paanLHn ac1nHn.
anee nyppe roaopn1, 1o o1ae1 repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na noaoe npepnoenne
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ype1 nonyen saa1pa nnn nocnesaa1pa y1poH. nyppe aLckasLaae1
noenanne o 1oH, 1oL a nonepenLnnk nnn ao a1opnnk Lnn nopnncanL cornauennn no aceH
aonpocaH, a nHenno: xosnnc1aennoe cornauenne, cornauennn o nepecenennn n nayuanLnon
koHnencaunn no npnan1aH, cornauenne o coae1cko-repHanckon rpannue, cornauenne o
koHnencaunn sa nsaec1nLn kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o a1o .Hono ype1 cpena1L.
ynenypr cnpaunaae1 1. ono1oaa, kakne koHHknnke npepnonarae1 1. ono1oa pa1L a nea1L
nocne nopnncannn acex cornauennn*.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o neoxopnHo ype1 pa1L koHHknnke o nopnncannn, ao-nepaLx,
xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn, 1ekc1 ko1oporo ye, kak nsaec1no, ro1oa n cornacoaan oenHn
c1oponaHn; ao-a1opLx, cornauennn o nepecenennn n nayuanLnon koHnencaunn no npnan1aH; a-
1pe1Lnx, cornauennn o coae1cko-repHanckon rpannue. nkaknx coouennn o koHnencaunn sa
kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL ne paaa1L, 1ak kak a1o1 aonpoc nanne1-cn cekpe1nLH.
ynenypr n nyppe sanannk1, 1o c nx c1oponL ne1 nnkaknx aospaennn n 1o a1n
npepnoennn, oeanpno, ypy1 npnnn1L repHancknH npaan1enLc1aoH.
e nocne okonannn oqnunanLnon ecepL ynenypr opauae1cn k 1. ono1oay c npocLon
npnnn1L npnrnauenne k neHy na oep, ko1opLn on enae1 pa1L a ec1L 1. ono1oaa Hepy 10 n
15 nnaapn c.r.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o on ye pan cornacne L1L na oepe y kn1anuea. oa. ono1oa
oeuae1 ynenypry pa1L o1ae1 na ero npnrnauenne.
Eecepa npoponanacL 35 Hnn.
3anncan #345 ! %- 6. 78. : . 1 . 4 . 1=B.
* H. pok. 644.
274
629. E I 3R I .R.
I KIR . I
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. osoackoHy, 1.
ooneay
4 2 1941 .
R aLsaan Iaapnnoana n san1an eHy 1ekc1 npnnaraeHon k ecepe naHn1non sannckn.
Lcnyuaa Henn, nocnannnk sanann, 1o on cornacen c 1eH, 1o a1o1 cnyan, oeanpno, nocn1
npoaokaunonnLn xapak1ep n 1o a1o peno pyk nonnunn.
o1 qak1, 1o ns Eenrpapa nounn 1enerpaHHL o apec1e opec1aenckoro a pasnLe konuL Hnpa,
koneno, nop1aeppae1, rpe nyno ncka1L nc1onnkn a1on nnqopHaunn. Iaapnnoan, koneno,
o1pae1 cee o1e1 a 1oH, k kaknH neena1enLnLH nocnepc1annH Hoe1 npnaec1n 1akan nrpa.
Iaapnnoan neHepnenno nepepac1 Hoe coouenne caoeHy npaan1enLc1ay n npncoepnnn1 k a1oHy
n caoe nnnoe Hnenne, ko1opoe on ne noon1cn aLckasa1L o1kpoaenno n nonnoc1Lk. n xopouo
nonnHae1, 1o noponLe cnyan Hory1 noapepn1L o1nouennnH Hepy n Krocnaanen, 1o
on acneckn xo1en L npepo1apa1n1L.
. ED4345
NV . ED434 .1. ON 2424VN 04. 01. 1941 .
RR 3
3a nocnepnne pnn ao Hnornx nnoc1pannLx rase1ax noHeuak1cn koppecnonpenunn ns Eenrpapa,
unpoko pacnpoc1pannkune cencaunonnLe cnyxn no noaopy npoaokaunonno nopc1poennoro
apec1a a Eenrpape koppecnonpen1a r-na opec1aenckoro c oannenneH ero a neneranLnoH
nonyennn kaknx-1o cekpe1nLx - ne 1o a nonLsy IepHannn, ne 1o a nonLsy 1annn - caepennn.
enL 1akoro popa yceppnn enrpapcknx nonnuencknx kpyroa, nnqopHnpykunx Hnpoayk npeccy a
ykasannoH aLue nanpaanennn, coaepuenno ncna n coc1on1, oeanpno, a c1peHnennn a1nx kpyroa
paspy1L cnyan c opec1aencknH a yropy 1eH, k1o any1pn Krocnaann n sa ee npepenaHn
sann1epecoaan a yxypuennn o1nouennn Hepy n Krocnaanen. akoe yceppne ne no pasyHy
ykasannLx aLue kpyroa, anpoeH, ne nanne1cn neonpannLH. pnan1enLno 1o, 1o Krocnaackoe
npaan1enLc1ao, aonpekn neopnokpa1nLH caonH yaepennnH o ppyec1aennoH o1nouennn
Krocnaann k , o1nkpL ne Heuano pacnpoc1panennk acnecknx nsHLunennn no 1ak
nasLaaeHoHy peny opec1aenckoro, nnckonLko, oeanpno, ne sao1ncL o 1oH, 1o
pacnpoc1panenne 1aknx nsHLunennn Hoe1 nnoxo o1pasn1Lcn na o1nouennnx Hepy n
Krocnaanen.
aH nsaec1no, 1o 1akne cnyan, kak cnyan c opec1aencknH, oprannsyk1cn aren1ypon
neko1opLx nnoc1pannLx npaan1enLc1a, nHekuen, anpnHo,
275
onpepenennLe cansn n annnnne a krocnaackon nonnunn. L ne snaeH, a cnnax nn a pannLn
HoHen1 npaan1enLc1ao Krocnaann oecnen1L nenoa1openne noponoro popa npoaokaunn,
nanpaanneHLx nsane Krocnaann npo1na Krocnaann n oae1ckoro oksa, no oae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1 caonH ponroH npepynpepn1L npaan1enLc1ao Krocnaann, 1o acnkoe
1epnenne nHee1 koneu n 1o ne cnepoaano L nopaepra1L ncnL1annk 1epnenne oae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa.
! %- 6. 0< 78. 9 . 10 . :9 . 1=:.
'0# D 7/. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / 121<7/80/7 29:
.##<./270B7/.
B 2 1941 .
(3
R nosaonnn aoennoHy a11aue 1ypeukon Hnccnn oka1kpky, ckasan, 1o xo1en L c nnH
ac1pe1n1Lcn. a a1o oka1kpk pan cornacne n npnexan a nonnpepc1ao.
R cnpocnn oka1kpka, kak on ouennaae1 oc1anoaky, cospaauykcn a yHLnnn a pesynL1a1e
npnL1nn neHeuknx aonck. oka1kpk nsnonn cnepykuee:
ecnu 1oHy nasap cn1anocL, 1o a yHLnnn naxopn1cn, kak HnnnHyH, opna nexo1nan pnansnn,
npnLauan pnn oyennn pyHLnckon apHnn n ko1opan Lna pasHeuena a anpe o1penLnLx po1 n
a1anLonoa a pasnnnLx nynk1ax yHLnnn: oHan, Eakay, okuanL, Lunnk-apa1, Eysay,
noeu1n, Eyxapec1, ypy, Epauoa, Lproanu1n n pp. c koHanpnLH nynk1oH a Epauoae.
annan co a1opon nonoannL pekapn po nepaoro nnaapn a yHLnnk eue npnLno, kak HnnnHyH,
2 pnansnn.
acnonoenne a1nx 2 noaLx pnansnn Lno cnepykuee: opna pnansnn Lna nocnana a Eana1
koHanpnp pnansnn a nHnuoapa; ppyran pnansnn - no nanpaanennk k kro-aoc1onon rpannue
c1panL ypy, nL1ennua, ana-pau. oHanpoaanne a1opon pnansnn naxopn1cn a Eyxapec1e.
npnxopoH noaLx ac1en koHanpnLn nynk1 pnansnn, npnLauen nepaon, nepeuen a Eakay. S1a
pnansnn ckonuen1pnpoaanacL a onpaann.
poponakune npnLaa1L neHeukne aoncka cocpepo1onaak1cn na kro-aoc1onon rpannue
c1panL. o a1oHy pacnonoennk n panennk aonck Hono cypn1L, 1o neHuL nHek1 naHepenne
nepen1n epes ynan n aon1n a Eonrapnk. pna pnansnn, pacnonoennan a Eana1e, ype1
npnkpLaa1L ocnoanyk rpynny aonck, npyunx k kry, c npaaoro qnanra, n ppyran pnansnn,
naxopnuancn a onpaann, ype1 oecnenaa1L saun1y c neaoro qnanra.
nonLsy aLuenpnaepennoro coopaennn roaopn1 n 1akne qak1L, 1o ac1n, npnLaakune na
pyHLno-onrapckyk rpannuy, pacnonarak1cn ne a kasapHax, a a narepnx.
eanpno, 1o nx npeLaanne a pannLx Hec1ax ne ype1 npoponn1enLnLH. poHe 1oro, ns
nnnLx nankpennn n caHoro oka1kpka1 n ppyrnx aoennLx a11aue aL1ekae1, 1o neHuL
cocpepo1onaak1 na pyHLno-onrapckon rpannue onLuoe konnec1ao nnenepnLx ac1en n
non1onnLx cpepc1a n npnanekan ckpa pyHLnckne cnnL. S1o ykasLaae1, 1o onn conpak1cn
nepe-
276
xopn1L epes ynan. Eonee 1oro, nHek1cn sacnynaakune poaepnn caepennn. oka1kpk
ckasan, 1o on nHee1 a epnpna caoero enoaeka, nHekuero caoen sapaen cnepn1L sa
panenneH aonncknx noespoa, 1o neHuL ckonuen1pnpoaann n npoponak1 konuen1pnpoaa1L
onLuoe konnec1ao aonck n a eaepnon opype, a ac1noc1n, Hnoro neHeuknx aonck
npoxopn1 a onc1anue. o coouennk nankpa1enn ns epnpna, a eaepnyk opypy po
cero pnn npouno epes epnpna okono 80 aonncknx noespoa. oka1kpk cn1ae1 a1y unqpy
npeyaennennon, o1ncnnn ee neocaepoHnennoc1Lk a aoennoH pene caoero nankpa1enn.
R sapan oka1kpky aonpoc - ckonLko, no ero Hnennk, neHeuknx aonck a yHLnnn na
ceropnnunnn penL. oka1kpk o1ae1nn, 1o Hono cn1a1L yc1anoanennLH, 1o a yHLnnn, kak
HnnnHyH, naxopn1cn 3 nexo1nLe pnansnn koHnnek1oaannn aoennoro apeHenn - pasaepny1Le n
opna aospyunan pnansnn nonk nc1pen1enLnon aanaunn, nonk pasaepLaa1enLnon aanaunn, nonk
oHappnpoaonon aanaunn n nonk . S1o, koneno, kak HnnnHyH, a kak HakcnHyH na ceropnn
Hono cn1a1L aosHonLH nannne 5 nexo1nLx pnansnn n opnon aospyunon.
oka1kpk roaopn1 1onLko o 3 pnansnnx nnuL no1oHy, 1o on caH nnno Hor yc1anoan1L no
onosnaaa1enLnLH snakaH na Haunnax n 1.n. 1onLko 3 pnansnn. epaan ns npnLaunx pnansnn
nHee1 onosnaaa1enLnLn snak a anpe napannenLnLx ep1oek, a1opan - a anpe na1nnckon ykaL
nrpek c nepeepkny1LH ocnoaanneH, n 1pe1Ln - kpyr, paspenennLn na 1pn ac1n papnycaHn.
oka1kpk ykasan, 1o neHuL sacLnak1 a yHLnnk onLue Ha1epnana, eH conpa1, n, no
Hnennk neko1opLx aoennLx a11aue, a yHLnnk ye npncnano aoennoro Ha1epnana opynn,
oenpnnacoa, oHynpnpoaannn, cnapnennn, npopoaonLc1ann - koncepaoa pnn 20 - 25
pnansnn. o oka1kpk cknonen pyHa1L, 1o nocnepnnn unqpa cnnLno npeyaennena.
pnako qak1oH nanne1cn 1o, 1o a yHLnnn ye nHee1cn aoennLn Ha1epnan pnn cnaennn
nkpckoro coc1aaa, ko1opLn npnLaae1 nnn Hoe1 npnL1L.
oka1kpk ykasan, 1o eHy roaopnnn, 1o a Eyxapec1 npnLaae1 neHeuknx oqnuepoa a
konnec1ae 2000 enoaek. e npnLnn 2 renepana, kpoHe nHekunxcn e1Lpex, ko1opLx on
nnno snae1 kak renepanoa, aosrnaannkunx neHeukyk aoennyk Hnccnk a yHLnnn.
o noaopy ncna aonncknx auenonoa, npnLaakunx eepneano a yHLnnk, oka1kpk ckasan,
1o on ne pacnonarae1 a1nHn pannLHn, 1.k. nx 1pypno nonyn1L. n Hoe1 ykasa1L a anpe
npnHepa na caon pasroaop, ko1opLn on nHen 28 pekapn c naanLnnkoH opnon enesnopoponon
c1anunn, pacnonoennon Hepy noeu1n n Eyxapec1oH, ko1opLn pacckasan, 1o eHy pano
sapanne nponyc1n1L epes caok c1anunk c 1 no 7 nnaapn 750 aoennLx auenonoa.
1o kacae1cn uenen konuen1paunn neHeuknx aonck a yHLnnn, oka1kpk ykasan, 1o, no ero
Hnennk, neHuL aonpy1 a Eonrapnk n aHec1e c onrapckon apHnen npepnpnHy1 nac1ynnenne na
ypunk, c1peHncL oanape1L nponnaaHn n cpocn1L 1ypok c aponenckoro Ha1epnka. o
aLnonnennn a1on sapan c Ipeunen Hono ype1 nokonn1L pae npoc1LH pnnnoHa1necknH
ny1eH, npep1nanenneH en ynL1nHa1yHa. ocne a1oro, okasaa 1aknH opasoH noHouL
n1anLnnuaH, neHuL npepnpnHy1 nac1ynnenne na , nockonLky, no Hnennk oka1kpka,
neHeuknn rnaanLn u1a cn1ae1 1aknH e
277
aparoH, kak n nrnnk. oa1oHy IepHannn xoe1 Lc1pee aLc1ynn1L c aonnon npo1na , paL
ne pa1L aosHonoc1n eue onee okpenny1L. 3ann1ne nponnaoa ype1 nHe1L 1y uenL, 1oL
noHeua1L okasannk aosHonon noHoun co c1oponL nrnnn.
a a1o n saHe1nn, 1o Hne npepc1aanne1cn coaepuenno neaosHonLH, 1oL IepHannn
nyc1nnacL na 1akyk aaan1kpy, kak nanapenne na . cnn npoponn1L HLcnL nonkoannka, 1o
IepHannn c1peHn1cn saxaa1n1L nponnaL, 1o norneckn Hono ponyc1n1L, 1o IepHannn na a1oH
ne oc1anoan1cn, a ype1 ncka1L ny1n nponnknoaennn a rnne1 n, kak roaopn1, nocne saaoeaannn
nponnaoa ype1 npopona1L panenne epes ypunk n npnk. oka1kpk o1ae1nn, 1o, no ero
Hnennk, npopena1L 1akon ny1L oenL 1pypno, no1n neaosHono.
o ero nnnoHy Hnennk, a cnyae neHeukoro nponnknoaennn a Eonrapnk napneano L na
neHuea n onrap nanac1L c payx c1opon: Krocnaann a1akoaana L Eonrapnk c sanapa, a ypunn
- c kro-aoc1oka. pn noHoun anrnnan n rpekoa a1a aonna na Eankanax Horna L npopnn1Lcn
okono ropa n 1eH caHLH sapepa1L neHuea na opnoH Hec1e. epes rop e oc1anoaka Horna
nsHenn1Lcn cepLesno.
saknkenne oka1kpk aLckasan caoe Hnenne, 1o Krocnaann neHeuknx aonck ne nponyc1n1;
Eonrapnn nponyc1n1 n pae ype1 ppa1Lcn aHec1e c neHuaHn npo1na ypunn n 1o npnxopa
neHeuknx aonck a Eonrapnk nyno onpa1L co pnn na penL, caHoe nospnee - epes nepenk.
oka1kpk ykasan, 1o a Eonrapnn nHee1cn ye opnn neHeuknn a1anLon cansn no nnnnn
Hepy asrpap - neana, o eH eHy yp1o L neckonLko pnen 1oHy nasap roaopnn pae
neHeuknn aoennLn a11aue.
#22 ! %- 6. 019C 78. 9< . 199 . 4 . B;=<1.
'1# &787. =1<191A1-1 =2780./07< 8882 / /7<1&20. #9#
9.?81-1 8 980219 1802.:; 7< /7<1&20. .# 719
%>? 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy
B 2 1941 . (3
1) pen npnrnacnn Henn k cee n apynn Hne HeHopanpyH no noaopy nn1n an1nncknx cypoa a
pnanpnn, ko1opLn npn a1oH npnnarae1cn*. pyan HeHopanpyH, pen yc1no poaann no noaopy
nynk1a 4, 1o a1o nnuL 1oka spennn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, ko1opan, koneno, nn a eH ne
cansLaae1 coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao. o1ae1 n sanann, 1o 1oka spennn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa na aonpoc o pekansnunn an1nncknx cypoa oc1ae1cn nensHennon. na poc1a1ono
onpepenenno Lua aLpaena a naunx npennx pokyHen1ax n ecepax, ko1opLe a ockae
nponcxopnnn Hepy 1. LunncknH n pnnncoH,
* e nynnkye1cn.
278
a a onpone Hepy Hnon n IannqakcoH n Ea1nepoH. pen npnnnn a1o Hoe sananenne, kak
ponnoe.
2) panLnenueH pen pan nonn1L, 1o a o1ae1 na caon ppyec1aennLn ec1 a nauy c1opony
on onpae1 1enepL kakoro-nno ppyec1aennoro ec1a c nauen c1oponL. o 1oro e pen
cn1ae1 (a1o nac1aoaano ns ouero kon1ekc1a ero cnoa) neuenecoopasnLH sa1parnaa1L
an1nncknn aonpoc a nonnoH o1eHe. yac1aoaanocL 1ake, 1o pena cpepnaak1 nosnunn
n onacenne, 1o annynnpoaanne pekansnunn cypoa Horno L nHe1L nenaronpnn1nyk
a1ry1pennkk peakunk a nrnnn, nockonLky nponeHa 1oproaoro 1onnaa npnnnna cenac oenL
oc1pLn xapak1ep. s neko1opLx naHekoa pena Hono Lno saknkn1L, 1o nnkanpaunn
aonpoca o cypax pncye1cn eHy a anpe nokynkn a1nx cypoa y nac pn1ancknH npaan1enLc1aoH.
3) o1oH peL nepeuna k nocnepnnH coL1nnH a qpnke. pen Ln a aecLHa npnnopnn1oH
nac1poennn a cansn c napenneH Eappnn. n yaepenno sanann, 1o o1nLne acnkan yrposa pnn
rnn1a, yaua n aooue aoc1onon ac1n pepnseHnoro Hopn o1nana. ocne Eappnn anaen
nonpe1 na opyk. aepennn, ko1opLe nHek1cn a pacnopnennn pn1anckoro npaan1enLc1aa, c
necoHnennoc1Lk nop1aeppak1, 1o n1anLnnckan apHnn npoc1o ne xoe1 aoeaa1L. nae nenLsn
o1ncnn1L 1o1 nsyHn1enLnLn qak1, 1o saxaa1 Eappnn, kpenoc1n c xopounHn enesoe1onnLHn
coopyennnHn n c rapnnsonoH caLue 30 1Lc. en., oouencn anrnnanaH acero nnuL 400 en.
yn1Lx n panenLx. nennLx a Eappnn asn1o 30 1Lc. en., ouee ncno nnennLx, asn1Lx
anrnnanaHn a qpnke, okono 70 1Lc. en., npneH 1pe1Ln ac1L n1anLnncknx cnn a nann
nnkanpnpoaana. cansn c nopaenneH n1anLnnuea a qpnke pen sapae1cn aonpocoH: 1o
1enepL ype1 pena1L In1nep Ipe on nanece1 caon nnanunn ypap pen coaepuenno yepen,
1o 1akon ypap nenseen, no In1nep ne Hoe1 ponyc1n1L cnc1eHa1neckoro napennn aoennoro
npec1na ocn a pesynL1a1e nopaennn n1anLnnuea. e nonpe1 nn In1nep na EankanL pen a
a1oH neckonLko coHneaae1cn, no kpannen Hepe, pnn nac1onuero HoHen1a. o-nepaLx, cenac
knnHa1neckne ycnoann na Eankanax Hano naronpnn1nL pnn pasaep1Laannn onLunx onepaunn
(npoeH, n neckonLko cken1neckn o1nouycL k pasroaopaH o knnHa1necknx ycnoannx a a1on
cansn, - c ycHeukon poaann pen). o-a1opLx, n a1o ropaspo aanee, In1nep epaa nn
noenae1 cospaaa1L ns-sa Eankan nanpnenne a caonx o1nouennnx c . -1pe1Lnx, nakoneu,
In1nepa Hoe1 cHyua1L n aonpoc o aepon1noH conpo1nanennn ypunn: napop a1o aonnc1aennLn,
a 1eppn1opnn a panone nponnaoa n a anon snn oenL 1pypna c aoennon 1okn spennn. ppyron
c1oponL, kakan-nno nonL1ka a1opennn a nrnnk a nac1onuee apeHn oenL 1pypna aanpy
o1cy1c1ann y neHuea rocnopc1aa a aospyxe, xo1n pen 1akon nepcnek1naL coaceH ace-1akn ne
ncknkae1. 1o e ace-1akn ype1 pena1L In1nep pen sanann, 1o a konenoH ce1e
nnanune uarn In1nepa pnn nero oc1ak1cn nencnLHn.
4) kpa1ue pen kocnyncn qpanuyscknx pen. nenne ero no a1oHy aonpocy 1akoao: a
okkynnpoaannon panunn
211
nac1poenne Hacc 1aeppo n epnnopyuno anrnoqnnLckoe.
neokkynnpoaannon panunn nac1poennn penn1cn. eH ne Henee Hono e yaepennoc1Lk
y1aeppa1L, 1o aaanL npoaannncn. ocnepnne nepeHenL a npaan1enLc1ae nun pen
o1ncnne1 1ak: neHuL, anpnHo, nac1anaann na aocc1anoanennn aaann a kaec1ae saHec1n1enn
e1ana. 1oL nsaan1Lcn o1 a1oro, e1an npoc1o nnkanpnpoaan noc1 caoero saHec1n1enn n
279
peoprannsoaan ace npaan1enLc1ao. onynncn caoero popa koHnpoHncc. ooue e, no Hnennk
pena, anrnnnckne noepL a qpnke cnnLno nopnnnn ao panunn pyx conpo1nanennn IepHannn.
cnn L neHuL nonL1anncL sann1L neokkynnpoaannyk panunk, panuysckan nHnepnn a
qpnke - pen a a1oH yaepen - npnHknyna L uennkoH k nrnnn.
onnpep a ennkopn1annn &.5345 ! %- 6. 0B9 78. 9C . <1 . . 4=B.
'2# &787. .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 -729. / 8882 ># @-<7&2-19 D./7^9 /1801A1-
7/21=7?89 8701219 107<. q119A781? =1<0 9 -729. #
@227
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. LunnckoHy, 1. ooneay, 1. aanoay ., 1. aanoay .
B 2 1941 .
(2. 3 3
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o on nonynn nnc1pykunn ns Eepnnna n Hoe1 pa1L o1ae1L na uenLn pnp
aonpocoa, noc1aanennLx 1. ono1oaLH a npounon ecepe*. pokyHen1ax, ko1opLe aepa 1.
osLpea nepepan nnLrepy, onn nnero cooun1L ne Hory1, 1ak kak ne ycnenn eue nonyn1L
o1ae1a ns Eepnnna. ynenypr roaopn1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno c
npepnoennnHn 1. ono1oaa o1nocn1enLno nopnpka onynnkoaannn a nea1n o nopnncannn
coae1cko-repHancknx cornauennn. ynenypr nepepae1 1. ono1oay npoek1 koHHknnke o
nopnncannn cornauennn o nepecenennn ns pnan1nkn n npoek1 koHHknnke (aaopnyk ac1L) k
nopnncannk poroaopa o rpannue (npnnoennn)**.
anee ynenypr roaopn1, 1o koHHknnke o nopnncannn xosnnc1aennoro cornauennn,
cornacoaannoe c 1. nkonnoH, npnnn1o repHancknH npaan1enLc1aoH. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
1ak e, kak n coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao, ne cn1ae1 nynLH nynnkoaa1L a nea1n o nopnncannn
cornauennn o koHnencaunn sa nsaec1nLn kycoek 1eppn1opnn n1aL.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on 1oe nHee1 npoek1L koHHknnke n 1o nocne osnakoHnennn c
neHeuknHn npoek1aHn on nepepac1 k aeepy npoek1L koHHknnke c ye1oH neHeuknx npoek1oa.
anee ynenypr sananne1 1. ono1oay, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno c
npepnoenneH coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o cyHHe koHnencaunn sa kycoek n1aL a 7,5 Hnn.
sono1Lx ponnapoa, 1o coo1ae1c1aye1 31,5 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
sann1epecoaano a ckopenuen nnkanpaunn a1oro aonpoca n ne xo1eno L pac1nrnaa1L onna1y koH-
* H. pok. 628. ** e nynnkyk1cn.
2!
nencaunn na paa ropa. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnpae1 onLuoe snaenne ckopenuen
nnkanpaunn a1oro aonpoca. naane repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nHeno Hnenne o neHepnennon
ynna1e koHnencaunn, no, kak roaopn1 ynenypr, a pesynL1a1e naunx 1eneqonnLx n
1enerpaqnLx neperoaopoa c EepnnnoH naH ypanocL yepn1L Eepnnn a 1pypnoc1n 1akoro
peuennn aonpoca. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao paccn1Laae1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
cornacn1cn ynna1n1L koHnencaunk a 1eenne 3 Hecnuea, npneH nonoanny noc1aaok ponnL
coc1aan1L uae1nLe He1annL, a ppyryk nonoanny - oc1anLnLe 1oaapL. IepHanckoe
npaan1enLc1ao, roaopn1 ynenypr, ncxopn1 npn a1oH ns 1oro, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao,
enan non1n naac1pey, aosLHe1 a1n uae1nLe He1annL ns caonx rocypapc1aennLx sanacoa, kak
ye o a1oH opnapL roaopnn 1. ono1oa, n a1o ne coc1aan1 sa1pypnennn pnn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa.
o1ae1 na a1o 1. ono1oa sananne1 ynenypry, 1o a1o coaceH ppyroe npepnoenne
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao c caHoro naana npepnarano 2-ne1nnn
cpok ynna1L koHnencaunn, nocnepnee npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o cyHHe
koHnencaunn 1ake ncxopnno ns 2-ne1nero cpoka ynna1L n repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne
aospaano npo1na a1oro cpoka. 3a1eH 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o rocypapc1aennLe sanacL ne ec1L
neorpannennLe sanacL n 1ak Lc1po nsLcka1L o11ypa uae1nLe He1annL ne 1ak npoc1o. oa.
ono1oa roaopn1 ynenypry, 1o on npocn1 ero cooun1L repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o
coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne Hoe1 npnnn1L npepnoenne repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa n npocn1
paccHa1pnaa1L npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o koHnencaunn sa kycoek n1aL a
uenoH: o cyHHe n o cpoke. o caoen c1oponL, 1. ono1oa oeuae1 ponon1L coae1ckoHy
npaan1enLc1ay o ceropnnuneH npepnoennn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
anee 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o 1. nkonn a ecepax co nyppe cpenan npepnoennn o noc1aakax
uae1nLx He1annoa. S1n npepnoennn unn unpoko naac1pey noenannnH repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa n onn oc1ak1cn a cnne. oa. ono1oa eue pas npocn1 paccHa1pnaa1L
npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o koHnencaunn sa kycoek n1aL a uenoH: o cyHHe, o
cpoke ynna1L koHnencaunn n o ye npepnoennoH konnec1ae n accop1nHen1e He1annoa.
ynenypr cornauae1cn, 1o, penc1an1enLno, a aonpoce o uae1nLx He1annax coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao nouno naac1pey repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay. o, nopepknaae1 ynenypr,
repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao xoe1 Lc1po nnkanpnpoaa1L a1o1 aonpoc.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o 1onLko aepa Ln nepepan ynenypry npoek1 cekpe1noro npo1okona
no aonpocy o koHnencaunn sa kycoek n1aL
212
. aH ykasano ace. oa. ono1oa aLpaae1
napepy, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nonpe1 naac1pey coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
nyppe roaopn1, 1o noenannn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1nocn1enLno noc1aakn a ce1 a1on
cyHHL uae1nLx He1annoa coae1ckon c1oponon aLnonnenL. c1ae1cn o1kpL1LH aonpoc o cpoke
ynna1L koHnencaunn. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao enae1 kak Hono ckopee nnkanpnpoaa1L a1o1
aonpoc. orpa repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao npepnarano 3-HecnnLn cpok ynna1L koHnencaunn,
ono ye snano o npepnoennnx 1. nkonna o1nocn1enLno uae1nLx He1annoa. nyppe
aLckasLaae1 Hnenne, 1o epaa nn repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacn1cn na nsHenenne cpoka
ynna1L koHnencaunn.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o npnnn1ne 1akoro npepnoennn repHanckoro
281
npaan1enLc1aa npepc1aan1 pnn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ncknkn1enLnLe 1pypnoc1n. ae1nLe
He1annL napo nponsaopn1L, a a 3-HecnnLn cpok 1akne onepaunn neocyuec1anHL. oa1oHy 1.
ono1oa eue pas npocn1 paccHa1pnaa1L npepnoennn coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa a uenoH n
aLpaae1 napepy, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao y1e1 a1n noenannn n nonpe1 naac1pey.
eH onee, sananne1 1. ono1oa, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npe1 naac1pey no 1aknH
He1annaH, ko1opLe 1pypno nHnop1npoaa1L n ko1opLe pnn repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa nHek1
cenac ncknkn1enLno aanoe snaenne. oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on ype1 onpa1L o1ae1a
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o on 1ake ype1 onpa1L o1ae1a 1. ono1oaa.
oa. ono1oa nop1aeppae1, 1o on ponon1 coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay o npepnoennn
repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa, no eue pas nopepknaae1 neoxopnHoc1L paccHa1pnaa1L a1o1
aonpoc a uenoH.
3a1eH 1. ono1oa cnpaunaae1, ne 1peyk1cn nn kakne-nno noncnennn k 1eH pokyHen1aH,
ko1opLe Lnn aepa nepepanL nnLrepy 1. osLpeaLH.
ynenypr o1aeae1, 1o onn 1enerpaqnpoaann a Eepnnn n 1o y nnx nnkaknx aonpocoa ne
nHee1cn.
oa. ono1oa sananne1, 1o a npoek1e poroaopa o rpannue, ko1opLn Ln aepa apyen, ne1
ccLukn na yaankckoe cornauenne n1aL c onLuen a 1920 ropy, 1ak kak a1o cornauenne ne
nanne1cn 1onLH, no onLua ne Lna sann1epecoaana a yc1anoanennn 1onLx rpannu c n1aon,
a nHee1cn ccLnka na peuenne konqepenunn nocnoa a 1923 ropy.
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o o cpoke ac1ynnennn poroaopa a cnny nocne nopnncannn on coounn a
Eepnnn.
nyppe k a1oHy poaanne1, 1o a a1oH aonpoce Hory1 aosnnkny1L neko1opLe 1pypnoc1n c nc1o
rocypapc1aenno-npaaoaon 1okn spennn, 1ak kak a IepHannn nHee1cn sakon, cornacno ko1opoHy
1akne poroaopL nopnea1 cnepaa pa1nqnkaunn.
oa. ono1oa ccLnae1cn na npnHep coae1cko-repHanckoro poroaopa o ppye n rpannue*,
ko1opLn ac1ynnn a cnny nocne ero nopnncannn n ye sa1eH Ln pa1nqnunpoaan. aknH e
opasoH coc1aanen n a1o1 npoek1 poroaopa.
ynenypr penae1 saHeanne o c1. 3 poroaopa, ykasLaan, 1o a nen roaopn1cn o paccHo1pennn
aonpoca norpannnLx aop. S1o neckonLko nekonkpe1no.
oa. ono1oa o1aeae1, 1o Hono ckasa1L nnae n 1o y nero ne1 nnkaknx aospaennn k 1oHy,
1oL nsHenn1L a1y qopHynnpoaky.
ocne okonannn ecepL 1. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on ne Hoe1 npnnn1L npnrnauennn
ynenypra na oep aanpy 1oro, 1o a nnaape ye npnrnauen na oep. oa. ono1oa npnrnauae1
ynenypra na oep, ko1opLn on naHepen pa1L a ec1L ynenypra. cnn saa1pa coc1on1cn
nopnncanne acex cornauennn, 1o oep Hoe1 coc1on1Lcn a cpepy.
ynenypr naropapn1 1. ono1oaa.
Eecepa npoponanacL 40 Hnny1.
3anncan #345 ! %- 6. 78. : . 1 . 4 . 9=1:.
J okyHen1L... . XXII. - ok. 640.
282
'# &787. =72/1-1 D.978007< .211-1 1988.2. 1802.:; 7<
8882 .<# /:@81-1 8 D./7^9 /1801A1-7/21=7?89 8701219
107<. q119A781? =1<0 9 -729. # @227
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. ono1oay, 1. opounnoay, 1. aranoany, 1. nkonny, 1. osoackoHy, 1.
ooneay, 1. ypon1eay
< 2 1941 .
(3
eropnn n npnnnn a 3 aca pnn nyppe n nnLrepa no nx npocLe a cansn c neko1opLHn
aonpocaHn npoek1a cornauennn o nepecenennn no pnan1nke.
1. nyppe coounn, 1o no npepnoennk coae1ckon peneraunn a n1ae ns npoek1a cornauennn
ncknkae1cn nynk1 a 1 c1. 18, paspeuakuen aLaos npepHe1oa poHaunero onxopa a anpe
cneunanLnLx rpysoaLx o1npaaok caepx ykasannLx a n.n. a n a1oro naparpaqa, 1.e. caepx
nopH nnnoro araa. nyppe ykasan, 1o ncknkenne a1oro nynk1a nnuae1 nepecennkunxcn
aosHonoc1n aLaes1n caok poHaunkk HeenL, nocypy, kyxonnyk y1aapL n 1.n. npepHe1L.
R o1ae1nn, 1o aknkn1L a1o1 nynk1 a npoek1 cornauennn Hono nnuL a 1oH cnyae, ecnn aLaos
a1nx npepHe1oa ype1 orpannen npepenaHn nnnoro nonLsoaannn nepecennkunxcn.
nyppe aLpasnn cornacne c 1akoro popa nonpaakon, nocne ero n oeuan npepc1aan1L a1o
npepnoenne na y1aeppenne caoero npaan1enLc1aa. nanornnoe nonoenne penc1aoaano no
eccapackoHy cornauennk.
2. anee nyppe noc1aann aonpoc o 1oH, 1o naun peneraunn 1peyk1 aknkennn a cornauenne
nynk1a o ponyc1nHoc1n opauennn asLckannn sa neynna1y ac1nLx ponroa na pannHoe
nHyuec1ao, nopneauee aLaosy (fahrende abe).
pesynL1a1e oHena Hnennn no a1oHy aonpocy n npepnonn aknkn1L a cornauenne cnepykunn
nynk1:
onyckae1cn opauenne asLckannn no ac1nLH ponraH n na pannHoe nHyuec1ao,
nopneauee aLaosy (fahrende abe), a cnyae o1cy1c1ann y nepecennkunxcn kakoro-nno nnoro
nHyuec1aa, na ko1opoe Horno L L1L opaueno asLckanne.
pauenne asLckannn na pannHoe nHyuec1ao, nopneauee aLaosy (fahrende abe) no
ac1nLH ponraH, Hoe1 nHe1L Hec1o nnuL npn nannnn coo1ae1c1aykuero cypenoro peuennn.
eynna1a ac1nLx ponroa ne Hoe1 cnyn1L npenn1c1aneH pnn nepecenennn.
nyppe sanann o caoeH npnnunnnanLnoH cornacnn c a1nH npepnoenneH. n pac1
coo1ae1c1aykuee pacnopnenne repHancknH peneraunnH a nre n aynace, kak 1onLko nonyn1
o1 nac okona1enLnLn o1ae1 no a1oHy aonpocy.
S1o1 aonpoc n 1ake oeuan npepc1aan1L na y1aeppenne npaan1enLc1aa.
3. ocne a1oro n apynn nyppe npoek1L koHHknnke no aonpocaH:
a) o coae1cko-repHanckon rpannue o1 pekn ropka po Ean1nnckoro Hopn;
) no yperynnpoaannk asanHnLx nHyuec1aennLx npe1ensnn no n1ae, a1ann n Sc1onnn n o
nepecenennn;
a) o pa1nqnkaunn poroaopa o norpannno-npaaoaLx o1nouennnx Hepy n IepHannen.
283
nyppe cornacnncn c 1ekc1oH npoek1oa koHHknnke, no okona1enLnLn o1ae1 oeuan pa1L nocne
nop1aeppennn ns Eepnnna.
konue ecepL nyppe noc1aann aonpoc o 1ekc1e npo1okona o oHene pa1nqnkaunonnLHn
rpaHo1aHn k poroaopy o norpannno-npaaoaLx o1nouennnx Hepy n IepHannen.
cnoannncL, 1o a1o1 npoek1 cornacyk1 a 1eenne ceropnnunero pnn 1.aanoa n r-n nnLrep n
npepc1aan1 na y1aeppenne.
.E4D345 ! %- 6.0< .9 .9 .99 .C=<.
'4# &787. .211-1 1988.2. =1802.:; 7< 8882 /9# 91<101/. 8
=18<19 -729. / 8882 ># @-<7&2-19 D./7^9 /1801A1-
7/21=7?89 8701219 107<. q119A781? =1<0 9 -729. #
@227
%>? 1. 1annny, 1. LunnckoHy, 1. ooneay, 1. aanoay ., 1. aanoay .
< 2 1941 .
(2. 3 3
ynenypr sananne1 1.ono1oay, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nac1anaae1 na npeneH 3-
HecnnoH cpoke ynna1L koHnencaunn sa kycoek n1aL. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao aLpaae1
napepy, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao cyHee1 nan1n aosHonoc1L non1n naac1pey
repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
oa.ono1oa cnpaunaae1 ynenypra, nonynn nn on o1ae1 repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na
npocLy 1.ono1oaa paccHa1pnaa1L aonpoc o koHnencaunn a uenoH o cyHHe, o cpoke n o
konnec1ae He1annoa.
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o on coounn o a1oH a Eepnnn n repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao
o1nocn1enLno cpoka ynna1L koHnencaunn oc1ae1cn na npenen 1oke spennn.
nyppe roaopn1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne cn1ae1 aosHonLH nsHenn1L cpok ynna1L
koHnencaunn. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao epnnoapeHenno coaepuae1 caok akunk, 1.e. nepepay
kycoka n1aL oae1ckoHy oksy, n noa1oHy nonarae1, 1o ono anpaae paccn1Laa1L na
epnnoapeHennyk koHnencaunk co c1oponL coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa, n nac1anaae1 na caoeH
npeneH cpoke. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o nonoanny koHnencaunn ponnL
coc1aan1L uae1nLe He1annL, a ppyryk nonoanny - oc1anLnLe 1oaapL. pneH, ecnn a1opyk
nonoanny coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne cHoe1 noeHy-nno nonnoc1Lk nokpL1L 1oaapnLHn
noc1aakaHn, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cornacno na ynna1y a1oro oc1a1ka sono1oH.
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa ne ype1 1exnnecknx sa1pypnennn a a1oH, 1ak kak Hono anec1n
onerenne, 1.e. aLec1L 1y cyHHy, ko1opan ponna L1L ynnaena a sono1e, ns 1on cyHHL,
ko1opyk ponno ynna1n1L repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao coae1ckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
284
oa.ono1oa nepecnpaunaae1: snan1 a1opan nonoanna onnanaae1cn sono1oH
ynenypr o1aeae1, 1o a1opan nonoanna onnanaae1cn ne acn sono1oH, a 1onLko 1o1 oc1a1ok,
ko1opLn coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne a coc1onnnn sanonnn1L cLpLeH.
oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on aepa npocnn nepepa1L repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay npocLy
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa paccHa1pnaa1L npepnoenne o koHnencaunn kak opno uenoe o cpoke,
cyHHe n konnec1ae He1annoa n 1o on onpan o1ae1a, npneHneHo nn a1o pnn repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa nnn ne1. enac 1.ono1oa nonnHae1 1ak, 1o o1ae1a o1 repHanckoro
npaan1enLc1aa na a1o npepnoenne eue ne noc1ynnno n 1o nyppe n ynenypr, anocn a1o
npepnoenne, ncxopn1 ns ounx pnpek1na, nonyennLx nHn.
nyppe roaopn1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne npnnnno npepnoennn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa o cpoke koHnencaunn n npoponae1 nac1anaa1L na caoen 1oke spennn.
oa.ono1oa peskHnpye1. n roaopn1, 1o o pasHepe koHnencaunn a 7,5 Hnn. sono1Lx ponnapoa,
1o coo1ae1c1aye1 31,5 Hnn. repHancknx Hapok, cnepye1 cn1a1L, 1o nHee1cn poroaopennoc1L.
S1a unqpa ne aLsLaae1 pasnornacnn. 1o kacae1cn xapak1epa koHnencaunn, 1o coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao cornacno nonoanny a1on cyHHL noc1aan1L uae1nLHn He1annaHn n ne aospaae1
npo1na pononnn1enLnoro npepnoennn o 1oH, 1oL 1o1 oc1a1ok a1opon nonoannL, ko1opLn ne
ype1 nokpL1 noc1aakon cLpLn, onna1n1L sono1oH a nopnpke asanHnoro nepepace1a no nna1ey
IepHannn oae1ckoHy oksy. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao nnkak ne Hoe1 cornacn1Lcn co cpokoH
ynna1L koHnencaunn. S1o1 cpok pesHepno yckopne1 aonpoc. oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao, npn naac1pey repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, npepnarae1 yc1anoan1L cpok ynna1L
koHnencaunn non1opa ropa.
1941 ropy ype1 ynnaena nonoanna koHnencaunn n a nepaoH nonyropnn
1942 ropa, po 1 nknn, - a1opan nonoanna. oa.ono1oa sananne1, 1o a1o okona1enLnoe
npepnoenne no aonpocy o cpoke. pneH 1.ono1oa poaanne1, 1o on npekpacno noHnn1
nncLHennLn o1ae1 repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa na npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o
koHnencaunn sa kycoek n1aL. a1oH o1ae1e repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne ocnapnaano
cpoka, a ocnapnaano 1onLko cyHHy. onpoc o cpoke aosnnk 1onLko a nocnepnee apeHn. caHoro
naana on ne c1aanncn. aonH noaLH npepnoenneH coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao penae1 noayk
pononnn1enLnyk yc1ynky repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay.
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o on ne ypnanen o1ae1oH 1. ono1oaa, n roaopn1, 1o onn cooua1
repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne a coc1onnnn no 1exnnecknH n
npak1necknH npnnnaH ocyuec1an1L ynna1y koHnencaunn a 3-HecnnLn cpok.
nyppe roaopn1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao paccn1Laae1, 1o nocne 1oro, kak ype1
poc1nrny1o cornauenne, noc1aakn nany1cn neHepnenno.
oa.ono1oa nop1aeppae1, 1o a1n noc1aakn ypy1 ocyuec1ann1Lcn perynnpno.
nyppe roaopn1, 1o on npepanpn1 1pypnoc1n a paspeuennn aonpoca o cpoke n 1o on enae1 c
uenLk onerennn poc1nennn cornauennn cpena1L nnnoe npepnoenne, na ko1opoe on ne
nHee1 nonnoHonn o1 repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa n ko1opoe ne ype1 onsa1enLnLH pnn nero.
nyppe npepnarae1, 1oL coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ykasano pononnn1enLno k caoe-
285
Hy npepnoennk, kakoe konnec1ao 1oaapoa ono Horno L noc1aan1L IepHannn a 1eenne 3-x
Hecnuea.
oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o nponopunonanLnyk ac1L o1nocn1enLno acero cpoka.
nyppe roaopn1, 1o ecnn npnnn1L ounn cpok 18 Hecnuea, 1o sa 3 Hecnua ype1 noc1aanena V
ac1L.
oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o ne coaceH 1ak. 1941 ropy ype1 noc1aanena nonoanna cyHHL,
cnepoaa1enLno, sa 3 Hecnua ype1 noc1aanena V8 ac1L acen cyHHL. oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o
repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao cn1ae1, 1o koHnencaunn ponna L1L ynnaena Lc1po, no
repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay nere o1kasa1Lcn o1 kycoka, 1eH onee, 1o on noka naxopn1cn
na yHare y IepHannn, n 1pypnee noc1aan1L 1oaapL. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne o1kasLaae1cn
o1 noc1aakn 1oaapoa, no neoxopnHo a1n noc1aakn aaec1n a ocyuec1anHoe pycno. pepnoenne
coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa npe1 uennkoH naac1pey noenannnH repHanckoro npaan1enLc1aa.
oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on cn1ae1 npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa okona1enLnLH n
ne pyHae1, 1o repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao ne y1e1, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npe1
naac1pey repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay n a pannoH cnyae.
nyppe anocn1 noaoe npepnoenne, ko1opoe caopn1cn k cnepykueHy: coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao
aneenne 3-x Hecnuea noc1aanne1 Vg ac1L 1oaapnLx noc1aaok, a oc1anLnyk ac1L a 1o1 e cp
o1nnanaae1 sono1oH ny1eH aLe1a-ns repHanckoro nna1ea oae1ckoHy oksy.
oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o a1o nenpneHneHo. ce asnocL ypy1 noc1yna1L a 1eenne 18 Hecnuea.
o, 1o coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao ponno sanna1n1L a 18 Hecnuea, ono ne Hoe1 sanna1n1L a 3
Hecnua, no y rocypapc1aa ec1L caon xosnnc1aennLe pace1L. oa.ono1oa anoaL noa1opne1
nocnepnee npepnoenne coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o koHnencaunn n roaopn1, 1o yckopn1L
ynna1y koHnencaunn ne npepc1aanne1cn aosHonLH. pn a1oH 1. ono1oa poaanne1, 1o ne
cnepye1 cansLaa1L paa coaepuenno pasnLx cornauennn. oae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao oc1ae1cn na
npenen caoen 1oke spennn - okona1enLnLn cpok ynna1L koHnencaunn - non1opa ropa.
a1o1 cpok ypy1 noc1aanenL 1e 1oaapL n a 1ex pasHepax, o ko1opLx poroaopnnncL. nnoe e
npepnoenne nyppe coae1ckoe npaan1enLc1ao npnnn1L ne Hoe1, n on ne coae1ye1 Iryp-pe
cooua1L o a1oH ero npepnoennn a Eepnnn.
ynenypr roaopn1, 1o on cooun1 repHanckoHy npaan1enLc1ay o npepnoennn coae1ckoro
npaan1enLc1aa. 3a1eH ynenypr nepexopn1 k aonpocy o poroaope Hepy n IepHannen o
coae1cko-repHanckon rpannue o1 pekn rapkn po Ean1nnckoro Hopn (nepepae1 repHancknn
npoek1 poroaopa). ynenypr sananne1, 1o c npepnoennLH coae1ckon c1oponon nsHenenneH
sarnaann poroaopa repHanckan c1opona cornacna. IepHanckan c1opona 1ake cornacna c noaon
qopHynnpoakon c1.1, no npocn1 a nynk1ax n a nepep cnoaaHn eHenLckon onac1n
ac1aan1L cnoao Lauen. poHe 1oro, ynoHnny1L a nynk1e a c1.1 poroaopa Hepy n1aon n
IepHannen o1 22 Hap1a 1939 ropa. IepHanckan c1opona cn1ae1 neoxopnHLH aknkn1L a
poroaop c1a1Lk o peHapkaunn norpannnon nnnnn, 1ak kak, no nHekunHcn a repHanckoH
Hnnnc1epc1ae any1pennnx pen pannLH, c1apLn HeHenLcknn o1pesok n aoc1onan rpannua
yaankckon onac1n onsa1enLno ponnL L1L peHapknpoaanL, 1eH onee 1o pnn aoc1onon
rpannuL yaankckon onac1n pokyHen1L o peHapkaunn aooue ponnL L1L anoaL cospanL.
pn a1oH repHanckan c1opona ykasLaae1 na 1o, 1o a caoen no1e o1 29 aaryc1a 1940 ropa
npaan1enLc1ao ,
286
co caoen c1oponL, nopepknyno neoxopnHoc1L npoaec1n peHapkaunk noaoro yac1ka coae1cko-
repHanckon rocypapc1aennon 1pannuL o1 pekn ropkn po Ean1nnckoro Hopn. ce npone c1a1Ln
npnnn1L repHanckon c1oponon cornacno coae1ckoHy npoek1y.
oa.ono1oa roaopn1, 1o c npepnoenneH - ac1aan1L a c1. 1 nepep cnoaaHn eHenLckon
onac1n cnoao Lauen n ynoHnny1L a nynk1e a c1a1Lk 1 poroaopa Hepy n1aon n
IepHannen o1 22 Hap1a 1939 ropa - on cornacen.
ynenypr poaanne1, 1o a c1.2 neHeukoro npoek1a poroaopa Lno npepnoeno peHapknpoaa1L
rpannuy. IepHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nac1anaae1 na a1on npocLe, 1ak kak
2
/3 acen rpannuL ne
peHapknpoaano.
oa. ono1oa roaopn1, 1o on noHnn1 a1y c1a1Lk n noHnn1 no1y coae1ckoro npaan1enLc1aa o1 29
aaryc1a*. 1o kacae1cn cyuec1aa aonpoca, 1o Hepy repHancknH n coae1cknH npaan1enLc1aaHn
ne1 pasnornacnn. 1a1Lk 2 1. ono1oa cn1ae1 nsnnunen. orpa 29 aaryc1a coae1ckoe
npaan1enLc1ao penano caoe npepnoenne o peHapkaunn rpannuL, ono ncxopnno ns 1oro, 1o a1a
peHapkaunn Horna L1L ocyuec1anena eue po nac1ynnennn snHL. enepL e a1o1 epos npouen.
eHapkaunk snHon npoaopn1L nenLsn. cnn repHanckoe npaan1enLc1ao nac1anaae1 na
peHapkaunn, 1o Hono ee cpena1L n 1enepL, no anocn1L a poroaop c1a1Lk o peHapkaunn ne
cnepye1, 1