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Olaf Geirstad-Alf

Olaf Geirstad-Alf
Olaf Gudrdsson, or as he was named after his death Olaf Geirstad-Alf, was a legendary Norwegian king of the House of Yngling from the Ynglinga saga. He was the son of Gudrd the Hunter and according to the late Heimskringla, the half-brother of Halfdan the Black. Gudrd and Olaf conquered a large part of Raumarike. In the Ynglinga saga portion of the Heimskringla, the king is reported to have died of a "disease in his foot" (ftarverkr) or gout, although the Flateyjarbk suggests the king succumbed to a plague epidemic. The Ynglinga saga also inserts the following verse by jlfr of Hvinir (original author of the Ynglingatal):
Og nikvsl / Noregi rttar rs / of rast ni. R lafr / ofsa forum vri grund / of Vestmari. Uns ftverkr / vi Foldar rm vgmilung / of via skyldi. N liggr gunndjarfr / Geirstum herkonungr / haugi ausinn. Long while this branch of Odin's stem Was the stout prop of Norway's realm; Long while King Olaf with just pride Ruled over Westfold far and wide. At length by cruel gout oppressed, The good King Olaf sank to rest: His body now lies under ground, Buried at Geirstad, in the mound. --tr. Samuel Laing and Rasmus B. Anderson, Heimskringla, p.329

Ancestor Worship
Olaf was worshipped after his death as an "elf", and was called the Geirstad-alf (the "elf of Geirstad"). The account of this is recorded in the Flateyjarbk version of lfs saga helga, and continues with a fantastical story of how he became a drow (draugr) haunting his own howe (haugr, or grave-mound), but instructed to be destroyed so he can be reborn as Olaf the Saint. According to this version, Olaf was carried away by a plague that subsided after his death.[] Olaf had instructed his people to build a howe and lay him to rest inside, forbidding them to worship him after his death seeking propitious boon. But as Olaf suspected, once the next famine arrived, "they resorted to the plan of sacrificing to King Olaf for plenty, and they called him Geirstaalfr".[] Later, the spirit of Olaf appears in a dream to a man named Hrani, who is instructed to break into the howe, salvage the ring, with the sword named Besing (Bsingr) and a belt which are to be presented to Queen sta for her future son. The man was also to sever the head of the drow though making sure the head is set straight on its neck. The man does "King Olaf the Saint," (1871); the king during a as instructed, and the queen gives birth to the future Olaf the Saint.[1] sailing race disturbed the "elves", though they are Later on as Olaf the Saint is riding by the howe, one of his men trolls in the original Danish ballad, Hellig-Olavs remember him saying he had once been laid to rest there. The king Vddefart (DgF 50). vehemently denies this, saying his soul could not occupy two bodies. Davidson suggest the notion of rebirth is communicated here.[2] At any rate, Olaf the Saint is thought to be eponymously named after Olaf Geirstad-Alf. That the king came to be called an "elf" should not be taken too literally. Vigfusson and Powell discusses Olaf's rite and other example under the topical heading of "Ancestor Worship" and notes that in these instances, "the dead were called 'Elves'." H. R. E. Davidson gives a more extensive summary under the chapter "The Cult of the Dead," and

Olaf Geirstad-Alf notes that as for the animated corpse that he had become inside his grave-mound, "the usual word for him is draugr." A hypothesis identifies Geirstad with Gjerstad near Gokstad, and his burial with the Gokstad Ship.

References
This article contains content from the Owl Edition of Nordisk familjebok, a Swedish encyclopedia published between 1904 and 1926, now in the public domain.
[1] , citing Flateyjarbk: lfs Saga Helga, II, 7, p. 7. [2] , citing Flateyjarbk: lfs Saga Helga, II, 106, p. 135.

Laing, Samuel; Anderson, Rasmus Bjorn (trans.) (1889). The Heimskringla: or, The sagas of the Norse kings (http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=AHjOAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA330). Snorri Sturluson. Scribner and Welford. pp.330. Sveinbjrn Egilsson, ed. (1835), "attr lafs Gerirstada lfs" (http://books.google.com/ books?id=BmYtAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA212&lpg=PA209), Fornmanna sgur (H.F. Popp) 10: 209215 Davidson, Hilda Roderick Eliis (1943). The Road to Hell (http://books.google.com/ books?id=aLA8AAAAIAAJ&pg=101) (preview). CUP Archive. pp.101, 112,138139. Reprint: Cambridge University Press 2013 ( preview (http://books.google.com/ books?id=yucThMV2bKMC&pg=PA101)) Vigfusson, Gudbrand; Powell, Frederick York (1883). Corpus Poeticum Boreale (http://books.google.co.jp/ books?id=nCczAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA414) 1. Oxford: Clarendon. pp.4145.

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


Olaf Geirstad-Alf Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=577119826 Contributors: Againme, Agricolae, Inge, Jaytwist, JohnAlbertRigali, Kiyoweap, Lotje, Magioladitis, Mifter, Mihoshi, Walgamanus, Wiglaf, 7 anonymous edits

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