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Tamu Massif covers an area of about 120,000 square miles. By comparison, Hawaiis Mauna Loa the largest active volcano on Earth is approximately 2,000 square miles, or roughly 2 percent the size of Tamu Massif. To find a worthy comparison, one must look skyward to the planet Mars, home to Olympus Mons. That giant volcano, which is visible on a clear night with a good backyard telescope, is only about 25 percent larger by volume than Tamu Massif. Here is a good link, http://www.uh.edu/news-events/... Is this right, Because Hawaii is made up of many dome's right.

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shane_johnston 3 months ago


Well this you can put in stone,,, Volcano's will always be here for us to enjoy, and for you to study.

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GuillermoChile 3 months ago


Closely connected to question 2 there's another topic that I find very intriguing: if earthquakes and volcanism are controlled by, in general terms, the same processes, why, while earthquakes of certain magnitud can occur at relative regular periods of time in the same region, a volcano could erupt 3 times in 10 years and then being quiet for decades/centuries? What's the critical factor? Reply Share
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Boris Behncke GuillermoChile 3 months ago

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The critical factor is that the processes ultimately leading to earthquakes on the one hand and volcanic eruptions on the other, are fundamentally different. Earthquakes are the result of sudden movement (rupture of a blockage) along a fault, most of the time at the boundary of two plates moving relative to each other. (As we know now, intraplate earthquakes can also be rather powerful, see the April 2012 M 8.6 Indian Ocean event, or the famous 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquake sequence.) By the way, the intervals between earthquakes in determined areas are by no means as regular as was assumed the recurrency rate depends on how fast a fault gets locked after the last earthquake, and on the mechanical properties of the rocks involved in the blockage, to cite only two of many factors. Now, volcanic eruptions result not from the movement of the plates along faults and their periodic locking, but from magma reaching the surface of the Earth. The movement of magma is not a linear process at all. Volcanoes may erupt continuously for centuries, like Stromboli or Yasur, but they have not done this forever and neither will they do it forever. Stromboli, for example, is known to have produced quite different types of eruptions within the last few millennia, including lava emission from the flanks above the villages on its coasts. Etna's eruptive behavior - a direct result of changes in its magma supply - is changing quite rapidly and profoundly before our eyes (or should I say, beneath our feet?) ...
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MikeLyvers Boris Behncke 3 months ago


It would be a shock if Stromboli or Yasur stopped erupting but that did happen to Arenal, a volcano I thought would go on erupting "forever". And I suspect that if Sakurajima suddenly stopped erupting a lot of people living nearby would start worrying big time.

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Chris DeVries MikeLyvers 3 months ago


As I am quick to remind people, after its significant 2007 eruption, Stromboli volcano had a repose of several months, caused by (I am assuming, but I defer to Dr. Behncke on Italian volcanism issues) a lack of eruptable magma and/or gas pressure in its crustal magmatic system, both having been "spent" during the spring eruption. Unfortunately for me (and to the unending amusement of my friends and students), it was during this period that visited Italy's volcanoes for the first time, having booked my trip during the aforementioned effusive eruption in the hopes that I'd get to see Stromboli behave in a very uncommon way. Of course, that is exactly what happened - I ended up climbing to the top of a volcano that has been erupting nearly continuously for 2,000 years and saw precisely zero eruptive activity. Does anyone have any idea exactly when Stromboli first ejected juvenile material in the wake of this hiatus, or when "normal" Strombolian behavior resumed? Also, when did they start allowing tourists to climb to the summit of Stromboli again? My climb was illegal and a bit risky, but I'd do it again; even in the absence of eruptions, the summit area was remarkable, and the sunrise vistas absolutely breathtaking.

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MikeLyvers Chris DeVries 3 months ago


That is very interesting. I had no idea Stromboli had stopped for so long. But even now the activity is highly variable - when I was there in May there were several successive nights of spectacular eruptions (and a big landslide as w