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ANTERIOR GUIDANCE

Also known as: -


The influence of the contacting
surfaces of teeth on mani!ular
mo"ement
ARCON
Also known as:- ARTICULATED CONDYLE
#here the con$le %art is attache to
the lower mem!er of the articulator&
NON-ARCON is where the
con$lar %art is attache to the u%%er
mem!er of the articulator&
ARTICU'ATION
Also known as: -
A relationshi% of the u%%er ( lower
teeth which e)ists uring mani!ular
mo"ement from one occlusion to
another& It is a $namic relationshi%
( it ma$ !e !alance or un!alance&
*A'ANCED ARTICU'ATION
Also known as: - FULLY BALANCED OCCLUSION
BALANCED DYNAMIC OCCLUSION
A multi-%oint contact relationshi% of
the o%%osing teeth in which the$
guie smoothl$ o"er each other
uring mani!ular mo"ement
without causing islogement of the
entures&
*A'ANCED OCC'U+ION
Also known as:- BILATERALLY BALANCED
OCCLUSION
BALANCED STATIC OCCLUSION (Dentures)
A multi-%oint contact relationshi% of
o%%osing teeth in static contact&
*ENNETT ANG'E
Also known as: - PROGRESSIVE SIDE SHIFT
The angle o!taine after the non-
working sie con$le has mo"e
anteriorl$ ( meiall$, relati"e to the
sagittal %lane& The flatter the cus%
the greater the sie shift&
*ENNETT +-I.T
Also known as: - BENNETT MOVEMENT
IMMEDIATE SIDE SHIFT
MANDIBULAR SIDE SHIFT
The !oil$ lateral mo"ement of the
mani!le towars the working sie
uring lateral e)cursions /a%%ro)&
0&1mm2
*RU3I+4
Also known as: - PARAFUNCTIONAL ACTIVITY
Tooth contacting ha!its, which are
not necessar$ in orer to e)ecute
the normal %h$siological oral
function& I&e& clenching (
grining&
CANINE GUIDANCE
Also known as: - CANINE PROTECTED OCCLUSION
The %art of the anterior guiance that
often occurs on lateral
e)cursion, where the mani!ular
mo"ement is ictate !$
mani!ular canine-ma)illar$
canine contacts
CENTRIC OCC'U+ION /CO2
Also known as: - INTERCUSPAL POSITION (ICP)
HABITUAL OCCLUSION
INTERCUSPATION POSITION
MAXIMUM INTERCUSPATION
HABITUAL CENTRIC
AUIRED CENTRIC
BITE OF ACCOMMODATION
The %osition of the mani!le when
the ma)illar$ ( mani!ular teeth are
at their most interigitate& I&e&
4a)imum intercus%ation of the teeth
irres%ecti"e of the con$le to fossa
relationshi%& This is onl$ e"ient
when an ae5uate num!er of
occluing teeth are %resent&
CENTRIC RE'ATED OCC'U+ION
Also known as: -
#hen CO ( CRO are co-inciental&
This the ieal that we aim for in an
e5uili!rate mouth 6 simultaneous
contact of all the teeth with the
con$les in centric relation 6 see
reorgani7e occlusion
CENTRIC RE'ATION OCC'U+ION /CRO2
Also known as: - RETRUDED CONTACT POSITION
(RCP)
The %osition of the mani!le
etermine !$ tooth to tooth contact
when the mani!le closes in CR&
CENTRIC RE'ATION+-I8 /CR2
Also known as: - TER4INA' -INGE A3I+
TERMINAL HINGE RELATION
RETRUDED ARCH OF CLOSURE
RETRUDED AXIS POSITION (RAP)
LIGAMENTOUS POSITION
HINGE AXIS
The most retrue %osition of the
mani!le relati"e to the ma)illa
etermine !$ the T49 with the
teeth se%arate I&e& Con$le to fossa
relationshi% without tooth contact&
Con$les in the u%%er most %osition
in fossa&
CENTRIC +TO8
Also known as: - CENTRIC STOP POSITION
Cus% ti% use to achie"e contact&
COND:'E
Also known as: -
The roune surface at the istal
e)tremit$ of the ramus of the
mani!le, which fits into the Glenoi
fossa to form the tem%romani!ular
;oint&
COND:'AR ANG'E
Also known as: - CONDYLE PATH
The angle gi"en !$ the ownwar (
forwar slo%e of the glenoi fossa&
<+= sha%e in life, this re%resente as
a straight line in a"erage "alue (
semi-a;usta!le articulators&
COND:'AR GUIDANCE
Also known as:- ANGLE OF EMINENCIA
The mechanism on an articulator
which re%rouces the %aths own
which the con$les tra"el on
%rotrusion of the mani!le&
CON.OR4ATI>E
Also known as: -
#hen restorations are fa!ricate to
the e)isting ;aw relationshi%&
CRO++O>ER INTER.ERENCE+
Also known as: -
Once the canine has mo"e into a
%osition that is la!ial to the u%%er
canine ( the ti%s ha"e crosse o"er,
the mani!le has then entere into
the crosso"er %osition&
DI+C'U+ION
Also known as: - DISCLUDING
The se%aration of teeth uring
e)cursi"e mo"ements e&g& on
%rotrusion, as the mani!ular
anterior teeth slie o"er the %alatal
surfaces of the ma)illar$ teeth the
%osterior teeth often isclue&
.O++AE
Also known as: - FOSSA
A e%ression&
.REE#A: +8ACE
Also known as: - INTEROCCLUSAL CLEARANCE
INTEROCCLUSAL SPACE
The s%ace !etween the occlusal
surfaces of the ma)illar$ (
mani!ular teeth when in the rest
%osition& It is usuall$ measure in the
%remolar region&
.UNCTIONA' CU+8
Also known as: -
The %alatal cus%s of ma)illar$ teeth
( !uccal cus%s of mani!ular teeth,
which occlue with o%%osing fossae&
GROU8 .UNCTION
Also known as: - SHARED FUNCTION
Guiance of the mani!le when a
num!er of %osterior teeth are in
contact in lateral an %rotrusi"e
e)cursion&

INTER.ERENCE
Also known as: - OCCLUSAL INTERFERENCE
DEFLECTIVE CONTACTS
An une"en, earl$ contact arising on
one or more teeth uring a e)cursi"e
mo"ement causing isclusion of
guiing teeth
INTERCOND:'ER DI+TANCE
Also known as: -
The istance !etween the con$lar
heas at an$ %oint&
'ATERA' E3CUR+ION
Also known as: - LATRUSION
+iewa$s mo"ement of the
mani!le&
'INGUA'I?ED OCC'U+ION /'O2
Also known as: - PALATALISED OCCLUSION
It is where onl$ the ma)illar$
%osterior %alatal cus%s occlue with
shallow mani!ular central fossae&
'ONG CENTRIC
Also known as: - FREEDOM IN CENTRIC OCCLUSION
.reeom of the mani!le to slie
forwar at the same "ertical
imension&
4A'OCC'U+ION
Also known as: -
A e"iation from normal occlusion
of one or more teeth in the ental
arches&
4UTUA'': 8ROTECTED OCC'U+ION /48O2
Also known as: -
That in centric relation there is onl$
%osterior tooth contact& The
ma)illar$ %alatal cus%s (
mani!ular !uccal cus%s shoul
occlue with there o%%osing occlusal
fossae& Thus, anterior teeth
%ositi"el$ isclue the %osterior
teeth in all e)centric e)cursions,
%rotecting the %osterior teeth /of
im%lants2 from harmful lateral
forces&
NON-#OR@ING COND:'E
Also known as: - ORBITING CONDYLE
The con$le on the non-working
sie, which unergoes a mainl$
translator$ mo"ement uring
function on the working sie&
NON-#OR@ING 4O>E4ENT
Also known as: - NON-!OR"ING SIDE
NON-FUNCTIONING
BALANCING
CONTRALATERAL
ORBITING SIDE
The sie the mani!le is mo"ing
awa$ from&
NON-#OR@ING +IDE INTERENCE+
Also known as: -
Is a %osterior contact on the non-
working sie which interferes with
ieal anterior guiance, thus when
the mani!le mo"es in one irection,
if a tooth on the o%%osite sie
interferes with ieal anterior
guiance, this is classe as a non-
working sie interference&
8ANTOGRA8-IC READING
Also known as: -
A reaing from a e"ice that
accuratel$ traces mani!ular
mo"ements with two main
com%onent %arts similar to two face
!owsA one is attache to the
ma)illar$ arch ( one to the
mani!ular arch& On !eing
transferre to a full$ a;usta!le
articulator, the resulting three-
imensional tracing of !orer
mo"ements can !e use to
%rogramme the articulator to
re%rouce mani!ular mo"ement
with a high egree of accurac$&
8AT- O. C'O+URE
Also known as: - LINE OF CLOSURE
The %ath taken from rest to occlusal
%ositions& It is usuall$ trace at the
incisal eges of the lower central
incisors&
8RE4ATURE CONTACT
Also known as: - CLOSURE INTERFERENCE
FIRST POINT OF CONTACT
An une"en contact arising onl$ on
one tooth as the mani!le closes
to centric occlusion&
8RO8RIOCE8TI>E
Also known as: -
The sensor$ %erce%tion of the
occlusal loa ue to the %erioontal
ligament that attaches the teeth to the
al"eolus&
8ROTRU+I>E E3CUR+ION
Also known as: - PROTRUSION
.orwar mo"ement of the mani!le&
REORGANI+ED
Also known as: -
#hen restorations are fa!ricate to
the %atients ;aw %osition in centric
relation& Deflecti"e contacts (
occlusal interferenceBs are remo"e,
allowing the muscles of mastication
to mo"e the mani!le free from
%ro%rioce%ti"e influence of these
contacts&
RE+T 8O+ITION
Also known as: - POSTURAL REST POSITION
POSTURAL POSITION
The %osition the mani!le ao%ts
when staning or sitting u%right,
when the musculature is at rest&
Determine !$ muscle tone (
tension of surrouning tissues&
+AGITA' 8'ANE
Also known as: -
The longituinal "ertical %lane that
i"ies the mouth into two hal"es
/left ( right2
T-E A'ERT .EEDING 8O+ITION
The hea is tilte 10 egrees
Also known as: - forwar& The aim is to ha"e no
eflecti"e contacts on the ma)illar$
anterior teeth as the mani!le closes
in its ac5uire %osition&
#OR@ING COND:'E
Also known as: -
The con$le on the non-working
sie, which unergoes a mainl$
rotational mo"ement uring function
on the working sie&
#OR@ING 4O>E4ENT
Also known as: - !OR"ING SIDE
FUNCTIONING SIDE
ROTATING SIDE
The sie the mani!le is mo"ing to
uring e)cursi"e mo"ement
#OR@ING +IDE INTER.ERENCE+
Also known as: -
The term working sie is still most
commonl$ use to escri!e the sie
to which the mani!le is mo"ing
uring a lateral e)cursion& A
working sie interference is a
%osterior contact on the working
sie, which interferes with the ieal
anterior guiance&
abnormal occlusion malocclusion.
balanced occlusion occlusion in which the teeth are in harmonious working relation.
centric occlusion that in the vertical and horizontal position of the mandible in which the
cusps of the mandibular and maxillary teeth interdigitate maximally.
coronary occlusion complete obstruction of an artery of the heart.
eccentric occlusion occlusion of the teeth when the lower jaw has moved from the centric
position.
habitual occlusion the consistent relationship of the teeth in the maxilla to those of the
mandible when the teeth in both jaws are brought into maximum contact.
lateral occlusion occlusion of the teeth when the lower jaw is moved to the right or left of
centric occlusion.
lingual occlusion malocclusion in which the tooth is lingual to the line of the normal dental
arch.
mesial occlusion the position of a lower tooth when it is mesial to its opposite number in the
maxilla.
normal occlusion the contact of the upper and lower teeth in the centric relationship.
protrusive occlusion anteroclusion.
retrusive occlusion distoclusion.
venous occlusion the blocking of venous return.
Gingl$moi: Pertaining to, or resembling, a ginglymus, or hinge joint; ginglyform( khp
b!n l"#
Arthroial ;oint: @hC% %hDng
Gingl$moarthroial: @hC% !En lFA khC% %hDng
Nonossifie: khGng cHt hIa
#$ T%e ter& 're&(tur)t* )&'+)es t%(t t%e ,-nt(,t )s e)t%er -n (n
)n,+)ne -r )s )n (n (re( t%(t )s n-t ,-ns).ere. st(/+e (0-r t%e
teet% (n.1-r t%e ,-n.*+es)
J& laterotrusi"e K working sie
1& meiotrusi"e K !alancing sie
PIT
pinpoint DEPRESSION at the JUNCTION of 2 or more DEVELOPMENTAL
GROOVES
SULCUS
LONG depreion or VALLE! "et#een the primar$ part of a %ro#n
CUSP-TO-FOSSA
o%%&'a& %heme DEVELOPED "$ DR( T( EVERETT PA!NE) TAUG*T
#or&d#ide "$ DR( P( +( T*OMAS
CUSP-TO-MARGINAL-RIDGE
o%%&'a& %heme ta',ht "$ DR( *ARR! LUNDEEN
CONTACT POINT
#here 2 OPPOSING TEET* to'%h
CONTACT AREA
#here 2 ADJACENT TEET* to'%h
DEVELOPMENTAL GROOVE
GROOVE on the OCCLUSAL SUR-ACE of a poterior tooth .ET/EEN the
PRIMAR! PARTS of the %ro#n
CENTRAL DEVELOPMENTAL GROOVE
(or CENTRAL GROOVE)
the PRIMAR! DEVELOPMENTAL GROOVE %roin, the OCCLUSAL
SUR-ACE of a poterior tooth from MESIAL to DISTAL ide) DIVIDING it
into .UCCAL 0 LINGUAL ide
SUPPLEMENTAL or SECONDARY GROOVE
a S*ALLO/) IRREGULAR GROOVE on the OCCLUSAL SUR-ACE of a
poterior tooth
OBLIQUE RIDGE
RIDGE on the OCCLUSAL SUR-ACE of the MA1ILLAR! 2t MOLAR 345)
4267) %roin, o"&i8'e&$ from MESIOLINGUAL %'p tip to DISTO.UCCAL
%'p tip
3ML L D.7
TUBERCLE
ma&& NODULE 3e&e9ation7 of ENAMEL
OVERJET
*ORI:ONTAL RELATIONS*IP of ma;i&&ar$ o9er mandi"'&ar teeth
OVERBITE
VERTICAL RELATIONS*IP of ma;i&&ar$ o9er mandi"'&ar teeth
MALOCCLUSION
A.NORMAL o%%&'ion
CENTRIC OCCLUSION
RELATIONS*IP of the OCCLUSAL SUR-ACES of one ar%h to thoe of the
other /*EN JA/S are CLOSED 0 TEET* are in MA1IMUM
INTERCUSPATION
CENTRIC RELATION
ARC*<TO<ARC* RELATIONS*IP of ma;i&&ae to mandi"&e /*EN
COND!LES are in their MOST UP/ARD POSITION) MANDI.LE i in it
MOST POSTERIOR POSITION) 0 JA/ i MOST .RACED "$ it
m'%'&at're
ALVEOLUS
SOC+ET in the ALVEOLAR .ONE in #hi%h the ROOT if the tooth i he&d
DECIDUOUS DENTITION
(or PRIMARY DENTITION)
.A.! TEET* or MIL+ TEET* 32=7) f'&&$ er'pted >2? $ear
LINE ANGLE
JUNCTION of 2 SUR-ACES
POINT ANGLE
JUNCTION of 5 SUR-ACES
RIDGE
&on,) narro# CREST 3&inear e&e9ation7 on the 'rfa%e of a tooth
TRIANGULAR RIDGE
RIDGE on the OCCLUSAL SUR-ACE of a poterior tooth e;tendin,
3de%endin,7 from a CUSP TIP to the CENTRAL GROOVE
TRANSVERSE RIDGE
RIDGE on the OCCLUSAL SUR-ACE of a poterior tooth formed "$ the
UNION of 2 TRIANGULAR RIDGES) %roin, from .UCCAL to LINGUAL
ide
Overjet
Norma& amo'nt of *ORI:ONTAL o9er&ap "et#een the 2 ar%he
2_
Over!te
norma& amo'nt of VERTICAL o9er&ap "et#een the 2 ar%he
2_
Nor"#$ O%%$&'!o(
#hen %&o're of 52 teeth re'&t in the optim'm 25@ o%%&'a& %onta%t(
Se&dom o%%'r((("'t dentition in %entri% o%%&'ion 'ed a the tandard for
de%ri"in, norma& o%%&'ion
2_
Ce(tr!% O%%$&'!o(
poition of the dentition #hen the Aa# are %&oed( A&&o# for the ma;im'm
interdi,itation of teeth
2_
I(ter)!*!t#t!o(
The %'p<to<foa re&ationhip of the 'pper and &o#er poterior teeth to one
another(
The inter&o%Bin, or fittin, to,ether of the %'p of oppoin, teeth
2_
E#%+ Ar%+ o, t+e -er"#(e(t )e(t!t!o( !' )!v!)e) !(to .+#t /
'e*"e(t'
Anterior Se,mentC in%&'de the anterior teeth
Midd&e Se,mentC In%&'de the premo&ar
Poterior Se,mentC in%&'de the mo&ar
2_
0+#t #r%+ 'e*"e(t !(%$&)e' t+e %#(!(e' #() ,!r't "o$#r'1
%anine and firt mo&ar %ooperate in more than one e,ment( The$ a&o
f'n%tion a an%hor 'pport for "oth ar%he(
2_
Lee.#2 S-#%e3
the differen%e in iDe meiodita&&$ "et#een the primar$ mo&ar and the
permanent premo&arE the e;tra pa%e that the primar$ %anine and mo&ar
o%%'p$ to he&p a9e room for their permanent '%%eor
2_
Pr!"#te S-#%e3
&ar,et pa%e 3diatema7 often fo'nd Meia& to the ma;i&&ar$ %anine and
dita& to the mandi"'&ar %anine
2_
P+#'e' o, Ar%+ Deve$o-"e(t
phae 2C er'ption of permanent firt mo&ar
phae 2C er'ption of permanent anterior teeth
phae 5C er'ption of the premo&ar
phae 6C er'ption of the %anine 0 the e%ond mo&ar
phae FC er'ption of the third mo&ar
2_
C&rve o, S-ee3
ma;i&&ar$ ar%h i %on9e; o%%&'a&&$) and the mandi"'&ar ar%h i %on%a9e
2_
C&rve o, 0!$'o(
a %on%a9e %'r9e #hi%h re'&t #hen a fronta& e%tion i taBen thro',h ea%h
et of "oth ma;i&&ar$ and mandi"'&ar mo&ar
2_
S&--ort!(* %&'-'
the %'p that f'n%tion d'rin, %entri% o%%&'ion(
&in,'a& %'p of ma;i&&ar$ poterior teeth
"'%%a& %'p of the mandi"'&ar poterior teeth
in%ia& ed,e of the mandi"'&ar anterior teeth
2_
Ce(tr!% Re$#t!o(
the poition of the mandi"&e re&ati9e to the ma;i&&ae( It the poition #hen
the mandi"&e i in the mot retr'ded poition( It i determined m$ the
ma;im'm %ontra%tion of the m'%&e of the Aa#
2_
C#(!(e R!'e
In norma& o%%&'ion) the %anine ho'&d "e the on&$ tooth in f'n%tion d'rin,
&atera& o%%&'ion
2_
For Protr&'!ve o%%$&'!o(4 .+!%+ teet+ #re (or"#$$2 !( %o(t#%t1
the ei,ht mot ANTERIOR teeth of "oth ar%he are norma&&$ in %onta%t
2_
5o. )o 2o& ev#$&#te t+e $#ter#$ o%%$&'!o(
made "$ mo9in, the mandi"&e either to the ri,ht or &eft 'nti& the %anine on
that ide are in a %'p<to<%'p re&ationhip
2_
0or6!(* S!)e
D'rin, &atera& o%%&'ion the #orBin, ide i the ide to #hi%h the mandi"&e
ha "een mo9ed
2_
B#$#(%!(* S!)e7
No(-0or6!(* S!)e
D'rin, &atera& o%%&'ion the "a&an%in, ide i the ide of the ar%h that i
oppoite the #orBin, ide
2_
Ev#$&#t!o( o, t+e LATERAL OCCLUSION !' "#)e 2 "ov!(*
.+#t1
i made "$ mo9in, the mandi"&e #ither to the ri,ht or &eft 'nti& the %anine
on that ide are in a %'p<to<%'p re&ationhip
2_
I(tero%%$&'#$ %$e#r#(%e
a pa%e 2<5mm "et#een the mati%ator$ 'rfa%e of the ma;i&&ar$ and
mandi"'&ar teeth( O%%'r #hen the mandi"&e i in ret poition
2_
0+#t 6!() o, %$e#r#(%e !' -re'e(t )&r!(* t+e M#()!&$#r Re't
Po'!t!o(
Intero%%&'a& %&earan%e
2_
Ce(tr!% Sto-'
#hen the teeth are in %entri% o%%&'ion the$ ha9e ma;im'm interdi,itation(
there are 5
2_
/ #re#' o, Ce(tr!% Sto-'
2( hei,ht of %'p %onto'r
2( Mar,ina& rid,e
5( %entra& foae
2_
M#$o%%$&'!o(
"ad G %&oe H &a%B of an o9era&& idea& form in the dentition #hi&e in %entri%
o%%&'ion
2_
8 %$#''!,!%#t!o(' '2'te"' o, M#$o%%$&'!o(
2( Denta& C&aifi%ationC .aed on the re&ationhip of teeth( U'a&&$ the
permanent 2t mo&ar and %anine are 'ed( Not %ommon&$ 'ed an$more
2( An,&eI C&aifi%ationC 5 %&ae a%%ordin, to poition of the permanent
ma;i&&ar$ firt mo&ar to the mandi"'&ar firt mo&ar JtaBe pe%ia& note of the
mandi"'&ar 2t Mo&ar
2_
C$#'' I M#$o%%$&'!o(
Ne'tro%&'ion
idea& meiodita& re&ationhip of Aa# and denta& ar%he #ith minor denta&
ma&a&i,nment
J
Mao,nathi% Profi&e
2_
C$#'' II M#$o%%$&'!o(
Dito%&'ion
M. %'p of the ma;i&&ar$ firt mo&ar o%%&'din, "$ more than the #idth of a
premo&ar meia& to the meio"'%%a& ,roo9e of the mandi"'&ar firt mo&ar(
*a 2 '",ro'pC Di9iion I 0 Di9iion 2
2_
C$#'' II M#$o%%$&'!o(4 D!v!'!o( I
permanent dentition) ma;i&&ar$ anterior protr'de fa%ia&&$ from the
mandi"'&ar anterior
mandi"'&ar in%ior ''a&&$ o9erer'pt) %a'in, e9ere o9er"ite 3deep
o9er"ite7(
Pa&ate narro# or 9<haped) protr'din, 'pper &ip or re%ei9e mandi"&e or
%hin or %on9e; profi&e( Retro,nathi% Profi&e
2_
C$#'' II M#$o%%$&'!o(4 D!v!'!o( II
permanent dentition) mo&ar are in ame poition) "'t rather than ha9in,
protr'ion ma;i&&ar$ anterior) the ma; %entra& in%ior are either 'pri,ht or
retr'ded) ma; &atera& in%ior tipped &a"ia&&$ or o9er&ap the %entra& in%ior)
o9er"ite e9ere $et pa&ate i norma& or #ide 3%ompared #ith Di9 I7
Meo,nathi% profi&e) often #ith prominent %hin
2_
C$#'' III M#$o%%$&'!o(
Meio%&'ion
Mandi"&'ar in%ior in %omp&ete %ro"ite
Pro,nathi% profi&e
2_
O%%$&'!o(
the #a$ the ma;i&&ar$ and mandi"'&ar teeth are in %onta%t #ith one another
#hen the Aa# are f'&&$ %&oed and "Kn the teeth in the ame ar%h(
2_
0+e( )oe' o%%$&'!o( )eve$o-1
#hen primar$ teeth er'pt) #hen &earnin, to eat and ta&B
2_
0+#t !' O%%$&'!o( )e-e()e(t o(1
O%%&'ion of the er'ptin, permanent teeth are dependent on the o%%&'ion of
the primar$ teeth a the$ are "ein, hed
2_
0+#t ,#%tor' #re !(vo$ve) .!t+ t+e )eve$o-"e(t o, t+e o%%$&'!o(1
Ao%iated M'%'&at're
Ne'rom'%'&ar pattern
TMJ Joint f'n%tionin,
2_
0+#t #re t+e / '6e$et#$ "#$o%%$&'!o('
In9o&9e 5 "ai% patia& p&aneC
2( *oriDonta& ma&o%%&'ion
2(Verti%a& Ma&o%%&'ion
5(Tran9ere Ma&o%%&'ion
2_
5or!9o(t#$ M#$o%%$&'!o('
C&a II or C&a III ma&o%%&'ion
2_
Vert!%#$ M#$o%%$&'!o('
Open "ite and e9ere o9er"ite
2_
Tr#('ver'e M#$o%%$&'!o('
Cro"ite
2_
Me'!#$ Ste-
the Primar$ mandi"'&ar e%ond mo&ar i meia& to the ma;i&&ar$ e%ond
mo&ar
2_
F$&'+ Ter"!(#$ P$#(e3
The Primar$ ma;i&&ar$ and mandi"'&ar e%ond mo&ar are in a end<to<end
re&ationhip
2_
D!'t#$ Ste-
the primar$ mandi"'&ar e%ond mo&ar i dita& to the ma;i&&ar$ e%ond mo&ar
2_
0+#t )eter"!(e' !, !t' # 'te- or # -$#(e1
the re&ationhip of the firt permanent mo&ar to ea%hother
2_
P#r#,&(%t!o(#$ +#!t'3
Mo9ement of the mandi"&e that are NOT #ithin the norma& ROM 'ed #ith
pee%h) mati%ation or repitor$ mo9ement( e;(C&en%hin,)
Studied by 27 people

4ore
occlusion

Created by sandycheeks76
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144 terms
o%%$&'!o(
the re&ationhip of the teeth in the mandi"'&ar ar%h to thoe in the ma;i&&ar$
ar%h a the$ are "ro',ht to,ether
2_
)!#'te"#'
pa%e "et#een t#o teeth
2_
-r!"#te '-#%e'
ma;i&&ar$<"et#een %anine and &atera&
mandi"'&ar<"et#een %anine and 2t mo&ar
2_
o%%$&'!o( -#tter(
primar$ teeth et LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL for permanent
2_
$ee.#2 '-#%e'
de%id'o' mo&ar and %anine are #ider than permanent premo&ar and
%anineE pa%e a9ed d'rin, meia& drift of permanent mo&ar
2_
"e'!#$ 'te-
mandi"'&ar mo&ar more meia& than ma;i&&ar$ mo&ar 3mot %hi&dren7
2_
,$&'+ ter"!(#$ -$#(e
mandi"'&ar mo&ar and ma;i&&ar$ mo&ar are e9en
2_
)!'t#$ 'te-
mandi"'&ar mo&ar more dita& than ma;i&&ar$ mo&ar
2_
%&rve o, '-ee
%'r9e of the o%%&'a& p&aneE from anterior to poterior) in%reae #ith a,e
2_
(or"#$ %&rve o, '-ee
tart aro'nd the meia& of the 2t mo&ar
2_
-re"#t&re %&rve o, '-ee
tart %&oer to premo&ar
2_
$#te %&rve o, '-ee
tart %&oer to the poterior of the 2t mo&ar
2_
%&rve o, .!$'o(
tran9ere o%%&'a& %'r9at'reE poterior teethE medio<&atera& potion 3r<&7
2_
%&rve o, "o('o(
%'r9e pee 0 #i&on) 5<d) not pro9en
2_
%e(tr!% re$#t!o(
re&ationhip of the ar%he "one to "oneE
2_
%e(tr!% o%%$&'!o(
re&ationhip of the teeth in oppoite ar%heE tati% poition
2_
ot+er (#"e' ,or %e(tr!% o%%$&'!o(
ha"it'a&) a%8'ired) %on9enien%e) inter%'pa& 0 tati%
2_
)2(#"!% o%%$&'!o(
f'n%tiona& o%%&'ion
2_
+or!9o(t#$ over$#-
ma;i&&ar$ o9er&ap mandi"'&arE #ho&e ar%h
2_
vert!%#$ over$#-
o9er&ap of anterior teeth
2_
!(ter)!*!t#t!o(
ma;im'm to'%hin, of ma; and mand
2_
!(ter%&'-#t!o(
ma;im'm inter&o%Bin, of %'p
2_
"o$#r re$#t!o('+!-
m" %'p of ma; 2t mo&ar<"'%%a& ,roo9e of mand 2t mo&ar
2_
%#(!(e re$#t!o('+!-
ma; %anine o%%&'de #ith mand( %anine and mand( 2t premo&ar(
2_
-o'ter!or %ro''!te
mand( fa%ia& or &in,'a& to ma;() 'nit&atera& or "i&atera&E in%orre%t horiDonta&
o9er&ap
2_
#(ter!or %ro''!te
ma;( in%ior &in,'a& to mand( in%iorE in%orre%t horiDonta& o9er&ap
2_
e)*e to e)*e
anteriorE no horiDonta& o9er&ap
2_
e() to e()
poteriorE no horiDonta& o9er&ap
2_
o-e( !te
anterior or poteriorE "i&atera& or 'nit&atera&) anterior more %ommon
2_
%#&'e' o, o-e( !te
ton,'e thr'tin,E th'm" '%Bin,) pa%ifier
2_
!(ter-#r%+
indi9id'a& teeth from ea%h ar%h %an "e in9o&9ed in LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL
ma&o%%&'ion
2_
o-e(!te
42= 0 425
2_
%ro''!te
4M) 2N) 2M
2_
overjet
mea'rement of horiDonta& o9er&ap #K pro"e
2_
&()erjet
horiDonta& ditan%e of anterior teeth in %ro"ite
2_
over!te
9erti%a& o9er&appin,
2_
(or"#$ over!te
in%ia& 5rd
2_
"o)er#te over!te
midd&e 5rd
2_
'evere over!te
%er9i%a& 5rd
2_
tor'over'!o(
rotated or t#itedE rotated meia& or dita&
2_
$#!#$ver'!o( or &%%over'!o(
tooth poitioned more fa%ia&
2_
$!(*&over'!o(
tooth poitioned more &in,'a&
2_
'&-r#ver'!o(
a"o9e o%%&'a& p&ane
2_
!(,r#ver'!o(
"e&o# o%%&'a& p&ane
2_
)r!,te) "e'!#$
tooth e;tra%ted
2_
%$#'' I
meo,nathi% profi&e
2_
%$#'' II4
retro,nathi% profi&e
2_
%$#'' III
pro,nathi% profi&e
2_
,&(%t!o(#$ o%%$&'!o(
ao%iated #ith performan%eE a&& %onta%t d'rin, f'n%tion of the ora& %a9it$
2_
,&(%t!o(#$ %o(t#%t'
norma& %onta%t "et#een ma;( and mand( teethE momentar$ %onta%t
2_
-#r#,&(%t!o(#$ %o(t#%t'
a"norma& %onta%tE o%%&'a& ha"it) and ne'roe
2_
)!v!'!o(' o, -#r#,&(%t!o(#$ %o(t#%t'
tooth<tooth %onta%tE tooth<hard o"Ae%t %onta%tE tooth<ora& ti'e %onta%t
2_
%o()!t!o(' t+#t o%%&r !( %$#'' I "#$o%%$&'!o(
ma&poition) %ro#ded anterior teeth) protr'ded or retr'ded ma; in%ior)
anteriorKpoterior %ro"ite) meia& drift
2_
%$#'' II4 )!v :
retro,nathi% profi&e)"'%%a& ,roo9e of mand( 2t mo&ar<dita& to m" %'p of 2t
ma;(mo&ar)dita& of mand %anine dita& to meia& of ma; %anine) tenden%$
to#ard %&a II
2_
%o()!t!o(' t+#t o%%&r !( %$#'' II4 )!v I
mand( retr'ded<ma;( in%ior protr'dedE deep o9er"iteE e;%ei9e o9erAet)
a"norma& m'%&e f'n%tion) hort mandi"&e) hort 'pper &ip
2_
%$#'' II4 )!v 8
retro,nathi% profi&eE "'%%a& ,roo9e of mand 2t mo&ar<dita& to m" %'p of
ma; 2tE dita& of mand( %anine dita& to meia& to ma; %aniine) tenden%$
to#ard %&a II
2_
%o()!t!o(' t+#t o%%&r !( %$#'' II4 )!v 8
mand( retr'ded<one or more ma;( in%ior retr'dedE ma;( &atera&
protr'ded<ma; %entra& retr'dedE %ro#ded ma; anterior teethE deep o9er"ite
2_
%$#'' III4 %$#''!,!%#!to(
pro,nathi% profi&eE "'%%a& ,roo9e of mand( 2t mo&ar<meia& to m" %'p of
ma;( 2t mo&arE dita& of mand( %anine meia& to meia& of ma; %anineE
tenden%$ to#ard %&a III
2_
%o()!t!o(' t+#t o%%&r !( %$#'' III
anterior %ro"iteE ma;Kmand in%ior<ed,e to ed,e o%%&'ionE %ro#ded
mand( in%ior
2_
%e(tr!% o%%$&'!o(
ma;ima& inter%'pation or %onta%t of the ma; and mand teeth
2_
%e(tr!% re$#t!o(
mot retr'ded poition of the mandi"&e in re&ation to the ma;i&&a from #hi%h
&atera& m9mt of the Aa# %an "e made
2_
"#$o%%$&'!o(
an$ de9iation from the idea& or norma& o%%&( in%&'de %ro#din,)
ma&poitioned or tipped teeth
2_
,&(%t!o(#$ o%%$&'!o(
teeth that are in f'n% #hen the mandi"&e mo9e in &atera& or protr'i9e
e;%'rion or m9mt
2_
$e,t .or6!(* "ove"e(t
if the mandi"&e mo9e to the &eft) the m9mt i Bno#n a a &eft #orBin,
mo9ement
2_
(o( .or6!(* or #$#(%!(* '!)e
d'rin, a &eft #orBin, mo9ement) the ri,ht ide i Bno#n a the
2_
*ro&- ,&(%t!o(
&atera& m9mt re'&t in %onta%%t of a&& poterior teeth
2_
%#(!(e *&!)#(%e or -rote%t!o(
&atera& m9mt re'&t in %onta%t "t#n the ma; and mand %anine
2_
De(t&re'
need tooth to tooth %onta%t on "oth #orBin, and non #orBin, ide to f'n%
effe%ti9e&$
2_
-rotr&'!ve o%%$&'!o(
m9mt of the mandi"&e in a dire%tion anterior to %entri% o%%
2_
#(ter!or teet+
,'idan%e for protr'i9e o%% ho'&d "e on the
2_
-o'ter!or %o(t#%t
d'rin, protr'i9e o%%) LLLLLL i %onidered 'ndeira"&e
2_
-+2'!o$o*!% o%%$&'!o(
$mptom free dentition that O'r9i9eO or OadaptO to a de9iated o%%&
2_
%$#'' II "#$o%%$&'!o(
"'%B teeth are %ommon and are %onidered
2_
-#t+o$o*!% o%%$&'!o(
patient ho# e9iden%e or i,n and $ptom of o%% dieae
2_
tr#&"#t!% over!te
o9er%&o're of the anterior teeth %an %a'e tra'ma to the ,in,i9a of the ma;
teeth
2_
o%%$&'#$ tr#&"#
inA'r$ to the atta%hment apparat' 3"one) PDL) and %ement'm7 a a
%one8'en%e of norma& or e;%ei9e o%% for%e
2_
e;%e''!ve o%%$&'#$ ,or%e
%an affe%t the TMJ) m'%&e of mati%ation) p'&p and inte,rit$ of retoration
2_
tr#&"#to*e(!% o%%$&'!o(
an$ o%%& that prod'%e for%e that dire%t&$ or indire%t&$ %a'e inA'r$ to the
atta%hment apparat'
2_
-re"#t&re o%%$&'#$ %o(t#%t
a tooth that o%%&'de #ith an oppoin, tooth "efore f'&& %&o're i a%hie9ed
in %entri% o%%&'ion
2_
-+2'!o$o*!% o%%$&'!o(
'r9i9a& of the dentition depite it de9iation from a pre%on%ei9ed
h$potheti%a& norma&
2_
%$#'' II )!v!'!o( I o%%$&'!o(
ton,'e thr't or th'm" '%Bin, %an %a'e
2_
%o)e'tr&%t!ve t+eor2
o%%&'a& for%e #i&& a%%e&erate the rate of perio detr'%tion and re'&t in CT
atta%hment &o in the preen%e of pree;itin, inf&ammation
2_
G$!%6"#( :<=/
introd'%ed the %on%ept of %odetr'%tion
2_
o'teo%$#'t re'or-t!o(
#idenin, of the PDL in area 'nder pre're re'&t d'e to
2_
%#&'e' o, -r!"#r2 o%%$&'#$ tr#&"#
hi,h retoration) paraf'n%tiona& ha"it) ma&poitioned tooth) periapi%a&
a"%e) ph$i%a& O"&o#O) remo9a"&e partia&) ortho m9mt
2_
'e%o()#r2 o%%$&'#$ tr#&"#
the tooth ha in'ffi%ient "one 'pport and norma& %he#in, and #a&&o#in,
for%e are e;%ei9e) %a'in, inA'r$ to the atta%hment appartat'
2_
o(e '&--ort
differen%e "et#een primar$ and e%ondar$ o%% tra'ma
2_
toot+ "o!$!t2
e9ere ,in, inf&ammation e;tendin, into CT atta%hment) &o of 'pportin,
a&9eo&ar "one) pre,nan%$) ortho m9mt) and 'r,i%a& therap$) ma$ a&& %a'e
LLLLLL
2_
,re"!t&'
9i"rationa& m9mt of a tooth 'nder o%% f'n%tion
2_
-#t+o$o*!% toot+ "!*r#t!o(
''a&&$ indi%ati9e of moderate to e9er perio and e%ondar$ o%% tra'ma
2_
te"-or#$!' #() "#''eter
m'%&e that #orB the Aa#E ma$ "e%ome ore d'e to o%% tra'ma
2_
%re't#$ ,&((e$!(*
Radio,raphi%a&&$) the PDL pa%e i #ider at the %orona& third of the root
2_
+2-er%e"e(to'!'
e;%ei9e depoition of %ement'm aro'nd the ape;) d'e to e;%ei9e o%%&'a&
for%e
2_
o%%$&'#$ tr#&"#
mo"i&it$) mi,ration) pain) premat're %onta%t) #idenin, of PDL)
paraf'ntiona& ha"it) TMJ pro"&em) a&& re'&t in LLLLLLLLL
2_
'e$e%t!ve *r!()!(* or o%%$&'#$ e>&!$!r#t!o(
rehapin, of the o%% or in%ia& 'rfa%e of teeth to %reate %onta%t "t#n 'pper
and &o#er dentition
2_
%e(tr!% o%%$&'!o(4 %e(tr!% re$#t!o(4 -rotr&'!ve #() $#ter#$
"ove"e(t'
d'rin, e&e%ti9e ,rindin,) o%%&'ion ho'&d "e adA'ted in #hat fo'r
re&ationhip
2_
!(,$#""#t!o(
e&e%ti9e ,rindin, ho'&d a&#a$ "e %omp&eted after LLLLLL ha "een
%ontro&&ed
2_
+#.$e2 #--$!#(%e
o%%&'a& ,'ard H
2_
'-$!(t!(*
permit hea&in, of the atta%hment apparat' "$ ho&din, a tooth in a tota&&$
fi;ed poitionE a&&o# the PDL to "e%ome narro#er and the mo"i&it$ to "e
red'%ed
2_
*!(*!v#
#hat i not affe%ted "$ o%% tra'ma
2_
-r!"#r2 o%%$&'#$ tr#&"#
e;%ei9e o%% for%e #ith ade8'ate "one 'pport H
2_
o%%$&'#$ ero'!o(
LLLL i not a i,n of o%%& tra'ma
2_
)e%re#'e over t!"e
after periodonta& ',er$) mo"i&it$ #i&& LLLLLLLL
2_
5o. t+e )!#'te"#' #re %$o'e) &-(!(%$&)!(* -r!"#te' '-#%e')
The permanent mo&ar er'pt poterior to the primar$ teeth and p'h them
a&& meia&&$
2_
Lee.#2 '-#%e
.e%a'e the permanent premo&ar are narro#er than the primar$ mo&ar
that the$ rep&a%e) thi i #hat happen #hen the premo&ar er'pt
2_
Co()2$e' o, t+e "#()!$e %o(t!(&e *ro. ???t+#( t+e "#;!$$#
&ater
2_
I, t+e %o()2$e' %o(t!(&e to *ro.4 e;tre"e "e'!#$ 'te- .!$$ t&r(
!(to ???
C&a III 3ma&7o%%&'ion of permanent teeth
2_
M#$o%%$&'!o(
Teeth are mia&i,ned #hen "itin, to,ether
2_
I, t+e "#;!$$# o&t*ro.' t+e "#()!$e4 # C$#'' ??? o, -er"#(e(t
teet+ o%%&r'
II 3ma&7o%%&'ion
2_
O%%$&'!o( %#( e #,,e%te) 2
*ereditar$) Ton,'e) Inter%'pation of teeth) A&i,nment of pre9io'&$
er'pted teeth affe%t a&i,nment of '%%ei9e teeth
2_
5ere)!t#r2 ,#%tor' !(%$&)e
Con,enita&&$ miin, teeth) Impa%ted teeth 0 iDe and hape of m'%&e and
"one
2_
Protr&'!o(
Ma;i&&ar$ anterior teeth ti%B o't &a"ia&&$ from ton,'e thr'tin,
2_
O-e( !te
Anterior teeth do not o%%&'de) or remain open) #hi&e poterior teeth ma$
ha9e a norma& o%%&'ion
2_
Retr&'!o(
The patient i %ontant&$ ti,htenin, the &o#er &ip a,aint the &o#er anterior
teeth %a'in, the the mandi"'&ar teeth to "e p'hed "a%B into the mo'th "$
thi o9erde9e&oped &o#er &ip
2_
I(ter%&'-#t!o(
/hen the Aa# are %&oed) the "'%%a& %'p of the mandi"'&ar poterior teeth
are inter&o%Bed "et#een the "'%%a& 0 &in,'a& %'p of the ma;i&&ar$ teeth
2_
C&rve o, S-ee
C'r9ed a&i,nment of the o%%&'a& p&ane #hen &ooBin, from a &atera&
9ie#3dita& to meia&7
2_
C&rve o, 0!$'o(
C'r9ed a&i,nment of the o%%&'a& p&ane #hen &ooBin, from a poterior
9ie#3ri,ht to &eft7
2_
A( !)e#$ %&rve o, '-ee .o&$) e
a %ontin'ation of the pee of to e;tend thro',h the %ond$&e
2_
M#()!&$#r -o'ter!or teet+ vert!%#$ #$!*("e(t
Cro#n tipped &in,'a&&$) root tipped &atera&&$
2_
M#;!$$#r2 -o'ter!or teet+ vert!%#$ #$!*("e(t
S&i,ht "'%%a& in%&ination of %ro#n) &in,'a& in%&ination of root
2_
Fro" $#ter#$ v!e.4 #$$ teet+(e;%e-t "#;@/r)') $e#( ???A #(ter!or
teet+ $e#( ???
Meia&&$) La"ia&&$
2_
Fro" # ,ro(t#$ v!e.4 #(ter!or teet+ $e#( ???
Latera&&$
2_
Ce(tr!% re$#t!o(
Poition of the mandi"&e re&ati9e to the ma;i&&a d'rin, #a&&o#in, and other
time #hen the Aa# m'%&e %ontra%t
2_
Ce(tr!%(+#!t&#$) o%%$&'!o(
The #a$ $o' norma&&$ "ite $o'r teeth to,ether #hen not %he#in,
2_
Ce(tr!% o%%$&'!o( !' #$'o %#$$e)
A8'ired %entri% o%%&'ion) ha"it'a& o%%&'ion) %on9ienien%e o%%&'ion) or
inter%'pa& poition
2_
T+e %&'-' o, t+e ??? teet+ over$#- t+e %&'-' o, t+e ???? teet+ 'o
t+#t t+e &%%#$ %&'-' o, t+e "#;!$$#r2 teet+ #re ??? to t+e &%%#$
%&'-' o, t+e "#()!&$#r teet+
Ma;i&&ar$) Mandi"'&ar) -a%ia&
2_
Overjet
Re&ationhip of teeth in #hi%h the in%ia& rid,e or "'%%a& %'p rid,e of the
ma;i&&ar$ anterior teeth e;tend fa%ia&&$ to the in%ia& rid,eK%'p of the
mandi"'&ar teeth #hen the teeth are in %entri% o%%&'ion re&ationhip
2_
U()erjet
Ma;i&&ar$ in%ior are are &in,'a& to mandi"'&ar in%ior
2_
Over!t
Re&ationhip of the teeth in #hi%h the in%ia& rid,e of the ma;i&&ar$ anterior
teeth e;tend "e&o# the in%ia& ed,e of the mandi"'&ar anterior teeth #hen
the teeth are p&a%ed in a %entri% o%%&'a& re&ationhip
2_
Over!te !' # ??? "e#'&re"e(t
Verti%a&
2_
Overjet !' # ??? "e#'&re"e(t
*oriDonta&
2_
Cro''!te
Mot %ommon %a'e i #hen the ma;i&&a doe not ,ro# in proportion to the
mandi"&e
2_
B!$#ter#$ %ro''!te o%%&r' o(
.oth ide
2_
E)*e to e)*e !te o%%&r' .+e(
C'p of ma;i&&ar$ teeth dire%t&$ o9er %'p of mandi"'&ar teeth
2_
U(!$#ter#$ %ro''!te o%%&r' .+e(
Patient for%e teeth to,ether in %entri% o%%&'ion on one ide to ,et a more
f'n%tiona& "ite and ha a %ro"ite on the other ide3the mid&ine of the
ma;i&&ar$ anterior teeth doe not &ine 'p #ith the mid&ineof the mandi"&e
2_
A%ro"e*#$2
Gro#th hormone im"a&an%e that %a'e the mandi"&e to ,ro# fater than the
ma;i&&a3a&& teeth are in %ro"ite7
2_
M!)$!(e )ev!#t!o(
Conta%t "et#een ma;i&&ar$ in%ior doe not &ine 'p #ith %onta%t of
mandi"'&ar in%ior
2_
L#ter#$ e;%&r'!o(
Mandi"&e mo9e to the ri,ht or &eft
2_
0or6!(* '!)e
The ide to #hi%h the mandi"&e mo9e3%he#in, ide7
2_
No(.or6!(* '!)e
/hen no teeth are %onta%tin, on thi ide
2_
Pre"#t&re %o(t#%t
/hen one tooth hit "efore a&& other #hen %&oin, teeth to,ether3ma$ %a'e
TMJ pro"&em7
2_
A,r#%t!o(
Doe not re'&t from "r'hin, at a&&) "'t from tra'mati% &atera& for%e p&a%ed
on the teeth a a re'&t of a ma&o%%&'ion or a"norma& ton,'e a%ti9it$( Root
'rfa%e i e;poed 0 %an "e%ome %ario'
2_
Attr!t!o(
Ma&o%%&'ion %a'e e;%ei9e in%ia& or o%%&'a& #ear3attrition7E teeth
%ontin'e to er'pt in order to o%%&'de #ith teeth in the oppoite ar%h 0 root
"e%ome e;poed
2_
M!'#$!*("e(t o, teet+
Can "e %a'ed "$ for%e of ma&o%%&'ion) teeth %an "e%ome &ooe)
periodonta& dieae ma$ de9e&op3a&9eo&ar "one &o7
2_
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3a Occlusion Related to Fixed Prosth Course III


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30 terms 3a Occlusion Related to i!ed "rosth Course ###
M#;!"&" I(ter%&'-#t!o(
%omp&ete inter%'pation of the oppoin, teeth independent of %ond$&ar
poition 3 A&& the teeth are in o%%&'ion #ith o't pre're "ein, p't on the
teeth7
2_
O%%$&'#$ S%+e"e'
&o%ation of the o%%&'a& %onta%t made "$ the f'n%tiona& %'p on the oppoin,
tooth in ma;im'm inter%'pation
2_
T2-e' o, %&'-'
Shearin,3non<f'n%tiona&7 and Stamp3f'n%tiona&7
2_
S+e#r!(* %&'-((o(-,&(%t!o(#$)
<Conta%t on either the "'%%a& or &in,'a& %'p in%&ine) "'t not on "oth(
<.'%%a& of 'pperK&in,'a& of &o#er 3e;%ept in %ro"ite it'ation7(
<DOES NOT MAINTAIN VDO
2_
St#"-(,&(%t!o(#$)
<Centri% %onta%t on "oth the "'%%a& and &in,'a& %'p in%&ine(
<Lin,'a& of the 'pperK"'%%a& of the &o#er 3e;%ept in %ro"ite it'ation7(
<Maintain %ontant ditan%e "et#een 'pper and &o#er Aa# in
ma;im'minter%'pation 3MAINTAINS VDO7(
2_
C&'- to E"r#'&re
<PFQ of dentition
<-'n%tiona& %'p interdi,itate in the oppoin, foae and
mar,ina& rid,e(
<One tooth to t#o teeth re&ationhip and are mot #ide&$ fo'nd in nat'ra&
dentition(
<Diad9anta,eC food impa%t
2_
C&'- to Fo''#
<FQ dentition
<One to One re&ationhip
Ad9anta,eC "etter dire%t for%e o9er the &on, a;i) tooth ta"i&it$ "e%a'e
more %'p are harin, the for%e) pre9ent food immpa%tion) &e o%%&'a&
#ear
2_
I(tero%%$&'#$ Co(t#%t'
*i,h O%%&'a&
No O%%&'a&
Tripodim
2_
5!*+ o%%$&'#$ %o(#%t
<%arrie a&& the pre're of mati%ation
< C3 %a'e ad9ere o%%&'a& for%e and 'ne9en &oadin, of the mandi"&e
<dama,e a&9eo&ar "one) periodonta& &i,ament and tree the
temporomandi"'&ar Aoint(
2_
No O%%$&'#$ Co(t#%t
Tooth %ontin'e to er'pt3,ro#7 into %onta%t and tooth ha no ta"i&it$
2_
Tr!-o)!'"
%'p %onta%t ho'&d "e three point
The %'p tip ho'&d ne9er %onta%t the foa) and the "'%%a& and &in,'a& %'p
in%&ine %onta%t the rid,e formin, the oppoin, foa) eta"&ihe and
maintain ta"i&it$) ditri"'te for%e) and a9oid a &o%Bed "ite 3&o%B Aa#7(
2_
Co(#%t'
A) .) C
2_
BAB %o(t#%t
%onta%t o%%'r "et#een the MA1ILLAR! S*EARING and MANDI.ULAR
STAMP
2_
BBB Co(t#%t
"et#een the MA1ILLAR! 0 MANDI.ULAR STAMP CUSPS
2_
BCB Co(t#%t
"et#een the MA1ILLAR! STAMP 0 MANDI.ULAR S*EARING CUSPS
2_
MUST 5AVE BBB CONACT
pro9ide "'%%a& 0 &in,'a& ta"i&it$
#Ko O.O %onta%t MA1 teeth #o'&d mo9e3hift7 "'%%a&&$ and MAN teeth
#o'&d hift &in,'a&&$
2_
C$o'&re #() Sto--er' #() E>&!$!9er'
%ontri"'te to MESIO<DISTAL ta"i&it$
2_
C$o'&re C Sto--er
&o%atedC DISTAL In%&ine of the MA1 poterior teeth
StopC the hin,e %&o're of the mandi"&e
OffetC Offet for%e e;erted "$ e8'a&iDer(
CS<DIMA1
2_
E>&!$!9er
&o%atedC MESIAL in%&ine of the ma;i&&ar$
offetC the for%e e;erted "$ the %&o're and topper
ER<MIMA1
2_
M#()!&$#r "ove"e(t'
<*in,e mo9ementC %ontro& openin, and %&oin,( %ond$&e rotate aro'nd
the tran9ere hin,e a;i
<Protr'ion and Retr'ionC Ca&&ed tran&ator$ 3&idin,7 mo9ement(
<Ri,ht or Left Latera&
2_
Protr&'!o(
"oth %ond$&e &ea9e their foae and mo9e for#ard
onto their eminen%e
2_
Retr&'!o(
"oth %ond$&e mo9e "a%B#ard into their repe%ti9e
foae(
2_
R!*+t or L#ter#$ $e,t
#orBin, ideC ide that the mandi"&e mo9e
.a&an%in, ideC oppoite the #orBin, ide
2_
T2-!%#$ $#ter#$ "ove"e(t
The #orBin, ide %ond$&e rotate in it foa 3rotate aro'nd the a,itta&
a;i7(
The "a&an%in, ide %ond$&e mo9e for#ard and MEDIALL! do#n it
eminen%e 3Oor"itO the #orBin, %ond$&e7(
2_
Gro&- ,&(%t!o('
6 t$peC Norma& o9er&ap of anterior teeth in ma;im'm inter%'pation)
#orBin, %onta%t on
anterior and poterior teeth) no "a&an%in, %onta%t) and protr'i9e %onta%t on
anterior(
UNILATERAL
2_
A(ter!or G&!)#(%e ("&t&#$$2 -rote%te))
<O%%&'ion of %hoi%e
<*oriDonta& o9er&ap of =(= to =(F mm) 9erti%a& 2mm or more
<ma;im'm inter%'pationCIn ma;im'm inter%'pation the poterior teeth
ho&d 9erti%a& dimenion of o%%&'ion 3VDO7) not a&&o#in, %onta%t on the
&in,'a& in%&ine of the anterior teeth(
2_
A)v#(t#*e' o, A(ter!or G&!)#(%e
<anterior teeth prote%t the poterior teeth from &atera& for%e "e%a'e of
di%&'ion of poterior d'rin, e;%'rion( Poterior teeth prote%t the
anterior "$ ta"i&iDin,
<Anterior teeth ha9e &on,er root and are "etter a"&e to offet &atera& tree
#hi&e poterior teeth ha9e horter root and are dei,ned to offet 9erti%a&
o%%&'a& for%e not &atera& for%e
2_
C&'- *&!)#(%e
<A 9er$ %ommon 9ariet$ of anterior ,'idan%e(
<On&$ the 'pper and &o#er %'pid on the #orBin, ide %onta%t(
<A&& other feat're and ad9anta,e of anterior ,'idan%e remain 'n%han,ed(
2_
De$#2e) G&!)#(%e
<E;hi"it horiDonta& o9er&ap %hara%teriti% of ,ro'p f'n%tionE 9erti%a&
o9er&ap %hara%teriti% ao%iated #ith anterior ,'idan%e(
<No "a&an%in, %onta%t
<Anterior protr'i9e %onta%t on&$
2_
A'2""e(tr!%#$ P#tter(
,ro'p f'n%tion on one #orBin, ide and anterior ,'idan%e on the otehr
<*oriDonta&KVerti%a& o9er&ap
<No "a&an%in, %onta%t
<protr'i9e %onta%t are 9aria"&e
2_
Studied by 1 person

Occlusion

Created by $aura%Smiles&$ot
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73 terms
%o()2$#r *&!)#(%e
the f'n%tiona& re&ationhip of the hard and oft ti'e of the
temporomandi"'&ar Aoint #hi%h %ontro& mandi"'&ar mo9ement( The effe%t
of %ond$&ar ,'idan%e are ,reater in the mo&ar re,ion( Ditra%tion of the
%ond$&e d'e to %entri% re&ation or e;%'ri9e interferen%e %an "e harmf'& to
the TMJ(
2_
%&'-!) r!'e (%&'-!) -rote%te) o%%$&'!o()
the %'pid on the #orBin, ide i the on&$ tooth %onta%tin, in a #orBin, ide
mo9ement( A&& other poterior teeth are not in o%%&'a& %onta%t( *e&p
pre9ent #orBin, and "a&an%in, interferen%e(
2_
)e*$&t!t!o(
#a&&o#in,( D'rin, #a&&o#in,) the mandi"&e i ta"i&iDed "$ "rin, teeth into
%entri% o%%&'ion(
2_
)!#*(o't!% %#'t'
a poiti9e &iBene of the ora& %a9it$ for the p'rpoe of t'd$ and treatment
p&annin,(
2_
)2(#"!% o%%$&'!o(
The mo9ement or app&i%ation of for%e "et#een the ar%he #hen one %he#)
"ite) ho&d o"Ae%t or %&en%he teeth(
2_
,#%eo.
an intr'ment that re%ord the re&ation of the ma;i&&ar$ denta& ar%h to the
%rani'm for tranfer of the ma;i&&ar$ %at to the arti%'&ator( Mot fa%e"o#
re&ate the ma;i&&a to an ar"itrar$ hin,e a;i( If the dentit i ,oin, to a&ter the
9erti%a& dimenion) it ma$ "e ne%ear$ to 'e a Binemati% fa%e"o# to re%ord
the tr'e hin,e a;i(
2_
,ree.#2 '-#%e
the ditan%e "et#een the o%%&'din, 'rfa%e of the ma;i&&ar$ and mandi"'&ar
teeth #hen the mandi"&e i in it ph$io&o,i% ret poition( The norma& amt
of free#a$ pa%e i 2<6 mm(
2_
*ro&- ,&(%t!o(
In #orBin, ide mo9ement) %'pid and poterior teeth on the #orBin, ide
%onta%t e9en&$ a a 'nit( The o'ter in%&ine of mandi"'&ar "'%%a& %'p
%onta%t the inner in%&ine of the ma;i&&ar$ "'%%a& %'p(
2_
+!(*e o-e(!(*
in the initia& phae of openin, from %entri% re&ation) the %ond$&e hin,e or
rotate aro'nd a fi;ed tran9ere a;i( Thi phae i %a&&ed hin,e openin, and
o%%'r for the firt 2=<2F mm of openin,(
2_
tr#('$#tor2 o-e(!(*
the e%ond phae of openin, in #hi%h the %ond$&e ,&ide or tran&ate do#n
the arti%'&ar eminen%e( Pre%eded "$ hin,e openin,(
2_
!(ter%&'-#t!o(
dea& #ith %entri% o%%&'ion re&ationhip of the m'&ti%'ped poterior teeth(
A poterior teeth o%%&'de) ome of the %'p %onta%t the oppoin, tooth or
teeth( Other %'p do not %onta%t oppoin, teeth "'t rather) o9er&ap the
"'%%a& or &in,'a& 'rfa%e of the oppoin, teeth(
2_
#(ter!or *&!)#(%e
the f'n%tiona& re&ationhip of the ma;i&&ar$ and mandi"'&ar anterior teeth
#hi%h %ontro& mandi"'&ar mo9ement( The effe%t of anterior ,'idan%e i
,reater in the premo&ar re,ion( *e&p pre9ent an e;%ei9e ran,e of motion
and prote%t the TMJ( The anterior ,'idan%e ho'&d "e e8'a& to or ,reater
than the %ond$&ar ,'idan%e(
2_
#rt!%&$#tor
a me%hani%a& de9i%e #hi%h repreent the temporomandi"'&ar Aoint) the
mandi"&e and the ma;i&&a to #hi%h dia,noti% %at ma$ "e atta%hed to
im'&ate mandi"'&ar mo9ement(
2_
%e(tr!% o%%$&'!o(
the o%%&'ion of the teeth #hen the Aa# are %&oed to,ether in the norma&
poition(
A&o %a&&ed ma;im'm inter%'pation) ha"it'a& %entri%) a%8'ired %entri%) and
inter%'pa& potion(
2_
%e(tr!% re$#t!o(
the mot 'perior poition of the %ond$&e in the ,&enoid foae #ith the
di% in p&a%e( Centri% re&ation i a mandi"&e to %rani'm re&ationhip) not a
tooth to tooth re&ationhip( Centri% re&ation i reprod'%i"&e and %an "e 'ed
a a tartin, point for man$ retorati9e pro%ed're(
2_
!(ter)!*!t#t!o(
In ,enera&) ea%h tooth o%%&'de #ith t#o oppoin, teeth( D'rin, the tati%
phae of o%%&'ion that tooth poition in the ar%h and their re&ation to
oppoin, teeth are noted( A ma;i&&ar$ tooth #i&& t$pi%a&&$ interdi,itate #ith
the ame tooth in the oppoin, ar%h and the tooth dita& to it( Mandi"'&ar
%entra& in%ior and ma;i&&ar$ 5rd mo&ar interdi,itate #ith on&$ one
oppoin, tooth(
2_
"#$o%%$&'!o(
the %ondition #hi%h e;it #hen oppoin, teeth do not o%%&'de in
a%%ordan%e #ith an a%%epta"&e tandard(
2_
e>&!$!r#t!o( or o%%$&'#$ #)j&'t"e(t
a rehapin, of the teeth to re'&t in a more ph$io&o,i% re&ation of the teeth)
the 'pportin, tr'%t're) the m'%&e of mati%ation) andKor the
temporomandi"'&ar Aoint
2_
o%%$&'#$ !(ter,ere(%e
an o%%&'a& %onta%t #hi%h a&ter or retri%t mandi"'&ar mo9ement( An$
tooth %onta%t that inhi"it the remainin, o%%&'din, 'rfa%e from a%hie9in,
ta"&e and harmonio' %onta%t( The preen%e of o%%&'a& interferen%e %an
re'&t in di%&'ion of the anterior ,'idan%e(
2_
o%%$&'#$ -re"#t&r!t2
an o%%&'a& %onta%t #here oppoin, teeth to'%h prior to the other teeth(
2_
o%%$&'#$ '-$!(t
an artifi%ia& o%%&'a& app&ian%e 'ed to modif$ the o%%&'ion on a temporar$
or tria& "ai
2_
-+2'!o$o*!% re't -o'!t!o(
The poition of the mandi"&e #hen the head i in an 'pri,ht poition and the
ao%iated m'%&e are in a tate of minima& %ontra%tion( A&o %a&&ed the
pot'ra&K%&ini%a& ret poition(
2_
't#t!% o%%$&'!o(
#hen the teeth to'%h &i,ht&$ to,ether in %entri% o%%&'ion #ith the Aa#
re&a;ed o that there i neither for%e nor mo9ement(
2_
'&--ort!(*7%e(tr!% %&'-'
%r'h food into the oppoin, foae and or "et#een the mar,ina& rid,e
3o%%&'a& em"ra're7
2_
(o(-'&--ort!(*7(o(-%e(tr!% %&'-'
o9er&ap and ,'ide the %entri% %'p into o%%&'ion( The oppoin, in%&ined
'rfa%e of the %entri% and non<%entri% %'p pro9ide the hearin, a%tion for
food %ommin'tion(
2_
%o""!(&t!o(
the a%tion of red'%in, a materia& to min'te fra,ment or parti%&e(
2_
"#()!&$#r %e(tr!% %&'-'
The "'%%a& %'p of the mandi"'&ar premo&ar and the meio"'%%a& %'p of
the mandi"'&ar mo&ar maBe %onta%t on the meia& mar,ina& rid,e of
oppoin, ma;i&&ar$ teeth(
2_
%&'--,o''#e #rr#(*e"e(t
the dito"'%%a& %'p of the mandi"'&ar mo&ar %onta%t the %entra& foae of
the oppoin, ma;i&&ar$ mo&ar(
2_
%&'--"#r*!(#$ r!)*e t2-e (o, o%%$&'!o()
A&ternate %entri% top for %'p are the oppoin, dita& mar,ina& rid,e(
2_
"#;!$$#r2 %e(tr!% %&'-'
The &in,'a& %'p of the ma;i&&ar$ premo&ar and the dito&in,'a& %'p of
the ma;i&&ar$ mo&ar maBe %onta%t #ith the dita& mar,ina& rid,e of
oppoin, mandi"'&ar teeth(
2_
(o(-%e(tr!% %&'-'
"'%%a& %'p of the ma;i&&ar$ premo&ar and mo&ar and the &in,'a& %'p of
the mandi"'&ar premo&ar and mo&ar
2_
%e(tr#$ *roove too '+#$$o.
ma$ %a'e 'ne9en o%%&'a& %onta%t
2_
%e(tr#$ *roove- $!(*&#$ to %e(ter
mandi"'&ar 2t and mandi"'&ar 2nd ! t$pe premo&ar &o%ated at A'n%tion of
midd&e and &in,'a& third
2_
%e(tr#$ *roove
indi%ate
2( the "e,innin, of the fa%io<&in,'a& taper
2( the "e,innin, of the &in,'a& em"ra're
5( the end of pro;ima& %onta%t to#ard the &in,'a&
6( the "'%%o&in,'a& poition for %entri% top
2_
%e(tr#$ *roove- too &%%#$ or $!(*&#$
Re'&t in 'ne9en o%%&'a& %onta%t and e;%ei9e &atera& for%e( Re'&t in
trian,'&ar rid,e and p&ane "ein, in%orre%t&$ an,&ed #ith an in%&ined
'rfa%e in %onta%t #ith a %'p(
2_
%e(tr!% 'to-- $!(*&#$ to t+e %e(tr#$ *roove
mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar< d'e to the third "'%%a& %'p) the %entri% top i on the
dita& mar,ina& rid,e and dip&a%ed &in,'a&&$ from the %entra& ,roo9e
2_
%e(tr!% 'to-'
often &o%ated in the trian,'&ar foae 3on the &ine of the %entra& ,roo9e7
2_
o%%$&'#$ %o(t#%t'
ho'&d "e 'niform and pai9e
2_
#(ter!or teet+
ho'&d either not %onta%t in %entri% o%%&'ion or %onta%t &i,hter than the
poterior teeth(
2_
o%%$&'#$ -re"#t&r!t2
#hen t#o oppoin, teeth %onta%t "efore the other teeth( Ma$ re'&t in
e;%ei9e for%e "ein, p&a%ed on the 'pportin, tr'%t're of the teeth #hi%h
o%%&'de firt(
2_
%e(tr!% o%%$&'!o( '-#%e
ho'&d "e "et#een the inner in%&ine of the non<'pportin, %'p and the
o'ter in%&ine of the oppoin, %'p( Thi pa%e ho'&d "e a"o't (F to 2 mm(
Thi pa%e red'%e &atera& for%e and he&p pre9ent interferen%e(
2_
.or6!(* -o'!t!o(
/hen the non<%entri% %'p are %entered meiodita&&$ in the oppoin,
em"ra're 3"'%%a& or &in,'a&7 or de9e&opmenta& ,roo9e 3"'%%a& or &in,'a&7(
2_
C$#'' I !)e#$ o%%$&'!o(
meio"'%%a& %'p of Ma;i&&ar$ 2t mo&ar and meio"'%%a& de9e&opmenta&
,roo9e of Mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar(
2_
C$#'' I "#$o%%$&'!o(
M re8'irement
2( idea& interdi,itation
2( idea& Be&eta& re&ationhip
5( idea& o9erAet
6( idea& o9er"ite
F( no impa%tion
N( no miin, teeth
M( no 'pern'merar$ teeth
2_
C$#'' II "#$o%%$&'!o(
meio"'%%a& %'p of the Ma;i&&ar$ 2t mo&ar i anterior to the meio"'%%a&
de9e&opmenta& ,roo9e of the Mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar(
2_
C$#'' II "#$o%%$&'!o( D!v!'!o( I
e;%ei9e o9erAet of the anterior teeth
2_
C$#'' II "#$o%%$&'!o( D!v!'!o( II
e;%ei9e &in,'a& in%&ination of the ma;i&&ar$ %entra& in%ior
2_
C$#'' III "#$o%%$&'!o(
meio"'%%a& %'p of the Ma;i&&ar$ 2t mo&ar i poterior to the meio"'%%a&
de9e&opmenta& ,roo9e of the Mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar(
2_
$#%6 #(ter!or *&!)#(%e
C&a 2 Di9iion 2 ma&o%%&'ion
C&a 5 ma&o%%&'ion
anterior open "ite
2_
e;%&r'!ve %o(t#%t'
Idea&&$) thi t$pe of %onta%t ho'&d on&$ "e on the anterior teeth
2_
"&t&#$$2 -rote%te) o%%$&'!o(
2( the poterior teeth prote%t the anterior teeth in %entri% o%%&'ion and he&p
pre9ent e;%e &oadin, to the TMJ
2( the in%ior prote%t the %anine and poterior teeth in protr'i9e
mo9ement
5( the %anine prote%t the in%ior and poterior teeth d'rin, &atera&
e;%'rion
2_
@D to :"" '-#%e
"et#een the 'pportin, and non<'pportin, %'p
2_
'o,t t!''&e -rote%t!o(
non<'pportin, %'p he&p mo9e %heeB and ton,'e o't of the #a$
2_
'teer!(* .+ee$ o, o%%$&'!o(
anterior teeth are %a&&ed
2_
*ro&- ,&(%t!o( re'tor#t!o(
/hen %&ini%ian #ant no #orBin, %onta%t on the dito"'%%a& %'p of the 2t
mo&ar and the "'%%a& %'p of the e%ond mo&ar(
2_
+!(*e #;!'
the a;i that r'n thro',h ea%h %ond$&e
2_
Po''e$tE' )!#*r#" B-CR
hin,e openin,
2_
"#;!"&" o-e(!(*
the %ond$&e ma$ &ide o9er the %ret of the arti%'&ar eminen%e
2_
Po''e$tE' )!#*r#" B-E
tran&ator$ openin, 36=<N=mm7
2_
r!*+t $#ter#$ e;%&r'!o(
ri,ht ide i the #orBin, ide and the &eft ide i the non<#orBin,K"a&an%in,
ide(
2_
"o$#r re$#t!o('+!-'- .or6!(* '!)e
On the #orBin, ide
2( Ma;i&&ar$ mo&ar< meio&in,'a& %'p tra%B o't of the Mandi"'&ar mo&ar
&in,'a& ,roo9e(
2( Mandi"'&ar mo&ar< dito"'%%a& %'p tra%B o't of the Ma;i&&ar$ mo&ar
"'%%a& ,roo9e(
2_
"o$#r re$#t!o('+!-'- (o(-.or6!(* '!)e
On the non<#orBin, ide
2( Ma;i&&ar$ 2t mo&ar< the meio&in,'a& %'p tra%B o9er 3dito"'%%a&
dire%tion7the Mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar dito"'%%a& ,roo9e(
2_
rot#t!(* %o()2$e
#orBin, ide %ond$&e< mo9e &atera&&$) 27for#ard or "a%B#ard and 27 'p#ard
or do#n#ard
2_
or!t!(* %o()2$e
non<#orBin, ide %ond$&e< mo9e do#n#ard) for#ard and media&&$(
2_
-rotr&'!ve "ove"e(t
the %ond$&e &ide for#ard and do#n#ard on the arti%'&ar eminen%e(
Mandi"'&ar in%ia& ed,e are &idin, do#n the &in,'a& 'rfa%e of the
ma;i&&ar$ in%ior(
2_
,$#t #rt!%&$#r e"!(e(%e
the horter the %'p m't "e
2_
'tee- #rt!%&$#r e"!(e(%e
the ta&&er the %'p ma$ "e
2_
)eter"!(#(t' o, o%%$&'!o(
2( ri,ht and &eft TMJ
2( o%%&'ion of the permanent dentition
5( ne'rom'%'&at're
2_
#%t!ve )eter"!(#(t'
anterior teeth determinant
2_
-#''!ve )eter"!(#(t'
poterior teeth determinant
2_
,re"!t&'
f'n%tiona& mo"i&it$
2_
"o!$!t2
the n'm"er one i,n of o%%&'a& tra'matim
2_
-r!"#r2 o%%$&'#$ tr#&"#t!'"
a"norma& for%e on norma& 'pportin, tr'%t're
2_
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Occlusion

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60 terms chapter 20 o' balo(h)'ehrenbach oral anatomy book
o%%$&'!o(
%onta%t re&ationhip "et#een ma;i&&ar$ teeth 0 mandi"'&ar teeth #hen the
Aa# are in a f'&&$ %&oed poition
2_
o%%$&'#$ tr#&"#
#hen 'nnat'ra& o%%&'a& tre i p&a%ed on the dentition &eadin, to o%%&'a&
diharmon$
2_
%e(tr!% o%%$&'!o(
the tandard for de%ri"in, norma& o%%&'ionE the 9o&'ntar$ poition of the
dentition that a&&o# ma;im'm %onta%t #hen the teeth o%%&'de
2_
overjet
poition #hen the ma;i&&ar$ ar%h horiDonta&&$ o9er&ap the mandi"'&ar ar%h
in #hen the teeth are in %entri% o%%&'ion
2_
over!te
poition #here the ma;i&&ar$ ar%h 9erti%a&&$ o9er&ap the mandi"'&ar ar%h
#hen the teeth are in %entri% o%%&'ion
2_
:-/ ""
norma& amo'nt of horiDonta& o9er&ap) or o9erAet
2_
8-D ""
norma& amo'nt of 9erti%a& o9er&ap) or o9er"ite
2_
r#(*e o, "ot!o(
the norma& ph$io&o,i% 0 f'n%tiona& re%ipro%a& ran,e of mo9ement for
openin, or %&oin, the mandi"&e
2_
"#$o%%$&'!o(
&a%B of an o9era&& idea& form of the dentition #hi&e in %entri% o%%&'ionE
%&aifi%ation of e;%ei9e amo'nt of either o9erAet or o9er"ite
2_
&()er!te
poition #here the mandi"'&ar ar%h e;tend for#ard "e$ond the ma;i&&ar$
ar%hE aBa retro,nathia
2_
-r!"#te '-#%e'
de9e&opmenta& pa%e in primar$ dentition to a&&o# for f't're pa%e of the
permanent teeth
2_
$ee.#2 '-#%e
pa%e %reated #hen primar$ mo&ar are hed to maBe room for the ma&&er
permanent premo&ar 3permanent premo&ar are horter meiodita&&$ than
the primar$ mo&ar7
2_
%&rve o, S-ee
the anteropoterior %'r9at're prod'%ed "$ the %'r9ed a&i,nment of the
ma;i&&ar$ 0 mandi"'&ar teeth #hen in %entri% o%%&'ionE prod'%ed "$ p&ane
p&a%ed on mati%ator$ 'rfa%e of ea%h denta& ar%h
2_
%&rve o, 0!$'o(
%on%a9e %'r9e prod'%ed #hen a fronta& e%tion i taBen thro',h ma;i&&ar$ 0
mandi"'&ar mo&ar
2_
#ttr!t!o(
hard tooth ti'e &o %a'ed "$ tooth<to<tooth %onta%t d'rin, mati%ation or
paraf'n%tiona& ha"itE %a'e &o of "oth the %'r9e of Spee 0 /i&on
2_
!(ter)e(t#$ -#-!$$#e
the part of the ,in,i9a prote%ted "$ the %onta%t that t#o nei,h"orin, teeth
ha9e
2_
root #;!' $!(e
ima,inar$ &ine repreentin, the an,'&ation of ea%h toothI root 3or root7
#ithin the a&9eo&ar "one) dra#n to "ie%t the %er9i%a& &ine
2_
%e(tr!% 'to-'
the three area of %entri% %onta%t "et#een the 2 ar%he) #hi%h in%&'de
hei,ht of %'p %onto'r) mar,ina& rid,e) and %entra& foae
2_
'&--ort!(* %&'-'
%'p that f'n%tion d'rin, %entri% o%%&'ion 3in%&'de &in,'a& %'p of
ma;i&&ar$ poterior teeth 0 "'%%a& %'p of mandi"'&ar poterior teeth7
2_
%e(tr!% re$#t!o(
the end point of %&o're of the mandi"&eE #here the mandi"&e i in the mot
retr'ded poition tat %an "e a%hie9ed "$ the m'%'&at're and &i,ament
3attained "$ the mandi"&e 'nder,oin, %omp&ete retra%tion7
2_
-re"#t&re %o(t#%t'
it'ation #here one or t#o teeth initia&&$ %onta%t "efore other teethE %an
%a'e a &ide or hift in the poition of the dentition from %entri% re&ation
2_
$#ter#$ o%%$&'!o(
mo9ement that o%%'r #hen mo9in, the mandi"&e ri,ht or &eft 'nti& the
%anine are in a %'p<to<%'p re&ationhip
2_
.or6!(* '!)e
the ide of the ar%h to #hi%h the mandi"&e ha "een mo9ed d'rin, &atera&
o%%&'ion
2_
#$#(%!(* '!)e
the ide of the ar%h %ontra&atera& to the #orBin, ide d'rin, &atera& o%%&'ion
2_
%#(!(e r!'e
#hen the %ontra&atera& %anine ho'&d "e the on&$ tooth in f'n%tion d'rin,
&atera& o%%&'ion
2_
*ro&- ,&(%t!o(
#hen the entire poterior 8'adrant f'n%tion d'rin, &atera& o%%&'ion and
hare the o%%&'a& tre d'rin, f'n%tion
2_
#$#(%!(* !(ter,ere(%e
#hen teeth are in %onta%t on the "a&an%in, ide 0 %an "e in9o&9ed in o%%&'a&
diharmonie 3no teeth ho'&d "e in %onta%t on the %ontra&atera&) or #orBin,)
ide7
2_
-rotr&'!ve o%%$&'!o(
poition of the mandi"&e #ith a&& @ of the in%ior in norma& %onta%t a the
mandi"&e 'nder,oe protr'ion
2_
!(tero%%$&'#$ %$e#r#(%e
aBa free#a$ pa%eE the pa%e "et#een the denta& ar%he #hen the mandi"&e
i at ret
2_
8-/ ""
the a9era,e amo'nt of intero%%&'a& %&earan%e "et#een the mati%ator$
'rfa%e of the ma;i&&a 0 mandi"&e
2_
re't!(* -o't&re
the norma& ph$io&o,i%a& poition of the ton,'e) &ip) 0 mandi"&e #hen
the$Ire not in9o&9ed in %he#in,) #a&&o#in,) or pee%h
2_
ter"!(#$ -$#(e
the idea& mo&ar re&ationhip of primar$ dentition #hen in %entri% o%%&'ion
2_
,$&'+ ter"!(#$ -$#(e
#here the primar$ ma;i&&ar$ 0 mandi"'&ar 2nd mo&ar are in an end<to<end
re&ationhip
2_
"e'!#$ 'te-
#here there i a termina& p&ane re&ationhip d'e to the primar$ mandi"'&ar
2nd mo&ar "ein, meia& to the ma;i&&ar$ 2nd mo&ar
2_
)!'t#$ 'te-
#here no termina& p&ane e;it "e%a'e the primar$ mandi"'&ar 2nd mo&ar
i dita& to the ma;i&&ar$ 2nd mo&ar
2_
A(*$eE' %$#''!,!%#t!o( o, "#$o%%$&'!o(
$tem 'ed to %&aif$ and addre ma&o%%'&ion
2_
-er"#(e(t ,!r't "o$#r'
the teeth that are the Be$ to An,&eI %&aifi%ation
2_
%$#'' I
An,&eI %&aifi%ation #here the M. %'p of the ma;i&&ar$ 2t mo&ar o%%&'de
#ith the M. ,roo9e of the mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar
2_
%$#'' II
An,&eI %&aifi%ation #here the M. %'p of the ma;i&&ar$ 2t mo&ar o%%&'de
meia& to M. ,roo9e of mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar
2_
)!v!'!o( : o, %$#'' II
di9iion of An,&eI %&aifi%ation #here the ma;i&&ar$ anterior protr'de
fa%ia&&$ from the mandi"'&ar anterior #ith deep o9er"ite
2_
)!v!'!o( 8 o, %$#'' II
di9iion of An,&eI %&aifi%ation #here the ma;i&&ar$ %entra& are either
'pri,ht or retr'ded 0 the &atera& are tipped &a"ia&&$ or o9er&appin, the
%entra& #ith deep o9er"ite
2_
%$#'' III
An,&eI %&aifi%ation #here the M. %'p of the ma;i&&ar$ 2t mo&ar o%%&'de
dita& to the M. ,roo9e of the mandi"'&ar 2t mo&ar
2_
"e'o*(#t+!%
fa%ia& profi&e of a %&a I ma&oo%'ionE &i,ht&$ protr'ded Aa#) ,i9in, a fa%ia&
o't&ine a re&ati9e&$ f&at appearan%e or trai,ht profi&e
2_
retro*(#t+!%
fa%ia& profi&e of a %&a II ma&o%%&'ionE protr'din, 'pper &ip #ith re%ei9e
mandi"&e and %hin to ,i9e a %on9e; profi&e
2_
-ro*(#t+!%
fa%ia& profi&e of a %&a III ma&o%%&'ionE prominent mandi"&e 0 poi"&$
norma& or e9en retr'i9e ma;i&&a to ,i9e a %on%a9e profi&e
2_
o-e( !te
o9er"ite in #hi%h the anterior teeth do not o%%&'de
2_
e()-to-e() !te
ed,e<to<ed,eE #here the teeth o%%&'de #itho't ma;i&&ar$ teeth o9er&apin, the
mandi"'&ar teethE anterior teeth of ma;i&&a 0 mandi"&e meet a&on, their
in%ia& ed,e #hen in %entri% o%%&'ion
2_
%ro''!te
ma&o%%&'ion #here a mandi"'&ar tooth or teeth are p&a%ed fa%ia&&$ to the
ma;i&&ar$ teeth
2_
-#r#,&(%t!o(#$ +#!t'
mo9ement of the mandi"&e that are not #ithin the norma& ran,e of motion
ao%iated #ith mati%ation) pee%h) or repirator$ mo9ement 3in%&(
%&en%hin, 0 "r';im7
2_
to(*&e t+r&'t!(*
the f'n%tiona& de9iation #ith ha"it'a& in%orre%t p&a%ement 0 'e of ton,'e
2_
%$e(%+!(*
teeth in %entri% o%%&'ion for &on, period #itho't "reaBin, into
intero%%&'a& %&earan%e 3a paraf'n%tiona& ha"it7
2_
r&;!'"
,rindin, of the teeth "$ for%ef'& mehin, of the teeth) often %a'in, a'di"&e
noie 3a paraf'n%tiona& ha"it7
2_
r#%!(*
the 'tained %ontra%tion) or ti,htenin,) of the m'%&e and '%tionin, of the
"'%%a& m'%oa a,aint the dentition #itho't #orB p'rpoe 3a paraf'n%tiona&
ha"it7
2_
Go$)e( Pro-ort!o('
prin%ip&e that pro9ide ,'ide for etheti%a&&$<p&eain, proportion
2_
vert!%#$ )!"e('!o( o, t+e ,#%e
di9idin, the fa%e into 5 horiDonta& part
2_
oro,#%!#$ "2o$o*2
the t'd$ and therape'ti% treatment of the orofa%ia& m'%'&at're 0 f'n%tion
to impro9e m'%&e "a&an%e) f'n%tion) 0 toni%it$
2_
oro,#%!#$ "2o,&(%t!o(#$ )!'or)er
the dit'r"an%e in norma& ph$io&o,i%a& f'n%tionin, of m'%'&at're of the
orofa%ia& en9ironment
2_
!(ter$#!#$ *#-
the ditan%e "et#een the inferior "order of the 'pper &ip 0 the 'perior
"order of the &o#er &ip #hen at ph$io&o,i% retin, poition
2_
#(62$o*$o''!#
#hen the &in,'a& fren'm i retri%ted d'e to ha9in, an a"norma&&$ hort
atta%hment
2_
oro,#%!#$ "2o,&(%t!o(#$ t+er#-2
the therape'ti% ne'rom'%'&ar reed'%ation pro,ram that in%orporate
oromotor e;er%ie) "eha9ior modifi%ation) 0 "eha9iora& retrainin, to
e&iminate orofa%ia& m$of'n%tiona& diorder
2_
O*I-J0MM-Tanaka&%f