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The Legacy of the War

I. Background Terminology
A.

Armistice

An agreement amongst 2 countries at war to end the fighting and move to peace negotiations
B.

Realism

An ideology that supports practicality, and not going beyond literal interpretation
C.

Idealist

thinking of things in their ideal form rather than as they really are
D.

Self-determination

Freedom of the people of a given area to determine their own political status; independence.

II. Moving Towards Peace


Ideas Discussed Today US President Woodrow Wilsons 14 Points for peace The Paris Peace Conference The Treaty of Versailles Self-Determination War Guilt Clause

III. The Fourteen Points


Who/Author: U.S. President Wilson What: A document to be presented at the Paris Peace Conference

When: January 1918


Where: Written in the USA, used in Paris Why: to establish the basis for peace How: See next slide for details

IV. Aspects to Woodrow Wilsons 14 Points


A.

I. Internationalism:
1.
2.

Points 1-5

B. C.

How countries should work together 3. Nationalism threatens this concept 4. Self-Determination should be granted II. Dealing with The Conquered:
1.

Points 6-8
III. Ethnic Desires & the Creation of Homelands:

1.
2.

Points 9-14
Specifically Czechs, Slovaks, Serbs, Croats & Poles

V. The Paris Peace Conference 1919


Purpose: to prevent another war & outline the grounds for peace II. Who Attended A. llied powers: Br, France, US & Canada B. Leaders from around the world C. Germany is not in attendance III. The Treaty of Versailles A. Different Perspectives in its creation
I.

In 1919, Lloyd George of England, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson from the US met to discuss how Germany was to be made to pay for the damage world war one had caused.

Country

Leader

View

Wanted

USA

Woodrow Wilson

A.Just

Idealist

& lasting peace B.Creation of the League of Nations C.Democracy


A.Dismember

Germany

France

Georges Clemenceau

B.Revenge

Realist

C.Guaranteed

safety D.Germany should be stripped of colonies

A.Revenge

Britain

David Lloyd George

In Between

& reparations but not to cripple Germany B.Feared refugees & communism C.Wanted a trading partner in Germany

The Paris Peace Conference 1919 continued

B. Self-determination 1. Ethnic groups vote on where to go 2. Creation of homelands (Czech & Yugos.) 3. See Falk for the exceptions to self-determination C. The War Guilt Clause 1. Germany assumes all responsibility for the war by signing the Treaty 2. Or ELSE.Allies resume all hostilities

VI. Provisions of the Treaty of Versailles


A.

B.

See Falk end of Ch 2 These are testable and quizzable

VII. Impact of theTreaty of Versailles


A.

B.

Inconsistent 1. self-determination not given to everyone 2. led to increased nationalistic sentiments Germans 1. Thought it was too harsh 2. Anger & bitterness fuels feelings of revenge 3. Hitler later exploits these feelings to get into power

VIII. Canada Matures as a Result of WWI


A.

B.

C.

Growth 1. Economic & military growth due to role in the war 2. Immigration increased Independence 1. No longer thought of as Br. colony International Recognition
1. 2.

Cnd troops recognized in battle Given a seat in the League of Nations