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12/6/13

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8A?8A?ln
uocLrlna Chrlsuana 1393
hup://www.mLs.neL/~pmorrow/bayeng1.hLm
1he baybayln was a syllablc wrlung sysLem, whlch means
LhaL each leuer represenLed a syllable lnsLead of [usL a
baslc sound as ln Lhe modern alphabeL. 1here were a
LoLal of !" $%&'&$()'*: Lhree vowels and 14
consonanLs, buL when comblned wlLh Lhe small vowel-
modlfylng marks, called !"#$%&', Lhe number of
characLers lncreased Lo 43. When a person spelled a
word orally or reclLed Lhe baybayln, Lhe lndlvldual leuers
were called !"!#$ &"&#$ '"'#, eLc., buL Lhe orlglnal
sequence of Lhe leuers was dlerenL Lo whaL lL ls Loday.
1hls alphabeucal" order was recorded ln Lhe
1agalog ()*+,-." /0,-12".".
12/6/13
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1he A8C's of Lhe AnclenL 8aybayln
+,%) &-$. /0 (%) ,&1&231 2&014&1)5
6 789 :8; <6 =6 >6 ?6 @6 ,6 A6 B6 C6 D6 E68F6 G6 AD6 H6
,%) I30*30&0(* J >4K2L(*
ln Lhelr slmplesL form, each consonanL represenLed a
syllable LhaL was pronounced wlLh an & vowel (llke
Lhe 4 ln up"). Slmply addlng a uck, doL or oLher mark
Lo Lhe leuer, would change Lhe lnherenL & vowel
sound. 1hese marks were called &3'45+1, or dlacrlucs ln
Lngllsh. A &3'4-+ was placed above a consonanL leuer Lo
glve lL an / or ) vowel sound. When lL was placed below
Lhe leuer lL changed Lhe vowel sound Lo 4 or 3.


Screen clipping taken: 6/24/2010, 9:50 AM


12/6/13
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,%) M3N)2*
1he Lhree vowel characLers were only used aL Lhe
beglnnlng of words and syllables, or syllables
wlLhouL any consonanL. 1here were only Lhree
vowels because Lhe anclenL 1agalogs, and many
oLher llngulsuc groups, dld noL dlsungulsh beLween
Lhe pronunclauons of / and ), or 4 and 3 unul
Spanlsh words enLered Lhelr languages. Lven Loday
Lhese sounds are lnLerchangeable ln words such
as 4"4"&-64"4"&7(man), !"!"7 (woman)
and &"!"!"-0". (womanhood or womanklnd), 38'6
)8' (worm), 93.: (Lree Lrunk) and 93.3.;<
&"0)= (Lree), and )="=76)="=-63="=- (lullaby).
R ,%) F ?340K R
1he 1agalogs used only one characLer
for K& and '&. 1he pronunclauon of Lhls leuer
depended on lLs locauon wlLhln a word. 1he
grammaucal rule has survlved ln modern llllplno
LhaL when a K ls beLween Lwo vowels, lL
becomes an ' as ln Lhe words '".;>4 (honour)
and ?",".;>4 (honourable),
or '3.).;(knowledge)
and ?",3.).; (knowledgeable).
12/6/13
4
,%) A1& I%&'&$()'

A slngle characLer represenLed Lhe 01& syllable. 1he
laLesL verslon of Lhe modern llllplno alphabeL sull
reLalns Lhe 01 as a slngle leuer buL lL ls wrluen wlLh
Lwo characLers. 1he 01 ls Lhe alphabeL's only
remalnlng llnk Lo lLs baybayln herlLage.
N
8aybayln SLyles
1he baybayln scrlpL, as lL ls known Loday, fell ouL of
use ln mosL areas by Lhe end of Lhe 1600s. ln Lhe
19Lh cenLury, hlsLorlans gaLhered old samples of
baybayln wrlung from varlous sources and locauons
and assembled Lhem ln comparlson charLs, noung
Lhe source locauon or language of each speclmen.
MosL of Lhese same hlsLorlans came Lo Lhe
concluslon LhaL all Lhe varlauons ln Lhe leuer
shapes were due Lo Lhe LasLes and wrlung sLyles of
Lhe lndlvlduals who wroLe Lhe orlglnal speclmens
and noL due Lo reglonal dlerences. ln oLher words,
Lhere was only one baybayln.
12/6/13
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1he 8aybayln as Wrluen by llllplnos
1hls charL shows Lhe wlde varleLy
of leuer shapes as drawn by
llllplnos ln Lhe 1600s. lL ls from
Wllllam Penry Scou's @,70-19".-*
A)3,*7 B"+7,-"41 C), +07 A+3'= )C
@0-4-99-.7 D-1+),= (1984 edluon).

When compared Lo charLs of
supposedly dlsuncL reglonal
alphabeLs lL can be seen LhaL Lhe
varlauons ln leuer shapes are noL
due Lo reglonal or llngulsuc
dlerences among Lhe wrlLers buL
due merely Lo lndlvldual
handwrlung sLyles.
12/6/13
6
[1] KSY=Syn =
[2] brNY=
[3] neg=rito
[4] hnunuoO
[3] ooORipon=
kasaysayan
8arangay
negrlLo
Panunoo
Crlpun
[6] Lakay

[7] 1ugbok

[8] 8aLuk

[9] 8aganl

[10] 8odong

LKY=
ToG=BoK=
BToK=
bGni
bodoN=
12/6/13
7
1he C1PL8 good news!

Culz nexL meeung (1uesday) 10 uecember.
20 polnLs, Lo cover:

[1] AbouL 8aybayln
[2] 1ranscrlblng (baybayln Lo laun/roman
alphabeL, v.v.)