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PAST PAPER QUESTION FOR FORM FOURS

Posted on Tuesday, September 28th, 2010 at 10:13 am in Uncategorized by ghsonlinesupportorg

ith re!erence to the products o! digestion in humans, illustrate "hy the li#er is sometimes re!erred to as the $chemical laboratory% o! the body& '(mar)s* Start the discussion ladies on ho" you "ould ans"er this +uestion& ,#eryone is e-pected to comment by the end o! ne-t "ee) ednesday. /ou can Trac) 0omments through this 1SS 2eed& /ou can lea#e a comment, or a trac)bac)& Pre#ious: 3ello "orld. 4e-t: 2516 7 8eneral 9uestions

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137 Replies to PAST PAPER QUESTION FOR FORM FOURS, why not yo"# own 1& Carlotta Edwards says: September 28, 2010 at 11:7: pm ;t is re!erred to as the $chemical laboratory% o! the body because a #ery large part o! the chemical "or) is done by the li#er in the body, it recei#es absorbed proteins, sugar and other !oods that can be absorbed !rom the alimentary canal and sends them out to #arious parts o! the the body to do "or)& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:2: pm hat about the products o! digestion< /our ans"er needed more depth& 1eply

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Anesa Persaud says: September 2=, 2010 at 12:10 am

The li#er is re!erred to as the >chemical laboratory? o! the body because it plays a ma@or role in metabolism and !unctions in the body , including glycogen storage, decomposition o! red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production and deto-i!ication, "hich are chemical reactions in the body& Also the li#er !ilters harm!ul substances !rom the blood& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:2B pm 3o" does this relate to the products o! digestionCgo bac) to "hat the +uestion as)ed& 1eply

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Breanna 4S yu dun knww! says: September 2=, 2010 at 12:17 am Di#er is a mar#elously sophisticated chemical laboratory, capable o! carrying out thousands o! chemical trans!ormations on "hich the body depends& The li#er produces important chemicals !rom starch, modi!ies others to allo" the body to use them better& ithout the !unction o! li#er you cant li#e !or long&& 1eply
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Ms V. says: September 2=, 2010 at =:2= pm 8ood ans"ers so !ar& Ereanna you need to elaborate a bit more on the chemicals !rom starch and in general gi#e a more detailed ans"er& 0onsider that all the comments thus !ar are to be elaborated on gi#en it is a si- mar) +uestion& 0arlotta and Anesa let your peers comment be!ore you ma)e any more contributions& 1eply

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Cherrianne Davis :D yayse! says: September 2=, 2010 at 10:0= pm The li#er is the great chemical laboratory o! the body& ;t recei#es !rom the portal #ein blood, containing the @ustFabsorbed proteins and sugars !rom the

alimentary canal& These !ood materials are distributed to the li#er cells, and are slo"ly !iltered through the blood capillaries bet"een the cells "ithin the lobules o! the li#er, the li#er cells, "hich lie along the capillaries, absorb se#eral substances, among them sugar and protein& 'An important part o! the "or) o! the li#er is to absorb sugar !rom the blood and change it into glycogen& This process is called glycogenesis&*& ;t is also important in the brea)do"n o! haemoglobin in old red blood cells to produce the bile pigments, the remo#al o! the amino group !rom amino acids 'deamination*, the production o! !ibrinogen, the control o! the amount o! glucose in the blood, the ma)ing o! cholesterol and the brea)ing do"n o! harm!ul substances such as alcohol and drugs& 1eply
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josan rowne !jo "#$ says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:0( pm g"arn cheerianne 'y*C&i agree "ith her points ms G 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:2= pm 8ood 0herrianne, speci!y the sugars you are tal)ing about& 1emember in Eiology you al"ays ha#e to be as speci!ic as possible& 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:31 pm Hosan, "hen you criti+ue an ans"er, try to e-plain "hy you agreeC!or instanceF ; agree that the li#er helps in deamination because it has the ability to remo#e amino groups '432* !rom amino acid molecules "hich are a part o! the ends products o! digestions in this case being amino acids& 1eply

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Breanna 4S yu dun knww! says:

September 2=, 2010 at 10:78 pm S5&&3ope this is it : The li#er is )no"n as the chemical laboratory in he body because the li#er recei#es !rom the portal #ein blood "hich contains chemicals'@ust absorbed* such as proteins and sugars "hich secretes !ood helping in the brea) do"n !rom the alimentary canal& The li#er produces chemicals !or eg starch "hich is then sent out to other parts o! the body !or better use or to do "or)&The li#er plays a #ery important role in metabolism, storing o! #itamins and production o! bile& T3e li#e manu!actures ne" proteins& Also, remo#ing poisons !rom the air, e-haust, smo)e and chemicals as "e breathe& ithout the !unction o! the li#er you cant li#e !or long 1eply
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josan rowne !jo "#$ says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:0( pm yea bre 'y* 1eply Breanna 4S yu dun knww! says: 5ctober (, 2010 at =:2= pm looolz 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:32 pm This is similar to "hat someone "rote abo#eC; ta)e it that most o! you are simply copying and pasting !rom the internet& This "ill not be possible in a 0I0 e-am so try it !airly please& 1eply

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kellishia %eor%e says: September 30, 2010 at ::03 pm

the li#er is sometimes re!erred to as the chemical laboratory o! the body because there are alot o! chemical reactions "hich go on there&production o! heatFit produces heat because alot o! the energy needed !or metabolic acti#ities are is lost as heat&deto-i!icationFit stores brea)do"n and gets rid o! to-ic minerals "hich "ere absorbed !rom the intestines&storage o! minerals and #itaminsF it stores minerals and #itamins incase one%s diet lac) these& produces bileFthis brea)s do"n !at hence it helps "ith digestion&it also brea)s do"n amino acids, get rid o! e-cess cholesterol and stores glucose !or "hen the blood sugar is lo"&brea)s do"n dead red blood cellsFiron in the red blood cells may be stored and reused or gotten rid o! as bile pigments& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:37 pm This is a good ans"er but it really does not ans"er the +uestion& Pay attention to the end products o! digestion in the +uestion Cread it again& 1eply

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&eorol :# says: September 30, 2010 at 11:7= pm The li#er is )no"n as the >chemical laboratory? o! the body& ;t recei#es nutrients that "ere @ustFabsorbed li)e proteins and sugars !rom the alimentary canal and then these chemicals are sent out to other parts o! the body through the blood capillaries bet"een the cells so the body can ha#e the proper nutrients it needs to carry out "or)&;t is also important and needed !or the brea)do"n o! haemoglobin in red blood cells to produce bile pigments,it controls the amount o! glucose in the blood, and the li#er stores some o! the minerals and #itamins @ust incase the diet might lac) some and also it stores brea)do"n and gets rid o! poisonous substances& JJ 3ope this "orth my (m)sJJ 1eply

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&eorol :# says: September 30, 2010 at 11::1 pm Aittt a min. C correction in the last part.

>it controls the amount o! glucose in the blood, and the li#er stores some o! the minerals and #itamins @ust incase the diet might lac) some and also gets rid o! poisonous substances "hich are harm!ul to the body& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:3: pm /ou need to get more in depth as !ar as the end products o! digestionC go bac) to the +uestion& Also&&proteins are not end productsCamino acids are& 1eply

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'atisha (a)es *4Plain* says: 5ctober 2, 2010 at 7::3 pm The li#er K chemical laboratory o! the body The li#er is the great chemical laboratory o! the body& A #ery large part o! the chemical "or) done in the body is accomplished in the li#er& As mentioned abo#e, the li#er recei#es !rom the portal #ein blood containing the @ustF absorbed proteins and sugars !rom the alimentary canal& Some 5! the li#ers many !unctions are: to store iron reser#es, #itamins and minerals as "ell as carbohydrates, glucose and !at, ma)e bile to help digest !ood to deto-i!ies poisonous chemicals, including alcohol, beer, "ine, and drugs as "ell as remo#es poisons !rom the air, e-haust, smo)e and chemicals "e breathe& 6a)es your blood, manu!actures ne" proteins and ma)es clotting !actors to help blood clot& As the li#er per!orms it%s #arious !unctions it ma)es a number o! chemicals, "hich pass into the bloodstream and bile& As you can see the li#er is a #ery "onder!ul and important organ 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:3( pm 8ood ans"er, but it does not ans"er the +uestion as)edCread my comments abo#e& 1eply

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&letta &ewis says:

5ctober 2, 2010 at 11:2: pm The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory o! the body as alot o! chemical reactions ta)e place inside it &;t regulates metabolism o! carbohydrates,amino acids and lipids&Synthesis and brea)Fdo"n o! numerous proteins also ta)e place inside the li#er&The li#er stores glycogen and produces hormones&The li#er cleans the blood o! the old red blood cells,substances made in the body and to-ins&;t produces bile an al)aline compound "hich aids in digestion by the emulsi!ication o! lipids& The li#er brea)s do"n hemoglobin, creating metabolites that are added to bile as pigment &The li#er%s tissues regulate a "ide #ariety o! highF#olume biochemicals,including the synthesis and brea)do"n o! small and comple- molecules ,many o! "hich are necessary !or normal #ital !unctions&The enzymes in the li#er con#ert inacti#e #itamin L produced in the s)in to its acti#e !orm&,-cess glucose is stored up as glycogen and reFcon#erted to glucose "hen blood sugar le#els !all&,-cess carbohydrates may also be cone#erted to !at&0arbohydrates such are bro)en do"n to glucose and stored mainly in the li#er and muscles as glycogen& hen energy is re+uired in an emergency the li#er rapidly con#erts its store o! glycogen bac) into glucose ready !or the body to use& The e-cess amino acids are bro)en do"n to ammonia and then con#erted to the less to-ic substance urea&The li#er also is the place "here any medicines or herbal supplements,that you ta)e are bro)en do"n !urther& 1eply
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josan rowne !jo "#$ says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:08 pm o&o&"o" this is alot o! in!o C'y*Cbut i support lleta%s points 1eply

&aDonna +orke says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 7::7 pm i also agree "ith lletta 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:38 pm

This is a good attemptCnote that she is re!erring to the end products& Eecare!ul though "hen you mention !ats and carbsC they are not end products so you ha#e to e-plain care!ully& 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:38 pm /ou both ha#e to practice saying "hy you agree "ith points& 1eply 11& ,onya Da Silva says: 5ctober 3, 2010 at 12:22 am The Di#er is re!erred to as a chemical laboratory because lots o! chemical reacton ta)es place& The li#er is a #ital organ "hich produces biochemicals necessary !or digestion& This organ plays a ma@or role in the metabliosm,storage o! glycogen' carbonhydrates and glucose*, decomposition o! the red blood cells,plasma protein synthesis, hormone production and the deto-i!ication o! poisonous chemicals including alcohol,beer,drugs,air e-haust, smo)e and other chemicals&The li#e produces bile'an al)aline compound*"hich aids in digestion that is the emulsi!ication o! lipids&The li#er has a specialized tissues "ith has a high #olume o! biochemical reactions including the synthesis and brea)do"n o! small comple- molecules "hich helps the body to !unction& Also the li#er stores iron reser#es, amino acids as "ell as #itamins and minerals& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:70 pm Again, read my comments abo#eCyou are gi#ing great ans"ers not ans"ering the +uestion& Pay attention to the end products o! digestion& 1eply

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-oneisha says: 5ctober 3, 2010 at 1:13 am

The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because alot the things "e eat may ha#e bacteria and chemicals that are unsa!e to the body or there may be bene!icial nutrients such as amino acids and glucose and be!ore permitting the blood to reach the rest o! the the body, the li#er eliminates to-ins and not #iable materials such as alcohol and other harm!ul substances&The li#er also deto-i!ies blood !rom intestines that it recei#es by the hepatic portal #ein&,liminates harm!ul biochemical products produced by the body, such as bilirubin !rom the brea)do"n o! old red blood cells and ammonia !rom the brea)do"n o! proteins& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:71 pm 1ele#ant to the +uestion ho"< /ou need to discuss its role in terms o! the end products& 3o" they are bro)en do"n, "hat are they, "hat the li#er does to them etcC 1eply

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.eni/hia Charles says: 5ctober 3, 2010 at 11:78 pm The li#er is re!!ered to as the $chemical laborotory%o! the body because most o! the body%s chemical reactins occurs here especially in digestion "here it is responsible !or storing e#ery bit o! bro)en do"n !ood and then distributing it to the rest o! the body "here it is needed& Dots o! nutrients and other molecules are trans!erred to the li#er !or processing a!ter being digested in the small intestines and being absorbed by the "alls o! it&The li#er plays #ery important roles in the body ,"hich are so huge !or such a small organ&;t is able to do these things because the cells "ithin it ha#e #ery po"er!ul enzymes that brea) do"n to-ins and chemicals that comes !rom the !ood "e eat "hich cleanse the nutrients needed !or our bodies be!ore allo"ing them to reach to the rest o! the body&5#erall the li#er does most o! the chemical "or) o! the body there!ore it can be described as the%chemical laboratory% o! the body& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:72 pm GagueCbe more speci!ic and discuss end products o! digestion and the role o! the li#er&

1eply 17& Shari 0annaway 14P# says: 5ctober 7, 2010 at (:21 pm The li#er is o!ten re!erred to as the chemical laboratory o! the body simply because most "or) "ith chemical substances ta)e place here& 2or e-ample, absorbed sugars and protein !rom the alimentary canal are recei#ed by the li#er !rom the portal #ein blood as these !ood materials are distributed to the li#er, it absorbs the sugar turning it into animal starch or glycogen, this is glycogenesis& A!ter glycogen has been held in the li#er cells !or a !e" hours it is gradually gi#en out again in the !orm o! sugar a!ter being redigested, this is glycolysis& Also the li#er absorbs mid products o! protein catabolism "hich is partly bro)en up mid products and !urther o-idize them into nitrogenous e-creta "hich "ould later be e-creted by help o! the )idneys& The li#er cells also brea)s do"n hemoglobin to get iron !ound in bile& ;t also o-idizes to-ic substance in the blood "hich is #ery important to the !unction o! the human body& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:73 pm 8ood e!!ort, pieces o! this can combine "ith parts o! Dleta%s ans"er abo#e& 1ead and see& 1eply

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Maurika Crai%% says: 5ctober 7, 2010 at (:28 pm The Di#er is re!erred to as a chemical laboratory because lots o! chemical reacton ta)es place& As Mellishia said the li#er stores iron reser#es, as "ell as #itamins and minerals ma)es bile to help digest !ood, deto-i!ies poisonous chemicals, including alcohol, beer, "ine, and drugs stores energy by stoc)piling sugar 'carbohydrates, glucose and !at* until you need it ma)es clotting !actors to help blood clot 1emo#es poisons !rom the air, e-haust, smo)e and chemicals "e breathe& 1eply

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Breanna 4S yu dun knww! says: 5ctober 7, 2010 at 8::2 pm Lo ; still ha#e to add more in!o 6s&G< 1eply
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Ms V says: 5ctober 7, 2010 at =:2= pm 4o& 1eply

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&a2eisha 0adley says: 5ctober 7, 2010 at =:1: pm The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because it produces bile "hich is held in the gall bladder be!ore being sent to the small intestines&Eile contains bile salts "hich emulsi!y !at, brea)ing it up into tiny droplets&6any chemical reactions ta)e place in the li#er, and this ma)es it produce a lot o! heat& As blood !lo"s through the li#er,it is "armed up and this )eeps the inside o! the body "arm&Also i! "e happen to eat !ood "hich contains mild poison, "hen it reaches to the li#er ,it turns it into a harmless substance&This process is called deto-i!ication&The li#er brea)s do"n un"anted protein,getting some energy !rom it in the process&The nitrogen part is remo#ed !rom the amino acids in a process callled deamination& ;t is turned into ammonia& This is #ery poisonous so the li#er +uic)ly con#erts it into a less poisonous substance called urea&This is carried by the blood to the )idneys, and e-pelled in the urine&The li#er brea)s up "orn out red blood cells and any un"anted haemoglobin is con#erted into coloured substances "hich pass out "ith the bile&A!ter a meal , glucose is carried to the li#er by the hepatic portal #ein, and the li#er turns any un"anted glucose into glycogen& This is stored inside the li#e cells in the !orm o! tiny granules& The glycogen can be turned bac) into glucose "hen the body needs it& The li#er also stores many other !ood substances, including #arious #itamins 'e,g #itamin M* and minerals such as iron& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:7: pm

2ocus more on the lin) o! end products o! digestion and not on the !unctions o! li#er& 1eply 18& Maurika Crai%% says: 5ctober 7, 2010 at =:1: pm Da!eisha 3adley o! 7science says: The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because it produces bile "hich is held in the gall bladder be!ore being sent to the small intestines&Eile contains bile salts "hich emulsi!y !at, brea)ing it up into tiny droplets&6any chemical reactions ta)e place in the li#er, and this ma)es it produce a lot o! heat& As blood !lo"s through the li#er,it is "armed up and this )eeps the inside o! the body "arm&Also i! "e happen to eat !ood "hich contains mild poison, "hen it reaches to the li#er ,it turns it into a harmless substance&This process is called deto-i!ication&The li#er brea)s do"n un"anted protein,getting some energy !rom it in the process&The nitrogen part is remo#ed !rom the amino acids in a process callled deamination& ;t is turned into ammonia& This is #ery poisonous so the li#er +uic)ly con#erts it into a less poisonous substance called urea&This is carried by the blood to the )idneys, and e-pelled in the urine&The li#er brea)s up "orn out red blood cells and any un"anted haemoglobin is con#erted into coloured substances "hich pass out "ith the bile&A!ter a meal , glucose is carried to the li#er by the hepatic portal #ein, and the li#er turns any un"anted glucose into glycogen& This is stored inside the li#e cells in the !orm o! tiny granules& The glycogen can be turned bac) into glucose "hen the body needs it& The li#er also stores many other !ood substances, including #arious #itamins 'e,g #itamin M* and minerals such as iron& 1eply 1=& Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 1:00 am ; agree "ith e#eryone "ho commented so !ar. ;n Addition, there is a comparison bet"een a literal chemical laboratory and the li#er 'a chemical laboratory*& J;n reality, a chemical laboratory is a place "here chemical tests and other in#estigations pertaining to 0hemicals ta)e place& JThe li#er sometimes being re!erred to as the great >chemical laboratory? o! the body basically does a large amount, or most o! the chemical "or), or processing, that goes on, "hen digestion ta)es place&

A 2, T3;48S T3, D;G,1 L5,SC 1& ;t stores iron reser#es, as "ell as #itamins and minerals& 2& ;t ma)es bile "hich helps to brea) do"n !oods in the process !or !urther absorbtion& 3& ;t deto-i!ies poisonous chemicals, including alcohol, beer, "ine, and drugs, prescribed and o#erFtheFcounter medicines as "ell as illegal substances& 7& ;t stores energy by stoc)piling sugar 'carbohydrates, glucose and !at* until it is need by the body !or later use& :& ;t ma)es blood and manu!actures proteins& (& ;t remo#es poisonous substances !rom the air, e-haust, smo)e and chemicals that "e breathe& 1eply
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S0A-&E'E B-34'E says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 10:78 pm ; appro#e o! the !act that you ga#e a !e" things o! "hich the li#er does it gi#e a better understanding o! your e-planation 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:7( pm Still lac)ing points related to end products o! digestion& 1eply

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S)all Shonette "D says: 5ctober :, 2010 at =:0: pm The Di#er is sometimes re!erred to as the $chemical laboratory% because, it stores iron reser#es, as "ell as #itamins and minerals, ma)es bile to help digest !ood, deto-i!ies poisonous 03,6;0ADS, 'including alcohol, beer, "ine, and drugs:prescribed N o#erFtheFcounter medicines as "ell as illegal substances*&;t stores energy by stoc)piling sugar until you need it,ma)es your blood,manu!actures ne" proteins,ma)es clotting !actors to help blood clot, remo#es poisons !rom the air, e-haust, smo)e and chemicals "e breathe& As the li#er per!orms it%s #arious !unctions it 6AM,S a number o! 03,6;0ADS, "hich pass into the bloodstream and bile& Garious li#er disorders alter the blood le#el o! these chemicals&

The digesti#e system immediately begins to brea) do"n the !ood that "e eat into smaller and smaller pieces, these nutrients "ill enter the blood and tra#el to the li#er,the li#er "ill then process these nutrients in di!!erent "ays, depending on the body%s needs& ;t usually stores some o! the nutrients in a !orm that the body can use !or +uic) energy and the rest "ill be used to 6AM, other important 03,6;0ADS the body needs& A protein is a comple- chemical that is essential to li#ing things, li)e plants, animals and people& Proteins are e#ery"here in the body, and need to be constantly produced& The li#er is in charge o! building many )inds o! proteins that the body uses e#ery day& So my ans"er is basically saying that it is called the $chemical laboratory% o! the body because the li#er produces the most chemicals seeing that it is the largest organ in the body and because it has the most !unctions& 1eply
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S)all Shonette "D says: 5ctober :, 2010 at =:10 pm 5h and ; also agree "ith "hat e#eryone abo#e has said and all ; did "as add to it because "e are all goin along the same line' "e%re all basically saying that it is called the $chemical laboratory% o! the body because a good bit o! chemical reaction ta)es place here and it also ma)es some o! the chemicals needed in the body* OL 1eply Breanna 4S yu dun knww! says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 10:02 pm tha long ehh mudda OP 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:78 pm Shonnette read Dleta and Shari%s ans"er abo#eCta)ing points !rom all o! you "ill be an e-cellent ans"er&

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josan rowne !jo "#$ says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:1B pm +uestionC&tha li#er is tha largest organ << !urreal<< o&o 1eply Ms Veira says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:72 pm 4o, it isn%t& to ans"er& 1eply Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober B, 2010 at 12:30 am The s)in is the largest organ and it is e-ternal. hope i%m right.. 1eply Ms V. says: 5ctober B, 2010 at 12:33 am /A/... , 3AG, A Eio 6ar) 1eading. ;44,1. Q1 on your hich one is<<<< Eonus mar) !or the !irst person

Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 2:00 am ; agree "ith Shonette '/*, indeed the li#er is the largest internal organ there is in the human body, and it "eighs about 1&( )ilograms '3&: pounds*& 1eply

Breanna 4S yu dun knww! says: 5ctober (, 2010 at =:30 pm ; ne#er )ne" that 0&0. 1eply Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:32 pm "ell no" yo )noCthan) god 7 dis site eh... 1eply Ms Veira says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:73 pm 6auriciaCsaid it correctC&largest internal organ. Eonus mar) still up on this mar) reading%s mar) !or the !irst person to respond "ith the largest organ in the human bodyCthat is o! all the organs that e-ist& 1eply Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober B, 2010 at 12:7: am The s)in is the largest organ and it is e-ternal. hope i%m right.. 1eply

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S0A-&E'E B-34'E says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 10:7: pm ; must !irst say that ; agree "ith all o! the comments made abo#e a!ter reading ; "as con#inced that the li#er is the chemical laboratoty o! the body 6/ 0566,4T:The li#er is re!erred to as a chemical laboratory since it per!orms many !unctions in the body, including processing the body%s nutrients, manu!acturing bile to help digest !ats, synthesizing many important

proteins, regulating blood clotting, and brea)ing do"n potentially to-ic substances into harmless ones that the body can use or e-crete& ;ndepth in!ormation o! the li#er: The li#er has a multitude o! important and comple- !unctions& Some o! these !unctions are to: R6anu!acture 'synthesize* proteins, including albumin 'to help maintain the #olume o! blood* and blood clotting !actors RSynthesize, store, and process 'metabolize* !ats, including !atty acids 'used !or energy* and cholesterol R6etabolize and store carbohydrates, "hich are used as the source !or the sugar 'glucose* in blood that red blood cells and the brain use R2orm and secrete bile that contains bile acids to aid in the intestinal absorption 'ta)ing in* o! !ats and the !atFsoluble #itamins A, L, ,, and M& R,liminate, by metabolizing andPor secreting, the potentially harm!ul biochemical products produced by the body, such as bilirubin !rom the brea)do"n o! old red blood cells and ammonia !rom the brea)do"n o! proteins RLeto-i!y, by metabolizing andPor secreting, drugs, alcohol, and en#ironmental to-ins 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1:7= pm There is alot o! unnecessary in!o that is correct about the li#er in your ans"er and the +uestion is still not ans"ered& 1ead comments !or Dleta, Shari and Shonnette abo#e& 1eply

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josan rowne !jo "#$ says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:03 pm the li#er is re!ered to as the $chemical labratory%&&because it is responsible !or "hat happens to the !ood that has already been digested&it also is in#ol#ed "ith deamination o! amino acids,production o! bile,storing glycogen& also the li#er is in#ol#ed in the destruction o! red blood cells and the srorage o!

#itamins S A,L,, and E12CCC&; agree "ith the in!ormation e#ery one contributed because "e more or less ha#e the !unctions ect do"n O* 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1::0 pm Eut not much as relates to the end products o! digestion& 1ead all my comments and you%ll see& 1eply

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josan rowne !jo "#$ says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:0= pm ms # <Cdo i need more in!o <<<< 1eply

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Ale5 says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:33 pm The li#er is re!erred to as the $chemical laboratory% o! the body because a lot o! chemical reactions ta)e place "ithin the li#er& The chemicals are brought to the li#er !rom the small intestines through the blood, through the process o! assimilation& The li#er then brea)s do"n and ma)es use o! the digested !ood absorbed& ;n the li#er carbohydrate metabolism occurs "here e-cess glucose is stored as glycogen and "hen blood sugar le#els !all the glycogen is recon#erted to glucose,protein metabolism occurs "here e-cess amino acids are bro)en to !orm ammonia "hich is then con#erted to !orm a less to-ic substance called urea 'the urea is then transported to the )idneys #ia the blood and e-creted in urine*,and lipid metabolism occurs "here e-cess cholesterol is e-creted into the bile and remo#ed !rom the body& Gitamins and minerals 'such as 2e and M* are stored in the li#er and released "hen there is a lac) o! it in the body& The li#er also gets rid o! to-ic materials absorbed !rom the small intestinesS these to-ic materials are either stored, bro)en do"n or gotten rid o! through the process o! deto-i!ication& The li#er produces a lot o! heat "hich help to regulate body temperature in mammals and birds& The li#er also produces bile "hich aids in digestion, i&e& the bile contains bile salts "hich emulsi!y !at molecules into smaller !at molecules to increase the sur!ace area !or the enzymes in the small intestines to "or) on& The li#er also brea)s do"n red blood cells and 2e components that may be stored, reused or e-creted as bile pigmentsS bile pigments ma)e up bile along "ith bile salts and sodium

hydrogen carbonate 'this "hich remo#es acid that comes !rom the stomach and maintains a p3 o! BF8*& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1::1 pm Alot o! in!o here that is not needed& 1ead through all my comments and you%ll see& 1eply

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6ari7a Baisden aka 7ee7a 148# says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:70 pm ; agree "ith e#eryone ans"ers& The li#er is a #ital organ in the body it is necessary !or sur#i#al thus the reason !or the name chemical labortory, this is "here most o! the body%s chemical actions ta)es place& ;t has a "ide range o! !unctions "hich includes deto-i!ication, protein systhesis and the production o! bioFchemical !or digestion& ;t also plays an important role in the body metabolism, glycongen storage, decomposition o! red blood cells and hormones production& Absorbed !ood are ta)en directly to the li#er through the hepatic portal #ein"here some o! the !ood is processed by the li#er br!ore it goes any !uther, e-cess protein that has been con#erted into amino acids contain energy, needed by the body i! not right a"ay but "ill be use!ul later& so the enzmes in the li#er splits the amino acid molecules and uses the part that contain the energy to be turnbed into carbohydratesso that it can be stored, the rest o! the amino acid "hich conatins nitrogen is turned into urea& This is called deamination& The li#er is such an acti#e organ in the body here are more !unction o! the li#er 1& it ma)es bile 2& Stores #itamins A,E,L,, and M 3& Stores potassium 7& Erea)s do"n harm!ul substances such as alcohol The li#er deal "ith so many di!!erent aspects o! the body, "hat do u thin)< 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1::2 pm

Some good points, but too much unnecessary in!o& 1ead all my comments& 1eply 2(& 6ari7a Baisden aka 7ee7a 148# says: 5ctober :, 2010 at 11:73 pm miss #eria im #ery sorry !or the typos in my e-planation 1eply 2B& Antoni9ue (a)es 4 Plain says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 12:02 am The li#er is )no"n as a chemical laboratory because it plays a ma@or role in the body and stores, produces along "ith other !unctions important things "hich are needed all o#er the body& ;t produces chemicals such as starch& 4ot only does it produce but it stores #itamins "hich "ill be released i! needed and iron components' !rom the li#er brea)ing do"n the red blood cells* and minerals& The li#er also produces a substance called bile "hich plays a huge role in Ligestion& ;t is also the organ "hich carries out deto-i!ication 'gets rid o! poisonous chemicals, including alcohol, beer, "ine, and drugs*& Along "ith remo#al o! poisons !rom the air, e-haust, smo)e and chemicals as "e breathe& The li#er ma)es ne" proteins& The li#er also recon#erts glycogen to glucose "hen sugar le#els !all& There are also many more !unctions dealing "ith the Di#er& TTTT:::::;;;;;;;:::: 1eply
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Antoni9ue (a)es 4 Plain says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 12:03 am correction !irst line ? and ? should not be there T3A4M /5U 1eply Ms. V says:

4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1::3 pm 1ead all my comments, same goes !or you about lo#ely ans"er but does not ans"er +uestion& 1eply 28& Allyana &ot)ore says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 12:2: am The li#er is re!erred to as the $chemical laboratory% o! the body because it plays an important role in metabolism, it stores glycogen, decomposes o! red blood cells, synthesizes plasma protein& ;t also produces hormones, !or e-ample angiotensinogen, a hormone that is responsible !or raising the blood pressure, "hen acti#ated by renin, an enzyme that is released by the )idney "hen it senses lo" blood pressure & The li#er produces bile 'an al)aline compound*, "hich aids in digestion, #ia the emulsi!ication o! lipids&;t brea)s do"n ammonia to urea and brea)s do"n insulin and other hormones& The li#er%s highly specialized tissues regulate a "ide #ariety o! high #olume biochemical reactions, including the synthesis and brea)do"n o! small and comple- molecules, many o! "hich are necessary !or normal #ital !unctions& The li#er also produces an insulinFli)e gro"th !actor1 ';82F1*, a polypeptide protein hormone that plays an important role in childhood gro"th and continues to ha#e anabolic e!!ects in adults& ;t is a ma@or site !or thrombopoietin production& Thrombopoietin is a glycoprotein hormone that regulates the production o! platelets by the bone marro"& The li#er is necessary !or sur#i#al, there is currently no "ay to compensate !or the absence o! the li#er, since it has appro-imately :00 di!!erent !unctions in an organism& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1::7 pm /ou understand "hat you "rote in the third paragraph< 1eply

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Derona says:

5ctober (, 2010 at 12:77 am The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because lots o! chemical reactions ta)es place here&;t is the largest glandular organ o! the body& The li#er produces substances that brea)s do"n glucose into glycerol';n the li#er carbohydrate metabolism occurs "here e-cess glucose is stored as glycogen and "hen blood sugar is lo" is changes bac) to glucose*&The li#er also prouces urea'the main substance o! urine* and it produces a #ery important substance in digestion called bile&The li#er !ilters harm!ul substances !rom the blood'alcohol etc&* and it stores #itamins and minerals !or e-ample Gitamins A,L,M and E12&The li#er produces 80U o! cholesterol in the body& 1eply
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elvesha %reaves says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 10:1= pm ; agree "ith Lerona because the li#er does all o! these !unctions named by her and they are e!!icient to !unctioning o! the human body& 8reat ans"er. 1eply

Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1::: pm 8ood ans"er, @ust needs more in!oCread Dletta, Shari and Shonnette%s ans"ersCall o! you together pulling good points "ould gi#e an e-cellents ans"er& 1eply

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Derona says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 12:78 am 5hC; agree "ith "hat e#eryone has said so !ar 1eply
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Ms Veira says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:7B pm

And you need to add something that you ha#e !ound out about the li#er ,l#eshaC:* 1eply 31& .atherine.-.- says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 1:1= am This name is gi#en to the li#er as it has o#er 700 )no"n uses among "hich the main are as !ollo"s: 1* the con#ertion o! e-cess amino acids into ureaand carbohydrates, this proccess is )no"n as deamination& 2*regulates the amount o! glucose !ound in the blood, "ith the help o! the insulin and glucagon hormones& 3* Stores carbohydrates as the polysaccharide glucose& 7*1esponsible !or producing the components o! bile& :*Erea)s do"n old blood cells stores the needed nutrients such as iron and then e-cretes the remainig pigments in bile& (*responsible !or the brea)ing do"n o! to-ic substances !or e-ample alcohol& B* store #itamins such A,E,L,,and M until neede by the body& stores minerals li)e pottasium& =*produse cholesterol "hich in turn ma)es and repairs cell membranes& The li#er is situated under the diaphragm to the le!t o! the stomach and is a #ery #ital organ& There is no "ay that one can compensate !or the absence o! the li#er& The li#er also has ther !unctions "hich are not mentioned abo#e such as being a site !or plasma protein synthesis& 6ost !unctions o! the li#er or a good !e" re#ol#e around chemical operations such as deto-i!ication or deamination'mentioned abo#e*and the brea)ing do"n o! !ood molecules or the production o! necessary minerals thus "e can see "hy the li#er is re!erred to as >the chemical laboratory? o! the body& 1eply
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Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 1::2 am ; agree "ith "hat you said, especially that >There is no "ay that one can compensate !or the absence o! the li#er&? 1eply Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 1::B pm

Matherine, read through all my comments same goes !or you as ; said !or Lerona& 1eply 32& <reya Dunn says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 1::0 am The li#er is sometimes re!erred to as the chemical laboratory o! the body because most o! the chemical processes occur in this organ during digestion& hen bro)en do"n !ood is s"allo"ed, it is sent to the li#er "here the nutrients !rom the !ood are remo#ed and stored in the li#er& This brea)s do"n the !ood into e#en smaller pieces to help "ith digestion& 6any types o! nutrients are stored here, !or e-ample iron, #itamins and minerals& These nutrients are later released into the body i! the diet lac)s them& Di#er also produces and stores bile to help "ith digestion& ,nergy is stored "ithin the li#er in the !orm o! sugar and released "hen needed& Another !unction o! the li#er is to deto-i!y consumed substances that are harm!ul to the body, li)e drugs or alcohol& ;t also remo#es harm!ul chemicals !rom the air "e ta)e in through respiration, "hich o!ten contains smo)e or petrol !umes& ;t also produces substances, including many "hich are #ital !or sur#i#al& These include di!!erent types o! proteins, bile and blood clotting substances "ithout "hich li!e "ould not be possible& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:0: pm 8ood points, but +uestion not ans"ered& 1ead through all my comments& 1eply

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An%e *&iiiinaaa* =uestelles "# ! 4Star7 +ess $ says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 2:77 am The li#er can be re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because as the name suggests, alot o! the chemical "or) done by the body ta)es place in the li#er& ; agree "ith "hat e#eryone says, and ; thin) 0herrianne made a good point "here she spo)e about glycogenesis because that is a #ery important @ob that the li#er does& ;t absorbs the sugar !rom the blood and con#erts it to li#er

glycogen or starch& To add to that, starch and glucose are not the same because "hile glycogen and starch ha#e the same chemical !ormula, they di!!er in the presence o! starch in glycogen i&e glycogen%s purpose is to remo#e sugar !rom circulation and store it as STA103& The li#er%s in#ol#ement in assimilation is also important in that the nutrients are ta)en to the li#er and used in the body%s metabolic processesS monosaccharides can be used in respiration, amino acids can be bro)en do"n or deaminated in the li#er and con#erted to urea !or e-cretion by the )idneys and !atty acids and glycerol can be used to !orm ne" membranes in cells and organelles& ;t is used in carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism and stores important #itamins and minerals !or use "hen de!icient in the diet& 6ost importantly though, ; thin) that the !act that the li#er deto-i!ies all those harm!ul materials absorbed !rom the intestines '"hich may ha#e been brought about by bacterial !ermentation* li)e alcohol, is the most important !unction o! the li#er because the to-ic substances "hich !ind themsel#es in the alimentary canal are o-idised in the li#er and i! they aren%t remo#ed !rom the body, they "ould seep into the bloodstream and poison the blood& e don%t "ant that no", do "e< 3ence, the li#er plays an important role in our li!e and health& Lid you )no" that alcohol is o-idised in the largest +uantities in the li#er< The li#er produces bile "hich contains bile pigments& The bile pigments are created due to the decomposition o! haemoglobin in the li#er& The reason "hy ; mentioned this is because incident to the brea)ing up o! the haemoglobin, the iron is retained !rom the D;G,1 cells& Lid you )no" that the li#er does e#erything but con#ert ammonia into nitrates< The li#er remo#es many "aste products !rom the blood, chemically changes to-ic substances into sa!er chemicals, adds a large number o! substancessuch as cholesterol, triglycerides, carbohydrates, proteins and blood clotting !actors& 3ope ; ans"ered the +uestion properly O* 1eply
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Breanna 4S yu dun knww! says: 5ctober (, 2010 at =:32 pm ; agree eh. bu i ain bin )no" bout tha con#ert ammonia part . tha li#er in things a!ter all lolz 1eply

Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:08 pm

8ood points in this ans"er, some unnecessary& Too long !or ( mar)s& 1ead through all my comments& 1eply 37& Si%ourney 4ri%ht 48 says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 3:33 am The li#er is sometimes re!erred to as the chemical laboratory in the body because o#er :00 chemical reactions in the li#erS they regulate metabolism o! carbohydrates, lipids '!ats*, amino acids, alcohol and drugs& Synthesis and brea)Fdo"n o! numerous speci!ic proteins, li#er enzymes and hormones ta)e place in the li#er& The li#er cleans the blood o! the old red blood cells, substances made in the body and to-ins& 1eactions li)e Dipid metabolism, 0arbohydrate 6etabolism and Amino Acid 6etabolism& Dipid metabolism: this is "hen the le#els o! energy storing molecules are abundant&Di#er proteins ta)e !atty acids and turn them into lipoproteins,!at carriers and storers& hen le#els o! energy are lo", li#er enzymes trans!orm !atty acids into )etone bodies, the energy source !or the brain during !asting periods& 0arbohydrate 6etabolism: This is "hen the li#er can sense the concentration o! glucose in the blood and ta)e it up or release it accordingly& Amino Acid 6etabolism: The li#er absorbs the ma@ority o! amino acids !rom the blood, lea#ing some !or the other organs& The most important role o! amino acids is to build ne" proteins& Eut the li#er also uses them to create its only source o! energy al!aF)etoacids, trans!orming them !urther into glucose and !atty acids& T"o others chemical reactions happening in the li#er are: 3ormones and Proteins and Lrug and ,thanol 'Alcohol* 6etabolism& 3ope ; ans"ered your +uestion properly 6s&Geira Than) /ou... 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:0B pm There is alot o! good in!o, but some unnecessary& 1,ad through all my ans"ers& 1eply

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Shari2a >-i2arrr> &ewis 4Sta-77**** says: 5ctober (, 2010 at ::38 am Ee!ore ; begin ; "ould li)e to say that ; agree "ith the in!ormation that has been gi#en by the others abo#e& The li#er also )no"n as the body%s chemical laboratory is the place "here a large amount o! chemical "or) is done in the body & 2rom the portal #ein the li#er recei#es blood,proteins and sugars "hich ha#e @ust been absorbed& ;t then uses the digested !ood a!ter it brea)s it do"n& This process is called assimilation& Assimilation is basically the incorporating and ma)ing use o! digested !ood in they body so it can ta)e part in the bodies metabollc processes& The li#er synthesizes proteins as"ell as !atsF used !or energy& The li#er deto-i!ies harm!ul substances "hich may enter our bodies in !ood& ;t ma)es bileFa substance "hich helps to brea) do"n !ood and is stored in the gall bladder& This bile helps deto-i!y poisonous substances or chemicals !or eg alcoholic be#erages, and drugs& The li#er also deto-i!ies to-ins !ound in the en#ironment& ;t metabolizes and stores carbohydrates and per!orms the process o! glycogenesis i&e the absorbtion and con#ersion o! sugar in the blood into glyclogen& 3ope this is enough or is it too much :sC 8oin tuh bed n"Cnight nightCT3 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:0= pm A more speci!ic ans"er needed about end products o! digestion& 1ead through abo#e comments& 1eply

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Ste?hania A ott says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 7:70 pm i agree "ith e#ery one it is important !or blood trans!usion it is also incharge !or the brea)ing do"n o! amino acidsand bile and it also produces heta to )eep the body "arm 1eply

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Ste?hania A ott says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 7::3 pm

J brea)in d"n o! amino acids n productin o! bile and also heat to )eep body "arm 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:0= pm ; hope you ga#e more details !urther do"n& 1eply

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Sherri@Ann says: 5ctober (, 2010 at B:12 pm the li#er is )no"n as this because a large or alot o! chemical "or) in the body is sucess!ully !ul!illed in the li#er& The li#er absorbes and o-idizes& AbsorbesFthis the porteins and sugars that are sent !rom the blood #ein to the li#er !rom the alimentary canal& These materials are then !iltered through the blood capilatiers'the li#er celss "hich lie along the capilaries* absorb substances&e-ample sugar !rom the blood turned to glycogen& ;t redigest glycogen and turns it bac) into sugar "hich is called glycolysis& ;n order !or this to happen the li#er must ha#e amylolytic !irment& hen proteins go through the li#er they are not really changed but "hen they come bac) !rom tissues 'eg&muscle tissue*partly o-idized and in smaller midF products the li#er absorbs and continues to o-idize them and turn them into nitrogeneous e-creta& 1eply

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Sherri@Ann 3llivierre says: 5ctober (, 2010 at B:17 pm the li#er is )no"n as this because a large or alot o! chemical "or) in the body is sucess!ully !ul!illed in the li#er& The li#er absorbes and o-idizes& AbsorbesFthis the porteins and sugars that are sent !rom the blood #ein to the li#er !rom the alimentary canal& These materials are then !iltered through the blood capilatiers'the li#er celss "hich lie along the capilaries* absorb substances&e-ample sugar !rom the blood turned to glycogen& ;t redigest glycogen and turns it bac) into sugar "hich is called glycolysis& ;n order !or this to happen the li#er must ha#e amylolytic !irment& hen proteins go through the li#er they are not really changed but "hen they come bac) !rom tissues 'eg&muscle tissue*partly o-idized and in smaller midF

products the li#er absorbs and continues to o-idize them and turn them into nitrogeneous e-creta& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:10 pm Lo you understand hal! o! "hat you "rote< Lo not "rite anything you cannot e-plain. 1eply

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Ale5 says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 8:70 pm Shanni+ue 0lar)e, 7S says: The li#er is re!erred to as the >chemical laboratory? o! the body because many chemical acti#ities ta)e place there such as deto-i!ication, "hich is the getting rid o! to-ic materials "hich "ere absorbed !rom the intestine& The li#er produces bile to tra#el to the duodenum to aid in digestion, it stores #itamins "hich are released i! the body lac)s them in the body& ;t also stores minerals such as 2e ';ron* and M 'Potassium* and they are released into the body i! the diet lac)s these minerals& The li#er helps to >clean? the blood by brea)ing do"n old red blood cells that may be reused or e-creted as biopigments 'she has biobigments and ;%m sure she meant biopigments, hope!ully*& 2inally, the li#er produces heat, a lot o! metabolic processes occur in the li#er and re+uires a lot o! energy& 6uch o! the energy is lost !rom respiration in the !orm o! heat there!ore the li#er generates a lot o! heat& Shanni+ue 0lar)e, 7S 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:11 pm ;n!o relating to end products needed& 1eply

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elvesha %reaves says:

5ctober (, 2010 at 10:1( pm The li#er is the great chemical laboratory o! the body& A #ery large part o! the chemical "or) done in the body is done in the li#er&The li#er recei#es blood containing !rom the @ustFabsorbed proteins and sugars !rom the alimentary canal& These !ood materials are sent to the li#er cells, and as they slo"ly !ilter through the blood capillaries& An important part o! the "or) o! the li#er is to absorb sugar !rom the blood and change it into animal starch or glycogen& This process is called glycogenesis& hile glycogen possesses the same chemical !ormula as starch, it is e#idently not absolutely identical "ith starch in its molecular structure& 3o"e#er, it is insoluble in "ater, and the e#ident purpose o! the !ormation is to ta)e sugar out o! circulation and store it in the condition o! starch& A!ter glycogen has been held in the li#er cells !or a !e" hours it is gradually gi#en out again in the !orm o! sugar& ;n order to change the glycogen to sugar, it must be reFdigested&Another reason is,he bile pigments arise !rom the decomposition o! hemoglobin in the li#er& 3emoglobin is red pigment o! the red blood cells& As these cells become decrepit and useless they are retired !rom the circulation, and are caught either by the spleen or by the li#er, and bro)en up into simpler elements&Lue to this brea)ing up o! the hemoglobin, the iron is retained by the li#er cells& This part o! the bile is purely e-cretory, as no one has !ound that it ser#es any purpose in the digestion or absorption o! !ood& ,l#esha 8rea#es, 7; 1eply
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Ms Veira says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:78 pm 8oodCdidnt see this belo"& 1eply

Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:12 pm Some irrele#ant in!o though, read abo#e comments& 1eply

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Ariel Ai son says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 10:30 pm

The li#er is )no"n as the laboratory o! the body so because a #ast amount o! chemical reactions and acti#ites occur here&5ne o! your li#er%s most important !unctions is to brea) do"n !ood and con#ert it into energy "hen you need it&/our li#er plays a #ital role in !ighting in!ections, particularly in!ections arising in the bo"el& ;t does this by mobilising part o! your body%s de!ence mechanism called the macrophage system& 5ther !unctions are labelled belo": Rprocessing digested !ood !rom the intestine Rcontrolling le#els o! !ats, amino acids and glucose in the blood Rcombating in!ections in the body Rclearing the blood o! particles and in!ections including bacteria Rneutralising and destroying drugs and to-ins Rmanu!acturing bile Rstoring iron, #itamins and other essential chemicals Rbrea)ing do"n !ood and turning it into energy Rmanu!acturing, brea)ing do"n and regulating numerous hormones including se- hormones Rma)ing enzymes and proteins "hich are responsible !or most chemical reactions in the body, !or e-ample those in#ol#ed in blood clotting and repair o! damaged tissues& The li#er play an important role in the body& So Simple && /ou cut out your li#er and certainly Lie 1eply
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Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:70 pm truC; agree..:*'/* 1eply

Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:17 pm 1ead all my comments abo#eCyou really ha#ent ans"ered the +uestion& 1eply

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Carlotta Edwards 48 says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:17 pm

i agree "ith e#eryone%s ans"er because "hat they stated in their ans"ers are trueC&the li#er does all those !unctionC&so yeaC0arla agrees.. 1eply
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Mauri/ia Bi y says: 5ctober (, 2010 at 11:72 pm lol 0arlaC; sec& that comment... 1eply '/*

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Shanka Edwards says: 5ctober B, 2010 at ::7: pm The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because most o! the chemical reactions in the digesti#e system goes on there& the li#er also stores le!t o#er !ood and releases it "hen needed by the body it produces bile "hich contains bile salts that emulsi!y !ats brea)ing it up in small droplets the li#er allo"s amino acids and monosaccharides to carry out their speci!ic tas)s& the li#er also e-cretes e-cess cholesterol into bile and remo#es it !rom the body the li#er recon#erts glycogen to glucose "h"n blood sugar le#els !all it also acts as a storage !or essential minerals such as potasium and iron and #itamins& it enables to-ic minerals to be absorbed !rom the intestines "hich are stored bro)en do"n and gotten rid o! by the li#er it also enables bro)en do"n red blood cells to be stored e-created or reused as bile pigments the li#er generates a lot o! heat as a lot o! metabolis acti#ities go on there& 1eply
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Ms. V says:

4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:2: pm 9uestion not ans"ereedCread through all my comments& 1eply 7:& .handi says: 5ctober B, 2010 at :::7 pm The li#er is )no"n as the chemical lab o! the body because a lot o! chemical acti#ities occur there& An important !unction o! the li#er is it absorbs the sugar !rom blood and changes it to animal starch or glycogen&The li#er also is important !or: 0arbohydrate metabolism Dipid metabolism Production o! bile Storage o! #itamins Storage o! minerals Synthesis o! plasma protein Leto-i!ication Erea) do"n o! red blood cells Production o! heat 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:2( pm 6ore details needed& 1eply

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Marsha says: 5ctober B, 2010 at =:21 pm The li#er is the largest glandular organ in the body&;t is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because it per!orms chemical !unctions such as the ma)ing o! clotting !actors to help blood clot, the remo#al o! poisons !rom the air "e breathe and the ma)ing o! blood along "ith the other !unctions stated abo#e& The li#er can be damaged #ery easily by the drin)ing o! alcohol, smo)ing and the usage o! street drugs& 1eply

Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:28 pm 6ore in!o, you ha#e not ans"ered +uestion& 1ead abo#e comments& 1eply

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**An%eli9ue ** 4? says: 5ctober B, 2010 at 10::0 pm The li#er is re!erred to as the $%chemical laboratory%% o! the body because A #ery large part o! the chemical "or) done in the body is accomplished in the li#er & An important part o! the "or) o! the li#er is to absorb sugar !rom the blood and change it into animal starch or glycogen & The li#er also deals "ith the proteins& hile these are probably unchanged in their !irst passage through the li#er, "hen they come bac) !rom acti#e tissues, particularly !rom the muscle tissues, partly o-idized and bro)en up into simpler midFproducts, the li#er cells absorb these midFproducts o! protein catabolism, and !urther o-idize and combine them into the nitrogenous e-creta, "hich "ill be later thro"n out o! the body& Another important ser#ice per!ormed by the li#er is the o-idation o! to-ic substances "hich come to it in the blood &;T stores iron reser#es, as "ell as #itamins and minerals, 6a)es bile to help digest !ood, deto-i!ies poisonous chemicals, including alcohol, beer, "ine, and drugs prescribed and o#erFtheFcounter medicines as "ell as illegal substances and it ma)es clotting !actors to help blood clot and 1emo#es poisons !rom the air, e-haust, smo)e and chemicals "e breathe& These !unctions are e!!icient to the !unctioning o! the body& 1eply

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akeda s?rin%er says: 5ctober B, 2010 at 10::( pm The li#er is re!erred to as the >chemical laboratory? o! the body simply because most "or) "ith chemical substances ta)e place here& 2or e-ample, absorbed sugars and protein !rom the alimentary canal are recei#ed by the li#er !rom the portal #ein blood as these !ood materials are distributed to the li#er, it absorbs the sugar turning it into animal starch or glycogen, this is glycogenesis& A!ter glycogen has been held in the li#er cells !or a !e" hours it is gradually gi#en out again in the !orm o! sugar a!ter being redigested, this is glycolysis& Also the li#er absorbs mid products o! protein catabolism "hich is partly bro)en up mid products and !urther o-idize them into nitrogenous e-creta "hich "ould later be e-creted by help o! the )idneys&

The li#er cells also brea)s do"n hemoglobin to get iron !ound in bile& ;t also o-idizes to-ic substance in the blood "hich is #ery important to the !unction o! the human body& 1eply 7=& 'neka Morris says: 5ctober B, 2010 at 11:23 pm The li#er being the second largest organ in the body besides the s)in is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory because o! se#eral reasons& Lrugs, including alcohol, are !iltered through the li#er and neutralized or con#erted into other !orms by special enzymes& Eile, produced by the li#er, is a thic) digesti#e !luid& ;t is passed to the gallbladder !or concentration, storage, or transport into the !irst region o! the small intestine, the duodenum& ;ts !unction is to aid in the digestion o! !ats in the duodenum& Eile is composed o! bile acids and salts, phospholipids, cholesterol, pigments, "ater, and electrolyte chemicals that )eep the total solution slightly acidic '"ith a p3 o! about : to (& Eile helps brea) do"n !ats into !atty acids, "hich can be ta)en into the body by the digesti#e tract& 2at, soluble #itamins A, L, , and M need bile in order to be absorbed by the body& The li#er con#erts carbohydrates into glucose !or instantly a#ailable energy and con#erts glucose into its smaller !orm 'glycogen*& hen blood sugar le#els dropS glycogen is con#erted bac) into glucose& Amino acids !rom protein are sent to the li#er !or the production o! body proteins such as hormones& The li#er changes ammonia 'a to-ic byF product o! protein metabolism* into urea, "hich is then e-creted in urine& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:30 pm Some unnecessary in!oCread all my comments& 1eply

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,annesha says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 12:23 am The li#er is sometimes )no"n as the chemical laboratory o! the body or the body%s internal chemical po"er plant& ;t plays a #ital role in per!orming many comple- !unctions,"hich are essential to li!e'most o! the bodies metabolic processes occur here*& ;t con#erts consumed !ood into stored energy and chemicals necessary !or gro"th and li!e& ;t deto-i!ies the blood to remo#e

alcohol and other harm!ul materials,con#erting them to substances that can be e-creted !rom the body'eg:urea*& ;t processes drugs and medications absorbed !rom the digesti#e system,allo"ing the body to use them e!!ecti#ely and ultimately dispose o! them& ;t also manu!actures essential proteins'such as clottting !actors* and bile "hich assists in the digestion o! !ats& The li#er is regenerating,so small dammaged parts can repair themsel#es but i! the li#er is unable to !unction,the being "ill die i! a transplant isn%t done& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:30 pm /ou ha#e not ans"ered the +uestion, read abo#e comments& 1eply

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De +onte Mayers says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 12::2 am The li#er is )no"n as the chemical lab o! the body because most o! the chemical reactions that ta)e place in the body happen here& ;t brea)s do"n dead red blood cells, ma)es bile, stores glycogen,regulates metabolism and brea)s do"n protiens into amino acids and these to urea to be e-creted 1eply

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Shiirnet Callender says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 2:2( am The li#er is re!ered to as the chemical laboratary o! the body becauce most o! the chemical reaction that occur in the body occur "ithin the li#er during digestion& ;t is belie#ed that at least :00 chemical reaction occur in the li#er& some o! the chemical !unctions o! the li#er are: 1* 0arbohydrate 6etabolism: A!ter a meal, the li#er absorbs t"o thirds o! the glucose !rom blood and con#erts it into the molecule glucoseF(Fphosphate, and !urther into glycogen, an energyFstoring molecule&Also "hen the blood glucose le#el is lo", the li#er enzymes produce glucose& 2*Dipid metabolism: hen the le#els o! energyFstoring molecules are abundant, li#er enzymes incorporate !atty acids& They accumulate in the !atty tissue& hen le#els o! energy are lo", li#er enzymes trans!orm !atty acids into )etone bodies '0hemicals that the body ma)es "hen there is not enough

insulin in the blood and it must brea) do"n !at instead o! the sugar glucose !or energy*, the energy source !or the brain during !asting periods&The li#er is also the ma@or site o! cholesterol synthesis& Some o! the cholesterol deri#ati#es made by the li#er are bile salts, "hich help in digesting !ats !rom !ood& 3*3ormones and Proteins: 4umerous hormones are produced by the li#er&;t is important !or maintaining normal blood pressure&The li#er also produces a great deal o! ma@or blood serum proteins, such as albumin or blood clotting proteins, and also proteins that carry hormones through the blood& The Erea)F do"n o! #arious hormones li)e insulin, or speci!ic proteins li)e hemoglobin, also occur in the li#er& 7*Amino Acid 6etabolism: The li#er absorbs the ma@ority o! amino acids !rom the blood, lea#ing some !or the other organs& The most important role o! amino acids is to build ne" proteins& Eut the li#er also uses them to create its only source o! energy alphaF)eto acids, trans!orming them !urther into glucose and !atty acids& The li#er is the main site o! red blood cell production during the !irst three months o! prenatal de#elopment is the li#er& ;t also produces the specialized immune cellsFE cells, during the entire embryonic de#elopment&The enzymes in the li#er con#ert inacti#e #itamin L produced in the s)in into its acti#e !orm& the li#er also produces bile& 1eply :3& Pre/ious 4oods 4P says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 2:73 am The li#er is )no"n as the chemical lab o! the body because most o! the chemical reactions that occur is the body ta)es place in the li#er& the li#e recei#es absorbed nutrients li)e protein and sugars !rom the hepatic portal #ein and then these nutrients are sent to other parts o! the body the blood capillaries bet"een the cells so the body can ha#e the nutrients it needs to do "or)& the li#e also brea)sdo"n dead red blood cells to produce bile pigm)ents& ;t controls the amount o! glucose in the blood and the li#er stores some o! minerals and #itamins @ust incase the diet might lac) some and it also stores, brea)s do"n and gets rid o! poisonous substances& the li#er produces bile& 6any chemical reactions ta)es place in the li#er,and this ma)es it produce a lot o! heat& As the blood !lo"s through the li#er it "arms it up and )eeps inside the body "arm& 1eply :7& ** rinarr Sassine** says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 7:7( am

hey miss # here goes nothing the li#er is a #erry important organ in the body it is !e!ered to the chemisal labratory because it carries out most o! the chemical reactions occuring in the body Lescription This section is !rom the boo) >4utrition And Lietetics?, by Also a#ailable !rom Amazon: 4utrition And Lietetics& in!ield S& 3all&

A& The or) Lone ;n The Di#er The li#er is the great chemical laboratory o! the body& A #ery large part o! the chemical "or) done in the body is accomplished in the li#er, the li#er recei#es !rom the portal #ein blood containing the @ustFabsorbed proteins and sugars !rom the alimentary canal& These !ood materials are distributed to the li#er cells, and as they slo"ly !ilter through the blood capillaries bet"een the cells "ithin the lobules o! the li#er, the li#er cells, "hich lie along the capillaries, absorb se#eral substances, among them sugar& An important part o! the "or) o! the li#er is to absorb sugar !rom the blood and change it into animal starch or glycogen Another important !unction o! the li#er has to do "ith the proteins& hile these are probably unchanged in their !irst passage through the li#er, "hen they come bac) !rom acti#e tissues, particularly !rom the muscle tissues, partly o-idized and bro)en up into simpler midFproducts, the li#er cells absorb these midFproducts o! protein catabolism, and !urther o-idize and combine them into the nitrogenous e-creta, "hich "ill be later thro"n out o! the body by "ay o! the )idneysAnother important ser#ice per!ormed by the li#er is the o-idation o! to-ic substances "hich come to it in the blood& 4o small part o! these to-ic substances comes in the portal blood, ha#ing been absorbed !rom the alimentary canal along "ith the !ood& 6any o! these to-ic substances ha#e resulted !rom bacterial !ermentation o! !oods, the li#e alsostores #itamins energy and minerals incase the body needs it or there is not enough in the diet there aremany more !unctions o! the li#er it is a #ery comple- and important organ miss # do i need more in!o&&<< P&S i agree "ith most people so !ar 'the ones that "ere short enought o read* and they all seem li)e pretty !acinating and accurate ans"ers i ne#er )ne" the li#er had T3AT many !unctions and i ha#e learned allot !rom tha blog OV 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:31 pm

; "ant an ans"er !rom you gi#en "hat you ha#e researched Sabrina& ;n 0I0 you "rite your o"n ans"ers based on research and )no"ledge & 1eply ::& &aDonna +orke says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 7::2 pm The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical lobatory because almost all the chemical reaction in the body ta)es place here&The li#er is one o! the most important organs in the body as it has many !unction that are essential to )eepinhg the body health& The li#er has many !unction such as: &0arbohydrates metabolism ,-cess glucose is stored up as glycogen and recon#erted to glucose "hen blood su!ar le#el !all&e-cess carbohydrytes may also be con#erted to !at &Dipid mtabolism ,-cess amino acids are bro)en to !orm ammonia and then con#eryted to less to-ic substance urea& &Production o! bile Eile salt are produced and temporarily stored in the gall bladder &Leto-i!ication To-ic materials absorbed !rom the intestines are stored,brop)en do"n or gotten rid o! by the li#er& &1ed blood cells are bro)en do"n and the iron components may be stored ,reused or e-creted as bile pigments 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:33 pm Dipid metabolism needs clari!ication an your ans"er needs more e-planation, but you ha#e the idea& 1eply

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keanna says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 8:20 pm

The li#er is o!ten re!erred to as the chemical laborary o! body because that is "here most chemical reactions ta)es place& The li#er is the largest internal organ in the body and is necessary !or sur#i#al& ;t also plays a ma@or role in metabolism and operates in many important !unctions: F;t produces bile "hich aid in digestion& F;t gets rid o! to-ic substances in !ood "hen digested& F;t destroys the old red blood cells "hich ha#e been "ore out and stop pre!orming its main !unction properly& F;t also stores !ood substances& F;t controls the amount o! sugar in the body& F;t reduces heat in the body due to the chemical reactions "hich ta)es place& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:7B pm 1ead abo#e commentsCyou ha#e not ans"ered +uestion& 1eply

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Annasta/ia says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 8::( pm the li#er is re!erred to as the chemical laboratory o! the body because o! the many chemical reactions that ta)e place "ithin it& it produces heat because o! the chemical reactions ta)ing place and there!ore "arms up the blood and !urther, the body& the li#er gets rid o! poisons in the body Wdeto-i!icationV, produces the red pigmentations in bile, stores glucose that is ta)en to it by the hepatic portal #ein Wthen turns the un"anted into glycogenV, and also ser#es as a storage medium !or #itamins and minerals& ms& # am i on the right trac) < 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:78 pm 4o, you are telling me about the li#er but you need to state the !unctions dealing "ith "ith digestion and "hat happens to the end products as !ar as the li#er%s !unctioning&

1eply :8& 6oni9ue Browne says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at =:2= pm The li#er is sometimes re!erred to as the $chemical laboratory% o! the body because here is "here a lot o! reactions ta)e place& 2or e-ample it produces bile "hich tra#els to the dudenum to assist in digestion 'emusi!y !ats*, poisonous substance "hich "ere absorbed !rom the intestines are con#erted into a !orm the body can tolerate,or it is bro)en do"n or gotten rid o!& The li#er also con#erts e-cess glucose to glycogen and stores it, i! the blood sugar le#els are lo" it is recon#erted so that the body can use it&Also amino acids are con#erted to ammonia and then to urea "hich is transported to the )idneys and gotten rid o! out o! the body as urine& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2:7= pm 5n the right trac), @ust more details needed& 1ead all my comments abo#e& 1eply

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.eslia (a)es says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 10:77 pm The li#er is described as a chemical laboratory in digestion because the li#er produces ma@ority o! the chemicals needed to brea) do"n !ood in order to be absorbed in the body& The li#er produces bile, bile salts, plasma proteins '"hich are needed !or blood clotting* and it also produces heat& The li#er also gets rid o! to-ins, and brea) do"n red blood cells& The li#er also stores minerals and #itamins so i! these are de!icient in the diet, they are released !rom the li#er into the body& The li#er also brea)s do"n e-cess amino acids to ammonia to urea to be e-creted in the urineS the li#er also e-cretes e-cess cholesterol into the bile and remo#ed !rom the body& The li#er also stores e-cess glucose as glycogen and recon#erts it to glucose "hen blood sugar le#els !ailS it also stores e-cess carbohydrates& 1eply
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Ms. V says:

4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2::0 pm Dast couple points are o)Cthe rest is irrele#ant& 1ead through all my comments& 1eply (0& Sha2el Crui/kshank says: 5ctober 8, 2010 at 10:7( pm The li#er is one o! the most important organs in the body& ithout the li#er digested material "ould be useless since "ithout the li#er they "ould not be able to go to their use!ul places, ma@ority o! chemical "or) is done in the li#er hence the term >chemical laboratory? The li#er is a central place in our body%s metabolism& The li#er has many chemical uses: 1&* 0arbohydrate metabolism occurs in the li#erF the li#er controls the concentration o! glucose in the blood and ta)es it out i! it is too much or puts some bac) in i! it is too lo"& The li#er con#erts e-cess glucose to glycogen and bac) to glucose i! the blood sugar is lo"& 2ailure to do this "e "ould get diabetes #ery easily or !aint +uite o!ten& 2&* The lo#er deto-i!ies the bodyF "hen to-ic material gets to the li#er !rom the intestines it get rids o!, brea)s do"n or is stored by the li#er& 3&* The li#er is the main site o! red blood cell production !or the !irst !e" months o! prenatal de#elopment in the li#er& 7&* Protein metabolismF the li#er brea)s do"n e-cess amino acids to ammonia then con#erts it to something less to-ic called urea "hich is e-creted in urine& :&* The production o! heatF the li#er does a lot o! metabolic acti#ity "hich re+uires a lot o! energy and the most abundant "aste o! energy is in the !orm o! heat, the li#ers help to )eep the body the right temperature in mammals& ithout the li#er "e "ould all die this is "hy "e should ta)e o! it and appreciate the amount o! "or) it does& Although "e can only li#e !or a !e" minutes "ithout our heart in my opinion the li#er is @ust as more important& 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2::1 pm 8ood e!!ort. 1eply

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-otasha Med2ord -o@,....48nvader7 )e seh says: 5ctober =, 2010 at 8:73 pm

The li#er per!orms a "ide range o! !unctions in the human body and it per!orms numerous chemical reactions& Some o! the li#er%s !unctions include: production o! bile, a substance that helps brea) do"n !at,deto-i!ying the bodyS !or e-ample changing ammonia into less harm!ul urea "hich is then trans!erred to the bladder to be e-creted as urine, etc& The li#er is also the only organ that can regenerate i! parts o! it are remo#ed !or e-ample #ia surgery& As can be seen !rom "hat i ha#e said and !rom pre#ious comments, the li#er is a miraculous organ that is #ery important to human li!e& ps& Sorry !or ta)ing so long to comment 6iss&G 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2::2 pm /ou ha#e not ans"ered the +uestions, read Shari, Dleta, Sha!el and Shonnette%s ans"ers& 1eply

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Soleil 5D 4 P says: 5ctober 10, 2010 at 10:2B pm 3ey miss #, sorry its so late, i had no clue "e "ere supposed to comment :s The li#er is re!erred to as the chemical labaratoy o! the body as a #ast amount o! the chemical "or) is done here' ;t is belie#ed that at least :00 chemical reactions occur in the li#er*& ;t%s many !unctions include the production o! bile "hich is needed !or the emulsi!ication o! !ats,con#erting e-cess glucose to glycogen,producing urea 'the main component o! urine*, ma)ing certain amino acids, !iltering harm!ul substances and impurities out o! the blood 'such as alchohol* and producing about 80U o! the body%s cholestorol& p&s& blog is supa )ul -L 1eply
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Ms. V says: 4o#ember 2, 2010 at 2::2 pm Than)s, you need to elaborate on your ans"ers&

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