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Oneness and Trinity


100-300 . . .

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2
Trinity, Holy, The New Catholic Encyclopedia (NewYork: McGraw Hill, 1967), 14:295.
3
Van Harvey, A Handbook of Theological Terms (NewYork: Macmillan, 1964), 244.
4
Ibid.; William Stevens, Doctrines of the Christian Religion (Nashville: Broadman, 1967), 119.


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Louis Berkhof, Systematic Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1941), 87.


Charles Hodge, Systematic Theology (Reprint, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986), 1:444; Augustus Strong, Systematic
Theology (Old Tappan, N. J.: Revell, 1907), 304; Harvey, 245.
7
Otto Heick, A History of Christian Thought (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1965), 1:160; Trinity, Encyclopedia of
Religion and Ethics, ed. James Hastings et al. (New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1951), 11:459-60; Hodge, 1:445;
Berkhof, Systematic Theology, 89.
8
Trinity, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 11:460.
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E. H. Klotsche, The History of Christian Doctrine, rev.ed. (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1979), 17-18; Heick, 1:44-46.
Klotsche, 23-24; Heick, 1:58-59.
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Klotsche, 27.
Louis Berkhof, The History of Christian Doctrines (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1937), 59-60.
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Gregory Boyd, The Pseudo-Apostolic Faith of the United Pentecostal Church and the Witness of Second-Century
Christianity (Paper presented at the second ARC [Apologetic Research Coalition] Symposium on Cults, the Occult
and World Religions, Farmington Hills, Mich., 10 August 1989), 2-3. Emphasis is original.

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, : Alexander Roberts,
James Donaldson, and A.Cleveland Coxe, eds., The Ante-Nicene Fathers (1885; reprint, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,
1981). ; ,
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Cyril Richardson et al., trans. and ed., Early Christian Fathers (New York: Macmillan, 1970), 73.
Ante-Nicene Fathers, 1:31, 45.
20
Richardson, 81, 83.
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J. B. Lightfoot and J. R. Harmer, eds., The Apostolic Fathers (1891; reprint, Grand Rapids: Baker, 1988), 144.

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Joseph Thayer, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (1889; reprint, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.), 477.
Emphasis added.
23
The Lost Books of the Bible and the Forgotten Books of Eden (New York: William Collins, 1963), 173.
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E. Calvin Beisner, God in Three Persons (Wheaton, III.:Tyndale, 1984), 47.


Jim Beverley, Truly Pentecostal? A Critique of the United Pentecostal Church, The Journal of Pastoral Practice, 4,
no. 3 (1980): 109.
28
Richardson, 161.
29
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30
M. B. Riddle, in Ante-Nicene Fathers, 7:375.
27

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34
Riddle, in Ante-Nicene Fathers, 7:374.
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36

Kirsopp Lake, Baptism (Early Christian), Encyclopediaof Religion and Ethics, 2:389.
J. V. Bartlet, Baptism (New Testament), Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 2:378.

22

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24

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Heick, 1:53, 87.


.: Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church (Grand
Rapids: Eerdmans, 1910), 2:714-15.

40

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.: Klotsche, 8, 13; Heick, 1:25, 31.


Richardson, 233.
43
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31

, , ,
.

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32

" (3:9).
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33

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34

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Berkhof, History of Christian Doctrines, 58.


Heick, 1:60-61.
47
Ibid., 1:61.
46

35

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48

Heick, 1:109-10.
Richardson, 347.
50
Ibid.
51
.: Berkhof, History of Christian Doctrines, 64-65; Heick, 1:108.
49

36

, 52.

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52

Ante-Nicene Fathers, 1:311-12.

37

(2:28:5).
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53

, , , 2:15 2:18,
, 2:10 2:22.

38

" (3:6:2). ,
(3:15:3; 4:1:1). (3:9:3; 3:21:4). " ,
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54

Heick, 1:109, 127.

39


(165-189 .),
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55

Joseph P. Smith, trans., Irenaeus, Demonstration of the Apostolic Preaching, (Westminster, Md.: Newman Press,
1952), 7-8.

40

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56

Heick, 1:108.
Schaff, History, 2:569.
58
Klotsche, 52-53; Heick, 1: 123, 127; Schaff, History, 2:819.
59
Heick, 1:127.
57

41

213 .
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.
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(. 1:35) (26).
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,
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.
60

Jaroslav Pelikan, The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600), vol. 1 of The Christian Tradition: A History of
the Development of Doctrine (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971), 105.
61
Ibid., 101.

42

, ,
,
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1:3. "
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, 203 . 18 . .
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63
Heick, 1:114.

43

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(1:3:4; 4:1:28).
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, (1:2:5-6).
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64

Pelikan, 191.
, . . .
66
, . . .
65

44

( ) ( ), (
) ( ); " (2:3).
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(8:15).
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(10:29).

( 257 .)
.
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67

Schaff, History, 2:552.


, ,
. . .
68

45

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) 10
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(72:17),
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(1:4), (1:3), (6).
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69

Pelikan, 192.

46

70.
(300 .), , ,
(37) (39). "
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(260-330 .) ,
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(4:29).
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70

Schaff, History, 2:797-99.


Berkhof, History of Christian Doctrines, 65, 83.
72
Ibid., 83-84.
71

47


.
, ,
,
.
.
8, 9 10 ,
.

8.
,
" " (
73).
, , ;
. ,
, .
.
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.
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, , " " (. 9).

( ),
. , .
, ,
,
.

.
, - .
, ,
.
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. ,
.
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73

Walter Bauer, W. F. Arndt, F. W. Gingrich, and F. W. Danker, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and
Other Early Christian Literature, 2nd ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979), 571-73; Heick, 1:53, 87; J. F.
Bethune-Baker, An Introduction to the Early History of Christian Doctrine (London: Methuen and Company, 1933),
25, 378; Kirsopp Lake, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 2:389; Jean Danielou, The Theology of Jewish Christianity, vol. 1 of The Development of Christian Doctrine Before the Council of Nicaea, John A. Baker, ed. and trans.
(London: Darton, Lonman, and Todd, 1964), 323; Wilhelm Bousset, Kyrios ChristianityA History of the Belief in
Christ from, the Beginning of Christianity to Irenaeus, 5th ed., trans. John Steely (New York: Abingdon, 1970), 292;
David A. Reed, Origins and Development of the Theology of Oneness Pentecostalism in the United States (Ann Arbor,
Mich.: University Microfilms International, 1978), 220; Williston Walker, A History of the Christian Church (New
York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1947), 58. .: William Chalfant, Ancient Champions of Oneness (1979; reprint, Hazelwood, Mo.: Word Aflame Press, 1982), chap. 5.

48

): " ".
: " ,
".
( . . - II III
): "[] ,
, ... ,
, " (1:39).
(2:3:72)74.

"" , .
, ,
, . ,
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, . ,

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, . 256 .
, ",
, " (, 72:16). : "
, ?"
: "!" (72:17).
,
2:38, , ,
(72:17). , , "
", (72:18). ,
(72:19). ,
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,
.
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, 256 .
: " ,
, "
(74:18).
, ,
, ,
, . "
,
,

?" (73:5).
" "
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74

James M. Robinson, ed., The Nag Hammadi Library in English (New York: Harper and Row, 1978), 147.

49

III . , ,
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. " ,
" (8:44).
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IV .

50

" ". ,
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) .

51



, ,
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,... ... , "
(2:6).
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75.
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75

.: Pelikan, 178-79.

52

(, ),
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, II . ,
,
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(177 .)
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381 . ( 7)78.
( , 8:12; 10:22).
- ,
(7:2)79.
76
Gregory Boyd, The Oneness View of the Ante-Nicene Fathers: A Critical Appraisal, in Papers presented to the
First Occasional Symposium on Aspects of the Oneness Pentecostal Movement [held at Harvard Divinity School, July
5-7, 1984] (Cambridge, Mass.: Jeffrey Gill, 1984), 183-84.
77
Johannes Quasten, Patrology (Westminster, Md.: Newman Press, 1963), 3:98-99.
78
Philip Schaff and Henry Wace, eds., The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, 2d. ser. (Reprint, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976), 14:185. , -
. , ,
. , .
79
Pelikan, 104.

53

, ,
, .
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"80.

,
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: ; , ,
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?
10 ,
, 4, 5, 6, 7 11
180 . 180
.
80

Ibid., 104-5.
Monarchianism, Encyclopoedia Britannica (Chicago: William Benton, 1964), 15:686.
82
Monarchianism, The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, ed. Samuel Jackson (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1963), 7:454-58.
83
Heick, 1:147, 149.
84
Pelikan, 178-79.
85
Adolph Harnack, History of Dogma (London: Williams and Norgate, 1897), 3:51-54.
86
Heick, 1:149.
81

54


, ,
, , ,
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).
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87

Schaff, History, 2:572-73.


Berkhof, History of Christian Doctrines, 78.
89
Chalfant, 105-13.
88

55

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90

Jules Lebreton and Jacques Zeiller, A History of the Early Church (New York: Collier, 1962), 4:148.

56

, , . 240-
. , . , ,
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91

Schaff, History, 2:856.


H. A. Wolfson, The Philosophy of the Church Fathers (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970), 1:58384.
92

57

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1962), 8:780.
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