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CHEM 135 EXAM 3 Dr.

Vedernikov December 7, 2012


Full Name: _____________________________ First letter of your Last Name:
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Lecture time: 2:00 pm

Discussion Section day (circle one): Tu Th Discussion section time (circle one): 12:30 2:00 3:30 pm

I pledge on my honor that I have not given or received any unauthorized assistance on this examination

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Date

Important: when performing calculations, pay attention to the number of significant figures in your answer!
This exam contains 5 pages in total including this title page: 11 questions on pages 2-4 (do NOT unstaple these pages and the title page), and the Periodic Table of the Elements on the last page (you may detach it) Check if you have all of that before you begin. You may use any blank pages as a scratch paper. Put your answers ONLY in the space provided. Examination rules: You may not begin until everyone has an exam When time is called, put your pencil down and remain in your desk After all exams have been collected, you will be dismissed Question 1: _____/10 pts Question 2: _____/10 pts Question 3: _____/10 pts Question 4: _____/10 pts Question 5: _____/10 pts Question 6: _____/8 pts Question 7: _____/8 pts Question 8: _____/8 pts Question 9: _____/10 pts Question 10: ____/6 pts Question 11: ____/10 pts

TOTAL POINTS: _________/100

1. (10 pts) The following four flasks filled with gases have the same volume V and are kept at the same temperature T. Each flask contains 1.0 g of the following: i) Ar(g) (flask A); ii) N2(g) (flask B); iii) propane C3H8(g) (flask C) ; iv) H2(g) (flask D) . Which of the flasks has highest and which one has lowest gas pressure? Assume ideal gas behavior. Circle the correct answers. Show your work:

Lowest pressure of gas is in the flask: Highest pressure of gas is in the flask:

A (Ar) A (Ar)

B (N2) B (N2)

C (C3H8) C (C3H8)

D (H2) D (H2)

2. (10 pts) In an experiment a sample of propane C3H8(g) was burned in excess O2 gas to produce 2.00 g of CO2(g) (molar mass 44.0 g/mol CO2). Use the thermochemical equation below to calculate the enthalpy change in the experiment described. C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g) Show your work: H = 2044 kJ

Enthalpy change = ____ Sign 3. (10 pts) Given the standard enthalpy change for each of the following reactions: 2H2(g) + O2(g) 2I2(s) + 5O2(g) H2O(l) + I2O5(s) 2H2O(l) 2I2O5(s) 2HIO3(s)

_________ kJ magnitude

H1 = -571.6 kJ H2 = -366.6 kJ H3 = -17.0 kJ

(1) (2) (3)

Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation of HIO3(s), Hof[HIO3(s)], in kJ/mol: 0.5H2(g) + 1.5O2(g) + 0.5I2(s) HIO3(s) Show your work: Hof[HIO3(s)] (4)

Hof[HIO3(s)] =

____ Sign

_________ kJ /mol magnitude

4. (10 pts) Arrange the following aqueous solutions in the order from the lowest to the highest freezing point: a) 0.5 m CaCl2(aq), b) 1.0 m CH3OH, c) 1.0 m acetic acid, d) 1.0 m HClO4(aq)? Show your work:

(lowest freezing point) ________________________________________________ (highest freezing point) 5. (10 pts) The rate of the following reaction is 0.012 molL-1s-1: 4NH3(g) + 5O2(g) 4NO(g) + 6H2O(g) Write the expressions for the reaction rate with respect to each of the reactants and products. Find the values of d[NO(g)]/dt and d[O2(g)]/dt. The reaction rate expressions:

Rate = d[NO(g)]/dt = ____ Sign _________ molL-1s-1 magnitude d[O2(g)]/dt: ____ Sign _________ molL-1s-1 magnitude

6. (4 pts each, 8 pts total) Write the equilibrium constant expression for the following reversible reactions:

a)

2NO(g) + Cl2(g) H2S(aq) + NiCl2(aq)

2NOCl(g)

K=

b)

NiS(s) + 2HCl(aq)

K=

7. (2 pts each, 8 pts total) Consider the following reversible reaction: Br2(l) + 2H2O(l) + SO2(g) system (circle the correct answer): a) upon increase of [H2SO4(aq)]: b) upon addition of Br2(l): c) upon increase of temperature: d) upon increase of pressure: right right right right no change no change no change no change left left left left 2HBr(aq) + H2SO4(aq) Hrxn < 0

Use Le Chateliers principle to predict the direction in which the equilibrium above shifts upon disturbing the

8. (8 pts) Calculate the molar solubility of Mg(OH)2 in water, x, at 25 oC in mol/L. The solubility product constant Ksp = [Mg2+][OH-]2 = 6.8210-13. Show your work:

Molar solubility of Mg(OH)2, x = ___________ mol/L

9. (2 pts each, 10 pts total) Provide formula of the conjugate acid for each of the following species: a) H2SO4 __________ , b) OH- __________ ; c) NH3 __________ ; Provide formula of the conjugate base for each of the following species: a) H2O __________ , b) H2PO4- __________

10. (2 pts each; 6 pts total) Classify the following solutions of salts in water as acidic, basic or pH-neutral (circle the correct answer): a) KHSO4(aq) b) NH4NO3(aq) c) Ca(C2H3O2)2(aq) acidic acidic acidic basic basic basic pH-neutral pH-neutral pH-neutral

11. (10 pts) Calculate the pH for each of the following solutions at 25 oC. Show your work: a) (4 pts) 0.25 M HBr(aq). Ionization constant for HBr, Ka(HBr) = 1109

pH = _______ b) (6 pts) 0.017 M NH3(aq). The base ionization constant for NH3, Kb(NH3) = 5.610
-10

pH = _______

Periodic Table of the Elements


MAIN-GROUP ELEMENTS 1A (1) 1 MAIN-GROUP ELEMENTS 8A (18) 2

H
1.008 3 2A (2) 4 3A (13) 5 4A (14) 6 5A (15) 7 6A (16) 8 7A (17) 9

He
4.003 10

Li
6.941 11

Be
9.012 12 TRANSITION ELEMENTS 8B 3B (3) 21 4B (4) 22 5B (5) 23 6B (6) 24 7B (7) 25 (8) 26 (9) 27 (10) 28 1B (11) 29 2B (12) 30

B
10.81 13

C
12.01 14

N
14.01 15

O
16.00 16

F
19.00 17

Ne
20.18 18

Na
22.99 19

Mg
24.31 20

Al
26.98 31

Si
28.09 32

P
30.98 33

S
32.07 34

Cl
35.45 35

Ar
39.95 36

K
39.10 37

Ca
40.08 38

Sc
44.96 39

Ti
47.87 40

V
50.94 41

Cr
52.00 42

Mn
54.94 43

Fe
55.85 44

Co
58.93 45

Ni
58.69 46

Cu
63.55 47

Zn
65.41 48

Ga
69.72 49

Ge
72.61 50

As
74.92 51

Se
78.96 52

Br
79.90 53

Kr
83.80 54

Rb
85.47 55

Sr
87.62 56

Y
88.91 57

Zr
91.22 72

Nb
92.91 73

Mo
95.94 74

Tc
(97.9) 75

Ru
101.1 76

Rh
102.9 77

Pd
106.4 78

Ag
107.9 79

Cd
112.4 80

In
114.8 81

Sn
118.7 82

Sb
121.8 83

Te
127.6 84

I
126.9 85

Xe
131.3 86

Cs
132.9 87

Ba
137.3 88

La
138.9 89

Hf
178.5 104

Ta
180.9 105

W
183.8 106

Re
186.2 107

Os
190.2 108

Ir
192.2 109

Pt
195.1 110

Au
197.0 111

Hg
200.6 112

Tl
204.4 113

Pb
207.2 114

Bi
209.0 115

Po
(209.0)

At
(210.0)

Rn
(222.0)

116

117

118

Fr
(223.0)

Ra
(226.0)

Ac
(227.0)

Rf
(261.1)

Db
(262.1)

Sg
(263.1)

Bh
(262.1)

Hs
(265)

Mt
(266)

Ds
(271)

Rg
(272)

Cn
(285)

Uut
(284)

Uuq
(289)

Uup
(288)

Uuh
(292)

Uus
(294)

Uuo
(294)

INNER TRANSITION ELEMENTS 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71

Lanthanides

Ce
140.1 90

Pr
140.9 91

Nd
144.2 92

Pm
(144.9)

Sm
150.4 94

Eu
152.0 95

Gd
157.3 96

Tb
158.9 97

Dy
162.5 98

Ho
164.9 99

Er
167.3 100

Tm
168.9 101

Yb
173.0 102

Lu
174.0 103

93

Actinides

Th
232.0

Pa
231.0

U
238.0

Np
(237.1)

Pu
(244.1)

Am
(243.1)

Cm
(247.1)

Bk
(247.1)

Cf
(251.1)

Es
(252.1)

Fm
(257.1)

Md
(258.1)

No
(259.1)

Lr
(260.1)