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Gabriel Pasia Period 7

Thesis: Beginning in the early 1940s to 1976, the Chinese Communist Partys conducts made

them responsible for the casualties of millions of people and the economic deterioration of China; consequently, the Chinese Communist Party failed to uphold the Chinese peoples basic rights to security and nutrion.

For my NHD project, I will be creating a website.

Primary Sources "Brave the wind and the waves, everything has remarkable abilities." Chinese Posters. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://chineseposters.net/posters/pc-1958-024.php Document Summary: The photograph above is a poster of Chinese propaganda during the Great Leap Forward. The CCP wanted the people of China to believe that the GPL was a means of social equality, as well as the end to Chinas economic problems. This works well with my project because it provides a complete opposite of the expectations and reality.

"Chinese converging at government station to purchase rice, July 18, 1948. As civil war in China..." Encyclopedia of Modern China. Ed. David Pong. Vol. 2. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2009. World History In Context. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=5&q uery=BS+great+leap+forward&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC +y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=1&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&action=e&cat Id=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CPC1837987148 Document Summary: The photo above was taken during WWII. This is significant for my project because it led to the eventual beginning of the Great Leap Forward.

"Chinese poster satirizing Gang of Four." Image. Stefan Landsberger. World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO,2013. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://0-worldhistory.abcclio.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/Search/Display/333795?terms=gang+of+four Document Summary: The photo above is a poster of the Gang of Four. This is relevant for my project because it shows the actions the Chinese government has taken after the death of Mao.

Gabriel Pasia Period 7 "Chinese propaganda poster promoting communes." Image. Stefan Landsberger. World History: The Modern Era.ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://0-worldhistory.abcclio.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/Search/Display/437658?terms=great%20leap%20forward&webSiteCo de=SLN_HMOD&returnToPage=%2fSearch%2fDisplay%2f437658%3fterms%3dgreat+leap+for ward&token=D1F2240DA7CA510BCFD196950D7AD38B&casError=False Document Summary: The document contains propaganda posters used by the CCP. The posters promise the Chinese people a bright future. This is relevant to my project because it is one of many lies told by the Chinese Communist Party.

"Chinese Young Red Guard March for Mao, 1966." Gale World History in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. World History In Context. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=12& query=BS+red+guards&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC+y&dis playGroupName=Images&currPage=2&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&displayGroups=Imag es&action=e&catId=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CBT2380000803 Document Summary: The document above shows a photograph of Red Guards. The Red Guards are holding and flashing items that pertain to Communism.

"Lin Biao." Image. AFP/Getty Images. World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://0-worldhistory.abc-clio.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/Search/Display/303568?terms=lin+biao Document Summary: The photo above shows Lin Biao, a marshal of the Red Army, and advocate of Mao Zedong. In the photo, he is reading the Little Red Book written by Mao.

"Liu Shaoqi, President of the People's Republic of China." Gale World History in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. World History In Context. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=2&q uery=BS+liu+shaoqi&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC+y&displ ayGroupName=Images&currPage=1&displayGroups=Images&action=e&catId=&view=docDispl ay&documentId=GALE%7CBT2380000423 Document Summary: The document is a photo of Liu Shaoqi. He is relevant for my project because he was the President of the Peoples Republic of China during the time the Communist were at war with the Nationalist Party.

Gabriel Pasia Period 7

"Mao Tse-Tung during the 'Cultural Revolution,' 1968." Gale World History in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. World History In Context. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=37& query=BS+cultural+revolution&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC +y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=1&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&action=e&cat Id=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CBT2380000250 Document Summary: The photo shows an image of Mao in front of a crowd during the Cultural Revolution. This is useful to my project to show how Maos still had supporters even after the Great Leap Forward.

"Mao and Marxist Ideology: Chinese propaganda poster." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO,2013. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://0-americanhistory.abcclio.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/Search/Display/1450363?terms=mao&webSiteCode=SLN_AMHIST &returnToPage=%2fSearch%2fDisplay%2f1450363%3fterms%3dmao&token=1A24C77A4A73 DCFFA471AD42C097C633&casError=False Document Summary: The photograph above is a propaganda poster that features Mao Zedong, along with famous communists such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, and Joseph Stalin. This image is useful to my project because it provides a sense of point of view of the Chinese people to their government leaders.

Mao, Zedong. "SERVE THE PEOPLE "Marxists Internet Archive. N.p., 8 Sept. 1944. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume-3/mswv3_19.htm Document Summary: The document above was a speech by Mao Zedong. He states on how everyone from the country is a part of the revolution. It may have been a way of propaganda due to the story he states in the document, in which a non-Communist man unites with the Communists to make China a better place. This helps provide evidence for my project on how Maoist philosophy views everyone having a responsibility.

Mao, Zedong. "Mao's Story."Hunan(China) Official Web Portal- Hunan's International Window. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. http://www.enghunan.gov.cn/SP/Mao/Mao_Four/index.html Document Summary: The document lists Maos writing about discipline.

Gabriel Pasia Period 7 Mao, Zedong. "The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War" (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 208. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/works/red-book/ch01.htm Document Summary: Mao Zedong states that No political party can possibly lead a great revolutionary movement to victory unless it possesses revolutionary theory and knowledge of history and has a profound grasp of the practical movement.

Mao, Zedong. "The Situation and Our Policy After the Victory in the War of Resistance Against Japan" (August 13, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. IV, p. 16. Web. 17 Oct. 2013 http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/works/red-book/ch17.htm Document Summary: According to Mao Zedong, the government is responsible for the protection of the citizens. Mao, Zedong. "The Orientation of the Youth Movement" (May 4, 1939), Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 246. Web. 17 Oct. 2013 http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/works/red-book/ch30.htm Document Summary: Mao gives an inspiring speech to the youth about communism.

"Poster from China's Cultural Revolution." Gale World History in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. World History In Context. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=37 &query=BS+cultural+revolution&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC+ y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=8&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&displayGroups=I mages&action=e&catId=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CPC4295827936 Document Summary: The document above is a propaganda poster against revisionism.

"Propaganda poster titled Resolutely Down with Liu Shaoqi!, November, 1968. Though an ally of Mao..." Encyclopedia of Modern China. Ed. David Pong. Vol. 2. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2009. World History In Context. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=2& query=BS+liu+shaoqi&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC+y&display GroupName=Images&currPage=2&displayGroups=Images&action=e&catId=&view=docDisplay& documentId=GALE%7CPC1837987290 Document Summary: The document above shows a propaganda poster that wants to demote Liu Shaoqi from power.

Gabriel Pasia Period 7

"Students and Red Guard members parading in the streets of Beijing, holding volumes of Mao Zedongs..." Encyclopedia of Modern China. Ed. David Pong. Vol. 2. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2009. World History In Context. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=5&q uery=BS+great+leap+forward&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC +y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=1&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&action=e&cat Id=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CPC1837987309 Document Summary: The photo above includes a photo of the Red Guard. This is relevant for my project because it provides evidence of how propaganda swayed young adults.

"The Library of the Production Brigade, by peasants from Huxian, 1958. In the late 1950s, Communist..." Encyclopedia of Modern China. Ed. David Pong. Vol. 3. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2009. World History In Context. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=5& query=BS+Great+Leap+Forward&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC +y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=1&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&action=e&catId =&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CPC1837987378 Document Summary: The CCP wanted peasants to paint.

Unknown. Destroy the Old World; Establish the New World. 1967. Picturing Power: Posters of the Cultural Revolution, Beijing. The Huntington Archive. Web. 14 Oct. 2013. http://huntingtonarchive.osu.edu/Exhibitions/picturingPowerExhibit.html Document Summary: The images above are propaganda posters of the Cultural Revolution, opting for reform and change.

Zhang, Ruji. Go all out and aim high. The East leaps forward, the West is worried. 1958. Great Leap Forward (1956-1960), Unknown. Chineseposters.net. Web. 18 Oct 2013. http://chineseposters.net/gallery/e16-33.php Document Summary: The document above is a propaganda poster. It shows Chinese dominance in the East. This is relevant to my project because it shows how the CCP wanted the Chinese people to feel that they were above everyone else.

Gabriel Pasia Period 7

Secondary Sources

"Chinese Communist Party." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. http://0-worldhistory.abcclio.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/Search/Display/311800?terms=great+leap+forward Document Summary: The article gives a brief summary about the Chinese Communist Party. It mentions the several groups and events associated with the Cultural Revolution. The document pertains to my project by giving a background story and context for the subject in hand. This helps the reader understand the topics that will be argued within the website.

"Jiang Qing." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://0-worldhistory.abcclio.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/Search/Display/317475?terms=great+leap+forward Document Summary: The document is a short summary of Jiang Qing, Mao Zedongs wife. She is relevant because she served an important role in the Cultural Revolution; influencing and supporting her husband. This is relevant to my project because Jiang Qing because she used her political rights and authority to make moves on the Chinese government.

Knight, Nick, and Colin Mackerras. "Cultural RevolutionChina." Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. Ed. Karen Christensen and David Levinson. Vol. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. 221225. World History In Context. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. http://0ic.galegroup.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?fail OverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&di splayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups= &sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&docu mentId=GALE%7CCX3403700781&userGroupName=lvccld_main&jsid=194280d285e4ab7460 9c4a1196ddbec9 Document Summary: The document states what the Cultural Revolution was. It lists different events that led up to the revolution. It also lists key figures such as Mao Zedong. It also states how it negatively affected the people, as well as being a setback for development. This would be useful for my project because of the different POVs it provides, as well as the timeline of the events during the revolution.

Lim, Louisa. "A Grim Chronicle Of China's Great Famine : NPR." NPR : National Public Radio : News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. N.p., 12 Nov. 2012. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. http://www.npr.org/2012/11/10/164732497/a-grim-chronicle-of-chinas-great-famine

Gabriel Pasia Period 7 Document Summary: Gives context on the Great Chinese Famine. It shows the failure of Mao Zedongs ideas.

Mao Tse Tung. Dir. Nick Davidson. Perf. Peter Marinker. A & E Home Video ;, 2005. Film. http://www.hulu.com/watch/203096 Film Summary: The film focuses on the negative side of Mao Zedong. It states the different atrocities that was done during his rule. This is important for my project because it provides different point of view of Mao Zedong.

"Marxism-Leninism." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. http://0-worldhistory.abcclio.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/Search/Display/310717?terms=great+leap+forward Document Summary: The document states the gist of Marxism-Leninism philosophy. The document would provide evidence on the government reforms after the Great Leap Forward.

"People's Republic of China: II." Chaos at Maryland. University of Maryland, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. http://www.chaos.umd.edu/history/prc.html Document Summary: The document lists Chinas transition to a Socialist government, which set as a foundation for Communism in China. It also states the actions the Chinese government took for an economic development. This document is useful for my project because it states how the Chinese government attempted to take responsibility for the growth of its country.