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TRANSFORMER TURN RATIO (TTR)

1-TTR test detects shorts between turns of the same coil, which indicates insulation failure between the turns. 2- Transformer ratio test is conducted to ensure that the turns ratio tally with the name plate details 3- Tap changer connections are done correctly. Measurements are made by applying a nown low !oltage across one winding and measuring the induced !oltage on the corresponding winding. "ow !oltage is normally applied across a high !oltage winding so that the induced !oltage is lower, reducing ha#ards while performing the test. $% &hich !oltage le!el is applied for this test'

(oltmeter method on TTR Test Transformer ratio test is conducted to ensure that the turns ratio tally with the name plate details and also that tap changer connections are done correctly. Ratio test is done using a transformer turns ratio tester or with !oltmeters. &ith the turns ratio tester, the turns ratio is directly read on the tester for each tap and for each phase of the winding. The turns ratio can also be tested by applying a single phase ac !oltage on the )( side and measuring the !oltage on the low !oltage side at all tap positions Two ac !oltmeters are used, one connected to the high!oltage winding and the other connected to the low !oltage winding. The high-!oltage winding is e*cited to a !oltage not e*ceeding the rating of the !oltmeter, in appro*imately 1+,,

in practically -appro*imately 23+(.


/oth !oltmeters are read simultaneously. 0 meaningful ratio measurement may be made using only a few !olts of e*citation. The transformer should be e*cited from the

highest !oltage winding in order to a!oid possibly unsafe high !oltages. 1are should be ta en during the application of !oltage and during the measurement. 2t is important that simultaneous readings of both !oltmeters be made.
$% TTR and & resistance are to confirm health of winding insulation '

3es you right, both of test are basically used to diagnostics transformer, and both of these measurement are used to detect winding problems such as, short inter turn, bad connections, loose contacts etc. Measurement of &inding 41 Resistance should be compared to factory measurement, agreement within 5, to factory measurement is consider satisfactory. &inding 41 Resistance to be con!erted to the reference temperature used at the factory measurement -usually 65+1.. 7ote. 2ts important the final measurement of &inding 41 Resistance is when the meter is stable -winding resistance cant not be measured instantaneously., its normally need long time to get stable due to the charging time in the winding. $% 8ower factor - 4issipation factor - watt loss test4oble test - are all of them 9ust different names of the same ' am 2 right'

3es its 9ust the name, but for the doble test should be included the capacitance test, when you test 8ower factor or dissipation power factor, you can also directly measure the capacitance and e*citation. $% )ow to install the meter and how to do when we inspect the TTR test'

0ns% its !ery simple, !oltage source -use !ariable !oltage : slide regulator single phase.,install the outgoing slide regulator to )( side ;<M=R -phase )1, )2., set the !oltage -normally 23+(. , measure by !olt meter-1 and hold, and then read the induction !oltage at "( side *1-*2 by !oltmeter-2, do to other phases remaining and tapping, calculate the ma*imum de!iation from each test tapping to name plate , the good >uality for new transformer normally within +.1, ma* +.5,.