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# Code No: RR210402 Set No.

1
II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
SIGNALS & SYSTEMS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering,
Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
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## 1. (a) Write the significance of spectral analysis in communication systems. [4M]

(b) Explain how a function can be approximated by a set of orthogonal functions.
[6M]
(c) Derive the expression by which the Mean square error can be evaluated. [6M]
2. (a) Find out the exponential fourier series & plot the magnitude and phase spec-
trum for the rectangular pulse train shown in the following figure1. [12M]

Figure 1:

## (b) Write short notes on exponential fourier spectrum. [4M]

3. (a) State and prove convolution and differentiation properties of Fourier Trans-
forms. [3+3+4=10M]
(b) A signal x(t) is given as x(t)=6 cos 10 πt. This signal is sampled by an impulse
train. The sampling frequency of the impulse train are 7 Hz and 14 Hz. Draw
the spectra of the original signal. Draw the spectra of the sampled signal with
sampling frequency 7 Hz and 14 Hz. [6M]
4. (a) What is an LTI system? Explain its properties. Derive an expression for the
transfer function of an LTI system. [2+4+4=10M]
(b) Obtain the conditions for the distortionless transmission through a system.
What do you understand by the term signal bandwidth? [4+2=6M]
5. (a) What do you understand by Energy spectral density and power spectral den-
sity? State and prove Parseval’s theorem for energy signal. [2+2+6=10M]
(b) If a signal g(f) is passed through an ideal LPF of bandwidth fc Hz, determine
the energy density of the o/p signal. [6M]

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 1
6. Determine the cross correlation function R12 (λ ) of the pair of rectangular pulses
shown in the figure2 and sketch it. What is the value of R21 (λ ). [12+4=16M]

Figure 2:

7. (a) Given, x(t)=e−6t [sin 6πt]u(t), find the Fourier transform from the Laplace
transform, if possible. Give the reason, if it is not possible. [6+2=8M]
2
(b) Find the inverse Laplace transform of X(s)= se s(s+2s +9
−s
2 +9) . [8M]

8. (a) Given X (z) = z / [z-1]ˆ3, find x (n) using contour integration method. [8M]
(b) Distinguish between one-sided and two –sided z-transforms. What are this
applications. [8M]

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
SIGNALS & SYSTEMS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering,
Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Explain the significance of spectrum analysis of signal with regard to synthesis
of systems. [4M]
(b) Define orthogonal signal space and bring out clearly its application in repre-
senting a signal. [6M]
(c) Obtain the condition under which two signals f1 (t) & f2 (t) are said to be
orthogonal to each other. Hence prove that Sin nwot and Cos mwot are
orthogonal to each other for all integer values of m,n. [6M]

2. (a) Find the exponential Fourier series and plot the magnitude and phase spec-
trums for the full wave rectified sine wave the following figure1. [10M]

Figure 1:

(b) Explain the conditions under which any periodic waveform can be expressed
using Fourier series. [6M]

## 3. (a) State and Prove Modulation theorem. [8M]

(b) Using the modulation theorem find out the Fourier transform of RF pulse
given as y(t) = A rect ( t/ τ ) Cos 2π fc t. [8M]

4. (a) Find the impulse response of the system shown in figure2. Find the transfer
function. What would be its frequency response? Sketch the response.
[2+4+2=8M]
(b) State and prove sampling theorem. [2+6=8M]

## 5. (a) State and prove Rayleigh’s energy theorem. [8M]

(b) Find the total energy of the Sinc pulse(A Sinc(2wt)). [8M]

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 2

Figure 2:

6. (a) Determine and sketch the auto correlation function of given exponential pulse.
F(t) = e−at . [8M]
(b) Show that auto-correlation function and energy density spectrum form a Fourier
transform pair. [8M]

7. (a) Find the Laplace transform of [4e−2t cos 5t-3e−2t sin 5t]u(t) and its ROC.[6+2=8M]
(b) Find the signal x(t) that corresponds to the Laplace transform
3s2 +22s+27
X(s) = (s2 +3s+2)(s 2 +2s+5) [8M]

8. (a) Discuss in detail, the relationship between Laplace transform, and z transform.
What is the region of convergence for z transform. [8M]
(b) Find the z transform of x (n)=- (aˆn) u (-n-1). [8M]

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 3
II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
SIGNALS & SYSTEMS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering,
Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Define what are Basis functions and explain how basis functions are used for
representing an signal over a period t1 < t < t2 . [4M]
(b) Define and discuss the conditions for orthogonality of two functions f1 (t)&f2 (t).
[6M]
(c) Prove the orthogonality condition in the case of a signal represented by orthog-
onal signal space consisting of exponential functions, {ejn wot } for ‘n’ integer.
[6M]

2. Find out the exponential Fourier series and plot the magnitude and phase spec-
trum for the sawtooth waveform shown below the figure1 and find out the total
normalized average power [8+3+3+2=16M]

Figure 1:

3. (a) Prove the time scaling property of Fourier transform and hence find the Fourier
transform of f(t) = e−0.5t . [8M]
(b) Obtain the Fourier transform of Rectangular pulse of duration T and ampli-
tude A as shown in figure 2: [8M]

4. (a) What is an LTI system? Explain its properties. Derive an expression for the
transfer function of an LTI system. [2+4+4=10M]
(b) Obtain the conditions for the distortionless transmission through a system.
What do you understand by the term signal bandwidth? [4+2=6M]

5. For the following signal find the power, and rms value, and sketch the PSD

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 3

Figure 2:

## (a) A cos 100 t + B sin 80 t. [8M]

(b) Derive the relation between bandwidth and rise time of a system. [8M]

6. (a) Determine the auto correlation function of a sinc pulse ASinc(2 ̟ t). [8M]
(b) List out the properties of auto correlation function. [8M]
B−Aa
  
7. (a) Show the Laplace transform of x(t)=e−at A cos bt + b
sin bt .u(t) is
X(s) = (s2As+B
+2as+c)
where c=b2 +a2 and a>0. [8M]
(b) State and prove time-differentiation property of one-sided Laplace transform.
[6+2=8M]

8. (a) Explain in detail, the contour integration method of finding inverse z trans-
form. [6M]
(b) For the given signal as under,
i. Determine the parameter values for which z transform will exist
ii. Find the z transform (c) Plot ROC
x (n) = - (bˆn) u (-n-1) + (0.5ˆn) u (n) [10M]

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 4
II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
SIGNALS & SYSTEMS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering,
Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) A rectangular
 function defined by [10M]
1 0<t<π
f (t)=
−1 π < t < 2π
Approximate above rectangular function by a single sinusoid sin t,Evaluate
Mean square error in this approximation. Also show what happens when
more number of sinusoidal are used for approximations.
(b) Discuss GIBB’S Phenomena in the above problem. [6M]
2. Find out the exponential Fourier series and plot the magnitude and phase spec-
trum for the sawtooth waveform shown below the figure1 and find out the total
normalized average power [8+3+3+2=16M]

Figure 1:

## 3. (a) Obtain the Fourier transform of the following functions.:

i. Impulse function f(t). [3M]
ii. DC Signal. [3M]
iii. Unit step function. [4M]
(b) State and prove differentiation property of Fourier Transform. [6M]
4. (a) Find the impulse response of the system shown in figure2. Find the transfer
function. What would be its frequency response? Sketch the response.
[2+4+2=8M]
(b) The transfer function of a system is given by H(w)=k. Where k is a constant.
Sketch the magnitude and phase function of this transfer function. Evaluate
the impulse response of this filter. Sketch this response and state whether the
filter is physically realizable. [4+2+2=8M]

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 4

Figure 2:

5. (a) A power signal g(t) has a PSD Sg (ω) = N/(A2 ) -2πB ≤ ω ≤ 2πB ., shown in
the figure3. Where A and N are constants. Determine the PSD and the mean
square value of its derivative d(g(t)/dt. [5+5=10M]

Figure 3:

(b) Derive the relation between power and power density spectrum. [6M]

6. (a) Specify two distinctly different pulse signals that have exactly the same auto
correlation function. [8M]
(b) Consider a signal g(t) given by g(t)=A0 + A1 Cos(2 π f1 t+θ)+A2 Cos(2 π f2 t+θ).
i. Determine the auto correlation function R(τ ) of this signal. [4M]
ii. What is the value of R(0). [2M]
iii. Has any information about g(t) been lost in obtaining auto correlation
function? [2M]
s+1
7. (a) Find the Inverse Laplace transform of s2 +4s+13
. [8M]
(b) Let x(t) be a signal that has a rational Laplace transform with exactly Two
poles at s = -1 and s = -3. If g(t)=e2t x(t) and G(jw) [Fourier transform of
g(t) ] converges, Determine whether x(t) is left sided, right sided or two sided.
[8M]

8. (a) Explain in detail, the contour integration method of finding inverse z trans-
form. [6M]
(b) For the given signal as under,
i. Determine the parameter values for which z transform will exist

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Code No: RR210402 Set No. 4
ii. Find the z transform (c) Plot ROC
x (n) = - (bˆn) u (-n-1) + (0.5ˆn) u (n) [10M]

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