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The Village by The Sea by Anita Desai

Aimi, Farhanah, Jannah, Kavi, Magdeline, Adian, Ari , A!im, "lham, Click to edit Master subtitle style #u$man 6/26/12

AUTHORS BACKGROUND Click to edit Master subtitle style


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2%&' J()* 1+,"ndian novelist and short story .riter /orn to 0erman mother, &oni )eme and a /engali businessman, 12 ) Ma!umdar in Mussoorie, "ndia2 0erman 3 her irst language besides /engali, (rdu and *nglish 4'er literary language5 /egin to .rite in *ng, age o -2 First 6ublished story at age o +2 7ueen8s Mary 'igher 9econdary 9chool, 1elhi

ANITA MAZUMDAR DESAI


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/2A in *nglish #iterature in 1+:- rom the Miranda 'ouse o (niversity o 1elhi2 1+:; 3 married Ashvin 1esai 4 1irector o so t.are com6any and author 3 /et.een *ternities < "deas o #i e and &he Cosmos2 Four children 3 /ook =ri!e .inning novelist, Kiran 1esai2 1uring .eekends, taken to &hul 4near Alibagh5 3 setting o her novel &he >illage by the 9ea
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Fello. o the ?oyal 9ociety o #iterature, the American Academy o Arts and #etters, 0irton College, Cambridge and Clare 'all, Cambridge2 =resently, lives in the (nited 9tates2 9he is the John *2 /urchard =ro essor o @riting at Massachusetts "nstitute o &echnology, Cambridge, MA2

CURRENTLY ..

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Cry, the =eacock 41+6,5 >oices in the City 41+6:5 /yeA/ye, /lackbird 41+-15 &he =eacock 0arden 41+-%5 @here 9hall @e 0o &his 9ummerB 41+-:5 Cat on a 'ouseboat 41+-65 Fire on the Mountain 41+--5 0ames at &.ilight and Cther 9tories 41+-;5

Other Clear #ight Works o 1ay 41+;D5


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>illage by the 9ea 41+;25 "n Custody 41+;%5 /aumgartnerEs /ombay 41+;;5 Journey to "thaca 41++65 Fasting, Feasting 41+++5 1iamond 1ust 42DDD5 &he Fig!ag @ay 42DD%5
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&he Artist o 1isa66earance< &hree )ovellas

1+-; A @ini red 'oltby Memorial =ri!eA Fire on the Mountain 1+-; A 9ahitya Akademi A.ard 4)ational Academy o #etters A.ard5A Fire on the Mountain 1+;D A 9hortlisted, /ooker =ri!e or Fiction A Clear Light of Day 1+;, A 0uardian ChildrenEs Fiction =ri!e A The Village By The Sea 1+;% A 9hortlisted, /ooker =ri!e or Fiction A In Custody 1++, A )eil 0unn =ri!e 1+++ A 9hortlisted, /ooker =ri!e or Fiction< Fasting, Feasting 2DDD A Alberto Moravia =ri!e or #iterature 4"taly5 2DD, A /enson Medal o ?oyal 9ociety o #iterature

Achieve ents
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S!NO"SIS
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>illage by the 9ea is set in a small village called &hul, .hich is 1% kilometres rom /ombay2 #ila, the eldest child among our siblings, is thirteen years old, yet she already has the outlook and maturity o an adult2 'er brother 'ari, t.elve, the only 6erson .ith .hom she can share her troubles 2

S!NO"SIS
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&heir mother is an invalid and needs constant care and nursing2 )obody kno.s .hat eGactly is .rong .ith her but she gro.s .eaker and .eaker .ith every 6assing day2 &heir ather, .ho has been out o .ork or months, is in a 6ermanent drunken stu6or, rom .hich he arises occasionally to shout at his amily2

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@hat .ith t.o younger sisters to take care o as .ell as their mother, li e or #ila and 'ari is not easy2 &heir ather is most use ul .hen he is a.ay at the local toddy sho6, getting drunk2 &here is a constant need or money as the amily is almost al.ays in debt2 &hen one day, 'ari decides he8s had Hust about enough and leaves or /ombay 3 the /ombay .here dreams come true and ambitions gro. into reality2

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#ila is le t alone, to manage her sisters /ela and Kamal and her mother and someho. kee6 the amily strings together2 'el6 comes rom an uneG6ected source, the rich 1e9ilva8s2 Mean.hile, 'ari is ne. in the great city o /ombay, and all alone2 A kind restaurant 6ro6rietor, Jagu, takes 6ity on him and .elcomes him to .ork in his restaurant2

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&here, 'ari builds a strong riendshi6 .ith Mr2 =an.allah, the lovable .atch re6airer .hose sho6 is Hust beside Jagu8s2 9et against the backdro6 o a ty6ical "ndian ishing village, &he >illage by the 9ea .ill leave a lasting im6ression on the mind o the reader2

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"#OT
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&he introduction o charactersI 'ari, #ila, /ella, Kamal and their dog, =into2 &he descri6tion o their amily, their house, their village and the society in &hul2 &heir mother had a ever and #ila ask her sisters to see 'iraAbai2 'ari Hoined the villagers to see /iHu8s boat2 =eo6le talking about the building o the actory2 >illagers .ere .orried but most o the male teenagers es6ecially ?aHu and his riends .ere .aiting or the actory to a66ly or Hobs2

E$%osition

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A man rom Alibagh named Adarkar, dra.ing the villager8s attention to Hoin him to sto6 the building o the actory2 =into .as 6oisoned and died2 &his incident make 'ari decided to really go to /ombay this time2 Adarkar8s talk and 6lan make .ay or him to go to /ambay2 'e 6lanned to ollo. the grou6 to /ombay but stayed there .hile others return to &hul2

Rising Action
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@hen arrived in /ombay, the villagers as .ell as himsel .ere really ama!ed .ith the city8s condition2 &here, they met 9ayyid Ali2 'e .as talking in ront to 6ersuade 6eo6le to sto6 government to build a actory in &hul2 @hen the other had returned to &hul, 'ari stayed in /ombay and .ent to de 9ilvas house but they .ere not there2 &hey .ere on vacation in &hul2 A .atchman o 9eabird brought him to 0o.alia &ank, a chea6 restaurant .here 'ari could get ood2

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'ari then re$uested to .ork there in 9ri Krishna *ating 'ouse .ith 1 ru6ee as his salary and ree meals2 Mean.hile, the de 9ilvas amily arrived in &hul and #ila take the o66ortunity to ask or Mr 9ilva to take her mother to the hos6ital2 Mr 9ilva took care o everything including the 6ayment2

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'er mother .as in the hos6ital and their ather started to change2 Mean.hile, 'ari .ho .as doing good in /ombay started to miss his amily and .anted to go home2

&li a$
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&he rain and storm sto66ed2 'ari return to his village and arrived there on the day be ore 1i.ali2 #ila, /ella and Kamal .ere having a good time or no. 'ari .as back once more2 Cn 1i.ali, 'ari .ent to hos6ital to see his mother2 'e met ?aHu on his .ay and ?aHu gave him a li t to Alibagh2

'alling Action
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'ari met his ather .hen he reached the hos6ital2 'is ather had changed2 'e met .ith his mother and both .ere ill .ith Hoy2 &heir amily started to be a ha66y amilyI his mother .as getting .ell, his ather changed to a better 6erson, #ila, /ella and Kamal .ere ha66y, he had a 6lan or the uture 4using the money he collected he .anted to o6en a .atch sho6 and be a .atch mender .hen the actory is inished .ith the building 6rocess2

Resol(tion
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&)ARA&TERS
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12 yearsAold &he only son o the amily 'e has to be res6onsible o taking care o the amily 'e leads a hard li e as he has to make decisions .hich the adults have to make

)ari
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*ldest daughter o the amily *lder sister o 'ari 0ive u6 school to hel6 maintain the house

#ila
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Jounger sisters o 'ari and #ila /oth are still schooling /oth hel6 #ila in managing the house

*ela + ,a al
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9he ell ill .ith anemia and getting .eaker by day 9he is unable to take care o the children, 6rotect them rom their drunkard ather nor 6rovide or the amily

The other
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"rres6onsible ather 1runkard Jobless @aste money on toddy &urn over a ne. lea at the end

The -ather
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SETTIN.S
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&hul, a ishing village 4'ari8s and #ila8s village5

K...standing with other village boys and wat hing the wor! on the boat" #$g %&'

/ombay 49ome.here 'ari8s .ent and .orked there5 ()Dear *other, I a* in Bo*bay. I have a +ob..."#$g ,&,' #ila8s house

K The hut should have been re-that hed years ago . the old $al* leaves were dry and tattered and sli$$ing off the bea*s. The earthen wall were ru*bling. The windows ga$ed, without any shutters/surrounding groves of o onut and banana. #$g &'

"lace Setting

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&ime setting2 *arly in the morning 0Sin e he had left his ho*e in the *orning..2L4=age +;5 )ight

Kwhen 1ari rea hed 2ewas, dawn was brea!ing and the $eo$le who had gathered there in the night were getting down..2L46g 1DD5

Ti e Setting
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9ocial setting2

6oor 6eo6le < #ila8s amily is very 6oor .ith siG members2 /ut they still try hard or their live2 rich 6eo6le < &he rich 1e 9ilvas amily2 &hey are the one .ho go to 'ari8s village or a vocation every year2 &hey also hel6 to admit 'ari8s mother to the hos6ital2

Social Setting
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T)EMES
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#ila struggles or the survival o their amily in the absence o their drunken ather and ill mother2 As 6ortrayed in the beginning o the novel, the o6ening scene is described to be an unstable environment2 &he mother, .ho has been chronically ill and is bedA ridden2 &heir ather is an alcoholic, .hich orces 'ari and #ila to manage the amily2 &here is much stress on them due to the constant demand o meeting the need o money2 Although their ather .as earning money, he used to s6end it to buy alcoholic materials2

)ar/shi%s in li-e

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"??*9=C)9"/"#"&J

=ortrayed by the ather orces #ila and her siblings to .ork and earn or their amily A ather should be the bread.inner o the amily "nstead, the ather asks his o.n children to hold the res6onsibility

Res%onsibility to0ar/s =ortrayed by #ila and 'ari 'ari .ent all the .ay to /ombay to ind better Hob and others earn money or his amily

?*9=C)9"/"#"&J

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Jagu takes 6ity on 'ari and .elcomes him to .ork in his restaurant 49ri Krishna *ating 'ouse5 Mr =an.allah 4o.ner o 1ingA1ong .atch sho6, beside Jagu8s restaurant5 instills con idence in 'ari and com orts him .hen he is terribly home sick Mr2 =an.allah gives 'ari a vivid and ins6iring uture by teaching him on .atch mending

,in/ness to Others
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'ari .ent to /ombay all alone2 Able to .ork there .ithout changing and orgetting his amily and origin 'e never s6ent anything there A not even go to cinema or buy cigarette .hen he .as in /ombay in order to save money2 46g2 2265 &hul8s 6eo6le able to ada6t to the ne. develo6ment occurs in their village and still maintaining the environment, e2g the hills, still to66ed by the small .hite cube o the tem6le, the sea .as still there2

A/a%tations to changing environ ents

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#AN.UA.E + ST!#E
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"t re ers to the 6ractice o attaching human traits and characteristics .ith inanimate obHects, 6henomena and animals2 3hen she a*e to the edge of the sea, she lifted the folds of her sari and tu !ed the* u$ at her waist, then waded out into the waves that came rushing up over her feet and swirling about her ankles in creamy foam. # ha$ter ,, $g. ,'

"ersoni-ication
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Several pairs of eyes peered at him fro* under the rags they held over their heads to !ee$ off the rain fro* the lea!ing roof. # ha$ter ,4, $g. ,55'

"ersoni-ication
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involves creating a re6etition o similar sounds in the sentence2 Alliterations are also created .hen the .ords all begin .ith the same letter2 The ne6t few days he was !e$t busy by the*, buying their fish on the bea h when the fishing fleet a*e in, and fetching eggs and *il! from the village *ar!et. # ha$ter 7, $g. &,'

Alliteration
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Then there was an old woman in a widows white sari who brought a bag of flour/ # ha$ter 8, $g. ,94'

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the author uses .ords and 6hrases to create Kmental imagesL or the reader2 "magery o smell 3 Lila ould s*ell the fermented toddy even fro* a distan e . it was a s*ell she had/ # ha$ter ,, $g. 9'

I agery
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"magery o sight 3 bright butter-yellow alla*anda flowers. # ha$ter ,, $g. ,'

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0: +ob. : fa tory. Many +obs. Many fa tories. ;obs . fa tories. Fa tories . +obs" 46g 1,5

Re%etition
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0Coo$- oo$- oo$" #$g %' to indicate a cro.

Ono ato%oeia
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#ITERAR! &RITI&ISMS

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1e inition<

&he .ay ho. 6eo6le treat each other based on social strati ication 9ees history as a struggle bet.een socioeconomic classes

SO&IA# &RITI&ISM 1MAR2IMS3


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'ari is the only man that can be count in his amily2 Although he still young, he need to .ork to gain money to su66ort his amily

*vidence is sho.n in 6g 1, .here 'ari ke6t thinking about Hob all morning2'e thinks that he could get a Hob in the actories2&his sho.n 'ari .as burden .ith thought i getting Hob eventhough he is still young

Res%onsibility as a an in a -a ily
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For eGam6le< 'ari and his amily .ere treated rom his background and his a66earance2 *vidence in 6g -6 .hen #ila .as asking a hel6 or her mother2 &he man that treated her mother .as angry .ith her because she have no money or her mother medicine

"eo%le 0ere treate/ base/ in their a%%earances

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Another eGam6le is .hen 'ari .as at /ombay2 'e .as also treated badly by the /ombay 6eo6le2 @e can see the evidence in cha6ter - 6g 1,+ .here 'ari .as scolded by 9ahib8s assistant because he .anted to meet Mr 9ahib2 &he assistant .as rude and didnEt believe anything that he said2

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