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# Prepared By: VSana :.

1.0 Design Conditions 1.1 Ground Geometry/Hydrology Conditions Over burden above the tunnel crown, (H) Groundwater table below groundlevel, (h) Therefore, ground water height, (Hw) Unit weight of soil, (s) Unit weight of soil, (w) Angle of soil internal friction, () Effective cohesion of soil, (c') Coefficient of earth lateral pressure, (k) Surcharge pressure on ground, (qs) 2.0 Load Conditions/Calculations GL GWT H Hw Pw1 Pe1 Qe1 Tunnel Wt Qw1 15 2 13 18 10 32 0 0.5 10 m m m kN/m
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## 1.2 Material Properties (Concrete/Steel)

Concrete allowable compressive strength, (fcu Reinforcement allowable strength, (fs) Bolt allowable strength, (fsb) 1.3 Segment Geometry Internal diameter of tunnel, (Di) Segment thickness, (t) Width of segment, (b)

## kN/m3 degrees kN/m2 kN/m2

From Terzaghi's effective loosing earth pressure, Pv = B1(-c'/B1)/(k.tan) * (1-exp{-k.tan.H/B Where, B1 = Rc.cot (/4+/2); Rc - Tunnel ra B1 = 2.8 Pv = 14.4

Tunnel crown vertical earth pressure, Pe1=Max{Pv, 2D Tunnel crown water pressure, (Pw1) Qe2 Pw2 Pe2 Pwt Qw2

## Fig 01 Pressure distribution around the tunnel segment

Version 2(k+6).Nov

## 3225 125 1.0

mm mm m

rzaghi's effective loosing earth pressure, Pv = B1(-c'/B1)/(k.tan) * (1-exp{-k.tan.H/B1} Where, B1 = Rc.cot (/4+/2); Rc - Tunnel radius m kN/m2