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ACTIVE FRONT END

Equipment

Technical Presentation

ACTIVE FRONT END RECTIFIER ADVANTAGES


A new rectifier, provided with an IGBT inverter, is rapidly gaining the interest of the market for the following reasons: Unit power factor: AF can provide a c!rrent with a very low harmonic distortion "T#$ is red!ced to %& when normally is '()%*& in case of a conventional rectifier+, The A- c!rrent is in phase with voltage: the same as p!re resistive load, AF does not e.change reactive power with the line, /!t e.cl!sively active power,

ACTIVE FRONT END RECTIFIER ADVANTAGES


Bidirectional power e.change /etween A- mains and $- B!s /ar: AF is perfectly reversi/le and so it can recover the energy to the mains saving it, A- c!rrent sin!soidal wave form: very clean energy, -onstant and high $- B!s /ar voltage: no infl!ences /y the mains voltage fl!ct!ations, The inverter can control the motors at mains voltage witho!t the normal 0*)0(& of derating,

AFE COST COMPARISON


AF rectifier cost is today higher than the cost of a Graet1 Bridge controlled rectifier at 0' p!lses, B!t AF !s!ally allows to eliminate power factor correction systems and #armonic Filters, In the standard e.ec!tions with 0' p!lses Graet1 /ridge the power factor is lower "aro!nd *,2+3 !s!ally this o/liges to !se additional power factor correction systems, 4ractically if we consider the cost of the total electrical plant the cost of AF sol!tion is appro.imately near to the cost of a more conventional 0' 4!lse Graet1 rectifier sol!tion,

ACTIVE FRONT END Rectifier scheme

AFE & OPD inverter in a cabinet solution 1.200 kW 690V equi !ent

mod!lar design air cooling

4ower mod!le:
IGBT power circ!it low ind!ctance connection 456 mod!lation

"0,(k#1 : (k#1+

ACTIVE FRONT END


features and customer benefits at a glance
AFE features Operational reliability hi!h a"ailability
No comple# circuit+ low probabilit! of faults ,ables+ filters+ transformer (standard)

#o$er capital in"estment costs

#o$er operatin! costs


Regenerative braking into the line suppl!

Regenerative feedback (4-quadrant operation)

Sinusoidal line currents low harmonics No commutation faults when the power fails in regenerative operation ine suppl! voltage fluctuations are compensated "#tremel! high drive d!namic performance

Not influenced b! other loads -eak networks+ line Suppl! interruptions .or line suppl! with significant voltage fluctuation

ower power costs

No downtimes

/rive can be dimensioned smaller

No downtimes

"#tremel! low dela! time

,apacitor batter! for energ! storage Reduced reactive power

$ower factor as required between %&'('&) cap*ind

.ewer components

No compensation

OPD AFE STRONG POINTS

6od!lar approch -ompact design asy to assem/le 74$ reg!lation kit with the same control f!nctions Imm!nity Ins!lation

SOLUTIONS FOR WATER & WIND TURBINES


-haracteristics: direct drive, asynchrono!s generator and $FI sol!tion with8witho!t encoder power factor control and c!rrent T#$ /elow %& 9tandard $I- (:;* high static precision, dynamic speed and tor<!e response high <!ality of the recovered energy "low c!rrent harmonic distortion+ /elow '*k5 a/ove (*k5 !p to '65 "low voltage+

"O#$%&O' FO( WA%E( %$()&'E"

"O#$%&O' FO( W&'D %$()&'E"