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GIGAS

FT-IR analysers

Loccioni Environment activity starts in the 90s, supplying an important partner with a complete system integration service throughout the national territory. Reinterpreting its own competences in terms of measurement and testing, process automation and data management, and applying them to the monitoring of emissions, air, water and process, Loccioni Environment enters the environmental market autonomously around the late 90s, by supplying turnkey systems and relevant service. Measuring to improve, transforming data into value, this is Loccioni Group commitment. Nowadays Loccioni Environment can give concrete answers to companies that face up to the protection of the environment and the natural resources with sensitivity and responsibility. For such purpose it designs and develops high technological customized turnkey solutions, to measure and improve the performance of industrial processes and the relevant impact on the environment.

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GCS GIGAS FT-IR CEM SYSTEM Loccioni GCS is the turnkey system for gas emission monitoring and process control: it is a rugged and modular system, to be easily integrated in any supervisor level of an industrial plant. GCS includes reliable and accurate GIGAS 10M FT-IR analyser, a pneumatic chain for gas sampling and conditioning, components for a complete automation and a built-in industrial PC with touch screen to control the whole system. This is allowed by Loccioni GasCalc software, the complete and integrated solution for the management of the measuring system. GCS performances have been tested and approved by TV Rheinland, in compliance with current European standard EN 15267 and old standards EN 14181 and EN 14956: the ofcial test report contains any detail about laboratory and eld tests. The aforementioned features and the fullment of severe performance criteria make the GCS a cost-effective and complete solution for gaseous emission monitoring, in full compliance with current regulations.

Measured components H2O, CO2, CO, NO, NO2, SO2, HCl, HF, NH3, N2O, CH4, *O2, *TOC Other components on request
* For typical applications GCS is also supplied with TOC and oxygen analysers.

Interfaces and signals GCS is designed to receive and manage any signal (for example dust, gas temperature or ow values) or alarm coming from the eld. Data transmission can be chosen among different technologies, for example Ethernet connection or analog 4-20 mA transmission.

TV Rheinland Certied
H2O CO2 CO NO NO2 SO2 HCl HF NH3 N2O

GIGAS FT-IR GIGAS FT-IR is the rst and unique gas analysers range designed and produced in Italy, developed to guarantee high quality, accuracy, reliability and strength. GIGAS FT-IR analysers work with Fourier-Transform InfraRed spectroscopy measurement principle. An electromagnetic beam in the mid-infrared spectral region is absorbed by the gas mixture to be analysed: resulting absorption spectrum can be processed and reveals type and quantity of each gas component. Since a single analyser can simultaneously measure a lot of different gas components inside the mixture, GIGAS FT-IR are multi-component analysers.

Applications Power plants Waste incinerators Hazardous waste incinerators Cement kilns Chemical plants DeNOx and DeSOx process control Combustion research plants Medical air monitoring Biomedical plants and processes Advantages Dynamic real-time alignment of the interferometer optics to be robust against vibrations, spectral shift and thermal or mechanical shocks Modular layout: various accessories can be coupled with the same interferometer bench module to satisfy all requests Large spectral library combined with spectroscopic competences to identify and quantify over 300 chemical compounds Multipath optical cell with proper coating and overcoating to be resistant to the harshest environmental and process conditions Easy on-site start up, operating and servicing Reliable software, easy to use and to be congured according to specic needs Solvent recovery and destruction Catalyst monitoring Scrubber efficiency in process controls Aluminum and steel smelters Gasification and pyrolysis processes Surgical smokes Crematoria Glass and ceramic foundries

GIGAS
FT-IR

Analysis Multi-component analyser working with the FT-IR spectroscopy measurement principle Up to 50 gas components can be simultaneously analysed Features Heated cell (180 C) to prevent moisture condensation High quality materials and coatings to prevent corrosion by acid components Settings Adjustable optical pathlength Scan velocity, spectral resolution, signal processing and other interferometer settings can be easily modified via software Interfaces Panel displays with cell temperature and pressure USB connection for measurement management by an external PC RS485 connection for cell parameters communication

Continuous emission monitoring (CEM) GIGAS FT-IR Cross Stack GIGAS FT-IR 10M GIGAS FT-IR 80M GIGAS FT-IR Double Cell x

Process control x x

Air quality control

x x

GasCalc software The Loccioni GasCalc software for GIGAS FT-IR range allows a complete and automatic control of the analysis systems. The program checks whether the analyser and other important parts are working correctly, shows instantaneous and average values, collects alarms and signals from the eld, manages maintenance and safety operations of the whole system. In the main window the information concerning the analyser functioning are shown and the conguration parameters can be set. The following features are automatically shown and updated: Instantaneous and average measured concentrations values Measure information and plots Alarm status of the important components of the system Sample gas cell pressure and temperature Diagnostic and functioning parameters The GasCalc software also allows to activate and set up: Definition of new components to be measured Zero calibration procedure Automatic data saving Automatic spectra saving for Offline re-quantification with different calibration models A posteriori monitoring of spectra quality and sampling conditions Analog and digital input/output Sample cell parameters

Congurations GIGAS FT-IR CROSS STACK The GIGAS FT-IR Cross Stack is the right conguration among Loccioni GIGAS FT-IR analysers for particularly demanding applications: With fast response requirements With harsh environmental conditions (noise, dust, vibrations, etc.) With high concentrations of pollutants, in particular corrosive acids When the plant has to monitor on-line the scrubber efficiency and to weigh out the correct reagents quantity The GIGAS FT-IR Cross Stack analyser is positioned on a side of the pipe or stack and sends the IR beam towards a gold-coated hollow retroreector located on the opposite side. This special mirror is able to avoid mechanical and environmental vibrations, so the reected beam comes back perfectly aligned to the analyser. The base unit is separated from process gases by an IR-transparent window; the optics themselves (windows and mirrors) are ushed with air in a continuous or timed way to protect them from aggressive gases and dust. A special automatic valve is used to: Protect the system from overpressures in pipe, breaking off air and power supply Avoid dust deposit in the pipeline, so that the optical path is free Allow the execution of maintenance procedures while the plant is on The GIGAS FT-IR Cross Stack system allows a real time analysis directly into the stack. Thanks to this system a 15% reduction of HCl emission and reagents consumption is expected. GIGAS FT-IR 10M The GIGAS FT-IR 10M analyser is the leading-edge product of the GIGAS FT-IR range and it is usually proposed by Loccioni as the standard choice for emission monitoring systems. The GIGAS FT-IR 10M has been run through rigorous and extensive tests by TV Rheinland inside the GCS (Gigas CEM System) and it is compliant to current European regulations for AMSs (automated measuring systems). Its specific feature is the variable optical pathlength (from 1 to 10 metres) which can be set to the best value according to the particular application. Calibration and quantication software is supplied without passwords or other protections: any trained and capable operator can change quantication methods, study and manipulate acquired spectra. For these reasons GIGAS FT-IR 10M is an ideal instrument for laboratory measurements and applications. GIGAS FT-IR 80M The GIGAS FT-IR 80M is intended to be used with an extractive system and it is designed to detect very low gas concentrations. This configuration includes a multipath White cell with a dedicated and exclusive design, whose optical pathlength can be adjusted from 2 to 80 metres according to specific needs. As for the other GIGAS FT-IR analysers, the materials for the heated cell and optical components are chosen to be resistant to aggressive gases and high temperature. In optimal conditions concentrations as low as ppb for the most of gas components can be detected and measured. GIGAS FT-IR Double Cell The GIGAS FT-IR Double Cell is an innovative and exclusive spectrometer conguration: a single interferometer module is combined with two identical measurement cell modules. Each one is provided with its own detector, gas inlet and control devices; the IR beam coming from the interferometer is divided into two beams by a beamsplitter and after this stage the two measuring modules are completely independent. This permits to analyse gases from two different points in the plant with only an instrument, for example by upstreaming and downstreaming a conditioning stage to control process efciency. Advantages Continuous real-time process control Simultaneous feed-forward analysis Saving up to 15% of reagents Protection of pre-heater from excessive NH3 concentration Reduction of NH3 concentration in gas stack Monitoring of two streams with one analyser

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