Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

Building “Macro” Atomic Force Microscopy

For High School Classrooms


Paul Fedoroff and Tom Pittman
Burnt Hills-Ballston Lake High School, Burnt Hills, NY 12027

and

Chang Y. Ryu and Linda Schadler


Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180

This report includes (1) a detailed list of parts and (2) step-by-step
instructions to build a Macro-Atomic Force Microscopy (“Macro-AFM”).
In addition, (3) the instructions are shown to make sample blocks for tapping
AFM and magnetic AFM experiments using the Macro-AFM. By using the
components and apparatus commonly available in high school physics
laboratory, we have developed the Macro-AFM that could be used in high
school physics and technology classrooms.

This work is supported by NSF NSEC Outreach Program “Bringing


Nanotechnology to the Classroom” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

1
Macro-AFM

2
Materials List
Part Size Material

Base 16” x 14” x 3/4” Plywood


Tower 5” x 3 ½” x 1 ½” Pine
Back 16” x 14” x ¼” Plywood
Bracket 20” x 2” x 1/8” Aluminum
Recording Surface 16” x 14” x 1/8” Plexiglass
x-y surface 14” x 8 ½” x 1/8” Plexiglass
Recording Graph 16” x 12” Graph Paper
x-y graph 11” x 8 ½” Graph Paper
Hacksaw Blade 12” Steel
Dowel Pin ½” diameter x 1” Steel
(2) Sample 3 ½” x 3 ½” x 1 ½” Pine
(4) #4 Sheet metal screws ½”
(2) #8 Sheet metal screws ¾”
(2) #10 Sheet metal screws 1”
(2) Decking screws 2 ½”
(3) #10 sheet metal screws 1 ½”
(4) 10-28 bolts ½”
(4) 10-28 nuts

Approximate Material Costs: $20 - $25

3
Base

1. Cut 16” x 14” plywood base, ¾” minimum thickness recommended.


2. Cut 14” x 8 ½” x 1/8” Plexiglass
3. Glue 8 ½” x 11” graph paper to base
4. Attach Plexiglass to base with four #4 sheet metal screws
5. Locate dowel position 5 1/2” from end and 7” from side
6. Drill ½” diameter hole, ½” deep at this location
7. Install 1” long ½” diameter dowel pin

4
Tower

1. Cut 5” long piece of 2 x 4 (5” x 1 ½” x 3 ½”)


2. Attach to base, flush with rear and centered from sides with two decking screws
from the bottom

5
Cantilever

1. Punch one 1/8” diameter hole, 2 ½” from one end hole of hacksaw blade

6
Cantilever Installation

1. Attach blade to tower with two #8 sheet metal screws

7
Bracket

1. Cut 20” x 2” x 1/8” piece of available metal (Aluminum was used in this case)
2. Measure 12” and bend to a 45 degree angle
3. Bend a 90 degree lip at the end of the 7” section

*This bracket is designed for use with a He-Ne LASER that is 7” x 2 ½” x 2”


Different dimensions and materials can be used to hold the specific LASER source
(or pointer) available

8
Bracket Installation

1. Drill two holes and screw to back of tower using two #10 x 1” sheet metal screws

9
Backing

1. Cut 16” x 14” x ¼” plywood


2. Cut 16” x 14” x 1/8” Plexiglass
3. Glue 16” 12” graph paper to plywood
4. Attach Plexiglass with four 10-28 nuts and bolts

10
Backing Installation

1. Carefully drill three holes through Plexiglass and plywood


2. Attach back to base with three #10 x 1 ½” sheet metal screws

11
Magnetic Mode Sample

BOTTOM VIEW

TOP VIEW

1. Cut a 3 ½” long piece of 2 x 4 (3 1/2” x 3 ½” x 1 ½”)


2. Drill ½” diameter holes in, but not through it. These are for imbedding the
magnets. (This sample has four holes, with two different depths)

12
Contact and Tapping Mode Sample

SIDE VIEW

TOP VIEW

1. Again, cut a 3 ½” long piece of 2 x 4 (3 1/2” x 3 ½” x 1 ½”)


2. Cut a 1 ½” wide groove in one side, approximately 3/16” deep.
3. On the other side, scrape, carve, or mill any surface differences you would like to
analyze. The sample that was made had the letters “RPI” milled into the top using
a ¼” bit, again at different depths.

13