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Sample Paper 2011 Class XII Subject Physics

## Electrostatics(Electric field and Electric Force)

Q:1 Coulombs law for electrostatic force between two point charges and Newtons law for gravitational force between two stationary point masses, both have inverse-square dependence on the distance between the charges masses! "a# Compare the strength of these forces by determining the ratio of their magnitudes "i# for an electron and a proton and "ii# for two protons! "b# \$stimate the accelerations of electron and proton due to the electrical force of their mutual attraction when they are 1 % "& 1'-1' m# apart( "mp & 1!)* + 1',-* .g, me & /!11 + 1',01 .g# Q:- Calculate the ratio of the electrostatic to gravitational interaction forces between two electrons, between two protons! 1t what value of the specific charge q m of a particle would these forces become equal "in their absolute values# in the case of interaction of identical particles( "231'2- , '!4)31'-1' # Q:0 5our point charges q1 & - 6C, q7 & ,8 6C, qC & - 6C, and q9 & ,8 6C are located at the corners of a square 17C9 of side 1' cm! :hat is the force on a charge of 1 6C placed at the centre of the square( Q: 2 :hat would be the interaction force between two copper spheres, each of mass 1 g, separated by the distance 1 m, if the total electronic charge in them differed from the total charge of the nuclei by one per cent( "- 3 1'18 N # Q:8 ;uppose all the electron of 1''g water are lumped together to form a negatively charged particle and all the nuclei are lumped together to form a positively charged particle! <f the these two particle are placed 1'!' cm away from each other, find the force of attraction between them! compare it with your weight!-!8)+1'-8 N Q:) =he electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge '!2 6C due to another small sphere of charge , '!4 6C in air is '!- N! "a# :hat is the distance between the two spheres( "b# :hat is the force on the second sphere due to the first( Q:* =wo small equally charged spheres, each of mass m, are suspended from the same point by sil. threads of length l! =he distance between the spheres 3 >> l! 5ind the rate dq dt with which the charge lea. off each sphere if their approach velocity varies as v& a ?3, where a is a constant!@dq dt&0 -a?"-A'mg l# B Q:4 1 sample o CCl gas is placed in a electric field of -!8+1'2 N C! =he dipole moment of each CCl molecules is 0!2+1'-0' c-m! 5ind the ma3imum torque that can act on a molecules!@4!8+1'--) N-mB Q:/ =wo positive charges q1 and q- are located at the points with radius vectors r1 and r- ! 5ind a negative charge q0 and a radius vector r0 of the point at which it has to be placed for the force acting on each of the three charges to be equal to Dero!@q0&-q1q- "?q1Eq-#-, r0&r1?q-Er-?q1 ?q-E?q1 B
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Q:1' 1 thin wire ring of radius r has an electric charge q! :hat will be the increment of the force stretching the wire if a point charge qo is placed at the ringFs centre( @Qq' 4A'r-B Q:11 1 positive point charge 8' 6C is located in the plane 3y at the point with radius vector ro&-iE0G, where i and G are the unit vectors of the 3 and y a3es! 5ind the vector of the electric field strength \$ and its magnitude at the point with radius vector r& 4i- 8G! Cere ro and r are e3pressed in metres,@\$&-!*i-0!)G, \$&2!8 HI mB Q:1- Careful measurement of the electric field at the surface of a blac. bo3 indicates that the net outward flu3 through the surface of the bo3 is 4!' + 1'0 Nm- C! "a# :hat is the net charge inside the bo3( "b# <f the net outward flu3 through the surface of the bo3 were Dero, could you conclude that there were no charges inside the bo3( :hy or :hy not( Q:10 Joint charges q and -q are located at the vertices of a square with diagonals -l as shown in fig ! 5ind the magnitude of the electric field strength at a point located symmetrically with respect to the vertices of the square at a distance 3 from its centre!@ \$&q1 ?-A'"l-E3-#0 -B

Q:12 1 bloc. of mass m containing a net positive charge q is placed on a smooth horiDontal table which terminates in a vertical wall as in fig! =he distance of the bloc. from the wall is d! 1 horiDontal electric field \$ towards right is switched on! 1ssuming elastic collision, find the time period of the resulting oscillatory motion! <s it a simple a simple harmonic(

Q:18 1 thin half-ring of radius K& -' cm is uniformly charged with a total charge q & '!*' nC! 5ind the magnitude of the electric field strength at the curvature centre of this half-ring! @\$&q A-' K- B Q:1) 1 thin wire ring of radius r carries a charge q! 5ind the magnitude of the electric field strength on the a3is of the ring as a function of distance l from its centre! <nvestigate the obtained function at l LL r! 5ind the ma3imum strength magnitude and the corresponding distance l! 9raw the appro3imate plot of the function \$"l#! @\$&ql 2A'"r-El-#0 -B
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Q:1* 1 thin straight rod of length -a carrying a uniformly distributed charge q is located in vacuum! 5ind the magnitude of the electric field strength as a function of the distance r from the rodFs centre along the straight line "a# perpendicular to the rod and passing through its centreM "b# coinciding with the rodFs direction "at the points lying outside the rod#!<nvestigate the obtained e3pressions at rLL a! @\$& q 2A'r"r-Ea-#1 - , q 2A'"r--a-#B Q:14 1 rod of length N has a total charge Q distributed uniformly along its length! <t is bent in the shape of a semicircle! 5ind the magnitude of the electric field at the centre of curvature of the semicircle @Q -'N-B! Q:1/ 1 1' cm long rod carries a charge of E8'OC distributed uniformly along its length! 5ind the magnitude of the electric field at a point 1' cm from both the ends of the rod! @8!-+1'* N C B Q:-' Consider a uniformly charged ring of radius K! 5ind the point on the a3is where the electric field is ma3imum!K ?Q:-1 1 circular wire loop of radius a carries a total charge Q distributed uniformly over its length!1 small length dl of the wire is cut off! 5ind the electric field at the centre due to the remaining!@QdN 4A-'a0B Q:-- 1 positive charge q is placed in front of a conducting solid cube at a distance d from its centre! 5ind the electric field at the centre of the cube due to the charges appearing on its surface!@q 2A'd-B Q:-0 1 particle of mass m and charge q is thrown at a speed u against a uniform field \$! Cow much distance will it travel before coming to momentary rest( @mu- -q\$B Q:-2 1 system consists of a thin charged wire ring of radius and a very long uniformly charged thread oriented along the a3is of the ring, with one of its ends coinciding with the centre of the ring! =he total charge of the ring is equal to q! =he charge of the thread "per unit length# is equal to # P! 5ind the interaction force between the ring and the thread! @5&qP 2A'KB Q:-8 1 very long uniformly charged thread oriented along the a3is of a circle of radius K rests on its centre with one of the ends! =he charge of the thread per unit length is equal to P! 5ind the flu3 of the vector \$ across the circle area!@ &PK -'B Q:-) 1 wire is bent in the form of a regular he3agon and a total charge q is distributed uniformly on it! :hat is the electric field at the centre( @DeroB Q:-* 1 bloc. of mass m and having a charge q is placed on a smooth horiDontal table and is connected to a wall through an unstressed spring of spring constant . as shown in fig! 1 horiDontal electric field \$ parallel to the spring is switched on! 5ind the amplitude of the resulting ;CQ of the bloc.! @1ns: q\$ .B

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Q:-4 1ssume that each atom in a copper wire contributes one free electron! \$stimate the number of free electron in a copper wire having mass of )!2 Hg! 1tomic wt! )2g m Q:-/ 1 rod of length N has a total charge Q distributed uniformly along its length! <t is bent in the shape of a semicircle! 5ind the magnitude of the electric field at the centre of curvature of the semicircle! Q:0' 1 spherical volume contain a uniformly distributed charge of density -!'+1'-2 C m ! 5ind the electric field at a point inside at a distance 2!' cm from the centre! Q:01 1 charge Q is uniformly distributed over a rod of length l! Consider hypothetical cube of edge l with the centre of the cube at one end of the rod! 5ind the minimum possible flu3 of the electric field through the entire surface of the cube! Q:0- =wo large conducting plates are placed parallel to each other with a separation of -!'' cm between them! 1n electron starting from rest near one of the plates reaches the other plate in -!'' microsecond! 5ind the surface charge density on the inner surface! Q:01 1 nonconducting sheet of large surface area and thic.ness d contain uniform charge distribution of density ! 5ind the electric field at a point p inside the plate ,at a distance 3 from the central plane! Q:0- =wo equally charged identical spheres 1 and 7 repel each other with a force -31'-8 N ! another identical uncharged sphere C is touched to 7 and then placed at the mid point between 1 and 7 ! what is the net force on C ( "-31'-8 N # Q:00 =hree identical spheres each having a charge q and radius K, are .ept in such a way that each touches the other two ! find the magnitude of the electric force on any sphere due to other two( "1 2ARo ?0 2@q KB- # Q:02 5ive point charges , each of value q are placed on five vertices of a regular he3agon of side l !what is the magnitude of the force on a pont charge of value ,q coulomb placed at the centre of the he3agon ( Q:08 1 point charge q is situated at a distance d from one end of a thin non conducting rod of length N having a charge Q "uniformly distributed along its length # find the magnitude of electric force between the two ! @/31'/ 3 qQ d"dEN#B Q:0) =wo identical charged spheres are suspended by strings of equal length ! the strings ma.e an angle of 0'' with each other ! when suspended in a liquid of density '!4 g cc , the angle remains the same ! what is the dielectric constant of the liquid ( " density of the material of sphere is 1!) gm cc # @-B
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Q:0* =hree charges each of value q are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle ! a fourth charge Q is placed at the centre of the triangle "a# if Q&-q , will the charges at the corners move towards the centre or fly away from it for what value of Q at o will charges remain stationary ( @ Q& -q ?0 B Q:04 1 ring of radius '!1 m is made of a thin metallic wire of area of cross-section 1'-) m- ! the ring has a uniform charge of A coulomb ! find the charge in the radius of the ring when a charge of 1'-4 coulomb is placed at the centre of the ring ! youngs modulus of the metal is -31'11 N m- "-!-831'-0 m # Q:0/ 1 ball of mass 1'-- .g and having charges E031'-) c is tied at one end of a 1m long thread ! the other end of the thread is fi3ed and a charge -031'-) c is placed at this end ! the ball can move in the circular orbit of radius 1m in the vertical plane ! initially the ball is at the bottom , find the minimum initial horiDontal velocity of the ball so that it will be able to complete the full circle! "g& 1' m s- # @*!) m s B Q:2' 1 thin fi3ed ring of radius 1m ahs a positive charge 131'-8 c uniformly distribute over it ! a particle of mass '!/ g and having a negative charge 131'-) c is placed on the a3is at a distance of 1 cm from the centre of the ring , show that the motion of the negatively charged particle is appro3, simple harmonic ! calculate the time period of oscillation ! @'!)- sec!B Q:21 1 charge q is divided into two parts such that they repel each other with a ma3! force when placed at a certain distance apart , find the charge( " q&q -# Q: 2- =wo point electric charge of values q and -q are .ept at a distance d apart from each other in air ! a third charge q is to be .ept along the same line in such a way that the net force acting on q and -q is Dero ! calculate the position of charge in terms of d( " d ?-E1 # Q:20 1 particle having a charge of -!'31'-2 c is placed directly below and at a separation of 1' cm from the bob of a simple pendulum at rest ! the mass of the bob is 1''g ! :hat charge should the bob be given , so that the string becomes loose! "8!231'-/ c # Q:22 Charge is distribute along the 3 a3is from 3&' to 3&N& 8' cm in such a way that its linear charge density is given by P&a3- where a&14!' Oc m-! compute the total charge in the region ! " '!*8 Oc # Q:28 1n oil drop of 1- e3cess electrons is held stationary under a constant electric field of -!88 + 1'2 NC,1 in Qilli.ans oil drop e3periment! =he density of the oil is 1!-) g cm,0! \$stimate the radius of the drop! "g & /!41 m s,-M e & 1!)' + 1',1/ C#! Q:2) <n a certain region of space, electric field is along the D-direction throughout! =he magnitude of electric field is, however, not constant but increases uniformly along the positive D-direction, at the rate of 1'8 NC,1 per metre! :hat are the force and torque e3perienced by a system having a total dipole moment equal to 1',* Cm in the negative z-direction (

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Q:2* Sbtain the formula for the electric field due to a long thin wire of uniform linear charge density P without using Tausss law! Q:24 1 point charge of -!' Oc is at the centre of a cubic Taussian surface /!' cm on edge! :hat is the net electric flu3 through the surface( Q: 2/ 1 conducting sphere of radius 1' cm has an un.nown charge! <f the electric field -' cm from the centre of the sphere is 1!8 + 1'0 N C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere( =wo large conducting plates are placed parallel to each other and they carry equal and opposite charges with surface density U! 5ind the electric field "a# at the left of the plates "b# in between the plates "c# at the right of the plates!

Q:8' 1 parallel-plate capacitor has plate area -8 cm- and a separation of -!'' cm between the plates! =he capacitor is connected to a battery of 1-!' I! "a# 5ind the charge on the capacitor "b# =he plate separation is decreased to 1!'' mm!5ind the e3tra charge given by the battery to the positive plate! Q:81 =hree capacitors having capacitances -' O5, 0' O5 and 2' O5 are connected in series with a 1- I battery! 5ind the charge on each of the capacitors! Cow much wor. has been done by the battery in charging the capacitor( Q:8- 5ind the charge supplied by the battery in the arrangement! Q:80 =wo conducting spheres of radii K1 and K- are .ept widely separated from each other! :hat are their individual capacitances( <f the spheres are connected by the metal wire, :hat will be the capacitances of the combination( =hin. in terms of series-parallel connections! Q:82 =a.e the potential of them point 7 in fig to be Dero! "a# 5ind the potential at the points C and 9 "b# <f a capacitor is connected between C and 9 , :hat charge will appear on this capacitor! Q:88 \$ach capacitor has capacitance of 8!' O5! =he emf of the battery is 8' I! Cow much charge will flow through 17 if the switch ; is closed( Q: 8) 5ind the potential difference Ia-Ib between the points a and b shown in each part of the figure Q:8* 1 charge of E-!'+1'-4C is placed on the positive plate and a charge of ,1!'+1'-4C on the negative plate of a parallel plate capacitor of capacitance 1!-+1'-0 O5! calculate the potential difference developed between the plates!
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Q:84 1 parallel plate capacitor with the plate area 1'' cm- and the separation between the plate 1!' cm is connected across a battery of -2 volts! 5ind the force of attraction between the plate! Q: 8/ 1 capacitor having a capacitance of 1'' O5 is charged to a potential difference of 8' I! "a# :hat is the magnitude of charge on each plate( "b# =he charging battery is disconnected and a dielectric of constant -!8 is inserted! Calculate the new potential difference between the plates! "c# :hat charge would have produced this potential difference in absence of the dielectric slab! "d# 5ind the charge induced at a surface of the dielectric slab! Q:)' 1 point charge Q is placed at the origin! 5ind the electrostatic energy stored outside the sphere of radius K centered at the origin! Q: )1 1 8!' O5 capacitor charged to 1- I! =he positive plate of this capacitor is now connected to the negative terminal of a 1- I battery and vice versa! Calculate the heat developed in connecting wires! Q:)- <f 1'' Goule of wor. has to be done in moving an electric charge of 2C from a place, where potential as -1' I to another place, where potential is I volt, find the value of I!"18I# Q:)0 9etermine the electric potential at the surface of a gold nucleus !=he radius is )!)+1'-18m and the atomic no! D&*/, given charge on a proton&1!)+1'-1/!"1!*+1'*I# Q:)2 \$lectric field intensity at point 7 due to a point charge Q .ept at a point 1 is -2 NC-1 and the electric potential at point 7 due to same charge is 1- VC-1!Calculate the distance 17 and also the magnitude of charge! "'!))*+1'-/C# Q:)8 1 charge of -2 OC is given to a hollow metallic sphere of radius '!- m! 5ind the potential "a# at the surface of the sphere and "b# at a distance of '!1 cm from the centre of the sphere!"1!'4+1')I,1!'4+1')I# Q:)) Calculate the electric potential at the of a square of side ?- m, having charges 1''OC,-8'OC,-'OC,-)'OC at the four corners of the square!"/+1'2I# Q: )* =hree concentric metallic shells 1,7 and C of radii a, b and c "a>b>c# have surface charge density EU, -U, EU ,"a# find potential of three shells 1,7 and C"b# <f shells 1 and C are at the same potential obtain the relation abetween radii a,b,c! Q:)4 Charges of -!'+1'-)C and 1!'+1'-)C are placed at the corners 1 and 7 of a square of side 8!' cm! Cow much wor. will be done in moving a charge of 1!'+1'-)C from C to 9!"'!'80 V# Q:)/ 17C is a right angled triangle ,where 17 and 7C are -8cm and )' cm respectively, a metal sphere of cm radius charged to a potential of /+1'-8I is placed at 7! 5ind the amount of wor. done in carrying a positive charge of 1C from C to 1!"'!'2- V#

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Q:*' Jositive charge of ),1- and -2 nc are placed at the vertices of a square! :hat charge must be placed at the fourth verte3 so that total potential at the centre of the square is Dero"-2-nc# Q: *1 1n infinite plane sheet of charge density 1'-4 cm-- is held in air! <n this situation how far apart are two equipotential surfaces whose J!9 is 8 I! Q:*- =he electric potential I at any point 3,y,D "all in metres# in space is given by v&23-yEy-3 Calculate the electric field at the point "1,',-# Q:*0 =hree charges ,q,EQ and ,q are placed at equal distance on a straight line!<f the potential energy of the system of the three charge is Dero!5ind the ratio Q q! Q:*2 =wo positive point charges of '!- Oc and '!'1 Oc are placed 1' cm apart! Calculate the wor. done in reducing the distance to 8 cm! Q:*8 =hree charge of '!'1C each are placed on the corners of an equilateral triangle of side 1!'m!<f the energy is supplied to the system at the rate of 1H:,how much time would be required to move one of the charges onto the mid point of the line Goining the other two charges! Q:*) =hree point charges of 1C,-C and 0C are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle of side 1m!Calculate the wor. required to move these charges to the corners of a smaller equilateral triangle of sides '!8 m! Q:** =hree point charges Eq,E-q and EQ are placed at the three vertices of an equilateral triangle! 5ind the value of charge Q "in term of q# so that electric potential energy of the system is Dero! Q:*4 =he potential at the points 1 and 7 are Ia and Ib !Calculate Ia-Ib for the given arrangement! Q:*/ 1 spherical oil drop of radius 1'-2cm has an it at a certain time a charge of 2' electrons! calculate the energy that would be required to place an a additional electron on the drop! Q:4' =wo electrons are moving toward each other, each with a velocity of 1') ms-1!:hat will be closest distance of approach between them! Q:41 =wo positive point charges 1'Oc and -'Oc are in apart!Calculate the wor.done in bringing them closer to each other by 8' cm! Q:4- =he charges q1&0 Oc,q-&* Oc, q0&-* Oc are placed on the circumference of a circle of radius 1!' m !:hat is the value of charge q2 placed on the same circle if the potential at the centre Ic&' Q:40 1 hemisphere body is placed in a uniform electric field \$!:hat is the flu3 lin.ed with the curved surface if field "a# parallel to base"b# perpendicular to base!

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Q:42 =wenty seven drop of same siDe are charge to --' I each they coalesce to from a bigger drop! Calculate the potential of the bigger drop! "1/4' I# Q:48 5ind the ratio of linear momenta acquired by an alpha particle and a proton accelerated through same potential Q:4) two positive charge '!- c and '!'1 c are placed 1' cm apart calculate the wor. done reducing the distance to 8 cm "1!431'-2 Goule#