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TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

PIGMENT DYEING
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

Exhaustion

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
BACKGROUND

V Pigment dyeing is not really " dyeing"


in it's truest form.

V Pigments are insoluble in water. They


are milled into a paste for garment
dyeing purposes.

V The process is complete when a


binder is added to "lock" the pigment
into place.

PURPOSES

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
V Pigments are generally used for light
to medium dyeing for fully fashioned
garments and for indoor cloth such as
wall covering, furniture, table cloth
and bed sheets…

V Pigments are also used to achieve


dark shades for outdoor fabrics like
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

tents, stores, awnings…

V The process is attractive when dyeing


cotton/synthetics fabrics in a single
phase.
AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
MARKET OVERVIEW

V GARMENT MANUFACTURERS MOVING


AWAY FROM EUROPE

V TECHNICAL AND SPECIALITY


EFFECTS DEMANDED IN THE MARKET

MARKET DEMAND

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
V HIGH QUALITY FASTNESS
REQUIREMENTS

V « DELAVE » LOOK GARMENTS


WHERE FASTNESS REQUIREMENTS
ARE LESS IMPORTANT

V “RIGHT FIRST TIME” & DELIVERY


DEADLINE PRESSURE FOR
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

FASHIONABLE GARMENT

V ENVIRONMENTAL RESTRICTION
ESPACIALLY IN EU, US

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
PIGMENT DYEING
BY EXHAUSTION
V Machinery: Rottery Washing Machine/
Winches/Jet

V Effective method for garment dyeing


using a combination of performing
cationic mordant: AVCOFIX EP-25 and a
specific binder AVCOBINDER D

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

V After Bleaching, the dyeing method is


TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

carried out in two steps:

1. Cationisation &
2. AVCOLOR/DYEFIX Dyeing

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
PIGMENT DYEING
BY EXHAUSTION

V HALF-BLEACH

98° 30’ AVCOSAN


AVCO-ANTIFOAM 100 C LPD
AVCO-SLIP LB
AVCO-BIOLUZE DCB
15’
AVCO-STABIQUEST HS

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
80°
C

NaOH H2O2

• Add chemicals.
• Heat to 98°C and treat at 98°C for 30
min.
• Cool to 80°C,
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

• add AVCOSAN LPD run for 15min. Drop.


• Neutralize with Acetic acid at 70°C
• Rinse cold 10 min.

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
PIGMENT DYEING
BY EXHAUSTION

V TWO –STEP PROCESS

1. Cationisation
20’
60°C

AVCO-SLIP RF
1°C/min
AVCO-ANTIFOAM 100

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
Adjust pH 4.5 – 5.5
with AVCOCID PHS
AVCOFIX EP-25
dosing

• Add: AVCOSLIP RF & AVCO-


AVCO-ANTIFOAM 100
• Add: AVCOFIX EP-
EP-25
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

• Heat to 60°
60°C – 1°C/min.
• Treat at 60°
60°C for 20min – drop.
• Rinse cold 5 min. 2 times

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
PIGMENT DYEING
BY EXHAUSTION

V TWO –STEP PROCESS CONT.


AVCO BINDER D
2. AVCOLOR/ DYEFIX Dyeing
20’ 10’ 5’
70°C
AVCO-SLIP RF
ANTIFOAM 100
AVCO-LEVELER NI
AVCO-BIOLUZE DCB

Adjust pH 4.5 – 5.5 1°C/mi Check for full

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
exhaustion
with AVCOCID PHS n
Add 5g/l
Na2SO4

X % DYEFIX
PIGMENTS
dosing 10’
• Add: AVCOSLIP RF, ANTIFOAM 100, LEVELER NI &
BIOLUZE DCB
• Adjust pH 4.5 -5.5 with AVCOCID PHS
• Add slowly AVCOLOR/ DYEFIX
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

• Heat to 70°
70°C – 1°C/min.
• Run at 70°
70°C for 20min – Check for full exhaustion.
• Add Na2SO4 if needed – run 10min.
• Add AVCO BINDER D – run 5min – Drop.
• Rinse cold 5min.
Note: pigments must be stirred well before use

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
PIGMENT DYEING
BY EXHAUSTION

V Bio-polishing

10’
80
AVCOSON BPE °C

30’ –
55°C
Adjust pH 4.5- 60’

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
5.5
with AVCOCID
PHS

• Adjust pH 4.5 -5.5 with AVCOCID PHS


• Heat to 55°
55°C.
• Add AVCOSON BPE
• Run at 550C for 30-
30-60min.
• Heat to 800C and run for 10min.
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

• Drop
• Rinse cold 5min.

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
PIGMENT DYEING
BY EXHAUSTION

V Softening

1 – 2% AVCO-ELASTOSIL WNE
1 - 2 % AVCOSOFT 2005

20’ –
40°C
Adjust pH 4.5-5.5 30’
with AVCOCID

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
PHS

• Adjust pH 4.5 -5.5 with AVCOCID PHS


• Add: AVCO-
AVCO-ELASTOSIL WNE - Hydrophilic silicone
softener
AVCOSOFT 2005
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

• Run at 400C for 20-


20-30min.
• Drop

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
HIGHLIGHTS & TIPS

V Compatibility of all chemical &


pigment is important for the
whole process to run correctly

V AVCO pigment dyeing process is


developed thanks to our
experience from production for
many decades

V Drying at maximum

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
temperatures 100°C to 150°C is
VITAL to achieve curing and good
rub fastness. NO moisture should
be left in the fabric. This is called
“BONE DRY”.

V Similar shades should be dried in


the same drums in order to avoid
staining.
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
STRENGTHS

V GIVES A UNIQUE «WASHED DOWN»


OR «WEATHERED» LOOK ON THE
GARMENTS STRAIGHT AFTER DYEING
AND DRYING

V IMPARTS A SOFT HANDLE TO THE


DYED GARMENT WITHOUT SOFTENER
ADDITION

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
V MORE ECOLOGICAL: ALMOST TOTALY
EXHAUSTED BATH

V BETTER PENETRATION AND


LEVELLING

V BETTER COLOUR YIELD AS WELL AS


HIGHER BRILLANCY
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

NOTE: STAINING OF THE DYEING EQUIPMENT: For


cleaning the machines we recommend to use
AVCOCLEAN OGM. The dosage is depending on how
strong is the staining.

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview
CONTACT

AVCO VIETNAM CO., LTD

Plant: Nhon Trach Industrial Zone 1,


Dong Nai Province, Vietnam

HCMC Office: 28 Phan Liem Street,


District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT
Tel: (848) 8208 940 – 41 -42
Fax: (848) 8208 943
E-mail: sales@avcovietnam.com.vn
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT

AVCO VIETNAM
May 2006 YOUR PARTNER IN TEXTILE CHEMISTRY…
Pigment Dyeing Overview