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# Calculation for Stair case pressurization System .

ST-1 & 2
CLASS A SYSTEM
Case-1 ; Considering only leakage through the Door at the ST-1 area
Double Door area ( only at Ground floor)
Height-H/(m)
=
Width-D/(m)
=
Total No of Door =
Total Area
=
Leakage factor for Double Door is , K
Air Flow rate Q , as per BS 5588
Q=0.83xAxP^0.5
Q=0.83x(1X0.03)x50^0.5

2.2
2.2
1
4.84
0.03

m
m
Nos
m2

Q1
0.18 m /s
Single Door Area (all the floor apart from Ground Floor )
Height-H/(m)
=
2.2 m
Width-D/(m)
=
1.1 m
Total No of Door =
29 Nos
2
Total Area
=
70.18 m
Leakage factor for single Door is ,
K
0.01
Air Flow rate Q , as per BS 5588
Q=0.83xAxP^0.5
Q=0.83x(29X0.01)x50^0.5
3
Q2
1.70 m /s
Total Air Flow rate for ST-01
Q3
=
Q1+Q2
m3/s
Q3
=
0.18+1.7
3
1.88 m /s
3,980.66 cfm
3
Increase by 50%
2.82 m /s
Q3
=
5,970.99 cfm
Case-2 ; Considering one single door is opened (Class A system)
Single Door Area
Height-H/(m)
Width-D/(m)

=
=

Total area A
=
From the BS5588 ,velocity is to be 0.75m/s

2.2 m
1.1 m
2.42 sqm
V =
0.75
Q4= AV
Q4= 2.42X0.75
Q4=
1.815
3,846.97

m/s
m3/s
m3/s
cfm

## Total of case 1 & Case 2

Q= Q3+Q4
3
Q= 2.82+1.815 m /s
3
Q=
4.63 m /s
9,818 cfm

## Total Volume Flow Rate

9,817.96 cfm
3
0.69 m /s
1,472.69 cfm
3
Total Volume Flow Rate of the Fan should be
5.33 m /s
11,290.65 cfm
According to the BS 5588 Staircase pressurization fan is to be single speed 1hr fire rating @300C
a) To calculate pressure required in stairwell to exhaust 1.815 m3/s to atmosphere via fire floor
Area of single leaf door=2.2X1.1=2.42 sq.m
Area of exhaust vent = 1.815/2.5 =0.726 sq.m
A.E = (1/A1^2+1/A2^2)^-0.5
= (1/2.42^2+1/0.726^2)^-0.5
=
0.70 sq.m
P1=(Q/(0.83XA.E))^2
= (1.815/(0.83X0.7))^2
=
9.758902835 Pa
This is more than covered by 50 Pa
b) To calculate area of pressure relief
Quantity of air to be wasted = 5.33 - 2.82
3
=
2.51 m /s
Area of pressure relief = Q/(0.83XP^0.5)
= 2.51 / (0.83X50^0.5)
=
0.428 sq.m
Let Height of Pressure relief damper = 0.7 m
then Width will be = 0.428 / 0.7 = 0.62 m, say 0.65m

## Static Pressure Calculations

Note:1) The Equivalent Diameter Formula is: De = 1.3(ab)^0.625 / (a+b)^0.25
2) The friction loss and the velocity can be obtained from the charts knowing the flow and the eq. diameter
3) The equivalent length for an elbow can be obtained from the formula: Le = W exp [-2.13(H/W)^0.126 ln(0.33R/W)]

Straight Ducts

Width/(mm)
1600
1550
1500
1450
1400
1350
1300
1250
1200
1150
1100
1050
1000
950
900
850
800
750
700
650
600
550
500
450
400
350
300
250
500
350

Height/(mm)
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
200
200

Volume flow
Rate/(cfm)
11,310.00
10,933.00
10,556.00
10,179.00
9,802.00
9,425.00
9,048.00
8,671.00
8,294.00
7,917.00
7,540.00
7,163.00
6,786.00
6,409.00
6,032.00
5,655.00
5,278.00
4,901.00
4,524.00
4,147.00
3,770.00
3,393.00
3,016.00
2,639.00
2,262.00
1,885.00
1,508.00
1,131.00
754.00
377.00

Length(m)
10
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
10
8

54
Fittings
Size
Elbow 1600x500
Reducer

Qty
2
29

3
1.0

## Friction Loss (Pa)

4.0
19.1

Eq.
Diameter(De)
m
0.939
0.926
0.913
0.900
0.886
0.872
0.857
0.843
0.827
0.812
0.795
0.779
0.762
0.744
0.726
0.706
0.687
0.666
0.644
0.622
0.598
0.573
0.547
0.518
0.488
0.455
0.420
0.381
0.337
0.286

SAT(sound attonuator)
VAV
Flexible duct

0
0
0

0.3inch/100ft
sub total

70
0
0.00
89.14

0

VCD Size
Various

Qty

grilles
Various

Qty

20

10

197.20 Pa
39.44 Pa

## Total pressure Drop accros the exhaust air side of

FAHU-1 unite

237 pa

^0.126 ln(0.33R/W)]

Friction loss
pa/m

inch/100ft

0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57

0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07

TOTAL

Total
Friction
Loss(Pa)
5.740
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
5.740
4.592

78.064

## Calculation for Stair case pressurization System . ST-3 to 7

CLASS A SYSTEM
Case-1 ; Considering only leakage through the single Door at the ST-3 area
Double Door area ( only at Ground floor)
Height-H/(m)
=
2.2 m
Width-D/(m)
=
2.2 m
Total No of Door =
1 Nos
2
Total Area
=
4.84 m
Leakage factor for Double Door is , K
0.03
Air Flow rate Q , as per BS 5588
Q=0.83xAxP^0.5
Q1 =0.83X(1X0.03)X50^0.5
3
Q1
0.18 m /s
Single Door Area (all the floor apart from Ground Floor )
Height-H/(m)
=
2.2 m
Width-D/(m)
=
1.1 m
Total No of Door =
6 Nos
2
Total Area
=
14.52 m
Leakage factor for single Door is ,
K
0.01
Air Flow rate Q , as per BS 5588
Q=0.83xAxP^0.5
Q2=0.83X(4X0.01)X50^0.5
3
Q2=
0.35 m /s
Total Air Flow rate for ST-01
Q3
=
Q1+Q2
3
Q3
=
0.18+0.35 m /s
3
0.53 m /s
1,119.56 cfm
3
Increase by 50%
0.79 m /s
1,679.34 cfm
Case-2 ; Considering one single door is opened (Class A system)
Single Door Area
Height-H/(m)
Width-D/(m)

=
=

Total area A
=
From the BS5588 ,velocity is to be 0.75m/s

2.2 m
1.1 m
2.42 sqm
V =
0.75
Q4= AV
Q4= 2.42X0.75
Q4=
1.815
3846.97

m/s
m3/s
m3/s
cfm

## Total Volume Flow Rate of the Fan should be

Q= Q3+Q4
Q= 0.62+1.815
Q=
2.607
Q=
5,526
5,526.31
0.39
828.95

m3/s
m3/s
cfm
cfm
m3/s
cfm

3.00 m /s
6,355.26 cfm
According to the BS 5588 Staircase pressurization fan is to be single speed 1hr fire rating @300C
Total Volume Flow Rate of the Fan should be

a) To calculate pressure required in stairwell to exhaust 1.815 m3/s to atmosphere via fire floor
Area of single leaf door=2.2X1.1=2.42 sq.m
Area of exhaust vent = 1.815/2.5 =0.726 sq.m
A.E = (1/A1^2+1/A2^2)^-0.5
= (1/2.42^2+1/0.726^2)^-0.5
=
0.70 sq.m
P1=(Q/(0.83XA.E))^2
= (1.815/(0.83X0.7))^2
=
9.758902835 Pa
This is more than covered by 50 Pa
b) To calculate area of pressure relief
Quantity of air to be wasted = 2.80 - 0.62
3
=
2.18 m /s
Area of pressure relief = Q/(0.83XP^0.5)
= 2.18 / (0.83X50^0.5)
=
0.371 sq.m
Let Height of Pressure relief damper = 0.5 m
then Width will be = 0.371 / 0.5 = 0.742 m, say 0.75m

## Static Pressure Calculations

Note:1) The Equivalent Diameter Formula is: De = 1.3(ab)^0.625 / (a+b)^0.25
2) The friction loss and the velocity can be obtained from the charts knowing the flow and the eq. diameter
3) The equivalent length for an elbow can be obtained from the formula: Le = W exp [-2.13(H/W)^0.126 ln(0.33R/W)]

## ST-3 TO 7 - Presurization unit (6356cfm)@148Pa

Straight Ducts

Width/(mm)
750
650
650
550
450
350
350

Volume flow
Rate/(cfm)

Height/(mm)
650
650
550
550
550
550
350

Length(m)
10
4
4
4
4
4
4
34

6,356.00
5,448.00
4,540.00
3,632.00
2,724.00
1,816.00
908.00

Eq.
Diameter(De)
m
0.763
0.711
0.653
0.601
0.543
0.477
0.383

Fittings
Size
Elbow 2100x1100
Reducer

Qty
2
6

SAT(sound attonuator)
VAV
Flexible duct

0
0
0

4.0
4.0

0.3inch/100ft
sub total

70
0
0.00
73.96

0

VCD Size
Various

Qty

grilles
Various

Qty

3
1.0

20

10

123.48 Pa
24.70 Pa

FAN-ST-1 unite

148 pa

Friction loss
pa/m
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.57
TOTAL

inch/100ft
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07

Total
Friction
Loss(Pa)
5.740
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
2.296
19.516