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CHALLENGES IN THE DESIGN OF HIGH RISE BUILDINGS

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

What is a HighHigh-Rise Building ?? Tall buildings cannot be defined in specific terms related just to height or to the number of floors. floors.
-A building whose height creates different conditions in the design, construction, use than those that exist in common buildings of a certain region and period period. . - A Structure because of its height, is affected by lateral forces due to wind or earthquake actions to an extent that they play an important role in the structural design. design.

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Why Tall Building (Advantage)??


From Business POV POV: : business activities need to be as close to each other . From tourist community POV POV: : It forms prestige symbols, distinctive land marks, hotels and commercial city centers centers. . High cost of land and limited space ( Tokyo, Hong Kong, Rio de Janeiro, Janeiro,.. ..) ).

Disadvantage of Tall Building ??


Putting intense pressure on the available land space . Increase the risk , safety hazards and constitute an easy target in case of war or terrorism terrorism. .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Risk of Earthquakes and Winds

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STAGES OF HIGH RISE DESIGN Design Process


Architectural MEP Structural

Concept Design

Preliminary Structural Design Based on Vertical Loads Plus an allowance for Lateral Loads Based mainly on EXPERIENCE Accurate Modeling and Analysis Based on Final Layout and All Possible Loads and Development of Final LAYOUT DRAWINGS Final Design Calculations and the Development of Working Drawings by Cooperation with CONTRACTORS

Final Design

Working Design

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Tallest twenty high rise in the world

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Distribution of High Rise in the World

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Tallest 10 Buildings in the World

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

High Rise Example


Sears Tower
Nine Bundled Tubes, each 25 m wide with no columns between core and perimeter. Location: Chicago No of Stories: 108 Construction Year: 1974 Height: 442 m World's tallest building from 1974 - 1996; 1996; surpassed by the Petronas Tower in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

High Rise Example (Burj Dubai)

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

High Rise Example (Burj Dubai)

This is the tallest Man Made Building in the world with a predicted height of 818m. 818m. Note: currently the tallest building on earth, excluding an antenna, is Taipei 101 in Taiwan which stands at 509 509m. m. The photo below is the building's current state: the skyscrapers below the Burj Dubai used to look tall.

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

High Rise Example (World Trade Center)

534 meter to tower top 610 meter to pyramid top 670 meter to comm. tower
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DIFFERENT LOADS IN HIGH RISE DESIGN


Vertical Loads Lateral Loads Dead Loads Live Loads Wind Loads Earthquake Loads Earth Pressure Differential Settlement Temperature Changes Impact Vibrations Other Loads

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Selection of proper innovative systems

Shear Wall Core Outrigger Belt Truss

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Selection of proper innovative systems

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Large Span Floor systems

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Modern Flooring Systems

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Performing 3D Analysis Model

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Carrying out Wind Tunnel Testing

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Ductile Detailing

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Design Challenge
Using Advanced Control Techniques

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Construction Challenge
Modern Shuttering

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CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Course Layout Introduction


What is High Rise Characteristics of High Rise Examples of High Rise Stages of High Rise Design Loads Considered in the Design of High Rise

Floor Systems
Types of Floor Systems Selection of Floor Systems Design of RC Floor Systems (SAFE program) Definition of P.T. Floor systems Design of P.T. Floor Systems (RAM program)

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

Course Layout Lateral Load Systems


Different Types of Lateral Load Resisting Systems Selection of Proper System Lateral Load Calculations Code Requirements and Provisions Design of High Rise (ETABS program) Advanced Techniques in High Rise (Control)

Sub Sub-Structures
Types of and Selection of Foundations Design of Foundation Elements (SAFE program) Design and Construction of Basements

Detailing
General Notes and Details Case Study of Project Detailing