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XXI

EnglishRussian

OLYMPIC
phrase book



2014

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: EnglishRussian Olympic phrase book /
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ISBN 978-5-222-22378-9

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ISBN 978-5-222-22378-9

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Contents
1. General information about Russia
and its culture .................................................................................... 5
2. Russian etiquette or
How to behave in Russia so nobody guesses
youre a foreigner ..........................................................................11
3. Russian language, alphabet and reading rules ..............14
4. Basic Phrases ...................................................................................20
Forms of etiquette .................................................................20
Saying Thanks in Russian ................................................23
Apologies ...................................................................................23
Saying Goodbye in Russian ............................................24
Comprehension ......................................................................24
Making the acquaintance ..................................................27
The family ..................................................................................29
Description ...............................................................................31
Numbers and Clock Time ..................................................33
Cardinal Numbers .........................................................33
Ordinal numbers ............................................................35
Clock & time .....................................................................36
Duration .............................................................................39
Days ......................................................................................40
Months ................................................................................41
Colours .......................................................................................42
Signs ............................................................................................42

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Arrival. At the customs ............................................................... 45


At the hotel ....................................................................................... 46
Checking out ....................................................................49
Asking for directions ................................................................. 50
Money & Currency Exchange ..................................................54
City Transport ................................................................................. 58
Taxi ........................................................................................ 58
Bus, trolleybus, & tram ................................................59
Food & Eating out .........................................................................61
At the restaurant ............................................................61
Drinks .................................................................................. 65
Traditional Russian dishes ....................................... 67
Shopping ...........................................................................................68
Driving ................................................................................................72
Visiting a doctor ............................................................................ 73
Emergency ........................................................................................ 76
5. Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics ................................................... 79
Olympic winter sports .................................................................... 102
Basic Phrases at the Olympic Games .................................... 104
Mascots ................................................................................................. 107
6. Sochi .................................................................................................. 108
Lexic to use in the city of Sochi ................................................. 122
Urban Public Transport Routes in Sochi ............................. 123

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General information
about Russia
and its culture

If you know something about Russian culture it will


make your visit to this wonderful Eastern European
country much more enjoyable! The following reference
is a quick guide for travelers.

Russia: Facts and Figures


Russia is the worlds biggest country with its territory
that occupies the east of Europe and the north of Asia,
i.e. 11.46% of the Earths land area. Russia is washed by
the waters of three oceans (the Arctic, the Atlantic and
the Pacific oceans) and twelve seas. The country has a
great number of rivers and about 2 million lakes, among
which are the Caspian Sea, the biggest lake in the world,
and Baikal, the worlds deepest freshwater lake.
Neighboring 18 countries (Poland, Finland,
Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Abkhazia, South
Ossetia, Norway, Estonia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan,
China, Mongolia, North Korea, Japan, Latvia and the

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U.S.) and having the worlds longest land border of


about 60,000 km Russia has a population of 150,000,000
people.
The Russian Federation consists of 83 federal
subjects, and 2 cities of federal importance Moscow,
the capital of Russia with a population of more than 11
million inhabitants, and St.Petersburg, the second
largest city in Russia also called the cultural capital
and its population is of about 5 million people. There
are 10 more cities in Russia with a population more than
a million inhabitants RostovonDon, Novosibirsk,
Nizhny Novgorod, Omsk, Yekaterinburg, Kazan,
Chelyabinsk, Samara, Ufa and Volgograd.

Some historical points


Russian history begins with Kievan Rus, which
existed as the first unified, Slavic Christian state and
was a great center of politics and education. After Kievan
Rus fell as a result of Mongol invasion, the Grand
Princedom of Moscow gained might and power in the
region and became the centre of the neighbouring
principalities. Peter the Great established the Russian
Empire and moved the capital city to St. Petersburg. He
always wanted to make Russia a westwardfacing
country. After the Bolshevik Revolution in the early 20th
century, the Russian monarchy disintegrated and 70
years of Communist rule followed. Towards the end of

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the last century, Russia became a democracy and


continues to develop politically and economically as a
great world power. Many aspects of Russian history are
important to Russian culture because they have made
Russia what it is today. The culture and architecture of
St. Petersburg is uniquely European due to the efforts
of Peter the Great. Just as any country is shaped by its
past, so has Russia been molded by the great events
during its history.

People in Russia
Though people who live in Russia are called
Russians, there are a lot of various ethnic groups in
there. Russian is the official language but over hundred
languages are spoken by its people. The majority of
Russians worship the Eastern Orthodox (Christian)
religion, but Judaism, Islam, and Buddhism are also take
place in Russia.

The Main Cities


Moscow is Russias capital city. But St. Petersburg
once held that title and now considered as a second or
cultural capital. In Moscow there are many important
symbols of Russian culture and history, such as the
Kremlin, The Red Square, St. Basils Cathedral, the
Tretyakov Gallery, and more.

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Each city in Russia is unique and represents its own


culture. For example, RostovonDon has a strong
Cossack heritage and is the capital of the South Federal
Disrict. Siberian cities reflect the realities of living in
the far east of Russia with its cold winters and ethnic
communities. Cities that stays along important trade
routes, like the Volga, preserve elements of ancient and
almost fairy Russia.

Russian Language
Russian language uses the Cyrillic alphabet that
consists of 33 letters. These letters are derived from an
old Slavic alphabet developed when Cyril and
Methodius spread Christianity to the southern Slavic
people in the 9th century. If youre traveling in Russia,
it would be better to know which letters in the Cyrillic
alphabet are analogous to Latin letters. This makes
reading signs and maps easier, even if you dont speak
the language.

Traditions of Russian Family Life


The families in Russia dont differ greatly from
families around the world. Both the mother and father
usually work, and children go to school to prepare them
for entering university. The babushka or Russian
grandmother, plays the role of elder and wise woman,

&

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guardian of memories and traditions, and baker of


favorite foods.
Russian families sometimes keep a dacha, or
summer cottage, where they escape for the weekends
or the summer holidays and where they tend vegetable
gardens and fruit trees and spend time in the silence of
nature.

Holidays
Russian celebrates many Western holidays, such as
Christmas (but the date differs), New Years and Easter,
but there are other holidays, like Victory Day and
International Womens Day that take on special
emphasis in Russia. Some Russian holidays also
recognize uniquely Russian achievements; for example,
Cosmonaut Day celebrates Russias achievements in
space exploration.

Russian Traditions
Russian culture is mostly traditiondriven. Traditions
govern everything from how many flowers to give a
woman to how to drink a bottle of alcohol. Learning about
Russian traditions will enrich your experience in Russia
because youll be able to navigate social situations more
comfortable.

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Russian Crafts and Souvenirs


Russian handcrafted souvenirs make wonderful gifts
and home decorations. The most popular Russian craft
is the matryoshka doll, or painted nesting doll. Finely
decorated lacquer boxes also make wonderful
souvenirs. Regional and national styles (like
Khokhloma and Palekh) of folk craft, as well as materials
(birch bark) typify handicrafts. These can be purchased
at souvenir shops. Some of them are of heirloom quality
and bring enjoyment to many generations.

Russian Literature
Russia has one of the greatest literary cultures. Most
people are familiar with Tolstoy, who wrote the
formidable War and Peace and Dostoevsky, who wrote
another famous book, Crime and Punishment. Theater
goers still laugh at Chekhovs plays, and poetry
enthusiasts adore the verses of Pushkin. Russians take
their literature very seriously, and many of them can
easily recite passages from famous works at the drop of
a hat. Learn a little about a few Russian writers and poets
to really impress your Russian friends. Then, while
travelling, visit the former houses of Russian authors;
many of them are preserved as museums.



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Russian etiquette or
How to behave in Russia
so nobody guesses
youre a foreigner

How do Russians interact with each other on the


streets and in their everyday life? Do you need to tip
when youre in a Russian restaurant? How do lineups
work? When traveling to Russia, its good to keep in mind
how the country is similar to and different from
countries all over the world. Check out this guide to
help you stick out less as a tourist!



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Basic Phrases

Forms of etiquette
Phrase

Pronunciation
in Russian

Russian
Spelling

Good morning

dobraye utro

Good afternoon

dobriy den'

Good evening

dobriy vecher

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Olympic winter sports


Sport

Pronounciation
in Russian

Russian
Spelling

Alpine skiing

gorniye lyizhi

Biathlon

biatlon

Bobsleigh

babslei

Cross Country
Skiing

lyizhnie gonki

Curling

kyorlink

Figure Skating

figurnaye
kataniye na
kankakh

Freestyle Skiing
Aerials

fristail akrabatika

Freestile Skiing
Halfpipe

fristail khafpaip

Freestile Skiing
Moguls

fristail magul

Freestile Skiing
Ski Cross

fristail ski kros

Freestile Skiing
Slopestyle

fristail sloupstail



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Lexic to use in the city of Sochi


Arboretum

dendrariy

Trinity Georgian
Convent

troitse giorgiyefski
manastir

Achishkho Ridge

khribet achishkho

The Eagle Cliffs

arlinniye skaliy

Waterfalls of the
Agur Gorge

agurskiye vadapadi

Stalins Dacha

dacha stalina

Ruins of a Byzantine razvalinyi


Temple
vizantiyskava
khrama

Remains of the
Lazarevs Fort

astatki krepasti forta


lazareva

Matsesta

matsesta

Lookout Tower on
the Bolshoy Akhun
Mountain

smatravaya bashnya

na gare bolshoy

akhun

Koshman House
Museum

dommuzei
koshmana

Kapibge Dolmen

dalmen kapibge

5th Century
Byzantine Castle

vizantiyskaya
krepast pyatava
veka

Festivalniy Concert kantsertniyi zal


Hall
fistivalnyi

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Rodina Art Media


Center

art media center


rodina



Sochi Fine Arts


Museum

sochinski
khudozhestvennyi
muzei

Urban Public Transport Routes


in Sochi
Route

Route Name

Mamayka, Poltavskaya Street Razdolskoye


Koltso interchange

Dokuchaeva Street 4th Kilometer of the


Doroga na Bolshoy Akhun Street

Chekmenyova Street, bridge Matsestinskaya


Dolina Spa Resort Sochi Railway Station

34 Vishnyovaya Street Rus Spa Resort

Rus Spa Resort Aelita Movie Theatre

Salyut Spa Resort Dagomysskaya Street

6k

Salyut Spa Resort Sochi Railway Station

Matsestinskaya Dolina Spa Resort 33,


Vidovaya Street

Mamayka, Krymskaya Street Sochi Railway


Station

12

Aelita Movie Theatre Matsestinskaya Dolina

13

Childcare Facility No. 44 Platanovaya Alley

 !

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ENGLISHRUSSIAN
OLYMPIC PHRASE BOOK



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10.12.2013.
20.12.2013.
70 100 1/32. .
2 500.


344082, . , . , 80.
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